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ouunu OOMMENCED AUGUST 8. 1837. jsi. Jolm.'iburi) (!aledoniait. o. m. stone & co., I'UHLISIIKKS. O j,- 3 lte the Athenifum, St. Johnsbury, Vt AI1VANCE TKKM OF TIIK CALMKIMIX: One rar iu Caledouia Couuty Sl.7.1 Six muulha One ear out of tlna rnunty Six Montha, For r.invenienrein remlttinir. anbtcriliera iu thia ciMluty will Ut credlteil 59 ll fiir.. S.OO l wenty lilno weeka for J.OO .lllllM-rioer Oill OI lill roillllt- Wlll iH'CriHl. Itnl 55 weekn for 3.011 Clersymen In aervire per yrar I.on lteniil by IWolhre order, ntherwiae ataulMcrih- r n riMK i:nrli SuWrllier will Hn.l on lii uane r In rnn. uertion with liii name the date lo which he lia ial No other recelpt i. iwriuarj-. Itale. ! AiWertl.iiic. One amiare 12 linea, 1 Inrh apacel nne week.. fl.00 llalf aiiuare (6 linea) one wi-ek 75 Kach rontinuant'e 15 One iuiiare (nne iuch of apnce) i.er year .00 lluaineaa Carda. per j ear (earli line) I.no Llbrrationa Katraya, etc 1.25 r.arn ....nllniianco Itt) sperlal ratea lo liuainoaa advertiaer lv the year. I tf' .Vo Culi inttrttd. .Vo objtctionable adcrrtUe mrnlt rrrrired.aiul nulhinj but IrgitimaU fmmr .loit I'icivtini: ..r .11 Lin.i. . i i ...s With miHlrrn Ivivo atul machinrrv mi.l Alllfni nrkuieii, nearlv all kinilai.f Ji.l. f'riiitini; cau le n a well aml aa cheap aa in Hik cilie.i. 23ur.incrr. ;trdi. NICHOLS & DUNNETT, l.A WVDIK, Oppoiite l'mt Offioe St .Ilihliafinry. Vt. NVliola at oltice W Coiiconl, S.ilnrday. Iliinii-tt at i.llicc South Kyexate. Moiidjyi. A F Xiciiulh. Ai.kx lu.vErr. W. C. LEWIS, eiit lr Vermont Miituut liiHiimiice Ci St Juhnihury VL THOMPSON & GOSS, I'roprletora l rmliliirk Iroii Work. St. .loliiiahury Joliliine doue toonler. CHAS. A. AIKEN, I" I A N o - r O li T i: T U N i: K , St. .loliiialiury Cfiitn. Or.ler. l-tt at Hiinanl .t Koirrll'a. at tlie 1'laiu. S. T. BROOKS, M. D., rnifticinc riijmlcljiii iiihI .surirf'oti. S. H. SPARHAWK, M. D., p.itliic I'IijhIi i;in aii.l MirK ill. (Sueefugor to lr. Cnshint.) llltirp i r-iiIriir in A tlii ii.rinn Ilmian. Maiu St. C. M. STONE & CO., ljpnlH l.ir I'l.irvi it Itniik Itimlrry, OpMit IIim Atlir iiii. St. .Ii.liiiiluiry. O. P. BENNETT, ' D. mIit in Marl.l.- U'nrk il All Klncls. Nrjr I'aaK-usxr lV...t St..liiliij,l,iiry. MILX.ER & RYAN, MaiiiirMctiiriTM aml lc:ilrr!i in CarrlaK" aml Carriui; M.x k, Cor r..rlljn.l an.l K. II. St.. St. .Inhiiilniry. E. & T. FAIRBANKS & CO.. llr.v i. ,.,!.. l..llili,t-, Cari.llnK, r;..r lani;Iii, I'rorkrry. himI Crfx-rrh-s, FHirliankn ViIIjkp, St. Jiilinliury, Vt. C. C. BINGHAM, I rn irl l iiml l'lianiiaril, . liauk Itl'k, .Mam Slrri-t, St. .Iiilin-.lury, Vt. BELDEN, IDE & STAFFORD, ttini.-ys iltnl Coiliisa-tlnri at l.a. HOWARD & ROWELL, V.tlrlic, .lcuflry, IIiiiiKk aml statl r.v, Jor Mam St ainl l.alpiii Awutip , St Jtiti!Hiry CROSS & BRADLEY, ll.ikrrt aml :Hiliftiiiii4rH, Main Stlc.t, St. .Iiiliiintiiiry, Vt. JOSEPH L. PERKINS, IMI.NTIsT. .111:111 l!,K-k. ii -.t.iir.St. .Ii.linslinry. Vt. O. H. HALE, ruii l!l.-k K i: St St..liilMiHlmrj. Vt. Mrs. I.. J. FLEETWOOD, Mii.i.iM:itv kooms. WalLrm lil.M-k. 11 1111 Slt,-. t. St .li.linil.iir. C. A. CALDEEWOOD, I'liriilturt. Cultlim aml ;aikt, 41.I.I 1. II..h UU k. 1: 1: St . St..l..liii,lMir. D. A. CLIFFORD, lM1.1t. .i;ni.lili' ArlWt, iI.nI.,,,..,,, Hl'k. .Main St. St..I.ilniHlmry. H. E. & D. a. WOODBtUFF, M11 lll. U.nlr.n.l Str.l t. .Ii.liiisluir.v. F. V. POWERS, IV.1I1T iu ll KI111U .if tlrnrral MTrlianilii-. l,..rtl.in.l Sln. t . st..l,.lniliury. J. P. OTIS,. Atlonii-y aml i.iii..ll..r at l.an, WVat llnrk.. t RITZ & HASTINGS, I'llOTOtiK Wlllf roUTICAIT-. m Trrmiuit St c.ir. Vt St . l:.it.u. SI.111. ; F i:i l'Z, latn Mitli IiRar.lii, N V. ti II II STI.V(iS. rormutly uf St. .Iiiliusliury . CAHOON & HOFFMAN, Lawjtir aml (ieticral liiMiiranr .Kciiti, Lii.l.n au.l I.yn.lom-illc V.nii..nt. Ouniifn, will ! at Olllce in Hit' liliKk. I.u v.lli- fr.nu i) lii li 1 i.l m X. .IOIINsIII'KV 1IOII.M M l StLt.ET . - . M. Joits-iiUKr, Vt .IKUUY IUtKW. I'rupnVt a kmii: iiiiiim:, i:l:.KOAII StltKKT . - Sl. JOII.ShllHKl , Vt 1! O. IIOWK. rniprii-tur. fori'Aiii-: 11011:1.. kllLU-AI SrKKKT - Sr. .I.HINKIII'KV. Vt Ull 11 l:l II. FI.I.NT. lmprirt 1 XION Itoiwi;, I.TMiUNVlLLC, VKHUUNT L. F SHONYO, rniprictor. iiral.lv liicatnl, n.l uppiiHitp pa-ii;pr I-xt A jjowl htrry ntalilu I llll tllr hui FlhTII AVK.MIK IIOTKI., Hkoauwat. New Youk. A tirst clann uuusr in pviry partirular. llITCMICtK'K DAKLIXd i CO.. rr.ipriel.iri. TIIK BltUNSWlCK, KlJTLHTOS IkTKkKT - - l!oTON Tbe finrat a.piiutil hotrl in Nrw EnKlanU. AMOS IIAUNKS i CO.. I'roprirtan. LNITKI !T.m:i IIOTKI.. I'ortland . Me. Sit ntil n tti vprycpnltpof the City. The lnl : Mtni tiiiu.rlur uulne men. llealru ny team Table eet witb tliebent tbe market id.ir.li. W II McDo.VALU. froprietor. Justice's Record in Criminal Cases. A new blank for Ju.tlre of the I'eaee. Joat pnulnl ud for aale at the CALEDONIAK OF- Nice Calling Cards. tillt edfied, tn lioxea or caaea, very neat Jua the tbiuc every laily anta Call anl re them CALE1KJNIAN OFF1CE. M. .loliii.l.ury Jt Lake Champlain ICailruad .luly 1G, 1883. TKAI.VS EAST LKATE BT. JOIlXtHUKT. I,a.wnBer, 10.05 a.m, SIi,il. 2.40 p. m i1'1. 5.10 p. 111 A uiixeil train leavea at 5.00 n. in arrivine at lly. o l'ark at 9Jn IteturninK, leavea Hyde ' 15 31 5 00 arriviue at St. Jiilinnlinry t TKA1NB WEHTLEAVK 0T. J01INBHUKT. Ixpre, 9(K)a.m i'f''. 3.10 p.m SIilr,l. 5.00 11. ru. T!ib exprrnn train Iravinc at 9.00 a. m., arrireHat ....n. ,.. aiiiviugai ni.uniiuiuiiry at iii.uuji m. I'aiiliinpilr ICallruail. .luly 2. 1883. TKA1NH hOUTII LF.AVE BT. JOII.MUtIKT. White Kirrr.Iiiuctiiin Exprraa, 12.03 a. m. Mzbl Kxpreis, 1.19a.m. Mall, HMa.m. Svr Vork Kxprei.. 10.05 a. in. Day Exprnw, 2.3S p. m. Slixil, 6.15 p. in. TU.IINH MHtTII LKAVE ST. JOIINSBUKV. . -Niebt Ki.n-s.i, 3-Via. m. AccnuiiiKMlatiiiu, ll.(K)a. iu. I.iv Kxiireni. :i 2t 11 1.1. ilall. 4 41 1, ... Svw Vork Ki.re. 7.4 p. Iu. St. Johnstury Church Directory. .Idn( raildork Villase. Sabkatb Srri irpi t 10.30 a.m.. 1:15 aml C:30 p. 111. Sabbatl1Scb1.nl i-i 111. i rayer Jleellnjji at 7::io p. m.Suniiay, Tues- Hantut Kailrnail Strrrt Ciirin.r Jl.mli. I.Vi- K. 1 . Sauilfiinl. l'astnr. l'reachin.' l!:io a. m s ScIkk.I 12 m. l'rajer mi etinc 630. I"ratr uiett ina Wtiliiemlay ereuins at 7i"W. trtt Haitltlvl Strfrt Cnriiir 1r..ii...t Sabbatbnervirea, 10-30 a.m., aml 6.30 v. M. Salibatb Scliunl ut 12 M. I'raycr uiretiuK Weilneailay cveu illS at 7.30. l!ev. 1. II. Adauia, pantor. Vhurch 1. tht ilttiiah (Uuiversalist.) Kaateru rmif. ciirnrr Clierrv ntreel. Sabbatb eriin at 1:45, 6.30 r. M. Sablutll ScIhh.I at 12:311 r. M. W edufiilaveveuin meetinif at 7:30. Ifnv. f: v Jenkiua, paMtor. Mttltottitt Ceutral atrtet. I!ev. K. W. Ilnlwr Paatur. itesidtwiCH next to tbe Cbutcb. Sab I..1II1 .