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The Caledonian. [volume] (St. Johnsbury, Vt.) 1837-1867, November 27, 1863, Image 1

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si". joHNsnruy. vr.
r. r. STOXT3 fc Co. I?ublisliers
OrFirc uext tloor north of Cotirt Hoiue.
Ii julil Htrictlj 111 advanci', per annum...$1.50
j.niJ i:i udvaiu-t", 2.00
juij with in tlie year. 2.!i0
. 4 ceaU eacli.
, .-j. i.i' Aivki:ihimj. I'or oni' rrunie fof 15 linee
- a- 'W-'''''' iiert!oii, Knch additionM in-
. ,. 1 itj a rpiari-. A lil ra! dir-rount to tlia-e
4 :.n .iilvi ri'' liv tliti ye.ir. J jheriuion.'.KMrayii, Notici
i .. t'. i. 1 o u-h iii advniitc.
- I. lr i irvi.iLi. a; Co.. ':rk Ro New Vork. and
, , .fu!. IS'jJtnii. .uid S. R. Nii.k. I rsfoIlayV ISuild
(.'oiirt S:ivt. lWon, aruour autlioiized Acnt.
( i,''!riNr. of aU kimU done iitMtly and at llving
... All Uindj of I'npere and Card.- kejit eoiietautly
r. .loiiNr.i'UY
.1 .
1 I' SI X F.SS D 1 1 KCTOKY.
R O S S ,
Ollice over K.Jewett's.
(AKKIAGKS of all kinds,
f ' (,arriacs rcpaired at short noticc.
.1 . NUT T ,
liosltc l'assenger Depot.
.Maln Strce
3Tiss 12. jrcDOUGALL,
Dealer ili
Opposite Calfdoniati Ollice.
Vi.trotypes .Mclatnotypes, arnl Ill'e-slze PhotDgraphs
UettiT aud chiMpur tlian eUewhcre.
l N S U R A N C E A G E N T ,
dihi'cwith J. Itoss. - - Jewett's Building
N. H. F L I T,
Manufacturcr of IIauxesses. ctc.
OppnMtf l'auinpslcllouse, - - Rallroad street.
C . C . C II I L 1) 8 ,
DE.u.nit ix Watohi'.k, Jeweliiy.Sii.ver and
tiOOIlS. TOTS, ic.
UfiultlitK anl t'njravlnc done with eleganccaud prorapt
t , ii. Oppu?lle l-it UtUcv, -Maln atroet.
MKRCHANT TAII.OR ; aud do.iicr ln Gent's Kur
iiWtliiJ (io'ids. - - Rallroad street.
IHiiut liulldiiii. - - Ritllroad street.
Manufacturcr & Hcalcr in Furniture and Chairs,
St Johibury Centre.
I.IVKRY STAHI.K. lascni;ers carried to and from the
i ir-. StaMc uu Oentral s'reet. near St Johusbury Uouse
- Curner Mali: and Central streets
A .
J . WII.LAKl),
iiht.ilned Xu chares unips suixesM'ul.
St. Jolinslmry Uentro, Vt.
K L Y Ac I L I) i: 11 ,
Korj) it wlinlcsal Hay and Manurc Forks and
hcst Aittriiu Snovcls, at Monsc Kiver AVorks.
l' ir-t door to tlic right, up stair?, Union Block
E.UiIA vA. VAItNEV, Jl. I).
P II Y S 1 U I A K A N I) S U 11 G E 0 N .
Ottlie, ilrst house Xorth ol the Xorth Church.
m:vei,l IJHOOKS,
V 11 Y S 1 C I A N c iV S V il O K ONS .
DrX's rcsiilt-nce. Summer St, uppuite L'nion School
I! ......
li's resldcnee Cflitral St, :!ri liouse l'rom Summer St
liolief for our Prisonors at
From a lengthy coininunicttion received
from Mr Davenport, agent Snnitary Commis
sion, the etioit of which is to shovv that this
commission took the initiatory movement in
seiiding supplies to our sutfering prisoners at
Jlichmoiid, we take the following extract,
which is the nub of the whole story, and
shows conclusively that the Sanitary Com-mis-.ion
is doing a good work the vastness
and full benefit of which eternity alone will
Tne. following articles were sent to our
pr.soners at Richmond on the UUh of Octo-
ber :
000 Woolen Shirts.
000 Canton Flannel Drawers.
000 p-tirs Woolen Socks.
1000 Ilandkerchiefs.
2 eases Reading matter.
That these stores have been delivered to
thc CVnfederate authorities Me have assur
ance in the following letter :
Norkoi.k, Ya., Oct. 2G, 1803.
Dk. L. H. Stkiner,
Acliiif Assistiny Sec'y San. Com.:
My Dkah Sir I called on Ge.n. Mere
dith yesterday and accertaitied that our
Richmond supplies has gore forward all
rint. As soon as Gen. M. hare been noti
fied that the supplies sent by the govem
ment have been received, he is authorized to
slihI whateer Gen. Dow may think necessa
ry for the comfort of our men on Belle Is
land and in Richmond. Ihe Gen. thinks
that it will hardlv be necessary for the Sani
tary Commission to send any more clothing,
as the government has authorized him to
supply whatever is needed in that way, but
to confine ourselves to articles of food, deli
cacies, &c.
