Newspaper Page Text
)t SJailB Jwtman.
The Freeman .
With his hand upon his charter,
And bis foot upon the lod,
He 111 stand ordie a martyr
For his Freedom and his God.
C. W. WILLARD, Editor.
.1. W. WIH5ELOCK. Printer.
WEDNESDAY, MAY 1. 1861.
' Where is Massachusetts ? " '
THaV forgot ton old accident, John Tyler,
when delivering hi inaugural address to tho
Old Gentlemen s Convention at Washington last
winter, in a simulated fervor ot patriotic rebuke,
crieoVout. Where is Massachusetts?" The
old By State bad not then taken seats in the
Peace Congress. She had no faith in the John
Tyler method of curing the diseases of the
country, and she made no haste to go down
to the Potomac at the invitation of Virgin
ia. She-saw, at thatJtime, through tho trans
parent patriotism of Virginia, and beheld tho
demon of Treason lurking behind, ready to
strike at the Government. She had little faith
in a Peace Congress, less in Virginia, and least
ot till in John Tyler.
It has been but a few woeks since the accident
propounded his inquiry. In tho meantime, tho
deliberations of his Congress amounted to noth
ing except to gain time for the Rebels. John
Tyler very Boon threw off the mask which so
poorly concealed his real purposes, and went
home to Virginia, spouting his devilish treason
at every cross road. The Government which
had been quieting itself with the delusive hope
that the traiiors were becoming sick of their
treason, and anxiously looking for some pretext
to return to their allegiance, at last woke up to
a full comprehension of the danger that beset
the Union. They saw that the tra'tors had only
been gathering their eticngth for a sudden and
desperate spring at the very heart of the Nation.
The l.yul States were instantly called to arms.
Yhy.tiiu Wii" called upon for her tinofci of troops.
harUl .ick in the teeth of the Government
an ordinance ol secession. Massachusetts) was
litviteJ to iliis new Pence Congress, and as the
lightning on its swilt wings bore the word il to
arms " through her borders, her sons sprang to
the post of danger. She did not hesitate a mo
ment?. Her troops were at once in motion. Her
regiments were pushed through New York and
Pennsylvania before those great States had fully
comprehended the necessity for immediate ac
tion. She left a few of her own dead in Balti
more, but the cry was, " forward," and her
gallant soldiers pressed on to the Capital. She
Tiot only opened the way to Washington, but
he is to-day keeping it open, and if Virginia is
foiled in her mad scheme of destroying the Fed
eral Metropolis, the result will bo largely due
to the alacrity with which the Bay State re
sponded to the call of the Administration.
' Where is Massachusetts? ' She is under
tho Flag, in the front rank, bearing aloft that
glorious symbol, and keeping step to the music
of the Union. And where is Virginia? Aye,
John Tyler, where is Virgiaia ? She has east
her lot with traitors, and clothed herself in the
garment of rebellion, a garment that will one
day burn with the fire of her torment ; and she
may yet ask Massachusetts to save her from the
flames of tho pit into which she is plunging.
The time limited in the President's procla
raation for the traitors to disperse and go qui
etly about their ordinary business, is nearly up,
but they have not yet dispersed, and will not.
The Government has got a summer's work on
its hands. It has got to put down this treason.
The jurisdiction of the United States doesn't
stop at tho Potomac, lc reaohes to the Gulf
of Mexico. Its Flag must be carried there.
It must bo loft flying from every eminence be
tween New Jersey and New Orleans, and not
onough traitors left t tear it down or insult it.
The Government must now make thorough
work of putting down rebellion. Its troops
face the South. Let them have tho word
" Forward ! " as soon as possible, and let not
a finl halt be called, until the stars and stripes
are flying over the domes of every Southern
Maryland is evidently coming to her senses.
She has found out that she is on the road to
Washington. Sho has also found out that
some hundreds of thousands of Northern troops
are going South. And many of them, never
having seen Maryland, ate desirous of taking
that Stato in their way, and are particularly
anxious to go through Baltimore, arid see the
curiosities of that mob-ruled city. They would
be willing to go a considerable distance out of
their way to see the City, but not a single inch
to avoid it. So the Legislature has kindly and
considerately, and in an amiable frame of
mind, voted that United States troops can go
through Maryland, on their way to Washington;
This ia exceedingly thoughtful of he Legislai
ture ; and after voting that lightning may strike
in that titate, if it is atir .ct d that wav, they
m iy consider tho bminess of the session com
pleted, and at once adjourn.