-r icra at 10:30 a. u.. an.l 6:30 1-. 11. S.il.li.ill. hcbiMil at 12 Weilliesilay eeuiiiir tueetiuif at 30. Xorth Conureaational llain atreet rnntvr nt I'liurch. Kuv. llenry V. Juuea, l'asti.r. Salibatb wrtlrra at 10:30 A. M., aml 6:30 1-. M. Salibatb Scb.Kil at 1:45 P. M. Wedneailav uieiiin' tin.tiii.. at 7:30. South Con'ireoaUonal Main alieet. l.Vr. !.!. ard T. FairbaukB. l'aatur. Sabbatb sericesat 10:30 a. 11.. aml 6.30 1: u. Sabbatb Scbnol at 12 u. eiluenlay evt uiux meetiux at 7:30. 1'retbuUrian Church Kaatern Avfnup. lfi.i- IV It. l.aird. paator. Sabbatb Hervices at 10:30 a. ui. 3 00, 6.30 p. m. Sabbatb ncliuol at 12 m. I'ravvr ectiu wednesday eveniug 7:30. St. Andrew't (Kni.cui.jl.) Main ir,-i l:..v F. S. Kislier. Uector. Sfrvicea on Sunilava at 10:30 a. lll.. atld 5 11.111. Wedneailava nt 7:30 n. m Sunday Sclinol, at 12 m. ltoman Cathu ic Cberry Strtiet. Itev. J. A. iia.s,inuault I iab l'riest. Alaaa H aml 10 a. m , Wspir.i aml l'.,ii,,li.tii.ii at 3 p. m. Ou tbe si'iiiml Mimlay ot the iimiith, erice at tf:30 a. iiuil 4 p. 111. At Lyndonville aanie day at 10.30a. m. 1". II. V. A. lleetiiis at tbe ball uftlie V. il.B. A., .Main atreet, Siiudav moruiua at 9.30, Satur dav evellill"S at 7.30. Voiiul- Men'a meetiiii' S1111 day at 5.30 ji. 111, Noon nieetiliK cvery day at 11 1111 r.asteru areiiue. Kast t. .Iiiliiiiliury. Conjrtgational. Sunday acrvicea at 10.45 a. m. J1I6..1011. 111. S .1,1, .11, ,1 i nn im JjJ eM'Uinj; meetiuK at 6.30. Sund.iy aervicea al 1.30 p m. St. .loliualiury Atlipiiieiuii. lAbrary and Itrading-ltuom.Vrtx to all. Ope .miJli-i "oin "2 lo u v. M.. aml Im 7 to I 1 2 Satillday eveniuKi. Irt (lallrry Opeli Tileaday ul Fridsya. Telet-rupli Otllrc. HVtttrn (7ll'ua and Yt. Inttrnationnlin St. Iiibnibiiry Hnuie. Opeii I'mni e a, 111., to a p. m. . .'. 1.. 6i. IU. Kij;litmesaaeii St. Johnsbury Post Offlce. ; Oct. 9, tbe iuails iill cloae at tbe lat Ollit e A! l'.iiiunipiic 1 K. W'av Mail, South, X11. Ila St. .1. .V. I.. C. II. K. Way Mail. Eaat, 2.15 p. 111 M. .1 . A I.. C. 1L K. Way Mail, Weit, 3.UU p. iu .Montpelier A h . i;inr, 1:. 1:. Way Mall 2.3U p. 111 I'.uitimpiie K. . Way Mail. North, 4 IKI p. 111 Weal Couroid aml St. .lolinitiurv Kait. 8.20 a. 1.1 'ati-iloiil, W. Waff'd and I,. WatTd, !.() p. ui .iitiin. New Vork, Conn. K. Val. Mail. MW p. iu diltecliiiui will lio made finui the mail bnxei 1 .lejii.u for the mail aouth in the luoruiu ul at 4 11 111. Collecti..ua will aK 1. maile fri.ii the mail box at rnrner nf Itailroad Street am haatern Aveliue, at H a. 111. and 7.30 11. in. CHAS. r.CAKI'ENTKl:. 2d, I'. M. AN OLD PAINT SHOP IN NEW QUARTERS. MIXEIt A. HII.I. havititr leaaed tlie entire firat Ihair f llniHii'i new linildiii, aml Illtcl ui the lanie fnr Iheir e.ipecial me. are lietter than eer iiri p neil to 1I1 all kiluWof iiaiutiuir iu n vrorkmau likeiu.iiiner l'.eiideaall kiuda House Paintmg, Papering. Klc. v,v lja- fxcflN-nt facilitifM for Carriaere Painting, K.ivinx Htori'-riHini .ibnutl.int. P.itiiti. OiN. Varnlslies. aml l'rtlIlIes, Snniiliejnt all MinN in IiiiikI aml fur sale in Urife or .sniall t uaiitf ti-M. Kiitraucu fnnii Main Strtt( or iroui Aveuuo in nwrl IN.atOtUet. lf MINEU &. IIILL. CPHlOT0GlRlAPHlSlp Tlie iiiider.iiiied ia nowr iiri iiared to mako everv atjleof I'h.itiiuraph iu tliemoat perreet mail ner. 1 ahall Ulke aliecial paiua lo pleaie Ihoie hIiii hae lieeu 1111 Miirte.iafiil iu olitaiuiUK aat iitactory pictiirea The larReat and best aaaortinetitot To lie founil iu the State. Call aml ee them. C. F. SHEPHERD, tstr iihown's iiur:k. J. C. CORLISS, CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER, 115 Main Strtft. Ut. Johnnbury, Vt. Shop and niatriil for buiMio, at Xrtb f 11J ot TWO FAIt.MS IN MJTTON, f.irKaJ', 1 milwfrom det, b.tw'n AV.t Burke and South Itartou boin farm nt ?0 acn-H. -IU acre-i f mct meaUow, ctitt i) Utiii of hnv. buildiup ni'arlv ni'w. twtHHtirv liou 31x31. tll tflz34). hunu larn ix40, erain lijiu 3Sx4U, hav aml cattle Uirn 4uiui, vkim cfiiar. l jiKr lanu ue mtie uortb of tbe itlif r. n thu wain riKUt, K) acrvM, 40 of mow injr. 3tior pantura);, aml 10 of sonl-:row tli woh1 taml ; cutf 40 ttiH of hay, oac barn ou ilac 125x40. Itoth farniii will mM at a errat barain for jmr-chaH-r. WuuM waj i-itlit r fann fr a kimmI lioue f Chan. Tit near the fanus, or -i. L. r. roitLiss. St. JoUnabury. Vt. W. J. BRAY, CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER, Lumber Tard and Offlce Opposite Odd Pellows' Block, R. R. Street, St. Johnsbury. All kimla of Huildinc Miterial for ale. llongh and Drrw.1 Luniln-r. Clapboarda, Shlnple, Lath. Doora, Sah and lllinda, Ilrarketa, Moalding llardoare, Naila, Lirur. CVment. and eTerythiug neeenaary ror buildiuj at tbe lowesl caah prieea. 3-tt Complete Heating Apparatus for $75 nith duplicate trrate, for 175, and flrty dolUru' naee la ueariy newanu aa taKen out lo make plai for ateam beater. C M. STONE. ST. Trcnsm-cs for tlie I.owly. Thonsh vre may not chance the cottage For a maoaion tall and grand, Or exehange a little graaa plot For a boundleaa BtreUh of land, Tet therea something hrighter, nearcr, Thau the wealth we'd thua eommand. Thougb we havo no meaua tii purchaae Coatly picturea, rich and rare ; Thouh we have no ailken hanginga For the walla iui cold and bare, We cau hang them o'er with garlanda, For flowera bloom everywhere. We cau alwaya make bnme chertul If the right coura we begin ; We can make ita inraates happy Aud their trueat hleiotinga wiu ; lt will make the amall room brihter Ifwelet the aunaliioe in. When we gather ronnd the flreaide When the erening houra are loug, Ww cau blend our hearta and voicea In a happy, Bocial aong; We can gtiide aome erriug brother, Lead hini frum the path ot wrong. We may Ull onr home with mnaic And with aunahine brimming o'er, If arainat all dark iutrudera We will flrrcly Bhut the door ; Yet, sbould evil'a ahadowi euter. "We muat love each other more. There aro treaurea for the lowly Which the gramleat fail to Hnd; There'B a chaiu of aweet auVclion ltimling fitemliof kindreil iniud ; We may reap tlie cholceat bleaainga Fniiu