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THE ST. JOHNSBURY CALEDONIAN , . JANUARY 28, 1898.
ffbc (!uilckmimx PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY BY C. M. STONE & COMPANY, Fythlan Building, St. Johnsbury, Vermont. Entered at the St. Johnsbury post office as second-class mail matter. TERMS OP THE CALEDONIAN. One year to any address, $1.(50 Six months, .70 Three months, SO Clergymen in Caledonia county, $1.00 Receipt Riven on payment of subscription. List corrected once a month. ADVERTISING RATES. These advertising rates have been adopted by the Caledonian and will be used until further notice. Per inch per week, $1. Per month, $1.B0, For three months, $3. For six months, 5. One yenr. $8, Discounts. To nil advertisers using regu larly three inches or more, 20 per cent dis count from the above rates. Advertiiers osing five inches or more rcgulurly, 25 per cent discount. Local notices, wants, for sale, etc., 2 cents per word first insertion. (These will be set In reading matter type and given the best position in the paper.) Legal noti es 10 cents a line, three insertions. Probate notices f t.UU rUVII IUI IIJIIC lIUWi nssuiu.iuii, liberation and similar notices $1.5(1 each for tnree insertions. inra oi tnanKs, io cuius uullum v IJt'trii i yj icuin u line Solid electrotype only will be taken. We cannot use culs Willi woou onsen. C. M. STONE & CO A United States warship has been sent to Cuba. But no war has been declared and the administration is not looking for recruits. Secretary Long says the vessel has simply gone to make a friendly call. Really, the reported indisposition on the part of Congressman Powers to accept a renomination is creating quite a stir and calling forth a good deal of newspaper talk. AstheMor ristown gentleman will no doubt take a seat in congress again if he can get it, he will probably get it. Indications point that way de cidedly. Governor Taylor of Tennessee is announced as in the race for the United States senate. Now that Vermont, by some sixty-five of her population, has called on the genial governor of that far away state and been most cordially entertained by him, she can at least get partially even by wishing him the best ol luck in getting into the senate chamber. The vote on the Hawaiian treaty will probably not be reached for two or three weeks. This will be per fectly satisfactory. The old adage that "delays are dangerous," finds an exception here. Better go a little slow in deciding to annex what it is not at all certain will be worth hav ing after it is annexed. It will not be surprising if there is a radical change of sentiment on this Hawaiian ques tion within the next few weeks. While this section of the country is buried in snow to a depth that ex cites some comment, and snow plows and snow rollers and snow shovels are having an exceedingly busy time, there come from other sections re ports of thunder storms and winds whose pace closely resembles that of a cyclone. In the vicinity of St. Louis the gale made a sixty-thrte-mile an hour record and blew several persons from the roofs of houses to their death. It is now perfectly in order for the republicans in the Maryland legisla ture to realize that "the crisis is suf ficiently marked," and it is their duty to unite on a first-class candi date for senator and elect him to succeed Senator Gorman. The op portunity given the republican party in Maryland by its success last No vember should not be fooled away by the inability, or unwillingness, of the republican members of the legis lature to solidly support a good can didate. Notwithstanding the iffortsof that energetic populist, Senator Allen of Nebraska, the confirmation of Judge McKenna's nomination to the su preme bench was accomplished by a very large majority. The Nebraska man made a long tirade against the man whom President McKinley wanted to promote from a cabinet position to membership in the high est tribunal; but he must have re alized when the vote was taken Hint a great deal of populist wiud had been wasted. First-class butter, the sweetest kind of sugar, and excellent horses, are not the only things of which Vermont can boast without fear of contra diction. The exhibition held here this week has demonstrated the fact that this section of the state can turn out poultry that for size and quality, and other general characteristics desirable in that sort of stock, can not be surpassed. No man at all interested in this branch of agricul tural industry can spend a half dnv among such specimens as have been snown in the town hall withm,. being convinced that there is a large amount of satisfaction, and a rea sonable opportunity for profit in poultry raising conducted on a proper basis. New Bedford is still in the throesof the strike, and there is every indica tion that the situation will grow much more serious before it grows better. The proposition to investi gate the labor question in that city, by a legislative committee, is excit ing some interest, but it is doubtful whether any such move would be of practical benefit to either side. The mill owners and the strikers