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Green-Mountain freeman. [volume] (Montpelier, Vt.) 1844-1884, January 31, 1883, Image 1

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NO. 5.
WEDHESDAT. JAN. 31. 1883.
Sunday School Lesson .Notes.
Feb. 4: None Other Name Acta 4: 114.
Peter was over bold, from a human
point of view, in daring to preaoh Jesus to
a crowd within the sacred inclosure of the
temple. The rulers of the Jews would
not fail to hear of the matter, would feel
bound to notice it and use their power to
punish those who thus boldly proclaimed
Jesus as the Christ.
As would be natural to expect we find
the sermon of Peter cut short by the
authorities; the priosts, the captain of the
temple an I the Sadducees. The captain,
or ruler of tho temple would doubtless
havo legal right to restrain from teaching
in tho temple any who might be obnoxious
to the priests, or leading Jews. His
business was to watch over the other
guards of the temple, and in the night
time have chargo of its doors, and to have
general oversight of the building. The
particular faction of the Jews most dis
turbed by the preaching of Peter was the
S.idducoes' party, and in conneotion with
other passages of scripture wo see why
they were particularly offended. Thoy
wore tho materialists of their timo. They
did not believe in any future life; hence
the doctrino of Christ's resurrection, nad
of his coming again to judge the world
was very offensive to them. They wore
"grieved," or vexed and enraged, that
such doctrines should be published, and
particularly that they should be published
within the temple.
This was, after all, more of a pretext
than anything else. The real animus ol
their opposition wa3 hatred to Christ and
his doctrines. But it was necessary thai
there should be soruo point at which their
opposition could be directed, some specif!
charge that they could bring against the
disciples. This then, they chose as the
ground upon which an arrest should be
The enemies of Christ will always find
some pretext for their opposition to him,
and such opposition is sure to bo roused
when tho people of God are alert and
active. As it was now near night thi
disciples could not have a hearing before
tho council until the next day and hence
were held in custody until the morrow
As to the place or nature of their confine
ment we are not informed. It was
probably lcS3 rigorous than was afterward
suffered by the apostles, as this was, in
some sense, a first offence.
But though the preachers wero impris
oned, tho word of God was not bound.
The word had reached the hearts of those
who heard, and when the word of God
gets hold of the human heart it will
produce results dispito all opposition.
The number of those who believed five
thousand is generally understood to be
tho full number of all who had united with
the discipies up to that timo, making an
addition of two thousand sinco pentecost
On tho morrow the council is gathered
and all the leaders of the Jews appear in
the room of the Sanhedrim.
This body was made up of three classes.
Tno priests, inoluding the high priest and
those who had held that office, and the
n;ac's of the courses ol priests; next the
elders, Jews who were supposed to have
gravity and wisdom on account of age;
then the scribes, who wero men learned
in the law, and ready to expound and
apply its teachings. The unusual interest
in this sossion brought together tho
kindred of the high priest.
The seats of the Sanhedrim are said to
have boon arranged in semi circular form ;
tho full number was 70 or with tho high
priosts, 71. By seating tho apostles in the
midst we are to understand that the
prisoner's place was in tho center of this
semi circular room. The leading quostion
put to tho apostles indicates that there was
no question as to the verity of the healing,
all that remained to be investigated was
the question as to whenoe the power came
to do such a miracle. The question was
rath 31 an unfortunate one for the Jews as
it gave Peter the very best of opportunity to
preach Jesus to the council. Poter, always
foremost, made answer, and right royally
did ho use tho opportunity given him. His
address is a model of concise, vigorous,
respectful statetucnt before the court
Nothing could .lave been more terse or
bold. Peter proved that day that the
Holy Spirit can help an innooent man
before liis accusers as well as help him
elsewhere or under other curcunistances.
His opening is calm and his address to tho
higli court of his nation eminently respect
ful: "Ye rulers of tho people and elders
of Israel." There is a touch of well
deserved rebuke in his first senlenoe before
the tribunal. "If wo be examined of the
good deed done unto the impotent man,"
ho says. As though it was somewhat
strange that so grave a court should
assemble to try men who had only been
g iilty of helping a life-long cripple to
walk. If this be your inquiry, he proceeds,
"Be it known unto you all, and to all the
people of Israel., that by tho naina of Jesus
Christ of Nuzaretb, whom ye crucified,
whom God raised from the dead, even b,
him doth this man stand here before you
whole." No clearer and more compre
hensive statoruont was ever mado in any
court, in so few words. In the mere
putting of the thoughts in form we may
detect tho mighty aid of the Holy Spirit,
bit much more plainly in the boldness
and confidence of tho speaker. In the
1 mgiiuge of a psalm familiar to them all,
the lllh, ho declares to them that in
r jiictiug Christ they have set at naught
the very corner stone of the system in
which they trusted, and robbed Iheir own
church of all hope of salvation.
This was Peter, made new and empow
ered by tho spirit, the same man who
denied Christ before slaves a few weeks
beforo, now boldly asserts before those
who sit as tho high oourt of his nation,
that there is salvation iu nono other than
the C'iirist rejected and crucified by them
This boldness was inexplicable to the
court, but at length they saw the reason
of it. These men had been with Jesus.
Ah! thoy romeniborod how some of his
rebukes bad stung them in former days
and stung because of the force of truth
they contained. The case was guasheil
at once. No law known will punish a mat
for a good deed done to a holplo3s fellow
man. In this way Christianity vindicates
itself oven to day.
Women ok the Past and Pkesent.
Miss Emily Faithfull delivered a lecture
in Trcmont Temple, Boston, the other
evening, on " The changed position ot
women in tho nineteenth century." The
underpaying and undereducatingof women
was pointed out with ils attendant evils
Alluding to tho position of women in
England sho observed that there was no
class of male workers in that oountry win
were obliged to give all their time and
work for the baro means of subsistence
Young women, she contended, should have
a trade on which they could depend In all
tho changes of fortune whieli might come
upon them.
The fact thit women of oortain classes
re disposed to despise work is to a great
extent due to a mischievous prejudice. A
contempt for labor is at the root of almost
all the trouble in the condition of women.
They should be trained to feel that not
only is work honorable in men but that
ulleucss is (iisereuitaoie to women, ah
life is either progress or retrogression,
and tho wonder is that so much good
urvives in those women who live colorless
lives. If a girl is not taught to tike an
interest in what is good anil wholesome,
she will surely tako an irtcrost in what is
frivolous and mischievous.
