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THE ST. JOHNSBURY CALEDONIAN, APRIL 13, 1898.
7 HESSAOE TO CONORESS. Continued from pane 6. I iold in my message of December last: 1t Is to be seriously considered wheth- tbe Cuban Insurrection possesses be yond dispute the attributes of statehood trblch alone can demand the recognition of belligerency In its favor." The same requirement must certainly be no less lerlously considered when the graver ls iue of recognizing Independence Is in question, for no less positive test can be gpplied to the greater act than to the lesser; while, on the other hand, the In fluence and consequences of the struggle upon the internal policy of the recogniz ing state, which form important factors wben the recognition or Denigerency is concerned, are secondary, if not rightly ellmlnable, factors when the real ques tion Is whether the community claiming recognition is, or is not, Independent be yond peradventure, Nor from the standpoint of expedience do I think it would be wise or prudent tor this government to recognize at the present time the Independence of the so called Cuban republic. Such recogni tion Is not necessary in order to enable the United States to Intervene and paci fy the Island. To commit this country now to the recognition of any particular government in Cuba might subject us to embarrassing conditions of Interna tional obligation towards the organiza tion so recognized. In case of interven tion, our conduct would be subject to the approval or disapproval of such gov ernment; we would be required to sub mit to its direction and to assume to It the mere relation of a friendly ally. When it shall appear hereafter that there Is within the island a government capable of performing the duties tnd discharging the functions of A separate nation, and having, as a matter of fact, the proper forms and attributes of nationality, such gov ernment can be promptly and readily recognized, and the relations and Inter- eats of the United States with such na tion adjusted. There remain the alternative forms of intervention to end the war; either as an Impartial neutral, by Imposing a ra tional compromise between the contest ants, or as the active ally of the one party or the other. As to the first, It Is not to be forgotten that during the last few months the relation of the United States has virtu ally been one of friendly Intervention In many ways, each not of itseslf conclu sive, but all tending to the exertion of a potential influence toward an ultimate pacific result. Just and honorable to all Interests concerned. The spirit of all our acts hitherto has been an earnest. unselfish desire for peace and prosperity In Cuba, untarnished by differences be tween us and Spain and unstained by the blood of American citizens. The for cible Intervention of the United States, u a neutral, to stop the war, according to the large dictates of humanity and (following many historical precedents where neighboring states have Inter fered to check the hopeless sacrifices of Ufe by Internecine conflicts beyond their borders, is Justifiable on rational grounds. It involves, however, hostile oonstralnt upon both the parties to tho contest, as well as to enforce a truce as to guide the eventual settlement. The grounds for -such Intervention may be briefly summarized as follows: First In the cause of humanity and to put an end to the barbarities, blood shed, starvation and horrible miseries low existing there, and which the par ties to the conflict are either unable or nwiling to stop or mitigate. It Is no nswcr to say this Is all in another coun ry, belonging to another nation, and Is. herefore, none of our business. It Is peclally our duty, for it Is right at our idoor. I Becond We owe it to our citizens In Cuba to afford them that protection and Indemnity for life and property jwhlch no government there can or will Word, and to that end to terminate the londltlons that deprive them of legal Irotection. Third The right to intervene may be ustilied by the very serious Injury to be commerce, trade and business of our : cople, and by the wanton destruction it property and devastation of the isl 1 Fourth (and which is of the most im portance) The present condition of af- fdrg of Cuba Is a constant menace to jur peace, and entails upon this govern ment an enomous expense. With such a nfllct waged for years In an island so ear us and with which our people have ich trade and business relations- hen the lives and liberty of our citizens re In constant danger and their prop- ty destroyed and themselves ruined there our trading vessels