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A. Cf. CB5AWIOK. TERMS Tnn Caledonia: vvill bo publishcd wookly at $2,00 por annum, or at $1,50 if paid in ailvuncc. II pnymont is mado within six inontlis frorn tlio timo of subscribing it will bo rccoivcd aa advnnco pny. No papor will bo discontinued until nll arroaragos aro paid, oxcopt at tbo option of tho puiMi'jiior. Advortisomcnta will bo insortod for tbo cus tomnry pnccs. rorsona aro ronucstod to stato tbo numbcr ot wooka tboy wislj thoir ndvortisomonts publishcd, otliorwisc tbcy will bo insorted till for bid nnd cbargod accordingly. From tbo New-York Exprcss. A GLIMPSE AT MOUNT VERNON. A corrcspondcn, wlio rccently visited this in tercsting spot, hus scnt us a lottcr, from which wo inake tlio following extract : "IVe havo now rcachcd tlio privateroad, lead ing to Mount Vernon. A sorvnnt boy inet 113 at tlio gato and poiutcd out tho houso, whioh wo as yut uonrly lmlf a milo in advanco. As wo ontcred tlio cnclosuro onco ownoil by tlio belov cd Washington, for 0110, 1 mnst confess allguicty forsook ino. Though ncarly Ibrty ycars had passed sincc tho dcad, whoso gravc wo soiight, wns among thc living, and nlthough sincc thcn tho old world, in ncarly evcry division, had bccn revolutionizod though Emporor3,Kiigs,Dukcs, and Presideuts, had, with their gonoration, pnss od itway, and millions of tho great inen of this world had gono, still thore was hut one spot, bnt one placc, o?ic toinb, one Mount Vernon, that contnined tho romains of GEonau Washington. 11 ivas here, and I folt that I was standing upon boly ground. I chose to bo tdonc. Tbo history ot ono of the grcatest mcn tho world eversaw was sprcad before nic frorn his infancy to tho dvintr bed. Tho bov Geoiiqe who was afraid to tell a lie tho youih Gkouge Washington, who with tho most filial fondness, forsook hopo and anibition to soothc tho nuguish of a moth- cr thc Man Washington froin 1775, whou he was ohosen comtnandcr in chiof of tho Ameri can forces Washington at JJoston, Trenton, Priuceton, Gcnnantown, Yorktown, every sconu ihrough his bnlliant and liitorosting mo, seetnou im occurrcncc of vesterdnv. Wo rodc along to tho gato cnclosing tho houso, and ngrceable to eusiom, scnt our cards to tbo proscnt ocenpant, Lady Washington, tho uiccc of Judgo Washington, who, I bolievc, was thc formor occupant of tho estato, whicli now, as formerly, composes scvcral hundred acros. An inlelhgent servunt was serit in answor to our cards, with ordcrs to conduct us about tho proui isos. Tho dwolling wns built of wood, two sto rios higb, and cut in iinitation op free-atone. Jt is ninety-six f'oet in lcngth and is snrinountcd by a eupnln. Tho eentro cf tho building wnscroct eil by .Lawreueo Washington, brotherof George, and tho wing.s by tho Coueral hinisolf. Wo on-t.-rcd tbo houso built by tho brolhor of George Washington, which with tho wholo ostato was gien to"(oorgc u-j a token of nflcction an.l grat itu.lo. Tbo building is of tho old fashioucd stylo of architccttire, tho euiling of oach roorn is eov orod with olcgant stiu-co; tho housc is very spa eious, and as Was genorally tho customnry modo of building a lutlf coiiuuy sincc, with thc kitchcn and all tho out-housos w'holly disconncctod with tho dwclling-house, 1 daro prodiot that a strangor who was ignor ant of tho residonco of Washington, yut kncw his chnractcr, wonld bavo told mc that wo had roachod tho houso of thc Ainoriean Patriot. Ecvcry tbing as (ar as possiblo was as Washing ton had loft it whon ho loft tbo world. I cntor cd undcr tbo portioo and into thc houso with n niolaucholy ploasuro. Tho (irst tbing thatcaught in v cvc was tho kov of thc Frcnch Bastilo, giv cii by tho Marquis de Lafayettc, to Geucral Washington. It hung in a glass framc upon thc wall ot tbo cntrv, a tit rcbo for prcscrvauon Tho walls unon each sido wcro eovorod with national paintinus.mostlv of a inilitary