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vl. Cn. SBAIJWECIK. TKRMS Thk C,vi,r.noKiAN will bo publishod wonkly at $2,00 por rinntim, or at $1,00 it paid in ndviinco. II pnymont is mado wilhin six months froin tlio timu o Hiibscnbing it will bo oonsidcrod ii3 ndvanoo pay. No papor will bo diseonfniiiod nntil all arrearagos uropnid, cxcpptat tbo option ol' tlio publislior. (I'j'Advorlisciiients will bo insnrtcd for tlio cus tomary pricos. Peitsoas nro rcqiicstod lo stalo tlio number of woeks tboy wish tlioir ndvortisomonts publisbcd, nthorwisu Iboy will bo insnrlod till fbr bid and cliurgud nccordiugly. Fiomlhc A'cw York Daily Mvcrtiser and Exprcss. L1FE JN NEW YORK. Onc hnlf thc world, it is truly said, nro igno rnnt of tliu iucniis by whioh tlio othor lialf livo. Onc of thc grontost' iny.stcrics in tlio oycs of n man unuscd to : Inrgc city is, how so largo a Hunber of inhabitnnts can mantigo to pick up iFhving ; oxisting, as niany of tlicm appear to, liy eatitig cach otlicr ii), soinewhat al'tor tlio mnnnor of tlio Kilkonny r-nts. Of tlio wholo ton thousand expodients rosorted to, ono tnotivo seems to govorn nll nctions, and thatis to otijoy as inatiy bonofits as possiblo hy eontribufmg tlio smnllost dogroo of labor. Whilo it is tlio eusiost tliing'in tlio world for mcn ot poouliar o.npac.ities to gcc licli, to otbeis it is thc most diflieuit thing to got bread. Tlio fonncr dashcs thrpugh all obstaelcs, siirmounts ovcry diflioiilty, and ovcrwliolins nll opposition, till ho has attainoil hisobject ; while tlio otlier only grubs, usit wcrc, throngh lifo, contont witb any tnodeof livelihood tliat will satisfy his oniinal pnssions. Or, as Ryrou lias happily describcd tlio oxistcncc of tnun, it is "A ficrco contcst botwixt Basu wauts and lofty will." Thc population of this citv is not mnoli short of 300,000 souls, or 00,000 fainilies, tlio hoads of whiob, wiih tlio exception of a vcry fow individu als, bavc rcconrso lo tlioir wits for tlio daily sus tenanec of tlicir dependents. Evcry man, high or low, otlicr tlian tlio eultivnlors of tlio carth, lives by liis wits, and overy otlicr means rusorted to for a livolibood nro nicrc expedionts orsuhsti tntes ; rcndcrod ncecssnry, it is vcry mio, by tbo usagcs of soeioty, and requiring geticrnlly a do groo of labor oqual to tbat of llio husbandman, and oftou surpassing it. liut lo livo by ono's wits, ono must bavo somothing of a stock in tradc to soi np npon ; and wbcro ivils nro tbo sloek in tradc, it is very nainral tbnt bnsiness slionld bo diidod into a roat niany branches, as it is in a ciiv. bonio takinj' lo incroliandiao sonio to lortfing, somo to wriiing, sninc to bfi"insr, soino to "gohig ont to day'is work done licro," and olbers to r.onrts and tlio Fi'en Fttcias, and Capian suiisfactendum. liis notunprofltablo now and tlitjn to unst onc's noroscnpo aUroad ovor omts city, and tosoc liow niany poopio cxist, ior wincn purposo wo navo prcpnrod ibe following articlo pon lifo iu oirclor. niit httlo known ovon to New Yorkors tbcm-i-lves. 1'at Watcrs was landod al llic foot of Itootor just aftor tbo latc war, dosihnto nyd ponnilotJS, witbouta fartbing in liis pocket or afriondin tbo country. IIc co-innonced by pirkiii'' np all niannor of boncs anii piocos of tneat aiound tbo niarkots nnd in tbo Ktreots wbicli bo boilod ont. Tbo fat I'xtrnotod in tbis way bo sold to ilio sonp boilciv, and tbo bonos to tbo bntton niukors, iniiil bo rnis od thc ineans of buying a littnr of pigs, wbiob bo fed npon tbo liqnor in whidi tlio 'boncv liad been boilod, witb tbo addition of snob ai'ticlos of garbago as !io conld fall in witb ainong tbo hnxtcrs in tbo niarkot. Hy tbo pmeeods of bis bonos, fat, nnd pigs, bo bocanio onablod in tinio to puirbaso a cart, witb wbicli lio mouopoli.cd all tbo swill of a largo noigbboiliood cxtcndcd bis poik factory, sbippcd liis boncs to liurope, wbero bo inot witb a roady salo bnilt a largo ostnblisbmcnt ont of town, wboio bo itarricil on bis bnsinoss, and in tbo oonrso of a fow yoai-!) nmasscd an indepondont ibitiino. Tlionsands Binoc bis tinio bavo followcd tlio saino pursnit, bnt competition lias iinfoitiinatcly dividod tbo profits into too niany bands to onablo bissncces sors to rotiio witb tbo samo sncocss. Storo swccpings and strcct ;;lcaiiiiigs of ovory dcscription if tboy bavc not fonndcd nmny for tnnes, bavo bocn tlio moans of fccding niiniy a bnngry inoiitb. An obscrvor wonld bo snrpririod at tbo largo amotmt of rnbbisb, scciningly of no valnc, tbat is pickcd np, assortod, and .systcmati cally disposod of, by tbo vaiious dogrocs of chif foniers, and kcnnol scrapor.