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Green-Mountain freeman. [volume] (Montpelier, Vt.) 1844-1884, June 20, 1883, Image 1

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NO- 25.
Similar School Lesson Holes.
1(V uev. J. o. SHBKHUMI.
July int: jonnua SUccoaeor to jfoioa-Joahua 1:1-1
WitU the new quarter we take a sharp
turn from study of the history of the
Christian churoh back to a study of the
early Jewish churoh. It Is both imperti
nent and unnecessary to inquire into the
wisdom of the committee who have
arranged our Sunday school work. For,
though there would bo advantages in con
tinuing the interesting history wo had
just well begun, we are not to take np
work essentially different. We shall still
be learrlng of God's workings with his
people, and of the mighty nid he gives his
servants that trust in him.
The book of Joshua is oalled the first of
tho historic books of the Bible. The earlier
books are termed tho "Books of the Law."
They, Indeed, contain most important his
tory, but in the book of Joshua wo come to
tho history of the Israelites after they
became really a separate people. The book
uf Joshua is mostly an account of the
wars by which they made conquest of the
hind ot Canaan. This book is considered
the production of Joshua himself, save a
few verses at its close. It takes up the
history of God's people just at tho time
when their forty years of bard wandering
in the wilderness was endod. Moses had
died alone upon the height of one of the
mountains of Moab east of Jordan.
Before his death, as we Bhould now say,
ho mentioned hiB successor. Joshua had
shown himsolf a courageous man, and a
wise counsellor, was withal a man of war.
It is not impossible that he had secured
military training by being connected with
the Egyptian army.
Up to this point they had made no war of
conquest. They had sometimes engaged
the native tribes about them on account of
some indignity they had suffered, but
henceforth there was to be continuous
warfare until tho tribes then inhabiting
the land were oonquered. It will bo seen
that Joshua is styled Moses' minister;
this torm means servant, in genera, but
it may be considered as having here more
of its modern sense, as used in French
politics, when they speak of minister of
finance, or minister of public instruction,
or of war. It is probable that Joshua had
held the highest official place under Moses
before the death of the latter. The name
Joshua was given by Moses, or rather his
reil name (Oshea) meaning salvation,
wa9 changed when he first went with the
spies to reconnoitor the hind of Canaan,
by adding the name of deity; so tha
Jebosb.ua, (which was contracted to Josh
ua) mount Jehovah's salvation. To this
man, after Moses was dead, God spake.
Wo are not told tho method of his oom-
mnninatinn. but it IS enough that tie so
spake that Joshua heard and obeyed. The
language addressed to Joshua seems to
imply that Moses' lifo was u barrier to the
conquest of Canaan. This was in no sense
tho case, save that Moses had been told
that he should not enter the land in person.
Thouah Moses their great leader was
dead, tho people were yet to go forward.
The land is spoken of as already given to
the people, and the command to enter it
is accompanied with very cheering prom
ises. Every portion of it was to bo theirs
from the moment they set foot upon It, i
e., they wero not to make conquests und
then be driven from them. The possessio-i
was to be enlarged under their domini n,
as it was under David and Solomon, when
the bounds here given were reached. More
than all this be is assured I hat no man
should be ablo to stand beforo him ; clearly
meaning that in every conflict with the
natives ho should be victorious. Then as
if to make assurance doubly sure, God
says "As I was with Moses so will I be
with thee." This pledge would naturally
recall all the wonderful achievements of
Moses, in Egypt aud in the desert and
would give ample ground for coniplote
What mighty assurance, when God says.
as be docs to all bis faithful ones, "I will
not fail thee, nor forsake thee."
But though God pledged himsolf to be
with bis servant it was necessary that his
servant should nerve himself with all the
courage he could master; for the under
taking was a great and difficult one, and
God never grants so much aid that man
does not need to tax his own powers to
tho utmost.
Anyone wbo thinks that to follow God
in all things Is an easy task, has need to
undertake the work, then he will become
competent to judge. The prime condition
upjn which all these promises hinged was
that Jo9hua should observe to keep the
whole law given by Moses, and not "turn
from it to tho right hand or to the loft
Goi proposes to give oomplete victory to
every man wbo meets these conditions
and the great cause of moral', weakness
among men is that they turn aside from
God's way so often.
A very important snggestion is further
given as to the means by which courage
and fidelity wero to be fostered and sup
ported. Joshua is commanded to be
diligent student of the law. This wag all
the written word ho then had, but by
carefully studying this he would be able
to learn the divine will, and would be
taught to profit in doing tho samo
there was so much reason for his giving
heed to the written word of God, how
much more for us to whom so much
more is given.
But it is tho high privilege of every
servant of Go J to go forth to his work
trusting in all the soul strengthening
promises hero ruado to Joshua. No
Scripture is of any private interpretation
Every man's commission from the Great
King reads this way :
"Have not commanded thee? Bo strong
and of good courage; be not afraid neither
dismayed; for the Lord thy God is with
thee whithersoever thou gocst."
Presiding Elder Aoo ou the Boundary i
As we gave tho resolutions passed at
the reoont session of tho Vermont confer
ence concerning the "boundary question,"
wo copy below the reply of Presiding
Elder Noe and the comments thereon
from tho Vermont Christian Messenger.
Presiding Elder Nor of Burlington
district sends the following, with a request
for its publication. We have no desire lo
open the columns of tho Messenger for
the discussion of the boundiry question,
and admit tho article because it has
already been published in other papers as
though it were conclusive in refutation of
tho report of the committee of reference
appointed by the conference, and is now
forwarded to the Messenger for publica
tion on the ground that as a matter of
justice it should appear in answer to said
Editor Vermont Christian Messenger:
Thoro seems lobe such a misapprehension
of facts in tho report of tho committee
appointed at tho late session of the Ver
mont conference, lo which was referred
tho question of tho boundary between the
Vermont and the Troy conferences, and
which report was published in the Messen
ger ; and as said report flatly contradicts
tho most reliable statements made on the
floor of the Vermont oonferenco by such
men as Samuel Huntington, Judge Carney,
Hon. L. H. Kellogg, G. D. Thrall gnu
other laymen as well as several ministers,
men who live in the territory in question,
and who know the actual condition of the
churches, nnd is made in the face of a
memorial which was before the committee
signed by a largo proportion of tho ollicial
men ol llio district. It seems tome that
truth, justice and fairness demand that a
statement bo made of known facts.
