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THK CALEDONIA N, si". joHNsnruy. vr. r. r. STOXT3 fc Co. I?ublisliers OrFirc uext tloor north of Cotirt Hoiue. Ii julil Htrictlj 111 advanci', per annum...$1.50 j.niJ i:i udvaiu-t", 2.00 juij with in tlie year. 2.!i0 . 4 ceaU eacli. , .-j. i.i' Aivki:ihimj. I'or oni' rrunie fof 15 linee - a- 'W-'''''' iiert!oii, Knch additionM in- . ,. 1 itj a rpiari-. A lil ra! dir-rount to tlia-e 4 :.n .iilvi ri'' liv tliti ye.ir. J jheriuion.'.KMrayii, Notici i .. t'. i. 1 o u-h iii advniitc. - I. lr i irvi.iLi. a; Co.. ':rk Ro New Vork. and , , .fu!. IS'jJtnii. .uid S. R. Nii.k. I rsfoIlayV ISuild (.'oiirt S:ivt. lWon, aruour autlioiized Acnt. ( i,''!riNr. of aU kimU done iitMtly and at llving ... All Uindj of I'npere and Card.- kejit eoiietautly r. .loiiNr.i'UY .1 . 1 I' SI X F.SS D 1 1 KCTOKY. R O S S , ATIol.NnV, COl'NSKI.I.OR t SOLIUITOK. Ollice over K.Jewett's. JOIIN I). 3IILLER, Ag'l, HAKCFACTUKER or (AKKIAGKS of all kinds, OI'POSITK IIKI'OT, ST. JOriNSBURY, Vt. f ' (,arriacs rcpaired at short noticc. .1 . NUT T , I'U.K MANUFACTUIIER, STKAM MILLS, liosltc l'assenger Depot. E. JEWETT, I I U.KR IN DRY GOODS. CROCKIiRY IIARDWARE I'OUIS AMIMIOKS, CKOCI.KIKS, OILS, FAINTS, &C. .Maln Strce 3Tiss 12. jrcDOUGALL, Dealer ili M I LLINERY 1)11 Y GOODS. Opposite Calfdoniati Ollice. T. H. AK. AJITIST, AT ST. JOIiXSHUKY l'ORTHAIT OALKKRT. Vi.trotypes .Mclatnotypes, arnl Ill'e-slze PhotDgraphs UettiT aud chiMpur tlian eUewhcre. (JEO. S. SIIAW, l N S U R A N C E A G E N T , dihi'cwith J. Itoss. - - Jewett's Building N. H. F L I T, Manufacturcr of IIauxesses. ctc. OppnMtf l'auinpslcllouse, - - Rallroad street. C . C . C II I L 1) 8 , DE.u.nit ix Watohi'.k, Jeweliiy.Sii.ver and l'lATKP WAKE, SPKt'IACLES, IIOOKS, STATIOXKRT, FA.NCV tiOOIlS. TOTS, ic. UfiultlitK anl t'njravlnc done with eleganccaud prorapt t , ii. Oppu?lle l-it UtUcv, -Maln atroet. Will. II. IIOKTOxN, MKRCHANT TAII.OR ; aud do.iicr ln Gent's Kur iiWtliiJ (io'ids. - - Rallroad street. II. C. DICKIXSOX, ACRKTI.Tt'RAI. WAREHOUSK t SKED STORE. IHiiut liulldiiii. - - Ritllroad street. I . AKMINGTON, Manufacturcr & Hcalcr in Furniture and Chairs, St Johibury Centre. rr. TUESCOTT, I.IVKRY STAHI.K. lascni;ers carried to and from the i ir-. StaMc uu Oentral s'reet. near St Johusbury Uouse I. 1. KILIJOUUNE, D. D. S. DKNTAI. SURGKOX. - Curner Mali: and Central streets Ollice. A . J . WII.LAKl), ATTORXKY AXD COUXSKLl.OR AT LAW. SOl.DlKIty BACK l'AY, HOUXl'lKS AXD PKXSIOXS iiht.ilned Xu chares unips suixesM'ul. JOIIN IJACON, 2d, & CO. DKAI.KKS IN 1IIDKS, l.HATHKR AXD OIL. St. Jolinslmry Uentro, Vt. K L Y Ac I L I) i: 11 , MAM TAOTUKEKS 01' A3S AXD HOE, Korj) it wlinlcsal Hay and Manurc Forks and hcst Aittriiu Snovcls, at Monsc Kiver AVorks. It. 1$. IJIjACKSTONK'S 11 A 1 II D U K S S I N G SALOON l' ir-t door to tlic right, up stair?, Union Block E.UiIA vA. VAItNEV, Jl. I). P II Y S 1 U I A K A N I) S U 11 G E 0 N . Ottlie, ilrst house Xorth ol the Xorth Church. m:vei,l IJHOOKS, V 11 Y S 1 C I A N c iV S V il O K ONS . OJTICK OTEIt IIOWAKD'S r.OOKsIOUE. DrX's rcsiilt-nce. Summer St, uppuite L'nion School I! ...... li's resldcnee Cflitral St, :!ri liouse l'rom Summer St liolief for our Prisonors at mond. Ricli- From a lengthy coininunicttion received from Mr Davenport, agent Snnitary Commis sion, the etioit of which is to shovv that this commission took the initiatory movement in seiiding supplies to our sutfering prisoners at Jlichmoiid, we take the following extract, which is the nub of the whole story, and shows conclusively that the Sanitary Com-mis-.ion is doing a good work the vastness and full benefit of which eternity alone will reveal. Tne. following articles were sent to our pr.soners at Richmond on the UUh of Octo- ber : 000 Woolen Shirts. 000 Canton Flannel Drawers. 000 p-tirs Woolen Socks. 1000 Ilandkerchiefs. 2 eases Reading matter. That these stores have been delivered to thc CVnfederate authorities Me have assur ance in the following letter : Norkoi.k, Ya., Oct. 2G, 1803. Dk. L. H. Stkiner, Acliiif Assistiny Sec'y San. Com.: My Dkah Sir I called on Ge.n. Mere dith yesterday and accertaitied that our Richmond supplies has gore forward all rint. As soon as Gen. M. hare been noti fied that the supplies sent by the govem ment have been received, he is authorized to slihI whateer Gen. Dow may think necessa ry for the comfort of our men on Belle Is land and in Richmond. Ihe Gen. thinks that it will hardlv be necessary for the Sani tary Commission to send any more clothing, as the government has authorized him to supply whatever is needed in that way, but to confine ourselves to articles of food, deli cacies, &c. Very respectfully yours, James Gall, Jr, Reli'if Agent. Letters to prisoners at Richmond should be of one page, sent open, to care of Brig. Gen. S. A. Meredith, Commissioner lor Ex change, Fortress Monroe, Va. The following article we received from the same source : U. S. Sanitary Commissiox, ) Central OfKce, 244 F. St. Washi .gton, U. C, Oct. 3, 1863. My dcar Miss Appleton ; The time is at hand