Newspaper Page Text
wns ihihciI ..pon tlio npjillcn Uon ol hu t Gojc .
mcnl, tb.oi.gh II- w're c" ' in holiof tluit 110 Himiiiu clwcn ' w j gC8. I'ortugul to tho iircjmlico ol tio U t I rcgrot to atnto tlmt wicli dutiM ' " J vcescle: mnl na iho uct rdui -rc t o gj "oas to crotion Ii tho lixcciitive, it ia .!etcr,nh.o .o lation oii tho 8iilccl. jjg0"1"1, ' coimlry IU1, 1 on-' n?S B o. nl 5i Smonirunco wai. mu.lc, t inircnrgoc8,fccnomiiMu novorn- bon in tho riiont i ot " picmuui iu s .rou'nd to hopo fur tho abandon.ncnt ot u yl aruuiiu i i ... ,, ,,.ln(.iii hnwu o tlio !K S M hoircawoi in tl.o.port.of thircountry, n?l so cont.ary to tho cxpeclnl.ous wo '"u'uSloUanodon, D.n.nark, Nn.p.e,, nd VUh'iotrn.ncnt of tho Ottomnn Purto nnd '"'Our'co.ninorco with Krccco H cnrriod on undcr tho lnws of tho two govcrninonlH, rocipnic.i I. bo -oficial to tho nav.Ki.tiMgintc.cstsof .otl.-un. 1 lavo ronson to look H.rwurd to tho adnpt.o.i ol othor moasurcs which will bo muru extousivoly nnd por mnnontly advautugcous. Copios oftho trcntics oonch.ded w.th tho i;'ve... monwuf Siiim nn.l Aluacat iin; itainmi.ttod lor tl.o infor.nation of Congress, tho ral.heat.on havmg heon rcccivcd, and tho Ucnlios mado puhlio iieo 1 1 o closo of tho hrst anuual sosion, Already havo e reason to co.igratulalo ou.solvcs oii tho propeo ol considcrablo comtncrcial bciiel.t; miil wo huvo, bo s.dos, roceivcd from tho Sultnn of Muhciu piu.iii.l ovidonco of his dcsiro to cullivnto tho most lr:ond y foolhic, by liboral acts tovvanls ono of our vcssols, bcstowediun u.annorso striking : to requiro on our part a gratoful acknowlodgcmont. Our commorco with tho islands ol Cnbaaid Porto Itico'still laLors undcr hcuvy rcstncliona, tho con tiiiuanco of which is a bubjecl ol i;ognt-lho on v cllcct of an iidhcranno to thom will bc to boi.chi tho navigalion of othcr counlricn, at tho expunno both ol tho I'nitc.l ciaiL's imu Tfio iiHlopcndciit iialions ol thia uont.norit havo, ovcr sincfl thoy umcrgcd from tho colomal stato.ox porioncod scvoro trials iu tiieir progrcps to tho pcr iiianontealablishinuntof lihenil pol.t.cal lnst.tutions. Thcir imsottled condition not ouly l.Horn.pts tbc.r own advancca to prospotity, but hn olicn sonoiisly iniurcd Iho oliier powcrs of tho world. l ho claima of our citi-.c..3 unon IVru, Cl.ili, Hr.mil, tho Argc tino llopnbllc, tlio Guvonirnonts fonin.d ont ot tho Ropuhlics of Coloinbia and Mcxio, nro slill pcnd. inc nliliougli tnauy of ihcm l.avo hccn proscnlud for oxamii.ul.on n.oro thu.i twcnty ycaiN. ISow (Ironada. Voneauula, and Ectiador, h.vo rocoiiUy formcd a convontion for tho purposu ol ascoilaiiimg and adjusling claims upon tlioUepublic ol C-oloniljia ; IVom which it is carncrllv hopcd onr c.l.zciiri w.U uro long rcceivo full couipcnsation ior tho mjuncs oiiginally inllictcd upon llicni, and for tho dclay in uHbrding it , . An ndvaiitnguous Iroaty of commrrco hns liccn coiicludcd by iho Unitcd Status with tho Pon. Uo livian Confuduiation, which wanlsonly tho ratilica ,.r n..,.rni.innt 'I'lin nruurcs.s ol a silhoO- nucnt nc.otialion for tho settloment ol claimsiipon l'cril. l.as uccn uniavorauiy uuuuiuu twccn llint powor and Chili and tho Argeimno lvo public, and l!ic sa.no ovent is likoly to produco do laya in tlio Futllcincnt of our dcmauds on thoso powcrs. . . . rrt, .n,...i:nn niri.iimAt.inRn! ronllCCtCcl Wltll our claims upon Mcxjco, and a var.cty ot ovonts touching tho lionor and intogrity ofour Govcrnnicnt, 1UU lli iiuun.uaan. " -j - t of tho last (Jongrcss, a spccial rccoinineiidatioii ol tllC COUrSO 10 110 pUIVllCU IU uuijiii u ajjuiiu .iuv. li.u. satisfaction of tho iujnries complaincd of by tlns Govcrn.no.it a.nl by our oitizcns. llo rccoin.nond- .. i .. .1 ........ ,1 ,.r , ...ti-cc wiiti n iTinlinci'll t au- i:u u 11 llili uuiuui.u ui ww. j ...... - o. , : thority to tho Exccutivo to niako ropnsalH, n that demand hhould bc inado in vnin. i''ron"tho nro-couding-s of Ctingicis oii that rccoininoiulation, it appcarcd '.hai tho opiir.ou of both branchos of tlio Lcgislaturo roincido with that of tho J'.xccuuvo, that any mndo of rcdroes known to tho luw ci'iri tions miglit jiittifiahly bo uacd. It wan ob ious too, that Cougross boliovod, w'ilh thc Prcsidcr.t, that a nolhcr doiuand should bo inado, in ordcr to givo tindcniablo and sat.sO.ctory proof of our dosiro to ovoid oxtromitics with a no.ghboting powcrjbut that thero waa indispoiiition to vcut a discrotmnary authority in iho Exccutivo to tako rcdross, shmild it unfortunatcly bo cithcr dcnicd or 'j.nrcafionnbly dolaycd by tlio i"Icx. Gov't. Ho booii as tho nocnssary doctuncnts wr.ro proparcd, aftcr cntcring upon tho dutics of my ollico, a spccial nicssuncr was sont to Mcxico, to mako a fmal doiuand of rodios.a, witli tho documcnts icquircd by tho proisiuns oT our truatv. Tho dcinand was mado on tiio 2l)th of July last. Tho rcply, which bcara dato of tho 20th ol tlio saino muii'li, contairis nssurnnccs cf a dcsirc, oti thc pirt ofthat Govcintncnt to givo a prntnpt aud cxplicit auswcr rcspccting cach of tho coniplaintn, but that tho uxamination of tliem would ncccssarily dulinpiato ; th.it in this cxamination it would bu guidcd by llia ptinciplcs of public law and tho ob liation o'f troaiios; that nothiug shonhl bo lcft un doilo that miglit lcad to tho nuwt spcody and cip.ita blc adjustnicnt ofour de.nands ; and that its dcior mination, iti rospcct to cach caso, should bo com municatcd through tho Moxican Alitiister hcro. Sinco that tinio, an Envoy Extraordinary and Alinisicr Plcnipotcnliary has beon nccreditod tothis Govcrnment by that of tho Muxtcan Uopuhlic. Ho brought with him assuranccsof a dcsiro that tho dilll cttlties botwocn tho two Govcrnmcnts should bo tor minatod in a inanncr satisfaclory to both. Uo was rc ccivcd with rcciprocal assuranccs; and a hopo was ontcrtaincd that this missioii would lcnd to a spcody cnl!jrnnlni. ...... fin.it n I il 1 I Irl o 1 1 I l V fl II n I "3 1 m tJ C 1 1 1 1 . jccts of complnint. s A sinccro boliovcr in tho wis- . tiom ol tlio pacitic poiicy uy wnicit ino u. cjtaics navo -always govcrnod in thcir intorcourso with I'orcigti nalions, it was my pa.tioular dcsiro, from tho prox imity of tho Moxicnn Rrptiblio, and woll Itnown occurrcncos on our frontior, to bo institimuntal in obviating all oxisling dillicullics with that Govcrn ment, and in rcstoring to tho inlcrcourso botwoon tho two republics that liboral and fnotidly charactcr by which thoy should always bo distinguishcd. I rcgret, theroforo, tho moro dooply, to havo found in thc rcccnt comtnunications of that Govcrnment so little reason to hopo that any futuro ofForts of niino for tho accomplisliinout of thoso dcsirnblo objccts would be feiiccossful. Althougli tho largor number, and many of thom aggravatcd casos of ncrsonal wrongs, havo hoon now for yoars before tlio Mexican govcrnniunt, and somo of thc causca of national couiplaint, nnd thoso of tho most ofFonsivo charactcr, adtnitted of immo diato, s'unplo and satisfdctory rcplics, it is only with in a fow days past that any spccific coniinunication in nnswer to our last demand, mado iivn months ago, has bcon reooivud from tho Mexican tnitiistcr iiy tho report of tlio 3ccrolary of State, Iicrowith presonted, and tho accompanyingdocuments, it will do seon that for not ono of our public complaints has satisfaction b.oen given or ofl'oroJ; that but ono of tho cascs of porsonal wrong has beon favorably considorcd ; and that but four cascs of both descrip tions, out of all thoso formally prcsontod, and ear jiestly prosscd, havo as yct beon dccidcd upon by tho Mexican government. Not perceiving in what mannor any of tho pow crs given to the Exccutivo alone could bo further ugofullv (.inploycdin bringing this unforlunato con trov v u S)atiHn.ctorylorminat bn, tl.o subjoc w V y my pro(U.o.eor rcforrcd to Congrcsa, " J lor tu int..-rp"Sition. In ..ocordnnoe , w H Uo i lonrly undorstoud wisl.es of tho logisla i.ro, .nnither Sul fon.,,1 do.r.aud for Hatl8ftcllo.i hn- boo. HUCCOSf l U llt.CUIIIUIlin "" " . ,ow. Onacarolulanddoibuncxmn. tho r conlcnts, aud conBtumiK "I""'" " -by tl.o McMca.. Rovornmont, . Ima i 1 cco.t u in) pVmful duty to return tho suhjoot nn it n" v sla . U, o Congross, to wl.om ,it bolongs, to t lcc. do u pon ,,o ti.no, tl.o n.odo, and th? .nonHiiro o ")d . Wl.alovor moy bo your dcc.Mo.i, t sh. t n. ly oxoc.tod, conlidcnt that it w.l I h. olr ncti 111.0 l Jy that niodcra.ion and - , ' iindor nl 1 circuuiHiauccf , tj" lcouiitry. 