Very respectfully yours,
James Gall, Jr,
Reli'if Agent.
Letters to prisoners at Richmond should
be of one page, sent open, to care of Brig.
Gen. S. A. Meredith, Commissioner lor Ex
change, Fortress Monroe, Va.
The following article we received from the
same source :
U. S. Sanitary Commissiox, )
Central OfKce, 244 F. St.
Washi .gton, U. C, Oct. 3, 1863.
My dcar Miss Appleton ; The time is at
hand when the clnll autumn nights, td be
followed bs the frosts and snows of winter,
will take the place of the heats of summer,
and the cry of the army patients and sur
geons will be for warm clothing ar.dbedding,
mstead of cotton garments, mosquito netting
and fans.
Jlowever thankful we may be at the suc-
cewes of the Union arms, and however cer-
tain of their eventual triumph, there seems
to he no sound reasnn fnr hnlievin that the
war will end very speedily, and while it lasts, And it will perhaps encourageyuir corres
we m-iy be sure that the women of our coun-! pondents to know, nliat I can assure you is
try will msist upon their nrivileue of supple
i, .
menting, :u articles of comfort and delicacy,
kuiiubkjfor the sick and wounded in hospital
VOL. 27-NO. 22.
.v ..cMaiieb wmcn goernment so liber-
muwuC3 Ior meir nusoanus, lovers, sona the commission, not more 'than one or two eyes filled over them. Gnne so soon, and I
and brothers in the field. have failed to reach us. And it may also be , a'bsent ! I could scarcely bear the thought
While recognizing this, our experience satisfactory to know that the proportion oM remembered1 the beautiful and touching
dunng the last two winters reminds us of money expenditure made by the commission ! tenderness with which he had read those let-
the necessity of preparing in season for the for the various purposes of its emplo)ees ' ters for nie, and how lovingly he had told
extensive calls which will soon commence rent, freight, postage and all other incidental me of his home far away in the ' little white
and will continue throuhout the winter, for expences, does not amount to much more I northern village," and of the young betroth
warm clothing and bedding. Quilti and ' thf.n three per cent on the cash value of the j ed, of whom he had spnken shyly and timid-
oianKets, woolpn underclothing and socks '
will, judging by the past, be the avticles of
this kind most in demand ; after these, hed ,
and pillow-ticks, warm thick dressing gowns ;
or wrappers, slippers, sheets, pillow-casses, !
towels and handkerchiefs. i
Of edibles the chief demand will doubtless
be, as heretofore, for stimulantg of eveiv
kind, jellies and farinaceous food, dried
fruits and preparalions of beef, milk and
I inclose with this a schedule, showing the
umuumm mock u. me u arlington ciepots (
u mih uaie, oi tncse and other arlicles most '
in demand. In a parallel column is shown :
a..! . . . i . I
uieur aggregaie amount in tne storetiouses ol
our orancnes m riiiladelphia, iew York and !
i i i i ? i i T . -
n . .... ...
coiiecnng wooien arawers in quantmes sufli-
ii ii . .....
cient to match the woolm shiits, for while j
we nave on nanti ,v,o oi me latier, we iiave
only 440 of the former. In view of this in-!
i 1 r o .!!. i
uoston, accoraing to the latest weekly re- trouble. He was modest andrefined in man
ports furnished by them to this oflice. By ner, betrayed great thoughtfulness and sym
this you will perceive that our stock of blank- ,)a.hy for others, and was the most grateful
ets, quilts, woolen drawers, bed-ticks, pillow- j creature for any little kindness I have ever
ticks, rappers, dried fruit, farir.a, stimulants I seen. Within a few days that followed his
and jellies, is very low; at.d that so far as Lrrivul a marked improvement became appa
most of the articles are concerned, the same J lcnt llJok great pajn t0 facilitat.his re
is true of the stock of most of our branches. eovery as rapidly as possible, and had the
You will not fail to observp that appearances pleasuie oi at last seeing him walk about
indicate a recurrence of our t.hl trouble in lhe hospital, aided bv his staff. He secmed
dication, according as it does, with our past ' One af'ternoon I went to the hospital, and J Hoil'.OLD'h NkY Drlt.-StoRK. If the
experince on this head, I would sugest the j found all my patietits apparently doing very j lordly secesh rebels who were wont to prom
propriety of your calling special attention, well. Tht day was very warm, and some et.ade Broadway in the summer and autumn
among your correspondents to the fact, and ! of tht-in .at u joii the steps, enjoying the ! and who so confidently predicted that grass
of requesting them to arrange their sewing
labors so as to secure jiropnrtionR of sh'n
and drawers more nearly equal. You will i
also observe that we have on hand hut 20
pillow-ticks, 20 sponges, o bottles ofgin, and !
