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The Caledonian. (St. Johnsbury, Vt.) 1837-1867, December 04, 1863, Image 1

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ST. JOnNSBl'liY, VT.
, . -f. STONE fc Co. rullisliers
i). Kii'ii ne.t Joor north cf Court Uouse.
.( p,id ftricth m advance, per annum.. .il..M
. -,.;d i-l tdvauiH?,
; " !l. in tl.e yeir,.
i '-"i''''- l'''uti (-'ac'i-
nvrRTiMMi Vr oiip rqvr.ie (of lf linpi
. iiKpitinni-. 1. KhcIi aiiditioual in-
'!' i'm eitt- a Hiuftu. A lRieral diconnt to thivi!
Vti-.' l.v'tlic vt-ar. WIM-ationH,i:tr:ijv, No iee
1 ' u IV itfnv.m.i it (X. ::T Uow New Vork and
(. t.Vf
:iect. Ito-ton. aro our authorized Agcnti'.
1'r.iNriM. nf all kinl do:ic neatly and at liring
All kind' of I'apw aii'l Canl kept eonstautly
'"'Carriancs renaired at short notice.
J . N U T T ,
posite Passenscr Depot.
Maln Stree
Mis 33. ro3)OTJGV33L.,
Dealer ln
Oppositc Caledoni.m Ollice.
ctvues. .Melalnotvpes, aii'l llic-size ri:oiograpu
Better aiul clit-aper than clsewliere.
a:o. s. siiaw,
I N" S U II A N C E A G K N T ,
. with J. Koss
Jewctt's Kuildinp
N .
F Ij I N T,
Mamifacturcr of Harxksses, ctc,
-iio Pjump-tc H0116.C. - - Rallroail street.
C . C . C II I LO S ,
fiDont. tovs, Ac.
1. . j.-ii " iimI niKrjvlii'.' loiu- with i-lesanceand prompt
'(il.U i-iH' Oll'tcp, Maln street.
Wr'U'IIAN'T TAU.OR ; and dcaicr in (Jenfs Fur-i.i-.lit!ii
(iooil. - - Kailruud street.
.;Hicn;ri'KAi. warehouski skp.d store.
' ilunerv liullillir,'. - - RaJIroadtreet.
MannfactiiriT iV UpaU rin Furniture and Chairs,
St Jiihnsbury Cuntre.
rr. TKEScoTT,
I JVtKY STABl.i:. Pa-eiiners carrled to and from the
ia: - S'ulih "" ' 'entMl ptreet. near St Jolmbury Hon-,e
l. I). Kir.ROntNE, I). i. s.
t:lke. - - t'orner.Maiuand Central streets.
A . J . W I L L A K D ,
nl.iaim-.l Xj charj;esjiinie- suLcelul.
JMI1K HACON, 2d, & CO.
St. Johnslmry ''entrc, Vt.
I I, V At AV I L I) E It ,
K. cp at wtii.h'salr Hay and Mu.urc Kmks and
I fsT Antriin Si.nvels, at Mooso Uiver Works.
V t r to the risiht, up stairs, Union Block
E.1LY A. VARNEY, M. 1).
Oilue, lir.-.: hoube North i.fthe North Church.
Dr reMdenee, Suinnifr St, opposlte Union bciwoi
fTlh n-ldeiice L'entrnl St, 3.1 house lrcm Summpr St
J . K O S S ,
OltUf over K. Jewetfs.
To Richmond and Back.
A. M. Crane, o f the first Vt. Cavalry, who
witti a comp-mion succeeded in makiug his
cscape from Richmond last week. sends a
letter to the Irasburg Kxpress. After de
tailing the ceremonies of his capture and
transportalion to Richmond he says :
Once in the city we were paraded in the
street and marched ofl through rows of silent
n.en and women. Two or three titnes a
ihout was raised as we went by, but it was
frum a boyish rabble. There was no enthu
iiani, but a spiritless apathy ovevcome by
lief, and care, and pain, and want. The
mwd ol prisoners as it went by was in hve-..-r
miirits than their cantors. As we filed
:i we were again counted this time about
t , te hundted of us and
the door was
i i-ked bchiid us. Itwas dark; and sonn
tPOie wlio weie not alreacly stretched on ;ne
.!jur for the night followed the exsmple set by
. ),e who had been inmates of lhe leii for a
whiie. Tlu-se who had blankas ?pie..d them.
Dthers threw themseives on the hard Hoor,
j't-rhaps with an overcoat about their shoul
d'r;, and perhaps with nothing save the
. jthing wom during the day. There were
!.' gmupi of friends here and there, though
Ir.f.uis might be together for the whole
'i was entirel) covered by the sleeping
-Morning revealet. to us the long high
.r0'm we were occupying, stretching across
the middle of the building, with lhe grstted
winduws at each end. There was an absence
of glass, or even sash, and the rain or wind
.'fat nurcilessly in just as the storai chanced
'nve. There was no provision for fires,
tn thtre were two fire-places in which
i. .il inir'nt be used. There was also a plen
' !ul sjpply of water at one side of the room.
. . ese were our quartert:.
About t.inu in the morning an oilicer
v ime iti an i urdered us out to roll call. We
ro dra-Mi up in line four deep andcounted.
mal was " roli call," and was attenued to by
tiie oflicers in charge daily. At this roll
uil we were counted off into " tnesses " of a
i '.v-n men, each for the drawhig of rations.
