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GREEN MOUNTAIN FRXEMfAST,
MONTPBLIER.VT. O tiro in the Brick Block, Head of Htato Unsaei. TBMB! 1.50 if paid lu advance; otherwise, 93.0. pavmeut may be made by mall or Otherwlie, to ll. It. WHEELOCK, Editor aud Proprietor. he Fubkman, under the recent tew of ConRTOR nrruUtPB free In Waabinirton County, On all pa peri ncultiutBide Washington County, the postage it paid iiy ili publisher at the office In Mont pallor . JAit fittmau. mONTPELIElt.VT- WEDNESDAY. MARCH 5, 1884. Sunday School Lesson Noles. BV KEV. J. O. SUEItBURN. March IfJIb: Tlio Conllna; of tho Lord -I. Thess. 4: 17-18 lull U. I-O.. This lesson has a certain connection with our previous leBsons, since the churcb nt Thessnlonica was begun under the labors of Paul, and to strengthen and build it up Timothy had been sent back after joining Paul at Athens; seei.Tbess. 3:2. After it lime Timothy returned and m uli! report to Paul concerning the state of things lit Thessnlocioa, I. Thess. 3:0, nnd upon receiving this report, Paul was moveil to write a letter to the churcb at that pi'"'"- The report that Timothy brought was in the main a very cheering one to Paul, but about some matters he secuis to think that they lack instruction, tine of those matters is mentioned at the lipginning of this lesson. "I would not liave you ignorant concerning them which are asleep," he says. Paul had not been long enough with the believers at Thessa loniea to give them instruction upon all the leading doctrines of revelation. It may be that some false views concerning drain and the resurrection had gained ground; or perhaps some were even disposed to question the idea of any life after tho death of the body. Be this as it may, Paul deemed it important that thoy should have better light on these matters. Others sorrow over their dead without any cheering hope, but he would not have Christians among that number. Hence he proceeds to state, at once, the ground work of our faith in the resurrec tion. Faith in the resurrection of Jesus, ho argues, ought to lead to a belief in the resurrection of his followers. The manner of speaking of the dead, as those asleep, was not new among those to whom he wrote. It was a favorite figure among Greek authors, and could be adopted by the Christians with a better significance than it had ever had before. Paul next proceeds to teach that those who re main alive upon the earth at the coming of Christ, will have no advan tage over those who have long laid in the grave. The word prevent has its old derivative meaning, to precede or have an advantage over, Paul here gives a particular account of the order of things at Christ's coming. "The Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout," signifying a call of encouragment or com mand, such as would be given to soldiers or siilors. The voice of the Archangel ami the trump of God are tho usual signs by which the last great day is said, in the Scriptures, to bo announced. At the sound of this call and this trumpet Paul sirs the dead in Christ, or the Christian W, will rise. "Then, (and no apprecia te time will intervene, see I, Cor. 15:52,) irt which ure alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the couilt, to meet the Lord in the air." All tli's accords with the declaration of the angel who spake to tho disciples as they watched the ascending Son of Man. The declaration then was, in like manner shall ye see him return. "A cloud received hi m out of their sight," and he is to receive his followers in a cloud at his second coining. At this point the question may arise whether Paul implies a belief that some who were then alive would bo alivo at the coming of Christ? His language would certainly seem to convey that idea, "We which are alive and remain," is the phrase he uses. And the only way of explaining that, so as that it would not convey tho idea that he considered it possible for him to live till Christ came, would be to cousidor that bespoke of those on tlio earth at Christ's coming as one Willi those then on the earth. In other words he dropped out the idea of time, and thought only of conditions living on the earth at Christ's coming. It is, however, unquestionable that Paul and other New Testament writers looked for an early coming of Christ to judge the world, so have many good men in every age sinco. There are manifest difficulties about the doctrine of resurrection, and they are greatly increased whenever the lime element is made prominent in the discus sion. The comforting thought in the fliolu Bubject if, "So shall wt ever be with the Lord ;" upon this the believer may rest, and joining with it the blessing pro nounced in tho Revelation : "Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from hence forth;" we can look upon death as the door leading to the presence of the Lord, and safely leave the difficult ques tion involved in the doctrine of a general resurreotion to a time when we oan look upon thorn from other than an earthly standpoint. Paul commands the Christians at Thessalonica to comfort ono another with the doctiine of a future life with Jesus, where the pure and holy may be reunited forever; but Concerning the times and seasons he declares that he need not write them, for they knew before that the day would come unexpectedly, and as a thief. It has been asked who are meant by "they" in the third verso. The usual answer has been the world of unbelievers. But we need not so limit the subject. The expression "They say" is always nn indefinites general term moaning that a artof mankind, usually the larger part, gree upon a given proposition. In this case the idea is that sometinio, when men, in the church and out of it, least expect it, Christ will come. When generally they settle down in carnal secu rity, suddenly they will be aroused by the coming of their judge. Paul reminds his brethren that they have been apprised of tin sn things, have seen the warning lights, and hence have no excuse for being over taken while off their watch. IIo reminds them thnt limine imiolinn Ctleenl. and 1 'i'unkcii debauchery are things that belong to the night and darkness. But as they aie of the day, i. e., living in the full light f revealed Iruth. thev ouffht to Dut on tho! nana r,f a rhrinn nrnw which the day. The keeps the heirt, and the helmet the nead. 11 j whose heart and head are right need not be worried over Christ's coming. -i r v - w w 0kt AWJF luVWll 11 ft 1, UksM IB j Wlm ,H. , H , IH . H M si .la 1 . I . vru,m,u VOL. XLI. tanners' Institute at South Iloro, A farmors' institute (or Grnnd Isle coun ty under the diroctlon of the board ol ngricnlturo, was held in the vestrv of the Congregational church nt South Iloro February 26th and 27th. The session was opened at 2 o'clock p M.. Tuesday, by E. M. Goodwin, win briefly stated tho object and aims of the board to bo to awaken Interest and inves ligation on tho part of the farmers and disscminato information which may have been collected elsewhere rather than to attempt tho part of instructors. He hoped the people would not expect too much from the board who being all prnctical farmers come hers to compare methods