1 .ui- rTTTrT-THKrrcnr.inT fr-" " ,r ,, Ihiro shall tho Prcss tho PooploV riglita maintaiu, U.iawcd by inlluouco and unbrihcd by gain -II010 patnot Truth hcr glorimia prcoopts draw, Plodgod 10 R.'liaion, Lihrrty. and Law. T U K SDAY.D E 0 KMiiEIl 1 9, J837. Iiianothorcoluiiin will bo found 1111 account of tho rising oftho Lil.cvabin Uppcr Cannda of thcir partial siicccss and f.iil).-eqiiotit rovcrso. Upon tho commoncBinont of hostilitios iu tho Lowor Provinoc, U was supposcd that tho Patriots woro iu somo mcasuro projiaicd to icsist tho Cluccn's au thority; but Intordcvoloponientssiiownu entiro dcs litution of tho ncco.?ary nuans for proiocuting a uar cotisuquontly, thoy havo hoon dcfuatcd and disporscd by tho ilidcipliucd corps of Govornmont troops: and tho war, at present, sconi3 to Dn noariy .... t 1 I. t 11-. 1 .!... at an ond. 1110 leamiig liiuor.in wau uvu mu Piovincd, und stioh of tl.o pooplu as took up iirms nro cithcr piirsucd nnd huntcd down liko bcnsla by tho Govcrmnont or aro safcly ciisconccd with.n tlio limiu of tl.o Statts. RoR.stanco, un lor prcscnt cir cumslanccs wonld bo vain. Papinentt isundorstood tn lu in tliit Stato. Annoxcd wo publisli 11 l'roclantatnm uy ino uov crnor,.nd tilso a comniunication from tho Sccrcta ry of Stato, by ordcr of tho Prosidcnt. Si.nilar coinmunicatioiH havo bcon Usucd to tho Govornois of Now York aud iWichigan. Thcsc mcasuro aro doubtlosf tight, and will lcnd to quiot tho Uritish Governnio.it. Not only tlio laws of tho laud, but oxisling troaiios botwoon our Govcrnnicnt and Groat Hrilatn onjoiu upon us tho obscrvaiico of a strict ucutralily. Vot, thcro was not that sonsilivencss cxhibitcdby our Govcrnment wl.un tho Texans rc bollcd whcn a slavo terrilory was to bo conquorod. Wo siislaincd thc samo rclalion to Mcxico that wo do to Groat IJrita'm. Texas was conquorod by sol dicrs and mcans fn.ni thc Unitcd Slalcs. UY TIIE GOVERNOIl. It in linmvn t.i m v follow citicns that disl.irban- ces havo hrnkon out in iho ncighboring Provinco of ,i)vi:n Ca.vada, which havo icsultou 1.1 blootisiicu. Tho lioad of thc 1'iovinciul Govcrnment has issitcd hisi pioclamation dccluring iMartial Law iu tho Dis trict of Aloutrcrd. This stalo of things ncccssarily changcs tho rola tions which havo hcrctolbio ox'.slcd bctwccn thoin habitants of ihis Stato and that Provinco, aud tho possibility that any, through tho inlluenco of ardont feolings, may bo 'bctraycd inlo acls ol" iinailthor i.cd inlerl'cionci;, iucliii.es 1110 to call tho altention of my fvllow citizons to Iho stibject. With tho kingdom of Groat liritam wo aro in n slutii of prolbund poaeo. Wo havo troalics wii h that Govcniuio.it which it is our duty, nnd I trust our dcsirc to fulfill to tho lotlcr. It is ubvious that as a nalion wo havo 110 i.ght to iiitcruioddlo with tlio oonstilutiuii of any ncighbor ing powor. Wbilo as ropublicans wo profor that forni of government undcr which it is our happiurss to livo, i dccont logard for tho npinions of u.thcrs, will pirivoul all dict.ition as to tho form of thoirgov ornmont. Principlcs which havo bcon adnnttcd for agos, forbid all national intcrl'uiouci) unless in tho char actcr of allies, aud it is scarcoly ncccssary to add that individuab shfiuld not do what thc govcrnnicnt C'limol mmt not do. It luw bcon rcprcrcntcd to ino that in somo fow instancts atins havc bcon furnished, and hostilo for ces nrginissed within this stato. No ono cnii bo ig noranl oftho conscqucnccs ot snch a stalo of things if allowod. Such I'orccs niayS bo rcpcllccl, and our tcrnlory bo mado tho thoatro of activc warfaro. Tliisis not to bu tolcratcd for a monient, andcvcry good citizon will approciato thc impoitanco of rcbuk ing all such acls as may tcnil to produco it. Thai coinitv which binds nations to cach othcr, condomns all iutcrforcnco 111 tho.r intcslino broils, and thc laws ol Ciingrcss aro cx)licit 111 tlioir uo nuiicialion, siibjooting thoso who iniproperly intor fero to hoavy pcnaltics and iinprisoninont. Undor thi',socircuinslances and with thoso fcel