3 of brandy, while our branches have none i
of any of them ; that wi have but 4 wrap-1
pers and o barrels of dried fruit, and that j
tU nnltiul ctnnL- rtf tliio Hnnt finii tlinsc nl I
t!IC UIIlll.ll nuvn . i - v 1 ' -J - ' . - -'
preserves, pickles, dried fruit, &c, we shall 1
have to depend ir, irreat part 011 c.untiy con- j
tri'iutors. while for important liqurd aud '
wines, preparations of beef and milk. and I
for fine groceries generaily, our depemlcnce ,
must be almoat entirely n those in the !
ci:ies, or rather hy tho funds contributed by
citv residents : for lhe major part, I may i
say, nearly all, of this latter extenive de- j
scription of sttick has hitherto been purhas-
ed directly from the dealers, by lhe commis-:
sion and its branches. It would lhe.eft re, I ;
tliink, he well that our methods and corres- j
pondence should be simultaneonsly conduct- j
ed with reference to tiiese ascertained f'acts, j
and that we shni.ld make thy raost nf ihe
advantages afl'orded by wht nave betn dem-
onstrated to he the natural channels of sup-
) ply rather than that we should eudeavor to
foice the current into those which our theo- (
ries iucline us to regard as the legitimate j
The excess of the stock on hand of linen
our branches. is of the following articlis on- want answered.' he said timidly. They have ' without them. They would find changes in ( Out of all the movements now taking i worst kind, aud a chivalric, spirited major
ly : blankets, 401, abdomina! bandaes. '290, lait! for some time unanswered, and the folks j Hroadway, to be- sure, but instead of grass j,iace ;n the cilies among the laboring classes' Uneral of the army, minus a leg, and hob-bed-ticks,u80,
(we had ye-.terday an order i at lmme will be veiy anxious. If it isn't too i and weeds they would find marblc taking I ror an increase of wages, that of the sewing bling about on his c?utch. Fired by natural
from the army of the Fotom.ic, f'jr ."500 bed- 1 much trouble I ain ro nervous yet I would ' the place of brick, iron the place of wood, women ;n Xew York will attract the greatest ' fHy. aud a luxurious din:;er, the former in-
ticks.) ! like I hate to trouble you, but ' i and all the evidences of improvement and . altention and large sympathy. About 400 sulted the laUer, as he was passing through
Your experience has douhiless led you to j 1 saw his hesiiation, and came cheerfully i prosperity, instead of dilapidation and decay. . Qf these women asscmbled Thursday night. , the halls, with loud and coarse denunciations
the same conclusion as m own, naniely, that i to hi" aid. ' To be sure, I will write as many Xoxthe least among the more recent m-j and made some statementsabont thtir wages, of the war, and all who fought on the loyal
for our supplies of made up dry g.iods, bj R ou like, and no trouble at ail,' I auswered. provemmts'that would strike tlieir attention , wb;ci ;t appeared ranged from .1 to per side of it. The cripple turned and faced the
which I rtfer to quilts, under clothi:.. sncks . ' Y41U shall dictate, and I will write for you, j would be the magnilicent new drug slore and j for board, not including washing, thus j coward, demanding apolngy and retraction.
&c; and of made up edibles, I mean jellies, ijuM foon as I can get the materials.' ' chemical warehous.; lalely opened by the re- enl;rey absorbing their earning, and they ; They were denied. The man of crutch and
rags, lint and bandages, over the current de j i'j,i.s was on Friday, and that night a most
mands, in almost all the depols trihutary to j fnghtful storm visited Paducah. I was near
the commission, was in the early part of lhe , ly snfTocated hy soot from the faliing of my
year, so great that some of the corrtspon-1 chimney, and caught a severe cold by the
dents of this oflice prepared to sell their , ram beating into a broken wi idow. Every
overplus to the paper maiiufactures, and use j metallic roof in town was lifted from iis
the products in the putchase of supplies of j pjace and, thrown ofi' by the violence of lhe
which their existed a deficiency. 1 was ira j wind. A laige amount of property was de
presstd however with the convictio-: that j stroed and a great deal of other injury done.
this surphis would be but temporary, and
that it B.mply resulted from the accumulation
of old linen. made hefore lhe ccmmenceniPHl
c u n,. im:,ul !.u f,f i li r.,m ir-.-
ui tin; iiui, 1.1 v.ii- iiuhu'.h-'hj.) -. .. j ,
while I thought that the exhajstum of this
accumulation, and the high prices for the ba -
sis of this kind of stock ruling in the mark -
et since the commeucemect of hostilities,
would prove an effectual bar to such suphis
in the future. 1 stated my impressions on
this subject to my correspondents. and I am
happy to say that thry wtre disuaded from
carr)ing out their intention. On reference i flamm.iiory rheumatism were sutfering tor
to the figures you will perceive that the ag-! tures. and amongst the worst cases was Fred
gregate amount of those mnterials now on i (j. His riglit side from his shoulder
hand, in this depot and those of our branch- j down wns very painful, while his throat was
es is only as follows : lint, 528 hbls., old lin- j so sftolirii and painful as to renderj hm al
en 255 bhls, bandages, 230 bbls. If this j most unat'le to swallow anything. I scarcely
stock should, h the clnnces of war, be heavi-1 know how I got through that day. A few
ly drawn upon within a month or two, I am ! days previously I had seoured an assistant in
inclined to think that some exerti in will be I the person of Miss Sniith, who was faithful,
required to replenish it in lufficient quunti
ties throughout the winter.
