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THE ST. JOnNSBURT CALEDONIAN, JANUARY 21, 1898.
rCBLISHHD BVBBV FRIDAY BY C. M. STONE & COMPANY; Fythlan Building, St. Johnsbury, Vermont Entered at the St. Johnsbury pot office ai second-class mail matter. TERMS OF TUB CALEDONIAN. One Tear to any address. Jl.BO Blx monthi, 7 Three months. Clrrevtnrn in Caledonia county, 51.00 Receipt Riven on payment of subscription Lilt corrected once a month. ADVERTISING RATES. These advertising rates have been adopted by the Calbuonian and will be used until further notice. Per inch per week. $1. Per month, $1.60. For three months, $3. For ei months, S5. One year. $8. Discounts. To nil advertisers uslns rejru. larly three inches or more, 20 per cent dis count from the above rates. Advertisers using five inches or more regularly, 25 per cent discount. Local notices, wants, for sale, etc, 2 cents rword first insertion. (These will be set reading matter type and given the best position in the paper.) Legal noti es 10 cents a line, three insertions. Probate notices $2.60 each for three insertions. Dissolution, liberation and similar notices $l.BO each for three insertions. Card of thanks, 75 cents. Obituary poetry, 10 cents a line. Solid electrotypes only will be taken. We cannot use cuts with wood bases. C. M. STONB & CO. The reports from the Klondike re gion are improving, and there are not a few Vermonter9 who just at present are planning to make a trip to that country, where gold isalleged to be plenty and fortunes can be picked hom the rocks and the rivers- Tbe passage by the senate of a bill providing that immigrants to this country shall be able to read and write before being allowed entrance to our ports and privileges, is a gratifying indication that this nation intends to look after the quality of its citizenship. The institutions of this republic are much safer in the custody of those who can read and write, and think for themselves, than in the hands of the illiterate. The latter have no individual power, generally speaking, and are easily made the tools of the unprincipled politician. Senator Lodge's bill should have no trouble in going through the whole legislative process and becoming a law. It is stated that in some sections of the country a small-sized but rather hungry and energetic pirate known as"miller'9 thumb" is mak ing havoc with the infant trout in the streams. We cannot say just how true this may be; but it is per fectly safe to wager, so far as Ver mont is concerned, at least, that no group of "miller's thumbs" can do more damage among the small trout than is done every season by the hundreds of fishermen all over the state who, with an utter lack of provident forethought and a reckless disregard of constituted law, pull out thousands of speckled beauties under legal size and too small to be of any practical use to anybody after they are caught. Every little while the reading pub lic is treated to a paragraph concern ing the Bridgewater gold diggings, and more or less thrilling yarns are spun in regard to the amount of yellow metal which that Vermont locality is producing. Experience up to date has shown pretty con clusively that, while our Green Mountain state may be able to con tribute in some measure to the main tenance of the gold standard, she cannot be expected to yield so gen erous a crop of the precious stuff as to warrant the undertaking of ex tensive mining , operations. There is gold in the Vermont hills, and fields, and meadows, and streams. No doubt of it. But it is secured by a more indirect process than mining after the Klondike method. The recent decision by the United States supreme court, to the effect that a man who commits suicide while in sound mind entirely destroys the value of whatever insurance he may have been carrying, need not surprise anybody who has given the matter much thought. And we see no reason why the decision is not absolutely just. No insurance com pany really arranges to afford a man that sort of protection with the understanding that if he decides at any time to close the contract by the suiciJal method the cash shall be handed over, unquestioningly, to his heirs. The court suggested that if any company were foolish enough to undertake to insure against suicide.it would not be allowed, as such a course would be decidedly against public policy. New York state raises annually a three million dollartax to be devoted to improving the highways, and an effort is now being made to pass a bill providing for the appointment of three persons, one of whom shall be a civil engineer, as a state highway commission to make surveys an designate the roads that are worthy of improvement. The bill seeks to encourage the use of wagons with a capacity of fifteen hundred pounds or over, and tire of four inches in width, by allowing users thereof a rebate of fifty percent on their high way tax. The movement in behalf of better highways is a lively topic for discussion in many states, and much good is resulting therefrom. But in no other state in the Union can highway