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St. Johnsbury Caledonian. [volume] (St. Johnsbury, Vt.) 1867-1919, November 29, 1888, Image 2

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at. .Johnsbary, Vt, Thamdaf, Nov. 29, 1888.
For the Caledonian.
Are Women Interested In Science 't
In times past tliia question would
Lave startled and amazed humanity.
Just a little war back in the pasta
woman would have been called insane
who dared have an opinion of her own
on political or religious affairs. The
old dogmas, born of the ignorance and
superstition of dark ages, were mys
teries unfathomable and unnuestion
able to her. Every avenue wag closed
which might lead to her elevation and
advancement. Her physical condition
was that of a menial, and she was men
tally shrouded in gloom. The datk
uefcH of night enveloped her on every
side. The chains which bound her iu
relentless slavery were welded with
tears and suffering that met with no
sympathy, no encouraging words. No
ray ot light penetrated the gloom. No
hope or future relief could she see,
naught but one long dark night of woe
and denpair.
Jiut the march of progress which
cannot be stayed has brought a change
to woman. The chains that bound her
are severed. The shadows are fleeing
from her pathway, and she is awaken
ing from her forced slumbers to drink
in the sacred inspiration of liberty and
wisdom. She is rapidly emerging
from her dark and dreary confinement
to enjoy the blissful lays of light and
The gloom of benighted centuries is
vanishing in the distance, and the
grand and beautiful truths of life
are gradually unfolding her- mental
vision, and she begins to realize her
own individuality, her wants and pow
ers. And the woman of today is being
born again into a giauder plane of ex
istence, and is each day becoming more
able to grasp and utilize the great
truths of her being to her advantage,
and is constantly giving to the world
those rare thoughts and deeds of love
and wisdom which elevate humanity.
And when the question is asked today
"Is woman interested iu ecience?" we
have only to point to the glorious
achievements won through her keen
intuition, and her ability to investi
gate beyond the surface of things.
loday her scientihc investigations
have become the corner stone for the
upbuilding of mighty theories that
shall revolutionize the world. Her
fine perceptions of truth aud right are
not of slow growth, but come to her
instinctively, and she -stands shoulder
to shoulder with her brother man in
the pursuit of science, art and litera
ture. The world is now looking at
woman with that respect and admira
tion which she has so nobly earned, a
respect tor which she has fought long
and arduously, and her inborn love for
scieutitic research has raised her above
her ray less night of discouragement
and sorrow, and she now realizes her
own individuality, and firmly walks to
the front to assert her convictions of
truth, never more to be enslaved by
error and bigotry. Her path is onward
and upward, aud the thorus that pierc
ed her feet in the past have forced her
into the light of scientific knowledge,
Theie is a halo of glory surrounding
her pa tli way that ignorance cau never
more dispel, and she is rapidly show
ing to the world her ability to cope
with the momentous questions of the
day whether scieutitic, political or re
ligious. Mrs. Laitica Cummings,
Ea.st Hardwick, Vt.
Ancient Thanksgiving Days.
Novetnlier Table Talk.
Thanksgiving day was suggested,
uououess, oy mo neorew least oi tne
tabernacles, or " feast of ingathering
at the end of the year." Its history iu
America uegins as early as n:ii. l lie
occasional observance of such a day,
formally recommended by the civil
authorities, was not unusual in Europe
at an earlier date. In Holland the first
anniversary of the deliverance of the
city of Leyden from the siege, October
y, 1575, was kept as a religious festival
oi inauKsgi ving ami praise, in tne
English church service, the fifth of
November is so celebrated, iu com
memoration oi tne uiscovery ot the
gunpowder plot.
One of the most remarkable Thanks
giving customs on record prevailed in
Southampton aud Easthampton, Loug
island. Montauk Point, which con
sists of !,(MM) acres, was owned by
numerous proprietors in these towns,
and used as a common pasturage for
stock. The time of driving the herds
home to winter was fixed at a meetin.
hy the town council, "and it came,
says the historian, "to be a rule from
the period beyond which the memory
of man runneth not, that the Thursday
ot the week following the return of the
cattle from Montauk should be observ
ed as a day of thanksgiving."
At an early period of New England
History, certain periods ot prosperity
were often made the occasions of pub
lic thanksgivings, or feasts, and often
a day of fasting and prayer was turn
ed into a day of thanksgiving by what
seemed an immediate answer to their
1 I a .
prayers, i ernaps, to recall to our
minds that first Thanksgiving of the
Pilgrim Fathers may put us to the
blush. Often on this day have I heard
such remarks as "I have no thanks to
give: I have nothing for which to be
thankful," from lips that it would seem
might have had a life s work in fram
ing words of praise and gratitude, so
blessed were they in the health of
themselves and their dear ones, while
lor some fancied trouble this great
good was quite ovei -looked.
French Canadians In New Kngland.
American Magazine.
. t , . ...
no men need wouuer at the pre
diction of an able New England statis
tician, that before the end of the first
quarter of the next century that the
f rench Canadians in the New England
states will outnumber the Anglo-Saxon
population. hy, we have in them
already considerably more than En
gland conquered iu Canada, with tliou-
sauds coining yearly from Quebec to
join them. ith such extraordinary
progress achieved under so many dis
advantages, the above prediction is far
from improbable. The social philoso
pher aud American patriot cau find
abundant food for speculation iu the
fact that against the Yankee family of
one or two children, and olten none,
the French Canadian will count his
flock of from half a dozen to a dozen
and a half. And the Anglo-Saxon
will doubtless continue to "go west1
to a large extent, while the French Ca
nadian will, probably maintain and in
crease the movement to the southeast.