and sen whereby we may do belter. Mr. Henry Harrington, president of the Grand Isle agricultural society, was chos en chairman. Henry Lane of t'tie board then gave a lecture on Scientific Teaching, whioh was olosely listened to. Mr. Goodwin was then callod upon to give his experienco in feeding straw. He alluded to the importance of the proper election of cows for the special purpose desired, and then combine the food in the proper proportions. Has fed no hav to his oows this winter, but fed corn fodder, and straw, corn meal nnd cotton seed meal. Feeds corn fodder cut in the morning then 3 parts corn and cob meal mixed and one teed ot oat straw; his cows never did bettor in butter or condition than they have this winter. Mr. Gordon asked about the value of root? for butter. Mr. Goodwin didn't think they wore worth hardly anything for that purpose alone but when properly comhined with some richer foods, aid digestion and renders the other parts of tne io"ci more avaiiuDto. Mr. Fletcher inquired the best limo to cut timothy. Mr Lane would out it for most of stock just as it was fairly out of oiossom. Mr. S. L. Gordon inquired if cotton seed meal did not injure the quality of tho but ter. Mr. Goodwin was sure it did not unless more than two quarts per day were fed. Major Corbin spoke of his experience in the southern states where cotton seed is used largely as a fertilizer, by dropping the seed whole in the row and planting the cotton above it. In this way it is con sidered fully as valuable as commercial ferlilizers. Thus showing that it has a large manurial as well as feeding value. EVENING. E. M. Goodwin gave his lecture on The Farmers' Sooial Position. Rev. O. U. Wheeler of South Horo, fol lowed with some very thoughtful and instructive remarks. He feared the farm ers magnified tho opportunities of others ana looked wua dieiavor on their own. He thought no class of men had as great opportunity for intellectual growth and development as the farmer. That he does not do this is really his own fault, for no other class.unless it be the man of leisure, has so much time for intellectual growth, on account of enforced inactivity of out door pursuits. If tho farmer only realizes the extent of his opportunities, I can sec no limit to the growth and culturo he may hope to attain. He expressod himself as well pleased with the indications of im provement in this direction which he can see increasing and wishes all aids to ac complish tills Godspeed. Mr. Kinney feared that according to the existing methods of higher education that it tended to produce a dissatisfaction with the farm and home, that tho result of lib erally educating tho farmers' sons was to drive them away from home, and tho farms are deserted iu consequence, and was nioro inclined to favor some less extended course of study which would be moro practical in its nature. Mr. Goodwin thought if there was a definite aim in view as there should be the coarse of edu cation should be shaped to that end, that if a boy was to be a farmer he should choose a scientific rather than a classical education. Mr. Pember spoke of tho deep interest he felt in these matters and thought there was nothing in work or surroundings of the farmer I incompatible with intellectual growth and culture, that whatever feeling there may bo that the position of tho farm er is lower socially than that of other avocations, is owing to tho farmers them selves, who are too apt to disparage their own calling and many t imes sow the seeds of dissatisfaction in the minds of their children. If, as every one says, the farm is the best place to bring up tho boy to manhood, does it not lollow that it is equally as good a place for the boy to livo alter he has reached manhood. WEDNESDAY FOKENOON. The session was taken up bv tho discus sion of the topic, "Tho Culture of Indian Corn," K. M. Goodwin giving an inter esting and exhaustiva lecture, showing the nature, history, habits, importance and wonderful capabilities of this cereal. Mr. Allen inquired now deep ne would olant corn. About 1 1-2 inches; if the ground was very dry would plant deeper. ... , . , ... . j:,i : 1 r Would preier planting in urina lusaeau 01 hi s. can eet more stalKs on an acre ana a larger yield. Would cultivate as deeply as possible without senouslv injuring the roots, and discontinue about the time the tassels appear. Questions, what is the best cow for but ter? The Jersey and her grades no doubt. What causes scab in potatoes f some times it seems to bo an excess of potash in the soil, at others it is not caused by this and it is difficult to give any answer which would be of general application. Does the burning of corn cobs eltect their manurial value? Not materially, but would prefer to have them ground and fed and carried to the land in that way. Does the burning of bones etlect tneir manurial valueP Practically it does not, burning only destroys the fatty matter whioh is no use to tho growing plant. AFTERNOON. E. H. Pember cave an address embody ing many of the points of his Experienco in Farming. This was attentively listened too, but owing to lack of time was not dis cussed, and the next topio on the pro gramme.the Fruit Question, was taken up, , : u .. I ' 1 11 n U parillipuLeu III uy wicmib, umuvup Kinney, UharaDoriain, ana several otners, Mr. Lane leading the discussion, lhe leadino- varieties seemed to be tho Bald win, Rhode Island Greening, and Northern Spy, each doing better in eortam looaiues which seemed to bo determined by the nature of the soil, different varietios doing best on certain soils. It was found in many oases that treos would do very well where the soil was very shallow, only a few inches deep, when the underlying rock was loose and porous. The question of barrels for marketing the apples appeared to do n am mus m mn nm.ntv. h, it was very difficult to obtain emntv flour barrels and the cost of buying new ones was an uoiu ui liuuamomuiu im portance. The pulp worm nan not, as jm miila ita annenianco on the island. Xhe 'apple crop is one of great imrtance in this county, and i increasing, a ureal many new treos being sot each year. Rev. O. S. Wheeler expressed his inter est nnd satisfaction in the sessions which had been held and moved a vote of thanks Goojwin responded in a few fitting words when an adjournment was niauu uuw evening. KVENINQ. Trof. Sabin of tho university gave nn instructive loolflro on Milk, being com pelled to leave before we are unable to give any report. The interest manifested at the several sessions was very good, the attendance was not large at first but continued to inorease, and tho results cannot be other wise thnn productive of good. Tho following is a list of exhibitors of samplos: II. Robinson exhibited two varieties of corn, the white Pennsylvania and the oommon small 8 rowed yellow, white California oats and black eyed marrowfat peas, all of whioh had proved very produotive with him. Mr. H. Har rington exhibited several varieties of corn, a white flint and white dent. Mr T. L. Kinney had some excellent specimens of apples which wore excellent ly well preserved, particularly the Kin" of Tompkins County. Mr. A. E. Langdon