It should also bo stated, that tho com
mittee which prepared this report was
made up of the most partisan men of the
conference in this l-otmdarv question;
and that the conference refused to give
the Burlington district a single man on
the committee, although tho custom of
tho conference is to make up all commit
tees with a representative from each dis
trict. And when a request was made
that n strong and influential committee
appointed by the district stewards of
Burlington district who bore a memorial
igned by a large body of tho oflicial men
of the dlstrtot, have tho privilege of ad
dressing the conference on tho subject for
which they had been appointed, Hie con
ference endeavored to send the whole
matter to this cast-iron committee; ami it
was only after a struggle that the privi
lege of being heard before the conference
was granted them.
I he committee in their published report
referred to, used tho following language :
It has been stated, m the public press.
and in debate upon this conference floor
that the former union of Burlington dis
trict with tho Vermont conference from
18C0 to 1868 was disastrous to that district;
while the oflicial statistics show tho con
trary to be true in relation to the spiritual,
numerical and financial condition in 1808
as compared with 18G1."
I am not aware that statistic? show the
soiritual condition of a district except
ndirectly by tho numerical increase or
decrease. Statistics do not speak of the
intense excitement which shook tho dis
trict, of conventions held, of newspaper
controversies, which necessarily checked
the tide ot prosperity which tho district
had enjoyed for years.
At the conference session of 1SG8, the
presiding elder, liev. Bennett Eaton, a man
oi iicuiuua luviuui y, uauuiu, iaii aim
noble minded, stated in his report, ns
oublisned In tne conference mtmiu-n "it
was an unfortunate day for the district
when it was severed from its former con
nection and attached to tho Vermont
conference." This was tho statement of
tho presiding elder of the district at the
close of the eight years; and no man was
in a position to know as well as he the
exact slate of things. In regard to the
statistics of church property, had there
been no church built or improvements
made the natural rise of property between
1660 and 1868 was large. The fairest
showing of statistics is the report of
members and probationers. Here are the
Azures. Tho charges transferred from
the Troy to the Vermont conference in I860
as printed in tho 1 toy conference min
utes of that year reported 2101 members
and 247 probationers. The samo charges
in 1803 reported 200o members and JioC
probationers; 100 of those probationers
being in tho Burlington church. Thus
after eight years the district had flu less
members and 10'J nioro probationers;
while tho samo district had gained in ten
years previous to 18G0, .081 members and
probationers, iho ht. Albans district, which
was also transferred to the Vermont confer
ence in 1800, during the samo eight
years to 18G8, lost 111 members aud 103
probationers, lhe greater loss of the
St. Albans district may have been owin
to tho fact that a presiding older and
ministers from tho old Vermont conference
wero stationed on tho district durino- the
eight years, while tho Burlington district
successfully resisted such changes. The
two transferred districts in 18GS. after
eight years of enforeod connection with
the Vermont conterenco had an aggregato
of 210 less members and probations than
they had in I860. If it be said : "These
wero years ol war," now does it happen
that tho remaining districts left in
the Troy conference, during tho samo
years made an aggregate gain of 2731
morabcrs and probationers? It is also
a fact, as shown by tho ollicial records,
that whilo the St. Albans district in ten
years from 1850 to 18G0 gained in member
ship 283 more than the Burlington district
did in tne samo time, yet tho Burlington
district during twelve years of restored re
lation to Troy conference from 1 8G8 to 1880,
srainod 220 morn members than the St.
Albans district did in 20 years from 18G0
to 1880. It is evident to any but the
most prejudiced minas, mat tho transfer
of 180'0 was a groat damage to tho M. E.
church In western Vermont, as was also
the transfer of 1880.
Tho second "whereas" of the report
says: "It is assumed that the feeling of
opposition to the present union of the
Burlington district with tho Vermont
conference is so intense that the future
prosperity, harmony and spiritual good of
tue cnurcn is nopeiessiy imperiled if the
union bo continued jwhile such assumption
is refuted by tho present condition
. C ci. All , ;
ui iuo oi. Aiuang uistricr, once in a
liko condition of grievous discontent,
oui now in a cordial, loyal nnd un
questioned sympathy with tho Ver
mont conference." What strange logic
is this! That because achange of sentiment
has occurred on the bt. Albans district,
therefore a similar change must occur on
tho uurllngton district. Facts go for
nothing in the lace of such logic.
The next "wheras" is a most remarka
ble deliverance ibo committee had
embarked in such wholesale contradiction
of the ministers and members of Burlington
distriot that they slide into a contradiction
of themsolves. They had just stated that
the St. Albans district was "once in alike
condition ot grievous discontent," ovident
ly meaning like tho present condition of
the Burlington district; now they state
"It Is assumed that tho pooplo of the
Burlington district are nlllicted bv the
sundering of tondor ties and the breukin
ot sacred bonds of nttachmons by this
transfer; while such assumption is utterly
without substantiation." Thoy not ;only
contradict iho ministers nnd laymen of the
district, who live on tho ground and are
presumed to know tho nlliction which
they themselves sudor, but they contra
dict also their own statements, lue latter
part of (his section evades the real issue;
lor it is not so much the "geographical"
barrier (though that is not inconsiderable)
that hinders the affiliation of the district
with tho Vermont conference, as tho delib
erate, persistent, reckless nnd repeated
ignoring and overriding of the wishes,
votes ami protests of the ministers and
members of the district. Instead ol
adopting tho methods which leaders in
t his country use of winning the people
over to their views, theso leaders have
never sought to create a sentiment in
favor of forming the whole st .le into one
conference. Not so much as a circular
bas ever beon sent to the churches, or a
canvass made, but they havo simply Bought
by tho powt rs of tho general conference
to chain the district to them. It is no
strango thing in this country that such
methods have driven men into a united,
lirm and successful resistance. -
It seems strange that any honest, truth
ful man can question the statement, so
often made, that a largo majority of the
people of Burlington district are opposed
to union Willi the Vermont conference, in
view of the following facts: First Just
previous to tho genoral conference of 1880,
in view of tho request of tho Vermont
conference for a commission to transfer
the district to them, every quarterly con
fmoneo on tha distriot but 1 voted against
such a transfer. (These quarterly confer
ences contain all tho uflluial members of
the churches. Second The electoral col
lego, which met that year, made up of one
delegate from each church voted unani
mously ngainsL such transfer. Third
Two years ago a memorial signed by a
large number of laymen was sent to the
Vermont conference, praying that body lo
appoint n commission to rotrocedo the
district. Fourth One year ago a resolu
tion prepared by a committee of the
disti ict stewards, expressive of the contin
ued and united opposition of the laymen
of tho district to tho transfer, was adopted,
in most cases unanimously, by nearly
every quarterly conferenco of the distriot.