We have so long heard that man is for
ihe world and woman for tho home, man
to govern and woman merely to obey, that
we nave conio to oeueve it. uod has a
distinct plan and purpose for every man
and woman, and it is only by following
this plan that wo can find the cluo to our
liio work. A woman is generally at the
beck and call of somebody, often of every
body, and yet they havo accomplished
much in art and literature Women must
not be trained as drudges beneath men,
nor as angols above them. A girl's
lopendence upon marriago as the only
means of obtaining a settlement in life is
most injurious.
In me interests ot men as well as ot
women there should be an education of
women above the ordinary standard. The
lecturer pointed out that in the London
university and some o'.her educational
n-tiuitions in England women competed
satisfactorily in winning educational hon
ors, and it is found that their health is not
inpared by study- A gradual change l
aking placo in England, ami women of
wealth and standing are beginning to look
with more favor on these women who
nake their own living. There is a special
welcome for women who have attained
position in artistic work or in the drama
In closing, Miss faithfull made earnest
plea for the advancement of women, rot
i.ly in tno accompnsninents ot the Home
circle but in remunerative employment
cad ptiono me.
Sleeplessness. The causes that pro
duce this serious trouble are various. Not
infrequently the tendency to it is inherited
with a delicate nervous organization, and
overwork will increase it. It is difficult
for the sufferer to know just how much
work, mental and physical, mav be
accomplished, without producing tho
unplo isant result, nor one an constituted
i most watcniul care Decomes important,
md the most interesting employment
must ba turned away from at the first
sense of weariness. An earnest conver
sation with a friend exciting your syinpa
thy, the demand upon your strength made
by an invalid, reading an article that
stimulates the mind to intense ihinkiug,
may, any ot ot them, cause you to spend
wearv, wakelul Hours and load to severe
exhaustion on tbo morrow. By watchful
ness you may learn to spare yourself the
over-fatigue, as a duly which others may
not understand tno reason lor. lou mav
avoid the conversation and the book at
evening, seeking them at an eardor hour
when the choice lies with you. But with
every care you aro liable to sutler from
causes you oan neither lorosoe nor prevent.
Sometimes indgestion will awaken you i t
tho small hours, and take revenge for
ome very flight departure from the care
ful diet you uniformly adopt. Recently
it lias Deen discovered mat many persons
lose hours of sleep because they are in
need of nourishment. That the fast is too
long that continues from supper timo at
six o'clock until six or eight o'clock tho
next morn ng. Physiciaus who used to
proscribe biomido ot soda or potassium
for sleeplossness now urgo their patients
to take beef lea instead. The writer after
trying various prescriptions with little
benefi', Wis at last so fortunate as to
receive such advice. At first beof tea was
used with some light bread or biscuit
broken in it, sipped from a spoon as warm
as it could bo taken. Afterwards, milk
just scalded, not boiled, was substituted,
and to make it more easy ot digestion, a
tablespoonful of lime water was added to
a half tumblor of milk. To facilitate
matters a pocket-stove with an alcohol
lamp or an arrangement for the gas fix
ture should te at hand. If neither beef tea
nor milk can be easily procured, hot water
with an infusion of hops or mint may bo
substitnted, or even hot water alone will
quiet restlessness and induce sleep. A
darkened room that the moonbeams can
not enter, a little fresh air from an open
flreplaco or window, are valuable in mak
ing tho sleep continuous. When onco tho
habit of wakefulness is broken up, the
beef tea or milk may be taken cold, but
not iced. If you aro always a poor sloeper
it will bo well to o intinue this late supper
as a poimanent thing in your daily life.
Provide for it in the case of aged and
delicate persons who may be um.er your
ruuf; and as ihe troubles of life appear
most weighty when scauned in tho mid
night hours, you may be ablo to lighten
tbo load for the rest of their journey.
How to Become Ixdepedent Lr"e
savings invariably origiuale in small
sums, just as money embarrassment
aiises from little extravagances. Very
f w per-ons of ordinaty honesty deliber
ately sot to work to make large purchases
which thoy cannot afford, and yet numbers
spi nd just as much in the long inn in
little things that they scarcely think are
woitliy ol notice. It is very difficult to
fully realize the valuo of small sums
Little savings, if made at all, must be
uiade in personal expenditure. What in
spent upon the household is gonorally
needed, but tho small personal luxuries
which cost so little, are not. And when
any saving is made in this way, ihe money
should be put aside and saved, instead of
being mixed with tho spending fund, and
auditions mado to it as frequently as
possible; that will make you understand
as soon as anything, what small economies
amount to. When money is put aside to
be saved, it should be put in tamo place
where it cannot be directly got at the
savings bank for instance. Tho very fact
that a little trouble and formula has to be
gono through with beforo it can bo ubtained
many a timo provents it being spent when
it certainly would havo been wore it close
at hand. To seoure independence to
ourselves Is really worth some solf donial.
"Exeejtl lie ber(tmit tittleehititren ye eMiwt enter the
kinoUom of fteaven,"
"As a little child, aa a little" child 1
Then how can I enter in 7
I am acarred, and hardened, and aoul donle 1,
With traces of Borrow and Bin.
Can I turn hackward the tide of yeara
And wake ray dead youth at my will ?"
"Nay. but thou canst, with thy trrlef and thy feara,
Croup into my arms aud be atlll."
"I know that the lambaiu tbo'heaveuly fold
Are sheltered and kept in Thy heart;
But I I am old and the gray from the void
H;is bidden all brightness depart.
The Kladuess of youth, the faith andlthe truth,
Lie wlthored or shrouded in dust."
"Thou'rt emptiod at length of thy treacherous
Creep into my arms row-and trust.".
"Is it true 7 cau I share with the little ones there'
A child's happy rest on Thy broast ?"
"Aye, the toii lero-tt care will answer thy prayer, .
My love is for thee as tho rest.
It will unlet thy fears, will wipe away tears
Thy murmurs shall soften to psalms "
Toy sorrows shall seom but a feverish dream,
lu the rest iu tho rest iu my arms.
"Thus tenderly hold, the heart tuatjrebolled,
Hlull cllmr to M y uau 1, though it smite;
Shall tiud in my rod tho love of its God,
My statutes its sontr in the nijrht.
Ami whiter than snow shall the stained lire row,
'Neath the touch of a love undented,
Aud the thromrs of for ivou at the portals of heaven
Hhall welcome ono more little child."