showed samples of white Probcttln oats, Lost Nation wheat, and three kinds of potatoes, the Early Rose, Snowflake and Burbank. Mr. W. N. Gordon showed a variety of white flint corn which appeared to contain a large per cent of coin to the cob. TIIK CIIIMUCEN WE KLKI-. Tho children kopt coniins; one by one, till the boys were nvo and the Kirls were three And the big brown house was olive with fun From the basement door to the old roof tree: Liko garden flowers tho little ouea irrow, Nurtured and trained with the tenderest care. Warmed by love's sunshine, bathed in its dew, They bloomed into beauty, liho roses rare. But one of tho boys irrew weary one day, And leaning his head on hie mother's breast. Ho said "I am tired and caunot play. Lot mo sit here on your knee aud rest." She cradled bim closo In her fond embrace, She hushed him to sleep with her sweetest sous; And rapturous love still lighted his face When his spirit had Joined t he heavenly tbronir. Then the eldest itlrl with her thougntfu l'eycs, Who stood where "the brook aud river 01001' Stole softly away juto Paradise Ere "the river" had reached her slendor feet. Wliile thefwthor's eyes on her were bent, The mother looked upward beyond the skies; ''Our treasuros," she whispered, "were only lent, Our darllnifs were ana-els in carth'B disa-uise." The years flew by and the children began With loufftutr to think of the world outside; Aud as each in his turn became a man. The boys proudly weut from their father's side. The uirlB were women so gentle and fair, That lovers were speedy to win; And with orange Blossoms in braided hair. The old homos wero left, new homos to beirlu. So, one by one the chlldjen have gone, The boys were live and the girlB were three; And the big brown house is gloomy aud lone. With but two old folks for its company. They talk to each other about the past, As thoy sit together at eventide, And say, ' All tho children we kept at last Are the boy and the girl who in childhood died." A Lovo Story. I am going to toll you a love story, or a story, ot love 111 a cottage," nnd a very small cottage it was A friend of mine recently bought an old farm, and while laying out plans to im prove it for a summer residence, he found that a tiny little house he had noticed was on his own land. Ho found on inquiry that it belonged of right to nobody, but was occupied by a worthy couple whom the neighbors would be sorry to see dis possessed. My friend being a merciful man, resolved to let them and their cottage remain; and the old tenants recoived his decision with as much delight as Adam and Eve would have done a reprieve from their sentence of expulsion. While I was on a visit to thj remodeled farm house, my friend's wife and I made a call at this tiniest of cottages, and there were entertained as the Queen of Sheba was by Solomon by a sight of the treas ures, and by the following lovo story. First, old Polly Van Valer took us to her garden, which she called "the sass patch"; then to tho beehives nnd the chicken coops, telling U9, with an air of triumph, that besides laying in all her own vegetables and honey and eggs, she sold, last year thirteen dollais' worth of "produce." Having examined the estato, we wero asked into a small castle. The one room it contained was tho perfection of neatness. The floor was glorious with a new rag carpet; the curtains of tho one window smiled with cleanliness, fresh from under the iron; and the cooking stove, not so big as an old fashioned bandbox, shone like jet. Her closet was only a corner boarded oft', and, when opened, it dis played a tine array of crockery ware and medicine bottles. She thou opened the folds of a red and yellow bandanna hand handkerchief, and showed us a time dimmed volume, originally bound in scar let and richly gilded. "That Bible," she said, "my dear father gave me when I was eighteen nigh on to fifty years ago now. Here's all our deaths and marriages." There was only ono marriage, that of Jacob Van Valer to Polly Bruen, Dee. 10, 18G6. "Why," exclaimed my Iricnd, "I heard you hadn't any children." "Neither I baint and never had none. There's Aim and me; and the amount on't is, ladies, that a enough! We two are so satisfied with each other that we don't want any more folks about; they'd only be a hindrance and a distraction like." "Well, but who's this Jacob Van Valer, If not your son? Whose marriage took place only four years ago?" asked my friend. The cheery little woman broke forth into a loud laugh, and replied, "Why, dear ladv, that's him, himself." "Who?'' "Why, him himself; Jacob, my hus band; that dear old man that you see there, bondin' over that onion bed there, away off d'ye see P'' "And is that your marriage to him?" asked the lady in surprise. "To bo sure it is and like enough you think we were two old fools to marry at sixty-six and seventy ; but we don't think so, I can tell you. We were lato a jinin' our lives together, but I reckon we'll get about as much comfort out on't as them that married earlier and lives longer together. Oh, ladies, if you only knew how happy we be together you'd envy us! This was a love match; and there's a good many marriages in this world that isn't!" Wo all throo laughed at this amusing ardor, and my friend asked : "How did you both happen to fall in love so lato in life?" "Be you fond of hearing love storios?" a8kod Polly innocently. "Oh, yes, I read every one I can got hold of; and now 1 must hear yours." Polly straightened herself, smoothed down hor gray hair, and began : "I had my chances when I was a girl, as well as other folks; but I was bound not to change my situation till I see a reason for't. What would I have made by mar ryin' Abe Traphagen? I'd have got a big dairy to worn, and had all my arnins swamped by buyin' oattle to make more work! If I'd took Chris Westbrooi, I'd lust had a man to wasn ana menu ior ... . , r.. (Ia .... a a man In witnoui no raiiiu mi u. - look at. but there wa9 no soul of a man in him. I hadn't half the respect for him that I had for Tigo, the watch dog; and if I'd married him I'd a despised him, and been an awful tyrant, I know! I was son sibler than most women, and was content to "let well enough alone," till I could do better. I wasn't a grain afoard of being hooted at for an old maid. I knew that folks is always honored for what they be, cither married or single. If a body s tiM.