Newspaper Page Text
1 T UESDAY, AUGUST 2 3, 1837. Iloro slmll tho Prcss tlio I'oonlo's rigl.ta muintain, Unawcd by influonco and unbribcd by gum Iloro patriot Trutli hor gloriouH prccopts drnw, Pledgcd to Roligion, Lihcrty, and Law. STATE ELECTION, SEPTEMBER 5. - Wliigr KciRlicaw Tickcl. FOll GOVERNOR, SIJLA.S 13. JEWISOIV. FOR LI EUt7GOVERNOR, BAV1D M. CAMP. FOR SENATOUS caledonia county. CIIAKLES DAVIS, SILAS IIOUGI1TON. orleans counrr. AUGUSTUS YOUNG. essex COUNTT. RIOHAUDSON GUAVES. WASHINGTON OOUNTY. I1ENRY F. JANES, JOS11UA TIIWING. ORANOE COUNTT. WILLIAM IIEBARD, A. B. VV. TENNEY, SIMEON SUORT. "1 tlicn dcclnred, tliat if tlie decision of tlioso of niy countryincn who wero ftivorublo to rny (iloction was gratified, I must go into tbo Preai dontinl clinir.TElB UNCOMPROMfSING OP PONENT OF EVERY ATTEMPT ON TI1E PART OF CONGRESS TO A130LISII SLAVERY IN TI1E DISTRICT OF CO LUMB1A, agniiiBt the wishcs of tlio Slavc hold tng Slalt.s; and nlso with n detciminntion oqunl lv docided to rcsisttlioslightest intcif'eronco with it.in tlio statcs wneio n exisis. " - n now only romains to mld tliat NO B1LL CON FLTCTING WITH TllESE VIEWS CAN RECEIVE MY CONSTITUTIONAL SANC TION." Mr Van Buren's Inavgural Mdrcss. ELECTIONS CHEERING 1NTELLIGENCE ! ComploU) rotuma are rccoivod from sovoral Con gressional Districts in Indiana, Kontucky, Tonnes "sce and North Carolina, ond tboy aro of tlio most gratifying charactor. Tlio npoll is brokon. Tlio namo of Jackson has lost its magic powor; and tlio peoplo aro bnrstiug tlio shooldcs of party' which liavo bound thcm to tlio political car of tlio "old Jioman.'" ,IndoiondfVi,"araTn"0'riiimo and.wAicnco of Gcn. Jackson, Mr Vnn Buron's inlliionco novcr lias bcori sufficiunt to Hustain hiin. Now, whon tlio Gonoral has lost all influonco in bis own Stato,evon i n tlio noigbborhood wlioro Iio rcsidofl, wlicro, will tbo administration look for support? Forsnknn by Uio pcoplo, it will grasp witb still groator desporn tion tbo monoy of tbo pcoplo, and altompt to sus tain itsolf by its powor. In only ono stato, Missis sippi, sinco tbo fall oloctions bavo transpirud, lins Van Buron maintainod 1ns strongb and In tbai Stato liis partiznns claim a trifling gain of 200 votcs! Ilo bas lost in Maino, Philadolphia, Maryland, Indi ana, Tonnossco, Kontucky, nnd in North Carolina, thousanda of votos. Lot Vermont givo bim ono more start as bo passos on to bis political ovcr tbrow. Tbe following aro tbo returns tbus far ro coivcd: Indiana. In tho Lawronocburg District, G. II. Dunn, VVbig, is eloctodovor Amos Lano, V. B. by 1000 majority. In tbo District rcpresontcd by Jobn Carr, V. B. tho Whigs havo olcctod Mr Grabam. Jamoa Raridcn, Wbig, is olcctod over Mr McCar ty. Jobn Ewing, William llorod and A. S. White, all wbigs, aro olected in tbo Districts roprosontod by Davis, Kinnard, and Hanncgan, V. B. Ono District romains to bo board from, and tbo probabil ity is, tliat tbo Whigs bavo carried lbo wbolo Stato. Kentccky. In tbo District wbicb has boon rcp rosontod by R. M. Johnson and his family connox ions for tho last 30 ycars, Soutbgato, or as lbo Kontuckians call him,"tho little Ilonry Clay," is olcctod by about 400 majority. In tbis District last fall tho Van Buren majority was 1700! In tho 2d District, Ramsy, Whig, ia olcctod over Hawos, V. B. In tbo 11th, roprosontod last ycar by Froncli, V. B., Mcnofce, Whig, is olcctod. The whigs havo gainod thrco moinbors in Kcntuclcy. From tbo 9 Districts bcord from NINE Whics aro nlnnir. Thero aro four Districts to bo board from, ono of wHieii naa a v. u. Keprosentativo last year. Tknnessee. Gen. Cbatham, whig, is olected overCavo Johnson, V.B. In the district ropresont ed by Mr. Poyton, Col. Campbell, wbig, is eleclod. Speakor Polk, V.B., is rc-olectod without opposition. Gov- Cannon