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For one square of 13 Hues or Inis of Avata type, one Inm-rtion, (hl.iNi; fur ciii-Ii Hiihe.ufi!it loscrtto.i, sjfi cts llnloAK th niirulnTof MiHi'i'Iion- itre marked oti the HilvertUtiinclit- it will be i",ttHi"it.. uo'll ordered nut I, Hi -rnl 'li..iiiiut mudc to in' jrliaata and others advor lining by llu yriir. I'Mbale and Comintfsioia'rs' Notices, S3 m. For N'oti.-s of l.lber.itloM, Kiravs, the Formation Hid In --,.iii-.mi of O'l-'nirtii, rililpn, cti .. I.2A c,-h for tl'n-e hcrii,ic. If sent by insll Mi money must ac company tbe '.'lk-r. Notices tn fiewa coIiioitib.Ki c-til per Hue ench Inser tion, but no charges made of less than 6y cents. Notices of Deaths sod Marrlnuw Inserted gratis, lin t extended Ohltusrv Notices of poetry wil be charged at the rate of 6 cents per line. The Fbkeuam, under the recent law of Conaross clrcnlatea free in Washington County. On all papers sent outside Washington County, the postage Is paid VOL. XL. MONTPELIER, VT., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 14, 1883. NO 11. by the publisher at the offlce in Montpeller. GREEN MOUNTAIN FREEMAN. MONTPELIER, VT. Office in the Brick Block, Head of State Street TEBH81 1.S0 11 paid In advance; otherwise, $2.00. Payment may be made by mall or otherwise to H. B. WHEELOCK, Editor and Proprietor. JFrjeematta mwx Mt $xtmm. MONIPELEB.VT. WEDNESDAY, MARCH 14, 1883. Berlin Superintendent's Report. The following report of the town super intendent of Berlin, A. L. Hewitt, is published at the unanimous request of the voters of the town, as expressed in their annual town meeting It is impossible to give a full report of the soboola of the town at tins time, for the registers have not been delivered to me and the schools have but just finished; therefore we cannot state the attendance or the number of pupils that have attended school in town during the year, but will state their condition as near as I oould judge when I visited them. district no. 1. Summer term was taught by Miss Mary Terrin of this town; number or pupils 9; attendance, discipline and progress, good; teacher and scholars seemed t make good use of their time. Winter term was taught by Miss Grace L. Slocuni of this town. Was not visited, district NO. 2. Summer term was taught by Miss Helen S. Merrill of West Newbury, Mass ; number of pupils 1 6 ; attendance fair ; order very good. This was a very interesting school; found some children only 11 years old who were as far advanced as interest in tho practical arithmetic; teacher and pupils" soomed to work together with iutenst and profit. Fall term was taught by Miss Fannie Martin of Willlamstown; whole number of pupils 27 ; attendance and order very good ; this school seemed to keep up the intorest shown in the summer. Winter term was taught by Miss Addie Cobleigh of Northfleld ; whole number of pupils 24 j order good, attend ance fair. This appeared to be a successful closing of a successful year of school in this district. Was much pleased with the gentlemanly and ladylike deportment of the pupils, which spoke well for their home influences. DISTRICT no. 3. The first six weeks of the summer term was taught by Miss Evolyn Whittemore of Northlield ; whole number of pupils 23. This teacher was a good worker but lacked in order. The last six weeks of the term were taught bv Miss Alice Warren of this town, who is an able and successful teacher and always gives satisfaction. The winter term was taught hy Miss Julia McCarty of Northlield; whole number of pupils 34. The teacher seemed willing to do her part towards having a good school. There was some complaint arising from some misunderstanding, or perhaps mis takes on both sides of the house; but hopo they were satisfactorily settled. district NO. 4. The summer term was taught by Miss Alice E. Kinney of Montpeller; whola number of pupils 2G; attendance good; order very good ; all seemed to be inter ested in the work. I taught the winter term, and (although I have nothing to say in favor of the teacher), tho scholars deserve special mention for their good behavior and their kindness in always being ready to help their teacher. All were studious and orderly, and several went through the whole term without missing a word in spelling or having an imperfect lesson. (That beautiful and valuable present from the scholars to the teacher showed that our children are ready to do their part towards having good schools if we are willing to do ours and make no mistakes.) Whole number of pupils 38; average attendance 33 1-2; whole attendance 1967. DISTRICT NO. 5. Rummer term was taught by Miss Alice Roberts; whole number of pupils 36; attendance fair; order not above the average, but seemed to make good progress in studies. The fall lerin was taught by Miss Caribel Boyce; number of pupils 31; attendance and order good for so large a school ; considered it a good school. The winter term was taught by i he same teacher but was not visited. DISTRICT no. G. Summer term was taught by Miss Minnie R. Swasey of this town; number of pupils 17; good order and progress. One little boy only 7 years old was ciphering in United States money in the praotioal arithmetic. Fall term was taught by Miss Kate Webster of Montpelier; number of pupils 23. This school snowed considerable interest in the work but lacked in order. Winter term was taught by Alice Roberts but was not visited. DISTRICT no. 7. Summer term was taught by Miss I.ibbie Whitmarsh of Northfiold ; number of pupils 10. This teacher was also employed to teach the fait school, and succeeded in keeping up an interest in the school and gaining the confidence of the children. The winter term was taught by Miss Jennie E. Barton of Montpelier; whole number of pupils 20, but the attendance was not very good. This teacher is capable of keeping a very good school if she would only keep good natured. district no. 8. Miss Anna Olincs of this town taught both terms, and think aha gave general satisfaction. This school is small. district no. 9. Summer term taught by Miss Jennie Barton; number of pupils 6 There was neither an absent nor tardy mark in the register during the term. Winter term taught by Miss Minnie E. Smith; number of pupils 12; attendance good. The icachcr worked hard to make the school interesting and profitable and succeeded very well, although order was not any above the average. district no. 10. Summer term was taught by Miss S 'rah L. Rhoads of Waterbury ; number of pupils 13; attendance good and all seemed interested in the work; ordor verv pood. Fall term was taught by Miss Lilla M. Ailer ,of Montpelier. Do not think the teachod sufficiently realized the rosponsi-! bilily of her position, and it will be necessary for her to letm more of what are the duties of a tcachor in order to