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The Vermont transcript. (St. Albans, Vt.) 1864-1870, March 10, 1865, Image 2

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20 6
cli 10.
irrliinv. Mttrolt 10, 1H5.
The Fourth ofMnrrh, 1805.
On Saturday last tlio inauguration
of Abraham Lincoln ns Prosidcnt of
the United States, was celebrated nt
"Washington with the- pomp and glori
ous circumstauco common to such
Tho inaugural of President Lincoln
is published in another column, and
will bo read with great attention and
interest. It can hardly fail lo bo im
pressive, uttered as it is in tho midst
of momentous events. Ono of our
best exchanges properly says that the
people- ro-clectcd Mr. Lincoln from an
instinctWo feeling that in no way
would thoy bo well express their de
termination utterly to suppress tho re
bellion. It has been so interpreted by
tho South, and has had great influence
in producing weakness and confusion
among tho rebels. Mr. Lincoln ontors
upon his second term with every pros
poet of seeing peace restored, freedom
established as tho fundamental law,
nnd a new career of unity and pros
pcrity opened to tho nation before his
present term closes. It is a proud day
for him and tho people. Tho rccont
victories of our armies, tho successive
fall of tho strongholds of tho rebellion,
nnd tho prospect of still greater suc
cesses closo at baud will givo zest to
tho usual festivities of tho day. Aside
from tho rejoicing throughout tho
country that Abraham Lincoln is re
elected and sworn in, for tho second
term, tho Chiof Magistrato of this freo
country, tho fourth of March was sot
apart in many places in tho loyal
States for public demonstrations in
honor of tho cheering successes of tho
National Arms. Meetings also woro
held in divors cities and towns and
prayers offered to 'Almighty. God on
bohalf of tho men who havo been -set
npait to'guido tho affairs of this Ro
In several cities tho day was duly
celebrated witn military and civic
display. Salutes, ringing of bells, and
other demonstrations were inoro or
(1 1 m . m
less the order 01 tlio day in many
towns in each commonwealth. In
Bomo appropriate way every patriotic
heart manifested its gratitude for tho
blessings vouchsafed to ub as a nation
and for tho success which had crowned
tho efforts of our bravo armies.
On tho fourth of March, 18(55, tho
"coiling serpent of bayonots" is tight
cning its folds around Richmond,
Grant watches and waits at Peters
burgh. Sherman is hurrying through
tho Oarolinas. Schofiold advances
from Wilmington. Shoridan is roady
for another dash in tho valloy all
bent upon reducing tho strong hold of
President Lincoln, with his ablo cab
inet; takes tho holm of Sates for an
other four years. All tho aniens for
tho futuro are auspicious.
Tlic Inauguration.
. Ihj Ttiegraph to (he tyrltigfltfd Jtrpuhllean.
President Lincoln was inaugurated
for his second term of oflico nt noon
on Saturday. A heavy rain Btorni in
tho morning cleared off just in tint"
to enablo the procession to bo carried
out according to the programme,
though tho mud in tho streets and
around tho capitol was fearful. But
this did not prcvont tho presQiioo of a
tT ThiB is tho last number of tho
first volumo of The Vermont Tiian
sciupt and with tho noxt issue will
commence volumo two. Our subscrip
tion books aro not so well filled but
wo havo room for an additional num
ber. "Will our friends who havo kind
ly encouraged us horotoforo, stand by
us nnd speak a good word to their
noxt neighbor.
Our terms aro rcasonablo and
efforts shall bo continued to prosont a
live paper, and ono worthy of general
The Oil Neics and Mining Jour
nal is tho namo of a newspaper just
started in Pittsburgh, Pa., printed on
book paper in largo eight pago form
nnd entirely dovoted to oil and mining
interests. Mr. F. Woods and Mr. J.
A. Blako tho former publisher of
Trade of the West, and the lntter from
tho Cincinnati Petroleum Gazette aro
tho publishers.
arge crowd to witness the progress of
tho proce3?ioii and tho inauguration
ceremonies. A few minutes before
noon tho Vico President elect was
sworn in by Vico President Hamlin,
and took his seat as presiding officer
of tho Senate. Before taking tho
oath ho mado a brief speech, which
was almost inaudiblo on account of
tlic talking of the women in the gal
leries. He said, in substance, that, by
the choico of the people ho had been
mado presiding officer of tho Senate,
and in presenting himself there, in
obedionco to tho behostH of tho con
stitution of tho United States, it
would, perhaps, not bo out of placo to
remark just hero what a striking thing
tlio constitution was. It was tlio con
stitution of tho peoplo of tho country,
and under it, hero to-day, beforo tlio
American Senate, ho felt that ho was
a man and an American citizen. He
had a proud illustration of tho fact
that under tho constitution a man
could riso from tho ranks to occupy
tho second placo in tlio gift of tlio
1 1 1 ii 1
American people, ana 01 tno American
government. Those of us who have
labored our wholo Jives for tho cstnb-
ishmcnt of a freo government, know
how to cherish its great blessings.