Fifth At the iast sessson of tha Vermont
conferenco a memorial was presented,
signed by a largo part of the oflicial
members of tho district, in which they
strongly express their firm conviction
"that a continued attempt to coerce these
churches to an alliance that they have
from tho fust objected to will not only be
damaging to the interests of tho several
churches of the distriot, but will be of no
advantage to Methodism in Vermont."
A committee of six prominent laymen,
accompanied by thirteen other laymen,
were present, seven of whom addressed
tho conference. These men stated that
there was a remarkable unanimity on the
district against tho transfer of the distriot
to Iho Arermont conference, and that to
continue to hold tho district would work
harm to tho churches, with no good result
to the conferenco.
There has been evidenco given to the
Vermont conferenco showing the strong
and firm opposition of tho laymen of the
district, sulUcient to send 100 men to the
gallows if thoy wero tried for murder and
hail as strong evidence against them, and
yet tho committee who prepared that
report nsser that these statements, made
by laymen and by ministers, of their own
personal knowledge and feelings, that tho
people of Burlington district are sorely
alllictcd wilh the transfer, is "utterly
without substantiation."
Much of this report is an insult to tbe
ministers and laymen of the Burlington
district, and can onlv tend to further
alicniate the churches from tho Vermont
It la no pleasure for us to bring theso
matters before the public; and hut for the
icumihably reckless statements referred
to, and to tho fact that tho veracity of a
number of ministers and laymen was thus
called in question, wo Would have been
si.cnt. John J. Nob.
Having complied with the request to
publish the foregoing, that our readers
may sec how strong a case can be made
out as against the report of the committee
referred to, when the best arguments are
stated on the other side, as well as in
deference to tho claim that wo ought to
give both sides a hearing in these columns,
wo call attention to the fallacies of the
article. S: far as its personal allusions
are concerned, as regarding the partisan
ship of "this east iron committee," no
reply is called for, and tho intelligent nnd
observing reader will comprehend that
thev arc only tlio superfluous expressions
of an cncrgo'.iu writer who is uncultured
in tho art of condensation. I heir cflect is
ilso likely to react upon tho writer, for it
is generally understood to oe indicative oi
t poor ctuse, when a writer or speaker
must impute unworthy motives to othors
as the groundwork of his own arguments.
As regards the points of argument we
note: 1. The quotation from the report
of Uev. Bennett Kiton, then presiding
elder, to tho conference of 1868 is but an
isolated passage as quoted, and when
read in its proper connection is simply
explanatory of the difficulty of supplying
tho charges witn pastors according lo
their varied wants." If Bro. Noo will
tuin tho leaf on which he found the
anguage quoted by him, ho will there
find the summing up of tiro. Elton s
report as follows :
The standard of religious experience
and the tone of personal piety havo, I
think, not depreciated but improved some
what during tno year; and, as tne result
of this, nnd of faithful Christian efforts by
ministers and people, many churches
have enjoyed gracious revival Influences.
This has been the case in Burlington,
Bristol, Starksboro, Hinesburgh, Middle
bury. Weybridge, Shorcham, Ilonyon,
Rutland and l'itlsford; and in some of
these places large numbers have been
converted to God. The converts are of
all ares, from childhood to three score
years and ten, nnd from all classes of
sinners, irom tno virtuous youtn to tne
hoary headed infidel nnd blasphemer.
Probably tho number of conversions in
the district during the year, through the
instrumentality of our ministry nnd
ohurches, has been something like four
hundred, and the number of probationers
received, not far from three hundred and
fifty ; and the figures in our forthcoming
minutes will doubtless show a good
increase both of probationers nnd mem
bers." To use the language of Bro. Noe:
"This was the statement of tho presiding
elder of tho district at tbe closo of eight
years; and no man was in a position to
know ns well as ho the exact state of
In regard to the statistical comparison
upon Burlington district, even if we take
Bro. Noo's own figurcs.there is a net gain
of members nnd probationers, and with
the evidenco of his own witness, Presiding
Elder Eaton, it all goes to show that the
district in common Willi other localities
was recovering from tho depression of the
war period nnd begiuning to grow in
numerical strength.
Meanwhile four churoh edifices and
thrco parsonages wore nddod to the num
ber and tho value of ohurch property
increased from $87,975 to $121,300, and
even allowing for tho rise of real estate
during tho war period this shows general
prosperity. Fiirthor, the preachers of the
district received $9,620 la 1860, as
compared with $13,231 in 18G8, nnd the
benevolent collodions which amounted to
$1352.08 in I860, wore increased to
$2380.21 in 1HGM. As for Bro. Noo's
figures for St. Albans distriot and in
regard to tho comparison with the Troy
oonfernnoa territory, they have nothing to
do) with tho case, and the above show
ing sustains the statomont of the committee
ihat the spiritual, numerical and flnanoial
condition of Burlineton distriot in 1868 as
compared with 1800, gave evidence Ihat
the eight years union was not "disastrous."
2. Bro. Noe quotes from the commit
tee: 'It Is assamed that tbe people of
Burlington district are afllioted by the
sundering of tender ties snd the breaking
of snored bonds of attachment by this
transfer; while such an assumption is
utterly without substantiation" The
manner of the quotation is no credit lo
the writer, for he substitutes a period for
a comma, nnd. garbles the meaning of tile
sentence. Let the intelligent renler
replace the co limi after "substantiation"
and read on; "and all Methodistij history
observation and experience unite to show
that neither geographical, ecclesiastical,
social or political linos, bound! or barriers,
imaginary or real. In the church or in the
world, havo any power lo disj jint, (he
fraternity of our connectional Methodism."
The committee did not question th
"allliction" of certain piople over lhe
transfer, nor ihat it has been chronic in
manifestation, peevish in tone and childish,
in character, extending the nlHiclion to
all who have boon compelled lo hear tholf
complaints; but showed forth Iho incon
sistency of such a plea in view of lhe
connectional bond of Methodism as a per
petual safeguard against tho imagined
Theso two points being disposed ol the
remainder of the artiole is without point,
being framed to support tho stateof "ffl o
lion," which is not in question. It deals,
as mnnl with the writer in discussing this
issue, with innuendoes and inferences
which are of doubtlul import concerning
lhe fair mindednosa and Christian conduct
of the conferoi oo and its members gener
ally. .
