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jf33.r A. . CMABWICK.
V MtumCARmRFUUa TEItMS Tiik Cai.kdonian ivoeklv at S.OO por anmim, or ndvanco. II" payinont is mndu witliin six montlia froin tlio timo ol snbscribins it will bo considcrcd is ndvanco pay. No pupor will bo disconu'nuod until till nrroaragcs aropaid, cxcopt at tho option of tho publishcr. GpAdvortiscinonts will bo insartcd frr tho cus toinnry priccs. Pcrsons aro rcqncstcil to stato Ibo nuniborof wuoIjb thcy wisli tlioir ndvertisoinonts pnblisbcd, otliorwisc tlicy will bo insoftod till for bid and churgud nccordingly. CoNOREs.sioNAri Tkmpkranck AIkktinci. On tlio 27th of Febnmry last oecurrcd tho Aimual Alocting of tlus Congressional Tenipcranco So cioty.at which Alr Buckinoiiaji of England was prescnt. From a lengtliy and ablo specch mado by himon tbo occasioii, wo mako tho following cxtracls : Mr. President : though 1 Imvo rcason to con grntululo myself on being iiululgod with tbo priv ilcgc of scconding thu motion uow beforo you, I cannot butil njply rcgret tbat at a moment whon could wisli both tny pliysionland mcntal ener gies to bc at tbcir very topmost bent, a painful visitation which aflltcts me with a hoarso voico and lungs opprcsscd, givcs mo causo to wisli that somc other opportunity could bavc been sclcctctl for tho addioS which I am now ealled upon to delivcr ; moro especially, from tho naturc of tlioso cxneetalions which mav liavc bcon raised by tho kind remarka of gentlemcn prcccding mo, but which, 1 havc too much reason to fear, will havo bccn raiscd in vain. Allusinn has been kindly mado to niy situation in anothor coimtrv. which mado mo acquaintod with tho cxtent and fearl'ul rcsults of this ovil thuro. and which occasionod mo to have somo share in tho advocaovof the Tomperance roform tbat I should loavc untouehod tho nuostion of tho amoimt, uithor of tho evil wliicli prcvailcd or tho good which has been dono in Amcrica, in roferenco to this sul)jcct. AII tliat, I willingly confido to her own ablo and .ealous citizonp, who arc abundantly capablo of looking to tho intercsts of morahty and vntue m tlieir own land. It is about scvcn vcarsntro, that I was selcctcd by u portion of my fellow citizens in ono of tlio largc niauufacturing townsof England, to ropro sont them in thc British llouse of Commons. Tt was woll known to mv eonstituonts. that 1 was then roeentlv orrivod from oxtcnsivo travels m tlio East. Wlnlo pnrsuing ,that journoy, 1 could uot but 1)0 deeply unpressod witn mo comrast oxuiu- iteo y tno sooneiy prevaimi imjugiiuin mo oriontal rountrics, and tho habits of iutoxicatioii which floCgcnerally charncteri.ed tho wcstern nations of Europc. You shall jndgc whcthcr 1 was not iutified in this fouling. I nroseouted mv travels tlivnttsh EffVPN and along thu Banks m tho r;io, thonco intu Palestiuc, by Joppa and JrrusMlcni, ouward through Syrin, by Damnscus, ncross :.nto Mcsopntamia, by Ur, Nineveh and ll.ihvlon. omvard still to 1'er.sin. by Tspahan nnd Sbira.. and ihenco lo llindostan. Thcsc oxten- sive travols orctipicd ueaily throo jcats of timc, m'.riiig which I must havo truvcllisd notloss- than 30.000 miloi', and hold pcrsonal communicaiion, to a givaterm- Ii:.s oxtour, with ncarly thrco mil liouy of pcople. Yot throiiglioiit that vast spnco of coiintry, diiring tliat grcat lcngth of timc, and amid alf tlioso riui Itictides of pcoplo, I do uot thml: 1 saw half a dozi'ti ltitoxicatod pcrsons umoiiL' tho nativo inhabitants. Utit on mv ro- tuni to tliat country which, aniidst all I hadsecn, Ijalways loved the most, and whoao memory was loubly ondcarcd to my lieart by bo long an exilc, that licai t was ufloetod in a manncr wliicli uo laiiL'iiai'o cau doscribc, by inoatiiig, within tlu first hour 1 sct my foot upon hershorcs.agrctitor numlicr ot (InmUen pcrsons man i natt scen m my throo years' iourney of thii ty thousand miley aiul my ltucrcou.so witn mrco mniiuu-, ui nioii. Among tticso wrctcuuu ooecis wmcii met my view among the dnmkaids of my own nativo land, wero liot only mcn, but womcn and ciiil dren. Ilcro JMr. 15. spoko of thc petitions prcscnted to, and tho information laid bcforc, tho