lie would say lo tho senators and oth
ers beforo hun, to tho supremo court
which sat beforo him, that they all
got their power from tho peoplo of
this country. Turning towards Mr,
Chaso Mr. Johnson said, and your ex
altation and position depend upon the
people. Then turning toward the cab
inet ministers he said, and I will say
to you, Mr. Secretary Seward, and to
vou, Mr. Secretary Stanton, and to
you, Mr. Secretary (to n gentleman
near by, sotto voce, "who m secretary
of tho navy ?" Tho person addressed
replied in a whisper, "Mr. Welles.")
And to you, Mr. Secretary Welles,
would say you all derive your power
from tho pooplo. Mr. Johnson then
remarked that tho great element of
vitality in this government was its
nearness and proximity to tho people,
Ho wanted to say to all who heard
him, in tho faco of tho American poo
pie, that all power was derived from
the people Jlo would say in the
hearing of tho foreign ministers, for ho
was going to toll tho truth hero, that
ho was a plebeian. Ho thanked God
for it. It was tho popular heart of
this nation that was beating to sus
tarn cabinet olncials and tho presi
dent of tho United States. It was
atrango occasion that called forth
plebeian like him to toll such things
as these. Mr. Johnson noxt adverted
to affairs in Tennessee, and the aboli
tion of slavery there Ho thanked
God that Tennessee was a State in the
Union, and had never been out. The
Stato government had been discon
tiuucd lor a time; there Jiad been an
intorregnum, n hiatus: but sho had
never been out of the Union. Ho
stood thoro to-da' as hor roprcscn
tativc. On this day, sho would elect
a governor and a legislature, and sh
would very soon sond senators and
members to Congress.
President Lincoln has been at tho
capitol all tho morning, signing bills,
and consequently did not come in the
procession, which embraced two reg
iments of tho invalid corps, detach
ments of cavalry and artillery, several
companies of colored troops, (a most
unusual spectaclo on such an occa
sion,) and numerous civic dignitaries
and associations, including liroi'non
from Philadelphia and Baltimore
At noon tlio president elect, justices of
tho supremo court, members of Con
gress and other oflicials, proceeded to
tho Senato chamber, whero a proces
sion was formed which proceeded to
the east portico of tho capitol, whero
tho oth of oftico was adininistorod to
tho president by Chiof Justico Chase,
nnd tho inaugural address was de
livered in tho presenco of n vast con-
courso of spectators, and was pro
ceded and followed by music from
numerous bnnds and tho firing of
cannon. Tho procession then moved
again up Pennsylvania avenue, tho
; i . i.-f i
preKiucui uemg convoyed m an open
barouche, accompaniod by his son and
Senator Foster of tho committee of
arrangements, and on reaching tho
White House tho coroinonies of tho
day were ended. Everything passed
off pleasantly and ordorly, and not an
accident occurred to 0110 of tho thou
sands in attendance. Tlio following is
prccaled war, but ono of them would
mako war rather than let tho nation
survive, and tho other would accept
war rather than let it polish, and the
war came
One-eighth of tho wholo population
wcro council slaves, not dimi-nnitou
generally over tlio Union, but localized
in tlio southern unit of it. These
slaves Constituted a peculiar and pow
erful interest. All know that this in
terest was sdmehow the cause of tho
war. To Btronjilhcn. perpctuato and
extend this interest was the object for
which tho insurgents would rend the
Union by war, whilo tho government
claimed no right to do moro than re
strict tho territorial enlargement of it.
Neither party expected for tho war
tho magnitude or tho duration which
it has already attained. Noithcr an
ticipated that tho causo of tho con
flict might cease, oven before the con
Uict itself should cease. Each looked
for an easier triumph and a result
loss fundamental and nstounding. .
Both road tlio saino Bibio and pray
to the same God, and each invokes
lis aid against the ' other. It may
seem strango that any men should
daro to ask a just God's assistanco in
wringing their bread from tho sweat
of other men's faces, but let us judgo
not, that wo may not bo judged. The
prayer of both could not be answered.
Hint of neither has been answered
fully. Tho Almighty has his own
purposes. "Woo unto tho world be
cause of offenses, for it must needs bo
that offenses conic, but woo to that
man by whom tho offense comcth."