The conference Ins suomittod to mis
manner of treatment without replying.
through those three years, and does not
need to bo defended now. Wo might
remark upon the significant assertion by
riro. jnoc mat tuu uistiiui win iiol iwiio.tiu
with the conference beoause of "the over
riding of the wishes votes nnd protests of
the ministers and members" and inquire
how it can harmonize wilh the oft repealed
statement that the ministers are not in the
controversy to "wish, vote or protest
except for the people.
We might dwell upon the fact that at
the conferenco session at St. Albans Bro.
Noe slated that ho could not find the min
utes of 1868, and congratulate him upon a
nearer approaoh lo accuracy since he has
found them, although now in error.
We might call nttention further to
the fact that he ignores the entire gist of
lhe report ho assumes lo nnnibiln'e, and
in belaboring some misapprehended sta
tistics nnd an assumed statement which
was never, made, he unfairly passes by
the vital points of the report and is wholly
silent concerning its expressions of cordial
desire to vindioate tho right, wherever it
may bo found.
But wo refrain from drawing out tho
argument nnd only remark that in our
judgment a paper prepared for publica
tion in answer lo the report of the confer
ence committee would have reflected more
credit upon its author if it had dealt fairly
with tho whole report, instead of stooping
to the work of disjointing its par ts to mis
interpret its tone.
Orioin of Biliards The game ol
billiards was invented about the middle of
the sixteenth centurv by a London pawn
broker named William Kew. In wet
weather this pawnbroker was in the
habit of taking down the three balls, and
w tn t ie vard measure pusumx mem,
billiard fashion, from the counter Into the
stalls: in time, the idea of aboard with
sido pockets suggested itself. A black
letter manuscript says: -luaster ivmiain
Kew did make onn board whereby a game
is played with three balls; nnd all the
young men wore greatly rooreaie'i incroui,,
chiefly tho young clergymen from St.
l'awlcs; nence one oi ye siroKcs was
named a 'cannon,' having been by one of
ye said clergymen invented. The game
Y , 1 i ,kn ..e ,u:n.....i
IS DOW hliuwu uy uie u.tiuc (it uiujniu,
because William or Bill Kew did first
play with a yard measure. The stick is
now oalled a 'kew,' or 'kuo.'" It is easy
to comprehend how "bill-yard" had been
modernized into billiard; and tno trans,
formation of "kew," or"ku-V into "cue'
is equally apparent.
A Uozkn Good Rules. I. Kemombor
that our will is likely to bo crossed every
dav : so be prepared lor it.
2. Everybody in the bouse has an evil
nature ns well as ourselves; therefore do
not expect too much.
3. Look upon each member of the
family as one for whom we should havo a
4. When any good happens to any
one, rejoice wilh them.
5 Observe when others are Buttering
and drop a word of kindness and sympa
thy suited to them.
6. If from sickness, pain, or infirmity,
we feel irritable, let us keep a close watch
over oursolvcs.
7. Watch for the opportunities of
pleasing, and of putting little annoyanecs
ont of the way, and try for tho "soft
answer turneth away wrath."
8. Be very gentle with tbe little ones
and treat them with proper respect.
9. Speak kindly' to the servants, and
praise them for little things when you
10. In all little pleasures which may
occur, put yonrself last.
11. Take a cheerful view of everything,
even of the weather, and encourage hope.
12. Never judge harshly of any one,
but attribute a good motive whenever you
13. Put yourself in his plaoe.
A Caution Against Sulphur Fumes.
Certain paragraphs are now being
freely copied in the press in regard to tbe
health-giving properties of sulphur fumes
emanating fiom manufactories whore par
ticular chemical product? are made. It Is
quite desirable, we are told, "to have sul
phur fumes in tho neighborhood," and
that such vapors ought to bo regarded as
blessings in disguise. According to the
testimony of unbiased persons, over since
they have been living in the proximity of
the establishment from which tho fumes
arise, they have never suffered from coughs
or colds. Some of these disinterested wit
nesses, persons suffering from pulmonary
diseases, we are informed, have moved to
the sulphurous regions and bavo been
benefited by the change. But all this
proves nothing, save that sulphur, when
absorbed into the human system, ihows
certain effects. It is all very well, when
a person bas a cold in the head, to snuff
sulphur fumes, and thereby receive some
relief, for the properties of this substance
are quite well known. It is quite probable,
too, that if a man subject to a peculiar
skin disease were to work in a sulphur
factory his onre would be rapid. Bat it is
a oase where the cure might in time be
worse than the disease. It is not a question
of quality, but of quantity. Sulphurous
acid In the air for in that condition it is
always produced in quantity when sul
phnr'is burned is not an innocuous sub
stance, but very dangerous and corrosive,
and is quite as destructive of animal tissue
ns sulphuric acid. There are innumerable
substances which, it taken occasionally or
In small doses, oan do no harm, but when
absorbed in a wholesale way, and for a
long time, they limply kill.
J.lfe in a leaf of paper white,
Whereon oac-h one of us may write,
Ilia word or two, and then cornea ulKht:
Thoutdi tliou hava time
Tint fur a Hue, be that sublime;
Not failure, but low aim Is crime.
-J. II. I.OUXll.
lu many a village w-ludow burn
The eveuiug lamps,
Tliey shine amid the dews nnd damps
Those lights of home 1
Afar the wanderer sees tUcm glow,
Now night Is near;
They gild his path with radiauce clear.
Sweet lights of home. ,
Ye lodo-stars that forever draw
The weary heart,
lu stranger lauds' of crowded mart:
O ! lights of home.
When the brief day of life is o'er,
Tiieu may I see,
Mlilue from the heaveuly house for me
Di-ur lights of homo.
- ff. . Kino-
;itvi.(i oi.ii.
Softly, O Roftly.the yoars huve swept by thee,
Toucbiuif tbee liKbtly, with tendercst oare:
Sorrow aud doalh they huveufteu brought uixh thee
Vet they have lolt thee but beauty to wear,
drowiuir old ifracef ally,
Oracefillly fair. i
Tar from the storms that are laabiUK the ocean.
Nearer each day to the pla aut rloina liaht;
Far from the waves that are bis- with commoliou,
Uuilur full Mill, and the harbor lu sihti
Orowililf old cheerfully,
Cbuerlal and bright.
Past all the winds that wore adverse and chilliuK',
Past all tho islands that lured thee to rest.
Past all the currents that lured thee uuwIUlnKly
r'ar from Uiy cuurBi; to the land of lhe litest :
OrowiuKold peacefully,
peaceful aud blest.
