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THE ST. JOHNBSURY CALEDONIAN, DECEMBER 28, 1898.
REG0RD0FI898 Notable Events and Casual ties of the Year. THE SPANISH WAR. losses by Fire, by Storms and by Violence Personal, Political and Miscellaneous Happenings A Gen eral Kcvlew of a Memorable Year. ' FIRES. JANUARY. I. t acres of factory buildings burned at Wlnooskl. Vt.; loss, J100.0W). 1 firaln warehouses of the Farmers' Un ion Milling Co. burned at Stockton, Cal.: loss, $500,000. 1 Hardware and dry goods store burned at Denlson. Tex.; loss. $200,300. 19. 30 buildings burned at Ransburg, Cal.; loss. $100,000. JO. Fire at East Grand Forks, N. D.; Inns. $125,000. 15. Union elevator, filled with grain, burn- d In East St. Louis; loss. $1,000,000. FEBRUARY. 1. U. 8. Rubber Co. at Naugatuck, Conn., burned out; loss, $700,000. 2. The Mclntyre block, Winnipeg, burn ed; los.s. $.r.00.000. 6. A $350,000 lire at Savannah; the Roman Catholic cathedral burned. J. A $250,000 flro at Fort Worth. Tex. 10. Storage company and other concerns burned out at Pittsburg; 11 deaths and property loss of $1,500,000. 25. Plant of the American Tobacco Co. burned at Louisville; loss. $350,000. MARCH. 10. A smelter and some railroad property burned at Dead wood. 8. D.; loss, $150, 000. 21. Loss of $300,000 by the burning of the Schoencman building In Chicago. APRIL. 1 12 buildings burned at Rock Hill, S. C; loss. $2C0.00O. 5. The Piazza t)pra House and other propertv burned at Vlcksburg. MIbs.; loss. $125,000. 17. Grain elevator and other property burned at Charlestown, Mass.; loss, $1,000,000. 20. Spurgeon'a tabernacle burned In Lon don. 25. St. Andrew's Catholic cathedral and other buildings burned in Glasgow; losa, $750,000. MAY. L Elevator and warehouse burned at Augusta, Ga.: loss, $200,000. t. The Elms hotel. Excelsior Springs, Mo., destroyed by fire; loss, $200,000. 11, A wool storehouse valued at $250,000 burned at Pallardvale, Mass. 12. Grain elevator and adjoining property, covering 4 acres, burned In Chicago; loss, $1,200,000. 15. A $2S5.000 fire at Muncle, Ind. 14 The business section of Attleboro, Mass.. wiped out by fire; loss over $1,000,000. JUNE. 1. Fire destroyed 4,000 houses at Fesha wur. India. 19. Fire destroyed the business portion of Park City. Utah: loss. $1,000,000. 23. $200,000 lost by fire at Lincoln. Neb. JULY. S. H buildings burned at Bath, Me.; loss, $100,000. 9. Parsons block burned at Cleveland; loss. JKS5.00O. Bands' and Mills' lumber yards burned at Pentwater. Mich.; loss over $500,000 10. The Western Starch works burned at West Hammond. Ills.; loss, $250,000. 11. Hotel St. Joseph at St. Joseph. Mich. burned; loss. $130,000. The World's theater burned at Pitts burg; loss, $175,000. 11 A $2,000,000 fire at Sunderland, Eng land AUGUST. I. A great part of the business portion of Bismarck. N. D.. Including banks, postofflce, newspaper plants and busi ness blocks, burned; loss nearly $7a0, 000. 11 The business portion of Wheatland, Cel.. destroyed by fire; loss. JlSo.000. 14. 4 lives lost and $500,000 worth of prop, erty destroyed by fire at Fresno City Cal. SEPTEMBER. 1 A $200,000 fire at Owosso, Md. 1 Grain elevator and mills burned at Memphis: loss, $242,000. 9. The Ocean House at Newport, R. I., burned. 10. 34 buildings burned at Livermore Falls. Me.; loss, $125,000. 11. 150 residences and 25 stores burned at Jerome. A. T.; many lives lost; prop erty loss about $1,000 000. 1!. At New Westminster. B. C, 500 build Ings burned: loss. $2,500,000. 18. .North Weymouth. Mass., suffered a $200,000 loss by a factory fire. OCTOBER. S. Immense tobacco warehouse and oth er buildings burned at Clarkesvllle, Tenn : loss over $500,000 1 A block of business bu'ldlngs burned at Atlantic City: loss, $200,000. 16. 40 buildings burned at Dawson City: loss. $500 001). 20. The Texas Drug Co. burned out at Dalian; loss, $500,000. 24. 3 city blocks and the docks on their front, together with several vessels, burned In South Brooklyn; loss, JCOO,- 000. NOVEMBER. 1 Shops of the Southern Pacific R. R at Sacramento damaged to the ex tent of $200,000 by nre. 40 buildings burned In Pitkin, Colo, loss. $100,000. 11. The town hall and S blocks of build Ings burned at Covington, La.; loss, $100,000. 19. Starln's shipyards at West Brighton, N Y partly burned; loss, $100,000. 23. Baldwin hotel, San Francisco, burned: loss. $1,500,000 : 2 deaths. 