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XSY A. &. CHADWICffi. OT. jrHffNTSHBlUi&V, W.,'RTOTE?III51RE 7, 8387. TERMS Tnr. Caledonian will bo publiHhod ivookly nt $2,00 por nnnum, or nt $1,50 if paid in ndvnnco. If pnymont is mndo within six inontlis from tho timo ol tmbscribing it will bo considorod ns ndvanco pay. No pnpcr will bo disconlinuod nntil all nrroaragos nro' paid, oxcopt at tlio optiou of ino puuiisnor. CpAdvortiscnionts will bo insortod for tlio cus tomary pricos. Pcrsons aro rcquestod to stnto tlio numbor of wcoks tlioy wisli tlioir ndvortisonionts Cublisliod, otliorwiso llioy will bo insortod lill for id nnd cbnrgcd nccordingly. lo rust, us lio luul fiolds of fiill whcnt smnrtly stricken witli rust hoth sidcs ofliis pntch of spring whent, wliilo tlint wns totnlly uninjurcd;" Wo mnv Imin rnmnrk llint ill tllOSO sootions of tlii.s stnto whcro tlio wintcr wlient Iius suflored tho most from rust, tlio hpring wlicnt 1ms, oxcopt in n fow partiul instancos, wliolly cscnpcd, tho strnw bcing unusually bright nnd finc. AORICOTJXIJ1&AX, 1TAL1AN SPRING WHBAT. Tlio Gonoscc Fnrmcr contuiiis nn nrticla on tlio subject of tlio culturo of tlio Itnliun Sj)ring "Wlient. Sovornl kinds of Spring Wlicnt nro o- ntimcrated in this nrticle; nnd tlint nbovc mcn tioncd is spoken ol ns nppnrently tho most vnlu nblo of 1 1 10 varictics yct known umong us. Tho cxtrncts bclow nro from a Icttorof Mr lluthnwny, of Romc, Oncidn county, N. Y., to n frietid, who wishcd to procnro n qimntity of whcnt, addressed Mr 11. on tho subject, rcquesting iiifornintion as to tlio miinner of its introduetion, kind of soil most fn vorablo, modo of ctiltui o, &c.aud nro fol lowcd by rumarks by tlio cditorof tlic Fnrmcr. "Tlio Itnlian spring uheat which hns boondis scniinntcd tlirotigh my mcnns is an excellont grain, and n vcry suro croi). It yioltls Inrgcly nnd hns tlic wondcrful piopcrty of doing wcll on poor worn ont land, though of rourso tlio crop will no hcavicr on a moro lavorablo soil; tho faet woll nsccrtained hcrc tlint land so light and worn down, tlint it will not produccn crop of onts will bring u fair crop of spring wlicnt. Tho origituil importcd whcat wcighcd full G3 Ibs. to tlic bushcl: and now tlint tho fiftb crop hns como in, it weighs 62 ibs. Thc flonr is finc, and tho yicld good; tho millcrs spcak bighly of its qualilies--: nnd tho flonr innkcs good, light swci-t bread, rnthcr moro rnoist pcrhnps thnn thnt from wintcr wlicnt. Tho Itnlinn is n hcnrdcd whcnt, white chnff, bright ycllow straw, tlio bor ry variablc in color; gcncrnlly of n rcddish color. Tho propcr tinic for sowing is in April, if tho grotind cnn bc wcll fitted; tliis scason has bocn pcculiar, and latc sown whcnt bassuccccded licst witli us, nnd in soue inslnnccs ripcncd sooncst. It soldom is infcctcd witb smut, and if linicd, t i I novcr. v rom onc nnu ono loiirtn, to onu nm onc nau inisheis ot sccd nro sown lo tlio ncrc, ricli land rcquiring tho most. Tliis whcat nppears to bo i oosmopolite, as it grnws wcll and does wcll on almost cvcry vnric ty of soil, from stifi clay to a sandy plain. In tliis county wc liavc vcry little gnod wheat land, I have not soon it growing on nny tlint would bo pronouncrd such ny a westorn larmcr. It tisu ai!y ripcns by ibc Mih of Atigust, nnd violds from fifteen to thirty-five biishels por ncrc. Tho strnw tlii.s ycar from itsrnpid growth is Icps firni tlian usunl,nnd is lalicr; tho consaqucnce is thnt it lias lodged more thnn in nny formcr ycnr. I cnmc in posscssion of tho originnl whcnt by A STOIIY OF TIIE PLAGUE. BY IiETGII IIUNT. A young morchnnt of Mnrsoilles wns scizcd witb symptoms of tho plnguc, just ns tho dny lind bcon fixed whicb wns to unito liim witli his mis trcss. Soino difficultics bad bcon thrown in tho wny of tho union by n crnbbed