If we shall supposo that American
slavery u ono of these offenses which,
111 the providence of God, must needs
come, but winch having continued
through His appointed time, Ho now
wills to remove, and that Ho gives to
both North and South this torriblo
war as tho woo duo to those by whom
tho offenso camo, shall wo discern
thoro is any departuro from those
Divine attributes which the believers
in a living God always ascribo to
Him ? Fondlv do wo hope, fervently
do wo pray, that this mighty scourgo
of war may speedily pass nway. Yot,
if God wills that it continuo until all
wealth piled by tho bondman's two
hundred and fifty years of unrequited
toil slinll bo sunk, and until every
drop of blood drawn- with tho lash
shall bo paid by another drawn by
tho sword, as was said .thrco thousand
years ago, so still it must bo said,
"the ntdgments of tho Lord aro true
and righteous altogether."
With malice toward no ono, with
charity for all, with firmness in tho
right, as God gives us toseo tho right,
lot us strive on to umsh tho work wo
aro in, to bind up tlio nation's wound,
to caro for him who shall have borne
tho battlo and for his widow and his
orphans, and to do all which may
nchievo and cherish a just nnd lasting
penco among ourselves and with all
mini, according to tho rato of taxation
in various parts of tho country.
It ts a National Savings Bank.
While this loan presents great advan
tages to largo capitalist?, it offers'
special inducements to those who wish
to mako a safo and profitable invest
ment of small savings. It is in overy
way tho best Saving s Bank; for overy
institution of this kind must somehow
invest its deposits profitably in order
to pay interest and expends. Thoy
will invest largely is this loan, ns the
best investment. But fro-.n tho gross
interest which they receive, they must
deduct largely for the expenses of the
Bank. Their usual rate of interest
allowed to depositors in 5 pr r cent, up
on sums over $500. The person who
invests directly with Government will
rcccivo almost 50 per cent. more.
Thus tho man who deposits $1000 in a
private barings J3ank rpeuves fu dol
lars a year, interest; if h deposits the ,
ii .i a.. !
nuuiu huiii in uns imutn.iu .JitwiK3
Bank ho receives 7.'l dollars. For
thoso who wish to find a safe, conven
ient, nnd profitable means of investing
the surplus earnings which they havo
reserved for their old afo or for tho
benefit of their children, there is noth
ing which presents so uiar.y advantages
as this National Loan.
Tim UioiiEST Motivi;. Tho war is
ovidontly drawing to a closo, but whilo
it lasts tho Treasury must have money
to meet its cost, and ovary motivo that
patriotism can inspire should induce
tho peoplo to supply its wants without
delay. Tho Uovernment can buy
cheaper for cash in hand than on cred
it. Let us see that its wants are
promptly and liberally satisfied. N.
i. Mi.ramincr.
Facts About the 7-30s The Advan
tage they offer.
Turin Absolute Skcumty. Nearly
all activo credits aro now based on I enrolment bi.l was taken up and
Fr.n. 25. The U. S. Sonato was in
session until nearly twolvo o'clock, tho
principal subject of discussion being
the reorganization of tho Stato govern
ment of Louisiana. Tho Senate finally
adjourned without taking any action.
Tho House adopted a resolution
making the inquiry if rebel prisoners
had been enlisted and credited to the
quota of any State. It also adopted a
resolution inquiring if ordor had been
issued to prevent colored men loaving
Washington without a pass. The
amendatory enrolment bill was dis
cussed and amended.
Feb. 20. In the Senate, a communi
cation was read from tho Secretary of
War in reply to a resolution declining
to present information in regard to
tho number of troops furnished by
each State under tho different calls of
tho President. Mr. Lano of Kansas
,.,.,..t,..i ., i.:n i ., ,.t.,i .'....; ...,-.
limn utv'iuu nuts kill; t.iui) uuu i , , . , ..,
. , , liniir wnfc sirniiT hills.
navv. The h(!iiide iiofttiionod tlio con-1 , .
i i
sideratiou of tho Louisiana bill, and
took up the tax bill, which was dis
cussed until a late hour. In the
House, tho amendment to tiio fortifi
cation bill, reducing tho appropriations
in it one-half, was concurred in. The
House refused to concur with tho
Senate in adding the deficiency bill to
tho legislative bill, ao the Senate
omitted tho extra compensation for
House employees. Tho amendatory
pedicnt nt present for Congress to ap-
propriato money for tho Gettysburg
cemetery. Mr. Grimes presented tlio
credentials of James Guthrie, senator
elect from Kentucky. Mr. Doolittlo
presented tho credentials of Micliaol
llahn, senator elect from Louisiana,
which were laid upon tho table. A
new committco of coiifercnco was ap
pointed on tho army bill. The House
pension bill was passed. Tho bill
to consolidate tho tribes in tho Indian
Territory, and establish a civil govern
ment therein, was passed. Tho report
of tho conference conimitteo on the
postal law was concurred in. Tho bill
incorporating tho Frccdniou's Saving
and Trust Co. was passed. In tho
House, tho report of a select conimit
teo providing for appointing certain
new committees for tho Hoiibo, waa
concurred in. Tho civil impropria
tion bill was taken up and passed.
