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)t SJailB Jwtman. LYENLNG EDITION. The Freeman . With his hand upon his charter, And bis foot upon the lod, He 111 stand ordie a martyr For his Freedom and his God. C. W. WILLARD, Editor. .1. W. WIH5ELOCK. Printer. MONTPELIER, VT. WEDNESDAY, MAY 1. 1861. ' Where is Massachusetts ? " ' THaV forgot ton old accident, John Tyler, when delivering hi inaugural address to tho Old Gentlemen s Convention at Washington last winter, in a simulated fervor ot patriotic rebuke, crieoVout. Where is Massachusetts?" The old By State bad not then taken seats in the Peace Congress. She had no faith in the John Tyler method of curing the diseases of the country, and she made no haste to go down to the Potomac at the invitation of Virgin ia. She-saw, at thatJtime, through tho trans parent patriotism of Virginia, and beheld tho demon of Treason lurking behind, ready to strike at the Government. She had little faith in a Peace Congress, less in Virginia, and least ot till in John Tyler. It has been but a few woeks since the accident propounded his inquiry. In tho meantime, tho deliberations of his Congress amounted to noth ing except to gain time for the Rebels. John Tyler very Boon threw off the mask which so poorly concealed his real purposes, and went home to Virginia, spouting his devilish treason at every cross road. The Government which had been quieting itself with the delusive hope that the traiiors were becoming sick of their treason, and anxiously looking for some pretext to return to their allegiance, at last woke up to a full comprehension of the danger that beset the Union. They saw that the tra'tors had only been gathering their eticngth for a sudden and desperate spring at the very heart of the Nation. The l.yul States were instantly called to arms. Yhy.tiiu Wii" called upon for her tinofci of troops. harUl .ick in the teeth of the Government an ordinance ol secession. Massachusetts) was litviteJ to iliis new Pence Congress, and as the lightning on its swilt wings bore the word il to arms " through her borders, her sons sprang to the post of danger. She did not hesitate a mo ment?. Her troops were at once in motion. Her regiments were pushed through New York and Pennsylvania before those great States had fully comprehended the necessity for immediate ac tion. She left a few of her own dead in Balti more, but the cry was, " forward," and her gallant soldiers pressed on to the Capital. She Tiot only opened the way to Washington, but he is to-day keeping it open, and if Virginia is foiled in her mad scheme of destroying the Fed eral Metropolis, the result will bo largely due to the alacrity with which the Bay State re sponded to the call of the Administration. ' Where is Massachusetts? ' She is under tho Flag, in the front rank, bearing aloft that glorious symbol, and keeping step to the music of the Union. And where is Virginia? Aye, John Tyler, where is Virgiaia ? She has east her lot with traitors, and clothed herself in the garment of rebellion, a garment that will one day burn with the fire of her torment ; and she may yet ask Massachusetts to save her from the flames of tho pit into which she is plunging. The time limited in the President's procla raation for the traitors to disperse and go qui etly about their ordinary business, is nearly up, but they have not yet dispersed, and will not. The Government has got a summer's work on its hands. It has got to put down this treason. The jurisdiction of the United States doesn't stop at tho Potomac, lc reaohes to the Gulf of Mexico. Its Flag must be carried there. It must bo loft flying from every eminence be tween New Jersey and New Orleans, and not onough traitors left t tear it down or insult it. The Government must now make thorough work of putting down rebellion. Its troops face the South. Let them have tho word " Forward ! " as soon as possible, and let not a finl halt be called, until the stars and stripes are flying over the domes of every Southern capi'ol. Maryland is evidently coming to her senses. She has found out that she is on the road to Washington. Sho has also found