gunrdinn ; nnd muny liours bnd not olnpsed from tlioir roniovnl, nnd ovory tliing bccn scttlcd, (wliich tlic lovcr hnstoned to sco dono witb tho grcntcst impn licnce) wlicn tlio tornblc spots nppenrcd which worc to cut liim off from comtuunicntioti witli tlio nnnflected. It is supposcd thnt tho obstnclcs in tho first instnncc, nnd tho hurry nftorwnrds, thrcw bis blood into n f'crmcnt, wbicb cxnspornt ed tho attnck. llowishoi to mnko light of tho niatter, nnd to go nbout bis ordinnry conccrns ; but tho strnngcncss of bis sciisntious, nnd tho thought of tlio pcril thnt bo might bring to bis niistross, soon nindc liim givu up tliis prctension. I lo snid thnt bis horror at lirst incliucd liim to cry nloud, to tcnr bis huir, nnd dnsh himsolf n- gainst tho wall of tlic room : but tho tlioughts of hcr ngnin controlled liim, nnd bo rcsolvcd to ;o tbrougb witli cvcry thing ns paiiently as niight bc, lcst bc sbonld add to bis chancos of losing hcr.. llc scnt hcr n messagc to thatcflcct, bidding hcr bo of iiood licart : and tbcn in n liassion of tcars, which bc rcHolvcd should bo bis Inst, but whioh, Ikj said, seomcd lo givc bim a wondcrful kind of hiimblc support, bctook liimsOlf to his praycrs, nud so to his bcil. IIc was soon loft nlonc witb nonc but an old uiiisc to nttcnd bim : but ns bo did not slccri, and nccident. An Itnlian gontlctnnn of Florence mnrricd against his fatbcr's will, was disinhoiitc.l nnd bo cmigratcd to Anicrica, bringiug, amonj a quantity of othcr sceds, a tierce of this wbcat intending to turn farmer. Tlic whcnt did notnr- rivc scasonably for spring sowing in this placo nnd wns lcft in nstorc housc on thc cannl. Tho gontlcmnn contrnctcd for n farm in tho town of Florence in this county (indticcd by tho namc firobably) was no fnrincr, mado bad cnlculnlions and worso cxpcrimcnts, nnd failcd in cveiy thing: soon became rcduccd, nnd was nbout to cnt his importcd whcat for which 1 bad advanccd him moncy to pay tho transit nnd chnrgcs. 1 liap pencd to see it, nnd wns struck witli its cxccl lencc, told hun it mtist not bo disposed of, pro cured him othcr whcnt, nnd took it nt its cost in Italy, $2,50 por bushcl. I succeedcd in getting it into bnnds of somc ot our fnrmcrs, though without miich confidcnce ontheir part. But thc rcsult wus most grntifying thc wbcat actually producing nbout double thc quantity usually grown on nn ncrc, nnd selling at morc than doub le tho prico of common spiing whcnt. From this it hns all ariscu. A stnnll sample of tho whcnt which nccom panuid thc lctter, by its nppcnrancc fully justifics thcnccount givcn to its qunlity; being ofnplum pcr bcrry thnn is usunl in spring wbcat, thinner skinncd, nnd tlic kcrnels bcing morc cnsily re- duccd to flonr. Tho dcmntid for tho whcnt has bcen great, and priccs Ifigb; but it has becomo cxtcnsivcly cultivatcd in that vicinity thnt it cnn bc obtainotl for secd in any dcsirablc quantity, and all probability at somcwhat rcdufcd priccs. Tlic rcmark of Mr Ilathawny thnt in its ndapta tion tosoil, tho Italian whcat niight be consider ert cosmopolite or evcry wherc nt home, would seem to be nppbcnbloto it in referenco to climnto ns well as soils. It hng l,eeii found to succced admirnbly inCanudn; whcre the culturc ofwhcat promises to cntirely supersedc thnt of wintcr grnin; nnd wc linve boforc ns tho Stnunton, Vn. Spectutorof Augtist 3J, wbicb stntcs thnt tho Hon. Mr Breckenridge last winter procured fivo or six nushclsfrom Mr Hnthnway, and lastsprinn distributcd it aniong thc farmers of that noih borhood. Tho yield lins been good, vnrying from twcnty to twcnty-fivc bushels por acre; thus cstablishing thc fnct tlinfit mny bo succcss fully grown from thc Canadns to Virginin. Tho cdilor rcmnrks "Thnt he tliinks it is not linblc thc good woman olwcrving bim trnnquil, skmt a gruat