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VERMONT FARMER. T. II. IIOSICINS, 31. I)., Krtltnr. THE VERMONT FARMER. It is usual and propor, whcn an entcrprisc likc ours is bogun, to statc its " rcasons for Wc confbrni to this custom as fol- bcing." lows : 1. Vermont, a state whose grcat iutcrest is ngriculturc, possesscs hcrctoforo no journal that is exclusivcly, or principally, dcvoted to niaintaining, proinoting and dovcloping tho scicncc and practicc of agriculturc. It is our ambition to supply that waut. IIow wcll wo shall do it pur rcadcrs niust dctcrminc. 2. Thc tiuio is rapidly approaching wheu the agricultural class will assume the social and political position that bclongs to it by virtuc of its vastly prcpouderating numbers, its aggrcgatc wealth, and its usefulncss. What is nccdcd to that cnd is a fullcr sca.to of its own wortb, a niore thorough cducation of its youth, and an cfHcicnt organization. Our towns, statcs, and the Uuion arc now governod in the interest of every class but thc farmers. Politically spcaking, agricul ture is a palsicd giant. Wc desire to labor for a rc-distribution of political and social power in which farniers shall partakc in pro- portion to their stakc in thc commonwcalth. 3. Vermont posscsscs many ablc agricul tural writers, many devoted agriculturists and horticulturists, who are constantly pro ducing new and valuablc ideas, new inven jtiotis, improvcd ininlals rand'pmnfB. ThcSc writers coutributo to build up journals in othcr states, that but poorly uudcrstand and reprcsent our interests, while our improv crs and discovcrers iu agriculturc arc compell cd to scck outside the stato for orcans of publicity having local interests of their own to subscrve, and only giving to Vermont and Vermouters a subordinate position, by no means always proportioned to their dcsires or their mcrits. We offcr to all thesc a fair field, proposing to labor activcly in their bc half, and trusting that they will see their own advantago in giving us anequally hcarty support. 4. Locatcd in tho gre'at St. Lawrcnco Vallcy, wo proposo to represcnt thc husband ry not of Vermont alone, but of tho wholo contiguous tcrritory whero similar conditions of soil and cliniato demand similar mcthods of managcmcnt. Farmers of Lower Canada New Ilampshirc and Mainc, will find our columns Clled withmattcrs of special usoand interest to thcm iu cvcry dcpartment. 5. It is our inteution to cxemplify in tho conduct of tho Vkhmont Fakmek, tho spirit of cditorial managcmcnt that secks not to " fill up " but to " boil down." Our papor. if that intcntion is rcalizcd, will not bo cs tiinatcd by ite squaro feet of surface, but by tho quality of its contents, evcry itcni of which wo incan shall bo of uso and interest to every reader. Thus wo lay out the ground, but wo are not vain enough to supposo that, unaidcd and alono, wo can construct tho cdificc. Tho npproval and the aid of evcry man and wo man who has thc samc interests nthcart, and dcsires to scc thcm adcquately rcalizcd is bopcd for. Wo do not ask thcm to work for us without pay. Evcry laborcr is worthy of his hirc, and low as is tho pricc at which our paper is ofiercd to subscribcrs, wo arc rcady to pay for hclp libcrally, both to thoso who aid us with their ncn, and thoso who will cxcrt thcmsclvcs to proniotc our circu- ation. Wc rcfer to our publishcr's announccments in anotncr column lor other particuiars in rcgai'd to our cnterprise. If all who feel tho nccd of a livo Farmers' Paper in Ver mont will givc us their hclp, wo think wo can satisfy them that tho thing can bc donc. ARNATTO. Profcssor Caldwcll of Cornell Univcrsity, Ithaca, N. Y., has analyzcd samplcs of ar- natto from many of tho chccso factorics iu Ilerkimer County, and in evcry casc found it impurc, containing a large pcrcentage of miiicral inattcr. Flour, tumeric