improvement be pushed more advantageously to all concern ed than in our ownstateof Vermont. Governor Grout is just now meet ing demands for his personal presence among companies of Verraonters in different cities, who get together as organizations, have a good time, and demonstrate anew their love for and allegiance to their native commonwealth. It is hardly pos sible for any governor to answer all such calls unless he surrenders un conditionally and gives up his time completely to this patriotic occupa tion; but the presence of the chief executive, whenever possible on such occasions, certainly serves to strengthen the relations between Vcrmonters in Vermont and Ver- monters who for reasons best known to themselves have sought new busi ness opportunities and new homes in other states. We who yet remain send cordial greeting to all these who, having left the state, yet love it, and think of it, and celebrate it annually. In a speech to the Republican Club of New York the other night, in acknowledgment of his election as president of the organization, Chaun- ceyM.Depew went on to say that the harmonious manner in which the elements in the club had combined in the election of its officers was a proof that "republicans can get to gether and when the crisis is suffi ciently marked they will discover a method of party unity and party harmony." That sort of a remark no doubt sounded very well on this particularoccasion and pleased those who heard it. But we feel like re minding the eloquent and eminent New Yorker that in November last, when the crisis was quite sufficiently "marked," the republicans of New York city rather forgot to get to gether and discover a method of party unity. But perhaps they will remember to do this next time. We hope so, for we believe in the ability of the republican party and dislike to see it frittered away. A Commission That Failed. In the senate the other day Mr. Wolcott told the story of the bime tallic commission's work in Europe, and had several interesting things to say about the efforts made by that commission and its failure to accom plish what it was sent out to do. The senator paid tribute to the good faith of the administration in connec tion with the attempt to secure bi metallism, the commission being entirely untrammeled by any lack of uthority or sanction of administra tive support. It was fully realized from the beginning, he said, that bimetallism for England was out of the question on account of the condi tion in India. Although this was the case, however, the British states men gave the proposition of the Americans a respectful hearing and were courteous at every turn of affairs. Senator Wolcott could not sav as much for the British news papers, but gives them credit for 'intemperate, hostile and somewhat brutal utterances" on this subject; he twits the London press of being dominated by and reflecting the views and expressionsof the banking element, and consequently not at all favorable to the idea upon which the commission operated. Senator Wolcott rehearsed some of the obstacles to bimetallism as the commission had found them namely, the remarkable drop in the price of silver and the coincident tariff legis lation, the messages which New York bankers had sent across to England to head off any sentiment in behalf of silver, and the recent statement by Secretary Gage in advocacy of a bill prepared by him. The Colorado gentleman did not speak as though he saw very much hope for bimetal lism in the near future, but is not inclined to relax his efforts in that direction, and thinks it may possibly be necessary to change the ratio from sixteen to one to something like twenty to one. So ends the first chapter of the movement towards a double stand ard. However much sentiment there may be in this country in favor of bimetallism, it yet remains to be proven of how much benefit such a policy would be to the United States if the other nations with whom we have dealings utterly refuse to be parties to the arrangement. Bird9 of a feather may on certain occasions flock together safety ; but, to quote a little from "Lord Dundreary," it looks alittle foolish foronebird to get off in a corner and try to "flock all alone by himself." LIFE IN WASHINGTON, D. C. Two Sides to Every Question. (Correspondence of the Caledonian.) The question of the continuation of civil service under the present method and arrangements is a delicate and complex one, hence, older and more conservative congressmen, realizing that they cannot make changes to suit all parties.and dreadinga return to the so-called spoils system, have decided to let it alone; but younger and resolute western men, knowing the strong undercurrent of feeling against it, and feeling the injustice of the present arrangements, and hearing the many predictions that itscontinuance under this last regime would cause the disruption of the republican party, have made strong effort to modify it by removing the false garb placed on some of the de partments last year, so that it may no longer be a farce on the system. Senator Gallinger, who