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A . . CiSABWICK.
,rnMS Tiik CAi.r.DouiAN will bo pubhshcd Mv nt S2.00 por nnnnm, or tt $1,50 if pmd ui wcokly at 9 i u ;3 jmdo whhill S1X ,onths t,,0nSorS.ononl. wlllbo hisortcd Ibr tho ou.. TorHona aro rcnucstod to stato tno publiahod, oihorwiso thoy will bo insortod nu uitl nnu cnnrjiou ucuuiuuigv Fou tiii. Calj:uonian. TIIE AFIUCAN'S LAMENT. Fricnd3 or tho poor and pnrontlcss, A talo of sorrow Iicar, I bcnr not lotig thiakoon dintrcss, I know my ond is noar. llast tliou of paronts boeti boreft? I onco hnd paronts kind ; But tlioy bavogono and onrly loft Tlicirorpban uoy bohind. Gono, but not on tbo wings of timo Uowfi to tho dark donp gravo, Nor to soino distant sun-burnt clinio 'On decp Allantio'a wavo. Gono, tuii not to soino ricli man's fimst To bo ii wclcntno gnost; Nor to somo tar-faniod Innd to tasto TIio sweols of Frocdoni'a rest. A raan, 1 tliink tlioy call'd liitn so, - Canio to onr houso ono day, And said tny paronts bolli must go, Far South, witlt bim, nway, Tlioy groancd, tlioy wcpt, I novcrsaw Thcir angutsh half so grcat; Tho man waa stcrn, and said tho lnw Could not its forco nbatc. I asked if us ho could not lot, Iilb's illa togothor stom, AU otlicr frienda I might forgot, IJnt frionda as dcar aa thom. liut no; his heatt wus hard and cold, i No strcani9 of lovo wcrc tliorc. lloknit hia brow and bid nio hold" My unnvailing prnyer. My paronts went; wliat robbory this, Tho urock of all my joy; Ifo would not lot tlicm tako ono kiss, From thcir ill-fatod boy. Tlioy went 1 walehed Ihoni closo and long, 1 inay not suo tbcin nioro, Till vo all sliiko rodcmptioii's song 'Ou llcavcn's unfottorod shorc. My ondis ncar; I soc llio wrcclc Of hopo, of lifo and fnmo; IMy gricf, I pomotimcs thinlc, would chcclc Atnbition's highost flamo. -Tho hour diawH nigh, nor would I ask Doath's ninssspngnr to Btny, "I'is fit poor Afrio's sona should bnck Jn Ilcavou'a uiK'Ioudcd dny. Is tlioro no rest this sido tho gravo ? No ricli rcdeeming graco ? Grcat God, roach forth thy hand and savo Our long di'gradcd raco. Thank IIonven,hy faith I sco tho day, Whcn all mnnkind shall know Tho triumpli of proud Frccdom's swny, O'or Afric'H viloot foo. X Tn tho wnrks of Charles Lnrnb, is tho subjoinod trilluig and grnpbic doscription of n pcrson in tho last Etngos of n, Consumption. It is takcn froin "Linos coinposed at Midnighl:" "TIioso aro tho moaninga oftho dying man, Who lios iu tho uppcr chambor: reatlcsa moans, And intorruptcd only by a cougli .Consumptive, torturing tho wnstod luns. So in llio bittcrness of donth ho licp, And waits in anguieli for tho inorning's light. Wliat can that do for hirn, or vvhat rostoro ? Short tasto, faint acnso, afi'ooting notices, And liltlo imngqs of plcasurcs past Of hoalth nnd nctivo lifo hcalth not yot slain. On his todious liod IIc writhos ftnd turna bim froni tho accusing light, And finda no comfort in thc sun, but says "Whcn riightcomes, I shall get a littlo rest." Somo fow groana nioro, and thon an ond. Tnn Restkvo I'lace. "So mnn lietli dowrt, and risctii notjill tho Iieavons bo no more: thcy sliall not wakc, nor bo ruiscd otit of theirslccp." However dark and didconsolutc tho path of iifo may seem to nny mjn, tliero a an Iiour of leep and qniet reposc at linnd, when tho body slinll sliink in dfeatnless slumber. Lot not tho imagiimtion bo startled, if tliis resting plnce, in stead of tho bcd of down, shall be tho bed of gravel, or tlio rocky.pavcinent of tho tomb. No niattci- whoro tho pooi- remains of vvearied man may lic, tho reposc is deep nnd nndisturbed tlio ttars nro drieri np in tho thoir fonntnins tho ach ing hcad is at rcst, and tlicetormy wavcs nf cartii ly tribulation, roll