Novera feolluK ofeuvy or Borrow
Wlieu the bright faces of children are Been ;
Never a year from the youutr would'st thou borrow
Tbou doBt remember what licst between :
OrowiUKOld willingly,
Thauklul, serene.
Rich In experience that auifols might covet,
ltich in a faith that has growu with thy yoars,
Rich In a love that grew from and abovelt,
Hoothlng thy sorrows and hushing thy fears:
Growing old wealthily,
Loving aud dear.
Hearts at the aouud of thy coming are lighteuod
Ueady and willing thy hand to relieve;
Many a face at thy kind word has brightened -
It is more blessed to give than receive;"
(irowiug old happily,
Ceasing to grieve.
Eyes that grow dim to the earth and its glory
Have a sweet recotupeuce youth cannot know ;
Ears that grow du 11 to the world aud Its story
UriUK 1U bUO lllUKt luilb iitiu. i ainuioB nun .
((rowing old graciously,
Purer thau snow.
Like in a Little Mud Hut Start
ling Effects Produced bv Cloud and
Atmosphere. If you wish to see me
now! What contrasts there are in lite;
indeed, half the world do not know how
tho other half live. Here we nre in a
little mud but, the floor of earth and lhe
walls of mud bricks. The roof isof shingles
but spaces between permit the wind to
enter and play round tue cabin in gusts
A rough bed ot wood stands in one cornor
wilh a wire mattress; over that are spread
a buff do robe and some blankets. Upon
this bed we sleep. There is a rude fire
place whereon burn brigntiy mesqutte
logs. Two desks nnd some camp stools
complete the list of furniture. Tbe wash
stand is unique a piece ol cactus stump
with a broad shingle top, on which rests a
tin basin. Boxes with shelves nailed in
ornament the walls and serve for dressing
tables, closets, etc. We take our meals in
a tent. Tbe cook is Chinese, of course
and very good meals he serves us much
better than are obtained at some railway
stations. This is a wild, picturesque spot,
on a li j oli nlateau. surrounded bv nionn
tain peaks, looking down npon either side
into deep gulches. The country about is
devoid of verdure, except tho "scrub
mesquile and ohapparal and a peouliar
sneeies of cacti, resembling sentinels
standing about as they do, solitary shafts,
with occasional arms. Some of them
look almost human, an excrescence form
ing a sort of head, and branches liko
arms protruding at about tho distance
from tho head that arms snouiu grow.
Thev nre very weird in the starlight
The queer looking Mexicans one moots,
with iho broad brimmed sombrero and
blanket about tho shoulders, recalls to
mind Iho dandies of tho play, and invol
untnrily one's heart beats quick with fear
at the meeting. livery now anu men tne
ihut) of dislniit blasting makes one
imagine a battle nfar. During the day I
traniDover tho hills, and at night watch
for tho beautiful sunset which floods the
sky and mountains "with purple nnd
red." Nowhere on earth are more
startling effects produced by cloud and
atmosphere than nere in me wnns oi
Arizona. A Woman's Letter, in Chicago
Stiniiv Daw. Davy was a very pretty
little boy. Ho had light curly hair, dark
blue eves, and rosy cheeks. But ho was
very stingv. Ho did not liko to share
with his l.tlle brothers and sisters. One
day he went into tho kitchen where his
mother was at work, and saw on the table
a saucer of jelly.
"Can I have that jelly?" nsked Davy
"Mrs. White sent it to me," said Davy's
mother. "Sue bag company to dinner
and made this jelly very nice. Hut I don't
care for it ; so you may havo it if you
won t be stincy with it."
Davy took the saucer of jolly and went
ont into lhe yard; but he did not call his
little brothers and sisters to help him eat
"If I divide with them, there won't be
a spoonful apiece," be thought. "It
is better for one to have cnongh than for
each to bavo just a little."
So he ran to lhe barn and climbed up lo
tho loft, where no ono would think of
looking for him.
Just as ho began to eat the jelly he
heard bis sister Fannio calling him. But
be did not answer her. He kept very
"They always want some cf everything I
have," he said lo himself, "If I had just
a ginger-snap they think I ought to give
mem eacn a piece."
When the jelly was all eaten, and he
had tor aped the saucer clean, Davy went
down into the barn-yard and played with
the little white calf, and hunted for eggs
in the shed wbero the cows were. He
was ashamed to go into tbe house, for be
knew he had been stingy about the
"O, JJavy, " said tannic, running into
the barn-yard, where have you been tbis
longtime? Wo havo looked everywhere
tor you.
"What did you want?" asked Davy,
thinking that ot course, bis sister would
say she had wanted him to share the jolly
witn ner.
"Mother gave us a party," said Fannie.
"We bad all the dolls' dishes set out on
a little table under the big tree by the
porch ; and we nnd strawberries, cake and
raisins, .lost as wo sat down to cat, Mrs
White saw us from the window, and she
Bent oyer a big bowl of ice cream and
some jolly, left front her ilinnp.i. We had
a splendid time. You ought to have been
wilh us."
Poor Davy! How mean ho felt ! And
he was woll punished for eating his jolly
all alone.
Ex Speaker Randall, at bis summer
cottage, gives his visitors milk to drink.
Tho opposition lo him in oertain-democrat-lo
circles is not so comprehensible after
all, when you come to think of it. Vhila
uclphia Nlws.
Glass tbingles are now being made In
Pittsburg. They're very bandy for a
mother, as she can see through the
shingle and note just bow much redder
the boy h is been made. Boston Post.
English capitalists are growing enthu
siaslic over tho possibilities of money
making by land purchases in this country.
The great investments made of late in
Florida have been much written about,
but other southern states are attraoting
interested nttention in England. One tract
of about a third of a million acres in Tex
as has been bought by one English com
pany, and another has lately bonght over
a million nda quarter acres in Mississippi.
Theso men are confident that southern
land, which can now be bought for a trifle,
must rapidly and greatly increase in value,
and I heir plau is lo make a small outlay
for drainage mid the encouragement of
colonizttiou. wilh the belief that they will
be able either to exact paying rents or
sell at a largo profit.
A Beak's Winter Nap. Mr. James
Hopper, of Edw.irdsburg, is the happy
possessor of a year old boar, for which he
bas snu2 quarters prepared in tho shed.