" Whoever, therefore, ahull humble himaelf m thin
little child, the mtnie U vreatett in the kingdom '
Thore is a flower that from the liidit
Of Koldeu day withholds its bloom,
To show its beauty to the niKbt :
And shed on all her lobes rcrfume.
Thore is a flower unseen by those
Who walk 'midst pleasure's frlow and eahu,
Hut through affliction's rltrbt the rose
Of Sharon opens, breathing- balm.
When morulnir from the eastern sky
Leads lorth tho sun to heaven's plalu,
Tho stars iu seas of Klory d ie,
Aud loave Iliin there a'ouo to reign.
Ho when the sun of rihtooutness
Dawns on thelsoul's impending night,
Her starlike loves find an abysB,
Aud dio in II is surpassing light.
In spring time, o'er the frozen laud,
The birds send forth a Joyful strain.
As though the summer, lithe and grand,
Had come with all her flowery train.
Ro faith springs up andlsings her Bong
of victory through the winter drear.
For though tiod'a summer tarries loug,
She hoars its voice aud fools it nour.
Ily narrow ways the streams movo on,
Nor evermore at reBt can bo,
Till by a secret influence drawn,
They nud the bosom of. the sea.
So move our souls, rest unattaiued,
Though Bought through all the earth abroad,
Till at tho last, by love constrainod,
They lose themselvoB with Christ iu God.
Upon tho ocean's bosom tost,
The ships speed on before the win J;
Aud some iu fearful deeps are lost,
And some the happy harbor find.
The ships, full-sailed from childhood's beach.
Upon lil'o'ajocean rise and fall;
Alas, that some may never reach
The port of rest prepared for all.
When birds como back from over seas
To build their nests again and sing,
Th -y ttud tho wmter's barren trees
Prcst iu the garmontB of the spriug,
Bo memory, flying to the past,
llehoklsoach wild and wintry sCQiie,
Transformed siueo we bohold it last
To quietness and living greeu.
Woodstock, Vt.
How a Boy was Hired Out, and What
Came of It.
When Michael Angelo was twolve
years of age, although he had had no
instruction in art, he did a pieco of work
which greatly pleased the painier Domin
ico Ghirlaninjo. This artist at onoe
declared that thoro was a lad of genius,
who must quit his studios, and become a
This was what the litllo Michael most
wished to do, but lie had no hope that his
father would listen for a moment to the
suggestion. His father, Ludovico Buona
roti, was a distinguished man in the state,
and held art and artists in contempt. He
had planned a great political oareer for
his boy, as the boy knew very woll.
Ghiiiandajo was enthusiastic, however,
and in company with tho lad ho at once
visited Ludovico, and asked him to place
Michael in his studio.
Ludovico was very angry, saying that
he wisi.iid his son to become a prominent
man in society and politics, not a dauber
and a mason; but when he found that
young Michael was determined to bo an
artist or nothing, he gave way, though
most ungraciously. Ho would not say
that he consented to place his son with
Ghiiiandajo; ho would not admit that tho
study of art was study, or tho studio of
an artist anything but a shop. Ho said to
the artist: "I give up my son to you.
Ho shall be your apprentice or your
servant, as you please, for threo years,
and you must pay mo twenty-four florins
for his services."
In spilo of the insulting words and the
insulting terms, Michael Angelo consented
thus to be hired out as a servant to the
artist, who should havo been paid by his
father for teaching him. Jlo had to
endure much, indeed, bosides tho anger
and contempt of his father, who forbade
him even to visit his house, and utterly
disowned him. His fellow pupils were
jealous of his ability, and ill treated him
constantly, one of them going so far as to
break his nose with a blow.
When Michael Angelo had bcon with
Ghirlandajo about two yoars ho went ono
day to tho Gardens of St. Mark, where
the Prinoo Lorenzo de Medici who was
the great patron of art in Florence had
established a rich museum of art works at
great expense. One of tho workmen in
fie garden gave the boy leave to try his
band at copying somo of the sculptures
there, and Michael, who had hitherto
studied only painting, was glad of a
cbanco to experiment with the chisel,
which he preferred to the brush. He
ehoso for his model an ancient figure of a
laun, which was somewhat mutilated.
The mouth, indeed, was entirely broken
of! but tho boy was very self reliant, and
this did not trouble him. He worked
day after day at tho piece, oreating a
mouth lor it of his own imagining, with
the lips partod in laughter, and the teeth
displayed. When ho had finished nnd
whs looking at his work, a man standing
noar asked if he might offer a criticism. "
"Yes," answered the boy, "if it is a
just one."
"Of that you shall be the judgo," said
the man,
"Vory woll. What is it?"
"The forehead of your faun is old, but
ihe mouth is young. Soe, it has a full set
of perfect teeth. A faun so old as this
one would not havo perfeot teeth,"
The .lad admitted the justice of the
oritioism, and procoedod to remedy the
defect by chipping away two or threo of
the toeth, aud chiselling the gums so as to
give them a shrivelled appearand).
The next morning, when Ai iohaol wont
to remove his faun from the garden, it
was gono. Ho soarohod everywhere for
It, but without success. Finally seeing
the man who had mado the suggestion
about the teeth, bo asked him If he know
where it was.
"Yes," roplled the man, "and if you
will follow mo I'll show you where it Is."
"Will you give it back to meP I mado
it, and have a right to it."
"Oh, If you must havo It, you shall,"
With that ho le.l the way into tho
palace of tho prince, and there among the
most precious worm of art in the collec
tion, stood the faun. Tho young sculptor
cried out in alarm, declaring that the
Prince LirenzT would never forgive tho
introduction of so rudo a piece of work
among his treasures of sculpture. To his
astonisment the man deolared that ho
was himsolf tbo Prince Loronzido Medici,
and that he sot t'lo highest value upon
this work.
"lam your protector and friend," he
added. "Henceforth you shall be counted
as my son, for you are deslited to become
lone of the groat masters of art.''
this was overwhelming good fortune.
Lorenzo Jo Medici was a pnwerful noble
man, known far and wide to bo a most
expert judge of works of art. His ap
proval' was in itself fame and fortune.
Filled with joy, the lad went straightway
lO his father's house, which he had been
forbidden to enter, and lorcing his way
into Ludovieo's presence, told him what
had happened. The father refused to
believe tho good now3 until Michaol led
biiu into Lorenzo's presence.