the jMioreat lot asaigneil. Aii i:isol- r i;ll'sliirp. HOW C.KX. SEIICWICK'S alXTH COKI'S MAICCIIKO TO THE liATTI.i:. Tlie iiropiiM'il tsxeninioii of Mnssn- fliusftts soltlifis iiml tlicir friftnls tti GuttyHbiir, I'it., (in tliuli.'M of Ootolier. to locntc tlii: nit'iiitiriiil talilcts to 111:11 k the 'ioitiiis rtli varions .M;issa(.'lni sctts ('(iniiiKiiiils ciiKM'rt'i tlieie iiti c:ili ility nf tln: liitttlo, natiiiiilly auakfiis licsli mtciL'.st 111 tlie Iiart tilkcli 1V tlif soltlii-rs of our slate in tliiit im:it con- llirt. I Ik'oiiIv i-stfiii MiissacliusL'tts solilii-rs 011 tlio licld woi'c tlie lOtli atitl ;(7tli lt'KinientM in tlio lirijcatlo of Xow ton'.s divisidii, (itlt rorpn, Ibiinerly vom iiiantk'd liy Ucn. Dcvciis, lint at tltat tiiue 11111I01 C'ol. II. L. Kustis. Tlio Gth corps, it will bc lciiH'iiiln'icd, was tlie last to leach tlii! hattlo-liulu, iK-ing inoiu tlian tliirty niiles iiwny at tlie oponiiiK of tlie contfst, and was but pattiallv cna.'cd at tlie close of tlie second day aml tluoiigli tlie last or tltiitl day's li;itiiig. Hnt 011 their maicli froin Manchester, takeu iu con iicclioii with thtiir ievioii8 severo ser vice, the ineii of that coiuiuauil exhiliit- d that wonderful power of entliirance whieh later gi've tho corps the naine of hcilf;virk7s loot caviilry." This maicli lias l)cen tleclaretl liv I'oiiipetcnt tuilitary nuthority the inost woinleifiil 111 luoderu lnstory, and a rapliic pii'turo ot it froin the pen ot one wlio pnrticipated will le j;iven iu .lr. liowen s 101 tlicoiiiiiifx history ot the ;7th rej;inieiit, wliich it is expucted will lie )iulilislK'(l 111 tlie early part ot ISSl. Tlio story properly bt'Kins with the niovenient of tlie two opiiosiii artnies noi tliwaid froin the banks of the Katiiiahannock in the early part of Juiie, I(Ki. Gen. Lee haviii"; tlecided 11)1011 hirt untorttinate luvtiston ot the free states left A. 1. Ilill's corps in the 11 ilefeiises at r mlcrtckslitir"; to iiiaiiilain a show of stienlli, whilethe liulk of the confederate army soii;lit to eliltle Ilooker iiud uaiu sotue decidi'tl ailvanlan of positiou before the iuteti- I1011 ot the movcuicut slioiilil he lis- coveied. Lee's dcsiiii, however, was penctratetl liv den. Ilooker at the out- set and the 111:1111 boily of the ai'iny of the 1 oloMiae inoveil lietweuu thesouth- ern forces aml Washington, obliin Lee to reinain 011 the west, side oi tho ltlue ICiilp, whilo the 0th corps was left to watch llill aml rotect the iear. For ten days (ien. Sel";vick tiperttted iucesstintly aainst the heihts sicross the river, aml thou;h tjieto was only a eontiniial skirinishiug hetweou the two corps, with no serions lilitinrr, tho wcary feiTentls iliuinall that tiine had little lest or sleep. By diiy they were 011 the skiruiisli liue or niarcliiii and I'ountc riuurcliiii"; in aml out of siht of their enemies, to givo the ituptession ofiilarge forco iutemliii; a tleteriniuel iittack, whilo by nif;ht they were in trenchin or eiijja-jetl in otlier tluties. Kiuallv, on the niirlit of Jtiue lll, umler covor of a ruiu-stoiiii, the corps with ilicn to the Kaltuotith sliore of the livcraml the exhausted ineii, wrntiped only 111 their blaukets, thiew theni selves on the soaketl loinid, leyard- less ot the pourni; 1:1111, aml slept. heavily till the bitles soiinilcd the sinal for the inarch toward Washiti";- tou. Aml siicli a inarch ! Considerable rain had fallen, aml over the nimldy Virinia roads the reat army hatl been inovini; with its ititiltitudu of horses, wappns, tirtillery aml aiubu Iances. Lot the leader pictme out vast expanse of miid, in the uiiilst of which riins a pooily defined Iiihway, for iu the search for better footiiiK thoiisandsof ineii aml horsesaml whcels have made .'1 coiuuion way of the bor tlerini; lands. Kar as the eye can reacli a "leiit blite throti hiires Iiither and thither, but who can say whether it recedes or iitlvancesT Xo eavnlry :ire there, for they are away 011 the oiitskirtM, enaf;eil in niiiiiy :i dariug deed, but infantry, artillery, poutoou aud uaj;on tiains are ininleil in one uiass of confiisiou. Tlie sol't 111111I al ntost eniilfs tlie heavily Ioadcd uagons, aud the pomlerous wheels of tho giin carniif;es sink deep iu the niire. The driyers wliip antl screani aml suear princitiallv tho httter and not infreqiiently the pressing in- lantry coine 111 lor a sliare ot tlie inalo dictious. Xor aie the latter backwaid in t'onsipiiui; to a placo whete 110 artillery coulil lie tisetl the unwieldy velneles which blovk their way. If the conntry is level aml nnob structetl tho infantry Uike to the lields aml make reasouable pro;ress, but hero is.a delile where all 11111st pttss tlirotign tlie iiarrow cut, aml tlie iuud is especially tleep. A gieat Parrotguii blocks tbe way, stuck fast iu the sliine. The liorses and tlrivers and artillerists who aro striviii!; to rescue their bo lovetl jiiece occtipy all the available room, aml only uow aml tlieu a coiu 111011 soldier can dodge past. Jlean- wlnle tlio poiirni'' infantry lill all the approaches, aml when at leiiuth the caiinon rolls ou tlteie is a nisli from tlie iinpatient mass. Fortiiuato imleed if Bome luckless comrade does not Ioso his footiiig aml roll over aml over iu the lialf-limnd sea. A few liass aml tliLii another irun or caisson or waiioii lurches into tho sauie Hlotigh aml tlie strugglo is repeated as tlie long day wears ltselt away. Hiit at sncli a timo day or uight aro all alike, in so far that they uiust bo subordiuated to the JOHNSBURY, YT., orders of the gencral couimandinc. The corps niust be at a dcsignated point at a specitietl time, whether fivo liours or tweuty bo requircd to mako tlie tlistance. At hve 111 tlie afternoon 011 that 14tli of June tlie corns reaehed Staflortl Court House, aml lialted for n vo ttonrs, when the traiup was re suiuetl. All throngh the night tho eoliium crent 011 at a snail's nace, the inen keepiug ever a sharp lookotit for tlie nrigut camp-tires wlncli would an uotiuce the apiiroaching bivouac. ISut 110 cani)-lires wero lightetl that night, and inorning fotiml the I'oiumaud at Aquia creek, whcvo a halt was made lor Iireakfast. Itut not forrest! Not yet. .lust a few luoineiits in which to breatho after swallowing their collee, aml then "Forwartl !" onco niore 011 tho iiitermiuablo road. Tho stin roso bright and clear, and a sultry day eusiied. Liko nia"ic the lnml ilried aml crumbled umler