obaractor, Ono painting, if 1 lornoiiibcr rigbt, roprosontoil tho death oftbo bravo ftloiitgomory auotbor thc bnttlo of JJunker llill, und sovoral sccnes ot sca figbts yot nono ofthcni woro roprcsentations of Washington's own deeds of valor. Bcforo cn tering thc roorn we hurried to tho frout ontrance of tho houso, under tbo piazza, where, upon the day of burial, rostod.tho oorpso of Washington. Frorn this spot ho was taken to tho tonib, and here thc coffin lid for the Jast timc closcd his lifcless remains frorn, tho gazo of man. Here within a stonc's tlirow of tho dwclling-houscand tho original toinb of Washington, flows tho Po tomac, running at this point southwest, altbough the courso of the river is south-cast. As T gazcd upon thcsc intcresting watcrs, thc boautiful and apt lincs of lirainard carno irresistibly upon ine: Flov gontly, Potomac! thou wasbcst nway Tbo sands wboro lic trod and tbo turf whero ho lay VVbon youtb brashcd bis chcolc with lior wiug; Brcatbo softly, yo wild wmds, that circlo arouad That dearcst, and purcst, and Iiolicst groand, Evor prcssed by tbo footstop8 ofSpring. Eacb breczo bo a sigh,and cacb dow drop a toar, Eacli wavo bo a whisporing monitor ncar, To roinind tbosad sboro of bis story; And darkor, and softcr, aad aaddcr tbo gloom Of that cvcrgrcon mournor thatsvvceps o'or tbotoaib, VIlero Washington sloops in his glory. I stood for a long titnc in front of tlie dwolling rurninating upon the past and present, Evcry tbing around mo was going to decay. Ruin stared mo rntho face whercver I turned my cycs, and Mount Vornon,though small in compass, re mindcd mc of the Grecian Patras, known liko Jcrusalern and the cities of the Plain, not for what tboy aro, but for what thoy liavo becn in , h'sttry of tho past. Tho very walls, built by the Futhor of his Corrntry, to surround and an close his family cdifico, vero tumbling down liko the ruincd city of Italy, not because Arncri ca.hko. Italy, was dead and buried. but because Amerrca vould raise no othor monumcnt to tho memory of her belovcd son.'than tho living tem ple vvhich every Arnerican 1ms raised in his own bosom. Not only was the family edifrco falling to decay, but every building upon thc premises. Tlie gardon walls wero for the most part in ru ins. "Dull tirno" every where had fod "like a slow fire upon a Iioary brand.'' " tho tootb of Timo Ilad groand tho aculpturos to rudo forma, Sacli as tbo falling watcrs eat froni rocka In tbo doop gloom of caves." Where, I ask, is tho lovc of VVasIiington,whon thatonc "swcetsnot" callcd hoinc, and Wnshing ton's horuo too, is thus pcrniittcd to perish by the iiunii ui iimer wircre wui ino luiim ui miou ington nnd Mount Vernon bo a fow years henco? Will it ahvays bo said that"ho livcs in tho hcarts of his countrymen?" whon not cvcn a docent pnth conducts you to his dwolling, nnd where, whcn you hnvo rcached thc Imllowod spot where his bones aro crurnbling to dust, evcn the sur rounding earth itsolf looks liko n deserted, for gotton nnd dospised spot. I would not ask that Mount Vernon shouht havc n magnificcnt tomb liko thosc raised upon tho plains of Troy.in hon- or ot ttio larecran und Trojan warrrors; I would notdesrro that tho "inouumental brass" Kbonld bn raised in honor of George Washington, but 1 do wish that the snot belovcd bv Wasbi ii''tnn ji!(hi'i all others, should bo made an obiect rathcr of plensure than ofdisgust to tho oyo of the Arncv ican and thc foroigner. But to rcturn to our walk: Frorn thc!front piazza we retunied to tho houso. re-cxaminiii'' with the c.vp "f," '.