is a bright, thinking man, voiced the feelings of many intelligent persons when he declared that every office should be open to citizens of the United States. We have listened to many discus sions on all sides, and being a silent witness, have enjoyed the various theories and arguments advanced on both sides. Upon President Cleveland's advent to the White House the first time, it was currently reported that the South had adjourned to Washington to receive the appointments to office and go a9 foreign consuls, and many were rewarded for their great zeal to serve their country. But when "the West," last spring visited Wash ington for a similar purpose, they found little to receive. President Cleveland had gone out of the city and the White House and closed all of the doors, and when the office seeker asked for some position, he was told "there were no vacancies, few die and no one resigns." He looked round and remarked, "When a professional man becomes as feeble and superanuated as those men, they retire from active business; if they do not, the public will soon do it for them." But he learns that it is dif ferent with the government cletk.the older he grow9 the more tenacious he becomes of his position. Younger clerks in the same department feel ill-natured because extra clerks are not employed to make up this de ficiency, they must have heavier duties. The chief of that department often finds it a troublesome problem to know exactly how to harmonize both parties. He dare not suggest or report such an old man as too infirm to be of use as a clerk, for he belongs, very probably, to some old, aristocratic Southern family and carries a strong political influence. "Oh, yes," remarked the younger clerk, "he has a soft berth, but the rest of us hnve to work." Others query, why are a certain class put in by favoritism, "so styled," allowed to fill the best paid positions in the government employ for a life term, when others, equally worthy, often better educated and mentally equipped, are obliged to ac cept interior positions with low sal aries? The usual reply is, "a lack of political influence." Secretary Gage has lately evolved a plan to have an age limit of 70and then to receive a certain salary. This is claimed as equivalent to a pension. This subject ol giving pensions to aged clerks has been agitated in Washington newspapers for the last two or three years. The bill last year planned to make the new and younger clerks allow a certain per cent of their salary to be set aside as a fund for the aged clerks and brought an outburst of indignation from them which did not look favor able lor its passage. Others de clared there was a vast difference be tween giving a pension to soldiers who had risked their lives for their country and those who had simply sat in their othces and worked in the employ ol Uncle Sam and lived in the most beautilul city of the United btates. A third declares that the Pension building is the largest public building in Washington, and it would be a dangerous thing to begin to grant pensions to department clerks. for if one receives one the numbers would not be limited to Washington, tor custom house officers, postmas ters long in the service in all parts ol the country would soon demand the same thing and we should soon have to build another Pension building. A manufacturer from New England inquired, "did they diminish the sala ries of the government clerks during the hard times in the countrv?" "Certainly not," replied one of the clerks. "Well," said the New Ene lander, "I guess they are about the only people in the country who have had a regular income, paid once in two weeks, and you think ttaev ought to be pensioned for living here and receiving it do you ? In New Eng land we have had to shut down our mills and pay our men part price and times have been pretty hard with us, and we have no extra money to pay your clerks for your pensions. Yes." he said meditatingly, "we can supply you with plenty of bright schoolmasters and schoolmistresses, who would gladly come here and 'serve their country' for one hundred dollars per month and ask for no pensions at the end of their term." "Ah 1" said a white-haired Southern lady, "it is really a pittance of a sal ary when you consider it and know that some of our men receive three times as much as theladie9." "Well, madam," he replied, "I notice that a good many of you are ready to re ceive the pittance." A. M. C Judge Gary's Wit. A writer in the New York Sun tells the following story of Judge Gary of Chicago who tried the Anarchists, and is now trying Luetgert: A man chiirged with bigamy was belore him. The accused had lived two years with the second wo man, and he concluded to plead guilty on the understanding with the State's Attorney that his sentence would divorce him from No. 2. When he stood before Judge Gary the little man looked over the desk and asked in a voiced kindness: "You fully understand what the plea ot guilty means?" "Yes, Your Honor." "And do you understand if you so plead it will be my duty to send you to the