inss. I havo thousht it my duty to issuc this my PnooLAjiiATio.v, cautiouing my fellow citizens a- gainst all acts, that may sniijeci llicm to ponalt.es, or iu any way comproinit the government. Our first duty is to our own govornmcnt; und tho arcatest bonelit wo oan conl'er ou the world is by giving thom a perfect cxamplo in tho nction of ihat aovcrnmcnt. wiin otucr nations our coticluct should bo rc"iilalcd by tho principlcs of an enlarccd and oiilightoncd philanthropy. In war wo may trcat llioui aseuoniics; but 111 poaco thoy aro to bo icirarded as fricnds. Iu tho prcscnt posluro of afiairs our duty is manil'i'st that of a strict ncutrality neithor lend.ng (ucli aui to oilncr as wouhl bo m oonsisto.it wilh that charactcr, nor dcnying the richts of hosiiitality to oither, so long as thoy aro within our lunders, nnd maintaiu tho charactcr of quiet and peaceablo citi.ons. Mv follow ciiizeus will approciato Iho feoiinss by which I am actuaicd. Tho nation's honor carinot bo confidcd to bi'lter hands than their own. 1'hcir zoal iu tho cau-o of liberty was novor doubtod, It is only ncccssary to cautinn thom against such in tcrfcronco with tho rights of othera asmightjcop ardizc iho poaco ofour country. Givcn undor my haud this 13th day of Decombor, A. D. 1837, nnd of tho Independcnco oftho Unitcd Slates tho sixty-second. S. II. JENISON, By tho Governor. G. B. MaKskh, Secrotary. Capy of a communicalion rcccivcd njlcr thcforegoing Proclumation was publishcd. DEPARTMENT OF STATE,) WjSIMNHTnM Tlrr 7 1HW C To ni's Excct.i.knct the Goversor or the State or VEintosT : Sm A conteat having commcnced in a tcrritory f Groat mi.-nudioiningU.o twuan i.ort.ons 01 '"." mavho inado lo violato n.ont, Jiirliigtfliic i?" t() proBorVO ; "r ii, .....Uy Unilod Slnle.. I huvo tho honor 10 Dj, o.r, Your 0bedie.1t stsrvant, ,11 JOHN F0RSYTI1. with iho privilco of hohling tho funds ol tho Goy cr .0 t upo condition torodoui tl.o r notcs in sne io at I mes, &c. IJoforo the middlo of May, R "univcrsal orash is hcard." Thoy fai und falsifv all their millious of promiscs at onco. I hoy nro innb o to pay ovor tho lunds oftho govorn.nont. Tho govcr...nc..t says, "hcncoforth wo w.l not oni nlny you to tako churgo of our funds-wo tl.u.k best o takocaro ofour own morioy, so that wo can havo it nt command whcn and whoro tho public ox.gon coh rediiiro," whon lo ! and bohold ! up nao somo ci.'.ht or ton hundrcd braccn banis, or thoir fiionds, ntmondiurics, and depondenls, und boldly assortthal tho Kovcrnniont cantiot get along without thoir aul ; thut it is absolulclu dcpaiiilciit upon thom lor Us vory cxisUnca and pusenution ! Tlio Amcrican Ro public iho ouly govoruinont upon carth worthy tho namo of Kopublio dcvcndcnt upon bnnlcsbro Ucn bnnks! What 11 ilagrant insult to oycry Amori can frcoman ! It ia cnough to distu.b tho reposn ol Iho doparlod horocs, who won our independoncu, at tho prico ofhlood V Vermont Patnot. thc cusc TtioLY stiitcd. Tho U. S. Uank had for twolvo or fificcn yoars bccn tho fiscal ageut of tho Govornmont. During this per'.od, it rocoivcd in doposito hundrcds of millions oftho public monoys, and faitl.fully dipburbcd tho samo whon callcdupon. Tho Govorninont Iost not a dollnr of her rcvontic incurrnd 110 cxponso for tlio transportation ol spocic frotn one part oftho country to tho othor, cxchanges wcro onsily nuuclod, and goneral sccurity was fclt by tho pooplo iu thc currcnoy oftho country. uon. Jaokson concoivcd tho idoti of making Iho U. y. Uank hubscrviont to tho political schomos ol his ndmiuistration. Tho Uank rofused. Gcn. Jaokson dctermined lo crush tho Uank : tho party cnabled him to eflect tho object. The public dopositus wcro illcgolly withdrawn from tho U. S. Uank, and plao ed i.i ll.c hands of 80 oftho Slato Uanks, sclcctcd by G0.1. Jaokson. Wcbstor, and Clay, and Adams, aud Uinucy , aud all oftho promincnt Whigs ofboth bousus ofCongrcss, protestod against tho mcasuro, aud warncd tho administralioli of tho conscqucnccs : prodicting tho failure oftho doposito banks,and tho n.itnstinnho which has followcd. Tho administra- tion porsistcd, and tho Secrotary oftho Troasury in his circular to tho doposito