-'- a that oould uo sccn. Tho ftirnituro was in tho oldcnstylcol tho rcvolutionary timcs. Tho walls of tho roorns upon tho lowor floors, wcro eov orod with' paintings, most of thern fuiuily por traits, contuming, as I was told, cxccllent likc ncsscs of cach of tho occupunts of thc Vernon estate s'rnco thc death of Washington. Wo has- tcncd frorn this housc of tho living AVashington, to tho gravo of thc Fathor of our cotintry. Evc ry tbing hcrc was imposing and solcrnn. Thc slavc who conductcd us to this spot, whcrc he had conductcd thousands before, scerned afleot cd as with us he gazcd upon thu nionurucut and inscription before us telling us sirnply that Tho toinb was ancw vauIt,euclosed with an iron raihng, and had becn built about six ycars. Cu- riosity satiated by gazing upon thc new tomb, wo sought out tho still moro intcresting spot whcrc Washington was firsl buricd. My com pauions followcd on. Like llarnlot and Laertcs into thcgrave of Opliclin, so did my fcllow-trav-ellcr and inyselfleap into tho toinb of Wash ington. Thc ladies determincd not tc bo out dono in rcvoroncc, followcd on our conductor srnilcd and said that no fcmales had cvor before, since thc rcrtioval of thc romains of Washington, whicli was six ycars, ontcrcd tlie vault. Wfa stood upon tho brokcn boxcs and fianios that onco cncloscd thc remains of our hcro, gathoring somc stoncs and sovcral picces of the cruinbhng tomb as rehcs ot our journoy then leaving tho vault wc again exainined thc gar- rlcns, thc green houso filled with ornnges.lciiions, floword und trcos, all flourishing in all thc bcnu- ty of iiature, and then in thc languago of thc cx- i-ollont Ur. Kced ot hnglantl, thc cnthusiastic ad- niirer of Washington, "wo soon loft thc doinain, perhaps forovcr,whicli 'vas oncc dignifrcd by thc lrcsonoo and whicli is still sacrcd by thc remains of Washington." M. JJ. Called Mount Vernon in honor of Adrniral Vernon, with whoni Washington's hrotlicr sorv- cd in an cxpedition aguinst tho Spaniards. Chinese Mauiuages. Thc most csscntial circunistnuce in a respcctablc family allianco is, thntthcro should he equnlity of rank nnd station on cither sidc or that "tho aatcs should corres- poml," as the Chiuesn cxprcss it. Tho man iage is preccdcct ny a negotiation cullcd pitig, coii ducted by ngonts or go-butwecns selectcil by tho parcnts. Thc aid of jirdicial astrology is now callcd rn, and thc horoscopes of thc two partics coinnarod, under tho tftlcof tho "ciuht oharac- torrf," whicb cxprcss tbo year, rnonth, day,' and honr of the nativities of tho intondcd couile. This being scttlcd, proscnts aro scnt by tho brido gloom in ratification oftlio union; but tho br'ulo in ordmary cascs lirunrs nculior nroscnts nor dowcr to lior husband. Thc choicc of a Iucky day is eonsidcred of such importancc, that if thc Calendar should bo unfavorablo 111 its augu rios, tho cercmony is postponcd for inontlis. Thosc supcrstilions are common to aii timcs nnd and countrics. Jn thc Iphigcnia at Aulis, ono of tlio plays of Etiripidcs, wc havo an cxact cnso in point. Clytcinnestra says to hor husband, who is dccciving hcr about thoir daughter, "On what day shnll our rhild wod?" to whicli ho" rcplies, "When the orh of a fortunate moon shall arrivc." Tho most approjiriato and felicitous timc foi marriage is eonsidcred to bo in spring, and tho first moon of" tlio Clpnese yeur (February) is pre fcrrcd. It is in this month that tho pcach-trce blossoms in China, and hencc thcrc nro constant ullusions to it in corincxion with marriago. Theso vcr3cs, frorn the elegant pcn of Sir William Jones, aro a paraphraso of a literal tranIation which that indofatigable soholar obtaincd of a passage in the Chmese "Uook of Odcs." "Swcot cbild of spring, tho gardon'tfqucon, You poacli-trco cliarms tliu roving sight Its fragrant lcavcs how richly groon, Its blossonis how divinoly briglit ! "So softly shincs tbo bcautcous brido, liy lovo and conscious virtuo led, O'cr hor now inansion to prcsido, And placid joys around lior sprcad." Some tiuie previous to the day fixcd, tho bride groom is iirvcsted cercmoniously with u drcss ctip or bonnot, and tnkca an additional namc The bride, nt the samotime,whoso hair had un-. til this hung down in long tresses, hns it turncd up in tho