Tho report of tho conlcronco commit
tee on the bill relating lo postal laws
was concurred in. Tho Senato bill
concerning collection of direct taxes in
insurgent States wan passed. The
House non-concurred in all of tho
Senate amendments to the internal
revenue bill. Tho bill amendatory of
tho national banking law was passed.
Senate joint resolutions in referenco
to tho appointmont ol Chief ol btall
for Gen. Grant, and concerning the
employment of disabled soldicis and
sailors, was passed. Tho select com
mition reported that the charges of
I fraud against tho Commissioner of
Patents were found not sustained.
Mabcu y. Both houses of Congress
transacted a large amount of impor
tant business. In tho Senate, the
tariff bill was passed, after somo
amendments were mado to it. Tho
usual voto of thanks was tendered
tho Vice-President. A bill in ref
erenco to intercourse with tho rebel
States waB parsed, after being amend
ed. Tho report of tho conimitteo of
conference on the freodmen's bureau
was agreed to. Tho Houso bill to
provide for a national currency was
passed. Tho report of tho committee
on conferenco on tlio internal revenue
bill wns-adoptcd. In tho House a bill
wns passed to prohibit tho enlistment
of criminals. Tho report of tho coni
mitteo on tho freodmen's bureau bill
was adopted. A bill was passed pro
viding for issuing thrco cent pieces.
Tho Senate, bill incorporating tho
freedmcn's saving and trust company
was passed. Tho report of tho com
mittee of conferenco upon tho army
appropriation bill was adopted, as was
that of a similar committee on tho in
ternal revenue bill. Tho usual rcsolu
tion of thanks was tendered to tho
FllOM 811KRWAN. ,
.Shri'ltlitit 111 llir s'nildlr Apnln.
Cavalry reinforcements and pon-
Tho President at a late
Action of thk NouTh-Wr.STr.iiN Con
sociation. At a special meeting of
the North-Western Consociation hold
in Swauton, Jan. 21th and 25th, 1805,
tho following resolution was adopted
with but ono dissenting vote:
Jleaolvcd, That from a caroftil ex
amination of the facts in the caso, wo
are convinced that tho proceedings of
that bodyat its spcciul meetings, hold
en February and August, 1859, in ro
gnrd to the nffairs of tho Congrega
tional Church in Swnnton, and its
Pastor, aro null nnd void, bocauso of
tho fact that tho matters upon which
it acted wcro, in reality, never before
it for its consideration.
VSf Judgo Smith of Montrcnl.beforo
whom tho St. Albans raiders aro
now undergoing a trial, is still "in
disposed" nnd a further trial of tho
case has been postponed a number of
days. If this indisposition continues
much, longer our peoplo will bo
strongly inclined to tho belief that the
trouble is an "indisposition" to sur
render up the men.
Tlie Iiiuii;ural Aililrro.
I'ellow-Uountrymon: At this sec
ond nnpenrine; to tako the oath of tho
presidential oflico there is less occasion
for an cxtendod address than there
was at tho first. Then a statement of
a course to bo pursued seemed veiy
fitting and propor. Now, at tho ex
piration of four years, during which
public declarations havo boon con
stantly called forth on overy poiufc and
phase of tho great contest which still
absorbs tho attention and ongrossos
tho cnorgies of tho nation, littlo that
is now could botpresontod. Tho pro
gress of our arms, upon which ull else
chiefly doponds, is as well known to
tho public as to mysolf, and it is, I
trust, reasonably satisfactory and en
couraging to all. With high hopo for
tho futuro, no prediction in regard to
it is ventured.
On tho occasion corresponding to
this, four years ago, all thoughts
were anxiously directed to an impond
liitr civil war. All dreaded it;
sought to avoid it Whilo tho inaugu
ral address was being delivered from
this placo, devoted altogether to sav
ing the Union without war, insurgent
agents woro in the city Booking to de
stroy it without war; Booking to dis
fiolvo tho Union and divide tho effects
by negotiation. Both parties do-
Government securities, and banks hold
thorn as the very best and stroncrest
investment thoy can make If it were
possiblo to contemplato tho financial
failure of tho Government, no bank
would bo any safer. If money is
loaned on individual notes or bond
and mortgage, it will bo payable in tho ,
same currency as tho Government pays
with, and no better, lho Govern
ment never has failed to meet its en
gagements, and tho national debt is a
first mortgago upon tho whole pro
perty of tho country. Whilo other
stocks Uncinate from ten to fifty, or
oven a greater per cent., Government
stocks aro always comparatively firm.
Their value is tixed and roliablo, be
yond all othor securities; for Vhilo a
thousand speculative bubbles rise and
burst, as a rulo thoy aro nover below
pur, and aro often above.