continue firm in their confidence of final vic tory, but it may be put down as cer tain that the strike will prove a dis astrous thing for all concerned. The sooner some middle ground of settle ment between the contending parties can be reached, prejudice and bitter ness be laid aside, and reasonable concessions made, the better for mill owners, operatives, and New Bedford business men generally. The smaller merchants there are naturally alarmed, since if the trouble is not settled soon they will have to stop business altogether, or carry it on at a loss. Excellent Advice. Burlington has been experiencing a cotton mill strike of its own, and Mayor Peck, present at a meeting of the strikers, felt called on to give them some fatherly advice. He sug gested that they had better not form any organization; that Vermont was no place for such things, and that strikes never would be popular in this state; that he sympathized with them in the cut-down in wages, but that the company would not have made a reduction unless they felt compelled to do so by reason of a re duction in the price of the manufac tured products; that the interests of employers and employed were mu tual, and that what benefitted one ought to, and would in the long run, benefit the other; that it would be wiser for them to keep at work, get the best wages they could, and exer cise their privilege to better them selves elsewhere whenever they saw the chance. Excellent advice, all this; and a main difficulty with the strike ques tion is that such advice, though fre quently given, is not very frequently taken and acted on. Hasty organ ized action in such cases is responsi ble for many of the ills that strikers fall heirs to. A Louisiana Scheme. The Louisiana democrats are iust now evolving a scheme for disfran chising the negroes of that state. The plan proposed is not quite so cold blooded and arbitrary as those adopted by Mississippi and South Carolina ; but it is intended to bring about the same result, depriving about one hundred and twenty thousand colored citizens of their right to vote. A constitutional con vention is to be held soon, at which this scheme will be considere'd and its details decided on. Among the things suggested as most likely to shut out the negro vote arc: First, a combined educational and prop crty qualification, requiring the voter to read and write English or French, and to possess and pay taxes on five hundred dollars worth of property; or, second, some trick whereby the illiterate negroes will be disfranchised and the illiterate whites be allowed to vote; or, third, an educational qualification with certain limitations or conditions. The great trouble with this demo cratic scheme is that there are so many "poor whites" in Louisiana who vote that ticket and can vet neither read nor write, that anv con stitutional provision bearing hard upon illiteracy will make bad work with this class in common with the colored population. But the men who are behind this neat little po litical project, and who are bound to keep the negro from the polls, may be trusted not to worry over mere matters of detail, and to accomplish their purpose by some hook or crook. A peculiar feature of this whole prospect is the claim, on the part ol republicans, that if it is successful-n the bugbear is thus removed from Louisiana politics that state is very likely to be placed in the republican column. This is explained by the statement that the new constitution will assure honest elections, which the republicans cannot now get; that of late years the negro leader ship in the Louisiana republican party has been a burden to it and the party would gain largely by get ting rid of them, since "the average negro voters are far better than their leaders; that there have been heavy desertions from the democracy to the republican party during the last twelve years, and it has looked sev eral times as though the state might become doubtful or republican, but the republican leadership and the negro question have always pre vented this; that there are many protectionists in Louisiana, and many friends of clean and honest government; that the removal of the negro issue will result in sub stantial accessions to the republican party. Theoutcomeofthelatest Louisiana method will be watched with inter est. There is ho fault to be found with an educational or property qualification for the voter, in any state or country. The more intelli gent the voter, the better. But the scheme referred to above has within it possibilities of outrage upon "cer tain unalienable rights," and to just such a degree as these outrages are perpetrated will the culmination of the plan be a disgrace to the state. In the Back Districts. In a recent report made by two persons who have for some timepast been doing missionary work among the so-called "back districts" of the state, where there are no churches or schools, are found some interesting and somewhat startling things re garding the moral and educational status of these communities. In one locality where there were about two hundred persons, "there had never been any