ISritish Parliamcnt upon tho subjcct of intcmperancc I will now proceed tosubniitto you the ro sults. In tho first placo, tho mcdical mon prc scnted to us a written documont, signod by ihc most cniinent incmbcrs of tho faciilty to tho mim bcr of sovcnd huudrods, wliicli declared that in toxicating drinks arc novcr ncccssary to mcn in liealth, but on thc contrary arc alwaya hurtful; that thcy aro in fact poisonouy, liko opimii, and araonic, and nux vomica, and prussio acid, sub stanccs which God basgivcn to bo uscd iu small qunmitics for mcdiral purposos, and which, if so used, may bo productivo of wholcsomo rcsults, but which it would bo propo.tcrous to tbinl; of nsing aa a daily bcvcragc. And hcar 1 cannot but hcar my tcstiitiony to t!m philanthropy and hiirh ecnsoof honor manifustcil on this occar.ion ly gomli'ttien of tho mcdical prufoision. Tlicy gavc a biight Iemonstration of how much moro tbcir tu'indR were "uifliicnccd by truth and the b,ulm''s of hnmauity, than by moro personal in terpst ; for of all pvoduccra of tliaoasc, from the ctirc ot which tbcir lortuncs aro ncrivod, uitoin- poranco is tho in-eatost: vor. liko honcst and hon orable incn, thcy camo forward, with ono heart and voieo, ontroating tho lcgislaturo to lay tho a.xo to uie root of the tree which brouglit them jm mon' gniiis : and whilo this fact stands as a monutnent to their honor, it gives at tlio eaine timc tho utinost jiossiblo importanco and valuo iu inuii biatctncnis as testimouy. Thcystatcd to us that they could not vonturo to fix the precise proporlion of tho entirc niass of discaso occas ioncd by intempcrance m ono f'orm or auother. 1 hey could not exactly say whctherit was sovcn cighths or tiine tenths, or ninc and a half tonths, or nmc and throo fourth tenths ; but they all agrccd thtt tho proportion was immcnsely grcat ; and it is worthy of renuirfi, that theso" getitlemcn tnndo no distiuction in thcir oflicial statcmenty bctwecn spirits, wine, beer, and other intoxicating drinks, saving that somo of theso substauccs aro moro potetu than othcrs. They scomed to bo of opmion tlml if beer was only onc fourth or ono ntth asEtrongas brandy, yet if a man drank four orfivc tmica as much beor, it would bc prodtto jivo of tho samo efFoct, though its opcration might 'c somcwhat slowor. In tho lis: of discascs ho gotten by intcmperancc, thoy lncludcd n groat vanety, from thosc which produccd thc sliglitost will bo publisbcd I tlerangcrnent of tho human systom, np to msan at $1,50 if paid in ity iteoff, and thnFm its most frightful forin of (lelirium tromcns, wnoso wruiouou viuuma ocum in this world to havo anticipatod tho tormonts of thodamnml ; who imagino thomsolvon to bosur rotmded by dcmons and imps, waiting to toar thom away iulo ctcrnity. Whilo visions liko tlioso posscss tho miiid, tho hody is covored with porspirutiou, not in thick drops, but iu Btroams, as if tho iudividiiida wero actunlly jios?es3ed ; aml whou they awako frotn this frightful wnking drcam, they sinkjnto a lethargy almostliko death itsulf. To theso thcy addcd u vast and appalling list of tho most shocking accidonta, in which tho wrotchcd drunkards hnd dislncntod thcir limbs by fhlls, nnd had "mcurrod taifil-riiigs which one could hardly boliovo. I will hcm inontion ono fact. from which others may bo itidgcd of. Tho numbor of coronei's iuqucsis hcld in Sbcllicld ulono, o town whoso population io about 100,000, nnd is not larger than lSaltimoro, ovor tho dcad bodies ofmon who haii pcriahcd from tliid causo, nmouiucd to thirtccn iu cloveu days, or moro than a mun por day. Tliia numbor pcrishcd from violent doaths, but they wero far from beng all who wero dcstroycd by intomperanec; many wretched drunkards dicd in thcir beds, and over them thc coroncr hcld no inquiry. If weadd all thcseto thc numbcr, it will bca eufo infercnco to say that as many as two mcn pcr day, out of cvcry liuiidred thousanil in England, diu from tho ct fcrts of intcniperanco in onc Bhapo or imothcr. Pcrmit mo licro to add that sinco my arrival in this city I havo hcaid, on ovidcnco bclievcd to bc autliontic, as tho rcsult of rcccnt invcstigation in tho Statc of Now York, that ncarly ono ihird of tho wholo adult tnalo population of diat Statc dio chiefly from tho cfTect of intornperato habits ; a fact that of itsolf is sufiicient to urouso thc pub Yia attention ot the wholo conntry. 