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nOYAI. CTIfl x. ii. iiosj NEWPORT, SATURDAY, DEC. 9, 1870. ( VOL. I, No. 1. Tttni, $1.00 pr Aunum. rUUMSHED EVElir 8.iTUHI)AY AT HJWPOWP . ,?? ROYU CUJ'N'JS, PROPRICTOR, T. H. HOSKINS, M. D., EDITOR, TKRMS i On,doUaf pcr innum, ptjrible In adranca. AU jiajieni dbconttuueil when the time ptlil for explret. Adrertlxmrati luerted for 60 ctnU per tiich, flnt luKrUoni 24 ctsti pcr loch, each labMtjucnt inMrtloa. Twelre Uaa of thb tii type nukt m iach. fcmani Jfarms. For the Vermont FarnJ amTwitnesscd tho mauy changes in the con- j lon oi we lunu ana peopio. in nis youugcr day&,mqnoy was vcryiscarce, and obtainedby gqjng to Moqtroal wU prpduce, or, to.,Bos ton. Tho mcrchanta at Montpelier dcajt in, grain largely, and at a small pri'ce would tako buttcr, cggs and poultry. Salt uscd to bo rafteo. jp tho Connecticut ltivor to Bel lows t"J'j, ,or to White ltiver, and thcn Ifrought with.tcaraa to Montpelier and eold at four dollars per bushcl. Mr. Dowoyjjircssions that guidcd tho streain hardly A J'ATOT SOUTH FEOli ItONTPELIIlf. N such a hilly stato as Vermont, the JL roads aro geuerally in tho rivcr val-' leysl SoitisfromMontpnVorto North field. Ovter Berlin bridgc, up tho hill. on ita Bummit, a, farm of two hundred apres lias iustbccn purchased by G. 0 ChamPr for twctve thousand dollars, and uppcars to bo woll worth ,the nioney. Sixty acrcs of fieldi aro quito freo froin stono and appear of such Ctcut jc fcoll tWit Winio wbpii ppplied av11 givo good rcsults. Thirty cows can bo kept. Montpelier givcs a good market for milk. Cows can be made more profitable by sclling milk than by making buttcr and cliecsc. Mr. Chaudlcr haa nix heatl of hcrd book bhorthorns, and inteinls to try that brccd for dairy as well as fashion. Tho sirc of the calves is Earl of Oxford. A pair of Ches hirc pigs from 0. S. Bliss, aro in ono pen, and soveral nico Chester Whites attract aUeution in othcrs. A pair of wild gecse crop tho grass ncar by, and scveral promising colts rauge the postures, making altogetqer a, good gtock to bcgin with on so good a farm, and wo trust Mr. C. will pennanently join the ranksot larmers and lllustrato the best mqth ods of tillago, brccding and fbeding. Tho next farm is fairly in the valley of Sog fiiyer, is owncd by .Qalvin Alcxander, and cost $10,000 thrco years aeo. Hero is spmc good nicadovf, Tvhcro all tho opcrations can bo most.economically carried, on. Di)iry;ng is the chfcf eourco of profit. $omo sheep are kept, and fine crops pf corn arfl raised. The end of the oorn crib is decprated HQdcjr tho gable jct Trjtb thirty traccs of cprnj sokh contftfoiflg about Beventyrfiyo c?rs. Ths Bccma a Civprito way tp s.toro scd porn In this valley,, qa. seyeral otcr cpru hpusea, aro decorated in tho aame way. Tho valley in ploccs is quito narrov, yet tqckod iu on each bank a.re mqadpws that are b,ighly priied by tho Qvrpers. "Vo pass alopg tp muea and come to. tho larm ot Alr, Jarnswprth, that cost 810,000. Here, Btrotching off to tlio east, to a qeep bluff, are perhaps fifty acrcs qf good smopth an(l, Westward tho Iand is vcry broken, stcep and undcsirable cxoont for nasture. If a propcr discount is made for tho poorcr quality of the hills tho fields 'must bo very-valuable, certainly ovtr $100 per acre. Tho woxt farm is owned by Mr. William Dewoy, whrhs Hved hero sixty-two, years has hadifaith in farming, and.has improvcd farm, buildings, stocke, tcam, and furming tools. Ilis farm is valuod at $10,000 though. it contains lcss than two hundred acrcs. The tillacotland near tho river is about thirty- .Ivc acrcs in cxtcnt. Most of it is flowcd wheu the watcr.is vory high, yet is.excpllent plow land, and produccs. creat crops of corn. .oatsandhay. A hundred baskets of eara,,a hundred buBheltf.of oats, or threo tons of hay have bccu takcn from an acre, and all this mcadow Iand is m bo good a statc that a good iiui uus iu; uu