when the clnll autumn nights, td be followed bs the frosts and snows of winter, will take the place of the heats of summer, and the cry of the army patients and sur geons will be for warm clothing ar.dbedding, mstead of cotton garments, mosquito netting and fans. Jlowever thankful we may be at the suc- cewes of the Union arms, and however cer- tain of their eventual triumph, there seems to he no sound reasnn fnr hnlievin that the war will end very speedily, and while it lasts, And it will perhaps encourageyuir corres we m-iy be sure that the women of our coun-! pondents to know, nliat I can assure you is try will msist upon their nrivileue of supple i, . menting, :u articles of comfort and delicacy, kuiiubkjfor the sick and wounded in hospital VOL. 27-NO. 22. .v ..cMaiieb wmcn goernment so liber- muwuC3 Ior meir nusoanus, lovers, sona the commission, not more 'than one or two eyes filled over them. Gnne so soon, and I and brothers in the field. have failed to reach us. And it may also be , a'bsent ! I could scarcely bear the thought While recognizing this, our experience satisfactory to know that the proportion oM remembered1 the beautiful and touching dunng the last two winters reminds us of money expenditure made by the commission ! tenderness with which he had read those let- the necessity of preparing in season for the for the various purposes of its emplo)ees ' ters for nie, and how lovingly he had told extensive calls which will soon commence rent, freight, postage and all other incidental me of his home far away in the ' little white and will continue throuhout the winter, for expences, does not amount to much more I northern village," and of the young betroth warm clothing and bedding. Quilti and ' thf.n three per cent on the cash value of the j ed, of whom he had spnken shyly and timid- oianKets, woolpn underclothing and socks ' will, judging by the past, be the avticles of this kind most in demand ; after these, hed , and pillow-ticks, warm thick dressing gowns ; or wrappers, slippers, sheets, pillow-casses, ! towels and handkerchiefs. i Of edibles the chief demand will doubtless be, as heretofore, for stimulantg of eveiv kind, jellies and farinaceous food, dried fruits and preparalions of beef, milk and vegetables. I inclose with this a schedule, showing the umuumm mock u. me u arlington ciepots ( u mih uaie, oi tncse and other arlicles most ' in demand. In a parallel column is shown : a..! . . . i . I uieur aggregaie amount in tne storetiouses ol our orancnes m riiiladelphia, iew York and ! i i i i ? i i T . - n . .... ... coiiecnng wooien arawers in quantmes sufli- ii ii . ..... cient to match the woolm shiits, for while j we nave on nanti ,v,o oi me latier, we iiave only 440 of the former. In view of this in-! i 1 r o .!!. i uoston, accoraing to the latest weekly re- trouble. He was modest andrefined in man ports furnished by them to this oflice. By ner, betrayed great thoughtfulness and sym this you will perceive that our stock of blank- ,)a.hy for others, and was the most grateful ets, quilts, woolen drawers, bed-ticks, pillow- j creature for any little kindness I have ever ticks, rappers, dried fruit, farir.a, stimulants I seen. Within a few days that followed his and jellies, is very low; at.d that so far as Lrrivul a marked improvement became appa most of the articles are concerned, the same J lcnt llJok great pajn t0 facilitat.his re is true of the stock of most of our branches. eovery as rapidly as possible, and had the You will not fail to observp that appearances pleasuie oi at last seeing him walk about indicate a recurrence of our t.hl trouble in lhe hospital, aided bv his staff. He secmed dication, according as it does, with our past ' One af'ternoon I went to the hospital, and J Hoil'.OLD'h NkY Drlt.-StoRK. If the experince on this head, I would sugest the j found all my patietits apparently doing very j lordly secesh rebels who were wont to prom propriety of your calling special attention, well. Tht day was very warm, and some et.ade Broadway in the summer and autumn among your correspondents to the fact, and ! of tht-in .at u joii the steps, enjoying the ! and who so confidently predicted that grass of requesting them to arrange their sewing labors so as to secure jiropnrtionR of sh'n and drawers more nearly equal. You will i also observe that we have on hand hut 20 pillow-ticks, 20 sponges, o bottles ofgin, and ! 