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GREEN MOUNTAIN FREEMAN, APRIL 15, 1861.
recti fill. Jrccnwn Tlie (I'reeraau . With his hand upon his charter, And hisfoot upon the sod, He will Hand ordie a martyr For his Freedom and his God. C. W. WILLARD, Editor. ,T. W. WHEELOCK, Printer. montpbLieu Vt. Monday, April, 15,1801. The True Policy. Resolved, That while wo concur in the great est moderation, forbearance and kindness of the federal government toward iho seeded States, believing them to be the victims of merciless conspirators and usurpers, we at the same time deprecate tlio abandonment or the surrender of any rights that can bo successfully and perma nently maintained against any odds. We think less than to hold the forts that can he thus held, and collect the revenue, is to strengthen the reb els and to dishearten and weaken patriots ; and that more is not necessary to give tho people a chance to expel their tyrants from power and place. The ahove resolution, adopted at a Union meeting in Bedford County, Tenn., is wholesome and patriotic. Conciliation, as there defined, is a genuine article and should be adopted by the Administration. And it is refreshing to sec from tho Slave Slates such an avowal of patri otism, when northern men, and northern pa per8 and wo are s irry to find among them some hitherto Republican are in favor of yielding every demand of the rebels if they will only not make war upon the Government. Forts must bo given up, the Flag must be trailed in the dirt, tho revenue laws necessary to tho very existenco of the Government, must, as far as one-half of the Uuion is concerned, be a dead letter, because the South will resist and make war if there be any attempt to maintain them. What is the purpose of a Government? Is it only a fair-weather institution, a moral-suasion power, an if-you-please authority? Is it only lor obedient subjects, interfering not at all with tho ofl'.mces of tho disobedient ? lias it no arm of power ? Is it a more voice of entreaty ? Is it ever to cry out when the thief steals, themur dererstabs, the traitor rebels, ' Oh, pleasedon't, your conduct isn't pretty, and will make trouble for yourself and us " ? Is the sword which the Government is supposed to carry, tho merest wooden lath of the grinning clown ? It is gratifying to know that the Republican Administration at Washington is fast answer ing such questions in the negative, and assert ing not only its dignity and manhood, but its existence, and its right to exist. It could do nothing less and retain the respect of its friends or its enemies. It need do nothing more than it already gives evidence of a purposo to do to maintain its authority, uphold its Flag and col lect its resources and it will command the re spect of its enemies, the admiration of its friends, and the cordial and enthusiastic support of all lovers of constitutional freedom. - - -- - Energetic Policy. The Ship of State, thank God, once more minds her helm. She has been fairly put about, and now stands head to tho wind in stead of rolling helplessly in the trough of our " sea of troubles, at the mercy of every wave and every gale. Tiio magnificent Fabian policy which has brought us so near total ruin, has been thrown to the do"?, and a straight forward, manly, defensive, nec essary policy hs been inaugurated in its stead. Tho event of war or peace was thrown upon tho rebels, and up,m their heads will bo tho responsibility for every d.iop of blood that w ill bo shed. And tho rebels, having chosen a bloody arbitrament, the Government can do nothing now but maintain its authority, and boar aloft tho insulted Flag. There must be no halting now. The pulse of the North beats quick and strong. Millions of men, since tho report of tho surrender of Fort Sumter, have . felt their muscles grow- rigid, thoir teeth set hard together, and the current of thoir patriot ism running with a resistless tide to vindicate the honor of the starry ensign. The North is unmistakably aroused. " The war is inevitable, and let it come." And when tho storm, and tho thunder, and tho terrors of tho conflict are past, and the sons of Freedom are resting on their victorious arms, if tho demon of Slavery shall have boon driven foaming with rage and covered with tho blood of4 its own torments, into tho Gulf, the calm that will follow may prove to bo cheaply purchased at any cost. . - i, Tho Smithsonian weather report this rnornino ropresents tho weather clear from Charleston to New Orleans. The wind at Charleston is Northeast. Thermometer GO. The above report of tho calmness of South ern weather was telegraphed the loth inst., from Washington to the Boston Journal. It U extremely gratifying to learn that tho Southern sky is so serene. That wind lrom the North east was doubtless