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The Caledonian. [volume] (St. Johnsbury, Vt.) 1837-1867, December 19, 1837, Image 1

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llY A. 4. CBffADWICK.
TERMS Tnn Cai.edo.vian will bo publishcil
ivcekly at $2,00 pcr annum, or at $1,50 if paid in
advanco. Jf paymont is nmdc witliin six inonths
from tlio timo oi subscribing it will bo considercd
as advanco pay. No papor will bo disconfmiicd
until ull arrcaragij3 aro puid, oxccpt at tlio option of
IpAdvcrtisctncnts will bo insortcd for thc ctii
tutnary pricos. Porsons aro requested to stnlo tlio
numbor of wcoks thoy wisli thoir ndvortisomonts
iiublishod, othunviso thoy will bo iribertcd lill for
oid and chnrgud accordirigly.
Lsiws ofi" VcrssaoafiS.
24. An Act, for rcgulnting tho trentniont of ini
nors cmployed in mauuliieturing establish
mcnts. II is hcreby rnacled by the Gencral Jlssembly of
the olatc oj vermont, Tfmtj ic slmli; ho tliu rtuty
of tlio seleclmon and overseers of tlio poor witliin
their respeetivo towns in this Statc, to oxnmino
mto tho trcattnetit and condition of nny tninor
oinployed in nny rnaiiufucturing estnbliahineiit in
their respec.tive towns ; aud, if in their opinion
the educntion, morals, henlth, fooil or elothingol
sucli tninor is unrensonably neglectcd, or that
sucli niinor is trcatcil with improper severity or
abitse, or is compelled to labor nt unseasoiiable
hours or times, or in any unreasonnblo manner ;
it shall be tlio dtity of such selecttnen and over
seers of the poor to adinonish those having the
chargo or oversiglu of sucli nntior, und may at
any timo, uith tlio ndvioo of n justieo of the
penccof such town, taktj and hintl outsuch tninor
to somo suitnblo trade, profession, calling or
employtnent, for sucli length of timo as they
may deetn propcr, not cxceeding tho timo at
which such minor shall arrive at f ull agc.
Provided, That such solectmcn or overseers of
tho poor shall in no casc hind out such tninor
who has at tho timoa legal guardian.
Approved by tho Governor Oct. 31, S37.
C. L. Knapp, Seqretary of State.
15. An Act nuthorizing the appointment of dep
uty clerks in the supremc and county courts.
II n hereby enacled by the General Jlssembly of
tne aiate oj termont, as joiiows:
The judgos of thu scveral county courts in this
State shall havo power, in their discretion, to ap
point one deputy clerk of their respectivc eourls,
whose appointment shall ho mado in the samc
manner and under the satne restrtctions, in all
rcspccts ; who shall liavo the same powers, ho
subject to the same duties and liabilitics, and
recoive tlio satno compensalion for his scrvices,
which are now prescrihod and provided by law
louching the appointment, powers, duties, liabili
ties and compensation of clerks of tho county
Provided, That such deputy clerk shall not hc
rcstrictcd from practiing as an attorney heforn
any conrt in this State. Provided ateo, That
sucli deputy clerk shall not l entiiled to rcceivo
anj cofiipcnsation for his ofncial sorviccs, o.xcept
has arc rendcred or performeil by himduring
the sickncps or al)scn: of tlio eleilc, ot whcn a
MicaiiL'y fchall exist iu tho oflice of clerk of such
a courr.
Approved by the Governor Oct. 31, 1637.
C. L. Knai'p, Secretary of Statc.
-An Act in relatioti to a Portrait of Wash
It is hercby cnacltd by Ihc Gencral Jlssembly of
the Statc oj Vermont. That the Secretaryof State
be authorizo 1 to purchnso for the uso of this
State the fiill-length portrait of I'resident Wash
ington, now oOered by iMr. Gussihm, (irovided
he can purchase the same at a piiee not excecd
ing thrci! hundred dollars. And tho State Troas
urer is hereby authoiied to pay said mouey m
the Sccretary out of any nionoxs in the treasury
not othcrwiso appropriated.