banks instructcd thom to uso tho funds of thc govcrnment. "1'ho Dopos itcs oltho public nionoy," says ho, "will onablo you to nllord incrcasod f.icilitios to tho com.ncrcial and other classcs oftho commtinity, and tlio Doparlmcnt antieipatcs from you tho adoplion of such a coursc rcspccting your nccommodations as will proyc ac coptablo to tho peoplo." The doposito Uanks following tho iiislruciions of the Sucretary oftho Troasury, loan tho public money to land spccnlators aud othors Gon. Jaokson as- surcs Congress, iu his last mcssagc, ihat tho public nionoy is safo, and that tho sclicmo of tho doposito banks had fulfillcd tho cxpcctations of thc govorn mont tho oonitncrcial prcssuro incrcasos confi dcnco is dcstroycd iho best coininnrcinl papor is discrcditcd tho banks refuso to incrcaso thoir dis counts failures multiply a 11.11 is conimcnced upon tho Uanks for spccic "cnoral panic tho banks arc drivcn to tho altnrnativc, cithcr to oxl.aust tlioir vaults at oncc of spccic, nnd thus rondor their own failuro ccrlnin, and that of tho wholo coininu nity, or to.nporarily to suppcrid spccio pnyiiicnts tintil thc pnnic should ccaso, aud public confidonco bo msasurably rcstorcd tho latter altornativo is choscn, and tho spccio is thus rotainod in tho coun try, which othorwiso would havo llowcd to England and I'rancc loliquidato foroign debts; by this delay thcsedobt will bc paid in cotton and olhcr products of the counlry. Mcautimo, Gcn. Jackson, chngrin cd at tho failuro of iiis doposito bank systom, fulnii- natcs from his rctircmcnt at tho "Uerniitago," his anathomas against tho DcpositoUanks,accusing thom of fiaud, and a brcach offaiih to thc govcrnment; the Jackson prcsses ocho iho slang nnd cry "down with tho Banks," "iho federal monopoly Uanks" ayo, tho fcdcral monopoly banks, tho croaturos of Jackson's adininistration. Mr Van Uurcn calls a spocial scssion of Congress his niessago admils thc failuro of thc cxpcrimcnt, but, instoad of rccom mcnding a rolurn to tho "good old way,'" ho pro poscs cnolhcr cxpeiimcnt tho sub-trcasury schcmc, conslituting a host of Go crumcnt ofiicers as tho fiscal ngonts, iu whoso hands tho pcoplo's nionny is to bo dcpositcd to bo usod, no doubt, for tho public good, influfincing olcctions, or buying lunrts in Texis. Mtssissirrt Ei.ection. It will bo recollectcd that Gholson and Clairborn, (V. B.) wcroolcctcd mcm bcrs of Congress from this Stato for tho Extra Scs sion. Tho qtiestion whother thoy whoro cntitlcd lo soats for thc full tcrm oftho 2oth Congress arosc at tho oxtra scssion, and, as Van Uurcn was likoly ty nood thoir assistanco, it was decidcd in thcir fa vor. Tho pooplo of Mississippi wero inccnscd by this dcctsion; tho Governor having issuod his pro clamation for an espocinl clection lor tho oxtra scs sion only. Tho day fixcd upon by law for tho Congrcssional clection is in Novc.nber, whon tho Whigs stipportod Prontiss and Word, and clected thoin by a grcat mnjority. McNutt, tho Van Burcn candidatc for Governor is clected, tho Whi-rs run for two candidatcs, whoso unitcd voto overMcNutt is sevcral thousand3. Therc has bccn a VVhig gain in Mississippi within threo montlis of about 5000. Revolutions ucvcr go backwards. Anhoncst CoNFr.ssioN. .Tho Cincinnati Rcpub lican, an administration pnpor of much influoncc in the West, makcs tho following just confession; and if tho othcr prcsses in tho sorvico of thc party woro to acknowlcdgc as niuch nnd nct honcstly, and es chow loco focoism, as Vox populi and Vox Dcii do mand of them, tho afiairs oftho nation would soon assume a moro plcasing aspcct: "Therc is no uso of vasting words now upon this subject, or being mcaly-mouihed about it; if thero is notn chango of poiicy in tho administration, and a chango of councils too, tho administration cannot sustain ltsolf. Certam lnflucnces aro bccomin" moro and more intolerablc Vox populi vox Dcii. a.. ... pv. This drondful disoaso, wo undor. 