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TIIE C ALEDOrN IAN,
ST. JOnNSBl'liY, VT. , . -f. STONE fc Co. rullisliers i). Kii'ii ne.t Joor north cf Court Uouse. .( p,id ftricth m advance, per annum.. .il..M . -,.;d i-l tdvauiH?, ; " !l. in tl.e yeir,. i '-"i''''- l'''uti (-'ac'i- 2.60 nvrRTiMMi Vr oiip rqvr.ie (of lf linpi . iiKpitinni-. 1. KhcIi aiiditioual in- '!' i'm eitt- a Hiuftu. A lRieral diconnt to thivi! Vti-.' l.v'tlic vt-ar. WIM-ationH,i:tr:ijv, No iee 1 ' u IV itfnv.m.i it (X. ::T Uow New Vork and (. t.Vf :iect. Ito-ton. aro our authorized Agcnti'. 1'r.iNriM. nf all kinl do:ic neatly and at liring All kind' of I'apw aii'l Canl kept eonstautly id .loll.NSllfKY BlSlNKS.S DlKKCTOUY. -l. JOHN D. MILLER, As't, MAMJFACTUltEtl OF t KH1AGES OF ALL KINDS, Ol'l'OSITK DEPOT, ST. JOHNSBURY, Vi. '"'Carriancs renaired at short notice. J . N U T T , 1 ILE MANUFACTUItElt, STEAM MILLS, posite Passenscr Depot. 33. JEWETT, iLVI.KR IN DRY GOODS, CROCKRRY HARDWARE tOOIS ASDnOE3, GKOCEU1E6, OILS, FAlNTS.iC. Maln Stree Mis 33. ro3)OTJGV33L., Dealer ln LIXEltY & DRY GOODS. Oppositc Caledoni.m Ollice. 1 W. GAGF, ARTIST, : ST. JOliNSBl'RY POHTRAIT UAU.KRY. ctvues. .Melalnotvpes, aii'l llic-size ri:oiograpu Better aiul clit-aper than clsewliere. a:o. s. siiaw, I N" S U II A N C E A G K N T , . with J. Koss Jewctt's Kuildinp N . F Ij I N T, Mamifacturcr of Harxksses, ctc, -iio Pjump-tc H0116.C. - - Rallroail street. C . C . C II I LO S , prUKi! IN' WATCHES. .TKAVEMtY. SlLVKU AXD 11XLD WAlir., SPF.I'T.M'I.F.S. HOOKS. STATIONF.KT, TASCY fiDont. tovs, Ac. 1. . j.-ii " iimI niKrjvlii'.' loiu- with i-lesanceand prompt '(il.U i-iH' Oll'tcp, Maln street. W3I. H. HORTON, Wr'U'IIAN'T TAU.OR ; and dcaicr in (Jenfs Fur-i.i-.lit!ii (iooil. - - Kailruud street. II. C. D1CK1NSON, .;Hicn;ri'KAi. warehouski skp.d store. ' ilunerv liullillir,'. - - RaJIroadtreet. I. AKMISGTOS, MannfactiiriT iV UpaU rin Furniture and Chairs, St Jiihnsbury Cuntre. rr. TKEScoTT, I JVtKY STABl.i:. Pa-eiiners carrled to and from the ia: - S'ulih "" ' 'entMl ptreet. near St Jolmbury Hon-,e l. I). Kir.ROntNE, I). i. s. DKNTAl. SURBKON, t:lke. - - t'orner.Maiuand Central streets. A . J . W I L L A K D , TT(KNKY ANP COUXSKM.OR AT I.AW. .i.DIKU'-' BACK PAY, HOUXTIKS AND PKNSIONS nl.iaim-.l Xj charj;esjiinie- suLcelul. JMI1K HACON, 2d, & CO. HJAl.KHS IN HIDKS, l.HATIIKR AND OIL. St. Johnslmry ''entrc, Vt. I I, V At AV I L I) E It , Jt.VM KCTVKFUS OF AXES AND HOF., K. cp at wtii.h'salr Hay and Mu.urc Kmks and I fsT Antriin Si.nvels, at Mooso Uiver Works. R. 15. IiLAC'KSTONE'S H A I It 1) II KSSISG SALOON V t r to the risiht, up stairs, Union Block E.1LY A. VARNEY, M. 1). I' il Y S I C I A N AND SURGEON. Oilue, lir.-.: hoube North i.fthe North Church. Ni: W ELL & UHOOKS, PHYSICIANS S U R G E 6 N S . OFF1CE OVElt UOWAKH'S BOOkSTOKK. Dr reMdenee, Suinnifr St, opposlte Union bciwoi fTlh n-ldeiice L'entrnl St, 3.1 house lrcm Summpr St i; J . K O S S , tlTORNEY, COUNSKEl.OR t SOUCITOR. OltUf over K. Jewetfs. To Richmond and Back. A. M. Crane, o f the first Vt. Cavalry, who witti a comp-mion succeeded in makiug his cscape from Richmond last week. sends a letter to the Irasburg Kxpress. After de tailing the ceremonies of his capture and transportalion to Richmond he says : Once in the city we were paraded in the street and marched ofl through rows of silent n.en and women. Two or three titnes a ihout was raised as we went by, but it was frum a boyish rabble. There was no enthu iiani, but a spiritless apathy ovevcome by lief, and care, and pain, and want. The mwd ol prisoners as it went by was in hve-..-r miirits than their cantors. As we filed :i we were again counted this time about t , te hundted of us and the door was I i i-ked bchiid us. Itwas dark; and sonn tPOie wlio weie not alreacly stretched on ;ne .!jur for the night followed the exsmple set by . ),e who had been inmates of lhe leii for a whiie. Tlu-se who had blankas ?pie..d them. Dthers threw themseives on the hard Hoor, j't-rhaps with an overcoat about their shoul d'r;, and perhaps with nothing save the . jthing wom during the day. There were !.' gmupi of friends here and there, though Ir.f.uis might be together for the whole 'i was entirel) covered by the sleeping -Morning revealet. to us the long high .r0'm we were occupying, stretching across the middle of the building, with lhe grstted winduws at each end. There was an absence of glass, or even sash, and the rain or wind .'fat nurcilessly in just as the storai chanced 'nve. There was no provision for fires, tn thtre were two fire-places in which i. .il inir'nt be used. There was also a plen ' !ul sjpply of water at one side of the room. . . ese were our quartert:. About t.inu in the morning an oilicer v ime iti an i urdered us out to roll call. We ro dra-Mi up in line four deep andcounted. mal