One man was elected from each mess to
ftV'in the ollicers gave lhe rations for the
le twelve, and he, in tum divided the
:.'juni he received amung the men of his
At this roll, too, another ofiicer gaye us an
n . itatitm io deliver up what money we had
fi-oui us, s.iying at the same time that if we
came forward and gave it up willingly, an
accotint would be kept, we should have the
imouat returned when we were parled oi
xenaned ; but if we did not, we should be
fcearched, our money all taken and no returu
iiiode. Inrluenced by this threat many gave
'hr-ir greenbacks ; the rebels wouid take no
' ther, thus showing their contempt for their
wn worttiless rags. The " account " was
'-pt on a loose sheet of paper, and consist
td only of the name of the person and the
''mount of money no book, no receipt, no
''4e, nothing but the name and the account
on those loose tsheets of paper. Our com-
VOL. 27-N0. 23,
imny were not searched, thouh I heard that
vCie wno came in atterward.
lhssoperanon ov-er we drew rations for
Uay-half a loaf of bread nearly as large
7f 7 b ' Pl'Ce0 -b11"
ed freah beef, of not inore than two cubic
w U.0. x ... rtS uie uni l00u and uch exclamations. We paid no atten-
that had been lasued to us since taken, and ; tio .0 their threats. In about twenty rods
wastheamount drew da.ly while I was ajwenached the fence, jumped it, and run
iUB MolllJ WrtS usu,tlI Knou
.-..ougn, tnougn me ueet was al.umir.ably,
" 1 ,R ?l u "cu,l-t a "V1,I&
on eight or ten ounces of soft bread and a
u o. ueci large us nis two nnger.
r 1 r 1 1 ... n
Well, that night they took us out of the
Libby and put us into an old tobacco facio
ry, fdthier and far more inconvenient than
we had seen before. After a few days, how
ever, water was provided for each of the
:hree Hoors, the rooms were cleaned a little,
and our condition made more endurable than
at tirst.
On the 18th the surgeon made his appoar-
ance amongst us for the first time. Ile look-
, , , . , -
fd at us about as a half-way farmer would
examine a flock of a hundred shcep, and
then went away. After this he came daily.
'I'llc, ...I... .1... 4 ...1 t. I
. , ,, . , . .
nospital. lhe lnside of ll.at nistitution
. .
enougn in pnson.
T ? .
It is but justice, however, to state that. '
there was one alleiating feuture. 'Ih
L'uards embraced everv opnortuniiv to sell l
us bread. This was coiurary to ordeiN unu
had they been dett-cted, would have f-ent
them to Castle Thunder. But they had no
feelmgs of personal enmity to gratify, and
were only too glad to make a few d 11 us in
trade with the Yankees. Manv were the
hur.gry men who added dailj another loaf
or two to tne half loai allowed by the rehcl
governnjent. Prices, however, ranged ruth
er high. Two or three loavts of bread, not
weighing more than six ounces, for a (K ilar ; !
butter four .o four and a half u dars per
ponnd; apples two dollars per dozen-smallj
and wormy at that; pies, small and poor, at .,
one dnlliir each. and other tiiii)L'.5 in nronor- i
tion prices rising. This '.vas in Confederate :
We could seli our green baeks for
three, tour, five and sometimes seven do.'iars
scrip for one dollar greenback.
the i:scape.
Messrs. Crane and Davis broke through .
the wiudow of their prison house.passed into ',
the window of the building oppoite, ai.d so
continued until they had pas&ed some dis-,
tance from the old tobacco factory, when J
they emerged into the street. J
Fortunat 1 no one was around, and,
,.aitingtora iavoraule time, at nall past
nme we walked out into the street and m.le
our way out of the city. lhere were gua.ds
withiu fifty feet of the dour on each .side of J
it, but botli were iust rotind the corner of
' J ,
the building and did not ste us. .uany ot
, ,
i .
o we. escapcu uu.uyu u.B ..... w
We dreaded passing the forts which we !
believed we should find around the city, but j
n.ost of them turned out to be wit!i..nt gar-;
risons. Once, indeeJ, we verv nearly ran J
); between it and !
. ( . L U L. . . ... ) - 1 j
tliM fnvt. hut xf ! avoided it and Went on.
Litn un iTf!irii!imfnt .fttinr
, .... i . !
I.:iipr in tht? ni'ht we came close unon an-!
other encampment, and hid under the fence
lill the distuibance was over, anu ihcn we
innlr a cniiiip nt ri'fht nni'h'S to lhe one we
had followed, and thus au.ideu them. !
(About three o'clock we la) down, and ihoug:.
the air was verv fro.lv, slept soundlv for two .
" '
i. m- ,,., ,i v,. mct '
.;,u nn n,w ;,.,.;,lHnis till near nisht 1
Wednesdav " 'VU 0"le'
These Union soldiers eame ve:y near be- j f-Itwtcl him to a Miiall building used
it.g discovered and 'aken prior.ers Wednes-I I,,r a Kllch""' Tjkl"8 "e P airs into a
day night, but evaded their euemies and j cnam'-)l'r lulf flld ol nuska, I laid down in
lushed on towirds lh Federal ln.tb : '- e back pari an l he pited them over me !
PU bout noo'n, Thur"sdav, we came to tlu j Md tteul
Chickahomminv, having wuiked tili then in 1 wce d,d l, wo,uan !
the woods and swamps. Fortunately we j c",,le l" m tlidltl I,lice w'th hoor" s
um ... .,,;.,...? v.flmr-stedsweetpotatoes,andwarmmeat. To ;
. . . , i i
h m we earned our pioxnnity to tne leoel!