nnhcedcd over thc placo of gravcs. Letnnnios engago in fearfu! oonflicts overtho vcry bosornof tho palo nations of tho lea-l; not ono of thc slcepers shall hcar thc spirit fitirring trump or respond to tlio rending shonts of victory. How qtiictly thcsc conntlcss tnilliono slumber in tho arms of thcir mother caitli. Tho voico of tlio tluinder shall-not nvvako thctn; tho lond cry of tlio clcmontrt tho vvituls tho wuves, nor o ven tho git,nt trcad oi tho carthrpiake, shall bo a Wo.to causo nny inquioludo jn tho cbumbors of n rnrm imrinnnrr death. Thcy shall t'cst scctirely through nges; omptrcs shall riso nnd puss nwny; tho last grcat battlo shall bo fonght; nnd thcn nsilvcr voicc, at first but jnst hcard, shull riso to a tcmpcst tonc, nnd pcnotrnto tho voioclcss gravo. For tho trutn pot shall sound, and tho deud shall hcar his voico. J..jV. MtfU. TIIE YOUNG W1FE. rnlluonco of cbccrfulncss Dr. Sulgucs' opinion Anocdotu Evila of a want of chocrtulnoss Story of Elcxia nnd Amolia. Tlio voting wifo owcs it to hcr hnsband und to thn world to bo chcciful. Sho is scldoni nwtro of tho amnzing itnportaneo of iliis.qitnlity to hcr own luinnincss. aa woll ns to thnt of others. Dr. Salgucs, protcssorj to tno jnsumto m FVnnoo haa tho iullowin'r cxcellent rcmaiKa on tho itnportaneo of wlintho calls gaicty, btitwhich answcra cxactly to whatwo call chcorfuhioss: "It is," says;ue, "tno nest prcscrvauon uganibi icty and griof, it is thc goldcn pauacca, tho sccrot oflongovity, thc clixir of lifo." And in anothcr plnco no iukis, "joy iuki giuuiy givu utumj iu trnnsDinition. rcndcr diircstion casicr and bcttor, slocp nioro rcgnlar and refrcshitig, tho curo of sickncss caficr, tho peiiod ol convalesccnco sliortcr, and lifo itsolf longcr." This is thc iinportaneo of eliccrfiilnosd in gcn- cral. Jiut its pccular itnportaneo to thc wilo can bcst bo secn by obscrving thoso fnmilifs whcro it is wnnting. Unhappily, tlioy aro so luiniorous thnt vo nccd not go vcry fnr for tho purposc. I rccollcct most;distinctly n lanuiy ot tinspiun ful doscription, not'a Inindicd inilcs froin tho jilnec of mv nnlivitv. It was a small family, in inodcratp, lliough not aniucnt circumstanccs, and surroumlcd by most of thoso cxtcrnals wlneh nro ealculntcd to mako lifo dolightful. Yot eliccrftihicsM was only an occasional visitor there scldotn or ncvcr an m niatc. Tho fathcr laborcd likoa galley slavo, tomnnss propcrty, and ahnost nhvays canio hoino froin hia labor fntigucd nnd dcjccted ; ncvor sniiling or happy. Thc niother, uorn, a:? it sccmcd, to pcr pettinlsullonncss and glooni,did nothingof coiirso to ohccr his spirits. "Not n sptightly word or idiccring look wns cvcr trnnsniitted froin tho ono to tho othor, cxeejit on extrnordinniy oceasions, ns on tho tirrival of somo fi icndly visitor. JMoro than this, tlio coiintcnaneo of tho niother tistial ly worc n frowu, cvcu in lier happiost iiiomcnts. In this snd eondition thiiif'3 went on for niany years. A fninily ofthroo childron woro in thc inean tirno rising to matiuity, nnd thcir chnractcr for timo and for etemity, ibrming uiidcr such woful infhic'iices. They Vc'rc at length faii ly on tlio stngc of lifo, nnd nctois in lifo'a busy teeucs. And wliat weio thcir tcmpcrs nnd ditpo&itions ? Two of thom aro fiir froin being chcci ful und happy. Nor woiu tlioy happy in thcir y( utli for thcy wcro o.'teu inclancholio iu tho midst of tho gaycst companiony. Somo of thom ahcady havo raiscd familios of thtiir own, ainon whom thcy nro spicading,by gloomy countennnccs, tho snmc tmhappy iufluenccis to w hich thcinsulvcs, iu car ly lifo, had bccn subjectcd. In my youth I had tfqi'asion to spcnd a fow dnys iu tho chccrlesa fnhiiljf owhich I havc Lcon spcaking. As I was a mcro.boy, thcio