was " roli call," and was attenued to by tiie oflicers in charge daily. At this roll uil we were counted off into " tnesses " of a i '.v-n men, each for the drawhig of rations. One man was elected from each mess to ftV'in the ollicers gave lhe rations for the le twelve, and he, in tum divided the :.'juni he received amung the men of his At this roll, too, another ofiicer gaye us an n . itatitm io deliver up what money we had fi-oui us, s.iying at the same time that if we came forward and gave it up willingly, an accotint would be kept, we should have the imouat returned when we were parled oi xenaned ; but if we did not, we should be fcearched, our money all taken and no returu iiiode. Inrluenced by this threat many gave 'hr-ir greenbacks ; the rebels wouid take no ' ther, thus showing their contempt for their wn worttiless rags. The " account " was '-pt on a loose sheet of paper, and consist td only of the name of the person and the ''mount of money no book, no receipt, no ''4e, nothing but the name and the account on those loose tsheets of paper. Our com- VOL. 27-N0. 23, imny were not searched, thouh I heard that vCie wno came in atterward. lhssoperanon ov-er we drew rations for Uay-half a loaf of bread nearly as large 7f 7 b ' Pl'Ce0 -b11" ed freah beef, of not inore than two cubic w U.0. x ... rtS uie uni l00u and uch exclamations. We paid no atten- that had been lasued to us since taken, and ; tio .0 their threats. In about twenty rods wastheamount drew da.ly while I was ajwenached the fence, jumped it, and run iUB MolllJ WrtS usu,tlI Knou .-..ougn, tnougn me ueet was al.umir.ably, " 1 ,R ?l u "cu,l-t a "V1,I& on eight or ten ounces of soft bread and a u o. ueci large us nis two nnger. r 1 r 1 1 ... n Well, that night they took us out of the Libby and put us into an old tobacco facio ry, fdthier and far more inconvenient than we had seen before. After a few days, how ever, water was provided for each of the :hree Hoors, the rooms were cleaned a little, and our condition made more endurable than at tirst. On the 18th the surgeon made his appoar- ance amongst us for the first time. Ile look- , , , . , - fd at us about as a half-way farmer would examine a flock of a hundred shcep, and then went away. After this he came daily. 'I'llc, ...I... .1... 4 ...1 t. I . , ,, . , . . nospital. lhe lnside of ll.at nistitution 1 . . enougn in pnson. T ? . It is but justice, however, to state that. ' there was one alleiating feuture. 'Ih L'uards embraced everv opnortuniiv to sell l us bread. This was coiurary to ordeiN unu had they been dett-cted, would have f-ent them to Castle Thunder. But they had no feelmgs of personal enmity to gratify, and were only too glad to make a few d 11 us in trade with the Yankees. Manv were the hur.gry men who added dailj another loaf or two to tne half loai allowed by the rehcl governnjent. Prices, however, ranged ruth er high. Two or three loavts of bread, not weighing more than six ounces, for a (K ilar ; ! butter four .o four and a half u dars per ponnd; apples two dollars per dozen-smallj and wormy at that; pies, small and poor, at ., one dnlliir each. and other tiiii)L'.5 in nronor- i tion prices rising. This '.vas in Confederate : We could seli our green baeks for currencv. three, tour, five and sometimes seven do.'iars scrip for one dollar greenback. the i:scape. Messrs. Crane and Davis broke through . the wiudow of their prison house.passed into ', the window of the building oppoite, ai.d so continued until they had pas&ed some dis-, tance from the old tobacco factory, when J they emerged into the street. J Fortunat 1 no one was around, and, ,.aitingtora iavoraule time, at nall past nme we walked out into the street and m.le our way out of the city. lhere were gua.ds withiu fifty feet of the dour on each .side of J it, but botli were iust rotind the corner of ' J , the building and did not ste us. .uany ot , , i . o we. escapcu uu.uyu u.B ..... w We dreaded passing the forts which we ! believed we should find around the city, but j n.ost of them turned out to be wit!i..nt gar-; risons. Once, indeeJ, we verv nearly ran J ); between it and ! . ( . L U L. . . ... ) - 1 j tliM fnvt. hut xf ! avoided it and Went on. Litn un iTf!irii!imfnt .fttinr , .... i . ! I.:iipr in tht? ni'ht we came close unon an-! other encampment, and hid under the fence lill the distuibance was over, anu ihcn we innlr a cniiiip nt ri'fht nni'h'S to lhe one we had followed, and thus au.ideu them. ! (About three o'clock we la) down, and ihoug:. the air was verv fro.lv, slept soundlv for two . " ' i. m- ,,., ,i v,. mct ' .;,u nn n,w ;,.,.;,lHnis till near nisht 1 Wednesdav " 'VU 0"le' These Union soldiers eame ve:y near be- j f-Itwtcl him to a Miiall building used it.g discovered and 'aken prior.ers Wednes-I I,,r a Kllch""' Tjkl"8 "e P airs into a day night, but evaded their euemies and j cnam'-)l'r lulf flld ol nuska, I laid down in lushed on towirds lh Federal ln.tb : '- e back pari an l he pited them over me ! PU bout noo'n, Thur"sdav, we came to tlu j Md tteul Chickahomminv, having wuiked tili then in 1 wce d,d l, wo,uan ! the woods and swamps. Fortunately we j c",,le l" m tlidltl I,lice w'th hoor" s um ... .,,;.,...? v.flmr-stedsweetpotatoes,andwarmmeat. To ; . . . , i i h m we earned our pioxnnity to tne leoel! 