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I8Y A. 5. CISABWSCK.
VEi. S. KTO. 83. TKR.MS Tnr. Cat.kuonian will ho pnhlished wookly at $2,00 por annum, or ut $1,50 if paid in ntlvaucu. If pnyinont is madc within six months from tlio timo o subsrriliing it will bo oonsiderod ns ndvnnco puy. No napor will bo discontiriucd uatil all nrroaragcs nro paid, oxccpt at llio option of tlio puniisiier. QIpAdvortiscmciits will bo insortod for tlio cus tomtiry priees. Pcrsons nro reqiiostcd to slalo tlio nnmbor of wocks thoy wish tlioir iidvcrtisomorils puhlishod, ntlmrwiso tlioy will bo insortod till for bid and clmrucd nccordingly. Wo cunnot, eoiisistcnry wiili onr Iniitiiiiiua ritm notions of frec diseussion rcfuso the earimt-t solioitations of Dr Jllcohol to huvo- his dofenco boforo thc citizous of Gothnm publishcd to tlio world. si'nr.cn or lilCHARD ALCOIIOL, M. D. nt n tcmprrnuce mccting helcl in thc City of Go tlinm, Nov. 1837. Jlr Presidcnt, and gentlemcn and lacllcs of the City of Gotliam Whcn in llic course ofspirilcd everus, n mnii is pnblicly nccused of crimcs of which Iie isinnocent, and dcclnrcd to be a nui sanne in socioty, it is proper tliat heofFor tcstinio ny, if ho Iinve nny, to correct any wrong hnpres sions, which may havc been madc on thc minds of the eommunity. 1 havc no douht but you nro aetuated bygood inotivcs inyour warfarc against mo, wcrc your knowledso cqual to your zcal, you would revolutionize thc world in lcss than n century. Jiut 1 cannot but regrct tliat your ef forts sliould bc so poorly dircctcd; and that, ac cording to all human caloulation,you must changc your modo of warfare or meet with n total and mortifyiug dcfont. Thc object nt which you nim is n praisoworthy onc, and, if gained, would hand down your namcs, ns the grentest benefaetors of mnnkind, to thc latcst postcrity. But you took itwrong coursc nt the beginning of thc rnce; thc foundation of your schenies is unccrtain and the rcsult will l)e n bittcr disappointtncnt. You ndoptns n fundnmental principle of your crccd, tliat 1 am gniliy of all the crimcs and nns cbief that grow ont of an impropor and unne cessary use of my iniich cstccmnd and highly cf ficacious mcdioines. Bcforc iiupcncliing thc chnrnctcr of a man of my stntion, you onght to hnva good ovidenco to provc your nsscrtions. You shutild know that I am of honorahle ex tiaetion, and old in experiencc; and that tny fath cr has more to do in thc aflhirs of this world than any man ihing. My skill as a physician is proverbial and my friends nuincrous and respec .table. !Iy medicincs, ahout which therc is so imich noise, arc highly efficacious, and, unliko many othcr inedicmcs, arc pleasant to the fastc and cxciio no disagrecable scnsations, cithcr in body or inind. Wl.cn takcn in too largc and frequent dose., likc othcr modioinnl agon'.s, thcy occasion wcakncss, nausca and voniiting. Now bccausc my paticnts sometiincs takc too largc doses or ropcat them oftcncr than ncoossaiy, and thereby injuro thomsclvcs and fainilics, the gnjltis all ascribcd to mo, and calls down public vengcnnce on my vcucrablc bcad, and all my household. But pcrhaps you will iiuuiirc why I lct my paticnts havcso much morc than thcy nccd to cficct a curc? I answcr, that the dcmaud for my mcdirincs is so grcat and prcssing, that 1 atn ohligcd to cmploy agcnts in difTcicnt parts of ilie world, and theso pcrsons takc advaiitngc of the appctitcs of their fcllow beings, and would you bclieve it, tlicso vcry nrticlcs, which cficet Btich wonderful and vnluablc curc.s, nro not im frcqucmly tho causc of dcath. Such conduot is mnnifostly immoral: but thcreis no law to appcal to, and pidilic opinion sanctions tho praclice. iIany countries havc pnsscd laws to rcgulatc thc Falcofmy drugs, so that thousands arc killcd accurdiug to law; this praclice liaving thc sanc tion of Kiugs, Noblumen and Enipcrors. Now iho case is this: 1 prcparo c.crtain mcdicinal a 'ents, which, whcn