penitentiary? Do' you understand that? "Yes, Your Honor. Anything to get free." The Judge looked at the man for a moment, and then said in his inimitable manner: "I suppose there are some things be side which prison would be a relief. Any relative or friend of the defendant in court ?" A woman in black stood up on a bench and said in a voice which sounded like a rip of cambric: "I am his second wife, Judge." Judge Gary replied immediately, with no change in his voice or lace: "Some things beside which prison would be a relief. You ought to be will ing to take three years." The prisoner nodiled an assent' Judge Gary looked over at the woman in black. He seemed to read ber in a second. He turned to the man who had pleaded guilty and said : "I will give you one year. You seem to have had the other two before they arrested you." How to Make a Fortune. The following are extracts from a let ter written by Henry Ward Beecher to his son : "You must not go into debt. Avoid debt as you would the devil. Make it a fundamental rule: No debt cash or nothing." Make few promises. Religiously ob serve the smallest. A man who means to keep his promises can't afford to make many." "Be scrupulously careful in all state ments. Accuracy and perlect lrankness, no guesswork. Either nothing or accu rate truth." ' "Make yourself necessary to those who emplov you by industry, fidelity and scrupulous integrity, bemshness is fatal." "Hold yourself responsible lor a higher standard than anybody else expects of you. Demand more of vourselt than anvbody expects of you. Keepyourown standard high. Never excuse yourself to vourselt. Never pitv yoursell. Hcahard master to yourself, but lenient to every' body else." "Concentrate your force on your own business; do not turn off. Be constant, steadfast, persevering." "Do not speculate or gamble, steady, patient industry is both the surest and the safest way. Greediness and haste are two devils that destroy thousands everv year." "The art of making one s fortune is to spend nothing. In t'Sxs countrv any in telligent young man may become rich if he stops all leaks and is not in a hurry Do not make haste; be patient." The Best Way. There is a best way of doing every thing, of carving a joint or sweeping a room, or holding a plough, or keeping books. The educated man or woman is the one who does the things he or she has to do in the best way, without waste of time or force. Manv of these "best ways" we have not wit enough to dis cover for ourselves. There is an im mense stock of experience handed down to us through older people. To a child the lather or mother represents the wis dom and skill of the race. If they do not, some one else does. At ony rate, we enter into our heritage of the p&M in iust so inr as we learn irom some one how to do the things we are called 10 do in the best way. Few people realize that the tning that will make them efficient and skilhul is just this mntter of learning in it is what a cough may HALE'S HONEY lead to that makes OF it so AND dangerous. TAR Hale'j Honey of Horebound and Tar Is a medicine that has long been tested in private practice. Sold by druggists generally. Pike's Toothache Drops cure in one minute. Pll CQ ROB'TM. READ. r I Is k O (M. D., Harvard, 1870.) SPECIALIST DISEASES OF RECTUM. 175 Tremont Street, Boston. Send for Pamphlet. JSSSffife Office Honrs! B.1JkHaaia B 11 to 4 o'clock. Sundays CIO I 111 Jl and Holidays excepted. sT I O I U lafi some way or other how to do things in the best way. That is the difference be tween the raw "help" and the trained api-vnnt between the bunder and the artisan, between the man or woman who is always worried, flurried and driven, and the person who docs twice as much, and yet has plenty of leisure. We have made a great gnin in the art of living when we set belore ourselves the problem of finding out the best way of doingcom mon duties. Watchman. Perfuming a Message. The young lady with the sable cloak rushed into the telegraph office and rapped sharply on the counter with the ink-stand. The clerk came- forward to see what she wanted this time. "Oh," she said, "let me have that telegram I wrote about fifteen minutes ago, I forgot something very important. wanted to underscore tne woras -per fectly lovely' in acknowledging the re ceipt of that bracelet. Will it cost any thing extra ?" "No, ma'am," said the clerk as ne handed her the message. The voung lady drew two heavy lines beneath the words and said : 'It's awfully good ol you to let me no that. It will please Charlie much." "Don't mention it." said the clerk. "If you would like I will put o few drops of nice violet extract on the telegram at the same rates." "Oh, thank you, sir. You don't know how much I would appreciate it. I'm going to send all my telegrams through this office.you are so obliging." And the smile she cave him would have done any one good to have seen, with he possible exception ot Lhariic. A HEALTHY WE Is a Husband's Inspiration. A Rir-lrlv. half-dead-and-alive woman, especially when she la the mother of a family, is a damper to an joyous ness in