1 will noxt etato tho result of thc cxnmination of tho magistrates and iiersons connected wiih tho adininistration of jusiico. Tho amount of crimo in England is foarfully groat; but i( we could but prcvail on hcr population to abjuro intcmpcranco, thcro is reason to beliovc that crimo would bccomo as raro as it is now frcqucnt. Whcn mon loavo thcir reason uiiimpaircd, though thcy contiuuo to bo dopravcd, thoy do not pcrmit tliemselvcs to commit crimcs against tho law ; because ihoy calculatc aro rcstraincd by fcar. tho conKcqucnccs, and Tho Diviuo Author of our bcing has cudowcd us, in due and just pro portious, with passioii3 to stunulato and reason to dircct ouractions: and wc reproucli ourMakcr whon wo tlefy tho arrangcmonts of lus jrovi dcnce, when by tho uso of iutoxicating drinks wo bcut down reason lioin hcr scut, and sct np and infliunc oui passions, thcrcby dcstroying tho balance of our naluro as it camo from tho hand of thc Almighty and ihc All-wise. Tho cxpcri cnco of all nations has provcd that it is quito diflicult enough to kccp down tho human pas sions in duo subjiigatiou to rcason, without in cio.ising tiicdifli'.-ulty by tho uso nf intixication. llow grcat, thcu, is tho rrimo of incrcaimg this difliculty until passion dtifies control, and rushcM into tho comniission of cvory cnormiiy! The courso of tho crimiual coinnicncob'ofteu by stcal im; small stims of moncy, whorewhh to purchaso diiiiit. Thcn tho powcr of conscionce is dead eucd by decper and ilecjiqr drafta ; atlcngth rep ntation is gone, proporty is gonc, fnomls aud iiomo aro goiic, and tho highway is rusortcd to, till tho wrctcln-d victim cnds h'u carcor by rob bury and murilcr. Jt was a conviction tbat thc amount oforiine had bccn largoly augincutod by thc iufluonco of intomperanec, which lcd all tho friends of humanity to cntertam witli sitcn rcany favor any publio movcmcnt which lookcd toward tlu; itimtnuuon m uiaiuijina i-. u. In tbo next placo comc3 what may bc callcd thc politico-ccouomic ellcct of this grcat vicc, in drying up tho roots of tho national industry, and lll'.lS llliowiug u miguiy miiuiiuui;ni in inv wuy of thc increasc of tho national wcaltli. Aud hcrc let nono suposo that I rcgard tho acquisi tion ofwealth as thc highcst object to bo aimcd at or desircd. I am very far from thinking uo ; but a ccrtain amount of wcaltli ia iudispctisable to civilization. Without. its magic powcr, a nti tion can havo no grcat publio roads, no canaN, no newspapcrs, no publio schools and sominaries of lcarning, no cliurches for divino worship. A nation which is noor. must from thc very consti- tiitioii of' human thinus. rcniain in thc march of civilif.ation &i:nprovemant far bcliind ono which is rich. That nation will attain tho highcst point of moral, intellcctual, and physical iinprovemont, which has thc largest atnouiu ot weaiiu, (ii rccted into tho most propor chanucls, and jilaccd unilcr tho control of intclligcnco nnd virtuo. Tho rcsult of this invcstigation iu England provcd that not lcss than fifty millions sterlings wero wasted iu that country in tho purchaso of intoxicating drinks. This lossis uot all suflercd by thc rich, nor by tho poor, nor ly thc middlo classes, but it is abstiacted frotn all. In rclasid, howjvcr, at thisd iy thc most misorablc country nnder thesuii, owing nartly pcrhaps to misgov- crnmont by hor rulciv, but eortaiiily not lcss to tms-sclf-govcrniuent ot Uer own, it is asccrtamed that out of sovcn ttnlluius ot inhabitants!, two millions thrco hundred thousand aro patipcrs, bcing ono third of tho wholo; aud whon I say paupcrs, I do not tnean pcrsons "m povcrty merc ly, but ihoso in tho last dcgrcc of destitutiou, wrctchednes.3 and rags. Yot, in this most mis erablo country, six millions of poimds stcrling aro ppcnt every year in tho purchaso of whiskoy, or in tho conversion of nutritious food to poison ons drink. If that suin of moncy wero spcnt in tho purchaso of grain, of dothes, aud tho incans of cducation, who can conccivo or describo the chatigo that would instahtlybe produccd in tho moral as well as physical stato of that pcoplo? Hut all this amount of good is preventcd and de stroyed, by that ficry flood, whoso consuming flamcs risc liko tho fires of RIolocli, calliug down tho vcngeanco of indignantheavcn upon that un happy land. Now as tho drink for which thcsc fifty millions aro oxpended is ncver neces.