is ro-olcctod, probably by about 20,000 majouty. In tho Ilormitago prociuct, tho rcsidenco of Gon. Jackson, tho vote stood, for JohnBoll, whig, 105, for Armstrong, V. B., 17 " Tho Gonoral has fallen in tho houso of his friendsl Mr.Turnoy, V.B.is electcd in the district latoly rcp resonjod by Mr. Forrestor, V. B. Tho delegation in the next Congrcss will doubtless stand 11 whi"s and 2 Van Buren mon; in tho last it was 9 whfcs and 4 V.B. b NouTH CAnor.iNA.Tho whigs havo eiected law R0nChr' Stan'0 S1'P"d, eayor andDoborry, Tho Van Burenites havo electcd Hawkms and Bynum 2. TlJVhigs hve tbus fnr 'gai'ncd 12 members 3 vfiS'ntucky G.n Indiana, 1 in Tennossoe, and S.n North Carohna- TbeyhavcWt notbingyot, so far as haard from.1 MisSS!Pr,.In tbis Slate tho Vanitcs havo maintnined their strength, and claim a gain of 200 votei in tho wholo stato for Claibomo nnj They aro elccted mgroly for tho special acssion of T1IE TJIEASURY BANlf. TJio mousago of PrcBidonl Jackson of J81), snb niittliig for tbo cniiBidonitimi of -Congrcss tbo oxpo' diuncy ofBomitUutinga Nationul Bank.fouiidod upon tbo crodit and tbo rovenuos of tbo Govorumciit, was in tbo Houso of RopresoulativoBroforrod to tho rnmmittoo of Wnva and Mouns, composcd of a ma jority of tbo fiionds of tbo ndininistration. So cx- trnordinary a propoaition, iiowovor, cou.u . awakon tbo appiobonsioii of tho coimnitlco to tbo dangor of Exccutivo powor. In thuir roport upon tbis part of tbo incbsngo tboy say Tbo Banli of tbo Unilud Statos now omploys flvo bundrcd agonts in vatious parts of tho U 111911, whuro its oflicos nio ostabliBbod. Ironi tbis fnct 8o.no idoa may bo n.ni.cd ot' tbo vcry groat addilion wblch would bo inodu to tbo patroniigo of tlio Lx tbo ostublisbmonl ol sucn n Ba.ilc as tho 0110 undor considoraiioii. Uut tbo natroniigo roBulting Irom 1110 appoiiiiinuiu, tho oHnMrtZnpnointinontof theso agonts, gruat as 11 1.1 ,i....i.,iuj im wnulil liu iiiH.fr.i.bcant and Iiarmloss, wben comparod to tliat wbicb would reBult from tl.o tliBponsuuon 01 uiuik umuniuuiinuiia to tho Btanding amount or at loast fifty niillioiis of .lil 1 M'lir. ninil nltnnnt lnstl.lctlVOl V SlirillliS UIMIUIU . . ' . - , from tbo contemplation ofanidonso oni.iious ot tlio purity ol tlio govornnicni, auu uiu nraw "j -w jicoplc. No Govurnmont of wbicb tho Commtltco 1 ' i......i,i,r,. nvMnt. nfirhfinH. tbo dosno- tisrn of ltussia, was uvor invostod witb a patronago at onco so prodigious in its iiifluoiico, and so dun ircroui in its charactcr. In tho most dosporato i? 1 r nt.mt Knrnnnnn (Tfivorn- UUUIiUIIll UAlltJlllllia, wn.w. .-...j . moi.t has ovor vonturod upon an oxponmontso por ilous. Ifthc wholo patronaga of thc JEn'st Mon nrchy wcro conccntrutcd in tlie hunds of thc Jltnencan Exctvtioc, it may ht xocll doubted lohcthcr thc jmbhc libcrtij would ht so vndangcrcd by it, as it icould by ttis vast jiicumary muchine, which would pluce iti thc hands of cvcry administration, fifty millions of dolllirs, AS A I-UND rOKKEWAKIJING ,'OHTICAI.rAK TISANS." Tho Cominitteo of tbo So.mto, to wbo.n was ro forrcd tbo saine subject, aay " Tho inovitablo conseqiionco of croating a Trcasurv Bank would bo tbo creation of a monoyod ongino of diiect dopondcnco upon thootTicors of tho Govorniiiont, at varianco witb tbo wbolo scbomoof our insrilutions." I-Iow far tbcse npprebensions wero justly founded, may bo sccn in nart from tho following documcnts, elicitud duringtho examination of R. M. Whitnoy ; From the instruclians of thc Trcdsury Dcparlmmt to the Dcpositc Banks. H'l'lin ili.nrxiilnq rif fllit mllilic mOHOV Will onablo you to aflbid incroased faoilities to tbo commoroial ,1.1,1 ntliKi- nliiasnc nPilin on in tn ii i i t v . and thc deiiart- mcnl anticipatcs from you thc udoption of such a coursc rcspccung your uccomvuuiiuiis us wm