tbe uiiiltitudo of feet antl a choking cloutl of dust aroso antl settled iu voluiue 011 every perspiring faco and haml. It jieuetrated everywhere eyes, noe, uiotith and luugs, all wero filled ; thirst becanio intolerable, but water was not to be hatl. Lven if bv good fortiine a little spring or stieain was tliscovered, 111 a nionient tho banks weie trampled antl tho water all too soon lost its pnrity antl becanio mere liijuid miid from the strugglcs of the rtisliing hiimlreds who swarmed about it, eager only to touch a tinger's tip in the cool mass if it was 110 longor possi blo to inoisten tlio parching throat w ith the uudriiikablo mixture. They inarched till Duinfrit's was reaehed at 110011, aud lialted 011 a south slnping liill-sidi-, where 011 tho liarch- ed groitnil iu the terriblo gbire of the suii tho ineii tlirew theinselves to sleep, latl ot even tltat opportimitv. At niiduight tho inarch was resiimcd, and in this iiiaiincr Fairfax was reaehed. and thete and at Centervillo severai days were passed. Sotuo troops which Itatl heen iloing duty 111 tlie tortitica tions there were relioved, antl the well- tvorn soldieis s;iw them inarch toward the front with the ex(iectation of re niaiuing iu their iilaces ; but tho next day the vetenms were likewiso 011 the road, in a drizzling rain that made their clothes as damp as their spirits. 1 lns was the -titli ot June, antl the iUth fouiid theiu at Manchester on the l'ennsylvania border,having tnovetl by way of Edwartls ferry and Westmins ter, following tho cavalry 011 tho c treme right of the army. This had been coutinuous marching at the rate of sonie twenty-five niiles a day, with ilternate rain antl heat tellmg soverely itpou the jaded men. Ilere, then, was tho (itli corps, at tlie point from wliich it was to make one of the inost leiuarkablo tuarches knowu to history, not fresh for tlie ellbrt, but well exhaustcil by a 111011th of alniost in- cessaut skiriuisliing aml marching. riio 1st of July, after a general britsh- ing up and inspection was devotetl to rest. All the afternoon caiue the roar of caiinon far to the northwest, but that was a lantilar snumt aml only ovokeil the remark that tho cavalry were having another brush. As dusk fell many of the nien wero asleep, for they were still wcary, when tho clatter of hoofs, the htirried dash of staft" ofli cers, the bustlc of preparation at head ipiarters and tho vigorous coinuiaud to "l'iick up aml tall 111!" drove away 111 1 moment all hope ot a retreslung night's sleep. Heforo the slower men irc 111 their placcs, even, tho coluiun is in the roatl aml sweeping back in the diiectioii whence it came tlie previnus ovening. Thero is a hope wliich is nioro thau half a belief that the desti nation may bo Westiuinister, which is but ten niiles away, aml the men move out with a cheerful step. I'resently a kintl-heartetl fariner, who is giving each boy iu blite a cup of milk, nu- uouiices that a liattle has been 111 iro gross at Gettsyburg, nearly forty miles away, aml it is uatural to suppose tlial tln; destiuatioii of the corps. "About fortv niiles be saul it was forty niiles and what tlid ho citll the namo of the town ?" goes froin lip to lip, and the step which had been light beconies heavy and lneeltauical, and the soldiers aro trainfonned into mere marhines, to jdod 011 as steadily as pnssihle all the luterinmalile night. There is no moonlight aml only a pale ;liminer of the stars, half -obsetire:! by lotuls ; but the long coluuui presses forwartl aml nevcr halts, for if it stops the men will drop into heavy sluinber may lie leltoeliiml 111 tlio ilarknt'ss. The night is well advanct'd, aml the letidiug brigado has been toiliug for niiles along :i narrow road, when a shouting aido presses throiigh the struggling footmen. "Mako way hcre, make way, for God's sake ; you are all wroug !" 1 Iten reaclimg tho head ot a regiment : "Halt your men, colonel ; you are on the wrong road ! " l'rescnt- ly the. head of the coliiinn conies slow ly liack, thoso who have tlrotipeil asleep aro rotised, the reginientcounlerinarcli es aml plods back over tlio threo or foiir miles that have taken so miich ot the soldiers' vital force all iu vain. Two or tliree hours have been lnst aml six oreight miles of ground covered that the generttl liistonan will mako 110 ac cotiut of when he tells tho story of the night. Morning lightstho east; dtiwn llush es the sky ; day conies in its full glory ; but the rolutnii does not halt. At last the advance brigttdo turns fiom tho highway, and a humlred little tires for the preparation of eofl'eo tlash up in a inoiueut. Tho water eonies froin a generous brook in the valloy, and how gniteful after tbe iiiteusc huiiger is partly satisfietl it will be to bathe the heatetl faco antl blisteretl feet in the eool streatn ! Vain hopo ! Kven be foro tho collee is made the bugle rings tint it unwelcoine call aml the weary procession is rcsuined. Tho half-matle collee is swallowed 011 tho march or carefully poured into tho canteen. for in inany c-u-es it is the only footl or driuk the soltlier can hope to tasto that uay. ten. .Meatlo has just takeu com uiantl of tlie army, aml by an iuifortu nato chango in the inethotl of issuing rations the haversacks everywhere were oinpty on that day, and the sup ply was very insutlicient for sevenil days after, especially amoiiir the wouml etl. Far out on eithcr flank of the nioving columu the morc ambitious went, searcliing out every dwelling that promised a inouthftil of food, fiml ing here a few cherries, there sonie half-ripened blackberries, and welcom ing wbatver would appease the crav itigs of liunger. Theso men had 110 inoney with which to buy, they coulil otfer ouly a soldier's rudo thanks and a proiniso to Ogbt for the threatened hoines when tho eneiny sboultl bo met; but whatever tho loyal jieoplo coubl sparo was freely liestowed, oftrn to the last eatable niorsel. Yet how small the supply for 10,000 einpty stoiuachs ! FRIDAY, OCTOBER 5, Only tho participant in liko ex periences can realize the misery of the ceaselcss inarch of the long, sultry hours. It was a hot, breathless July day. Tho sun pouretl down with mer ciless, uiibroken hcat, and tho dust tnat rose 111 great lazy clouds from tho highway envelopod inan antl horse, gencnil aml privato alike, iu its all embracing intmtleof torturo. How tho exhausted Itings jianted for one full breath of pnre, cool, freshTiir ! Pant- ett oiny to ho mnckeil by tho bitter, buriiiiig, dust-laden blast that seenied to come from tho luotith of a ftirnace. What wonder tltat the sun-stroke was oiunipresent along the line that strong nien gasped antl staggered and fell, while tho tliick blood btirst forth Iroin iiiouth antl nostnls and the tor- turetl framo was plaectl t lerly in sotno shailed nook by coinrades w'hose visions swani and who trembled 011 the vergo of a like fate. Itut the winding ('oltiiiin never pauseti, lor not tho Iife of one inan but tho life of tho natiou was at stitke that tlav. About midday tho regitnents filetl intrj the fields besitle the road aml the men saitk upon the irrotuitl. '"Make no tires, for there will be 110 time to cook aiiytbing only a few miutttcs for rest," was the instruction as the line hnlted, aml every nionient was tlevoted to the relief of the painful feet aml weary liinbs. All too soon canio the summous to fall in ngnin, aml the men struggled to their feet. They had not realized befoio how tired they were, how sore and still' their litnbs. Froin early morning the boominu aitillery had proclainiod th; work of tleath to be still iu progrcss, aml each hour as the distance lesRenetl the tlntn- der grew lottder. Already the corps was luct-ting tlie tide ol woiiinled has tening with despeiiite energy to the rear that inost di'iiioializiiiir exneri- ence to a body of troops npproai'hiiig a Dattlelieltl. itlt scarcely an excep tion the talo they told was one of tlis- aster to the federal ariuv. "You fel- lows will catch it ; tho whole ariny is sinasheil to pieces !" said niore than one browny ftigitive with a blccding arm or a bamlageil head, glancing over his shoulder as th mgh fearing the ptir suit of a rebel ctiluiiin. Ouly a few miles roniain, aml occasionally through iin opening between the hills what looks to be a white bauk of fog can be seen. It is tlio suiokc thiit hans over the scene of the great contest. There is a sharp hill iu advance over which the pike winds, :ind when its crest is leached the tield will be in view. The word riins back along the line, and what a transforiiiation is wrought ! Gout; now the fatigue, the weariness torgotten ; the blood boumls once uiore in the veins, the niuscles harden, tlie eyes Ihtsh ! Down into the valloy np the sharp ascent beyond, and with ea ger eyes the nien of the titli corps look upon thegreatest hattleot the rebelliou. Yet it is not much that they see. A low range of hights battery-crowned ind partiallv wootled, with masses of soltliers that look like threads of blue tlrawn ;tt hap-hazard across the green of the landM-apc ; a cloutl of suiokc about the batteries at the left, with now antl auon tho white iiutl'of aburst ing shell then they go down the slope, across uock creek, amt ttirn into the lields besido the Haltiinore piko on which they liave been marchiiig. Kest I" is tlie brief aml welconie coin- iiiaml, and they drop 011 tho uiisliaded giouml, glowing with heat, tliough it is. Ileie aml there one, less exhaust ed than his fellows, gathers as inauy antcens as he can carry and starts lor 1 supply of water a prccaiition that mnst not be neglectetl. A canteen of water is tho woumtcd luan's best friend, aml w ho cau tell what the remaining hours of the declining day niiiy have in store i The coluinii proper has halted, imleed, but there is 110 cessa tion of the procession cotuing up the pike. The tliousands wlm have been unable to keep paco with the swiftlx nioving corps throng the liighwav in groups aml niasses, all actuated by a coiuuion inotivo to Iiml their respect- ive eoniuiamls aml (lo their tluty. All too sltort has liecn tho niterval ol rest, when a stall" ollieer dashes tlow n the tiirnpike. There is a lnouiciitarv cousultation, a hurryiiig here aml there ofoitlerlies, then the couiiuaml, sharp aml clear, "Fall iu !" To their feet pting those who a few minutes befoie seenietl helpless froin cxhaustioii. For gotten the pain, ignored the still'ness )f ltinb, lor helii is needed, and never tlid tho o'lli corps tail at tho call of dnty. As by magic the line is foriued, but the march is 110 longer by tho broatl highway ; it is down across the lielils aml thcnce up into the forest towanl Heetrs lnll, where hjickles aml his .'(d corps are in a tleath grapple with the eoiilederates umler Longstreet. How heroically tho nien hold thoir places, as thougli fresh froin a long pcriod of iuactivity. "Doublo-qtiick," is the coinmaml.and away sweeps the coluinii 111 splemlul army, with ntsvera lagging step. "Fix bayonets !" aml with :i dash antl elattor tho cold steel is litted to every niusket, ready for a heatlloiig dash into aml through whatever may oppose, aml already the leatling brig ado is drivitig back the foe. Tlie Seir-IIelplul V01111; Woiii:iii. rhero canio tlown 011 a uortbern train the other day a girl whoso case has a good deal of interest to us all becauso it is tyjiical. Itright and pretty, well educateil and well bred. she canio front a Vermont villago to work 111 a Massachusetts factory, aml her frauk talk to a traveliug compaiiiou fiirnisbed abumhint food for retlection. I have to tako oare of tnyself." she said, "and iu tho place I liveil there was aiMoiutely mitliing rorgirls like me to do except ti:achiug school and sew ing; circumstances prcvented iny teiiching, even if I coultl i;et a school at the stuall pay, and with the needle 1 can liarely keep soul aml liody to gether. So I come here; what else can I lo? If I go to a largo city and havo the good luck to find einployineiit at all it mnst alniost certainly be at very low wages, aml that would niean a cheap boardins-house, chean societv. and a life hardly worth hiiving. I am everywhere at a tlisadvantago because I am a wonian ; it boinetiuies seenis to me that woineu are a supertluity in this worhl altogether. Yes, I know that women who tako care of thein selves aro not infrequently happier inan inose who aro inarneil, but tlie takiug caro is a banl job, and it ought to bo easier. I don't liko to go into a mill aml tlo little stupid work all day long, and I hope in time to Iiml some thing better. but if I were a iuau I coultl fiml soinething now. There is a great wrong ; I won't pretend to say wnat or where it ie, but it is sonie whero." Aud so sho went ou, not in 1883. lainentation or de8i)ontliti!rlv. but iu tleep indignation because she was de- nied an equal cbance 111 tbe strugglo for