sucoeod us an instructor of young minds. DISTRICT no. 12. Summer terra taught by Miss Hattie Smith of Northlield, who gave good satisfaction, and was employed to teach the winter school. Lurgost number of scholars 20. This teacher took special pains wilh reading classes to explain words they could not understand, and to teach them bow each lesson should bo read. Tbere have been 2G terms of, school taught in town this year exolusivo of district No. 11, whioh is reported In Moretown. Seven districts have supported two terms each and four districts throe terms each. I think the majority of sohools have boon suooessful, but I fear we are apt to consider the education of the young as a secondary object, and are not alive to the responsibilities that rest upon us as parents, teachers and sobool officors. We are responsible in a groat measure for tho future of our children. Tho success of our schools depend greatly upon the advice given the teachers by tho commit tee, especially when we hire young teach ers. Sometimes the committee will say the school must be governed any way if nothing else is done. It is not eo much the words, but the uiannor in which they are spoken that implies to the teacher that be must bo strict and stern, and the consequonce is a barrior between the teacher and scholars; and the scholars will not work with the courage they otherwise would. A child must be encouraged and loved or he will nover learn to advantage. A loaohcr is sotno tlmcs liable to think he must appear very grave, dignified and learned; tho result in this case is the children have no confidence in him, and they dare not ask assistance from so dignified and loarned an indiviil ual. A teacher to be successful must be on the same footing with tho children ; be interested in their work, their little troubles and their plays; and a teacher never should ask of a child anything ho would not do nimselt. A child has I bo same feelings of love, gratitude and right, as an adult only more sensitive; tneroiore it a teacher should wrong a child before the school he should ask the child's forgivonoss before the school. Then two great points are gained. He sets a good example before the school and gains the confidence of the scholars, and we can do anything with children alter we gain their confidence. Perhaps we may think this to be tho teacher's responsibility and that wo have nothing to do with it hero; but I think it is our duty to advise the teachers to this effect and to see that our advice is carried out. Also it is our duty to make home interesting to young scholars by furnishing interesting and instructive books, and encouraging them at home. Give a young man a book and you make him a denizen of all nations and contemporary with all ages. I do not wish to advocate any new rules in our schools. We have tried too many of them already, but simply state facts that wo are all aware of. I do not wish to advise older and abler men than I, but will say that as young trees lift up their branches through the thicket to get a gleam of sunlight so necessary for their lifo and growth, so let us as parents, teachers and school officers, lift up our hearts and minds to God for love and wisdom so necessary for the proper instruction of our little ones that they may grow up ornaments to society, blessings to their country, and comforts to thoir families. Arthur L. Hewitt, Town Superintendent of Berlin. Tho Wonders of the Kile For the Young: Reader, BY MRS. CHARLES rARKIIUUST. Perhaps nothing is more wondorful than the history of the efforts to discover its real source. The names of Speko, Grant, Baker, Livingston and Stanley are forever linked with the Nilo. Baker declared that the Nile had its source in the lake which he named Albert Nynnza in 18G4. Tho rivor forms several cataracts or falls on its way, but during high tide they completely disappear and may bo passed by steamers of light draught. It follows a course nearly north until within 125 miles of its mouths, when it divides and forms, between these branches, a triangu lar island, called the delta. This Island is traversed by several smaller branches which enter the Mediterranean sea. The mouths of the Nile, 9 in number, include a territory of 150 miles between tho outer branches. Tho fertility of rho soil of Egypt for miles, on cither side, is due to the overflow of the river. Tho annual rise and fall of the Nile is so constant that it may bo anticipated within n few hours. Tho deposits spread over the soil and make it so rich that three crops are raised in a single reason. The mould left consists of a black mud of a clayey nature. The length of the Nilo is about 3,300 miles; tho greatest breadth is 12 miles; tho least 2 miles. Over fifty varieties of fish are found in its waters. Amcng the trees that fringe its borders is the date palm, or breadfruit tree. This supplies the native with food, clothing and furniture. The papyrus grows here from which the Egyptians prepared their paper used in writing. This treo was largely utilized in constructing light boats and in the manufacture of sails. The acacia is common, from which comes tho shittini-wood of the Bible and from which the ark was made. We find loo the syoamoro tree. The faithful beast of burdon, tho camel, plods along its banks. The hippopotamus is found on (he upper banks of tho Nile. Along the very streets of sorno of the larger towns the night is nindo hideous with the cry of the wild dog and the hyena. The crocodilo laves in its waters and basks in the sunshine upon its banks of sand. The most curious specimen among the feathered tribe is the "crocodile bird." This bird subsists upon the flies and insects which gather in the mouth of the sleeping crocodiles, and, as a faithful monitor, wakens the crocodile by a shriok of alarm at any approach of danger. The picture of this bird, standing unalarmed betwoen tho hugo, open jaws of its patrol monster, is an impressive sight. There may be seen "Pharioh's hen," perched with trailing wings and drooping tail, upon the rulnod monuments of those old, desolate cities. So tame are many of the smaller birds that they light on the deck of your vessel and catch at a fly on your foot. So necessary is the Nile in its overflow to tho prosperity of Kgjpt that It was doifiod by tho people. Thoy believed that the God Osiris was buried in its watore, nnd roso onco ovory year to bestow blessings. On its banks wore cortain prieits who faithfully rondored services of devotion to this doity. Thoy wore to porform burial sorvico also for any doad body found upon its banks. No dead body was allowed to ho thrown into tho rivor lost it should defile its waters. Hence the roason for tho vast rock hewn tombs that bordor on its banks. A crier annually goes up and down tho banks of tho Nilo, culling out the foot of its