deal, bc thought iic.xt dny bc might ns wcll risn and go into tho garden for a little air. Tho gnrdcn, though in tlio citv, wns a vcry prctty onc, and as it abnttcd on somc grounds, belonging on onc sidc tn a chiircb, and on llic othcr to a ficld whcre thcv sbotat butts, was rcmovcd botli from sigllt nnd noisc, nnd might bo thought cvcn soli- tnry. IIc found bimsclf nlarmingly wcck : nnd thc air, inslcnd of rclicving, sccmcd to bring the wcignt ot an ovrn witli it ; uut thcro wns grass and roses ; and bo tbouglu it would add tn thc gracc of his memory witb hcr bc locd, if bc dicd in so swoot a spot, rathcr than in tho housc. Bosidcs, he conld not bnar to tbink of dying in what bc hopod would liavc bccn his bridal bcd. Thcsc rcflcctious niiidc him ngnin shcd tcnrs in spitc of bimseif, nnd ho lay iloun on a bcuch under a trec, wisbmg bc could mclt away m that tcndcr dcspair, Thc young gcntlcnian cucescd that hc had Inin in this way a good hour, during whicb be had a slccp that n little rcfrcshcd him, whcn hc hcard bimsclf cnllcd by his nnmo. Hc tboiight it wns thc nursc, and lookcd towards tbe housc, but saw nobody. 1 he namo was ropcatcd twicc. tlic last timc witli tlic niuntion ot an cpi tlict of tcndcrncss, which ho kncw could comc from no sucb ncrson. His licart bcgnn to hcat and bis car gniding him trtily to the voicc, which bc now rccogni'.od, bc snw on tho top of thc wall ncarlv onnosito to him, nnd under a trco whicb ovcrhung it from tho outsidc, his belovcd mistrcss, boldiug witb onc band on a bougb, and witb tlic othcr supporting licrsclt m tlic posturc of ono who mtcnded to comc down. "Uli, Kich- ard !" said eIic, "wbat a lilessmg to fiud you Iicre, and nobody to bindcr mc ! I have chentcd thcm, and sltink awny my lovc ! 1113' life !" Our lovcrsnid tbcso last little words bnd a won dcrful cflcct on him. Witb all hcr tcndcrncss, his bctrotbcd brido had ncvcr yct indnlged it so ar ns to ultcr such 'conjugal' words (that was his phrase.) lio said thcy sccmcd to givo hcr a right to join him ; and thcy flllcd him witb such Iove and gratitudc, that tbe very languor of his illnnss bccamc confouudcd witb a bcwitching jilcnsure. IIc confcsscd, that thc drcad of hcr bcing infected, thougb it still rncurrcd to him, wa? tmich faintcr than bcforc. Ilowevcr bo tho morc thought it was bis duty to tirgo it, nnd bo did so. But tho ladv had 110 such drcad. Shc had como 011 nurposo to bravc it. lu vnin ho spokc as loudly as hc could, and rosc up and bc- gan to drag his steps towards hcr ; 111 vaiu iic mado signs to hcr not to dcscend. " Doarest Itichanl," said shc "if you cannot hclp mc down, it is but an casy jump, and do tbink any thing will induce mc to go DacK ? J nm comc 10 nursc you, nnd makc you linppy." " xou wiii ciio," said tlic lovcriin n laintvoicc, nownrnvcu witiiin i'tng, and still ninking signs ot rctusal, "Oii no ; ncavcn will u csa us." cricu shc : " i will nol go back. mark mo ; I will not indoci ; I can not, inuch lcss now I have sccn yoi.1, and in that sick gown. Uut I sce you cannot hclp mc down. You aro unablc. Tbcrcforc I c.omc." Witb thesc words shc mado tho jump, and tho ncxt miniitc wns supporting bim in lier arms. Shc put hcr arms round bim, and took his repclling hnnd into bcrs, and, rnising bcrsclf, kisscd him on thc moutb, snying, " now I bclong to you. Lct mc scnt you on tlio bench, and gnt you somc drink. 