preaching oreven a church." "We-were for some time in a place which had the reputation of being the worst and 'toughest' in the county. Here we met with good successand the shenfftold us that we had spoiled his business." Few people have any idea of the condition of the people in these back- wooas aistricts. Many ot the adults and nearly all of the children can neither read nor write, have never seen a church and do not know what the Bible is. Nearly all of them are very poor." These same conditions exist in nearly all the back districts, but it is hard tor anyone torealize these facts until ht has seen them himself." One does not have to go outside of his own county to find just the same state of affairs, for which there seems no genuine excuse. Learning is within everybody's reach at least the rudiments of an education, enough to place one at a safe distance beyond the pale of illiteracy; and upon the progressive people of every county rests the responsibility of seeing that such conditions as are spoken of in the above report, the truth of which cannot be disputed, are done away with as speedily as possible. Press Comment. Nobody Need (jet Excited. The Maine is on hand at ITamna and everybody feels easier. Spain knows too much to show any ill temper over it, for the causes of the presence of the battleship are com pletely justifiable. Il Emperor Wil liam can have two cruisers there we rather think Tlnrli- S-im run Tbof ;a all there is to it. Boston Record. Sympathy in Vibration. If We nlace two clocks nn thp cntnn shelf and adjust their pendulums to swing in exact unison and set one ol them to running, in thecourseof time tne otner win start up in sympathy. E:ich sound impulse caused by the vibration of the oendiiliim nf th Clock that is runnino- i4 rnmrrmni. cated to the other pendulum. Eich successive impulse adds to the swing of the sympathttic pendulum, which began in an exceedingly small wav at the very first stroke "of the other pendulum, and this goes on till the sympathetic pendulum is making its lull stroke. So with thesympathetic tuning forks. Each air wave that is sent out by the initial fork strikes the other fork and causes at first a slight vibration which accumulates, because each successive air wave strikes the sympathetic fork just at the end ol us swing ana works in harmony with the natural tendency of the fork to vibrate. The result is a co-operation. Each helps the other. How much better it would beforthe world il men would take pattern after this law of physics Prof. Gray in Chicago Times-Herald. Bryan and Wages. Mr. Bryan reports that wages in Mexico "are higher on an average than ever before and rising." He fails to say what they are. The latest statistics available give these rates per week: Bricklayers, $10; weaver $10 80; telegraph operators,$ll 50; blacksmiths, $8; printers, $5 7G; laborers, $2 90; tinsmiths, $7.50; cabinetmakers, $10. Wages are paid in silver, the Mexican dollar being worth in our money 45 cents. It was worth in our money 48 and 50 cents when the wage rates quoted prevailed. Ol course wages went up, or seemed to go up, as silver went down.-Rutland Herald. The Famous Havemeyer Farm. It is said, according to the New York by the late Theodore A. Hovemever, is' to be sold at auction the first ot' Janu ary, byd.rtction of the executors, who let1,rranK,nR1.forhc P"rtit' of the estate among the heirs. The sale is to include the live stock, buildings and an purtennnces. When Mr. llavemeyer bottghtvthc property, 19 years no iJ embraced onfy 300 ncresb"? hTk'cp adding more land from time to time, unt'l now tbe total area is more than 2700 acres. The live stock now on the farm includes 500 registered cattle and GO head ot horses, and there is a dairy plant which is surpassed nowhere in the United States. Mr. Havemeyer always took a keen in terest in the raising ol fine stock. The beginning of his herd was made in 1882! when he imported about 20 head of reg istered Jersey cattle. The 500cattlenow on the farm, ot which 300 are milch cows, art housed in a big barn, in which everything is kept scrupulously clean, and every appliance for the care and coinlort of the stock is provided. Every cow is cleaned each morning with curry comb, brush and towel, and the attend ants, of whom there are 40, are r quired to wash their hands after milking each cow. Extreme care is also taken to keep the milk free I rom impurities. The aver age yield ol milk from a cow in I his country is said to be 3000 poundsayear; but the cows at Mountainside farm aver age 6450 pounds, their milk also being much richer in cream than that of ordi nary herds. In 1895 tuberculosis was discovered in the herd, and Mr. Have mever promptly had the ailing cattle killed, thus stamping out the disease. Then, with a view to overcoming any tendency to tuberculosis in luture in his cattle, he imported a number of Simmen thaler and Normandy cattle, which are much hardier than are Jersey, and the result of his experiment of crossing the Jersey strain with these two others is said to have been highly successful. Mr. Havemeyer spent also a great deal of