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THE ST. JOHNSBURY CALEDONIAN, MAY 11, 1898.
1 - .AnAAA . - rr -rnr uii ursi ivm jul i juvywuwvjui jvai vr bc Citlcbommt PUBLISHED KVBRV WEDNESDAY BY THE CALEDONIAN COMPANY, ARTHUR F. STONE, J. W. SAULT, Editors and Publisher!. Pythian Building, St. Johnsbury, Vermont. Entered Bt the St. Johnsbury post office a second-class mail matter. TERMS OF THE CALEDONIAN. One rear to any address, Six months, - Three months. -p" Clergymen in Caledonia county, 51.00 Receipt Riven on payment of subscription. List corrected once a month. ADVERTISING RATES. These advertiainK rates have been adopted by the Caledonian and will be used until further notice. .... - Per inch per week, $1. Per month, $1.60. For three months, $3. For six months, $5. One year, $8. ..... Discounts. To all advertisers using repru larly three inches or more, 20 per cent dis count from the above rates. Advertisers oiring five inches or more regularly, 25 per cent discount. Local notices, wants, for sale, etc., 2 cents per word first Insertion. (These will be set In rrniline matter tvpe and given the best position in the paper.) Legal noti es 10 cents a line, three insertions. Probate notices 2 KO each for three insertions. Dissolution, liberation and similar notices $1.50 each for three insertions. Card ol thanks, 70 cents. Obituary poetry, 10 cents a line. Solid electrotvr.es only will be taken. We cannot use cuts with wood bases. THE CALEDONIAN CO. Stand by the Flag and President The Special Session. A little general legislation was in dulged in at the special session of the lecislature last week, but the tendency was, from the outset against that sort of thing. Both senate and house were inclined to attend strictly to war legislation and let other things wait; and there was no opposition to the joint reso' lution (or final adjournment Friday noon. This prompt consideration of business, and the speedy adjourn ment, were entirely satisfactory to the people at large. Only twenty two members of the house were ab sent at the roll call. Speaker Lord's resignation, by reason of his holding office under the national government, necessitated the election of a new presiding officer, and it became evident on Wednesday evening that a lively contest was on between Col. Haskinsof Urattleboro and George M. Powers of Morrisville. The former secured the position by a vote of one hundred twenty-nine to eighty-four. This puts Col. Haskins directly in line for re-election to the speakership, in case he is returned by bis town next fall. Gov. Grout's message, presented in both houses immediately after the organization, contained a brief refer ence to the situation as between the United States and the kingdom of Spain, emphasized Vermont's inter est in the struggle, and suggested the lines along which legislative action was necessary. The first bill passed, introduced by Mr. Childs of St. Albans, was a de cidedly interesting one, and we give here the full text Ol it : "Sec. 1. No alien railway company shall be ditectly or indirectly interested in any of the stock of any railway company hereafter organized under the laws uf this state, with out leave uf the legislutuie ' Skc 2. No alien railway company shall by itself or through others own or acquire title to any railroad, or the use thcreol, or have an thing to do wtih the management or control ol any railroad in this state with out leave of the. legislature, provided nothing in this section contained shall apply to any railroad in this state now in the actual con trol and munagemtnt of any such railway company "Sue. 3. The court of chancery, or Infor motion of the state's attorney of any county through which the road runs, shall huve lull power and authority to eniorce the provis ions of this act, by writ of sequestration, in junction, receivership or any other appro priate remedy." The war measures passed included the providing of seven dollars a month extra pay to .soldiers from this state, the authorizing of the Governor to fill any future quota of troops called for from this state, and a provision for the reinstatement of the First Regiment, N. G. V., on its return from service in the United States army. Some attempt was made in the direction ol organizing a second regiment, National Guard of Vermont, but nothing was accom plished. A bill providing for the expenses of the special session, and authorizing the treasurer to borrow money on the credit of the state, was passed The general legislation included, besides the railroad bill, one bearing on the Rutland free library question, one allowing the city of St. Albans to own and operate an electric plant, one amending the act touching the matter of fidelity insurance, and two or three others of minor importance Early in the session Representative Bates of St. Johnsbury introduced a joint resolution expressing approva of the policy of President McKinley and his cabinet, and this was adopted mid much enthusiasm. Members of senate and house were nanimous in their appreciation of the national situation and in their readiness to do everything possible to show the state's loyalty. As was indicated in Gov. Grout's message, Vermont led the other states in its proffer of aid ; and the legislature, in special session, was determined that the