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GIU2EN MOCNTAIX FUEEMAX MONTTEI.IEB, TT. Office in the Brick Blot. Head of State Str . tjcBaae: SI jO it paid id advance; otherwiae, S2.UU. Payment mar be made by mall or otherwise- H. 8. WHEELOl'K. ;Edltor ana Proprietor. TUe Piuiin, under the recent law of CwenraM elrculatea free in Washington dounty. On all papere aent outside Washington County, the poetam at paid by the publiiher at the omoe in Jiontpelier. TEHM9 FOB ADVERTISISr. F-tr one twpiare of t3!lneW',r leeaof Agate rype, one luaertiou. .Sl.jti: mr KU,'!! etteieirnt insertion. IS .u. It i.osh ihz -niiuliwr -l inaertir.we ire marked on the iui rtiaiueiita it will ne oiidcie-ff mill i-Oereil out F..i,.ral iiaeoiiuf .uade tn mercuause"eHoelMraaaver tieing i,y the yur. Probate and (-.'omioiasloners' Notices, Utiif. P ir )ttr-a -.f Lihpriition. Kstraya, the Formation iml IJMrioiutir.u ot iJo-ii'irtuernuipa. etc., .41. .IS hiu:u tor mri'M inai rr.oriH. If eut by maiKhe ruouey must an oompuiiy the tetter. otirea in n.w .viliirana.lu crmta per iinaeseh inser tion, but no rhariri-e made "I leas than 6i cents. Notices of patis ind Marriages inserted gratis, on t xxleuaeu ooituarv Notlree ot Poetry will ua charged at the rate of .:euta per line. VOL. XL. MONTPELIER, VT., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 23, 1983. 0 17. itO NTPETjEH . VT WEDNESDAY, APRIL 25. 1883. Letter From Minnesota. FitEEiioHN. Minn., April IX '83 Deab Fueem.iN : My ink bottle having got thoroughly thawed out .titer our Song freezing winter I will improve the time to give yon a little retrospect of events from this lanil which ha seemed so near of kin to the Arctic regions for the past few months. There is a sigh of relief from all aides now that the croaking of the frogs and the aino-in" of the birds proclaim that the winter is actually over. For a time it has seemed as if Minnesota had seceded from the temperate zono and would here after only be known as a part of the famous polar country so difficult and dan gerous to reach. Roads wore blockaded everywhere. Drifts were piled on drifts. Trains could not run ind even the hardy railroad men could not stand the cutting winds to shovel out their trains. Blizzard succeeded blizzard witn scarcely time to breathe between. They were regular poiar cyl'ins. hurling the snow like an avalanche in a horizontal direction. The past has been a winter long to be remem bered. The "oldest inhabitant7' confesses himself to be outdone. For intenseness and persistentency the pail winter can claim to be without a rival. The mercury was from 20 to 45 decrees below zero for weeks at a lime, and when a south wind would make the cold sotim to relent a little, instantly from the north came a biasc more piercing than an' that had piecetied it. As one man said he could enjoy once in t while a cold snap but he didn't like to have it snap all the time. The first three or four winters I spent in Minnesota I was disappointed. I wanted to see one of the blizzards of which this country was famous, but my wish wns not granted. The winters then were just good reasonablejkinds of winters nothing extraordinary in the line of storms or cold. Last winter, however, gratified my curiosity in this direction completely. I am fully satisfied with the xhibition. I shall never doubt any story about what Minnesota can do in this line after this. But I hear of no one's being frozen to death on the prairies. Stock of all kinds have stood it well and are coming out in usual good condition this spring. Such a body of snow as fell last winter we expected would make a flood in the spring, but it melted so grad ually that the streams ara hardly full. I expect those poor fellows along down the Mississippi were glad enough that the snow from this country went oflf so slowly. They had all they could attend to without ; s rasa from this quarter. Seeding lias already commenced. Farmers will put in more of other seed and less of wheat this year than heretofore. This bas been the tentlency tor several years past. As the country grows oider wheat raising becomes less and less profitable. It seems that only a virgin soil can produce the best results in wheat The line of wheat growing is constantly moving west. But as wheat beeomes less certain other crops hecome more so. The introduction of creameries has stimulated the dairy business and raising stock is found to be, notwithstanding our northern latitude, a safe and profitable business. Cows are worth now just about double what they were four years ago. Butter brings a good price and jo long as good hay can be put up for 32. 50 per ton, though onr winters may be long, keeping cows and making butter cannot help but lie profitable. Corn and pork is demand ing increased attention. Corn is found to be a sure crop anil '.he raising of it demands no such outlay of capital for harvesters, seeders and other machinery as does the raising of wheat. Wool grow ing is becoming more of a staple industry. It would be still more so if it were not for the havoc made among the sheep by the worthless dogs Lhat almost every farmer is infatuated to have around him. Last year we had a dog law which it was hoped wouid do something towards reme dying the evil, but the owners of these affectionate pets made such an outcry that the law has become a dead letter. I suppose it is useless to scold. People oan manage some way to get along without a dog. I have often been amused to see how much inconvenience and annoyance a person will put up with from a dog for the very sraail moiety of benefit he gets out of him. A triend of mine has a dog of no earthly account except to make night hi ieons by his howling and he has to keep him chained because he is so fierce no stranger dares approach the house in his piesence, but my friend would take it as a personal affront if you should say anything disrespectful of that dog. Passing by the house of a poor farmer not long since, who can hardly find bread for his children, ihree large dogs came running out with a fierceness that might have been intended to intimidate a regiment of men. I had intended to make a friendly call on this man, but when I saw so many dogs I concluded he had all the company he cared lor and I accordingly drove on. I saw a woman almost harassed to death because her dog would follow her when she went visiting or when she went to meeting for he was always in mischief. In reply to the question, of what use is your dog? "Oh," she says, "he keeps the cows away from' the door.'' Riding in a railroad car, crowded to its utmost capac ity the other day I noticed one seat mo nopolized by a ladies' genteel lap dog. The pressure was very great but it was only upon the most solemn assurance that the dogshouidn't be disturbed