In retit-wing our labors in the post, and
anticipating cur- prospects for the fuiure, it
cannot fail to afford remark end congratula
tion, to realize the extraordinarj supjiort
which has been extenued to the commission,
and through it, to the national cause by the
loyal women of the countiy. F.ir while
money has been freely provided for its treas-
ury by the rich men of the countn, from h
! Pacific to the Atlan'ic coasts, the articles
clothing a.id lhe deiicacies in the wayof fo-,d
provided by the women, rich and puor aiike,
have exceeded, ten-fold, in ch value, the
, the donations of the former.
- , the trutn, tnat or some u,UUU cases oi
invoiced good.-, some of them containing
articles valued at several thousand dollars,
which have been forwarded to this depot of
diRtributions made through its agency, to !
the soldiers of the coui.tv.
Very respectfully and truly yours,
Alfred J. Bloor,
Ass't Sec'y U. S. Sanitary Commission.
m;sr Uarrlnh AnnUnn.
Member Ex. Com. N. E. "r. A. A.,
22 Summer St., Boston.
Story of a New York Soldier.
Among the first who came under my hands
amony my new proteges was a young man
from Wayne county, New York. His name
was l?rfcderick S d. and he at once claim-i
ed iny attention peculurlv, bv his intense !
J ' I
$e&-ne to bc neat aild clean. while at the same I
exhibitinc the utmost reluctance to aive
both cheerful and full of hope. I thought
!ind l had 10 idea but that he wouid BOon be
WfcI It seilC,ed iITlI,ossible to anticipate j
wiat f0u,)We(i.
lirightness and beauty of the early spring. )
Fred. S. was iimnng these, and nodded smil-,
ingly at me as 1 passed into the building. I
was can ving some little refreshment to a '
poor wouiided hoy who lay at the extreme
end of the church. and when I returned J
ohserved Fred at his berth watching for me. j
A I came near him he began reluctlantly to
....ufui- o wnimit 'T hnip snmp lftlPVK T
1 J , L 1 1 i. 1 t ij v . w -wvfc..... j
v thauked me grateful y, and looked so
leiievt tl, as I started for my porlfolio, that 1
teh the lieliest jileasure in aHbrding him
tnis slight usslstance. lle was all ready for
mc on my return, and 1 sat down near him
while he. armed with his letters, began to
dictate. Three or four were written rapidlv.
1 Was charmed with his tone and manner ; ;
'njs ietters were so hopeful and comforliiig ,
for those for whom they were intended. But I
tbeV were very sbort. When I had finished
bi3 writinjr I performed the same seivice for
one or two others, and then carried them to
the oflice myself, fearful of delay olherwise,
and knowing the longing anxiety of the
iiierds far away who anxiou-ly watched and
waited for news from the absent ones. When
we.t to lbe hospital at a iuter hotir, I found
yrn jleeping as peacfullv as a little child, 1
Milb one i,!tud under bj3 cheek. I knew his
,nmd uas at rest, and, with a svmpathy deep
and sbifere, left him to visit others in ditfer-
! ellt wards.
: j tie HrsL glance from my window, as soon as
J day dawned upon that tcrrible night, showed
I m(. ihn hnsnital slrinned of its .steenle. T
' ,i,-o .1,1. tii
i;juiw n.fru ui.iv.witi iiuil liii; iiMiuuwd nciciitiiu i;ii5ivjiiieio iiv.iiii..ii ..- "
! r)r()ber., and at once hastened away, filled step to the rar of the store where they will
j with (ears for the comfort of the poor suffer-
! ,.r, i whom I took so deep an interest. The
j firt sounds that gretted my ears were moans
i 0f pain from every quarter. Nearly every
, window had been shattered, the glass faliing
; upon and tatting some, while many had been
j drenched with rain. The men who had in-
good and kind. She wt rked indefatigably,
uay ;md niht. and but for her, on thut mis
eiutde day. I fear few of the sufferers would
have had prompt attention. Dr. D and
his steward were irood and faithful also, but
tne were nearly worn out. My cold now
began to show its effects so painfully that I
n&- f -rced to retire to my room before the
d.n was half over.
Ali r uvo das of great suffering, I made
a hastv toilet and started for the hospital.
of.D.D tnd Miss Smith were busy
at the
1 iurther end as I entered, but the steward, on
j seeii.g me, came f-rward with a packags, and
silently placing the contents in my ha. d,
i turned' away. 1 looked and found them the
tfftcts of poor Fred S d. There were
letters from brother and sisters ; the picture
i- e . i.i t .1 1 .
oi an om wniie-uaircu muiuci au lai.ier
j a noble, manly looking young brother, and a
descriptive roll. One or two other little ar-
ticles completed the list of effects, and ravl
ly, yet with an evident desire to improve his
; gratitude by his confidence ! And to all of
1 these, after the lapse of but a few short
i hours, after the dictation of those cheerful
j letters, I must now write the words that
; would fall upon their loving hearts like a
Iblow: "DeadJdead!"
j I carried home all the effects, and with a
j heavy heart endeavored to perform my last
service to the dead. It had been his wish
that a11 should be 8iven to me and lhrough
fast faliing tears, I tried to soften the sting
of the pain I must inilict by word of sympa-!
thv. Later, I leamed that his whole crv,
durinS SumIa morning, had been for me;l
i . . i :n .1 u l
"Ul S ") uiey wuuiu nui
for me. He had messages that he wished
b . j
me to transmit to his friends, which alasli
were left unspoken. To me he had once !
given his confidence, and he could not easily
do this. His was a nnture that shrank in
stinctively from strangers. But having
trusted me once he felt freer to speak. I
have often thought since that he wished par
licularly to ser.d a message to his aifianced
wife. 1-orhis fanuly, he saul : Jiul lier i
(meaning nnself) tell tbeni I died in pt ace
in reirard to mv future existence. I believe
I shall be happy. A. 1. Lvtmwj Fost.