nuvu aocopiauio 10 llio poopiu auu auiu iu uiu mont." Lettcr from thc Depositc Bank at Burlington, ushing "Boing locatod in tbe samo placo wbero a brancb of thc Unitod Siatcs Bank was establishod, and bo ing a dopositdBank, wben tbe Brancb bas discon tinuod tbcir opcrations tho public scem to expoct tbat wo would at onco affordtho samo facilitics and accommodatioiiB tbat tboy onjoyod wlion tbo brancb was doing business. Thero lias boon on tbo partof our Directors a dosirc 10 moot tbis expoctation, and tho consequonco lias beon that a vcry sensiblc change haa tuhciivlaco roi.iTicALLY in rAvouorTHE aov- EUNMENT. Otbor qvidonco oxists, sbowing boyond tbpv. sibihty of a doubt, that.tl'T-'fAiolic doposilcs, tho moDP-a"tiio pooplo, has bcon oxtensively and suc- cossfully cmploycd by tlio administration forpoht cal purposes,. sinco its removal within tbo control of tbo Exccutivo. 13 11 1 if, by tbo aid of tho impcrfcct systoin of tbe Deposilo Banks, Exccutivo patronago Ihib boon so obviously incrcasod, and an influonco bas boon brougbt to bcar upon our cluctions by mcans of tho revonuos of tho country , tbus illcgally placod within tho control of tbo Exccutivo, wbat ovils ma' not bo justly apprchcndcd from a Bank intorwoven with .tbo machinory o( thoGovernmcnt, with a capital vast a3 tlio nation's rovcnues, wboso ofliccrs urodepondcnt upon Exccutivo appointmont, and " rcmoveablo at bis will." and wboso onora- tions aro legally subjocted to Exccutivo control ! IiOt tbo nconla avvaka iti timn tn thn ilnnirnr flinl tbroatcns thom, and boforo tbo monstor sball bavo coilcd tl non thcm and sonnreil llmm in liiq rnliln. lot 7 thom spoak tbrougb tho ballot box, in accuntsloud, cloar and unitod ; in nptcs wbicb cannot bo mistakon at Washington carrying' conviction toour misguid cd administration tbat WE WILL BE FREE. ' For the Caledonian. Onc pla'cn qucstion to which a dircct answcr is re qucsled. Wbo is tbo inan nominatod for a Senator for tho County of Calodonia, that holds sovcral bank sharos, and will bo most likely to voto for rccharting tho bank, should bo bo so Iucky as to obtain his oloc- t,on ' 0.UEI11ST. GTbo lottor pf Hon. Wieliam SrnAGUE, of illiodo island, wo recommond to tbo purusal of o.v ery man particularly to our Antimasonic frionds wbo aro inchncd to favor tho political viows of Mr. Van Buren. The position takon bv Mr. Snrnrnn U an admission of all that has. bcon cbargod to tbo administration by its opponents. We aro rejoiccd to,soo tho loadors of tho antimasonic party, wbo navo givcn uio prescnt aaministration thoir support, roturning to tho "anciont landmarks " of thoir no- iniutu laiui. From the Somorsot Whig. --- fc, -"""J cfr UUSIUCTS. Undor yhoso administration did tbo banks sus pond specio paymonts, and shin plastors doluco tho country? 0 Martin Van Buron's. Undor wboso administration did tbo wholo coun try bocomo doranged, laborers coaso to cot work bankrupts bccorne common, and boncst mon do frauded out of thoir duos? u Martin Van Rnrnn'o Undor wboso administration wero tho public do- DOSltCS to thn ninnnni rfiTi,, .:n: i.. uu 11 .- -ir iV . "J HIIIIIOIIS lOSl .r Martin Van Burdn's. Did any of those cfils happon boforo Jackson bo gan his exponmonts on tl.o curroncy ? boono t, hat should r.rn " "", anu east it mto tbo " DEMO. Cotting a swARTii. A farmnr ivt t on tho 29th ult. cuttl,rt acrTofgfcvrSOy sunr.se nnd sunsot. Ono ncro is sa?d to bo a n " avcrago day's work. D0 a fmr S5M0l)OiniriLT-Z.0 that lcansas to tbis city, wii 3 ouU not bo sold at 7 por cont. promium. Tho snocula tor .n th.s case, Is supposed to bo a nerson S offico jn thc Goneral0vornment.&V;& . ...rmMuaM!! 