1 I Illfr'l. il llCilLU IIUtIl " ii'.ivoi..w..v-... pickets ai.d the difhculty ot ciosni)n' the n- 1 . . . , , . . . , e.r. He to d US. toa. liut ttiere wen: no uuai.i , .1... ,..... 1, l,..-inr ln-.'ll lirnken ' nniiitHLicaiii, Liic.ii...r... 'J ' - , , by the guard about a weeK neloie. ii ' I were to cross was more than we could iniug- ine. We questioned our mt-.rniant ahou. ? . ,,. v. , the coiiveuitnces tor ouilding a r .ft. .e .li - IU1U llllli 1.1111. -j " ' i.i i.: ........ n-L. .... nir miisf. ir.lSS Lllr i Heani withuut bting discoered 1' r the him he ... ....... 1 ri.t T- t II (111 I U I' 1. II. 11 111 111 .11. j . i .. .i , . .ii j on in Scu iia eiea iu nnuc uuu j . , h;c li..l ttiiiunit :i i.iiisnle of ins iace chang- ' , . C1:i. n;j its sto hd expres-.ioi.less apect, he said . . , , ... , loI i 'Igue.vs, inebbte. I help you. I had a.: , , Vi i. rA :t ' o dt shbout. Meboee dey didn t hnd it. , , , , . ..c 1 And he led the wav, dtat to all quenes as ,a oM 1W to the boat. Reachmg the river, he gave us . . , another piece ot infurnuwiun. I 1 ... T. , . ; ' You stav nere and look out. Dey s pow -. fi .,ppPHHm nickets huntin' round ult ! V-ilUl VJ-- I de time.' Of course we staid on the lookout. Soon we heard a noise on the water, and all was stiil again. In a few moments bur sable fneiid made his appearance. Come dis wav.' Ile led us to a boat, and taking the oar rowed to a path on the uther s.de. Tujre he fastened tht boat and went as guide for ,ome distance abng tlirougn tne swamp, anu then giving us directions lo avoid the picu ets, and what road to take, turned and wc saw him no more. We followed his directions, and made good progress tiil near sunset. We were following the road when we came to a tum that led down a hill, completing hiding tlu road from sight. Just at ttus pjit.i we mei two horsemen, and did not see them tili aithin at least three rods of them. We dashed off into the open pine woods, where ST. JOHNSBURY, VT., I'lilDAY. a horse could make his way as well as in the road. I suppose the rebels did not ap ciate the case for a mornent, for we got a ' good start. Then they eame on callin? out, llalt! Whal -u doiK the? Whereinottocompromisetoofar. jyou goi'? Hak! halt, or I'll fire on you !' How uianv is there is of amnng so,)e scr(jb p.nes and other everjrodenutof the shade of a tall tree bv the! jjreenb thtt close to the ground. We , nad gune liut a few rods n the field before , our ptirsiers reached the fence and one of ; them fired. I was not hit, and I could see 1 . j that Davis, who was ahead, was alao un-' harmeil. Th- me.n behind us could not; jump ih- ir horses ovr the fence and stop- ped to lake it down. I was getting coni - pletely letely exhau.ied, and fel that I must soon . T..ra;.. ... .u t ranabwnt a n,d ut of my course, turned i .... rm .U1, rrB" " tSW 8lPf' , Z ' " 7 7" " , , 5 ,,., , . ...... . uu, uuu uui lunucis ijsjcu uy ; , , r i ri i. j aien rt-iuri.ing, one ot w hom was talking. I ; ! could not ( either of them, and feared Da- . ms uMMatven. I naited a while longer, and , l;tl . , r ii- ti . . i then n up ti hiid 1am. I hac iust returned 1 to uj i-idmg j,lace wnen I saw a rebel pass ., ' ,-. . , , - thiMiigh the jp-n pines with a gun on his! h, , , i , ,, ,. u i i' he.i nt lOthin . ! T 1 l'i ri.. i i lini'im. )l,wm i " 11 "u I lor son.t- time, I proceeded on alone. i It was bngiit ii.yi.niignt, and avoiding the j principal roads I kept on nearly all night. Once I heard a i.oise Dehind me and stenned ir.to me sha.ie to allow a patrol to go by. Two and half years ago the streets of Bal Ihen I fohowed on. Toward morning I timore was red with the bl ,-)d ..j .Masachu- crawled into a corner of the fence and , blej-t a c.ujde of hours. Then I plodded on onee nv.re. A? it "rew to be mn.ninn-th! niurrn hr.n ! ly lhe roadside hegan to show signs of life. j 5 1 1 vm.tured t- k:iock at one. ' iIa.v 1 come in an(l wafm myself by your hre.J' I nsked. ies CJ'S A chair was set for me by the fire. After J a paue I asked the distance to Williamsport. ; ' Twelve miles.' ' Are there Union forces there ?' ' y. : ' Is this the direct road ?' l es. Jut then lliore was a stir in an inuer room . vifttinj un s.) iwm !' said a person 1 took ti) tiie net.r's wjfe . ),, ti0 n.en there was a whispered coiloquy tween ,he two I could distinguish onlv the i dom forevcr in all the Territorities ; a man ,vonls . Noth; 1read and mUk ' and alhun-bvthe Government for participatin-i Hnal asse,u lhg parl of lhfJ neress Tht,n thu man addssej me. ,., . , . 