IniliroveniL'iits in Hroadway.
would commence growing in that thorough-j
fare so soon as they decided to shake the
dusl off their feet and stop shaking the dst f
out of their pockets for our bt;nefit, could
just take one glance back upon their !
prnmenade, as many of them, we doubt not, i
would be glad to do, they would discover two ;
i things first, how silly and selt-conceited ,
'ilii - irnrs oiwl atrnnrl. llOW (asilv We CUII llo '
1. 1 i l. m.n ...... .... , . ,
nowned Philadtlphia i.b-irmaceutist, 3lr. 11.
1'. llelmbold, at Xo. o94 Broadway, aujom-
11 r : It.trriinlitnn
mii ttieir oiu ia.'iit.- ivvm """i"' t
l.otel. This e-tablihment is just now the .
lion among the attractions of Broadwaj', and
is dailv and nightly drawing crowds to w'1-
ness its noveltv and splendor. If any tbing
can uiake drugs palatahle it is this, and it
would almosi c mipensate one for a ht ,
siekness to know that the healing prescrip- (
tions were to be compounded in such a gor-
iieous pal.ice. Mr. Helmbild has leased the
eniire building, which is 28 feet fron1, 23. (
feet dtep, and o stories high. Ihe front j
... . 1
half of the first lluor is fitted up for the re-1
tail department, an l the remainder is used j
for the wholesaie liusineas and as a labratory
for tht preparation of the various extracts ;
which lhe name of llelmbold has made so 1
celebrated. The drug store proper is unhke ,
v other heretofore seen in this city, and is :
. . . 1 C
probablv uwqualled in the world. It would ; lhe giris must do it all over lhe next day ; " n loiiewtt on tne ioaa 1 am at a toss to
be a wo'rk of superoation to give a dctailed ttithout compensation. Sixtv cents a doze'n ' Say' 1 h.C!rC read ? y"r TCr-V 1Dge
1 .-u.,. Kn.u- ; fl.ipkin.r i -ir r -u- i-. ' i i , I nious propositions as to the railwav commu-
description of what cm nod is nocKiii'i ,s paui for Unishinc slnrts, and it is a hard . Tr
t it.ho. ir iit miv nnt lin imi.i; i i r i u ir i n . i 1 nicatioii. I fear however, on mature reflec-
to see for lnmselt, hut it ma not oe amis dav's work to hnish halt a dozen. One dol- ! . . ,
.... , r., ,.11,- nnnnt.fl with tl.pii i i f r l.-. -i. lion, that thev will be hable to sarious objec
to metition one noelU ccnnccied wun tne t jar a dozen i3 paid for fme .hirts. From' , .
. 1 1- u . ,i., .i; mim Wbn ' r . . i i c a i i- i tioii. and ulttmatelv more expensire than a
estahlishnient the reception room. 'o ; four to six cents each is paid for flannel shirts, ' . , ,
. i f n ,.Q,it;r.r. mnm n i dru.T ir i t i canal. i hey must be double, so as to prevent
1.11.1 .J. ' ...... ... . '
store ? And yet, who has not wished while
slanding, frequentlv a b.ng stand, waiting
fnr hi, nrHscrintion to be mepared. that the
keepers of these shops had not been consid -
erate enough to furnish more comfortahle
1 1
accommodations ? Helmb. ld has supplied
I this desideratum in his new eslablishment,
i.... ,t-i.o;,i tl,ur Ii..vp bi.t tr,
find luxurious cha'us, sofas and lounges on
i which to recline, while their feet rest upon
the sofic
ficst of velvet carpeting. This feature
,- in keeninn with the other novelties,
is only
Times of Oct. 31.
A Returned Soldier's Letter to His Xnrse.
Dear Miss T : I set down to tell you
that I've arove huin, an wish I was sum ichar
else. Ive got 3 Bully boyj an they ar helpin
me about gettin the garden sass into the
groun but they baint got no mother an Ive
got a house an a kow an I thort youd be
kinder handy to take care of um if youd
stoop so much. Ive thort of you ever sense
I com from the hospittle and how kinder
; jimmy you used to walk up and down them
wards. You had the best gate I ever see an
; my 1st wife stepped of jeu so an she paid
, her wa) I tell you.