bread and butter. It was tho old story. Every one with an iicquaintaiico amoiig woinon qf the class imlicatetl wlio etirn thoir nivn living aml Xew Englaml is full of them has heard it in 0110 shane or another time aml again ; the supply of tlie netter class ol temale lieads aml hamls is greatly in excess of anv de- mand, antl so the girl 011 tho train was ablc to fiml a factory eniploying tlozens 01 otliers like lierselt 111 siiuplo inaiiual labor, and her caso is not uulike tliou sands of otliers. It is useless to say that these women ought to becoine servants, for they caiinot aml will not; they will not because of tho social aspect of the case, and caiinot because they are Yiinkees there may be good "hired nien" aml "hired girls" here, but 110 geiiuino Xew Englamler ever niade a good servant, antl it is the scrvant that is tleinundeil. The old hired help has tlisappeared. Of course there are exceptions to tho genenil rule ; inany women can bo fouml with praetically- thO' Baincr-'work utnl-jfuy given to nien of the saine nieutal antl physical capacity, aml thero are imli vitlual woinen ciiough who succced better than iudividuals of the other sex who are their cqtials ; bnt the rule lemaiiis. The actual dilfeienco will be realized by reiiieiubering that the etlti cated inan witliouta fainily who inerely gets a living is thoitght to bo tloittg nothing, whilo tho woman who gains the saine is reckoned tloing well. The ctiuses of the trouble :tro complex enoiigh custoui, prejmlice, social pro prieties and other good reasons, and what not and the remedy caiinot be nanietl oll'-ltaml, nor will it come in a nioiiieut. The best that can be saitl is that the iiiiprovctncut actually made in the last generation prtimises well for the fittuie, antl meantiuie it is a pity that those wlio aro the real suf ferors do not oftener make their com plaints hcard-tSringlield Kepublican. Will Cui-lctoii's I'ooiiis. Xow that it has been tlecided that Will Carleton, tho poet, will lecture iu the cour&e here the coming season,the public will be interested in knowing umler what circunistaiices sonie of tlie poeius were written thiit hiive made his naine a fitiniliar one in every hoiiseholil. A reporter of the Detiver Tribune recenlly asked hini about his poein, "Over the llill to tlie I'oor- hotise," aml Carleton gavo the follow ing history of it : While at. school I was interested in visiting the nlmshouse and chatting with the paupcrs. Aitioug the ac- quaintances I niatle thero were two very worthy old people whoso children had abandoiied them iu their old age. The father told me his story. The de tails weie not, of course, the saine as relatetl 111 tlie poein, but 111 tlieni was the idea afterward elitboititetl. It was puhlishcd iu Harper's Weekly at the tiiue, with illusirtttiotis. Iu two uionths v trientl wroto 1110 thiit tho verses had producetl 011 hini such an elFect tltat he iminediately sent a check for $100 to his parents, whoiu ho thoiight had been by liim too much neglectetl. I have heartl of cases where ietple have been taken out of the poorhouse by penitent cliililreit. Iu this conuectioti. I uiiglit iustanco tho case of an old iuau who tlied a pauperat Clevelautl. When his satchel was opeuctl aml its ineagrti couteiits exainincd, a copy of tho poein was loiiml caiefully rolletl up. Froin these aud uiiuierous otlier aH'octiiitr in- citlents, I believo that tho poent has tlone some gootl. "lietsey aml I Are Out" has eonie back to me at utimer ons times. When stopping at a hotel in a btrge city receiitly, the proprietor came up to ine, aml iu a deiiionstrativo uiauner told ine tltat those verses were the uieatis of leunitiiig hiuiselfaml his wife. IIow 10 Savc Itoys. Woinen who have sonie to rear. and tliead the demoralizing intlueiice of liail associates, says 11 writer iu Appletnu's Joiirual, ought to umletstitml the 11a- ttire ol yoiing niaiiheoil. Itisexces- sively restless. It is disturbed bv vague ambitious, by thirst foraction, by longiiigs for exritcmcnt, by irro pressible tlesites to touch lifo iu niani Ibld witys. If you, uiothers, rear your sons so that their hoiues aro associated with the lepiession of uatural iustincts. you will be sure to throw them in tlie societ. that. 111 soiue ineasiire can sup ply tlio neeil ol thoir liearts. I hey will notyo to the public houses at lirst. for love of liquor very few people liko tho tnsle of liquor; they go for the aiiiinuk'd aml hilariouscoiiiti.iuioii- ship thoy Iiml thero, which they tlis cover does so much to repres the ilis- tiirlnng rostlessiioss 111 thoir bteasts. .See to it, then, their hoines compete with iniblie places in attractiveness. Opoii your blimls by day antl light iiiigiiMires at uigltt. Illiiiniiiiite your rooms. llaii; iiicturos ttiioii your walls. I'ttt books and uewspapcrs upon yourtitbles. Ilave niiisic and en- tertaining games. lianish tlemons of ilulluessaml apabty that havo so long ruled iu your hoiiseliobl, iiml britig iu mirtli aml gootl clieer. Inveiit occitpii- tious for your sons. .Stiiunlate their uiibitiotis in worthv tliiectious. While you niiike I101110 theit delight, lill them with higher piiliio-.es than mere pleas- ure. Whether tliov sball pass boyhood :iml enter upon uiaiihood with relined tastes and nohlc ambitious tlepemls ou you. lielieve it possible that, with xertion and right nieaus, it mothcr iiiay havo niore coutiol over the tlestiny il her boys tliiiu any otlier lnllueuce whatever. Oi'iticisiii of .llodoi'ii Scliools. An editorial writer in the Bolton I'raveller hiis this to sav in criticism ofthe inoderu school: We niise tho piestiou whether inoderu reforuiers iu school methods, who aro doiug good work iu many ilirections, aro not 111 reality weiikening their caiiie by Iack of apprcciation of the necessity of keen, vigorous nieutal exercise. Thero is too uiticli truth in the criticisius cou tinually coming to the surftico aml calling in questiou the stiperiority of the moileru school over the regiine that it has supplutitcd. Wchavo moro systein, better uicthods of instruction, moro anumlaiit tipphances lor lilustra tion, greater faeilities for referring them to books of oxhaustless resetirch, longer school years, aml inlinitely more ittractive school litenituro; yet thero aro inany schools in which thero is al niost entircly wantni" that mental ex ercise which distiiiguished tlie country school of other days, and we do not hesitato