-:ary, tho moncy expendod upon it must ba sct down nu t nntinn.il in5! wbiln tho uositivts iiiiury ot which it is thc immediato causo doubles thatioss to tho nation. Fifty millions i3 tho largest annu ul amount of revonuc, which Euglauil, m tlio highcst days of her.prospcrity, has ovcr iicon a- bio to rcalizo. You havo probably ttcani, smco tho fact luw been suflieicntly rcitonited, tbat Bri fnin ! ttii! most nvnr-ta::cd coitlltrv ill tho Vorld; nnrl it ha3 oftcn bocn said that bo who could dis charge tho national dobt of Grcat Britain, woukl open to her a carccr of glory sucli ns tho world has novcr yct witnesscd. liut this, wliicli in thcory is but asploifdid druam, might at onco bo rcduccd topolid rcality, iflior pcoplo would but consont to duny thomsolvcs,not tlio hcnofits, not tho onjoymcnt, but tho positivo iujury which thcy sustain from tho uso of intoxicating drinks. Tho rcsult would bo oqiml to tho gift of 50, 00,000 n ynar, from somc forcign nation, to bc applicd to tho payment of tlioir national debr. Would thisbo u trifling bcnofit? Cortainly not. It would bo giving a new impctiia to tho national prosponty, bcyoiKl all formor pnrallol. I havo of late ondurcd muchlabnr, and suffer cd much fatiguc ; btt: 1 rcjoico that aftora jour noy ofmany hutidrcd milc, l find mycolf honor cd to titaiid beneath this magnificcut dome, and to addrcss such an audicnco as is now bn foio mo ; fcralthough I do not onjoy tho dignity ofuoing an Amcrican citizcn, yetjyour sympathy with thc grcat causc l advocaie, has crowned mo with tlio honur 1 so highly ap)rcciato. I am ful lyawaio that much must neces?arily dopcnd on tho oxample of what may he denominatcd the highcr classcs of socicty. bcforc timny of wliom Inowspeak. Ilcnvcn forbid that, "on tho onc hand, T shonld accuso you of bcing moro im moral th.m othcrs: yot with thc firmncss which bccomcstho advocatc of truth, I inust say that the grcat and cflicicnt causo of tlio oontinuance of this grcat ovil of intompciance in the world is chiefly attributablo to thc higlior classcs of go ciety. Fifty ycars ago, tho rolativo statc of tho highcr and lowcrclasuss iu respect to tcmpcrauco was just tho rcverso of what it uow is. Then tho iower.clab'ses wero comparativcly sobcr whilo tlioso above them wero notorious for their habits of intcmperancc. You arc all, pcrhaps, fumiliar with thc proverb wc havo in England : "As dniiik as a lord ;" a proverb originatnig in the fact that lords and wcalthy mcn werc fbrmpi ly among the most iuteinpornto oftho community. Nowtliough you havo no lorda litular, yct doubt Icss thcrc aro among you many wlio arc lords in tlio caso and opulnnceol' their circuinstanccF, or who would nt lcast bo unwilliiiKto bo plaosd quito on a par with tho lowcst in society. To thcise, and cspecially to ihc ladics licro prcsont let me buy that tho cxaniplo yct by you in. the uso of vvino opeiatos as a constant stiunbling block in the way of thoso who arc cndcavoring to draw tho lowcrclasscs from tho uso o. intoxi cating drinks. When wo rcnionstratc with ibom on tho subject, thoy say to us in roply : "Your intcntions, no doubt, are very good, your bcnev oleticc imqnestionablc, and your arguuients of groitl forcc, but we yhould liko to sce a little oxam ple as wcll as pixccpt springing from you. Leave ofl j'our uec ot wine and othcr stirnulating drinks ; and thcn wo shall he thobcitcr praparcd to lis ten to you, wiicn you tcll us tliat alcohol is not good. As for us, wo arc not ablo to bny wine, nor can wc sparc frotn our woiking time so much as would bc ncccssary to sit ovcr it as gentlcmcii do. Pdcn who dcpend on tbcir daily Inbrtr lor thcir daily bread, must buy tliat liqtior which is cli(;a)ct, and which thcy can drink the quickctit. Wait till we get l-o far up in lifc as to lie oua lcvcl wiih you, and thcn wc will drink only Chumpaign, ladics' vine,s it in callcd, with pcrhapK an occasional glass of Iiurguudy, or Clarct, Sauternc, Ilock, and such dclicate vintage." : or cvcn agrco to do without it atall. IJut wo huvo a s:;i.