that another lady with a little child was allowed to sit beside that precious dog. I have read what Mark Twain has ht d to say about the dogs of Constantinople, bnt I believe it can very nearly be matched hers in Minnesota. When I tell people that I have lived the past eight years and raised a family of children so far without the help of a dog they stare at me as if I was a monstrosity but it is true nevertheless. If I could only convince people that this can he done successfully in every case what a world of annoyance it would save them. But I despair of an; such result and shall not make the attempt. The tide of emigration westward has already begun. Every west bound train is crowded with emigrants seeking a home in the new states opening np west of us Over the Manitoba and the Nor- tuern facihe railroads long passenger trains of from seven to ten coaches run twice each way each day and often these coaches are so crowded that standing room can hardly be found. Eastern Da kota, which was the frontier three or four years ago, is now as thickly settled as it i'b here and has all the appearance of being an old country. The spirit of speculation is of course intense and excitement runs high. Many will make their fortune tuero but some perhaps will lose them. It ij oertain they raise excellent wheat on these new farms and whoever takes up a homestead can hardly fail to reap a rich reward for doing so. w-. f. Sunday School Lesson Xotes. ar bkv. j. o. SHERiiuaif. tfayfi: reter Preaching to the denttlee-Aeta li)::w-4, The events of this lesson, in their prac tical bearing on the progress of Christian ity, aro of thn deepest significance. For nearly two thousand years the Jewish people had been accustomed to think of themselves as the peculiar people of God. and to consider the rites of their religion as the prima condition to favor with him. The disciples of Jesus shared these feel ings ; and, though Jesus bad by life and precept taught them a broader faith, they were slow to overcome the exelusivenes which hail been so long fostered among their people. It is doubtless true that some of thevangelists and lay workers that had gone abroad were less particular in the matter of Jewish churchism than was Peter. But it was necessary that the infant church should oome to know, and teach, that Christ came to furnish salva tion for ail. Ilenoe the exclusiveness of the lenders themselves must be broken down. Poter is selected as being a leader of leaders. If he oan master the lesson, soon its precepts will become the standard of action with all. Poter is set to learn this lesson in an opportune time. He is away from the headquarters of Judaism. He has been specially honored and aided in his recent ministrations, has found mighty help in answer to prayer. His xperiences at Lydda and Joppa had been such as ought to put a man in frame to listen very attentively to the voice of God. Under these circumstances' a divinely sent object lesson is given to Pater, intended to aid in overcoming his deep-seated race i prejudice. At the same time a heavenly messenger lis sent to a devout Roman centurion at Cesarea, directing him to send to Joppa for Peter ; that he may be instructed by him in the things of God; and telling him precisely where, in the town, Peter is to be found. The messen- gers are dispatched at once to Jonpa, and on their arrival, after a journey of some thirty miles, they find Poter just now prepared by the vision he had seen to receive their message, and go with them on his first mission to the Gentiles. Thei,it, v ,, -,. 1 ;'..,,... ,t, lesson opens with Peter's introduction to the house of the centurion, Cornelius, at Cesarea. On meeting him Cornelius was mniinn.! in ,i hi i , . uuu leraeuo;, mix Peter restrained him. and inquired for; what purpose they had sent for him. The centurion recounts ihe steps bv which he had been led, and declares that they are ail present before God to hear all things j that Peter is divineiy commanded io communicate. 1 There are many instructive suggestions in the portrait of Cornelius as it is given ! us here. He was devoutly waiting upon God, and his life was filled up with deeds of mercy. While he was fasting and pray ing the knowledge of where he might tind needed spiritual help came to him. More than this, he had used his influence with bis friends to have them receive the lio-ht as well as himself. No better statement of the proper disposition of a oongreguion waiuuS tu uear uie truta, was ever given, than Cornelius gave of those gathered in his house. First, thev were consciously in the presence of God. Second. ti- . , ,, . ' wanted to hear Gods word; and. third, they desired its full declaration. The Holy Spirit would aome vastly oftcner upon congregations at present, if their attitude- were more like that of those who met at the Centurion's house. Trias made acquainted with the desire of the assembly, and with the evidence of God's hand in the whole matter. Peter hesitates no longer. He declares that his old race prejudice is broken down. Would that he could always, have maintained the high realization which he reached under these special circumstances! At once he commences to preach Jesus unto them. declaring that he is Lord of all. The passage from the 3th to 39th verses, presents some peculiarities of construction. and is one of the passages which is "fixed up" considerably in the revised version. We need not enter into the details of criticism; it is enough to state that the passage only presents, in tho most con densed form, the pith of Peter's sermon on this occasion. He oredits the audience with knowing the main facts concerning the mission, life, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. These things they doubtless did know, in part, as the fame of him went all abroad during his life time. And it had now been some time since those who were scattered abroad, went every where presetting Jesus. Poter, like all the early preachers put great stress upon the fact of Christ's resurrection, and gives his Gentile audience assurance on this point, I from the fact that be. with his fellow ! ... , . . ... . , i apostles, ate and drank wth Jesus after! his resurrection. He next declares his commission to preach that Jesus is the divinely appointed Judge of thelivin-v and i ,. ... r ,i . i ,. " , , the dead. Here the whole audience would be bronglit into personal relations with this Jesus. They must have to do with him, if not nuw as -i Savior, then soon as the Judge of ail. lit also preached Jtsus is the one to whom all the prophets gavo witness, the central figure of the Did Tes tament wrifngs. Ho declares that with one voice they proclaim that whosoever believeih in hiiu -drill receive remission of sins. This kind of preaching has