1 li.U white woman dat hn here, said he ., , . . with a glance toward tne mr.er room whence the st.unds had come. Hean sieht of trou- roundtc9 eb(jrv thin: Must'nt talk here come out door.' j We went out. ' You U..ion ?' I assented. ' G iiu' to Williamsport ?' ' Yt s. Can I get inside the lines there ? Is ihat the neartst place to so: 1 " , that the neareal place. Can't go to- 'la tbough.' ' Wli ?' K,,au Wl iiC,,uts- Must hlde some-1 u " 1 1 rtl UULe rabi,eu 31 T l.i. it. ,1 .. . .1 ...I.. 1 ..1.1 11.. I lul "unc 1 l"um "!UK- J,un'--- 0 ,c!,s 1 l a l'Ue 1 can keep I .... . . me, weaned ai.d hait-tarved, thev were the . - (1-il'ltlU't lllVIIVIlU' IlnAik I n...r.lr a . I t. 1 her talkni' with a rebel soldier. One other i .. - u. I ii,Hi I I1i..ii..I I io nhiirlr..n ,,.... I .. I . . I. ume I heard ihe chiidren prattling about the soldiers jrmni by. But I was not uisturbed. Aiter dtr.; my olack friend came and call- . tioi.s as io the road and how to avoid the , . ,r ,'uul - i o J1"o 11 uisiunue uimseu . . . . . . i"c ij aj. iuwx uu nu asseu iuo hiul x uu.u UU IIUt X C'JUlu 101 . t...o ...... .., .i r ...,...i.i ,i.. ...u-. i i.i r... tiun i.i the lines. I promiseu and ' tum 1.. the lines. I promiseu and I haw . . . . . . iHi t.ii. l. redet'ioed ftiat irmni If the . . r i Lnion anny goes by that man s houses. it , , , , will not be my fault if they do not know ' J that he is a friend of the Union soldiers. . , . . , , 1 loun" llie ruatl that ni'Mit iust as it had J " been represeuted. Once, indeed, I came . ' mto datigerous proxunity io the scouts, but . . . , ,. . i avoided Ihem and went on. At last I came upon a road bearing un ig un- i pres- ...l f miitakable evidence of the immediate i ence of Union troops. I had not followed it far before ' llalt !' rung out loud and clear. I 1 -topped motionless. There was a brogue to j the tongue. Was it possible that I had got ! so lar and undirgone so much to be taken by reuel pu-sets ? The sky was cloudy and tlui woul.. neip my escape. I nad only time io too tor a chance to run when tnat ' Hait !' ciine again. I was motionless, and the in- visiole p:ck.et could see it. I determined to j neep silence till I was sure of the characterj of my questioner. ' ho comes there ?' That, I thought, was good Germau, and i tell better. ' A friend without the countersign.' ' What fri-nd ?' i was no . yet sure of the character before .ne, and ttpt silent. ' Who are you, any way ?' I SThat was a clincber. I was sute now that I the man hefore me was a Germatlj and T had j never seen those men in the rebel army. , ' An unarmed man,' said I, still determined J'OU 3' f One. i Come out into the middle of the road.' I went. At the satne time two horsemen roadside. Hold un hoth hands ' I obeved. 1 ' Now come forward.' Forward I went, holding up both hands, bear fashion. ' Where you from?' they asked as I catne jup. ! Fiom Richmond. What cavalry is this ?' .M-L..1..V v m j 1 1 "ii . i ' And this is Williamsport ?' I asked ,a- . r - r , r , , k ,. mu . . . , , , iiucs. iuc iouk. me to picKet neauquariers, . L , , , for long iveeka a.id showed me a place to J . , , sleep. 1 stretched myself to rest, but not) to sleep. I was too nappv." A Little Plain Talk. , 1 he ilon. Isaac X. Arnold. renresentative . . . ... i '. 1 . w oongress elect lr.,m the Ulncago distnct, rccently addressed the Lmon Loval League 1 ot that city. Ine speech is one of great ; raerit. We append the following extract as a sample of its tenor and spirit: M;Us soldiers, m-inl . l r,,r i .itir lovalty and p-.tiuitim Y u ltninnber the crv that i .c.oud from New Kngland to the Westem urairies . "Burn Baltimore" atul l-av.. nm one stone upon another, if she stops t!i. 17 1 pa'tiwa of Union soldiers to tne defence of the captial. Xow, Baltimore sends as her representa-' tive to Mn.,M hva nnr.. im.,n vnto iVip and niost radical emancipationist in Ult' Iad Yerily, lhe world do?s movp. Itwas lon- before we reco-nized clearlv ' the fact that slaverv and rebehion were iden - t;clj ' Ti' . .,. ,..u I ,:,,,,. . ,,, , ,,. . , . is that slavery and the rebellnm shall both . , u , , . , wc iiujutu. jiiucyujiv as iue uuc ucc.l . Contemplate the rapid advance of ideas be-jair.ee 1SGI. Freedom at thr canital ; free- . participating j in the slave trade ; Western Virginia a free ! state ; the great state of .MUsouri subhtan-! tially free thanks to her radic ds who have 1 ,o ilantly fought and won the'battle for hoertv; Marvland, " Mv Marvland" over-! - - whelmit) in her vote for imniediate eman- ' cipation. So niuch accompliahed i r tUa , ., - , Isefore the grass shall grow agam on our - ... , , , . f. , pranes, lennessee, under