I I like to work an the bovs likes to work
n I kno you do an so Ideliketo jine if youv
no ot.jeiti- ns and now Ive made so bold to
j rite sich but I was kiuder pushed on by my
feelins an so I hope youl excuse it and rite
soon. I shant be mad if you say no but its
no narm 10 asK an aS 1 a 1 eani "elP niln
i anu uie oov s names ar juenuii cuaurau un
, . . .
bpetiful frend which oes his present health
to you. Josepii C .
and with the general splendor of the estab- ! t0 20 cents each ; two of them is as good as ' ,ne r3U " oncma oe aimcnit
lisbment. Mr. Helmhold, we understand, j ten hour3' work. The girls iron and 1" cases of acc.dents, stops, or the necessary ;
still continues his large establishment injfinih them, and have to buv theh own ; ops to take wood and jater, &c, many dis-j
Philadelphia, of which store just opened here lhread, which costs 10 cents a spool, and of , astcrS WOuld happe": Ihe Carnage for COn
is only a branch made necery by the ex- fwhich one Sp0ol is used in two coats. Press ; densmS water woud be veO troublesome.
tensive sale in this market of the populnr . feeders get $4 a week sometimes. Sln-lter ' Upoa lbe whle' 1 fear the eSpenSe WOuld be
extracts which bear his name.-xY. Y. Daily 1 tents, with 46 h itton-holes and 16 eyelets, ' mUch -rCater than that of canals wU'D0
NOT. 27, 1863.
Two Sons.
I have two sons, wife
Two, and yet the same ;
Both are only onc, wifc
Bcaring but one name :
The one is beardcd, si-nburnt, grini, and fights
across the sea.
Thc other isa little child who stts upon yourknee.
Only one is here, wife,
Free from scath and harm ;
I can hear his voice, wife,
All about the fann.
The other is a great strong man, wherever he i
, 6 &
may be ;
But thi.i onc, shadowy and dim, is sitting on j
your knee.
One is fierce and cold, wife,
"With a way ward will ;
He has passed through fire, wife,
Kuowing good and 111.
He has tiied our hearts for many a year not
brokcn them ; for he
Is still the little stainless onc that sits r.pon your
One iid willful wrong, wifc,
Bringing us to shame;
Darkencd all the fann, wife,
"Rlnttnrl nur irnrtrl nimn
. , , , - ,
And when our hearts werc bi with gnef, he sail-
ed across the sea;
But still we keep the little son that sits upon
your knee.
One was rash and daik, wife,
Would have say for say :
Furious when we chid. wife.
He went his willful way ;
His voice iu sinful rage was loud within thc farm
but hc
Rema;ned thc cr0wing little one who "sat upon
your knee.
One may fall in fight, wife
Is hc not our on ?
Pray with all heart, wife,
Pray for thc dark. rough soldier, who fihgts
acrosa the sea,
Because you lovc the little one who smilcs upon
your knee.
As I speak rrnj fall,
But thi one at home, wife,
Cannot die at dl.
They both are only one ; and how thankful we
should be
-phat we cannot lose the darlim: son wln
on your knee!
sits up-
" " York
arL. compelled to work from II to 10 hour j
per day. The astounding fact was also made ;
i . . t . .1. . r 1
eviueni inai uie sewing gins are now paiu
rrom 05 t0 pcr cent iess t,an two or three
year8 a,0 while the pricc of everything they 1
a!e obliged to buy has nearlj doubled. t
There vere present at this meeting. cloak
makers, dress niakers, tassel makers, burnish-,
ers, tent makprs, corset makers, book sewers,
boop s.irl raakers, hat binders, shirt sewers.
umbrella makers, press feeders, wool sorters,
caj) rar,kers, bobbin winders, vest makers and
sewing machine operators, and they gave the
f0nowing as the prices paid them for their
jabor: por ma.;n hoop srt Sj,rjn,s the '
1)r;ce nverages from 15 lo 2o cents a hun.
dredi and from two to ti,ree hundred can be
ma(ie ;n a dayf Formcrly the price was one
douar a cent apiece is paid for burnishin-
silver spoons and itis a Kood da's work to
burnish :jj ; and if the work is not well done.
' day. ()ne dollar a ,ilizen w-is paid in 1SG0
111111 llUl 11111k. LU 1. L . . I 111 111.1111- 111 .1 '
for the same that now bring about S0 cents. i'""" newaI'sn ,nc" ne Ere I)13CeU
I nwnU .10 rpnts n , r,,l, must be at least four feet bclow tne surface,
, - 7 "
! laking a dav, 40 cents ; small cloaks, tkin-
aboul S hou'rs, 25 cents. By working earlv
and late, three dollars a week cn be made
nt this. Cants 35 cenis n inron mtln.r n
i j ... co r.n .
liiiig ua , utiieis ,uu -ro a weeK.
hook sewing about $3 a week is mads. Forj
, button.-holes on coals about $4 a week can!
can be made, but it is very hard work. At !
j dressmakine: $3 a week is
i frnm 7 v tn 7 p m. T.Jr
s made. workir."
Linen coats, IS cents
'" - - 1,
made for eight cents, and only four can be
made in a day, working as long as one can
see. Lavalry tents are o cents a day for
basting, and four can be basted in a duv.
Vest makers get 25 or 30 cents a dav. Sew-
ing machine operators get 5 cents for stitch -
ing50yards. Parasols and umbrellas are
50 cents a dozen ; eight can be made in a
day. Some of the emploers if the girl is
five minutes late, charge hr 5 cents for it.
In some of the establishments, if a bulton is
left cff a shirt, it is a rule to dfduct 25 cents
from the pay.