GREEN MOUNTAIN FREEMAN,
The majesty of the Government, as represen
ted at tho National Capital, hedged about by
none of the exterior, imposing stato of a royal
supremacy, tho main spring of a silent ma
chinery, has, nevertheless, without the exhi
bition of its material forces, been a mere ab
straction, a figure of speech, a nothingness in
the eyes of Jeff Davis and his confederates.
( Confederates ! apropos name that ! We apply
it often to thieves and burglars.) They have
not had a " realizing sense " of any such mere
symbol. They have Bnapped their fingers at it.
Messages and proclamations, disseminated by
the peaceful art of printing, have been scorned
by those of their number who could read, or
received with roars of laughter. ' Ordinances
they have no regard for, unless they comb out
of the right foundry, and the Flag of the
Union has become a mere rag to bo torn into
pieces, or trampled under foot. It remains to
be seen whether tbey will have any more respect
for the majesty of the people, when they take
the pains to visit them personally, and in a
body, with petitions for peace susponded from
tho points of seventy-five thousand bayonets
and whether they will rejoin to tho roar of
cannon with roars of laughter f We would
not be presumptuous where nothing has been
achieved, but we are a little hopeful in this re
spect. They have hitherto monopolized the
talk about fighting, and still they talk, of guns
and drums and wounds Heaven save the mark !
Tho Southern atmosphere is hot and tainted
ieat lightning flashes the hurricane roars ;
but there is a storm gathering in the North ;
the silent clouds are collecting about the lull
tops ; their mighty masses come together in the
" We never did, like m ilesUtion view
Of the enchafed elements."
The North is not fruitful in sudden tempests,
but it has immense reservoirs, where they col
lect, and sometimes come down with trans
cending power. Sjme process of the kind is
going on. We begin to realize in its imposing
lorcc " the soldiarity of the peoples." Our
plain Republican Government will bo found,
unless we are deceived greatly in such hopelul
auguries, to have some attributes of strength,
when the free iMorth, so long reticent, shall ut
iust upeuk forth with one voice yea, and that
a mighty voice.
Vermont Volunteer Compinies.
The following letter has been handed U3 by
Geo. A. Merrill, Secretary of Civil and
Military Affairs, which will explain itself:
St. Joh.vsbury, April 29, 1861.
In reply to your enquiries respecting tho
inspection and enrollment of a volunteer
company at , 1 am instructed by the
Governor to inform you that such permission
is granted, subject to the conditions of a gen
eral order which will soon be Issued. And
I am also instructed to publish this noto for
the information of those who have made
similar inquries in relation to companies
ah eady formed or to be formed in different
parts of the State.
The Governor goes this day to Rutland for
the purpose, in connexion with the Adjutant
and Inspector General, of completing the
arrangements for mustering into rendezvous
the first Vermont regiment, now ready for
the U. S. service. Meantime there will be
no unnecessary delay in issuing a general
order and appointing the proper officem for
the enlistment of the two additional regi
ments requhed by the recent act of the Leg
islature. G eo. A. Merrill.
Sec'y of Civil & Military Affairs.
Virginians are removing the machinery to
Richmond which the Government abandoned at
North Carolina is said to have gone out of
the Union by acclamation.
Bishop Onderdonk died April 30, aged TO.
The Chesapeake landed 38C0 barrels of pro
visions at Fort Monroe.
It is reported that martial law will be pro
claimed in Washington, and along the Kail
ruads now run ly tho Government.
Carl Sohurz goes West to organize a Com-l,anJ-
Hon. Geo. P. Marsh, of Burlingion, Minis
ters Turin, sailed from New York on Satur
day. The following extract from a letter we have
received, speaks for itself :
In reply to the query, V. what is Vermont do
in" ?" in a letter from a friend, in N. Y., I
wrote : Vermont is something slow, but sho is
sure. You will hear a report from her, but it
will not come from the North but from the
We have voted a milliou for war purposes,
and will give another, if necessary.
