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Green-Mountain freeman. [volume] (Montpelier, Vt.) 1844-1884, February 07, 1883, Image 1

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,OiBce in the Urlok Block, Head of State Street.
Cl.so ICpald in edvauoe: otherwise, 3.oo.
yuuut ma; be mi Jo by mill or otherwise to.
Editor and Proprietor.
The Feccmam, under the reoent law of Cona-reai
.ciroulates tree la WaehlnirtoD County. On all pawn.
Bent outalde Waahinfrton County, the poataa-e la paid
by the publisher at the office In MontpeUer.
For uiie eui
of 14 Hue.'
r leis of Afrate ty ,e, one
H'lHHIlt HlMirtiOU, UCi l U,
,-,iiM are mut-keU ou tlie
iIiichW until ordered nut
iii'lj4iits uud ollja s talver
iii-i-i I'm, v, h ; iih' i-il'-l
II u 'n. h tli mulii'i- uf I
i'lvM''l-e.i.iiit. it will I
I. H ral ii-i Kitnt Hindi-iii-j..tf
by tiie yi-ur.
I'ruliate uuil CotuuiUsumera' Notirea, 83 'v.
For Nolli'i-a nl Liberation, Kstruys, the Formation
uud iJi-xdui luii ut UtriiurttirraluiiH, etr., tt.25 eacu fur
leri-ii nioi-i'Ooii. lihtmtby luuil the njouey (oust ae
!!juiim) Uiu iullef.
Notu-i's in new rolilinlis.lOoeilts fier Hue each luaar
tloti, but uo cltutttt'H made o lean than Ulia-uta.
Notnf-e of Di-at'ia ind Marriages itiserti'd trratla, but
i-xu-uilfd uoitourv N'ltK-eaof Foelr will be t'Jjafeud
at thu rate ol a i taita ui-r hue.
NO- G.
KFE.DMESDAY, FEB. 7. 1883.
Bunda y School Lesson flotes.
Feb. 18: Chrlat'an Couraye-Acta 4:19-31.
This lesson follows close upon the events
of the last. Peter closed his defence
before the council, and the two apostles
were ordered from the court for a few
moments, nnd a conference was held
unions the members of the tribunal. The
case of bottling was undoubted. The man
was before them whole, and there was no
way under their law of bringing punish
ment upon the men who had wrought the
cure. Hence they determined to do the
best they could for the future to suppress
the doctrines of the apostles by threats and
intimidation. So tliev gave a very strict
charge to Peter and John, when they had
recalled them. The language implies that
thoy were neither to toaoo publicly in the
name of Jesus, nor in private, among their
friends, wore they to speak of hiin as the
The oiinui vnd if heeded would have
snppressod all the efforts of the early
believers, and in reality restrained thorn
from meeting together for acts of worship
But they hod made a mistake when they
supposed that Peter and John wero to be
restrained by their threats. These disci
pies wero not in the weak and halting
state that they were a few weeks before
when the Master was baforo the council.
They n w aotod under the new and
mighty reign of the Holy Spirit. Hence,
boldly and promptly they denied the rightof
the Sanhedrim to put any such restrioilona
upon ihoni. They were willing even to
submit the question to thecounoil whether
it would b i right before God for them to
hearken to the command of men rather
than to God.
The plain command of Christ when ho
loft them was that they should publish
everywhere the great facts parta'ning to
his kingdom. Thay recognized this as a
command of God. Hero comes In an
assertion of their belief in Christ's divinity.
Again they could with cr.nfi lenoe appeal
to the higher hv bofore the counoil of
their own people. Sjiue of tho most
heroic pictures in tho tiistory of their
peoplo were just of this nature, Men
refused to obey laws contrary to the laws
of thoir God. Daniel and the three
worthies, and several of the old prophots
had taken the same position, and God had
honored and delivered them. Doubtless
these examples were in the minds of the
accused and tho accusers. The apostles
strengthen their appoal by the declaration
that it was a moral impossibility for thi-m
not to speak forth the things they had
seen and heard.
This is conscience and duty grandly
asserting their supremacy. When It be
oorues impossible and unthinkable for a
man to disobey God, then he is as nearly
safe as be can be in this evil world. The
rulers finding these men determined
and knowing well that there was no cast
against them under the law, added further
threats, if they should persist in teaching
Jesus, and then dismissed them, simply
because they dare not in view of the
condition of the public mind commit the
flagrant abuse of punishing them when
there was no case against them.
This was a very poor showing of honor
on tho part of thecounoil. They were only
restrained from the vilest abuse of thoir
authority by the position of the people.
And yot this is better than going on
without any restraint and no doubt
at the present time many of our
tribunals are strengthened and kept in
tone by tho came dread of the people. We
need, too, a new and more vigorous
application of this corrective force in many
of our courts at present.
The apostles upon their releaso went at
once to their own company. They jet had
some common place oi abode, or at least
of daily congregation.
Here we have an excellent example for
any who are in affliction or persecution.
Seek the company of God's people In all
suoh times. Many a soene of anguish
might be avoided, and humiliating dofcat
turned to complete victory if men would
observe this rule. The conduct of the
apostles upon receiving the report of Peter
and John is worthy of note. They did not
begin by conferring together and trying
to hit upon some plan to kcepaconscience
and still avoid the rage of the rulers; but
they at once united in supplications to
God for tho courage they needed that they
might be bold and increasingly efficient
in doing his work. There is something
sublime in the natnre of their combined
supplication. They stay themselves upon
the thought of God's almigbtiness. Tbcy
go back in their thought and language to
the triumphant experiences of those who
had trusted in God beforo their time. They
catch the hidden, higher meaning of one
of the triumphant strains of their groat
national poet and prophet. They discover
an application of tho language which they
had not probably seen beforo. They see
rulers and people united against the Lord's
ni.oinled, hut they see all powerless to
harm or destroy him. The 28th verse
recognizes Gods foreordinatlon in regard
to tho mission and sufferings of Christ,
while wo have but a little while ago
studied Peter's chnrge against his people
of slaying Jesus with wichid hands. Man
is responsible though bo be carrying out
the oounscl before determined upon by
Jehovalj. The facts stand side by side in
the word of, God, I may say also in our
oonsoiousnoss. The Bible seeks no system
which will harmonize the two, and we
may as well not seek to do what inspiration
has not attempted. After the formal
opening of the potion, wo come to the leal
matter of supplication. "Grant thy ear
vnnts boldness that they may speak thy
word," one of the most pertinent and
comprehensive prayors for the Christian
ministry that was evor uttorod. God was
pleased with them and with their prayor;
for at once the plaoe where they were
assembled was shaken nnd the mighty
manifestation of the spirit cnmo again,
anil, reassuted, It.ey we nt out to speak
even more boldly tbo word given to them.