3 of brandy, while our branches have none i of any of them ; that wi have but 4 wrap-1 pers and o barrels of dried fruit, and that j tU nnltiul ctnnL- rtf tliio Hnnt finii tlinsc nl I t!IC UIIlll.ll nuvn . i - v 1 ' -J - ' . - -' preserves, pickles, dried fruit, &c, we shall 1 have to depend ir, irreat part 011 c.untiy con- j tri'iutors. while for important liqurd aud ' wines, preparations of beef and milk. and I for fine groceries generaily, our depemlcnce , must be almoat entirely n those in the ! ci:ies, or rather hy tho funds contributed by citv residents : for lhe major part, I may i say, nearly all, of this latter extenive de- j scription of sttick has hitherto been purhas- ed directly from the dealers, by lhe commis-: sion and its branches. It would lhe.eft re, I ; tliink, he well that our methods and corres- j pondence should be simultaneonsly conduct- j ed with reference to tiiese ascertained f'acts, j and that we shni.ld make thy raost nf ihe advantages afl'orded by wht nave betn dem- onstrated to he the natural channels of sup- ) ply rather than that we should eudeavor to foice the current into those which our theo- ( ries iucline us to regard as the legitimate j ones. The excess of the stock on hand of linen our branches. is of the following articlis on- want answered.' he said timidly. They have ' without them. They would find changes in ( Out of all the movements now taking i worst kind, aud a chivalric, spirited major ly : blankets, 401, abdomina! bandaes. '290, lait! for some time unanswered, and the folks j Hroadway, to be- sure, but instead of grass j,iace ;n the cilies among the laboring classes' Uneral of the army, minus a leg, and hob-bed-ticks,u80, (we had ye-.terday an order i at lmme will be veiy anxious. If it isn't too i and weeds they would find marblc taking I ror an increase of wages, that of the sewing bling about on his c?utch. Fired by natural from the army of the Fotom.ic, f'jr ."500 bed- 1 much trouble I ain ro nervous yet I would ' the place of brick, iron the place of wood, women ;n Xew York will attract the greatest ' fHy. aud a luxurious din:;er, the former in- ticks.) ! like I hate to trouble you, but ' i and all the evidences of improvement and . altention and large sympathy. About 400 sulted the laUer, as he was passing through Your experience has douhiless led you to j 1 saw his hesiiation, and came cheerfully i prosperity, instead of dilapidation and decay. . Qf these women asscmbled Thursday night. , the halls, with loud and coarse denunciations the same conclusion as m own, naniely, that i to hi" aid. ' To be sure, I will write as many Xoxthe least among the more recent m-j and made some statementsabont thtir wages, of the war, and all who fought on the loyal for our supplies of made up dry g.iods, bj R ou like, and no trouble at ail,' I auswered. provemmts'that would strike tlieir attention , wb;ci ;t appeared ranged from .1 to per side of it. The cripple turned and faced the which I rtfer to quilts, under clothi:.. sncks . ' Y41U shall dictate, and I will write for you, j would be the magnilicent new drug slore and j for board, not including washing, thus j coward, demanding apolngy and retraction. &c; and of made up edibles, I mean jellies, ijuM foon as I can get the materials.' ' chemical warehous.; lalely opened by the re- enl;rey absorbing their earning, and they ; They were denied. The man of crutch and rags, lint and bandages, over the current de j i'j,i.s was on Friday, and that night a most mands, in almost all the depols trihutary to j fnghtful storm visited Paducah. I was near the commission, was in the early part of lhe , ly snfTocated hy soot from the faliing of my year, so great that some of the corrtspon-1 chimney, and caught a severe cold by the dents of this oflice prepared to sell their , ram beating into a broken wi idow. Every overplus to the paper maiiufactures, and use j metallic roof in town was lifted from iis the products in the putchase of supplies of j pjace and, thrown ofi' by the violence of lhe which their existed a deficiency. 1 was ira j wind. A laige amount of property was de presstd however with the convictio-: that j stroed and a great deal of other injury done. this surphis would be but temporary, and that it B.mply resulted from the accumulation of old linen. made hefore lhe ccmmenceniPHl c u n,. im:,ul !.u f,f i li r.,m ir-.- ui tin; iiui, 1.1 v.ii- iiuhu'.h-'hj.) -. .. j , while I thought that the exhajstum of this accumulation, and the high prices for the ba - sis of this kind of stock ruling in the mark - et since the commeucemect of hostilities, would prove an effectual bar to such suphis in the future. 1 stated my impressions on this subject to my correspondents. and I am happy to say that thry wtre disuaded from carr)ing out their intention. On reference i flamm.iiory rheumatism were sutfering tor to the figures you will perceive that the ag-! tures. and amongst the worst cases was Fred gregate amount of those mnterials now on i (j. His riglit side from his shoulder hand, in this depot and those of our branch- j down wns very painful, while his throat was es is only as follows : lint, 528 hbls., old lin- j so sftolirii and painful as to renderj hm al en 255 bhls, bandages, 230 bbls. If this j most unat'le to swallow anything. I scarcely stock should, h the clnnces of war, be heavi-1 know how I got through that day. A few ly drawn upon within a month or two, I am ! days previously I had seoured an assistant in inclined to think that some exerti in will be I the person of Miss Sniith, who was faithful, required to replenish it in lufficient quunti ties throughout the winter. In retit-wing our labors in the post, and anticipating cur- prospects for the fuiure, it cannot fail to afford remark end congratula tion, to realize the extraordinarj supjiort which has been extenued to the commission, and through it, to the national cause by the loyal women of the countiy. F.ir while money has been freely provided for its treas- ury by the rich men of the countn, from h ! Pacific to the Atlan'ic coasts, the articles clothing a.id lhe deiicacies in the wayof fo-,d provided by the women, rich and puor aiike, have exceeded, ten-fold, in ch value, the , the donations of the former. ...i.i.e - , the trutn, tnat or some u,UUU cases oi invoiced good.