So we shall have history repeating it
self. V e shall see the Normans over
running and taking possession of
another England by the worthy and
beneficient arts of peace, and the ju
dicious employment of manners and
powers which have enabled this peo
ple, from insignificant beginnings, un
der most unfavorable and discouraging
circumstances, to build one vigorous
slate in North America within a cen
tury, and then undertake the rapid
formation of another.
Who Cam and What They Did.
Lucretia P. Hale in Good Housekeeping.
"I wish we could have a Thanksgiv
ing party ourselves," said Elizabeth
Eliza, "everybody else has one, and it
seems so stupid not to have our own."
"But you know," said Mrs. Peterkin,
"that we are always invited to Ann
Maria IsromwicksT"
"And we always have a good dinner
there,77 said Mr. 1'eterkin.
"I always eat some of each kind of
pie there," said Solomon John.
"And they never object to it," said
Agamemnon, "but instead they urge
"They expect it, .it is the regular
thing for Thankegivincr,7' said one of
the little boys.
"btill it is the custom, said
betli Eliza, "for everybody to
their family to Thanksgiving,
we are not of the Brom wick
and it does not seem to me quite right
that we should not have our own fam
ily party."
"But, said Agamemnon, "if every
body had a family-party, who would
there be to go to the family parties T"
1 his was a difficult question. How
did other people manage it f
1 lie Bromwicks had not a very large
family of their own, so they could in
vito all the Feterkin family to their
Thanksgiving dinner, and had been
glad to do so for a number of years.
" 1 hey had two side-tables the last
year," said Elizabeth Eliza, "because
they had their grandmother and cous
ins on from the West."
Yes, the little boys had been placed
at one of the side-tables, and had a
separate turkey, and separate pies.
"We had individual pies," said the
little boys in an explanatory chorus.
"Ann Maria told me she expected
their grandmother and cousins this
year, and an uncle and his family from
ermont," said Elizabeth 1,1 iza.
"It really seems as if we ought to
have our own family party," said Mr.
"We ought to have chicken pie be
sides the roast turkey," said Mrs. Pe-
And oysters, too," exclaimed
little boys, "we had oysters at
Bromwicks' last year."
"1 think oysters are a little of an in
novation," said .Mr. Feterkin.
"It depends on how mauy we have,"
said Elizabeth Eliza.
"My mother always had pumpkin
pie," said Mrs. Feterkin. "If wo have
a Thanksgiving dinner of our own, I
should prefer pumpkin pie."
"Pumpkin pie seems the national
thing," said Mr. Peterkin, "still we al
ways had squash pie for our Thanks
gifiug, aud I am not sure but squash
is as truly 'New England7 as pumpkin."
"I think pumpkin is more Connecti
cut," said Mrs. Peterkin, "and our an
cestors on both sides came from Con
necticut." "Both is as good as one," exclaimed
the little boys.
"I really do not see why we shall
not have both," said Elizabeth Eliza,
iu a conciliatory manner, aud so this
matter was decided.
"Then we ought to have doughnuts
in the morning before going to church,"
said Agamemnon.
This had always been one of the
vexed Thanksgiving questions iu the
Peterkin family.
When Mr. Peterkin was a boy, it
had been the custom iu his family to
furnish doughnuts iu the mornini; be-
fore going to church or "to meeting,"
as the phrase went.
Mrs. Peterkin had never smiled upon
the institution. She had been brought
up to the plan of saving the appetite
for the Thanksgiving dinner, and
would never allow even a luncheon on
that day.
But as they were now instituting
their own Thanksgiving day, she
yielded to the argument that thev
ought to take iu all the family customs
of both sides of the house, and she
granted the early doughnuts, especial
ly as tuey were liKeiy to nave dinner
as late as half past two.
Agamemnon had been thinking dur
ing this last discussion.
"I do not yet see," he said, "how it
is. It every family has a Ihanksgiv-
mg dinner, how is it that any are left
to go to Thanksgiving dinners ? And
yet we see that Thanksgiving dinner
parties are very large, so that they
have to have side-tables as at the
Bromwicks' V
"Yes," said Solomon John, "and this
uncle aud aunt who are coming to the
Bromwicks' this year why do not
they have their Thanksgiving in Ver
inont, and then they would not be
coming here to take up room at the
Bromwicks' tablet or why does not the
grandmother fiom out West, go to the
uncle and aunt iu Vermont, instead ot
coming here to the Bromwicks'?"
mi- . i is t . . . .
i uis was a uimcuic question. II tne
Bromwicks had a family party, why
did not they a-ik their relations T On
the other hand, why did not the Peter-
kius ask the Bromwicks?"
"I never thought of the question in
that way before," said Elizabeth Eliza.
"The Bromwicks used to ask us, as
they said, they were a small family
aud they wanted to make out a large
party tor their thanksgiving. I do
not see why it should not have worked
A. I . J. I
me oiner way. liecause we are a
lar-rer family, we niirht have invited
the Bromwicks."
"I am thankful it did not work so,"
said Mrs.- Peterkin, "for Mrs. Brom
wick is so particular, I know she would
have wanted something else in the
mince pie."
1 Ii is brought up the question of
mince pie.
"Should they have citron in, and ci
der and cinnamon and mace and cloves
:tnd allspice ?"