1 I
Illfr'l. il llCilLU IIUtIl " ii'.ivoi..w..v-...
pickets ai.d the difhculty ot ciosni)n' the n-
1 . . . , , . . . ,
e.r. He to d US. toa. liut ttiere wen: no uuai.i ,
.1... ,..... 1, l,..-inr ln-.'ll lirnken
nniiitHLicaiii, Liic.ii...r... 'J ' -
, ,
by the guard about a weeK neloie. ii ' I
were to cross was more than we could iniug-
ine. We questioned our mt-.rniant ahou.
? . ,,. v. ,
the coiiveuitnces tor ouilding a r .ft. .e
.li -
IU1U llllli 1.1111. -j " '
i.i i.: ........ n-L. .... nir miisf. ir.lSS Lllr i
Heani withuut bting discoered
1' r the
him he
... ....... 1 ri.t T- t II (111 I U I' 1. II. 11 111 111 .11.
j . i .. .i
, . .ii
j on
in Scu iia eiea iu nnuc uuu j
. ,
h;c li..l ttiiiunit :i i.iiisnle of ins iace chang- '
, . C1:i.
n;j its sto hd expres-.ioi.less apect, he said . .
, , ... , loI i
'Igue.vs, inebbte. I help you. I had a.:
, , Vi i. rA :t '
o dt shbout. Meboee dey didn t hnd it.
, , , , . ..c 1
And he led the wav, dtat to all quenes as
,a oM 1W
to the boat. Reachmg the river, he gave us
. . ,
another piece ot infurnuwiun. I
1 ... T. , . ;
' You stav nere and look out. Dey s pow -.
fi .,ppPHHm nickets huntin' round ult !
V-ilUl VJ-- I
de time.'
Of course we staid on the lookout. Soon
we heard a noise on the water, and all was
stiil again. In a few moments bur sable
fneiid made his appearance.
Come dis wav.'
Ile led us to a boat, and taking the oar
rowed to a path on the uther s.de. Tujre
he fastened tht boat and went as guide for
,ome distance abng tlirougn tne swamp, anu
then giving us directions lo avoid the picu
ets, and what road to take, turned and wc
saw him no more.
We followed his directions, and made
good progress tiil near sunset. We were
following the road when we came to a tum
that led down a hill, completing hiding tlu
road from sight. Just at ttus pjit.i we mei
two horsemen, and did not see them tili
aithin at least three rods of them. We
dashed off into the open pine woods, where
a horse could make his way as well as in the
road. I suppose the rebels did not ap
ciate the case for a mornent, for we got a
' good start. Then they eame on callin? out,
llalt! Whal -u doiK the? Whereinottocompromisetoofar.
jyou goi'? Hak! halt, or I'll fire on you !' How uianv is there is of
amnng so,)e scr(jb p.nes and other everjrodenutof the shade of a tall tree bv the!
jjreenb thtt close to the ground. We
, nad gune liut a few rods n the field before
, our ptirsiers reached the fence and one of
; them fired. I was not hit, and I could see
1 .
j that Davis, who was ahead, was alao un-'
harmeil. Th- me.n behind us could not;
jump ih- ir horses ovr the fence and stop-
ped to lake it down. I was getting coni -
letely exhau.ied, and fel that I must soon
. T..ra;.. ... .u t
ranabwnt a n,d ut of my course, turned
i ....
rm .U1, rrB" " tSW 8lPf'
, Z ' " 7 7" " , , 5
,,., , .
...... . uu, uuu uui lunucis ijsjcu uy
; , , r i ri i.
j aien rt-iuri.ing, one ot w hom was talking. I ;
! could not ( either of them, and feared Da-
. ms uMMatven. I naited a while longer, and ,
l;tl . , r ii- ti . . i
then n up ti hiid 1am. I hac iust returned 1
to uj i-idmg j,lace wnen I saw a rebel pass
., ' ,-. . , , -
thiMiigh the jp-n pines with a gun on his!
h, , , i , ,, ,. u i i'
. ! T 1 l'i ri.. i i lini'im. )l,wm i
" 11 "u I
lor son.t- time, I proceeded on alone. i
It was bngiit ii.yi.niignt, and avoiding the j
principal roads I kept on nearly all night.
Once I heard a i.oise Dehind me and stenned
ir.to me sha.ie to allow a patrol to go by. Two and half years ago the streets of Bal
Ihen I fohowed on. Toward morning I timore was red with the bl ,-)d ..j .Masachu-
crawled into a corner of the fence and ,
blej-t a c.ujde of hours. Then I plodded on
onee nv.re.
A? it "rew to be mn.ninn-th! niurrn hr.n !
ly lhe roadside hegan to show signs of life. j
5 1
1 vm.tured t- k:iock at one.
' iIa.v 1 come in an(l wafm myself by your
hre.J' I nsked.
ies CJ'S
A chair was set for me by the fire. After J
a paue I asked the distance to Williamsport. ;
' Twelve miles.'
' Are there Union forces there ?'
' y. :
' Is this the direct road ?'
l es.
Jut then lliore was a stir in an inuer
. vifttinj un s.) iwm !' said a person 1 took
ti) tiie net.r's wjfe
. ),, ti0
n.en there was a whispered coiloquy
tween ,he two I could distinguish onlv the i dom forevcr in all the Territorities ; a man
,vonls . Noth; 1read and mUk ' and alhun-bvthe Government for participatin-i
Hnal asse,u lhg parl of lhfJ neress Tht,n
thu man addssej me.