become very familiar since Peter first declared it; but on that day it was new and strange, and we oau hardly ooneeivo the change that must have come over Peter before he could utter l he "all of the liliih verse, and the wiosoever of tint t ;,i. tod greatly honored this eif ,-rt ol Peter to give over his narrow view, and become ilia minis ter of a broad 'r f tith ; fur upon the com pany waiting in reverent attitude upon his word, came the uiiginy power of the Holy Ghost. The manifestation was like that of Pentecost, for they spina with oilier tongues, insomuch that the Jews, wilh P?ter, greatly marveled. A primary teachor, not a thousand miles from Boston, is describing the banana, and che children are to name it. Finally she steps to the board antl draws the outline ol the fruit. Up comes Johnnie's hand. "Well, Johnnie want have I described?" "Cucumber!'' "Oh, no; the cucumber grows bore, and I told you this fruit grows in the south ; besides, is not a cucumber a vegetable.'" Johnnie yields the point and reiapscs into a brown study. Soon an idea strikes him and up comes his hand again. "Are vui sure you are right this time. Johnnie?'' 'Yes'ru" itll self assurance. "Well, what is it?" Sausage!'' is the triumphant rejoiner. GitEAT Estates is Mexico. Much has been said and written of the great extent and largo possibilities of the Mexican haciendas. But probably few people in the United States even yet realise the extent of wine of those tracts of land, 1.000.000 or 1.500,0otl acres often consti tute a single estato in the hands of or.o owner. There are many such estates in Mexico large enough to awaken the envy of manv a land proprietor in the Pacific coast states of the union. These are to be tound in the central and northern states of Mexico. The famous Salado ranch, for example, contains over 600 square miles of land. It lies partly in the states of Nuevo Leon, Coaiiuii t, Z tcatecas and San Luis Potosi, on the highway to Mexico, and on the lines of the new railroad. It occupies the central table lands of Mexico, at an average elevation of iOOO feet. Chains of mountains traverse the estate, ricti in mineral wealth. The boundaries of the estate extend more than 100 miles from north to south, and flourishing farms and large mining towns aro met at frequent intervals. A writer in Hurvtr'-i Fmnrj People recently quoted the late Mr. Peter Cooper as saying: -rhc success of the Cooper institute in preparing young women to earn a living has gratified mu mora than anything else. It was one of the things that I was most concerned about, and I made a statement of mv desire in my 'deed at tmnsfor' of the building to the trustees. Pupils come to our place, and behave themselves like ladies and gentle men. For ten years not a single compiaint of misconduct has been made to the trus tees by any one of our twnmv or thirtv j teachers. Nine bovs whom we graduated :Iro now professors in colleges. An old ! 'Bi'n ca"u -n8 ol-'r "ay to -tanK' me ! pupii of ,ne Cooper institute, 'is now a professor in the great university of Berlin, :iniI much esteemed. So little is written ! ;,bulf lh? CmVt. institute that people I thousand voung "men and women. For j myseif, I try to keep the building in good ' I s looking at my b joks to-day. (and I find that I have spent on it -31:10.000 in tu , , rnars." , " The FntiT Goloid Doi.LAil Colonel John .V. Stephens has in ins possession a coin that belonged to Go'ernor Stephens. It is the first specimen molded bv the Cuited Stales mint as an example of the famous "goloid'' dollar of which so much lias been written anil said. Governor Stephens was chairman of the committee on weights, measures and coins, and took a prmound interest in the question of money. The goloid dollar is about the width of a silver half-dollar, but hardly as thick, and lighter. It has a bronze color, darker than gold, and due to the copper in it. On one side are the words: "United States of America, 100 cents," on the rim. and in 'ho center. "Goloid, metric. 1. G. : lii.l. S. : 1.9. C; Grains 14.Jj.'' On the other side are the words "E. Plnribns Cnum. 17:!." on the j rim and in the center tho head uf a female ! witu tnn wonl "k'bertv" "oon it. The "?ures md.cate the composition which is the invention ot i man named Hubbell. lind includes metal worth iust il in actual value. The composition has nine teen parts, of which ono part is gold, (lil.l) sixteen and one tenth silver and (1.9) one and nine-tenths copper. An justu, ('ra.,j t'hronieU. Sa.v praxc'sco Cap.i.e Roaps. The San Francisco householder, and the Croie sus particularly, has "a station like the herald Mercury new-lighted on a heaven kissing hill." How in the world, I have asked, does he get up there ? Well then by the cable roads. I should consider the cable road one of the very foremost in the list of curiosities, though I have been able to refrain till now from bringing it for ward. It is a peculiar kind rf tram-way. quite as useful on a level' but invented expressly for the purpose of overcoming steep elevations. Two cars, coupled together, are seen moving, at a high rate of speed, without jar and in perfect safety, up and down all the extraordinary unduiations of the ground. They have no horse, no steam, no vestiges of machinery, no ostensible means of locomotion. The astonished comment of the Chinaman, observing this marvel for the first time, old as it is, mav be worth repeating once more for its quaint force: "Melican man's wagon, no pushee, no pnllee; ail same go top side hill like dashee." The solution of the mystery is an endles wire cable hidden in a box in the road bed, and turn ing over a great wheel in an engine house at the top ot the hill. The foremost of the two cars is provided with a grip or pincers. running unuerneatn iu tnrongu a eontin nnns crevice in Ihn snmn Iwx Iho ,ihl and managed by a conductor. When be wishes to go on he clutches the always movin? cDie- nd "w-s witl1 f he wishes to stop, he simply lets go and nnts on a brake. Fortunately thertTis no snow and ice in this climate to clog the central crevice, which, by the necessities of the case' m,U9t open- The r5"nem baa been applied' however, with emendations, in Air, ,nrl n drmhr. eni,i h i i " 1 York. .Ifny 7 irpcr by HAnniET 4. auiTa. Morn of the beautiful eprlnir It la uoininir in orimaon aud irald. It illu o'er the mountain lU purple winy When the eaatern iratea unfold : When their daminv baunara the HUubeama din oer the muuutaiua etern and old. Out from lua cavorn dark. From lua uuok in the Turret lane: rue robin neap forth like the dove front the ark To see if the snowi are iroue. U mump llttla VXrd, like the auanuir lark, Aud mlcome the vernal dawn. H i oau your kindred back Who left ua montha atrn, WUo followed the tun in lua southern track