-J, who aro conslantly on thc alort witb tlioir bags and baskcls, particn larly early in tlio tnorning, in senreh of old rags, papor, nictals, brokcn glass, boncs, ooal cindors, Sic. for all of wbicli tboy find rcady pmcbascrs, in tbo varioiisjnnk sbojis, anrl factorics, in tbo city. IJutby far thc niost numcrons aiul nt thc saino iime rnosc liiticiaiigaiuc iincrs aro tlio vanons plasses of inundioaiits. Froin tlio sqnalid strcot licggar tij) to tlio fashionablo borrowor, not ono ol tbem solicits for thc mcro nnccssitios of natnro, bnt nll, uioro or loss mako tnondioity a malter ol Iradc or spccnlation. Cold victnals, which is frcnticntly implorcd froin tlio charitablo honsokccpcr in acconts of tbo dcopost despondenoy, and acccptcd witb do nionstrations of tlio niost profotind liiunility and grntitudo, aro also converted into morcliantablo aiticles tho fat piccos aro sclcotcd ont to nndor go tlio process of tho try kcttlc ; tlio voiictablos oio cullcd ont to food hogs, and "1110 daimicr bits p fisli, flosb and fowl, aro sold to tho koupors of boarding hotisos, and cook shops at tliu Fivo Points, at thc foot of Dover strcot, nt) totho Llook, and otlior placos of siniilar ropntation. Tho nmount thns disposcd of is iiicalcnlnblo. Tbo persons who traffio in thia way, prcparc tlioir children liko aemrs for tbo varions paitn they have to plny. Tho bags, drossod in tattcrcd garmonty.aro dospatchod to solicit brokon viands froin door to door; tbo big boys irowl abont tho wharvcs, sainpling cof fco bags, sngarhogsbeads.toa boxes.cotton balos, &c; tho girls oach tako an infunt by th.i hand ; tlio motbor borrows a sick baby to cxcito tlio syniputhios of thc huinano, and scattcring tbem sclvos around tho most freqticntod paris of tho city, witb tho most dolcful cxprcssions and tlio most pitifnl laniontations, solicit chariiy froin ov ery passengor. Tho father of tbis intcrosting honsehold rigs bimsclf np to conntorfoit lamc ncss or blindncss, or afllicts liis litnbs witb ficti tiotis nlccrs to cxcito pity and oxtort a cliaritablo tiibuto from thc wny-lairci' ; nnd nlter Imving disposed of tho prodncts nccmntiluted in tlieir vaiious perogrinations, they all nicot togotbor nt nigbt to drink and ninko niorry at tho oxpunscof thoso who had coinpassion npon thoni in tlu dnv tiinii. Jn Elni strcot, nofii tho Fivo Points, thcro is n rcnilozvons or rctroat for vagalionds of ovory dcscription. Jt is locntod abont thiriy or forty foot bolow tho snrfaco of tho stroot tho apart mont is somo ton or twclvo yards srpiaro, into whioh tlielightof thosnn is novor scon. In thi miildlo of tliio stiblcrrancan rcccss, in cold wcatbor is placcd a fiirnacc of ombors, thofinnos froin wlnch fiinl nodiuicnlty in cscaping throngh tho mnltiplieity of apcrtnros in tho apartinont. At tbo door sits an old black wonian, who do niands from tbo Imlgors ns they cntcr, tbroo conts, for wbicli stiiu tboy aro pcnnitted to lay npon tho floor with tlioir foot towartl tbo firo nronnd tbo fiirnaco. Whcn tho circlo is coniplcto tlio old wo:nan locks tbo door, pnts tbo Itoy into hor pockol nnd gocs to slocp borsclf; lcaving tho slocping radii, composod ot both scxos, all colors aixlall habits, to roposo togolhor till niorning, wliCfl they aro all tnrnod ont tigain in tho btroct to liTn'sno tlioir varions avocations. Somo will bo fonnil at tho niarkots, clcaning fish, or bolping tlio hnxtcrs, swccping strccts, lading and dis cliarging cargocs, carrying baggagc, gatbcring papor, rags and old jnnk fiddlors, driiniincrs, patipors, and pandors, all aro again in niotion, and nll onnblod to bring somo kind ol gtisttothe mill