overflow. Many festivals were coloV.ttod as tho waters of this sacred river began to rise. You remember how the daughter of Pharaoh, going down to the river to bathe, or as whs probably true, to perform some religious ceremony, discovered the ark which contained the great lawgiver and leader of the Hebrews. Into the waters of this river Nile, that anxious mother had plaoed his little bark. About six miles from the banks of the river were the pyramids, those mountains of stone, for sepulchres. They are thought to be the tombs of distinguished kings. The ancient dwellers beside these waters believod that the body, alter being dead for a certain length of time, was to be raised again. Ilenco they took such special care to preserve the body after death. You remember that Joseph's body was thus preserved, so that when the children of Israel wont out of Egypt they took his coffin with them, after bo bad been dead more than fifty years. It was the custom of kings to commence making their sepulchre as soon as they were crowned, and to work upon it until their doath; then it was sealed and the entrance hidden from detection with the greatest of oaro. Ileroditus tells us that so large wero some of these groat stone structures that two thousand men were employed for three years in removing one block. All along its banks are the ruins of tho oldest and most beautiful oities in the world. Ilelipolis, "called the abode of tho sun," was the oldest city of Egypt. It is sup posed lo be tho birthplace of Moses. Joseph, too, married his wife, a daughter of ono of the priests in this city. From tho trees of this city was taken the "balm of Gilead, brought to Solomon by the Queon of Sheba. Shakespeare beautifully describes a barge on this river, painted in gorgeous colors, trimmed with gold, with brilliant sails and oars of silver, and in this boat are seated the queen, Cleopatra, and the hero Antony, conquered by her fascinating charms. In Alexandria, perhaps the most beau tiful of the cities of the Nile, were two towering obelisks called "Cleopatra's needles;" one of these stands today in Central park, New York. And wilh this we come back from the is no to our own land, and close our glance at the wonders of this monumental Sunday School Lesson Soles. BY REV. J. O. SHERI1URN. March 25th, Quarterly Review. Dr. Vail, In his notes for this in the Christian Advocate suggests that Acts 4: 33 would bo a proper golden text for the quarter. We have been at work upon lessons which all have to do with the new dispen sation, the dispensation of the Holy Spirit. For while we know that He had been in the world inspiring men and dictating the scriptures before given, yot his work had not been so prominent beforo us now. God the Father was the leading person of the Godhead brought to view in the Old Testament times. In due time Christ came and the attention of tho moral universe is turned in wonder upon him. But he plainly told bis followers that It was expedient for them that he should go away; and this was the ground upon which he made that assertion, "If I go not away the Comforter will not come unto you." In the first lesson of this quarter we find the infant church in a position of waiting for this promised Comforter. In thojfew verses which make up the first lesson we find the Holy Ghost mentioned three times, and this before His special coming at Pentecost. They were yet waiting for Him. One thought connected with these lessons ought to give them particular interest for us. We live under the Spirit's dispensation. The divine method in our time Is the method of Pentecost. As the early disciples reached tho wonderful qualifications which the Spirit gave by waiting In one aooord for him, so may we at tho present obtain tho like blessing. The lessons following the first give us many views of what practical results were then reached under the work ings of the Spirit. Let us study them. We are taught that "The Spirit is given to every man to profit withal. The gain in achievements for God and humanity then ought still to appear in our times. The second lesson shows us that with the coming of tho Spirit camo also great power to communicate the truths of tho gospel. This was a practical result of the Spiri'ts aid, needed now as then for the progress of tho church. We may not now expect the rpecial gifts of tongues which will enable us lo tell the wonderful things of God to all people by divine empowering, but if the Spirit's power really rests upon be ohurcb, a way will bo found out soon o give the glad tidings to the nations. The Spirit's presenoe makes evangelists of men always; and either they will personally goto carry the word of life to those who are destitute of it, or tbey will send, by giving of their means to enable others to go. The third lesson shows as tho results of preaching under the power of the Holy Spirit. Men were pricked in thoir hearts, a rosult vastly more to bo desired than to be ploasod in the mind or satisfied in our sense of the fitness of things. When the heart is reached and moved the lifo will be changed. Those who wore convicted under the power of the spirit wont forward at ono j in the way of owning Christ. Tbey wore babtlzed, and joined themselves to the oompany of the disoiplcs. They were continuously engaged in Christian service and were sound In doctrine. They loved each other and lived for others; told their possctiitni. Tho coming of the spirit makes men loyal, loving and liberal. The same results follow his work io-day ; and we need not flatter ourselves that wo have the gift of the spirit unlosj there aro theso marks in our lives. Lesson four shows us I hat under the Spirit's power bodily healing was wrought. Tho Spirit makes men ablo to alleviate even bodily Ills. This ability is still given; and whotbor a man speaks tho word - of honling, as Peter did, or Is moved to found nnd endow a hospital which shall be a perpetual source of healing, the work is the same, and prompted by tho self same spirit. Lesson fifth gives a marked manifesta - tion of the courage, fidelity and charily Which are manifested Where tho spirit reigns In the heart. Courage in tho plain preaching of Peter before the multitude In the temple, fidelity to tho truth of which tbey Were witnesses, and charity in that the ignorance of the people and rulers was , r r taken into account. Tho sixth lesson shows us the confound- . , . M . ing oi auversaru s anil opposnrs of ine Spirit's aid. Nothing could then bo said against the good work wrought by the power of the Holy Spirit in healing the lame man. So now the work of the spirit commends itself to every man's conscience . in ine sigut oi uou. iienco men must set themselves wilfully against tho spirit, boing fully convinced of the tiuth, or must yield to the Spirit's teaching. The Spirit gives