There ts plenty of ' never ejt" in old Ver
mont yet u Q.
AGoud Example. An ext -nsivs fancy goods
dealer in Broadway, N. Y., has sent three of
his clerks to fight for their country, and lontin
uea their salaries, while absent. TIiih is tan
News by Mail.
Rutland. April 30.
The First Regiment will rendezvous at this
place on Thursday, and will leave for Washing
ton on Saturday of this week.
Gov. Fairbanks and several officers of the
United States Army are in town.
' Trenton N. J, April 30
Tho extra session of the Legislature convened
to day at twelve o'clock.' All the Senators
were present, but seven members of the House
were absent. The Governor's messago was
received and read He recommends a loan of
$2,000,000 at 7 per cent, and a State loan of
$100.000, also the repair of the State arms
and the purchase of 20,000 stands of arms,
field pieces and munitions. He als j recom
mends the raising of regiments for State service,'
to be heU Subject to the call of the General
Government, also provisions for the defence of
the Southern part of the State by fortified
ports or entrenched damp. ' The message is an
able and eloquent document, and was received
with loud applause from members and specta
tors. The Legislature is eiiinuioncing business,:
and the necessary bills will be passed without
delay. AU four of the New Jersey regiments
are now here, and receiving their arum and
equipments. A large number of vessels are
now readv in the canal, and the troops will be
sent off to morrow.
Some Virginian papers quietly hint at the
formation of a large military onmp in the vicin
ity of the town of Dunlries. near the Potomac,
about 25 miles below Alexandra. New mili
tary companies recently arrived at Alexandria,
are believed to havo been transferred thither.
Boston, April 30th.
Tho brig St. Mary was seized by the Collec
tor to-day. She had on board 500 kegs of pow
der. Washington, April 30.
Senator Hunter, W. C.Riv.-s. W.D. Preston,
and Judge Camden and Brotkenbr-ugh have
been appointed by the Virginia Convention as
delegates to the Southern Congress.
The Virgiania convention has passed an ordi
nance establishing a Navy of Virginia, and au
thorizes the banks to issue one and two dollar
notes. The Navy department is to put sea go
ing craft on their guard. The lioht vessels at
Cape Henry an4 Charles show no light.
Haiirisburu, Ajril 29.
Full preparations are being made here to put
up the bridges on the Northern Central Rail
road. The Pennsylvania Central has loaned
or presented the Government with a number of
frames for iron bridges, which iliey have always
ready to replace biiilgcs destroyed or burnt on
their roads. Two hundred and fifty carpen
ters, and other wagon men have been quietly
concentrated at York since Saturday They
will bt! protected by troops us they auvancu
Five Regiments are now lying organized at
.. amp Curtin, and they will probably move to
morrow to York. Tho intention is to guaid
every bridge with troops clear through to Bal
timore. When the troops reach that point,
they will attempt to pass around Baltimore and
reach the Relay House at the junction of the
Washington and Baltimore and Ohio Railroads.
That point should they reach it, they will hold
Cuahbkrsmjrg, Pa , April 29.
A test vo!o in the Maryland Legislature to
day on secession, resulted Yum 13 nays 53.
That kills secession.
A Washington dispatch to the Commercial
says that a Union Convention will be held at
Wheeling, May 13ih, composed of delegates
from Western Virginia. The secessionists will
attempt to conciliate by granting the demand
to tax slaves as property.
Thero were not more than 2,000 Virginia
troops at Alexandria April 29th, and they were
poorly supplied with provisions.
Halifax, April 29. The Royal Mail Steam
ship Arabia from Liverpool 20tii, and Queens
town 2lst, arrived at 2 P. M. to day, bringiu.'
The London Times, in an editorial, reiterated
hop.s for the maintenance of peace, and thinks
iv cm, yunoiunj uicti. vutj waning intentions ol
President Lincoln may not bo carried out into
One of its articles concludes as follows :
" We would rather hope that the good seuso of
Americans and the peaceful counsels of this
country may bring about a reconciliation be
fore the dispute has been too far envenomed. As
long as the two sections ot the Union refrain
from hostilities, it would be the bight of arro
gance and folly to' interfere, but when the soil
and sea are likely to be stained wiili blood, for
eign natio s may surely remonstrate in the
cause of humanity."