8tr.nd, hu8 appoarod at Bradford, but wo do not loarn that it hus oxtonded much nmong tho inhabitnnts. Its noar approach should induco ovory person to bo prepnrcd to moot it by boing vaeoinated. Tho bo roadilv supplied with vac- oino nmttor, and both old and youi.g should bo in- oculntod. This contngion iuifl v.sticu, nuu provuiliiig in soveral towns in tho lowor pnrt oftho Stato, wt.nro it was introduccd by travollors. Tho nmnborof strangors, and travouers u. u.. tioiiH in tho Stato is great, and thc liahility of tnk.i.g tlio disoaso is incruusod. Tho Woodstock Morcury oftho 15th says: Smco our last, thero has occurrcd fivo now cases, nnd thero huvo hoon two dcati.s. Mr Crook, who dicd on Sunday morningat lhohospital, toolc tlio uiseasc i-in,.t 1'nrrv. Tho other dcuth wns that o. a child a fow duys old whoso niotlicr (Mrs Sinclair) has tho disoaso, but is undorstood to bo out 01 unn Kor. Mr Siriclair's houso ia Iligli Strcot has bccn connidorcd a hospital, by tho soloctmon. From prcsont uppcarances wo hopo ncxt vvoolc to givo 11 favorahlo account ol tlio piaco 111 roiauou 10 mu um- oaso. 'Sir ' snid Gil Blas to J)r Sangrudo, 'I tako honv 011 to witness that I follow your inothod with tl.o utmost oxactncss, yot. ncvortholoss, ovcry ono 01 my pationts leavo 1110 vm tho lurch. It looks aa it thoy took 11 pleasuro in dying, mcroly to hnng our practico iuto discrcdit,' &c. 'Why, trtily, child, (answercd ho) I havo loason to niukoi'prcity n.ucli tho Biitnc i.bsorvution: I havo not oftcu ihosatislac tion of curing thoso who fallinto tny hands, and il was not so suro as I aui oftho principlcs on which 1 prococd, I should think my romcdics wcic i'on.J cious in ulinost all iho cnses undor tny carc. 'It you will lake my advicc, sir, (said l) wo will ohango our inolhod,and givo chomicat propitrattotis to our paticnts, through curiosity; tho worst that can l.ap pcn will only bc, that thoy produco tho satno clloct that fullowsourbleodingandwarm watcr.' 'I would willingly mako tliatcxporiino.it, (ho rcpliod) pro vidod it couhriinvo no bud cA'nsoquoiiccs; but I huva publishcd a booh, in which 1 huvo i.xtolled tho uko of frcquont blucdings iinil oquoous draughta; und wouldst thou go and havo nio docry my own work? 'Oh! you uro certainly in tho right, (said I) you niust not givo your onemics such a trinmph ovcr you; thev would say you aro nt lnst disf.buscd, and ihurolbro'rnid your ruputntion; porish rathcr thc nobilily, clorgy and pooplo! and lct us continuo in owr oicn path !' Mr Van Burcn agrccs withDr. Sangrado. Ilosays in efFect "I am still for thc Sub Trcasury Schcmc l 'follow in Iho footstcps of my illustrious prodc cessor' pcrish eredit, porish commorco, nnd tho pcoplc 1 havo publishcd opinions in its favor and against other rcmedics for thc diseascs oftho nionc tary systcm, and it would givo tny cneniics a tri utnpli ovor ino by roturning to tho formcr and ap provcd practiccs of Govcrnment, undor which tho country prospcrcd. My political salvaltnn dcponds upon carrying out this untricd 'oxpcri.ncnt' com mocod by 'my illustrious prcdecessor' Ihavoprom ised to 'fnllcw in his footstcps pcrish rather tho pcoplc a chango would givo my cncmics a triumph ovcr mo." Tho country has bcon blcd, cruclly op- prcsscd tho lntorosts of tho peoplo sacrificod for party consideialions nionoy is tcarcc factoricsro nain inopcrativc wool lics upon tho hands oftho grower, or iu sold at a ruinoas ratc tho mcchani cnlund mercaniile intoiesis oftlio nation arc paral izcd all tho result of a coirupt and rolontloss ad ministration; yct it unblushingly ndhercs to its opprcssivo mcasures,and refuses to adopt thoso woll tricd and salutary mcaBiirc'!. which insurcd cvcry dcpartmontof industry its roward,and tho pooplo a safo, sottnd nnd convcnicnt curroncy. Tho pooplo havo appealcd to tho ballot box, and told (bc nd Hiinistrntion moro than a hundrcd thousiind voiccs uuiting in tho domand to dcaist from thcse schomcs so pregnant with ruin; ncvc.thcloss, w.th insolcucc hardly cquallcd by tho Russinu Autocrat, thcir rc monslranco is nict with ;i spirit of dcfiancc tho Sub Trcasury systom must bo adoptcd. With n paticnt submission, crcditablo lo their tnornl stability, tho peoplo of tho Unitcd Slalcs havc conscntcd to suffer undcr thc cxpcriments of tho administration without a rcsort to any othoi than a pcacelul remcdy tho ballot box. But that onco estecmcd tho safoty-valvo of