wn3 prob ably noeflbrtto nppcardinbrdiitly froin whatwas usual in thofainily; and thcrcforo I had a fino opiiortunity to sco things us thcy wcro. I bclievo I was in tho f'amily four ilnys. Yot during thiswholu time, I ncvcr hcard u plcasant voico, or saw a kind coiintcnaneo or u fiicndly srnilo, exci'pt in a singlo instaiice. Tho lathcr wns diif?ctcd : ilic inoibcr was irritablo ; tho thiughtcrs wcro pccvish and glooniy; tho soiib was ilitfcontcntcd und uuhnppy. Thcro was no conl of lovo andunion tliorc. Tho futlKM' ncvcr snt down, in tho "11111130 of a h'appy family, nnr I'ortncd tho hcro of ii circlo around thoVircsidc. If'hc had a niotn'ent'd leis urc, ho was at tho "sture,"or tho "eorncr," in tho midst of oihcrand sometimcs moio -tinfavorablo 11101101100?. Now whcn I roflect upon tho circumstanrcs of tliis group of rclativcs for I will not call it a family I focl a gootl dcgrco of$con(idcnco that matcrnal kindncss would hnvo prcvcntcd ull thif. Not through thc mcdiuin of occasional smilcs or acts of kindncfs butbynn unintcrriiptcd scrics of thoso looksnud noiatlfat mako thcir impiession 011 tlio hcnrt, and iinpciceptibly, though offcctu allv, win it. Alihott, in his "Path of l'caeo," describes this stato of things as if ho too, liko myself, had bccn an oye witncss to it. Sficaking of tho want of chccrfulncss, nnd its sad efl'ecls upon thc husband ho tluis obscrvcs: "Whcn, wcariod and excitcd by tho hnrrass mcnts of thc day, your husband haa returnod to his hoine, ho hau not bccn tnct with a smilo of woleome, nnd u placid hcart . Thc parlor is in n clutter, tho children nrc ucglccted, his wifo is frctful. Lovc, cvcn thc most puro and tho most fcrvent, cannot long stirvivo such cncoun-tm-f. Tho tarvcin-kecpcr will hid him wcl comc. Ilo will havo tho littlo snng parlor, for tho whist pnrty, ncnt and in ordcr, nnd his asso ciatt'8 will bo oareful to nvoid oftencc. Thcy will grcet him with tho open hand tinil tho smiling brow, Is it strangc, that a man who is not gov crucd by christiau principlcs, should undcrsuch circumstanccs, forgct his wifo and forsako his homoPIsit strango, that ho should livo with thoso who nro carcful to ministor to 1ns plcas ures ?" Ilo nlso gives thc following oxcollciit advicc : "Cultivato n choerful spirit. Chccfuhicss is tho twin sister of gratitudc. Thcy aro 'born to gethcr. Thcy walk hand in hand through life, and tho dcath of ono hreaks tho hcart of tho oth er. Gratitudo is tho homngo whicii tho hcart givcs to God for his goodness. Chcorfulncss is thocxtcrnal inanifostation of'lhis praiso." I havo said that tho importanco of chocrfulncss in n wifo could best bo shovvn, by oxhibiting tho evils which flow froin n want of it. IJut it may also bo shown by oxainplcs of thc contrary do scription. I will prcscnt ono. Aloxis is n day Iaboror. Ilo wasoiiginally in dolent.5 but tlio wantsofu family, bcginning to bc felt, havo uroused him. Ilo now lahors inces santly, nnd lahors hard. j In nll his ofloriB, ho is sccondcd and sustaiucd, by his wifo. It is truo shcjwasa little disappoint cd in her expectations in regard to his circum stanccs. As ho was tho son of a wealthyifarniar, J sho thought ho woufd receivo that aid fVotn his futhcr, which yould ,a,t Jt'.ast rcudcr thoir circuin- ecs comfortablc. But no ; tho old crinus with- liolds his nid, to n dollnr. Ilo will notlift afin ger to ciuiourngo. "Let him put his own shoul dcr to tho whocl, & thcn cnlljforllcrculcs.'' I liko tho piipciplo vcry woll, but 1 should liko it also it tho old man was amcoro in his applicntiou ol it if it wcro not a morooxcuso for rotiiiniiiL', at its full sizc, his own hcap. liut as 1 bavo ahcady mtimatcd, Amolia, though disnppointcd, is not discouraged. Sho makes