Home Secrets. The following from a
valuablo exchango contains so much
wholesome advice that we reproduce it
for the especial benefit of our married
readers. Possibly in tho whole rvnge of
human characters there is none more
deppisablo than I hat of one who acts as
a spy or meddler in family matters. There
is ocrlainly none who exerts a more deadly
Influence on the peace nnd happinoss of
homo, loung couples, above all, will
tin (I the acquaintance of such a person
almost fatal, and the sooner the connection
between them and such officious oulslilors,
is Bevered the better. No matter how
perfect and angelio lovers may appear to
each other, it will bo found out after
marriage that they have their differences
of opinions and tastes, and they would
hardly be human it they did not discover
some slight causes ot provocation wi h
each other. Such things are as different
from what we call strife or quarreling as
a 8iuuiuer breeze is from a cyclone, but
let ouu ot these oincioua people who
delight in prying into family matters
know oi tliom, and tho breeze may
possibly become a cvclono beforo it ends
the only sale rulo is tor married tolks to
kotp thoir secrets to themselves. There
in cnolo within -every nousenold into
which tho outsider should never enter.
It is the fhrine, the holy of holies made
sacred by the great lovo a man and wife
bear to each other, and mere thoy should
a"ioe to bear with each other's failings
to remonstrato or to complain, to forgive
and nuke up. No school girl friend of
the wile s, no college chum ot the bus
band's lot them lie ever so dear should
bo admitted into the inner court where
i he married couple should stand alone
How many have learned by experience
what a bitter tiling it is to have a third
person in possession of a secret they
would give their lives, almost, to get
back. When a cloud si omed to rest for a
moment over the sunshine of their married
life, when their hearts were grieved and
their tempers milled, they were foolish
enough to confide their troubles to some
caller, or some officious friend always on
hand to receive sucli confidence. And
then, when the cloud passed and the
sunshine came back, and the momentary
bitterness was forgotten in the sweetness
of making up, ob, what a torture it was
to know that a stranger knew all! If all
young married couples only knew the
worth of their discretion! Ihey needed
no third per.-on in tbiir love making, and
II, after marriage, they find out, as mosi
assuredly they will, that boing I uman
they connot be fauljess, let them beware
of taking any third person to settle their
differences. Let them continue to be
alter marriage what they were before, all
the world to each other, and if in plucking
the roses of married life a thorn would
occasionally wound if a hasty word
provoke an angry retort, if some thought
less act bo construed into unkindness let
the pain be ever so sharp, it will cease
very soon. True love is a plant of strong
growth; it will stand any amount of
passing storms and still thrive in all its
beamy and vigor. Hut it is extrcmoly
ensitive, and shrinks from common
touch; and if it is exposed to tho rude
gi.ze and rough handling of passers by, it
will not be long lived. It married people
would ketp ibis treasure to the end of life,
let them settle their own diuVencos ami
make up with a kiss as they did in their
courtship days, and let the ouisiue world
be none tho wiser.
How to cook a pieco of meat properly
that is a great question with housekeepers
and with all ot us, for that matter. The
round table is spread three times a day
witn snowy cloth, nnd the now of soul
becomes subordinate to the least of rea
son, in vtow ol tui3 tact, we ought to
know how to serve up that best reason for
a least, a. juicy and lender piece of meat.
Says an exchange, upon this important
subject :
A well-cooked ptoco of meat should be
full of ils own gravy. In roasting, there
fore, it should be exposed to a quick Are,
that tho external surface may be made to
contract at once, and the albumen to coag
ulate before the juico has had time to
escapo from within. Tho same observa,
t ons apply to boiling ; whon a piece of
heel or mutton is plunged into boiling
water, the outer part contracts, the albu
men which is near tho surface coagulates,
ind the internal juico is prevented either
from escaping into the water by which it
is surrounded, or from boirg diluted or
weakened by tho admission of water
among it. When cut up, therefore, the
meat yields much gravy and is rich in
flavor. Hence a heelatcaKor mutlon chop
is done quickly and over a quick fire, that
the natural juice may be retained. Un
the oilier Hand, if the meat be done over a
slow lire, the pores remain open, tho juice
continues to now within as it has dried
from the surface, and the flush pines
and becomes dry, hard and unsavory. Or
if it be put in cold, tepid water, which is
afterwards brought to a boil, much of the
a.bumen is extracted before it coagulates,
the natural juices, lor the most part, flow
out, and the meat served in nearly a taste
less state, Hence to prepare good boiled
meat, it should at once be put into witer
already brought to a boil. But to make
beet tea, mutton broth and other nioai
soups the flesh should pe put into cold
water, ana this alterward very slowly
warmed, and finally boiled. The advan
tage derived from simmering a term not
unfrequcnt in cookery books depends
veiy much upon llie elj'oots of slow boil
ing, as above explained.
The Itcv. Itobert Collyer on a recent
Sunday preached a sermon on "How to be
young at eighty." He told his hearers of
his own childhood yoars in a tiny white
washed cottage, where bo was fed on
oatmeal and milk, with oat broad nnd
butter onoe a week, and white potatoes
and moat now and then. This laid tho
foundation; a life of temperance, good
humor and virtue has done (he rest, and
Dr. Collyer at 60 linds himself hale and
hearty, never having been sick a day in
his life. Ho drew this pretty picture of
bis rural home :
"A oottago of two rooms and an atlic
looking right into tho eyo of tho sun and
away toward the great purple moors. A
bit of groon sward before iho door, a plum
tree nnd a clump of roses. The walls of
ihe living room white as tho driven snow,
and tho flagged floor so clean that you
might eat your dinner on it. Tho house
whitewashed twice a year with quicklimo,
ibe tiny co -beds tilled once a year with
fresh ohittt from the farms and how good
it did smell, to be sure ! Pure white linen
to wear and to sleep in, and once a week
good sound scrubbing in a tub, with
yellow soap that got into your eyes, nnd
awnshtrwol. "Who hath red ev es?" I
saul, quoting Solomon "who hath
contention P who hath strife P" I can
n member who had thein ull moro thn
fifty yoars ago. But in that little home,
uuu giuuuy in iuis naray mixture of oat
meal nnd milk und tho enow white purity,
the stanchions were driven that hum
nover stirred to this day; and that tuado
it easy lor me to livo a cheerful and sunny
life, and to givo strong drink a wide bortii
(though I was raised among those who
drank boor as they a-to hread)whon I saw
there was danger that it would bononie my
tyrant and I a moro;slnye."
urt wttlilu our little cotUKt,
As tho shad wb frently jai
Wtille the suulitrht touches aoftly
One sweet face upon the wall.
