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IIOYAI, CUMMIXnS, l'roi.ilclor. )
T. II. IIOSICIAS, 31. D., KUIIor. ) NEWPOltT, SATURDAY, JULY 8, 1871. J VOI.. I, K. 31. (Ternta, 31.00 jitr Alilium. I'UIII.ISIIKll EVEItY SATUIMUV AT NEWPOltT, ORLBANS UOUXTY, YT. ROYAL CUMMINGS, PROPRIETOR, T. H. HOSKINS, M. D., EDITOR. TEUMS i One ilollar ir anuum, jayaMe In wlrance. All papeM illoiitlnu.l when tlie time p.iltl for eiplrn. AilvertlatmcDttlntcrtcil for 50 ccntt per Inch, flntlnwrtloni 25 cenu kt Incli, each nulxequent Imcrtlon. Twelre Unw of this slie tyW make an Incli. XT When n Wue crosi Is m.nle agaunt thli paragraph It ilenotcs that tlie nulwcrlption explres the next uieek. We ntiall Iw pleasel to have It renewnl, ami glve thu much no llce In order that the sutwcrllwr nreil not mli any numberi. CUTTING AXD CUIUNCt IIAY. At n Ifito meeting of tlio Union Farmcrs' Club of Lenox, Madison Co., N. Y.. tho sul jeot of "Cutting niul Curing Fodder" was considercd. Froni tho rcport of tho discus sion, wo maku the following extracts: iUr. Kalph II. Avery rcconuucnilcil that , dover, especially tho small, be cut whcnj not when wct, or whon the dow is upon thoi grass. When cut nnd littlo wiltcd. I put it in small cocks witli n fork, and there let It ' reniain scveral say two or three days, anil 1 tlieti turn tho cocks o-nr, nnd stnnil a ilay or two longcr. If thero has oecurred a showerj of niin in tho tiinc, tho cocks being small, it' willtlryout. Clorur cured in this way ro-j tams all tlio leaves and flavor, and will bo' relished hy any kind of stoek. When fed in i winter to cows they will.givo nearly as niuch inilk as when at grass, and if kopt in a warm stable, as they should be, for calvcs, oolfs, ' sheep or horscs, it is a most oxcellcnt foddur. My rnlo for cutting timothy is when, and just when, tho first blossom has fullon anil be foro any appcaraneo of sued. Then cut after tho dow is offand grass dry. Cock up whon well wiltcd not curcd to drynoss open tho samo an hour or so in the sun tho next day, and then drnw in tho barn, tho barn to bo a snug ono, with ventilation only through tho ! roof. kceping barn doors always closcd, ox cept when obliged to bo open whilo tlrawing in tho hay. If hay has no watcr in it, oxcept tho juices in tho grass, when cut, and is woll wiltcd, and has a chanco to swcat iu tho cock, and is placcd in a snug barn, I havo no fcar of its bcing burnt in tho inow or froni niould, but if cut early, and cured and stored as stateil, 1 am always suro of having hay that iny stoek likc ; my cattlo kcop In fino condition, hair bright and hvely. In nddi tion, I boliovo a timothy meadow cut tlius early, will rctain a thickcr sod and improvo, whcreas by not cutting tho grass until tho feced is ripc, on somo land tho meadow will nm out, and tho sowcr bo obliged to plow andre-seed; but by following tho system of mowing thus early, and au occasional top dressing of lnanuro, a meadow will improvo and bo bctter froni ycar to year. Medicinnl horlw, whon curcd so as to rctain thoir mo unt and virtuo as herbs, aro always gathered when in ilower, and aro novcr dried in tho sun. So grasses should bo cut when in llow cr, and curcd so as to rctain that fino color and llavor which overy intclligcnt farmer likes as well as his stoek doos. Any farmer who follows this practico and noticcs tho rc sult, will never ngain wait for grass to ripcn tho seed bcforo cutting, as is too often the practico. General Hruce thought early cut grass tho best, and in curing it tho less sunshino and tho most air on it, tho better, and that it should bo cured beforo going into tho barn. In regai-d to young grass, lio gave it as his opinion that cows liked it tho best, and that it brought moro milk. The discussion having closed, tho (piestion of early, incdium or late cutting of grass, &c, was put to a votc, when tho qucstion was decidcd in favor of early cutting by a largo m:jority. a few being in favor of nie iliuni, whilo nono wcro in favor of late. At a niectiug of