out that some hundreds of thousands of Northern troops are going South. And many of them, never having seen Maryland, ate desirous of taking that Stato in their way, and are particularly anxious to go through Baltimore, arid see the curiosities of that mob-ruled city. They would be willing to go a considerable distance out of their way to see the City, but not a single inch to avoid it. So the Legislature has kindly and considerately, and in an amiable frame of mind, voted that United States troops can go through Maryland, on their way to Washington; This ia exceedingly thoughtful of he Legislai ture ; and after voting that lightning may strike in that titate, if it is atir .ct d that wav, they m iy consider tho bminess of the session com pleted, and at once adjourn. GREEN MOUNTAIN FREEMAN, The majesty of the Government, as represen ted at tho National Capital, hedged about by none of the exterior, imposing stato of a royal supremacy, tho main spring of a silent ma chinery, has, nevertheless, without the exhi bition of its material forces, been a mere ab straction, a figure of speech, a nothingness in the eyes of Jeff Davis and his confederates. ( Confederates ! apropos name that ! We apply it often to thieves and burglars.) They have not had a " realizing sense " of any such mere symbol. They have Bnapped their fingers at it. Messages and proclamations, disseminated by the peaceful art of printing, have been scorned by those of their number who could read, or received with roars of laughter. ' Ordinances they have no regard for, unless they comb out of the right foundry, and the Flag of the Union has become a mere rag to bo torn into pieces, or trampled under foot. It remains to be seen whether tbey will have any more respect for the majesty of the people, when they take the pains to visit them personally, and in a body, with petitions for peace susponded from tho points of seventy-five thousand bayonets and whether they will rejoin to tho roar of cannon with roars of laughter f We would not be presumptuous where nothing has been achieved, but we are a little hopeful in this re spect. They have hitherto monopolized the talk about fighting, and still they talk, of guns and drums and wounds Heaven save the mark ! Tho Southern atmosphere is hot and tainted ieat lightning flashes the hurricane roars ; but there is a storm gathering in the North ; the silent clouds are collecting about the lull tops ; their mighty masses come together in the free air. " We never did, like m ilesUtion view Of the enchafed elements." The North is not fruitful in sudden tempests, but it has immense reservoirs, where they col lect, and sometimes come down with trans cending power. Sjme process of the kind is going on. We begin to realize in its imposing lorcc " the soldiarity of the peoples." Our plain Republican Government will bo found, unless we are deceived greatly in such hopelul auguries, to have some attributes of strength, when the free iMorth, so long reticent, shall ut iust upeuk forth with one voice yea, and that a mighty voice. Vermont Volunteer Compinies. The following letter has been handed U3 by Geo. A. Merrill, Secretary of Civil and Military Affairs, which will explain itself: St. Joh.vsbury, April 29, 1861. Sir : In reply to your enquiries respecting tho inspection and enrollment of a volunteer company at , 1 am instructed by the Governor to inform you that such permission is granted, subject to the conditions of a gen eral order which will soon be Issued. And I am also instructed to publish this noto for the information of those who have made similar inquries in relation to companies ah eady formed or to be formed in different parts of the State. The Governor goes this day to Rutland for the purpose, in connexion with the Adjutant and Inspector General, of completing the arrangements for mustering into rendezvous the first Vermont regiment, now ready for the U. S. service. Meantime there will be no unnecessary delay in issuing a general order and appointing the proper officem for the enlistment of the two additional regi ments requhed by the recent act of the Leg islature. G