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FARMER. 3 FATTKNIKO CATTI.K, Tho ago at which cattlo can bu profituhly fnttcncd, will (lcp'iul much upon thcir brcod ing, and tlii; maliner in which thoy havo been reared. Steers cr hoifers, having from linlf to thrce-fourths Shorthorn or Heroford bluod in them, nnd tlmt havu been kept in a tlirifty growing condition from calf houd, nro usuully sutlicicntly ndvanced to bo put to fatten when'froni thirty to thirty-six nioiiths old. I'uvo bred aniiimls of Shorthorn or llereford blood muy bo profitable fnttcncd at an carlier ngo. A eross of onc-hnlf to thrce quartors Dovon blood on common stock, )imkc9 an aniiual that can go into tho stalls at two yenrs old, if it has been kept in good growing condition. Coninion nutivc cattle can rarcly be profitably fed for the butoher un til they aro four yenrs old. If cnttle aro put up to fatten beforu their growth has sufliciuntly advaticcd, so ns to l)ring them ncar thcir full capacity of laying np substnnce, mucli of tho food given them, instcnd of going to inako thera fat, will be wastcd in adding bono and 111118010, Yriiich could have been obtuincd nioro chcaply by giving thera tiino to complete their developmcnt on ordinary keep. Uo sides, tho efl'ort to fnttun an nnimal whon in an immaturestate, can but result in producing meat of a vcry inferior quality, and coni nianding a much lcss prico than if tho snme nnimal liad been kept on longer until its franie had Iiecomo solidand woll knit togeth er, its mnscles doveloped to thuir full eapaoi ty. nnd its stomnch capablc of digesting and assimilating a largor nmount of food than is acttihlly reiiuired to sustain tho ordinary growth and wear and tear of life, without doranguniont of its vitality. Thenv, ure ovep- yuargreat, nunibers of young cattlo sold to tho butcher, or slaugh tered by farmors, nnd their caroassos brought to niarket nt tho eloso of tho gruss soason, when they nro in n stato of dovelopinent that rendera their llesli of an intennediato quality botween vcal and beof, without tho tonder ness of tho one or tho rioh juicincss of tho othcr, but as llavorless and worthless as any llesh can woll be. It is sheer folly to sacri flco suoh aninials for tho sako of tho paltry saving of a fow nionth's food, when by keup ing thum over onu winter moro they wouhl liring noarly doublu their present valuo, and bo lit to inako into beef that is full of rieh, savory juiccs. Stull focding cattlo, juilieiously condueted, prosents to tho grain grower tho most efli ciont, cheap, dcsirablo method of keeping up tho fertility of his fann, and tlio niost profit nblo incans of disposing of his surplus hay, roota and coarso grains. Tho nuiuuro made from such cattle, wuro it all tho profit durived from tho proccss, would bo nmply sufllcient to ropay tho fanner for his troublo j whilo tho lmy nnd grain so consumod would sull in tho shape of beuf for a higher prloe than if it had been taken to market. Catmila Fanner. CUIIK FOH IIOOV HOT. A vuterun stock iitisor gives in tho Hnnio (N. Y.) Sentinel tho following as a oertaln curo for lioof rot in cattle, horses or sheep : "Ono tcacupful of sharp cider vingear, ono and a-lmlf tubkspoonfuls of coppcms, ono and a-lmlf tnblospoonfuls of salt. Dissolvo giiidually on tho hot stovo, but.do not lot it boil. 'When cool, apply it on tho ail'ectod limb and hoof, and also swab out tho nioiith of tho aniiual with tho iuixturo. Two or thri'o upplications usuully elTeet a curo. Tho remedy lms been used with porfeet success siuco 1818. iiatjICY iiousk.s. It is rnrely woll to whip or kiok or scold a balky horse, as is the coiuiuou practico. One of tho best modos is to fccd hini whcre lio stands with any uccosiblo food, such as oats, oars of corn, or uven grnss by tho wuy side, or hay from tho wagon, whleh can be providod for tho oniergoney. Forgetting his whim, ho will gcnerally start without troub lo. Another good way is to do something not lmrinful, but new; as filliug his mouth with looso diit, which a desire to get rid of will divert his thoughts, and beforu ho knows it ho will bo jogging along. Sometimes, if one can spnre tho day, it is best to wait till, from weariuoss and hungor, tho aniiual sub mits to your will, and tho triuinph in this in stance is gcnerally compluto. Hcarth aml Ilome. TO CUIIK WARTS OS IIOIISES. I had a fiue colt that had alxnit twenty largo warts on his broast, and under his bclly and in his cars. I was reconimended toburnthein out with caustioor.n hot iron, which I tricd, and found that both were slow and barbarous. One day Ipickedup n sniall pieco of newspaper and found the following recipe: To cure warts on horses: Equnl parts of spirits of turpuntine and olivo oil. Hub well everj' two or threu days. This I tried, and it acted liko a charni. CURE FOIt SCRATCIIES OJi HORSES. Wash clean with