state's full duty should be done in the present crisis. The people can but be satisfied with the results of the session, so far, at least, as they bear upon the relation of Vermont to the war. A German View. While most of the foreign papers have sympathized with Spain in the present war one of the leading pa pers of Germany has taken the most sensible view that we have seen The Frankfurter Zeitung has created quite a sensation by the following comment unon the situation: "People of superhcin.1 judgment tnignt attribute to the United States a greed lor land not belonging to them, while more intelligent observers have found out that there are other reasons for their present action. For the American people the feeling is decisive that the Spanish cruelties in Cuba must he brought to a final end. Weyler's policy ol extermina tion caused the deepest indignation. The public mind was horrified at the butcheries of this bloodhound, which teeling consummated in the conviction that the United Mates were Douna to inierfcre for the cause of humanity. When the Armenian atrocities, com mitted with impunity, arc remembered, there is every reason tor joy that there exists still a people on earth to whom humanity is more than an empty sound. greater extent than as the captain of an insignificant gunboat. 'His chief service to his country has been as a naval designer and constructor. The action of the Topeka school teacher in forbidding her scholar to recite a poem on Dewey's victory has resulted in making the verses public. The skit was written by Eugene F. Ware and is well worth repeating. Here it is : "O dewey was the morning Upon the first of May, And Dewey was the admiral Down In Manila bay. And dewey were the Regent's eyes, Those orbs of royal blue ; And dewey feel discouraged? I do not think we do." The Boston Herald once more proved that it is New England's greatest newspaper in the copyright account of the naval battle which appeared in Sunday's paper. The account was written for the New York Herald by a trained journalist and the telegraph tolls on the mes sage probably exceeded $500. The story is given in full in this week's Caledonian. There be some who maintain that the Vermont troops will scarcely be called upon, by reason of the brevity of the war. May the prediction prove not a baseless one. When our minister to Turkey, President Angell of Ann Arbor Uni versity, was presented to the Sultan last week the latter anxiously en quired for war news and expressed the hope that hostilities would soon end. When one recalls the cruel and inhuman policv of the Sultan towards the Armenians we must conclude that the Sultan has a sense of humor that excels Artemus Ward or Mark Twain. It is hard work now for a Mont- pelier man to use the word "due." He insists on making it "Dewey." Commendable pride that, too, which leads him into this. Montpelier's interest in the direct, official tidings from Dewey has been something immense. The city has been nerved up for some days, wait ing for a chance to celebrate. A very generous gift is that of Miss Helen Miller Gould of New York who has presented the government with he use of $100,000 during the pres ent difficulty with Spain. Such pat riotism is fully appreciated. The agitatiou over the supposed plan to take away from Col. Clark the command of the First Regiment turns out to have been a sort ol tem pest in a teapot. I he JVloutpeher oldieris in camp with his troops, nd will no doubt prove bis effici ency in whatever crisis he may find himself. The Colonel's father was in the service during the civil war. The ifficiency of the new lighting ystem at the state capitol was dem onstrated last week, to the great sat isfaction of members and visitors. The former dimness of the legislative halls, on cloudy days or at evening time, has been completelydone away with, and electricity makes the prem ises as light as day. This improve ment is a great one, and should have been accomplished before. Capt. A. T. Mahan has been called home from Rome to take a place on the naval strategy board at Wash ington. Capt. Mahan is regarded as one of the greatest authorities in the world on naval matters and some of his books are used as text books in the naval schools of Ger many, Japan and Russia. Capt. Mahan, if judged from his writings, is opposed to commerce destroying, ieving that we should devote all our energies to destroying the Span ish navy. Ex Senator Edmunds suggests that we give the Philippine Islands back to Spain after the war is over, either as a present or a purchase. "To this proceeding," he says, "the European nations could lodge no reasonable objection and it would show them that America did not wish to tread upon a foe after she had defeated her and that the war was really carried on for the sake of humanity." This may be good law and gospel, but the American people do not love Spain well enough to show her any more courtesies and they would be the laughing stock of the world if they followed Edmunds' advice. The Brattleboro Pbcenix started a daily about a week ago, making the ninth daily in thestate. ThePbcenix is the model weekly in Vermont and its daily is a credit to its office and the state. Since the war commenced both the Rutland Herald and the Burlington Free Press have been is suing Sunday