money in improving his farm by re moving stones from it. and was re warded by an astonishing increase in the yield ol hay and other crops. Some of the stones were used in makingagreat wall around the farm, and an idea ot the large scale on which the property was run may be gained from the fact that the labor employed in building this stone wall cost Mr. Havemeyer $85,000. Bailey and His Elephants. One of the elephants included in Bar num'sshow was the means of making the lortune that Mr. Bailey is credited with possessing. It was as' a baby phe nomenon that the pachyderm did the good turn for the successor of "the Great and Only Barnum." Columbia is the name of the creature, and of the hundieds ol rare animals in the aggrega tion none is treasured more highly lhan she, now a huge, ungainly, and over grown creature with not half the wit possessed by the smallest elephant con nected with the circus. It was away back in 1880, when the news got around that the first elephant born in captivity was living and traveling with the Bailev show. Mr. Bailey was a struggling young circus owner then, battling against feariul odds. Barnum was at the height of his remarkable career at the very topmost notch of circus lame. Mr. Barnum, quick to see the advantage ol having so important an attraction as a real American baby elephant, tele graphed to Mr. Bailey as lollows: "Will give you $100,000 lor your baby ele phant. Musthavtfit." Mr. Bailey wired in answer, "Will not sell at any price." This seemed a daring thing for Mr. Bailey to do, for $100,000 would almost have purchased the entire show. Even Mr. Bailey's best Iriends, whom he con suited in the matter, advised him to ac cept the offer. Instearkof doing that he refused it and hustled Wist with hiscircus to meet Barnum on his own ground. By the time that the Bailey circus reached the East the whole country was billed with posters on which was printed "What Barnum thinks of the baby ele phant." Underneath that heading was printed Barnum's telegram to Mr. Bailey. As the Bailey show lollowed in the wake ol the Barnum circus each town in which the Barnum allegation appeared was billed with the Bailey posters. Probably the Bailey advertising did not affect the attendance at the Barnum circus. Mr. Bailey has sincv said that he thought it did not. But the advertisements staring the veteran showman in the tnce every where he went worried him, and finallv. to dodge the huge posters, he changed the route of the circus, although that route had been determined upon nearly twelve months in advance. He jumped Irom New York to Kansas City and sur rendered the whole Eastern field to the Bailey show. The next year the two shows were consolidated, and have been one show ever since. Mr. Barnum's one joke with Mr. Bailey as long as the shrewd old circus manager was alive was, "Well, have you any more baby elephants that you do not want to sell?" London American. Gold from Klondike. Twenty-two persons arrived in Seattle, Wash., Jan. 17. Irom Dawson City on the steamer Corona, bringing with them a small amount nf rrnM rlitor onrl Anft on the North American Trading and transportation company and Alaska Commercial company amounting to a million dollars. In the party was one woman. She is the second woman to come out this win ter. The amount ol drafts brought down represents the proceeds ot sales of claims to the Cudahy-Heatey Yukon and Klon dike Mining company and private par- that cough or throat trouble may go to your lungs. HALE'S HONEY OF What does that mean? AND TAR Hale s Honey of Horehound and Tar ran , t claimed to cure consumption, but it will often prevent it. A positive cure for couBli. Sold by druggism. Pike's Toothac1ieLropcurein one minute. Pll FQ ROB'TM.READ. IUIbW (M. D., Harvard, 1870.) SPECIALIST DISEASES OF RECTUM. 175 Tremont Street, Boston. Send for Pamphlet, 11 to 4 o'clock. Sundays CIO III A UIIIPA Mniini " nu Holidays excepted, I l0 I ULH ties. The large indiu lunl amounts were brought bv the lollowing: D. C. Camp bell, $100,000; K. H.Jenkins. $150,000; Leonard Sedgwick, $100,000; Andrew Olrson, $120,000; T, E. Brenier, $46, 000; Joe Brands, $15 000. In reference to the food fituation at Daw on, the arrivals corroborate pre vious reports that, wh 1 food is scarce, t ere will be no itnvition. They con 8 der that it will be impossible to get a relief expedition in at this season of the year. Relief expeditions can easily reach the foot of the Lake Lebarge, but the trouble will begin when the Yukon river is reached. The Yukon is rilled Irom shore to shore with great ice ridges from 10 to 20 leer high, ice has been thrown up into great blocks and standing in all sorts of angles. Men with digs can make their way by hugging the shore but no amount of supplies can be carried with dog teams. A roadway can be cut through these ridges but it will require a large amount of money, butit isdoubiful if the work could be completed before the ice moved out of the river in the spring. The proposed use ol reindeer in this coun try is considered entirely impracticable. Heavy snowstorms have occurred this week on the Chilkoot