,., . , .
1 li.U white woman dat hn here, said he
., , . .
with a glance toward tne mr.er room whence
the st.unds had come. Hean sieht of trou-
roundtc9 eb(jrv
Must'nt talk here come out door.' j
We went out.
' You U..ion ?'
I assented.
' G iiu' to Williamsport ?'
' Yt s. Can I get inside the lines there ?
Is ihat the neartst place to so:
1 "
, that the neareal place.
Can't go to-
'la tbough.'
' Wli ?'
K,,au Wl iiC,,uts- Must hlde some-1
u " 1 1 rtl UULe rabi,eu 31
T l.i. it. ,1 .. . .1 ...I.. 1 ..1.1 11.. I
lul "unc 1 l"um "!UK-
J,un'--- 0 ,c!,s 1 l a l'Ue 1 can keep I
.... . .
me, weaned ai.d hait-tarved, thev were the
. -
(1-il'ltlU't lllVIIVIlU' IlnAik I n...r.lr a . I t. 1
her talkni' with a rebel soldier. One other i ..
- u.
I ii,Hi I I1i..ii..I I io nhiirlr..n ,,.... I .. I . . I.
ume I heard ihe chiidren prattling about the
soldiers jrmni
by. But I was not uisturbed.
Aiter dtr.; my olack friend came and call-
tioi.s as io the road and how to avoid the
, . ,r
,'uul - i o J1"o 11 uisiunue uimseu
. . . . . .
i"c ij aj. iuwx uu nu asseu
iuo hiul x uu.u UU IIUt X C'JUlu 101
. t...o ...... .., .i r ...,...i.i ,i.. ...u-. i i.i r...
tiun i.i the lines. I promiseu and '
tum 1.. the lines. I promiseu and I haw
. . . . . .
iHi t.ii. l. redet'ioed ftiat irmni
If the
. . r i
Lnion anny goes by that man s houses. it
, , , ,
will not be my fault if they do not know
' J
that he is a friend of the Union soldiers.
. , . . , ,
1 loun" llie ruatl that ni'Mit iust as it had
J "
been represeuted. Once, indeed, I came
. '
mto datigerous proxunity io the scouts, but
. . . , ,. .
i avoided Ihem and went on.
At last I came upon a road bearing un
ig un-
i pres-
...l f
miitakable evidence of the immediate
i ence of Union troops. I had not followed it far
before ' llalt !' rung out loud and clear. I
1 -topped motionless. There was a brogue to
j the tongue. Was it possible that I had got
! so lar and undirgone so much to be taken
by reuel pu-sets ? The sky was cloudy and
tlui woul.. neip my escape. I nad only time
io too tor a chance to run when tnat ' Hait !'
ciine again. I was motionless, and the in-
visiole p:ck.et could see it. I determined to
j neep silence till I was sure of the characterj
of my questioner.
' ho comes there ?'
That, I thought, was good Germau, and
i tell better.
' A friend without the countersign.'
' What fri-nd ?'
i was no . yet sure of the character before
.ne, and ttpt silent.
' Who are you, any way ?'
I SThat was a clincber. I was sute now that I
the man hefore me was a Germatlj and T had
j never seen those men in the rebel army.
, ' An unarmed man,' said I, still determined
f One.
i Come out into the middle of the road.'
I went. At the satne time two horsemen
Hold un hoth hands '
I obeved.
1 ' Now come forward.'
Forward I went, holding up both hands,
bear fashion.
' Where you from?' they asked as I catne
! Fiom Richmond. What cavalry is this ?'
.M-L..1..V v m j 1 1 "ii . i
' And this is Williamsport ?' I asked ,a-
. r
r , r , , k
,. mu . . . , , ,
iiucs. iuc iouk. me to picKet neauquariers,
. L , , ,
for long iveeka a.id showed me a place to J
. , ,
sleep. 1 stretched myself to rest, but not)
to sleep. I was too nappv."
A Little Plain Talk.
1 he ilon. Isaac X. Arnold. renresentative
. . . ... i
1 .
w oongress elect lr.,m the Ulncago distnct,
rccently addressed the Lmon Loval League 1
ot that city. Ine speech is one of great ;
raerit. We append the following extract as
a sample of its tenor and spirit:
M;Us soldiers, m-inl . l r,,r i .itir lovalty and
p-.tiuitim Y u ltninnber the crv that i
.c.oud from New Kngland to the Westem
urairies . "Burn Baltimore" atul l-av.. nm
one stone upon another, if she stops t!i.
17 1
pa'tiwa of Union soldiers to tne defence of
the captial.
Xow, Baltimore sends as her representa-'
tive to Mn.,M hva nnr.. im.,n vnto iVip
and niost radical emancipationist in
Ult' Iad
Yerily, lhe world do?s movp.
Itwas lon- before we reco-nized clearlv '
the fact that slaverv and rebehion were iden -
' Ti' . .,. ,..u I
,:,,,,. . ,,, , ,,. . , .
is that slavery and the rebellnm shall both
. , u , , . ,
wc iiujutu. jiiucyujiv as iue uuc ucc.l .
Contemplate the rapid advance of ideas
be-jair.ee 1SGI. Freedom at thr canital ; free- .
participating j
in the slave trade ; Western Virginia a free !
state ; the great state of .MUsouri subhtan-!
tially free thanks to her radic ds who have 1
,o ilantly fought and won the'battle for
hoertv; Marvland, " Mv Marvland" over-!
