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l)c Baxh) .freeman.
EVENING EDITION MONTPKMIlK. VP IIIU11DAV, DECEMBER 31, lGo. ' The Dailt Fr-eman wul be discontinued aher this date. We Lave giveh ti.e reasons for ;bis gttp on the fourth page. 1863- The year which ie just closing has been, abroad as well as at home, an eventful one, and will to ibid a ud a large space in history. Naturally enough the scenes nf the great tragedy going fur ward in our own country have had an absorbing interest fur us, and have, in a considerable mea sure, withdrawn our eyes f'rctn events transpiring in other countries, except so far as we have con sidered those events as intirxuteiy or remotely affecting our own struggle. In the United States ihe year was ushered in by the Proclamation of Emancipation, the most important State paper, the grandest and most bsniricent national act, since the Declaration ot Independence. Presi dent Lincoln, on the first of January 1803, bnp ti6ed the new year in the glorious name of Free dom, and proclaimed liberty to millions of nun women and children, whose necks all their lives long have been bent beneath the yoke of a hard, brutal and unrequited servitude ; and that day must ever stand in our couutry'a calendar nest in importance to the Fourth of July, 177G. The white race in the Republic dale their official pa pers from the earlier period, but another race, as numerous as that which founded our Kepublic will hereafter date their regeneration, the recog nition of their manhood, the acknowlt dgroent of their rights, from the year And so the year in its very birth was signalized by an event which will make it illustrious forever. This Proclamation has been followed by an unexpected success. It has been sometimes said that President Lincoln is not a leader, and has only taAen steps in advance in the great work of Emancipation, where the people had already preceded him ; and this is doubtless to some ex tent true. But whether the Proclamation would have accomplished more toward the ultimate en franchisement of the colored race in this country if it had been issued sooner, or not, its value and its-effect have been marked and decisive ; and there can now be little if any doubt that it will, in the end, accompli .h the work of liberating every slave under the Stare and Stripes. Public opin ion, not only in the Free States, but in the Border Slave States, if we except, perhaps, Kentucky, which, however, is rapidly coming round to the true faith stands by, supports and justifies the Proclamation, and exults in the anticipation that it will accomplish its perfect work. Indeed now the most servile Northern ally of Southern trea ion sees but one way of saving slavery, and that is by the success of the rebellion ; and the milita ry successes of the last eight months make that consummation anything but probable. Tneyear 1863 has struck a fatal blow to slavery in the United States, and, while it may linger in some localities a few years more, death is working at its vitals. The military successes of the year have been signal, brilliant and decisive. We do not need to recount them. Though in the first months of the year no marked victories cheered our hearts, and even down to the Fourth of July the fortune of war seemed adverse to the Union cause, yet then the clouds suddenly lifted, and the sun of victory as glorious as that of Austerlitz illumi nated the ensign of the ltepublic at Gettysburg and on the Mississippi. Since tint moment the Un its of the rebellion have been gradually contract ed Gen. Banks is recovering the territory wett of the Mississippi, and Gen. Grant, the consummate chieftain, has pushed the rebels continually toward the Gulf, redeeming Chickamauga by Chatta nooga, where with wild enthusiasm, his brave troops rushed up the steep and perilous slopes of Lookout Mountain, and in that battle among the clouds drove before them, shattered and demor alized, the rebel army of the Southwest. The gallant Burnside captured and held East Tennes ' see, thus rescuing a long suffering people from the murderous tyranny of rebel despotism, and wresting from the- Confederacy a portion of coun try of vital necessity to '.ho rebel cause. If little progress has bten made in Virginia, at least there the rebellion has gained nothing, the brave Army of the Potomac proving more t han a match for the flower of the rebel army under its most ac complished Generals. At Charleston most sub stantial and most wonderful triumphs of scientific warfare have crowned the Union arms, and Gen. Gillmore baa made his name illustrious by his brilliant successes. Fort buuiter has been re duced to a heap of ruins, and Charleston is now daily put in peril and fright by the shells from Federal batteries which are alin:t cousiantly bo ing thrown into that nest of Treason. In a word, treason has everywhere reeeiwd the severest and mcrnt damaging bluws during the past yer ; iis arrni'S h ve been defeattd, i he little credit it had abroad is almost g ne, iu fin u.ces -1 home ore rn verge of coll ipse, and its speedy overthrow seems assured und cert iin. While thee gieat vent h ive b -en enictinij here, the loyal people nl the Union suews fully waging war Hgii!i)t the m im ir umu treason that