Approvod by the Governor Oct. 31, 1837.
C. L. Knai'Pj Sccretary ot State.
27. An Act, in rclntion to lli'diways.
It is hereby cnaclcd by Ihc Gencral Jlssembly of
the btalc of Fermont, That tho selectmen of any
town in this State may, when in their opinion the
pnblic good rcqiiires it, set the annual highway
tax or any part thereof, of any inhabitant of such
town, in any highway district in such town,
whcther such inhabitant reside in such district
or not.
Provided, That when the tax of any such in
habisam shall be set iu any other district than the
onc in which hc resides, ho may pay to tho high
way snrvnyor of such district, iu money, iwo
thirds of such tax so set to him in any district in
which he does not reside, in lieu of'iho wholo
amomu in labor, to be Iaid out by such surveyor
in repairiiig roads and bridges. And the sevcral
highway snrveyors of any town in this State
shall havo the sanic power, and he governed by
tho same rules and rugulations iu collecting ijuch
taxcs, as is hy law givm thetii for tho colfection
of taxes of the inhabitants of the districtsin which
they severally resido.
Approved hy tho Governor, Nov. 1, 1837.
C. L. KjiArp, Secretary ot Statc.
23. An Act concerning thc Vermont Asyhim
for the Insane.
11 13 hereby cnaelrd by Ihc Gencral JlsscmbJ j oj
Ihe Slale vf Fermont, That the Treasurer of this
State is directed to pay tho Trustccs of the Ver
mont Asylurn for tho Insane, the sum of four
diousand dollars, out of any moncys in the Treas
ury not otherwise appropriated, for the purpose
of eiecting another building for tho Asylum
paynble on the first day of April tibxt.
Provided, In future admissions to tho hcnefits
of said Asylum, a preforenco shall be given to
restdcnt citizens of this Stato.
Approved by the Governor Nov. 1, 1837.
C. L. Knait, Secretary of State.
An Act assessinrf n tnv for tfin Klinonrt nf
II is hereby enacled by the Gencral Jlssembly nj
thc State of Vermont, That thero be, and hereby
is assessed a tax of three cents on tho dollar on
tno hst of thc polls and rateable estate of the in
nnbitants of this State, for tho year onc thousand
cignt hundred and thirty sevcn, to be paid into
tne treasury of this Stato by thc first day of June
n,ext' m money, certificates or notes issued by
tho rreasurer of this Stato, orders drawn hy tho
auditor of accounts, or orders drnwn by or under
Ihe ilirection of tho supremc or county courts.
Approved by the Governor Nov. 1, 1837.
C. L. Knait, Secretary of State.
An Act niaking appropriations for thc sup
port of Grovernuient.
It is hereby enacled by thc General Jlssembly of
tlic Slate oj rcrmont as Jallows:
Section 1. Tlio sum of forty-five thousand
dollars is hereby appropriated for the purposo of
paying tho debentures of the Lieutcnant Govern
or, the Sentite and tho contingent expenses there
of, and for tho debentures of tho llmiso of'Rop.
resontatives and the conting.'tit expenses thereof,
iucluding tho debcnture of the auditor of accounts,
ano eticn saiaries as are provided by law, and
such sums as aro directed hy spceja! acts of" tho
legislattno to hc paid from the treasury.
Sec.2. A sum not oxceeding thirty thousand
dollars is hereby npproptmtod for tho purpose of
paying such demands against the Stato as mav
be allowed by the auditor of aecounts and such
orders as hy tho supreme and county courts.
Sr.c. 3. A sum not exceeding three thousand
fivo hundred dollars is hereby appropriated for
the purposo of completing the State flou&e nnd
improving tho ground around the same, to he
paid to, and extjcnded hv. thc Siirierintundent of
tho Stato Hotise.
Approved by the Governor Nov. 1, 1637.
C. L. Ky.vpp, Secretary of State.
31. An Act,authorizing thc Treasurer to horrow
the sum thcrein tnentioncd.