When the prince, by way of empha
sizing his good will, offered Ltidovico any
post lie might choose, ho nsked for a very
modest plaeo indeed, saying, with bitter
contempt, that it was good enough for the
father of a mason." Oconje Cary Kggle
slon, in Hiirper's.
The Sponge Fisiieiiv. A. G ibay, an
expert in sponges in tho emptor of
MeRasson 6s ltobbins, gave to a .Now York
Tribune reporter the following Informa
tion with regard to llio sponge industry:
'Very few people," ho said, "have any
idea of what sponges are, where they
grow and how they are gathered. It is
really the most important industry in the
Bahama Islands, anil furnishes to hundreds
of its fishing vessels and blaek native
li'lierman lucrative cmplopment. It is
now generally accepted by Professor
Agassiz i. n l ether naturalists that the
sponge belongs to tho animal kingdom.
Those of the Bahamas and other West
Indian islands aro of a larger size and
coarser quality than those on our gulf
const. Fifty years ago the gathering and
shipment of sponges in these islands was
roally a monopoly, but tho fisherman
finding more profit and excitement in
wrecking, lliey practically abandoned the
spongo fisheries. A few years later the
fisherman again took to gathering sponges
until the American rebellion, when block
atlcrunning engrossed their attention, and
tho sponge industry sank to a low ebb, to
revive again at the close of tho war. The
Bahamians havo applied themselves to the
sponge fisheries with assiduity sinco 1878,
and new fields have been discovered, and
the yield has thus been largely increased.
At first tile sponges wero divided into two
classes the coarse and the line. They are
now divided into many varieties, princi
pally tho sheepwool, white reef, ttbaco
velvet, dark reef, boat, hardhead, glass,
yellow and glove. Tho valuo of these is
in the order named, the sheepwool being
the prime grades theroare many varieties,
all boing useful for mechanical, surgical
and bathing purposes. "The vessels em
ployed in tho spongo fisheries aro small
crafts, averaging about 10 tons each, and
carrying from six to a dozen men. With
six weeks' provisions on board, they start
out, coasting along the banks and reefs
where the water Is shallow, for in such
localities sponges are found. Occasionally,
however, sponges am found at great
depths. They tire readily seen growing
upon the rocKs, reels or shoals, and are
brought to the surface by means of iron
hooks fastened to long poles. Sometimes
the fisherman dive lor them whero the
water is very deep. The diver takes down
with him a flat triangular stone, with a
hole drilled through ono of its corners.
To tho stone a ord from tins bi.tt is
attached, and the direr makes itserreto
guide him to particular spots. When ho
reaches the growing sponges ha tears
them off tho rocks, aud places them under
bis arms; he then lcrks Ihe ropes m a
signal to his companions, and they pull
him on board. When hrst caught,
tho sponge is a soft, gelatinous substance
full ot lilu, and as black as tar, the sponge
proper being really the skeleton or support
of this living organism. The days' catch
is spread upon the dock so as to kill this
living covering, which in decaying emiis
the viiest odors. Wneu a sufficient quan
tity ol vponge nits been garnered to war
rant it, the men go asaore, build a pen of
stakes at the water's edge, and place Ihe
sponges therein. The action of the lido
helps to remove llio ulacK coverings, the
process being completed by pounding the
sponges with sticks. Having been cleansed
in this manner, the sponges are strung
upon palmetto slick?, each siring contain
ing three or four sponges, aud with the
cargo tho vessels roturn to Nassau.
The trado is controlled by tho Nassau
sponge exchange company, limited, where
sales are mado daily, after which the
sponges aro hauled to tho packing yards,
when they are assorted and olipped into
good shiipc. They are then put into tubs
of vats ol limo water to soak for several
hours, and are uflorward spread upon
canvas to bleach and dry in the sun. Next
ihey aro pressed by machinery inlo bales
about two feet by threo feet in size, each
containing 100 pounds, the packages
being covered with coarse bagging secure
ly sowed and corded, and they are then
ready for shipment.
The b;st American sponges como from
the coast of Florida, they being far supe
rior to those of the Bahamas nnd West
Indies. Tho sheep-wool grado brings
$2 50 a pound at the wharf. An attempt
has recently been mado at Key West to
plant beds of spongos to propagate them
artificially and with very fair success.
The plan is to take a growing sponge
under water and cut it in a dozen or more
pieces and then anchor them in various
spots. This was done moro than a year
ago, and tho sponges which resulted were
as Dno in quality as tho original one. The
person who made the experiment feels so
much encouraged that he will continuo
bis efforts, lie met with somo dlllculty,
as the waves washed tho plants away
occasionally. Tho sponges on tho coast
of Florida aro taken from about 40 feet
of water, and aro fishod by hooks on long
poles. Tho fisherman uses, to soo the
sponges, a bucket with a glass bottom.
Uo presses it just below tho surface of the
water, and he can seo tho bottom as plain
ly as if there was nothing to obstruct the
view. The reason that divers cannot
work thoro to advantage is because of the
numerous sharks.
Repented, hut too Late Tho New
York correspondent of tho Biltimoro
American tells this story of a sad descent:
Filteen years ago the daughter of a ilch
and prosperous man, living in tine style
on Fifth avenue, wont out in a carriage
ostensibly on a shopping expedition. At
hlowart s store sue lolt the carriage nnd
bet coachman waitod for orer two hours,
until finally, becoming anxious, he mado
inquirios. The young lady bad disappeared
and though n great deal of money was
spent and much effort made to discovor
her, thoro was no trace. Ten yoars passed,
and tho detectivo who had worked on tho
oaso very faithfully and nnxiously, rose
by dogrees to the rank of police captain.
One cold night, 'just after Christmas, four
or fivo of his officers onlored tho station
with eight or ten intoxicated women in
their custody. Ono or two wero civlng
over their arrest and tho prospect of a
prison; others wore fierce in their oaths
at the interference of tho police with their
orgio, while others again wero sulkv.
Standing a litllo apart from tho group of
prisoners the oa plain noticed a tall woman
of about 30, and he saw that onoe she had
been beauliful, though now her face was
disfigured by a bruise on the cheek and
a black welt under one eye. There was,
however, an air of refinement about the
woman that attracted tbo police captain,
and he eyed her curiously while the ser
geant recorded the names of the prisoners.
Suddenly tho woman beckoned to bim.
"Captain, do you know me?1' was her
queslion. "No." "Didn't rou once trr to
lint! Miss Grace ? "Yes." "Well,
I'm her! I ran away just out of pure
deviltry, anil I've had my share of it."