lurncu m wncn a new. piecp, is selcuted Ctfcultivation. Corn cround rei ceives a liunal drcssicg of manurc, plowed in and in tho hill, followed by oats with grasi; secu xho bixtcen cows that erazo therall llino, he had thirty-twoBolid cords of dry block feoi, shriTiplajnly the jJDpvolh'blood. .Wljiod aheody eold at sevcn dnllara per cord, grades ot this breed givo satisfactiou on ac-Tlwenty-Uvo cords of Ibuf Ibol, w'oou'w'ortltft huccn elares the brook is of more bcnefit to him than. fivq huqdrqd dollara at intergst. I think; he.scta thgvouo lpyf enough. I know of but.ono othcr cxbcrimcnt in lrricalion in yennpnt' as exten'siVo as this. Whcn 1 Visitcd this field it Vas in tho dry harvcst timc. J. could not account for tho luxurianco of the grass, till my 'feet Bplashcd the watcr, and as 1 Btcpped in diifercnt dircctions to avoid it it was'sttll tho sumo. Tho little dc- eljo.iv to tho carclcss obscryer. All along sputh. of, Montpelier tho farniers value their"woodland, and with cord wood at from thrcc to four dollars pcr cord, bark at Lfievcn or eight, ties at thirty cents each, they mako a good thmg of it ; but as they doliypr much.ut.tho tracljof tho Ccntral ltail road, it docs. not mako as much bIiow as at the north of the town, up Worcester 13rauch, .where some farmcrs dcclaro they could not hve by iarming alone, but mako thcir wintcr work, with wood, as vuluablc as the suinmcr labor upon tho farm. Iu a fino day iu wiuter fifty tcams have becn mct, driving out of Montpelier six milcs, all loadcd with wood, Tho dpwn tcams novcr turn out, so two tracks are kept. As I dined with one farmcr ho told LIBEBALITT IN PABUIN0. Iu this art, and almost in this art alqnc, " it is tho liberal hand which maketh ricli." Libcrality in providing utcnsiis is tho sav ing both of tiino and labor. The more pdr fect.hia instrumcnts, tho moro profitable uro thpy. So also it is with his working cattlo and his stock. Tho more perfcct iu thcir kinds are over the most profitable. Libcrality in good barns nnd wann sheN tcrs is tho nourco of hcalth, strcugth uud comfort to auiiuals ; cuuscs thein to tlirivo ou lcs3 food, and. sccurcs from damago all sorts of crops. Liberality also in tho provision of food for domcstic animals is the sourcc of flcsli, uiuscle uud manure. Libcrality to tho carth, in sccd, culture and compost, is the sourco of its bouuty. Tlius I'rovidcnco has inscparably conncctcd our duty and our huppincHs. In raising animals, tho condition of his Hucccaa is kiudncss nnd bcncvolcnce to thein. In cultivatiug tho carth, tho condition of niau's succcss is his industry upon it. count of hardincss, thriftiucss and cood dairy qualities, that fill the tubs with buttcr, although the quarts of milk may not bc re- markaDlc. jLlien the goou color ot tho cattle, the cherry red that shows to so good advan tage wheu thoplump animals aro satisfactory in other respects ! A noble span of horscs do tho larm work. Still further south in this valley, a Mr. Braman raised corn on one pieco fifty-ttro years in succcssion with uniform good crops. Still further along, R. W. Strong still tills the acrcs his lather clcarcd in loIU, and the years following. IIo has boucht land adr joining bo that ho. owns. nvo homQs.tcQds ancj thrco or tour empty houses. Tho school is quito small in thia dktrict, quito different Irom tho gooo ojd, timcs wheu eycry hquse this year, and in 1871 wul have twentv-flTO undcr cultivation. His praciicefs tonia'nuto J 11.- 1 Ml 1 TT , i iu iuu niii ior coru nuu poiauies. xiu la jusij chansini; lrom an extonsive. Bhopkerd to dairyman and.Btock raiser. Fpurteen calves and MWtoen. yepngs a,ro grwp, to, bo soiu ai vwo yeare oi age, Across tno vanoy 10 t&o soutneast, vea. Daniel Chandlcr practices tho part of a successful fanner. 