Its LiiiKitAi, LiTUiinsT. Tho general
rato of interest is six percent., payable
annually, llns is seven and three
tenths, payable semi-annually. If you
loud on mortgage, thoro must bo a
searching of titles, lawyers' fees, stamp
duties and delays, and you will finally
havo returned to you only tho same
kind of money you would receivo from
tho Government, and less of it. If
you invest in this loan, you have no
trouble Any bank or banker will ob
tain it for you without charge. To
each note or bond aro nflixed five
"coupons" or interest tickctx, duo at tho
expiration of each successive half-year.
Tho holder of n noto has simply to cut
off ono of theso coupons, present it to
tho nearest bank or Government
Agency, nnd receivo his interest; tho
noto itself need not bo presented nt
nil. Or n coupon thus pnyablo will
ovorywhoro bo equivalent, when duo,
to monoy. If you wish to borrow
ninety cents on tho dollar upon tho
notes, you havo tho highest security
in me maruct to do it with, it you
wish to sell, it will bring within n
fraction of cost and interest at any
moment. It will bo very handy to
have in tho house
It is coxvutTiDi.E into a six por cent,
gold-bearing bond. At tho expiration
of thrco years a holdor of tho notes of
the 7.30 Loan has tho option of ac
cepting payraont in full or of funding
his notes in n six por cont gold-interest
bond, tho principal pnyablo in not
less than fivo, nor moro than twenty
years from its dato, as tho Government
may eloct. Theso bonds nro held at
such a premium ns to mnko this privi
lege now worth two or threo por cent,
per annum, nnd adds so much to tho
interest. Notes of tho samo class,
issued thrco years aco, aro now solliug
njj at n into that fully proves tho correct
ness ui iiiih Biiiiemum.
Its Exemption most State on Muni
cipal Taxation. But asido from all
the advantages wo havo enuniorntod,
a special Act of Congross exempts all
IxnuU and 'JWasury note from localtax
ation. On tho average this oxemption
is worth about two per cent, por nil
passed, after adopting some amend
ments and rejecting otliora. Tho com
mittee of conference on tho disagreeing
voto on tho amendment to the navy
appropriation bill mado a report,
which was adopted, and tho bill
passed. Tho balance of tho session
was occupied by tho mx hundred mil
lion loan bill, which was considered in
Fed. 28. In the Senate, tho bill for
tho purchnso of a nav:l picturo to be
painted by Mr. Powell, was passed.
Mr. Wilson roportod fiom tho military
conimitteo a bill to incorporate a na
tional asylum for diF.ibled soldiers ;
also a bill to pay cortnin colored vol
unteers who enlisted in South Caroli
na. The tax bill was considered until
tho recess. In tho evening, Mr. Sum
ner introduced a joint resolution, au
thorizing Capt. Henry Stellwngon of
tho navy, to receivo a sword of honor
from tho British government, for re
lieving tho ollicers and crow of a
British vessel in distress. Mr. Wilson
mado a report on tho freodmen's
bureau bill. Tho amondatorv tax bill
was considered and amended in ref
erenco to savings banks. Mr. Sher
man offered nn amendment, which was
adopted, in reference to collectors of
public mouoys and their salaries and
expenses. The Houso went into com
mittco of tho wholo on tho six hund
red million loan bill, and after acting
upon somo amendments offerod, re
ported to tho Houso. In tho Houso
tho bill as originally reported, was
passed with somo amendments, which
do not change tho loaturo ot it m ro
gard to tho amount or interest Tho
Houso then went into committco on
the tariff bill, but took nrt action beforo
tho hour of recess arrived. In tho
ovening, tho Houso passed bills in
troduced by tho naval committee, to
provido for a solicitor of tho navy de
partment, to rcgul.ito tho transfor of
men from the army to tho navy, for
punishmont of desortion, nnd for addi
tional legislation concerning prize
monoy. Mr. Bico of Mass. reported
a bill to pay Capt. Winslow and his
oflicors and mon Of tho Kcarsargo
$192,000, tho supposed value of tho
Alabama. Tho Senato bill concerning
paymasters in tho navy was passed,
and somo action was taken on tho
claims of contractors, lho bill to
compensate Capt. Winslow and his
crow was roferred.
Mauch 2. Tho Sonato continued
their work upon tho now tax bill in
committco of the wholo. Tho coin-
Maroii 1. Tho report of tho commit
tee of conference upon tho amendatory
enrolment bill was concurred in by tho
I benatc. lho civil appropriation bill
1 was taken up and amended. Tho
conlorenco committee on the army np
propriation bill were reported unable
lu tiiuu. a-uu otutiLu luaiaiuu itwii
its action, boveral pnvato bills were
passed, and at seven o'clock tho Sen
ato wont into executive session. At
ten o'clock tho Senato recommenced
business, and tho b.ll authorizing tho
coinage of three-cent pieces .was
passed. Tho bill to regulato com
merco between tho Stales was taken
up and amended. At n quarter to
twelve tho Vice-President elect was
escorted into tho chamber by tho Vice-
President, Mr. Hamlin. Tho latter
made somo remarks thanking tho sen
ators for their courtesy. Tho oath of
office was then nd ministered to An
drew Johnson to support, as Vico
Prosidont. tho Constitution of tho U. S.
ho previously making a short speech.