-, some of them containing articles valued at several thousand dollars, ST. JOHNSBURY, YT., FRIDAY, which have been forwarded to this depot of diRtributions made through its agency, to ! the soldiers of the coui.tv. Very respectfully and truly yours, Alfred J. Bloor, Ass't Sec'y U. S. Sanitary Commission. m;sr Uarrlnh AnnUnn. ,.., Member Ex. Com. N. E. "r. A. A., 22 Summer St., Boston. Story of a New York Soldier. Among the first who came under my hands amony my new proteges was a young man from Wayne county, New York. His name was l?rfcderick S d. and he at once claim-i ed iny attention peculurlv, bv his intense ! J ' I $e&-ne to bc neat aild clean. while at the same I 1 time exhibitinc the utmost reluctance to aive - both cheerful and full of hope. I thought !ind l had 10 idea but that he wouid BOon be WfcI It seilC,ed iITlI,ossible to anticipate j wiat f0u,)We(i. lirightness and beauty of the early spring. ) Fred. S. was iimnng these, and nodded smil-, ingly at me as 1 passed into the building. I was can ving some little refreshment to a ' poor wouiided hoy who lay at the extreme end of the church. and when I returned J ohserved Fred at his berth watching for me. j A I came near him he began reluctlantly to ....ufui- o wnimit 'T hnip snmp lftlPVK T 1 J , L 1 1 i. 1 t ij v . w -wvfc..... j v thauked me grateful y, and looked so leiievt tl, as I started for my porlfolio, that 1 teh the lieliest jileasure in aHbrding him tnis slight usslstance. lle was all ready for mc on my return, and 1 sat down near him while he. armed with his letters, began to dictate. Three or four were written rapidlv. 1 Was charmed with his tone and manner ; ; 'njs ietters were so hopeful and comforliiig , for those for whom they were intended. But I tbeV were very sbort. When I had finished bi3 writinjr I performed the same seivice for one or two others, and then carried them to the oflice myself, fearful of delay olherwise, and knowing the longing anxiety of the iiierds far away who anxiou-ly watched and waited for news from the absent ones. When we.t to lbe hospital at a iuter hotir, I found yrn jleeping as peacfullv as a little child, 1 Milb one i,!tud under bj3 cheek. I knew his ,nmd uas at rest, and, with a svmpathy deep and sbifere, left him to visit others in ditfer- ! ellt wards. : j tie HrsL glance from my window, as soon as J day dawned upon that tcrrible night, showed I m(. ihn hnsnital slrinned of its .steenle. T ' ,i,-o .1,1. tii i;juiw n.fru ui.iv.witi iiuil liii; iiMiuuwd nciciitiiu i;ii5ivjiiieio iiv.iiii..ii ..- " ! r)r()ber., and at once hastened away, filled step to the rar of the store where they will j with (ears for the comfort of the poor suffer- ! ,.r, i whom I took so deep an interest. The j firt sounds that gretted my ears were moans i 0f pain from every quarter. Nearly every , window had been shattered, the glass faliing ; upon and tatting some, while many had been j drenched with rain. The men who had in- good and kind. She wt rked indefatigably, uay ;md niht. and but for her, on thut mis eiutde day. I fear few of the sufferers would have had prompt attention. Dr. D and his steward were irood and faithful also, but tne were nearly worn out. My cold now began to show its effects so painfully that I n&- f -rced to retire to my room before the d.n was half over. Ali r uvo das of great suffering, I made a hastv toilet and started for the hospital. of.D.D tnd Miss Smith were busy at the 1 iurther end as I entered, but the steward, on j seeii.g me, came f-rward with a packags, and silently placing the contents in my ha. d, i turned' away. 1 looked and found them the tfftcts of poor Fred S d. There were letters from brother and sisters ; the picture i- e . i.i t .1 1 . oi an om wniie-uaircu muiuci au lai.ier j a noble, manly looking young brother, and a descriptive roll. One or two other little ar- ticles completed the list of effects, and ravl ly, yet with an evident desire to improve his ; gratitude by his confidence ! And to all of 1 these, after the lapse of but a few short i hours, after the dictation of those cheerful i j letters, I must now write the words that ; would fall upon their loving hearts like a Iblow: "DeadJdead!" j I carried home all the effects, and with a j heavy heart endeavored to perform my last service to the dead. It had been his wish that a11 should be 8iven to me and lhrough fast faliing tears, I tried to soften the sting of the pain I must inilict by word of sympa-! thv. Later, I leamed that