28. Keith's furniture house In Kansas City burned; loss. $240,000. DECEMBER. 1. Lincoln Normal university, near Lin coln. Neb., burned: loss, $100,000. 1 Home Life building, one of New York's "skyscrapers." gutted by fire; loss. $1,000,000. Eufaula, I. T., visited with a disas trous fire; loss, $150,000. I. 6 business houses burned at Franklin, Ind ; 2 deaths; property loss, itOO.OOO. T. A $125,000 fire at Danbury, Conn, ACCIDENTS. JANUARY. I 25 people killed and many injured by the collapse or a floor at London, Ont. 25. 8 lives lost In a fire in the Great Eastern block. Spokane, Wush.; loss, $225,000. . FEBRUARY. 1. 6 persons perished In the burning of the Alvord House, Gloversvtlle, N. Y. 5, 6 firemen killed by the collapse of a burning building in Boston. 26. 9 lives lost in a night fire at Charles ton. 28. 10 deaths by explosion In chemical works at Kalamazoo. MARCH. 13. 11 deaths at a fire In a Bowery lodging bouse In New York. 18. 60 deaths by explosion in the Santa Isabel mine at Belmes, Bpaln. APRIL. 1 Heavy loss of life among Klondike gold seekers by a snowsllda In Chll coot pass. About 30 lives lost by a broken levee at Shawncetown, Ills. 28. Atlantic Powder Co.'s works at Dover, N. J., destroyed by explosion. MAY. 11 18 workmen crushed by the fall of a flathouse In New York city; 7 deaths. 16. Heavy loss of life at the burning of the auxiliary hospital or St. Hyaclnthe at La Providence, Canada. 17. 7 workmen killed by the fall of an elevator in Boston. JULY. 4. 11 killed and over 200 Injured by a tor nado at Hampton Beach N. H. 4 persons killed and 100 Injured by the collapse of a bridge under 1,000 holiday makers at Shelby, O. 11. 10 workmen killed In a new water works tunnel at Cleveland by an ex plosion of natural gas. 12. 11 workmen killed by explosion at the Lafiin-Rand Powder works In Fomp ton. N. J. 19. 4 killed and 5 Injured by lightning at Boonton. N. J. 27. 6 men killed and many Injured by ex- plosion at the Hercules Powdor works, Point Pinole, Cal. AUGUST. 21, 7 persons killed and 15 Injured by a collision at Sharon, Mass., on the.N. Y., N. H. and H. R. R. 27. A pleasure coach collided with a train on the Boston and Maine R. R. at Ware, Mass.; 5 killed and several Injured. SEPTEMBER. L 8 killed and 9 Injured In a wreck on the N. Y., O. and W. R. R. near Ful ton, N. Y. 18 passengers killed and 17 seriously Injured In collision between trolley car and railroad train at Cohoes. N. Y. 6. A bridge fell Into the St. Lawrence river at Hogansburg. N. Y., carrying down 60 workmen: over 20 deaths. 20. 7 missing and 6 k lied as the result of a dust explosion In the Union elevator at Toledo: money lost, JG0O.0O0. 23. 8 lives lost by an explosion In a mine at Brownsville. Pa. OCTOBER. 17. 9 killed and 13 Injured In a wreck on the Great Central R. R. at Barnet Junction. England. 22. 8 deaths In a wreck on the Rock Is land R. R. near Fort Worth, Tex. NOVEMBER. t. 15 workmen killed by the falling of a theater roof at Detroit. 9 miners crushed to death In a collision between the cnge and a train of load ed coal cars In the Exeter mine at Pcranlon. 15. 12 killed and IS Injured In a collision on the Grand Trunk near Murray Hill. Ont. 27. 8 deaths by the explosion of a steam drumhead on steamer T. C. Walker at Stockton. Col. 28. An explosion of war ammunition In Havana killed 12 and severely Injured 6 employees, chiefly children. DECEMBER I. 6 men killed by the bursting of a feed pipe on the Texan steamer Alamo ly ing In New York. 6. 15 women and girls killed and 50 dan gerously hurt In a factory fire at VII na. Russia. 9. 7 buildings of the Du Pont Powder plant at Wilmington, Pel., wrecked by explosion: 3 men killed, 8 Injured 12. 5 men killed by an explosion In a coal mine at Pateau, I. T. 13. 6 killed and 30 Injured by the collapse of a gas tank In New York city, 8 workmen run down and killed on the N Y Central R R. near Corfu. N. Y. 9 soldiers killed and 10 wounded at Fort Constantlne. Russia, by the explosion of a shell. 16. 4 deaths by collision of a carriage with a Pennsylvania R. R. express at Allenwood. N J. ITEMS PERSONAL AND POLITICAL. JANUARY. 8. LI Hung Chang recalled to power In China 12. Hanna re-elected to the U. S. senate. . FEBRUARY. 14. Scnor Polo y Bernabe appointed Span ish minister to the United States to succeed De Lome, resigned. 23. Zola convicted of libel at Paris; sen tence, 1 year in prison and fine of 3.O0C francs. MARCH. I. Col. Henry wounded by Col. Plcqunrt In a duel growing out of the Zola trial. In Paris. APRIL. 