boldness also before human tribunals, nnd sends men forth to seek by united thankful supplications the greater aid which Ihey aro conscious that tbey need. No rash or over confidence is ever the work of the Holy Spirit. This is shown in tbe 7th lesson. In tbe 8th we havo the most solomn warning against hypocrisy. A sin is specially heinous when it is committed under tho prelenco of acting by divine prompting. Tho Jows b asphotiioufly attributed Christ's power to tho wicked ono. It is no loss blasphemy to attribute tho work of the devil to the spirit of tioil luo lesson also shows that swilt ven geance often follows sin against great light. Tho Oth lesson shows us that corrupt and sinful men will naturally bo opposed to any work wrought by the divine spirit, but Ihf t the power of God is superior lo all tbe devices of evil men to hinder his work. The rulors could cast the apostles into prison, but divine power found an easy way for their releiso. In tho 10th lesson tho Idea is brought out that tho Holy Spirit is needed lo qualify men for the temporal business of tho church. Emphasis needs to be put upon that lesson in our times. Lesson 11th shows us that while a man acting under the direction of tho spirit may incur hatred and find himself in peril, and may even suffer doath; yet bis death will be triumphant and glorious, and God's work be advanced even by seeming calam ity and loss. Under the working of tho spirit all is gain for God's people. Bovs' Lecture. Some fellows client when they swap. I know a story of a boy that cheated. He bad a new jack knife, and soon's he began to whittle with it the edge turned, because it was rot good steel. He ground it off smooth and made it look like new, kd1 swnpped it with another fellow and did not toll him the blade was bad. Then be oheated another fellow with a ball. It was a pretty ball, worked all over wilh rod. But the yarn was rotten jarn. He knew it was rotten yarn, for a liltlo of it had begun to wear off in one place where tho ball was most new, and he got the place mended and swapped it with Dan Elliot for a first rate bow and arrow; nnd made him think 'twas good yarn. Yes, mean! That was what made Dan's mother tell Dan that the other fellow got tbe Worst of the bargain. She told him 'twas worse to bo mean than to get cheated. My cousin Ti m knows a fellow that knows another fellow that had a brother that lied when he swnpped off a ball. He said it had an old fashioned India i libber inside the middlo of it, when all it had there was a horso chestnut. I will bow tell you a funny story about niy cousin Tom and a fellow named Simeon. One day when they were coming home from school Tom said, "Let's swap pockets even." He meant swap what was in their pockets. Simeon said, "I'll do it." Tom said, "t mean everything," nnd Simebn said, "I mean everything." And then they swapped even without knowing what they were going to get, but took whatever was in each other's pockets. Tom's bad a cake of paint, some string, a piece of chalk, a slate pencil, a handkerchief, a jewsharp, a ball, a little bottle and some crumbles The other fellow's bad some string, a slate pencil, some gum, a toothpick, rt boat's anchor, a jack-knife with ono blade broke, a comb, some crumbles, a handkerchief. And they both kept the things tbey got from each other, only their mothers washed tho pocket handkerchiefs and sunt them back lo tho ones that used to have them, and Tom let the fellow have bis anchor back, because he had a boat that It belonged to. Somo fellows will agree to swap and then won't hold I mean won't keep what they got, and mako you t ike it back. Once Tom swapped a tin music box for a valentine, and swapped fair. The boy brought the music box back and said he wasn't going to swap. And Tom thought he'd let him have his valentine! back, and gave it back to him. But if you swap away something very good that your mother is not wil ins; you should, then tho other fellow's mother ought to tell him to swap back. The Benefit of Reading. It is not tbe amount of reading that does one good, out ine amount oi iniormation or tho incitement to thought and imagination that is derived from it. Tho professer was quite right when, his pupil boasting that be bad rend ten hours a day, he said, "When do you think?" Bacon said that some books were to be tasted, some to be swallowed, and some few to be digested. There is no reason against the tasting or the swallowing, but to be lasting or swallowirg everything and digesting nothing leaves the mind in the same state that the body would be under tho same circumstances. Much of our newspaper reading is of no value whatever. If we consider tbe amount of independ ence it creates, the entertninment It affords, the ease with which it may bo obtained, and the lime when it may be pursued, there is no occupation that can be compared with reading. It Is a faculty of me nignesc vaiue to mankind, nnd Bhould be cherished accordingly; for, no matter in wnal mood a man may be, ho can always una some dook innt will he a friend and a companion. In justice to uioso wno, oy moir great industry and taienis, nave produced works ot groat vaiue, we ougnt to cultivate something like a discipline in our reading, to enable us to discriminate between tho valuable and tho worthless, and to give to those who have been the world's greatest teach ers tho greatest share of honor. Home Journal. A gentleman askod nn Amorlcan the oilier day what he thought of the English climate. He laughed, nnd said: "Wbv. yon havon't got a climate; you have only got samples." waitinh AMI WATCIltNti I'.tu JoilN. B4 Divn, hilt, I" - -, " , , 'Stnt " " ' " 1"u Rocking the lulaut to dreamland, slnglug the cradle jAw.Zug backward aud forward, night after night Muunw, i'" ,orllnst affection, watching the feeble flame, M,m',1" I,vo tLo "0"r' ""n Till the caudle lu the socket was burned completely . , , , And oft beside the window, peering through a broken bane, '8"ooKi rr bis footsteps, thrown the dark aod dismal rain. Oh,ad Is the woman's lot, who ou earth is forced to dwell In huugsr, poverty and dirt, lu wretchedness as well: Oh. sail IB tho woman's hit, bh, sad Is tho woman's way, When tho dark shades of affliction surround her night aud day. ; IIorB 18 a mi ail tatters, hero stands tho wreck or a c'lnlr. The dishes are crackod aod scanty ; tho wal Is look old and bare Aud I feel woak and weary, and sigh tor tho days that aro gouc, Weak aud weary with watchlng.