the lead of A:-drew j Johnson, will ask to return to the Union as ' a free state. I.ouisiana will not linirer be- hind, and ere long the Great Father of Wa- ii ii r -i r ters shall flow over free soil. from its K.mrce ! . -. ti- -e i i. ' to its mouth. kentuckv, if she adheres to i -1. , . , , slaverv, will soon be lsolated. ireedom to . ,u - .i t i c i . .i . c - lhe Aorth of her. freedom to the south of her, freedom to the East of her, and free dom to lhe Vt et ot her, she will be com- i t . P" to give up ttie gtu.st ot slavery ; the l .1 r . . oreatn oi nie and HUertv will r-e Dreathed into her, and she will become the glorious commonwealth of Kentucky. Whence . the recent ch.nge in the tane of the world ! toward our country ? It is because Europe, ; France. England. at last have recognized the '. fact tiint tlns is a square conlest between Lio-, erty and Slavery. 1 Hence, the people, the masses, that make up the great public opinion. against which. monanui caniint . cnntMlli i,nv!1Iiep(i J , - . tut recent radical change toward our government J !I.lir l.'m.llinfl lllaonj li. l.rrt.il ir.i. ' ion the relie. rams in iier wnrpr.. nml t,r. I hids the;r sa H to the aid pf slavemon!rer, r :.. v.,..i ,.... :.. u: . ...i.:.: .. . i in their lives. in deatl, Uiev sliai'l not be di-' . , uum wentj-uve dotlars. or o, l orgress, and gone tnto the semce, or , same dispose of according to law, for lhe sat Nided " i whlch case m' sl,a,i 1101 be entitled to rs-' pr-cun d a substitute, or paid the commuta- isfying of the said sum, with your own fees ; (:eie S.'iid seven rfullnr-: npr in. -mli t:.. l... I l . r . ... i c . .1 f . is Xapuleon pauses m his amhitious , Xo. An act granting State pav to drafted : chapter 110 of the general statutes, there- j paid in money, or orders drawn hv tte audi incan cnemes and arrest, the rebel iron-1 mun nd akl lo ti5L.:r f.ltll:,:(., ' ' r,. lor of accouts. or hv " r Anu . , . ' c a a in Tance. L ,rd Lyons gets up at nrd.usjht to warn Mr. Stauton ol a rebel pt i m Canada. All tbi -.i ca .se t .e i,mi- has been made i iJeir aul square between Liberty and Sla-; , very. Such is the present. hat of the future? j I say. push on the war. t.ii up the ranks. V How tne retreating rebel aimies into j Georgia and Alabama; pour in the Greek j v....i..... ...... IC ..,rS.. a . claim it tar and wide, on land, and on sea, ' that wnerever the flag Hoats it is the emblem ' u. j..uc.v a..u u3la... a.m uaKC j effective the l'resideu's Emancipation Proc- j laraation ; uphold and maintaiu it ibrever. i -i. . .i i ii i Strike at the rebellion and at b.avery, every where, and at all times, regardmg them as one and indivisible. Let our railying cry be Liberty and Union against Slavery and Rebeliion, and by thia sign we shall conquer ; and when we have conquered, the victory i will be the grandest triumph of civilizatiou . over barbansm recorded on all the records . of time. : . A line of broad guage railway connecting thecities of Xew ork and Cleveland, Onio, i and called ttie Atlanlic and Great Western ; Railway, has been completed, and the event has been duly celebrated at Cleveland, the past week, by a banquet and ball. The ex tension of this broad guage to Cleveland enables passengers and freight, with but one change, to run between Xew Yoik and Chi-cago. DEC. 4. 1863. Siiccessfu! Siirscry. There has recentlv been a successful case of surgery performed in Weslminster, which 1 is well wortby of rccord. A little (Uughter of Alexander Watkins, was Msverelvattacked with diptheritic cronp or diptheria and croup together, was Ijing at the point uf death, when surirerv was nronosed. aml apcnrjlJtmlv 1 anoponing into the windpipe was made" as ;lowdownasthebreastbone,and a tube in. aerted,foIIowedhyii,5tantrelief. The throa was entirely fiiled up, and the child could )ense 01 suca erecuon not have lived but for this operation. For) Approved, OcL 30, 1863. eight days the tube was keut in, some one' i attendin? it evnrv mompnt nf innM n,n n,Jo.t Anact in aaamon 10 cnapier onr 5 - - ..V...wmSV J ll.O III, j mosphere of the room being kept at a high J temperature all the while, so as to corrt-s-! ! T T " . 7 " ;"eueeine a,r .,n nnnx .U. 1.1 ! 1 .1 i "ic uie pwce in me mroai, nau ii oeen in- i k , . T Waj; 1,,11B " I)eration i wrnch has been nerformed okewhRr. tmi 5m-. in2 the lirstc.se inthissection.it hM h(.p awaited wilh much both bv nei2h- bors and physicians, to sav noihin; of the . L- i i , , , , . anxiety which must have been fe t bv the , wmny. l ne cn:ld has now nearlv rncovtred , i and i's up about the house. Whea the tube was taken out the child had not snoken. of m,, o .1 ; course, tor a .ong time, tiie questions were immediajely asked, but she onlv shook her . headas before. Soon after. hnw.ver. sh v " "sPokeright out in meeting," calling for r.i .i luuu. iiiuLii lii iiitr un in iiiiiki' i r 'tini luuu, muuii io me iov oi inose nreent. i ne on&r:;nn , nrrm. t. nr V;..i,..le r .! I'"- .xw .j.:,. ..;iu,. f.,,,.i1ii nf ci,vtm,'. ij;,- , Holton of Putnev and is a success hi"hlv ratifin to the medical science. Bellows l.h t.v... I' lllf.N I llll f a LAWS OP VERMONT, A. D. 1803. . i-'signated by the Secretary of S'ate for . l,uLHralion in ail the newspapers -An act to encourage volunteering ' II herehy enacted by the General As- ..