Solomon John and the little boys
were ot opinion that all kinds of spice
ought to be put into their mince pies,
indeed everything that ever was put
nto a mince pie.
Agamemnon thought they ought to
take the recipes for mince pie of the
gram! mothers on each side and make
a combination of the two,
Mrs. Peterkin thought their recular
family recipe was as good as could be
found, and she was sure nobody had
ever objected to her mince pies.
cuzaoeiu n.uza said tnere was time to
i ' i - i . . . ....
look up all the back Good Housekeep
ings, and ehe thought they might com
pare tneir regular family recipe with
the most satisfactory of the Good
Housekeeping recipes and select the
"We might try them all before
rhanksgiving," sus-rested Solomon
John, "and then we can certainly tell
wnicn is tne best."
The little boys favored this plan.
It was fortunate indeed that the Pe-
terkins began so early, for it was nec
essary to consider every dish that was
suggested, and Elizabeth Eliza made
out a list of the different things that
would be required.
I can ask Ann Maria what Bhe has
been in the habit of having," said
Elizabeth Eliza. "I do not think that
we care to copy exactly their Thanks
giving dinners this is to be our din
ner only I want to make sure that we
have everything right,7'
So it was, that some weeks before
Thanksgiving week, indeed before
the governor bad proclaimed the day
I on which it was to be celebrated, the
Peterkins had arrauged what they
were to have for dinner and how it
was to be served, and that it should be
at half past two in order to give time
for an appetite. The little boys had
begged that there might be a side-table
for them, but Mrs. Peterkin was
not sure that she could grant an "iu
dividual" turkey for their table. She
thought better to have one large
eighteen-pouna turkey to be carved
bv Mr. Peterkin himself. She had or
dered this already, a real Rhode Island
tnrkev ; she hoped it was one of the
very turkeys she had seen feeding on a
rich farm on the Rhode Island shore
last summer.
But there came up a difficult ques
tion, that threatened to break up the
whole plan and could they consent
to break up their plan T
Mrs. Feterkin had ordered not only
the turkey, but her chickens, her
pumpkins, squashes, all her vegeta
bles, there was a special head of eel
ery crowing for her, which the little
boys visited every day. She had even
laid in her nuts aud raisins, aud the
little boys had the promise of cracking
the nuts. I ho citron was bought, in
case thev should decide to use citron
in the mince pie, the tongue and the
ham were ordered, and the currants
were concealed on an upper shelf of the
kitchen closet.
But a serious trouble suddenly pre
sen ted itself.
ihey had no family! Who was
there whom they could invito? Of
course there were a great many out
side people they could ask, but their
object was to start with a background
ot a family party. Now how could
they do this without a family ?
Mr. Peterkin had a family tree. His
name went back to ancestors in Eng
land and Scotland of well-known fam
ilies there, and he knew well that the
Peterses, the Petersons, the Pitkms all
claimed relationship with him. It was
a large family with mauy complica
tions. But these were all distant rein
tives whom he had never seen. In his
own personal lamuy tnere was not
even a grandmother ! There was an
old graudaunt who lived with au elder
brother ot Mr. Peterkin, in Alaska.
But they could not 6end for the brother
at such a distance, and he was laid up
with rheumatism, and Mr. Peterkin
had not seen him for years. He had
no family but one married daughter
living with him. The grandauut, too,
had been many years lame, and with
difficulty had been taken to Alaska and
had never left her nephew's house since
she reached it.
"But why have we not au uncle and
aunt in Vermont," asked Agamemnon,
"people generally do have one. It
seems singular that we have so many
relatives in England and Scotland and
none in Vermont, or New Hampshire
or Connecticut?"
There had been an Aunt Eliza on
her mother's side, and an Aunt Eliza
beth on her father's, for whom Eliza
beth Eliza had been named, but Aunt
Elizabeth had died in infancy and
Aunt Eliza was living in Texas on a I
ranch, with a married son. He had,
to be sure, a large family, but none of
them had ever come East, besides
Aunt Eliza's address had been lost the
last time the family moved. Mrs. Pe
terkin was sure that the last letter from
Texas had been put in a certain draw
er, but the men had changed all the
drawers when they moved the book
case, and they never could find that
address, and how could they write
when tluiy didn't know where to write
All this took place, of course, before
the l'eterkiu family went abroad, as
everybody knows they did. Mr. Fe
terkin had always planned, when he
did go to Europe, to look up these re
lations iu England and Scotland. But
it is well known that the Peterkin
family went first to Egypt, aud that
afterwards they became hopelessly
scattered, so that whether they could
ever again have an invited family of
only its own members, is very much to
bo doubted. Mr. and Mrs. Feterkin
were last heard of in Kamschatka,
Elizabeth Eliza and her husband in Si
beria, Agamemnon in Madagascar, Sol
onion John, perhaps, a victim to the
Bulgarian revolution, and the little
boys, one knows not where.
But of course no suspicion of all this
dawned at this time on the Peterkin
family. If it could have been suspect
ed it might have quelled any desire for
a Thanksgiving party, or any wish for
traveling abroad.
"After we return from Europe,"
said Mr. -Peterkin, "we shall be in a
condition to invite our English and
Scotch relations, but we can hardly do
it now, since we do not know where
they are."
"1 am afraid we snail nave to give
it all up," said Mr. Peterkin, "how can
we give a family dinner, if we have no
family to invite ?"
"We can't give it up," said Mrs. Pe
terkin, "for we have all the things."
"We in i tr lit eat tliein in tune," sug
gested the little boys.
