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JBY.A. b. CIIABWICK.
ST. JOUIVSBUKt', VT.. SEP3PEI7IBI3Ifc S, 1S37. TERMS T,ur. Cat.eiionian will bb ..pnb.liHhed ivcokly nt $2,00 pcraimutn, or nt $1,50 if ptiid . iri ndvniipo, If pnymant i indq within six wonths from tlio timo. ot subscrlbi.fig it.wllt Up rccqivcd as advnnco jay. No pnpor vy.ill bo .discoiitimiod uiitll nll nrronrngcs nro piiid. cxcopt, nt tlio. opt'ton of.tho pulilislicr. ' . . Q3" Advortisomontn will bo inftQitnd fur llm cus tomiiry pricon. Porsons aro requcspjd, to.Btnto tho nutnber of wcoks tboy wish tlioir advcrtisoni'onts pumisiicu, otliorwiso tlioy vvill uo lnsoitca lili ior bid nnd chnrgod acoPrdingly, JVIISGlCIiIiAIVISOVS. From tiie North XY-kit. Tlio N. Y. Mer cantilc Advcrtisor, publishes tlio following intcr csting lcttcr from Mncuiac, dnted July ,25, I837 Mattcrs do not look woll in that rcgion. Tlio troops having bcen rcmoycd from Macinac. thqrc nro nonc now, in, that quartor,. cxcepting two oompanies at Fort Brady, on the Sault Uo St. Mnric, (tlio most distant post in tliat dircction) under coinmand ofMnjorW. V. Cohbs, who is scilso tho government ngont for trnnsncting afTairs. with, tho Indians. llissituation.is by no. means jn cnviablo onc : "This Island is tho most doliglitfnl placoi J -cvcr saw. bcinsr eencrnlly 150 fo.ut abovo thc lcv- el oftho strait. On tho -south sidoof tho island. is situatcd tho town, on a plain cxtcnding nbout iifty rods inland,and a milo nlongtho coast. Tho s'horo of thc roniainder is hold nnd high, the rocks extcnding to thc watcr's edgc, of a pcrpon dicnlar height, varying from one to two hundred nnd fifty foct. Fort Mncinuc is dircctly m rcni oftho town, and oyer-looking it from a height of ono hundred nnd fifty feet. Tho fort is now tleserted ; bnt it will bo found nccessary to ngain, send troops,, as tho Indians rcquiro a forco to -nwo thcm, espccially at thistimc;as otir gov ornment is not adheringto theii trcaVios withtho Chippewas nnd Ottawas their' trentibs express ly stating they shotild be pa'ul in silver whereas an attempt is now mnde or will bo made in Sop totnbcr next, when thoy aro to 1)0 pnid $300,000,. to pny $150,000 iiMTiqnoy and $150,000,in,goods. A co'uncil of Ottawas was hold yestorday, and they nro detcrinincd to rucuivo nothing bin what their treaty calls for, viz. specie. What will bo tho conscquenco no ono knows; but tho inhabi tantsnro in fenr, nnd Mr Schoolcraft stands in n position whcro he isvcry likcly to loso his scalp they laying all tho blanic on hitn, lio. being, thc, gnvcrnmeni agcnt. Tlje-to.wn nnnibers nbotu 600 souls in all, and Ihcrc will bo 5,000 Indians on tho island in Septcniber to recoivo tlioir pay and prcsent?, There will also bo another cnnso to incctifso thorn whcn they shal! havo collcotcd ; our government has heretoforo suppliod thcrri with provisions during tho tinic they we.ro rc coiving their nnnnititjs, but, this ynnr, havo only appropriatcd $300 for that pniyosc not stitli cicnt, fllr Schoolcraft snys, to'fnrnitih ono meal to bvcry Indian ; thus they will be enragcd by hiniKer, and accuso Mr S. ofhiinging thcm hcrc lo starvc. They nro in a starving condition, the rops of corn, of which tho Ottawas raiso large crops, having entirely failed thc past ycar, owing to thc very cold weatlier and frcqucnt and long rains. Tbus in thc most porllous tjiiies, onr goy crntncnt, in their madnes?, havo witlidrawn tlio garrison, nnd rcfuso to retnrn if thougli rcqnest c:l by their agent. Gnn. Brady is hero, nnd in .convcrsation with hifn, says tho most oxtonsivc .nnd horrid Indian war wc havo cvcr known in this country isyet to oome. Tho scat of it will bc in Nortborn Michignn and Wisconsin. Tho Indians arc becoming awaro ot tlioir streiifjih, being driven west and obligod to livo together. Tho