properly uscd, arc highly ci pcacious; but, uscd in inunoderatc or in too frc fliient dosos, occasion an incalculablc amount of niscliicf. Who is most guilty, thc nianufactur pr of tliesc medicines or those who ubuso them by using tliem nnproperly, the tnnn who sells ihcm according to law or the public who pass laws to regulatc their traffic. Gentlemcn nnd Ladies of tho City of Gotham: I am willing to havc my chnracter examined by ny cnlightencil nnd honeet body of mcn, and hold inyself responsiblc for nll guilt jtistly found ugtiinst mo nnd will make suitnblc restitution to 'dl wliom 1 havo iujurcd. But you ijnvc con demncd mo without cvidcnce nnd scntcnccd mo without mcrcy. In nll rcforms, eithor in gov crntncnts or morals, you shotild traco effccts .baok to firt causes nnd regulato your procecd ings nccordingly. Strikc at thc root of tho cvil if you would accomplish nny thing; uiakc the iounuauon gooa nnd your supcrstrttcturo will be firm and lasting. I wouhl not coniplain with out.causc; but 1 huvo been slandcrcd and wrong cd out of tny honest carnings. Chargo thc blamc tipon those who havc ofTbndod in this matter, and lct justice be done without itnparti ttlity. If you woidd dcstroy thc cvil of which you coniplain, revise nnd alter your laws, nnd eee thoy arc obscrvcd wilh rigid punctuality. One would think that n pcrson of my agc nnd cxpcrienco would commnud somo respcct from liis infcrlore. But I utn man of spirit and shnll not suhmit to the ill trcatmcnt ol those who havo, so ofion, takcn shclter undor my protec tion. If ncithcr words nov grass will do, I shull mako u spiriled nttnck with wcnpons of morc power and cxcouiion. From Poiilsoii's Jlmcricun Dtnhj Jldvcrtisr.r. THE " PEN " AT WASHINGTON. Mn. PouiiSON, Thc numcrous lottcr wriicrs at thc Fcdcral Capitol arc so cngagcd with evcuts and speeohcs, that thoy do not givo tis much in fonnation ahout thc locnl curiosities of thu lcgis lative city. I obscrve, howover, in n lato pnpor, a dcscription of a building and its usos, which niay hclp to illustrntc the "domcttic inslitutions of our coiintry." (Cf53 Thc next nionung, in pursiiance of tho tnain object of my visit to this place, I set out for W. II. Williatns' Slavcfaclory. It was a matter of somo douht to me, as 1 wcnt along, whcthcr I shquld get in. I hnd been told, that ifl wantcd to e't admitt.incc, I must "lct on" that I wunted toRBy slavcs. This of course I could not do : but'niadc up my niind to bc pcrfcctly candid and practiso nokind of deception. I inquircd for tho placc and was directcd to it by a colorcd man ; and by tho way, you nced ncver bo nt a loss to find that house, while thcro is a colorcd man in W. to inquire of. It was in Sevcnth stroot, bctwccn Pcnnsylvauia and Maryland Avcnucs, not far from thc centrc of tho city, and within n shorl distnucc of thc starsand stripcs of thc capitol. It isa largc, butloncly nnd desolated looking housc. I rapped at thc door, which, nftcr waiting somo time, wasopcncd by a stout, thickset man, drcss cd in a pca jackot, coat and fur ,cap, with largc whiskcrsatulstcrn countcnnuce. "IsMr Williatns nthomc?" "No, sir: bc is in Natchcz." '-Havc you any ncgrocs now on hand ?" "Ycs, sir, we havc a fcw ; walk in." "I don't wish to pur chascany I . rcly wish to sco your cstablish ment it you havc no objcction." "None ut nll, walk in sir; Alr Williatns is now rcsiding in Natchcz I am hcro asnisagcnt. Wc havo vcry lew slnves for snlo of our own most that aru hcre belong to othcr peoplo." Whilo thus talking, ho took mo in and haudcd mc a scat. Aftcr somo furthi-r convcrsation, into which hc sccmcd to cntcr with much frccdom, I again obscrvcd that I liad no "iutcntion of pur cbasing, but wishcd to scc, for my own gratifl cntioy, his cstahlishmcnt, if ho had no objcctions." "None at all, sir," and with that ho wcnt to n window oti ono sido of thc room, npcircd thc shuttcrs thrcw thc sasli, and invitcd mc to look out. 'This is our pcn, sir.' 