1 nm your wifo now, nnd your dcnvser vnnt, nnd your nursc." Theircyes wcre flllcd witb tenrs, nnd thc lovcr could only lift his hend towards bcavcn, us mucb as to say, that "thcy should atall ovents livn therc." Not bcing ablc to rcacb thc boncb, hc sat down in a thickct of roses. Tho young lady went to gct bim some drink, and rcturncd witb the ncws that she had wakcd thc astouishcd nursc, and scnt hcr to tell bcr guardian wheroshe was. Nobody cxpccted him to vcnttiro to como and fotcli hcr, and hcdid not. Hc tohl tbe gontloman who bad thcse pnr ticulars from bim, that this bohavior of bis be trothed bride, put him in a stnto so new .and transporting, that bc conccived an altoratiou of bis blood iiiust bavo takcn placcvery specdily af ter hcr rcturn from tho housc ; for tbougli lie could bardly boar bis dcligbt, bc bcgan mnnifcst Iy to gct better witbin nn hour nftcrwards. Tho ladv nevcr rcccivcd thc infccticn. Thcir friends said she would, nnd tlfnt two would dio instcad of onc. Tho pbysician propiicsied othcrwisc. Neitbertfic lovcr norhismistress, howevcr,wonhl quit thcir rctrcnt, lill nll doubt, of tho possibility of inlccting othors wns moro thnn dono nwny. In tlio cotirso of six weeks thcy wero mnn nnd wifo; nnd my ncqunintnnco told mc, notns mnny dnys ago, thnt thcy wero still living, and n pnttcrn of lovo and cstceni. ICorrcsponUcnco ofthc Boston Mcrcanlilc JournuL Wasiiinoto.v, Scpt, S0, 1837. Ma. Si.eei'kr : I nm so thorotighly disgusted witb tho hcnrtlcssncss of politics, tlint icnn bard ly coinposo my norvcs to writc nbout it (in any strain but ono wbicb my soberstatcdisupproves.) So cntirely nnd thorotighly aro all those rclined nnd rcligious, pcrsonnl nnd socinl qunlitics, wliich you nud I cnll "viktues," sctnt dcfinnco by pol iticinns, pnrticulnrly tho dominnnt party, (nnd 1 confcss I hnvo found ittoo mtich so withaWdom inant partics) that I nm not only disgusted witb tho subject, disincliucd to its contnct, but nlmost rcndy to dcspair of our dnblic libcrtics. To scc bow conipletcly succcssful hypocrisy nnd chnr lntunism,purnsiiisiii nnd profligncy uro hcrc, when cver brought into compotition with unsojihisticn tcd trutb, simplo llopublicanism, and unprctcnd ing mornl worth is enougfi to saddcn thostotit cst honrt of a truo Democrnt. To sco nll thoso pcrsoiml viccs which bnvo so long rendcred 110 which oncc rcndercd tho monnrchicul nnd nris locratic Courts of Europo tho "hyo word nnd 10 proach" ofnll (ruc Ilcmiblicans or at lcast. which secmcd to mc so bnted and baicful, whcn I wcut to scbool, anu rend of " tbe sncnking crowd of flnttcrers falsc, who aro in their turn abused," to scc tho mcn who have most of thcsc qualxlics, thc only men who cnn nt this bonstcd crc, nnd at this proud cajiital, succcssfully coinpcto for any diHtingiiislicd public cmploymcnt,is indccd chill ing and npalling ! Thcro are arc a fcw, (llcnvcn be prniscd,)a fcw such mcn as .Tohn Q. Adams, Daniel Wcbstcr, IUchard Fletcher, Jolm Davis, nud somo otbers of grcat talcnts, distinction and attainments who nro to bc socn nnd hcurd vct in our Congrcss ; but bow little influcnco have liko ancicnt Isracl you shnll not mnny yenrs long cr bc " without a KING to roign ovcr you" to delivcr you nmoiig thonntiotls from tho rciuonch of Pnritamsm, Dcmocracy and Jiepiiblica7usm ! Aii,vru8. TNFLUENCK Ol-' TIIE flHND ON DIGESTION Tho stnto of tho mind oxcrts n poworful influ cnco not only on tho stomncb, but on tho wholo jiroccss of uutrition, nnd grcatly modifics tho qimntity which mny bo saf-'y caten. If tho mind be gny nnd joyous, nppotito will bc compnrntivcly kccn, digcstion eflcclivc, nnd uutrition comiilcto. Exumplcs of this kind nbound in childhond, nnd nmong nn cnsy-mindcd, wcll-fcd pcusantry. Whcreus, if tho mind bc hnrrasscd by cnro nud nnxicty, or dovourcd by gricQenvy, jenlousy, or othcr troubles nnd disquicting pnssions, tho hcnl thy calls of appctito will bo Kcarcoly known, and digcstion and uutrition will bo equally impuired. Tho fact is excmplificd on a largo scalo in cvcry commercial country, and espccially in timcs of public distrcss nnd political changc. Shnkspcnrc obviously bnd tho principle in viow whon hc mado Cicsar cxclaim viilcd ccllars nnd placos fitrowcd