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St. Johnsbury Caledonian. [volume] (St. Johnsbury, Vt.) 1867-1919, November 05, 1880, Image 2

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jt. "Joltmikri) dfalMonian.
3t. Johnsbury, Vt., Frlday, Not. 5, 1880.
It Eohoes from Shore toShore!
Tbe result of the electiou Tuesday
was a most cumplete triumph for the
Republicans. It is not certaiu at tbis
writing if every Northern state bas
gone for Garfield, or wbetber New Jer
sey has given its electoral vote to Han
cock. It will make no differeuce witb
the result. If it is a solid North against
a solid South, it will be 231 votes
againt 138. If New Jersey bas gone
Democratic, it will be 222 against 147.
Even if California and Ncradago Dem
ocratic, as is barely possible, tbough
not probable, still the victory is over
wbelmiug." There is uo chance for a
doubt as to who is elected; tbcie will
be no niore electoral commissions; no
inore cries of fiaud, or counting in or
countiug out; uo inore loug and aux
ious waitings aud disappointmcnts and
beart-burniugs. The vote is decisive;
the great priuciples at stake are sus
taiued ; a good and great inau is chosen
our standard bearer for auothcr four
years. Let us tbank God, and pray that
bis life may be spared.
The Besult.
From tbe Boston Journal.J
It is glorious tidiugs wbicb the Jour
nal conveys to its readers to-day. Tho
menace of "tlie solid South," which the
democratic party bas offered to tbe
couutry is met by tbe spectacle of a
solid North a North solid for the
ruaintenance of tbe uatioual credit, for
the preservation of the puifty of the
ballot, and for the securiug of equality
for all men before the hiw. The dis
patches which bave been received up
to tbe tinie of writing indicate tbat
there is uo break anywhero in tho line
of Nortbern States. Gen. Haucock has
apparently received tbe 138 Electoral
votes which Wndo Hampton proruised
tohiiu at the democratic uatioual con
vention, but he has gained them at the
cost of forfcitiug all support iu the
state which were loyal to the Uniou
duriug tbe war, and which are still loy
al to tbe principles which actuated
them tlieu. The so-called doubtful
states, which the democrats contested
moBt bittcrly and claiuicd most boast
fitlly, all take their placo in the repub
lican column. All the assured republi
can states bave excclled themselves in
rolling up majorities for Garfield aud
Arthnr. Ohio testifies herappreciation
of the serviccs of bor eminent son by
giving him a majority of 45,000. Peun-
sylvania auswers the Democratic pre
tentions in that state by a majority of
40,000 for Garfield, aud Massachusetts
jnves the republican candidates.
old-fasbioned majority," reacbiugabout
Iu this state the success of the repub
lican candidates is of the most over-
wbelnung charastcr. The probabilitr
is that the state will be represented in
tho next House of Represeutatives by a
soiiu republican uclegation. The uem
ocrata carry oue of the eight Councilor
Distncts. In tbe benato they bave se
cured but four out of forty members.
and tbeir representation in the House is
m about tbe saino ratio.
Tbe figures which we give are of
courso mcompiete, but we nave no lea
'son to believe tbat the Electoral vote
as we givo it, sbowing 231 votes for
uen. uariieiu to laa for tien. Hancock
will be altered bv the later advices
Tbe gaius of republican concressmen
make it ccrtain that Gen. Garfield will
bave tbe support of a republican house
for his admintstration, aud it is almost
equally certain that cnough republican
senators will uo cuoseu tosucceeu dem
ocrats to make the seuate at least a tie,
witb the casting vote in the bands of
the republican vice president. Tbe re
publican victory is tbercfore complete
at every point, and the defeat of the
ctemocracy is siruply overwhelmine.
The couutry is particularly to be
congratutateu tbat tbe result is so tleci
sive. Desperate as the democracy are
auu utterly unscruuulou as to metbod
tbey will not venture to tamper witb an
expresion ot tbe popular will so em
pbatic and unmistakable. Party leau
f rs wbo should attempt to turn 133
Electoral votes into 185 would find that
they had undertaken something which
it was not prudent to carry tlirougu
l ne peopie nave expressed tbeir will
jind there will be no trifliog witb it.
The couutry is spared tlie anxiety and
uucertamty wlucli woulu bave followed
nn iiulecisive result. Tbe qnestion of
republicau or deiuocratic supreniacy
bas heeu settled nt ttie p'olls, and the
aciLieineui uin uut ue coniesiea.
From the Springfield Bepubllcan.
Garfield is elected president by an
overwhelming raajority, both on tlie
popular vote and in tbe electoral col-
lege- Tbe republican party has swept
'M states casting 521a electoral votes.
.bvery nortbern state bas voted for (iar
field, except New Jersey, aud tbat is in
doulit. California aud Oregon are
probably republicau. Hancock bas
the solid Soutb, perbaps New Jersey;
nothing else; at uiost, 147 electoral
Tbeiepublicans bave canied tbe ua-
tional House of Keprcsentatives by a
clear majority over all. In tbe present
tiouse tbe uemocrats bave 147 inern-
bcrs, a majority of ono over all. In tbc
elcctions beld before yesterday 30 re
publicanB, 11 dcmocrats and oue greeu-
backer bad been elected, a republicau
gam ot nine. lestertiay's eiecnons
ndicate au additioual republican cain
of from six to ten. and a total republi
can vote ofabout 150. Tlie election of
a republican speakcris ccrtaiu.
From. Last Evenings Journal.