eo. A. Merrill. Sec'y of Civil & Military Affairs. Virginians are removing the machinery to Richmond which the Government abandoned at Harpers' Ferry. North Carolina is said to have gone out of the Union by acclamation. Bishop Onderdonk died April 30, aged TO. The Chesapeake landed 38C0 barrels of pro visions at Fort Monroe. It is reported that martial law will be pro claimed in Washington, and along the Kail ruads now run ly tho Government. Carl Sohurz goes West to organize a Com-l,anJ- s Hon. Geo. P. Marsh, of Burlingion, Minis ters Turin, sailed from New York on Satur day. The following extract from a letter we have received, speaks for itself : In reply to the query, V. what is Vermont do in" ?" in a letter from a friend, in N. Y., I wrote : Vermont is something slow, but sho is sure. You will hear a report from her, but it will not come from the North but from the South ! We have voted a milliou for war purposes, and will give another, if necessary. There ts plenty of ' never ejt" in old Ver mont yet u Q. AGoud Example. An ext -nsivs fancy goods dealer in Broadway, N. Y., has sent three of his clerks to fight for their country, and lontin uea their salaries, while absent. TIiih is tan gible patriotism. News by Mail. Rutland. April 30. The First Regiment will rendezvous at this place on Thursday, and will leave for Washing ton on Saturday of this week. Gov. Fairbanks and several officers of the United States Army are in town. ' Trenton N. J, April 30 Tho extra session of the Legislature convened to day at twelve o'clock.' All the Senators were present, but seven members of the House were absent. The Governor's messago was received and read He recommends a loan of $2,000,000 at 7 per cent, and a State loan of $100.000, also the repair of the State arms and the purchase of 20,000 stands of arms, field pieces and munitions. He als j recom mends the raising of regiments for State service,' to be heU Subject to the call of the General Government, also provisions for the defence of the Southern part of the State by fortified ports or entrenched damp. ' The message is an able and eloquent document, and was received with loud applause from members and specta tors. The Legislature is eiiinuioncing business,: and the necessary bills will be passed without delay. AU four of the New Jersey regiments are now here, and receiving their arum and equipments. A large number of vessels are now readv in the canal, and the troops will be sent off to morrow. Some Virginian papers quietly hint at the formation of a large military onmp in the vicin ity of the town of Dunlries. near the Potomac, about 25 miles below Alexandra. New mili tary companies recently arrived at Alexandria, are believed to havo been transferred thither. Boston, April 30th. Tho brig St. Mary was seized by the Collec tor to-day. She had on board 500 kegs of pow der. Washington, April 30. Senator Hunter, W. C.Riv.-s. W.D. Preston, and Judge Camden and Brotkenbr-ugh have been appointed by the Virginia Convention as delegates to the Southern Congress. The Virgiania convention has passed an ordi nance establishing a Navy of Virginia, and au thorizes the banks to issue one and two dollar notes. The Navy department is to put sea go ing craft on their guard. The lioht vessels at Cape Henry an4 Charles show no light. Haiirisburu, Ajril 29. Full preparations are being made here to put up the bridges on the Northern Central Rail road. The Pennsylvania Central has loaned or presented the Government with a number of frames for iron bridges, which iliey have always ready to replace biiilgcs destroyed or burnt on their roads. Two hundred and fifty carpen ters, and other wagon men have been quietly concentrated at York since Saturday They will bt! protected by troops us they auvancu Five Regiments are now lying organized at .. amp Curtin, and they will probably move to morrow to York. Tho intention is to guaid every bridge with troops clear through to Bal timore. When the troops reach that point, they will attempt to pass around Baltimore and reach the Relay House at the junction of the Washington and Baltimore and Ohio Railroads. That point should