and othcr vcgctable substanccs arc also uscd to adul tcrate arnatto. Among tho mincral matters coppcr was found in nearly every sample. Mr. Willard. in an articlc rcporting theso analvscs, which were undertaken at thc instancc of tho Little Falls, (N. Y.) Faruv ers' Club, says : " Wc arc glad to rcport that thc demand for white or uncolorcd chccsc sccms to bc stcadily incrcasing. Somc of the Hcrkinicr ' fancy factories 1 havo bccn makincr this kind all the scason. and thc palos hav bccn at tho highest ratJW Thero can bo no doubt that arnatto jb a worthlcss, filthy, and in somo instanccs a poisouous. addition to ehccse, and intclligcnt pcople should discourage its usc by always demanding an uncolorcd articlc. AT THE START evcry new cnterprise niccts with somo uu expected chccks. Tho paper upon which this numbcr of tho Fakmek is printcd is not at all what wo incan it shall bo, and pould havo bccn, had not 'tho papcr-makcrs disap pointcd us. CHESTER WHITES. E. A. Hcwitt of Groton, Connecticut, is making a violcnt assault, through thc col unins of thc Rural New Yorker, upon thc claims of tho Chester White swine to bo con sidcrcd a " brccd." IIo says thcy havo no uniformity of charactcr whatcver ; varying in hair, cars, snout, skin, bonc and color ; somc good, somc bad and many indiffcrcnt. IIow docs this coincide with Vermont cxpcricncc ? MARKETS. It is our intcntion, as coon as propcr ar- rangcmcnts can bc effectcd, to givo in tho Fakmek a brief but rcliablo wcckly rcvicw of both tho Uoston and New York produco markcts. Ono thing our rcadcrs may dcpcnd upon : that this rcport will not bo mado up by, uor in thc interest of, any commission house or dealcr, but as far as possiblc, will be bascd on an actual avcrage of salea in tho opcn niarkct. It is but little satisfaction to a fanner to rcccivc in his paper a list of city priccs that in many cases are actually lowcr than buycrs aro oflcring him at his own door. PRECERVE THE FARMER. At thc cnd of cach ycar our paper will form a hnndsoine volumc of ovcr four hun dred pagcs, full of mattcr that cannot fail to bo worth far morc than its cost as a book of rcfcrencc upon all subjccts of farnj, gardcn and houschold cconomy. ' I3y a little carc tho numbers can bo prc scrvcd until thc cnd of tho ycar, and thcn bound. As timc passcs on, and volumo 'is addcd to volumc, it will form a complctc cncyclopaedia of the farm, spccially applicd to tho agricultural wants of Northcrn Amer ica. An indcx, with a handsjb title-pagc, will bo issued at tho cnd of cach volumc, and furnishcd to every subscribcr gratuitously. ' OTO DOMESTIO DEPARTMENT will be found on tho sixth pagc of this issuc. It is intcndcd to makc this dcpartment a special fcaturc of tho Fakmek. It will not be limitcd to cooking rccipcs and tho likc, but will discuss all points of houschold ccon omy, including hcalth, tho carc of children, housc building, house furnishing, &c. &c. Its managcmcnt is placcd in compctcut hands, and its cditor will bo glad to rcccive thc coUperatiou of thc lady rcadcrs of tho Fakm ek, in making it all thcy could dcsiro. CLUBBINO- WITH OTHER PAPERS &C. THE OLORY OF THE FOEEST. It is commonly bclievcd that tho splcndor of autumn woods, tho ooreeous colors of the maple, oak, bccch, birch and othcr trccs, is duo to tho action of frost. Tho past au tumn ought to havo suggcstcd to thoughtful Qbservers that it is not bo, for wo havo novcr had moro bcautiful forcst colors, or lcss frost. Frost will kill tho lcaves and turn thcm brown, but it is tho ripening of tho lcavcs, liko tho ripening of fruit, that dcvclops tho rich tints that mako our forest-covcred hills cach autumn such a panorama of wondcr and dclight. Tho Fakmek, though it has no club-ratcs of its own, bcing put to single subscribcrs at tho very lowest prico at which it can bo af forded, will club with all tho popular