11 is hereby enactcd by the Gencral Jlssembly of
thc Slale of Fermont, That the Treasurer of this
Statc bo, and he is hereby authoii.ed to horrow
a sum not cxceedinf; thirty thousand dollars in
tho whole, for the purpose of defraying the ex
penses of governmcnt and paying appropriations
that areor horcaftcr may be made.
Approved by tho Governor, Oct. 31, 1837.
C. L Knapp, Secretary of State.
married ladies of Charleston, who embarked in
thc fatcd Ilotne steamer, and who had passed
thc sumuier in the north, rcsided for sevcral
tnonths prcvious to her departure, with a rela-
tivc in thiscity. On several occasions, whi.'e sit
ting aloue in herroom, she related to a uumber
of persous in the family, and to fricrnls who vis
ited her that she could not account for tho re
markable apparitions thatalmost daily were con
jtiretl up bcforo her. Though at work in her
chair and nwake, shc would constautly havo
her fcclings wrought up almost to hysterics, by
the sight of somo dreadful shipwreck, the parting
of the vessel into fragments, and the drowning
of crowds of pcople, pricipally hcr family and
fi iends,engulfed in the angry billous. It would
seem by the narrations which have been tnade to
us, that though little drcaming that she was to
cotne to tho n fid realizatioti of hcr horrid imag
inings, she forcsaw, with prophetic cxactness,all
thc detailsof that dreadful event which has drawn
forth the sympathy of every Aniericau bosom
She frequently askcd her frienils what theso
visions could be ; and w hat is so extraonlinary is
that thoy came to her in open day, and when shc
was perfectly awake, and in tho bcst of liealth !
A few wceks aftcr the new steamer llome be
gan to be talked of, and immediately, as if by
somo fntal itnpulsc, shc persisted with her bus
baud that this should be the vossel sho would go
hcmc in. Tho namc sccmed to possess a charm
m itselr, that lnvitcd thoso wno were jireparing
to csonpc our winter forliie balmier skies of thoir
own South. Ilcr husband hatl rcsolved to defer
his rcturn to a latcr period, but it was to no pur
pose. The lamentcd wifo sccnicd bcnt on her
first resolution, and thus perished tho whole of
this interestiug family.
From the earliest times, the truth of such nar
rations, of prcscience or foresight, have been im
pressed upon the belief of the leastcredulousanii
superstitious tninds. Wo do not undertakc to
scan thc mysteries of mcntal operations, nnrtho
secret and unknown sympathies.which may con
nect tho niemorial and irnngiintivo facultics, as
it wero, by ;i transparent mirror, w'nh theevents
of tho past and future. But, ceitainly, though
tnauy facts of a similar kind have comc attested
to us of our own personal knowledge in all thoir
dreadful ccrtttude, wo ncver hcard one inoro
clearly onchained iu all itslinks than that which
wo have related. It is one ealculatcd to lill tlio
sonl with horror, and to disccmpose tho mind to
coiiio to thu awfid concittsion that tho cntirc cir
clo of this iin'iversal being is alrcady a work car
ved and pictured out on thc map of creation,
with a positivo ltmitation, as to w hat in our no
tions of Ziwie lies yet unrevealed iu tho destincs
of tho futer, as to that which has ulready been
consighed to thc annals of the jinst. JY. Y. Star.
Foreion Wool JIarket. By the last ailvices
the detnand for Uritish wools, owing chiefiy to
the large quantities which were being hrought
forward, was in a sluggish statc. It was cxpcc
ted that thc prices will not rise higher than thny
arc at present. The quantity of wool now in
the hantls of the farmers was still great, which
would, as a mattcrof course, tend to keep thc pri
ces in check. There appearcd to bo a falling ofi
tn thc demantl for wool in most of the manufac
turing districts. Boslon Jltlas.