Mi" Hamlin then declared tho Senato
adjourned sine die. Tho Senato thou
mot in extra session, the proclamation
calling the session was read and the
senators elect sworn in. Tho proces
sion was then formed, and tho Presi
dent was escorted to tho part of the
building where tho inauguration core
monies were to tako placo. In tho
Houso, tho report of tho conferenco
conimitteo on tho amendatory tariff
bill was agreed to. Tho roport of tho
committee on several military subjects
including tho enrolment bill, was
adopted. The bill to disposo of gov
ernment coal mines was passed. The
report of tho conferenco committco on
tho bill for reorganizing tho subsis
tence department was agreed to. Tho
Houso at seven o'clock Saturday morn
ing took n recess. After n rocess of
two hours, tho Houso ngain assembled.
Tho committee of conferenco on tho
civil appropriation bill reported that
tho only point in it remainiug unset
tled was in referenco to tho trial of
citizens by courts martial. As no
agreement could bo arrived at, that
important bill, involving an appropria
tion of millions, was lost. Tho report
of tho conferenco committeo on tho
duty on paper was takon up. Whilo
tho clerk was calling tho roll upon tho
report, the hour of twelvo arrived, and
tho Speaker, after a fow remarks, de
clared tho Houso adjourned sine die.
&lcclnl .Si'iMmi.
Tho Sonato of tho Thirty-ninth Con
gress of lho United States reassembled
March Gth in special session, Vico
Prosidont Johnson presiding. Tho
usual mcasuro was taken to inform
tho president that tho Senate was pro
pared to receivo communications from
him. Tho President sent to tho Son
ato about thirty nominations, most of
which were for internal revenue oliices.
Ho also Bout in tho nomination of
toon bridges arrived at Winchester on
tho 25th nit,., and on tho 27th Sheri
dan started with 15,000 cavalry to
operato against Lynchburg. The pos
sibility of Sheridan nnd Sherman ef
fecting a junction at Danvillo or in
that vicinity is hinted at. Gen. Han
cock assumed command at Winchester
when Shoridan left.
Official dispatches from Gen. Grant,
dated Sunday, stato that rebel desert
ers from overy part of tho rebel lines
who camo in on Sunday morning, and
also rebol refugees reported that on
Thursday last Gen. Sheridan captured
Charlotlsvillo and completely routed
tho rebel forcos there capturing Gen.
Enrlv nnd some 1800 mon. nearly his
1 wholo army. Four brigades of rebel
I troops hud been bent from Itichmond
to try and reach Lynchbuigh beforo
Gen. Sheridan could get there, and
hold tho nlaco if possible Tho latest
reports from Shoridan direct placo him
at Staunton.
Coniili-nr to Titltr Slict lilnn.
Tho expedition up tho valloy, which
captured Early at Charlottesvillo,
started on the 27th of Feb. It was
commanded in person by Gen. Sheri
dan and his subordinates, Gens. Mor
rit, Custer, Dcvins, Forsyth and Gibbs.
A few days ago thrco Which ester fami
lies, by tho names of Shnrrnrd, Leo
nnd Bunch, wcro sent within our linos
on tho chargo of disloyalty. It is
alleged thoy conspired together to got
up a sociable ball, to which Gen. Sher
idan was to !)o an invited gucst.and that
during its progress a dctaehmont of
Mosby's guerillas was to seize tho
general, tako him captivo and convey
him to nichmond, a In Kolley and
Crook. Tho plan was frustrated, and
the ladies (!) who concocted it aro
now in full communion with thoso for
whom they havo exhibited such n
warm sympathy.
J he Itichmond LnvuiYr of tho 2th
ult. stated that when tho captured
generals Kelloy and Crook woro taken
to Gen. Early, ho said t3 them : "Tako
soats,rgcntloincn, I presume you arc
tired after your ride, and thon added,
"1 oxpeet sonic enterprising innkeo
will bo stealing off with mo in tho
samo way ono oi thoso days, bhen
dan has fulfilled tho prophecy thus
mado in joke.
Sherman's advanco is reported, up-1
on what is doomed rchablo rebel au
thority, to havo reached Fayottovillo,
N. C, which is at tho head of naviga
tion on tho Capo Fear river. Porter's
gunboats aro also reported thoro.