'Hcre,' contin ucd hc, whilo 1 survcycd nn area of ahout 40 ft. square, cncloscd partly by tho walls of tho out buildjngs, and partly by high jail walls, btult for thc purposc, 'hcro wo allow them to lake cxcrcitc, and the childrcn to play.' As it was vcry cold, thc 'pen' was cmpty. Thcy wcro all down in thc ccllar. thc njicnt said. askcd to no down nnd sec them. Ho nccordingly led thc w.ty throiigh a winding passago out into a tcmporary I'nclosure which communicates with the 'pcn'.' Hc took ont ol his pockct a key opcncd thc lock of a hugo iron cro.ss-barrcd gate, which admitlcd tis into tho spaco within. ilo then opcncd a floor which lcd us into thc 'ccllcr.'' llcrc, in an apartmcnt of ahout 25 f'cet suuare. wcrc ahout 'J() slaves of all agcs, Bizcs, and co!ors. I noticcd ono youngjgirl of ahout 12 ycarsof agc, who sccmcd quitc white; and nnothcr, a little chihl, nbout two ycars old, of tho samo shadc, and one of the most bonutifnl childrcn 1 cvcr saw. The vcry small childrcn wcrc gamboling ahout, unconsciotis ol their situation ; but those of inoro advanccd ago wcro tho most mclancholy looking bcings. The wistful, inquiring, unxiotis looks they east at mc (prcsumiiig, 1 supposc, that I cainc ns a purchascr) wcrc hard to cndurc. 1 soon dcscricd tho fathcr and his family, that 1 saw torn away from their former honi(!,"t!io d.iy bcforc. ' Whcrc is inastcr takimr vou ?' said thc agcnt to thc man m answcr to a rcnucst of minc put to hini of tho same import: 'To Alabama, I bchcvo thcy call it,' said thc man in toncs of ih iiecpcsi sauncss. liis wiio sat nesidc Ilie stovc amusing her nifant, nnd nevcr ouco lookcd uj all the timo wo wore in. Not fccling at libcrty to ask qucstions of thcsi poor tliuigs 1 soon turncd away. IIc then lcd ine to two othcr apnrtmonts of about tho samc sre ; one ot them not now uscd, the othcr an propriatcd as nslccpingnpurtrncnt to tho femalcs, 'JJo all of those pcrsons slcop down in that ccllar? lcs, sir all tho malcs : thev ho iiiioii tho (loor cach ouo has irot a eounle of blankets.' 'JJut will that room accommodate so man v ?' 'O Lord ycs, sir, thrco timcs as many ! last your wo had as many as 1UD in tlicso thrco rooms.' 1 could hardly scc how this was possiblo without their lying on cach othcr. 'Woll, vcry fcw, jyou say, in uicso pcrsons iiuioul' to vou.' Unlv a iow. s i inost of them arc put hcro by other gcnilemen. You sec, wo can allord to kcoi) them for U cents npiecc chcapcr than thoy can at tho jail.' 'What is your chargo ?' '25 cents a day for all oxccpt ui.uuicH ui uiu orcasi uc tlieuMhoweU mo a tanic at ono sute of the cnclosuro wlimo ilu'ii' HH-..I.-1 iicii: ooncu ii was m tno opcn tur. wiin no otucr protcetion than a covcring from tho storm. In answcr to mv inuuiries. bo told mo thoy took their mcalsin thc opcn airsumincr nnd wintcr. But,' said I, 'don't thcy tjuflcr vurv much from tho cold t 'O Lord, no, sir, tlujy squat lown and eat in tcn minutcs. Wo givo them plcnty of substantial food hcrring, oofTce swcctened with molasscs, and corn bread.' 'How many mcalsdo you givo Ihcm in u day?' 'Two sir onc ut 9 o'clock, and thc other at U." Aftcr a good many other qucstions nnd nn swcrs which I havc cithcr forgottcn, or dccin un ncccssary to mention, wc rcturncd to the room into which 1 was fust iiitiocluccd, upon coming to tne houso : unu takmg scuts by tlie iire, we oontinucd our coiiversation. Mr. Calhoun, allhough hc is tho lendcr of thc ndministaation partyin tlie Sonato, cannot school his fcelings so far ns to trnt the Vico Presidcnt of thu body, Col. Johnson, with oven tho slight est rcs)ect. An nmusing instance of tlie mani fcstation of his coutcmpt for Col. Johnson, oc curred n fcw days ngo. Thc Colonel, who is u most awkward and incflieient jircsiding oflicer, bccome grcatly cmbarrasscd with u bill which was ordcrcd to be ongrosscd nnd rcad a third time. Iie roseand snid "Senators, it is tnovod and and scr.onded that the the