When our hilia were white with nnow : When the etorm waa abroad on hla atoudy reek, Aud the etreemletfc oeeaed to dow. Tl-11 them uow lair they atand, Our liilla In HnHr earur rreen. Aud the irrovee that watch for their tuneful baud. Wheu the buretlne- euda are eeen: For the aeon they learned In the enunr land, f hero their wandennir wlntra have beon. Tlie Htreama have broken the ohaln Of the tyrant kuur of the froat, Hla try vea and fettera he fore-ea In vain The Unka are all broken and loaL Now they mirror the olear blue Jieaveua attain Aud the clouda by the lurht wind te'nu Tliere'a a aound of jrurarllner rllla Low down In the rater rn Tliere'a a lauirh of watera amomr the hllla. Where they tell their uabbllna telea In tones whoae liquid mueio thrllla Aud uharme the Uatenlne; vales. flowers of the beautlf nl aprlna Awake and open your eyee . For the birds and wmtera a welcome elnir Aud the sunshine 'round you Ilea: Tlie beains have come down from the sun your kluv And bid yon awake and riae. Wllllston, Vt, "1IUNI1INU TIlU0l.lt KI.Ad." WILL CABLE-TON. Iu the silent irloom of a garret room, With cobweba round it creeplnv. From ly to day the old daa- lay A veteran worn and aleepinv, Dlumlyold. each wrinkled mid lly the dnet of years wai shaded: Wounds of the storm were upon Its form. The crimson atrlpea were faded. 'T'vae a mournlul sight In the dar-twillirht. This thuur jf humble seemlnir. That once eo proud o'er the cheerlntr crowd Had earned its colon gleaming;: stained with mould were the bralda of gold. That had oaahed :n the snn-rar's klaaina; Of faded hue was its Held of blue. Aud some of the stars were mlnlmf . Three Northern melds and three from ladee here dreams the South-laud weather, Witn trlaucea kind aud their arms entwined, l.'ame tip the stair toe-ether: They gazed a while with a thoughtful smile At the crouching form before them: With clinging holds they graaped its raids; And out of the darkneea bore them. They healed its scars, they found its atara And brought them ail together, (Three Northern maida and three from gladea Where smiles the .South-tand weather! : They mended away through the anmmer day. Made glad by an inspiration To tllng It high at the amlllng aky On the birthday of our nation. In the brilliant glare of the anmmer air. With a brlak breeco round it creeping. Ni-wly bright through the glistening light. The dag went grandly sweeping: ( Heaming and bold were ita braids of gold. and dashed in the sun-ray's kissing: Ucd. white and blue were of deepest hue: Aud none of the stars were missing. The best victories are those that are the least bloody those lhat, though achieved by the hand, are managed by the head. Recent observations show that some parts of Greenland are slowly but steadily sinking. On the other hand, there are evidences that the lands uf Xorway and Sweden aro steadily rising. A simple barometer can be made by filling a picKle bottle within three inches of the tap. with water. Then fill a elean Florence oil flask with water, and plunge the neck, ns far as it will go into the larger bottle. The water in the flask will rise or fail with the weather, sometimes leaving it perfectly empty eight hours before a storm. Frof. Cohn, of Breslan, Germany, has observed that children are obliged to hold dark colored slates much nearer the eyes to read writing thereon than is necessary with white paper; and finds lhat writing on white paper is as distinct at a distance of twelve inches from the eves as that on slates at eight inches. It would therefore be well to bauisb slates from school rooms, for the eyesight of pupils is strained quite enough by other means. Norway seems to be stamping out leprosy by the isolating of patients. There were 2863 cases in li?56, sines then treatment by isolation has been practiced more and troro with a constant diminish ing of the di sease, and in 1880 there were but 1382 cases known. In Hawaii, upon the other hand, where there is little horror of the malady and victims go about in puplio freely, the number of cases constantly increases. Several eminent English geologists think that Wales is to be the new El Dor ado. Small pieces of gold washed away from the hillsides have been found ;in the valleys at Llanelltvr.and they say if there are nuggets of gold in the valley or in the course of old riverbeds, then there is gold quartz in the mountains. If some of the mountain ranges were tapped, it is likely a real gold ;field would be found. From the ran of the nils in North Wales, the gold reefs, if they were worth working.run from the coast line across Merioneth. North Montgomery, a part of Shropshire and Cheshire, into Derbyshire. A Strange Case Rf.cai.led. A Baltimore dispatch says: Thursday flvenintr the church nf tha Tmm,ilo,n Conception in this city was thronged with rocieiv luiiva iu wuuess me nuptials of MisH Mstrv Griffith, ilanohtar of tha lra Jnhn A. (rrifrith. a fnrmoi- laarliniv , chant of thia city, and Mr. Vivian Neale. x ne onus is a rreaumui yonng woman of aooui --i, anu lor me past two seasons baa neen a oeno in nauimore society. Ilia Rev .frthn A Mdnnnv navfnnnu, ... i-.wm j nu.uiilicu the ceremony. Three years ago when' jiibb urriiuLu living in vinomnattl sne fell down a flight of siairs and received injuries which were considered fatal. Several physicians called to sea her, and proneunccd her case hopeless. She after wards grew much worse, fell into a ooma lose state, and as it was th.mo-hr Hiwl The body was prepared for burial, and lay for two days in a casket. On the day lipuiuicii iui mu iuuunai, wiien me car riages and hearse were at the door, just as the coffin was hnino- etnaml. it was nnttnaA that the lifelike appearance of the supposed corpw uecame more pronounced, and there were slight signs of returning vitality. A physician was called, and after an hour or so Miss Griffith returned to conscious ness. The solemn gathering was turned to one of joy. Tho girl recovered, and has since been in better health thna ever before. An Australian savant has invented the electroscope, a trial of which took place at Melbourne on the :11st of October lust in the presence ol . me fortv scienlilic and public men, and wns a great stircc.is. Sitting In a if ark rnnm. they saw projected on a Inrgn disk of white burnished metal the rncetn urse at Flemington. wilh ils myriad ln.ais of naive beings. tch min ute detail stood out with perfect fidelity to the original, and as they looked at ihe wonderful picture through bimcnlar glunres, it was difficult to imagine that tliev were imt actually on the course itself and moving among those wlio.e actions they so completely scan. By this instru ment ihe vibrations of light me conveyed bv ulectrieity. und we are Hnsblwt to fee the person at adistanco wilh whom we are