with 'strnw, to which thcy convoycd thoso wretuhcs who wero overwbclnind with intoxication ; in theso dismal cavcrns thcy lay until thcy had rccovered somo uso of thcir faculiies, nnd thcu thcy hnd recourso to tho sntno mischiovous potion. Tho prico of gin nt thnt timo wns sixponco perqunrt. London as it is. Mr. Ilofrumn of Now Yoik, in tlio courso of liin spcocli in roply to Pickons 011 tlio sab-tronaury bill, prnnuKod tlint lliia bill hIiouIJ no longor bo callod tho "Divoroo Uill;" but that it pliould bo dosigna lcd ly its truly dosrrintivo nppollntion, tlio "Alntri ninnial Allinaoo I3ill." "1 will call it," said Mr. II., "tlio bill of a inarrlngo futnl to tlio purity Ssin togrity )f our govorntnont; latal to tlio Constitution tindor whioh wo livo; futnl totho libortics, tlio Iinp pincssund tlio proppority of tlio pooplo."; iwiWMLa.uiujiiiimjiwjm sitch men compnred wub tbe class 10 whicb I liavc 'rcfcrred ! Ilow totally nnd cntirely arc Ihcy thrown into thc shndo in sociul life hcrc by'the coxcombical card playing, winc-bibbing tribes. And if you pass out of tho political into tho roligious world,cre too, not the rncck, and bnm blc, nud sitnplc, nud modcst, nnd qnict, unassum ing practical Christian, is the infliicntinl churcb 'member ; but your dogmnticnl, dictntorial, consc quciitial, controvcrsial, dcclaiining scctarian or propagandist ho is the mnn whosc "zcal for the Lord" is illustratcd in fashionablo iniitntion of thc pomp nnd pngcantry of an aristocratic Court. Ilnd I dropjicd bcre from nnothcr world with my opinions, fcclings nnd babits fornicd to thc bcsl models of Christian and Repnblican scntimcnt and charadcr, that a lilo of industrious invcstiga tion hns onablcd 11111 to obtain sight of nud wero 1 to look nrouud in thcsc circlcs and hotcls,board ing houscs, public ofllccs nnd llalls of Congrcss, lor uuormation as to tlio nation 1 bad gotatnong, tbe rcligion thcy profcsscd, and thc govcrnnicnt thcy had adoptcd. I shouid bavo little suspicion tlint this was thc capital of a pco)Ic profcssing 10 iic tnc (iisci)ics ot jesus anu altcctmg tlio simplicity of flli:ruiir.icAMSM.- I should tbink it probnblc thnt thcir tbcological and morol coda liad liccn dorivi'd in part from mnhomctan nnd pngnn sourccs tingcd somcwhnt witb tho influ cnco of nn Ignntius Loyala, but prctty wcll nm down into Frcnch Athcisrn. At lcast such would bc my first imprcssion, till 1 hnd bcconic ncqunint- ctt witn somo ot tlio "oommon pcoplc." visitcd I !!!.. I I ...'.I .1 ' muii KiiiiiMuis, iuiu convciscd wiui uiuir iious wo mcn nnd out-of-office citizcns. Uur Now lL.nelnnd pcoplc, did thcy know of tbe corruptions nnd nbuscs, by wbicb thcir public moncy is squniuicrcu unon linndcrs to povcr- mcn who rcfuso to pny thcir dcbts dcbaucbccs, g:ui:uiers, anu iuiar Kiuurcii iiiuc?, incy wouitl do sonicthing more than pctition Congrcss for thc abolition of Slavcry in tho District of'Colum bia. Thcy would form socictics for tho mornl rnd political icfonnntion of thcir Govcrnmcnf nnd its public oflicers ; nnd for thc rcstorntion of thc oldcn-timo virlucsor rcpublicanism. Dcpcnd 011 it my fricnd thc imitntion of Knropenn Court ctinucttc, stylc of living, mnnners, fa5bions, nnd dcbnuchcry introiluccd into Wnsliington, nnd incrcasing cvcry ycar is morc thoroiighly un dcrmining our freo, social, and political systcm, than could bavo bccn directly efl'cctcd byairtbe tnlcnts nud powcr of a Voltairc, n Mcttemioh, or nn Jmpcrml JNiciiolns. Nothing is wanting but tho union of tho youth and gcnius of a Nnpoleori, tbe tnct and cunningof aTalleyrand, to thocour- agc and disposition of a Jackson, to ovcrthrow tliis govcrnmcnt, 111 fact, if not 111 form: and to cstablish in this Mclropolis , as pcrfcct an Aristoc racy or Monarchy, as cvcr existed in Europo or Asin. riic mcmbcrs of