I'ver confronted any Govern mint, and at the same timj inaugurating snd carrying forward the ' humane, beneficent and Christian work of freeing a race from a degrading and brutalizing bondage, Europe has been the theatre of grave and impor tant occurrences. Poland has been struggling with small success to throw off the yoke of Kus sia. l)er.mark is now threatened with and is pre paring for war. The cunning Emperor of France after having partially annexed Mexico to his realm, has startled his brother rulers with a pro posal lor a Congress to reconstruct the map of Europe; and that portion of the globe seems now trembling with the premouitory symptoms of a general and terrible war. But we have neither space nor time to dwell lunger on the history of the departing jear. To us, although a year of suffering, toil, hardship and sacrifice en a hundred battle fields, fields yet made forever memornble and glorious by a hero ism of endurance iniii fortitude, and a brilliancy of courage and a fubiituity of faith never jet re corded in the annals o! any other people, it has been a year of almost unparalleled prosperity. The heavens huve j:ien sunshine and rain, and the earth has borne bountiful fruit ; and the wealth of the nation has oversowed in abundant streams of charity, which have refreshed and blessed thou sands of the poor and the suffering. But in our own annais, now and hereafter, the year 1803 i6 and will be most signally marked and illustrious as the era when a nation dared to be just, and to lift from the depths of slavery to a level with God's free mn, a long oppressed race. From North Carolina- The North Carolina Times The new loyal paper at Newbern says in its issue of the 14th inet. : " North Carolina is beginning to furnish her quota to the federal government. One luyal white regiment has been raised in this district, and is under the comand of Colonel McChesney; and the second, under the command of Captain Charles Henry Foster, is rapidly filling up, and about throe hundred men have been enlisted within the last six or eight weeks by hie person al exertions. Another regiment of white soldiers from North Carolina has been raised by that most excellent man, General Burnside, in East Tennessee. To all this we must add the two regiments c f colored volunteers that have been raised and are now in service. A cavalry regi ment ol blacus is also recruiting by Major Gar rard, of the Third New York cavalry. This last regimen? if obtaining nearly one hundred recruits a dy. If the Department of North Carolina has been an expensive one, it must be allowed that she has become partially able to repay the government for the treasure expended, bv furnishing her with men who are used to the country and known how to use a rifle. " RECONSTRUCTION. North Carolina is speaking with no uncertain voice in reference to the great issues of the time. The Newbecu limes, in uu article on the Presi dent's recent proclamation, says : "The reconstruction of the Union, the return of the seceding states to their former position, are now the immediate and great practical questions of the hour. Whatever speculative theories there may be on these subjects, we have no hesitancy m declaring that no state which has been guilty of the almost unpardonable crime of rebellion and secession, should he per mitted to take her place Bafely and securely among the truly loyal states, whose escutcheons are unstained with treason, without a definite and unequivocal acknowledgment of the truths and potency ot the proclamation. " Let them understand that it is a great noon to get back again and be embraeod by the filial bonds of our beloved Union, with the word slavery entirely stricken from their banners-. V nen this great matter is p?rin inentiv seruefi, either by proper action on the part of Congress or the requisite changes in tne tunauiucntal law ot these states, they will iiniiounteuiy i nva abundant r:u..,a io reioioe .uat thev have at last been delivered from the blighting and deadly grasp of one ol the greutest social, moral and po litical evils which has ever scourged the human race since the flood." In the Raleigh Standard (rebel) of the 4th instant is an advertisement of forty eight desert ers from the Fity-ninth regiment North Carolina troops. They evidently don't like the rations. A bii! has been introduced in the North Caro lina Senate, by M F. Arrendull, to incorporate the North Carolina Volunteer Navy. Tue Sioux Indians Want 1'kace. We find the following in the St. Paul Pioneer of the 20th instant: " Wo have received trustworthy information from Fort Garry that two headmen of Standing Buffalo's Band of Sissiton Sioux recently visit ed Fort G.itry, for the pnrpose of asking the intervention of the British authorites in making peace for thorn with the Americans. They rep resented their people as tired of the war, suffer ing a groat deal from privations, and anxious all of them to make peace. They asserted, too, that their band had been opposed to the war upon the whites, and had only a part fought them in sell-det'cnoe, none of them having had part in any massacres. " The-e two wore.Jhowever, accompanied by a younger warrior who brep.thed nothing but war and desolation against the Americans. He