'J..1 -: Wlm aro tbo mon tliut aro for multiplying Banks ? Dnos tho Jaokson syslcm wJiich Mr. Viui Buron has plodgcd liin.Holf to follow, toi.d (0 roHtroin tl.o of Bank nanor withtii snfo and wlioloso.r.o limi'ts ? Cortain it is tbat Jackson l.ad a fair oppor tunity for trying tbo ofi'oct of sucb mousurofl. aa bo choso to pursuo. Ilo had a ninjority in tlio Hoiibo ol'Roprcsontativcs durhig.his 'wliolo administralioii. No luw could bo pasaod unlosa sunciioni;d by bis dovotcd adborotits., Afmiijority ol tho benato, too duringtho laltor part of Iiisy administralioii, woro docidodly wiih hiin. Wora bis incasuros caicuintcu to loatrain, or to oncountgo tho oxtruvngant Issuo of Bank nanisr? Wo givo a fact or two. Jlany inigbt bo givon. Tlio oflicial statpinont of Sccrotary Woodbury is loforrcd to for tbo corroctnoBS of tho followiiiR : Whon tbo oburtor of'tbo first U. S. Bank oxpirod in 1811, tlioro woro 83 Stato Banks. Duringtho noxt fivo ycars tlioro was 110 natiorial bank. In tbis liino, tbo Stato Banks incroased from 88 to 21G. From 1810, wlion tbo second U. S. Bank woa cl.ar tcrod, to 1830, whon Jackson commoncod Iiisaltack in oarnost, upon tl.o U. S. Bank, 83 Stato Banks woro incorporatod, boing an avorogoof six in ayear, and making lbo wholo riumbor 329. Dunng tlio last sovon ycars, i. o., from 1830 to 1837, inclusivo, thc nuinbor of Stato Banks has incroased from 329 to 823 ! by an avorogo incroaso of inoro tban 70 in a yoar. Again, from tho rovolutionary wnr to 1830, tbo nnmbor of Stato Banks created was 329; from 1830 to 1837, tho nnmbor creatod was 491. Again, from tbo rovolution to 1830, tho bank capital was 110 millions; from 1830 to 1837, it incroasod 2G8 millions. Onco moro, tho chiof inoroaso of banks and of banking capital bas boen intheSlates which havo Jackson majoritics. Wbothcr tho systom of Jacknon and Van Buron doos or doos not tond to monopolizo, lot tlioso and an bundrcd otbor facts declaro. It is no now thing tbat incondiaries should bo a mong tho first nnd loudost to cryfirc! fire! YOUNG MEN No class in commuiiity havo so docp and lasting intcrcst in tbo proscnt political afl'uirs of tbo nation as tho young mon of tho country. Thoir fatbors, wlnlo our lawB woro justly aumin.storcd, and our constitution gunrdod with a scrupulous rogard to its proyisions, livod nnd prosporod. No suddon and disastrous calarnities, liko tho prescnt, foll upon thom, iib tbo rcsult of a mal-administration ,o( tho Govornmont Unsoducod by tho flattcry of dcma gogucs, tboy oloctcd mcn to oflico wbo did not cnuso thc nation to mourn by thoir disregard of its welfaro. Thoir rulors not only profcssud domoc racy, but tboy practiccd it; und thost.n bfprospori ty shono upon thom. Industry rccoivod its roword; onterpriso was encouragod and was not thwartod in its purposes, ond tbo land flowod with 'mijjt. and honoy.' But now, O how(ichangrd .' Mon now fill our national ofnqpji.'.vno profess domocracy and practico tyrannj prpfoss Jove for tbo pooplo and trarmVu upon thoir intorosts profoss to clior isb industry and doprivo it of its just roward pro foss to dcspiso concoutratcd or a ccntral powor and aro rcaring a dospotism ! Young mon tho guardianship of tbo publio in tnrosts is falling into your hands. Your fathors aro roady tosurrendcr tbo noblo horitago of frco prin ciplos to your protcction. Undor a wiso adminis tration of our govornmont tboy bavo accumulated a compotoney, and would now ask only to pass tbo romaindcr of their days in quiotness and noaco. Contrast your prescnt prospocta witb theirs in caily hf'o. If you aro young and uncstablisbcd in busi ness, wbero will you sookit? Go to tbo city, thero you will find nono. Thousands aro tlioro rejoiccd at tho privilcgoof e-.rning thoir daily broad. Tho stroots aro noarly forsakou nnd tbo work sbops toi anllcss. Do you soek cmploymont in .t.lling U.o ground? Unslcady cmploymont nnd low wagos grcot you thero. Discouragomonls and