"But we have declined the Brom
wicks' invitation," said Elizabeth Eliza
"I told them that we were going to
have a large family dinner-party, and
1 think she has invited other guests in
our place."
"If we could only. have the lady from
rMuladelphia, aud her family! ex
claimed Mrs. Feterkin.
But the lady from I'uiladelphia was
going to Bpend the winter in Italy.
She had not, however, yet left, and
they wrote to explain their predica
She had time for only a hurried
"It is singular," she replied, "that
you have none of your own name aud
blood to invite. I am constantly
meeting with those who claim that
they are 'just like the Peterkius', and
must beot their family."
"What docs she mean," exclaimed
Mrs. Feterkin. "If she would only
send us their names, we might invite
1 suppose she had not time tor a
list," exclaimed Elizabeth Eliza.
They took the note to Ann Maria.
"If we could only find out who these
people are, we might write them," said
Mr. Feterkin.
Ann Maria took the letter and show
ed it to friends, the friends showed it
to other friends.
The week before
Thanksgiving the
with letters and
house was flooded
"Are we of your family ?" was the
question in each one, and then follow
ed the history of some Peterkins inci
dent, that the Peterkins themselves
recognized as their own.
One was signed "E. E." "My fami
ly have always called me 'Elizabeth
Eliza,' the writer went on, because I so
resemble her." Others declared them
selves to be the true Agamemnon, or
Solomon John, while every fanily had
its train of "little boys."
In return for these notes, where they
could, the Peterkins sent invitations
to their family party, and some ans
wers of acceptance came, but they
could form no idea how many to ex
But when the day came, and the
dinner hour, there was a regular ova
tion ! Crowds of guests came. Many
of them had brought their own dinner.
h ruit, vegetables, flowers, tongue.
hams, mince pies appeared, heaped in
baskets. One party brought a flag in
scribed, "We, too, are Peterkius !" and
the rest were glad to assemble beneath
the banner.
The guests proposed not to stay
"We are a polite family," they ex
claimed, "a true Feterkin does not
"A true Peterkin always wants to
know how to do the right thing if he
can find out what that is," said anoth
er, "and likes to do what other people
do. Now we have never been to
similar occasion, and we do not know
whether to go or stay !"
"Stay, oh, stay, of course," said Mr,
Peterkin, hospitably. A Peterkin turns
away no one of his family."
By this time three tables were laid
in the dining-room, two iu the entry
two in the parlors even the kitchen
was filled.
How thankful l am we made so
large a preparation !" said Mrs. Peter
r or every body stayed.
Pennsylvania's Petroleum Supply (jiv
ing Out.
The great oil fields of Pennsylvania
are being rapidly exhausted, writes
St. Louis Globe correspondent from
Bradford, Pa. 1 his fact is now very
apparent to practical operators, and
extraordinary efforts are being made to
find new fields, but the best informed
men engaged in the industry are no-
hopeful of the results. The great pe
troleum basin seems to be going, as
did the rich Comstock lode. The daily
production of the Pennsylvania and
New York fields has fallen from H0,
000 barrels a day, the maximum, to
43.0(H) barrels. In these figures the
Ohio field is not considered, as Ohio
oil is now regarded only as fuel oil,
and therefore does not come into com
petition with the Pennsylvania pro
duct. In Pennsylvania and New
York 00,000 wells have been drilled
Of this number about 40,000 were pro
ductive and the rest dry. These wells
have exhausted hundreds of thousands
of acres of territory. The wonderful
Bradford field, that produced 140,000,
000 barrels of oil, is now practically
drained. Thousands of wells iu the
Bradford region have been abandoned
entirely, the tubing and casing pulled
out of them, and the wells plugged
The bonanza fields along Oil Creek,
that once astonished the world, are
dry, or nearly so. Where wells were
found that produced thousands of bar
rels a day. a well that will yield five
barrels a day is uow considered a good
le. while, thousands of acres ot tins
old territory is absolutely worthless
for oil purposes, aud is being slowly
eclaimed for agricultural purposes.
The probabilities of finding another oil
field have been greatly lessened by the
universal explorations that have been
made for natural gas. There are few
important towns in the West that have
not drilled horn one to tour wells, in
the hope of finding gas, and each of
these wells, whether it found gas or
not, has condemned the territory tor
oil. If none of the 500 wells now drill
ing find a rich spot, it will then become
a serious question with on drillers
where they shall turn to find the pro
duct so much sought after as an illu-
Fighting Indians with Roman Candles
A travelling ageiit tells an Omaha
reporter the following story :
About eight years ago I carried a
pack of novelties, such as you fre
queutly see exhibited on the street
corners and presided over by a sun
burned Italian. With another man
and a young fellow of eighteen, I trav
eled through Kansas to the Colorado
Hue, selling and trading our wares to
the Indians for anything marketable iu
the cities. About the time of our ar
rival iu the western part of Kansas the
memorable outbreak was terrorizing
the country. From the South and
West came reports of the terrible out
rages perpetrated by the Indians and
greasers. I felt considerable solicitude
concerning the safety of my little par
ty, and took extra precautions to find
secluded spots when camping. After
a long, hard day s tramp, we encamped
for the night in one of those small can
ons in western Ivausas. It was an ex
cellent place, too. Our backs were
effectually protected by a natural cave
in the side of the bank, the entrauce
to which was concealed by brush and
tall grass.