a trifle bracing, and per) aps slightly raw as tho thermometer indicates, it laving dropped considerably below blood-heat. We are especially glad to learn that there is such a thing as u'North-rast wind at Charles ton. Would not u touch of the bracing tone of the Administration, and the North, also cleariiptlioirpolitic.il sky, and reduce their socessbn fever? Southern Notions of Government. " All government begins with usurpation, and is continued by force. Nature puis tho ruling elements uppermost, and the masses below and subject to those elements. Less than this is not a government. The right to govern resides with a very small minority ; and tho duty to obey is inherent in the great mass of mankind." Be Bow's (Southern) Review. A downright, strong affirmation of a proposi tion is often as good as an argument. De Bow evidently has caught this stylo. " All govern ment begins by usurpation." Do Bow could have given examples if required. Each ore of the seceded States would have, in its recent gov ernment of Conventions, furnished him an in stance. " Naturo put tho ruling elements up permost." Of the fact that the " ruling ele ments " are generally " uppermost," while they rule at least, there isn't a grain of doubt. Whether nature, or grace, or providence, or their own right arms put them in that elevated position, may admit of more question. " The right to govern resides with a very small mi nority," is intensely southern in fact tho very thing the South are fighting for. It is slightly un-Deinocrati-?, to bo sure, but that is charac teristic of the whole slavery rebellion. But there are other southern notions of gov ernment beside De Bow's. Buford and Hum. phries, members of the rebel Congress at Mont gomery, think the African slave trade a good foundation to build upon. Hear Buford and Humphries : " African slavery, as found among us, being consistent with the Bible, essential to tho exis tence of Republican institutions, and necessary to human progress, so far from being wrong or inexpedient, is both right and indispensable. With these ideas this provision seems at war. Not to re open the African tdave trade, but to defend State right from mortal assault and the muralhy of our institutions from inanect asper sion, wo hopo that jurisdiction over this subject may yet bo remitted to tho tribunals to winch it rightfully belongs ; and that thus the rook on which the old Union was wrecked may bo forev er removed. While it remains I here will bo agitation and danger. And there is no need to fear that tho po'icy of each State might not conform to the general sentiment against re opening that trade." And wo give, also, a letter from a Southern planter to a Tennessee paper, which throws considerable light upon the slave-holders' ideas of what a government should be: My Dear Sir : I am somewhat acquainted with the secrets of tho secessionists, and deem it important to tho people of tho whole United States Government to acquaint them in duo time of the ulterior design of tho secession movement. Tho question is not nor never has been, tho protection of the institutions of slaves with South Carolina, but a desire for a chango of Government, and to avoid tho effects of Northern policy upon the products of tho South, as it has been represented to mo by one of tho secret agents that has been traveling all over the country for tho last Bix months incog, for tho purpose of bearing up tho masses in the border States to the cause of secession. But to come to their policy : First, it is to adopt tho Conststtuion of the United States, under tho Provisional Government for one year, and in the mean time get tho border States to unite with them, and when that is accomplished then, at the end of one year, to call a Convention of the seceding States and to frame a Government upon a Monarchical ba sis and the Ministers of the Southern Confed eracy are instructed especially to so represent to tho foreign Courts. Republican form of Gov ernment is to be abolished, and tho last vestige of Democracy to be destioyed under the new order of things. But the secessionists are to withold this in tention from the people until the new Govern ment can be organized in such a way as tc give it strength to secure its objects. If any shall doubt this disclosure, if it were possible to com pel, by any means, the leaders of secession to make oath as to the truth of every word above remitted, the people would find every word trvc. I did not promise secrecy of this disclosure, although it was doubtless implied. But I deem it important to the whole country that it should be in due time exposed. By a Southern Pi.anteh and a Union Man. And this is the kind of rebellion, revolution, that we are told, even by presses that claim to be Republican, and in favor of Freedom, must