" I hold to no WJstocracY oxcept tho aristocracy
ofnaturc. To genius, taloats, rnoral worth and
public scrvico I render duo honor, and I caro not
whcther tho clavinant to that honor is clad in robcs
of purploand finc linnn.orin thosqualid ragsofpov
crty whotlierhe obtained Ins oducation at a district
school, or at a Univcrsity, whether he aits in tho
high pbtcca of thc nalion or digs tlic carth for his
daily food, whether he bo the son of a peasant or
thg son of a Presidont." Francis Baylies.
KlirfMTUfMK ili I m ii
From the Boston Mcrcaniilc Journal.
Beautifui. Extiiact. Wo mnku thc follow
uig heatitiful cxtract from Governor 12 vert.tt's
recent Addresa heforo tho Massachusetta Charita
hlo Association :
" It h not yet, I believc, mnrc than two or three
centunori smco the only mode ofspinning kuowi.
was hy tho rock and spindlo. Tho simple spin
nmg wheel, moved hy tho hand, and which was
'iigm, m mo tunes of our grand
parents. to
biiow a jrraeotu rm-m nm
11 U'lill ri1lllnl n
iiu.ii y as muen advantnge as a harp at tho pres
ent day, and to makc a musio almost as choerful,
is u onco an ahsoleto and a modern invention.
Ihe Greoks and Itonians aro said to havo been
una.Mpiaintcd with the rspiiining-whecl. The
monarch's heavy purplo aud tho nvmphs airy
tissuc were tdiko inauuf'actured bv twirliii" the
(listatr, and drau mg out a thread with thofingers;
and no improvemont was mado on this tedious
process, in Great Britain, heforo the fifteenth
century. It is evident that much tnoro labor
musthave been recpiisitc, with this rudc machine
ry, to supply tho indisponsahle articlo of olothing,
than .vith the modern imprQvcments. Thc in
troduction of the spiiming wheel produced n
great economy of this labor ; but the introduction
pf the spintimg and weuving machinery of the
last century, has pushed this economy to an cx
tent, at which it is in vnin to altempt to calculate
it. This economy opcrates, first, to multiplv the
cotnforts of tho existinc nonulation. nnd theii. hv
a necessary consequence, to increasothc popula
tion capable of living witliin a given circuit. Ycs,
tho man who, in the infancy of tho itrts, invented
the saw or tho nla'm. the "rindstone. tlm vim. nr
thc handmill ; and those who, in later periods,
havo contrihuted to the wonderful system of
modern machinery, are cntitled to rank high
among the bencfactors of mankind, the fathers
of civilazation, thc creators, I had almost said
oi nations. io, it is not the fabulous wand of
tnc encliantcr, it is the weaver's beam. and iu
struments likc it which call thousands and tens
of thousauds into being. APmd, nctimr through
the useful arts, is the vital principlo o'f modern
civihzcd society. The mechanician, not the ma
gician, is now tho master of life. IIo kindles,
the fires of his steam engine, the rivcrs, the
lakes, the oecan, are covered with flying vessels ;
mighty chain putnps descend, clanking and
groaning, to thedeepest abysses of tho coal iiiinc,
and rid them of their deluging wators ; andspin
(lles and looms play their task as if instinet with
life. It istho nccromancy ofthc crcative machin
ist. In a momcnt a happy thought crosses his
imagination, an itnprovement is" conceived.
Somo tedious process can bo superseded by a
chetnical preparation, as in thc modern art of
hleaching. Scnie necessary rcsultcan beattain
ed in half the tinic, by a new mcchanical contri
vaii.co ; another wheel a ratchet a screw will
enect tne onject ; iic tnes a tew expenments : it
wiii succeed ; it is dono.
He stamps his foot,
i...:.. . i '
uiiii a iiimisiimi mcn siart mto noing ; not hko
those which sprang from tho fabletl "tlragon's
teetli,armed with the wcapons of desiruction, but
furnished with every implement for thc scrvice
and comfort of man.