Chipiiewap, Oltawas, and Sioux,alono ,can inuster 10.000 warriors. I sball write njain, and givc yon a, niorc fnll nccpunt oftho coiintry &c- From tho McfcMntilo Joiirnat. A NEW AND IJr.AUTtFUr. I.NVENTIOS. A" Elf- glish papcr ooniains theYoIlowing description. of n new and bighly iijgcniqjis modo of npplying tho piinoipla of elcutrieity, or galvanism, to thc communicatipn.of intclligence .orin otherwords to tbo construction of an cleclric ielegmph. ' The thcory is probably correct, bnt.wc-fenr tlmt se rions obstacles will prevcnt .its'applioation .on an extensivo scale, ns nppcars to I?o contcmplated bytliGwritcr: " When in London, a fcw days aao, wo lcarn- edj.that an cminent scientifio gcntlcinan is, nt, prcsenr, engaged jn maturmg an mvontion wrncli promi?cs to lcad to thc most astonishing rcsults, nnd to cxcrta vast influencc on thc fLUiire prog ress of socicty, It is an Eloctric Telegrnph, tho powcrs of which as mtich stirpass thoso of the common instnnnent benr'niK that nnme. as thc .art of printingnrpassesi tho iioUiro writing qf .tno iiioxicans, . l.no tcipgrapli consists ot tive wires; incloscd in ashcutfi of India rtibber, vubj'ch isolatcs them from cach othcr, npd protects thqm Irom the extcrnal air. A 'gnlvnnic 'trouh Or pilo .is placed atono end of tho wires, -which at't"tip on ncedles at the other ; nnd, when any ofMho wires aro put in communication vvfth tho, troiigh, n motion is instantly prpdiicod in, tho neodle nt tlio other cxtretnity, which motion ccases, .the moincnt tho' conridxion, botwcori thc wirc and the trough is susponded. Tho fivc1 wires mhy thus denotc as tnany Ictters ; and by binary or trinary combinations, tio six-and-twenty letters oftho alpbabet may easily bo ropresented. By a simple mcchanical contrivanco, tho communica tion betwecn tho wjres and tho trough may bo. cstaWished and sto'ppcd, as thc keys of n piano iortc nro tonched by thb hands of a practical nui sician, and tho indications will bc exhibited at the other ond of tho chnin of wires, ns quickly as they can bo .read on. In thc exporiments nlrca ly matle, th chain of wires has boen extcnded to n length ot fivo milcs, (by fonning numcroiis coils yfitnm.li hmitcd surfaco ;) and tho two ends being Jilaccd I near each other, jtis found that the trahsmission oftho electric actiorTis, so farns thn human scnscs.can disccrn, p$rfeclhj inslanlaneous. Little dpubt.ia cntertained, that it may bo .con veyed ovcr a hundred or a thqusand milcs, with thc fcamo velopity'; tirid 'tho powcrs b'f tho instru ment pi'omise to be as grcat asits actign is nipid. It will not bo confincd, liko 'tho coihmori teld graph to tho transmjssion "of.a fcw sentences, or A fihort messago, ,and thia only in" tho day-timc, in clear weather, and by repeated opcratjqns, oach consuming a nortion'oftimo ; for, whilo it works by night or by'day, it will c.onvcy intolli gonco with tlio 'speed of ihonght, atid w'nli hiicIi oopiotisncss nnd caso, thrtt a spoech slowly pn kcnjn London might bo writton ,down in Eniu hurgh, cach Bontenco appearing on pap.or vyithin a fow miriutes nftcr it wijs uttol-od four hundred milcs ofl'l'Thorc inay bo practical difficiillics at tondihg its oporntion, ns yet tinknown ;' but wo spcnk licro of what intelligeht mon, n'cquaintcd with tho expcrimcntB now in progressj look for vvnrd toas tlieir prohablo rcsult. If tho promiso these oxpcrimcnts mld put bo rcaized, tho 'dis-coyci-y will, pL-rhaps, bo thc grnmlcsf in t(ip an nals oftho world ; nnd jts efFocts will bc such. ns' no cflorts of imngination can anticipato," ELOQU.ENT KXTRAGT. From Mr, Auams Oration, July 4, 1837. ' On tho sovciitccnth of Soptombor noxt, fifly yeara will. havo passod nway sjnoo tho .Constitu- tiOn of tho United btatcs was pr.cscntcd o tho pcoplc for their acceptanco. On that day