Such developments as these will take lhe
public at large by surprise. We have been
acctistomed to hold up the sewing women of
England as an example of slavery equal to
that of the South, and the condition of lhe
sewing women of London, who by the hard-
est labor cau hardiv obtain enough to keep
: body and soul together, has long been con-
have a condition of things luily as bad at our
very doors,
, and the people are just finding
WHOLE NO. 1374.
A Word to 3Iy Fat Friends.
In a horse car the other day I met six cor
pulent, uncomfortable men, all quite sure to
die prematurely. Every one of them might,
in six or twelve months, be reduced to the
normal standard, and enjoy a degree ol
health and activitv to which he is now a
stranger. Is any physiological statement
more self-evident than that every fat person
eats more than he needs ? And the same
I p-Tooca wnrlt nnnnKitflv witll OlherS. and
rr . . w
keeps them excessively lean. "But, ex-
elaims some fat young woman, who vrould
" give the world " to be in good ihape, " I
cannot go hungry and faint forever." This
remark shows that vou have never tried
j what I have suggested. It is only the
gieat eater who is troubled with hunger and
"goneness." If you would reduce the quan
tity of your food, even one-half at once, af
ter three days you will not suffer with faint
ness and hunger. In the light of these un-deni-ble
stitements, how silly the practice,
common among girls, of swallowing acids,
and other killing things; and among men.
steeping in tobacco to reduce the flesh. I
have personally known scores of young wo
men whose health has been ruined by drink
ing vinegar, or eating chalk and other indi
gestible things, all to take away their fat.
And 1 have known still a greater number to
ruin themselves with corsets, in the hope of
kceping themselves comely and in shape.
I have met hundreds of men who were be-
I smcared and saturated with tobacco juice,
j objects of disgust to all beholders, a terror
to decent housekeepers, and all to keep their
flesh donn. My poor, dear, fat simpletons,
i n . r . i:r
' exercise much, particularly in the open air;
jjathe frequently, rubbing the skin Tery hard ;
1 j)Ut mosl ju,j,ortant of aU eat plain coarse
J food aid reduce t,e quantitv until vou find
jyoutselves growing thinner two "or three
j j week. Your sluggishness, short
. 1 1 .
i breath and other discomforts will soon leave
! vou and you will become bright, clear-beaded
and happy. Dio Lewis.
A Cori'i-RHEAD axp a Crftcii. At one
of the fashionable botels in New York there
boarded last week, a weak atd nasty copper
i head one of the Xew England and so the
soul then asked the name of the copperhead
tiaducer of his country and her patriots,
With hatural instinct, a wrong one was giv
en. Other words followed : another insult
was added by the copperhead ; whereupon
the htro of Chancellorsville and Gettysburg
' " shouldered his cructh and showed how
tields were won"by breaking it over the
head of the degenerate son of Adam and ot
Amherst. The latter then sneaked off with
at least one new idea in his head : and the
next crippled soldier of the army that he in
sults won't be Dan Sickles.
FlFTY YliARS Pkogkkss IX Railroads.
, loiioiiiaj, ibuw ironi iu o.mngston,
'. "Ce chance51or of the Stale of Xew ork
WaS wrule" llfly -ears a- :
Albany, March 11, 1S11.
jeaieruaj re-
1 J11",
1 ceive you:s of the 2Gth of Feburary; where
the danger of two such heavy bodies meet-
, , , ., . , , i ...
? U F ' 1 ' ciaraPeu ,vlinjThe immediate pressing emergency is for
' ,ron' l thm hardIy SUSlf m 50 j ram to fill old regimenls, and therefore it is
'aVy 3 wel'u as -"1u ProPose movmg at
. Uie s,ut- Ul 1U 1 umcs J" "our on weeis.
i As to wood, it would not last a week.
mut be covered with iron, and that too verv
thick and Mrong. Tne means of stopping
H "6 """""t.
' 'uuuu uu
1J l t m i.
, ...
The " Jenkins," who reporled the late wed-
1- .. 11. i r.. .1
unS n intf asnmgton nronicie, says tne
' reputation of the bridegroom, Senator
Sprague, as a statesman and a soldier,
1 " world-aide," and does the bride as follows:
i " Miss Kate Chase, the bride of the distin- j
! guished senator, is a lady possessed of ihose i
( rare virtues of heart and mind, which alone
' can be rtcognized and appreciated by those J
who are daily thrown in contact with herj
a"d it is in the modest retuement of her
; own home that these graces sparkle and ra-1
diate like gems of dazzling splendor. Mod-4
, est and retiring in her mannera, yet blending .
withal a dignity and ease that singles her
j out to the least observant eye as a women I
' endowed with a nobiliiy of heart, fitting herj
for any position in life, no matter how ex-
alted." Miss Chase was married in a gorge-j
ous white velvet drcss with an extended
Senator Sprague " was clad in a suit of rich
iti black cloth, with the usual addition of nbite
I ailk veBt."
Mron,. me means oi stopping Jcbarge
the?e heav.v carnages, without great s7iock,ion lhe
The Affected Brtitsh Horror of
Var. I regard this British horror of war
as Bomething wonderful. It is a phenome-
on of iiself. On xhnl shores, let me ask,
have not the prows of yonr ships clashed ?