-waltiuir and wateh luir for John. Aud yet I wait and watch for hiul, till ho comes reel ing lu. Tipsy, bloated and cursing from his drunken haunts of siu; Taunting the patient woman, ignoring the tears I've shed 'Till checks grew haggard and sunken, oyes grow swollen and red. Oh.livlug reality proves that life has troubled streams Oone are the Koldeu fancies of my childhood's happy dreamsi Gone like tlie sickly Sower that withered within the shadet Uouo like tho foolish bubble that wl thin the auubcam played. But why keep murmuring thus? I'll dry these woman's tears; I'll wait aud watch no more; I havo done it now for yours, I will show him that a woman, If drivon to dospuir, Can make hard a woman's heart, with uo throb of feeling there. And so, when he shall como home, If ever ho comes at nil, He shall And but mocking echoes to answer to his call, lie shall lind the house untidy, tho table hud uu Bpread; In placo of a heart of love he shall Aud a heart of lead. And should the hand of sickness smite hiin with poisonous stthjr, And he look to me for solace, I will uo solace bring ; Aud then he will learn to kuow. if never be knew before, The worth of a woman's love, aud appreciate It more. But would I, could I, do this? Could I watch him In his pain. Keeping ilrul a woman'B heart, letting no compassion reit-'u? No! ,my anger would diminish scarce ere it had begun, Aud quickly molt as the showftake under an April sun, Let trouble came thick and fast, I love my husband still. As only a woman cau, as only a woman will. Let wheels of adversity turn, and grind mo down In shame . It never shall bo said of mo, I cursed my husbaud's name. So I'll wait and watch for him, as I've waited long before; And aBk of Qod to aid me in bringiog him bark once more. If I cannot will him back, when I'm laid beneath tho sod, IIo'll know I fondly loved him, though upon that lovo he trod. Sitting alone lu the fire-light, rocking the babo to sleep, Watching tho swinging pendlum; watching tho hour hand creep ; Laying out plans for the future; dwelling upon tho past; My braiu grows giddy with thiuk!ng,-uow long will trouble last ? Gov. Morgan. The following inter esting incident of tho life of the late Gov. Morgan of New York, is recalled by bis death, which took pluce last week. His life was In many respects an example lor young men. In tho early years of his life young Edwin had the usual boy's farm work to do during the summer, and in the winter ho attended the village school. At tho ago of seventeen he began work ns a clerk for Nathan Morgan, his uncle, who was a wholesale grocer in Hartford. His compensation was agreed upon at $50 for tho first year, $72 for the second, and $100 for tho third. The young mans oon won tho confidence of bis employer by his excellent habits, energy, and ability. Beforo the expiration of his third year of service he made his first visit to New Yoik, and in order to combine business wilh pleasure he was directed to make sundry purchases of tea, sugar and other articles, nnd a lair amount ol corn, Un his return he showed his uncle samples of tho corn he had bought, nnd mentioned that, as it was selling pretty low, he had purchased three cargoes. In those days in Hartford that was considered an enormous investment, and the uncle in desair, declared that be was mined. "Very well," said tho clerk, otter listening to his employer's lamentations. "You needn't lather the transaction if you don't want tot for I lmVo already Bold two Cargoes of it nt a handsome, profit." The uncle changed his tone at cuce, and tho next morning young iklwin was called into the counting room and informed that a young man wno could suecessltiily couduct such an operation, ought not to occupy n subordinate position, and that thereafter uu oiiouia nave an interest in tho business as a partner. The energy and ability of the clerk were redoubled in tho partner and proprietor, and from that tiino success marked nearly all of Mr. Morgnn's operai Ions. the duties ot tho store did not occupy all of his time, and Mr. Morgan endeav ored to make up for his lack of school training by employing his leisure hours in study and in forming nn acquaintance wilh tlo best literary and social people of tho olty. When only 21 years ot age, he had bis first tasio of public life in his election to the city council of Hartford, at .1 lime when It was composed ot leading citizens. Besides this, he occupied no political omce until niieon years later. A Record of Disasters. In iheyearof lbBi tlieio were VtS4 steamships and large river steamboats lost, and of this number 32 wero sunk by collisions. Many of these losses will be recalled by readers, notably those of tho Douro, of tho Royal Mail Steamship company, sunk off Cape Finis- tere on April 1st, when isi lives wore sacrificed ; of the Cambronne, sunk in the British Channel on Nov. 27, with tho loss of 14 lives; and of tho Principia, oil' Port Said on March 1; while tho Nankin went down in Nuw York harbor on May 0, and the Alcne, of the Atlas lino, came into collision with the monitor Nantucket in the North ltiver on October 27. Tho dis asters of the year thus far are of a still more startling character. The City of Bruscls, of tho lnman line was run down on January 7lti by tho Glasgow steamer Kirby Hull, while lying-to in a fog near the lightship off Liverpool. It was stated that whistles and fog horns wero contin ually sounded in the city of Brussels, and the whistles ol the approaching city of Kirby were distinctly heard. Neverthe less, tho collision took placo, although the latter vossle appears to have boen at fault; two lives were lost; damage tc tho amount ofjClCO.OOO were claimed for tho city of Brussels, exclusive of a cargo valued at $400,000, and lo tho Kirby Hall. The disaster is worth recalling as being one of the moBt costly nnd unnoccss nry instances of uiarino mishaps. Now wo have the Cimbriu run down by tho Sultan In tho North sea on Friday morning, her loss probably accompanied by nn appalling sacrifice of life, wuile on tho somo day a costing brig, tho Mariposa, is run down by I ho steamer Cuniina in Ixng Island Sound, nnd seven out of her crow of oight aro drowned. A Model Corporal Ion. The Wlllimuntio Linen company is ono of tho model institutions of the cohnti'V. and is approaching, in point of care for the operatives, the well known Cheneys of Manchester, Conn. By invitation of President Barrows of ibo company special train was plaoed at the disposal of the senior olass of Ynlo college nnd the students in tbe scientific nnd law schools. The visit was made on Wednesday. Feb. 21, nnd the following extracts aro from the Hew York Tribune s account. Tbey searched among 90,000 humming spindles; walked over acres or floors thrill ing wilh tbe lile of busy industry ; peeped into tho library, school-room and stores of tho "tariff built fraud ; ' down across the tumbling cataracts of the Williniantio river up to "The Oaks," where two scores of pretty collages wilh gabled roofs told of the hahllnlions ot a small fraction of the families employed by tho company, and further on, up tho bills lh.it skirt the old borough on the west, saw the snow