tho twcnty fifth biciin'ial Congress, organized by this Constitution, will bo in sossion; And what n happv, what a nlorious carcor havo tho pcoplo passod through in tho half ccntury of tlioir nnd your oxistonce nssoeiatcd undcrit! When that (Jonstitution was adoptcd, thc btatca ol which it was composod-wcro thirtceii in numbur, tlioir wliolo population liot excooding threo niillions anda half of souls ; tho cxtcnt ofterritory witli in their boundary so large thiit it was bclicved too nnwioldy to bo manngr.nblc, evcn undcr ono fcderativc coverunient, but less than ono million ofsquarc tniles; without rovcnuc ; encnmbered with n burdensomc rovolutionary ueht, wituont means ofdischargirigevcn thonnnuaruitorcstac crning upon it ; with no mnnnfacturcs; with n commerco scnrcely Icss restrictcd than boforc thc revolutionary war; deniod by Spain tho priv ilcgo of descc'nding the Mississippi ; donied by Grcat Britain tho stipulatcd posscssion pf, a lino of forts on tho Canadinn frontier; with a .disas trous Indian war at tho west ; with a dcop laid Spnnish intrigtic with' many of otir oWn citi.ens to dismember thc Union, nnd suhjcct to tho do .mmion of Spniu, tho wholc vnlloy oftho Missis sippi ; with n Coiifiress, imploringla grnnt of now powcrs to cpahlc thcm to rodoom tho puldic fuith, answorcd by a flat rcfusal, cvnsivo coiiilitions, or sileht contcmpt; with pppu!nr insiiTi:ctiQn scarccly Cxtihgiiishcd in this onr own niitive Coinmonwcalth, and smoking into flnmo in scv nral others of tho Statcs; with an' impotcnt and despisud government; ndistressed, discontcnted, discordant pcople, and tho fiithors.of thc revolu tion burning with sluuno, nnd ahuost sinking ;n (Tospairof iis issuo. Fellow oitizons of a lator jciioratirtn" ! You, whosc lot it has bocn to havo bcen born in happicr timcs ; you, wliocvcit now hrc smarting under a transicnt cloud inli'iccpting tho dazzling snn-shino of your prospnrity lliink you that tho pcnc.il of fancy has hcon bor rowed todcepen tho shailo of this dnrk and dcs siato picturc ? Ask of your surviving finher?, ;o tcmporaries of h'un who now addivssos you, ask of thcrri whosc hospit.iblo mansions ofton wclcomcd him to their fircsidcs, whcn ho camo in early youth to rccoivo instrtiction from tho gi gantic intcllcct and profouud lcarning of n lar sons, ask ot thcm, if thcro bo any aujong you thatsurvivc, ahd they will tcll you, that, far from being pvcrchargcd, tho portraimre of thatdismal day is only dohciontin the faintness of its color ing, and tho lack of encrgy in thcpaintcr's hand. Sunh was thc condition of this Imlovod country nt tho closo of tho revolutionary war, under tho blast oftho dcsort, in tho form ofa confodoraoy; when, waftcd as on tho spicy gnles.of Arnby tho iilest, your Constitution, with Washi?oto.v at its headi " Cnnio o'cr our uars likc tho'swoot south Thot brentlip.s upon-a lianlc of violots, 1 StiMtlinff and giving, odor." And tt lrii. undcr that Constitution, still tho su prcnm law oftho land, is tho condition of your country at this liour? Spiire mp tlio. unwt)lpomo aml iiainful task' of advortmg to that nionientary aflliction, visi'insr you thrpughtl.-o crror-s of your owu scrvaiits, and tho ovcrflowing spriitg-,iid of yqu'r fprmnes. Thoso afllictions, tliotij'h not joyous, but gricvous, aro bnt for n tnomcnt, and tho rcmedy for-tliQm is in -your own hands. Bnt what'is.the condition of your country ,rest ing upon toundationsj if y.ou rctriin and transmit to your postority tho spint of.your fathqrs, firm as thc ovcrliisting hills? "Wliat, lookiirg bcyond tho mist'of a thicltencd attrios)herP, floot'rig ns' tho wind, nnd which thc hrc'ath of a ze phyr will dispel, what. is tho condition of your country? Is n rapid and stcady jncrcaso of population, an, index to tho welfare .of n naJion ? Yoiir numhcrs