bill that thc bill'' and hcre hc stuck fast. A short pauso ensucd, whenfllr. Calhpun cricd out "be cngros- scd and read a third time," in n tono of sharp nnd uuijr iinpaucnco innt mauo uoi. Johnson sturt hack in his scat nnd set tho wholo Scnntc into a titter. LouisviUc Journal. A CHAPTEIt FOR GIIAIIAMITES. From'Yanhcc Notions: by Timolhy TittcrwcU,Esq.' r Tlin SOIENCi: OF STAUVATION. Thc Sawiust Jouiinai,, u nowsapcr which hns hocn for somo time cstablished in this city, must, wo think, convinco any man who will takc tho tronble to rcad it, that eating is a vcry dun gcrotis biisincss. It is astonishing to purcoivo what multitudcs havo dicd of roast hccfj nuitton broth, and such liku slow poisons. A consider aio man wondors to find hiiusclf alivo, nnd is fully convinccd that ho ought to hnvo bccn dcad long ago. But to show that peoplo nro dctcrmincd not to sit still and bo poisoncd nny longer, we mtiko thc following cxtractfrom tho cditor's coi rcspondoncc. To thc Editor of the Sutcdust Journal. Gooscborougli, Duc. 23, 18;i7. Friknd WrriiKnsniNS : 1 wrotctovou somo time sinco for tho Library of Starvation, and tho Sawdust Journal ; I hono vou will scnd thuso cxccllcnt publications as soon as possiblc, with any other works vou mav havo on thosubiect of short conunons. Public attcntion is now stroii"lv turncd towards thcsc subjccts, and we rcally hunger and thirst nftcr cvcrything in tho shapc of baro boncs. Doctor Sawdust has. bccn lcctur iug in this place, and pioduced quito an cxcitc- nicnt : his nrools ol thc neriueious conscnticncc5 of eating food wcro in tho highcst dcgrco con vincing ; peoplo discovered themsclves to bc sick who ncvcr drcanit of tho thing bcforc ; indccil, it is vcry clear that but for Dr. Sawdust, we should ncvcr know half our misfortnncs. Frcsh mcat is now hcld in uttor abominatiou amoug us. Peoplo nro tiirning their pigs out of doors at n grcat ratc ; all tho eows nro cashicrcd, nnd tlio poultry havc bccn obliged to cut and ruu. As foru bcef stenk, I nccd not say, such n thing is not to be had for love or money ; sausagcs arc eniiroly ont of domand, oxccpt such as arc stuflcd with rcd bai.c and turnips : and I vcrily bclieve the ghost of.a shccp's hcad would frightcn a wholc coinmuniiy. Flcsh, in fact, is quito out of thc qucstion, and notliing is fisli that conics to not hcro; a man could not get evcn a salt eel for his suppcr. All thc dogs havc run mad, and cvcry cat in tho town has dcpartcd this lile. I hpfl, fricnd Wiihcrshins, wo shnll hnvo thc plcasnuijof bcholding your hatchct faco a nong ns bcforc long. You would bo dclightcd to scc thc sharpncss of our noscs, the proiniiicnco of ourcliBck boncs, and tho bcaiitifnl lantcrn-liko transparcncy of our jaws. Tho good work is going on, nlthough many ainong us arc gOlll'T oli : this, however, cannot bc owin" to the changc ot dict, but to thc roast turkoys thcy ato last wintcr. There is a class of young ladies nt nlrs. JNippo's hoarding house, who arc hving (tiioso 1 nican who will survivo) in cxact adhor cnce to tho prinoiplus of Dr Sawdust, and find their coinplcxious highly improvcdby it. Thcy havc cxccllcnt sotip, mado of )cbblo stoncs boil cd iu cold spring watcr ; somctimcs thcy strain it through u colaudor of turnip tops ; hut this thc doctor calls high living. Tho sawdust dough nuls novor givo them tho hcart burn; and if you shako a btuicli of radishcs at thciu ouco a wcck, it is all thcy want. You ncver saw a inoro bcnu tiful nnd inieresiing sight tliau thcsc young ladies; thoy rcsemblc fair and dclicate cabbajro nlants. growing undor thc shady sido of a barn. Their strcngth is so much iinproved by their dict, that they havc no occasion for excrcisc, nnd ncver fccl tho lcast dcsirc to walk nbout. Indccd, this would bo somewhat ha'.ardous, for one of them, noing anroad on n windy uny last weck, was nc cidontally blown against thc sidoof ancw paiutcd housc, whero shc stuck till somcbodv cainc to