manner of rnarried women, nnd fast eued with bodkins. When thc vvcdding day ar lives. tho fricnds of tho bridegroom sond hitn proscnts m the morning, with their congratula- tions. Among thc prcsonts arc livo ceese.which nro omblcinaticnl of tlie concord of tho nuirried stato, and someof theso birds aro carricd in thc procession. Tho bride's relations likcwiso sond her gifis, consisting chicfly of femalo fincry; and her young sisters und fricnds of her own scx coino and weep with hcr until it is tirno to lcavc tho houso'bf her parcnts. At lcngth, when the evcntng arnves, and the stnrs just bcgin to be visible the bridegroom comes wrth an ornnment- ed sedan, and a cavalcado of lanterns, niusic, &c. to letcn nome bis spousc. On their reaehmgbis rosidcncc, tho brido is carricd into thc houso 111 thc nrms of tho nuurons who actjas her frionds, and liftod overa pan of chnrcoal at tho door; tho meaning ot wbich cercmony is not clcar, but wbicb tnay liavo roferenco to tbo commence- mcnt of her household duties. Sho soon aftcr issucs from thc bridal charnber with hcr ntten- dants into the grcat ball, bcarin" tho propared Areca, or betcl-nut, und invitcs tlio guests thcro asscmbled to partako of it. Having gone through some cercmoniea in compnny with tho bride- back to hcr cbnmlinr. wliom sho is unveiled by her tuturc husband. A tablo rs then sprcad, and tho cup of allianco is druuk togothor by tho youriir counh;. Sonio fnrtunnm niatron, tho mother of mnnv ehildron. tlmn on. t...i...i .. i -i... ' :r luuuuuiious a uoi C( 10110 l. na vvi na ro. ing through tho forrn of laying tho nuptial bed. Meanwhilotho party of fricnds in the hiill mako merry, and whon the bridegroom joins thom thcy cither ply hitn with wino, or not, nccording to the chnractcr nnd crndo of tho comnanv Whcn thc hour of rotiremcntninves. tlmv n(ni t hini to tho door of tho charnber in a bodv. nnd thcn dispersc. On thc following day thc new couplo corno forth to tho greut hull, whero thcy adoro tho household gods.and nav thoir rcsncots to their parcnts nnd nearestrolations. Thcy then rcturn to thoir charnber. whcrc thov rcooivn tbo vislrs of their young fricnds; and tho wholo oftbo first montli is tlcvotcdm hko manner to lcisuro and umuseincnt. On tho t hnd davaftar ibo wnddin-r .11.1. - ni visit hcr parcnts; and at IcngthVWnJil'lutPHtui.to is cxpircd, tho brido's frionds scnd hera particu- ar hcad-dress, an ontortairrrncnt is jiartaken or y tho rclations of both partics, and tho marriago ceiomonies are theieby concludcd. AaiEniCAN Ciut,niiEN. Tho following is an extract frotn Miss Martineau's "Sooiety in Amer- iea," on Arnerican childrcn. Tho roruarks aro highly coniplimontary and many will pro. nounce thcm just : "Thc instruction furnishcd is not good cnough for such a cotintry; hut it nuist bo remornbcrcd that tho same kind and dcgrcoof instruction gocs rnuch farthcr in a dcmocrucy thnu clscwhcrc. The alphabct itsolf is of little or no value to a slavc, whilo it is an incstirnablo treasure to n con scious young renublican. Ono necds but go frorn a charity school in an English county, to a froc school in Massnchusettcs, to sco how diffcr cnt tho barc rcquisition of reading and writing is to childrcn, who, if thcy look forward at nll, do it languidly, and into a lifo of mechanical labor. merel', and to young citizcns who nro u.vare that thcy havc their sharo of llie work of sclf govornmont to achicvc the early ropublican consciousncss, and thc fact oftbo moro irnpor taut placc which childrcn occupy in a society, whoso numbcrs are srnall in proportion to its ro sources, aro tho two circuinstanccs which occa sion that frncdom of rnanneis in Ainoriean ehil dron, of which so much coinplai'.it has becn mado by obscrvcrs, and on which so much rc munstrnnco has bccn wasted; l say wnstcd, be cause it is of no avnil ngninst a nccessary fact. Till tho United States cer.scs to bc rcpublican.and