his whole crv, durinS SumIa morning, had been for me;l i . . i :n .1 u l "Ul S ") uiey wuuiu nui for me. He had messages that he wished b . j me to transmit to his friends, which alasli were left unspoken. To me he had once ! given his confidence, and he could not easily do this. His was a nnture that shrank in stinctively from strangers. But having trusted me once he felt freer to speak. I have often thought since that he wished par licularly to ser.d a message to his aifianced wife. 1-orhis fanuly, he saul : Jiul lier i (meaning nnself) tell tbeni I died in pt ace in reirard to mv future existence. I believe I shall be happy. A. 1. Lvtmwj Fost. IniliroveniL'iits in Hroadway. would commence growing in that thorough-j fare so soon as they decided to shake the dusl off their feet and stop shaking the dst f out of their pockets for our bt;nefit, could just take one glance back upon their ! prnmenade, as many of them, we doubt not, i would be glad to do, they would discover two ; i things first, how silly and selt-conceited , 'ilii - irnrs oiwl atrnnrl. llOW (asilv We CUII llo ' 1. 1 i l. m.n ...... .... , . , nowned Philadtlphia i.b-irmaceutist, 3lr. 11. 1'. llelmbold, at Xo. o94 Broadway, aujom- 11 r : It.trriinlitnn mii ttieir oiu ia.'iit.- ivvm """i"' t l.otel. This e-tablihment is just now the . lion among the attractions of Broadwaj', and is dailv and nightly drawing crowds to w'1- ness its noveltv and splendor. If any tbing can uiake drugs palatahle it is this, and it would almosi c mipensate one for a ht , siekness to know that the healing prescrip- ( tions were to be compounded in such a gor- iieous pal.ice. Mr. Helmbild has leased the eniire building, which is 28 feet fron1, 23. ( feet dtep, and o stories high. Ihe front j ... . 1 half of the first lluor is fitted up for the re-1 tail department, an l the remainder is used j for the wholesaie liusineas and as a labratory for tht preparation of the various extracts ; which lhe name of llelmbold has made so 1 celebrated. The drug store proper is unhke , v other heretofore seen in this city, and is : . . . 1 C probablv uwqualled in the world. It would ; lhe giris must do it all over lhe next day ; " n loiiewtt on tne ioaa 1 am at a toss to be a wo'rk of superoation to give a dctailed ttithout compensation. Sixtv cents a doze'n ' Say' 1 h.C!rC read ? y"r TCr-V 1Dge 1 .-u.,. Kn.u- ; fl.ipkin.r i -ir r -u- i-. ' i i , I nious propositions as to the railwav commu- description of what cm nod is nocKiii'i ,s paui for Unishinc slnrts, and it is a hard . Tr t it.ho. ir iit miv nnt lin imi.i; i i r i u ir i n . i 1 nicatioii. I fear however, on mature reflec- to see for lnmselt, hut it ma not oe amis dav's work to hnish halt a dozen. One dol- ! . . , .... , r., ,.11,- nnnnt.fl with tl.pii i i f r l.-. -i. lion, that thev will be hable to sarious objec to metition one noelU ccnnccied wun tne t jar a dozen i3 paid for fme .hirts. From' , . . 1 1- u . ,i., .i; mim Wbn ' r . . i i c a i i- i tioii. and ulttmatelv more expensire than a estahlishnient the reception room. 'o ; four to six cents each is paid for flannel shirts, ' . , , . i f n ,.Q,it;r.r. mnm n i dru.T ir i t i canal. i hey must be double, so as to prevent 1.11.1 .J. ' ...... ... . ' store ? And yet, who has not wished while slanding, frequentlv a b.ng stand, waiting fnr hi, nrHscrintion to be mepared. that the keepers of these shops had not been consid - erate enough to furnish more comfortahle 1 1 accommodations ? Helmb. ld has supplied I this desideratum in his new eslablishment, i.... ,t-i.o;,i tl,ur Ii..vp bi.t tr, find luxurious cha'us, sofas and lounges on i which to recline, while their feet rest upon the sofic ficst of velvet carpeting. This feature ,- in keeninn with the other novelties, is only a Times of Oct. 31. A Returned Soldier's Letter to His Xnrse. Dear Miss T : I set down to tell you that I've arove huin, an wish I was sum ichar else. Ive got 3 Bully boyj an they ar helpin me about gettin the garden sass into the groun but they baint got no mother an Ive got a house an a kow an I thort youd be kinder handy to take care of um if youd stoop so much. Ive thort of you ever sense I com from the hospittle and how kinder ; jimmy you used to walk up and down them wards. You had the best gate I ever see an ; my 1st wife stepped of jeu so an she paid , her wa) I tell you. I I like to work an the bovs likes to work n I kno you do an so Ideliketo jine if youv no ot.jeiti- ns and now Ive made so bold to j rite sich but I was kiuder pushed on by my feelins an so I hope youl excuse it and rite soon. I shant be mad if you say no but its no narm 10 asK an aS 1 a 1 eani "elP niln i anu uie oov s names ar juenuii cuaurau un , . . . bpetiful frend which oes his present health to you. Josepii C . and with the general splendor of the estab- ! t0 20 cents each ; two of them is as good as ' ,ne r3U " oncma oe aimcnit lisbment. Mr. Helmhold, we understand, j ten hour3' work. The girls iron and 1" cases of acc.dents, stops, or the necessary ; still continues his large establishment injfinih them, and have to buv theh own ; ops to take wood and jater, &c, many dis-j Philadelphia, of which store just opened here lhread, which costs 10 cents a spool, and of , astcrS WOuld happe": Ihe Carnage for COn is only a branch made necery by the ex- fwhich one Sp0ol is used in two coats. Press ; densmS water woud be veO troublesome. tensive sale in this market of the populnr . feeders get $4 a week sometimes. Sln-lter ' Upoa lbe whle' 1 fear the eSpenSe WOuld be extracts which bear his name.