nre moro than tvicc doublod in tho half ccntury f'uicq tho Constitu tion was adopted as yoiir fundamcutal law. Would thoso of you Whosc thoorios cling rnore closcly to thc fcdcrativo clctncnt of your govern mont,"prefor tho multiplication of Stntes, to that oftho People, as thc.standard tost. of prosporous fortuncs! Tlic'uumbor pf your froo and indc pendcnt Slatos harf douhlod in tho Hjimo spaco of half a contury, aild your oVn soll is yet tecmihg with moro. Is extent of territory, ahd tho eii largomcnt, of hordcrs, n blessmg, to a natiqn ? And arc yqq not surfeitctl wVth tlio aggrandizc mcntof your territory? Instoad of ono million ofsqltaro, mii.es havo you not- moro than two ? Aronot.Louisianaand both thc Floritlas yours? Jnsteail of sharing with Spain and; Britain tho contosted wators of tho Mississippi, hayo you not strefched thcm beyoiid wcstward, bostritlcd tho sumtnits of thc Rocky Mbnntainsi and plantcd your stripes" and your Stars on tliti shdres of thc Pncific ocean? And, as if thig wero not cnough to'.fill the mcasure of your grchtncss, is nqt tialf Mcx'ico pqnting for atUnission tq ypnr Unionp Aro not tho, islaiids of tho. Wbstcrn llemisphoro looking with wistful bycs to n pprticipatiou of your happincss, nnd n promiso of your protec-i tion ? Havo not tho holdcrs of tho Isthnins of Panama sent mcssengers of friendly grcotmg tirid solicifation to bo reqeivcd as mcmbcrs of yoip- Qonfodcrntion.? Js nqt thoniost iminincnt of.youndarigqrs.tlint of cxpanding hqyoild thc pqssihility,of cphcsion, eyen under ono .fodcra tivo gpVcrnment, ;,and of tainting your atmos phero. with! tho pestilenco of exotic slavcry ? ' Jitc tho blcssings of good government niani fested by the enjoymcnt of li'berty, by tho scctt rity of'propertyi by thb frcedoiii of thought, of specch, of nctiori, pcrvading ovfery piii tion of the cqmrniVriity? Appcal to your own t cxpericnco my follow citizensj and, nftcr a'psweritig Mithqut, hcsitation or (Jopbt, nfliruintivcly, nll thcso in quiries, sn.vo tho l(ist, if, w.hon you como to thcm, you pauso boforo vou auswor if. within thn Inst fivo. orKovenycarsotyour historv, ungrnoiotis. iii'ououuons oi uniowani ovonts crowd upon your mcmory, nnd, grnto upon tho felingn np propriato to this consecrated days lot thoin not di'sturli tho scronity of your onjoynionts, or in tfiTiipt tio harmony of Ihat mutual gratulation, in which you tnny yot.all cordrally join. But fix .woll in your minds, ",vhat ,vcro tho principlcs first proclaim.od by your forofathcrs, and ns, tho only founrjatjoiis of juvful govqriinicnt on cartli. I'ostpono tho conclusion, of their npplication to tho reqiiircniciits of your own tlutiesj till tonior row ; but thcn lail not to roincinbcr tho warp ingp, Whilo rcaping in peaoo ond plcnsanmoss tho rowai'ds of this luippy day'. THE HURRICANE AT ST. TIIOMAJ3, A St. Crpix Gazctto Extrn of tho 5th inst..con ttunsthc folowing ptuticulars of tho. hurricqno at St. Thomas, iiml its viqjnity. Tho, hurricahe comuicncod nt 4 1. M. of thc 2d, and continucd through tho wliolo of tlio night, Hundrcds ofhouscs worc" domolishcd, and somo litorally blown to piecos. Out of 36 vossols in thc harbor, all but 4 wero capsizcd or sunk, or drivcn on shoro. Tho number hml not hcon asccitninod, but was suhposcd to cxcoed ioo. , To ndd to tho horrors of tho night, nt about 12 a, firo broko qut in somo stores boloiminc to Mr Stubbs. It dostroycd two dwclling houscs, ono occupic.d y JMr anntnous, tho othcr by ilr Parish nothing savcd, tho inmatcs bnrely cs cqpcd with their lives. Tho sloop St. Croix cottld not bo foutul tho captain safo'. ' ' .,' Tlio Anierlcnn ship Margarct was capsizcd, nnd tho captain nnd all tho crow, cxccpt thrcc, wcro lost, . Thc mcrclinnts havo sufl'ercd greatly.hy lain ago to goods in tho stores. Tho tiles were