On the 6:h of last December, his bearslilp,
no. doubt feeling drowsy, retired to his
auartois, and much to the surprise of bis
owner, lefused to be coaxed ont again,
even envoi y dishes placed at the door of
bis box had not the slightest ellect upon
him. Weeks passed into months, nnd slill
bruin remained in a Mate of lethargy,
until people began to look forward to the
17tb ol March, when all well reguiaiea
bears are supposed lo come forth and look
for their shadows. Hut alas! for the old
story, he came not foi lb, aid it was not
until lhe 28ili of lhe month ihat lie conde
scended to poke his brown nore out and
partake of a little ini Ik, and not until the
'J.h of April that he may b ) said to have
partaken of a square meal. His long fast
docs not seem to havo disagreed with him,
as he looks just as well as ever. rrescott.
Canada, Messenger.
Embarrassed. The Rev. Mr.
was one of lhe most bashful men in the
profession and constantly getting . into
scrapes though his nervous mistakes. At
ono time he lose in his pulpit lo giro out
tho hymn. "This world is all a fleeting
show," and after clearing his ihroat he
struck a high pitch of voice and begun
solemnly :
This world is nil a 11 rating shoo.
Everybody smiled except tho deacons,
aad the minister was covered with confu
sion as he began again :
"This world is all a shouting How."
This onlv made matlers worse, and the
unhappy man cleared his throat with Ire
mennous lorce and oegan onco again:
"This world is all a floating she."
Then he slammed the hymn book down,
and, wiping his clammy brow, said:
"Brethren, for some reason I cannot
road that hymn as it should be read. We
will omit it, and llie cnoir win p;case
sing tho grand old lines beginning:
"Just as I am williout one ilea."
Gould's Wonderful Ycht. Among
the conveniences with which Mr. Gould's
yacht will be fitted will be a large and
improved ice machine, capablo of making
a thousand pounds of ice daily. The ma
chine was originally constructed for the
United K'aies man of war Tallapoosa
The ji'ht will also be provided
with a iwtrnt distilling machine, which
will daily oouvort GOO gallons of salt wat
er into freasi. On hundred and fifty Edi
son lights will illuminate the vessel. Thir
ty lights will be required in tbe engine
room alone. The crew.which will number
fifty men will include an clectrican. The
yacht will soon be ready for its trial trip.
Carpenters and upholsterers are now bus
ily engaged in transforming the space be
low the decks into palatial quarters. The
finest of woods are being used in fitting
up tbe rooms. The sleeping rooms will
be supplied with button-wood, sycamore.
California laurel, white maple, Spanish
cedar, and cherry, the bathroom, white
maple; dining saloon, oak; social hall,
black walnut. The bullwarks will be cap
ped with solid mahogany. Tho engines,
which are of 400 horse power, wero recent
ly tried and found to work liko a charm.
Oao hundred revolutions per minute were
made, and when the trial was over not a
drop of water was found on tho journals
Mr. .Nelson u donnson, ,ir,, oi rniiaaei
phia bas been selected chief engineer.
The yaoht is expected to mako twenty
knots an hour..
A Remarkable Salt Lake. United
States Marshal A. L. Morrison of Albu
querque, in Now Mexico, and about 50
miles from the Arizona line, which he
lately visited in company with Gen. John
A. Logan of Illinois and Surveyor General
Atkinson of New Mexico. The lake is
located on the top of a volcanic mountain,
and evidently occupies an extinct crater.
lhe lake perhaps is three quarters of a
mile in diameter, and is so strongly im
preguated with salt that a thick crust of
pure wnilo sail Of a spongy consistency iik
floating ice encrusts the margin. It is
so plentiful that it is carried away by tho
wagon load. It has long been used by the
Indians. The Bait is white, of the purest
quality, and Is destitute of sand or any
foreign ingredient. Its texture is porous,
like concealed white foam. The marshal
bas one specimen enclosing the stem of
some vegetable whioh can be handled like
an apple by its stem, lint tno most cur
ious feature of tbis lake is a tall circular
column of monument shaped formation,
which rises near tbe centre of the lake to a
height of 100 feet, and which appears to
be composed ot wnite lava tnrown up uy
a convulsion during some ancient geologi
cal period. The outside of this singular
column slODes from the base toward the
top, and is sufficiently rough to admit of
its being climbed. On reaching the top cf
the cone the interior was found to be
hollow liko a tube, and at the bottom was
a circular nond of water of a bright emer
ald green color which was probably due
to the sparse rays of light that penetrated
this huge tube and were reflected from the
smooth mirror like surface of the water.
No incrustations of salt were found on the
interior snrfaeo ns on the outside, hut on
diDiiine the hand into tho pond It came
out perfectly white from the particles of
salt that adhered to it. It was evidently a
very strong brino. lhe marshal bathed
In tbe pond, and experienced a very pleas
ant effect from this, one of nature's baths.
Some time was spent in a study of this
remarkable lake and Its mineral surround
ings. The marshal also mentions a deso
late, arid plain composed of lava, 100
miles wide, situated beyond the Organ
mountains (so called beoause their basal
tio like columns, as seen at a distance,
resemble the pipes of an organ.) Tbe
great plain beyond is about 80 miles east
of Las Cruzes. It is entirely destituto of
water, so that persons crossing this
inbospitnblo waste have to carry it with
Ihcm. Tho remarkable feature of this
desert Is an immense stratum of gypsum
or selenite of a pure white color, whioh
seen at a distanoe, resembles a huge snow
drift. This gypsum bed is several milos
in extent, aud Is sufficiently abundant to
supply the habitable globe for all purposes
for which it is used. Thero are other
remarkable physical appearances in the
recion mentioned, which is scaroely known
to the outside world. It Is a sceno of
A Drop ok Oil. In a short time tho
haying season with all its busllo and
hurry will be upon us. The farmor will
soon begin lo overhaul bis mower, rake,
etc., and get tlkem ready for theii work.
I have noticed that Iho average lifo of a
mower is from live to ton years. Some
last Inno-rr and others do not last so long
A good machine properly taken care of
ought to stand the constant wear of at
least fifteen seasons. An examination of
three-fourths of tho machines during the
hurry of the haying season would reveal
the cause of their so early giving out. I
think yon would find the main cause the
neglect to keep the nuts properly tightened
and the want of a fow drops of oil. A
first glance would probably satisfy you
that an abundance of oil had been used,
as the machine would be found nearly
covered with it, but a closer examination
wonld show you minute specks of iron
dust among tbe machinery, and that some
parts had been neglected and were so
wnrn m localise lost motion. One of lhe
older machines, I think the Hubbard, had
this motto painted on the seat, "Keep the
nuts tight anu ine oearings wen onun;
and from observation I think it should be
painted on every machine.