-rct susjiicion that Nvino isliked by thc geutry, chiefly for tho alcohol it cotitains. At lcast, we ncver hoard of the fact tbat any geu tlcinan had takon Mio painsto.cxtract tlio alcohol from it, and then drink tho rcsidue." Whcn a poor iaboror uiakes to you sticii an appeal as this, . what can vou answer? Nothiiic. You can only rcsnlvc to go homc, reflcct on the sub jcct, aud yicld the victory to the oxcollcnco o thoir logic, ns woll as to tho knowledgo and cx. rionoo of the mcdical laculty on tho subjcct Wo follow tlioir advicc with groat rt-spcct whon they rccomiiiend to us to swallow tbo most na useous and rovolting niixtures. Wo closo our noritrils, aiul ofter cndeavoring for sorno timo to scrcw np our rcsolution, we at last gulp down thc abomination of abominations, which pcrhaps makcs us sick for days aftcr. All this we do whcn wo bclievo our hcalth to bo in dnnger. Lct us thcn try to rus)CRttho samo advicc, when ltis givcu us m rcgard to alcohol, aiul show our coMtidcnco in their jtidgmcnt bv rcgarding it,as thoy do,asa poison,nevcr nccessary to jiersons m health, but ahvays moro orless injurions. Bnt I must hastcn to an cnd. 1 huvo done thc mmost that my strengtti would pcrmit, to lay beforo you iu tboaimplest languago I could find, facts connected with tho grcat qiicstion of Teni pcrance, which briusu us hcrc. I ask you to nondcr them wcll. 1 bc" vou to considor what will bo the moral cfr'cct' of bauisiiing ovory iu toxiratiug liiiuor from vour tablu: aud bv this cxaniplo aidod by corrcsponding ofTorts banislvng it trom your countiy. If you aro inclined to spend thc irne ainotmt of money, or doulilo the amount which wine has hitlicrto cost you. iu olijocts of tonvcnicncc, of instructioii, or ovcn ol pcrsonal comfort or ofiast6, 1 haveno objections, providcd tho moncy bo invcstod iu somo innocont fonii. If ycu dcsire your childicn to grow up with au miblcuiislicd renutation, oh pvotoct them from the insidious draft. If you dcsire that tho intercsts of roligion, thc causo of edueation, and thc rcign of gcueral happiuoss shoukl bc aug niented and accclcratcd, tliere ia no ono moans atnoiig all that you can employ, which in its ef fccts will bo so" cxtensivo as this, on tho moral habits of mankind. It is too eotnumn to say, "Woll, I am convinced, I admit the truth of all you say, but what can do ? Wliy should 1 join a Tempcranco Society? By doing so, I seem to show a doubt whother I shall hold out in tcm pcrato habits'. A plodgo is proof of a watit of coiifidence in myself ; but I havo that confidence, & thorefore lo not niake plcdges.' I think, how evor, I can fnrnisli an answer to that objection, which will como homo to the bosom of evcry ouo. Is tlicroa rnomcntin huniati life, whcn thc niind is possesscd with a moro entiro and uu doi.bting conlidenco, than whcn wo approach thc nltnr, to take tho inutual matrimonial vow ? Would it not bo considered as thogrcatcst insult, to cntcrtain for u momont a doubt, either ot tho perfoct honor aud fulolity of your wife, or of thc purity aud integrity of your own ititenyous5 What would more deculy stir all that is iu man, thau tho cxpression of 'such a doubt? But do wo thereforo say, "lct ua mako uo plcdges; a pludgj shovsn wantof coufidetiue, and thcrufore wo will not mako it ?" Do wc ask, "Wliy go to tho nllar? Wliy not roly on cach other's honor and faith, without this coremony of pledging? No ono tiscsHich on argt'ment as this; and why? Bccauso a plcdgo i3 tho outward and visiblo sign, not ot doubt, butof thc very confidence of which it is supposed to bo tho opposite. I thereforo npprove of tcmpcrauco pledgo?, nnd I havo joiu cd the Tcinperanco Socioty, in ordcr that my plcdgo thcro may throw in thc snbaidiary aid of its iufluonco to all tho othor binding cnnsidcra tipus which prompt a man to tho