not be resisted, because the rebels once kepi " step to the music of the Union." Will some one tell us what a Governmont should punish if it does not punish treason ? Grammar. Free institutions, Freedom itself, are now struggling for existence, and Nations are the intensely excited spectators of the shifting see n es . Freeman. We do not wish or intend to be captious, but if it is not ' Freedom itself that " are strug gling," what are it ? We thought Boyce had left the editorial chair ot the Freeman office. Patriot. Doubtless tho grammarian of tho Patriot would bvC written, " free institutions is strug gle . Major Eastman is dead, and tho cram mar of the Patriot is now, unhappily, no better than its politics. We are indebted to somebody for a copy of the Third Registration Report for Vermont, for 185'.). Tho Report is creditable to all concerned in getting it up to tho Legislature which ordered it, to Dr. Charles L. Allen, of Castle ton, under whoso superintendence it has been condensed, and to the publishers who put it in so fair type and binding bofore the public. - A Mian y. April 9. The Democrats carried the election to-day by over 1000 majority. Fort Sumter. Rebellion has triumphed. Tho American Flag has been lowered in tho faco of an enemy, The rattle-snake has struck with his poisoned fangs at tho crest of tho eagle. Civil war has b.'cn inaugurated by the haughty Southern slaveholders. There can now be but a single feeling with every one not sympathizing with traitors.or in complic ity with tho rebellion, and that is, that tho most vigorous and efficient measures must bo imme diately taken that tho Government receive no further harm. Treasure and life were onco poured out like water to save Liberty from tho teeth of the lion. Shall they be spared now, when tho rattle snake strikes at the heart ef Freedom ? Is not tho (iovernment that cost seven years' war to create, worth another seven years' war, if need b?, to preserve and perpetuate? Wo shall need wait but a little, the domineering and ex ultant rebels will need wait but n day for the North, tho East and tho great free West to ut ter their voice in response. And it will come like the blast of a trumpet. A million men will spring to arms at tho cull of their Country. Proudly and defiantly they will " follow the "Flag, and keep step to the music of the "Union," And if Southern fields should be sown with salt, and the burning plough-sharo of war should be run through rebellious cities, upturning them from their foundations, and leaving their smoking ruins as the only record of their existence, Slavery will have nobody but itself to blame for its mad rush upon des truction. Away now with talk of compromises. Hurl concessions to tho winds. The South have chosen war. There is no longer peace or jus tice in forbearance. Let tho gleam of every Southern bayonet be flashed back from a hun dred Northern swords ; ai:d God speed the right. Virginia. Richmond, Va., April 'J Tho Convention to-day, in committee of the whole, considered the tenth K'Ho'ution. An amendment that the Fed eral authorities have no power to deal with the subject was rejected, 12 auaiust 114. Mr. Wise offered tho following substitute : That tho people of Virginia consent to tho re cognition of the separate independence of the seceded States, that they be treated as an inde pendent power, and that proper laws bo passed to effect their separation. Adopted, 128 againBt 20. An amendment was offered to the 1 1th reso lution, declaring confidence in the justice of the people of the other States, and appealing for a satisfactory adjustment, by tho adoption of amendments to the Constitution, and declaring that the refusal of the norisltiveholding States to such amendments would Tesult in the total and final disruption of the Union. Mr, Goodo offered an amendment declaring further in such aD event Virginia would feel compelled to resume her powers and throw herself upon her reserved rights. Rejected, 54 against 70. The first amendment was lost. Mr. Tarr moved to strike out the last sentenco of the resolution declaring that the State would resume her powers in tho event of a fai ure to receive a satisfactory response. Rejected 54 to 70. During tho recess, privato advices that steamers were seen at the mouth of Charleston harbor and that Fort Sumter would be reinforced at all hazards, produced a decided sensation. Richmond, Va April 10 The Convention considered the 12th resolution. Mr. Carlisle moved to strike out that portion making ii an indispensable condition that no attempt, shall be made to reinforce or recapture tho. forts, &c. Rejected, 17 to 104. Mr. Wise moved to add a clause declaring shut all tho forts in the limits of tho seceded States ought to be evacuated. Lost, G to 07. The resolve, as amended