a rcpublic, afl'ccls not him who sits clothcd tn tho authority of Slato. IIo still resists its admonitions. Van Buren has publishcd certain opinions, and as a conscqucnco, tho pooplo must subniit to further cxpcriments upr.n thcir industry, tlioir pationco, and thoir happincss. tCT Tho Catholie Uishopof Montreal has issucd a circular to tho clcrgy and laity within his dioccso, in which ho cxhorts all thoso who havo takcn up arms against thc Q,uoen's govcrnment to dcsist from hostilitics and return to thcir allcgianco. IIo quotcs thc patron sainls oftho niotlicr chnrch"ns author ity to show why tho Popo's faithful followcrs in Canada should niaintnin a rcgal govorninont. It is quito certain that nearly cvery catholie Pricst in tho Provinco favors tho authority oftho Crown, and rcpudiatcs tho niovemcnl3 oftho patnots for scciiring a frcc and liboral gnvcrnincnt. Cntholo cism would not long survivo tho cslnblishtnent ofa freo government in Canada. South Caiiouna. Rcsolutions npproving Van Burcn's Sub Trcasuiy Schcmo havo beon adoptcd by tho Legislaluro of South Carolina, by a voto of 109 to 20. Thc conlition of Mr Van Uuron with Mr Calhoun and Slavery is Iikcly to sccurc him most of tho Slavo Slates at tho cxtrcmo South. Wliilo nll tho middlo, wostcrn nnd norlhcrn Slates havo, or aro lcaving his sinking fortiincs, tho Slavo intcrcst in thoso Statcs whoro scrvitudc is considorcd tho basis of "frco institutions," nnd milliiication is tho rankcst, M'r Van Uurcn is Ratlioring stronKth. Ho gcts so much for his Voto thrcat and intrignos in favor of Texas, Tho movemcnt afTords a sub ject for refloction to iho frccmen of tho north. It will lavor tno success ot tlio Wlngs. A gontloman who was at St. Clmrles, and wit nossed tho cngagcrncnt, says that but botwoon 20 and 30 only oftho Patriots woro killed and wound cd; and that tho loyalista loss was four timcs that numbnr. Thero wore but about 300 of tlio formcr in tho action who wcroarmcd, and Gon. Urown or dored n rotroat upon tho approach of iho Uritisli nr. my, bolioving :hc intrcnchment toopoworless to ro- sist successfully an attaek by n forco so supcrior Tho Tory papcrs adtnit thnt tho "rcbcls fought liko tigtsrs." Tlicso appear to bo tho facta in'tho casn. As nsunl. but vory littlo buainoss was transnctod in oither Houso of CongrcBB dur ing tho first wook, and on tho Clli both branchos ndjourncd to Mondny tho Ilth. Somo filty or moro nmong tho rnnks or tho dominant party havo hoon instructod by their constituonts sinoo tho udjourn ..,( nr 'tlin nxirn sossion, to oboy or rosifiii thoir soats, nnd occasionnlly ono is found so consoiontlotts as to trcmblo undor his inslructions. Tho Prosi dcnt will not pormit any thing to bo dono ofa party .... - . . 1 1... charactcr till tho lonrs oi sucii mon nro paciuuu, uy promiscs of profonnont horoaftcr a foroign mis sion or somo othor pluco ut tho Tronsury crib. A wcck or two will bo spont iu caucus drilling- and wl.ipp'mg in, whon Congress will prococd to busi- IIOKS. Mr Clay announcod to tho Sonato iu an oloquont nnd nU'ccting uddrcss, tho dcath of ono of its niom bers.Mr Kont of fllarylnnd, and tho custoniary rcs olutions 01" rcspcct woro passod. Mr Grundy in troduccd a bill providing for tho grcntor socnrity of passongors ir. stea.n vcssols, rca.d twico and rcfor rcd; and, altor appoinling tho Standing Committoes tho Scnato luljourned to tho 11th inst. 'L'ho annu al ropons oftho soveral ollicors oftho Cnbinot wcro presonted lo tho Ilouso nnd tl.o usual ordors rc spccting thom passod. A rcsolut.on, presonted by Mr Undorwood of Kontucky, was udoptcd, nskuig for informatior. in rolation to tho causcs und proso cution of tho Fiorida War; and Mr Snydor, oi ln diana, ollcred a rosolution for instiuctii.g tho cotn mittoo ofwuys nnd mcans to tako into considora tion tho oxpcdioncy of ropcaling tho nct of tho last scssion, for postpoi.ing tl.o paj inont t,f tl.o dcpos.ts to tho States, nnd of bringing i" n bill authonztng tho paymont or tho same; which, according to rulo, lies ovor ono day. Tl.o Ilouso tl.on adjournod to tho 11th. In tl.o Senatc Dcc. 11, Mr Tall.nadgo prcscntod a potition of citizens of New York, praying