to aflirin that tho iuau stamls a better clianco iu life's conllict whoso school life was emineut for brisk nieu tal exercise than the inan who was more niethotlicnlly antl artistically tanght. Criticisius of the old niontal arithmetic o.vercises, ou the giouml that tho prnhloms wero pnzzles and therefore setiseless, have driven that study, pnicticiilly, out of the moderti school. The truth is that many a inan owes his inature mental vigor to his early wrestling with Warren Colbiirn's pioblems. We niust have more aml lietter mental exercise than is fiirnislied by some of onr theories and theotists. or the nien made from the boys of to d;iy will fall before the stamlard in intellectual mauhood, and the free scliool systein of America will be broiight into tlisrepute. There is nothing in tho moderu systein of edu eation thiit necds to eventuato in lack of ineiitiil power, but it is clearly iu tlanger of doiug so as tho high-school work of yonth taught uiitler inoderu systeins, is rapitlly proving. I'owl aud I'otalo Ciiltui'C. The Williainstow'n correspomb'iit ol the Wati'hman says thiit a boy iu his teens was given a land grant oi" forty live rods. IIo experinieuted with jihi'is phate. Fiom a low 011 which 110 phos lihilte was used he took lifly-one and one-half pottmls of potatoes. Froin an iid.joiuiiig one, 011 which he used one half spoonfitl to the hill (the weight being one iiml one-half pounds phos phate in the row), he got seventy-four and tiiie-foiirth ioumls of potatot-s. From iinother row close by, in which he lwcd :i spooiiful of phophitte to a hill, he got eighty-si pounds of pota toes. Compaiiiig this with tho lirst meiitioneil row it is seen thiit llireo pounds of phosphate giive au increase of thirty -foitr itml otie-h:ilf pounds of potatot-s. Tlio Times tells what a Hellows Falls 11:111 has dono with Laugshan fowls. Iteccntly he shipped a trio to Oaklaml, Calil'ornia, for which he receivotl $2T. The next day he shipped twelve fowls to Fitchburg, Mass., iiml another trio .to X'ew Jersey, and three trios are to he sent to Texas on the liith of this iiiouth, where they will be 011 exhibi tion at the Texas state fair at Austin and where there is 110 doubt of their sale al .7.". These birds aie womler ftilly hiirdy and proditctive. A pttllet which was hatched tho ;M day of June, Ii?rt2, began to la.y-about tho l.lth of October last, iiml did not niiss over tliree tlays up to the uiotith of .May last, when she began to set antl was kept iit that work nine weeks, iluring which she hutchcd threo btoods of chicks aml began to lay again in two weeks after the last brootl was hatched. The first broods were ditced with otlier Iiens, as he inakes one hen do duty for forty or lifty chicks. 'I'raiiiln Aiiinials. The mnst succt:ssfiil way of tiiiiniiig an anima! is to begin with it when quito yoiing. Two things shoulil supple inent ii knowlcdge of the way to train kinduess and decision ; theso are es scutials. Many thiit havo been raisetl to haudle animals all their lives have but a very poor itlea of the extent to which aiiinials c;in be traincd, render ing them far more vuluahlc iiml siife. Those who havo watched tho perforiu ances of trick anitiiiils in shows shoulil be led to believo tltat. animals can as well be traim-d for greater lisefulness iis they can to pcifoim tricks for shows. The trouble is that the avoruge 111:111 does not see the benelit of trniiiiug his tltinib animals for lisefulness or safety, aml they tlo not as a general thing give the brtites credit for tho powers of coinpieh eiision that tluty are entitletl to. It is just. as well to liave a tract iible, safe aninial as to havo a wild, vicious one, if you will coiiiuience to train them when yoiing aml will exer cise the patienee ieiiiitc to nccoin plish the tlesired eml ; aud if this is true iu refeience to the horse, it is iilso true in refeience to the cow. Cows Ciiu be traincd to come to a certain place iiml rcuiaiu ipiietly to be milketl, as well as not ; aiiinials aro iiaturally attachcd to inan, and nftcr once being haudled iuo only reudeied wiltl iiml stiibboru by iinkimlness aud roitgh usiige. ('oiiiinence with your aiiinials when (iiili; yoiing :iml train them to tlo ju-t. what you wisli them to do. Exer cise kiiidiiess iiml pnticnco antl you will suiely sitcceed. Texas paper. A I'lyiiiur iTI:ioIiiuo. 11. X Linlield, the invenlor of a lly ing machiiie, has I'ouducteil an oxpori uieiit with his inveutioii betweeu ( oin brook aud West Draytou, Elighiml. Tlie iipparatus, which is described as a steam-siiiling iiiacliinc, is coustructed of light wood, iiml is shapctl like the framo of a foiir-wheeletl carriago, with ti'o largo wheels iu front :iml two suinll ones behiml. Motivo powitr is to be obtiiined by steam, which will work a nine-bladcd scrow, and the inventor's idea is to piopel the niachiue 13- steam 011 la'nd iiutil it itttiiins a speed of tliirty or thiity-livo niiles, a velority which Iu; ciilculates will bo sullicieiil to lil'l. tlii: machine into tlio nir, when it will be navigiiled by tiieans of the Siiils vltli which itis litted. Fiom the lesult of his cxpci iiiiciit he is coiilidetil that it is possible to lly in the nir at the hightofii mile. I!y the perniissiou of tlie Gicat Western railwiiy conipiiii the experimt'iit. was made ou the newly liirished portion of tho railway to Staines, bidweeu Coinbrook iiml West Drayton, iiml tho invenlor was accoin panii'd by Mr. Ttevithick, the locotuo tive silperiutemleiit of tlie coiupany at I'adiliugtou. The machiiie was placcd 011 a truck iiml connected with an en gino, whence the steam was deiived, aml the ge:iring was inaiiipiilated fiom another truck. The opcrator succeed ed iu gettiug the iiiiieliiuo lifled from the truck into the nir, aml oxpiessed himself fully satislicd with the result ofthe trial." Itraiii-M'ork aml I'ooil. The notiou that those who woik ouly with their hrniu neeil less food than those who labor with their hamls, says tho lioston Joiirual of Cheinistry, has long been proveil to be fallai:ious. Mental labor cnuscs greater wasto of tissue than iniiscular. Accoidiii'r to carelill estimates, tliree hours Itai (I i study wear out the body moie than a ! wholodav of haid physical exeition. " ithout phosphortis, 110 thoiight," is a ueriuan saying ; aml tlie coiisiiiiip- .r;Mlljnfr . tioil of that esseiltial illgretliellt of;" Uv. on, Lucy t Tbe ann U In the akv. tho