in tlioir own way, and all vcry anxions, sccin ingly to bo well thonght of by tlicir follows, and to livo as long is tboy can. Tho vaiious crics that assail thc oars of thc strangcr whcn bo first visits New York, convcy ... I.: ... :.i ! . t . .. i J iu ii i ii i uii niuii oi inuir ompioymunis. i.'ing boforc day-lightis hcard iho shrill imisical troblo of thc little raggcd cbimncy sweopcr, conirastod witb thc hoarsc, docp iiiunialions ol bis niastcr on tbo opposito sido of tho strcot. Scicnco, howovcr, lias mado sorions inroatls in tbis as wvll as ahnost ovory otlior brano.b of indnstry, sinc( thc pnlont swoopcr with liis rods and wiivs, will oli:anso in lialf tho timo and for balf tho nionoy tbat bis rival can, bosidos boing farmoro innsica!. Alilknicn, cnrtiiion and bakors' vohiclos, ratiling and soruaiiiing throngh tbo strccts thc blast of tbo ah inati's horn, nnd tho rtimbling of tho btitohor's cart ovor thc dcvotcd )avcmcnts soon nniionncc to yon tho njiproacdi ol bioakfast liinc. Brcakfiist ! ns Joromy Duldlor says, Doliglitful sound by fiir tho most intcrosting poriod of tho day to sonic. Ayc, to bnndrcds who riso not kowing wbcro or how ono inay bo procun-il. Witb thoso tbat bavc tho incans, nothing is moro casy, and bronkfasts niay bc obtainod for ahnost nny pr'u'o. If yon go to Dolmonico's it will cnst jnsi ton times thc amonnt tbat yon can bny onc for al Swoonoy's ; at tho formor" 'placo yon inay brcnkfast for any snm np to a dollar, and a linn gry man will not fool miich distrcss in dcvotiring ihni amonnt, whilo a. Swoonoy's yon niay snr foit an Aldonnan with balf tlio .snm. At tho tnarkols yon niay gct a so-so brcakfast for s'rc pciicc, and at fionfcr's Ilnll, in Vntcr pircot, yon mny gct a cotnfortablo wann dijuncr (ifyon'aro not ovor particnhir, and hko basb,) for thrccpcnco York inonoy. Lodgings, at tbo samo placo, for thrco ccnis njion thc floor ; for six ccnts in a bmik, with only two conipanions nnd only ono shilling for a wholo bnnk and clcan straw. lilcsspd bo tho pcaeo-niakcrs, for nothing moro contribiitotb to lmmblo, poor, sinfnl bnnianity tban tho boarding and lodging of Loafor's llall. Wholo coinnuiniiics livo npon thc proccrvls of tbo salus of loco-foco niatolios, scontcd snnps, pcnny combs, pcnny nowspa)ors, abnanacks, and in thc soason, radishos, groon :orn, strawbfirics, and varions otlicr frnits and vogoiablcs, huwkcd abont tho streots by children of all agns sizos and colors. Poor gi.Mitlcnion, i.c. la.y vagabonds, gcncrally of ilhistrioiiH foroign origin, of'ten lay tho woll disposcd nndor sovcro conti ibiitions, or bv mcans of snbscriptions got np in tlioir liohalf by a s,-t rf sympatlictic idlois, who sccm to think tlicir duty dono whon thoy bavc obtainod tho sinn rccpiircti, williont at (ling .... o any tl.ing ol tlioir o.vn to thc MllUl. 1 hoso somces aro Ircniiontlv rcouitofl by tho intcrosting stranger walking ofl with a silvcr snnni'r stand or sonpladlo, wliilo hisoblig msprolugc is in tho noxt rooni writing bim n lctlor of rocominondatioii for crnploymoiit. I'liftbrs at Anctions drntnincrs for tradors docoy diicksifi scgarstorcs talisinan in conrts proonrcrs jimtoctors, and bnllics of varions kinds sliani hnsbands foinidl'nig nurscs forc- stallcrs bond-signcrs.and cvnn tho vilo inforincr, and tho shaiiby, snbili', sctirrillous )cnny-a-linor, all roccivo tlioir nor dicins for tho difVoront narts tbey bavc to perforni in tho ovory dny of lifo, Crockcry and tin waro squattcrs, who locato thumsi'lvos npon thc corncrs arotmd tho markots; old hat tradors; itincrant nmbrolla dcalcrs ; organ grindcrs; wator oarricrs and ico sorvors ; koy fittcrs ; glazicrs ; privatc nigbt watchmcn. and pnblio dock wallopors, nro all tolcratcd in tbis way, and liko tho rcst of tlioir follow citi'.ons, livo npon ono anothcr ovory onc lias bis markct, and cvcr.y ono isin doniand. Cofit.e. Tbis most celcbratod bcvcragc of niodorn tiniiis was nnknown to tho ancicnts, and was not nsod in Enropc till nftor tho 33th con tury. It is said to bo a nativc of Ahyssinia, nnd is fo u nd wild in groat ahnndancc, from Caffa to thc banks of tho Nilo. Brnco, thc