and adopted, is as follows : Resolved, That the people of Virginia will wait any reasonable time for obtaining an answer from the other States with regard to the proposition of amendments to the Constitu tion, but willcxpectas an indispensable condition that a pacific policy bo adopted toward tho seceded States, and that no attempt shall be made to subject them to the Federal authority, nor to reinforce any of the forts, or to recapture the forts, arsenals and other property of tho Un ited Slates within the limits of the sccedim States, nor exact payment on the imports o? their commerce, nor any measure be resorted to calculated to provoke a collision, and the forts, arsenals, Sic, ceded to the United States, situ ated in the seceded States.ought for purposes of pacification to bo evacuated by the authorities. After a recess tho 13th resolution was amend ed and passed. It is as follows : Resolved, That m tho opinion of this Conven tion tho people of Virginia wouid regard any aciion of the Federal Government or Confederato States tending to produce a collision, pending the efforts for an adjustment, as unwise and in jurious to the interests of "both, and wo"!d ?? sard such ac ion on the p.nt of cither as leaving them free to determine their own future policy. Pending tho consideration of tho 14th resolu tion the Convention adjourned. During tho recess to-day much excitement was caused by tho report that Fori Sumter was to bo reinloreed to-day or to-morrow. Tho ex tiera Unionists in Convention say J they will not be moved by telegraphic dispatches, and in dicates that they will stand firm for tho Govern ment if the steameis are attacked. Tho coiv servativesexprejsd diff. rent sentiment?, Richmond, Va.,Apiil 11. The convention has been ali day considering the fourteenth resolution. Mr. Scott offered an amendment contemplating a congress of tho border States, in events the responses of tho nonalaveholdirig States was not made by the time for tho reas sembling of this convention. Numerous amend ments were offered and rejected. No action was taken on the n solution. Adjourned. There is less excitement to-day. Two companies of Virginia troops left Rich mond last evening for Charleston. It is sup posed that they go to reinforce Gen. Beaure gard's command. Roger A. Pryoi lias raised a company (r vol-tt-crstn Virginia and tended them to Jefferson Davis to-day. Richmond, Va., April 12. The fourteenth resolution was adopted in the Convention today, with Mr. Scott's amendment. This being tho last resolution, the proposed amendments to tho Constitution were taken up. Mr. Wise's substitute was rejected. Adj. Tho official dispatches between General Beauregard, Maj. Anderson and Secretary Walker wero circulated in tho Convention this ultcrtioon. They created considerable sensation, but there was yo indication that the Union men would consent to secede without tho co-operation of tho border States. The public is greatly excited. Fort Sumter. Nkw York. April 10. An editorial in the Tribune states positively that the principal object of the expedition which sailed beuco within four days was the relief of Fort Sumter. About two thousand men will arrive off Charles thn to night or to morrow, under command of Lieut. Col. Harvey Brown, of tho Second Ar tillery. A small steamer will be sent in with supplies, and if repelled, the Tribune says the rebels will be taught, without unnecessary de lay, that thero is hi ill a power in the United States, and that this power cannot well bo in sulted with impunity. The South Carolina mails wi 1 be stopped up on the first sign of hostility or ateinpt to pre vent the relief of Fort Sumter. A snecial dispatch to the Herald from Charleston last evening, sajs that Lieut. Talbot was detaiued at Florence and lost twelve Hours. Permission was refused for a provision ship to approach Fort Sumter. Martial law was ex peotod to be proclaimed. Special dispatches to tho Post from Washing ton say that tho Government has chartered a number of sm ill schooners and other craft to be filled with sand hags, and to sail into Charleston harbor, bearing boats on the sido nearest Fort Sumter, tho boats to be protected from the rebel batteries by the solid contents ol ttio larger vos sels. This plan is to be adopted in case the Charle- tomans hre upon tno small steamer sent in witn provisions. Men-of-war are to steam in near enough to check any attempt to intercept tho schooners and boats by armed vessels. The Herald Washington dispatch says the government is determined to keep Maj. Ander son in Fort Sumier and supply him with pro visions forthwith. A portion of tho fleet will reach Charleston to day (Tuesday.) There is no desiro to put additional men into the fort unless resistance is offered to the attempt to furnish supplies. The