blown off, and tho rain poured throt)gh in tqrrcntH. Ono loitcrsays that tho destruction was much greatcr than wns occasioncd by tlio hurricutio of 1819. Only onc large ship and two. schoonqra ro maincd uiiinjurcd in tho port nll tho rcst wcro wrocka or thrown pn shoro. Somo cndcavorotl to savo thcmsclvcs by cuttiug nw.iy thoir mnsts. In thc East Savannah, inosdy consisting of framc buildings, at lenst fivo sixths havo. bcen tlirowti down all rcmaining .nro moro or lcss injurcd. In tho West Savannah, maiiy liouscs wcro blown down, and a vast number injurcd. Tho Imrraok was unrobfcd, nnd tho military hospitnl thrown tlown , the sick had all becn rcmovcd tho night previoii!. A largo Atnorioan schoonor was on shorc, closo np to thc gardcn. In tho country grcat damngO'hns becn donc. At CatharinaS'Borg all tho buildings bolong ing to Jndgo Berg werec blowu away, and ahat tored in small picccs. . Thq Land Treasury Hospitnl was entiroly.do stroyed ; four of its inmates word killeil", Anothor lcttcr mcmions that, on tho cstatcs ncarly all tho dwollings, as wcll as ncgro houscs wero destroycul. Tho fnll'of tho baromctcr from tho moruing of tho socond uutil 8 o'clock in tho cvening, is rciiortod to havo been from 18 to 19 lines. Tho moment Gov. Von Scholtcn hcnrd oftho djsastorrit St. Thomas, ho cmbnrkod on hoard n vcssol ot war, to rcndor every nssistanco in his power, ' Philadclpltia, JJugi22, IIon.Rin AccmF.ffT, Woaro grievdd to lcarn, that Mr Kuhn, a son of tho respcctcd Charlos Kuhn, of this city, wns iiistantancously kil lod ypstcrday, in tho. following manncr. Ho had just rqturnod, as wc hear, from a tinjvcrsity in Marylnnd, nnd was spcnding tho vncation nt liotnc. Among othcr sports, ho rolishcd that of gunning, and had bcen out ycstcrday on an ox cursion oftho kind., In.dcbarking from a small hont, (whcthor on the Schuykill or Dolnwaro wi Invn not loarncd,) tho lock of his giiu ctiuglit tho tiiwmt ot tlio liont, ns it is cnlled, and-thc dondly WcapOn NVas dlschargcd dircctlv tlironch his lung. Holingea'd in lifc for amero iilstnnt,. antl l.ell oloqding nnd dcad on tho shorc. This tcrrihlQ cvc'nt has'flung a cloud of s.orrow ovcr a widc circo of rclativcs and Aiends, and nfFords nnothcr solomp. warpiijg to bq cniitious in tho uso of fironrtns.- . Wc givo tho pnrliculars of thc abovo ala Mhoy wcro nioutioitod to us Inst evcriing, by tt fricnd, on whoso stntenicnt wo can implicitly rcly. Phil. Gaz. Whon Col. B. M. Johnson wa3 taken np for tho Vico Presjdcncy, ho was cxpocted to bring ti grent nccession of strcnglh to tho admfnistration. It sccms, howcver, that hc is ono of thc most unpopular mon in tho nution. Ho is unpopulnf ovory whcro. Ilo is linpo'pular in his.own stato, for tho stato has just dqalared again?t his princi plcs by an ovchvhohning thajority. Ilo is un pppular ip iis own Congr,ession.aj District and ovqn in his own qoiirjty, iov- that District and that co.u.nty havo sc: upon his cnndidato tho se.nl oi their, reprobation. Io is unpopular in his own family; for his wivcs run away from hitn with Pottowatotnio-Indiniis. Lonisvillc Journal. ..a'Duci.ji slip from tho Mobilo Tiniospftho I4th inst. says.; '! Thcstcmiboat Chamjiion, Cap tfiin Murray, tjrrived Inst evcning from Pcnsaco' la. On board wns tho, corpso of Uicliard M. Uannoii Etq. of this city, who fell in n dnel on Snturdny aftcrnooh, by tho haiids of Licut. Muiin' ofthcNuvy. Thc dccoascd lin"d ropaired with his friends to Pcnsp.coln to njcot L,iout. l'unn thoy exchanged but onc siiot, tho ball passing ttirectly throtigh tho body of Mf Hannoli ; his ndvorsary cscapod unhurt. By rcquest wo for bear.commont or narrativc of c.irciimstancos;" -Look Oot'1 Wti cut wrtlrsurpriso tho following from. tho Clcvclarid (Ohio) Hernltl of Augu.t 11th: CouNTEnPKiTKn?. Cql., Asjiloy, tho . noipriqus