African trav cllcr, informs us tbnt tho Gnallac, a wandcring nation of Afl'ricn, whon tboy aro going on a long cxcmsion, carry nothing witb thcin to oat bnt coffco ronstcil till it cnn bo pulvcri.od, nnd llicn inixcd with hnttcr to a consistcnoy that will snf for it to bo rollcd np in balls, and pnt into a lcath orn bag. Ono of thcsc, ubout tho sizc of a hcn's cgg, kccps them in strcngth and spirits, dtiring n wholo day's fatigtio bottcr than a lonfof brcnd or a nictil of mcat. Coffoe was first bronght into Eniopo from Arahia. It is said by somo tbat tho tiso of it wns tirst mtrodticcd by ti;o prior ol tin Arabian monastory, who bcing infonnod by a gouthcrd of tho cflbots producod on bis gonts, vvlicn tlioy happoncd to browso on tho coffco trcc, gavo nn infnsion of tho bcnics to bis monks, to 'prcvcnt tho iticlinntion to slocp, w hich Iro qncntly inierforoil with tho dno performnnco of tbcir noctnrnnl praycrs. In Tnrkcy, thisnrticlo is considcred of so niucli irnportnncc, that thc Tnrks havo a partictilar ofliccr who is a cofl'oc inspcctor. A rcfnsal to snpply n wife with coflcc, is cvcn suid to bo nmong the legal cniifjcBofa divorce. Extiiact of n LcttcrfrorifEnglnnd by a visitor of tlio Wakofiold Lunaiio Asyltmi : Tho ostablishiTicnt is lightod throughoiit, by gap, which, as woll as tho becr, bread, shonu, dolhcs, clotb, for cxtomnl garnionts, consumcd liy llm paticnts, aro nianiifiictiirod on tho proiiiis o.s. Tbo innnbor ol palionts is, at prosont, throo bimilrcd and thirty.fonr, rathcr loss than half of whom aro womon. Fifty or sixty of tho mon labor rognlarly, oithcr in thc maniiactiiic of tho arlicloH abovo iiioiiiionod or in g'lrdcning, or soino inccbanical tradc. All tho ntonsils nscd 'y tho puticnts at tlioir tncals nnlcss nccessarily iiiutalli.!, nro mado of wood. Tho working pationls aro furiiishcd, Iio sidcs tlicir rcgnlar mouls, with two driuftiugs dtiring tbo day, oach of thoni consisting of thrco foinths ofa pint of boor anU fotir oniicos of bread, Ncarly two hundrod dollnrs por iininim is paid for tobacoo, wbicli isaLo dividc ! ainong tho la borcrs.oach boing cntitlcd toau r")(.n pur wock ! Tho Jnstitntion 'm ondowcd uitir Ttind vhich onablos it to fnrnisli thoso puticnts who reovor, with inoans &nfnoicnt for tlioir Mipport tintil tboy cnn find employmont. Tbo ward:?, or gallorics, nnlikti thoso in tho Asyluni at NVorccstcr, havc bcdrooms only npon ono side. Tnc bodstcads, liko thoso in scvoral pnblic iiihtitntions which 1 Invo visitcd aro mado ol iron. Ono of tho paticnts, aftor liaving cntrontod ns to givo him somo tobacco, showcd ns a pioco of cloth npon ono sido of wbicli, bo had writton in largo lottcrs, "Aliliciiniinn." Green ,blnc, andyel low nnitcd, and npon tho otlicr, "Victoria'lst, 28th, JS37. A'irgin Cltiucn of I'caco. Ainon. A qniln." "Eh, ob," said bc looKing nji witb a picrcing glancc and a pignificant sinilo, "do yon l:nov what Aquila significs in lOnglish ?" IJcing answcrod ;'Voll, sir," ho addcd," I am thc Ea glc. I, sir, was Jitpitcr''s Eaglc, I havc pcrchcd on Olympns, Shiildaw, and INIotiut Ulanc ;" and ho strnck bis sidcs wiih bis arnitt, ns a hird flaps its wings, as ifto domonslrato to a Q. E. Dthat bo was rcally what ho protcndcd to bo. "Tlieiv, sir," continuod ho ad vancingclosc to ns and pnt ting n fiiigor of oach hand to thc oyc of thc cor rosponding sido, "thcrc, air, look 'at mv oyos tboy aro east-fstccl, tboy wcio mado oirpnrposc for thc Eaglc ; with thoso, I look tho sun ont of oonntenr.neo." This Fingular hallucinatioii is not ninch moro p;.infnlly ainiisingthan that of tbo - ."I J I nnhvidtinl, who, ns rclatod by tho of IMiiladolphia, iinagiiiod hissto Ialo Dr. Rusii, stoiiiacb' was oc- cnpioij'.by a Iloltcntot, whom ho had swallowod whilo at tho Capo of Good IIopo, and in tbis mannur transportcd biin acro tlio Atlatitic." Thc womon wcro snpping whcn wo wontinto thcir wardts, cach eat'mg hcrration Irom a small woodon disli, similar toa )iiil. That airof ncat noss and coinfort, which rcigns thrmigont tho cstablisliment is particularly conspictions ni this di-partnicnt. Onc of ths vomcn who had boon rcfractory, had bcranns confincd. In thc nicn"s dopartmciit, wo also obsorwd that coiifiiicmi!iit by stra)s, in chairs nnd bcds, is rcsortod to in cnso oi vioicnt niaina . 