22. Charles Emory Smith Installed as postmaster general In place of James A. Gary, resigned 25. Secretary of State John Sherman re signed. JULY. 1. Edwin Austin Abbey, the American artist, elected to the Royal Academy of Great Britain. The Wel-Hal-Wel treaty between Great Britain and China signed. 7. The Hawaiian annexation bill becamo a law. 10. George N. Curzon appointed British viceroy of India. AUGUST. 12. Ratification of the treaty of annexa tion of Hawaii and raising of the American flag SEPTEMBER. 5. Wllhelmlna enthroned as queen ol Holland. 7. LI Hung Chang again dismissed from ofllce In China. 12. German emperor and empress started on their tour through Palestine. 80. Col. John Hay was sworn Into offlct as secretary of state. OCTOBER. 24. MaJ. Gen. Wesley Merrltt, U. S. A., and Miss Laura Williams married In London. NOVEMBER. 7. Cuban assembly organized at Santa Cruz del Sur. 8. Theodore Roosevelt elected, governot of New York. 21. Gen Calixto Garcia arrived at New York on a mission to President Mc Klnley with reference to the future of Cuba. 80. Marshal Ramon Blanco, ex-captaln general of Cuba, sailed from Havana for Spain. DECEMBER. 6. Last session of the Fifty-fifth con gress opened 11. Gen. John R. Brooke, U. S. A., ap pointed military governor of Cuba. 17. Gen Wesley Merrltt, U. 8. A., lat commander of the army at Manila, ar rived In New York. SPORTING EVENTS. APRIL. 16. National Baseball league season open ed. MAY 6. Jeffries defeated Sharkey In 20 round at Snn Francisco 25 Jedilah won tho English Derby. 28. Ornament won the Brooklyn Handi cap. JUNE. 5. Le Roi Solell won the Grand Prix at Paris. 18. Tlllo won the Suburban Handicap. 23. Cornell defeated Yale and Harvard In the varsity race at New London: time, 23m. 4M ; Yale's time, 24m. 2s.; Har vard's time. 24m 35s 27. American, Derby won by Plnkcoat, JULY. 2. Pennsylvania won the varsity crew's race at Saratoga, Cornell second, Wis consin third, Columbia fourth. 7. At the Henley rcitutta, England, the Diamond Sculls were won by the American oarsman Howell. SEPTEMBER. 10. Tod Sloane, a noted Amerlcn Jockey, won 5 out of 7 events at the Newmar ket races. NOVEMBER. 12. Princeton won the Yale-Princeton football match; score, 6 to 0. 19. Harvard won the football game at New Haven, scoring 17 to 0 against Yale. 23. In theSharkey-Corbett sparring match Sharkey got the decision on a foul, all bets off, 24. Pennsylvania defeated Cornell at foot ball in Philadelphia; score, 12 to 6, DECEMBER. 10. International 6 day cycle race at Mad ison Square Garden: won by Miller 16. The amateur balk line billiard tourna ment ended In New York city, J. By ron Stark, winner. SPANISH WAR. A Diary of the Chief Event of the Great Conflict, ' JANUARY. 24. Battleship Maine ordered to Havana. 27. Gen. Aranguren, the Cuban leader, killed by the Spaniards. FEBRUARY. 7. The De Lome letter made public. 15. The U. S. battleship Maine wrecked by explosion In Havana harbor; 266 of the oflicers and crew killed. MARCH. 10. The $50,000,000 defense bill became a law. 16. Senator Proctor addressed the senate on the situation In Cuba. 28. President submitted the-report of the Mulne board of Inquiry to congress. APRIL. 7. Joint note from Great Britain. France, Germany,. Russia and Italy presented to the president. 9. Gen. Fltz-llugh Lee left Havana. 11. The president's message on asking for power to Intervene In Cuba submitted to congress. Gen. Lee testified before the senate for eign relations committee. 19. The Cuban Intervention .resolutions passed congress. Ultimatum sent to Spain. 20. Senor Bernabe, the Spanish minister, received his passports and left Wash- 01 Miniatnr IVnnitfnrit tinmlpd his nftSS- I ports by the Spanish government. Sampson's U. S. squadron blockaded Cuba. First marine capture of the war, the Spanish ship Buena Ventura. In the eulf of Mexico. 24. The president called for 125.000 volun- teer troops. 25. Declaration by congress and the pres- ident that a state of war began on the 21st. 26. England proclaimed her neutrality j7 and declared that the spantsn-Amert- can war began April 21, when bpaln 24 pave the U. S. minister his passports. 28. Part of Admiral Sampson s fleet Dom- barded the Spanish works at Matan zas, Cuba. Spanish steamer Guldo, from Spain with jo money and supplies Tor the troops in Cuba, captured by the U. S. monltoi Terror. 