countorfcitcr, who wns'rcnontly arrostod in Portngo connty,-Iiadbbtnincd bnil irt tho'suin or$15,000,Ptid is now at largo. tyo onc boliovcs thntjio will np p.oar for trial, but jt is supposed ho cnn affbrd to mdoinniry Iiis lm frotn tho profits of liis cnreer. lliia ninri ia bolipvod to hd tlio gruud mnstor of a frntornity of coiintorfoitors in nll parts of tlio Unioti. Wo should liko to know tbo namo.and qilality of tlio incendiary ,porsonago who lins.lot lqoso tho, ullbgod I'ripc'o of.Cbiintorfoitcrs upon our commu nity. Tho iiilbierico of tlio motivo ia unavnid nble.. j . . II.ON. ASI1EII UOBB1NS' SPEECH. Wc would call nttention to tho subjoincd ex tracts from n very nblo speocli recently delivcred nt n Whig mecting in Provid'niico by tho Hon, Ashcr Robbins, tho Sonntor 'in Cohgrcss from Rhqdo Island. Thc high charncter of thospeak cr, his iinimpcpfchcd intogrity and cnlightencd candor, nddcd to his ominot tnlcnts and long ox pcrienco in publjc affairs, givo an iinusal iijtcrcst nnd. weight to his opinions. Wo bcspcnk, for thcm tlio considoration of cvery rcflecting -nnd patriotic citizen. . - OUR PAST l'RbSrEUITV. - WV hntl a national ourrciicy at ptlr valuc with gold nnd silvcri not only all ovcr our own'coimtVy,- btit nll ovcr tho world ; it wns tlio Exchango in Lortdon, tind in evcry mart iii Europo j it'was so in Cnlciittn; in tho East Indiap,nnd at Canton, in Cinnn; acHrrcncyi tha! gavo thc chnracter of currcncy to nll ourinland cxchnnges. Evcry in lanil hill with rcsponsibl.o naincs to it bccnmc a part of th"o currcncy; passcd frqm hand to hand as such ; and at nll tho bnnks ns such ; nnd this spccics of currcncy hnd grown t'o thc nstoliishirig amount of six.hundrcd.niillionsnnnually. Thcso ciirrcncics gavo incessant hctivity to nll thc ca)i tal nnd nll' tho crodit of tho country; nnd wcro abnndantly sufficicnt to sustairi nll their ojicrations ; for nll wero conducted with safoty, all with success. Under, tho. auspices of thqsc currcncjes tho country was nioving with giant stridcs to nntional woalth nnd 'nggrandizomcnt. Sho was cxhihiting n sceno of national growlh in the rapid dcvclopemcnt of all hcr facultics nnd rcsotfrccs in improvcments bT ovcry kihd in unfolding thq grnndctir of thoso proportions, whioli shc scomcd dcstincd, iiltiniatcly to qttain pml to clisplay a sccno without n parallcl, or nnything npproaching to a parallcl, on tho iitco or in thc histqry of this Globe. In an uvil lrour,.our own Govornmcui has causolessly, lawlcssly, Anm TiiAHiLY,d cprivod our country of thoir two cur rencics, (onc direcily,thc othcr by nccessary co'n scqucnce,) and of all tho facilities which they gavo to her; and thc prcsent stato of things is thc rc sult tho ncccsssahj resitltlhc mdnncJioly residl. Jlnd whal a slalc of Ihivgs ! tvhal a coniraslla thnl high antl palmy slalc of prospcrily tcc had! a con Irasl ivldcning day hy dqy, and to ividen yel more and morc Godknou3 ! to ichal cxlrcmily al lust! I shall not nitcmpt to dcscribn tho pruscnt stntc of things, ; avc nll eec, many, very many fccLhaw calamitous it is. CKlMtNALlTY OV TIIK ADMlNISTRATIOrii Wo seo thc wholo entorpriso.of thc country sus suspunded ; thc wholo industry paralyzcd, nnd whcn tho ono will bo resumed, nnd thc other ro vivcd, no bno docs' scc, no ono can tell. Not, cortaj'dy not, 'whilo thc prcsent dynasty rnigns ovcr and rules tho country. Not bccuuso tho means of resloring. our country tq licf wonted prospcrity, arc diflictilt to bo devised for thcso means nro ohvious.; thoy obtrudo thcmselvcs upon ovory rcflecting mind ; ,hut bccauso thcj will not bo adopted by that dynnsty w.ill not bo adoptcd by tho mcn now in povcr. I know itis tho cflqrt of thc adiriinistration and of tho ndministmtiou pnrty to wnsh their hands oftho blood of thia massacro which they havo