- a I TERMS FOR ADVERTISINU. rr w w www Cr- ywW W WW w W$ MONTPELIEIi, VT., ' made of mud, getting married don't turn her into gold." "Well, Polly, whnt about him? ' ask. d tho lady, smiling. "Oh. yes, I was getting off the track in my zeal for the honor o' old maids. Well, Jake Von Valer, that lives over the cr'-ek, had got his father, somehow, to give him the deed o'the old homestead ; nnd then It was the old story over again! Ills wife sot mihty sot up, and used to go down to New York for her bonnels and drosses, as if Albany things wasn't good enough for her, nnd so got to knowin' city folks and havin' 'em up here in summer." Then you must know, she found out for the first time that her father in-lnw wasn't genteel pshaw! Ho nte with his knife as if he hadn't a right to eat with what suited him oesi and ne came to tne table in his shirt sleeves, like other faimors. Well, she made bim feel that he didn't do any right tiling, and was a Hindrance and burden. Ho was always a wonderful peaceful old man, nnd carried his troubles about In his heart a hard place toeirry 'em if there aint no outlet of words or tears. "Lato ono afternoon, Miss Nathan nem- menway sent for ine to come and stay all night, as her baby seemed croupy, and she was a poor nuss. As I whs cuttin' over the grave yard for short, I got soared out o' my wils by seein' a man walkin' among the graves with his head hnngin' down. "La, goodness! how you soared me, Mr. Van Valer," says I. "I thought you was a ghost!" "I wish I was," he said, ".or I'm tired of this lonesome life, without a mortal to care whether I live or die." And then be out and told me how Jake's wife treated him, to even forbiddin' the little boy to sit on his lap and play with bis watch chain. She was trying to drive him off to Ken tucky, where his daughter lived. Well, ladies, I was took that blessed minute, right in the heart with tho feelin' I'd always heard tell on, but never experi enced afore. I foil in love with the dear man, and I felt that I'd bo willing to work my fingers' ends off to give him a home the rest of his days. "I asked him to como to my homo next day, and tell me all his troubles, and that I'd bo his friend' He walked to Miss Hemmenway's door with me, and afore we parted be asked me if I wouldn't fix up his olothes a little for bim afore cold weather sot in; and I said I would and welcome. "Little Jim wasn't a bit croupy, nnd I bad my night for sleep; but I oouldn't sleep for thinkln' o' poor Jacob. Aforo daylight I forgot him and begun to worry about myself a poor lono woman, growin' old, with no company and nobody to split a stiok of kindlin' nor anything else! I walked home through the grave yard' feelin' that I should never be happy no more. Even the risin' sun looked mournful. 'When I got to my gate there stood Jacob a waitin' for me; nnd ns soon as he went in, says he and them was the bless edest words I ever heard in all my days said be: "Polly, I can't stay at Jake's no longer! I can get work among the farmers. Them kind words you spoke to mo aside 0' my wile s grave lias made a new man o me. It's put new life into mo. A man's heart is tenderest,' says he, 'aside of his wife's grave, " 'Well, so we talked on, till finally he said he'd come to ask me to take him altogether ; and you may depend I didn't simper much, nor mako believn I was going to refuse him as girls do. No indeed! Not II "Well, we went up next week to the minister's, and got this written in our Bible; and two happier folks tho town don l Hold! 'Jake's wife first scolded, and then she made sport of us; but it was like the wind's whistle to us. Jake's been to beg his father not to work forothor men, when there's enough to do at home. But ho told him this farm was 'home' to him now, and that tho Lord had had mercy on him in his old age, nnd made him once moro a happy man. 'I forgive you and your wife,' says he, 'but I don't want any favors of you. If eyor you are sick, or in trouble, come to mo, as you always did, and me and my dear wife will do all wo can for you. I m a lorgivon sinner, myself, Jake.' says he, 'and I can forgive them that has sinned agin me, and I can never hold hardness against your mother's son. "Jake asked him if he wouldn't take some money, but he said, 'No, not unless I should come to want, and I've had a token from the Lord that I shan't do that.' "We all shook hands; and now Jake drops in of a Sunday to see us, very pleas ant, for he's a good-natured lollow himself, If he hadn't such a wile. My Husband says it's all worked out for good to bim for if she'd a treated him as she ought to, be shouldn't no more thought of marryin' than of goln' up in a balloon! And I'm sure it's worked out good to me ; for a haomer woman this town don't bold than I be! lie makes the fires and splits the wood, and keeps nn tho garden at home, and works all the time besides for other folks. I knit and sew for the neighbors, and when anybody's sick that needs me I go out a nussing, as I always did before 11 it s near enougn nome ior me 10 iook after him. If it isn't, I don't go, for love nor monev. God sent me a protector and a oomforter in my old age, and I'll look out for bim first. 1 vo loveo tno i-ora ana everybody else more since I've had him to love, and I do believe, with all my sbort- comin 1 that I'm a better Christian tnan 1 was before !" WlIKHK HAS THE BUFFALO GONE P A Winnipeg (Manitoba) correspondent of the Montreal utooe says ; "in early times the buffalo was seen as far east as the Atlantic coast, but in recent years he has seldom been met east of the Missis sippi river, and he is still moving westward, even aoross the Rocky moun tains. I was told by an aid settler that when he came here fifty years ago tho buf falo would come right up to the stockades around the forts on the Red river to graze, and tho half breeds found it more profita ble to hunt them than to farm. To give an idoa ot the bunting bands that went out on the plains every summer, the bri trade that left the settlement in 1840 oonsislod of 1,210 oarts, 655 cart horses, 5S6 draught oxen, 483 saddle horses for the hunt, 1,219 butcher knivos, 740 flint lock guns, 120 gallons of powdor, l,3W pounds of balls, 6,230 guntlints, nnd the number of persons in the band amounted to 1,630 souls, men, women and children. But a buffalo is rarely seen in the Cana dian northwest now. Only a few stragglers have been met with in the far wot this season. The railroad has driven them wav forever. They have not gone north. as the limit of their natural habitation Is sixty north latitude on this continent, but southwest. There are some peculiarities in the habits of the buffalo. He is, perhaps, the only animal tbat turns uis bead to the storms, his foroquarters boing protected with long shaggy hair, which also gives bim a tormidaoio nppoarauce, and especially in the spring, when bo sheds ihn hair on the rest of his body. A very old one is hard to find anywhere, as tho young bucks drlvo mo old ouns out 01 tne nerd, and they wandor about the prairie and soon et killod. If one or two should be seen alono, they may be put down as outcasts, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 5, A Sou'of his Forefal hers. ItY SUSAN COOLIDOB. Turn Rrewstcr was as patriotio a little boy us New England has ever produced. His father w is remotoly descended from iho fiinom Elder Brewster of the May flower, a fact, in which Tom look great satisfao Ion nnd pride. Their homo was near Plymouth, a place which is. as should be, the fountain head of American patriotism, and Tom had grown up on int'matn terms, as it wero with the 'Rnnk' and all the traditions of the town. He was only twelve, but he had read ho many storbs about the Pilgrims nnd their strug gles and thoir fights with the Indians, about the stirring days of the Revolution and the 'Boys of 70,' that ho seemed more at home with these old times than with his own. He knew all tho battles of Independence by heart and had