soap-suds, and givo a conipleto coating of white lead to tho dis cased parts. Tho horso should bo kept out of a roiry, filthy stall, as a curo is not proba blo when tho cause is continually aj)plied. C'AIIE OF COLTS. A eorrespondent of the Counlry Gcntle? vutn has this scnsiblu ndvico respcting tho care of colts : " When colts aro weaned they should never bo jmt with older aninials of thcir own spccies: a few together, with abundanco of room, will do bot, and tho attcntion should bo from one person who has sen.se enough todiseover any little tuat ter going amiss beforo it is sorious or, in other words, ho should have tho gumption to provent every allmcnt horsellesh is lia blu to, instead of waiting to curo it. For instanco, thcre niay be a colt among sovcr al which is bo shy and nervous that ho is afraid to stand up and eat with tho others, till his sharu is nearly consumod. Their niay bo another naturally very slow in masticat ing, which would loso much of his sharo ; and thus theso aninials would piuo away, for if enough was given so that thero would be nioro than tho boldest would eat, it would still bo wrong, ns thoro would bo a cloying of tho fast eators. This matter could easily bo romedicd by separation, nnd other pre ventions ndopted in timo to nicet every con tingency, but in no successful undertaking of hoi-se-raising would thero bo a constant uso of drugs or a resort to (luackery. " Colts ar less subject to disoaso than other young stock, and can bo ralsed with out any coddling ; and whun it lntist bo known by horsemou in Amcrica nt whnt an early ugo tho thoroughlireds nrn brought on tho turf, it is extrenioiy surprising that thoy should bo content to raiso their colts in such a fashion as to havo tho Anioricnn two year olds no forwarder than tho Knglish .year liugs. I appeal to Ivnglishmen in America or to Americans who havo visited tho agri cultural dutriuts of Knglaud and attoudud tho horsefairs thoro, to say whothcr tho two yoar-old farm colts aro not forwarder than threu yoar-old ones here." . )arliatltur. ARE PIjANTS IX IIOOJIS IKJUHIOUS TO IIK AI.Tll I We cut tho following from a rcccnt num ber of the Jtunil Xcw Yorker: " 1'i.ants ix Hooms. Allow nio to say a word in refereuco to iilnuts as being hcalthful in sleepiug rooms. I learncd wl'.ilo studying botany that under tlro intlucncc of direct solar liht, plants absorb carbonic acid and givo oll oxygen, aml in tho absenco of thu same they absorb oxygcn, and it is decom posed aml carbonic acid is given oll'. Ono sfrong proof of this is that plants grown in a cellar, or any lurk place, wliuro they receivu little or no lifjht, aro very light in color. Tho cause of this is that they continuo to absorb oxygen and expol carbon, and having no light, absorb very little carbon, and this bo ing tho coloring to tlio lcaf, it is cnsily soen why tho plant is so pale. An oxiimplo of this can bo seen by a potato that has sprouted in tho cellar. Theso things being correct, nnd proving that all plants givo oil carbonic acid iu the night time, I should infer plants would not bo hcalthful in sleeping rooms. N'ki.lie, Poultney, Vt 1870. Ideas such us aro containcd in tho above extract aru constantly tloating nbout in tho nowspapers, and occasionally lind thcir way into tho columns of tho agricultural press. Vo do not believo that tho ablo conductors of tho Jlural A't'w Yorker aro ignorant ofthe error into which their eorrespondent has been ledby tlio obsolete teachings ofher botan ical instructors. But, probably through hasto or inadvertence, thoy failed to correct her mistake, and lcavo it thus with a qium in dorscment. Tho truth is that jilants, except in raro cases and under unusual ciruumstances, ilo not givo oll' any nppreciable quantity of car bonic acid gas, eitlier by day or by night. As"Xki.lie" rcfors to botany for her au thority, wo will givo tho stntonient on this jibint of I'rof. An Rray of Oinnbridgo, hc knowludged as one ofthe first botanists of tho world. In his " Uotanicai. Text Uook," 4th ed. pago 20-1,) ho says: "Tlio uvolu tion of carbonio acid by plants, which has so long been takcn for grunted, and misinter preted, has no existeuco as a gcneral pho noiuunon." Ho explaius, 'furthcr, that most of tho oxcL'ptioual instances, wheru carbonic acid is really thrown off by plants, aro tho rcsults of want of hcalth, as in tho casu of tho potato growing in tho dark, instaiicod by " Nellie." Evcn undurthesu eircumstniices tho quantity uxhaled is but sniall, whilu vig orous or healtby plants absorb carbonio acid and throw of only oxygen, thus exercising a purifying intlucuco upon tho air. So much for scienco; lot ns now quotu an equally eininent practical authority. I'eter Ilendei-son, iu his " 1'iiacticai. Houticul tuue," pago 182, dovotes n brief chapter to tho question, " Aue 1'lants inju'uious to Health?" which wo consider