tlio bcst of things aa thcy aro. Sho is do- ing hcr utmost. And sho is doing vcry nnicli. Sho hr.s indccd ahcady dono miich. Sho has lcd Aloxis into habits ot industry, nlrciuly ; slio is lcading him to othcr virtuct, and to happiiicsH And how is sho doing it ? Not by wiso worda in tho form of diroct instruction ; not by hcr sago councils; not ovcn by hcr oxamplo, alonc. Wliat thon? It is by hcr uover-tiring clioerful ucss ; or at lcast chicfly so. IIoy is this ehccrfulncss shown or manifcstcd? To answcr this qucstion fully would bo to givb thc wltolo history of n day. 1 nccd not only say that hor countenancc always wurca n smilo. ini unaficctod onc, too, whcn sho tnccts him; that her ovory word ornction coiresponds to tho fcol ings indicatcd by hcr countenancc. Evcvy thing sho says or does in his prescuco warms his hcart, and inspircs ho)o. And to inspiro hopo is to reform and mnko hannv. Abovo nll, docs sho leiform hc angclio task tho rcception sho gives him in tho cvoning. Whcn ho comes hoirio,asoften hnppensnftcr dark ho nntls not only tho iightcd wiudow and thc blnxing hcarth, but thc Gtill moro chcciing hght of his wlfo'a countenancc, to wolconic him. Ho can scarcoly fecl a want of food, drinl:, or reposc, which is 'not fully nttticipntcd, und for which provisiou is not mado in tho most hnppy manncr. Who that is pcrpetually chcered hy thoso vhom ho tcndcrly Iovcs, can hclp being cheerllil? Who can hclp sniiling, that is con stantly smiled upon ? Who can avoid being hap py,whcro noug'it cxists liut hnppincss? llad Aloxis manicd any otiicr than Amolia, or a pcrson who liko hcr, sympathizci! dccply with him, nnd had sho proved n vcry angol to liim in cvcry othcr rcspcct, it is doubtfiil whcthcr ho would havo madothe industrious man ho now is. Nny, moro ; thcro i3 cvory rcason to bclicvc lic would havo gone "down bill" with a vclonity far grcatcr than that with which ho is now mo ving upwtmls. Amclia has savcd bim. Sho haa lcd him through n kind and merciful providcnce, into thc iight wny. ilis path, it it no not innt ot tno jusi, in tlio scriptiire plnacc, is tit Icae-t !il:c it ; and is probnbly dcstincd, liko it, to shinc brightcr and brighter unto tho pcrfcct day. From thc Frcdonict (JV. Y ) Censov. Tuniuui.r. War is a scw QUAnrr.u ! Ciia TAUqun Co. On Snturdny tho Gthult. sevornlof tho cnatern townsiu this county werc tlirown in to tho greutcst cominotion by a rcport that got into eiiculation that thrcc thousantl Inttwns froin Canadahad landcd at tho mouih of Caltaiaugua L'rcek, and had mado thcir way into tho rcgioti of tho Conncwango valley, and wcro prpssing on munlciiiigand scalping every body in thcir way. An uxprcss camc into Sinclearvillo to thc Colon cl of thc rcgimentihci-c, uitdtfr- thu grcatctt e?: eitcment, tcais actunlly standir.g in his cycs. Immcdiately tbo ruinor flow. All tho old guns wcro ipstantly in rcquisiiion, ninny that had rc mnincd dunib forycara, unlcss breaking silcncu at a squirrcl hunt thc tea chc&t? ofall thostorcs wcro rifled for lcad, which was inunediatoly run up into bullots cvcry ounco of powder in tho plaeo wns bought, and a tcam got up to scnd to this villago for morc diiecuons wcro given to ibojjfnulilics of thoso who vcro going to incet tho cnemy how to securo themselvcs, and in short cveiy prcparntion was tnado for a bloody cncountcr. In tho tftwn of Arkwrighr, tho cx citpmctit nnd alarm was, if possiblc, still grcatcr. During tho aftcrnoon and night familics woro fly ing froin hotise to houso, in somo cascs liulf a dozon familics coiigrcgated''togcthcr, tho grcntest dismay depictcd on thoir countenanccs horscs wcrc kcpt harncssed to wagons all night ready for instant fifigt-vvcapon3 of tlcfoneo of every kind werc