"Good heavens! Why did you do HP"
"Oil, I don't know. The notion came into
my head and I obeyed the impulse." "And
where have jou been allthetimeP" "Right
hero in the ward, under vour nose. You
nerer suspected mo, though I saw you
onen enongn." "And hare you not re
pented of the step?" "Repented?" and
the word thrilled in tho cautain's ear liko
the wail of a lost soul, "ltunentod! Oh.
Gotl, yes! But it wts too lale." "It's
never too lato." "Yes it is. But it's not
too lato to die." And before the captain
could prevent she had drawn a small
pistol and shot herself. The poor creature
lived two days, and when she died it was
iu tlio anus of her father. The mother
had died a few yoars bofore of grief.
These aro all true stories, and show how
much stranger real lifo is than fiction.
American Fortunes. Reviewing the
rapid growth of American fortunes, the
Elmira Telegraph says : Twonty or thirty
years ago sav thirty tho richest man in
the United States was not worth more
than Marcus Urassus, the richest man in
Rime in the days of Porapor and Julius
Ciesar 10,000,000 to $15,000,000. When
old S cphen Girard, of Pniladelphla, died
it was said ho was worth $15,000,000, hut
in fact ho was not worth $10,000,000 He
was ihen the wealthiest man in the country.
When Cornelius Vanderbilt died his estate
was reckoned at $10,000,000; a few years
after that the Stewart estate was reckoned
at $110,000,000. There were the richest
men in the country ten or a dozen years
ago, and there were hardly twenty others
worth one-fourth as much each. What a
change has taken plaoe since the death of
The wealth of his son, William II., is
now reckoned above $100,000,000. Jay
Gould, a bankrupt ten yoars back, is
supposed to be worth $58,000,000; Stanford
Crocker and tho heirs of the estate of
Mark Hopkins rango from $GO,000,000 to
125,000,000 each. There died a mnn in
New York, Moses Taylor, whoso property
is variously stated at from $30,000,000 to
$50,000,000, and he hardly attracted any
attention as a man of wealth, so numerous
have become those of equal rank in fortune.
Twenty years ago the richest man in San
Francisco was thought to bo William C.
Ralston, and the aggregate of his posses
sions did not exceed $0,000,000, At that
time two men kept a humble saloon on
Washington street, botwoen Montgomery
anil S.insomo streets, whose whole posses
sions could not have been cashed for
They beoanio partners of two other men
in mines on the Comstock lode. The last
two were not rich. The lortune of tho four
men did not reach $50,000. Now ono of
the first two Is worth $30,000,000, and one
of the last two is supposed to be worth
$150,000,000 or more. It is stated en good
authority that two brothers named Armour
made $7,000,000 in ono year in a "corner
in pork. Jamos R. Keene in 1872 was a
poor man in San Francisco so poor that
at times a $20 piece looked as big to him
as a full moon. Ho is now a $15,000,000
nabob in New York, all of it the result of
eight or nine years' successful speculation.
It tooK Stephen uiraru a IHetiaio to
make half as much, and yet ho was
accounted the sharpest and luckiost mer
chant of his time. About the year 18(i'J
there went 10 California by way of the
Central and Union Pacific railways a party
of visitors from Chicago. Among them
was George Pullman, the inventor of the
palace sleeping car. He was then but an
experimenttd-, an adventurer on the wave
of fortune: lie was understood to be worth
a good deal less than nothing. His wealth
is now estimated at from $15,000,000 to
$20,000,000, and increasing at a rate that
will make it $50,000,000 if he lives ten
years more.
What a Volcano can uo. Cotapaxi,
in 1838, threw its fiery rockets 3,000 feel
above its crater, while in 1851 the blazing
mass, sn uggling for an outlet, roared so
that its awful voice Was heard at a distance
of moro than 000 miles. Iu 1797 the crater
Tuangtirangua, one of the great peaks of
tho Andes, filing out torrents of mud which
dammed up the rivers, opened new lakes,
and in valleys 1,000 feet wide made
deposits GOO feet deep. The stream from
Vesuvius, which in 1337 passed through
Torre del Greco, contained 32,000 cubic
feet of solid matter, and in 1703, when
Torre del Greco was destroyed a second
time, the mass of lava amounted to
15,000,000 cubio feet. In 1760 Etna
poured forth a flood which covered eighty
four square mites of surface, and measured
nearly 1,000,000,000 cubic feet. On this
occasion the sand and scoria formed (he
Monte Kosini, near Nicholosa, a cone of
two miles in circumference and 4,000 foot
high. The stream thrown out by Etna in
1810 was in motion at the rate of a yard a
day for nino months after the eruption ;
and it is on reoord that tho lava of the
same mountain, after a terrible eruption
was not thoroughly cool, and consolidated
lor ten yeara after the event. Iu the
eruption of Vesuvius, A. D. 79, tho scoria
and ashes vomited forth far exceeded tho
entire bulk of the mom tain; while in I860
Etna disgorged twenty times its own mass.
Vesuvius has sent its ashes as far as
Constantinople, Syria and Egypt; it hurled
stones eight pounds in weight to Pompeii,
a distance of six miles, while similar
masses were tossed up 2,000 feet abore
the summit. Cotopaxi has projected a
block of 100 cubic yards in volume a
dislanco of nine miles, and Sumbawa in
1815, during the most terrible eruption on
record, sent its ashes as far as Jara, a
distance of 300 miles.
PoisoNisn hy a Needle Mrs. William
Zabel, of Butler township, Iowa, Sept.
1, pricked the middle finger of her left
hand with a needlo she was using pricked
it at tho side of tho nail, and so slightly
that not a drop of blood appeared. She
paid no attention to it at first it did not
trouble her enough a moment after to
require attention ; but in the course of an
hour the end of her finger commenced to
ache, and she remarked to her daughter
that she nerer know so slight a hurt to
cause such pain as that before. This pain
became almost unbearable the next day-
ami the usual household remedies for
such hurts or swellings were applied in
rain. The fingor commenced swelling
until it became almost as large as her
wrist, nnd the swelling made Us way
along her hand. Her physician advised
her removal to the city, where sho oould
be under the attention of physicians con
st intly, and on Friday, the 8ih inst., she
was brought to town. And hero one of
tho best known German physicians took
charge of the case garo it his unremitting
attention. The finger wjs lanced three
times, and a large quantity of pus flowod
from it. Three days sinco the evidence
of blood poisoning onpearod gangrene
had set in. Her sufferings hare been
Intense On Wednesday Mrs Zibel went
into a semi comatose condition and
Thursday her children were sent for. A
telegram went to one staling his mother
could not lire throe hours, and death soon
ensued. Davenport Democrat.
llio Fu'lirp of 1'iiliHe-i.