editions and 12,000 copies of the Free Press were sold last Sunday. The state papers have dropped the discussion of the gov ernor question and are giving very complete accounts of the various phases of the war. The very latest slate made up by certain politicians who want a change in the state ticket reads like this: For secretary of state, F. A. Howland of Montpelier; for treas urer. I. L. Bacon of Hartford: for auditor, 0. M. Barber of Arlington It reads well enough. The candi dates are all bright, competent ones of course. There are a great many such in this little state of ours. But, with all due respect to those who want a change, there are others who do not really see the necessity for a clean sweep, and who hope such a thing will not be insisted on. It re mains lor the people to say what hall be done, at the convention in une. A very interesting contest is on, nowever, ana tne next tnree weeks will show just how much or low little demand there is for a 'change." uoramanuer villamil, who is in command of the Spanish squadron that will meet Sampson, is regarded by the Spaniards as a great com mander, and they believe he will readily defeat any American force that may oppose him. He is consid ercd by them a torpedo expert, but has never smclled power to any Northampton, Mass., has recently furnished an object lesson in finan cial mismanagement, and it has been sadly proven again that betrayal ol trust is an altogether easy thing for some men to be led into. Treasurer Warner of the Hampshire County Savings Bank, who has made way with nearly half a million of cash, was trusted completely by his fellows in a financial way, even though, as is stated, his life otherwise was not such as to command implicit confi dence. Financial integrity need never be looked for in a man whose social life is below the standard. The lat ter condition cannot exist without befouling the former. Sooneror later the end comes, and it is always the same old storv. It has been some time since the public was startled by such developments as have lately come to light in the Massachusetts city; but every storm like this has a depressing effect and shakes the popular faith to a deplorable extent. The Philippine Islands. During the last lew days attention hns been direeted toward the Philippine Islands, the objective point of the United States Asiatic squadron, which sailed Iroin Hong-Kong on April 27, to engage the Spanish fleet. The Philppine Islands are an archipelago southeast of Asia. They extend almost due north and south from Formosa to Uorneo, and they sepa rate the South China Sea from the Pa cific Ocean. The number of islands in the Philippines is variously estimated from 1200 to 1400, and it was not until the last few years that some of the larger islands were explored sufficiently to en able their area to be accurately computed. According to Domann's map (1882) the area of the islands was 114.350 square miles. The two largest islands are Luzon (area, 40,024) and Mindanao. Tbeir aggregate area is 52,650 square miles. The islands were discovered by Magel lan in 1521, and Manila, thecapital, was founded by Legaspi in 1571, and since that time they have been under the do minion of Spain. Their conquest and retention was in marked contrast to the usual Spanish methods of dealing with conquered people, methods of which Cor tez and Pizarro are the chief exponen s. Legaspi with six Augustinians and a handlul of soldiers accomplished the wonderlul work of conquest. Without greed for gold and without any exhibi tion of cruelty or peisccution, these de voted men labored among the docile peo ple until they won their confidence, so that the islands were seized with little bloodshed and no massacre or depopula tion. The name "lslas Filipas" was given by Legaspi in 1567. Contests with frontier rebellious tribes, attacks by pirates, earthquakes and typhoons serve to break up the monotony of an other wise uneventlul history. Manila was captured by the English under Draper and Cornish in 1762, and ransomed for $5,000,000, but was re stored in 1764. The present insurrec tions in the islands were put down with an iron hand and many atrocities were committed, so that it is little wonder that many of the inhabitants look upon the arrival of the Americans as a deliver ance. While none of the islands have very high mountains (the highest, Apo, in Mindanao, being over 9000 feet), still all the islands may be described in gen eral as mountainous and hilly. Volcanic forces have had a lurce share in shaping the archipelago, hut few of the peaks are now volcanic. In 1814 a ternoie erup tion destroyed 12,000 peopleatCamalig, Budiao, Albay, Guinobatan and Dnraga. In 1867 the same district was visiied with another eruption. The Philippines are also notorious lor terrible typhoons In 1876 one of the storms burst over Luzon, pourine down the sides of the mountain Mayon, brincing destruction to a number ol cities, completely ruining 6000 houses. Typhoons on the coast are also common. The third great evil to which the islands are treated ate the earthquakes, which visit them so fre quently that they affect thestyleadopted in the erection of buildings. The most violent earthquake occurred in lHaO, destroying an immense amount of prop' ertv. including tne cathedral. The Philippine