brougbWnto rcquisition, tho womcn msistiug thcroin ono olll Indy wo nro nssmed run a hundrcd bullnts. Wo aro told that the rcason tho oxnrcss did not como throiiRli from Arkwiight to this villago, was tho intcrvcntion of about i milo of woods, into wliich bo ditt not daro pcnetrnto for fcar of being wnylaid. A horsc on ono routc, wo aro informcd was actually rodo to dcath. Hut our rcadcrs nrc probubly nnxioua by this timo toknow whut gavo riso to all this hubbub, nnd wo think it is time to iuform them. Woll, a drunkcn coot in tho villago of Rutlodge, which is situnlcd on the castern lino of this county, hav ing tnken his usual deep potation, ralircd to the cdgo of a piocc cf woods and strotchcd himsclf outupon a logto slcop it off. A short timo af terwnn(sono of hia childron, a iitilo girl, discov oriug him in this sittiaiion, and at tho sainc timo percciving a littlo farthcrin tho woods u couplc of squaws, who werc howover vcry pcaccanly cm ployod jn ninking brooms. or baskct:?, ran homo in great terror and told hcr mother tho Indians had killcd her fathcr tho niother sprcad tho u Inrm iu thc villagct with tho usual accompani incnts tho couricr3 wcro sent ofl' nnd by tho limc thcy renchod tho uoxt towns tho numbcr of Indians wno multiphcd into thrco thonsand ! aiul from this simnlo circutnstancc nroso nll this fcr- incnt, that for iid hours kopt tho inhabirants of tlirco or lour towns in fear ot instant ilcatli ny mcrcilcss savagcs. And for tho timo being, wc supposo thnt ucithcr nncient or inodcrn history furnishcs n puinllol to it. Tho marvellous cx ploits of Sancho Panza upon thc Island liarata ria; thc battlo of tho kcgs, and tho evcr momor ablo outbreak of tho Windham frogs, whcn tho sablo African ran in tcrror to his master oxclaim- "Old Lueifor's comc, nnd call'd for hm crow, And yoti niust go niassn, and Eldorkiu too," wcro not n priming to this Indian vvnr. Tho ncxt day, however, brought u litllo sobcr reflec tion, aud with ita fooling not niuch moro agrcc ablc than that caused by thcir fenrs. Liko tho good pcoplc of Windham, wo tindcistund thosc infcctcil do notsay a word upon thc subjcct. So wo will sparo thcir feclings by stopping whcro wc nrc. At n Military School, in Paria thoy nro boroing for wator, nnd havo nlroady dug a woll 1300 foct dcop, without succcs.s. ANECDOTr. of .Toiin Randolph. During onc of tho debatca ih tho Scnato of tho United Stntcs on Mr Callioun's rcsolutions, MrClay relatcd tho following intcrcsting tmocdoto rcspccting thc Into John llanilolpli of Iloannko : "Mr Clay continucd by referring to wliat IIr Calhouu had said touchingthc coinproinise, and to hia allusions to Ilr Randolph. JIr Clay said that ho most einccroly lamcnted tho dcath ot tho distiuguislicd Virginiun, but fineo allusion bnd bccn mado to him in conncction with tho com promiso not of Alissouri, ho felt bound to say thnt tho pnrt Mr Randolph took in that contioyersy camc ncarcr dissolving tho Union nnd shaking it to it3 centro than any thing that hnd bccn donc sinco that dny to the prcscnt moincnt. Ilo woll rcmornbered that cxciting and fcarful controvcr sy. It was a f'earful momont, nnd onc that thrcat oucd tlio dissolution ofall thnt was dcar to tho frionds of tbo Union. Upon ono oceasion, said Mr Clay, whilo I wns Spcakcr of tho Housc, during tho night scssion, tho cxhnlntions from ono of tho Inmps hnd caus ed onc of tho moinhcrs to faint. Ilo waa takcn to thc rcnr of tho llall. I cnlled somo ono to tako my placo, and Ioft tho chair to lcarn tho charactor and cxtcut of tho illncsa of tlio main bcr who had fainted. n rcttuning to tho chair I wns met bv idrRandoli)h, whom I hnd notbe- fora sccn tospeak to forscveral weeks. "I wish," said Mr Randolph to mu, "you would