'Who nro yon?" iiinuirod ono of tbo woincn aftor scnttin izing incwilb tho wildncs ofa Inn atic, "arc you a Mothodist iMinistcr "No,"said I, '! am an dmcrican." Tbis answcr was por foctly satisfactory, and, no soonor was it nttci od than n balf a dozon oftb pationls startod np, "O yon aro iroin Amcnca tlion you icnow my lirothor," said oni. J)o yon know .!. R" in- (piircda sccoini. "liavcyon oversoon ?" ikod a third, "hos my "husband'.s brothcr." "I navca sistcr in Anicrica," said a yoimg woman, looking np u itlj a cmilc ho gnntlo nnd nn oxnros- sion of conntoiiaiico so calm nnd stibdnod. that ono bi'hold in it niorc of tbo iimoci'iico and bcantv ii mwu: ann iicaitny cminnooii, man tiio lierijo ncss and wildncss of coiifirinod hiimov. i II i.i t n 1 I 1 i . . Ainong tbo vanous iiistitiiiions, which havo ongmutcd as k'giiimaio consiMiiicnccs of supcrior civilization, moro extonsivo ainhvidoly diflusod knnwledgo, and a moro oiiliglitcncd philanthro py, not tlio loast coiisiiuious aro thoso, thc ob joct of which, is, tho ainolioration of tho sufibr mgs ol tlio insnne. Formorly, tho nnforttmato pcrson afilictod with maniacal halhicination was snp.poscd to havo infringod iho luws ofhonvcn, and thns incnncd tho displonMiio ofa Crcator, thc phials of whosc wrath wcrc, conscqiicntly, ponren ont, m tlns manncr, asajust rctriijution, tipou thc offc'iidod. Int tbo fct.'liiigs, tho sonti- nionts ot tlio commumty hnvo chnnircd. Tho Iu natic is no longcr "a ropioach and a byo-word ;" ns mniny aro no longcr 8lnmtic(l as bcing par- inii impiicatcil ni liis nnknown oflcnce ; bnt, as a snf'oror nndcrono of tho most afrcctiii'' ninl- idics to whioh onrraco is snbjcct, tbo former ro coivcs that kindncss, which tho human bcart aiivo to tlio suttcrmgs of our follows, can bcslo w, and tnn lattcr partako of tho fount.iin of pympathy, frcoly gnshing from a thonsnnd hosoms." Jn Englnnd and Scoilimil,aithoiigh somo lios- pitals had bocn ostablishod, tho conditioii of tlio maniacs proviously to 1815, wcro acc.ording ui iiiuiiiiay, oqnany iinscraDlo. apcaUing ol iJctlilohoin cr Jicdlam, tho London Asylnni, inac autiior says: "It lonnod onc of tho lions, ol tho motropolis and thc paticnts, ns wild hensts, woro sbown for six pcnco for oach pcrson nd mittod." Fornioly, a fundnmoiual orror cxistcd iu ro torcnco to iho natnro of insanity. It wasbclicv od that tho mind is itsolf disoasod, instcad ofthc organ throngh which it is nianifostcd; and sinco mind is invisiblo nnd intangiblc, it was tjiougbt that no romcdics could bo adtninistorod to'it. Gnt Disoaso is the ininistor of Dcath ; and tho mind, a scintillntion from tho firo of lloavon, bcing froo from tlio iatter, is conscipiontly cxcmpt from tho former. Oucc acknowlodgcd that Insanity is pioduped by an afToction of tho brain, and tbat, goncrally, ofa mcroly lunctional naturc, it-follows that tbo disoaso is, liko most olbers, within thc reaoh of mcdical troatmcut. Iiut chains and a dungoon aro miscrnblo prc&'criptions to n dcranged stato of tho most dclicato organ in tho hiitnan frnmc an organ which is callcd constantly into action by an invisiblo, but poworful and controlling ngcncy. On th.o contrary,as miglit bo infoirp.d ,cxpcrionco has fnlly prov.od, that a niild and gcnllo trcatmcnt. bringing abnnt tlio patient tho coinforts of lifo, tho sports of hoyhood, and tho bcatities of natnro and ai t.uinnifbsting tn him thc nflection of n broih or, nnd buinoiiug rnther than opposingjbis vngnr ics, has a most dccidl and powcrful infliicncc in cflpcting a rocovery. In ordor fnlly to dcvcl opc a systom of treatmcnt foundcrl upon thcsc principlcfj, Apyluma nro almost indispcntmblc. Thc foHowiug articlo iafrom tho oluibto and glowing iinngiiintioii of Doct. T. N. Caulkins, cditor of tho Colihyatcr Ohsorvcr. OunCouNTiiY in 1887. -What will this Un ion bo fifly ycars from this day ! Tho cloud by day and tbo pillar of firo by nigbt, for tho world to follow in their jnarch