they reach it, they will hold permanently. Cuahbkrsmjrg, Pa , April 29. A test vo!o in the Maryland Legislature to day on secession, resulted Yum 13 nays 53. That kills secession. A Washington dispatch to the Commercial says that a Union Convention will be held at Wheeling, May 13ih, composed of delegates from Western Virginia. The secessionists will attempt to conciliate by granting the demand to tax slaves as property. Thero were not more than 2,000 Virginia troops at Alexandria April 29th, and they were poorly supplied with provisions. Foreign News. Halifax, April 29. The Royal Mail Steam ship Arabia from Liverpool 20tii, and Queens town 2lst, arrived at 2 P. M. to day, bringiu.' JLLLSOO specie. The London Times, in an editorial, reiterated hop.s for the maintenance of peace, and thinks iv cm, yunoiunj uicti. vutj waning intentions ol President Lincoln may not bo carried out into ciul war. One of its articles concludes as follows : " We would rather hope that the good seuso of Americans and the peaceful counsels of this country may bring about a reconciliation be fore the dispute has been too far envenomed. As long as the two sections ot the Union refrain from hostilities, it would be the bight of arro gance and folly to' interfere, but when the soil and sea are likely to be stained wiili blood, for eign natio s may surely remonstrate in the cause of humanity." ITALY. Garibaldi took his seat in the Italian Parlia ment, and business was temporarily suspended by tho applause. Garibaldi made his speech so violent that it excited a tumult in the chamber. He made of fensive allusions to tho Ministry, against which Count Cavour protested. The President of tho Chamber put on bis hut, and the sitting was suspended for a brief interval. Garibaldi, in resuming, spoke with more moderation. He defended his comrades in arms, and said that the formation ot three di visions of volunteers, as decreed, was not suffi. cient for a National uriaarnent. Count Cavour said he accepted the words of conciliation. (iaraibhli explained several fact. ;..ii;id,.d r.. by Cavour. and expresses his beliuf that Cavour loved Italy. Cn the 19th, Carabaldi was again received in the Chamber with loud applause. An attempt, d reaction had broken out in Culaoriu, whether troops were dispatched. Continued Austrian movements on the Po near Ftrara are recorded. Au attack in Sar dinia is considered rossiblo, commencing with the invasion of the Dutchy Modemi, "which would not be an infraction of the Villafranca treaty. Patriotic Woman. Madam Lucy A. Cooke, Clairvoyant Physician, of this place, to-day flung to the breeze a beautiful Fl tg, twelve by eighteen foot, the workmanship of linr own hands, and wholly at her own expense, and was teidt aivakc-M the while. MAY i. BY TELEGRAPH TO THE FREEMAN FROM OUR MORNING EDITION Cap!. Sherman's Nailery a Union JSiiTnhcuer! Richmond to he Attacked ! New Yiiuk, April 30. A snecial disnatch to the 'Post says that the presence of Sherman's Battery at Eikton, Md.. ' has changed the community irom oectsiwiumow to Unionists. , . Troops are concentrating around Baltimore. . Troops are already in, Virginia, and . force of Federal troops will soon be posted at Frede rick City, the present capital of Maryland. Cant 'Dodsteof th federal Army has been elected Colonel of the Ninth New York Regi ment aud has accepted it. , , PniLAOKLi'HU. April 30th. The Prov'dence Artillery left this morning for the South. A large number of Baltimoreans, driven . frein their homes under mob rale , returned this morning with their families Gov. Letcher has been notified that any approach of confederate troons towards Wash ington will be a signal for an instant attack on Richmond and Noriolk. Harrisburgh, April 30. The Chief Justice of Vermont while m Rich mond estimated the troops there to be 11,000, and 15,000 South of that point were moving northward. A gentleman from Virginia states that the vote in the Virginia Convention against seces sion, was 70 not 17 as reported. New York, April 30. The Dedham Zouaves arrived here lust night, and are quartered at the City Hall Park. Philadllpijia, April 30. The