A few years ago a neighbor called on
mo to see if I could tell what was the
trouble with his machine. Ho had used it
but one season, and in the midst of the
season it had broken down and ne coma
not make it work. As I was using a
similar macnine ne mougnc puruaps i
oould toll him what the troublo was. An
examination showed the inside covered
with iron dust and the Pitman rod broken.
I asked bim if he bad oiled tho head of
the Pitman, and he replied he did not
suppose it needed oil there. He had seen
the iron dust and applied oil to every pari
of lhe machine but that. A new Pitman
costing four dollars was the price of lhal
few drops of oil not properly applied.
Lastseason I happened at a blacksmith's
shop, when one of our careful farmers
was getting a "Buckeye" repaired. Hi
aid the machine worked well, but when
he threw it out of sear the knives wouli'
kccD in motion until tho team stopped.
and it bothered him very much. It worked
all right the first year, but since then it
had troubled him. I attempted to throw
it out of gear and it took nearly my
whole strength to do so. I took the oil
can and applied a few drops of oil to the
rod which runs through the lever and
worked it until it worked readily, and
told him I guessed it would not bother
him now. "Why," he said, "I oiled ii
everywhere the agent told mo to, but he
did not toll me to oil it there," and lie
would not believe it would work all right
until he started the machine several
times. You havo got to mix a little
common sense with the oil before it works
all right. Many will say ho must have
been a fool, but he was not, and do not
begin to throw stones until you have
looked to seo if there is not a small glass
house somewhere in your own mower.
Do not buy tho cheap blue macbino oil.
It takes but very little oil if properly
used, and the best sperm or castor oil is
none too good.
Theso samo remarks will apply to tbe
hnrsB rakos. waiifons. carts, etc., which so
often "enrso the top bucket," or rather
the driver, and keeps the tarmer's worn
stock so poor. There are few persons
who place a proper estimate upon a drop
of oil. The creaking of door hinges,
pump handles and a thousand other
ihino-s that aro tolorated for a liietime
might be removed by the application of a
fow drops of oil. H.
House Notes. That the descendants ol
tho noleil stallion Justin Morgan nro mil
popular Mmong breeders is shown by the
following communication from our Ton
bridge correspondent : "In the early part
of this century the farmers of Tunbiidge
extensively patronized tho famous horse
Justin Morgan, and as his oolis grew up
his popularity increased. During the last
three years of his life, proving incapable
of procreating, he was mostly used as it
rl raft horse; aud in February, 18i'0 oi
1821, when ho had just returned from
Boston in a heavy team, ho got soscverch
kicked that Oilman Folsoni, now of South
Royalton, Vt., mercifully killed and bnricrl
him near the line between Tunbridge and
Chelsea, and only ono mile from the
present stage route from South Royalton
Central Vermont depot to Chelsea. Th
Bulrush horse nnd Gifl'ord were foaled in
Tunbridge, nnd Morgan Kaglo near by.
Woodbury, Bulrush and Morgan Eagle
stood there season after season, sweeping
all before them, and so great was the
demand for Morgans fifty years ago, thai
Charles Morris Lamb, then a young man
in Tunbridge, now a venerable and noteri
lawyer In South Royalton, bred six colts
from Woodbury in a single season. Thirty
years since Mr. Hutchinson sold for tin
western market an old stallion from
Morgan Eagle that left in Tunbridge
much superior stock. The present verj
largo Morgan, bred and still kept by
Hutchinson, continues to get excellent and
high selling colts, at the advanced age ol
twenty-three years. The Goodwin horse,
of Woodbury nnd Bulrush blood, a beau
litul animal of moderato size, now sola
and gone, was raised hero, und his
progeny possess the true Morgan charac
teristics. "At present the Morgan stock of this
town is woll represented by the stallions
Young Justin and Vampiro, both by Tag
gart's Abdallah, out of a Morgan mare
Nancv. formerly owned by Ansel Bur
bank, Taggavt's Abdallah was by Farmer's
Beauty, he by Gifford, he by Woodbury,
by old Justin Morgan. The dam of Tag
gart's Abdallah was Lady Mack, by old
Abdallah. Young Justin made his first
race last fall at tho Tunbridge fair, for a
premium, and oasily won without a skip
in 2.35, on a soft and long half mile track,
being five seconds better time than had
ever beon made ou mai cuuiae, iuo
nerfnrmance of loung Justin on mat
occasion surprised everyone, and disinter
ested amateurs declared they had never
seen his equal in an untrained horse that
had never been nantuea Dy a proiessionai
driver. He had been used for stock
purposes to within four days of the race.
Vampire is larger than his brother and by
many considered more beautiful, and his
speed groater according to his age.
Young Justin" and "Vampire" aro
numbered 1620 and 1591, in the fourth
volume of "Wallace's American trotting
register," being "Standard Bred," ani
mals. American Cultivator.
ninlno- mado from tbe following reeolp
has been in constant nse in many families
for several years. It does not injure even
the finest clothes, and tho cost Is trl
fling compared with any other bluing,
Tho quantity here noted has been Known
to last a lamuy oi six iisou yvnr.
Got ono ounce of oxalic acid, ono ounce of
Chinese or Prussian blue (either will do,)
one quart of soft water. Put it in a bottle.
shako it won lor two or mum nuui
mixing It ; alter mis no not sunne n at an.
If any of it settle to tho bottom, you oao
fill the bottle after using the first water.
If, when you buy it, it is not powdered,
ask the druggist to powdor It in a mortar
for you. Unloss the Chinese or Prussian
blue is pure it will not bo n sucoess; it
will preoipitate and make clothes spotted.
Ask the druggist to warrant it; for If it is
all right it is uuequaled by any bluing In
the market, and it is a matter of great
economy to us it; the quantity mentioned
costing only about twenty cents.
Tim famous "Island No. 10," in the
Mississippi river, no longer exists, and
the place where it stood is known onlv by
a Blight r'pple on the water. Before the
war it contained 400 acres, a fine residence,
a splendid orchard, nnd all tho concomi
tants of a prosperous plantation. During
the war tho shores were lined with b.v I cr
ies supported by 7000 men.
New York's "best society" now cnt
their own bread at the table on a plate
made of wood from the boly land and
with a knife purchased in Damascus,
except on great occasions, when tho eldest
daughter, just from Vassar, makei the
bread herself. Then it is placed on a
slab of marble from Iialy and out with an
ix from tho woodshed. Philadelphia
t.T fninnniKni- " eiiil a TWrnir. hov to
his Sunday school toucher, you told me to
liwiys stop lino eoiiin. uuy wuuu y.