Islands are peculiar in having three seasons a cold, u hot and a wet. The first extends from November to February or March. The winds are northerly and woolen clothing and a tire are desirable, the sky is clear ana tne air bracintr. and Europeans in this Strang clinic consider it the pleasantest time ol the vear. The hot season lasts irom March to June and the heat becomes op pressive and thunderstorms ol terrific violence are Irequent. During July, August, September and October, the rain comes down in torrents and lare tracts of the lower country are flooded. The population of the Philippines is 7.670, 000, the capital, Manila, having 154,062 inhabitants, there is a small fepunisn resident population and about 100,000 pal industries. The native inhabitants are mostly of the Malayan race. The government is administered by a governor-general and a captain general, and the forty-three provinces are ruled by governors, alcades or commandants, ac cording to their importance or position. The estimeted revenue ot the islands m 1894-95 was $13,500,000 and the ex penditure $13,200,000. There is an ex port duty on tobacco and nearly every article imported is Ucied. The chief products are sugar, hemp, coffee and in digo, and there are large coal fields which are now being opened, so that it is ex pected that 5000 ton9 ol coal per month may be mined. The imports in 1896 were about $12 000,000 and the exports $20,500,000. There are 70 miles ol rail way on the islands and 720 miles of tele graph. Manila lies on the western side of the island of Luzon and is about 600 miles Irom Hong-Kong. It has one of the most spacious and bcautiiul harbors in the world. The shores are low and in land can be seen the outline ol moun tains. The city of Manila resembles a dilapidated fortress surrounded by stone walls 300 years old. There is also a wide, shallow moat. The gates are never closed and it is doubtful if the city could make any defense. There is also an old lort. Seviral creeks branch off from the landlocked bay and afford a means of communication with the suburbs. These creeks ure crossed by innumerable bridges, and canoes thread their way through these narrow water-ways, which somewhat resemble a tropica Venice. Around the walls and the edge ol the bay is a fashionable drive lined with almond trees. It is here that the well-to-do inhabitants walk, drive and meet their Iriends. Of nearly 300,000 people in the province there are not more than 5000 Spaniards. Une oi tne most curious sights to the traveler who comes Irom China are the large two-wheel drnvs drawn by so-called water buffa Iocs. They are guided by a ring through their nose to which is attached a cord leading back to the driver, who either mounts on his back or rideson theshalts. The weight ol the load is borne on the neck by means of a yoke. The beasts are docile and their chief delight seems to be to wallow in the mud and to submerge themselves so that only the nose is out ol the wnter. 1 he water bullalo is par tieularly valuable to 1 he inhabitants as a beast ol burden, as it can drag a plow and can walk while knee deep in mud The milk of the female i9 very generally used instead ol cow's milk, but its meat is unfit for lood in the two best streets of Manila there are excellent stores in which goods of all kinds can be purchased at moderate prices, many of the merchants being Chi nese. 1 ne cnurcnes must uuvc uu posing buildings years ago belore they were shuken and in some cases wrecked bv earthquakes. They contain no worKS ol art ol any value. The inhabitants are very faithful to heir church and the arch bishop possesses almost unlimited influ ence with the inhabitants. It has often bei n said, if the priests were taken away, the natives would be ungovernable. The dwelling houses in Mnnila are con structed with a view of shutting out the intense heat ol the summer. The houses are rarely more than two stories in height, owing to the ravages of earth quakes. Glass is of course unknown, ns the earthquukes would shiver every pane. There is coal in abundance in the Phil ippine Islands, ns already stated, and the streets of Manila would undoubtedly be lighted with coal gas if it were not for the fact thai gas pipes would be de stroyed in the unstable soil. Of course, accidents are of frequent occunence witn kerosene, but us the natives' houses are vi rv inexpensive, their loss by fire is easily made good. Strange to say. life in the old city docs not present many points of interest to the traveler, for the streets are narrow and the houses solid and gloomy. It is a marked contrast to the businesslike cities ol South America. The Spaniards born in the Iberian Peninsula look down upon those born in the islands, so that class distinctions are very closely drawn. This has resulted in the failure to make political combinations. Hatred and jent ousyofthe foreigner are carried to ex treme limits, the Chinese coming in for a large 9hareof thcirdisfavor. Thethcaters are poor, concerts are rare and there is no library and their amusements are mostly limited to hearing the band play, attending balls on Sundays and cock fights. The cockpits are licensed by the government, and, though the betting is limited bv law, the citizens will not hold to it. The revenues of the islands are furnished bv direct