Another report brought by steamer
from Smithville, N. C, reports that a
part of Sherman's army had arrived
thorityr Tins probably nllifdcs to r
ports ot tho intended ovacualion of tho
New Yohk, Mnrch R
Tho Herald' a Wihningtoil CorrL
pouubut i inu says:
Beports reached tlmt place confirm
ing tho Btatemcnt that Sherman had
reached Capo Fear Hirer, 00 miles
above Wilmington, previous to tho
1st, thus bailling tho rebel plans t0
concentrato their forces against him
and to forco a battlo near Goldsboro
with tho ndvnntagcs ih their favor
Tho Wilmington Journal in nn nrti
clo just previous to our occupation of
that place, admitted that unless Sher
man was speedily checked Biclitnomi
would havo to bo evacuated.
Tho Herald's City Point dispatch
says thoro wcro rumors in tho aimy of
tho Potomac that Shcrmnii had de
feated Johnston in a heavy battlo nmi
captured 15,000 prisoners.
The Hrra'd'x Oth corps correspond
dent of tho Oth inst says: There arc
indications mat ojco win mil back to
tho lino of the Boanako, as largo num
bers of negroes havo already been uent
there to throw up fortifications. Tho
soigo guns of Pctcrsburgh and R.ph.
mond havo been sent in that direction
xim iin n ii iiiiiuiiuii tuirespon
nt of Fob. 23d makes no allusion to
at Wilmington, and was marching
through. Tho former report is tho
more credible
Various llebel lttjmrls.
Deserters from Leo's army state
that when ho made his late visit south
ho took with him two divisions of An
derson's corps to reinforco tho army
confronting Sherman, and that heavy
sicgo guns are being scut from Pctcrs
burgh to Greensboro, N. C. Rich
mond papers talk of Shorman as stuck
in tho mud somewhere Gen. Wado
Hampton reports Sherman's forco at
Ito.OOO. The lf7nV; thiiiks ho has G0,
000. Tho Enquirer of tho 1st says:
"From Charlotto wo learn that the
anxiety which had prevailed in that
quarter for several days had subsided.
Columbia advicc3 state that the fire
which occurred thcro on tho evacua
tion by our troops extended from Main
street to tho Charlotto depot, a dis
tance of three-fourths of a mile. No
public property was destroyed. Tho
city is now in tho possession of Gon.
Hnniplon's troops."
It is reported that Bragg brought
bchoheld to n halt at iSorthoast river,
ten miles from Wilmington, and it was
thought Schofiold would then tako lho
road to Faycttoville. Tho rebels de
stroyed tho pirate Chicamauga nt
tJ.apo jeoar river.
Washington, March, G.
Bebcl deserters report that Sherman
flanked Florence, S. C, and moved on
Fayettcville, N. 0., thus confirming
previous accounts. Richmond papers
of Friday say thcro had not been ovon
a rumor from tlfo seat of war in tho
south for two days.
Our naval foices havo captured
Fort White, a splendid establishment,
mounting 17 heavy guns, just below
Georgetown, S. C. Tho sailors and
marines then landed nnd captured
Georgetown. Tho rebel cavalry mado
a chargo on them in tho streets, but
woro gallantly repulsed, with n loss of
sovcral killed, wounded and prisoners.
Our loss, ono man. Admiral Dahl
gron's flagship, tho Harvest Moon, on
hor way down, was sunk by torpedoes.
All hands wcro saved excepting tho
steward. .
Gon. Grant ntatod on Friday that
tho recent rains had ' mado all move
ments impraclicablo for a week at
least. Richmond nanors sav that
tho reported liinction of Srlinfiptv.
forces with Sherman. Gen Srhofickl
was busy perfecting plans for tlio con
tinuance of his campaign in N. C.
New Yoiik, March 8,
Tho Herald' City Point correspon
dent of tho Gth says rebel deserters
and refuges coming into our Imps
beforo Richmond, confirm tho reports
already published, that Gen. Sheridan
had captured tho rebel Gen. Earlr
and nearly his entire army, on Thurs
day and Friday last, in tho Shenan
doah Valley, between Charlottesvillo
and Staunton.
It is believed that Gon. Sheridan is
now well advanced on his way to
Lynchburgh or Itichmond, in which
evor way ho may design.
Tho Tribune's Washington dispatch
says it is reported from Hancock i
headquarters at Winchester, Va,f that
Shoridan has defeated Early, but that
Early is not yet captured.
Newiiehn, N. C, March 1.
Intelligence from North Carolina
papers indicate that both sections arc
gathering their forces in her border fur
tho final struggle
A Raleigh paper savs the people of
that city will hear tho guns of tho
groat and laat battlo of tho American
rcbolhon; and that tho traditionary
grounds of the old North Stato will bo
tho common grave yard of stato rights
and stato lines, without which no at
tempt at secession could have been
Tho Raleigh Progress says; Tha
Federals aro concentrating a force if
10,000 men nt Newborn, which wu
soon bo ready to strike Leo's army in
conjunction with Shermau's forces.