of civilizntiuii and ro fincincnt. Tho niorning of 1SS7 will dawu np on this nation doublcd iu cxtont, with IMichigan, Wiscons'm and lowa as tlio contrc of civili.ation, and tho unbegotton stutcs of Qrcgon, iVIacedon, Cohimbiii nnd Pacifictio, Rtrctchinjr aloua tho o- ccan, called tho 1'acino r.tatcs, with anothcr ticr of tbo Histcibood lyingalong tho Ilocky JMoiniiaiUR, known by tbo uamo of tho middlo statoa. What now aro known aslho wcstorn, will thon rccoivo thc appollation of tho castorn statos, whilo tho wcstorn will bo thoso bordcring on thc Pncifu; oooan. Fifiy niillionsof frocmon will look np on tho light of tbat niorn.ninl glory in tlio natno, yioldod by Fi uncc, of tho "Grcat Nalion." Bplcudid cities will thon cxist uhero now llie Indian, tbo r of tho dark forcst iiround him, lics prono iipun bis oopper faco, droaniing of tbo happy liutiiing groundsof bis falhcrs, witb whom must soon dwoll tho wholo ludian rncc. On that day a moro haudfiil will bo lingciing on tho bor dors of tbo grcat deep that must nt lcngth cu gulph thoni. Wbcro will then bc tho cnpitnl of Blicbigaii? In somc. inland city ncnr hor contrc, will its coliinins riso iu inngnificciirc nnd (plen dor. Drniicbos ofthn Univorsity of IMichigan will thon bo floiirishhignnd imparfing thcir chccr ing influciicc in ovory conn'ty ihroiighout llie frtato. Eacb cotinty u ill havo ils tcmplu of lib crty, whoso tiltal is tho i'rinting J'rca, and oach town its templo of worship nnd its niuricroiis schools, tho imisorios of froodoiii, insi:iiclcd by a wcll inught tcachcr, at fifiy dollar."' a tnonili. Thon, porhaps, thc 'sidioobriastcr will bo i;s tccmod oqual to tho cook on board tho stcani bont a happy opooh iu iho ninrch of luinian iinprovomcnr. Whero thon will bc tho cnpitnl of this Union? Possihly in tho vallcy of tho Alis sissipjfi St. Lonis mny bo iho fiivorcd ppot, or cvcn thc nnbiokcn wildcrnrss still fartbcr west. And whero, nlas, will bo thc prcscnt eili.ons of our grcat Ilcpnblic? Thcn will "r.nnh in bi; narrow cull furcvcr laid; TIic l u lc lorcfatlicis of tho hamlct s!oop." Thc jircscht d wcllors of tho carth will havo thon ccased thcir bu.-tlc but little spaeo will bo held by tbem, nnd a new rnco of nicn our chil dren nnd our childrcn's children will thon man ago tbo inacliincry of tho world. Thoabovc is not tho langtiago of prophecy, but that of rational dcdnction froin a knoulcdgc of tbo past and prcscnt. Evcn thc holdcsl flights of iuinginiitiou, fifty ycars ago, co.ild scarccly bavo boon cqnal to tho rcality at thc prcscnt honr. And may Ilcavcn pcrmit us to coniinuc our glorious carocr lill all thc nations of thc carth bocouio cvmi as wo aro "oxeopt'' iu thc languago of tho groat npostlo "thoso bonds," tlio bonds of tho onoo prond sons of Africa, thc rival of'iaipcrinl Homc. D.vvy CaocKr.TT had a wondcrful mcniory, of which Col. A., whom ho onoo run against for Con"t0fcs, laloly gavo tho following anccdoto in proof. "Whcn wo bcgan our clcctionccrinir campaign," snid Col. A., "not bcing ttblo to spenk vcry wcll cxtciiiporc, or raihor not nt nll, 1 wroto ont n spoocb with grcat caro anil com inittod it to mcmory. I dclivcrcd it at thrco sov cral inoetings, nnd was a good dcal gratificd in bclioving it was prctty wi-ll roccived. I liad al ways ppukcn first, but" nt thc f'ourih, which wns n vcry nunicrous onc, Croi'kctt proponod that lic sbould tako tbo fcad. IIc nccordiii'tlv mountcd llio sland, and to my utior aniazonient rccitcd ovcry uord of my spcoch, and only changing, vcry slightly, a soiitonco or two t( suit his own casc. V havc ncvor folt moro .iwkwniij in my lifc. My turn to spcak, camc, und my spoooii wns gnno stoh'ii nsod ii) and 1 was'loft willi ont a word to say. And lo coniplcto my mnrti fication, thc rascal was c.hiiekling nnd l.iiighini: ns if bo had douc tho olcvcrost thing in the world.',' An ExTitAonuiNAUY iMoNU.Mi:NT. Tho colo brmcd l)o Lamartinc, on his rotnrn from a visit lo tho lloly Land, iu 1833, whilst approaching Servia, tbo last town on tho Turkish fronrier, says, " I saw a largo towcr rising in thc midst of tho plain, as white as Parian marblc. I