the Guilford (Uhcnango Co., N. Y.) Fnrmcr's Club, Junc 10th, the samc subject was discussed. Mr. Win. Jcwoll stated that in thoabsenco of his personal attention iu tho socuring of j his last liay crop lio had sufl'ered larwly, njid I iiis siook stiiivorsu, ana tnat in !Kcvruttc this niustbo attended to if much elsu is ni lectcd, and asked what tho aniount would bo lostin (Juilford if tho hay crop sufiercd in value threo or four dollars por ton, iu being cut too late or improporly sccuifd?. Hc says it must bo cut early. Mr. Etlward lowell said ho wanted his hay to bo put in early, nnd in a mannor that it would heat and press togetlicrflrmly with out nny watcr upon it, or but little sun, and then closo tho barn and oxcludo tho air as niuch as possible. In this tho Chair agreed withhini. Mr. II. Jl. Hurlison also agreed that it must bo cut early, but would liko all coekod ono night in tho ficld boforo puttlng in the barn. Ho also urged tho uso of tho hay tod der, and thought its uso added niaterially to tho worth of overy ton of hay, as its drying waa nioro equal antl moro dried by tho air than by long coutiimed rays of tho sun, no ono disagrcoing with him in this rcspect. All spoko highly of tho tedder who had used it. ' Messrs. Mooro and llood thought it a good timo to cut grass lato in tho nftcrnoon that it niight bo sucurod earlicr tho next day, as thero would then bo no dow on tho grass or undcr on tho ground, and if it raiucd tho next day It would not bo haycd to hurt it, and inany timos escaposhowers thereby. CU11INC1 IIAY. l)r. P. Simonton of Maino, in nomu ro marks regarding tho curing of hay,divi(lcs tho process into threo nicthods, as follows: "1. Tho old niotliod, which originated in tho days of woodisn iitohfyrks 'tho moro drying tho better;' all'tho leaves and sueils dropped out and lost all the fragrant aronia and mitriout juices gono into tho air forover This wootlen pilehfork niethod, from all wo cnn seo and lcarn, is tho vcry poorcst, as it is tho ono still most common in practico. Raking up and spreading out, over and over agaiu, ovcn in good weather, is about tho i(lea of this ovor-drying mcthod. "2. Let tho gntss bo sufliciently dried to rcniovo all external moisturc, nnd to wilt it woll, such as well stirring it in ono day's sun will do; thou put it in small bunches lightly forked up not rollcd so to rciuaiu till tho interior of tho piles focls slightly warm ; then for ono day to bo sprcad out'and teuded as during the first day, when, if tho grass is reasonably ripe, and tho weather tol crably gooil, it is fit for tlio barn. Two great advantagcs result from this mcthod over tho first; less labor, and saving tho most valua blo part of tho hay, tho leaves, seed, and juices, which aro largoly lost in tho other. "3. When overy particlo of dow and all other outward danipnoss aro oft" tho grass, mow, and put it as soon as possible, without stoppiug for it to wilt, certainly beforo any moisturo coincs upon it, whero it is to re main iu tlio barn. When it is all in, or when for any reason tho work is suspended for a fow days, cover tho top of the hay with a foot ofstraw or other cheap matcrial. It is eliiitiliytfor thi mcthpd that. it ieit gvcnt miv- ingd.Taip and laborpand that ovoryXvnlu ablo property of the hay is saved; espJcially its juices, so uourishing and so relishablo to tho stoek, and which servo as a natural piok lo to proscrvu tho hay. In n fow days tho hay heats and feriuonts, causing a denso stcani to riso to, and lodge in, tho upper foot of tho heap, spoiliug it; henco thousooftho straw, to receivo tho stcani and savo so niuch hay. "Last yoar mnny of tho agr)cultural publi cations spoko of this new (No. 3) niotliod, and advised a trial of it. Uut wo do not so liiui'li alludo to it lierc for that reason for thero is no absurdity so great that it docs not havo poworful advocatos somowherotlio famous Farnicrs' Club of New York.ejty, which so ofton sends out, through tho Trib unc, its wordy-wiso and often ridlculous ad vicu aud