29. Spanish squadron under Cervera sail ed westward from St. Vincent. MAY. I. Dewey's battle at Manila. 5. The French steamer Lafayette cap tured while attempting to run the Havana blockade. II. First engagement In Cuban waters; gunboats Wilmington and Hudson and j torpedo boat Wlnslow against torts at Cardenas: Ensign Worth Bagley of the Wlnslow killed. 12. Admiral Sampson's fleet bombarded San Juan, Porto Rico. 13. Spanish fleet reached Martinique. The flying squadron sailed from Hamp ton Roads for Cuban waters 19. Cervera's squadron reached Santiago. 25. President McKlnley issued a second call for troops, asking for 75.000 volun teers. 26. Steamer Florida landed on Cuban soil the largest secret expedition of the war. 31. Commodore Schley's fleet bombarded the forts at the entrance to Santiago harbor. JUNE. 1 Lieut. R. P. Hobson, U. 8. N., ran the collier Merrlmac Into the channel of Santiago harbor and sank her. 1 Bombardment of Calmanero, on Guan tanamo bay. 10. 600 U. S. marines under Col. Hunting ton landed at Guantanamo bay and hoisted the stars and stripes on Cuban soil. 11, Col. Huntington's marines attacked bj Spaniards at Guantanamo; 6 killed.' among them Dr. John Blair Glbbs, a noted surgeon of New York city. 13. Gen. Shaffer's expedition from Kej West sailed for Santiago. 14. U. 9. marine corps defeated the Span iards In battle at Guantanamo bay; Spanish loss, 200 killed and wounded 17. Sampson again bombarded the forts at Santiago, with the exception of Morro Castle. 12. Shafter's troops and armament landed at Daiquiri, near Santiago. 24. Heavy skirmish of Roosevelt's rough riders with Spaniards at Savllla, neat Santiago. JULY. 1. Desperate fighting by Gen. Shafter's army at Santlngo. Patties at El Caney and San Juan hill. Cuba. 8. Cervera's fleet destroyed off Santlagc after escaping from the harbor by tht fleet under Commodore Schley; Span ish lost heavily In killed and prisoners. Gen. Shafter demanded the surrender ol Santiago: a truce declared between the nrniles. 10. Bombardment of Santiago by the guns of the army and Sampson's warships. 17. Santiago surrendered to Gen. Shafter by Gen. Toral; about 24,000 Spaniards grounded arms. 25. Gen. Miles' force landed at Port Ponce, Porto Rico. Gen Merrltt reached Manila harbor 31. Spanish attack on American lines at Malate, near Manila, repulsed. AUGUST. t. Terms of peace officially announced. 4. Gen Shafter reported over 4,000 sick, 8.000 of them fever cases; ordered to move his army to Montauk Point. 7. Spain accepted American terms of peace. 11. Spanish attack at San Juan. Porto Rico, repulsed. 12. Peace protocol formally signed at Washington. 13. Manila surrendered to Dewey after a bombardment by the American fleet, followed by an army attack upon tha Spanish trenches. , SEPTEMBER. 9, American peace commission complet ed, consisting of Senators Gray of Delaware, Frye of Maine and Davis of Minnesota. Secretary of State W, R. Duy and Whltelaw Reld. OCTOBER. 1. First Joint conference of the Amerl can and Spanish peace commissioners 18. -Stars and stripes raised over forts nnd public buildings at San Juan, Porto Rico Peace Jubilee opened In Chicago. 24. Last Spanish troops sailed from Porto Rico for Spain NOVEMBER. 21. United States ultimatum on the Phil ippines delivered to the Spanish com missioners, demanding treaty cession of the archipelago for $20.000 000 ' 25. Gen. Francis Vinton Greene. U 8 V., with the vanguard of the American garrison for Havana, landed at Mari ano wharf. 21 Spain announced through her peace I commissioners the acceptance, under protest, of the United States demand for treaty cession of the Philippines on payment of $20,000,000. DECEMBER. 10. Firt U. S. troops marched through the streets of Havana with bands playing and colors flying. Treaty of peace signed at Paris, First parade of U. S. troops In Havana. 17. Rioting In Havana during the evacua tion by Spanish soldiers. LOSSES BY SHIPWRECK. JANUARY. Cuban filibustering schooner Tlllle foundered off Barnegat; 4 men lost. FEBRUARY. Channel Queen, mall steamship, wrecked off Isle of Wight; 22 lives lost 87 lives lost In the wrecking of the French steamer Flachat off Canary Islands. British ship Asia wrecked oft Nan tucket; 18 sailors drowned. MARCH. 