Do wo vettier close together,
And In hushed and tender tone
Ask oach othor for fortrlveueaa,
I'ur the wroutr that each has doue.
Should you wonder at the custom,
At the ending of the day,
Eye and voice would quickly answer,
"It was once our mother's way."
If our home be brukt und cheery,
If It hold a welcome true,
Openluir wide Its door of greeting
To thu many, not the fow;
If we share our Father's bounty
With the needy day by day,
'T is bocauxe our hearts remember
This was ever mother's way.
Somoliinaa when our hearts irrow woary,
Or our task9 seem very long,
Wliou our burdens look too heavy.
And we deem the right ull wroutf,
Then wo rain a new, froah courage,
As we rise to proudly say:
"Lot us do our duty bravely.
That wui our dear mother's way."
Thus we keep her memory precious,
While we never cease to pray
That, at last, when lemrtnentnfr shadows
itlock the evening of our day,
They may flud us calmly waiting
To tro home our mother's way.
Dyspepsia.. I wish to convinoe your
readers of the fallacy of taking drugs for
the euro of dyspepsia. I have had a Ufo
long oxperienco witli that complaint
having inherited it from my futher.
Although not a physician myself, yet I
think I can safely say without fear of
successful oontradiction that it is a disease
that nover can bo permanently cured, so
but what if the same onuses which produce
it at first are broug it to bear it will be
produced again more readily than it was
the first time.
Dyspepsia is brieflv a weakened
stomach, and tho only office nnd duty ot
the stomach is to digest the food. Now if
tho stomach is already weakened in
consequence of being overloaded, over
taxed, more asked of it than it is ablo to
perform, it is suicidal folly to ask the
poor weak organs to try to digest drugs,
which aro wholly indigestible, and more
or less poisonous. My view of it is in
dyspepsia the stomach wants rest, and it
never can rest so long as we keep swal
lowing substances for it to digest. If we
have an old, tired horse, that Is most
worn out with hard work, and needed
onlv rest to recuperato, we are none of us
so simple as to requiro him to perform a
certain .mount of labor every day, when
the only thing he needs is to desist from
labor until be is restored and recuperated
Dyspepsia exhibits itself in a great
variety of ways, and is, ns old Dr. Chase
says, a "many headed monster." There
are scarcely two persons mat nave it
exactly alike. I have been so weak,
years ago, that I could not walk half a
mile. My experience is, as a general
rule, that one should eat very moderately
at first of such kinds of food as agrees
w:th him, and as will of itself keep the
bowels open and looso. lake no drugs,
no cathartics. Take all tho exercise in
the open air that is possible to take with
out getting very weary, for the person is
not the stomach, nor tho stomach the
person. Vet, if a man gets excessively
weary, it will weaken tho stomach, but a
moderate amount of outdoor exercise will
create un appetite and excite the fluw of
gis ric j lieu into the stomach, which will
servo to assist it in digesting food. The
same kind of food tloi's not agree alike
with ull dyspeptics. What is good for
one is poison to another. Toledo Made.
An old man is a beautiful object in his
own place, in the midst of a cirole of
young people, going down in various
gradations to infancy and all looking up
to tho patriarch with filial reverence,
keeping him warm with their own burning
youth; giving him the freshness of their
thought and feeling, with such natural
influx that it seems ns if it grew within
his heart; while on them be reacts with
an influence that sobers, tempers nnd
Keeps them down, tits wisdom, verv
probably, is of no great account he
cannot lit to any new state of things; but,
nevertheless, it works its effect. In such
a situation, tho old man is kind and genial,
mellow, mora gentlo and generous anil
wider minded than evor before. But, if
eft to himself, or wholly to the society ot
his contemporaries, tho ice gathers around
his heart, hope grows torpid, his love
having nothing of his own blood to
develop it grows cold; he becomes
selfish, when he has nothing in the pies
nt or the future worlh caring about in
himself; so that instead of a beautiful
object, he is an ugly one, little, mean and
torpid. I suppose one chief reason to bo
that, unless he has his own race about
him he doubts of anybody's lovo, he feels
himself a stranger in thu world and so
becomes unami.tblo.
It is a very common thing for one lady
to remark to another, "What beautiful
teeth Mrs. has! They must be
false." This is certainly a high compli
ment for art and a cruel slur upon nature
or our abuse of nature. Here is an
item which tolls how those pearly products
are manufactured :
In tho process of manufacture silax and
feldspar in their crude state are submitted
to a red heat, and then suddenly throwD
into cold water, the effect being to render
them more easily pulverized. Having
been ground very uno in water, nnd the
wator evaporated, tho two matorials men
tioned aro driod and sifted. Tho kaolin
is washed froe from impurities. The-ie
materials, with feldspar, sponge, platina,
and flux in proper proportion for the
enamel, are mixed with water, and work
ed into masses resembling putty. This
done, tho unbaked porcelain masses are
ready for the moulding room, The models
are in two pieces, nnd are made of brass.
one half of the teeth or sections being on
either sido. The coloring materials are
first placed in tho exact position and
quantity required, and the body of the
tooth and the gum is inserted in lumps
corresponding to the sizo of tho teeth.
The molds are then closed, and thev are
dried by a slow heat. Whon perfectly
dry inoy nro iBKen out ami sent to the
trimmers' room. The trimmers remove
imperfections, and send them in trays of
fire clay to the furnace, where having
remained for twenty minutes, thoy are
Instincts ov the Dkkr. Where the
deer is much huntod his enrs become ex
ceedingly acute. Mr. Van Dyke has seen
one spring from his bed and run away at
race norso speed before he was within 200
yards of tho animal, althongh he had not
louohed a single hush or twig in approach
1ng the game, and alt bought he was pos
illve that a mail could not at 20 yards dis
tance have heard the soft tread of mooca
sins on the light snow. Deer, too, with in
tuitive correctness, are able to measure the
distanoo and oharaoter of sounds. They
will often lie all day within hearing of the
woodman's axe, and tho shor ts of the
teamster. As a rulo, too, the crash of the
squirrel's jnmp, tho roar of thunder, the
snapping of trees with frost, thoir creaking
or falling In tho wind does not alarm
them in the least. Yet the faintest press
ure of tho loaves under the hunter's
moooasln may instantly send them flying.