d.sappoint- monts aro in your path. Wboro tben will you go? Go to tbo ballot box, and diapol tbo cloud' which is loworing upon us, and throatcning to hido in tbo gloom of an ctornal night tbo sun of our national prosnoritv. Tbis ia vour f.rsi dutv. Do tbia. und do it with your might, and tho tido of prmpority will flow over your country and mako glad tho hoarts of tho young, and causo tbo old mon to ro- joico. Reasons for and acainst votino for Mu Van Buren. It you would sanction tbo cstablishment of a U. S. Bank, controllcd by tho oflico-lioldors, ond founded upon tbo publio rovenuos vvoto for tho supportors of Mr Van Buron. If you would continuo tho.prcsent ombarrass monts of tho country closo tho factorics, tboreby destroying tho wool-markot sanction tho ovor-is-suo of irPodoomablo bank papor and flood the coun try with a doprcciatcd curroncy voto for tho mon who support Mr Van Buron. If you would bavo Toxas "tho VoUoy of Ras cals" -annbxod to tho Unitod Statos, and throw tbo balanco of political powor into tho hands of slavc-boldors voto for tho supportors of Mr Van Buren. If you dosiro to soo tho District of Columbia for ovoramarkot for buying and selling mon voto for tbo supportors of Mr Van Buren. Ifyou would roar a"splcndid dospotism" upon tho ruins of our republic voto foi tho supportors of Mr Van Buron. If you would assist tho Popo in ostablishing bis Kingdom in rcpublican Amorica voto for tho sup portors of MrVon Buron. If you would roll back tho wavcs of desolation rcgulato tho curroncy do justioo to your follow mon romain froo from any allianco with tho rob bcrs and outlavvs of Toxas avoid a pormanont lin ion of tbo sword and tho jmrsc and koop despot ism and Popory from our shoro voto for men op posod to Mr Van Buron. CrTiio Secrotary of tho Trcasury givcs tho fol lowing" account of tho- national trcasury for tho onth of Juno : RccciVbJ. from customs, about lands $213,000 680,000 Exponditures, for thetno ,..n0d,4!,GllS So it scems thc expGnses aro onhj about iW as groat as tho roccipts ! Fo.ii Tiin Cat.euonian. it.h.: IlaVinir in fonnor riutnbora shown coiiclusivolyihut tlio cluims of tlio ynn(Buron party to domocracy aro not sustainod by tlio inoaS- uros of tbo adniinistration tliat 1110 caruinai jirm ci.iles of domocraoy and of li.o constitution, which doclaro all powor to bo vostod in tbo hands of tho .monlo. bavo boon troddon dovvn and tramplou up on by a surioH of Exccutivo uaurpatlons, until tho country is brougbt to tho vory vorgo of dospotism, and tbo rigbts of tl.o pooplo oxiHt only in namo it romains to inquiro wbolior any oviaonco oxisis that tbo old do.nocratic party and tno van uuron party aro tl.o samo, from tho position wliioh tho si.rvivinir domocratB of 1808 14 susiain to tbo pro Bont 'nolitical nart.es. I Iinvo boforo alludod to tho fnct that durimtbo first tonn of Mr. Monroo's nd ministration tbo party linos of domocracy and fod oralism woro broken. Mr. Monroo was ro-olcctcd for a second torm without opposition, botli partios barmonizirig in his" cloction nnd in his administra tion. In anticipation of tlio cloction of bis succosBor, fivo prominont candidatoa woro, by difioront statcs, proposod for tho considoration of tho Amorican pub lic: Mcssrs. Adains, Crawfdrd, Jackson, Ulny und Calboun. Mossrs. Adama, Juckson, nnd Crnwford wcro subscquontly brougbt constitutionally boforo Congross, thero boing no choico by tho pooplo and Mr. Adains provcd thero sucoossful. At an early stago of tbis canvass, ond beforo tbo wannth of political fooling had bocomo oxcjtcd, thuro nppcarod an originul orticloin tho Now'IIamp shiro Patriot (tbo domocracy of wbicb badnot.thcn boon callod in qucstion) spcnking in tbo l.igbeBt torms of oach of tho fivo Prcsidential candidatoa prcsonting an opitomo of thoir livos and