-xY. Y. Daily 1 tents, with 46 h itton-holes and 16 eyelets, ' mUch -rCater than that of canals wU'D0 NOT. 27, 1863. Two Sons. I have two sons, wife Two, and yet the same ; Both are only onc, wifc Bcaring but one name : The one is beardcd, si-nburnt, grini, and fights across the sea. Thc other isa little child who stts upon yourknee. Only one is here, wife, Free from scath and harm ; I can hear his voice, wife, All about the fann. The other is a great strong man, wherever he i , 6 & may be ; But thi.i onc, shadowy and dim, is sitting on j your knee. One is fierce and cold, wife, "With a way ward will ; He has passed through fire, wife, Kuowing good and 111. He has tiied our hearts for many a year not brokcn them ; for he Is still the little stainless onc that sits r.pon your knce. One iid willful wrong, wifc, Bringing us to shame; Darkencd all the fann, wife, "Rlnttnrl nur irnrtrl nimn . , , , - , And when our hearts werc bi with gnef, he sail- ed across the sea; But still we keep the little son that sits upon your knee. One was rash and daik, wife, Would have say for say : Furious when we chid. wife. He went his willful way ; His voice iu sinful rage was loud within thc farm but hc Rema;ned thc cr0wing little one who "sat upon your knee. One may fall in fight, wife Is hc not our on ? Pray with all heart, wife, Pray for thc dark. rough soldier, who fihgts acrosa the sea, Because you lovc the little one who smilcs upon your knee. 0nsl!akmWaU-C' As I speak rrnj fall, But thi one at home, wife, Cannot die at dl. They both are only one ; and how thankful we should be -phat we cannot lose the darlim: son wln on your knee! sits up- " " York j arL. compelled to work from II to 10 hour j per day. The astounding fact was also made ; i . . t . .1. . r 1 eviueni inai uie sewing gins are now paiu rrom 05 t0 pcr cent iess t,an two or three year8 a,0 while the pricc of everything they 1 a!e obliged to buy has nearlj doubled. t There vere present at this meeting. cloak makers, dress niakers, tassel makers, burnish-, ers, tent makprs, corset makers, book sewers, boop s.irl raakers, hat binders, shirt sewers. umbrella makers, press feeders, wool sorters, caj) rar,kers, bobbin winders, vest makers and sewing machine operators, and they gave the f0nowing as the prices paid them for their jabor: por ma.;n hoop srt Sj,rjn,s the ' 1)r;ce nverages from 15 lo 2o cents a hun. dredi and from two to ti,ree hundred can be ma(ie ;n a dayf Formcrly the price was one douar a cent apiece is paid for burnishin- silver spoons and itis a Kood da's work to burnish :jj ; and if the work is not well done. ' day. ()ne dollar a ,ilizen w-is paid in 1SG0 111111 llUl 11111k. LU 1. L . . I 111 111.1111- 111 .1 ' for the same that now bring about S0 cents. i'""" newaI'sn ,nc" ne Ere I)13CeU I nwnU .10 rpnts n , r,,l, must be at least four feet bclow tne surface, , - 7 " ! laking a dav, 40 cents ; small cloaks, tkin- aboul S hou'rs, 25 cents. By working earlv and late, three dollars a week cn be made nt this. Cants 35 cenis n inron mtln.r n i j ... co r.n . liiiig ua , utiieis ,uu -ro a weeK. hook sewing about $3 a week is mads. Forj , button.-holes on coals about $4 a week can! can be made, but it is very hard work. At ! j dressmakine: $3 a week is i frnm 7 v tn 7 p m. T.Jr s made. workir." Linen coats, IS cents '" - - 1, made for eight cents, and only four can be made in a day, working as long as one can see. Lavalry tents are o cents a day for basting, and four can be basted in a duv. . Vest makers get 25 or 30 cents a dav. Sew- ing machine operators get 5 cents for stitch - ing50yards. Parasols and umbrellas are 50 cents a dozen ; eight can be made in a day. Some of the emploers if the girl is five minutes late, charge hr 5 cents for it. In some of the establishments, if a bulton is left cff a shirt, it is a rule to dfduct 25 cents from the pay. Such developments as these will take lhe public at large by surprise. We have been acctistomed to hold up the sewing women of England as an example of slavery equal to that of the South, and the condition of lhe sewing women of London, who by the hard- est labor cau hardiv obtain enough to keep : body and soul together, has long been con- have a condition of things luily as bad at our very doors, , and the people are just finding out WHOLE NO. 1374. A Word to 3Iy Fat Friends. In a horse car the other day I met six cor pulent, uncomfortable men, all quite sure to die prematurely. Every one of them might, in six or twelve months, be reduced to the normal standard, and enjoy a degree ol health and activitv to which