Mr Ki.no's Letter. The Richmond Whig
pnblishes the following cxtract of a letter from
the Ilon. J. P. King, late a Senator from Geor
gia, to a friend:
'Tho great masshas found out that their dis
trcsscs have been cnused by Executive misrule
in the finauces, and they cannot bo convinced to
the contrary. For tuany years they quit thinking
for thcniselevson tho subject, but when it became
necessary to quit caling also, their attention was
arouscd to thc necessity of rcasoning on their
own intcrt-sts; and when they do this, from party
influenccs, it is a very plain case. If wc do not
easo the people, then, on this subject, what is to
bccomc of us? Ohio is gonc. New Jcrsey is
gone. Rhode Island is gone. IVIainc is gonc.
Indiana is gone. Pennsyivania is almost gone,
and Georgia, N. Carolina, and Arkansas thought
to he in danger, anil to cap thc climax, I shall
not hc surpriscd, if vvc lose New Yorlc. Thc
City 1 know is gonc. And what have wc gain
ed? MrCalhoun has takcn a fancy to us, to be
stire; butif we givc him control, ho will ruin us;
and if we do not, hc'll loave us in less than 12
inouths. Wc know his own opinion, given last
year, of tho 'cohcsive power' that binds us to
gcther. Mr C. is a great man, and in private
life a most exemplary one; but ho is so ecccntric
and changeablc that, as a guiile, thero is no coufi
dcnc.o to hc placed in him. Lcok hack to his
opinions on a national bank, and hear him .it
thc last session his former opinions of the pro
tcctivc system united with a complete system of
internal improvemont, as necessary to secure the
pcrmanent prosperity ofthc country, and hear
hirn latcly talk about Statc Rights!
Then there is Pickens; it is saitl hc has comc
over to us. And what sort of a comc overs it ?
Ilo votes for thudivorce, antl makes a spccch for
it, in which there ia denuuciation and bittcrness
enough to kill tcn administrations. Ile abuscs
us as pick-pockets wo havo to take it as span
iels, and rneomrnend 'IIi- Pickens' ahle speech
to the perusal of tho public !' I ilon't want such
allics as these. I had rathcr be in tho minority,
und 'fight under.' 1 would s.-.y to Master Pick
ens, that if ho wishes to join the democracy in
its present weakness, let hi.ii do it likc a gener
ous tnan, on ccpial terms, and not comc to our
rclief like an Ocracock wreckcr, to abusu nnd in
sult a shipwrecked crew, and claim all their
goods for salvagc. Mr P. has takcn it into his
head, that hc is and must be very eonsisteut, be
cause, with a little squod of ultra opposition, he
voted for tho separation in 1834. But was it not
notorious, that thc only object then wasto embar
rass the administration in tho 'Experimcnt,'
which was then a great fuvorite? JVbto hc seems
to glory iu his position, bccausc it enahles him to
ahuso the ailminislvation with imiunity. Why,
I'd as soon depend on Belzebub to defetid me
against Satan, ason Pickens to defend me against
the Whigs. Howcver, Pickens is a gentleman
and man of talonts. And hc nppeals adroitly,
does he not? as does Mr Calhoun, to tho sec
tional feelings of the South, to sustain that, which
he fears their renson would not approve. But I
havo no timc now to eriticise this speech. You
will see it, 1 presume; for I should not be at all
s-.irprised, if, with all its bitterness, some of our
democratic papcrs wero to publish it, and ask at
tention to it. I will add, that if 1 had a leisure
hour, in reacb of a few statistics, I think I could
tnake sad work with somc parts of it."
Letter.s from Alexaudria, ilated tho 18th Sept.,
mendon a most romtukahlo trait of charucter iu
iIahomet Ali. On Im arrival at Alexaudria,
ho mado known lo all tho wotnon of his harctn
that thoy wero free, oxcnpt thoso by whom Jio
natt liadchililren, and thus aro one hundred nnd
tmy tumiwos, bcforo sequestercd in the Alexan?
dnan harcm, restored to Egypt. An intelligent
gentlcman writes from Alexaudria under thc
ahovo date, that "every day;convinces him of Ala
homet Ali's pretcnsions to govern,"and gives
atronger proof) that tho sooncr tlio Parliamcnt
and Cahinet of Great Britain acknowleilgo him
its King, free from Turkish extortion and tyran
ny, the sooncr they will ho estnblishing a new
and rapidly rising power, to aid their own arms,
if ovcr thoy war agnin, particularly with Russia;
and 1 heg hcre to mendon a prognostication of
my own, that Russia will ain little crcdit in the
forthcoming skirmishcs with the Circassians ; this
last will nlluro thcm to theit mountain passes.and
leavc them to shif't for themsolves in thc winter
season, which the Russian commandcr will find
qtutc as despcrate as Napoleon did when put to
the satno shifts in Russian snows after tlio hur
ning of iMoscow.