are liable to Jsljure and are seized at the very door y warships of the foreign nation, the xpedltions of filibustering that we are fowerless altogether to prevent, and tho Irritating questions and entanglements us arising all these and others that I ed not mention, with the resulting grained relations, are a constant men- f to our rpnM nnd fiomnel us to keeD on scml-war footinir with a war nation 'th which we are at peace. These elements of dancer and disorder 'ready pointed out have been strikingly J'ustruted by a tragic event which has feeply and Justly moved the American leople. I have already transmitted to "ngress the report of the naval court Jf inquiry on the destruction of the bat- eship Maine In the harbor of Havana Ur'ng the night of the loth of February. ne destruction of that noble vessel has "cd the national heart with lnexuressl- e horror. Two hundred and flfty-eicht rave sailors or mnrlnes and two officers ff Our navv. rpnnsinfr In the fancied 8e- Ur'ty of a friendly harbor, have been Urled to ripntVi p-vlaf nrw wpnt hrnllirht V the I !' hfimcia o v rl nnKiiAiir fit trio Tin Jon. The nrtval court of lnaulry. which. It is 1(!edles3 to snv. nnmmnmlq the unnuall- fed conildence of the government, was Jiianimous in Its conclusion that the de duction of the Maine was caused by an Internal explosion, that of a submarine "ne. it did not assume to place the L'8ponslblllty. That remains to be fixed. In any event. th rtootmotlnn rt ha ftalne, by whatever exterior cause, is a tent and lmnrpncilva rtrnnf nf a otnto rt lyings In Cuba that Is Intolerable. That ondltlon In lha o, , . f- oyunisn government cannot assure lfety and security to a vessel of the fmerlcan navv In the harbor of Havana "ere. I urther referrlnir In thlamnnon n to recent dlnlnmntlc porresriondpnpe. dispatch r1 26th lilt. tViA itofAmanr P w waa vuiuvM l W vu vvitl bllh that the Spanish minister for foreign af fairs assured him positively that Spain will do all that the highest honor and Justice required In the matter of tho Maine. The reply above referred to of the 31st ult. also contained an expression of the readiness of Spain to submit to an arbitration all the differences which can arise in this matter, which Is sub sequently explained by the note of the fcpanisn minister at Washlneton. of the 10th inst., as follows: As to the question of fact which springs from the diversity of views between the reports of the American and Rnnninh hMnii Spain proposes that the fact be ascer tained by an impartial investigation by experts, whose decision Spain accepts in advance. To this I have made no renlv President Grant, in 187B. after dUmma. ing the phases of the contest as It then appeared, and Its hopeless and apparent indefinite prolongation, said: in such event, I am of opinion that other nations will be compeleld to as sume the responsibility which devolves upon them, and to seriously consider the only remaining measure possible, mediation and intervention. Owing per haps to the large expanse of water sep arating the Island from the peninsula, tne contending parties appear to have within themselves no depository of com mon confidence, to suggest wisdom when passion and excitement have their sway, and to assure the part of peace- maKer. ' In this view, In the earlier days of the contest, the good offices of the United States as a mediator were tendered In good faith, without any selfish purpose, ln the Interest of humanity and In sin cere friendship for both parties, but were at the time declined by Spain, with the declaration, nevertheless, that at a future time they would belndlspenslble. No intimation has been received that, in the opinion of Spain, that time has been reached. And yet the strife con tlnues with all its dread horrors and all its Injuries to the Interests of the United States and of other nations. Each party seems quite capable of working great Injury and damage to the other an well as to all the relations and Inter ests dependent on the existence of peace in the island; but they seem incapable of reaching any adjustment, and both ha-"e thus far failed of achieving any success whereby one party shall possess and control the Island to the exclusion of the other. Under the circumstances, the agency of others, either by mediation or by intervention, seems to be the only al ternative, which must, sooner or later, he invoked for the termination of the strife." In the last annual message of my Im mediate predecesor, during the pending struggle, it was said: "When the Inability of Spain to deal successfully with the Insurrection has become manifest and it is demonstrated