-,..1.1.. r .1. C 1 senihly of the State of Vermont : Sec. 1. It any volunteer who may here-1 hfter be raised under lhe aulhoiitv of this Jl1' lU srrt 111 lIie oiuie Lnited SJalM for three i nloonerdischarS-. ed, and who shall be entitled to receive from ""T' ' l ,at c. . . . ' . . , ouue ji.n, anu Mgnny sucn elenion to tiie !icer b-v whom he sha!1 ,)e recrat"d' he shaU ' enttiled to recieve, from tne lwarer of o . r , this . state, at the time of sucn muer, the . ..r . i . . , , . . .. .... . . 7 " ' '71 : 7. ' ... . . .... .i..t. lui .111:111 lii .1 1 1 1 i - " ""n; it.-n.uif; in - s . , al' excertf Av'th the wnlteii COnent of ' ,,, o, , r . . ... . - . , " su"1 "' Ct m ,lS 'T' , v ,, ic ' ' ' . . Xo. 2 -An act for the aid of drafted diers. It is herphv pmrf..rl K-n 11 ls "erem enacted, c. i Anv tn,v ..t . .- i oet. l. Am town. at a town meetmg le- .r.ti,. ,,.,.,w.,i i kii g.ilij waroed and holden, mav grant and ou- such ums of money as they may j-sd-e ',est' to l)e paid to those persons whn have I,....,. t...-..r. i i i p -i "ein or ,na.v ereaf;er be drafted from said ' iM-in ;i ti. , - r i i- - i town mto the militaiv service of lhe l nited nt,. nr fnr- . . f ' talL, or ,or the purpose of pavm anv .llitc f.f.ntr.ot.1 i... ,i,. i . V t" Htnis cr -ntracled nv the selectmen of tich 1 town, or for the purpose of defravinc lhe ex- -eie and amount of bounties to'sudi draft- . ed men, which bounties may have been paid to such drafted men by private sub.cripiion. r from private mcans". l'rovided. that nnth- ,nS ,n this act shall be construed to give an lown authority to raise money to pay any hounty or reward to any drafted man who", s, al not actuaHy enter lhe milit.iry "ervice ef the United States, or be extmpt therefrom by having furnishe.l an accepted : sulllue' v money payable, or received; nder the provisions of this art. shall be ' mhrt t0 the tlUStCe I,rocess' Sec. This act shall take effect from its ' Pass,1oe' Approved, Xov. 10, lSfiS. jt js jierej,y anacted &c SeC. Tht. non-commissioned officer?,mn- ' sicians and privates, now in the militarv ser- vice of the Unil,.d c. . . . ' ,e drafied and nniMtered into the service of! , the United States before the secor.d Thnrc. day of Qcober, A. D. 1864. from this State. : as drafwi snen, shall be entitled to recoive ' bCve dollars per month from the State of! Vermont, so long as they shall renm reniain in the vermont regiments, or in detached compa - ,lie3 of Vermont men in any other regiments in lhe Ulliled Slales swvi t fa .. them in the same mamier as is nrnvidefl I.v j jaw for lhe pavmeilt of aeven dollars ' ! mo:i.h to the no'n-commissioned oliictr mu I sicians and privates of the volunteers from this Slate, now in the service of thu Uniied States. Providsd, that this section shall not authoiize the pay ment of said even dollara per month to any person who has entered r j the service of the United States as a aubsti- tute .or a dra.ted man. Sec. 2. The families of such drafted men ha.l Le entitled to a.l the rigiits and gratui- ties that are now providtd bv law for the families of the volunteers from Vermont, nw in ttie service of the United States, in the Vermont regiments or in detached companTes of ermont meD in any other regiments of oath or atlirmaiion, stating that he is consci the United States ser.ice. enciously scrupulous of bearlnf arm " Sec. 3. This act shall take effect fiom its passage. Approved, Xov. 10, 1SG3. Xo. 4 An act autuonzing towns to erect WTIOTJB NO 1375. ' monaments to the memory of deceasti .11' IerS I is hereby enacted.. &c. . . . , , i l"g ,0r m mlaDW mm . PU' . l'Se shaU be inserted' a"-V t0WD ,nstruc 115 aiecimcil 10 trf ui u uiuuuuicui ui ujuuu ments to the m-jmory of citizens of sucl ,' tow.n' dvins in lhe Service f the WTr nng tne preaent war. ana may appropna.. a SUm of mone-V sufficient t0 defray lhe tx hundred and ten of the general statutes, entitled " of the organization, regulation and government of the militia of this State." It is hereby enacted, &c. Sec. 1. The enrolled militia shall be sub 'ject to daly in cae of war, inva.fonf thepre- Ventatioa "f illVaSl0n' the SUPPreSS1Cn f rC" j uunon aain5L ine "enerai or oiaie gotm ment t'le sunnreesion of msurrection or n- 1 111 n ' 1 U'Ptebion ui mburrecuou or n . f ,he laWS ?f llsState-in which 0352 the ' coramander-in-chief may order for actualser- . Yice, bv draft or otherwise, as many of the t - . J enrolled militia as the case demands, and in I r ...... 