SKr.Tca or JIr Wise. 3t,t hear
"Mr Speakcr" and a ynung man has caught
hiseye. It is Ilenry A. XV We, from Accomac,
irginia, whero his personal popularity is un
houndcd. Ho is tall, pale and thin, about 30
years of tige perhaps not so much. Ilo dresses
like an old man, though his general appearancc
is very youthful. Ue is vory slovenly in his ap
parcl, his coat hanging likn a miller's'bng on his
shoulders. His facc, fsaid, is palc, and iiis white
cravattnids to its appearancc of livid pallor: but
he has a dark aud brilliant eye, which seems
sometimes to flash almost uneanhlv ravs of liht
ovcr his wholu nniiMtiiinnrT Midimfr i:.riir
.iiiu iuwiiys in u uisoruereu stato. Ali ins pre
doininant charactcristics aro hrought out with
great rapidity firmr.css, impetuosity, a disdaiu
for honeyed wordsfiercc sarcasrn, "and invcc
tive all gathcr into a hurricane, and startle thc
drowsy members from their louuges, and wake
up the reportors. His fortc lies in invective;
then ho becomcs, to those whoso partv svmpa
thies follow his own excited train of feeling,
i .. i : . i -r i . . .
inruiuig; ins pale and excited facc, his firm and !
compaci neau ttirown hacU, lnssinall honv hand
clcnched in thc air, or with a forefingcr qu?vering
ns if all the passion of the orator was conccn
trated there his eyes brilliant and fixed, his
voice high, yet sonorous impress a picture too
vivid to becasily erascd from thc mind. A stran
ger of his own party, on coming into thc Hall
for the first timc, at such a momcnt, romparcd
his appearance to that of a corpsc galvani.ed !
StiocKi.NG Occurue.nce. On Satuiday eve
ningl2oth ult., iMajor IIoratio Gates Cillev of
! Decrfiold.a gentlcman vcrv extcnsivclv known in
i . . .
iNcw Kugland, and espccially m all parts of this
atatc, rctircd to rest at his usual hour, after hav-
inglspent thc ovening very plcasantly with the
family physician who was attending to a sick
ilatightcr of Maj. C., aud with other friends, and
when Mrs. Cilley rctired to beil he awoke and
askcd the time of night, and being told it was a
bout half past twelvc, rcplied, I thought it was
nigher morning." Mrs.C, who had been hroken
of hcr rest by sickness in thc family, soon wcnt
to sleep, and did not awake until about half past
oo'clock in the morning, when she niissed from
thc bed hcr husband. Hcaring no stir, she
called to him but received no answer. Sho n
rose immediately and not findmg him called up
tho family, and a few minutcs' scarch rcsulted
in finding his cano & slippcrs upon a wheel curh
in a hack room of the housc, .ind soon it was as
certained that his hfoless body was in the well,
the depth of the well being 30 leet, but four feet
of which was fillcd vvith wnter; thc alann was
immediately givcn,nnd ns soon as possiblethc bo
dy was drawn Irom tho well. Having gone in
head foremost, as might be expected, tho head
was drcadfully fracturcd. It is very gencially
supposcd that Maj. C. was asleep, and perfectly
unconscious of what he was about. This awful
catastrophc has thrown the neighborhood and
vicinity ofhis rcsidcnco into great mourning, and
has overwhel ned an interesting family with tho
most poignant sorrow and tho decpcst nfilintion.
Maj. C. was about 59 years of agc, aud was we
bolieve tlieyoungestson of Gen. Cili.cv of llov
olutionary fatne in all thc Union. Concord (,Y.