whole of tho New Jersey force leaves Trenton to-morrow for Washington. The Adriatic is to bo employed as a trans port. &TATK OV VERMO.VT, Adjutant ami Inspector Ouneral'.'i "III j- . ) itutkimi, .pni .), io i i , i . No uniform fur new companies shrttld lie lna-l;' nii.il :i , geuerul pattern is prcribtd fur uV State ! HENRY UAXTEIi. j " , -I Montpelier, May 1 4 o'clock P. M. Fort Fickais Reinforcod !! HOW IT WAS DONE! Star mid stripes Floating- in Baltimore! BALT1MO (EANS RALLYING UNDER ' THE OLD FLAG. THE NEW TREASURY LOAN. Pensacola invested with U. S. Troops. New York, May 1. The steamer Atlantic from Fort Piekens ar lived tliis morning. 'I hr. ri-tifivre n.iT.wl n i. ? . . ',' 1 . I .v-. uiincu uii 1'ui t i ayior, ; Key West, on the 13th ult., when additional I troops, ordnance, ,tc, were taken on board,! and reached Fort Jefferson, Tortugas, on the! j afternoon of tho 14th. j I On Tuesdav. tliM Ifirli sI.a u.. ' J -v.M k.,v, civICU OUlllil ' Rosa Island, anciiorintr nmir f lu. P. v:..i.:-.. After Uark took about twenty boats of the fleet in tow, aim started for Ft. Piekens, with all tho lights extinguished, and came to anchor, about a ruile from the Fort, in (direct range of the guns of Fort Aldlea. By midnight a majority o" the soldiers were in the Fort. AU her forces were successfully landed, to gether with stores, ammunitions, &c. Steamer Fnate Powhattan arrived off Fort Pickens on the 17th. Steamer Illinois arrived on the l'J,h, and landed her re-mfercements on tho 20th. Baltimore, May 1. At noon the Star Span led Banner was ra.sed over tho Custom House and Post Office by ordi-r of the newl apppointed officers. Large crowds were present, and great enthu siasm was manifested. With cheers for the Union and tho Old FlaC tho crowd then joined in singing The Star spangled banner.'' WARHIVr.Tnv r.... 1 I he Secretary of the Treasury has advertised ' or proposals until the 30th, unless sooner ,a- i t.,, u, wj $14 000,000 under the ' act of June 28th 1800. I News has been reeved here ot the invest ' ment of lW,cola by JJ. S. troops. " A lull jr parade was given hero this after-' noon, counting of all the Mass., K. J. and . troops. ih0 ry8ldent8 and H;s were present. nua Oovernment will sell t.-. i . , f .u . Maseachusetts a nor. t on of the unriQed cannon at Sp itffi, u J Thesece,s,oldstshaTe22g , f 'I--four m,Us beyond Arlington" They were seen yesterday by scouts Since Muryland has declined to sccedij, seces sionists will concentrate in Virginia. Montgomery, April 29. Congress met at noon to-day. Jeff. Davis' message announced the ratifica tion of the Constitution, and it only remains for the election of officers to administer the Government. He states that Commissioners have been sent to England, France, Itussia and Belgium, to ask lor recognition and to make treaties. and h recommends the appointment ol other diplomat, fc agents. .; . He says Virginia ba united her powers and fortunes with1 the confederacy, and says that he has satisfactory assurances that other Seutuern States will soon follow. J&.irlL 29, 186X. OUR SEVERAL DEPARTMENTS ARE fOW Completely Stocked! WITH MOT Ml EQiMi!U ''.:3 ? SHitablc for Spring and Summer, IIAVI; BEEN SELECTED WITH And BougBit Entirely WE ABE PREPARED TO OFFER THEM AT PKICES SUITED TO THE TIMES. J. V. ELLIS, fc Co l? TO COUNTY COMMISSIONERS. Tewai Acnl E r tights v i nit; m f d i c .i i. K.n;n.rv n- vera on. Tin: util '.'.SUll.lijili.-il House of A. M . G'NJNGclft & CO., of IS) BroaJ stivtt, N'.'W York, ESTAUlilSilKl) 1 N 1 7 7 8, would call ti e attention of all intrregtetl in the u?e of PI'KE LIO.UOKS as UK'ilicine, to their unequalled stock PURE WINES AND LIQUORS- We uro permitted to publish the following notices and recomuit'tidatii.us of the articles ire offjr, which, in all cases will bit warranted to open a represented : Boston, Deo. 19, 1S60. Messrs. A. M. Riminokr & Co. Gentlemen: I purchased, as you requested, t buttle of your ld London Dock Gin," as gold in the stor s of this city, and hare mnile chemical analysis of this sample. It contains ii .er cent, of absolute alcohol, with odor and (lavor of Juniper berries only. Oil evaporation to entire dryness, this Gin is ound to conta-n 1 42 101) ou cr 8 of saccharine matter per gallou, and this residual matter contained nothing else. There is no udulierating ingredients or injurious matter gf any kind in this bin, and it contains the intrinsic mer its of a pure article. Kespectfull v, your obedient servant, CHAS. T. JACKSON, SI. I)., State As. ayer. Boston, July 20th, 1S60. j Mt-ssrs. A. M. Bininokr & Co , 19 Broad t , N V. ,.