comniittcd upon their country but the cffort is vain: all thc walcrs of thc occanifIidhmn) copld not do it: no, all time, prcsent and to come, shall sco their hands slqihccl whh this blood. It is not tlic, (they sayj who havo dotio tho fatal dced ; it is bvcr-trading forsooth I and om: mcn of busi ncss, our mcrclianls havo donc it. Ovcr-lrading J Did ovcr-trading dcpriye hc country ofa Natiolial Currcncy? Ditlpwr-fraiHg-dcprivothocountry ofa curroncy in.inland Bills of Exchango? A man hcro in Providenco who has a thousand dol lara in Nciv Orleans.'must now pay one hundred dollars to gct it homo ; nnd niny find it difficidt to obtnin it at that sacrificc. Has ovcr tradmg pro duccd thisjstato of things? produced this difli.cuT ty ? mado this sacrificc nccessary? When wc had a national currcncy. thoro was qo suc.lj difR culty no ncccssity of any sacrificc. Iiis .thou sand dpllnrs in New Orleans .was a thousand dollars to him, hcro; for his draft for it herc at tho trifiing discount of ono qutu ter 010110 per ct. was turncd into monoy his draft passcd from hand to hand for monoy, and nt nll the linnks as money, Now his Facrifico, in the samo caso, is forty fold wlint if wns when wc had a national cith'chcy, and canscdby the want of that currcncy. WHAT MI'ASUHES DO TIIK ADJIINIS.TRATION fpnot'OSE ? Thc firsr, thc lcqding onc is.tho cstnblishment of that foul nnd pnrtcntioiis thing, n T'rcqsuru J3an7c. This, in thc hands. ofthc Exqculivc, rvoultl hc an cnginc of cntire destruction to thc icTiSlc coun try ; it would.be likc thc Upas Trcc, under who3e balefitl influencc cvery inlcrcsl of the country must wilher and perish ; it loouldbc thc Juggcniaut, un der whasc teheels thc lasl rcmnant of our liberties (if wo havo nny liberties reinnining) would bc for cver'crushed. Fo'r a Treasury Baiik musr, in thc naturc ot things; abso'rb all thc spccic in thc coun try, and kcep it from commerco; it must' in thc nature.of fhuigs kccp specio at a pr.cuiium that will mnko it impossiblo for dur bnnks cvcr to ro sumo specio payments ; and if thoy should. nt ,tcmj)t it, will mnkc.it impossihle for thcm to go on : oyery bnnk in tho country hitist stop niust ceaso to do bnsiness must wind up its nfliiirs. Tho whofd" syetcm of credits, by which .ioar ninp tonths oftho wholo business bfjtho country isdono, nnd if continucd, must bo donc ; that wholo, systcm would bo brokcn down nnd anni hilrjtcd. Jn" thc paturo of things, it must givo to tho Rxccutiyo a corrupting and controlling influ encc in all our cleclions; to thc prcsent n'l most ir resistiblo. influcnco of Executivo jiatronago, it must ndd n forcc yhich nothing could rcsist. It is impossiblo to imagino tho wido sprcnd dcsoln tion, wIfioh .sucli.an cstnblishment would cnr.ry ovcr tho coUntry. . Nono of tho visitntiotis of God upqn thp'childrcn of mon, in thoawftil dis pcnsations of his Providcncc, would bo so grcnt a cnlamity Neitlin'r wnrnor pcstilcnce 110, nor an invading and conqucring arm'y, howovor bor. barous and dcsolating in its.coursc, would lcavo bchind thcm, thc'cpuritry, ovcrsprcnd.with mon uments of univcrsal ruin. A Tlt'JASUIVl' BANK. . , . It is no longer to bc doubled, that it is now the scltlcd purposc of the adminislration, instead ofre tracling their steps, and correcling their crrors, io add to thcm thc enormous crimc againsl the country of imposing upon it a Treasury Bank fraughl with all thc cvils and morc than all to xohich 1 havc al luded. Instead of a national, ciirrcney, wo nre not tq havo cyen tho substitutc which tho local Bnnks would furnish ; .wo nro to havo no cur rcncy nt all ; not spccic, forthnt will bo taken from oirculation1 ond lockcd up in tho Treasury Bank ; nqt' paper, for tho bnnks can circulato nono. t -tiie pjiqors. .Now does any onc hcro doubr, whether it is the