- -
whelmit) in her vote for imniediate eman- '
cipation. So niuch accompliahed
i r tUa , ., -
, Isefore the grass shall grow agam on our
- ... , , , . f. ,
pranes, lennessee, under the lead of A:-drew
j Johnson, will ask to return to the Union as
' a free state. I.ouisiana will not linirer be-
hind, and ere long the Great Father of Wa-
ii ii r -i r
ters shall flow over free soil. from its K.mrce !
. -. ti- -e i i. '
to its mouth. kentuckv, if she adheres to
i -1. , . , ,
slaverv, will soon be lsolated. ireedom to .
,u - .i t i c i . .i . c -
lhe Aorth of her. freedom to the south of
her, freedom to the East of her, and free
dom to lhe Vt et ot her, she will be com-
i t .
P" to give up ttie gtu.st ot slavery ; the
l .1 r . .
oreatn oi nie and HUertv will r-e Dreathed
into her, and she will become the glorious
commonwealth of Kentucky. Whence .
the recent ch.nge in the tane of the world !
toward our country ? It is because Europe, ;
France. England. at last have recognized the '.
fact tiint tlns is a square conlest between Lio-,
erty and Slavery. 1
Hence, the people, the masses, that make
up the great public opinion. against which.
monanui caniint . cnntMlli i,nv!1Iiep(i J
, - . tut
recent radical change toward our government J
!I.lir l.'m.llinfl lllaonj li. l.rrt.il ir.i. '
ion the relie. rams in iier wnrpr.. nml t,r. I
hids the;r sa H to the aid pf slavemon!rer,
r :.. v.,..i ,.... :.. u: . ...i.:.: .. . i
in their lives. in deatl, Uiev sliai'l not be di-' . , uum wentj-uve dotlars. or o, l orgress, and gone tnto the semce, or , same dispose of according to law, for lhe sat
Nided " i whlch case m' sl,a,i 1101 be entitled to rs-' pr-cun d a substitute, or paid the commuta- isfying of the said sum, with your own fees ;
(:eie S.'iid seven rfullnr-: npr in. -mli t:.. l... I l . r . ... i c . .1 f .
is Xapuleon pauses m his amhitious , Xo. An act granting State pav to drafted : chapter 110 of the general statutes, there- j paid in money, or orders drawn hv tte audi
incan cnemes and arrest, the rebel iron-1 mun nd akl lo ti5L.:r f.ltll:,:(., ' ' r,. lor of accouts. or hv " r
. , . '
c a a in Tance.
L ,rd Lyons gets up at nrd.usjht to warn
Mr. Stauton ol a rebel pt i m Canada.
All tbi -.i ca .se t .e i,mi- has been made i
iJeir aul square between Liberty and Sla-;
, very.
Such is the present. hat of the future? j
I say. push on the war. t.ii up the ranks.
V How tne retreating rebel aimies into j
Georgia and Alabama; pour in the Greek j
v....i..... ...... IC ..,rS.. a .
claim it tar and wide, on land, and on sea, '
that wnerever the flag Hoats it is the emblem '
u. j..uc.v a..u u3la... a.m uaKC
j effective the l'resideu's Emancipation Proc-
j laraation ; uphold and maintaiu it ibrever.
i -i. . .i i ii i
Strike at the rebellion and at b.avery, every
where, and at all times, regardmg them as
one and indivisible. Let our railying cry
be Liberty and Union against Slavery and
Rebeliion, and by thia sign we shall conquer ;
and when we have conquered, the victory
i will be the grandest triumph of civilizatiou
. over barbansm recorded on all the records
. of time.
: .
A line of broad guage railway connecting
thecities of Xew ork and Cleveland, Onio,
i and called ttie Atlanlic and Great Western
; Railway, has been completed, and the event
has been duly celebrated at Cleveland, the
past week, by a banquet and ball. The ex
tension of this broad guage to Cleveland
enables passengers and freight, with but one
change, to run between Xew Yoik and Chi-cago.
DEC. 4. 1863.
Siiccessfu! Siirscry.
There has recentlv been a successful case
of surgery performed in Weslminster, which
1 is well wortby of rccord. A little (Uughter
of Alexander Watkins, was Msverelvattacked
with diptheritic cronp or diptheria and croup
together, was Ijing at the point uf death,
when surirerv was nronosed. aml apcnrjlJtmlv 1
anoponing into the windpipe was made" as
;lowdownasthebreastbone,and a tube in.
aerted,foIIowedhyii,5tantrelief. The throa
was entirely fiiled up, and the child could )ense 01 suca erecuon
not have lived but for this operation. For) Approved, OcL 30, 1863.
eight days the tube was keut in, some one'
i attendin? it evnrv mompnt nf innM n,n n,Jo.t Anact in aaamon 10 cnapier onr
5 - - ..V...wmSV J ll.O III, j
mosphere of the room being kept at a high J
temperature all the while, so as to corrt-s-!