A doer onn also see a long way. On one
ocoasion Mr. Van Dyko saw one watching
a brother sportsman a mile away, whose
motions he could hardly himself make
out. It is true that for recognizing an
( hjeot at rest, the eyes of a deer are about
hb dull as those of a dog. If un ilarmod be
will not distinguish a man from a stump
, on open ground II the man is seated nnd
perfectly motionless. Un the other hand,
to oatcb a motion a deer 8 eyes are very
quick and the fact that he is generally at
rest while the hunter is moving gives mm
nn immense advantage. Even tbo slow
lifting of your head over a ridge, or the
slow dragging of your limbs over the
trunks of trees or tho slow advanoe of
your oreeping body along the ground is
a most instantly detected, unless the
motion happens to be while they have
I their heads down, feeding or walking.
A point in etiquette recently decided a
lawsuit in n queer way. A traveler on a
German railroad train attempted to cat a
lunch while on the journey. While putting
a piece ot Dologna sausage in hid mouth
the train stopped suddenly, causing bis
cheek to be badly cut on the edge of bis
knife, which he was using. The man sued
the company for damages, but his claim
was not sustained, on the ground that it is
a breach of etiquette to eat with a knife.
Tho consumption of wool in the United
States for 1882 is put at about 366 000,000
pounds, or about 15,000,000 pounds more
than the previous year. The estimated
product of wool in ihe United Stales for
1882 was about 300,000,000 pounds, being
an increase of about 10,000,000 over the
previous year. The increased product in
Texas and the territories has been about
11,000,000 pounds ; in California the falling
off has been about 350,000 pounds; while
at othor points there hits been a slight
increase over 1881.
Shaking. If you shake up a basket of
fruit or of gravel the small portions will
go toward the bottom, the larger ones will
come toward the top. This is the order
of naturo. There is no way of evading
it. And tne same order prevails in the
basket of human Ufa. Tho world's shak
ing will send the small characters down
ward and bring the larger ones toward
the top. The larger ones are not to blame
for this, the smaller ones have no right to
complain of it. It is tbo shaking that
loes tbo business.
A comfortable little garment is now
knit for little children under ten years of
age; it is so pretty and sensible and so
easily made that it is a groat acquisition to
a child's wardrobe. It is a combination
and underskirt and petticoat knit ribbed
siiich, and straight down in two pieces.
the front and oaeK alike, then these uro
sewed together at the sides, leaving a
nlace in which to knit sleeves. A slightly
rla ing flounce is then added to the boitom,
a narrow edge crocheted to the neck. In
which is drawn a ribbon to gather it more
closely. This little garment is close fitting,
and not at all bungling.
Smooth and Rough. The old proverb
says that every burden we have to carry
ouei s two nannies tne ono smooth and
easy to grasp, the other rough and hard
to hold.
Ono man goes through lifo taki no
things by the rough handle, and he has a
hard time all the way. He draws a tight
harness, and it chafes wherever it touches
him. He carries a heavy load, and he
finds it not worth keeping when he gets It
home. He spends more strength upon
the fret and wear of work than upon the
wmk itself. He is like a disorganized
old mill that makes a great noise over a
small grist, because it grinds itself more
than it grinds the grain.
Another man oarries the same weight,
does the same work, and finds it easy,
because ho takes everything by tho smooth
handle. And so it comes to pass that one
man sighs and weeps, and that another
man whistles and sings on the same road.
The Oldest Bank-Notes. Tho oldest
banknotes aro the "fling money'' or
' convenient money," first issued in China,
2697 B. c. Originally these notes were
ssued by the treasury, but experience
dictated a change to the system of banks
under government inspection and control.
The early Chinese "greenbacks" were in
all essentials similar to the modern
bank notes, bearing the name of the bank.
the date of issue, the number of the note,
the signature of the official issuing it,
indications of its value in figures, in
words, ana in the pictorial representation
of coins or heaps of coins equal in amount
to its lace value, und a notice ot the pains
and penalties of counterfeiting. Over and
above all was lacoric exhortation to
industrs nnd thrift : "Produce all you
can; spend with economy." The notes
were printed in blue ink on paper made
from the fibre of the mulberry tree.
One issued in 1390 n. c. is preserve!
in the Asiatic museum at S'. Peters
Death of a Man 110 Yeaks Old. a
well authenticated case of a man living
110 years, was brought to notioo in New
York-on tho 23d, the person being Bernard
Doran, whose death was reported at the
bureau of vital statistics. Doran was bom
in tho county Tyrone, Ireland, on January
7, 1773. His children have possession of
his baptismal certificate, which bears the
date of January 18, 1773. His father was
Thoma Francis Doran, b farmer. Doran
came to this country in 1839, and for six
years worked as a laborer. On October
10, 1815, he wits appointed by the public
schools society janitor of the public
schools in the fourteenth ward, and since
that time has continually held the same
office under the city government. Ho
was married twice, and since the death
of his second wife in 18ul has lived with
his son Barney, who is 60 years of age.
The eldest daughter of his first wife is
now living in Cincinnati, and is nearly
90 years old. By bis socond wife he had
three sons and a daughter. His youngest
son, John, is now 56 years of age. His
death was due to capiiliary bronchitis.
Say what you will, economy is ono of
the best home virtues, and one whioh is
every whe' e needed. No matter if persons
are rich or have large inoomes, they
should be economical. To waste is wicked.
There aro better ways to spend money and
goous man waste mem. it is tne poorest
use they can be put to. Many people
womu ue euououjiutu ii mey anew now.
It is an art to practice economy. To do
it well, one must know the art. All can
have it if they will. It is an arithmetical
art. It is the conclusion of numbers. All
must live and ought to live well, but how
to livo at the least expense is the work of
figures to tell. We must count the ways
and means and compare them. Mnny
people use expensive articles of food and
dress when cheaper ones would be in
every way belter and mora servioable.
Especially in regulating the table expenses
is mere a wantoi economy. A little useml
information concerning the qualities of
food, the amount and Itind of nutritious
mattor thoy contain, the wants of the
human system and the best ways of oook
ing, would often save fully one-third, and
in many instances, half the expense. A
wise eoonomy in table expenses is favor
able to health, and In this way saves time,
drugs, expense and doctor bills, strength,
flesh and happiness. The whole system
of greasing and preparing, and what is
called enriching food, is expensive,
unhealthy and useless. Fat, oil, tallow
and oleaginous substances can be put to a
better use than greasing food and diseasing
the digestive economy.