spmkirg. A Beautiful Senti.mknt. Every man builds his own house huiMs it many chambered, Iresli ventilated, picture hung, vine wreathed, guest full; or low pent, bine wall, tlowerless, inhospitable just in tcforditnco with his inner nature. Pre cisely as the internal force of the nlfinity in the moilusk lays bold of and aggregates ioun.1 used ihe line lime particles in the sea water, so does the internal force in the bnnian soul lay hold of and aggregate round iiseif what it wants. The surround ing ocean holds in solmion knowledge, pleasure, meat, drink, wit, wisdom, Iriends dnwars. God ; and of this wealth we aeerete cur shel.s clam shells or nautilus shells as wo nr clams or nautili. We find what we crave lun. if we have a zest for the fnnu; Iriends. if we long lor friends; beiiuly, il we love beauty; thought, if we tend to i liouulit. We build up our house, small or forge. If wo nro refined, it is refined; i( we are roomy, it is roomy. Aiiolt Repairing Bi;ildi7i:3. The : barns aro usually empty at this season, ind now is the best time to make any necessary tepairs. If experience has ! shown the siabies to be inconvenient, let ! the improvements be made before the I i barns .-tie .-.gain tilled. There may be some holes in the roof, and a little patch j ing may save many times its eost. it done ! in season; io short, leaks of every kind about the farm buildings should promptly lie stopped. Look well into the granary ' for mouse holds, through which the profits of a whole field may pass. They may be closed with a s rip of tin. The work of : Haifa iiay in louking for and closing these places may lie Ihe most profitable of any I itone on a farm. The roofs, ihe flooors, ; the sides, the doors, and ail other parts of the hums should now be put in order, and another coat of paint be applied il the last one is beginning to wear out. A stitch in time.avos moreibau nine in such repairs. Ami rv:an Agriculturist fir M:' 'j, Remedy for Headache. A new rem edy lor the headache has been found by Dr. Haley, an Australian physician, who says lhat for some years past he has found minimum doses of iodide of potassium of great service in frontal headache: that is, a heavy dull headache, situated over the brow, and accompanied by languor, chill iness and a feeling for general distaste for food, which sometimes approaches to nau sea, can be completely removed by a two grain dose ilissolvetl in half a wine giass- lull uf water and this quietly sipped, the , whole quantity being taken in about ten , minutes. In many cases, hu adds, the effect of three small doses has been simply I vromlel ftlll, as, lor tnstunua. a person who a quarter of an hour before was feel ing most miserable, and refused all food, wishing only for quietness, wouid now uku a good meal and resume his wonted cheerfulness. If this cure of Dr. Haley's is in reality a practical one, he will merit lor the discovery the gratitude of suffering millions. Lakavette axd HisOposst'MS. When Lyl'avette paid a visit to the United Suuos he intimated a desire to lie master of an, opossum, and a Baiaimore editor gladly ' undertook to see that the general had one ' to take home wilh him. Anxious to make ! the most of the occasion, he proclaimed his wunt in a highly spiced appeal to his countrymen, urging them to prove lhat republics were not always ungrateful. They responded cheerfully too, too cheer fully io the appeal. Opossums came in from north anil south, east and west, until the overwhelmed editor found himself possessed of 2190 too many, lie could not afford iliem separate accommodations, he dure not lodge ihem together; so. at night he turned ihem all loose in Mcnument sqtinrc, toquartertheinselves as thoy listed. Next day posrums were here, there, every where in B.-tltimore to the delight of the black, and the disgust of the white citizens, who fervently wished that Lafayette had uever heard of an opossum, or that the editor bad executed his commission with more discretion. All ihe Year Round. Ned Kendall's Triumph. When Xed Kendall was in his prime, he visited Eng land, partly for recreation, aud partly for the purpose of discovering if anything was lo be learned of band music in that coun try. A few days after his arrival in Lon don, where he was a total stranger, he saw an advertisement in the Timet for a bngle player in one of the bunds of the guards. On the following morning, N'ed repaired lo headquarters, as designated, and introduced himself to the band master by saying that he bad seen the advertise ment for a bugle player, and he bad come to offer himself as a candidate for the situ ation. The band master treated him rather cavalierly, but finally told him there would be a full rehearsal tho next morn ing, xn I he might come and show what he coold do . but it was intimated that he would have to exhibit rare qualifications to entitle him te the position. At the hour appointed, Kendall made his appearance, with his E dat bugie in his hand, and tnok bis place in the band. It happened oddly enough, lhat the rehearsal commenced a new piece, containing a solo for the clarinet, which the performer upon that instrument could not properly execute, After repeated failures, our Yankee bugle player reques ted of the baud master that he might perform the part upon his bugle. The leader laughed outright. Tlie idea of performing that part upon the bugle waa ridiculous. It could not lie done. However, ihe American i eingvery urgent. consent was finally given that he might try it. The band performed the prelnue; and 'hen came the solo, with slight alto and base accompaniment. As the surpassing melody rose Uwn the air. one after another of tho players dropped their instruments as though entranced, and all listened with wonder and admiration to the wonderful perform ance. When the solo had been concluded, a wild storm of applause shook the building ; for nearly a full regiment of guards was in attendance. The banil master, when he could collect himself, hastened forward antl extended hje, hand. "In Ihe name of all that is wonderful, who aro youP" "My name is Kendall." "What! Edward Kendall, of Boston?" "Yes " "Well. I havo heard of you as the greatest bugle player in America; and I now say yon aro the greatest in the world!'' tiii.m; fiio.ii tub biitto ii nu.iwi ii. There are whips and toya and iiiecea of airings-, Thei-B lire shoes wlm-h no little feet wear: There are bits of rlblion aud broken rings. And tresses of gnlili-n hair! There are little dresses folded awsp Out of the light of thesnnny day. Tliere aro daiuty jarketa that never are wnru. There are toys aud modela ol Mhlea; There are books nnd pictures, all faded and torn, Aud marked by tbeduger tipa Of dimpled Unnds thut have fallen to duet: Vot I strive to think that the Lord isjuat. But a feeling of bittern ras fills my sonl Sometimes wheu I try to pray. That the teaper Uua spared ho inauy flowera Aud taken all mine away: Aud I almoat donbt that the Lord .