Sam, the boy ot the party, was au
unusually bright fellow, and very fa
miliar with the tactics of Indian war
fare. Just before lying down I no
ticed him untying a good-sized bundle
of sticks, resembling short broom han
dles, lie placed them withm easy
reach and tumbled down to sleep. I
had also noticed him fumbling around
the bushes a short time before, but
didn't pay much attention to his
actious. I don't know how long we
had slept, when wo were awakened by
Sam shaking us slightly and whisper
ing :
"Be quick, now. I ho Indians are
getting ready to slip in on us."
By this time wo were both wide
awake and ready with our rifles.
"Listen," whispered Sam. "Hear
the dirty scamps slipping up? Put
down the rifles. I've got something
Ho handed us each four of the sticks
mentioned, remarking :
" 1 hem's Roman candles. I've got
a pile of whoppers, and 1 think we can
scare these scamps clean out o' tneir
I caught the idea in a moment and
strained my ears to listen for further
demonstrations from the attacking
party. We could hear them creeping
here and there through the bushes
scarce making a noise, but easily dis
tinguished in the silence of the night
"Now," whispered Sam, "take two
in each hand, and I'll light them."
Suiting the action to the word, he
contrived to light them in rapid sue
cession. I hen we turned them into
the bushes, and heavens! what a sight
was revealed as the candles flashed.
About fifty villainous-looking savages
and greasers were stoopmg and creep
ing toward us. At the nrst flash they
stopped as if spell-bound. We turned
so the green and white balls would
strike they in their faces. The candles
were tremendous affairs, and eight or
ten of them popping away independent
of human aid was enough to terrorize
any one. Our assailants wavered a
moment, then, with a terrible yell,
bounded away toward high ground as
if the devil himself were in pursuit.
We could hear them scrambling up the
hillside, mount their horses and gallop
That Balky Horse Again.
A'ew York Telegram.
How to move a balkv horse has lone
been an unsolved problem. The an
cient philosophers tackled it and gen
erally retired from the field with brok
en shins or their front teeth kicked in
by a Greek horse.
The other day a Telegram reporter
saw a fine, mouse-colored animal gear
ed to a stylish turnout on Broadway,
with eight or ten men trying to get
him to move on. One man had him
by the bit, and another by the tail, a
couple of men put their shoulders
against his ribs and heaved as if they
were trying to propel a flatboat, but
the animal was as immovable as civil
ization iu China.
When everybody was in despair the
proverbial strauger appeared, and
stepping out of the crowd said to the
driver in tones as smooth as castor oil:
"I'll show you how to make that
horse go."
The driver retired and the stranger
grabbed the horse confidently by the
mouth, opened it as it it were a bank
vault, monkeyed aiouud with the in
sides of the animal's jaw for a few
minutes, then seized the beast by the
bridle, aud to the 7x9 astonishment of
the crowd, watching the boys" with
their hands on their watches, the horse
started off at a five mile-an-hour gait,
drawing the carriage after him with
perfect ease.
The success of the stranger's method
of persuading a balky horse to resume
its journey without further delibera
tion was so surprising that the Tele
gram's balky horse artist asked the
stranger how he did it.
"It's very simple," said the horse
taming magician. "Of course you
didn't see me, but I took a chip of
wood which 1 picked up from the side
walk and placed it under the horse's
tongue. The presence of that bit of
pine chip diverted the horse's attention.
He forgot all about being balky. He
was thinking of Henry George or the
new baths in the Produce Exchange,
aud when I took hold of the bridle he
started off like any other horse, and I
have no doubt he is mad enough to
kick himself because he did it. A
horse is a curious brute as peculiar as
a woman, a regular coquette on four
legs but easy enough to manage if
you know how to do it."
The Eleventh Census.
A bill has been
passed by congress
eleventh census, to
The bill differs de
passed for the tenth
providing for the
be taken in 1&90.
cidedly from that
census, economizing iu the range ot
work, and the publishing, bub- provid
ing for a larger staff of employes, made
necessary by the increased population.
The census bureau will include, by the
provisions of this bill, a superintendent
at a salary of $b"000 a year, a chief clerk
at $2500, two stenographers, two chiefs
of division, and a disbursing clerk at
$2000, ten clerks of class 4, twenty of
class 3, thirty of class 2, with such
number of clerks of class 1, copyists
and computers, at salaries of not less
than $720, nor more than $1000, as
may be found necessary for the proper
and prompt computation and publica
tion of the census. Besides this staff
of bureau employes, there are to be not
more than 175 supervisors of the cen
sus, appointed by the president with
the advice and consent of the senate,
who shall divide their districts into
sub-divisions most suitable for purpos
es of enumeration, designate the enu
merators, one for each sub-division,
and be responsible for the work of the
enumerators in their districts.
Tale of a Batik Book.
In 1842, says the Charlestown Enter
prise, diaries O. Gage, who is now one
or the directors or the Bunker llill
National hank, deposited $13 in the
Warren Institution lor Savings. From
mac tune until tne present week the
book had never been seen by the bank
officials, aud they naturally supposed
that it had been lost by the owner
On Wednesday Mr. Gage walked into
the Warren Institution's headquarters
and presented the bank book, with a
request that the interest be placed on
ts pages. The accumulated interest
amounted to $130.12. Mr. Gage now
las to his credit, on the deposit of $13
made 40 years ago, $143.12. Every
one of the trustees who were iu oflice
it the time Mr. Gage made his deposit
las joined the great majority.
An American Fire Kngine Abroad.
Firemen's Herald.