he is now a stranger. Is any physiological statement more self-evident than that every fat person eats more than he needs ? And the same I p-Tooca wnrlt nnnnKitflv witll OlherS. and rr . . w keeps them excessively lean. "But, ex- elaims some fat young woman, who vrould " give the world " to be in good ihape, " I cannot go hungry and faint forever." This remark shows that vou have never tried j what I have suggested. It is only the gieat eater who is troubled with hunger and "goneness." If you would reduce the quan tity of your food, even one-half at once, af ter three days you will not suffer with faint ness and hunger. In the light of these un-deni-ble stitements, how silly the practice, common among girls, of swallowing acids, and other killing things; and among men. steeping in tobacco to reduce the flesh. I have personally known scores of young wo men whose health has been ruined by drink ing vinegar, or eating chalk and other indi gestible things, all to take away their fat. And 1 have known still a greater number to ruin themselves with corsets, in the hope of kceping themselves comely and in shape. I have met hundreds of men who were be- I smcared and saturated with tobacco juice, j objects of disgust to all beholders, a terror to decent housekeepers, and all to keep their flesh donn. My poor, dear, fat simpletons, i n . r . i:r ' exercise much, particularly in the open air; jjathe frequently, rubbing the skin Tery hard ; 1 j)Ut mosl ju,j,ortant of aU eat plain coarse J food aid reduce t,e quantitv until vou find jyoutselves growing thinner two "or three j j week. Your sluggishness, short . 1 1 . i breath and other discomforts will soon leave ! vou and you will become bright, clear-beaded and happy. Dio Lewis. A Cori'i-RHEAD axp a Crftcii. At one of the fashionable botels in New York there boarded last week, a weak atd nasty copper i head one of the Xew England and so the soul then asked the name of the copperhead tiaducer of his country and her patriots, With hatural instinct, a wrong one was giv en. Other words followed : another insult was added by the copperhead ; whereupon the htro of Chancellorsville and Gettysburg ' " shouldered his cructh and showed how tields were won"by breaking it over the head of the degenerate son of Adam and ot Amherst. The latter then sneaked off with at least one new idea in his head : and the next crippled soldier of the army that he in sults won't be Dan Sickles. FlFTY YliARS Pkogkkss IX Railroads. , loiioiiiaj, ibuw ironi iu o.mngston, '. "Ce chance51or of the Stale of Xew ork WaS wrule" llfly -ears a- : Albany, March 11, 1S11. jeaieruaj re- 1 J11", 1 ceive you:s of the 2Gth of Feburary; where the danger of two such heavy bodies meet- , , , ., . , , i ... ? U F ' 1 ' ciaraPeu ,vlinjThe immediate pressing emergency is for ' ,ron' l thm hardIy SUSlf m 50 j ram to fill old regimenls, and therefore it is 'aVy 3 wel'u as -"1u ProPose movmg at . Uie s,ut- Ul 1U 1 umcs J" "our on weeis. i As to wood, it would not last a week. Thev mut be covered with iron, and that too verv thick and Mrong. Tne means of stopping H "6 """""t. ' 'uuuu uu 1J l t m i. , ... The " Jenkins," who reporled the late wed- 1- .. 11. i r.. .1 unS n intf asnmgton nronicie, says tne ' reputation of the bridegroom, Senator Sprague, as a statesman and a soldier, 1 " world-aide," and does the bride as follows: i " Miss Kate Chase, the bride of the distin- j ! guished senator, is a lady possessed of ihose i ( rare virtues of heart and mind, which alone ' can be rtcognized and appreciated by those J who are daily thrown in contact with herj a"d it is in the modest retuement of her ; own home that these graces sparkle and ra-1 diate like gems of dazzling splendor. Mod-4 , est and retiring in her mannera, yet blending . withal a dignity and ease that singles her j out to the least observant eye as a women I ' endowed with a nobiliiy of heart, fitting herj for any position in life, no matter how ex- alted." Miss Chase was married in a gorge-j ous white velvet drcss with an extended Senator Sprague " was clad in a suit of rich iti black cloth, with the usual addition of nbite I ailk veBt." Mron,. me means oi stopping Jcbarge the?e heav.v carnages, without great s7iock,ion lhe The Affected Brtitsh Horror of Var. I regard this British horror of war as Bomething wonderful. It is a phenome- on of iiself. On xhnl shores, let me ask, have not the prows of yonr ships clashed ? What land is :here with a name and ptople where vonr banner haa not waved above your soldiers? When the gTeat resurrection rcreille sounds, it will muster tnen who have fought in your ranks from every clime tinder heaven. "But,'itis said, "this is a war against your own blood." How long, let me ask, is it since you poured troops into Cana da, and cauied all your dockyards to work night and day to avenge against your own blood the taking of two men out of tie Trent? Cheers. Old England ashamed of a war of principle! She gained her glory in such conlests. Cheers. Old England nshamed of a war of principle ! Your na tional ensign