thoir vast arca is ftilly pcoplcd,thc childrcn thcro will coniintic to nc as irco and casy and rrnpor- tant as thcy now are. For my own part, I delight in Amcrioai. ehil dron. Thcrc arc inslanccs, as thcro aro ovory whcrc, of spoilcd, pcrt, and solfish childrcn. Pa- rcnt's hcarts aro tiicrccd thero as clscwhcrc; but thc indcpcndcncc nnd fcarlossncss of childrcn werc a pcrpotual eliann in my cvc. To go no dcepcr, it is a constant aniuso'noiit to sco how tho specnlations of young ininds issuc whon they tako their own wny of thinking, and natti- rauy say all tnoy tnuiK. oonie atnnirauio speoi ir.cns of nctivo little ininds wcre laid opcn to mo at a juvenilc ball at Baltimore. I oould not havc gotso much innyear in England. If I had, a: homc, gono in among eighry or a hundred little pepple, hctwceu thoages of eight aud sixtccn, I should havo cxtractcd little moro than "Yos ina'arn, and "No ma'am." At Balti more, a dozcn boys and girls at a tirno crowdcd round mo, questioning, discussing, spcculating, rcvcling in a way which onchanlcd mo. In privatc houscs, the commcnts slippcd irt at tablc by tho childrcn, wcrc oftcn tho most rnemorablc, and genorally tho most naiusing part oftlio con- vcrsation." Dauohteus. Let no man impatiently long lor sons. Ho may plcasc himself with idcas of boldncss and rnasculino crrcrgy, and inoral or muntal nchicvcmcnt; butten to one, ho will incot with little clso than frowarducss, rccklcssncss, imporiousness and ingratitudc. "Fathcr give mo thc portion that'fallcth to mo," was tho itnpon ous dctnnnd of tho profligato prodigal, who had becn indulgcd from his childhood. This caso is tho rcprescntation of thousands. Tho pnintcr then drew tho portrnit paintcd for all postority. Aut tho daughter sho clings liko tho roso loaf around thc stoth to tho parcnt homo arul paren tal hcnrt; sho watchcs tho npproving sinilo, and tlctects tho slightest shado on tho brow; she wanders not 011 forbiddcn plcasuro grounds, wrings not tho heurts at homo with hcr doubtful midnight absencc, wrccks nottho hopcsto which carly promisc has givcn birth, nor paralyscs tho soul tlmt'donts on this, its ehosen objcct. Wher ovcr the son niay wandcr in soarch of fortuno or ploasure, thero is thc daughter within thc sac rcd tomplc ot lrome, the vcstal virgin of its in ncrmost sanctuary,'lcccping nlivc tho flamo of domostic nffoctron, and blessing thatcxistonco of which slie hci-self ispart. Pungcnt Prcaching. An old inan.'boing askoil his opinion of a cortain sonnon, icpliod, 'I liked it vory woll, oxcopt that thnro was no piacli to it. 1 alwaya liko to bavo a pinch to ovory sormon." I wns roniindcd of this anocdoto by a romuik of a son of Nopiuno, from Nnntuckot, "whoni I mot in tho gallcry of a crowdod churcli last Salibatlrovo ning. llo said it was-a ImtidHoaio Borinon, 'but ho would havo likod it buttor, if it had stuclt tho linr poon into tho conscionco of tho sitincr.' frinrii- nlm t . . . 1 A DRUNKAItD'S IIOME. Tlio following Uosoriptioii of a drunkurd's homo, ja copiod frorn tho Uufl'alo Spectatoi. It piosonts a rnolancboly, but wo foar too nccurato a picturo. Intoniporanco ridua "swoet liornu" ofits plcasant joys. A lbw wccks ago 1 nddrossed tho puoplo in Siinsbury, Conn.. on intoniiiormico. Hablmth aflor noon 1 visitod a drunkard's honio. Thcro wua but a singlo roorn in tho liouso and that lookod as if it hnd not for a long timo known tho oporation of olcanaing. It was eovorod with dirt. Sticks, cruinbs of bread, nnd walnut sbolls, wcro scattcrod ovor tlio floor, On a chost sat Jcroniiah Ilaincr son, tho futhor. Ilo was no common drankard. For firtocn yoara lio could justly bo stylcd tbo "King of Drunkards." Ilc 'had from day to day drnnk iiiinuolfdrunk, in spito of ovory lliing. Ilo wns a mccbanic. Ilc had bccn a man of strong liiiud nnd cxlonsivo reading and intolligonco, and was said to havc a romurkably tonacious momory. Intoniporanco liad,during