'The benefits ho has ?e ceived fronT irfigatibn should bo noticed, East of his hou&e," dowq thp hfll, flpws quito a urooiL mav ionneny was as useiess as ipou sands of other. brooks in Vermont', but with a few days works it was turned upon land naturally quito dry, yielding pnly moderatcly. By smal) channpls leadfag 1-om t)0 mnipono, tho water was distnputea pyer soyqral acres with great advantago to the grass crop. "At plcasuroMr.O. could dircct the whole stream down to his buildings, where upon an ovcr- snot wheoj, it woulflipropet o cpurn, grma' stono, feed pntter,, or corn sholler. Mr, Chandlor is satisfied with tho result, ond do in market uvo dollars pcr cord, cords of bark worth eight dollars per cord, and tlirec or four hundred logs worth, board measurc, ata mill ncar by, tcu dollars thousand fcet. Such mcn will live as long as the wood lasts, but some of tho farms along hero do lack tillago land, nnd the lcdgcs are too promi nent. Z.E.J. 0ET LEATHEB BITS. One of the cruelest things dono to dumb beasta is. puUing ha.rd frozen iron bits into, a hpjsc's nj9uth. it, is not only a painiul but a dangerous act. For evcry limo living flesh tbuchcs a metal much bclow the freezing point, the latter extracts tho heat from tho iormer and ircezes it. lhus a horso s mouth hecgme frpi.en by hp cold ifpr Bevpral tmcs a dav nut into it : each time causini? thcso frcczings to go decpcr, to end at last lq ex lensive uiceraiion. y un aucn a sore uiouiu the poor horso refuses to eat and pincs away which calls tho horso doctor in. Thoy cal it bots, glandcrs, bprsc-ail, &c, and go to cramming dpwn pqisonqus drugs, in doses and the next you know of tho poor abuscd crcaturo. ho is trottod off to be food for fish or crows. Majyr a, Y,ajuabo hprse has been " mysteriQusJy " Iost in just that way. Thinking,and hinnano pcopio avoid this by urst warnunir me diis : oui xnis is mucn iruuu- le, and riometim3 impossiblc, ns in night WPck liko staging and pbyeician's work. Nqw nll tljjs.trpuljlo is entftejy aypided, 03 re haye found 011 largo tnal, by oipg thp harness-niakers t'o get leathcr bits for wintcr uso, so made that no metal substance can touch the flesh. They arp durablo and cost only balf a dollar. Wo wpuldnlt qxshango qurs for a gold onp, if it cpu',dn't,bo rpplaced. Don't fail to try it. Rurdt Vfwf. RULES TO UAKE A FAUMEE POOS. lrr2iotnkrnu4gr:cn)tmfili 2. Kccping no u'ccount of homo opern- tions. Paymg no nttentiou to tho maxiiii : " A stitch iu time savcs niue," in rcgard to the sowing of grain and planting of sced at tho propcr scasoii. 6. Lcaviug tho rcapcrs, plows, cultiya- tors, &c, uncovcrcd from tho rain and heat of tho sun. Moro money is lost in this way than most pcople are willing to belicvc. 4. Pcrmitting broken lmplcnicnts to bo scqttcrcd over tho farm unlil thoy aro irre parable. Ono of the seyen wjso men of Grrecce said only tliis to provo his scuso : The time to tncnd tho plow is wheu the plow breaks." 0. Attonding auction sales and purchasing all kinds of trumpery, because iu thp words of tho vcnder, tho articlcs are " vcry cbcap." 6. Allowing fcnces to remainunrcpaired until strango 'cattlo- aro foundvgraztng in your fields and bruising tho fr'uit trees. 7. Hlanting truit trees with the cxpccta tion of hayiqg fruit, withqut giving the trees half the attention requircd to mako them producc. Tho Bantror TWiff learnsthat Mr. Samuel Kimball of Patten, was out in thp woods bnc day last wpc, )jhen ho fgund an o(d pino ipg wpicn no cuitiniq yp bcu 11 ii was buuuu. Ho found" thatlt was not soiind, but bo Kcard a eound insido, and had Tiardly time to get to the end of tho log bofbre ho saw an old aho bear just coming out. Ho gavp hpr a bjaw. on thft head jyjth his axe, andwas about pul)jng her out wjien he was surprisca tp sce two largo chbs just ba'ck of Ytneir 'mother. Ho pulfed thb old one out, and was disp'atch ing tho cubs, whcn out jumpcd anothcr old V bear which, beforo Mr, KiropaU could; finish tho cubs, ma.40 good.his cfcape. Mr. Kim ball jjots fif(een dollars bpunty bcsid.es tho skina and meai of tto .bcars. '