sorviccs, thoir talonts and political and moral worth. All tho candidatos had boon identificd witb tho domocratic party, and all wero ondorsod by tbo Patriot editor thon, Isa ao Hill, as mon sound in tbo faith, and cither of thom worthy of tho con- fidonco of tho pooplo. . Subscquontly tho Patriot como out for Mr. Craw- ford, and bocomo unmoasurably sovoro in its oppo sition to Gon. Jackson . Olfior domocratic fpr'.ntB capousod tho causo of Mr. Adains. Gon. Jackson was Bupportcd ,in Ponnsylvania, and somo of tho now Statos, but , ,tho domocracy of Now England was dividnd botwcon Mcssrs. Adamsand Crawford. In Now England, Jackson found no supportera, or vcry fow, until altor tho olection of Mr. Adams. From tbat timo party linos woro rapidly drawn, in proparation for tho onsuing cloction; ond tho oppo Bcrs of Mr. AdaniB, wbcthor domocrats or fcdcTal ists, rallicd undor tho military cl.icftain, woaring tho political coguomon of Jacksonians. Mr. Adams 1 had nover posscssod tho confidonco of tho fcdoral ifils in Masparliusotfs. -Ifoncc, at this timo wo find bo.Ifon. Timothy Pickoring, nnd scvoral of tbe most distinguisbed fcdoralists of thatstajo cspousing tho causo of Jackson. Otbor prominont fudoralia'ts in difloronf part8 of tho Unitod Statcs attachcd thcm selvcs to tho car of tbo Horo, as, Rogor B. Taney, tho prosont Chiof Justico ol tbo U. S. Court, Louis McLano, BiibBequently ono of Gon. Jackson's Sec retarios, ond oiherstoo numcrous to montioiij'whilo, from tho ranks of bolh tho former partios, wcro gathorod in bis train lbo aspirants for political pro motion, tbrougb wboso influonco tbo fricnds of Jackson woro mado strong, by tbo acccssion of all who would "join tho party," whatovcr thoir politi cal viows might bo. Froln tbis ora may bo datcd tbo ago of suddcn political convcrsions. At ono timo you might soo ninong tho opposori of Gon. Jackson's prctonsions, a man of ambitioua viows, prating loudly against tl.o dangors of clovat ing a military cl.ioftain to tho Presidoncy and tl.o noxt day, tbrougb tho magio influonco of tho caucus, bo would como out a Jaoksonian "dyod in tho wool," joining in tbo loudost I.uzzas for tho Ilero A gontloman -was onquircd of, whothor Major D. was a Jacksonian; "I do not know," roplicd ho, " but I presumo he is, for I havo obscrved that whcrover a man ia found who was formerly aviolcnt fcdcrulist or a violent dcmocrat, ho is snro to bo a Jackson. an now. It is not my intontion,, Mr. Editor, to animadvort upon tho comparativo worth of tho malcrials which wont to mafto up tho now political partios. Mon of worth and purity of intontion wcro found in both. But it is capablo of domonstration that unworthy motives worc oxtonsivoly Iiold out as inducotnontB for ombiiicjus mon to join tbo Jackson party mo tives which havo evormct tho roprohcnsion or hon est mon, but which novorthcless succccdcd in so curing a majority at tho closo of Mr. Adams' first torm. Said Col. Johnson, tho prosont Vico Prosi dont, in rolation to Mr. Adams, This administra. tion must bc put down, though pnrc as thc angds in hcavcn." It was put down, and tben succeodod tho rpign of proscription nnd misrulo, But to thb point in viow. Tho Jackson party, now tho Van Buron party, has at no timo ombraccd a majority of the old domocratic party, whilo on tho otbor hond it has numberod nnd doos numbcrin its ranks, vory many of tbo most prominont men of tho old fodoral party. In 1814, Martin Chittenden was tbo foderal Govcrnor of tho Stato of Vermont, hav ing succoodcd Jonas Galusha, tho domocratic Gov ernor. Sinco tho clovation of Gon. JacltBon, wo find tho namo pf Martin Chittenden with tho Jack son Van Buren party, whilo Jonas Galusha is n consistont whig. Among tho fedoralisls who, in tbis Stato, figared prominontly during tho last war in