was, however, jronouuced a gif at boaster, a braggart, and was not thought at Fort Garry to represent any considerable number of Sissiton Sioux. "These Indians gave to the officers at Fort Garry a description of tho battles with General Sihley at the Big Mounds, near the Missouri, ac cording to which they were uri-illiiigy forced io tight by the apparent danger to their Women and children, und fought desperately so long as was titcssiry to secure their safety. They tin liUHituiiiif ly acknow ledge thai the Indians were whiptiun by General Sibley and were glad enough to net away from hiui when their women and oiiildren h.td crossed the Missouri.'' A pap'T called the ,W(i Carolina Tirw.t bus j'lgi tieeu started a' Newhurn by Georu Mills Joy, loruiurly connicied wi'h the Newbern I'ruyntt U supports the entire wor p licy of the Uovtruuieiit. From the Atlnniie Monthly for Jnury.J The Planting of the Apple-Tree. I WILLIAM CCU! BRUNT. Come, 1ft u plant the apple-tree ! CleaTe the tounh greensward with the spade ; Wide let il" hollo bed he male ; There gently lay the rots, and there Sift the dirk iloliM with kindly care. And press it o'er then tendtrly. As, rour.J ihe i 1 e j i up inlant feel, We nofily fold Hie cradle-sheet ; So plant we the appc tree. What plint we in the apple-tree ? Buds, which the hrearh uf summer days Shall lengthen intoletfy sprays j Boughs, where the th.'uah with crimson brtas'. Shall haunt and sing and hide he- ne:t. We plant upon th suuny lea A shadow for ihe nointide hour, A shelter from the s.iurr.tr shower, When we plant the a;le-lree. What plant we in Ue apple-tree ? Sweets for a hnndrid flowery springs, Tc load the May-wints resiles wings, When, fruni ihe erhurd-row lie pours Its fragrance Uirnmh our open dur;rs . A world of ! losjcms fur the bee Flowers for the lice girl's silent room . For ihe n.'ad infant sprigs of hlooin. H'e plant with the apple-tree. t hat phint v in the apple trej ? Fruits that shall swell in sunny June, And redden in the Auirusi noon, And drop, as gentle airs coine by That fan tho blue September sky ; while ch.ldren, wild Wit!t noiiy glee, Shall scent their fragrance as they pa, And Beared for them the tufted grass At the foot of the apple-tree, And when above this apple-tree Winter fturs are tjuiverinp bright, And winds go howling ihrouh the night, Ciirl, whose young eyes o'errlow with mirih, Shall pi el its fruit by cottage hearth, And guests in prouder homes shall iee, Heaped with the orange and the grape, As fair as they in tint or shape, The fruit of the apple-lree. The fruitage of this upple-tree Winds und our Hag of stripe and star Shall bear to coasts that lie afar, Where men shall wonder at the view, i nd at k in what fair groves they grew : And they who roam beyond the sea Shall look, and think of childhood's day. And long hours passed in summer play In the shade of lie: apple-tree. Each year shall give this apple- tree. A broader flush of roseate bloom, A deeper maze of verdurous gloom, And loosen when the frosl-clouds lower, The crisp brown leaves in thicker shower , The years shall come and pass, but we Shall hear no longer, where we lie, The lummer'i songs, the autumn's sigh, In the bough of the apple-tree. And time shall waste this apple-tree. Oh, when its aged branches throw Thin thadows on the sward below Shall fraud and force aiid iron will Oppress Ihe weak and helpless still What shall ihe task of mercy be, Amid the toils, the strifes, the tears Of those who live when length of years Is wasting this apple-tree ! " Who planted this old apple-tree .' ' The children of thai dh-tnnt day Thus to f ome agtd man shall sey j And, gazing on its messy stem, The gray-haired man shall annwer them " A poet of the land was he. Born in the rude, but good old times ; 'Tib said he made some quaint old rhymes On planting the apple-tree." The Operations against Charleston. A let ter from tho fleet ofT Charleston 5J4th inst., to the American, says : As I intimated in my last, we have settled down here into the expectation of a month or two more of inactivity. The strike among the engineers at the North, w hieh has delayed the completion of the monitors, and deprived our i-;a chvj licet ol reinforcements which were ex pected here more than a month since, has been ttie primary cause ot tae delay and its continu ance. The disaster to the Wheehawken and tho coming of tho winter seiison, with its con stant storms, has still further enforced this de lay. Two months hence spring will be advanced here, and with our iron-clad force increased by three or four new mtinitors. we will be prepared to take advantago of the healthiest season and most pleasant part of the year. Let us hopo, if Grant dots not steal a march on us by one of his famous rear attacks, that Charleston will then fall, and the long-sud'ering sailors and sol diers of this army and squadron reap the re wanjjthey have well merited, ot complete and decisive triumphs. In tho meantime, if wo cannot look for imme diate and decisive results here, no great disas ters need be apprehended. (Jen. Gillmore's po sition is impregnable and Admiral Dahlgren has sulticieut iron-clad force to hold the harbor up to Sumter. The monitor Lehigh, by the time this reaches you, will have completed tho