Joseph Arthur took over the white
horses and a real (ire engine made by
the best firm in America when he pro
duced his "Still Alarm" at the Princess
Lheatre here, says a correspondent of
the Philadelphia Times. John Vischer,
:n out lellow who lelt New Haven,
Ct., for the iirst time in his life last
year to take charge ot the horses in
1 he Still Alarm-' American tour last
season, accompanied his equine charges
to England.
Horses and engine were transported
in satety to the steamer Helvetian, and
anded at the Iloyal Albert docks, I
think, or at least at some port of the
London docks, to get from which to
the Princess necessitated crossing half
London, including the roughest part
of the East End.
Vischer, iu the centre of an admiring
circle of 'Ioiigshorenion, harnessed the
horses, who were as playful as kittens.
ind as manifestly glad to get ashore as
e'er was seasick maid or man, and then
mounted the box and drove out ot the
dockyard, amid the cheers of the by
standers. Not a soul seemed to have
a clear idea what the machine with the
polished boiler and silver-plated val
ves was. It certainly bore no reseiu
blauce to the English lire enirino.
which is not such a handy article as
tn American hearse painted red.
"Wot is ther blecdiir thing I " said a
burly stevedore to a companion.
'1 tlunno, Bill," was the reply, "less
t be a bloody Yankee ice cream freez
A new story is called "The Editor's
Purse.'' There's nothing in it. f Paper
1 i.'ido Journal.
A little thing may completely up.se t
man," observed
bmith when he
stumbled over the
ton Republican.
baby. Bingham
Lady Professor, how is my daugh
tcr getting on with her music ? Prof.
Fortissimo (ambiguously) Madam, it
is only a question or time. Burling
too Free Press.
A widower is like a baby, because
he cries for the first six months, begins
to notice in the next six months, and
it is hard work for him to get through
the second summer.
Mistress (to Bridget, who is cleaning
windows in the second story) "Uer
aldine, a man has just rung the base
ment bell." Bridget "Ask 'mi up to
the parlor, and till him Oi'Il be down
in a jiffy."
"Why do yon call him a dude?
said a Burlington mother to her little
girl. "What is a dude!" "Why a
dude, mamma, is a young man that
cares more about his clothes than he
does about Jesus." Fact. Burling
ton Free Press.
Modern reformer "Theoretically,
my dear, the food product of the world
belongs to each one of us in equal
share." Modern reformer's wife
"Yes, but it's a condition, not a theory,
that confronts us to-day. There isn't
even a potato in the house." Burling
ton Free Press.
A newsboy, who honored the gallery
by his presence at a performance of
Coqueliu and Hading at the Opera
House, and had rather a wearisome
time of it, was accosted on coming out
of the theatre by a companion, who
asked him whether he "liked the show."
"No," he replied: "you can't under
stand them unless you come in a car-
raige.5" Philadelphia Ledger.
We shall offer our customers a full line and all the latest.
Bargain IV. 1. Felt hats, good style, - - 50c. and G5c
Bargain No. 2. 10 doz. tips, three in bunch, only - - 25c
Shaded tips, three in bunch, 50c, would be cheap at - - 75c
Bargain No. 3. 19-inch plushes, red, blue and old gold, 1.00, worth 1.50.
Bargain No. 4. Ladies' night
1.50 goods, oflered this week at
These bargains will not last long, and to avail yourself of the opportunity an
early call is solicited.
MRS. D. A. MORRISON, 80 R. R. St.
We handle the goods of one of the best manufacturers in
the United States. Every coat hand-sewed and warranted
for one year.
No man can afford to go without a fur coat at these prices :
Best gray Jap wolf, nutria collar and cuffs, quilted lin
ing 14.00. Last year's price, same grade, 20.50.
Lighter colored gray Jap wolf, nutria collar and cuffs,
$12.00; formerly 18.00.
Best black Jap wolf, fiir trimmed, 15.00.
Coons, otter, beaver and nutria trimmed, $.7, 50, and $60
Black dog, from
These are bargains that cannot be bettered.
Opp. St. Johnsbury House. St. Johnsbury Vt.
State Loan and Trust Go.
Choice SIX and SEVES per oent. Loans notroti
ated and GUARANTEED. Correspondence so
licitor!. Thesn Loans are eocured by improved
tarim. in IOWA, which are personally examined by
Uie oltiaers ot the Company.
Harper's Bazar.
Harper's Bazar will enntinne to maintain its
reputation as an unequalled lamily journal. Its
art illustrations are of the highest order, it litera
ture is of the choicest kind, and its Fashion and
Household departments of the most practical and
economical character. Its pattern-sheet supple
ments aud fashion-plates alone will save its readers
ten times the oust of subscription, aud its articles
on decorative art, social etiquette, housekeeping,
cookery, etc., make it indispensable to every
uouaelioicl. Its bright snort stories, anil timely
essays, are among the best published ; and not a
line is admitted to its columns that oould ollmid
the most tastidious taste. Among the attractions
of the now volume will bo serial stories by Mi's.
Frances Hodjfson Burnett, Mrs. Alexander, Wil
liam Black, and Thomas Hardy, and a series of
papers ou nursery management by Mrs. Christine
Terhune Herriok.
Postazo free to all subscribers in the United
States, Canada, or Mexico.
The volumes of the Bazar beein wi h the
first number for January of eaoh year. When
no time is specified, subscriptions will begin with
the number current at time ot receipt of order.