Miciiigan. Tbe Kepublicans bave a
majority of 28,000. Tbey probably lose
oue representative, Horr boiug defeat
ed by Tarnsey, Democrat.
New York is Republican by nearly
New Jersey bas piobably elected
l'otts fKepublican) Governor by 400.
Tbe Hancock majority is very small, if
tlicre is ouc.
Nevada is closc but tbe iudicatious
point to Garfiold electors and Deiuo
cratic lcgislature.
New Youk. Tlio vote for Mayor in
New York city, witb 13 precincts miss-
ng, is, Urace, (Ueni.,1 ya.USl : JJowil,
(Rep.,) 96,748 Dcmocratic majoritv,
Penn'sylvania's majority will exceed
Califounia. A laterdispatcb shou-s
tbat 327 precincts give Haucock 24,404,
Garfield 24,229, Wenvcr 910. Tbe pie-
lucts to bo beard from, the telesxani
says, will inciease Hancock's plurality.
Page (Republican) is probably elected
to uougress m lUe Second JJistnct, l'a
cbeco (Rep.) in tbe Fourtb District,
Rosccrans (Dem.) elected from the city,
aud Hcrry from tho Tbird District. It
is tbougbt tlie Democrats bave a work-
maiority in tbe Assembly and on
oiut ballot. -
Recent Political Trickery.
The strangc doings of certain politi-
ticiaus within the last few days, show
bow corrupt and low are the morals of
some of our public lncn the men wbo
are ofteu considered "great," and whom
the peopie trust to "represent" them.
hese men havc been doing boldly,
what all pareuts try to shield their cbil-
ren from lying aud forgcry ! Look at
the doingsof certain leadiug Democrats
uregardto tho so-called Chinese letter,
audthetampering witb Mr. Jcwell'sdis-
atcbcs, etc, just upon the eve of elec-
ion ! Could anythiug be more bold or
tricky 1 Aud tbeu bow fast were some
f the Democratic papers to retail this
jobbery, right in the face and eyes of
its absurdity ! Men who will do these
things will commit almost any other
criuio iu tho catalogue, should it be
conio uecessary to carry their point.
Witb 6uch men, great national elcctions
havc uo more gravity or sacrcducss
tbau would a boy's squirrel hunt. Un-
der tbeir mauagement, the wbolo niat
ter is a franiblinr operation. and noth-
short. They descend to that low
trickery and indecency for which a ten
years 'old urchin would get slapped.
And all of this iu the United States- in
the land of the free, and among the
liomes of tbe bravo ! When a national
conimittee cau placo its diguity on a
level witb the doings of vulgar horse-
jockeys, then all we can say is, things
bave come to a wocful pass! This par
ty trickery is eminently evil in its ten
dency, aud tho whole work is disgrace
ful from beginning to end. Its bad in-
fluence will last much lougcr thau the
campaign. But there is consolation in
the belief that these Democratic trick-
sters will soon suffor a just oblivion, if
ot from guilty couscienccs.
What is Eeform ?
The virtuo of a peopie is generally iu
proportiou to tbeir aspiratiou forbigher
md better things, and accompanied
with iutelligence, it coustantly seeks
for improvement. No peopie can be
guidcd by better qnalities tban tbese.
With many, however, tbe standard of
all tbat is desirable is iu doiug exactly
as tbeir fathers did, generation after
geucratiou. To break loose from old
otions and ciiatoms, is to them sacri-
ege. Their only 6afe courso is iu the
extremist conservatism. Undoubtedly
such peoplo bave tbeir places in tbe Di
vine plan, but so far as buman progress
couccrned, they are comparative
mummies, wbo look from their coffins
in astonishmcnt aud disgust at the rad
ical doings ot mankind. The peopie of
higu aspiratious aro not satisfied with
such conditions. Tbe.v see no procress
but in ceaseless activity. Their con-
stant impulso is to reach for sometbing
newer and better to attain a still
greater excellence. In tbe uiatter of
reform, it is not good doctrine to assume
that all old things must be toru down
aud destioyed. Becauso goverument
is bad, we cauuot do withont it, nor
can we dispense witb tbe necessity of
education or religion, because tbey may
have iucompetent and hypocritical ad-
vocates. But however we may flnd
them, it is our duty to cnlarge, beauti
fy, and gradually perfect the conditions
surroundiug them.
Enlightenment is calling for reforms
to-day as it has never done before
This is owing to the superior state of
the peopie. All that is wornout and
useless is sought to be discarded for
sometbing more in accordance witb tbe
demands oT the age. Reform, therefore,
seeks not to destroy ideas, or their nec.
essary counterpart, but ratber to bnild
around them a more perfect condition
for mankind. It is changing from a
lower order of things to a higher. In
its length and breadtb, it means for
hnmanity less grossness and more spir
ituality. We are sorry to believe, how
ever, that many of the so-called re
forms are not so ih fact, but are the
vagaries of misdirected eutbusiasm
Let us be careful in discriminatiou
HLrs. Hayes.
While every good Republican readi
ly grants that the present administra
tion is bne of the bestthat we ever had,
perhaps few bave stopped to consider
tbe influence Mrs. Hayes bas had upon
it. We think it doubtful if tbe wi'fe of
any President ever brongbt so great a
blessing to au admiuistration. Perbaps
tbe history of tbe world cannot prodnce
anotber case where a woraan in bigb
life bas bad the uerve and tbe will
power to successfully veto the use of
ardeut spirits. Possibly there has been
no time before as favorable for this re-
form. But whether this be so or not,
Mrs. Hayes bas been tbe means of a
glorious change for the better in regard
to this uuiversal and degrading habit.