repairs rendered necessary by the hammering she recwed when aground, and Capt. Bryson, who always likes to be where there is a chance for a fight, will soon have his vessel back to Charleston. The i'atapsco, Captain Stevens, has also nearly completed her repairs, and will shortly relieve the Nantucket, at Warsaw Sound. Both tho Patapsco and Lehigh have been provided with extra deck plates that will add to their invulnerability. A Rkiiki, Waii. The Richuioud Enqumr euys : " Our losses by the enemy are s rious ; Those of E.ist Tennessee are incalculable. We are riot only deprived of the vast flour mills of that country which cop'ou-ly supplied the army, but of vast machine shofs extensively organized at Knosville. We are eut oil' from the coal, iron atnl copper mines which are worth millions to us. All the copper rolling mills at Cleveland, si,peritit .'tided by Col. I'eet, Governuiernt Agent, which were burned by the enemy, formerly turned out six tiiou.-uml pounds ot copper per day. Ou r a, OHO, 1)1)1) pounds have been deliver ed to the governiient. This was the only Eli Thayer has opi ned an olDce in New York, lor the purpose of promoting emigration to the Sou tti. From the Christian Messenger. From the Army. Camp near Brandy Station Va. , Dec. 2lnd, 1863. Dear M esskng f.r: There is quite a mo notony attending camp life. The daily rou tine of duty is nearly the same, but soldiers will have something new, and marvelous, as topics of humor and conversation, and events are occasionally transpiring quite out of the ordinary course. On the afternoon of Friday our division was called out to witness the painful spectacle, of seeing two men shot. It was a matter of regret to us, that both of these unfortuiate men were from the State of Vermont. T-e crime for which they were executed was that of desertion, their names were .John Tague, of the 5th Vermont, and ! George li Blowers, of the 2nd t. Kegi- ! mcnt. ! When we repaired to the place of execu- tion, we found that their graves were already I dug, and most ot the Division were present, - I drawn up in a square, in due loriu, waiting the arrival of the prisoners. There seemed to be some delay, and it was rumored that efforts were then being made to procure their pardon, which it was hoped might prove suc cessful, as all appeared anxious to be spared the scene. But soon two ambulances were seen approaching, and the troops were called to attention, and the band commenced play ing a dirge. Each prisoner occupied an am bulance containing the coffin in which he was to be interred, surrounded by a guard of armed men, and followed by their respective chap lains. They made a halt at tho open graves, and the prisoners and coffins were removed. As those were arranged in due order, each prisoner, as he was marched a few steps in front with head uncovered, listened to the reading of the alleged offence, and the finding of the court. The prisoners wore then asked if they had anything to say, but they had no remarks to make, save Blowers, who asked to soj his brother, who belonged to the same regiment and company with himself, but it was found, on enquiry, that he was not pres ent. The chaplains were then allowed to proceed with their services. As the '2nd regiment is destitute of a chaplain, Ilev. J) A. Mack, the efficient Chaplain of the Third Regiment, had given cateful attention to the spiritual interests of the prisoner from that regiment, and in connection with Chaplain Hale, of the 5th regiment, officiated on this occasion. The prisoners reverently knelt as Chaplain Hale, followed by Chaplain .Mack, offered fervent prayer imploring in their be half, tho pardoning mercies of GoJ, through the merits of a crucified Redeemer. As these exercises closed, a few words passed be tween the chaplains and the prisoners, the former shaking hands and taking a final leave of them. The prisoners then walked, each to his coffin, on whish he kuelt supported by a stake, which had been driven there for the purpose, on which he hung his bat, and to which he held by his right hand. The guard wero marched to a position in front of them, an officer stepped forward and adjusted a tar get upon tho bosom of each of the prisouers, and then returned to his command. The guard as directed, then made ready, took aim and fired, and both prisoners fell at the dis charge, pitching forward upon the ground. The division marched around the spot where they lay and were afterward iuterred, as it was found upon due examination, that in each caso the shots were fatal. Thcro was a marked difference in the ap pearance ot tho prisoners, as they passed the trying sceuo connected with their execution. Tague, appeared haughty and defiant. When removing his hat to hear the reading of his sentence, he threw it indignantly upon the "round, holding up his head with great appa rent firmness and bravado, and this spirit ho exhibited to the last, and as a soldier, wo learn, he had been disobedient and troublesome. Blowers appeared dejected and sorrowful, but still bore up under the circumstances, with manly iortitude. We learn from his Chap lain that he manifested during his confine ment, a spirit of penitence and commendable anxiety for his spiritual interests. He was induced by a