papers and niagaziues as low as any othor paper, In many cases theso ratcs aro so low as to givo a subscribcr two journals at about' tho prico of ono alonc. It is the chcapcst and bcst way to tct tho c.Tcat city wccklics and monthlics. IMPROVED " FOLKS." ltufus Pcet, writinc in tho Rural New Yorker says : " Evcry ' prodigy of a man ' is indcbtcd to influcnccs, which can bo casily traccd, for his ' wondcrful capubility or ca pabilities !' Wo havo our ' improvcd ani nials,' why not our ' improvcd mcn and wo- mcn ?' " Probably Mr. Pcct has no grown sons and daughters, or ho would rcalizo somo of thc diflicultics that stand in tho way of " improV' cd '' human brccds. EF0R1I. pcoplo throughout tho Hrongly drawn, that tBction to u rcfoBco tho govcrn nicnt. Lcstcd in re- form exBcrs, who1 thc witllBnccs from control, aHi thcy will cx crt thcmscrHUffwycrt. But in a combat buvvccu thcm and tho pcoplc, tho lattcr,af propcrly lcd, will ccrtainly sc cib the victory. "Tho agricultural prcss of thc cpuntry, usually much too indiilercnt in such matters, sccms to bo awakencd to tho importance of this new qucstion, and disposcd to discuss it in their cditorial columns. As tho furmcrs arc the grcat producing class, upon which thc ultimatc burdcn of all taxation falls, no mattcr how cunningly laws may be framed to couccal thc fact, it bchoovcs thcm to study wcll all qucstions of administrative rcform, such as this. It is not a party mattcr, but substantially a refonn in which honcst mcn r all partics aro intcrcstcd. Such qucstions will always rcccive attcntion iu tho columns of tho Vermont Fakmek, becauso they are qucstions of importancc to Vermont farmers ; and wo mcan, to tho limit of our ability. faithfully to reprcsent their interests. Wo copy tho following articlo upon tho subjcct from a latc issue of tho Rural New Yorker : Wo hopc that thc pcoplo will demand of Congrcss during tho coming scssion, that tho OiviliServicrf bill wnfeh his bcch hitroduced in Congrcss, or somo othcr equally spccific and cfiicicnt, shall bc cnactcd, thus taking out of partisan politics ono clcmcnt of politi cal corruption and powcr which has becomc, is, and will continuc to bc, so long as it cx ists, a curso to tho country, an opprcssiotr to thc people, and an obstaclc iu tho way of sccuring for exccutive oflicers honcst, capablc, and efficicnt mcn. Our political systcm may have bcen tho bcst for this country at tho timc it was dc- vised'; but wo sco plainly, as all must who watch tho march of cvcuts, that the time is at hand whcn mcrc plundcrcrs for partisan purposcs should bo kcpt out ot olhco whcn mcn should be paid a prcmium for honcsty and fidclity, instcad of bcing rcgarded and uscd us the tools of party to pcrpctuuto its powcr. This cannot bc dono until tho vic- t 1 1 . 1 . - ious sysicm oi pouucai appoimmcnisio piaco for partisan purpose is cutircly and forevcr abandoncd. Tho appointing powcr vcstcd in tho Exccutivo of tho Unitcd States is too grcat for any ono to excrcisc. It is a spc cies of centralization which ought not to cx ist in a Ilcpublican govcrnment. Mcn should hold placc only so long as they do their duty in it. Tho moment thcy aro rccreant they should bc displaccd ; but no man should bo thrust out of official position so long as ho discharges his dutics to tho pcoplo in it. So long as it is iu tho powcr of any ono man, or sct of men, so to displaco oflicers, so long will wo havo an incfficicnt and corrupt adminis tration of publio uffairs ; so long will wo havo disgraceful political wrangles, orimina tions and rccrimiuutions humihating to our sclf-rcspcct as a pcoplo and vicious in their inilucnco upon all dcpartmcnts of social life." Wc obscrvo that Prcsidcnt Grant, in his rccent message, fully cndorses this important movcnicnt, and rccommcnds tho cnactmcnt of tho laws rcquircd to makc-icffectivc.