The influence of it bas reached for
eign couutries, for men saw the point at
once, and witb good sense bave carried
tho reforni home with them, and have
sought to make it popular. As well
balanced and even as tbe President
himself has been, and as prosperous as
the couutry bas beeu nnder his guid
anco, there has been nothing about bis
administration more wortby of praise,
tbau the grand womanly influence be
stowed upon it by Mrs. Hayes. This
iuflueuce has been felt and commented
upon by all tbe distingnisbed visitors
at the White House. Aud sometime
liereal ter, when the unprejudlced histo
ry of these times shall be written, we
think she will have in it a just place by
ber busbaud's side, as baviug com
nieuced a reforni that uo other ruler,
eithor man or woman, ever dared to in
augurate. Her work for good has been
both iucalculable and iucomparable.
All honorto Mrs. Hayes! Our country
ft-ill ever remember and love ber forher
good deeds.
"VThere Shall ConsumptivesXQo '
The articlo on the first page under
tbe above head, will be read witb in
terest, and is no doubt of value, com-
ug from the pen of a medical man wbo
bas made the subject a study. It is
mportant to every one with weak lungs
to know just what to do. It is more
uiportaut however, we think, to know
bow to prevent lung difficulties alto-
gethnr. We believe there is not a boy
or a girl iu the countiy, but can make
themselves positively proof against this
prevailing and fatal disease, aud in a
vcry easy and simple .nianner. Pive
miuutcs a day used iu iuflating their
lungs to their fullest capacity, aud
kcepiug them so inllated as long as
tbey cau bold tbeir breatb, aud porsist-
ence in ir, will save any persou from
this dreadful disease,"Jwho does not m-
herit it, and will uo doubt strengtben
many wbose lungs are already weak or
even diseased. Tbepreventivejsso easy
and siiuplo and iuexpensive, tbat but
few will udopt it, aud so the fell de-
stroyer, Cousumption, wiU'continuo to
cut down the youth and flower of the
land, aud weak and sickly men and wo
uieu will continuo to ask the question,
Where shall consuuiptives go 1
How is this? . Tbe Springfield
Kepublican says in oue column that
Sarah Bornbardt has a habit of ulluding
to ber cbildien as my "peliles accidenls."
n anotber column tbe same pnper
spcaks of the reception accorded Miss
Bernhardt on ber arrival iu New York.
Sarah is the French "actress Jthat the
Gothamites are all agog over just now.
Can it be that respcctable peopie are
going wild over this kiud of a girM
This is hardly the way to raise the mor
al standard of tbe theatro.
E1" All the states voted for electors
Tuesday, aud all but five, Mainc, Ver
mont, Ohio, Indiaua and Oregon, voted
for represontatives to the nuuiber of
249. All the territories voted for dele-
gatcs. In 10 states legislatures are
cboseu which elect federal souators.
Election Beturns.
19G 60 173 45
242 220 205 234
150 76
233 112
32 23
331 240 269 215
55 51
163 19 163 39
70 86
910 210 793 297
47 00
132 55 110 5T
88 30 96 60
St. Johnabury,
Electoral Vote of 1880.
Dem Rep Dem Kep
10 lliesisaippi, 8
6 Hinnesotn, 5
6 Kebraska, 3
3 Nevada, 3
6 NewHampshire, 5
3 New Jersey, 9
4 New York, 35
11 N. Caroliua, 10
21 Ohio, 22
15 Oregon, 3
lt Fennsylvania, 29
5 Ithode Island, 4
12 South Carolina, 7
8 Tennessee, 12
7 Tezas, 8
8 Vermont, 5
13 Virginla, 11
11 "West Virginia, 5
15 "Wisconsin, 10
138 231
Electoral Vote of 1876
Dem Rep
Dem Rep
6 Nebraika,
3 Nevada,
N. Hampshire,
New Jersey,
4 New York,
N. Carolina,
21 Ohio,
11 Pennsylvanla,
5 Rbode Island,
South Carolina,
8 Tennetsee,
7 Texas,
13 Virginia,
11 "West Vireinia,
8U Total,
The Vote in Boston.
Last year the Democrats carried the
city of Boston by 5240 ; yesterday the
Democrats had a plurality of 1525 votes
on the Governor's vote. Iu 1876 Hayes
received xu,45l ; yesterday Mr. tfarfleld
polled 25,437. Tilden received 3237
more ballots than Hayes, and this year
Gen, Hancock has a plurality of 1929.
ine total vote for President four years
ago was 44,li&, and yesterday it reach
ed 53,046. The business ipen of Boston
went to the polls and exerted their in
fluence hence the result, When it is
remembered what influence theRepub
licaus bave to contend with in a large
city, great is the credit due to the gal-
lant workers wbo brongbt about tho
result. They had a glorious cause and
most glotionsly they bave achieved a
victory. The Demociats boasted of
ten tbousand plurality in Boston.
All About the Election.
Exit $329.
It is a clean sweep.
Forgery, we beg to suggest, does not
Let us give thanks for a decisive
The funeral is a long one, but tlie
mourners are few.
There will be no need of a Coniniis
sion to count tbe Electoral vote this
Barnum's mules pnlledSon Gen. Gar
field's tow-path.
Glorv to whom clory is due. Hur-
rah for Hayes ! Jt was he who made it
Evervbodv canuot be bappy over tbe
result, but the votmg sbows tbat
large majority in the North can be.
Who will hunt for Morey now?
The Superb will have to lake anotber
reef iu bis corsets.