Conjrrcss nre nnid 111 GOLf) public officcrs cnn oommnnd thc rich-1 est speculntions in public lands woiv.in nf rrr. tain accomplishjn.chts can obttiin f'avora for thcir avorltcs wliile tlic Inborcr, working-nian and mccbanic, is turncd ofl witb shinpluMera and othcr rags for his industry, nud nn insolcnt rcpri mund "lornsking his ducs." And wbon an ofllcc-scoking visitnnt wnnts to ncknowlcdgo thc favors of thc public, or to illus trnto bis own distinction in thc world, be goes to akccperof hacksand horses hireshim to mako out a list of such pcrsons ns his lordship oughtto visit furnishcs bim with a rcquisito nunibcr of cards, (picccs of pastcboard, boncst citizcn, with his malchlcss namc ncatly inscribcd thcrcon,) and this stable-kecpor scnds bis bnckmon nrouud to thc doors of tbcso listcd oncs nnd lcnvcs with thcir sorvnnts ench, ono of thesc cards ! This is " I.ot 1110 bavo men ubout mo thnt nro fat, Slcck hcadcd mcn, nnd suoli ns nlccp.o' uigbts. Yond' Cassius lias a lcnn nnd hungry look; llc thinhs too inuch ; suidi 111011 aro tlnngcroua. A.NTO.NY. Foar liim not, Ciusar, I10V not dnngorons : Ilois n noblo Konian, nad wcll givon. c.hsau. IJ'ould hc wcrr, fattcr ; but I funr Iiiai not: Yot if my natno wuro liablo to foar, I do not knnw tho man I should avoid Ho soon as that sparc Cassius. Ilo roads niucli. Ilo is n grcat ubscrvcr. nnd lio Joolt.s Ciuito tbro' tlio douds of 111011 : hc lovcs no pluys, jx inou uosi, ivniouy ; 110 nonrs 110 music; Soldom bc Hinib-s, and sinik'.s in tsncli a sort As if bo iiiock'd liimsolf, and Fcorncd bisspiri: Tliat oould bo aiovod to sniilc nt nny thing. .Sucb iiinn ns ho bn nov(!r at hoarl'n oaso Wliilo tboy beliold a grealcr thnn tbotnselvos ; And, thoruforc, aro tboy very dangerous. " Evcn cxpcricnco mtist liavc taught evcry onc witb wbat zest we sit down to enjoy thc plcns urcs of thc tablo, and bow largely wc inclino to cnt, whcn tho mind is ficc, unburdencd nnd joy ous, compnred witb thc little nttcntion wc bcstow on our mcnls wIigu wc nre ovcr'.vhclmed with nnxict)', or hnvc thc wholo cncrgics of thc mind consccrntcd 011 somo importnnt schome. Thcre cnnnot be a doubt, indccd, thnt tho ovcr-cxcrtion and cxcitemcnt, or absoluto incrtncss of thc mind, in which scdcntary pcoplc arc gencrally immcrs- cd, contributcs gi-catly, along with thc want of muscular excrcise in tho open air, to impair thc touc of thc digcstivc organs. In this wny, as it is not lcss justly than forcibly rcmarkcd by Dr Caldwcll, dj'sjicpsy comnicnccs pcrbaps ns oftcn in tbe brnin as in tbe stoinnch. Possibly ofioncr That this truc of tho (lisrnso in Europo will scarcoly bo dcnicd, aftcrn fair exaniination ofthc facts conncctcd with it. It is thcro ahnost cx clus-ivcly a eoinplniut of tho studious and thc schcniing, wfio, ovcr-tnsking their brnins, injurc ihcin by toil. In dcnouncing nctivc cxcrtion of mind or body inimediately nftcr cnting, ns iuiniical to digcstion, it is not mcnnt thnt wo should go to slecp, or in dulgo in nbsolutc listlessncss. A weak constitu tion mny rcquiro sonicthing likc a complcto re pose; but a porson iu ordinnry bealth may in dulgc iu a leisurcly sauntcr, or plcasant convcr sation, not only vithout injury, but with positivc bcnefit; nnd, perhnps thcro is 110 situntion in which digcstion goes 011 so fuvorably, as during thc chccrfi.il j)lay of scntimcnt in the aftcr-dinncr smull-talk of a well nssorted circlc. Thc norvous stimulousscnt to th) stomach, is tbcn of thoniost Iicalthful and invigorating description ; and evcn thc dyspcptic, if 011 his guard against a hcavy mcal, forgcts his wocs ainid tho unwontcd vigor of his functions. Combc's Phusiolosru. Anwexation of Texas to TIIE U. States. Tho followinff from tho sncoch of Mr Lamnr vismng "rcsncctablu." in VVashincrton Citv. the capUal of your American