fifteon succcssi vo yoars, sunk liim lowor und lowor. Sorno of tho bittcr fruita of bis trausgrossions, woro blasphcuiy, iafi dohty, abuso of his wil'o, povorty,discaso, and dobt. llcmcrson sat on tho chcst. rcstimr hia clbmv nn Uiuj-.1-1--. ivliiidi.wuro a fow dishos. brokon and homo mcn from tbo iionscui i,nJ. clcansud tbo room, and romovcd tbo picccs of hir nituro and tho bod out of'doors. This was hrtrdly dono bcforo a sleigh uaino slowly to tho door, onngiugtno gnastiy and stiiicuod corpsc oiiiuihdi aoa's wifc, which liiul bccn fotind in tho noigbbor- inc woous. ilomorson liail oiiun savagciy uoatcn this miscrablo woniau Iler crios Komctimcs, on a Sabhalh morning, had bcon hcard at tho dutauco of halfn milo. At last horspirit sunk; it seciricd asif tho gravo was tho only oullct for hcr accnmulatcd aorrows. A fow dtiys bofoio tbid, llcinor.son had bcatcn hcr Bcvcrcly; in dospair, bho flod into thc woods, and pcrishcd nlono, in tho darkncss and storin and midnight. This was a drunkard's homo. Would that cvury fonialc, about to unito lior in tcrcst with tl.at of ono who tastcs tho intoxicnliug ctip,couId look upon this hoiuo ! Vcrily thoy would "rccoivo iustruclion." COnilV.SrONDENCE or tiie ijoston atlas. Washington, Tuosday, Oct.o, 18157. In the Senute, aftcr Wcbster hnd coneluded, tho iiucstion was takcn upon the soveral amend monts in their order. Calhoun's uincndment was carricd as follows: Yoas Mcssrs. Williains of Maino, Ilubbard, Piorco of New llampsbirc, Nilcs nnd Srnitb of Connecticut, Wrigbt of N. Y. Wall of New Jor- soy, Buchanan of Peniisylvnnin, Roano of Vir ginia, IJrown and Strango of North Curolina, Gnlhoun of South Carolina, King nnd Clay of Alnbainu, Walkcr of rdississipp!,Griiiidv of Tcu ncssec, Scvior and Fulton of Arknnsas, Bcuton and Lynn of tAlissouri, Young of Illinois, ftlorris nnd Allcn of Ohio, Norvcll of Michigan. 24. Nays Mcssrs. Prcntissand Swift of Vermont, Wcbster of Massachusetts, Knight and Robbins of Rbode Island, Tnllrnadgo of Now Vork, South ard of New .lersey, Bnyard and Clavton ot Dol warc, McKean of Peniisylvania,Kent and Spencc of Marvhuul, Rivos of Virginia, Proston of South Carolina, King of Georgia, lilack of Mississippi, fsicliolasol J.ouisiann, Wlutcot lennessec, Ulay and (JrittencJcn of Ivcntiioky, Uobinson of ilb nois, Sinith nnd Tipton of Indiana. 23. Absent llugglus tif Maino, Davis of Massa chusetts, iiiul Lyon of iMichignn, Cutlibcrt ot Ga. and iMoutou ol louisiniiu. The questioii was thcn taken on tlie niotinn of Rives to stnko out thc wholo inll oxcopt thc e- nacting clausc, and to substituto.thcrefor the bill introdiiccd by himself. Lost. Aye?22, Nnys2G. Tho (liiestion was llien tauen on I'lestun s a incndincut, uiul lost, by thc same vote as Rivcs' amcndmcnt. Tho (ncstion thcn roeunod on the pnssuge ot tho blll ns ainendeil, to a tlnrtl reading, arul it was orderod to bo oiigiwsed and read a third timc, bv tho following votf. Aycs WilManis, Ilubbard, Picrce, Niles, Smitb, Wrigbt, Wnll, Buchaiian, Roano, Brown, Strango, Callioun, King of Alabaina, Clay of Alabama, Walkcr, Grundy, bcvicr, b ulton, iJen tou, Lynn, Robinson, Young, Allcn, Lyon, Nor. vell. 25. Nays Prentiss, Swift, Wcbster, Davis, Knight, Robbins, Talhtiadgo, Sotithard, Bayard,Clayton, McKean, Spenco, Rives, Preston, Kimr of Geor gia, Black, Nicholas, Wliitc, Clay of Kcntucky, urrttendeii, biniili. 