What land is :here with a name and ptople
where vonr banner haa not waved above
your soldiers? When the gTeat resurrection
rcreille sounds, it will muster tnen who have
fought in your ranks from every clime tinder
heaven. "But,'itis said, "this is a war
against your own blood." How long, let me
ask, is it since you poured troops into Cana
da, and cauied all your dockyards to work
night and day to avenge against your own
blood the taking of two men out of tie
Trent? Cheers. Old England ashamed
of a war of principle! She gained her glory
in such conlests. Cheers. Old England
nshamed of a war of principle ! Your na
tional ensign symbolizea your history the
crosR on the field of blood and will you tell
us who are your descendants, and who in
herityour ideas and your pluck, that we
must not fight in Euch a cause as that which
I stand here to advocate. Cheers. Ah
the child must pay heed to the parents, until
they get so old as to tell the child that he
must never do what he used to be wbipped
for r.ot doing. Then the child naturally
says, " Father and mother are getting tco
oia. iney naa oetter leave their present
home and come and live with me." A laugh.
And whereas England comes to that state
that she dare not go to war with principles
he must emigrate. Cheers and laughter.
Beecher at Londoiu
Brutalities of the Rebels. Rer. Geo.
H. Hammer, chaplainof ihe 12thPennsylva-
nia cavalry, who was recently released from
Libby prison, furnishes the Philadelphia In-
quirer a long account of his captivity and of
the sufferings of our soldiers who fall into
their clutch. The facli he relates are heart-
rending. They illustrate the savage brutali-
ly engendered by the spirit of slavery. Hav
ing ended his report of crueltieB inflicted up
on white soldiers, he adds : " There are al
so about one hundred free negroes of the
North, officers' servants from lhe army and
nary. They are used at the present about
the prisons, or upon the fortifications around
Richmond. One of the many nighti spent
in Xibby is deeply engraven upon my mind.
A free negro of Philadelphia, captured in
the navy, nearly white, received 325 lashes
;n a room immediatelr beneath us, his loud
cnes and pleadings penetrating every part
of the building as blow followed blow. He
was then wrapped in a blanket saturated
with salt water, and east into one of the
dungeons for a month or more. Such scenes
and cries were frequent. Those of our num
ber who entered there as advocates of sla
very, or at least sympathizers, are sach no
Mr. Hammond of Middlebury, has a buck
for which he recently refused thirty-two hun"
dred dollars.
Ietter from Gen. "Washtmrn .
The following letter from Gen. "Washburn
contains information which is of iuterest and
importance to the public generaily:
Aiu'r and Ixs. Gex.'s Ofhce, ?
Woodstock, Nov. 16, 1S63. 5
Galcs B. Biillard, Sopt. of Bccruiting, St.
Johnsbury, Vt.
SlR : It has been ofiicially announced that
! if this State furnishes its quota of men un-
' der the President's proclamation a draft on
the nfth of January will be avoided. But
i we oughi to do more than merely avoid a
j draft on that day.
The people of the State have made it a
matter of boast and congratulation tbat they
have responded promptly to every call made
1 and that every quota heretofore assessed up-
, Qn lhe glate has been furnisbtd It j, my
earnest desire that we should still relain the
right thus to point to the most practical il-
iastratjon poSsible of lhe patriotism of the
State; but in order to do this lhe State must
not only raise her quota of the 300,000 call
ed for, but must also make up the defficleacy
under the draft. It is to prevent this latter
point from being overlooked, in our zeal to
evade a draft, that I write thiB letter. In
assessing the quota of ihe State, to be filled
by draft, unless previously filled by volun
teers, the deficiency under the araft (1923)
is addcd by the War Department to the quo
ta of the 300,000 (3,330)making atotal quo
ta now charged to the State of 5253 men.
j that 5t jjg been announced that if ihat quota
is filled, time will be given for raising resi-
due. But iht deficiency under the draft has
not betn forgiveu to the state. It still stands
charged against the state, to be diafted for
5th of Januarv. if a draft on that
day is rendered necessary by a faifure to hll
the other quota, and if no draft is had on
that day, then to be raised by volunteering
as soo.i as may be, after that day.
Hence we cannot again pride ourselves
upon having filled all requisitions until we
have made up that deficiency. There is an
other consideration which should induce us
to make up this deficiency.
The state has undertaken to raise a new
regiment of Yeteran volunteers, and a bat-
i tery of light artillery, and the men to be
- F 11? . 1 JC? J .
raisea lor mung ine ueuuiency unuer me
draft have been assigned to that pnrpose.
isj The men raised under the quota of the
300,000 cannot be used for that purpose.
They must go into the old regiments. Hence,
unless the deficiency under the draft is filled,
lhe new regiment and battery must fail and
the state fall under tbe disgrace of having
attempted more thwi she can accomplish.
Xo loyal citizen of the state would consent
to this, if the queslion were submitted to
him. And yet it must be so, if the sever&l
towns confine their efiorts to a mere attempt
to aToM a draft.
The enhanced bounty ofiered to new men
who enlist for old regiments, will effectually
prevent our obtaining any considerable num
ber of that class for the new regiment and
battery. But for those who have servednine
, cnhst m tne old regiments or in the new reg-
iment or battery. This class of men also
1 aie usiuuly more wulinj to go into a new

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