Tbe country has sat down on the
democratic party, aud there doesn't
secm to be mucb ielt ot it.
Net result of the Morey forgery, a
disgraceful riot- at Denver and increas-
ed linpetus to the tidal wave.
The democrats have found tbe ad-
niinistrator of Morey's estato at last,
it is Barnum.
Barnum knows now that when one
stumbles into a quicksand tbe more he
struggles the deeper be sinks.
The peopie have elected James A.
Garfield, aud they do not expect him to
accept a substituto in the person of
iioss Uonkling or Boss Uameron.
Gen. Grant's speeches are all very
well, but Mr. R. B. Hayes's administra
tion is what bas brongbt back popular
favor to the republican partv. "Hand-
some is tbat baudsome does."
Things That Have Not Happened.
Grant was not ubminated. Tildeu
was not. Tbe machiuc did not rule the
republicau party. It failcd to rule the
democraict. The electoral vote of New
York state was uot east by the republi
cau lcgislature. Uollector Merritt was
not removed to please Conkling. The
bloody shirt was not tho promineut is-
sue of the republicau cauvass. Garfield
bas made uo baraaiu with uraut men.
Slander and forgery have not beeu ap-
proved by tbe Americau peopie. (Jhalk-
ug up JXi) did not decide the coutest.
Bulldozing has ntit prevailed over tbe
Soutb. Federal troops bave not been
needcd to keep tbe peace at the polls.
They bave not been used there. Theru
has beeu uo "new rebellion." The peo
pie have not wantcd change for the
sake of change. The tariff was not a
dead issue. The preseuce of dcputy
marshals at the polls was not a live is-
sue. Springfield Bepuhlican.
The Chinese Forgery.
We presume that before tbis paper is
priuted nearly all interest in tbe Chi
nese letter alleged to have been writteu
by Gen. Garfield, will bave passed
away ; but as at the piesent writing
this is the all-absorbing topic, we will
give a summary of the history of this
remarkable trausactiou.
When we went to press last week,
the forgery had been publishedaudalso
Garfield's denial. Jlut this was uotsuf-
ficient. The Republicaus could uot let
sucb a stupendous wrong to a promi
neut man, aud possibly to the country,
go without huutiug down nnd exposing
if not punishiug the pcrpetnitor. This
was iartially accompliahed wheu one
Kinwurd Philp, au editor of a New York
paper misuamed tbe Truth, wns found
to be tbe man. He was arrested aud is
being tried before Judge Davis of New
York the same niau who tried Twecd
for libel. The following is a suiniua-
ry ot what has been proved :
The Morev letter is dated Jan. 23,
1830. It is claimcd to have boeu traus
niittcd throucli the mail to Lvnu, Mass.
The envelope in which it is said to have
been so trausmuieu is prouuceu oy
Pbilp's couusel. Ou that euvelope theie
are tbree distiuct lines of erasuro, cor-
respoudiug in position to the place
where, if this envelope had been previ-
ously used, tho address to the person,
tbe city or towu and tlie state would
natuiully come. The erasures are dis-
tiuctly visible to the nakcd eye. hat
words have beeu erased cannot bo seen
except that at tbe eud ot the firsterns
ed liue, the word Esq., cau be made
out. In this euvelope, which has thus
obviously had upou it souio other ad
dress thau that which uow uppears, tho
Morey letter is alleged to bavo been
transiuittcd through the mail to Lynn,
Mass. This envelope has upon it au
undoubted stamp, sbowing tbat it bas
beeu in the New York post oflicc. But
it is uudisputed that by the routino of
tbe post oiuce, nn letter posted iu
Washington and addressed to Lvnu
could come into tho New York post
omce. 1 be bags coutaiuiug such let
ters pass directly from the eurs at Jer
sey (Jity to the Boston cars in the up-
per part ot tho city. Ou buudays, how
ever, as there is uo moruing train to
Boston, the bags remaiu iu the New
York post oftice, but are never unlock
ed or opcned. This alutio sbows that
when this euvelope was iu the mail, it
was not addressed toLvnn, but was ad
dressed to some persou in New York
city. But, more thau this, there are in
Ne'w York 18 sub-stations to which tho
general post offico in that city sends
lettcrs received tbere by tbe uiails and
addressed to persons residing or baving
tneir piuces oi uusiness wiunu tuu uis
trict iu which the sub-station is situat-
ed. On receipt of a letter at ouo of
these sub-stations it is again stamped.
The envelope produced has on
it tbe 6tanip of a sub-station, thus
sbowing that it bas uot ouly been in the
general postothcein iNew xorK, but has
been sent from there to a sub-statiou in
that city. What sub-station it was
cannot be ascertaiued, as tbat bas also
beeu erased from the center of the
stamp. The result of this evideuce is
that under the systeni prevalent in the
post ouice, a letter posted iu Washiug.