A Coal Mine Shaft. A mile or two
from 1 ottsvillo, says a newspaper oorres
pnndent, is the chief coal shaft of this
region, owned by the Philadelphia and
Reading coal nnd iron company, and
named tho Pottsville shift. Though
opened only a few yoars ago, It is famous
throughout this whole country for the
completeness of ils machinery, its extra
ordinary depth, and tho light shed by ll
on the shnpe and direotion of the strata
below. The perpendicular depth of the
shaft is 1,575 feet as I am told, the deep
est coal mine on the continont. Fiona Its
vast depth', almost a third of a miledown,
two hundred cars holding about four tons
each are lifted each day. The cars are
run upon a platform and then the whole
weight of say six tons hoisted at a speed
that makes the head swim. The timo
occupied in lifting a full car and in lotting
down an empty one through n distance of
about one-third of a mile is a little more
than a minute and a quarter. A few fig
ures will show that the cars pass up nnd
down at the rate of about a mile in four
minutes, fifteen miles an hour, or say, the
ordinary velooily of a freight train on a
surface track. Standing on one of the
levels, 1000 feet down, the cars "snap"
past, upward and down, with a speed so
great that the human eye soaroely sees
thorn pass.
The Belgian engine which docs this
lifting is a beautiful pieoe of mechanism,
wUh its drum twenty feet in diameter, and
its wire rope which has a thickness of two
inches, coiled around a center of hemp
that allows a nicer adjustment of the
wires when stretched by use. iho dra
matic figure of the engine room Is the
engineer, a man picked for his skill, his
steadiness and sobriety. Day after day
throughout the year the fate of every
miner bangs on bis nervo and steadfast
attention to duty.
Monotony must not make mm oareloss,
the strain of responsibility must not weary
him; his eye must be quick lor tnesignais
for down in the mine, his band must be
true to its cunning in "slowing up" and
starting ' on each of which depends Ins
costly machinery, or, it may be, preeiotrs
lives. Not olten aro the idea and tne
ideal of duty more visibly incarnated lhan
in this silent thoughtful man, his hand on
the lever, bis restless eye on the signals
or fa is machinery, and his whole life of
seemingly dull routine filled withouroand
Farmers' Meeting At Wells.
The meeting of the Board of Agriculture
for this place was held at Unison's Hall,
on Tuesday and Wednesday, January 30
and 31. At 11 o'clock in the forenoon ol
the first day the meeting was called to
order by K. R. Pember, Ksq., when Mr.
Wesley Kowe, was elected cnatrman.
Mr. Pember next gave a tew luting
words of welcome, lie made ome refer
ence to the condition of larming fifty years
Hgo and the changes that have been made
since. Wo cannot do n.w as was done at
that time, and muoh moro attention must
be given to our occupation to produoe
profitable results than was formerly the
case. This is owing in a measure 10 me
degeneracy of the soil and the immense
competition to whioh we are subjected
by the great west. To assist us in our
endeavors to bo successful cultivators of
the soil is the object of these meetings;
that through their agency we may be the
better propared for the labois that are
before us. Ho welcomed the board in
fitting words, and hoped for much good as
the result of this meeting.
Succeeding this address Dr. A. C.Grove
of Wells gave a paper on " Chemical
Fertilizers." This was a very plain and
direot address, and should bo read with
interest by all when published.
succeeding this paper a uiscussion
ensued. Mr. Davis made some remarks
on the use of commercial fertilizers, and
of the necessity of careful trial willi these
n order to find whether or no tney win
bo adapted to the soil of any farm. Ho
would advise farmers to make and save
all tho manure possible on tho farm, and
ihen, if this is not sufuoient for the pur
pose, purchase those special fertilizers
that are found to be wanting in the soil;
he believes that this may olten te done
ilh advantage in the improvement ot our
E. 11. Towle spoke of bis exporienoe
with superphosphates, and of the necessity
of every farmer trying this maiter for
himself on a small scale at first, and if
sucessful, then use as wantod. Tho same
with other fertilizers.
Mr. Goodwin inquired how many of
the farmers present had used commercial
fertilizers. A considerable number an
swered in tho affirmative, and almost all
with satisfactory results. The soil has
been gradually depleted of certain ele
ments of fertility and these must be
suDnlied in some way. Thinks this oan be
done the soonest by the use of special
fertilizers. As thero does not appear to
be demand for nitrogen to any great
extent, it is unnecessary to purchase this
expensive material in the fertilizers. Is
in favor of using ground bone and hard
wood ashes. Uses one barrel ot one Done
to three bushels of hard wood ashes,
moistened, to the acre. Also uses muriate
of potash, 150 pounds to the acre, with
good effect. Is in the habit of experi
menting with different fertilizing agents,
so as to find what will do best on his soil,
or for certain crops. .
On some farms clover will be found a
most valuable aid in the enriching of the
soil. With this crop sulphate of lime, or
land plaster, will usually pioduce good
Several farmers present had received
benefit from the use of wood ashes. Mr.
Goodwin stated that if ho could buy good
wood ashes at 25 cents per bushel, be
would nrefer these to the German potash
salts. Farmers here apply ashes generally
in the bill, but Mr. (iuodwin would appiy
broadcast. Potatoes exhaust the soil
lamely of potash, hence tbo necessity of
suppling this fertilizer quito largely.
Sir. Davis spoke in favor of raising
clover and using plaster on tho croi. He
also made somo remarks in relation to a
proper fertilizuion, noithor applying too
little nor too much. The discussion having
lasted until dinner time, tho meeting was
adjourned till afternoon.
Immediately after coming together the
subject of the renovation of pastures was
taken up, E. It. Towle leading off in the
discussion of this important question, and
was followed by the larmers present. As
usual much interost was manifested in
this subject, and the entiro session could
have been profitably employed in the
discussion. Farmers hero are endeavoring
to imnrovo their pastures by various
methods. Inquiry was made as to the
probable value of ensilage, and it was
answered that it is considered permanent
in charaoter.
Henrv MiFadden said that farmers ar
troubled much with golden rod, and is
anxious to find by what means It can be
destroyod. It was answered that plowing
would accomplish tms, or perhaps persist
ent mowing. This is a bad pest in many
parts of the state. The hardhack is also
very difficult to exterminate. This gen
tleman ha reoeiven mucn prom irom
sowine Nova Scotia plastor on Holds
covered with the white daisy. He spoko
of a meadow that had not been plowed lor
20 years nnd was covered with a growth
of daisies. Ha sowed on plaster, and
for several years tho daisy was kept
mirlv in Ihe shade bv the larcrer croD of
grass, tie has since plowed mis neia, ana
the dTsies nave again maae inoir appear
ance and promise trouble unless they oan
be subdued by the use nF plaster.