! T T " . 7 " ;"eueeine a,r .,n
nnnx .U. 1.1 ! 1 .1
i "ic uie pwce in me mroai, nau ii oeen in-
i k , . T Waj; 1,,11B " I)eration
i wrnch has been nerformed okewhRr. tmi 5m-.
in2 the lirstc.se inthissection.it hM h(.p
awaited wilh much both bv nei2h-
bors and physicians, to sav noihin; of the
. L- i i , , , , .
anxiety which must have been fe t bv the
, wmny. l ne cn:ld has now nearlv rncovtred ,
i and i's up about the house. Whea the tube
was taken out the child had not snoken. of
m,, o .1
; course, tor a .ong time, tiie questions were
immediajely asked, but she onlv shook her .
headas before. Soon after. hnw.ver. sh
v "
"sPokeright out in meeting," calling for
r.i .i
luuu. iiiuLii lii iiitr un in iiiiiki' i r 'tini
luuu, muuii io me iov oi inose nreent. i ne
on&r:;nn , nrrm. t. nr V;..i,..le r
.! I'"- .xw
.j.:,. ..;iu,. f.,,,.i1ii nf ci,vtm,'. ij;,- ,
Holton of Putnev and is a success hi"hlv
ratifin to the medical science. Bellows
l.h t.v...
I' lllf.N I llll f a
LAWS OP VERMONT, A. D. 1803. .
i-'signated by the Secretary of S'ate for
. l,uLHralion in ail the newspapers
-An act to encourage volunteering '
II herehy enacted by the General As-
..-,..1.1.. r .1. C 1
senihly of the State of Vermont :
Sec. 1. It any volunteer who may here-1
hfter be raised under lhe aulhoiitv of this
Jl1' lU srrt 111 lIie oiuie Lnited
SJalM for three i nloonerdischarS-.
ed, and who shall be entitled to receive from
""T' ' l ,at
c. . . . ' . . ,
ouue ji.n, anu Mgnny sucn elenion to tiie
!icer b-v whom he sha!1 ,)e recrat"d' he shaU '
enttiled to recieve, from tne lwarer of
o . r ,
this . state, at the time of sucn muer, the
. ..r . i . . , , .
. .. .... . .
7 " ' '71 : 7. '
... . . .... .i..t. lui .111:111 lii .1 1 1 1
i - " ""n; it.-n.uif; in
- s .
, al' excertf Av'th the wnlteii
COnent of '
,,, o, , r . . ... .
- . , " su"1
"' Ct m ,lS
'T' , v ,, ic
' ' ' .
Xo. 2
-An act for the aid of drafted
It is herphv pmrf..rl K-n
11 ls "erem enacted, c.
i Anv tn,v ..t . .- i
oet. l. Am town. at a town meetmg le-
.r.ti,. ,,.,.,w.,i i kii
g.ilij waroed and holden, mav grant and
ou- such ums of money as they may j-sd-e
',est' to l)e paid to those persons whn have
I,....,. t...-..r. i i i p -i
"ein or ,na.v ereaf;er be drafted from said '
iM-in ;i ti. , - r i i- - i
town mto the militaiv service of lhe l nited
nt,. nr fnr- . . f
' talL, or ,or the purpose of pavm anv
.llitc f.f.ntr.ot.1 i... ,i,. i . V t"
Htnis cr -ntracled nv the selectmen of tich
town, or for the purpose of defravinc lhe ex-
-eie and amount of bounties to'sudi draft- .
ed men, which bounties may have been paid
to such drafted men by private sub.cripiion.
r from private mcans". l'rovided. that nnth-
,nS ,n this act shall be construed to give an
lown authority to raise money to pay any
hounty or reward to any drafted man who",
s, al not actuaHy enter lhe milit.iry
"ervice ef the United States, or be extmpt
therefrom by having furnishe.l an accepted :
sulllue' v
money payable, or received;
nder the provisions of this art. shall be '
mhrt t0 the tlUStCe I,rocess'
This act shall take effect from its '
Approved, Xov. 10, lSfiS.
jt js jierej,y anacted &c
SeC. Tht. non-commissioned officer?,mn- '
sicians and privates, now in the militarv ser-
vice of the Unil,.d c. . . . '
,e drafied and nniMtered into the service of!
, the United States before the secor.d Thnrc.
day of Qcober, A. D. 1864. from this State. :
as drafwi snen, shall be entitled to recoive '
bCve dollars per month from the State of!
Vermont, so long as they shall renm
reniain in the
vermont regiments, or in detached compa -
,lie3 of Vermont men in any other regiments
in lhe Ulliled Slales swvi t fa ..
them in the same mamier as is nrnvidefl I.v
j jaw for lhe pavmeilt of aeven dollars '
! mo:i.h to the no'n-commissioned oliictr mu
sicians and privates of the volunteers from
this Slate, now in the service of thu Uniied
States. Providsd, that this section shall not
authoiize the pay ment of said even dollara
per month to any person who has entered
r j the service of the United States as a aubsti-
tute .or a dra.ted man.
Sec. 2. The families of such drafted men
ha.l Le entitled to a.l the rigiits and gratui-
ties that are now providtd bv law for the
families of the volunteers from Vermont, nw
in ttie service of the United States, in the
Vermont regiments or in detached companTes
of ermont meD in any other regiments of oath or atlirmaiion, stating that he is consci
the United States ser.ice. enciously scrupulous of bearlnf arm "
Sec. 3.
This act shall take effect fiom its
Approved, Xov. 10, 1SG3.
Xo. 4 An act autuonzing towns to erect
' monaments to the memory of deceasti
I is hereby enacted.. &c.
. . . , ,
i l"g ,0r m mlaDW mm . PU'
. l'Se shaU be inserted' a"-V t0WD ,nstruc
115 aiecimcil 10 trf ui u uiuuuuicui ui ujuuu
ments to the m-jmory of citizens of sucl
,' tow.n' dvins in lhe Service f the WTr
nng tne preaent war. ana may appropna..
a SUm of mone-V sufficient t0 defray lhe tx
hundred and ten of the general statutes,
entitled " of the organization, regulation
and government of the militia of this
It is hereby enacted, &c.