obsoi vancu of sobricty ; and thus the uniou of many, acting in conccrt, gives strength nnd support to all. Thus, thcn, lct nic conjuro you to gather up your individiial cflorts, and nnitc them in tho bondsof a tomperance soricty. Lct your anchor bo on the rock of truth, and your cable thc uiii ted ck'incnts of individtial inllucnce aiul exarnplc; and then, though tho jester may i cnt his siiccih, and tho lovcr of ititempcranco throw out his contomptuouspiophecics ; though tho intcrustrd may denoiince, and the iiidiffcrcnt may scom, tho bnams of approving heavcn will ahiuo on your united cflbrts, and you will cll'oct for 3'our belovcd country an cnianeipation, not less glorious than that which first sct you freo from a forcign domiuion. And if that immortal chiof, pointing to tho picture of Washington which is suspendcd i:i thc flall of the Iluusc, who was the instriiment that achicved lor you your political frccdom, now looks down "frotn his bright abodc upon tho condition and tho destiny of the land bo loved, thcro is nothing ovcr which, ovcn in heavcn, he will more rejoicc, than to bohold tho iiolitical emancipation of Amcrica followcd by delivcrancc from all tho mutliform aud degrading cllccts of national intcmperatir.c. That, aud that alrmc, ia wanting, to mako this country tho ornanient and crown of thc eivilized world. And oh ! may tho Almighty Jtuldr oftho Universo bo disposo tho hearts of tfiose lcgisla tors and rnlers oftho land, wlinm 1am now priv ilegcd to address, as to mako them rcdouble their oflbrts to send forth iu evcry dircction tho her alds of tomperance, liko ihc whitc-robed inesseti gers of Peace, till, compassing thc cntire suiface of this fair and beautiful oartti. they shall gird thc globe with a shdle of glory, the bcgiuning and thc cnd of which shall he this noblo cdifico ; thc ruys oflightthat shall go forth from to-iiight beuig projocted and continucd till thcy swcep onwanl across thu bread Pacific, and rcturii again ovcr thc hluo Atlauiie.thusillumining thc wiiole orbthat its light einbraces, when thu ter miui of this radient circlc shall bc claspcd by a gcm of purcst brilliancy, in the statoly portieoos and lnfiy dnmcs of this prond Capilel, coiivcrtcd into "ono entirc and porfect chrysolite," as the Talisirmii of Tempcrance, and Star of tho Weat, to roform and to cnlighten a changed and rc generated world. Axkcdotk or Washington. Duriiig thc timc the Amcrican rnd British forces wcrc quar- icreu in west unestcr connty, lor many wccks ' tho honcst pcoplo living in tho iicighboihood (womcn and children, for thcir fathers aud brotb- rs wore in thc lield, takiug a part in thc then i impcuding Mruggln) wero inccss.'.ntly harrass- cii vitn tno visits ol ttio lorngmg and ficonting parties ; but, usyct, tlicy had not committcd any act of a very scrious uiiturc. About this timc uii orderwas issucd to the soldioiy by Goncral , of tlio rcginient to soizo on "all the cattlc ihey could find, and drito them to head (piarters; and, as ati excuso for thcse j-ash proccodings it waaasseitcd that they wero fatlening triem for thc British ariny. By theso orders somo hun dred cows wcrodrivcu to White Plains, leaving ineir owucrs de&titute ol tho only tncans whcro by thoy could livc. But tho Ainericaii hcart is a heart tbat will uot bo dauntcd, nor crouch uncler difricultics no ! Tho honcst and heroic peas-ant-woiiKiii of our country, who posscsscd tho samn liatrcd of oppre.-sion" which thcir husliancls ilid, eaw witii itidignation thcir piopcrty ilrivcn from their doors, without the lcast respect bcing paid to their pcculiar circuinstances, rcsolvcd to proceed to head quarters, and nutkc known, iu pcrson, thuir complaiiit to the Cominander-in-Chicf. Ilaving arrivcd at White Plains, thcir little army coiisiMcd ol about onc hundred and fifty houest matrons, deterniincd to fiice bim, by whosc orders, thcy expeeied, they had been dcprivcd of thcir scanty livelihood butof whosc fccling and consj.loratc charactcr thcy had bcon but too correctly informed and of whom thcy expectcd to rcceivo full redress. Wheu iu sightof the honso which had bcon pointed out to them as tho quarters of