At this stngo of the meeting Mr. D tvis
took up the subject of the "Production of
Ho gave groat prominenoe to the proper
selection of cows, and gave a description
of what ho believed lo be a proper and
profitable animal fo the dairy. Spoke of
having cows In his own herd that produce
7,500 pounds of milk in a year.
In relation to breeding cows for the
dairy be emphisized the Importance of
selecting sires ot excellent parentage on
both sides, of good butter making qualities.
Believes that farms can bo more easily
kept in a good condition with butter than
cheese dairies. As to feed in summer
there are not many pastures that will
turmsh the requisite amount for moro
than about two months, and the balanoo
must be made up from various soiling
crops and grain. Would raise plenty of
rye and sweet corn lor the purpose. Would
advise farmers to raise more corn Spoke
of the necessity of having plenty and good
water, and ot the nece-stty ot numlhng
cows and heifers very gently at all times.
lie spoke favorable In relation to ino
system of ensilage, believing that it will
be quite generally adopted by farmers
Mr. Davis answered that be did not raiso
roots, hut feeds cotton seed meal. Gave
his method of feeding corn fodder and
straw with corn and cotton seed meal.
When oats are low in price would feed.
but when high should prefer to sell and
substitute moro ooncentrated food. Would
grind corn with the cob, as he believes
there is considerable value in the last
Mr. Goodwin spoke in favor of grinding
cobs with the corn, but it should be ground
quite fine. Is now practicing feeding corn
in tne ear to his horses, and hncis mat tney
do well in this way. Is much in favor
ot cotton seed meal lor cows. Liives ij
pints of cotton seed and two quarts of
corn nnd cob meal to his cows per day,
and this feed causes the cows to give a
good product of bu'ter. Has fed somo of
Ihe cotton seed meal to cows in summer
with good effect, but too much should not
be given at a time, us this would cause
ihe butter to be oily.
Always get that which is ground fine,
as that is best. An interesting discussion
having lasted until quite late, the meeting
was adjourned until evening. Attendance
goon for the first day and interest well
Leoture by Mr. Goodwin on the culture
of Indian corn. Would recommend the
study of the growth of the corn plant to
young people, as its growth is wrapped in
mystery from its time of germination until
it is ripened. The firsl formed ears are
never the most perfect, and so would not
recommend picking the first ripened ears
for seed. By a careful selection of seed
any variety of eorn may be changed from
an earlier to a later, and vice versa.
Explained in nn interesting manner tho
way by which corn mixes, one variety
with another. The pillen of ono variety,
the flower of the tassel falling upon the
silk of another. The same rules which
apply in the breeding of live stock hold
equally truu in the raising and hreeding
ot any variety of corn. Our yellow corn
grown in the west becomes the dent, a
peculiarity which is owing to climatic
influences. Would not raiso a too large
growing variety, but one that is compect
in its growth; car not too large with
kernels close together, and sure to ripen.
Prefers sod land for corn, and would insist
that it be thoroughly done wilh no balks.
On a heavy soil would plow in the
fall, spread on in the winter on the
snow; would not put on more than
twelve loads, or four or five cords of
manure to the acre. In the spring put on
tho diso harrow for planting. Marks in
rows 3 1-2 feet apart. Uses a eorn planter
guaged lo drop as many kernels us he
wishes, and makes the bills from eighteen
inches to two feet apart. Would rather
have his corn planted wilha machine than
with a hoe.
After tho corn appears above the ground
puts on a light harrow with half inch
teeth, starting backward at an angle of 45
degrees, which destroys all the weeds and
does not injure the corn. If tho ground is
very weedy a second harrowing will be
necessary lu a fow days. As the corn gets
larger uses a cultivator, going over the
ground once in 4 or 5 days or more accord
ing to tiie weather, till the tassel begins to
appear. At this time the roots begin to
fill the ground, nnd so completely that not
a square inch of soil can be found but is
filled with roots. Would never bill corn.
Would cut corn as soon as the kernels
are glazed, not waiting for it to fully
Binds the oorn in bundloi nnd sets
several together, thus making them con
venient to handle. Puts on fertilizers
broadcast; would never put it in the hill.
Mr. liowe inquires if it is more profitable
to put the phosphate on in March than
just bofore planting? Thnks it is. Does
not believe in plowing under manure
generally ; would have it covered from 2
to 3 inches deep.
The meeting was oalled to order at 10
o'clock A. M. by the president, Mr. Rowe,
and an address given by Henry Lane of
Corwall upon " notation ol Crops."
Ho remarked that he should lay down
no special system of rotation, but yet he
deemed it of great advantage to the
farmer to have a system of rotation that
would in oach case tend to fertilize the
soil by liberating plant food or rendering
it more suitable lor tho inooming crop
Nature is our example for rotation of
crops in the change seen in the lore-ts
wherever ono growth is removed tne now
growth shows change. So of weeds, as
even they change, for one will hold pos
session a oertain number of years when
they give plaoe to another variety. lot
there is no system of rotation that if the
crop is removed each and every year will
keep up the fertility of the soil for any
long term of years. Hence we should see
to it that our farms are not depleted, but
fertilizers should be used to keep up the
condition, yet a system ol rotation is con
ducive to better crops.
The amount of matter taken from the
soil may be ascertained by burning and
weighiug the ash wliioli represents the
mineral constituents. This shows that
clover requires loss fertility from the soil
while it tunes more ironi tne ntmospnere
than other crops usually produced, and
hence is a good orop for such as oan raise
it. The roots of tbo clover leave more
nitrogen and potash in the soil, and as
they extend deeply into the subsoil they
exercise doubtless a beneficial action upon
the sou lor tne next crop.
This lecture was followed by some
remarks by Dr. Cutting upon the amount
of fertilization that can be profitably
applied. This can only be determined by
experiment, and always should be so
determined by every farmer. It will often
be found that au p. units ot dissolved bone
superphosphate can be more profitably
used per aore than 230 or 300 pounds oan.
Nitrogen Is not often required In greater
amount than any farm can supply from its
stables. His remarks were listened to
wilh great interest.
At 2 o'clock H. E. Paul of Wells gave
a paper upon " Farming." He remarked :
It tms paper i nave been invited to read
to you has any merit it is brevity, and
being rather dull and pointless will afford
a variety and furnish a baokground so that
succeeding papers of abler men will ap
pear in a better and brighter light just as
a sunshiny day following a dull or stormy
one is mcro beautiful,
As wo tako a retrospeotlvn view of tills
subject in the light of expni'leuw, two di.
rover in tho first place in our own town a
soldier number of farms, consequently
fewer farmers, lhan thero were some fifty
yoars or more ago; the mora industrious
anil successful having absorbed tb' land
as soon as It was ready for sale. Now,
what is true of our own town we think
more or less applicable to neighboring
towns, nnd in tact to all those states which
have been tilled for half a century and
As a result, we learn that the soil of
those large farms has very much tetei io
rated in value, within the memory of our
oldest fanners. Now in this connection,
although foreign to our subject, we ask
oandidly : Is this process of absorption to
continue until the land of this country like
that of Great Britain is owned compara
tively by a few individuals?