fleet will not approach Charleston with a hostile intent, but the sup ply vessels will go prepared to reply promptly to any resistance of a warlike character offered to a peaceful approach to the fort. Capt. Tal bot carried instructions to this effect to Maj. Anderson, with orders to open his batteries on Charleston it tho vessels are fired upon. New York, April 10. A special dispatch from Charleston, 'Job to the Herald, says tho floating battery has been towed to a position between Sullivan's Island and Fort Sumter. A special dispatch to the Day Book from Charleston, dated 10th, says troops aro pouring in from the interior to-day. Everything is ready for a collision. A battle is hourly ex pected, for Fort Sumter will bo attacked with out waiting for the abolition fleet. Everything is prepared against a land attack. Charleston, April 10. Our people are not excited, but thero is a fixed determination to meet the issue. An additional Regiment of 1000 men is hour ly expected from the interior. The Convention has just adjourned, subject to the ca l of tho President. Before adjourning it passed a resolution approving of tho conduct of Gen. Twiggs in resigning his commission and turning over tho public property in Texts to the State authorities. Gov. Pickens was in se cret session with the Convention to day. About 1000 troops were sent to the fortifica tions to day, and 18')0 more are to go down to morrow. Messrs. Wigfall, Cbesnut, Means, Manning, McGowan and Bnyioston have been appointed on Gen. Beauregard's staff. A large number of the membors of the Con vention, after tho adjournment, volunteered us privates. About 7000 troops are now at the fortifica tions. The beginning of tho end is approach ing. Fort Pickens. New York, April 10. The Tribune has dis patches from Lieut. Slcmmcr, Fort Pickens, ex plaining that the reason troops had not been landed fiom the Brooklyn was, that ho already had sufficient to hold the fort against any army the rebels could bring against him. He has four months provisions. Ho adds that troops can bo landed at any time when needed. A letter to tho Times, from on board tho steamer Brooklyn, says the commander at Fort lay or, K-y West, compelled the inhabitants to haul down tho Confederate States flag, with the polite intimation that two nationalities cold not rulo in tho same place. The rumor that the Brooklyn had landed men at lort Pickens proves untrue. A Washington correspondent says : That Fort Pickens has been or will be rein forced admits of no doubt, and tho Administra tion will do f,'i it9 power to either relieve Major Anderson, or to secure his evacuation of ' ort Sumter without dishonor or committing tho Government to the acknowledgment of any right claimed by the Conlederato States, or in any way recognizing tho right of secession. Ihe proceedings in tho Gulf beyond tho re lief or iort Pickens will bo governed by cir cumstances. J From tho correspondence of th,. pi,;i..ii.,i.:.. ! Ivqumr : . ,or! "okens '"ay be supplied with provis ions but it is not believed that any nJn res will be taken to disturb ,1h, military S! ST t z 0 ioni8t8 " tick . Lieutenant Sloinmer is supplied with tho Myers Signals,' and a man in his Karr Lun with one on board of tho Brooklyn, l been l U8 tbem 5 80 h0 c J com" in.in.cate any apparent necessity for rcinfor e- Army Newj. General Sumner has gone to supercede Gen eral Johnson. Commander of the Pacific Div ision of the army. The Herald says orders wero issued to day to have tho steamers Wabash, Vincennes and Sa vannah ut New York, Jamestown and Philadel phia, detailed for immediate service. New York, April 10. A special dispatch to tho Commercial from Washington says the Pres- I ident has ordeiad the drafting of two volunteer companies hero into service, and guards are to bo detailed from them for the protection of the public buildings. Some of the volunteers declined to be musteied into service, but the larger majority profess willingness. Washington', April 10. Ten companies, or about ono fourth of tho volunteer militia of the District, aro mustering to day for inspection, the order having been issued from government head quarters last night. Several days ago the company officers were directed to report the number of effective nion. There is no doubt that tho military movements here in progress aro connected with precaution ary measures for tho defense of tho capital from an appiehended attack from tho South. The Federal forces in Washington are to l.e strengthened by at least one additional artillorv company. Recruiting is fast going on, and at least o0, 000 volunteers will be offered in tho free States in a lew days. Governor" Dennison of Ohio pledges the sup port of his State to a vigorous policy, and re turns homo immediately to put his pledge into