-. (jentlemen : We have repeatedly heard our cus tomers express a pood opinion ol your popular ln.trliil liquors, and can s-ny tint we have rarely met with articles for which a steady de i and lias so rapidly spruntf up. as they are now siandanl Roods with druggists tlnoughmit the east. Yours truly, . (.it.O. I". GUO'iWIN' k CO., DrupgistsJXo'Jl & 12 Marshall St., Boston. Buhunoto.n, Vt., Aug. 20, 10. In my opinion, the Liquors sold by A. H Ui.vixaga Co., No. !, Broad slr,et, New York are unsurpas?ed in purity and reliability. 1 have no hesitation in recu; mending them in all cases where alcoholic stimulants are required. X. H. BAi.l.OU, !. 0 ; roui ! D. Orvls' Drug Urporter, .V. V. A Fins Article BININCtERVS OLD LONDON' DkCK OIN This Uin I find to be superior to an.v oiher bottled Gin in the market, and am rapidly intioducin it id my trade. p. fj. OKVH. Middleisdrt, Vt , March 24, K61. A. M. Binjsoir it Co , New York tiemteinen : I have had oc. asion in my practice, to use your Wheat Tonic, and have discovered that it would cure Diarrhea, even if it had assumed a chronic lorm. If the Intelligence is worth anything to you I am sure il will be worth more to the public, for uo family shou.d be without it, especia ly in warm weather. ' NATHANIEL HAKKIS, U. I. The House of A. M. BIMNGKR& CO., 19 Broad Street, New York, have furriishtd qa te a large proportion of the Liquors and Wines sold by tne.l'nwn Ageutsin this Coun ty for the past year, and the Liquors and v ints so fur nished have been pure and unadulterated and have given good satisfaction. In accordance with the Laws in rela tion here o, 1 would recommend said House to all who de sire a pur article for Medicinal, Meclianical, r Chemi cal purposes. HORAI 10 NKKIlHAli, Commissionei for Addison Co., Vt. April 24, 1861. From the Home Journal. It is worthy of remark, that this venerable House hiv made a prciatitj of supplying the wants of Druggist', Physicians, and Town Agents with their pure and wbolr sorue liquors, and the fact that their list of customers em braces over four thousand Druggists, is conclusive evi deuce of their popularity with that respectable class of traders. If this popular House was of recent date, and it waJ deemed expedient to extend its reput tion by anydisp'av of public recommendation, it would be n difficult task to nrrange in the most imposing f rms, thousands of en doisemeiiis as to the excellence and variety of tl.eir mer chandise, Krom the point of it first existence, more than eighty ye ;igo, down to the present nay. this establishment has maintained its well-earned reputation, the i.itegrity of it- financial olilijitions remain y-t untarnished, and thefide!ii aud promptitupe with which us uumeron upporters have bten served furnish the b-st evi.t nee that it has suif r-d no dimunition, and thai the quality of us staple ar icles hae in no way been permiltid to de generate. If these c.insiderati iis can be resolved into nnd.'niahle facts by that public which thry have si n -, nn, minimi nir liirui muiiu ci.i. ment to adopt as the future ' cnat nf arm " the iu-igni of their native State-." kxcrlsinr! ' " S I ' - " IMC. V. 71. KJISM TU Ol'I.n give otloe tha' hi as re urned from th H ' pitals or Burop', and will resume the practice oT Metliciiie and Surg, ry, at the Rooms formerly ooouoied by him, corner of Main and State streets. 8Cr"peoial attention given to disease of the.Kye na Ear, and Operative Surgery. Montpelier, February IHM. A Hew arpet. . , Lrobsihy's iMPRUvin Elki-Tho.tpb, Recommended for its durability, permanency of cloro, tleg nt si.vl and b-atuilul designs, for sl- at '4 1 t cts per yd. by til -EV ENGLAND CaKPET CO., 75 Hanovjr t. Boston.