irlitter iug in tho grove set apart for the summer merrymaking ot the Wlllimanlic com pany's work-people. But they found no torgotton miih. Woman or child. Tbey found Instead a wonderfully cheerful, con tented, healthy looking industrial com munity. Out of tho senior class, numbering 149, 130 were present; out of the scientific school, ot 49, 32, and tho law students numbered 75. They were taken at once to tho packing room of ono of the mills, where ihey took a luncheon of oysters, salads, mtudwicbes, fruits, cakes, ice-cream and coffee. While they wero eating half a dozen young women in the employ of the company, in white aprons looped up wun lalo diiio distributed souvenirs among them. The taVois were neat boxes. each containing a Spool of Wililmantic thread, and bearing a label: "With the compliments of 'the tariff built fraud. They wero tied by deft lingers to the coat buttons ol the young men with blue rib bon. ilius decorated the whole party was divided into squads of about twenty, and under the guidance of officers and employes of tho company tho tour of the mills was bejrun. The "Dvnamtbs" plunsf- cd at onco into the machinery, took indica tor cards ot tho action of the Corliss engines, and, under the direction of Col. Barrows, himself n master mechanic, examined the details of tho picking, card ing, spinning and roving machines with evident interest and profit. i no "academics " seemed to pursue a different course that free trado was a mere theory, and protection a tangible, substan Hal and generous fact tbey knew the moment thoy found the lunch room. The remainder of their inquiries seemed mostly into the lustrousness of the eyes of some of tho young women operatives and the prettihess of their teeth. One would have thought that the only interesting machines in tho mills were those whose fair tenders had clustering "bangs," bright eyes, clear complexions and pretty smiles; and tbey were not a few. tt was a Very entertain way of studying political economy so all admitted. Aside from the comparative advantages of protection or freo trado, this visit of the students showed them the workings of an interesting experiment in tho treatment of mill operatives by thoir employers. Through a policy for which Colonel Bar rows claims nothing more than that it is the wisest, most economical and most profitable to the company, tho physical, mental and moral health of 1,600 operatives is being watched over day and night. It is an effort on a large scale to solve tho problem of the relation between employer and laborer. Colonel Barrows has gone at it fn a praotioal, business Jtko tunnner, bringing to the task the knowledge of tbe mechanic and the sympathy which the acquirement of that knowledge at tho mechanic's lathe brought him. A college professor's son, and a man of refinement and culture, he served his apprenticeship in the Lowell Machine shop, worked at his trade and learned the thoughts and feelings of laboring men by association with them in a corporation boarding bouse. The result of this comprehensive training Is seen in the theories of mill government which he has formed, and the manner in which bo works them out. He believes that the saner the bodies, minds and morals of bis work people, the belter will be their work. His policy is tho policy of the Wililmantic company, but it has been enlarged so that it Call Said that it extends n beneficial influence in the borough through every channel usually occupied by philanthropy and charity. Tbe best illustration of the methods used to this end was found to day in the more recent im provements made by tho company to its property. A new mill built in 187D with room on a single floor for 50,000 spindles, and now working 82,000 was found in full activity. Most of the operatives wefe women, all of whom wero tidily dressed, and contented and healthy in appearance. A fringe of growing plants surrounded the room, over 800 feet long and 117 feet wide Into the oloak rooms the light fell through stained glass nnd sent bands of col or across beds of tropical and rare blunts nil labell ed with their names. Here in the forenoon for hnlf an hour sixty children, under 14 years of age, employed in the mill, romped and ale a lunch of milk and crackers. The lloor, covered with tho vast multitude of machines, thrilled under their pulsations, but did not shake, for a Wise foresight bad put tho large pullers and shafts which conveyed the power frcnl the engines into a cement floor in tho basement. It is better thus for Ihe women," said Colonel Barrows; "It keeps them well, and they mako better thread." Across the bill stand 40 cottages built by the company. They aro of four styles, front a winding road, and for the sake of beauty, and to cultivate a love nnd appre ciation for it, fences are abolished, they are painted in nenlral colors; no two iliko, either in architecture or color, are put side by side, and each has its flower garden in front. In suiumel tbe growing of flowers is encouraged by the awarding of premiums for the best three gardens by the company. "If they like flowers they will mako better thread," says Colonel Barrows. Near ono of tho old mills stands Dunham ball, a handsome wooden gothio building, containing a model store and millinery shop, tho president's office, a ecbocdroom and a library. In the schoolroom classes are taught free four nights each week, the teacher being on tho pay roll of the company. "We must havo intelligence," says the president; "after July 1st till our work people must be able to read and write. Then the thread they mako will bo evener and stronger and better." Ouoe a week there is a singing school, and once a week also a drawing school, and the company, which pays one-third the taxes of the town of Windham nnd nearly one-ha.f the taxes of the borough of Wilmantic. supports a circulating library that has 400 volumes, out among tho laborers all the time, while the borough library is open two days a week. "Wo work our people sixty hours a week," says the president, "but not ten hours each day. Tbey work longer five days, nnd quit at a quarter past one on Saturday, so that thoy can have a dance in tho summer over in tho grove under tho oaks nnd hickories and spruco trees. We give them the music and it brightens their natures. They feet a prido in their belongings, nn intorest in us, and mako bolter thread." Mrs. Jennie B. L., asks: "Why is it that the fashion magazines nover tbow the styles of dresses for fat girls? Booauao tho less stylo n fat girl puts on tho bolhsr 81)0 10OKS. A bright littlo elrl up fown had goldfish, which, ns all the rest of us must do some time, died. She und ber Utile brother took the fish out to bury it wilh due ceremony, and after it was covered beneath the sod and a headboard erected, Ihe brother suggested that a