Ulf I1I3HOI' JESSE T. PEOIt, 1 l , LI.. 0.
Timothy Tileonib says we must trust
somebody or die. So, if wo trust Ihe
wrong persons, we shall die. Jusi so far
as the republican parly has trusted the
wrong men it is dead. Whom has it
First, a few thorough patriots, who had
guided it through llio pro-it struggle for
liberty which has left us an emancipated
nation. The record is a grand ono. The
tried nnd faithful leaders in cabinet nnd
field are peerless in llie history of this
epoch. They seized a great principle and
moved it to tho front, nnd compelled the
world to respect and obey it. Liberty,
personal and civil, under their direction,
emorged with Ine smile of a seraph from
her baptisms of blood. Many strong and
true men of other political relation
arranged themselves by their side nnd
struggled and dared nobly in tho conflict
But llio limo came when Ihn partv of
freedom must bo mado to do the work of
a political party. Then it appeared that,
in the main, Ihe leaders in the civil win
were not politicians. Tin y could load to
emancipation, but were not aslulo partisan
organizers. They could not broaden the
great morality which brought them together
into a national uilminis: ration, so as to
make it include the elomenls ol justice,
kindred to the one which hail combined
them. Thoy could not, there! re, construct
a political ethical syslem which would
protect tho government anil people from
plunder and which would withhold power
from rast and ruinous monopolies: which
would resouo tho government from Ihe
grasp of intense Individualism, personal
and combined. They could not iliield the
suffering veoplo from the ruins of the
liquor traffic, nor protect the holy Sabbath
from wicked disturbances, nor the mails
nor the schools from oh-oenu prints or
books. They could not trust themselves
to lift polities into any sm h spheres of the
great right; and, hence, they (lid not make
a political parly under llio denomination
of the moral clement, which mado them
a compact rather than a political parly.
The guiding minds which organized what
was known as tho republican party were
rapidly superseded by practical po ilicians,
who soon carried them under tho control
of a struggle for Votes, and the capital
rices of party politics seized llio republi
cans, and the people were defrauded out
of what had been a s' long hope of a
government in which llie great right
should predominate over selfishness and
robbery. The republicans trusted the
wrong men; intriguing politicians an
astute, scheming demagogues, rather than
men of sterling virtue.
We must now go back to identify un
mistakably this down lull track, step liv
step, till we reach ihe present crisis. 1'his
party throw i'self into tho arms of availii
bililU, llie greatest enemy ivilli which
political justice ever had to contend. The
result wim that wo went hugely into the
army for candidates. There, as a rare
exception, a man might possibly bo found
having tho emtio elements of a statesman ;
but, as a great rule, it was immensely
otherwise. The candidate must be able
to trace himself back to the war, or ho
would not be available; and, if he had
been a general, or at least, a corporal, a
cirilian, howerer wise and great, could
stand no chance against him in tho caucus.
This threw Ihe party largely into the con
trol of incompetent persons. Then the
mattor of availibiliiy must go further, and
the foreign elements would absolutely
demand a ticket that would pay for their
votes Now, the vice is not in the former
nationality of Ihe candidates, but in the
fact lhat the men had not become iulelli
gent, loyal American citizens. But, to
conciliate tliem, men of European ideas
must be allowed to control ihe party, and
rnlo out the great principles of liberty
which have made us a great people. Take
notice, il is not an occasional mistake ol
this kind which has guided the republican
party straight to its ruin ; but it has made
this method of availability absolutely
controlling and tho patronage of the bcsl
citizens of tho country has bjcn sold bv
the hundreds of thousands lo secure the
support of men who aro in principle and
practice tho bitterest enemies true Ameri
can liberty ever had. Yes, trusted the
wrong men. And there is now reason to
believe that the loyal patriots of America,
whether of native or foreign birth, will
endure these cruel wrongs no longer.
Indeed, like men roused from sleep
scorched with fire, ihey lushed lliey know
not whither.
Will tho politicians accept the over
whelming political revolution which has
swept through the country liko a tornado
as sufficient evidence that they have trust
ed the wrong men? Let them tell us
whal has become of the veto ol tho rnm
svllors, to gain which they have sold out
the temperance cause, so dear to the heart
of every true citizen? What has become of
the anti-American foreign vote, for which
they havo alienated aud driven away
their own staunch fellow ciiiz-ms, coin
prising the bone and sinew of this free
America? And will they go to work to
build up again upon the very policy by
which they havo been wrecked and for
which they have boon rebuked anil
deserted by llie people, whoso rights they
have trampled inlo ihe mire? I think I
am in a position to know that they cannot
do this. Whether it is to be by organiza
tion or reorganization, under tho old or a
new name, they must take a now depart
ure. They must consult the class of men
they havo heretofore ignored. Thoy have
been rejected, upon various prctensos;
their great and righteous principles have
been pushed asido, upon one pretext or
another, and waived with specious and
unreliable promises; but the timo has
como when the best patriots of the country
will rise in their might and assert their
lights in words and acts which cannot be
But my hardest task remains. I must
attempt to show how this can ho done
At tho beginning the conviodon must
be profound and pervading that a great
reform is Imperatively demanded. 1 take
it that tho great revolution which has just
revoalea useii is tlie concentration ot the
general feeling lhat in some way reform
must come, liut luo thinking, talkm;
writing, and acting must go on, whit-
will hardon this conviction and feeling
into durable organic unitv. Agitation and
conflict aro inevitable. This is no child's
play. It will bo the attempt of moral
principle to assault and break down the
power of untold consolidated millions of
money, to challenge and defy tho most
enormous class interest which ever tram
pled upon a free people. It will be the
most torrilio conflict ever known on this
Tho proparalioa must, therefore, be
proportionally large, durable nnd strong.
The loaders must bo tremendously in
earnost, but not men of passion, Thoy
must be broad-minded, far-sighted, calm
and dignified; but every man of them of
"the stuff that martyrs aro mado of.'' But
with them must bo gathered men of
popular power.who will attract tho people
who have tho iustincts of political virtue.