the home. Tf a woman finds that her energies are flagging and that everything tires dlfifin is disturbed by horrible dreams, and that she often wakes suddenly in the night with a leeiing of suffocation and alarm, she must at once regain her strength. The following from MRS. t a. JiEH uttt, "Westphalia, Kans., shows the power of Lydia E. Pinkham's Vege table Compound, and a letter of advice: "Dear Mrs. Pinkham: I have suf fered for over two years with falling, enlargement and ulceration of the womb, ana tnis spring, being in such a weak ened condition, caused me to flow for nearly six months. Some time ago, urged by friends, I wrote to you for advice. After using f the treatment which you If advised for a short time, that terrible flow stopped. I am now gaining strength ana nesn and have better health than I have had for the past ten years." SPECIAL CASH SALE. 500 Uudervests, 250. ajo Corset.covers, 170. 500 Drawers, 250. $r.oo Corsets, 5oc. 3c Cashmere Gloves, igo. Mittens, Fascinators, Stamped Goods, and lnlants jackets at greatly reduced prices. Clark's Mile End Cotton, 3fic per dozen, 4c per spool, urcssmaxera Mippnes constantly on hand, TERMS HTRICTXY CASH. MRS. A. M. STANTON, Main St., St, Johnsbury. C. R. LYNCH, PATTERN MAKER. Honse Finisl, TurninE l Monldintts. STAIR WORK A SPECIALTY. Dealer in Sash, Doors and Blinds. Shop in Hooker's Building, Mill Street, . St. Johnsbury, Vt. 60 YEARS' EXPERIENCE Trade Marks DESIGNS TftlV Copyrights Ac. Anyone sending a sketch and description may quickly ascertain our opinion free whether an Invention Is probably patentable. Communica tions strictly confidential. Handbook on Patents sent free. Oldest agency for securing patents. Patents taken through Munn & Co. receive iprrUU notice, wltiiout charge, In the Scientific American. A handsomely Illustrated weekly. Largest cir culation of any sclentinn journal. Terms, HI yoarj rnur montns, i. Bom by all newsdealers. ColHrohn,. New York Branch Office, 626 F St., Washington, D. C THINK of buying a Watch as safely as yon O huy a hat. And almost every cent you pay going for just watch nothing for fuss and feathers. " Our profit on Watch Movements is $1.00. Cases as low. A FRYE'S WATCH STORE. HOW TO MAKE MONEY! If VOI1 art mif nf rmn1nvmnf ati monthly clear above expenses by working regularly, or, If y.-u want to incrcanc your work In o at nHri tlma wl4 t-Um ri rorf r 72fl Choatntif &t Dt,l1. C 1 ..... ...... .....i.vu w v iubi ur prcpcni employment, and von can secure a ponltion with them by which you can make more money easier and faster than you ever made 4 j i 1 1 s wvivis iu ;vui IMC AND FMJUTliESS Keep Out When in want'of outside windows to keep ont the cold of a Vermont winter oall on or write M. J. OALDBEOK & SON, St. Johnsbury Vermont. They keep a large stook on hand and can give yon windows at rock bottom prices. M, ''5 J'& 'i'B Always Fresh Always Crisp That is the way a cracker should be that is the way you will always find the " Hanover." They have a peculiar flavor and delicious crispness which you cannot find in any other cracker made. like them. Every grocer has or should have them. GEO.W. SMITH & 50N, Bakers and Confectioners WHITE RIVER JUNCTION, VT. Latest Improvements for Two Evaporators in 0 Only a few experimental evaporators used m 1097 1 heir success phenomenal. All trouble from Malate of Lime overcome. No need to re verse evapora tors now. Read what the large users say. Take less fuel. Evaporate faster. Awarded First Premium on Syrup at Vermont Sugar Makers' Convention, 1897. . Fairfield, Vt., July 13, 1897. 1 lie 16-ft. by 6-ft. double Evaporator purchased of you last snrinp; gave me entire satis faction. I consider it the best Evaporator on the market, and heartily recommend it as a producer of a No. 1 article of syrup. It is a great saver of fuel and easily operated, and an all round durable machine. 1 find the crimps a great advantacc over the partitions riveted in. I found that I could evaporate about twenty per cent, more sap with this in the same time with the same fuel, than I could with the same size Evaporator with the partitions riveted in. GEO. H. SOULE. Send for circulars and study Into Its merits, and you will purchase no other. ' Vermont Farm Machine Co., - Bellows Falls, Vt. Look After Your Plumbing. In these days of fevers and sickness it is of the greatest importance that everything connected with your plumbing should be right. If you think there is anything wrong let us test your plumbing. It may save you a life as well as many dollars. If you want any new plumbing, let us do the job. Only first-class workmen employed and all work after the best sanitary methods. GOSS & SWETT. BREAD-MAKERS AND BREAD-WINNERS alike profit by using Pills bury's Best. The Bread maker because she can always rely upon getting, the lightest, whitest, most delicious and wholesome L .aJ. The Bread-winner because Pillsbury's Best, being made from the best wheat, contains the most sustenance, therefore lasts longer and saves his money. The Cold. VuVS' IW&V "H'JS Get them try them you will Sson of 1898