fought 1 hem all through from beginning to end with an army of paper soldiers, whioh he hid constructed nominally for the amuse ment of his little sisters, but really for bis own. I om was clever with his finsors. and this pasteboard army was a triumph of .111. in u wi,y. inero wero not lesj man 900 of these soldiers, all divided into regiments and companies. Each tiny figure was neatly cut out and painted In uniform, scarlet or blue as the case might bo, ar.d each had a small oard boai d support under his feet which held him (irmly in nn upright position. The Highland regiment wore their plaids nnd claymores, tho Fusiloers their distinctive uniform and the Hessians theirs Tom nad studied them ull carefully out of books. I he captains and lieutenants had swords and epaulets. The generals were mounted on horses such pretty horses, with waving manes and tails, painted roan or gray or blaok! There were army wagons and cannons and oaissons and forts, all mailo of pasteboard; oh, it was a very complete army Indeed, and it would havo given the children unmixed satisfaction except for one unhappy cir uuuisiance, which was mat none ot the little Biewsiois were willing to be tho British! Isabel, who was next in aee to Tom. used to run away and hide, sometimes, in order to escape the odious necessity. 11 s sucli a sbamo, she told her mother. Tom will always make me be the English. it lsn t fair, is it, mamma? I love my own country just as muoh as he does, and he ought to take turns, but ho never will! So I have lo wear a uniform which I dislike and disapprove of, and I don't take any pleasure in beating, for of course I d rather have my own countryman victorious, I hate to play at armies, and Tom keeps on making more 6oldiers ail the time, and he says he always shall. And when I won.t play he calls me un pat-ti-ot-ic! With this" last long word, sabol's eyes overflowed. The charso seemed too heavy to bo borne. Mamma eouldn t help suiiiinsr. but she comforted Isabel as well as she could, and be told loin in private that he absolutely must lot her bo tho American army some times. This, however, Tom could not do. Ho did not moan to be selfish, but his love of liberty was so strong that even in fun ho was not willing to lake tho side of the tyrannical mother country, lie lost inter est in the soldiers after his mother said that, and before long he gave them all away to some baby cousins. Tom, with alt bis good qualities, had the faults of his age. He was lazy, sometimes selfish. Ho was inclined to be dainty as to what he ate, and bad a sad habit of carelessness and disorder. Only a week after forefather's day his mother noticed bim at suppor, looking rather discontent edly at the dishes on the table. Bridget, pass the corn bread to Master Tom, sho said. No, til ink you, quoth Tom, I don't like corn bread. VVby didn't wo nave muffins to-night, mamma? How about some apple sauce? askod his father. 1 don't like that, cither, papa. Couldn't I have a little orange marmalade, wamnia? No, Tom, I think not. You know what I have told you, that I can't have you chil dren sending away for different sorts of jam ut tea to please your separate fancies. mere are too many ot you lor that, but 1 shouldn't approve of it even if there was but one. Eat what is on the table, dear, or go without. Tom said no more. He ate a slice of bread and butter rather languidly, and then arked to be excused. Mamma found him in the library after tea, absorbed in "Pioneers and Founders,'' a book of which he was very fond. Ha had already for gotten his little grievance about the jam. and looked up brightly as she bent over bis shoulder. Weren't tho Pilgrims grand, mamma? Aren't you glad we're descended from them? Yes, very glad, provided tho things that made thetu so grand descended to us also. Oh, yes bravery and all that. Some smaller thinss too, Tom. Think how patiently they bore hardships in the outset. That first year they hardly ever had enough to cat, you know. All the stores they bad brought in Ibe ships were used up, and the grain thoy planted was not ripe. 1 remember. And now tliey had We first Thanksgiving because the ship came back with more supplies. Xcs, and because they Had reaped their first harvest. How good that first corn bread must bava tasted to them! Don't you think so, Tom? There was a meaning tone in mamma s voice which made Tom's cheeks turn a little red. Can't you fanoy them at supper? she went 011, eating their own corn cake, the first made from their own fields? I don't believe they had any apple sauce to eat with it the apple orchards were not planted then, you know but even with out that it must have seemed delicious to them. Tom's cheeks were very red indeed now. What do you think Elder Brewster would have said, or Miles btandish, if some ono had told them that a hundred and fifty years or so later, one of tho boys for wboiu they were working so naro to build up a homo and a country would turn up his noso at corn bread, nnd re fuse to eat it because it wasn't muffins? Would they have been most sorry or most angry, do you think? I don't know, said the abashed Tom. Elder Brewster would probably have looked troubled and perplexed. He would have found it hard to understand how such a thing could bo. But I can imagine Miles Siandish brinslnz his fist down on the table with a bang, and shouting, 'De generate little rascal, let him not dare to call himsolf a descendant of ours!' added Mrs. Brewster, with a wicked smile. Oh. mamma, don t! said lorn, lie looked so unhappy that :" said no more, but sho noticed next morning he nte a lanro piece of corn broad at breakfast. and for n long time alter that she beard no moro petitions for orange marmalade or npplo sauce. Tom never spoke of the matter again, but the recouecuon 01 ai der Brewster's surpriso and Miles Man- dish's disgust served ns a check and re minder when ho telt Inclined to co dain ty and difficult. Another timo it was a question 01 in- (dolence. Tom canio down very lato to breakfast, und was correspondingly late at school. How do you suppose the woods would ever have been cleared, and tho fences 1884. built, and tho tvharvos mado if the Pit. grim hoys had lain in bed till half-past eigui in tne morning? his mother asked him. We should all bo sitting in tho wil dorness at this moment if thoy hadn't been earlier than that. Little by little, Tom Brewster grow into a manly boyhood, and the Forefath ers, of whom ho thought so much, played no sham part in the development of his character. Ho was strictly truthful, and had a strong sanso of honor, as became a descendant of sturdy Eld'ir Brewster; and this, of all his traits, wa? that which his mother prizad and loved the most. So it was quite a shock to hor when one day a note came from the master of the nigh school, to say that he was sorry to mako a complaint against Tom, whos conduct had generally been most satisfac tory, hut that something very unpleasant had occurred. The hell which huni in the tower of the school building had been sto'en. No ono knew by whom, but a mitten marked with Tom's name had been picked up in the staircaso which ld to tho tower, and ho, on teing questioned, though