9 drowned by the capsizing of the schooner Speedwell near Key West. 40 people, Including 27 Klondlkers, drowned by the capsizing of the bark Alma off the Golden Gate. California. APRIL. British ship Marlborough wrecked In mldocean; 15 sailors drowned. MAY. 12 sailors drowned by the wreck of the British steamer Benholm off the coast of Wales. Alaska Bchooner Jane Gray foundered off Cape Flattery; 34 passengers drowned. British steamer Mecca sunk off Cal cutta; 53 lives lost. june 50 drowned at the launching of Eng land's battleship Albion at Blackwall-on-the-Thames. , JULY. About 30 people drowned by the cap sizing of the excursion steamer Surf 23. 11 21, 20. 14. 22. 25, 21, 4. City off Beverly. Mass. The French liner La Bourgogne sunk by collision off Sable island; 560 per sons drowned. AUGUST. I. A sea captain and 30 sailors drowned by the wrecking of a steamer and towing dredge off Florida, 20' Steamer Norge sunk off the New foundland banks; 16 sailors drowned. OCTOBER. Atlantic transport liner Mohcgan wrecked on the Cornish coast off Fal mouth; 169 lives lost out of 200 souls on board. Steamer L. F. Doty lost op Lake Michigan with her crew of 16 men. Schooner St. Peters went down on Lake Ontario; 8 lives lost. ' NOVEMBER. British ship Atalanta wrecked off the Oregon coast; 25 seamen drowned. British steamer Fltzjames foundered off Beachy head; 10 seamen drowned Steam packetshlp Portland lost dur ing the storm on the trip from Boston tc Portland with 161 souls on board. Steamei Alnsworth wrecked near Bal four B C, 9 persons drowned. DECEMBER 87 persons drowned In the wreck of the Clan Drummond In the bay of B'lacay. 14. 26. 27, 21. Her Flrnt Order. She was newly married and did not know a little bit about either house keeping or shopping, and she was giv ing her very first order. It was a crush er, but the grocer was a clever man and was used to all kinds of orders and could interpret tbem-asily. "I want ten pounds of paralyzed sug ar," she began, with a businesslike air. "Yes'in. Anything else?" "Two cans of condensed milk." "Yes'm." He set down "pulverized sugar" and "condensed milk." "Anything more, ma'am?" "A bag of fresh salt. Be sure it's fresh." "Yes'm. What next?" "A pound of desocrated codfish." He wrote glibly "desiccated cod." "Nothing more, ma'am? We have some nice horse radish just in." "No," she said. "It would be of no use to us. We don't keep a horse." Thon the grocer sat down and fanned himself with a patent washboard, al though tho temperature was nearly aero. New York World. Klrmesa. In some portions of Germany the kirmess, or church mass, formerly danced in honor of the dedication of a church, is now observed with the special character of a harvest home. It marks the close of the year's labors and is cele brated by three days of music, feasting and dancing with partners chosen or al lotted, according to degrees of comeli ness, at the preoeding May festival. In southern Germany the end of the harvest is marked by tho sickle feast. The last sheaf is carried in triumph to the barn and placed on the floor, while the younger couples dance around it. One half of it is then docked with rib bons and hung aloft, while the other half is burned. Its ashes are treasured as a remedy for rheumatism and are sometimes used in making amulets or charms The peasants leave for Wodan, or "the old one," a few ears of corn and a small number of apples, it being considered unlucky to strip either field or tree entirely bare. Lippinc'ott's. Letters and Trade. The London Daily News notos the hffiuity between letters and trade. Charles Lamb and Mill used to adorn the old India House. Austin Dobson, Gosse and Cosmo Monkhouse are in the board of trade. Benjamin Kidd and W. M. Rossetti used to be at Somerset House. Dante Gabriel Rossetti narrow ly escaped at one crisis in his career being a telegraph clerk instead of an artist. The postofflce absorbed for many years the superfluous energies of An thony Trollope. Ueorife IV'i Wit. Mrs. Byrne, in nor "Social Hours With Celebrities," tells this anecdote of George IV'swit; "I remember one of the Rev Mr. Wagner's stories con cerned some uoblemau who had enjoyed an unenviable reputation for assiuiuity. It hud beeu suggested to the king to confer on him nu order of the Thistle, which bad become vacant. 'Give the Thistle to 11 exclaimed the king. 