-au know That a mother'n heart ,-aa love them an. They wander far iu !iatant :limer. They perish by water aud riood; Aud their handa are blMk with the direst orlmes That kindle thD wrath of (iod. Yet a mother's soug has aoothed them to rest. Hue uaa lulled them to slumber upon her breaat And then I think of my children three. My babiea that uever grow old. Aud know they are waitiug and watching for me, In the -lty with streeta of gold. Safe, safe iroltt the raree of the weary years. From sorrow and ain and war. And 1 thank my Ood. with falling tears. For the things in the bottom drawer. It is generally supposed t at the only wall papers lo be feared on at eonnt of the arsenic which iliey contain are of a green color. The drug is freely used, how ever, in many uf the red, fa'wn, and other papers of recent fashionable xhndes. In one of lint suburban high schools the girls are allowed to use their loller skates in the broad corridors, the U -.chers ex plaining that it is better for a girl to do that than sit In a corner and eat cake and pickled limes Telegraph wiies in Japan ufiord a con venient place for i he spiders to spin their webs on, and as the dews are very abund ant the webs become conductors of elec tricity, and cause great tronnle in trans mitting messages A hint for our soldiers: The Boston Posts of the Grand Army will not use flowers lor decoration purposes Memorial Day this year. Thev will use tiags instead, as flowers have become so expensive antl are so dillicult to obtain. The dags will be of silk, twelve by eighteen incnes, bor dered wilh yellow silk fringe, mounted on a varnished spear headed staif. three feet in length, and on the .'JOtii of May it is proposed to place one upon the grave of every soldier and sailor buried in ilt. Auburn. Each dig will Have printed upon it i lie nauio of she post, and it is believed that the enblem will tell to every passer by, for the coming year, that a de fender of tlie Union lies buried beneath it. It hsis to be confessed that one batch of the Hubbei assessment circulars wassent where the recipients were wholly indiffer ent, free from compulsion, and in no dan ger of losing their places for not paying. The batch came to Philadelphia post office, and the circulars were addressed respectfully and respectively to MissSallie Binns, Miss T.tbitha Yarn, Mr. Thomas Fcntz, Mr. G. Arden Wall, .Mis? Sarah Nader and Miss Kate Erwaul. It is said the puzziod deputy postmaster went into the main oilice and oailed.out, "who knows Sallie BinnjP" And the reply came from one ol the janitors, "S-illie Binns am one ob ie oiu in ,i cellar. ,la black and white tabby." This let the whole lot of oats out of the bag; and now the officers, would like to know the name of the wag who forwarded the usttothe congressional committiio. OneStei at a Time. I oncestood at the foot of a Swiss mountain which towered up from the foot of the Vifpbach Valley to x height of 10.000 feet. It looked like a tremendous pull to the top. But I said to mvself, "Oh, it will require but one step at a time!" Before sunset I stood on the summit, enjoying the magnificent view of the peaks around mo. and rightopposite to me flashed ths icv crown of Weisshorn, which Professor Tyndall was the first man to diBcorer by taking one step at a time. Every boy who would master a difficult study, every youth who hopes to get on in the world, must keep this motto in mind. When the famous Arago was a school-boy he get discouraged over mathematics. But one day he found on the waste leaf of the cover of a text book a short letter from D' Aiembert to a youth discouraged like himself. The advice which D'Alembert gave was. Go on, sir, go on." "That little sentence," savs Arago, "was my best teacher in mathematics." He did push on steadily, until he became the greatest mathematician of his day, by mastering one step at a time. i The Late Sklzucus Garkielde. Ten years sgo Seleucas Garfielde left Congress and became a professional gambler; lost night be died in a Itttle room over his cigar shop. The -toryof Garfieide's life is that of a man who surrendered absolutely to the tempaliuns of Washington. He was born sixty-one years ago in Vermont, went to Kentucky when he was a boy, was graduated from Augusta college in that state, ami began bis active life as a law yer. 'Vben he was thirty years old he was a member of the Kentucky legisla ture.and a year later be was commissioned to codify the laws of the state. In 1860 he was receiver of pubiia moneys for Washington Territory, and in 1869, after serving three years as surveyor general be came to congress as delegate. He was here four years and when his congression al career was over he wns a moral wreck. He had lost his ambition and was as dis solute a gambler as lived in the District of Columbia. Cards has come to be the pas sion of his life. It is said lhat he left Kentucky and wandered off into Washington Territory, because he saw his doom if he remained among the genial poker players of bis adopted stale. He fought against what he feared would become his nil ing passion, even to the extent of giving up what promised to be an exceptionally bright fu ture, but his surroundings in Washington finally overcame him completely. His fellow congressmen ruined him and he lived for the rest of his days on the vices of public men. No life in Washington was lower than his. The men and women who were bis companions were of the very lowest stratum. For years the man who had once promised to be one of the clever est public men of Kentucky had not a single intimate associate who did not belong to the dangerous element of so ciety. Ho was always, however, a leader among the people with whom be lived. His companions treated him with respect ful deference, because, as one of them pnt it, lie bad the" call on the boys in learn ing." nnd be bad been actually a member of congress. Moreover, he was still a lawyer, ami he was looked to for advico in tho troubles with the police. Garfielde died alone, except that tho woman whom he married year and half ago staid with him till the end. He had nil friends and he left behind him only tho record ol a man whom vico had drag god from a good public position down to bo a gambler oml an outlaw. Frmu the .Vet lor Htm. f fUctiflttS. Wlthm I within, oh tnrn Thy spirit's eyes, and learn Thy wandering senses gently to ooutrul: Thy dearest friend dwells deep within thy soul. And ansa thyself of thee, That heart and miud and sense Ue may make whole Xu perfect harmony. Gerhard TernUen. We ask advice, but wo mean approba tion. Cotton. Listen to conscience more