ton and addreesed to Lynn could not
under any circumstanccs get into the
New York post officc. If however it
accidently got there, it could not from
there get to a sub-station. It is by this
alone made perfectly qbvious tbat the
envelope is a truud, tbat tlie enyelope
of a letter which was originally address
ed to aud received in New York has
been taken, tbe address erased and a
new address to H. L. Morey, Lynn,
Mass,, written upon jt, aud tbat jt bas
never oeen iu ttie niau witu tuat ad
dress on it,
Tbis address to Morey is, by the ad-
mission of all parties, in the eame hand-
wnting as tne updy ot tbe Morey letter,
This enyelope was probably selected
for' alteratiou because lt has on it the
pnnted stamp of the House of Repre
seutatives. But the undisputed truth
goes furtber. The Morey letter is dat
ed Jan. 23, 1880. Tbe envelope pro
duced is stamped with tbe Washington
post-mark. The day and nionth of the
post-marking cauuot be made out, these
baving been iiko every otuer aate on
the envelope tbough in some alleged
fac similies published, tbe date Jan. 23
is fraudulently mserted erased. It is,
however, absolutely denionsttated that
the month m wbicb tbe letter waspost-
marked was not January, for tho post-
mark is made aud the postage stamp is
cancelled by stauips which were not
nsed in the Washington post omce un-
til after Feb. 1. Tbe precise date when
the change of stamps was made iu tbat
office cannot be ascertaiued, but it was
certainly after Feb. 15. A letter dated
Jan. 2J would hardly be sent m an en
velope not post-marked till after Feb,
1. Furtber tban this, one figure is left
without erasure in the date on the
stamp showing the receipt oftheen
velopo at the N. Y. post office. That
figure is a figure 2. It obviouslv form-
ed the last of two figures. The date of
receipt at tbe JNew York post office
must therefore bavo been tbe 12tb or
22d of the same month. Aletterdated
on Jau. 23 would hardly be sent in an
envelope received in New York on
tho 12th or the 22d. It is thus absolute
ly and repeatedly demonstrated that
the euvelope iu which tho Morey letter
is asserted to have been sent is fraudu
lent. Tho same hand that wrote the
letter admittedly wrote the address
now on tbe envelope. Is there anv es-
cape from the conclusiou that the letter
is equally fraudulent i
All tbe facts above stated are from
uncontradicted testimony upon these
points. It is now admitted by Philp
that he wrote the editorial charging
Uen. (jrarueld witu beiug a liar. The
dcfense denies that Philp wrote the let
ter, and asserts that Gen. Garfield wrote
it. On the qucstiou wbetber Philp wrote
it the prosecutiou have proved by per
sons intimately acquainted .with him
and bis bandwriting tbat in their opin-
ion he wrote it. One wituess, under
whom Philp worked for a long time,
states that be recognized the Morey
letter as being in Philp's bandwriting,
and so stated before he knew be was
suspected. They bave also proved by
Messrs. Paine, Southwortb, Hagan and
Aims, who aro the four leadiug experts
in bandwriting in tbe country, tbat in
their opiuion the Morey letter was
written by the same person wbo wrote
the editorial now admitted to bo Philp's
tbough ot course tbis Morey letter is in
u disguised writing, but tbe experts
point out in detail the similarities aris-
mg from unconscious habits in writing.
which are uot nnd cannot be disguised.
The same experts also say with entire
positiveness tbat tbe Morey letter was
not writteu bv Garfield. Persous who
have seen Garfield write hundreds of
times say it is not his writiug.
Thus far tbe defeusc has iutroduced
no evidence to show that the Morey
letter is iu liarheld's writing. Tbey
have iutroduced various witnesses,
mostly nowspaper men emploved in the
Brooklyn Eagle oflice, a democratic
paper, who swear that in their opinion
tho letter is not in Philp's writiug.
They bavo also iutroduced one alleged
expert wbo on his direct examiuation
stated that in his opiuion, the Morev
letter was not iu Pbilp's bandwritiug.
but on cross-examinntion tbis expert
admitted tbat bo cxamined the facsim
ile when published and dcclared it was
a forgery, but that thoreafter be went
to tbe office of the Truth, and baving
ueen pnid be made an ntudavit
tbat in bis opinion tbe letter was writ
ten by Gen. Garfield, though he had
never seen any writing which he knew
to be that of Garheld, and had onlv seen
thri'c signatures, written upon cards,
which he was told were Gai field's. He
also admitted that in his nflidavit he
had niado numerous misstatements such
as that he had seeu Garfield's writiug,
and that the Morey letter was address
ed to Henry L. Morey, when the name
Heury never appeared iu it. He fur
tber adnijtted that after getting $25
anu maKing bis aUidavit, be went back
to tbe persou to whom he had said tho
Morey letter was a forgery and told him
bo bad changed his mind, aud begged
him to say nothing of bis former opin
iou. IIc also admitted tbat bo left a
Boston bank "short" in his account.
It has beeu shown by one witness
who had coutinually to revise Philp's
nianuscript that he had a habit of spel
ling compnnie.s eompany, ns iu done.
The defenso lmvo shown by several
wltuesses who have had occasiou to see
his writing that tbey nevernoticedsuch
Thanksgiving, November 25.
At no period in their historv siuce the
Uuited States becanio a natiou bas this
peopie had so abundant and so univer-
sal reasous for joy and gratitude at tho
iavor ot Aimigbty Uod, or been subject
to so profound an obligation to give
thauks for His loving kindness and
huuibly to implore His continued care
and protection of bealth, wealth and
prosperity throuchoiit all our borders.
peace, honorand freindship with all the
woriu, unu and laitbtul adherance by
the great body of our populatiou to tho
principles of liberty aud justice, which
have made our greatness as a nation.
aud to the wisc institutions and strong
iiuuiu oi goverument; anu society wbicb
will perpuluate it. For all these let
the thauks of a hanpv and united rmn-
ple, as witli one voice, ascend in devout
uomage to tho liiver ot all good. I,
therefore. recommend that on TlmrR-
day, the 25th day of November next,
the peopie meet iu tbeir respective
places of worsbip to make their ac
knowledgments to Almighty God for
His bountics and His protection. nnd to
ofl'er to Him prayers for their contiuu- I
Iu witness whereof, I bave hereunto
set my hand aud caused the scal of the
United States to be aihxed.