1 case oi a requsmon oy tne generai govern- 1 ment for n"iilia the commander-in-chief is herebv authorized to furnisb the auota of ! 1 I this btate by draft, either to recruit the Yer- : . . . . 1 mont regiments ir. the field, or to be organ- ' 12 unler tip ISth section of chapter 110 ! f the Beaeral atutes, as he may order of iauch draft. Sec. 2. The selectmen of each town and ! the coinmon councilmen of each city in the State, shall enter upon the book containing ttie record of the board of enrollment made in such town or city, agiinst the name of each person, when he shall arrive at the a-rt of forty-tive years, with the words " forty-five ... ...... '.ears 01 aire and shall also draw a red line across the name of such person upon j .aid rtcord ; and shall also note upon the inargni, tlw death oi any person thus enroli- ed, stating the time when such death occur-J rcd. at the same time erasing the name of . roll,en, b.v :l r across the same, and j u trom tune to time. as the cases occur, draw i line across the name of every enrolled I person who had been. or may hereafter he r 3 dntted. either under the Iaws of this State . . i - waieuiifni oi i-ie ..i..i...i..r..inri7.i r, i..fin orv.nf. ...a n n m t-t - , " 1 " C n c.-.vi. jirrN nt, anu snau, lorinwun, aiter inakin.r snnh pra5iir nn.t nntrinc tnn.mii ' J' J " - vnjniant ueneral a copy ot tbe same ; ! a:id in cases where substitutes for drafttd j 1Uen are accel,Icd' if enrolled in any town or f city in thi State, a minute report on the nnrgm of such record of enrollment shall i,.. i.. ,1 : i l r l . of which shall forthwith be transmitted to 1 .u.. t .i:... . r i i . i-i i-. me anjawiu wenerai, anu tne aiscnarge or , aJI F,rnns from the mihtarv service, shall be , . - i.uu.'u ujiou un- .iiir"in oi aucn recoru against i . ' , . J tae nanw oi sucn returned person. Sec. The sum of one dollar required l,H...:-..l.f -I . nn l. i .i - " -iiuii -i-v.i iuaiiier i nr, inau oe ov uie .. , , , .. : medical hoard repaid to said applicant , . ., .. ... tor examinalion. in case said applicant s nall . r , , ,,. . rec.eve from such board his c-rtihcale of es - . r lf 1 SC; L lf A 5eleclmen common J c"unc,,men sha11 neSleCl or rtfuse to Pform ; tUe duUc n:tm'l 'm 'eClbn tW0 f this ECt-' ! lhc" ,,aU ,,ufeU lhe "Um f le" dlbrS fjr ' eacn negi: ci, to be recoved m any proper ac-. ui grant a tax of cents on the dol- tion to le commenced by the Adjutant and ' lar on the list of the polls and ratable estate Inpectnr General, and in his name. of the inhabitants of this State, to be col- Sec-i. Sectioa 12 of chapter 110 of theected and paid iato the treasury of the enera! states, is hereby repealed. j bec. b passage. This act shall take effect from its i Approved. Xov. 11, 18G3. Xo7 An act explanitory of section forty- j 1 r-T.- 1.... L. 3 J 1 . r i 0,A ' "1-1U" U"L ,,u"urcu anu ien 01 ine general statut-s, rehting to the militia. U hereas, there is some uncertainty as to the reservjtion contained in sectinn 4C. nf ' jt -u hereby enacted. &c. ', 1- That said section shall be so con-! rued as to reserve and keep in force the iHct. cf Ju . AvtuM6 Genoral. l.,nr e the troops of this Stafi shall rsmain in thei Unitetl States service. and the d ofiicer shall be to perform such service on courts manial. and in reftrence thereo, as lhe commander-in-chief shall dirtcL i Stc. 2. Tnis act shall take effect frorn its ' passage. ! Approved, Xov. 3, 1863. j Xn. 8 An act in araendment of section 10 of chapter 110 of the general statutes. It is herebv enacted, &c. Scc 1. Section 10 of chapter 110 of the general statutes, is hereby amended so as to read as follows : "Any person claiming to be eiempt by ) reason of being conscientiouslv scrupulous of bearing arms, shall be exempt from draft ; by paying into the town or city treasun where he reaides, on the dav when anv draft . is ordered, and before such drafting shall br commenced, as an equivalent, the sum of thiee hundred dollars, and by fiung with tbt clerk of snch town or city, an affidavtt b ; him subscribed, and lo which he shall makt j Sec. 2. This act shall take effect f?om it' passage. Approved, Xov. 10, 1S63. Xo. 9. An act to restore and extend the ju- riadiction of Justices of the Peace, in cer- tain criminal prcsecutions. It i btrtby tr acttd. tSrc. tc- 1- All prosculion of a ciin indl ra ure. for any of the oflei-cts defcribed ii tec ons five and seven of chapter ninety-ihrte, and in tections thirty five, thirty-eight, fifty, Sfty-two and fifty-six of chapter one hundred and thirtfen, and in sections one, ten and el -ven, of chapter one hundred and sixteen, ot the general statutes, may be tried and de t rmined by any justice of peace wiihin