footboard also bo put up. "No," sbo said, "we don't want a footboard; fish hasn't feet, brother; fish bas tails, and we want a tail board." The "tail" board was put up, land life monrners went about tbe street. The Drumniet The time will soon arrive for those fortunate enough to own a "sugar bush," to begin the necessary preparations for manufacturing maple sugar. The most important points to be considered are to have the buckets sweet and clean; to suffer no Impurities to be boiled with the sap; to draw off the syrup as fust ns it becomes thick enough; never to allow It to bo burnt in tbe pan; to boil it down ns soon as gathered; and never lo allow the sap to remain in tbe buckets to become sour or ropy. Following these directions either syrup or sugar may be made of which the maker will have reason lo bo proud. Swear Not at All. -The too common practice of U9ing profane language calls for at least an occasional word of reproof. and a gentle request to cease what certainly does not become a gentleman. In n general order issued by Washington, who perceived a habit of swearing among his officers, ho says i "JNo gentleman uses prolans language. It is nnneoessaiy to add that no gentle man will uso profane language in the presence of a lady. For profanity there is no excuse. It is a low aud paltry habit, acquired from association Wilh low and paltry spirits who possess no sense of honor, uo regard lor decency and no reverence or respect for beings ofa higher moral or religious nature than themselves. The man who habitually uses profane language lowers bis moral tone with every lone be utters. Moreover, the silliness of the practice, if no olber reason, Sholtld prevent its use hy every man of good sense. Mia. I.iveiimore on Death. Mrs. Livermore has been lecturing during the presont season, ns Usual, and has extended her engagements into Iowa. Though she has reached the period of threescore, she shows no decline of vigor or vivacity. Still she Is evidently not unthoughtful of the fact that "we all do fado as a leaf." In a private letter to an older friend, a lew years ago, she said : "We die daily. And so gradual Is the approach to the terminus of earthly existence, so constant I lie fading illusions, so daily the dying to some interest, pleasure, or pursuit, that I often feel that dealh is a very deliberate process, which begins with life, and continues all through the journey. I urn sure, from my own experience, that it cannot be hard, by-nnd-by to let go all cares and interests. And I shall go gladly out of life, sure that its work will continue, sure that tbe future will be nobler than the past, .'nd certain that I am not to be entirely dissevered from the friends and good causes I leave behind me." Begin Well As the boy begins, so the man will end. The lad who speaks with affectation, minces foreign tongues that he does not understand at school, will be a weak chrotuo in character all his life; the boy who cheats bis toscher Into think ing him devout at cbapel will be the man who will make religion a trade and bring Christianity into contempt; and the boy who wins the highest average by stealing his examination papers Will figure some day as a tricky politician. The lad who, whether rich or poor, dull or clever, looks you straight in the eye and keeps bis answer inside of the truth, already counts friends who will last all his lifo, and holds a capital which will bring him in a surer interest than money, men get to the bottom of things. You see bow it Is already ns to that. It was the student that was grounded in grammar mat iook the Latin prize; it is the clerk who studies the speciality of his house in off hours who is to be promoted. Your brilliant, happy-go-lucky, hitor-miss fellows Usually turn out to be tho dead weight of tbe family by forty five. Don't take anything for granted; get to the bottom ot things. JNever oe asnameo oi yourseu, or be fooled by shams. Not Your Best Days. One of the most trying things lo a young mot ner, when toi n? through her days' duties with a teething baby inner arms, and perhaps another toddler about her feet. Is to have a sallow faced croaker come in and with a dolorous voice say: "Ah, Mary Ann, you are having your good days now, when your children are little and you Know wnere mey are. When thev are small they tread on your toes, but when they are old ihey tread on your heart. Don't bel'.cve her, lake the word of a gray haired mother who tells you these are Very hard days to you, but they will make the rest happy in the love ami care of these children oy and by, doubly sweet. It is the toilsome, faithful mothers who have this reward. It is not the children who re over indulged, who are never made to mind, who thus repay a parents care and self-denial. It is not a cause of gratitude have fostered their selfishness, and nourished their evil tempers until their lives are a burdon, even to themselves. Rut. it la ihe children who are happy in childhood, who cherish the memories of those days gratefully. II is mese which weave the "spens 01 nome, luav ij ouiju powerful cables to draw them bacK from the evil allurements of the world. Th nnats of time run swiit, and soon the little prattler by yonr side will bo a honied rrmth. on whose strong arm you can lenn; tbe boy with a chivalrous devo tion to "mother" and a reliance on her judgment still. Our noble Garfield stands forth as a model to age, of what a Bon should be to a mother who has toil ed for him with a devotion that knows no rest. Tbe home life of Ihis lamily, held under the burning glass of pnblio criticism so long, is a legacy to a nation sadly in need of true homes. A young mother looked at the babe on her lap, and said. "If I thought she would grow up with as little respect for her motner as i uau iur mmw a buvuih it m i her In ihe coffin now." It was a sad oonfession. but it sprang from a home trninino- where there was no ooeaience, but uiuob angry fault-finding and jarring. A wealthy American of St. Petersburg has given $250,000 to found a college at Krzroom, Turkey. Tt. i said that onlv $150 a year will pay tho hoard, traveling expenses, and salary ofa lady missionary in Ihe south. It is estimated that $16,834,485 worth of diamonds passed through the post office at Kimberly, South Africa. Owing to inability to become acclimated to the climate of Japan where he is Inhnringr as n missionary. Dr. Frank S. Dobbins has accepted a call lo the nastorate of the Baptist churoh, Allen invn. I'enn. Dr. Dobbins is the author of "False Gods; or the Idol Worship of 1 1 r .i.i ,, A Southern Tribute, Rev. Dr. A. G. Havgooil, of Emory College. Oxford, Ga., whose devotion to his work and uurs has often been noticed in our columns, paid the following hand some tribute to oui president on her recent visit there, and it is sent us by a soul hern lady with the request that it be published in The Union Signal; it was originally given to the Wesleyan Christian Advocate tf Georgia! Miss Francos Willard is the president of the "Woman's Christian Temperance Union" in the United States. She gave her whole lime and energy to the cause of Chri.