that her sovereignty Is extinct In Cuba for all purposes of Its rightful existence, and when a hopeless struggle for Its re establishment has degenerated into i strife, which means nothing more than the useless sacrifice of human life and the utter destruction of that very sub Ject matter of the conflict, a situation will be presented in which our obliga tions to the sovereignty of Spain will be superceded by higher obligations which we can hardly hesitate to recognize and discharge." In my annual message to congress, In December last, speaking to this question, I said: "The near future will demon strate whether the Indispensable con dition of a righteous peace, Just alike to the Cubans and to Spain, as well as equitable to all our interests so Inti mately involved in the welfare of Cuba, is likely to be attained. If not, the ex Igency of further and other action by the United States will remain to be taken, When that time comes that action will be determined In the line of indisputable right and duty. It will be faced without misgiving or hesitancy In the light of the obligation this government owes to itself, to the people who have con flded to it tne protection r tnelr inter ests and honor and to humanity. "Sure of the right.keeping free from all offense ourselves, actuated only by up right and patriotic considerations, moved neither by passion or selfishness, the government will continue Its watch ful care over the rights and property of American citizens and will abate none of Its efforts to bring about by peaceful agencies a peace which shall be honora bie and enduring. If it shall hereafter appear to be a duty Imposed by our obll ulon to ourselves, to civilization and .inanity, to intervene with force, It i tall be without fault on our port and uiiiy because the necessity for such ac non will be so clear as to command the support and approval of the civilized world." The long trial has proved that the ob Ject for which Spain has waged war can not be attained. The fire of Insurrection may flame or smoulder with varying sea sons, but It has not been, and It Is plain that it cannot be, extinguished by pres ent methods. The only hope of relief and repose from a condition which can no longer be endured is the enforced pa cification of Cuba. In the name of hu manity, in the name of civilization, in behalf of endangered American Interests, which give us the right and the duty to act, the war In Cuba must stop. In view of these facts, of these consid erations, I ask the congress to authorize and empower the president to take measures to secure a full and final ter mination of hostilities between the gov ernment of Spain and the people of Cuba, and to secure In the Island the es tablishment of a stable government ca pable of maintaining order and observ ing Its International obligations, Insur ing peace and tranquility and the se curity of Its citizens as well as our own, and to use the military and navaf forces of the United States as may be neces sary for these purposes. And, in the Interest of humanity and to aid in preserving the Uvea of the starving pepple of the Island, I recom mend that the distribution of food and supplies be continued, and that an ap propriation be made out of the public treasury to supplement the charity of our citizens. The Issue Is now with the congress. It Is a solemn responsibility. I have ex hausted every effort to relieve the Intol erable condition of affairs which Is at our doors. Prepared to execute every obligation Imposed upon me by the con stitution and the law, I await your ao tlon. Yesterday and since tKo preparation of the foregoing message, official Informa tion was received by me that the latest decree of the queen regent of Spain di rects General Blanco, In order to pre pare and facilitate peace, to proclaim a PATRICK DONAHOE Other Members of tie Family as Warmly Advise tie Use of Paine's Celery Compound Few men in this country who have lived to "clear the eight-barred gate which not many come in sight of, and fewer go over," have enjoyed more of the blessings of a long, active, well-spent life than Patrick A. Donahoe, the founder of the Boston Pilot. In every city, village and hamlet throughout the several states and territories of the Union, where the Irish American people have settled, the name of Patrick Donnhoe is spoken with respect, admiration and affection. More than half a century ago Mr. Donahoe established the Pilot. In 1870 he engaged John Boyle O'Reilly, who was its brilliant editor lor twenty years. To every good canse and to every cliaritv he has been a generous subscriber. Scarcely