effect. In regard to tho supplies placed on board the steamer Baltic, which sailed lrom New York Monday evening, the Commercial Advertiser says : " In addition to tho stores taken in on Sat urday and Sunday, she has received this morn ing a miscellaneous assortment of flour, bacon, dried fruits, liquors, and ship stores of varied character. Gangs of men were at work in as laige num. bers as could labor to advantage, and freight was taken on board at the same time from the deck and from two lighters ono forward and tho other aft. Coal was shipped in large quan. tities in gunny bags and sacks which wero af terward piled on deek against theguards. Small bushel sacks of coal were placed on board also, which our reporter learned were for the use of the flying artillery, who on the march always carry a portable blacksmith's forge and a sup ply of coal, to make any repairs that may be necessary to their battery wagons, or to supply a lost horse-shoe. There were strewed about the dock, at tho same time, as a specimen of the varied character of tho Baltic's cargo, flour, beef, bacon, condensed milk, brandy, rum, champagne, Madeira, sherry, olive oil, n'gst soda biscuit, carts, shovels, cut nails, immense coils of rope and cable scantling, split peas, ham, hay, wheelbarrows, bedding, spikes, sails, and an indefinite number of trunks, boxes and bales, whoso contents were unknown. A large quan. tity of hay, in bales has been taken on board." The Express states that fourteen double bank government boats constitute a part of the Bal tics cargo, which is said to be composed mainly as follows : Foraging carts, forge vices, gunning bags, packed in squares, and ready lor the construc tion of Foitifications, Ordnance tools, Muskets, Blacksmiths' coal Portable Forges, barrels of ship biscuit vegetebles and hay. The Evening Post says : " Two hundred men are to go on her from the island, under command of Lieutenant R. O. Tyler, of the Third Artillery, and Lieuten ant K. McK. Hudson, of tho fourth Artillery. Lieutenant Thomas, also goes with tho expo dition. The officers do not know their destina tion. They only know that they are to be ready to go to night, and go by the Baltic. It is pos itive that the troops are not for the rein forcement ot Sumter, and it is possible that they are not destined for Pickens, as the men are all new recruits, and may bo intended for distribution at Brazos and the Gulf ports gen erally. Tub draft of men to day leaves behind about live hundred and twenty men on Govern ors and Bedlon's islands. The steam frigate Savannah was hauled up to the dock at tho Brooklyn Navy Yard Monday, and a large force of men set to work upon her, orders having been received to fit her out as ex peditiously as possible, Additional hands have been put to work on the brig Perry, and men who havo been working in many of the depart ments of the yard, on half time for tho past few monts, are now all on full time and seem likely to have work for some time to come. The resignations of Major Holmes and Lieut. Ranson, of tho army, will not cause the least embarrassment to the government. Theadmin istration is detei mined to have no more traitors in the ranks. IIarrishuru, Pa , April y. The Governor has sent a message to the Legislature relative to the National difficulties. He recommends an organization of the Mil itia and other measures proper for the present crises. He states that ho has received a letter from President Lincoln, stating that he has information of a design to attack Washington. Military Arkangkmknts at Washington. Washington, April, 10. During the afternoon to day various volunteer companies proceeded to tho War Department for inspection- Several hundred men were musteied into .he service. Two or three companies were rejected, their numbers being less than 42, but eff .rts aro making to bring the companies up to this num ber in order that they may be accepted. Only ono half of the members of the National Rifles consented to bo mustered, those refusing being apprehensive that they would bo ordered out of the District of Columbia, while others were unwilling to lake tho oath, which they conceive in the events of the secession of Maryland and irginia would compel them to fight against those States. It is said thej were informed that they must take tho oath unconditionally, an infraction of which would subject thorn to punishment, under the articles of war. At a hit hour in tho aftorno; n, two compa nies appeared at tho War Department, somo of the members of which wero without uniforms, but tho Adjutant General, who was to inspect them, had retired. Captain panyof uboot 80 men wore mustered to a man. Iho accepted companies havo already boon placed on duty, guarding thuir resprctive armo ries. Immense crowds gather in front of tho