RErunnc ! From such n fouutnin, vcnly bow pnrc thc strentnlcts. Whnt n cnpital placo this for thc schooling of young Democrnls! You mny brced thcm of any color from milk to molasscs, you niuy Iraih thcm to thc pistol, the dirk, tbo billiard tablc, thc lottery oflicc, tho cock-pit, or tho racc course : for all of thcsc and many moro Repnbli can nnd Christian accomplisbincnts ubound in tlio niotropolis of your Liberty. Ycs,sons of the pilgrims, your Fedeual Capitaii will soon out yio Paris, nnd its Pnlnis Roynlc, in "oasy virtues," if not in "cnfes'' nnd enting houscs. Go on, pco plc of Amcrica selec.l for your public servants, (as you somctimcs still call thcm, but for thc kccpcrs ofyour purscs, ns you will soonnr or lnlcr find theni,) selcct thu gny, thc gallant, tho itnpu dciit, thc acconunodating Vlio will illustrate in pricale life, tlio doctrincs of your Court and Vico Prcsidcnt ofTcxas, atthcdinncr givon him at Mobilc, cxpresscsthe fcclings ofTcxas nn tho subject ofits bcing c.bnoxcd to thcUnitcd Stntcs. "Me.snid tbo wholo pcoplc of Tcxns wero for tlic annexntion. Tbcre wns howover, 0110 dis scnting voicc nnd thnt wns tho buniblo voico whicb wns tbcn spcnking. Rntbcr thnn bavo his noble, frcc, gcnerous, belovcd Tcxns joincd to this Union ith thc turbtilcut and inccni'iary fanatics, thc infurintcd abolitionists, with Mr Ad. ams at thcir hcad, ho would prny thnt she niight by somc suddcn convulsion of nnturc, by somo mighty cnrthquake, be east out upon tho ocenn a lono island. And rathcr than bo joincd bim sclf in sucb a union with such fanatical cncmies of tbe liberty, frccilom and rights of tbe South) ho would prcfer to bc chained liko Promcthcus to arock to be dovourcd by vullurcs, orlikc Ma zeppa. bound to a wild horse, to bodasbcd down prccipiccs until life should bccome cxtinct. Gct rid of tbcso fauntics, gcntlcmcii, and Texas is yours, with all my licart." Ancieivt Dno.VKr.niEs. Thc cxisteuco and cxtent of drunkcnncss a hundred ycar3 ago wcio the subjects of discussion in both llouscs of Par liamcnt; Lord Carteretsaid hc hnd sccn thc pco plc lying inscnsible in tho guttors, ns ho passed to tbo Housc, nnd Lord Cholmondoly mentioncd tbe samc circnmstancc; tho Bishop of Salisbury said, that boards wero put up inscribcd with, ' you mny hcro gct druuk for ono pciiny, dcnd drunk for two pcnccj'and hnvc clcnn strnw for riothiug'! And tbe Jproprictors of houscs nccordingly pro- SENATE. Saturday, Oct. 28. Jicsohdions By Air Kinsman, iustructing and rcqucsting our Scnators and Rcprcscntativcs in Congrcss to procnro tho sitting of tho District courts at Montpelier, instead of Windsor nnd Rutland Inid on tlio tablo; from tho Ilouse cm powcring Bank commissioncrs to cxnminc, under onth officcrs of thc Bnnks of this statc, as to thcir rondition rcfcrrcd to the committcc 011 bnnks; rcscinding tho rcsolution appointingu dny of thnnksgiving, nnd nnothcr rcsolution dcsignnt ing tho 3d Thursduy of November ns tbo dny coucuired in and prtssed. liills For tbo cducation of minors nnd aj) prcnticcs takcn up, and aftcr dcbate, commit tcd fur anicndmcnt; relating to slicrifT's fees rcad twico and rcfcrrcd td judicinry cornmitteo; from tho Ilouse, repcaling an actfor tho dcstruc- tion ol foxcs rcad twice and refcrred to com mittcc 011 agriculture. SENATE. Monday, Oct. 3Q. Bills to regulnto nnd govern thc militia of this Statc takcn up, whcn Mr Picrpoint movcd that thc Committcc of tho wholc be discbargnd from furthcr considcration of the bill for thc prcscnt, and that it bo committcd lo tlic commit tcc on uiilitary afTairs fornniondmcnts, wbicb bo dcsignared bill committcd, and Mcssrs Picrpoint and Convcrse, on motion of'Mr Pholpsof Wind sor, added to tho committcc; in uddition to nn nct relating to courts of Probntc relating to shorifPs fecs postponcd