Done at the city of Washington tbis
lst day of November, in tbe year of our
Lord 1880, and of the independeuce of
the United States, the lU5tb.
lt. ii. HAYES.
By the president,
William M. Evarts, Sec'y.
Mrs. Lincoln and the French Actress.
There was an incident of the landing
of the French actress at New York
which had a certain curiousness of con
trast. As the passeugers gathered near
the gang-plank of tho Auierique, all in
that mortal dread of speuding anotber
moment on board which cbaracterizes
equally the survivors of an oceau voy
age or the passers over a ferry, Mis3
Bernhardt aud her numerous managers
were foremost, and amoug the rest
stood an aged woman, "dressed," says
the observant reporter, "plainly and al
most commonly. There was a bad
reut in ber ample cloak. Her face was
furrowed and ber liair was streaked
witb white. Tbis was the widow of
Abraham Lincoln." She had come
alone across the A.tlantic, from south
ern Frauce, where she has lived for
four years past. A nephew met her at
quarantine, but there were uo frieuds
around her, and no oue to pay her at
tention. On thewharf the Bernhardt's
carriage wasa long time getting through
the gaping crowd, and while she wait
ed everybody else waited, indeed
most of them wanted to wait, and will
stir up tbe envy of tbeir various circles
all tbe season with allusions to "tbe
time I went down to meet Bernhardt."
But Mrs. Lincoln, with her nephew,
moved toward the gato. A policeman
vigilautly touched lier on the shoulder
aud bade her stand back, aud back sbo
etepped, while all the peoplo there were
jammed aside to let Miss Beruhardt's
carriage draw up. When she had re
lieved the ferry house of her preseuce,
the widow of Abraham Lincoln was al
lowed to pass.
Our New York Letter.
New York, Oct. 29, 1880.
To the Editor oj the Caledonian:
Well ! Before I write anotber Radix
the long agony will be over and we
sball know wbo is to be our next Presi
dent. Eschewing politics, as you know
I always do, tbey give occasion some
times for some items of news which it
would be unpardonable to slur or pass
over without mendon. Some" pretty
good hits b'ave already been made by
yourbumble servant, and I will jnst
invite your attention to what I fondly
believe is anotber. It is a surmise, and
yet somethiug tnote tban a surmise,
relative to the all-absorbing topic of
the day, tho alleged Garfield Chinese
letter. "Stupid and brutal" it is ac
kuowledged by all. Some thousands
of respectablo citizens think it a for
gery, while other tbousauds, equally
respectable, tbink it isn't. If it be a
forgery, 1 maintain that it has many
elements akiu to that other famous
sensation in its day, the bistoric Bogus
Proclarnation, for printing which,
ratber too much of a hurry to believe
it true, the cditors of the World and
Juornal of Commerce were clapped into
Fort Lafayetto during the war, while
tbeir papers were temporarily suppress
ed, in company with tbe author, Joe
Howard, that lovablo but erratic ex
lamb of Mr. Beecher's flock, with his
irrepressiblo twist to doviltry of a bigb
aud iugenious order. A bird of like
featber is Mr. Quilp, or ratber Philp
bis moral deformity made tne think of
Dickeu's creation who is accused of
being the forger of the document. If it
be bogus, 1 believe that it will bo found
that in its inception it was the outcome
of a prolouged sitting under tbe juniper
tree, when the boys got frolicsome aud
their wit. itchcd to hnd a startling out-
let. That was the way the Bogus Proc
lamation was started. Joe Howard
declares, and I know him well, that be
hadu't an idea of such a tbing till five
rninutes before hc set to work on it.
Tlie idea struck him like a flash, aud in
cougenial compauv, couvulsed with
laughter, the precious screed was con
cocted and dispatcbcd ou its miscbiev
ous way. Like tbe ligbt whiffof snow
kicked up by a chamoise on the Alps,
the tbing has grown to an avalauche
tbe prime ruovers evidently did not
drcam of. It is singular bow rendily
Mr. David M. Stoue, of tbe Journal of
Commerce, swallowed this bait as well
as the former one. He at once adopted
tho atrocious sentiment, while iuti-
matiug broadly aud with little bliuk
iug tho questiou that Garfield was a
cowardly liar forrepudiatingit, a back
banded slap all around iu fact. The
canvass of 1876 was hot work, but the
gingerin this is very noticeable, indeed.
Tbe great dry goods wholesalesshut up
shop early in tbe aftemoou of Thurs
dny and marchcd, a pbalanx of uiilliou
aires, iu a body to Wall strcet, to sup
port Bob Ingersoll at one of tbe most
influential outdoor meetings ever held,
while feoliug is ruuniug so high that,
on the burning of the Ansonia Clock
Compauy's works, in Brooklyn, the
other day, eutailing the loss of millious
and throwiug tbousauds out of work, it
was currently belioved for some time
that tho disaster was of incendiary ori
gin, and that the workmcn destroyed
the source of their livelihood iu order
to givo a hint to their employers that
they objected to Chiuese Cbeap Coolie
Competitiou. In fact, there's too mucb
bad blood already. 1 wish the election
was over. I think tho couutry will bo
snfe, after all.