than to iniel lect, and learn to concentrate thought. Bobertton. An agnostic is one who knows nothing certain and doesn't care whether he does or not. Journal. Yes, there is plenty of worn for you whoever you are. God says to every one. Go, work in my vineyard. The vineyard is very large. It includes the whole of life. There is something for every one to do for God. If thon hast not mercy for others, yet be not cruel unto thyself. To rnminaie npon evils, to make critical notes upon injuries, and to be acme in their appre hensions, is to add unto our own tortures, to feather Ihe arrows of our enemies, to lash ourselves with the scorpions of our foes, and to resolve to sleep no more ; for injuries long dreamt on take away all rest) and he sleeps but like Regf.lus. who hnsieth his head about them iir T.'iomn.i Browne. Principles are radiated light and heat from the soul; a capital invested in bonds whose interest is paid in gold ; the scent that clings to the shattered vase; the real greatness und dignity "of the man. compar ed with which titles, riches, and honors are badges, ribbons, and stars. Princi ples cannot be burned or scourged out of the sonl. They have the persistence of sunlight, and the etfulgenee of the stars. They are extolled in organ tones, iu battle shouts, and in hymns of praise and victory. Tribulation comes, it will be as ye choose it, either an exercise or a condem nation. Such as it shall find you to be. will it be. Tribulation is a fire: does it find thee gold? it takes away the fiith; does it fiud thee chall? it turns it to ashes. Wherefore art thon disturbed? Thine heart Is disturbed by the pressing troubles of the world, as that ship was in which Christ was asleep. Did not thy Lord tell thee the world should fail? So when ihe tempest beats furiously against thine heart, beware of shipwreck, awake up in Christ. Present faith, is Christ present; waking faith, is Christ a wake ; slumbering faith, is Christ asleep. St. Augustine. Sin is not in the appetite, but iu the absence of a controlling will. There were in Christ all the natural appetilas of mind and body. Relaxation and friendship were dear to him; so were sunlight and life, hunger, pain, death. He could feel them all. and shrank from them. He suffered, being tempted from the forces of desire. But there was obedience at the expense of tortured natural feeling. Remember this, for the way in which some of the sinless ness of Christ destroys the reality of temptation, and converts the whole of his history into a mere fictitious drama, in which" scenes of trial were represented, not felt. F. W. Robertson. Whenever you think of our Lard's resurrection and ascension, remember always that the background to his triumph is a tomb, lluroeinber that it is ihe triumph over smfering ; a triumph of one who still bears the prints of the nails in his hands antl in his feet, and the wound of the spear in his side; like many a pour soul who has followed him tnuiuuiiaiit at last, and yet scarred, and only not maimed in the hard battle of life. Remember forever the adorable wounds of Christ. Remember forever that St. John saw in the midst of the throne of God the likeness uf a lamb, as it had been slain. For so alone you will learn what our Lord's resurrection and ascension are to ail who have to sutler and to toil on earth. Kingsiey. A man is doing the Lord's work when he is faithful to his employer does a fair day's work ; when be takes proper care of his health; when he governs ii:s temper: when be is careful to speak the exact truth; when he is courteous to strangers, and lends a helping hand to the needy; when he has a word of encouragement for the desponding; when he sets an example of industry and honesty; when he returns food for evil ; when he leads such an upright, benevolent, (xod honoring life, that men take knowledge of him Mint he has been with Jesus. Religion does not consist solely in reading the bible, praying, attending church and laboring tor the conversion of men. These are important duties, but they do no include tho whole of duty. God's will has reference to every act of our lives. Observer. This has been called an age of doubt, giving little promise of the speedy triumph , of Christianity, and yet there have been encouraging symptoms of progress, steady and sure, from the time the text was written to the present, jever mdeetl were these signs of advance more notice able than now. But as with the coming in of the tide, recession is part of the advancement. There is no power in the ocean to lift itself. It is a dead, inert, sluggish moss. That which lifts the Atlantic six to ten leer, is not on me eartu. It is an irrisistible power far above the earth. Precisely so it is with the progress of Christianity. There have been periods when it seemed as it grouna was oemg lost; the wave has been flowing back, but the tide has been rising all the while. The j power that lifts it is not in human arms, j and it iB not in man to stay the upward movement. The hieh water mark proph- i esied by St. Paul will yet he reached. It Is true this is an age oi ooudi. or raiuer oi interrogation. But there is more of true i faith in the world than ever. Onr day is better than any our father's ever dreamed of. We are seeing more, we are seeing farther. But good as is our time, it is not good enough for our children. Wa are told the church is giving np some of the old fashioned doctrines. It may be so Christ foretold this, when he said to his disoiples that there were truths they were not ready to receive. No essential doctrine has been yielded. He did not believe in a Christianity that must hide itself for fear some ono sball ask it a bard question. Some think their way into infidelity. But it is only naif-thinking that tends in this direction. The first thought is infidelity, the second may bo atheism, but the third leads to Christian faith. The Burlington Haiekew says of Mr Rnhert Tna-pnoU's recent article: "In treating these great problems of life Mr. Ingersoil has a fascinating anu pinusioie way of stating thing", but they certainly are as nnphilosophical as they are untena ble. 'Water always runs down hill,' says Mr. Ingersoil. But it does not. Some times it rnns up hill, and we call it capillary attraction. vve nave a mode oi explaining it by tho attraction between the particles of mobile matter and the inert matter ol tne tune in wnicn me uuiu rimam. Mr Tntrprioll would exnlain it bv saying that the fluid rises becas.se it rises! Thut ia certainly cnua uae ana simple. bnt it is hardly in keeping with tbo role of a philosopher who proposes to dethrone a God the tiod wno is uie designer anu creator of the universe. We not only find that Mr. Ingersoil is mistaken in asserting 'water always runs down hill.' but there is a wonderful process of nature that exceeds even capillary action. Tho life-bearing sap aaeviids the tree and car ries with it nourishmeni ih.