sat iindcr ils shado, to cnjoy a fow momcnts rcposc. No sooncr was l scntcd, than raising my oyo to'iho nioninnent, l diacovcrcd tbnt thoso wnlls which I supposcd lo bo bnilt of martdc or white stonc, wcrc cninposcd of icgiilar rows of human skum.s blcachcd by llie rain nnd sun .md comcntcd by a little sand and linic, foitncd ontircly tho tii umplial arch which .shohorcil mo from tbo hoat of tho sun. A numbcr of Turkish horscinoii, mcn, who had comc from Ncsso to cscort us into town, infonnod tnc, that tho skulls wcro of thoso fiftcon thonsaud Sorvians, who had bocn pnt to dcatb by tho Paeha in tho last hisurroetiou of Sorvia. 1 paid my tributo of rcsppct to tho incni- ory of thoso heroic. mon, whoso dccnpitalcd hcads nro tho lioundnry ot thc indcpcndciico ol tbcir countn ! " Wnr.AT and 1' i.ouu. Whont is abiindnut nt $1 por busho! wbioli is n shailo too high whcn it is considcred tbnt flour will not conimand S5 iicr barrcl iu largo qunntitics. Tho groat (iiian- titics of flour in storcu at varions points, nnd the nnnsunlly largo crop of whcnt last ycar, addcd to inonoy licnig vory scarco, and diuly grnwmg moro so nll tbcso ciiiim's justify tho holicf tbnt grain of ovcry kind, flour nnd otlior produco, must yct oxiiorioiico a still furthor decrmc. I n- docd wo aro assmcd liy intclligcnt farmoro, that thc country is full of ovcry thing, nml if our curroncy was bcttor, our mtirkct woulil bo ovor flowing with all kinds of produco. Pillsburtih (Penn.) Intdligcnccr. Nuw Exi'iiER3 AIau.. An ingcnious Yankcn wishcs us to cal) thc attention of Amos -Kcndall to his now projoct for runniug an oxprcss bc twccn this city nml Wnshing'on in oight hours. liis plan is to liarnoss np a oa a cal, nnd a ral, in suoh wiso tbat it will bo impossiblo for thoni to doviuto froin a dircct lino whcn tmdcr way. riio cat is to precciio itio dog, nnd tho rnt is to placcd in advauco ofthc cat. Iu this ordor tbcj aro to chaso cach otbcr ihrougb at tho rato of 30 milc.'i pcr honr. This rcminds us ofthc Dutch man who ticd au ;ur of corn upon tlmond ofbis waggnn-tonguo,to entico 'Old Dobbin' along. Jx"cw Yorker. Consumption. It is Gtuted in tho N. Y. Star tbnt within tho last thirty thrco yourrf this disoaso bus cnrriod ofl' 24,883 porsonsin tho city ofNow York. Aro thcro no moans ofchookiiig thp rav ugcs of this futul (lia-ordcr, wbicli ofton soloct tho young nnd thogiftod for its viclims? A mnn in llowloy hns rniscd n hog which wcighs ojie ihousand poands. lio is only two ycnrs old, in good conclitioti, und liis owncr thinks ho can got throo or fotir htmdred weight. moro pork ont of Jiim yot. k CWSBs-a'essioBaj-tJ. Corrospondcnoo of tho N. V. Expross. Washinoton Fob. 27th. Thc last officos of kitidness, of rciiiembranco, of honor and attention, to tho rcmains of tho Into' Mr Cillcy. havo bcon pcrformod by tho Officcrs of tho Gencral Governtnont. Evcry thing in tho iorm of culogy, of ponip, paiado and ptigcnntry, and of docp and abiding sympnthy, has becn donc to tcstify a proci regurd for tbo mcmory ofthodoad. Tho Speaker, betwocn elcvcn and twclvo o' c.lqck, nfter thc corpso had becn brougbt into tho llotisc nn.l plnced in llio contro aislc,wcallcd the ilouso to ordcr. Tho Cbn)!ain of tbo Uouso opcncd witb a biicf nnd appropriuto jirayer, and wns followcd by tho Chaplain of tho Scnatc, who, aftcr reading somo nppropriato tcxts of Scripturo, coinniontcd sevcrcly upon a prnetico which had lcd to a fntnl tragcdy,nnd to tho death ofa mcnibcr of tho Uouso. " Tbo Chaplain of. tho Scnatc, aftcr somo appropriate icmarks npon thc dcnth of Mr Cillcy, and tho nmnncrof bis dcatb, tho h-Mcnvcment to bis wife nnd little children, bo concludcd by cxliorting thoso bo foro him ns mcn in the bighest autbority, nstho Inw inakcrs, and as tho giiardians ofthc law, as tbo oxamplcrs of tbo law, and ns thc Senators and Ilcprcsoiitativca of a f-rcnl pcoplc in tho namo of religion and of sufl'oring btimnnity by thcir lovoof country, and by. thcir hopes of bap pincss horo and hcrcaftcr, ns a friepd of tbo widow and ofthc orphan child not to givc coun tonanco ton prnetico which was against tho laws of God and of