Garibaldi took his seat in the Italian Parlia
ment, and business was temporarily suspended
by tho applause.
Garibaldi made his speech so violent that it
excited a tumult in the chamber. He made of
fensive allusions to tho Ministry, against which
Count Cavour protested. The President of tho
Chamber put on bis hut, and the sitting was
suspended for a brief interval.
Garibaldi, in resuming, spoke with more
moderation. He defended his comrades in
arms, and said that the formation ot three di
visions of volunteers, as decreed, was not suffi.
cient for a National uriaarnent.
Count Cavour said he accepted the words of
(iaraibhli explained several fact. ;..ii;id,.d r..
by Cavour. and expresses his beliuf that Cavour
Cn the 19th, Carabaldi was again received in
the Chamber with loud applause.
An attempt, d reaction had broken out in
Culaoriu, whether troops were dispatched.
Continued Austrian movements on the Po
near Ftrara are recorded. Au attack in Sar
dinia is considered rossiblo, commencing with
the invasion of the Dutchy Modemi, "which
would not be an infraction of the Villafranca
Patriotic Woman. Madam Lucy A. Cooke,
Clairvoyant Physician, of this place, to-day
flung to the breeze a beautiful Fl tg, twelve by
eighteen foot, the workmanship of linr own
hands, and wholly at her own expense, and was
teidt aivakc-M the while.
TO THE FREEMAN
FROM OUR MORNING EDITION
Cap!. Sherman's Nailery a Union
Richmond to he Attacked !
New Yiiuk, April 30.
A snecial disnatch to the 'Post says that the
presence of Sherman's Battery at Eikton, Md.. '
has changed the community irom oectsiwiumow
to Unionists. , .
Troops are concentrating around Baltimore.
. Troops are already in, Virginia, and . force
of Federal troops will soon be posted at Frede
rick City, the present capital of Maryland.
Cant 'Dodsteof th federal Army has been
elected Colonel of the Ninth New York Regi
ment aud has accepted it. , ,
PniLAOKLi'HU. April 30th.
The Prov'dence Artillery left this morning
for the South.
A large number of Baltimoreans, driven .
frein their homes under mob rale , returned this
morning with their families
Gov. Letcher has been notified that any
approach of confederate troons towards Wash
ington will be a signal for an instant attack on
Richmond and Noriolk.
Harrisburgh, April 30.
The Chief Justice of Vermont while m Rich
mond estimated the troops there to be 11,000,
and 15,000 South of that point were moving
A gentleman from Virginia states that the
vote in the Virginia Convention against seces
sion, was 70 not 17 as reported.
New York, April 30.
The Dedham Zouaves arrived here lust night,
and are quartered at the City Hall Park.
Philadllpijia, April 30.
The whole of tho New Jersey force leaves
Trenton to-morrow for Washington.
The Adriatic is to bo employed as a trans
port. &TATK OV VERMO.VT,
Adjutant ami Inspector Ouneral'.'i "III j- . )
itutkimi, .pni .), io i i , i .
No uniform fur new companies shrttld lie lna-l;' nii.il :i ,
geuerul pattern is prcribtd fur uV State !
HENRY UAXTEIi. j
" , -I
Montpelier, May 1 4 o'clock P. M.
Fort Fickais Reinforcod !!
HOW IT WAS DONE!
Star mid stripes Floating- in
BALT1MO (EANS RALLYING UNDER '
THE OLD FLAG.
THE NEW TREASURY LOAN.
Pensacola invested with U. S. Troops.
New York, May 1.
The steamer Atlantic from Fort Piekens ar
lived tliis morning.
'I hr. ri-tifivre n.iT.wl n i. ? . . ',' 1 .
I .v-. uiincu uii 1'ui t i ayior, ;
Key West, on the 13th ult., when additional I
troops, ordnance, ,tc, were taken on board,!
and reached Fort Jefferson, Tortugas, on the!
j afternoon of tho 14th. j
I On Tuesdav. tliM Ifirli sI.a u.. '
J -v.M k.,v, civICU OUlllil
' Rosa Island, anciiorintr nmir f lu. P. v:..i.:-..