opposition to tho plons of Govornmont, Svo find tho following gontlomon now idontifiod with tho Van Buron party: Martin Chittenden, Stophon Haight, A. W. Burnam, Thomaa Etnerson, N. B. Ilaswell, Charlcs Linsloy, (Chairman of tho Stato V. B.Com mittoo) Jonas Clark, Luthor B. Hunt, and many othcrs, whilo in tho Whig Rcpublican party may bo found tbo namos of Jonas Galusha, William A. Gris wold, Isaiah Fisko, Honry Olin, William Slado, Simcon Cobb, Dudley Cbase, Samudl C. Crafts, Ezra Butlor, Mark Richards, Titus llutchinson, Horatio Soymour, Hcnry F. Janes, Thcophilus Crawford, and ahost of ot'hors, wboso stoady rcpub lican coursc has admittod of no qucstion for moro tban twonty yoars. But onough, sir, has beon said to exhibit tho orrogancy of tho Van Buron papers and tho Van Buron leadors, in claiming to bo tho domocratic party. Tho claim is not sustained by tho moasurcs of tho administration, norby thc char actcr of jho men who compo.io tbe party. It"i jn- sulting to tho infolligonco of tho froomon ofVar mont, soriously to qfgo such a claim. Vennont, Mr, Editor, Vermont is tho most domo crntic Stato in tho Union. Tho riglit of suflrngoia bo curod to all hor ci tizons of lawful ngo, whutovcr may bo thoir pccuniarycircumfltancoao'rtlio.ir coor. Hor Constitution is pro-ominontly dcmoora'tio, roforring back to tlio pooplo annually tho oloction of Jicr Roprcsorltativos and Exccutivo oflicors, and to hor roprosoniativoa tho annM'dIlrappointmont' ''6f i-hor Mngistratos. Hor Lcgislatlon liaa boon domocratic, bo cqnolly bnlancing tho privilegoB and immunitios of tho difioront classos of hor citizons astoprosorvo and guard tho rigbts of all, whilo oncouragomont is givon to gonius and ontorpriso, nnd goncral indua try. Hor institutions ond tho habits of hor citizons aro.domocratic. Thero is an uniformity of mannors and of gonoral intolligonco, an intormingling of all virtuouB aocioty of whatovor calling, and a gonoral distribution of stato and local officosfVhich.oxiat in no other Statos, In Vermont, ariatocracy and over- grown monopolica aro unknown, oxcopt in tho in- flummatory oditonols oftho Van Jlurcn nowapapors. Tho spirit of domocracy is fclt Tho pooplo fccl that thoy aro froo, and tboy disdoin to wcar acollar. It is hor domocracy, sir, which has for moro tban oicht ycars poraovoringly ond succoasfully opposod all oflbrta to onlist hcr in tho support of Jackson Van Burcnism. Tho spirit of domocracy in tho indopendcnt frcomcn of Vormont rcsultod in a tri umpbant majority of 7000 for Harriaon at tho oloo toral canvasa m Novombor laat, and yot tho federal party in disguise havo tho offrontory to donounco thisphalanx ofRopublloaiiB aa fedekai.ists, wnilo thoy insultingly claim to bo tho demockacy. JVouj vcrrons. jkffeuson. Fou the Caledonian. THE ELECTION ! Mr. Chadwickj lt is mattcr of cncouragomcnt toyou, ondeavoring to inculcato sontiments of virtuo and pntriotism, and to preaorvo in communitycorrcct viows of duty nnd domocracy, that tho nnnd which your columna oddross, is indopondont and habitua- tod, more tban that of most statcs in our Union, to rofloction and solf-dircctod decision, Tho influonco of pbysical causos is porcoptiblo in Vermont Char actor. Accustorhed to bravo tho ricors oftho olo- ments, tho pcoplo posscss a bold and generous na turc. Thoy gazo upon their hills, and listcn to tbo whirlwinds, and fecl tho rising of their own froo spirita. Tho divinity awakcs, thc oyo kindles with dcop and flashing inspiration, and tho hcart bcats with high and ovorcoming hopo ! This spirit ia socn, not only in physical ontcr- priscs, but 111 tho groat movoments of moral and political action. -Vormont maintains an clovated stand in matters of public rcformation. Hor sons too proud ta trcad tho beaton path of ancestry, too gonorouB to sholtor