.) Conricr.
Tho following is that part of the Presidciu's
Message omittcd in last wcck's papcr.
Thc cotulition of our foreigu relations has not
maturially chtu'ged sim.e the last annual message
of my predecessor. Wc rcmain at pcaco with
all nations; and no efforts on my part c.onsistent
with the preservation of our rights and the honor
of the country, shall he spared by tnc to main
tain n position so consonent to our instituiions.
We have faithfully sustaincd tho foreign policy
with which thc United States, under the guidancc
of their first Prcsidetit, took their stand m the
family of nations that of rcgulating their inter
course with other powers by the approved prin
ciplcs of private life; asking andaccording equal
rights and equal privileges; rendering and de
manding justice in all cases; ndvancing dicir
own, and discussing tho prctcnsions of otbers,
with c.andor, directness, and sincority : nppealiug
at all times to reason, but nover yielding to force,
norseeking to acquire any thing for theniselves
h' its cxercise.
A rigid ndhcrance to this policy has lcft this
Governmont with sc.irccly a claim upon its jus
tice, for injnries arising from acts eommitted by
its authority. The most imposing nnd perplox
ing of those of tho United States' upon foiei-Mi
Govcrnments, for agyressions upon our citizens
wero tlisposed of by my predecessor. Indcpend
ently of thc hcnefits conferied ujan our citizens
hy restoring to thu mercantile eommiinity so jna
ny millions of, which they had bccn wrongfully
divested, a great servicc was also rendered to his
VOIi. I. NO. SO.
cotmtry by tho satisfactory ndjustment of so tna
ny ancieut ntnl irritating suhjects of contcntion ;
and reficcts no ordinary crcdit on his succefsftil
ndministration of public afltiirs, that this great
object was accomplished .without compromising,
Lwii unjr uttuaion, eaner tno tionor or the pcaco of
Rhp nation.
With Europcan powers no now snliWts nf
t hfiiculy have nriscn ; and those which were un
der discussion, although not terminated, do not
present a morc unfavorablo aspect for the future
preservation of that good understanding ; which
it has ever been our design to ctihivato.
Of pending questions. the most.important is.
that which cxists with tho Government of Great
Britain, in respeet toour northcaslcrn boundary.
It is with unfeigned regret, that the pcoplo of the
united Stntcs must look hack upon thc nbortive
efiorts mado by tho Executive, for the period of
morc than half a century, to doterminc, what tho
nation should sufl'er long to remainlin dispute,
tho truo linc which dividcs its possessions from
those of other powers. Thc nature of thesettle
ments on tho borders of the United States, and
of the tieighhonng territory, was for a season
such, that this perhaps was "not dispensablo to a
huthful performance of the dutics ofthc Fedoral
Govcrnmeut. Timo has, howcver, changed this
stato of things, and has hrought about a condi
tion ofafiiiirs, in which thc true intcrests of hoth
HJiuuries imperativuiy rcquire that this question
siiouki ue put at rest. Jt is not to be d siruispd
that with ftill confidcncc, often expressetl, in tho
desire ofthc British Governmcnt todetcrmine ir,
we are apparetuly as far from its adjustment ns
wo were at the time of signing the treaty of peaco
iu 1783. The solc rcsult of long pending nego
tiations, nnd a pcrplexing arhitration, appears to
bo n conviction, on its part, that a conventional
linc must be adopted, from thc impossibility of
the true one accordimr lo tho coa.
cnption contamed in that treaty. Without coin
eiding in this opituon, which is'not thought to be
well founrlcd, m' predecessor gavo thestrongest
proofofthe earnest dcsiro ofthc United States to
tenninntc satisfactorily the dispute, hy proposin"
the substitution of a conventional line, if the con-
sent ot tno fctates intcrested m the question could
be obtained. To this proposition, no answer has
as yet been receivcd. The attention of the Brit-
isii uovernmcnt, has, howcver, been nrgently
invited to thc subiect. and its renlv cannot. T nm
confidpiit, be much longer delaved. Tho gen
eral relations between Great Britain and the Uni
ted States are of the most fricndly character, and
I nm well satisfied of thc sincere disposition of
that Govcmmpnt to maintain them upon their
present footing. This disposition has aho, I nm
persuaded, bccomc morc general with tlic peoplo
of England than at any prcvious period. It is
scarcely necessary to say to you how cordially it
is rcciprocated by the people of the United States.