pnrpGsc, thcscttlcd purposo, of tho admtnis tration, 10 cstablish this Treasury Bank ? If so, lo.thim rqad. t.ho atticles publishod in tho New York papers,.and by the Adnimlstration Prpss in vnriotis parts of tho country, writton by Hon, Silas Wright, iri which thc prqjcct is distinctly proposcd, nnd itsadoption tirged upon tho Gov ernment. And who is Mr. Wright? Ho is tho Scnntor of that.State in the Sonate, oftho United Statcs ; hc is tjjo friond and confidcntial advisep of Van Burcn, nnd no douht writes thcse nrticles to order, and in conccrt with Van Burcn. Thoy aro tliesignal to thc Piirty of what isintqndcd by tho AdmiHistrolionand to rally nnd iinifo thcm in its suppo'rt. But what ieaves no room for donhr, aru the t wo letters recently written by Jack son to Blair. on tho suhjcct, and publishcd (though niarked confidentialj in tho Globe. Thcso let ,ters fnlly imply, or rather ttiko for grantcd, thnt tho project is adoptcd by tho ndministrntion. Ho says; " 1 nm proud to scc tho firm and noblo stand taken .by Ihe Executivc Government on thia occasion." Thcse letters wcro not written, ns 1 conceive, to overawe or to infiucnco Van Burcn, (for hc is hoart and soul in this project,) but to givo it a'sanctiou which VanBurcn'srecommcnd np'on nlono would not givo itr In recommend ing thc project to Coiigrcss, Vnn Btiren Jis to stund boforc that body clothcd irt thc mantlc of ' Jack'son. - i TIIE.nEMEDY; . It has now bccome' cvidcnt that nothing can sayc tho country from imponding and total ruin, hut.n chango ofrnlers, for its prcsent rulers nro hont 011 mcasitros that will and must consummauj tlltit rpiu.: rncasurcs which, had as thoy now aro, will mako their condition tcn fold worso; for therc. is n wido distanco botwecn the jiresent statcjof things, had as it is, and that frightful 'Utnt yJich thesc incasurcs must nnd will bring and fix upon the country A long story. put sitoitT. Gcn, Jackson from his enipity to Biddle dotorinined to destroy tho U. S. Bank, wiiuh brought thrco hundred morc banks into thc field without rcstraint. Our iiideinnity monoy was ordcrcd home in huilibn a largo' part of ohr surplus rovcnuo was order-. cd .tiirncd into specio tpid lockcd up in thc pet banks. An orde'r wns jqit fqrth, that no more lan'd shquld ho purchasod oxccjit with s)cc.io,, which was lockod up in tho land o'fliccs. Tho" h'lnk of England became alarmcd at soeing. tho specio all leav.ing hcr vuults. Sh.o iut off hcr orodits, nnd curtailcd hcr dispounts this knock ed ioWn tho pricoof cotton ono jinlf. Oiirmor chtints who bo'ught this cotton hcro at IG-conts and sold it in England for 9, wcro ruincd, and lcft in debt fifty .miiljpns, which dofjcioncy, tho banks wcro crtllcdoii to pay, in spocie. Tho im menso sums of notosissucd ly ihe 300ncw Jack son banks went.to'build railroads nnd supporf land spcculatoi's and whon tho banks wcro oal lcd 011 for specio ,to pay tho mcrchants in En glapd. thoy could not mect tho domand1 tho tho bubllio burst, and.( IJERE WE AREJ Jar Honal Gazelte. ' 'A (Pruism. Goiit Murpey of Ohio, in. a spcech recently deliverorl in Qliio.iipqn tho, titncs, tho causcs oftho prcssurc, &p. altuding tp tho ruin which mlsgoyernnient hnd brought upon .tho country. nnd tho comparativo caso with which llm nnnnln mitrlit linvn mlvortod iK snid " TllnV staitl al homo that thoy niight savo tho "profits of courd havo saycd tljo hard carnings of tWcnty years," - f'How can we'connt thoblossingsof Gon. Jack son's administration"?" Pa.Dcmocral. Co.un't thcpi as tllb pcoplo pf East Indics do Rupees by the lack LouisvilteHournal. Wo havo noticed, duringtho lastv montli,tho appointnient of fi vo or. six .cfcrgymen to oflico under tho General Government. ' Thq ndminis tration is rcsolved not to go- toMho gallowf? " wjthout bencfit of clcrg." : ; - ' ' ' "'' Al