In our review of the past, we discover
in the second place, generally speaking
(for there are exceptions to all rules), that
our smaller farms also are not in that
high state of cultivation which we ull
should fondly hope to see It needs only a
passing glanco ns you travel the highway
in summer to convince yourself of this
Now, who shall tell us how to pursue
farming on correct principles and take us
back to the point W3 bavo lost, viz., of
producing two blades of gras3 where we
now do one. For, one who sells the larger
part of tho hay and grain his farm oro-
duces. considers that he is right; while on
the oontrnry another remarks that he is
not going to take bis farm to the city one
load at a time. Another considers that
it is best for his farm to raise beef for
market. But in either case, and in fact
oy most of our farming as at present
conducted, are we not robbing tho soil of
some of its most neoessary ingredients
for ibe growth ot plants, and thus becom
ing lund poor?
By robbing, we mean that we do not
retu.n an equivalent for what we take
from the soil. Are we keeping tho amount
of stock in our town that wu ought
considering its size? How ninny larmers
and other condueting farms in town can
say that farming pays? Perhaps Ihey ate
gutting a living (for we have not as yet
heard that any farmer in this vicinity h is
died of starvation), but are they doing as
well as they ojghir
Is there no remedy for the ills which
have fallen to our lot? Time will tell.
Firtly, from a humanitarian point of view,
whioh considers tne greatest good to the
greatest nutubcr, we, as a nation of farmers.
on whose success depends the success of
so many of our national industries, should
bo united In a policy, tne tendency ot
which will cause manufacturing establish
ments to spring up, and thus utiliza the
great water power and privileges which
Ibis country affords.
Then, as a natural result, farmers will
find a market for their surplus near their
loor with corresponding beneht. Who
will consider that it pays equally well to
dispose of produce 100 miles or more from
homo when nt 10 miles it can be sold for
tho same money? Consider for a moment
the practice of sending millions of bushels
of wheat some 3000 miles from homo,
paving the cost of transportation, and
then taking in exchango costly goods
manufactured in a foreign country. Will
not such a policy take the life blood from
our soil? Suppose that everything goes
ell now, so long as we export more than
wo import, how long, wo ask, can such a
poli.y hold out?
If this saying be true, viz , that "west
wild the star of empire takes its way,"
then is it also true that the wheal belt of
this country is taking tho same direction,
and if we are to judge the future by the
past, will soon reach its terminus on the
shore of the Pacific ocean.
Oh, Farmers! Shall we live for ourselves
alone without regard to posterity ? We
feat time will show that in this respect we
were not wise in our day and generation.
If it is not visible now it soon will be the
necessity for a change, viz: That we
should manufacture more of the raw
material produced in this country, and
oonsume more of the grain product of our
soil. Then will a point be reacbod that
will be of some practical benelit to tanners.
Secondly, to return to our own vicinity,
and dropping the question whether 50
acres or 500 is sufficient, we need to adopt
some plan that will lend to restore our
soil to its former fertility. Much of our
soil is in the condition of a man reduced
by sickness, nnd needs something nourish
ing and strengthening.
Who knows but the system of ensilage,
now springing into existence, may prove
to be one remedy we need? If by its
adoption we oan keep two cows where we
now do one, and cause two blades of grass
to grow wheie one now grows, the desired
result may be obtained.
At least, as the prospect is, wo shall
sooner reap benefit from this plan than the
one before mentioned. Tho sugar beet
industry, we hope, may eventually prove
another remedy for us.
In this brief and rambling review of
farming, with suggestions for its needs, we
shall be pleased if we have furnished any
matter for your thoughtful reflection.
Hon. Barnes Frisbie, of Poultney, gave
an address upon the "Seienoe of farming,"
which will be published entire. This was
followed by a discussion upon the hard
hack and means of killing the same, the
result of which was that it could be often
out and killed, but would spring up from
the seed uniil the land was so fertilized
that it would produoe grass.
Dr. H. A. Cutting then made some
remarks upon milk, urging all to look out
for taints and smolls, as they would effect
butter. He remarked that smoking while
milking or about the milk room would
flavor the buttec Ho also spoke of the
want of ventilation in close barns as
detrimental to the butler Interest.
Referred to various cases, among which
was Charles H Cole, of Lunenburgn, that
built a superior barn, but for lack of
ventilation his milk was injured. Ho
increased that ventilation and all was
right. A gentleman in Orleans county
with a new barn was reduced 8 or 10
cents per pound on the price of his butter,
which was only restored by proper venti
lation of hit stables. Barn cellars should
always be ventilated. Capt. Clark, of
Monlpelier, lost some young cattle for
want thereof, and in several cases loss or
damage has resulted from this negleot.
In ono instance the hay in the barn above
the oellar was so contaminated that it
could not bo fed to milch cows without
injury to the butter produot.
Dr. H. A. Cutting addressed tho audi-
enco whioh was vory large, upon the
"Means of foretelling storms."
After describing the atmosphere and its
capabilities, he took up one by one the
many signs whioh havo been observed by
the farmer, and sifted therefrom the wheat
as it were, giving the scientific faot on
which they were based and their value.
He discarded the moon's influonoo or the
effeot of Its changes on tho weather,
holding the audience in wrapt nttentinn
for two hours. The audience then asked
several questions whioh were briefly
answered, after whioh the following reso
lutions were presented by II. E. Paul. A.
C. Grover and M. Francis, and unani
mously adopted :
Whkkkab, The leoturiw and diicitMioni of the board
of aKrit'tiltnre and others from ahroad eo-Ofieratluir
with them have been blKnly intereatlav aud beuettoial
toon. .j... ...
our hearty thanks, bat our aratitude for their cnrotuir
Kiwlrtn, i nai we nereny wooer m tnnm noo ouiy
uere, to am ua in our ariciii,urai inK-ronia ,
of the first Importance to us aa a community.
ral Interests waleb are
NMiii-mf. That we Invite the return of tha State
Board of Afrrtrulturo as often aa their official duties
will permit, aud in sodolua we express the wishes ol
the people,
Under Ihe head "Bodily Delormities in
Girlhood.'' it is remarked in the Popular
tkiinee Month' n r.l "the ingenuity of an
Etlison rnuld not devise a machine to
favorable uj ibe pioiluclion of flat foot as
tho tight fitting, high heoled, long topped
boot nt present worn by girls."