Let tho great principles of riglitoousness
assort sovereign control over public affairs.
Then push out to the front the great
reform which is now first in tho thoughts
of many ol the best men in the nation.
Demand tho liberation of the suffering
fieoplo from tho unmitigated curso of tho
iquor traffic. It is impossible to conceal
from the honest patriots of the land the
fact that all obstructions to true reform,
and that all pjlitic.il corruption, and all
conspiracies against tho liberties of the
people gathor around this grossost insult
to God nnd man. Down with it, and all
great needed reforms will inevitably
follow. It requires but litllo political
sagacity to seo lhat libernlion from this
s ilanic pnwer will hi the supreme purpose
of the next "uprising of a grp.at people "
It Is, therefore, simply respectful candor
to give police to professional and virtuous
polilicians that thoy must choose between
giving it a strong position in plans
platforms and candidates, or being swept
away by it.
With regard to parties, let us say that
we propose no Christian parly, no church
party The church, as such.has no politics.
hut Christians are citizen and they have
no right to lose their citizenship in their
religion. Ihcyouzht to be lenders in all
great reform measures. They ought to
be present at all primary elections and
caucuses, and have something decisive to
say in regard to candidates nnd platforms.
If not, what right have they to find faull
with oil her P What can he expected of
them hut to cower under the crack of the
parly whip and shrink away like whipped
spaniels, as many of them have done for
years; but to grumble nnd then do the
bidding of their masters?
All true patriots, whether Cliris'ians or
others, ought to take part in the construc
tion of the great national party. This will
be no third party. There will he but two
great parlies one which will insist upon
the moral element in polities, and tho other
will bo Ihn rest. Largo numbers .of the
former will be found in all tho parties as
heretofore existing, where they cannot
remain unless they aro willing to seo their
most sacred principles trampled in the dust
and help to do it. The rest will be those
who have polities for a trade, who openly
work nnd give for pirty ends, who profess
no loyalty lo the governmentor the people
excepting what will serve party or per
sonal ends. Tbov are most formidable in
numbers, organizdion, smartness, and all
other resources; b it when tho great party
of national patriots shall include and
organize those who legitimately belong
to it, they will, we hoiievo, be found an
immense an I iriesistiblo majority. The
Wiiv Mks. Langtuv 13 Beautiful.
Sarony'a portrai's of Mrs. Langtry do not
do her justice. Tho charm of this lady
in her graceful turns of the head and her
movements, addod lo her exquisite com
plexion. Why is it lhat sho is unique?
I'lio true answer seems lo bo that given by
her a few evenings tigo, when sho said :
"I was the only sjster ol six big bro'hers,
and would you believe it, I snared all of
their outdoor sports " She recently said
in res peel to tho criticism of her feet as
being larger than llio American typo of
pedal beauty, that she had walkod more
miles over Jersey moors anil lanes than
gentlemen of America had walked yards,
and that she had accordingly iho feet and
health to provo 1. She often expresses
her love for outdoor life, and if sho stays
here next summer she will show some of
the dilettante yachtsmen of the New York
yacht club that she can sail a yacht like
an expert. "How do you suppose she
kept her complexion?" said a woman to a
lady friend behind hot' fan at a reception a
fow evenings ago. Mrs. Langtry was
just then giving the answer by lolling how
nearly all ot her life was in the open air
when she lived in Jersey.
In a Tuance Mrs. Reagan, of Wash
ington, I). C, w lo was decided to have
died on Sunday last, and who woke up
from a trance several hours after, speaking
of lier experience, says: "I knew exact
ly everything that was going on, but could
not movo or utter a sound. I heard them
say that my death had bei n announced by
rather .Noonan, at ot. Aloyisus, and so
many expressed feelings of sorrow; and
though I wanted to tell thoin I was not
dead, I could not. I almost carao lo the
conclusion that I was dead, for I thought
they could not all be wrong. I
thought that death took tho shape it did,
and it ran through my mind if others who
had died know exactly what was said
about them. I heard them say they
thought I would look best if laid out in a
habit.und I heard one of tho persons in the
room say, "Well, sho always did look
good, and she'll look good dead, it tnalters
not what ihey put on her." I felt like
saying, 'I thank you for your compliment,'
and slatted to say so, but my lips would
not movo and I oould not make a sound.
It was a delightful feeling, a dreamy,
s disfying condition, such as I never exper
ienced before. As I came out of the trance
it was like recovering from the gas people
lake, when having teeth drawn. I am
tired telling people about it; but I am
now sure I am not dead.''
It is a common belief amongtemperanec
people that the prevalence of intemperance
is not affected by the frequency of tho
resorts where liquor is sold. The
experience of Switzerland is a melancholy
proof of the contrary. Up to 1871. the
Swiss republic had by various restrictions
held the liquor truffle in cheek. Grog
shops were restricted in number and in
locality (not being allowed near schools
and churches) and could not be kept by
women ; sales could not be mado after
certain hours and not to children. But in
187-1 the cantons lost tho power to regulate,
by a constitutional amendment, and it
was determine! to try the experiment of
free rum in fact. Iho tralho beeamo as
free us that in bread and moat. The
consequence is a great increase in the
drinking resorts aud a correspondent of
tho Lonuon limes describes Geneva,
where the traveler in 1871 found it difficult
to get a breakfast at an open restaurant
on a Sunday morning, as now "tho most
drunken city in Europe." There is a
public house to every 70 inhabitants nnd
grocers and confeotioners all sell liquor.
The sobriety of the women has declined
and the nation once celebrated for frugality
and industry aro now visited with business
failures, bankruptcy, shiftlessness of work
ingmen and a general social decadence to
an alarming degree. The municipalities
and the churches petition the federal gov
ernment to tako active measures to stop
the ruin. tprtngheld JUpublican.
A Philological Study. A graduate
of Vassar College, who had successfully
wrestled with several foreign languages,
visited an Italian restnrant recently in
company with her fiance. J7ne Kngusb
on the bill of faro was conspicuous by its
absence, thus presenting an opportunity
for the display of the maiden's knowledge
of the tongne of sunny Italy.
"I can't make this out nt all," said tho
youth "can vou?"
"Oh, yes" said the maiden, "I can speak
Italian quite fluently."
"Then you must order the lunch."
"All right. Now, lot me geo. I want
somo eggs, some Ice cream, macaroni,
cheese, coffee and bread. What will you
Of course I II take the same, murmur
ed ihe admiring lover.