a Catholic church in New England that hat not been a recipient of his bounty. Mr. Donahoe is now eighty-six. The following open letter, sent to Wells, Richardson & Co., is, in fact, addressed to the thousands of Iriends all overthe land, in whose hearts and homes Patrick Donahoe has a large place. I recently suffered from prostration brought on by a protracted illness of a very trying character, and at the sugges tion of friends who were believers in your remedy (Paine's celery compound) I wns suspension of hostilities, the duration of which have not yet been communicated to me. This fact, with every other per tinent consideration, will, I am sure, have your Just and careful attention in the solemn deliberations upon which you are about to enter. If this measure at tains a successful result, then our aspir ations as a Christian, peace-loving peo ple will be realized. If It falls, It will be only another Justification for our con templated action. William McKinley. Executive Mansion, April 11, 1898. Torpedo Boat Destroyers. From the Springfield Republican. Editor Republican : Kindly explain in the issue ot the Republican the difference between a torpedo boat and a torpedo boat destroyer. The armament enrried on each and the diflVtcnce ol work ol each in the time of action. Snringfield, April 4, 1898. A. M C. First came the torpedo boat, and in the effort to counteract it came the tor pedo boat destroyer. It was loutid that wire netting placed about a war ship at anchor was no adequate protiction against the torpedo boat's attack, so ex perts decided to build boats larger and faster than ordinary torpedo boats, whose special function should be to scout around a fleet of war ships antl overhaul and destroy the enemy's torptdo bonis hovering in the vicinity. For this pur pose the destroyers are not only made extremely last, but they are armed with po werlul batteries ot rapid fire guns with which to sink the enemy's torpedo boats. Rapid-fire guns, indeed, both on these destroyers and on the war ships them selves are now the main reliance against torpedo attack, But the destroyers are also armed nowadays with torpedo tubes, so that they are really a combi- im uctd to give it a IiihI. 1 m happy to say that i he result wns most satis factory, and I felt its good effect immrd iatelv. Hence I am able to recommend its use in cases like mine, where the ner vous system, f rom any cause, is run down and needs a relial le tonic. I am happy to state that two mem bers of my family have used Paine's Celery compound with the most gratify ing results. My daughter in law, Mrs. P. M. Donahoe, has reeeived the most pronounced results Irom its use, whilst my son, J. Frank Donahoe, the organist ot the Cathedral, is loud in its praise, having fouml it a great help in regaining his strength from overwork in his pro fession. Yes, I believe iu Pnine'scelervcompoud. PATRICK DONAHOE. Three-fourths of all aches, pains and disabilti-s that aged persons suffer from arise plainly from retarded circulation. The slow blood stream gets choked with an accumulation ol waste matter that declares its presence in twinges ot rheumatism, lumb'igo, neuralgia and in ability to sleep All these tinnaturnlcon ditions can be corrected and permanently done away with by vigorously cleansing the blood and regulating the tardy cii culation. Paine's celery compound is pre-eminently capable of doing this be yond any other remedy. There is nothing vague about the sort of "good health" that is promised bv Paine's celery compound and vouched for by men and women who have used it. It means, among other things, firmer nerves, completer digestion, sweeter breath and more reinilnr hortilv func na'ion of torpedo boat and torpedo boat destroyer, which makes them so formid able within the zone of action allowed by their limited coal capacity. The re sult is that the destroyers have finally become merely a higher form of torpedo boat. In armament, the ordinary boat has only torpedoes to use, while the de stroyer has a strong battery ol rapid-fire guns, and, besides, a eonning-tower and a powerful electric searchlight.. The de stroyer could att'ick the other by her guns, her torpedoes or by ramming. At the nnt.ual meeting of the Canadian Pucific railroad Thursday the old board and the old officers were reelected. President Van Home in his annual mes sage referred at length to the rate-cutting war, defending the posi'ion of his com pany in the matter. He stated that the past yciir had been a prosperous one and nearly $1,000,000 had been earned for ward to the sin plus reserve a'ter the payment ol 4 per cent