Domesticity as a Cause ok Insaniti.
Mrs, M Hyd il, mother of eight
children, acute m.anit. Tho husband,
when asked if he could suggest any cause
for her illncsi. exclaimed with" much
animation that he could not conceive any
reason. "She is a most domestic woman ;
is always doing something for her chil
dren, is always at work for us ull; never
goes out of the house even to church on
Sunday; never goes gadding about at the
neighbors' houses or talking from one to
another ; has beon ono of tho best of
wives and mother.', anil was always at
homo." The superintendent in comment
ing on this case eays: This appreciative
husband could hardly h tvu furni-lied
a more graphic delineation of the eiuses
of his wife's insanity hid ho understood
them never so thoroughly. Report of
Hartford JlereiU for Imam.
Puacticai. Infokmation. "What is
rack rent, dad?'' inquired a yonig Com
stacker, who had been reading the news
from Ireland.
The patient paront laid down thu stock
list and replied :
"Do you know how much I charge Mr.
Boggarty for his room up stairs?''
"Yes sir; $12 a month."
Well, now, suppose Mr. B iggarty should
takn it into his head to have at. his expense
new paper put on the wall, the ceiling
whitened and all tho furniture mended the
room would luok a heap sight better
wouldn't it?"
"Lor!'' murmured the intelligent boy.
"Well if the minute Boggarly had got
all these improvements made, I should go
np and look around and jingle my money
in my pocket and remark :"I'his is a pretty
good lay out for a single man, Bogarty,
and you've altogether too soft a thing,
Your room rent will be $-M a month hero
after, what would you think of il?"
The innocent child gigg'e I and said :
"That would he cheek, wouldn't it dad?
"Bet your money on it, boy," replied
the father, beaming kindly upon his off
spring. "That would be rack renting Mr.
Boggarty, and if be kiuked and claimed
that all the improvements has been madn
by him without costing me a cent, and I
should fire him out, that would be eviction,
I will now," continued the parent, warm
ing up, "briefly review the history of Ire
land for tho past 700 years. When Britan
Sorhu "
But his son had fled. Kirfinit City
A Warning. A distiuctive fire whioh
occurred the other day and rendered
houseless one of our most worthy citizens
was caused by the recent change from tho
very warm to very cold weather. During
warm weather Mrs. G ippleson always
makes tho fire in Ibe kitchen stove, but
when cool weather oomes. the colonel at
tends to that piece of menial performance.
The colonel had matlo arrangements to
visit a neighboring town on business, and
had told his wife that he must have break
fast before daylight. He was arroused at
the proper time by his wife, who said:
"It's awful cold this mornlag. You'll
have to gel up and make the Hie. You'll
find the kindling and everything ready."
The colonel hopped out of bed, lighting a
small hand lamp, hurried to the kitchen
without putting on his clothes. Pretty
soon he returned and hustled under the
covers, shivering and congratulating him
self upon the completion of his task.
"What did yon do with the lamp, col
onel?" "V-o-3 cold, let mo tell you."
"I say what did you do with mi lamp?"
"Voo-oo We'll have a good fire in a
minute. Hear the stove roar, will you?
Talk about making a fire! '
"I say whatdid you do with that lamp?"
exclaimed Mrs. Gappleson.
"Lamp! that's a tact. By George I left
it selling on the stove," and he leaped out
of bed and reached tho door just as the
tiling exploded. Of courso nothing was
saved Warning to women Don't let
your husbands make tires. Arkansaio
Frightened-. Stage drivers among the
Rockies and Sierras learn to be as pre
emptory as they are daring and probably
from the same necessity.
Thoy will have their orders obeyed.
This is not saying that in the instance here
told the Jehu might not have built his
scarecrow story on some bit of fact.
A correspondent of tho San Francisco
Post relates the following incident of a
stage ride through the mountains.
Wo were going to say that on this par
ticular triu. we passengers wereexceeding
Iv annoyed by the piesistenco which young
Fosb, the driver, demanded that the Stage
doors be kept shut, particularly when their
being opened caused tin appreciable cir
culation of air.
Just as we were rounding a particular
narrow turn in the face of the bluff. Foss
noticed that the inside door, so to speak,
was again being held aj ir. Promptly
putling on the brakes and bringing bis
horses to a halt, he descended.
"Do you see that rock? ' he said, point
ing lo a large bowlder ahead that barely
left room for the stage to pass.
"What of it?"
"Only this. Last season a stage was
passing that rock when somebody opened
the door, ino door oaugnt on tne roes,
and as it opened further just pried the
whole business over iho clitt. lhat littlo
speck way down there is one of the hind
wheels caught on a tree. Now will you
keep that door shut r
It took half an hour to get that door
opened when we got to Callstoga, every
individual on uoarn naving separately
tied it shut with his hantlterchiel.
"Wiio Stbuck Billy Pattekson ?"
William Patterson was a very wealthy
tradesman of Baltimore. In tho early
days of Franklin county, Ga he bought
up a great many tracts oi iana in ine
county, and spent a good portion of his
lime iu looking after his interests there.
He was said to be as strong as a bear and
as brave as a lion; but like all brave men
he was a lover of peace, and indeed a
good, pious man. Nevertheless, his wrath
could be executed to a fighting pitch. On
one occasion he attended a public gathering
in the lower part of Franklin county, at
some district court ground. During ihe
day two opposing bullies and their friends
raised a row, and a general fight was the
oonsequenoe. At tne beginning ot mo
affray, and beloro tue uguung began, uniy
1'alterson ran In to persuade them not to
light, but to mako poace aqd be friends.
But bis efforts for peaoe were unavailing.
and while making them some of the crowd
in the general melee struck liilly rat erson
a severe blow from behind. Billy at once
beoamo Bunting mad and cried out at IDo
top of his voice, "Who struck Billy
Patterson?" No one oould or would tell
him who was the guilty parly. He then
proposed to givo any man $100 who would
tell him "who struok Billy Patterson."
From $100 ho roso to $ 1,000, but not
$1,000 would Induce any man to tell him
"who struck Billy Patterson." Years
afterward, in his will, ho related tho
above facts, and bequeathed $1,000, to be
oaid by bis executors to the man who
would tell "who struok Billy Patterson.''
Ilis will is reeorded in -th ordinary's
office at Carnosville, Franklin county,- Ga.,
and any one curious about the matter oan
there find H and verify tho preceding

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