The ordere was given most mllifluously,
but the waticr stood transfixed.
"Did you understand mo?" she said,
imperiously, in tho cJioioest Italian sho
could command.
"Yes. miss; but "
Then attend to my order at r.ncc," was
tho order of tho girl, who had felt quite
proud of her superiority as a linguist.
After a very long delay, the waiter ap
peared with a tray filled with the follow
ins articles:
One snuff box, a stuffed owl, a pair of
tongs, two cabbages, three paper collars
and a blacking brush.
The young lady said she felt faint, and
couldn't eat a mouthful, so her beau called
a cab and took her home, and then re
lumed to the restaurant to settle the bill
He is still a bachelor,
The rhurrh, Hod's Agency.
The home and the church are the
legitimate channels for woman's Influence.
If our Hi-uvenly Father had not thus
designed He would not havo "set the
solitary in families." nor have builded a
great church upon the rock of ages.
Ihe wonderful movements of the nine
teenth century, and indeed of the Inst two
decades, are accomplishing much In the
way of missionary labor. Years of w rk
and months of close observation reveal.
to my eyes at least, Ihe fact that the
church is losing vitality and home influ.
enens are relaxed.
Now lhat pi blic ntiment is educated
and woman's power acknowledged, why
not turn i heso amazing forces into our
respective denominations in d aid our
Lord in making strong His fortresses?
Why not lose our pers inality in Ihe over
shadowing dufen-e of army lines? Hostile
batteries are the mi re i-tleclually stormed
by united iffort.
In every c-ommunily, hewerer small.
there ought io be a Woman's Christian
Temperance Union. Tho rare spirits
composing its executive could ea-!ly meet
in council the pastors of the locality nnd
suggest, without the slightest appearance
of aibitrary dictation, that in each chuich
there be a missionary committeeappoiuted,
the chairman of which should be some
efficient member of the W. C. T. U. That
being accomplished, a thorough canvass
should he established, bringing into the
Sabbath schools and churches nil persons
that could bo induced to turn Ihelr steps
thitherward. There aro scores of neglected
or sensitive on 8 only wailing for a kind
word or cordial invitation to mingle with
cho9cn people.
ibis elect lady couhl have It in her
power to call mothers' meetings, to intro-
luce upon hxed days temperance instruc
tion into the Sunday school, and cooperate
with the pastor in the introduction of the
subject into the weekly prayer meetings,
and of a temperance sermon once a quar
ter, and to circulate prohibitory petitions
for signatures It should be her specialty
to remind members that this vice en
croaches even into tho sanctuary, and that
God calls upon His church to exterminate
These ladies working in the various
denominations would of course form a
central committee, meeting at stated inter
vals for prayer, reports and consultation,
keeping a rigilant lookout upon llie fields.
suffering no inglorious retreat or with
As nearly erery village and clly in the
United States need temperance coffee
houses, reading rooms and cheap enter
tainments, these interests could be more
easily provided for, wilh the burden of
missionary work laid upon the influential
and wealthy of the laity.
l bus the natural ordjr ol Providence
would not suffer perversion. Parents
would be in possession of a knowledge of
tho temptations that beset the feet of their
boys and girls.
Lass frequently then would be heard "in
Kama the voioo of Rachel weeping for her
John Jones' Monument.
John Jones began at the ago of fifteen
to build a monument and finished it at
fifty. He worked night and day, often all
night long, and Sabbath. He seemed to
be in a great hurry lo get it done. He
spent all the money he earned upon .it
some say SiDij.uoo. then he borrowed all
he couid ; and when no one would loan
him any more ho would take his wife's
dresses and llie bed cloth- s and many
other valuable things in bis home and sell
them to get more money to finish that
They say ho ci mo home one day and
was about to take the blankets that lav
over his sleeping baby to keep it warm,
nnd his wife tried to stop bim; but he
drew back his fist and knocked her down
and then went away with the blankets
and never brought them back, and the
poor baby sickened and died from the
exposure. At last there was not anything
felt in the House. Ihe poor heart broken
wife soon followed Ihe baby to the grave.
let John Jones kept working all the
more at the monument. I saw him when
he was about fifty years old. The monu
ment was nearly done; but he had worked
so hard at it that I Imidly knew him, he
was so worn; his clothes were all to
tatters, and bis hands and face, indeed,
his whole body was covered with scars
which he got in luying up some ot the
stones. And the wretched man had b en
so little, all this while he was building, in
good society, that he had about lorgolton
how "to use the English language; his
tongue had somehow become very thick,
and when he tried lo speak, out would
come an oath.
That may seem strange; but I havo
found out that all who build such monu
ments as John's prefer oaths to any other
word !
Now come with me and I will show you
John's monument. It stands in a beautiful
part of the city where five streets meet.
Most men put such things in the cemetery.
But John had his own way nnd put il in
one of the finest lots lo be found.
'Does it look liko Bunker Hill monu
ment?' asks little Amy Arlott by my
Not at all. John didn't want to be
remembered that way. Ho might have
taken that $50,000 and built an asylum
for poor little children that have no home.
and people would have called the asylum
bis monument.
But here wo are at the front door. It
is a grand house! It is high and large.
with great halls and towers, and velvet
earpets, elegant mirrors and a piano, and
I know not whnt all; so rich and grand.
This is John Jones' monument: and
the man who gold John nearly all the
whisky he drank, lives here with his
family, and thoy all dress in the richest
and finest clothes.
Do you understand it?
Rev. Wm. M. Bacon, formerly of
Shoreham accepts a call to tho Coventry
Congregational church.
In Lafayelto, Ind., Lena and Lizzie
Pfau, aged 15 and 9, while walking with
their father down 4th street hill, were
shot by George Heide, aged about 18, and
badlr inmred in tne lower limns, no
cause is known. It is supposed Heide
was crazed by drink, as the girls were
strangers to him.
From 18G5 to 1S75 the paupers of Mass.
inoreased 150 per cent while the population
increased only 30 per cent. In license
towns the pauperism inoreased 267 per
cent while the population increased only
20 per cent. These are some of the figures
giron by Dr. Djrchoster in his open letter
to Gor. Butler.
Lord Lytton speaks of the change now
going on in India as "the greatest and
most momentous revolution, at once social ,
moral, religious and political, which,
perhaps, the world has ever witnessed."
This if io small tribute to the missionaries
through whose influence this change bns
largely brought About,

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