indifinitcly. Resolulion from thc Housc, relating to tlic duties of Bank inspectors, reportcd by Air Por tcr, witb proposcd nmcndmcntF, cmpow'cring thc inspectors to nsccrtain and report to tho Jegisln turc thc rulc by which tho sovcral banks asccr tain thcir profits, on which 10 per ccnt is paid to tho statc. Un tho proposed nmcnumcnt Mr Wntcrmnn dcmandcd tho ycas and nnys, nnd the nni(Midinent wns ndoptod ycns 18, nnys 9. Mr I'helps of Windsor movcd tbe following nmcnd mcnt: And, ns tbe lntc Prcsidcntof thc United Stntcs, b' nnwise nnd unauihorizcd mensurcs, and in di'fiancc ofthc cxprcsscd will of Congrcss, hns derangod thc curroni'y, nnd tberchy involved tho country in distrcss nnd ruin : nnd ns thc prcscnt Prcsidcnt of tho United Statcs pledgcd liimsclf to follow in thc footsteps of bis prode ccs?or, has in his latc nicssngc delnred tlint it is not witbin tbo constimtionul provinco of thc gcncrnl govcrnmcnt to regulnto tho excbaiigcs or roliovo thc ombarrassinonts of thc country; and as thc banks in thisjistatc, by rcnson of thc derangemcnt of tho cut'fX'nbyi bavo bccn com pellcd, for tho timo beingr to sUspcnd spccio jiay nicnts: that said bank com'irjittco andcomniis- sioner uc mrcetcd to report 10 tnc ncxt scssiou of tbo lcgislature somo plan by which thc pco plc of this stato can be ngnin furnished with such safo and stable cur'.cncj' ns will cnable the bolder ol nny bnnk bills toconvert snid buis into spccio nt plensnrc. Mr Egcrjon demnndcd tbo ycns nnd .nnys, wbicb wcre ns follows : Ycns Mcssrs Allcn, Bcll, Briggs, Uurton, Convcrse, Eaton, Hammond, IIowc, Lawrcncc, Millcr, Picrpoint, Phclps of Windharn, Phelps ot Windsor, Portcr, Kanncv, bteele, bwut, Van Sicklen, White and Young 20. Nays Mcssrs Cobb, Egcrton, Ileywood, In- gals, .lenncss, Kinsman, Palnier, Snilio nnd Waterman S). So the amcndment wns ndoptod. Mr Cobb movcd so to nmcnd tho rcsolution us to rcquiro of thc Banks thc gross amount loaned to stock holdcrs, othcr thnn otiiccis ol thc banks. Up- poscd by Mr Egerlon, in remnrks, supjiortcd by Mcssrs Vni Sicklen nnd Phcbis of Windhnm, uid ndoptcd, Mr Cobb movcd furthcr to nmcnd thc rcsolution by rcquiring tho mimber nnd a mount of nll sums lonncd to individunlsovcr fivo lliousand dollars supportcd by Mr Phclps of Windsor, nnd adoptcd. IIOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Reporls By tbo cornmitteo 011 Banks, for ref croncc of thc foilowing bills to tlio ncxt scssion, and thcy wero refcrred, viz. to incorporato Wash ington Co. bank bank of Castleton bnnk of Bradford Bennington Co. bank ngninst tho bill relating to banks; refcrred to the ncxt scssion. Mr Kittrcdgo, from the committcc bn Tcm pernnoe incmorials, nindc a report accompanied by tbe senate bill 500 copics ordcrcd to bo )iintcd. By tho Judicinry committcc in fnyor ofextend ng the rigbt of trial by jury, nnd tho pctitioners hnd lcnvc to bring in a bill. Mr Hopkins, by unnninious conscnt, inlroduc cd a rosolution "iustructing our dclcgation in Congrcss to uso thcir cxertions to procurc thc passage ofa pension act cmbracing all rcvolu tionary soldicis now excluded by tho acts in forcc ndoptcd. A bill rolnting 10 trial by jury, wns ordored to n third reading. (This bill gives "fugitivcs from . scrvlco," i. 0. slavcs, who cscajio to this stnto, thc right of trinl by jury.) Reporls By committne on cducation, on mo inorinl for aid to Middlebury Collegc, a bill to Ioan$2000 to Middlebury Collegc for fivo yenrs without interest; lnid on tho tnblc By sclcct cornmitteo on grand list, bill tnxing stcam-bont stock, &c. and thc bill was discuss cd at lengtb. Thc bill cnibrnccs forcign bnnk. stock, stcamboat stock (cxccpt fcrries,) toll 'bridg cs, manufacturing and turnpiko stock. A mo tion tocxonipt-forcign bank stock ,vas mndc nnd rojccted, iiiuU'tlm'liill pusscd.