mnn. Tho warning nnd ndmo nition of thc Chaplain scctncd to bavo a visible cilcct upon most of the jMctnbcrs of thc Uouso and upon tbo audicnco nt largc. Tenrs wcro sbcd ns frocly ns wntcr, nnd ovcry onc prcscnt sccinod to be nflbctod. Tho Cbnplain liaving coiicliidod, thc coflin waa taken from thc Ilouso. Aboui 125 cnrriagcs followcd tbo rcmains to tho gravc, and probnbly moro than si.v liundrcd pcoplc. Tho two flags ovor tho two wings of iho Capitol, wcro kopt at balf mast dtiring tlio day, and thc city seemed to bavc bocn nlmost a city of the dend-. Fcbrnnry 28. Tho cvcuts nnd doings of a monicnt it mny lake n ycnr to unilo orthey may nevcr be undone, is n fact ubich 1 bidieve hns piissod into tho cur- n ncy of a provcrb. Thc dnol of Saturdny has iiiado tho l;ittcr and tbo worst half of tho propo sition truc, and thc first ainl lcnst important pait is npproximating to n fulfilnicnt. Two dnj's havo bci'D spcnt m f nncrnl obscquics of u dccens ci! mcnibcr of tho Ilouso, and lo-dny thc Uouso hns laid ont for itsclf work onoiigh to coiiFtinio tho timo ofthc Ilouso iisolf, nnd a Commitlco of tho Ilouso, pcrhaps fora nionth or tw o to conie. Tho dcbato boforc iho Ilouso upon tho Itnsolu lions ot nh Fa:ifio!d to invustigata tbo circutn stanccs ofthc duoi and to instriict thc comniitteo to roport a bill for tbo siipprcst-'ion of dticlling, occupied tniKst of tho day. In tho Scnatc, Mr Prcntiss of Vermont hns givon noticc that lio will to-morroW iutroduco a bill liaving in view iho samo snbji'ct. March 1. to-dny bavo moiions, res I!r Davis of Tbo two IIouscs of Couprcss gone throngh thcir usunl rotind of oltitions, bills, spcochcs nnd so on itlnssnclmsclts, has fi iiishcd a stronir and unnn- swcrablo s)C(!ch in opposiiion to tbo Sub-Treas ury, or (xovcrnmout liank Isdl, boforc tho Sen uto. Ir D. isouo of iho Goliah's of tho Scnate, with a g'liin; mind, woll storcd, wcll cullivntcd. and disiinuishcd for his good scnsc nnd closo obsorvntion. Ii you or xaiw renders stumblo ovcr his cpooch dtiring your or thcir uiiscollanc ous reading, they will acknowlcdgo tho strong and unqucstionalilo evidonco of two lacts laid down by Mr Davis, first, tbat iho Sub-Trcas-ury Jiill,)r iho "bill itnposing additional dutics upon ccitn'n ofliccrs of Gnvcrnment, cVc. us it misnamcd, is nothing moro or less tiinii a bil Ior makiiiga 'I'n-nsury or Govcrnmcnt JJank, a rcal bonn fide Hehomoth and sccondlyjtlmttaich a Manunotb Govornniont fllonsicr wns'dcsignod by Gencral Jackson, as soon as ho bccninc tho I'rcsiilont, nnd wns fixcd in liis notions of "ii sctllcd policy." MrStrnngo of N. C. w ho wns mado a Bonator whcn old Itip Vmi Winklo wns nslcop, hns tho fjoor in tho Bciiaii) lo-niorrow. JIr S. is a (Inv woiking poliiician, aijd will talk at lonst fotir bonrs to prow, firsl th'ai wo hnvo bnd n Unitod Sintcs Ilauk nnd socomlly, that n chap callcd Nick IJiildlc, wjih horns, hoofj hido und-tuil, waa tho Presidcnt. In tho llonse tho bill to prcvont thc nbntctnent of ponding Miits ngainst iho Unitod Stntcs Bnnk wnspnsscd, notn. con. by tho nid ofthc prcvious nucstion. Tho bill givcs tho bnnk a kind of ohnrtcr, nnd Mr Adainsii) ono of his good tcin pcrs wnrncd thc HoLfso to kcep a nharp look out and not chartor anothor tnonstor fiy tho nid of thc provioiis questiou. Tbis bill has passcd tho Sonato. Tho bill mnking iboanuual uppropriation for I'cnsions cnmo np aftcr thc volo upon tbo nbovo uamod bill, nnd gavo riso to a long dcbato abont ponsioncrs, ponsion agcnts, conimissioncrs of pcnsions, iiensious, und somc othcr innttcrs con iiectcd with this eubjoct. JMr Curtis, of N. York in a sjiiiitcd spooob cxpased soino gross iuiquitica on tho art of somo of thoso Sub-Trcasuries. ' Tho Noutrnlity Morlalily Ilillcomcs up to morrow, for tho dofcncc of tho Northcrn Fron ticr. Tho following Soloct Cotnmittco on thc rcso lution to inquh'o itito tho ciiT.tiinstniiccs wbicli lcd to the ik'iith of the Into Mr Cillcy, was icatl from thojournnl tbis ni'jriiing: MrToucdvof Coiin. Mr Potter of Pcnn. Mk UritfKsof Miiss. Mr Elmore of S.C. Mr I3rujn of N. Y. Mr Hurrison of. Missouri, und Uuridca of Indiana.