'Why, he'd oat HI' ". Their suae into oblivion. Men who climb the Alps and lose Untie to incnase its yield for a dozen I their lives slipping down into the val- f Peara thereafter, lasting perhaps a gon ley are brave and daring, but they never nation. Pl 'ted at a distance of 20 or j get credit for doing a good thing. New B0 foot apart, the spaces between the Orloans Picayune. I frees may be utilized for vegetables, DUR TROPICAL COLONY. Porto Rico the Beneficiary of Profligate Dame Nature. CHE PEODtJOTS OF THE ISLAND. Coffee, Which Is of a Very Fine Quality, Beads the List, With Sugar and Tobac co Respectively Second and Third. Some of the Other Profitable Crops. III. Bounteous nature certainly intended Porto Rico to bo well provided with ivery tropical product of the vegetable kingdom if we may judge by the varie ties of shrub nnd troo found there. It pill be hardly possible to enumerate ill, since thero two doubtless pvty spo jies, the peculiar virtuus of which are is yet undiscovered. In the first place, )ur pharmacopoeias are deeply indebted jo the tropics for many of their staples, mob as gnaiacum, ipecaounnha, aloes, rhubarb, etc., all of which grow in A PORTO RICO SENORITA. Porto Rioo. Then there are trees and ihrubs valuable for their gums, as the "mammy," copal and the great trees of the high forests, tho exudations from which are used as incense. Plants, the bark, wood or fruits of ivhich are used in dyeing nnd tanning ire the mulberry, wild ginger, auatto, Indigo, myrrh, mangrove and dividivi or caesalpinia. All these grow practi cally in a wild state, as also do the castor bean, cotton and rice. The forests contain trees which have been sought forcentur-iesas precious dye and cabinet woods, chief among which are the logwood and mahogany, the former growing in the littoral forests, particularly in the islet of Vieques and the latter on the hills. To these must be added the fragrant cedar, such as the Cuban cigar boxes are made from, tbe lain el, walnut, oak, locust and many others. The mahogany of Cuba, Santo Domingo and Porto Rico is held in higher esteem than that from Honduras, and logs have - been shipped in times past worth $5,000 each landed in Lon don. We send abroad annually $2,000,000 each for in'Mgo aud cabinot woods, which this island can supply for many years to come, basing future estimates upon what it has produced in the past. For raw silk the chief of our govern ment bureau of statistics, Mr. Austin, Bays we send away $25,000,000 an nually. Iu the sheltered valleys of Por ' to Rico's mountains tho mulberry finds a congenial home, and the silkworm Likewise. But these are merely " byproducts. " The real staples of tho island have not as yet been touched upon. These are to bacco, sugar, coffee, of which tho island produces, roughly estimated, 7,000, 000 pounds of the first, 70,000 tons of the second nnd 17,000 tons of the third. 1 According to the Spanish "Estadistica General del Comercio Exterior," pub lished in 1897, Porto Rico exported $04(1,566 in tobacco, $3,747,891 in sugar and $8,789,738 in coffee. So it would seem that coffee is tbe great staple. Peculiar com itions of soil, climate and altitude are necessary to the production of perfect coffee, and these are not found in combination everywhere, even in the tropics. According to our bureau of statistics, in 1896 we imported 580, 598,000 pounds of coffee, of which near ly 4,000,000 pounds came from Brazil, 50,000,000 from Venezuela, 88,000,000 from Central America, 24,000,000 from Mexico, abut 19,000,000 each from Colombia and the West Indies and 82, 000,000 from "nil other countriea" Arabia, the ancient home of tho aro tnatio berry, is not mentioned, and but a small quantity came from Sumatra and none from Java. The coffee of Porto Rico ranks with the best, and, though this may seem a teflection upon our tastes, that 1b th leason it goes abroad nnd is not com' tnon in our marts. The finest coffee plantations, aud there are more than 1,200 in all iu Porto Rico, are in the 'nterior and the southern and western portions of the island, located, as a rule, above an altitude of 600 feet, where the heat of tho lowlands is not felt, where tree ferns aud bamboos wave their luxuriant fronds, where streams Bow through tree shaded valleys and whore the diseases of the littoral rogion rarely penetrate. The coffee tree is a tender plant, requir ing at first shade and protection from the winds, and these are afforded by planting rows of bananas and plantains for the first and windbreaks of large trees for the Becoud. Coffee will beam to bear in about three years and con- m,h na nrlrlnes. vams and sweet pota toes, whilo the sheltering