him whom thoy wero seeking, they espied a man leaning against ono of tho posts oftho piazza, silontly observing them as thev approMched tho gntts leading to tho housc. IJe sjjoko a moment to a soldicr who was standing n short distanco from him, whocainu towardsthcm, and5onquircd thcir husiness when, with ono vcice thcy tlcmandcd to hl'o Goncral Washington. Tho gcueral, upon being informctlof thcir dcmand, said, "Let tliat womati come to the houso," pointing to un old wonian of ncarly fourscoro years. "Uomc, niy good mothor," said tho gcnpral when sho wat scatcd upon tho piaxzti in a cbair he had placcd for her, "let mo know vour L'ricv- ances; and bo assurcd, if it is in niy powcr thcy I sliall bo fndi-fiaispd , The matron told her talo in a few siinplc words which hniughitearsj to tho gcncial'ri eycs;and aftcr cnding her narration, hosaid,"Ycs, my good wotniiu, you and all shall havo rcdrcss. But, iu walkingso far, you must wnut rest and food." In half a hour tho large tahlo of tho ball was groaning undcrgood roast-bcefand udding ; tho womcn wcre all scatcd arouiid tho table, with tho gcnoral at its hoad, he arose from his neut, aml said, "Good inothors, will you uot drink to tho liealth and succcss of Gcnor.il Washing ton ? "Yes !" crieil thoy, and all joincd in tlo toaat "JUay Gcncral Washington bo always succes ful ovortho enemics of his country ; & wery man in power bo eqnally just and iiiiniiuu: !'' Two hours beforo tho sun sct, this group ot' horoines wero retracing ificir stcpstowards homo with thcir reeovored property iu thcir posscss ion. V. Y.Mhror. "IMy love, you don't look so liandsomc as com mon, latoly." "I know it, but how cau ono afibrd to bo beau tiful, whcn paint is so dcar?" At New Orloans, on tho 7ib, tliny liad n liog frotn Ohio, iiicasariug 9 foot 10 iticlios frotn tnil to sn'iat, 4 fect 7 iachcs higli, and woighing 1C0I) pounds I (yorrcspondQrico of tlio N. Y. Exprcsa. Waslnngton, March 20. All is qtiict now. and the quietto-dny husbecn, most fiiithfully prescrvqd in tho two llouscs of Congrcss. All that tho mcmbcrs of tho lloiiso havo donohos liecn to throw u littlo light on tho Consul systcm of tho United States. Th? cotn inercial nicmlioiH from tho oonitncrcial cities have cxplainod tho modus apcrandi of tho Con sul systeni of our country. Our; your "com inercial lcprcselltalive,', has foiight valiantly for an appropriation of forty thottsiind dollarsfor thoConsuls, and iih moncy to bo placcd in thcir hand.i for thc Ijenefit of B'.ifTering Amorican sca ineii. Somc oppnsiiion was mado to the nppro iriatinn, but it was sustaincd by a largc inajority. In tlio Sonato Alr Soiithard has mado an ablo and iiitiiicsting ppficch to-day upon thc overlast ing Siib-Trcasury Bill, which has already gono boyond iis sevuntb wcelc in tho Senatc. Alr Soiithard held tha Adininistration mirror np to. nature, and brouglit tho I'hanipion of Expunging and tho champion of an cxclusivo spccio-paying Governnient Bank currency, faco to fice, scorching both Scnators for tlioir singular posi tion before thc publio. Onc of Mr Jlentoii's facts fornied onc of tho divisions of Mr Bcnton's spoech. Jt wns n most novcl fact, I nssuro you aiul d imo discc omnm. Alr Benton in his roaring speecli finishefl yestcrday,Bpcaking of the ratos of Doincstic Exchimgcs, now nnd nforctinie, said that "oncc upon a timo" the ratcs of Exchango Avcrc much highcr than now. Botwoen N. York and Kentucky Exehangos were fifty-five per cent! So Alr Benton said, and thus many who heard him bclievcd. Tho faer, one of Alr Benton's facts and a sninplo of all of Mr Bcnton's facts, was oxplaincd to-day by Alr Southard. lnstnad ni fijly per ccnt tho ratcs of Exchnnge weroye. Alr Bcntbn provcd his proposition thus: At the time riifcrrcd to thcro wasaComn lnwealth Bank in the Statc of Kentucky, much liko tho Com monwoalth Bunk of Boston. Tho Bills of this little Alonstcr wero at fifhj per ccnt discountin Now York. Now said Mr Benton, tho rate of era'haiige is fivc per cent, tho Commonwealtli Bunk Jiills nro at a discount affifly per cent, fifty and five tuakc7iv-7DC, and thus thc ratcs of Exchange wcre filty-iivo per ccnt "once hpon a timc bctween New York and Kentucky." March 21. Thc followiti" is the vote upon Alr Kive's a- inendmcnt as a substitutc to thc original Sub Treasury bill iu favor of tho substitnte: Aycs Mcssrs Bnyard, Clay of Ky. Clayton, Crittrndcn, Davis, knight, AlcKcan, Alefrick, Nicholas, Prciitiss. I'reston, Rivcs, Bobbms, Rug-' sles, Smith, of Indiatia, Southard, Spcncc,Swift, Talhnadgc, Tipton. Wcbstor and White 22. Nors Alcssrs Allcn, Benton, Brown, Buchan an, Calhoun, Clay of Ala. Cuthbert, Fulton, Grundy. Ilublmnriving, Linn,Lumpkin, Lyon, rdorrisj Mouton, Nilcs, Norvell, Pcarce. Roancj Llobiuson, Scvier, Smith, of Conn. Strange,Trot tcr, Walkcr, Wall, Williams, Wright, and Young 30. The vote was taken and the qticstion disposcd as statcd above, assoonas Alr Southard hadcon oluded his specch in opposition to tho Bill. Tho vote was taken unexpcctcdly and a long nnd aw ful pr.uso suceccdcd tho conelusion of Alr South nrd's t-pci'ch. Ciics of "question," "(piestion,1.' at lcnph faintly rung through thc Ilall und soon again broke out in ono grand cliorus. Forty nine oftho fifty-two Scnators at length appcared in thcir hciik somo, however, upon tlio Ad ininistration side cornins in ufter tho namcs had been callcd just as the Vicc Prcsidcnt was about to rcad the result. Tho abscntees at length ap pcared in thcir places and for tho purposeof giv ing thcma chnnco to rccord theirnames the voto was rc-considercfl and again taken, tho obovo bcing the rcsult, and every Setmtor in his seat. lienicmbor, however, for it is worthy of rcmem brancc, that this, no more thau the reccnt voto upon the postponomcnt, is a test vote Cnthbert Alorris, Wall, and Buchanan, nro among the neg ativcs. The voto declared, Alr Cuthbert roso and said, ihat he was in favor of dividing the husiuess of the govornincnt from the business of thopeoplc! and aftcr somc hum drum remarks about doniorracy, aud his love of jmrty, and his regrets at diffcring from his party, tho purity of his part v, thc souud principlcs of liis party, &c. Alr Cuthbert camo to thesensiblonnd mtercsting part ol his remarks, which werc, that bc hnd snmo faith in tho bank notcsof solvent banks, as a currciicy, and bclievcd that the Govornincnt would do'vcry well to rcceivo nurh funds in pay ment of publio ducs. Alr Cuthbert said he dif fcrcd from his party upon a nieasuro which bo bclievcd was nf great importanco. In conelu sion, Alr Cuthbert made a hold motion, and mov ed tostrikc Alr Calhoun'sliard money, now grad ual, and ultimately oxdusive speeie-paying scc tion from the bill ! Alr Calhoun was preparcd for it and Alr Cuth bert down, tho new champion of gold cagles and silvcr six-pcnccs was up. "Tho motion was ono of grcat importanco, very grcat," nnd "'required grcat consideration." Thus Alr Calhoun said, aud aftcr throwing out a bint or two, that lio might mako a spccch to-morrow, tho Sonato ad journcd. Tbo Tlousc havo bcon killing timo in making long spcecbcs. Alr Bynum made a spccch up on thc bill for tho Civi'l aud Diplomatic oxpcnsc.q oftho Govornmont. Ue was very abusivo to Mr llalstcd of Now .lersey, who had spoken at length uiion tho comparativc extravagancics of tho piosont A'.lministration, more than this Alr B. had thc eftrontcry to say to Alr II. thnt nfter tho rccml occwrr.nces, vicmbers should ho carcftd how ihcy uscd pcrsoualities. This, too, whcn ponriiigout n vollcv of porsonalllieo upon Alr II. Alr Lincoln nmdo somo romarks und Alr Bell closcd tho dcbato in thc Ilonso with somo vcrv sensiblo and wcll timed renmrks upon tho subject of public Aiipropriation. Alarch 22. Thc Sub-Trciisiiry bill nniric p nt 1 o'clock iu tho Senatc. Alr Calhoun Faidthat under dif fcrent eircumstances bo should owe an apology for spcaking. But tho rcply of Mr Wehstcr mndo 1ns rcply upon this question necessary. Alr Cal houn said, as Alr W. in his tqicech was political, not pcrsonnl, lio too should bo political and not porsonal, tho privato relations bctween mo and Alr W., Alr Calhoun said, had been much better than their political relations, although tho pri vato relations had been fnnnal and cold. Alr Calhoun then wcnton todony that tljopo- iffl