bonds Despite the low rates prevailing, the company's revenue dining the month of March was $541 000 greater than during the same period last venr. " I had eczema on my face it was ter ribly annoying. pifort powder completely cured it." i and joe. per box. At all DrupulMB and Toilet Dealers. Sadls A, Slma, Youngstown, O, tions. Paine's celery compound secures these where other remedies fail, because Paine's celery compound is the discovery ol a great physician, who knew all tha the school and text hooks could teach him, bnt more than that he knew sick meifand women, as few physicians in any age have known them. Prof. Ed ward E. Phelps. M. D , LL. D., of the Dartmouth medical school, wns able to drive out disease from the system, be cause he knew where the disease was lodged and how to help the excretory organs, instead of contusing them as so manv illogical remedies do in their effort to cleanse the blood. Paine's celery com pound encourages and strengthens the kidnevs, and enables them to cleanse the blood of its waste, poisonous matters that are the direct cause of drowsiness, listlessncss, melancholia, blood diseases, wasting sicknesses, headaches and that general "run down" condition that opens the door to definite organic diseases of the heart, kidneys or stomach, especially when a person is advanced in years and no longer possessed of the abundant en ergy that characterizes youth alone. Paine's celery compound makes the blood a bright red color, increases its volume in the arteries and quickens its circulation, and enables a nerve-tired person to sleep eight or nine hours at a stretch. Everv man or woman whose nerv us strength is at all overtaxed, or whose life is a busy one in many direc tions, will feel the invigorating, vitaliz ing tftvet of Paine's celery compound, and see his or her health mend from the first use of this greatest of all known in vigorators and remedies. Artificial Human Eyes LLOYDiS 323 Washington Street, Join L. Stoddard's Lectures. Have you heard them ? John L, Stoddard's Lectures. Have you aecn them ? John L. Stoddard's Lectures, Would you like them? BALCH BROTHERS CO, 36 Rromfirld St., Boaton. General Gardening. T.oula T. Rrnudoln Is prepnred to do all kinds ol Kirilcn work, Inwn trimming, form. Inn and laying out new lawns When re quired, enn turnlnli vinea nnd trees, nl ho era. vel nnd soil, turl und manure. Home nnd lieddinK nlunla As mv toola are of the most Improved pattern. I eun nni-ure nnvonr who wll pntromaeme, thiit heir work will be done promptly antl thoroughly. I wish my pat ron distinctly to underHtnnd that nothing la charged exerpt lor work actually done. All the traveling to and from at my expense. laws Dressing n Rprcinliy, LOUIS T, BEAUDOIN, 3 Willow Place, St, Johnsbury, Vt. ,'w" opp. oia Mammoth Stock Just arrived. The best yet. All np to date. Prices lower than ever. Don't fail to give us a call if only to look, we will please you. CHILDREN'S DEPARTMENT. In this department there is nothing wanting. Gall on us while the assortment is complete. Price 50 cts. a suit to $5.00 a suit. TRUNKS and AMOS W. SCOTT, 27 and 29 Eastern Ave. St. Johnsbury, Vt. Mileages bought, sold, rented and exchanged. MAKING SUGAR? Well then you need the Best Sugar Tools: Pails, Buckets, Cans. Everything to use in the Sugar House, Famished Promptly and at Eeasonable Prices. EGG CARRIERS. A Large Assortment of Them. C. H. GOSS. No. 2 Prospect Avenue. THROW YOUR TRUSS AWAY. Rupture Rupture. Hernia Breach, And Its Cure by the FIDELITY RUPTURE CURE METHOD. Over 12,000 People Cured in Six and a Half Years Without a Failure. FROM A WELL KNOWN LYNDONVILLE MAN. I am now 47 years old nnd was ruptured when I was 17 years old, therefore have been ruptured 30 years and have had to wear a truss continually lor that length of titne.nnd during that time even bathintj that side was painful, sometimes excruciatingly so. The 4th of Dec, 1897, 1 be gan t'eatment by the " Fidelity Rupture Cure" method and after three treatments I am entirely cured, having gone without my truss for 3 weeks and am feeling better than I have for years, the soreness and weakness of that side being entirely gone. I would sincerely advise any one suffering from a rupture to take this treatment and be cured. Lyndonyille, Vt., Jan. 25th, 1898. Consultation and Examination Free. No Money Paid Until a Cure is Effected. Examining phvsicians, Dr. J. M. Allen, St. Johnsbury, Dr. A. C. Mc Dowell, Lyndon-ville. For particulars and circulars address The Fidelity Rupture Cure Co., barnet, vermont. Spring Clothing. Spring Hats And Caps. the most stylish out. BAGS. FRANK EATON,