Sec. 1. The enrolled militia shall be sub
'ject to daly in cae of war, inva.fonf thepre-
Ventatioa "f illVaSl0n' the SUPPreSS1Cn f rC"
j uunon aain5L ine "enerai or oiaie gotm
ment t'le sunnreesion of msurrection or n-
1 111 n ' 1 U'Ptebion ui mburrecuou or n
. f ,he laWS ?f llsState-in which 0352 the
' coramander-in-chief may order for actualser-
. Yice, bv draft or otherwise, as many of the
t - . J
enrolled militia as the case demands, and in
I r ...... 1
case oi a requsmon oy tne generai govern-
1 ment for n"iilia the commander-in-chief is
herebv authorized to furnisb the auota of
! 1
I this btate by draft, either to recruit the Yer-
: . . . .
1 mont regiments ir. the field, or to be organ-
' 12 unler tip ISth section of chapter 110
! f the Beaeral atutes, as he may order of
iauch draft.
Sec. 2. The selectmen of each town and !
the coinmon councilmen of each city in the
State, shall enter upon the book containing
ttie record of the board of enrollment made
in such town or city, agiinst the name of
each person, when he shall arrive at the a-rt
of forty-tive years, with the words " forty-five
... ......
'.ears 01 aire
and shall also draw a red
line across the name of such person upon j
.aid rtcord ; and shall also note upon the
inargni, tlw death oi any person thus enroli-
ed, stating the time when such death occur-J
rcd. at the same time erasing the name of .
roll,en, b.v :l r across the same, and j
trom tune to time. as the cases occur, draw
i line across the name of every enrolled I
person who had been. or may hereafter he
r 3
dntted. either under the Iaws of this State
. . i
- waieuiifni oi i-ie
..i..i...i..r..inri7.i r, i..fin orv.nf. ...a n n m t-t
- , " 1 "
n c.-.vi. jirrN nt, anu snau, lorinwun, aiter
inakin.r snnh pra5iir nn.t nntrinc tnn.mii '
J' J
" - vnjniant ueneral a copy ot tbe same ;
! a:id in cases where substitutes for drafttd j
1Uen are accel,Icd' if enrolled in any town or f
city in thi State, a minute report on the
nnrgm of such record of enrollment shall
i,.. i.. ,1 : i l r l
. of which shall forthwith be transmitted to
1 .u.. t .i:... . r i i . i-i i-.
me anjawiu wenerai, anu tne aiscnarge or ,
aJI F,rnns from the mihtarv service, shall be
, . -
i.uu.'u ujiou un- .iiir"in oi aucn recoru against i
. ' , . J
tae nanw oi sucn returned person.
Sec. The sum of one dollar required
l,H...:-..l.f -I . nn l. i .i -
" -iiuii -i-v.i iuaiiier i nr, inau oe ov uie
.. , , , .. :
medical hoard repaid to said applicant
, . ., .. ...
tor examinalion. in case said applicant s nall
. r , , ,,. .
rec.eve from such board his c-rtihcale of es -
r lf 1
SC; L lf A 5eleclmen common J
c"unc,,men sha11 neSleCl or rtfuse to Pform ;
tUe duUc n:tm'l 'm 'eClbn tW0 f this ECt-' !
lhc" ,,aU ,,ufeU lhe "Um f le" dlbrS fjr '
eacn negi: ci, to be recoved m any proper ac-. ui grant a tax of cents on the dol-
tion to le commenced by the Adjutant and ' lar on the list of the polls and ratable estate
Inpectnr General, and in his name. of the inhabitants of this State, to be col-
Sec-i. Sectioa 12 of chapter 110 of theected and paid iato the treasury of the
enera! states, is hereby repealed. j
bec. b
This act shall take effect from its i
Approved. Xov. 11, 18G3.
Xo7 An act explanitory of section forty- j
1 r-T.- 1.... L. 3 J 1 . r i
0,A ' "1-1U" U"L ,,u"urcu anu ien 01 ine
general statut-s, rehting to the militia.
U hereas, there is some uncertainty as to
the reservjtion contained in sectinn 4C. nf '
jt -u hereby enacted. &c. ',
1- That said section shall be so con-!
rued as to reserve and keep in force the
iHct. cf Ju . AvtuM6 Genoral. l.,nr e
the troops of this Stafi shall rsmain in thei
Unitetl States service. and the d
ofiicer shall be to perform such service on
courts manial. and in reftrence thereo, as
lhe commander-in-chief shall dirtcL
i Stc. 2. Tnis act shall take effect frorn its
' passage.
! Approved, Xov. 3, 1863.
Xn. 8
An act in araendment of section
of chapter 110 of the general statutes.
It is herebv enacted, &c.
Scc 1. Section 10 of chapter 110 of the
general statutes, is hereby amended so as to
read as follows :
"Any person claiming to be eiempt by
) reason of being conscientiouslv scrupulous
of bearing arms, shall be exempt from draft
; by paying into the town or city treasun
where he reaides, on the dav when anv draft
. is ordered, and before such drafting shall br
commenced, as an equivalent, the sum of
thiee hundred dollars, and by fiung with tbt
clerk of snch town or city, an affidavtt b
; him subscribed, and lo which he shall makt
j Sec. 2. This act shall take effect f?om it'
Approved, Xov. 10, 1S63.