her rehef. Smco this cntnstrophc. thcv havo all kept within dooiv, wliich in fact ismuch the bcst wny for truc Sawdustrians Sinco writing thc abovc, I havo rccoived ac counts, trom tho neighbo:iiig town of Noodletoi wlicre Lr Sawdust has also been lecturing. Thc good work is going on thcrc. The jicoplo havo givcu up onting ontirely. Most of ihcm do noth ing but gapc, though cvcn this is ccnsured as a suj'crfluous luxury, as wcll ns thc praetico ol siu-king fog through ryo strnws. Tcc-Total 1'ast JJay r orcvcr Associations arc ranidlv forin ing. Scvcral pcoplc havc scwcd up their moiiths uim iiasurc mo mc scnsation is (iciiguiiui ; othors hold back, and think that knocking their tceth ont is going far cnough. Ilowcver tho gcneral cry is "go ahcad," uml 1 think thcso Inst must luioclf nndcr in smio ol their tcoth Brothcr S.ippy lccturcd on wator porridgc last ecuing, anu (tcii'iitcil n most enthiisinstic audi cncc. Iie L'ave u flnmiiiir dcscrintion oi" carrcts. and thc mention of ouions hrnught tcars into ov- cry cyc. IIc mcans ncxt wcck to tnko up tlio qucstion on the moral condition of bakcd bcans. Wo nro nll ns tbnving as corn stalks; thcro not a faco iu tho town that is not pca green. Yours most cmaciatingly, SiaioN ScAnncRow. is iNDOSTnY OF FuMAIiCS. As vou would Bccuro thc wcll boing of your daughtcrs, nnd of an wuu wnom thoy may hnvo to ilo ho suro to trnin them to indiistry. Ncver ullow thom to think iliat their liundsurc too good to pcrform nny ubciiii work, ortbat anv tas c is too abonous for their pcrscvcrancoto nccomnlish.or anv stiulv or art too bard for their minds nnd their indiistry to masier. Let them oarly und cvcr remctnbcr thc moto, 'Lubor pcrt nax oininn vincit:, nnd lct tho grcat motivc nnd cncouragoinents ofiiuhiHtry bc kept constiuitlv beforo tlicm. With carefuf- ness ncver to ovortnx tlioir powcrs lct thc hoiirs otovery day uo sacredlv nnnronnnted : Jet not n single hour be lost. Lct them riso carly and cntcr directly upon tho nssigncd dutics of the day, nnd pass with tho most oxact cconomy of timo ihroiiLdi tho succcssivo houra foi domestic dutics, study, civimr or receivinsr ncccssarv calls, excrcise, miscollnncous reading, devotions, &c. Lct thom learn to do nll with tho utmost fidclity, diligence nnd desputch nnd nlways be foro retireiii'', let them call themsclves to strict uccount for tho inanncr iii which thcy havospont tho ilay. r or all this indiistry thcy will fiud sufliciunt occasion, iu sccuring u thorough knowlcdgo of va rioiis domestic dutius, and iu dischargitig thosu dutics ;iu disciplining tlioir minds and storing thom with knowlcd''o ; in cultivating their mor al powcrs and afloctons , in training and cduca- tingthcir childrcn ; in admimstcnng rclicl to tno nccdy and syinpathy to tho afllictcd ; in promo ting rcligion by tlioir assistencc iu Sahbath Schools by their Christian conversation. by tlioir prnyors and chcoring sympalhy ; in n word, in sccuring nnd sustnining tho elovtited chnracter and in flucncc rcquisitu to their sticccssfnl proinotion of tho nohlcstaud most valuable intcrcsts of our cxistence. Without this, thereforo thcy fail to riso to tho digniiy nnd glory oi tlioir scx. nlothcis! in tho nanic ol rcligion and human iiy, 1 chargo ycn, tonch your dauglitcrs indiistry ! No matter how innch of woalth and bcaiiiy nnd rcfined uccomiilishincnts thcy havo; without this virtuc, thcy nro unfit to be cithcr wivcs, or mothcrs, or meinbcrs of socioty without this their luishauds, their childrcn, tho socioty of which thcy arc to bo mnmbcrs, will suflcra gient or loss in rcspcct to them than can bcatoncd for grcater than my pcn shail nttempt to dcscrihe. licv.Mr. JVinnloio's ' Woman an shc ought lobs.' Woukinu of thi: Expi:rimi:nt Surrr.niNo or the Poon. Tho disclosurcs madc at thc va rions Wnrd Charity Alcctings, in rclation to tho siiH'erings of tho poor, nro of tho most nwful cliaracter. Wo learn from ono of tho Ccntral Coinmittecs