companion to desert while intox icated, which he said he ever regretted when he was sobr. It was also known that his wife, who resides at Arlington Vt., had strong ly urged him to desert. She doubtless little thought what might be the sad results. It is said that a young man now condemned to 'jq sht t in one of the Maine regiments, was strongly advised to desert by liis own father ! Such scenes as tho one wo have just wit- nessed here, should not only be a wiring to men in service, but to their friends at homo. Those who are really our friends, as well as the friends of the country, will use their in 1 fluence to encourage our soldier in th filJ n i - v do their duty with cheerfulness aid fidelity. It is much better to die in a good cause, than incur the infamy and crime of its desertion. Desertions have become so frequent among us, that it is evidently unwise for government to suffer it loDger to be done with impunity, and it is hoped that these painful inflictions will have a salutary influence in preventing the crime. A friend has just called at our quarters, wLo is evidently disposed to draw a valuable practical lesson from this execution, which has left a deep impression upon hw mind, and inqu.res if men arc thus punished, for the crime of deserting the service of their coun- try what wi b(J tn0pUnjEn,ncnt 0f those who jesert tnc causc 0f Christ, and go over to the rauks of his enemies'? We answered him by ciu0t;ng ncb. 10, 1S 21, which we would ajvi sc every backslider to read and ponder. The .,osit;ou 0 tnc army remains un changed. We have recently had some win ter weather, that wonld not disgrace Vermont, at this season of the year. The grouud has frozen, but we have no snow here, but can see it upon the mountains in the dittauce. At our recent chaplains' meeting, the lady of the house, where it was held, with her children, asked the privilege of attending to hear the sermon, and enjoy the exercises. We are told that many families here for some two years past, have not had the opportunity of hearing a sermon, or of attending a religious meeting. Tnere is a fearful desolation that is reigning around us, in this portion of Vir ginia. A chaplain in referring to this, said that recently a lady in this section of Vir ginia, gave this, to him, unlooked f r reason, for this infliction upon the Old Dominion, " that they had refused to obey the command ot God, in letting the oppressed jofret.' The people of this state may be slow to acknowl edge this truth, but as the brethren of .losepb, in the hour of their distress thought of tho agonizing cry of their brother, in the anguish which they iuflicted, and would not relieve, so we doubt not, amid the poverty and ruin of this hour, many who once lived in splendor upon the unrequited toil of slaves, now think of the clanking fetters, bleeding backs, and stifled sobs of the bondman, to which sordid avarice and worldly prosperity mado them once indifferent. God has a design in the chastisements which he allows to overtake us, and those who feel the red, will be likely to know the reason of its infliction. We are making some progress in regard to the prospect of obtaining furloughs, by regi ments for the purpose of spendirg at least, thirty days in Vermont. It is now under stood that recruits, who have two years more to serve can be fur'oughed, with tho rc-eulist-ed veterans, by a pledgo to the government, taat when their two years of service have ex pired, if required, they willen list for three years more, on the same terms of the old vet erans, that now re-eniist. This appears to be rather a taking proposition among our meD, especially that portiou that gives promise of a long fur loiiy h at home. I hero has been some delay and may be still more, ingetting the requisite papers to consummate this arrange ment. It is now understood, that some regi ments of tho Vermout Brigade, are ready to take the War Department at their offer, and all that remains to be done, is to have them duly mustered and paid aud they are ready to start for Vermont. Tho fifth and sixth regiments are hoping to get away this week. The sixth desires to bo allowed to report at Montpelier, the place where they rendezvoused at tho timo of their organization. The men are very anxious, if possible, to bo able to spend iN'ew-Years at home. Whatever may be the result in regard to regiuieota, as such, it is quite certain, that many of our men here will ro-eulist, and spend a portion of the pre sent winter, with thoir families in Vermont. The men are evidently in good spirits, and this excitement about going home, is doing them good. When they get there they will help tho recruiting service, if Vermont should then need, any help in this department. W. P. S. Sinco writing the above, an order has been received iu regard to the recruits iu our Vermont regiments, which seriously dash es our Lopes ot going to Vermont ns regi ments, us those recruits, who h ive rot nsyct, served twenty -one months are not to bo al lowed the anticipated furlough, as heretofore expected. Mar v of our 'nen will doubtless re enlbt and take tScir fjr'ough cf 30 day, (but the regiments will unt be able to go such. This will be quite a disappointment to mariy 0f the Vcrmouters now in service l ore. W.