he denied the mischief, had con fessed that he knew something about it. I can make no impression, wroto Mr. Mr. Marshall. Perhaps you will be able to get tuo truth term lum. Air. and Mrs. Brewstor were greatly troublod by this noto. It wits tho first serious ? crape that Tom had ever got into, and they were perplexed as to how to deal with it. Kindlv nnd closely tboy question ed thoir boy, but fur a long timo they could get no answer Iwyond, I didn't do it. Mamma, I told Mr. Marshall that I didn't do it. But at last, when Tom grasped the fact that his parents wero not sure that ho was speaking Ilia truth, his face flushed indignantly, and tears sprang into his eyes. Papa, "don't you believe me? he said, with a choke in bis voice. Yes, Tom, answored his fit her, slowly, if you look mo straight in tlio face and say that you didn't do this, I mu4 believe you, for you never told 1110 a lie. No, and I never will, said Tom, looking straight into his father's eyes. I'd be ashamed of being a descendant of the Pilgrims if 1 told lies. I do know who stole the bell, mamma, and I said sn when Mr. Marshall asked me, but I promised not to tell. That's enough, my boy. I am satisfied, and no one shall ask you any moro ques tions about it, said Mr. Brewster. Tom let mamma kiss him, then ho hur ried away. His eyes and voice wero not quite steady yet, and, like most of his age, he considered crying a weakness to be ashamed of. But his hoait was warm with a glow of affection toward tho par ents who believe bim, without waiting for the proof of his words, wbich came a few weeks later. What a staunch little chap that is! re marked his father, after ho was gone. How he harks back to tho Pilgrims al ways! He thinks twice as much about them as I ever did. Well, Elder Brewster himself need not be ashamed of him. No, replied his wifo, thoughtfully. It is curious to see what a large part Elder Brewster and the rest of those old worthies have played in Tom's development. It makes it hotter wcrth while to have lived to think that, long uftor you are dead, you may still reach out a hand, as it were, to affect the life and character of your far-away descendants. 1 wish all New England boys cared about the Pil grims in tho same way. There is every thing in having a high standard, and Tom's standard, all his life, has been the Forefathers. Hooks and Eves. For ni ne than a dozen years the manufacture of hooks and eyes for women's and children's dresses may be said to have been dead, buttons having superseded Ihem. But there are indications that hooks and eyes are asain to como into use, at least to a considerable extent. If this should prove to ho the case, it will gladden the hearts of some who have preserved their machinery from the scraphead. Thirty years ago the state of Connecticut had manufactories within her territory that produced these little articles to the value $112,000 annually at fifteen cents a gross. Previous to 18;J0, or there about, hooks and eyes were made by hand and sold at $1 50 per gross. The machines for making hooks and eyes are quite ingenious, those for the books being capable of making ninety per minute, and those for the eyes one hun dred Bnd twenty per minute. That for making the hooks take the wire from a reel through a straightner, cuts off the wire to tne exact length, when a bladi strikes the piece in the middle ot its length, and two side blades moving simtil taneously bend the wire double, laying the two halvos of its length closo together and parallel. Then two pins rise, one on each side of the ends of the wire, to form the eyes of the hook, and two semi-rotating pushers bend the ends round the pin: making the eyelets for sewing the hook on the fabric. The unfinished hook is still perfectly flat, when a horizontal pin and a vertical bender working upward curve the double end of the hook, and a presser flattens the end to a "swan hill." The eye is formed by nnothor machine, but by means of similar appliances. Brass wire is used for silvered hooks and eyes, aa Iron wire for the black or japanned goods. The silver coating is made by mixing an acid precipitate ot silver with common salt and the cream of tartar of commerce to pro duce a paste. Certain proportions of this paste and Ihe brass hooks and eyes are placed m a tumbling barrel, and by attri tion and affinity the brass and the silver unito. I he articles, as they come Irom tho tumbling barrel, are of a lusterless white, but are polished by being placed in cotton cloth bags with bar soap and rub bed with hot water underthe vibratingarm of a washing machine. Castor. Oil fok Shoe Leiuieb. Thore is one simple article which will render any decently made boot thoroughly impervious. It is nothing more nor less than cold-drawn castor oil, "pure and simple." It is oest applied before a mod erate fire. The boots to be dressed should be quite clean and dry, and special care should be given to the welt and the tongues, and their stitching to the npper leathers. I generally begin by pouring the oil Irom the bottle all around the welt so that tho angle between the sole nnd upper leather is quite filled with oil, and then proceed all over the boot, including the edges of the soles, rubbing it in with the hand. Whon one is done, have a turn at the other, and so alternately till you havo got in about a tablespoonful and a half in each boot. Tho tongues, being thinner leather, should be quite saturated. Subsequent dressing will not require so much oil. I have never found anything to touch this as a water-proof dressing; the gelatinous oil seems to effectually stop every pore in the leather. There is another advantage for those who are natty in suoh matters the boots will soon take a good (oommon blacking) polish so much so that a man may, if he likes, water-proof bis ordinary walking boots for bad weath er without spoiling their appearance. With a common walking boot of ordinary thickness apply the o'. over the sole. Shooting, I wear boots so treated, over thi"k woolen stocking, from eight to twelve hours a day, or more, without feeling tho slightest inconvenience in any way; but they have the ohilly feeling inseparable from all boots that aro oiled in that way. NO- 10. ANvriiina iiiir Dntr in tub Navv. Did you notice that man walk over to tho curb and spit in the slreotP I'll bet ho' been on shipboard. Thore a man's got lo use oither tho spit-kids or spit over the side of tho vessel into tho water. They'll stand anything but dirt in the navy, you know. How h tins for a daily routine, When tho hi's'n pipos up all hands in the morning they turn out. put up thei hammocks, stow 'cm away in tlio nettings, 1 hen sweep tho decks. Mess cloths are spread, and after breakfast tho decks ure swept down again. At 11:30 A. M, sweepers arn piped and then mess-cloths are laid for dinner, after which she swept fore and aft once more. It's done twice more before supper and after supper making six limes a day. 1 on musn t think thoy swonp only. Not a day passes but that the decks are either dry or wet holy stoned. A holy stone is a big stone flat and smooth on ono sido. Tho center of a long rope is mado fast to it, and a squad of men lay hold of opposite ends and pull it backward and forward over the docks, which have been first wet down and sprinkled with sand. In places that they can't reach, corners you know, they make men get down on their knees with little hand stones, called prayer books, and scrub em out. After this they bond the fioso to the pumps and wash tho sand away. Men follow with squillgees, arrangements shaped liko hoe, with a strip of rubber tacked to the edge. They use 'em to rub the heaviest part of the water off tho decks. Next comes another detail with swabs. They are big hemp horses' tails, and are swung right and left. When the fibres get well saturated the swab is wrung and used over again. Light, flit sheet Iron char coal stoves, the under side three feet square, are then suspended by long rod? lo wilhin about a foot and a half of the deck, nnd swuug backward and foiw.