Icp.voOoh gicss and go to Kentucky. I will follow yon thoro or anv whero clsc." I wcll undciRiooil wliat ho ineant, forruany of tho Southerr. niPin ber's had Beriously (iiscusocd atthat momont thc propriety of leaving Congiesa and tho city, and return'uig to thcir homcs. I told Mr Randolph I had no timo to conversu with him thcn hut rc qiicstcd him to call on mo at tiio SpoaUer'a room ncxt moniing. In accordnnro with hia nsual punctuality ho canio, ami wo ppcnt an hour iu coiivcrsation ho uicsbing hia jioint und I mino: bo arguini; in favo'r of makin' no coinpromiao upon nny eonsidciation, und I dcfersding thc nct ot compromiso so longaa wo matle no compro miso of piinciple. Wo aigucd tho question an hour, and scparcted after shaking hnnds and I)roir.isin' to hc cood fricnds. Wo ncvcr met agnin during thc scssion." Lo.ndo.x ia tho lamcst and tho richcst city in tho worhl, occupying a surfhco of 32 squure miles, thickly pln'ntcd with houscs, nusily thrcc, four, and (ivc stories high. It containcd, in 1801, a population of J,'171,y'll. Iiconsistsot L.omlou city, WcstmiiiHter city, Finsbiuy, Marylchone, Towcr Hnnilots, Souihwark, aud Lnmbcrt dis tricts. In 1831, thcro cntcieil thc portof Londnn, 3,780 Hritish ahips, 1,20 forcign ships; 2.GG9 wcrc rcgistcred as bclonging to it in 1832, with 3S,7SG sciimcn. Tho London docks covcr 20 ncres: tho two West Iiulia docks covcr 51 acrcs St. C.-ithaiino's dock covcrs 2-1 acres. Thcro nrc L'cncrallv about 5,000 vessels and 3,000 boat3 on tho rivcr, cmploying 8.C00 watcnncii and 4,000 laljorers. London paya nhout onc tliird of thc window diitv. In Eiioland thu numberof houscs nsscssed aro about 120,000, rated at upwnrds of fivc millions stcihii'' : about n tliird aronotassess cd. Thc ho-jso rcntal i3 probably pcvcn or eight millions, including tuverns, hotols, and publiu houscs. Tho retnilcra spirits aird bccr nro 10,000; whilo tho dcalera in thc stinTof lifo aro soincwhero ubout a fouiih of tliis nimilior. Nunibering all tho courts, alleys, strects, lancs, sntiarefr, plncca and rows, they amount to up ward3 of 10,000; and on aocoyntof their cxtrcmc points, uo iudividiial could pass throug!i thom i in tho spacc pf ono wholo ycar. Brilish and Forcign Commcrcial Adveiliser. Wiiat a ciiANar. ! At tho Novcuibcrolcotion 1830, Maino, Vermont, Mnssachusetts, Connecti cut, Rhodo Island, Now-Yorh, N. Jersy, Pcnn sylvanin, Mnrylnnd, N. Corolinn, Georgia, Ala baina, Mississippi, Kutitucky, TonnoFSce, Irnlia nn.and Michigan, gavo Alr. Yan Buren 577,501, whilo tho Whig catuliilatcs for tho Prosidcncy roceivcd 508,137: giving a Vnn Etiren umjority, of 9,452. Thosamo Statcs at tho lato I'lections havo givcn for thc Van Rurcn randidatps591,571 for tho Whiga (J!35,81G, being a Whig majority of 104,245, or a neit Whig yain in ono yoar of 113,697 votcs ; and if asiuiilnr gain haa takcn placo in tho othcr 9 Statcsaceording totho votcs givcn by ihotn iu 1S3G, thon tlio pr.esont Whi majority in tho Union is not short "of 171,342 votcs. Now how vaintft isfor tho frioncls of tho Ailministrntion to hopo for succcss ngainsf such an ovci-wlichning mujority aa 171,342 ! JV. II. Qourier, Chanok in Timjcs Grcat falling qffinfProp cily. It nppoars by tho annual Stato Treasury Rojiort, thnt tho aggregato valuation of rcnl nnd ncrsonal estnte in tho Stato of Now Yoik is lcss this ycar than- last, by $51,921,400; of this do crcnso, 841,220,820 isin tho cstimato ,ofvreal os tatc, und 10,591,580 on personal cstatc. ' Tho fulling ofl'in thc nsacsscd valuo of roa! cstatc in thc qity of New York, is .DSiOS; and tlio dimmuiiition in tho valuation of personal cstatc, ia $8,401,370. Thcro waoan incrcnso in thc cs-tiniated-valuo of rcal cstatc, in tho city of jMew