braiii iucreases iu proportiou to the .111101111 1 of labor which thisorgan is re quircd to perforin. Tho wear and tear of the brain aio easily measiired by , careful exatniuatioii of tho sall.s iu the , liquid oxcietious. Tho iniortauco of VOLTJME 47 NTJMIJEll 2410. th brain as a workiug orgait is show 11 by tho iimotiut of blood it receives, which is proportionaioly greater thau that of any other paa of tlio body. One-lifth ofthe blood goes to the braiii, thongh its aveiiige weight is only one fortieth of that ofthe body. This fact alone would bo sullicieiil 'lo provo that bi-iiin-workers require moro footl, aml even better food, than meclianics or fiiriu laborers. ICoston's Cl'ooki'il Sli'oi'ts. In Moscs King's tlictionary of lioston, Kev. I)r. Ellis thtis spe:tks of a nolable feiituro of the city: Sonie :iinong ns have laid up it grutlge against. tho fa thers for iillowing their cattle to be the origiual Iayers-out of the streets. Yet we shoulil not be incousiilerate of the -fact. that, tliough our tlioroughfares aio crooked aml narrow, probably through our short-ciits, lanesaml foot pass:iges, a liirger proportinn of onr valnalile land s4irlaco is aviiilablo for goiug from placo to pliice, especially for those lo the iiiiiiiuer born, thau iu any otlier old miiuicipality iu the country, espe cially tho cities which aro divided into i)itarerfninl blocIvivith tlnu still' uui fonnity of a chcckcr-boaril. When those iu Koston who aro now old nien weie boys, if thej weie asked by a stiiinger iu the streets to 'tlirect hini to iiny pliice, it was gencrally fouml uioie couveiiieiit, if one coultl possibly spaie the tiiue, to accompauy hiiit to it by short-c.uts than to direct hini. I'rob ably moro moiiey iiml lalior have bceu spcnt upon tho territoriiil surfaco of Itoston than upon the surlaces of all llie otlier old cities of tht; Uuioii. ,ot'liiru:il Tr;ivi!l, A St. Albiins 111:111 has been niiiking a calcnlation about how far a persoii travols tluring sleeping hours. This is tho way he tigtiies it: He limls by calcnlation 011 0110 of our locoino tive tlrivers that the gieatest velocity of rotntiou alloualile (keepiug th'e strain tlue to the cetitrifugal i'oico iu side tho liiuit of safety, per sqiuue inch 011 the steel tiro) gives a velocity of 1S8 niiles per hour, antl any incicuso of velocity would pass tho ilanger line. Takiug the ailhesivc strength of tho tiro up to tho actual point, of rupttire, tho velocity would be about six I11111 tlied miles per hour. Xow the rota tion of tho earth is iu the latitude of St. Alhaiis about eloven niiles per miutite, 01- miles per hour, aml its auutiiil uieiiii velocity iu its orbit is 118,000 miles per hour, or I l.'l'l miles per miiiute, so thiit every night when wo get eight hours sleep wo have takeu passage 011 this gieat sleeping c.-ir, tho globe, for a trip tliroiigh space of ,rl I,- 000 miles, with no jar or sloppage, 011 the sweep of one gteat oiirve, lit up by coiinthiss stars aml swiirnis of nietcors, our only comluctoraiid siiiieriiiteuilent, God. N'obotly has yet veiituretl to oxplaiu why there is 110 cntrauce to tho new I'hilitdelphia postollico 011 Clieslnut street, but lueautiine it has been dis coveled thiit theie is 110110 011 Maikef street, aml theie is coiuiitg to be much wonder expressetl thiit tlio nrchitcc.t ditl not forget to put an entrance ou Xinth street. There is, howevt:r, a ciipacious rear exit to a ueighboiing restauriiut, which the Laucastcr lutel ligencer tliinks is evidenco that the aichitect was not eutiiely out of his iniud when ho made his plaus. iV Sliyloi'k." A day or two itgo a 111:111 who was at tlio Central tlepot to lake a train snd deuly crietl out that sirnie 0110 had stoleu his Vitlise, aml he began such a hullabaloo that everybody liail to bo inteiesleil. "I sot that '010 satchel right tlown thar' and sleppetl to the door,' bo e plained to Ollicer Ittittou, "aml whon 1 returiietl it was gone."' "Well, you shoulil have been curcfitl. Wo aro not. tesponsible for such losses." "You ain't, eli ? Whar's tho piesi tleiiti" "Out of tho city, sir." "Whar's the gincral uiiiuager J" "Ilo's sick abeil." "Whai's tho silpeiilitemlenl.?" "Won't be heie till foiir o'elock." "Wiill, now soniebody's got. lo mako gooil that loss, or about half a tlo.eu men will go to the hospilal for six uionths apiece !" "What was tho valiif?" "Fifty tlollars aml not. a cent less." "What weie the coulcuts V "I had twelve sliiils, :i new suit of clothi'S, iin overcoat aml lots of other things." "Was it ii earpot sack !" "Sh; was." "One handle gone aml tho lock bioken ?" "Yes, 0110 hamlle was gone iiml I hatl her tied'with a stiing." "Is this it !" asked the ollicer, as ho took "tlie baggago oll a beiicli not six feet away. "(Jieatsnakes! that'sher!" ehiickled tlio ow ncr. In liamling it to liim the striug bioke, the bag llew open, aml out rolletl two old shiits, a pair of socks aud live or six paier collars all Iheie was iu it. "Then theso aro the iliuls you waut etl .?."() for?" qucried the ollicer. "No, sir!" was the iiiiligtiaul leply. "I shoulil have takeu tho inoney for loss of time iiml dainage to iny feelings. 1'in 110 .Shy lock, sir !"- Hetioit Fteo Sqnilis. "What reinai Ualile iiight-gowtis weie woin iu the eaily tbiys of Eng bind," Jones temarkeil as ho si rulinizi il the armor. "Xiglit-gowns T " I ex elaimeil in surprise. "Cei tainly," said .loiies, "don't you see they weie only put 011 kuights f Ciiiciiinati Satur day Xight. A Jiatent medii-ine maiinfacliiier died iu Xew York last week. Ilefore he ilieil his friemls asked liim how lie woilltl like to be buried. He had just strength left to say, "Insert. tno lop of foluiiiu next to reading niatter lilly two times electro by mail," iiml tlieu he closetl his eyes and pas-ctl iiwiy to that botirn whero theio aro 110 omis sions or wiong iusertiolts. A very slight error of fact or pmctico will soinetimes result in a serions mis take. This was leceutly illustrated iu a school iu lioston, wheiea pupil who hatl lieeii impiessetl with tht; foicn aml valiM' of aloiiltlt; lctt-r in "r,,,.," ,!,. ni,i,. silrli as "tloilble lieel," etc. Wilrt ciln(.,i ,, u rt.ad that t.iiiching .., Cxhoi Uitory to early rising, be- Surprise, which soon gavo way to hi larily, was occaHiouetl when tho pupil eatl tlie line: "Double up, Luc.v ! the sun is iu tho sky," thus ii vinjr it a sit iiiticiiuce by 110 meaus conlemplaleil by the poet.