iu tl.o narrownoss of mcro ox- podioncy, look ot principlca, andjudgo from Iogiti- moto cffocts. Theic are, it is true, lamontablu ex- ccptions, but a grcat proportion rcgurd tho right Thoy distinguish tho form from tho namo of freo dom Tlioy understand domocracy, and whcn a crisis approachoB dcmanding action, tho aignal will bring thom to tho field. Thoro will bo 110" lingor- ng, 110 dpubting. Thoy will como liko tho sound of many wators from their motintains and valJoys, hoir forcsts and lakcs, charmcd by tbo gonius of thoir country. Thoy bcar in ovcry brcczo tho Iov cd and ballowod acccnts, "Hark, my voicc ! yo sons nwnko ! Frecdom calls; sho calls to-day; From tho bod of bondago brcak 1 'TiByour Motber's voico, obcy." "Striko ! tho conqucst isbogun;" Patriots, riso ! and act for 1110. Whon tho victory is won, Sbout Vermont ! and liborty ! What appeal can raiso our patriotic sons liloi that of thoir country ! or what will stay thoir arm whon callcd upon to rally for tho opproaching oloction ! Extond and prolong tho appcal "Patriots" of Ver. mont owako!" Strip from tho despotic ass tho stolon lion'a skin, and lot tho nation know tbat des potism cannot long wear thc garmont ofdcmocracy. .liio ears aro via.blo, lct tho bodybo oxnoscd. Say tothe destructivo wuvos oftho "oxpcrimont, "tbus far, and no farthor," Demonstrato to tho Exccutivo, that .oflico, howovcr liigh, must bow to tho mojosty oftho pooplo Formers will not look upon their ficlda ladon with tho luxurianco of Summer, thoir hills all ani mato with flocks and hords, and rofloct , that thoy must bostorcd awoyjand dio for birds and boasts of prcy, bocauso tho morkct ia bankrupt; tbo mc chanic will not dismiss bis laborors, closo hia bus iness, and pay for stock he cannot uso: tho mor chant will not bohold his shelvcs pilcd with gooda ho cannot soll, but which havo cost I.im cosh, and not seok n reason. No 1 Thoy will mako inquUi tion ! Thoy will asccrtain that tlinir niirHoo nnd capitals havo bcon drainod by tho ghostly fingcrs of tho administration, fattoning on tho rovbnuo of their country, and vampiro-liko, dovouring tho lifo blood of hor ontorpriso. Tho frecmou of Vermont must and will romombor tho hastcning olection. The Treasury Bank. It aocma to bo gonoral ly concedod that our Royalist Administration has finally aottlod down on a Trcasury Bank na tho on ly mcans of regulating the currency. Tlio dotails ot tho Bchome aro,of courso,unknown; but no doubt is ontortamod that it fully consumafoa tho lon" de sircd union betwoon tho moncy powcr and tlio po litical pozocrlho purse and tho sword. To this dangcrous union tbings havo for yeara beon tond lng; and wo look upon its consuination na tho end of free-govcrnmcnt. No thinking, no intolligcnl man, can look upon tho concction in any other liglit. 1 ho 1 'monicd arislocracy," of which wo havo rocontly hcard so much, will bocomo no sy rono s song but will bo found cngraftcd on ths Govornmont. Thon wo sball flol and know wiiat nnd bow great is tho oorrupting influcnco of moncy. Alroady havo wo had nn oarnost of it ia tho unauthonzod control of tho Exccutivo over tho public runds, but ormed with a Troasury Bank, we siiall tluIIy rcahzo whatit is to havo a Govcrnmtnt Monslcr." Tho Union is not yot porfoctod and wlnlo thero is life thero is hopo. Wo will not do spair until tho knot is tiod, and Congross bestows Uio concluding matcdiction. Baltimore Merchant. An honest, sensible confcssion. A young man in this town, a moclianic, and until within a fow day a warm supporter oftho administration, was rocont ly mferrogated by ono of hia old" political comrados, why ho had lefl tho party. It would tako me somo timo, said he, togivo tho wholo story butto answor inafew words, I tell you, "I liave been starved to it." Kennebec Jonr.