After Uark took about twenty boats of the
fleet in tow, aim started for Ft. Piekens, with
all tho lights extinguished, and came to anchor,
about a ruile from the Fort, in (direct range of
the guns of Fort Aldlea.
By midnight a majority o" the soldiers were
in the Fort.
AU her forces were successfully landed, to
gether with stores, ammunitions, &c.
Steamer Fnate Powhattan arrived off Fort
Pickens on the 17th.
Steamer Illinois arrived on the l'J,h, and
landed her re-mfercements on tho 20th.
Baltimore, May 1.
At noon the Star Span led Banner was
ra.sed over tho Custom House and Post Office
by ordi-r of the newl apppointed officers.
Large crowds were present, and great enthu
siasm was manifested.
With cheers for the Union and tho Old FlaC
tho crowd then joined in singing The Star
WARHIVr.Tnv r.... 1
I he Secretary of the Treasury has advertised '
or proposals until the 30th, unless sooner ,a- i
t.,, u, wj $14 000,000 under the '
act of June 28th 1800. I
News has been reeved here ot the invest '
ment of lW,cola by JJ. S. troops. "
A lull jr parade was given hero this after-'
noon, counting of all the Mass., K. J. and
. troops. ih0 ry8ldent8 and
H;s were present. nua
Oovernment will sell t.-. i . ,
f .u . Maseachusetts a nor.
t on of the unriQed cannon at Sp itffi, u J
Thesece,s,oldstshaTe22g , f 'I--four
m,Us beyond Arlington"
They were seen yesterday by scouts
Since Muryland has declined to sccedij, seces
sionists will concentrate in Virginia.
Montgomery, April 29.
Congress met at noon to-day.
Jeff. Davis' message announced the ratifica
tion of the Constitution, and it only remains
for the election of officers to administer the
He states that Commissioners have been sent
to England, France, Itussia and Belgium, to
ask lor recognition and to make treaties. and h
recommends the appointment ol other diplomat,
fc agents. .; .
He says Virginia ba united her powers and
fortunes with1 the confederacy, and says that he
has satisfactory assurances that other Seutuern
States will soon follow.
J&.irlL 29, 186X.
OUR SEVERAL DEPARTMENTS
MOT Ml EQiMi!U
SHitablc for Spring and Summer,
IIAVI; BEEN SELECTED WITH
And BougBit Entirely
WE ABE PREPARED TO OFFER THEM
AT PKICES SUITED TO THE TIMES.
J. V. ELLIS, fc Co l?
TO COUNTY COMMISSIONERS.
Tewai Acnl E r tights
v i nit;
m f d i c .i i. K.n;n.rv n- vera on.
Tin: util '.'.SUll.lijili.-il House of
A. M . G'NJNGclft & CO.,
of IS) BroaJ stivtt, N'.'W York,
ESTAUlilSilKl) 1 N 1 7 7 8,
would call ti e attention of all intrregtetl in the u?e of
PI'KE LIO.UOKS as UK'ilicine, to their unequalled stock
PURE WINES AND LIQUORS-
We uro permitted to publish the following notices and
recomuit'tidatii.us of the articles ire offjr, which, in all
cases will bit warranted to open a represented :
Boston, Deo. 19, 1S60.
Messrs. A. M. Riminokr & Co.
Gentlemen: I purchased, as you requested, t
buttle of your ld London Dock Gin," as gold in the
stor s of this city, and hare mnile chemical analysis of
this sample. It contains ii .er cent, of absolute alcohol,
with odor and (lavor of Juniper berries only.
Oil evaporation to entire dryness, this Gin is ound to
conta-n 1 42 101) ou cr 8 of saccharine matter per gallou,
and this residual matter contained nothing else.
There is no udulierating ingredients or injurious matter
gf any kind in this bin, and it contains the intrinsic mer
its of a pure article.
Kespectfull v, your obedient servant,
CHAS. T. JACKSON, SI. I).,
State As. ayer.