1 ipton. Mo. You perceivo that tho " eonservatives," who stood fire, wero six, viz : Tallrnadgo, McKean, Rives, King ot Georgia, Nicholas and ripton; count Ruggles, who ilodgcd, und thcy would numbcr sevcn. In thc Housc, aftcr u call of the llou.so, and a intister of tho mcmbcrs, Whittlesoy of Ohio, movcd to lay tho rcport oftbo Comniittcc on thc iMississippi ciection, on tho table. Lost. AycsvU, Noes 145. Ilaynes thcn nioved tho previous questioii. The tnotion was scconded, und thcniain questiou was orderod to be put. Tho main (lticstion on tho ncceptunco of tho rcport, (whicli oonfirmcd tho incnibors in their seats,) was inen pur, auu carrieu ui tuu unirma tivo. Aycs 118, Nays 101 ! A mcssagc was rceeivcd to-duy frotn thoPres idcnt covering tbo Mexican Jand Texian doou tneiits callcd for by J. Q.. Adarns' rcsohition. Thoy wcre orderod to bo printed.1 Wedncsday Oct. 4. Tho National Bttnk rcsohition was thcn takcn up. Sergcnnt movcd that thc rcsohition bo re ferrcd to tho coinmittee of tho whole on tho stato of the Union. Cambreleng opposcd this motion.. Ho said tho Committeo of Vays and Meana in fcporfmg this rcsohition, wished toset tlo the questioii ofn National linnk, with which tlie pnblic was at prosont agitatod. Ilo hopod tlio Rcsohition would bo adopted without du liate. J. Q,. Adams inquired if tho petitions upon wbich this rosolution was fonnded, had ovor been read in tho Committeo of Woys nnd Means. Catnbrolong. Tho petitions havo becn printed to tho numbcr of forty or lifcy. Adutns. I takc that answeras an ncknowl cdgcmentthat tho potitions have nover been reud iu tho coniinittco ; and What is thc rpason which tlio chairinaii givcs us for having rcportcd this rcsohition? Uot that thc reasons urged by the pctitioncrs nro insufli cicnt, but that ho dcsircs to scttlo tho questioii onco and forcvcr; to dccidc that the country ncvor shnll bavo a National Banlc. Wcll, why did "not they sny so? Why not rcport tlmt tho country ncvor shall hnvo a Bauk? Thisis tho chairinau's nicaiiiiig, und this ought to havo bccn his resolution. Butdoes tho frniulfiman thiiilc bis noweris to last fordvur? I acknowlerlgo hispowur now; but when ho calls upon me,ashodiiUhoothcrday,totoetho inark such was his phrasc I must beg-to bo cxcused. Ilis mark is rrot straight enough for mc. It ia too much liko whut wo call in Now England, u Firgmiajencc. llo must leurnto mako n straight mark bcforo ho calls upon mo to toe it. 1 com plain lo thc Housc andta thc JValion, that tho chnir man of tho Ways and Mcnus is wasting the ruiii.ic tibie with a frivolous question u ques tioii of rnoxpedioncy, u question of" tohat we will noldo! What thc country wantsis, to knaw what " ifc will do. Glnscock oiposed thc motion to refer. Ilo eomrncnccd an atlack upon Adams about anti sliivery potitions. Adnmo said he hopcd ho should be permi.tca! to rcply. The Spcnkor thcn callcd Glascock to order, and he got into a great passion, fleclaring that lio never attcmptcd to address tho Housc, without buing jmt down by tho Spouker. Clark, of New York, one of thc consorvativcs, spokc against tho motion. Robertsoit, of Virginin, dcfcndcd it. iwSscPioiy ;ltoa tenYHW,lt'm:Uc'ocP . ippt Thc last two matters had becn referrcd. to -r .....I r.vet nlnn till' COmUllllCO Ul nnuiU uuu uivi iu.. was omitlod to thc same privncge. ino inenua of a National Rank wcro not to be 6tranglcd without a hearing. They werc not to be draggcd before the llouse and sct up merely to be knock cd down. CainbrcIcii!rcutshort thc discussionby moving thc ordcrs of thc day ; and tho Housc then went. into coinmittee of thc whole. Thc Trcusury bill was tuken up, and JLJrddlo proceodcd to address thc cornrnitteo in opposition to thc bill. Ilc said this was a question of plcdg ing thc creilit of thc country to raipo moiicy for ihc government; and hu contcn led that Trcasury notes wcre thc very wnrst forin in which that crcdit could bo plcdgcd. I hursuay, uci. o. Prentiss prosentcd thc pctition of 142 women of Jamaica, and tho pctition of 54 legal-'yotors of Vnrshiro. Vorrnoiit. rcriionstratini' agilinst the Vershire. Vcrrnont, rcmonstratiiig aiinexaiion of Texns to tho United States. Prentiss also prcsentcd tho pctition of a nUm bcr of women of Townshend, Vermont, praying for thc abolition of slavcry in thc District of Co lunibin, and thc slavo tradc in the United States ; and ulso, four potitions from inhabitants and legal votcrs of Vershire!, Vt., praying