symbolizea your history the crosR on the field of blood and will you tell us who are your descendants, and who in herityour ideas and your pluck, that we must not fight in Euch a cause as that which I stand here to advocate. Cheers. Ah the child must pay heed to the parents, until they get so old as to tell the child that he must never do what he used to be wbipped for r.ot doing. Then the child naturally says, " Father and mother are getting tco oia. iney naa oetter leave their present home and come and live with me." A laugh. And whereas England comes to that state that she dare not go to war with principles he must emigrate. Cheers and laughter. Beecher at Londoiu Brutalities of the Rebels. Rer. Geo. H. Hammer, chaplainof ihe 12thPennsylva- nia cavalry, who was recently released from Libby prison, furnishes the Philadelphia In- quirer a long account of his captivity and of the sufferings of our soldiers who fall into their clutch. The facli he relates are heart- rending. They illustrate the savage brutali- ly engendered by the spirit of slavery. Hav ing ended his report of crueltieB inflicted up on white soldiers, he adds : " There are al so about one hundred free negroes of the North, officers' servants from lhe army and nary. They are used at the present about the prisons, or upon the fortifications around Richmond. One of the many nighti spent in Xibby is deeply engraven upon my mind. A free negro of Philadelphia, captured in the navy, nearly white, received 325 lashes ;n a room immediatelr beneath us, his loud cnes and pleadings penetrating every part of the building as blow followed blow. He was then wrapped in a blanket saturated with salt water, and east into one of the dungeons for a month or more. Such scenes and cries were frequent. Those of our num ber who entered there as advocates of sla very, or at least sympathizers, are sach no more." Mr. Hammond of Middlebury, has a buck for which he recently refused thirty-two hun" dred dollars. Ietter from Gen. "Washtmrn . The following letter from Gen. "Washburn contains information which is of iuterest and importance to the public generaily: Aiu'r and Ixs. Gex.'s Ofhce, ? Woodstock, Nov. 16, 1S63. 5 Galcs B. Biillard, Sopt. of Bccruiting, St. Johnsbury, Vt. SlR : It has been ofiicially announced that ! if this State furnishes its quota of men un- ' der the President's proclamation a draft on the nfth of January will be avoided. But i we oughi to do more than merely avoid a j draft on that day. The people of the State have made it a matter of boast and congratulation tbat they have responded promptly to every call made 1 and that every quota heretofore assessed up- , Qn lhe glate has been furnisbtd It j, my earnest desire that we should still relain the right thus to point to the most practical il- iastratjon poSsible of lhe patriotism of the State; but in order to do this lhe State must not only raise her quota of the 300,000 call ed for, but must also make up the defficleacy under the draft. It is to prevent this latter point from being overlooked, in our zeal to evade a draft, that I write thiB letter. In assessing the quota of ihe State, to be filled by draft, unless previously filled by volun teers, the deficiency under the araft (1923) is addcd by the War Department to the quo ta of the 300,000 (3,330)making atotal quo ta now charged to the State of 5253 men. j that 5t jjg been announced that if ihat quota is filled, time will be given for raising resi- due. But iht deficiency under the draft has not betn forgiveu to the state. It still stands charged against the state, to be diafted for 5th of Januarv. if a draft on that day is rendered necessary by a faifure to hll the other quota, and if no draft is had on that day, then to be raised by volunteering as soo.i as may be, after that day. Hence we cannot again pride ourselves upon having filled all requisitions until we have made up that deficiency. There is an other consideration which should induce us to make up this deficiency. The state has undertaken to raise a new regiment of Yeteran volunteers, and a bat- i tery of light artillery, and the men to be - F 11? . 1 JC? J . raisea lor mung ine ueuuiency unuer me draft have been assigned to that pnrpose. isj The men raised under the quota of the 300,000 cannot be used for that purpose. They must go into the old regiments. Hence, unless the deficiency under the draft is filled, lhe new regiment and battery must fail and the state fall under tbe disgrace of having attempted more thwi she can accomplish. Xo loyal citizen of the state would consent to this, if the queslion were submitted to him. And yet it must be so, if the sever&l towns confine their efiorts to a mere attempt to aToM a draft. The enhanced bounty ofiered to new men who enlist for old regiments, will effectually prevent our obtaining any considerable num ber of that class for the new regiment and battery. But for those who have servednine , cnhst m tne old regiments or in the new reg- iment or battery. This class of men also 1 aie usiuuly more wulinj to go into a new T.