that at tho picscnt jieriod, not lcss than roiiTV thocsand rnnsoKS in this citv Ann nnrr.NDF.NT on Tiir. funds of ciiarity FOn Tlir.IIt UAT.Y SVI'1'I.IF.S OF FOOD AND FU- r;,. Amcngst thcse arc found not only thc vic cious and improvidcnt, hut thousaiids of thc most industrion3 nnd, hithcrto, lahorious of our populaiion, but who do not work nicrcly bccausc they can find nothmg to do labour bcing ut prcBcut out of iho qucstion. Therc is not u day passesin this city in xvhich therc arc not morc or lcss dialhs from thc want o food orfttel. In ono word, there nro two hundrcd and iifty Gorman familics cntircly dcstitutc ; most of whoin cannot spcak English, and whom can only make their wants known through an intcrprctor nt tho depots of iho connnittee. One poor family who appliod for rclief was visitcd by a gcntlcinan, who, on ar riving at their dwclling, found tho last piccc of their little childrcn'a bcdstead on tlie fire, to pre vcnt them from frcczing. In this stntc of things wc hnvo an illustration of tho woiking of tho cxperimcnt ofjMan'm Van Buren & Co., and an cxhihitiuTi of his love for the poor and working olassos. V. Y. Exprcss. A Nrcno'rr. of thh Rkvolution. A good storyistold of Col. JM'Lanc's yiclding a gcncr ous "libcrty of action" to tho troops undor his couimaiin, Dcioio g"i"K "iio quarters nt vauc l'nrge. Ihey wcrc suuuriug (or provissinn nnd clotliiiig, and Congrcss had been rcpcatcdly po- titioncu lor that rcliot wlncii it uasnot m their powcr to hCKlow. Undcr tlicso cncuiuslanccs, Ool. il Lano parailuil his baud ot suflcnng sol- (licr.-, and liurangucd llicmas follows: l. Fcllow soldiors! You'vo scrved youioun try faithfully and trulv. Ve've fought hanl ngnis togcuier ng insi tne ciiemy. youtc iu a had way for comfortablo clothcs , that's a fact and makcs mc cry a'most, to scc your fcct blccd- ing on tho Jrozeu ground. Hut Congrcss can't hcl) it, nor I n'ithcr. Now if nny of you want to roturii home, you may go. Let them thnt m ould liko to go, stcp out two paees iu front. Bnl thc num that stcps out darn :nyskin ! if ldonV shool him as quicl; as 1 would a rcd-coal !'' It is nccdlcss to add, lhat not a politary "vol untocr" wasto l,e found l Knickerbockcr. Wooi. andCotton. Tho Ootton growcrs of the South appcar to bclieve, that tho prosperity of tho coumry and alniost its vcry existciico, dc icnds upon tho ootton crop; nnd that therc is hardly anything olso of any valuc rnified in tho cuimiry. viini wiu uicy ininic wncn tiu'v arc told by coinpcteut .pnlgcs. that tho clip of wooi ui tho Northcrn Stntcs, so inconsidciabto an itcm iu the nrotlurt ol thc fice laborof tho Noi tl that ihc'tnoduccrs hold tho wholc of thc last vears . . . .. . . cnp, in conscquciico oi mc (icciinc in pricc, without nny anxieiy to scll, is cst'unatcd to be ncarly, il not quito, cqual to tho entiro cotton crop of the Unitcd Statcs ; tliat this inerc itcm in tho prodiino of tho North, cmbraccs a capital of six:y inilhous oi flollars in slicop and ono liim drcd and fifty millions in pasture lands, by n vnlu ntion not hall so extravagant as that ofthe South orncrs m tlioir estimnto ofthovaluo of capital oinploycd in thc cotton growing. JVctvbitrypoi-l iicraia. Tho sons ofthe poor dio rioh whilo tho sons r . I . .. i . . . . . ui mu ricii iho poor wuai au ciic(iurai;c inciii to toil through lifo in ncnuiring wcalth to ruin oui childrcn. Bcttcr to go with our money as wo go aionir. lducato our sons sccuie their habits of indiistry and study, nnd then lct them takc caro of thenisclvcs. Jlwful dcath bit firc. On Satuiday cvcniii': ahout half pabt 8 o'clock, Mrs. Nancy Morso was f ouiid lying upon thc stairs iu hcrliousoou I' ront strcct, in this town, her clothcs nluiost cntirclv consiimod byliri, nnd hcrscif most ahockinsilv buincd. -llLrsironns gavo tho fust warniii" to her childrcn who wero in tho houso, of her situation, and thcy iminediaiel gavc thc ularm of flru. It is supjtosed, that assho