worth copying in full. Ho says : If physicians aro askcd if plants aro inju rious to health, threo out of six will reply that thoy aru. Thoy will gcnerally follow up tho roply by a learncd disquisition on horticultural uheni istry; will toll you that at niglit plants givo out carbonic acid, which is poisonous to nni mal life, and consequently if wo sleep iu a room wheru plants aro kept, wo of nocossity inhalo this gas, nnd sicknoss will follow. Theso wortliles generally succeod in their specious reasoning, and tho poor plants, that havo blooiued gaily all summer, aro often consigned to tho coal cellar for thoir winter quartors, if given quartors at all. Jh) thoory can bu moro destitutu of truth ; that plants givo out carbonic acid niay bo, but that it is given out in qimutitios sullluiout to ail'ect otir liisalth iu tho slighest dogrcu is uttur non sensu. No healthior class of nien can bu found than greon-house ojiurators, which makes mo .sometimes think that nlauts havu a health giving eil'cct ratlicr than othorwise. liut doctors niay toll us that our workiucn aru only at work in tho day-time, and that it is ut nigiit tlmt tho carbonic acid is emittod. Hero wo meet theni by tho infornmtion that in most cases tho garduner in ehargo of green-houses often has to bo up tho greater au oi tlio night in winter, nnd tho green lOUSe. from its wariiitli. is nnivirs!illv tnl.in as sitting-room, and sometimes ns his bcd room; such was my own cxper'mnco for threo winters. I had ehargo of a largo amount of glass, situated nearly a niilu from my boarding-house, too far to go and come at niidniglit, witli tho therinonieter below zero. Our meaiis of heating were entirelv madequata, so that the iires had to be lookeil to every threu or four hours. Disregarding all my kind-liearted employer's lulmonitions, I nightly slept on the lloor of tho hot-house, which was rank with tropical growth. Thu lloor was, just tho placo to inhalo thc gas, if thoro had been much to inhale. It did not hurt nio, however, nnd has not yct, nnd that is si scoro of.years ago. That plants ure inju rious to health in sioeping-roonis is one of tlio bugbear assertions that is willingly swal hiwed by tho gulliblo portion of tho commu nity. always ready to assign effects to somt! tangiblo cause, nnd this, as tho assortion ovinces soine cheniical lore, is ono very pruvalentamnng thoso disciplcs of Ksculnpius who aro alwayswilling to bothought learned in tho scienco so intimately connected with their profession. On tho part of tho mcdical profession wo tako Jlr. Hendorson's vigorous nssault in good part. Doctors rely on books for their knowh'dgo in such niatters, and as 'ong as botanists taught tho theory oftho so-called " plant rcspiration," noy exploded, they did wisely in banishing plants from sick rooms. Mr Henderson admits conimitting inany emirs himself from too much rcliance on nuthorities, but what elso could ho do until hehnd learncd bettcrby experience? Thoso doctors who studicd lwtany twenty years ago, and havo been provented by constant demnnd upon their timo, or by indolcnco, from keeping thcmselvcs postcd on tho pro gi'ess of tho scienco sincc, will probably con tinuo to -VYiirn their pntients ngainst thu chcerful andhnrmlcss plants tlnitdo so much to lightcn tho tedium of tho sick room, but nll do not do so, Mr. Ilondersou. THE ZINNIA. This ilower hius reached grcat perfection in tho hands of tho llorists and it is liipidly growing in favor with cultivators, assuming a most important place in tho llower garden. It is now produced, perfectly doublu, and in n great variety of colors. Tho blossoms aro nearly as largo and ns full ns dahlias and very porsistent, enduringnnd increaslng iii beauty forseveral wooks. Wodo not think tho Zinnia replaccs thu dahlia, us somo claim, but it is a very dcslrublo llower. Its stifTness of stum renders it less useful for boquets than tho dahlia, and it by no nicuns cquals that llower iu delicacy or vnriety of color. llut it is a" surer nnd much moroabundant bloomor, nnd being an annual gives less trouble. The finest Zinnias wo havo seen wero grown from seed procured of Jas. Vick, Rochester, N. Y. VKltlt SOWM TOMATOKS. An agricultural jiaper says : " Tomato seed sown in tho fall will produco better plants than thoso sturted in a hot-bed in March, in this lntitudo, and tho fruit upon them will ripeu earliur. Tho plants will also bo moro pro lilio of fruit." All of which is erroneous, and shows that tho writor does not know how to grow tho tomato proiorly under glass. Tho market gardenors aro protty shrowd mon, nnd know tho importanco of earlinoss iu their produco. Wo should liko to seo any ono try to conviuco them tlmt it was just as well to sow their tomato seed in the opou grouud in tho fall. If ho did conviuco them, (and probably ho would,) it would bo only of I his own ignoranco.