-.rd until slio place underneath is pretty dry, when Ihey shift them to other hammock hooks nnd repeat this process. This is done three times a week and dry holy stoning twice. On such days the sweep ers are used livo limes. Tho decks are always like tho driven snow, and wouldn't soil a rambria handkerchief at any time. Now you can understand why a sailor learns to use the spit-kids well, cuspidors look here, whos spuming llns yarn Cincinnati Inquirer. Bad A ik. When a person has remained for nn hour or more in a crowded and poorly ventilated room or railroad car, the system is already contaminated to a groat er or less extent bv breathing air vitiated by exhalations from the lungs, bodies, ami clothing of tho occupants. Tho immedi ate effect of these poisons is to debilitate, to lower vitality, and to Impair tho natural power of tho system to resist disease, Hence it is that persons who are attacked by inllammatory diseases, as pneumonia or rheumatism, can generally trace tile beginning of Urn disease to a chill felt 011 coming out of a crowded room into the cold or damp nil', wearing, perhaps, thin shoes and insufficient clothing. If those facts were generally understood and acted upon, thousands of lives might bo saved every year. It is a well known tact that men who "camp out," sleeping nn tb ground at all seasons of the year, seldom have pneumonia, and that rheumatism with them comes, as a rulo, only from unwarrantable imprudences. There are two facts that should bo learned by every person capable of appreciating them, and tliey should never bo lost sight ot lor a moment. Ono is that exhalations from the lungs the breath are deadly poison containing the products ot combustion in the form of caibonio acid gas. and if a person were compelled to ruinhale it un mixed with the oxygen of the air, it would prove as destructive to life as tho fumes of charcoal. This is an enemy tbat i al ways present in force, in assemblies of peuplc, and only a constant and free infu sion ot tiosh air prevents it Irom doin mi.-chiet that would be immediately apparent. The other fact is that pure air is the antidote to this poison. T'tie oxvgen of Ibe air is the greatest of ull purifiers Kapiil streams of water that pass through large cities, receiving the sewage, become pure again through the action ot the air after running a few miles. Air is the best of all "blood purifiers." Combined with vigorous exerciso to make it cnectivo, it will cure any curable case of consumption nail s Journal of Ilcaltli. Brilliant Connecticut Invention. A Bridgeport (Conn.,) professor has in vented a neat thing in the way of s steam heater to carry about on tho person. It is called tho "portable body steam heater." Tho apparatus is a small affair consisting of a copper boiler, under which is a diminutive lamp, all incased in n nickel box, and balanced something like a compass, so that, no matter what position the outside box is in, Ihe boiler and lamp will always remain in the required vertical position. The entire apparatus Is so small that it can be carried in the pocket. After the lamp is lighted, the water in the boiler is heated and circulated through rubber tubes, which run down the legs, around the ankles, up around the back, and back to the boiler. Tho circulation of warm water keeps the body warm on tho coldest day. A safety valve and escape for a higher pressure of steam than the attair is allowed to carry flows off at the back of the wearer's neck. Elaborate heaters are being constructed for ladies' wear. They can be worn inside the bustlo, and entirely obscured. Before going out of tho house the lady's maid can light the lamp, winch, by the way, is gauged to run six, eight, or ten hours, and my "lady" walks out under a free pressure of steam, nnd warranted to keep warm during the promenade. New Haven Xews. Most people who uso screw drivers must be occasionally inclined to use strong language at their persistency in slipping out of the nick and their refusal to go into it. All that is wanted is a short tube, big enough, to enclose each sorew head somewhat tightly, but only spring tight, so that it may rise as the screw head comes near tho wood. Also, to provide for heads of different sizes with the same driver. All this can be done by just turning up a strongish tin tube, three or four inches long, like a slate pencil case, big enough to slide over the widened point of a round screw driver, and then fitting spring tight on the shank by means of apiece of leather wrapped around it; and for larger screws than usual you might pull the sockot off and put a larger on, with a tniok piece 01 leather, it answers perfectly, xon need not look at your screw, but just put the tubod screw driver on and turn. It will drop into tho nick at the first half tnrn, and stay there till the screw is screwed home. One of a set of small drawers in my pantry is called the salve box. J n ono end is a small compartment wke the till of an old fashioned chest, and in this are kept salves of various kinds. In the drawer there is always to be found an abundance ot old soit cotton and linen oloths, with a few strong strips for ban dages, a ball of soft yarn (which, being flexible is mucu better than twine tor lying up inflamed fingers,) fluffy bits of cotton batting and pieces of old kid gloves for spreading salve upon. Something very adhesive, like balsam fir salve, is a necessity, as a very little horo and tbero along the bandage for a sore finger will make a string unnecessary, beside keeping the cloth in place much better than it tied on. Fnr one sonars of 13 linns nr less of Awate typo, one llisi-rtion, GI.iHi; f'ir a-li HiiliHiiigiient limiTtlim, 'J, rt IjiiIhhs III- iiiiinliiir oi Itisoitiuiis ure marl:'-! on the 'iilviirtUi-:!iiiits u will beiioiiUninid until .,r,'-ml m I.IIjituI iliM.'imnt made to merchants and o n. ,w inlvor tlwllig by f lie yimr. iiiisslonerrt' Notices, flitlM Fur N,illf,-s of Liberation, Kstrays, tli Fni-iuHtlnn J'i't IJlKM'Iiilinii ol Co iiartiici-HlupK, etc,, ,.i,ci or uiruo iui i-imiih. Ilsoutby mull the mouoi must ac company tho fetter. Notices in news columns,!!! cents per line eneli Inser tion, but no ciiiii-es uiudu ol less than 60 cents. Notices nf Peatlis und Marriages inserted gratis, bu t extended OMtuurv Notices of I'oetry will