Boston, July 20th, 1S60. j
Mt-ssrs. A. M. Bininokr & Co , 19 Broad t , N V. ,.-.
(jentlemen : We have repeatedly heard our cus
tomers express a pood opinion ol your popular ln.trliil
liquors, and can s-ny tint we have rarely met with articles
for which a steady de i and lias so rapidly spruntf up. as
they are now siandanl Roods with druggists tlnoughmit
the east. Yours truly,
. (.it.O. I". GUO'iWIN' k CO.,
DrupgistsJXo'Jl & 12 Marshall St., Boston.
Buhunoto.n, Vt., Aug. 20, 10.
In my opinion, the Liquors sold by A. H Ui.vixaga
Co., No. !, Broad slr,et, New York are unsurpas?ed in
purity and reliability. 1 have no hesitation in recu;
mending them in all cases where alcoholic stimulants are
required. X. H. BAi.l.OU, !. 0
; roui ! D. Orvls' Drug Urporter, .V. V.
A Fins Article BININCtERVS OLD LONDON' DkCK
OIN This Uin I find to be superior to an.v oiher bottled
Gin in the market, and am rapidly intioducin it id my
trade. p. fj. OKVH.
Middleisdrt, Vt , March 24, K61.
A. M. Binjsoir it Co , New York
tiemteinen : I have had oc. asion in my practice,
to use your Wheat Tonic, and have discovered that it
would cure Diarrhea, even if it had assumed a chronic
If the Intelligence is worth anything to you I am sure
il will be worth more to the public, for uo family shou.d
be without it, especia ly in warm weather.
' NATHANIEL HAKKIS, U. I.
The House of A. M. BIMNGKR& CO., 19 Broad Street,
New York, have furriishtd qa te a large proportion of the
Liquors and Wines sold by tne.l'nwn Ageutsin this Coun
ty for the past year, and the Liquors and v ints so fur
nished have been pure and unadulterated and have given
good satisfaction. In accordance with the Laws in rela
tion here o, 1 would recommend said House to all who de
sire a pur article for Medicinal, Meclianical, r Chemi
cal purposes. HORAI 10 NKKIlHAli,
Commissionei for Addison Co., Vt.
April 24, 1861.
From the Home Journal.
It is worthy of remark, that this venerable House hiv
made a prciatitj of supplying the wants of Druggist',
Physicians, and Town Agents with their pure and wbolr
sorue liquors, and the fact that their list of customers em
braces over four thousand Druggists, is conclusive evi
deuce of their popularity with that respectable class of
If this popular House was of recent date, and it waJ
deemed expedient to extend its reput tion by anydisp'av
of public recommendation, it would be n difficult task
to nrrange in the most imposing f rms, thousands of en
doisemeiiis as to the excellence and variety of tl.eir mer
chandise, Krom the point of it first existence, more than eighty
ye ;igo, down to the present nay. this establishment
has maintained its well-earned reputation, the i.itegrity
of it- financial olilijitions remain y-t untarnished, and
thefide!ii aud promptitupe with which us uumeron
upporters have bten served furnish the b-st evi.t nee
that it has suif r-d no dimunition, and thai the quality of
us staple ar icles hae in no way been permiltid to de
generate. If these c.insiderati iis can be resolved into
nnd.'niahle facts by that public which thry have si
n -, nn, minimi nir liirui muiiu ci.i.
ment to adopt as the future ' cnat nf arm " the iu-igni
of their native State-." kxcrlsinr! ' " S I ' - "
IMC. V. 71. KJISM
TU Ol'I.n give otloe tha' hi as re urned from th H
' pitals or Burop', and will resume the practice oT
Metliciiie and Surg, ry, at the Rooms formerly ooouoied
by him, corner of Main and State streets.
8Cr"peoial attention given to disease of the.Kye na
Ear, and Operative Surgery.
Montpelier, February IHM.
A Hew arpet. . ,
Lrobsihy's iMPRUvin Elki-Tho.tpb, Recommended
for its durability, permanency of cloro, tleg nt si.vl
and b-atuilul designs, for sl- at '4 1 t cts per yd. by til
-EV ENGLAND CaKPET CO., 75 Hanovjr t. Boston.