wasabout rctiring for tlio night, thc flnmcs from tho lamp which shc car- jjcd, commuiiicated to her drcss, uud what is mosl painful to relato, that her own condition was such from iiitcmperance, that shc could nci thcr aid hcrsclf nor call for assistanco from olh crs. Sholingorcd till the following aftornoon, vllon bhe oxpired. Shc wus 41 ycars of agc, and has lcft scvcral childrcn to doploro her 0:tc, ad- diny another pad warning ngainst intcnipcranco nnd excess. JForccstcr (J!a3s.) JEaiis. Voicu ruoji a Slavc Stati:. CoNonr.ss. Tho glailiaforinl strifo in this body Iins bcon tomporarily by tho pnssago ol" a resolution, in tho lowor hnusJ nt luast, coiiKiguiiig uI potitions, mciuorials, &.o to tho lablo, tliuro to lay without niading, roforring or pruiting. I'sliaw, iiovv larpical and sbort biglit cd! Jnst ns woll might thcy attoinpt tq oliock tlio throcs of u volonno by covoring ovor its burninr, inbling summit with struw nnd stubblo, as to chook tho voico of liborty, by disrognrding tho poti. tions of tho peoplo ! It is all in vnin ! Congrcss will hcnr that voicc tmtil tliny bonrkun to it, though thoy would n.iK.-j liv'o hunilrod rosidu lions. mh Ihhi" nnd irrovocablo as tho laws of tlio Alodus aud I'or piaiiB. llojoot tho liht of tiodtion, itidood to (Iuh- troy a thirnt for univorsal libcrty ! It will incroso :, und cnntiiiuo to iultc'ko it uiitii it siiaii pro nil from Maino to Lduisiana. Mayscilto (Tenn.) Iiitcllh'f.ncer. (Dofing'ii'CRSMoaiafl. Corrospondcnco of tho N. Y. Exprcss, Wasihn'oton, Murch G. Aftor tho reading of tho Journal, Mr Adnmn roso and uskcd leavo to prescnt n mcniorial from 120 citizous of N. Jcrsoy upon tho suhjoct of tho latc duel. Tho momorial prays an invcstiga. tion of thc rumors us to the pnrtics, &c. nnd is oxpressed in strong language. Thc momoiial was rcad and roforred , and ordcrcd to be print-' cd. IIr Fairfield prcsented u similar mcmorial, which wasrefcrred to iho SeleotCommitteo who" liavo tho subjcct of tho Intcduel undcr oousidor ation. Iteports from tho stnnding oommittccs wcro, then in ordcr. IIr Cambrelcng prcsented n writtcn report, which is to uccompany the late bill for rcc,ciying' und disbursiiig tho Public Ilovonuc. 1 Mr Sergcanr, of Ponn. gavc noticc that n countcr report would be prcsented as soon nstho minority of tho coininitteo had time to prcparo it. Ainong the reports prcsented was ono from tho Connniiteo on Foreign AfTnirs, being tho' Ncutrality Bill, ycstcrday reported to thc IIouso' from thc Scnatc, and referred to thc Committce." Tho Cominittoo on Foreign Affairs in tho llonso coiicurretl in all tho amendments of tho Senntp cxccp: thc third amcndmcnt, wliich cxcepts tho oporations of the bill to expeditions by water. Tho ninenJincntof tho Senntc limits the bill to land expeditions. Tho Houso rcfiised to con cur nnd madc its oporations upon land und wan tcr tho samc. With this exccption nll tho n, nioudnients of thc Scnnto wcrc conciured in, and tho bill scnt back to thc Sennte. Thc Appropriaiion Bill, for thc Civil and Di ploiuatic cxpcnscs of ihc Govcrnment for 1838, then cnmc up nnd continucil bcforc tho IIouso dtinng the day. This is ono of thc most impor tant bills beforo tho House, involving apptopri ations for sevcrul millions of dollars. Ono item is put down nt $4,G0O,00O, for tho Post Offico Departnicnt. Tho inerits of this bill wero dis cussed nt somc longth by Messrs Adnms, Cum hrclcng, BoM and Coniier. Objcctions were nindo. to tho lamping mnhner in which thc bill solicitcd, tho nppropriations fiotii Congrcss fcw or no spccifications bcinc mudo bv thc Committce. bliiNAIlj. Mr 3imili of Indiana, prcsented, a joint resolution Iroin tlio Gencral Asscmbly ot' thc Statc of Indiana, instructirig tho Indiana Senators, and vcqucsting tho Kcprcsentalivcs to. use their bcst cxcrtions to urocure the nassno-o ot a law providing thnt notes of all tho Statc Banka that mny redeeni their notcs in specioon dcmmid shall bc