the --ounty -wher the offence is committed. And my justice before whom such prosecution is ned, may stntence the offendtr to pay a fine ot exceeding twenty dollars, and may issue is warrant to carry such judgment iuto ef fect, in case no appeal in taken. Sec 2. Any justice before whom a pros ecution may be commenced for an offence Jescribed in any of the eections of the gen eral atatutes named in the firet section of this act, may, if in his discretion the public good requires it, bmd over the respondent with sufficient Bureties, for trial at the coun- ty court. Sec. 3. ThiB act shall not take from the county court any jurisdiction which said court now has to try and punish the ofFences descnbed in the several sections of the gen eral statutes named in this acL Sec. 4. Tliis act shall take effect from its passage. Approved, Oct. 27, 1S63. No. 10. An act to amend fonns 27 and 34 of chapter 127 of the general statutes en titled, " of fonns of sundry writs, precepts and other instruments." It is hereby enacttd, &c Sec. 1. Fora 24 of chapter 127 of the general statutes, entitled, " of fonns of sun dry writs, precepts and other instruments,,, is hereby &o amended as tsread as follows: STATE OF VERMONT, To A. B., col- ss. I lector of the town of t in the county of (or to the collector of school district No. , highway or other taxes, as the case may he,) Grettino : By the authority of the State of Vermont, you are hereby commanded to levy and col lect of the seveial persons named in the list herewith committed to you, the sum of mon ey annescd to the name of each of each per snn respectively, and pay the same to the treasurer of the town of (or to such other person authorized to re cieve the same, as the case may be.) on or before the day of and if anv nerson ehall ne"lect or Trfute tn pay the sum in which he is assessed in said , you are hereby commanded to distrain the good, and chattels of such delinquent ne ame oispose ot according to law, for the satisfying of the said sum, witn your own fees : and for want theaeof you are hereby commanded to distrain the goods and chattels of such delinquent person, and the . -u- nSDL inereoiyou are nereoy comman- i w i uiina. v . n n .4 . . . i . i -wv. 1.111.. .u citcuu mit warraai joi me cot ieciinn of said sum so assessed against such deli? ntient norcr.n U n.,u tU5U uF.. m,, iniii. in tnw atate belon-ing to such delinquent, according to law, or to take the body of surh dehnquent prrson, and him commit to the keeper of the jail, in the county of or such other jail as the law directs, within ::i .i r. , , . . said jail, who is hereby commanded to receive such person, and him safely keep until he ,i.u - i , ... . i m sum so assessed witn legal . cost?, together with vour own fees, or be re- . , ; 1 ocuwruing io iaw. T. , luate and lgnature as m form Xine.) EC Form seventeen of chapter one ; "u"ucu auu iwenM-seven oi tne ueneral !c . . . J ucuctiii 4 otatutes, is htrenv amended so as to read as r " ' i follows: i lo A. B., first constable of the town of . u .1 . r n . m me county ol GreetlvG: hereas. the legislatnre of this State, a thdl Sesin in Ia the f ar Lord' 0De tho'Jsand State, (here insert the authority hv whom the orders are to be drawn, as specified in the law granling the tax.) therefore. j By the authority of the State ol Vermont, Jyou are commanded to levy and collect, agreeably to law. of the inhabitants of the tn..n rf - T -i oresaia, cenls on the dollar on the list of the polls and ratable estate of said inhabitants for the vear one thousand in b - j the case may be) amounting to the whole Jm of , and pay the same io the treasury of the State, on or hefore tne first dav of And on the ne?lect or refusal of any of the inhabitants liable by law to pay his por- tion of said tax, you are hereby commanded lo distrain the goods and chattels of Buch de linquent person, and dipose of the same ac- cording to law, for the satisfaction of his proportion of said tax, and also your own fees ; and for want thereof you are hereby commanded either to extend this warrant J upon any land in this State helonging to such delinquent for lhe collection of his pro portion of said tax according to law, or to take his Dody, aad hi-n CDaimi to the keep er of the jail in lhe; county of , or such otherjailas the law directs, within s-aidjnl, who is hereby commanded to re ceive him, and him hifely keep, until he shall pay his propoi tion of sa.d tax, with legal j costs, together with your own fees, or be re- J Issed according io law. i Given under my haad at the treasurer's of- fice in the in the year of our Lord hy of ne thousand , Treasurer. Sec 3 This act shall take effect from its passage. Approved, OcL 28, 1863. Coiichided ticzt irccei. Often at fashionahle balls we have seeu a good many goate, and a pair of kids to every goat.