banana plants themselves will yield a crop of fruit the second year, but should not be allowed to remain after the fourth yenr A cultivation which has received comparatively little attention in this island is that of theoacao, the troe pro ducing the chocolate bean, but condi tions here are most favorable for its pet feet growth, and,' like coffee, it flour ishes in the hills and uioiBt valleys. For every pound of ohocolato uBed in the United States we have to soud abroad. That its manufacture, if not its cultivation, is profitable, we have but to read the advertisements of various dealers to ascertain French and Dutch, as well as American packers of choco late, have made fortunes, and the de maud for it constantly increases It is indigenous to the American tropics, as its name, derived from. Jho Azteo "ohooolatl, " indicates. The cacao attains a height of 30 or 80 feet, comes to maturity at about the same age as coffee and yields abun dantly It may be grown on rocky hill sides, where nothing else excepting coffee perhaps could get a foothold, and delights in the warm, moist vclley9 of the coast region At least one island tn tho West Indies, that of Grenada, ha been raised from poverty to compara tive affluence by the abandonment of sugar as an exclusive cultivation and the substitution of cacao. The same locations aro also favorable to the growth of all the native spices, as well as those long since introduced, such as cinnamon, nutmeg and pimento. Vanilla will grow in the damp forests, and ginger, citron and arrowroot may be cultivated profitably. The last named has made tho fortune of many a farmer in Bermuda aud St. Vincent, and there is no reason why it will not do as well in this island. Liko tko native cassava, from which flour and cassnreep are ob tained, the arrowroot grows best in the fertilosoil of the many steep acclivities. It is estimated that our imports of fruits and nuts, "nearly all of them of tropical growth and many of them from these very islands," amount to $17, 000,000 por year; of fibers (jute, sisal hemp, etc.), about $12,000,000, and of cacao, $3,000,000 Tbo fibers can be produced in such barren spots as tbe Bahamas and Yucatan, where the suil is too poor tor anything else, and it ia doubtful if they could be made a profit able cultivation in this island. But rice, of which we import to tbe amount of $2,000,000 annually, grows well, though most of it is of tho so called "mountain variety" and is consumed here. Two of the great staples, sugar and tobacco, should not be overlooked, though it is believed that lands suita ble for their cultivation have been mainly occupied. Sugar is at its best in tho coastal lowlands It was introduced early in the sixteenth century, probably from the Canaries, and has found here as congenial a home as in Cuba, and the methods of cultivation and manu facture are the same There are more "trapiches de buey" ox or bullock mills run by natives of small means than there are vast "haciendas" and "ingenios," as in Cuba There is, of course, no region like the famed Vuelta Abajo of Cuba for the raising of high grade tobacco, but the "weed" of Porto Rico is said to press it close in quality The peculiar soil of the Abajo is found here in many rich valleys, such as Palmas, CagnaB aud Cidra, nnd the climatic conditions are similar and favorable As most of the tobacco raised ' on the 200 "estauoios" goes to Cuba, there is more than a sus picion that Porto Rico's product may be found incorporated in not a few of those "genuine havanas" for which the gilded youth of our country pay fabu lous prices. To recapitulate the chief produots of Porto Rico and their zones of cultiva tion : Along the coast are tho coooa palm, pineapple, banana, nearly all trqpioal fruits and vegetables The palm will bear in six or seven yearB from plant ing, aud continue at lonst 00 The sugar cane, like the banana, flourishes in this zone as tar up as a thousand meters above sea level Under favorable conditions it matures in from 11 to 14 months, and reproduces itself during five years thereafter The cotton plant flourishes within tho sume bolt, produces in from soven to nine months, and endures for three or four years. The yucca is likewise in the coast bolt, living tor yars. Maize, found everywhere up to 8,000 feet above the sea, rlpeifB inlrom three to five months and must be planted an nually Tobacco, which flourishes within the samo