Sarab Bernhardt is here nt last iu all
her etheieal tbiuuess, aud bas already
nssimilated large quantities of cocktails
and Bourbou sours, tbose supposed-to-bo
indigenous Americau drinks. I fan
cy it will scarcely be worth my while
to tell you mucb about ber, siuce all
the papers have been, and will be, full
of her, her sayings and doings. To tell
tbe truth, I can't say much now, r 1
haven't seen her vet, and sliockiug as
it mnv snnnil. vvpre it uot for the lllter-
est of your readcis, I personally would
not care to cros3 the street to see the
polyandrous but woll-preserved in
vader. lut she has set Gotham iu a
Talking of blazes, Kate Clastou was
on tbe stage with auother fire tho other
mght, a little oue this time, which was
put out with great preseuce of uiiud by
the trombone, or ratber the agile though
pouderous performer ou that iustru
meut. Not with his breatb, though
Herr Pfeiffeuschueider can puff away
witb tbe best of them, but iu a real
workmanlike nianner, and theaudience
at the Bijou Opera Ileusc had good
reason to applaud his bravery aud cool
ness iu the emergency. Tho good fel
low certainly saved a panic which
would inevitably have caused great loss
oflife, and he ought to get a silver
trombone at least as a memeuto of his
A revercnd pbilanthropist has seeu
the gratuitous ice-water distributiou of
tbc past summor and gone a heap bet
ter by chartering a wagon. wherefrom
he'dispenses hot coffee and loaves of
sound white bread to all applicants.
He says the poor need food and stimu
lants, and he thinks coffee and bread
better tban whisky and free lunches,
aud a cheaper as well as a better in-
vestment for tho cbaritable carriers of
tull purses tban taxes for the mainte
nauce of criminalsin demoralizing jails.
It is a singular enterprise, and all good
citizens can but hope it will succeed.
It is more pleasing to tbe recipient tban
tbe bread and water suggested as bet
ter thau nothing by Mr. Beecher a year
or so ago, for which be was so soundly
It is sad enougb that the general bus
iness prosperity which is so observable
on every hand is not without serious
exceptious. Talking about conee re-
minds me tbat the wbolo coffee iqterest
bas for more tban tv year been yery
much depressed, and there has just
occurred the heavy failure of a house
which enioyed the liighest reputation
and still enjoys the esteeiu aud sympa
tby of the whole business comniuuity.
The house of Risley & Co. has been
foremost aniong our nrst-class mcr
chants for tbirty years. They bave
now failed for not tar short of a inillion
dollars. And tbere are suudry other
failures ot some moment.
Lieutenant Scbwatka, the gallaut
Arctic explorer is here now and getting
considerably liomzed, while tbe episco
pal bishops, wbo have just finishcd up
witb tbeir conveution, bave also beeu
taken care of by tbe lashionable circles.
Tbey seera to have decided ou consid-
erable modificatiouB of the order of
prayerat the discretion of officiatiug
reciora, uau a good deal to say about
mariiago anu divorce, but appear to
have left the question just where tbey
fouud it, for anotber year at any rate,
and wouud up by conferringepiscopacy
on the brotber of the Bishop of Massa
chusetts, Rev. Dr. John A.Paddock, for
many years identified witb one of tbe
most important parishos of Brooklyn
nnd a most estimable man. They
wanted to make him Bishop of Colora
do, I think it was, some years ago, but
his frieuds exclaimed at the barbnrity
of such an exile and it was thought he
would, by waiting just a little, succeed
to tbe bishopric of New Jersey. But he
didn't, and now be is to go to the dis
tant wildsof Washington Territorv.
Patience and perseverauce have stood
the secret service neonle in srood stead.
They have just made a most important
baul of the principal members of the
most formidable gang of couuterfeiters
who ever infested this country. It took
them just one year to fasten the crime
on tbe perpetrators, who were .as cau
tious in covering their tracks as skillful
iu tbe executiou of their illegitimate
uusmess. ine oanK notes and bonds
tney turned out were indistinguishable
cvuu iraiueu experts, except by
careful measureinents of two or tbree
most niinute variations from gennine
bills, and tbey must have floated mill
ious of them. One was, perhaps, the
best engraver in the couutry. uever be
fore arrested, tbough under grave sns
picion for years: anotber was an artis-
tic printer, and was caught after being
suaaowed tor a year by a detective
who, preteuding to be a nigbt watch
man, obliged to sleep in the day time,
hired a lodging opposito tbe house
wbicb tho culpnt had purcbased iu
East New York, and watchcd diligent
ly with an opera glass with uuremitting
patience an uay and every day tbrougb
a toru winuow suaue. The tbird was
the chief Brockway, who has already
sei vcd the state in striped attire, a very
formidable personage in tbe great guild
of the "crooked." Radix.
Public Opinion.
Bet you S5, Barnum, that you can't
iu.ciii.iuuiii,u;u so Olg tuat tno
World newspaper won't fatlier it, nnd
wish it were bigger. New York Trib-
Gen. Hancock is a man of remarka
ble diguity aud entire truthfnlness. He
is, in this respect, like Washington.
who could not tell a lie. Let it uot be
forgotten tbat the qualities which are
admirable in a candidate are also admi
rable in his snpporters. New York
English promised to pay $100,000 for
iue vice-presiuentiai uomiuatioii, aud
has, up to date, paid 13 ceuts ou the
dollar. Cincinuati Commercial.
Grant has at last developed into a
great stump orator. That was to have
been expected after his veavs of associ-
ation witli great men, such as Conkling.
but tho humor with which he is dnsh-
mg bis speeches in New York is a sur
pjise to his best friends. The iinpres
sion has been heretofore tbat he could
not tell a jokc from a hoo handle.