be charged at the rate of 5 cents per line. Vormont. The W. C. T. U. of Burlington, with the consent of Iho school board, has offer ed prizes in tlio high and grammar schools of that city, for tho best essays on the evil effects of stimulants anil narcotics. January 2b a reception was given by iho union, at the residence of Dr. J. H. Wooster, to the superintendent of Dubllc schools and teachers of the city, to consid er the subject of temperance instruction in tho schols. After a handsome collation the secretary and ex-president of the W. C. T. U., Mrs. T. E. Colo, reviewed brietly the work of ihe union, and spoke of the present plan oi onci ing prizes m tho nigh and gram mar schools. Mis. Cole was followed bv Mrs. Cham- bet lin, superintendent of juvenile work. A lew practical suggestions were then made by the prosident, Mrs. L in I, to tho teachers. In response, Sup':. Wheeler and Princi pal Linden thanked tho ladies of tho union Ior their courtesy, and expressed their hearty approval of, and interest in thoir work, nnd their willingness to co-op- sraio with tnem. Not only was a pleasant evening spent. but a fresh impetus givon to tho work. Mrs. M. A. Munuoi:, State Supt. Press Dept. CI11CUI.AR. The woman's Christian teoaporanco union of Burlington offers tho sura of fifty lollars (S-jU) in the high and grammar schools of the city, for the best essays on iho evil ellecls of stimulants and narcot is," to lie awarded according to the foll owing plan : 1st. For tho A department in the high school, the prize offered is ten dollars($10;) for the U department eight dollars ($8;) for tho (J department seven dollars ($7) and fnr tho 1) department six dollars ($(i.) In the grammar school, the prize ottered n tlio A department is six dollars ($0;) n the B department live dollars and n the C dcp.iitniont four dollars ($1) in each division. 2d. Teachers, parents and friends are requested to furnish all the facts possible, and to suggest sources from which the pupils may dcrivo Information. This nstiuction must be given betore March 7, 1881, and may form a part of the language nsti uction or composition lessons, and the essays oe credited as a part of the monthly work. 3d. Teachers and parents are encour aged to have the pupils write the essays in full, twice, previous to the day of final writing, and to correct them; the pupils assisting, if desired, in tho work of correc tion This is requested, in ordor that the pupil may have an opportunity for proper ly arranging and expressing facts and leas upon tho sutiiect, and ior improving the manner of expression, through the sug gestions ot the teaeuor. I'll. The essays must all bo written under tho supervision of the class teacher on March 7, 1881. No instruction on the the subject is to be given on that day, and no pupil is to havo in possession any pre viously written essay, notes or copy, or to receive any assistance Irom auy souroe whatever. No manuscript when handed to tho teacher, shall in any way be changed or corrected, nor shall it exceed four pages of foolscap paper, or contain ess than one such page ot written matter. 5th. During tho week lollowing March 7, all essays must be read in the hearing if the class, and tho pupils, may oy vole or otherwise assist the teachers, to deter mine tho best essays not exceeding one n ten and these selected are to he mark- 1 as worthy of especial notice, lhose dll be deemed best which contain most nfonuation regarding the evil effects of nloxicating liquors, opium and tobacco upon llio brain system. All manuscripts must be sent to llio oinco oi tno city super- ntemlent on March 14th, and each one iiiu-t bo designated oy numoer, graue. eacbor and school, omitting the name ot he pupil. fltli. All compoting essays shall be the property of the union and may be pub- lslied it the union so oiect. 7th. As far as possible, the union will assist each teacher, if desired, iu obtain- ng information upon the subjects. 8:li. The lollowing schedule ot topics is recommended : 1, Brief historical sketch of each evil: 2. How do these evils affect the wealth of ndividuals und of nations? 3. How are tliey enemies to health ana cleanhnessP 4. How do they affeot the intellect? 5. How are they lelated to crime? 6. How do thev affect hoaio lifeP 7. What are the medicinal effects of alcohol? 8. Illustrate the above as much as possible, by facts from history and observation ; 9. Compare the evil effects upon the human organism of tobacco, opiniu and alcohol. Burlington, t., Jan. 1, 1&31. East Aldirgii. If vou will please allow space in your columns, I will endoavor to describe a plan which origi nated in the mind of a young lady inmate of my home, regarding fans. She proposes that a quantity of fans be manufactured ready lor utilization as the season opens, of good proportion (similar to those seen in traveling) one side to be used for tern peranoe moitos, etc., the other to be sold so much per square, quarter or half, to large business firms as an advertising medium. In this way our work will be financially aided, temperance literature circulated and business men, through the fans being placed in railroad depots, hotels nd every public plaoo available, will promote their interests. Web3ter defines the fan as "an instrument used by ladies to agitate the air and cool the face in warm weather." Doubtless this is the mission of tho dainty little fan presented to Miss Willard. at the W. O. T. U. convention bytheSwanton Y. W. C. T.U. Another definition is "to raise the hre or fiame." I am of the opinion our temper ance fan will accomplish much, not only by cooling the ladies' laces, but also Dy bo agitating tho air that the temperance flame will be fanned and the fire already kindled will grow brighter and brighter. Mks. P. M. Kinsman. Fate of the Apostles. St. Matthsw is supposed to have suffored martyrdom, or was put to death by the sword, at the city of Ethiopia. St. Mark was dragged througn tne streets oi Aiexanoria, m Egypt, till he expired. St. Luke was hanged upon an olive tree in Greece. St. John was put into a caldron of boiling oil at Rome, and esoaped death. He after wards died a natural death at Ephesus, Asia. ot. James the Ureal was beheaded at Jerusalem. St. James the Less was thrown from a pinnacle or wing f tho temple, nnd then beaten to death with a fuller's club. St. Philip was hanged p against a pillar ot uierapolis, a city ot Phrygia. St. Bartholomew wai flayed live by tne command oi a oarDarotii ing. St. Andrew was bound to a cross, whence he preached to the people till he expired. St. Thomas was run through the body with a lanco, near tuauoar, iq the East Indies. There are some people wha turn gray, but who do not grow hoary, whose faces are furrowed but not wrinkled, whose hearts are sore wounded in many places, but are not dead. There is a youth that bids defiance to age, and there is a kind ness tbat laughs at the world's rough usago. There aro thoy that have returned good for evil, not having learnod it as a lesson of righteousness, but because they havo no evil in them to return upon others. Whom the gods love die young, and they die young because they never grow old. F. Marion Crawford.