V.. Well. I'm dud to hoar it. It,
cooled your anger didn't it?-' "You see.
thoy ho came into our alley and mane
faces at mo and dared me to fisfht. I was
?ning for huu. He was bigger'n me, and
I'd havo got pulverized. I remnmbere I
what yon said and began to count." ' And
vou didn't fight?" "No, ma'am. .In si as
got to forty-two my big brother caruo
along, and the way ho licked that b ,v
would have made your mouth wuer! I
was going to count fifty and then run!"
An aged nogro in Austin, Tex,, known
as Uncle Moso, prosecuted a vagal)! nd for
stealing his chickens. The old m m made
out a clear case, describing his chicken s i.s
a peculiar Spanish breed, of which hx
was solo owne in that section. T'nn di -fendent's
lawyer sternly said; "Uncle
Moso, you claim nobody olsi h ti aiv of
those chickens hat you. Nov, what
would you sty if I wero to tell yo i Ihv I
lave half n Aor. tn in my bae.1t yard at
this time?" "Well, boss," ripal:l
Unclo Mose.I should say flat 'ar lief h-td
paid yer free wilh my chicken.s" That
jnded the cross cxtminition.
The ostriches on the ranch in California
havo exploded the old story that the foma'e
covers np her oggs and leaves th ira to be
hatched out by the not sun. i ne ioma'o
sits on tho eggs in the daytime, and iho
mole assumes that duty at night, allowing
lhe female to seek rest and recreation,
while he attends to tha household duiies.
The male is much more solicitous for his
household than in tho female. It is not
unfrequently that tho latter prefers to ad
about oather than take her turn at sitting,
and on such occasions her lord and m is
te; administers to her a dosorvel chastise
ment by kicking her heartily around the
paddobk until she manifests proper con
trition nnd signifies her willingness to set
tie down on the eggs.
China posessos tho longest bridge in tho
world. Langang, over an arm of the
China sea, and is livo miles long, 70 feet
high, with a roadway 70 feet wide, nrd
has o00 arches. The paraphet is a balus
trade, and each of the pillars, which are
75 feet apart, supports a pedestal on which
is placed a lion 21 feet long, made of one
block of marble.Tho highest? bridge in the
world is said to be tho railway viaduct at
Garabit, in i France, now being erected
ovor a river in the department of C tntal.
Thebridgo has a total length of about 1880
feet, near the middle of tha great centre
trch, which is ono of the noteworthy feat
arcs of tho structure, the height from the
river to the rail is 413 foot.
A correspondent of the National Lice
Stock Journal, Chicago, advises that in
the choico of a brood maro, that it is os--ntlnl
to exainino her pedigree to be sure
ihat sho comes down from a good family.
I'ho choico should fall upon a roomy frame,
that sho may carry her foal and drop it
without being deformed. It is an old
axiom, that a roomy mare, with a sound
constitution, good temper, and coming
lown from noblo ancestors, will orodue.o
in even formed, kindly disposed, excel
lent colt. The dam sho tld ho Bound in
wind nnd limb, body and gearing, without
lovc litary blemish to en', til to her ismo.
The mare should be free from woik
ooints. or imperfectly dovjlopuil quarters,
anlefs her parents on both sities were
remarkably sound and stoul.
A dragon fl such ns children c ill a
"devil's darning needle" came near
ausino; a liiohiful distsler in a N:w
York s 'hool home Friday. It ll sw into
ino of the rooms and soma of tbe little
:ir!s were 'lightened and began to scream,
while others ran out of the door. Tie
loiso was heard in other rooms, a cry of
tiro was started, and a number of children
went poll moll into iho stive'. A crowd of
2000 men and w-nnaii collected in a few
uinutes , rushing for lhe ent ranee and
struo-friin'T and sho.r.inj nnd tho wildest
oonfusion existed u itil a force of police
men came und restorod ord a'. 1 hero
were 2100 children in Iho bulling, but
the scire started o the lower Ibor and
ho teachers kept their heads and prevent
ed tho general ru-,h which would surely
havo cost many lives.
The Careless Usf. of Ice. It is only
in this country that ice enters so largely
into the apparent comfort of its inhabi
tants, and a very dangerous comfort it is.
Dyspepsia and a p umber ol other evils
follow directly in the I ruin of the con
sumption of ice. To the great pitchers of
iced water so temptingly oispiayett on not
lavs mav be trared a number of maladies.
for it is evident that no person can witht ut
danger suddenly and violently lower the
temperaturo of his stomach by filling it
full of water at 32" Fahrenheit. That
valuable organ will certainly rosent the
insult, especially if followed up by repeat
ed injuries of the same kind. In the
tropics, where the tiso ol ice has more
temptations surrounding it than any other
part of the world, tho inhabitants most
carefully avoid it. You cannot get a
Cuban to indulge in iced wator. People
who have been previously addicted to tno
foolish habit of using ico will, nfier visit
ing the West Indies, forever eschew the
dangerous practice. A party ot mon w ho
rocentiy visited San Domingo on business
(who would go thore for any other
reason f) on tueir n.st arrival mournea
greatly at the absence of ice. "Ah! ' said
ihey, "when the English steamer runs in
here wo will go aboard and have n treat
in tho shape of a good icod brandy and
soda." The steamor arrived in due course.
The ardent foreigners jumped into the
boat of the captain of tho port fa negro
gorgeously arrayed in uniform covered
with gold lace) and, barely saluting tho
captain, rushed to the saloon for tho
oovoted refreshment. It was duly absorbed
and tho whole parly rendored ill in conse
quence. None of them have ever touched
ice since mat time, in tno esi inniea
it is only the colored race which patronizes
ice to the whilo people it Is not only no
luxury, but a dangnrous enemy. Ice hns
its uses; in tho hospitals It Is invaluable;
for the preservation of provisions, espe
cially fish, it Is useful, although dotrimen-
tal to navor, u allowed to louon tne meats
to be preserved; bnt ns an articlo of
human consumption It should bo avoided.
Tbere Is yet an essay to be written upon
the maladies nnd woes produced oy me
oaroless consumption of ice. It It only
with us that this takes plaoe. Abroad, ico
is simply a luxury only rosorted to at
times; even in California the residents
are wary of It, In short, Ice Is a very
good friend In moderation, hut a bitter
enemy when the intimacy is too absorbing.
Jfeto York Hour,
1 1
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