area, also .roquires annual plant ing aud matures in from four to Bix months. Coffee and cacao flourish anywhere above 600 feot. The Inttor is best at 1,000 or 1,500 It requires three or four yenrs for flrBt fruits, nnd endures for 40 years, or the average length of man 'a ,iro- Frkdickick A. OliKft. VERMONT NEWS. Plre at Burlington. One of the most destructive fires In the history of Burlington occurred early Saturday morninu, resulting in the de struction ol the Shepard & Morse plan ing mill, several houses, eleven million lett ol lumber valued at $175,000. and a number ol cars. One hundred men are thrown out ol employment. The total loss is about $230,000, well coveted by insurance. Not bo very many years ago the wnters 01 Lake Chatnplain rolled over the site of the Shepard & Moree mill, and indeed over the entire lumber district. As the lumber business I Burlington grew and expanded the lake was gradually filled in, until the shore became what we see todav. On the Shepard & Morse site, the Ballard brothers put up a saw mill about 40 years ago. This was burned to the, ground aoout 1800, and it was succetded almost immediately by the planing mill just burned which was erected by that public spirited, generous and broad minded man to whom Bur lington owes so much tbe late Lawrence Barnes. Mr. Barnes was succeeded in the lum ber busimss by Shepard & Davis, after waid the Shepard & Morse company, and the mill was used by them up to the moment ol its destruction, though the real estate was sold to the Central Ver mont railroad company several years Bgo. The Central bought the property lor the sake of the land, and there is no probability that the mill will be rebuilt. It sufli red considerably by the fire some years ago which destroyed the adjacent building of Tail & Morgan. In its palmy days, and in the palmy days of Burlington's lumber buMntss. it was rtckoned the largest mill ol the kind in tbe world, having a rapacity ol 500,000 lect 01 lumber per dav 01 24 hours. Burlington's Big Fire. Burlington's tirt big fire of which present Burlingrnnians have memory was in 1858, just 40 years ago, when the original Pioneer shops (the site of which is now occupied bv J. R. Booth's big plant) were completely destroyed, in volving a low that was very large for those days. The shops had been built by the citizens ol Burlington for the pur pose oi extending the city's manutHCtur ing interests; nnd they wererebuiltlarge ly through the tfforts or the same enter prising man to whom the city Inierowed the Shepard & Morse mil! Lawrence Barnes. The next big fire was in the fall of 1869 when the old Lake house and Noye's block, on Battery street, opposite the stone store, were destroyed and two or thne lives were lost. Almost exactly four vears ago, Dec.24v 1894 at 10 30 p. m., fire on the premises 01 J. R. Booth and the Vermont Shade Roller compnnv Hid damage to the amount ol $110,000. March 19, 1895, early in the morning,. J, R Booth's entire plant was destroyed, involving loss ol $200 000, with insur ance 01 $125 000. For Sale or Exchange For sale or exchange for a new milch cow, a small home thoroughly broken to saddle end harm has bern used by a little girl. Just the horse lor scholars living awav trom school to ue. Sound and pood looking, will le sold cheup. also three other young sound Morgan roadster, lor sale very cheap. May be seen at the stable ol subscribers. DR. G. W. WARD & NOV, No. 5 State Street, St Johnsbvry, VL. Commissioners' Notice. HORACE D McKINDLBV'S BS ATE. The subscribers, having been appointed br the Honorable Probate Court for the district 01 Caledonia, commissioners to receive, ex- amine, and adjust all claims and demands of all persons against the estate of Horace I). McKindlrv. late of Barnet. in said district. deceased, and the term of six months from. the UHth day of Nov., 189M, being allowed by said court to the creditors of said de ceased, to exhibit and prove thtir respective claims before us: Give notice that we will at tend to the duties of our appointment at the tore of Geo. P. Hlair. in Harnet in said district, on the 26th dav of January and tne zotn day 01 May next Ht one o'clock in the alternoon. on each ol said days. MOHKS CILFILLAN, W. J. McMillan. Commissioners, Barnet, Vt., December 10, A. D. 18x8. For 1899. CLUB PAPERS. All the leading Newspapers and Magazines club bed with the .'. St. Johnsbury Caledonian. The .-. Caledonian Company.