Pass and travel has been practically impossible for days at a time. The bodies of Fred Bodlet and Tom Burneau, ot Nortons Mills, Que., were found on the bank of a brook at D- rby Friday where they had evicently fallen from the highway. When found, al though their bodies lay on the bank, their heads were under water and death had been caused by drowning. It is thought that the men were intoxicated. ABOUT CHANGE OF LIFE. "I suffered for eight years, and could find no permanent relief until one year ago. My trouble was Change of Life. I tried Lydia E. Knkham's Vegetable Compound, and relief came almost immediate ly. I have taken two bottles of the Vegetable Compound, three boxes of Pills, and have also used the San ative Wash, and must say I have never had any thing help so much. I have better health than I ever had in my life. I feel like a new person, perfectly strong. I give the Compound all the credit. I have recommended it to sev eral of my friends who are using it with, like results. It has cured me of several female diseases. I would not do without Mrs. Pinkham's remedies for anything. There is no need of so much, female suffering. Her remedies are a sure cure." Mas. Ella Krineh, Knightstown, Henry Co., Ind. By the way, the leading druggists tell us that the demand for Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound is simply beyond their power of under standing ; and, what is best of all, it does the work promptly and well. SPECIAL CASH SALE. 5oe Vndervests, 250. 5C Corset.covers, 170. 50c Drawers, 25c. $t.oo Corsets, hoe. 25c Cashmere Gloves, ige. Mittens, Fascinators, Stamped Goods, and Inlunts Jackets at greatly reduced prices. Clark's Mile End Cotton, 30c per dozen, 4c per spool. Dressmakers Supplies constantly on hand, TEU.1IS KTltlCTI.Y CASH. MRS. A. M. STANTON, Main St., St. Johnsbury. C. R. LYNCH, PATTERN MAKER. House Finish, TurniDK S Mouiainjs. STAIR WORK A SPECIALTY. Dealer in Sash, Doors and Blinds. ..... SnOB ,n Hooker's Building, Mill Street, . . St. Johnsbury, Vt. 60 YEARS' EXPERIENCE Trade Marks Desiqns CnDvmnuTs . ..... "ni. i. nnu ivnt;i ii'ium uiuy quickly ascertain our opinion free whether an Invention la prohably patentable. Communica tions Btrlotlycontidenttal. Handbook on Patents sent free. Oldest agency for securing patents. Patents taken through Munn 4 Co. receive tpeciol notice, wltViout charge, in tho Scientific Hmcrican. A hnndsomoly Illustrated wnpklv. Largest olr. dilation of any sclentido journal. Tornis, :) a "Vsi'sTa ' SolU byw11 """"dealers. MUNN & Co.3618. New York U"'ch Office. 625 P St., Washington, D. C. AnVnnO .Anrtlnr. a .lrnlnl. an., n.n.lll THINK of buying a Watch as safely as you O buy a hat. And almost every cent you pay going for just watch nothing for fuss and feathers. " Our profit on Watch Movements is $1.00. Cases as low. ft FRYE'S WATCH STORE. '""'I , 4s M HOW TO MAKE MONEY! position, paying; you (rom $BO to $100 monthly clear above expenses by worklna reKtilarlv. or, If y, want to Increase you? present Income from $200 to $500 year J, bv rrk'" " odd times, write the OCOBtfCo' 72.3 Chestnut St., phlla- Pa, statin b whether married or s ngle. last or prefent wr bereYur'ir fat" tha " -S The Standard Flour of the World. Keep Out When in want of outside windows to keep out the cold of a Vermont winter call on or write M. J. CALDBEOK & SON, St. Johnsbury Vermont. They keep a large stook on hand and can give you windows at rock bottom prices. o o (LsVOnCSj U TlU mere dre. Somethings a child can purchase " Hanover Crackers " as easily as the most experienced housewife. The reason is simple there is only one "Hanover." They are the best. All put up in the same .way packed into the original box as they are taken from the oven and never re-packed. Every grocer has or should have them. GEO. W. SMITH & SON, Bakers and Confectioners WHITE RIVER JUNCTION, VT. Latest Improvements for Two Evaporators Only a few experimental evaporators used tn 1897 ineir success phenomenal. All trouble from Malate of Lime overcome. No need to re verse evapora tors now. Read what the large users say. Take less fuel. Evaporate faster. in One Awarded First Premium on Svrup at Vermont Sugar Makers' Convention, 1897. Sr'rfCTJer V bSt Ev-1Pr:,tor on the market, and heartily recomme ,d i a i . ' , , GEO. H. SOULE. Send for circulars and study Into its merits, and you will purchase no other. Vermont Farm Machine Co., - Bellows Falls. Vt Look After Your Plumbing. In these days of fcver8 and sickness it is of the greatest importance that everything connected with your plumbing should be right. If you think there is anything wrong let us test your plumbing. It may save yov , hfe as well as many dollars. If you want any new plumbing, let sdothe,ob. Onlyfirst-classworkmenemployedandallworkafterthe best sanitary methods. GOSS & SWETT. Makes FAULTLESS Bread; sweet cis the wheat; light and fine and white; honest bread that may be honestly called . "the staff of life." No bread-maker, no bread-lover, will take any other flour after one trial of . PILLSBURY'S BEST. The Cold o tsj o grown person for instance Season of 1 89 8