-u sustains and enlarges the plan'. The tree has a system of water works t hat actually extends its own water mains. This phenomenon, we are told by Mr. Ingersoil, happens beaause it happens! If that is not superstition that eclipses anything of the kind so vehement ly denounced by him. we do not know what superstition is. Its genesis is clearly traceable to the belief that the world is a great plane resting uxn the backs of four mighty oxen, anil the oxen rest upon a great elephant. Whnt the elephant rests upon the pagan belief failed to stale. Mr. Ingersoil goes one step further and niirms that the elephant rests upon himself." Fa th and Hope Are the bright pillars . if tne i loiden liate. Aud on the three hold of the Kingdom wait: ilut Charity, the road, winds onward through Into the Land where (iod makes all ttnnga uew. A.'Ji. iiamxttim. 5ive.cE in Tne Univkr.se. The nearest of the fixed stars is twenty trillions (JO,COO,000,000,OI)0) of miles distant from us The next in distance is four times farther removed. If we attempt to fix an average distance for the surrounding group of fixed stars nearest our system, we could not safely give it a radius of less than four hundred trillions of miles. Yet what does this involve? Light which reaches us from the sun in eight and a half minutes, would take seventy ynars in its journey across this vast domain of space. If the volume of space included within our solar system were occupied with one huge sphere of o.tiOO.OOO.OOO miles diameter, oven such a mighty mass wou:d be but a lloaling feather in the marvelous spread of empty space sur rounding. This space would contain twenty seven hundred trillions of suck spheres, and would contain the material contents of our solar system a number of times indicated by the figure 5 with twenty-two ciphers annexed As Good A3 His Neiguisoii. An In diana farmer walKed into the honse the other day with a tickled lot,k on bis lace, and his hat on his ear and called out : "Bv f.m! Banner, wlittt do vou think? ' " "What's happened now?" "You know lhat fellow who sold me the churn and had me sign a paper?'" "Yes." "Weil, that paper was a note for 3-x).'' 'Noa!" "True as ore:. chin. Asd what else do vou suppose?" "He -oid it.1" "Rillht vou are. Went and soid it to a hank in Vinccnues. and I've got to pay it. Think of it. ilanner my note good enough lo be sold 'o a bank four stories high, an. I with plate glass windows and they send me iust the same kind of a no tice to pay -as they would a rich man. I mut let old Sims hear of it in seme way. The Sims family toon upon ;us as scrubs, and here wo ire treated the. same as if we rode in a keeridgo behind four horses. More Monet, tiias BiiAraa. Wa have encountered a number of ihis class. One was a young man with more money than brains, who delivdred him-elf with great uato about the iiiis.-ions in Euypt and Syria. He had be- n t -v-'-ii in Egypt and two in Paiestine. lie mrgbt have been sufi'ered to ventilate ins igTioraneeuneheok ed. if he had not been inu-u-iva. Said lie, '-Dominie, wii.tt b ivo voti to sav?" Noth ing. ' "Well, hut vou cannot get out of it n that wiy" "How long were you in Paiestme?'1 was iiskcd. "Two weeK.s" was the -omewhat remctait reply. "Yon visited the missionaries and schools?" Well no." "You intended church?" "No I'.ef; that delightful service at home. ' -'Did you ee a tni-siunarv?" "No I did not want to " "You itw donkey boys in Egypt?" "Oh yes"' "Could thev speak Euglisu?" "Oh yes!" "Could you speak tlieir 1 -inguige as well as taey could yours?'' No: 1 could neither speak nor understand it," "Then if we should bring one of thoe Imvs. whoat tho side of those fancy asses ov.tr io this country to write a letter as to ;he condition ol our oiianties he could give a morn reliable opinion han vou enuid of t'or-ign misssions. :w he cou'd speak our language l.eiter than you could his. and he inigbt liav.-mnd addition al consciousness lhat he had better not taik about what he could not understand." Of course lie feitbit he bad been greaiiy wronged m being drawn into the ocmpari son. and will avai-urn it up as an example of the intolerance .a ;tie c.ergy. It woul t have been useless Hi '.oil of the i harches. colleges and printing-presses, and of the broken Turkisn ami native- pn judicrs in the east. Prrni'i.ruin "What I am longing after." said Brother Gardner, is Trustee Puillm-K ceased coughing and Samuel Shin finally got a rest tor his feet "wli: t I am long ing arter am a sigtit of a good, old fa-n-ioned man or woman sicn ;ts we could find in ebeiy hou.-e thirty y'ars ago but sich as cannot lw found nuw in a week s hunt It maKes me lonesome when I realize dat our old fashioned men an wimin am no mo'. In de days gone by if I fell sick one woman would run in wid catnip, another wid horseradish leave', another wid a bowl ob gruel' an' teaii" wouid be shed, an' kind words spoken, an' one couldn't stay ick to save liim. In dose good olo days be k.-tliker dress an1 white apron abounded. An honest woman wasn't ai'eared to wash her lace on account ob de powder. Ebery woman wore her own ha r an' sue wore it to please herself instead of fashnn. Thick shoes kept the feet dry. thick cloihes kept de bodv warm, dar was no winkin an wobbiin' and taikin' frew de teef. Dar was goodness tn de and in Jem ole lavs. Dar was prayin' to God. an' de hearts meant it. De wimin who wore a JJo. S shoe was as good as do woman wid it foot all pinched out of shape and kiver- ed wid corns, lou uidn ti ar mucn bout breach o' promise cases an' odder deviltry. De man wno parts bis ha r in de middle an' believes he mashes his wictims by the score wasn't born den. People didn't let their naburs die under der noses widont eben knowin' dat sickness had come to de family. Men worxed hard an' put in rail time, an wimin tound something to do besides gaUdin' de streets to show off a small foot or a new bonnet. De world calls it progress. We must shet our hearts against our naybnr. sacri fice all fur fashnn. conceal our limps and pains, appear what wo am not, an' when we go lo de grave lur rest we am forgot ten in a week. Wliar one woman looks to heaben a dozen looks to fashnn. Whar one man helps de poo' from kindness of heart, a dozen chip in hecause the list of names will be published in do paper. When I sot down of an evonin' and fink dese tings ober it makes me sad. I don't know jist how wicked aodom was. nor what deviltry dey was np to in Gomorrah, bat if either town had mo' wanity, wicked ness, frivolity and deceit dan Detroit, Chicago, Bullalo or any odder city in dis kentry, rents mas' have been awfnl high." Detroit Free Press.