Bound volumes of Harper's Baiar for three
years back, in neat cloth binding, will be seut by
mail. poHt-naid, or by express, free ot expense
(provided the freight does not exceed one dollar
per volume), tor f 7.00 per volume.
Cloth eases, for each volume, suitable for bind
in sr. will be sent bv mail, post-paid, on receipt of
fi.ot) each.
Remittances should be madebv post-oflice money
order or uratt, to avoid cuan.o ot loss.
Newspapers are not to eopv this advertisement
without the express order ot Harper & Brothers.
Address : HARPER &. BROTHERS, New York
Scribner's Magazine
FOR 1889.
The publishers of SCRIBNER'S MAGAZINE
aim to make it the most popular and enterprising
ot periodicals, while at all times preserving its
hiifh literary character. 35.000 new readers have
been drawn to it during the past six months by
the increased excellence ot its contents (notably
the Railway articles), and it closes its second year
with a new impetus aud an assured success. The
ill ust rations will show some new effects, and noth
ing to make SCRIBNER'S MAGAZINE attractive
and interesting will be neglected.
ued by several very striking papers; one espec
ially interesting by Ex-Postmaster-General Thom
as L. James on "The Railway Postal Service."
novel "The Masterot Bollantrae," will run through
the greater part ot the year, liegun in November.
A CORRESPONDENCE and collection of manu
script memoirs relating to J. F. Millet and a fa
mous group of modern .FRENCH PAINTERS will
furnish the substance of several articles. Illus
The brief end papers written last year by Roliert
Louis Stevenson, will be replacea by equally in
teresting contributions by different famous au
thors. Mr. Thomas Bailey Aldrich will write the
first of them for the January number.
Many valuable LITERARY" ARTICLES will
appear; a paper on Walter Scott's Methods of
Work, illustrated from original MSS., a second
"Shelf of Old Books," by Mrs. James T. Fields,
and many other articles equally noteworthy.
Articles on ART SUBJECTS will be a feature.
Papers are arranged to appear by Clarence Cook,
E. II. Blashfield, Austin Dobson, and many others.
FISHING ARTICLES describing sport in the
best iishiug grounds will appear. Salmon, Win
ninisb, Bass, and Tarpon are the subjects now ar
ranged. The authors are well-known sportsmen.
ILLUSTRATED ARTICLES of great rariety,
touching upon all manner of subjects, travel, bi
ography, description, ete., will appeal, but nut of
conventional commonplace sort, lllustratea.
Among the most interesting in the list of scien
tific papers for the vear will be a remarkable arti
cle by Professor Jonn I row bridge, upon tne inoit
recent developments aud uses of PHOTOG
RAPHY. Illustrated.
A class of articles which has proved of special
interest will be continued by a group of papers
pon ELECTRICITY' in its most recent applica
tions, by eminent authorities : a remarkable paper
on DEEP MINING, and other interesting papers.
u nique illustrations.
A SPECIAL OFFER to cover last year's num
bers, which include all the RAILWAY ARTI
CLES, aa follows :
A year's subscription (1689) and the numbers for
lass. fi.50.
A year's subscription 18891 and the numbers for
bound in clwth, 6.00.
S3.00 m year; 25 cents a number.
743-749 Broadway, N. Y.
robes, all over embroidery fronts, regular
$27 up.
Tie Natioial Monro
Debenture Company
In pieces of $100, $500 and $1000. Secured by
Of Real Estate. Refer by permission to Colonel
Fraukliu Fairbanks of St. Johnsbury.
For sale at the Company's Office, 50 State Street,
Boston, Mass., Hospital Lite Insurance Company
Building, or by J. C. Clark, Esq., F'irst National
Kank rl. doiiusnury
GEO. MAY. Treasurer,
FormerlvCasb:!!r First National Bank,
tApr St. Johnsbury.
National Installment Bonds.
Endowment Insurance
at end
a stated cash
of two years.
new feature of the Xational
Life, making a
on ordinary Life Insurance
after three years, makes the
Cheapest and Most Convenient
Life Insurance sold anywhere.
Call and See the New Life Policy.
General Insurance Agents,
Y. M. C. A. Building. 113 Eastern Av.
These caramels are absolutely pure and of the
nnest quality.
Don't be deceived into buying a poor quality
nniler tins name, but ask to see our monogram
composed of the letters S.C.H. fc Co., stamped
upon uie uox. as some manuiaciurers imitate our
style of packing, and use other letters in the
monogram circle.
S. C. IIERVKV & CO., Koston. Mass.
For sale in St. Johnsbury by Geo. II. Cross.
Net, to investors. Guaranteed against loss.
132 NASSAU ST. (Vanderbilt Building)
Established Feb. 1st. 187. Unquestionable refl
erences. w lite or call for particulars. t dec e
Having bought the W. F. Kelley store, will sell
goods at greatly redacea prices
My stock must be reduced.
St. Johasbury Centre. Not. 13.
For Sale or Kent.
The Langdnn J. Cummings premises. Good
bouse and bam, and five acres ot excellent land.
5ltf Enquire ot W. 11. PKKSTON.
A Good Fit rm
Of nearly 100 atres within 9 miles of the Tillage, for
sals CHEAP. Kaquire of W. H. JPKXSTOK.
business gr
w. L. hall, m. d.
Office with Ir. G. 11. Billiard, St. Johnsbury, Vi.
Office over A. I. Howell's.
Office hours 9 to 10 a. ni. anil 1 t 2 and 7 to 8 p. m
At homo tkl Summer st., alter 10 p. m. It.tapr SO
Fipiug and Steam Engine Repairing.