Xo. 9. An act to restore and extend the ju-
riadiction of Justices of the Peace, in cer-
tain criminal prcsecutions.
It i btrtby tr acttd. tSrc.
tc- 1- All prosculion of a ciin indl ra
ure. for any of the oflei-cts defcribed ii tec
ons five and seven of chapter ninety-ihrte,
and in tections thirty five, thirty-eight, fifty,
Sfty-two and fifty-six of chapter one hundred
and thirtfen, and in sections one, ten and
el -ven, of chapter one hundred and sixteen,
ot the general statutes, may be tried and de
t rmined by any justice of peace wiihin the
--ounty -wher the offence is committed. And
my justice before whom such prosecution is
ned, may stntence the offendtr to pay a fine
ot exceeding twenty dollars, and may issue
is warrant to carry such judgment iuto ef
fect, in case no appeal in taken.
Sec 2. Any justice before whom a pros
ecution may be commenced for an offence
Jescribed in any of the eections of the gen
eral atatutes named in the firet section of
this act, may, if in his discretion the public
good requires it, bmd over the respondent
with sufficient Bureties, for trial at the coun-
ty court.
Sec. 3. ThiB act shall not take from the
county court any jurisdiction which said
court now has to try and punish the ofFences
descnbed in the several sections of the gen
eral statutes named in this acL
Sec. 4. Tliis act shall take effect from its
Approved, Oct. 27, 1S63.
No. 10. An act to amend fonns 27 and 34
of chapter 127 of the general statutes en
titled, " of fonns of sundry writs, precepts
and other instruments."
It is hereby enacttd, &c
Sec. 1. Fora 24 of chapter 127 of the
general statutes, entitled, " of fonns of sun
dry writs, precepts and other instruments,,,
is hereby &o amended as tsread as follows:
ss. I lector of the
town of t in
the county of (or
to the collector of school district No. ,
highway or other taxes, as the case may he,)
Grettino :
By the authority of the State of Vermont,
you are hereby commanded to levy and col
lect of the seveial persons named in the list
herewith committed to you, the sum of mon
ey annescd to the name of each of each per
snn respectively, and pay the same to the
treasurer of the town of
(or to such other person authorized to re
cieve the same, as the case may be.) on or
before the day of
and if anv nerson ehall ne"lect or Trfute tn
pay the sum in which he is assessed in said
, you are hereby commanded to distrain
the good, and chattels of such delinquent
ne ame oispose ot according to
law, for the satisfying of the said sum, witn
your own fees : and for want theaeof you are
hereby commanded to distrain the goods and
chattels of such delinquent person, and the
-u- nSDL inereoiyou are nereoy comman-
i w i uiina. v . n n .4 . . . i . i
-wv. 1.111.. .u citcuu mit warraai joi me cot
ieciinn of said sum so assessed against such
deli? ntient norcr.n U
n.,u tU5U uF.. m,, iniii.
in tnw atate belon-ing to such delinquent,
according to law, or to take the body of surh
dehnquent prrson, and him commit to the
keeper of the jail, in the county of
or such other jail as the law directs, within
::i .i r. , , . .
said jail, who is hereby commanded to receive
such person, and him safely keep until he
,i.u - i , ... .
i m sum so assessed witn legal
cost?, together with vour own fees, or be re-
. , ; 1
ocuwruing io iaw.
T. ,
luate and lgnature as m form Xine.)
EC Form seventeen of chapter one
; "u"ucu auu iwenM-seven oi tne ueneral
!c . . . J ucuctiii
4 otatutes, is htrenv amended so as to read as
r " '
i follows:
i lo A. B., first constable of the town of
. u
.1 . r n
. m me county ol
hereas. the legislatnre of this State, a
thdl Sesin in Ia
the f ar Lord' 0De tho'Jsand
State, (here insert the authority hv whom
the orders are to be drawn, as specified in
the law granling the tax.) therefore.
j By the authority of the State ol Vermont,
Jyou are commanded to levy and collect,
agreeably to law. of the inhabitants of the
tn..n rf - T -i
cenls on the dollar on the list of the polls
and ratable estate of said inhabitants for the
vear one thousand in b
- j
the case may be) amounting to the whole
Jm of , and pay the same
io the treasury of the State, on or hefore
tne first dav of
And on the ne?lect or refusal of any of
the inhabitants liable by law to pay his por-
tion of said tax, you are hereby commanded
lo distrain the goods and chattels of Buch de
linquent person, and dipose of the same ac-
cording to law, for the satisfaction of his
proportion of said tax, and also your own
fees ; and for want thereof you are hereby
commanded either to extend this warrant
J upon any land in this State helonging to
such delinquent for lhe collection of his pro
portion of said tax according to law, or to
take his Dody, aad hi-n CDaimi to the keep
er of the jail in lhe; county of ,
or such otherjailas the law directs, within
s-aidjnl, who is hereby commanded to re
ceive him, and him hifely keep, until he shall
pay his propoi tion of sa.d tax, with legal
j costs, together with your own fees, or be re-
J Issed according io law.
i Given under my haad at the treasurer's of-
fice in
in the year of our Lord
hy of
ne thousand
, Treasurer.
Sec 3 This act shall take effect from its
Approved, OcL 28, 1863.
Coiichided ticzt irccei.
Often at fashionahle balls we have seeu a
good many goate, and a pair of kids to every

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