S culullont mi tlic Million of Grn.
New Yonx, March 3
Tlio Panama Mercantile f'ir-,,,'
of February 13, has a report that K
mission of General Sickles is tu ,
cure from the Columbian govcrnm
a concession of lands on win h t
form a settlement of tlO.OOO of the n.
groes emancipated by tlio great seces
sion war. Tho report says- but tii
Chronicle doubts it that ono inwna
dollars would bo paid for the prnileg'
Baldy Smitli has established n
commission nt Now Orlenns to inves
tigate frauds.
Ex-Vieo President Hamlin goes
homo to Maino and private life.
Nino thousand bales of cotton
arrived at Now York Monday from
An overland camel express fron
Missouri to California, via Nebraska,
and Colorado, is talked of.
A distillery at Stoubenville, Ohio,
worth $200,000, was lately siczed tj
government, on account of internil
revenue frauds.
Thoro is a dry goods panic at
New York. A. T. Stowart add other
largo dealers havo been Belling do
mestic goods at ruinous sacrifices for
couplo of week's. Thoy fear lor
Tho Raleigh Journal says it
Haygood's rebel brigado that was cap
tured by Schofiold near Wihningwjj
when our troops took tho city Si
our prisoners at Raleigh havo Wf"
sent to North-cast Ridgo, near "
mington, for exchange.
Gon. Sully is organizing a coJ
of regiments of repentant rebel pr
oners, who havo been confined ntrw
Island, 111., to fight against tho &
In answer to tho appeal for lf
i ior tno rouei army, a corrop"",
' a Richmond paper, who 6igns
"Pntnruliiiwr h QM.rocta that tl)0 l
Grant roeoived GOOD troops from Alox- necd to bo paid as well as fed, and oj
anuria last week. Ihoy also stato that to bo ono of twenty-five to
Yankeo deserters arrived to- hnm,!,! 4i.m,cn,i ilnllnrs lo GenW
Hon. Hugh McCulloch as Secretary of
of tho Treasury, and thoso of O. Bono-
mittoo reported, and tho Senato con- j diet for Judgo, and Benjamin Silliman
sidered tho bill, which, aftor somo I for Attorney of tho now imlininl iliu.
change was passed. Tho resolution
in regard to servants of officers was
passed. Tho Houso resolution for
continuing tho committco on tho con
duct of tho war aftorjtho adjournment,
was agreed to. Several Indian bills
wero passed. Mr. Sumner prosontod
a memorial from tho West Virginia
Legislature, asking aid to emancipate
slaves in that State Mr. Wilson ro
ported on a petition, that it was inox-
tnct in Eastern Now York. A motion
was mado to confirm that of the Sec
retary of tho Treasury, but it was
withdrawn on tho statomcnt by Mr.
Fessenden that Mr. McCulloch do
sired that it might lay over for a day
or two. Mr. Harrington is Secretary
ad interim. Thoro being no commit
tees in the Senato yot, all nominations
mado wero laid on tho table, to bo re
ferred when committees nro organized.
Hnv Incif on1 nnul It, mi
...v u,., ,.,, onni xjco s nrniY. xnis bcoium ur ,i,
wna nf. niflcomn iff-.n ' .1. v ii -.tfs..fu thaV 1
.ww iiu,-at.iK iiuuua . iniiniiir'nncn limn nnn it
gether ono
that Grant
on thoir right; it was only now recruits
comming in. Leo's troops now got n
whisky ration overy day to "firo tlio
southern heart '
An attempt lias been mado to firo
the Btato tobacco warehouse, at Rich
mond, supposed to bo by an incendiary.
Tho Dispatch of tho 2d says: "Ow
ing to cortaiu groundless reports,
which havo gained circulation in Rich
mond for the past fow days, a largo
number of country peoplo have boon
deterred from bringing thoir products
to market, and, as a consoquenco, but
little is offered at thoso places for sale
That further inquiry may not ensue
from theso rumors wo hereby contra
diet thorn upon tho very highost ou-
1 oxtrftordiuWT
robol dollar is worth only
now, and presently may not
-In tho high steeple of St. MigJ
at Charleston, may bo seen tlio e'' fc9
of tho officer appointed to coiw .
number and effect of tho sbclK dnn
tho siege In caso tho tower iw
struck, ho had a ropo ladder
which to mako tho dizzy descent-
,r ... , i,i lo
r. i tininra " I 11 nuiw
gontlomon for tho
at Washineton.
would lie, caused sucn a "
the first circles that tho court i(
tho Chronicle, was obliged w
by authority,
wero sold w'lA
A ropor j,

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