Congrcss to abol ish slavcry and the slave tradb in all the Tcrrito rics of thc United States; to rcgulato thc cotn nicrce of slaves among thc scvcral States, so that it may be iunnudiatcly prohihitcd ; not to adniit any licwState intojthc Union whosc Constitution tolcratcs doniestie slavcry ; aud toabolish elavery in the District of Coluuibia. Preston objcctiug to tho reception of thenbovo irieniorials on slavcry and the slave trade King, of Alabaina, inoved to lay thc qura tiou of their reception on the table ; which was donc accord'tngly. So the incrnorials wcro not rceeivcd. On motion of Mr Eiinu the Scnate adjourncd to nfect again on Monday. In tho llouse, lloward, on lcavo, movcd to print 10,000 extra cojiies of the Messnge of tlio Prcsident in regard tto ihc corrcspondeiicc with Mcxico in relation to Mexican affuiis. Adams inoved to amcnd by adding thc same niinibor of thc Bnizilian corrcspondence. Both iropositions wcro agrccd to. Thc rcsohition declaring it to bo incxpcdient to cstablish a National Bauk was then taken up ; and the question being ou Sergeaut's inotion of ycsterday to refer tho resolution to tho cominittci; of the whole on thc stuto of tho Upion, Bymim took the iloor in support oftlio rcsolu tion aud against the comniitment. P. Q. Cushrnan, of New llampsbire, movcd the previous question. The inotion, being scconded by the Houso, was put, and the vote takcn by ycas nnd nays. Thore being a lie, the Speaker voted in thc af firuiative, and it was carricd. Tho yeas aiul nays wcre Ycas 101, Nays 101. Thc provious question being thus carricd by thc easting vote ol tho Spcakcr," the niain ques tion on tlio resolution was put and dccidcd as follows : Ycas 123, Nays 91. . So tho Houso resolved that it is inoxpcdicnt to cstablish a National Bnnk. Thc amcndmcnt, rcportcd last night from tho Coinmitteo oftlio Whole on tho stato of thc Un ion, to tho bill authorising tho issuc of Treasury Notes was thcn takeu up : tho question being ou agrecing to tho same. Tho anicndmcut providcs against tho recep tion of thc notes iu payment of, debts not duo. Thc object is to prcvcnt tbo U. S. Bank from otn ployiug theso notes in tho immediatc dischargo of tho suins duo from that bank to tho govcrnnictit. Fletcher, of Massachusetts, spokc in opposition to thc bill, iu which ho argucd to show that the emissioti of Treasury notes was an unncccssary loan, and tirgcd sundry grounds "of objection to tho modo in which it was jiroposed to malco it. Cushing, of Muss., statcd in confirmation of ono point in iho nrgLMncnt of his coHcaguc, that in tho draught of tho Constitution subrnittcd by Mr Pinckney, in the Convcntion, a ()iovision was, ooiitnined giving tho Gcncral Government tho powor to issuu bills of crcdit; aiul that it was rc- jactutl. . ,. , , . . .... Parmcntcr, ot lMass., ropneu urieny to uio spoccb of Fletcher, insisfnig'that there wasa dc ficit iu thc means ofjhe govcrnmcnr, and that thc issuo of Treasury natcs was thc best cxpedi cnt to supply it. Qrockett, oFrcnncsscc, madc a very anirnated spqech on tho gcncral coilrsc and policy of tho adniiriistration in relation fo tho currcncy. Uamcr. of Oliio. vindicated tho bill from soino of thu objoctions made against it. l'lllllips, 01 lUnSS., ropiicu iu mu iuuiuuvo u his collcaguc, (Parnionlcr,) and to thoso of Ha nicr, at sorno length. ' Friday", Oct. G. . In tho Housc thc Treasury Note Bill'is rising intn ii storm. CushuiK ot Mussneliusetts mado u learnedaiid elaborato urgumen.t against tho bill. Patton spoke with much vehemoAico in support of tho senfimcuts which ho uvowcd last evcnin'g, and against Cambreleng, Gushing ,replied to Legaro on the constitutional question. He said this was a pomt on which ho did not proless to. havo formed anv oninion h'unself;',but ho knock- ed Lc'garc's arguincht eoihilcto!ly''(ei pieee3, Jy quoting dccisiohs of thc Sii'p'renitJ Cotp t of ihbj United States. .