The conviction, which must be comtnon to all
' , ' '" 7 ,1 ..co."srrmle,,ccs restilt from
IkCepinsi open this irntatm'r nnnsnnn. nnrt tlm
j certainty that its final settlenieut cannotbe muolr
longer dcfersed, will, I trust, lead to an early and
' s'dsfhctory adjustment. At your last sesston, I
i liiiu uuiuruuu ijio rcccni cotnmunications ue
I twcen the two Govemments, and between this
vju ui iiinuni dnii inui ui me otate ot luaine, in
whose solicitudo, concerning a subject in which
she has so deop an interest. every portion of tho
L'niou participates.
Tho feelings produced hy the tcmporary inter
ruption of those hantionious relations between
France nnd the United States, which are duo as
well to thc recollections of former times as to a
correct appreciation of existing interests, have
been happily succecded by a cordial disposition
on hoth siiles to cultivate an activc fricndship in
their future intercourse.
The opinion, undouhtedly correct, nnd steadily
cntcrt!iincd by us, that the cornmercial regula
tions at present existing between the two coun
tries are suspectabla of great nnd reciprocally
bcncficial improvements, is obviously. gaiuiii'
ground in France ; and I am assured of the dis
position of that Government to favor the nccom
plishmcnt of such an object. This disposition
shall be niet in a proper sjiirit on our parr. Tho
few and comparatively unimportant questions
that retnain to be ndjusted between ns, can, I
have no doubt, bo settled with entire satisfaction,
and without difHculty.
Between Russia and thc United States, senti
nients of gcod will contittuc to be mutually ehor
ishcd. Our Ministcr recently accredited to that
Court has been receiveil with a frankness and
cordiality, and with evidences of respeet for his
country, which leavc us no room to doubt the
preservation in future of those amicable nnd lib
cral relations which have so long and uninter
ruptedly existed between the two countries. On
the few suhjects under discussion between us,
an early and just decision i3 confidently antlci
patcd. A correspondencc has been opcned with the
government ofAustrin, for the estahlishment of
diplomatic relations, in conforniity with the wish
es of Congress, as indicnted by an appropriation
act of the session of 1837, and arrangemcnts
mado. for thc purpose, which will heduly carried
into cfiuct.
With Austrla and Prussia, and with the States
ofthc German empire, now composing with the
lattcr the Cornmercial Lcngue, our political re
lations are of the most frjendly character, whilst
our cornmercial intercourse is gradually extend
ing, with hcuefit to all who areengaged in it.
Civil war yet rages in Spain, producing in-.
tense suffering to its own people, aud to other
nations inconvemonco and regret. Our citizens
who have claims upon that country will ho pre-
judiced for a time by the condition ot its treasury,
thc mcvitable consequence ot long continuetl and
exhausting internal wars. The last iiistalment of
tho interest of thc debtdue under thc convcntion
with thc Q,ueen of Spain has not been paid nnd
similar failures may bo cxpnctcdto happen, until
a portion of the resourcos of her kingdoni can be
devoted to thc oxtinguishmentof itstoreigu deht.
Having receiveil satisfactory evidence that dis
criminating tonnnge duties were charged upon
the vessels of the United States iu the ports of
Poriugal, a proclamatton was issued on the 11th
day of October last, in complianeo with tho act
of May 25. 1832, deohtring that fact: nnd tho du
ties on foreiuu tonunge which wero levied
rortuguese vesels iu the United states, passage
of that act, aru accordimily revivod.
The act of July 4, 1836, suspending thc dis
criminating duties upon the produc.e of Portugal
importcd into this country in Portugtiese vessels

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