York, from 1835, to 183G of 890,009,878. Tho wholo rcal nnd personal estuto in tho Stato is valued at $020,451,088. Thc Lcgislatiiro of Kentucky haspnsscd a bill to tako thoscnso of thc peoplo on thc propriety ofcalling a Stato Convention. Tho dcsign of tho Convention ia to tako into considoration tho subjcct oftlic uboliiion of Slnvery in Kentucky. IJ'ooden Jlrlillcry.. Every body lutigl cil at tho thc story of tho Canadians triaiiulhottiringcnnnon of wood. Wo havo alwaya hcard that such oncs woro usel in Vermont t(j,iring tho Revojution. Thc Encyclopedia Ameficann says Tho first canuon wor.Jni!ide of wood, wiapt in iiumcroua folda of linen, nnd woll seciued by iron hoojis. Thcy wcrc of a conical form, wid cst at tho imizzlo. Aftcrwnrdslh.cy reccived n cylindricnl shapc. At length thoy'wcrc mado of ,:ron bars, firmly bound logclhcr liko casks by iron hoops. In thc second half of thc foih tcenth centiiry, thcy wcro forincil'of nn alloy of coppcr aud tin, aud in proecss of timcother nictula wcro added. In 1740, eaniion worc mado of tce at St. Petcrsburg, and balls of tnany pounds weight wcro projer.ted without iftjuring tho neces. ltoslon puptr. ff. TO. 37. Corrcspondctue of thu jXr.to York Dailij Expiess. Washington, Jaa. iiJ. Mr C'nmbrelcnsr ronorted a bill making n ,nnr- tial appropriation for the supprcssion of Indian hnstiliticsi, and tbo Houso wcnt into Committco pf thc wholo on thu same. The bill npproprintca n million of dollars. Mr Wise said thnt tlns bill wns itist such n bill ns ho thought it wns, bcforo tho IIouso went in- to Uommitteo ot tho wlioie. it wns n oiu ior making wnt and not for suppressing war, a btll for tlio furthorprosecution of a ruinous, disgrncc ful nnd disastrous war. Givc mc, paid Mr VViso, tlio Committco I uskcd nt tho sqiccial Ecssion of Congrcss, and I ml piovo thut wo havc no wnv that tho war is a wnr of thc hnrpica of tho Goveinniont who aro enriching themselvea upon thospoilaof thc Govcmmcnt upon tho appro ,.;ni!Anc. .v,.,,in v tlio rjfiinrnl Govnrnmont. 1 1 1 ii i i lyit ia iiiihiw 'j i.w u . . . . Look, said Mr Wise, to tho eteambonts now in Florida, at an expciiRO of thousanda nnd tcns of thousands to tho Gcncral Government. In con clusion, Mr Wiso referrcd to the conduct of Gcn cral Jcsup, and said his conduct was dipgrncc ful and disicpntnblein tho extrcmc. Tho wholo war was jniquitoua in ita origin, nnd bnso and trcachcroiis in its continuation. F.IrDowning, tho delcgatc from Florida, ropll ed with much spirit to Mr Wise. Ilo said no Floridian wns fnttening upon tho nppropriations of tho Gcucral Government not ono. Mr Wiso said ho mado no chargea ngainst tho citizcns of Florida nono whatcvcr ho only charged tho hurj)ics of thc Gcnernl Govcrniiient with consuming tho npjiroprintions oftho Gov ernment, and fnttening upon tho spoils of officc. Thcsc, fllr Wise said, wcro thc men who wcro liovcrinur, liko h.nrpies, ovcr tho carrion thcrc. Mr Downing continucd, nnd atninndvertcd in Birong terni3 upon tho conduct of thoso men in tho IIouso, and out ofihc houso, who exprcsscd tho synipathy they did for thc inierest manifcsted for the Indians. Und thcRO "poor devils," as ho calleil thc Scminolcs, bccn hung ns they desorved had tho Indian scoundrols bccn dcalt with as Soutlicrn whito men would havo hecn dcalt with if thc ropc nnd tho gnllows had bcen used up on thc Indians ns it would havo bccn upon tho whito man, tho war would long since havc bcen cnded. Mr Thompson ot North Carolina, has spoken in reply to Mr Wise, in condcmnntion of tho nct of Geu. Jcsup in his cnpturc of Ofeoln. Mr Cil lcy of iMainc, waa rathcr in favor of killing off the'indinns. Mr Everctt of Vermont, wns op roscd to tho scalping knifc nrgurnents of Rlr Cil lcv