There is a great victory in storo for
some party leadcr who will resolutcly
refuse to lie about his opponeuts, who
will decliue to be a party to forgeries
and bribes, and who will bavo the man
liness to acknowledgs.that IWs polttical
opponeuts are not ulf scoundrels. An
lionest, straightforward mode of con-
ducting a political cauvass would have
the merit of novelty, aud, tor this rea
son, would not be undcrstood by the
opposition until it would be too late to
counteract its effects. Graphic.
Tho New Yoik Snn, a Democratic
paper, knowiug the Baruuni-Morev for
gery is huitiug Hancock in New York,
says, "The fact that some prcteuded
Democrat was base and wicked euough
to forge a letter iu Geueral Garfield's
name auords no reason whatever for
voting against General Hancock."
The Chinese Forgery. with all its
couconiitants, is likely to go into his
tory as tho most despicable oftence
agaiust every thiug respectable in Amer
icau politics that ever was comiuittcd.
To defend tbe sharaeless ofl'encq myth-
lcai statements ot piirsous baving no
real cxistence bave been fabricated.
As the villauous elements connected
with the forged letter appear plainei
and plainer it would seem that the ef
fect on the public mind would be such
as to overwhelin the meu who havo i-
bored to get into power vr "-"
hallowed meaus. lt-'"" I'ai.script.
Tiie calunn""'"'' forged letters and tbe
.i ncusseduess" of tho campaign
cosing miglit bave been predicted
n-beu both tbe big parties took their
national committee chairmcn from Con
necticut, the home of tbe untootbsome
basswood ham and the flavorless wood
cn nutmeg. Counccticut is respousible
for Mr. P. T. Barnum, prince of Hnm
buggers; upon its soil flourish divers
life iusurauce companies ; its broad seal
autbenticates tho charters of sundry
curious stock companies, and Mark
Twain, the author of the "Jumping
t rog," lives at Harttord, whenco come
annually swarms of book agents and
lightuing-rod peopie. Boston Ilerald.
The forgcry part is bad euough. but
what makcs Garfield reallv mad is to
be paraded as a man tbat can't spell.
Mis. Gould, "agent" of tho "Ladies
Deposit," has secuied bail. Mrs. Howe,
the "President," still languishes in jail.
CM I C H 1 6 fl
"Ve are now
Send in your
0. H. Hale & Co.
are uow rcceiring tbeir
"We oan show the most Tariedassortment and
richest quality of
Millinery Goods
r oSered ln this section. All the new shapss in
Superb Pluahes, Velvets, x,cade8j
Satins, Chenilles, Etc. Beautiful
Plowers and Feathers.
Fall and Winter Dress Goods,
Miilinery, Fancy Goods, Etc, Etc.
ever shown ln this section.
"We have only apace to mendon a few specuatw
Great Bargains in Cashmeres.
Worth 1.C0 per yard. but selllng for 75 cta. Good
width and quality iu all tbe new fall shades.
Brown, Bronze, Green, Plum, Dregs of "Wine,
Gend'anue, Slate, etc.
New Line of Silks and Wool Brocades.
DRESS FLAKNEI.S, All Qualities.
Plaids I I Plaids I I I
Xew line Black Guinet Silks from 11.00 to $2.25
per yard
Our sloek of Small "Wares and Fancy
Goods, ia more attractive than ever. New Tien.
Laoes, Gloves, Hosiery, (newlotof those cardinal
flecce lined hose)
Jew Skirts a Ilandsome
stirt for S1.C0.
"We have seasonable novelties in all departments
selected last week in Xew York and Boston, and
can asaure our customera of the best eoods at bot
tom prices. We only ask a careful examination of
our goods, to aatisfy cuatomers that wa mean all
we say.
O. H. HALE & CO.,
Rallroad Street. Mt
Thousands interested. Extraordinary disconof
to auents. Send for circular to EASTEEN B0ML
CO., Boston, Hass. 57-60
From tbree to Hve hnndred seedllng crab apple
stocks. I consider the crab apple the beat tolc to
craft the common apple on. " cta. each. for
U or more. GEO. GALBRAITH.
Pas.un.j-ic, Vt., Oct. 20, 1880. I8
Call and examine at once.
The Springfield Republican,
rtTe lines or less in Dailyor Sunday one time,
25 centa. One Inch 13 timea. tS. Caah should ac-
company order.
Agents Vanfed cTdnf,Su?Soro.
eneravinr-- ib createst educator of the age. Ev-
1 "T-f'ftV' ,uou,u navn one. a Deautiful and use
rul holiday present. PakK ruBUSIHNO Co
58-61 Hartford, Conn.
$45 T0 $100
per month, durine Fall and "Winter, in ererr
countv. Intcreatlirr and TaiuuAAu .7 1
wim iuu panicuiara lree.
. D. I I Bctl, publisher of Firat-claaa Sub-
scription Books, gires steady employment to agenta.
and all seekin a chanje of bnsiness. Illnstrated
circilars of new books and proof that 150 per
month is made, sent on appiicatlon. 56-GL
Empty Pockets J2&?Sfc
ments to agents. Send for circulars to EASTKKN
BOOK CO., Boston. Mass. 53-l
Beantifully illustrated with nearly 300 engraTings.
In one "arge Yolume, handaomely bound. Also,
I-jman Abbott's New Testaraeut Comment'y.
for Sunday-scbool Teachers, Bible Studenta and all
Cbristian Workera. Dellrered to subscribers coiu
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lars, with testimonials and terma of payment
lualled ou application. Agents "Wanted.
A. . llAKl-.s uu I'nDUsners,
58-61 232 Washington St., Boston.
Order Early.

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