inatructiou, being composcd, it is said, of 'doctors without pationts, lawycrs without clionts, and clorgynion without par ishos,' but becatiso it was last year triod in this locality, tho results of which trial, if known, may lead to futuro profit. And tho person who has testcd tho thing, who is a practical and intolligent farmer, has kindly furnished tho following for publication: "l)r. 1'. Simonton. DcarSir: ln reply to your inquiries respoeting myoxperionco in putting hay grcon into tho barn, I will stato that early in last haying season, boforo tho grass was fully ripe, one morning, begiuning at nino o'clock, tho grass bcing porfectly freo from dow and all outward moisturo, I mowcd, by machino, two tonsof grass, which with tho holp of two boys I put upon tho scaflbld in my barn by two o'clock tho samo aftcrnoou. That was all I didto it. ISwont through a process of heat and sweatiug which caused tho upper layer, perhaps 10 or 12 ineh es thick, to spoil for eating purposos. All be low tliis provcd oxcollont hay; somo of tho leaves turned dark, but nearly all tho uscful parts, which aro lost by tho drying mcthod, being saved, it was vcry rich in fodder, and was inueh better relislind by tho stoek than couimon dried hay. Specimcns of it can now bo scen on niy promises, and at tho So lcctmen's ollico in this town. I intend to cure my hay in tho samo way this season on as largo a scalo as tho wcathor will perniit. Covcring it with somo cheap matcrial, liko straw or refuso hay, would bo a saving. Thanking you and all who tako au iutercst in theso matters, I am "Yours respectfully, Wm. M. Laukaiikk. "Stursport, Junc 21, 18G9." HnJiAitKS. Wo havo always advocatcd cutting hay early, and drying it less than is tlio practico of niany farmcrs. To propcrly sccuro tho hay crop is tlio most important work tho farmer is called upon to perform, and tho want of judgment and common sonso in comlucting tho labor causes tho most serious losscs. It will not do to ndviso farmcrs to follow Mr. Lnrrabce's niethod, and yet wo aro ccrLiin it is safe, and tho best undcr proper conditions. During tho dry, hot days in July, when but littlo dow tlronchcs tho crass in Hio niorninii, it may bo safoly cut aid lirtiAnd tltts 3;inio day) With the uu M a hay-teddcr and in tho ulxencu of dow in dry weather, two thirds of tho hay grown up on any farm may bo placed in tho mow with out eoeking in tho fiold, and tho quality bo much improTcd, Let farniers try somo np parontly hazardous oxperiments in a small way during tho prcsent season, iu storing partially curcd hay, and they will learn somo most important nnd instructivo facts. WEIGIIT OP 1VOMEX. In a roinanco, cvon of this niodern day, wo read constantly of hcrocs niagnanimously rushing olTwitli iaiutiug maidens from blaz ing liouses, or moro feloniously "carting" thom on their shouldcrs for purposos of re vengeful abduction. Let any ono out ot training, or under six feot high, nnd with pro portionato strongth, attompt to run away witli a fairly woll-coniposcd girl of oightccn or twenty, and givo us his opinion of tho prowcss of theso vauntod kniglits. A woman woighing ono hundrcd and forty pounds weight of womanhood is not to bo carried at all. Even a slight girl will wcigh a hundrcd pounds, and Itudolph or lloiatio will staggor undcr her lovely but cuinbersoino figuro, if ho brcaks out of a staccato walk. Thero aro plonty of buxoni girls who woigh up to a hundrod and seventy pounds, nnd it is not givcn to overy man to "hurry oir' with such. Whon tho victimizod Siiuallina famts on tho stago. tho robust baritono takes caro that tho cmnomsscment shall bo accomplishod as closo to tho wing as possible. Ho knows what Ln Siuallina weighs, by tho sad oxpo ricnco of rcheai-sals. Lot any of our readers carry his sister (ho will probably profor his cousin) up threo Uights of stairs, without stopping, and forward to us his sontiiuonts on the occasion. Womon woigh a good tuany pounds now-a-days, and their nirincss of fabrication is a fallacy.