leceivcdin paymcnt for thc public lnnds. Blr Clayton, ofthe Cominitlce on thc Judicin ry re)orted thc bill referred to them sotne daya sinco to prcvent tho praclice of duelling in tho DUiriet of Columbiu, with nmendincnts. The inincipal amcndmcnt changes tho penal ty of dcath tp tcn und twenty ycars coiifiuement iu tho pcnitcmiary. Mnrch 7. Fifty two Senators, rcprcscnting thc entiro twenty six Statcs, werc in the Scnatc Chninher ihirf inorniug. Tho privilege scats nnd galleries were throngcd all the Senators nnd peoplo drawn to the Scnnto Chamber by nn expectcd votc iijion thc two iinportat propos'uions, of'Post ponenicnt over to tho next Ges3ion,'nnd the A mt'iidmcnt of Mr Ilivcs to the bill of Wright. Tho voto was takcn only upon the proposcd Post ponciucnt, which was disposed ofns I infornicd you it would bo disposed of ycas 23, nays 2P; iiicluding, asyou will perccive nmong tho ncga ties, Messrs Morris, Wall, Nicholas und Cuth- ucrt. Ihe lollowimr is tho votc: bins, Rugglcs, Smith, of lud. Southnrd, Spcnce, Swift, Tullnindge, Tiption, Vebstct, White 23. Nays Messrs Allen, Benton, Brown, Calhoun, Clay, of Ala.Cutbbcrt, Fulton, Hubburd, King, Linn, Lumpkin, Lyon, Morris, Mouton, Nicholas, Nilcs, Norvcl, Picrco, Roane, Robinson, Sevicr, Smith, of Conn. Strange, Trottcr, Walkcr, Wall, Williams, Wright, rdung 29. To make good thc opinion I advnnced last evening, I may quoto a remark made by Mr Moi "ris, of Ohio, to-dny, cxjlnnatory of his vote upon tho proposition to postpono the bill until tho next session of Congrcss. " I shnll vote a gainst postponemcnt," bc says, "und ngainst tho lunciidincnt of Mr Rivcs, and against thc bill itsclf, nnlcss nuiendcd in its most niaterial pro visions. I highly npprovo of somc of its provie ions, nnd ns highly disapprovo of othors." Mr Morris's oninions. I presume. and wilh somo reason, arc tho samo as thoso of Mr Wall of New Jcrsoy, Mr Nicholas ofLouisiana. and Mr Ctith- bort, of Gcoriiia, who, 1 uudorstand, will voto against that provision of tho bill rcquiring pny mcnis of Governinontdues to be madc in spQcfo. From thcso cnlculutions you will sec, that tho vote to postpono is by no mcans u tcst vote : uei- ther will tho voto upon thc nmcndmcnt b u lest votc; und no vote, unlcss ono upon the billitself, om inotion of indefinitc postponemcnt , or to lay tho bill upon tho tnblo. The chnnccs now nre, that tho originul bill will ho umended, nnd pass by n innioiity of one or two votcs. Messrs. Wall. Morris, Nicholas and Cuthbcrt havo tho powcr to dcfeatits passagc itsdefcnt in thc Scnnto dc pcnds upon their unitcd oppositiou. Lur i'rcston hns subinittcd two niucndnicnts to thc bill of Mr Ilives which is now under consid- erntion. Unu ol his umcndmcntB Mr Rivcs is willing to uccept, nnd tho othcr ho h'ao h strone objcction to. Tiio nmejidmcnt which Mr Prcston proposcd und to which Mr RiveB nssnnts, propo- scs to rcccivc the notes of all sotind banks, with tho consent of tho Sccretury of tho 'Irensury, for tho public diiQS.from the timo of tho passago of tho bill until August ncxt, providcd the banks then resiinio and coutinuo spocio paymonts. Thus stands tho bill this ovoning with no voto upon tho amendmeut or the atnendments to tho amcndment. To-morrow tho voto mny como upon tho substitutc. This, hovvever, isbyno mcans certain, and two wccks may pass by bo foro thc voto is taken upon tho bill itself. A mcmorjaj sigucd by neaulv nine tiioosand of tho frcem'cii of New York City remonstratcd against tho passago of tho Govcrnment Baulc Bill beforo tho Senntc, exeited much intcrest und ndehato of two houra in tho Sonato this nforuing. Mr.Tulhnadge was tho prcsonter, und IiS brotig'ht forward his petition with somo uppropriato, olo quont nnd putriolio remnrks iu dcfonco of Ihe New York momorial nnd m'emorialists. His ra Aycs Mcssrs Bayard, Btichanan, Clav, of Ky-. Clayton, Criticndcn, Davis, GrundvKnight," KcKcan, Merrick. Prontiss. Prcston. Rivcs. Rob.'