taxes onevery Indinri, half-breed and Chinese, and the export and import duties have already been re ferrcd to. The r'ress of the natives is exceedingly picturesque and is never adopted by the Spanis-h. Cigar makers in and around the city of Manila number 22.000 and they are all girl9 and women with thecx 6 O o o o o o o o o o 2 Is Your Life Assured? o o o o o o o ption of 1500 men. They present a picturesque appearance with their native costume and huge hats intended to pro tect them from the ravs of the sun. They make their cigars squatting on their heels or sitting on bamboo stools two inches high. They frequently come from con siderable distances, going back and forth in boats. Tobacco hns alwavs been and probably will continue to be the most important product ol the Philippines and, according to the old laws, the In dians were compelled to raise tobacco in certain regions which were not adapted to growing it, even to the exclusion ol other crops, but in 18S3 the laws were repealed and the result was the securing of finer tobacco and better cigars, for they are now made at a higher ra'e. The wants ot the natives are few and are easily supplied. They live along the banks ol the rivers in huts made of bam boo and cane thatched with palm leaves, Some of the views in the suburbs of Ma' nila are enchanting. Scientific Amer ican. Those Dreadful Sores They Continued to Spread in Spite of Treatment but Now They are Healod-A Wonderful Work. "For ninny years I havo been a great Bufferer with vnricoso velus on one of my limbs. My foot and limb became dread fully swollen. When I stood up I could feel the blood rushing down the veins of this limb. One day I accidentally hit my foot against some object and a sore broke out which continued to spread and was exceedingly painful. I concludod needed a blood purlller and I began taking Hood's Snrsnparllln. In a short time tuoB9 dreadful sores which bad caused nib sc much suffering, began to heal. ! kept on faithfully with Hood's Barsapa rilla, and in a short time my limb was completely healed and the sores gave me no more pain. I cannot be too thankful for tho wonderful work Hood's Sarsapa rlila, has dono for me." MRS. A. E Oilson, llartland, Vermont. JiL Sarsa- b parilla Is tho best In fact tho Ono True Mood riirlflcr, Hood Hoad's Pills euro all liver Ills. 23 cents. HALE'S IIOHEY it's a death tap at your life door. If you knew it you wouldn't neglect such and a cough. JAR Hale's Honey of Horehound and Tar is a simple remedy but it acts like marie In all cases ot throat or bronchial trouble. Bold by Miiiiais. Pike's Toothache Drops cure in one minute. OF WHA would you think of a man who would start on a long journey, leaving his family unprovided for? You say you wouldn't do it ? You may start to night. Better take one of the cash value policies of the Equitable, See W. H. S. WH1TC0MB, Gen. Apt, Equitable Building, 1 00 Church Street, Burlington, Vt. O O OOOOOOOOOOOOOOCOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO! Essex County Branch PERFECTION RUPTURE CURE. Circulars on Application, We guarantee a positive cure of all cnsi'S of rupture, that can be reduced, and neio in the body during trcntment, with our support. 'No pay required un til the patient is healed, From similar testimonials we present the following: Webt Concord. Vt., Feb. 12, 1808. This is to certlly thnt my hernia ol twenty five years standing the lust ten years being very bad has been entirely healed alter taking four treatments at Dr. R. T. Johnson's otlice. by the Perfection Kupture Cure Co, I would eurncBtly recommend this cure to all persons suffering from rupture. Elubr Rked. Concord, Vt Feb. 12, 1898. I hereby certify that having been a sufferer from double rupture for twenty yenrs or more I was perfectly healed by receiving six weekly treatments at the office of Perfection Rupture Cure, West Concord. Gao. S. Howard. West Concord, Feb, 12,1898. I had double rupture of three years stand ing, which were exceedingly troublesome. Having received six treatments ol the Perfec tion Rupture Cure at Dr. R. T.Johnson's office I ura now completely healed. Waldo Reed. The work is in progress at Island Pond. Write E. P. Norcross as Medical director. Office hours at West Concord Wednes days from 9 a. m. to 3 p. m. R. T.John son, Medical Director. WILLARD CHASE, Manager. West Concord, Vt., Feb. 12, 1808. for Infants and Children. The Faosimile Signature of Appears on Eyery Wrapper. THE CCNTAUR CO MM NY, TT MUNHAV STRCCT, NCW VOHK CITY. Call and examine the Wonderful Endowment Policy, AT LIFE RATES. Issued only by the Union Central Life Insurance Co, CINCINNATI, OHIO. CRAWFORD RANNEY, Agent, Prlhinii Bnildiag, Si. Jehasbury, Varan Farm for Sale. In Danville, one half mile from . Mills. Contains Morse's 300 Acres-Excellent Buildlnas.Ga4 Orchai-4-NeTtr Failing Water Easy terms given. Apply onthe premises, B. H. RUSSBLL. Just Arrived. A Large and Beautiful Assortment of Parlor and Sitting-Room Chairs, Sofa Beds and Oak Chamber Suits LOWEST PRICES. HALL & STANLEY, 72 Main St. Recommended by all. The New Beverage. KOLA RAYS I The Great Nerve Renovator. On sale at all Drug Stores. CRYSTAL SPRING BOTTLING CO., Barnet, Vt. Sure Enough! Spring Styles I Low Prices ! Can Prove it. Dress Suits to Rent. e. c. BROOKS, Artist ... Tailor