that Congress would abolish imprisoiimont for dobt. Mr Ucnton odercd u rosolution instruoting tho Comuiit teo 011 Financo to report 11 bill for tl.o i.nprovemcnt or tho curroncy in tho District of Colu.nbia. Tho Committoes of tho Scnato and Ilouso aro noariy tho samo as during tho oxtra scssion. In tho Ilouse, Mr Adams presonted soveral poti tions against thc nnncxation of Texas to tho Union, and moved that they bc rcforrcd, togcthcr wilh tlm one hundrcd and ninoty, sigucd by tipwards of twenty thousnnd petitionors,prcscntcd hy him nt tho last scssion, also a grcater number presonted by his collcngucs, toasclcct Committeo. Ilis motion was laid on tho tnblo by a voto of 135 to 70. Oiiio. Tho lcgislaturo of Ohio latoly organizcd by olecling Whig ofTtccrs throughout. The votea woro ns follows: For Prosidcnt or tho Sonato, G. J. Smith (Whig) II. Vancc (V. B.) For Speakcr of tho Ilouso, C. Anthony (Whig) E. W. llubbard (V. B.) 20 15 39 31 Anotiieii Victohv. In tho Congrcssional Dis trict in Ohio, latoly rcpresonted by Mr Looniis, who rosigned his ollico in conscquonco or ill hcalth, C, D. Coflin, Whig, has bccn clected. Last Oolober tho Van Duiuu iiiajoiity In this Jislrlct was 500. Bought up hy tho banks ! ry Thc Oflico Iloldois manill'st grcat nnxiely, wo infor from thcir jiapcrs, lcst tho banks should rosume spccio pnyinocts. It will bo a sad day fir thoso Trcasury rats whcn specio paymonts shall bo rosumcd thoy will not bc ablo lo rcalizo 1 0 por cont promiutn on thoir salarics. Dj'Wo havo mado arrangcinonts for securing authoutic nnd tho latcst information of the rovolu tionary movcments in tho Canadas for publicat'ton in the Calcdor.ian. Gon. Brown, who was in command of the Ratli onl forco at St. Charles, is snid to ho now nt Wood stock. Ilois a hrothcr to Gen. Brown, wliowas in conimaml 011 thc fronticr during tho lnst war. Tho Editorof ihe Burlington Freo Prcss proposcs to furuish oxtrns containing tho latcst intolligcnco ofCanadian affairs, tosuch pcrsons as will forward him ono dollnr. QtjiTow doos tho intriguo in oporation for tho rcnioval of Mr Ilydo succocd? Can Mr Uarbcr of tho Froc Prcss and Argus infonn tho puhlio hovv many ortho namcs attaohcd to tho lottcr nsking ror Iho nppoiuttnont ofMr Parlridgo wcxc forgtd? For gory is not tho worst foaturo of Loco Focoism. Flour. Tho quautity oi Flour and whoal which nrrivcd nt Albany during tho 15 days prior to tho 1st of Docoinbcr was cqunl to ono huiidiod and ninoty thousnnd barrols. Tho number of barrcls rcccivcd atNew York Cily in Novumber was ovcr two hundrcd and forty-six thousand. Our acknowlodgcmcnts arc duo to tho Edilors of tho Burlington Frco Prcss, und Sontincl, nnd tho Vermont Watchman, for ncws slips; und wo shal) bo grcntly obligcd to thoni for continucd favori of tho lind. Dislingin'shcd Frcnchmcn on thcir way lo Can ada. 'I'lin rcgistor of tlio Amciicnn Ilotel inthis cily, showd ihiittl.o Duc do Blancns, Cnvnliel Tant, nnd M. Do Sally Zollondnl, from Francc, insscd tlirough hcrc ou Mondny Inst forCtinuda. Tlio Dukc do IMnuctis, it is wcll known, wns an ublc ministcr of Louis XVII. niul of Chnrlcs X. His visit toCnnndu nt this crisip, mny bo ncei detitnl, hnt it is ccitninly ctilculated to crentc 1111 itnpression tlmt tliis rising is less n matter of im pnlsc, than of tlcsign. N. Y. Expicss. rnoai texas. Tho New Orleans Conmioi oinl Tlcruld givcsn deplorublo nccouut of tho condition of Texas, commtmicnteil by n gentlo- miui receniiy irom Uoustoii. "Tliennny, it snve, is bemg disbnnded, nnd will shortly bc wholly so that bands of discliarged soldiers nro roum mg ovcr thc country, without cniploymcnt oftho mcnns of ohtnining subsistence that in thc cvcnt of nn inujition oftho Indinns or Mexicnns, tho country mtistdepend on individiml cntcrpriso for its dcfence ; and thnt nll rcgiilnr comiminicatioii with the uiterior had been cut ofl, in consequcncc of tho wnnt of monoy to pay tho muil contractoi;?. 1 ho hcalth ot tlio Prosidcnt, thotigh slowly im nrovcinir. wns still viru .ioi;(.r.o rsn.i t.nmnr nrrived at Ilotiston tho cvening our informnnt leit. Notwithstnnd nflars, a grcat number of cmigrants wcro pour jng into the country.