and othcr niembers. Alr Riddle of Pcnn. to'ok tho floor and wns bcginning a long spcoch, whcn tho committco rose. Thc Senato passeil tho bill for tho hcttcr sccu riiy of tho lives of passongors on board of stcnm boata and vcsscls propelled in pnrt or in wholo by steum. .Tununry 24. A Bill is now bcforo thc Senato from tho Com mittee on Alilitary Affnirs for tho purposo of in orcasing tho militnry cstablishment of tho Unttcd Statcs. As soon ns tho Journal wns rond, tho Houso wcnt into Committce of tho Wholo upon tho considoration of tho bill bcforo tho IIouso yes tcr.Iay, making nn appropriation of $1,000,000 for tho ftu ther prosecution of llio Florida war. Alr Thompson of S. C. who mado n gcncral rcmark yestcrday that tho heart3 oftho Northcrn philniithropista wcro ns black as tho skins oftho Utlnopian this morning hegged to no unucr stood as making hia rcniaiks only in roforcnco to Northcrn abolitionists, aud not to tho north gcnerally. AlrBiddlo, of Penn. followed Alr Thompson, and was about to reply with much scvcrity totho rcinaika matle yesterday by Alcssrs Thompson, Wiso and Downing, which Alr B. thought wcro dcrogntory to thc North, hut Alr Conner, who -was in tho chair, would not pcrmit him to reply to tho membniB who had spoken harshly of the north, and Alr Patton of . Virginiir, cnlled him to ordnr for irrclcvancy of remarks. Mr Biddlo submittcd to tho cnll, and replied to tho othcr partsof tho remarks. Alr Downing of Florida, hnd said yesterday, that if tlio Chcrokees hnd not heen employod aa mcdin torsin that war, it would lojigsinco havo ended, Vrho, said Alr IJ. cmployed thc Cherokecs ns mcdintoiv? Wns it not tho General Government? That nicmber, too, continucd AlrBiddle, has said thnt it waa tho plca with ita falsc sympathy that encoiirngcd tho Indians to continuo this war. It is tho Pros.?,butnouhe Press that gcntlcmnn nl ludcs to, thnt hns caused tho continuation nnd misfortuno of thnt war, No it was tho Gov ornnient Press herc thnt was tho mcans of reoalL ing Gonoral Scott. It was tho Press of thc ad ministrntion that published privato letter?, nnd lctters maiknd privato. This waa tho cloud thnt hung ovcr Florida, and which lcd to thc rccallof Gcncral Scott, and tho appouitmcnt of another Gcncral in his placc; who waa sent to Florida widi a promisc to undo all that Gcncral Scott had dono, and yot who, nftcr undoing nll that had hecn dono by his prcdeccssnr, wna now compellr. ed to follow in hia footste3. This privato lcttei ot Gcncral Jcsup, ccntinucd Mr Biddlc, hns eauscd morc mischicf than all tho Scminolcs to gothor. Alr Undorwood of Kentucky, followed Alr B. and said thnt ho should bo in uo hnsto to moko tho appropriation asked by tlio Committco of Ways and Moans. Alr. Underwood said that at tho sperial ses.sion of Congrcss hc had brought forwnrd n Bcs(dution callingupon the Secretary of War, for iurormation in rognrd to iho numbci nf Iudiana emploved in tho wnr, tho numbcr of troops, thc expcnccs of wnr, nnd every pnrtio ulnr in rolntion to tho wnr. Tho Ucsoluiiou was1 adoptcd by tho Houso at tho Special Session, but nn answcr had bcon rctuiiied from tho Secretary of War. In voting, thereforc, foi' this appropriation, said Alr, Underwood, I nni conipelled to votc in tho daik. Thc Secretary of War will not givo nic tho jnformntion soughf for. Jnnuary 24th, Evening. Tho bill mnkingnn appropriation of ono milL ion ofdollar8 forthcsiippression of Indian hostil iticn, aud tlio bill making an appropriation of six hundrcd nnd'twcnty-fivc thousmnd dollara foftho dofcnro oftho Northern frontior, lioth bills ma king hut partial appropriations for thcir spcei(icd obiccts, wcro thia nflcrnoon takcn Trayn tho Coinmitteo ol tho Whojo ftnd roportcd o t 1 I