-tian Temperance. For a number of years she has been engaged in this work. I have watched her oourse with great and constant interest. By corre- pondence 1 have known her tor some years; last week I met her. heard her, and had much talk with her of an altogether cheering nnd useful sort to me. She came to Oxford from Atlanta imme diately upon the adjournment of the Georgia state convention of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union. I invited her to come that sho might speaK to our citizen?, above all to our students. Wo are all glad that she came nnd grateful for the good she did. She said so little of herself, in either private or punnc una, that I would have small opportunity to write of her if left only lo her words. It did not seem to occur lo Miss VV illard to speak of herself, except ns it was necessary to explain her work. A few words I may say ot her ine woman. She is a Christian woman oiu tnd out a woman who believes in God and both te'-ches and practices religion. Her writings, her speeches, her conversa tion! her manner, her work, indicate u deep and thorough religious experience. One of Ihe most beautiful and healthfully stimulating of religious biographies is t little book, issued Uy ti.o Harpers, Miss Willard's sketch of the. life, death and character of a deceaf ed sister. It ought to be in tho Sunday school libraries, and it would bo a blessing in every home. It has been in mine. Few pel sons I do not say few women in our country have been uiote liberally endowed wilh natural gifts; few have had better educational advantages j nnd few have made better use of opportunities or better improvement of "the lalenls. '1 Tho best scIiooIb laid the basis ; large acquaint ance with cultured and good people, constant study, foreign travel and residence, hard work and above all prayer and religions conversation, have built nobly upon the well laid foundation. Miss Willard Was for years tbe head of tho Woman's college in the Northwestern university where she did her best work after the best methods. So she did not go into the temperance work lo get a place; she left a place lucrative, pleasant, honor able, that any man or woman might feel it a.i honor lo fill, to do a work to which she "felt tliKt Uod called her." In this she reminds mo of our own always our own, Morgan Callaway. Friday at 11 c 'clock, A. M , Miss Willard spoke in our church at Oxford to a full bouse. It was ono of the few bright days wo have seen in many weeks; the sun seemed to exert himself to mako the Jay delightful and fair. I think every student, except possibly two or three who wero confined to their rooms through indisposition, was present. The exercises were opened wilh reading the Scriptures, singing and prayer. For ahout an hour Miss Willard talked to us concerning temperance and righteous ness. Modest, self poised, with masterful use of her resources, she gave us the very best address I have heard on tho subject of temperance. There was not one thing to criticise as to argument, sty le, elocution, spirit, or personal bearing. This is high praise I know; it is not loo high. She is eloquent with declamation, in somo passages impassioned without a trace of rant. It was a mil, steady stream of golden words, rich in thought and sugges tion. Her address was full of instruction and helpfulness. Il was manifest that she had studied her theme consecutively nnd thoroughly, her easy adjustment of her address to tho environment to the place and time showed that she was not giving us "a committed speech. I helievo that her visit to Oxford left us a blessing; I know it gave us unmixed delight. I was glad lhat she came, outside of my inlirest in her special mission, for our students wid always have a higher conception ol what a gifted and educated woman is. Pity that all our young women cannot hear her; it would inspire ami lift them up. Nothing in Miss Willard or her addres at Oxford can ho objected lo by fair minded and intelligent people, oxcept it bo lhat some say no woman ought lo speak in public. Beforo we commit ourselves to this position, it would be well to have done finally with commence ment exhibitions at our femalo colleges, the reading of essays and Ihe singing of songs by young girls, dressed lor display, to the very best of their several abilities. Miss Willard is a mature woman in middlo li.e, who dresses plainly, and speaks in behalf of a cause that ought to be dear lo woman tho cause ol temper ance and religion. Before we pluck at her eyes for ono little "mole" let us ' pull out ' it few "beams" from our own. Atticus G Haygood. Oxford, Ga . Jan. 18, 18S3. A Half Sf.nsibi.e Landlord. An cx change says: A littlo incident transpired some weeks ago at one of our Franklin hotels, which is worthy of notice. A littlo girl entered the bar room, and in pitiful lones told ine keeper mat tier moinor nau sent her tbere to get eight cents. "Eight cents, said the keeper. "Yes, sir." "What does yo"r mother want with eignt cenisr I oon i owe nor anviniug. "Well." said Ihe child, "father spends all his money hero for rum, and wo havo had nothing to eat lo day. Mother wants to buy a loaf of bread." A loafer remarked to the bar keeper, "Kick her out." "No," said the keeper, "I'll give her the money, and if her father comes back again I'll kick him out." The landlord was only half sensiblo; If he bad been sensible he would have kicked himself out. Scoop Us in the Long Run. Appar ently tbe most solemn part of tho war. outside ol actual oattieneias, is ine prayers that are offered in the churches of the contending nations for the blessings of the Almighty upon their respective armies. Sometimes a little anecdote illustrates n large and complicated subjeot more effectually than a learned discussion. During the war between ttiu states, a lime southern boy was saying his prayers at his mother's knee, and, of course, it included a prayor for tho success of tbe southern cause. All at once tho little fellow stopped in tbe middle ot his prayor. Anldoa struck him. He said: "Mamma, ain't little Yankee boys saying thoir prayers nil over tbe north P" "Yes my son." "And thoy nro praying that God will let tho Yankeos win?" "Yes, my son, but go on with your ?rayer." "But, ma, ain't thero uioro ankee boys praying than there aro southorn boysP" "Johnny, will you finish your prayer, or will you not?" "But. ma, if there are more little Yankee boys praying than thero are southern boys, won't they scoop us In tho long run?" Tho Capital. j 111U VVUllM.