Manufacturors Board Mills. Jobbing a Specialty
if ill Street, St. Johnsbnry.
Studio Music Hall Ituildinj;.
Instructor in all branches ot Art China IVio
rating and Firing a specialty.
DR. C. F. 0. TINKER,
Office over ltingham'8 lnig Store.
(Successor to Howard & Kowcll.)
Watches, Jewelry, Hooka and Stationery,
Cor. Main St. anil Eastern Avenue., St Johnsbur
Baker and Confectioner,
Main Street, St. Johnsbury
Physician aud Surgeon, - - I'eacham, Vt
Also Notary Public.
Surgeou Dentist,
Union lilock, Main St.. St. Jolmshurv, Vl.
Main St., Opp. Fost Office, - St. Johns!. ut .
Kooin 1, I'uion Block, St. Jobu.sbiiry.
Watchmaker and Jeweler,
Fine Wateli Work a Sjn-eialty.
53 Eastern Avenue, - St. Johnsluiry,
Private mstl notion given iu voice biiililim- :un
the art ol lli"intr. Kooui iu Music Hall I'.I.k k.
Proprietor ol Paddock Iron Works,
St. Johushury. Jobbing doue to order.
Dealer iu
All Kinds oi General Merchandise,
Portland Street, St. Jolinslnii .
S. T. BROOKS, M. D.,
Practicing Physician aud Surgeon,
Ollice at residence, opp. Bakery, St. Johiislmiy .
Manufacturers aud Dealers iu
Carriages aud Carriage Stock,
Portland aud 11. 11. Sts., St. Johnshury.
Druggist aud Pharmacist,
5 Hank lil'k. Main Street, St. Johnsbury, Vt.
Caledouian Block, up stairs, St. Johnsbury, Vt.
Attorneys and Counsellors at Lav
Over Savings Bank, Main St.. St. Johnsbury.
Q. W. & G. C. CAHOON,
Counselors at Lmv,
Lyndon and I.yndonville, Vermont.
Oflice at Residt-UKe, Lyndon.
Ottico in Fletcher's Block, Lrudonville.
Auctioneer, North Danville, Yt.
The Host Wonderful Family llemedy Ever
("SECURES Diphtheria, Croup, Asthma. Bron
chitis, Neuralgia, Kheumatisiu, lsleeding at the
idlings. Hoarseness, luntienza. Hacking Cougii,
Whooping Cough, Catarrh, Cholera .Morbus, lvs-
enterv. Chronic Iiarrhrea, Kidney Troubles,
Spinal Diseases. Sciatica. Lame Muck. Ijnueuess
aud Soreness in Hocly or Limbs. Circulars tree.
Positively cure Constipation. Kick-Headache, Itili
ousness., ana all Liver anil liowol Complaints,
Blood l'oison. and Skin Diseases. (One l'ill a
Dose). For Female Complaints these l'illa have
no equal. If all who read this will send their ad -drwss
on a postal Ihev shall receive FKEE bv mail
advice for which they will always lie thankful.
One box Fills hy mail 25 cts. in stamps.
Make Hens Lay.
It is a well-known tact that most of the Horse and
Cattle l'owder s ild in this country is worthless :
that Sheridan's Coinlil loll l'owder is absolutel y
uuie and very valuable. Nothing On Earlli Will
Make Hens Lay like Sheridan's Condition l'owder.
Dose, one teasitoonful lo each pint of lood. Sold
I everywhere, or sent hy mail lor 'ih cts. in stamps.
We iurnish it in "2i lb. eans, prise, f 1.IMI. By mail,
fl.JO. Six cans 5.00, express paid. Very valua
bio Circular rife.
t Mar 'el ,
C. F-
47 Main St,
Itrown's Blork.
Photographic ycniO
ffi.OO to the first baby whose picl lire I cannot take.
Call and see the work. Etchings, Hcliotypes and
Artotyjx s of a high order.
dox't va i x ron sij.-vsiii.m:.
Safe Investments.
Guarantee Strength, $1,1 50,470
Record of our H years' bnsiness.
16,W Mortgages negotiated, aggregating tl l.7f.,fl 8
i.ma " in lorce, " .:t.v,l2
9.912 " i.aid. " S.4IO.K.rrfi
Interest paid aggregating 3.34j.4U5
ioi.il iiaiu to investors e. .jfc.iji
t'e have 3.014 patrons, to whom we cmii refer.
We do not claim to do the largest, but
the SAFEST business.
Savings Department for Small Amount.
Full information furnished by
.1. it. watkixs land iokt;.;k CO.
tmar 'eD Lawrence, Kansas, or
N.V. Mng'r, H KNKY DICKINSON, 319 Broadway
The subscriber is prepared to do all kiuds ot L'p '
bolstering Work, Furniture Ki-pairiug, laying car
pels, hanging window Shades, picking over hair
Mattresses and general Furniture Bepairs.
Opposite I'rebyterian church. Kasteru Ave. 7IM
We keep a full line ot the latest novelties in
Wedding Cabinets, Kmltosaed Cards with Plain or
Gilt Beveled Edges, Combination Tied Cards
Laced Cards, Invitation Cards, I'aper, Envelopes,
etc., etc. Call and see samples
Farm Tor Sale or lo Kent.
To a good reliable person, situated two and onn
half miles from North Danville village. A good
place for an industrious man.
IV. II. PBESTOSi, Auctioneer.
St. Johnsbury, Vt

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