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PARMER. KEPORT OF TIIE OELEGATE OF THE PASSUMPSIC FAItMEItS' CI.UII TO TIIK STATK IIOAKD OP AGIUCUITUItE. Mr. Sccrctary: In nnswor to an invitntion of tho Stuto Board of Agrioulture, Manufac turcs and iMining.and votoof the Piissumpsic Fnrmors' Club, I nttendod thu scsslon of thfi St.ito Board nt Randolph, tho 15th nnd lGtli of June, inst. I reached Randolph on tlie I'Jth, and nt onoo hccnme n guest of Col. Mcad, n gcntleman of culture, nnd nn cn tcrprising farmur. As 1 surveycd his broad and woll eultivated ficlds, enjoyod tho kind hospitiility of his fainily, blessed as lie is with a lovoly fainily, I could truly say, "yonr lincs havo fnllon in ploasant plaees." On thu arrival of tho members of tho Board, I bo cnnie tho gucst of .Tudgo Parrish, an clderly gcntlomnn, resting on his well carned lau rols, onjoying tho good of his p:wt toil. Though now in tho aiitunin of lifc, ho takes groat intorest in tlio improvoments of tho day. Tho pcoplo seemed to viu, ono with an other, in oxtcnding tho rites of hospitiility to thcir visitors, thns showing that their cul tivatod mtmls and geninl gpirita partook larguly of tho charactoristios of their broad and fertilo fiolds, thoir spacions street with a lino of nolilo maploson oacli sido, and houscs adorncd with tlowers and shrnhs. In rolation to tho mcetiug I nced only say that all fclt it was a suceess. All seonied to feol tlio importanco of tho Stato Board, and tho valtie to tho farniing community of a grcator social interconrse, tho eflVct of which is to oxpand tho mind and givo frosh impe tus to progress in education and tho arts of agrioulture. Tho rccuption yonr dolugato rcceivcd was liko tho gontle suinmer rsiin upon tlio parch ed earth, ncvor to ho forgotten. J. 1. FoSTEH. PassHmpsic, June 20, 1871. r SOU, 11EST ADAPTED FOIl PASTUItE. Hero in New England, whcrc hillsidcs aro so plonty, it 1ms beeomo a settled opinion among niany farinors that n lilll pastnre is vcry desirable, and if thoir farnis aro rivcr or hrook mcadows thcy dcsire n pasturo nway uponsonicelovation.whcresheep.youngcattlo and colts aro expeetcd to thrivc wondcrfully on accotint of tho clovation, sweet gniss, puro air and pnro wnter. It is donhtloss truo that npland is tho best pasturo. But whnt is npland ? It is such por tions of tho country as aro freo from surplus wntcr, as will givo a firm turf, and will not hreak badly uniler tho troad of tho oattlo put upon it. Therc is npland closo by largo riv ers in low valloys ; and thoro is low land noar inountain tops, whero tho springs of wntcr saturat(! tho mucky soil, making ncres a bog, whero tho sod is cut in piecos hy tho fcot of tho cnttlo. Tho bcstsoil for pasturing, thon, does not depend upon its olovation. A farnier niay well ho satisfied if his wholo farm is good tillago land, and all, in rotation, is in pasturo. Land that onn hcar a good crop of corn, with such a nmnuring as Now England farniors givo, thon a crop of barlcy or whoat, with which is sown a gcncrous secding of dover and timothy, which tho succecding year, yiolds two tuns or moro of hay, is good pasturing, and such grass show good rosults in beof cattlo or cows. It would surpriso soino larmors to sco tho small crop of grass thatan old pasturo would yiold if no aninials woro allowed upon it. A good strong soil with a good turf is profitablo. Tho editor of tho Country Ocnthman mon tions sceing in England, 91 shcep and 18 cat tlo in n pasturo of only 20 ncres. On tho is land of Itliodo Island I saw, in 1809, on tlio furm of Wm. Rogcrs, 00 shcep nnd lnmbs in a nino acrc pasturo, with nuicli surplus fucd. Tlio turf was orchard grass. Anothcr pas turo of nino acrcs kept nino cows, and was not stocked to its full capacity, as therc wero portions of tho pasturo that would cut a good swarth of orchard grass. On tho cstato of E. A. Andcrson, on tho west sido of tho island, I walkcd aeross a pasturo of tcn ncres which kept each year ton cows, oxcopt that thoy had, during a part of tho scason, fodder corn in addition. This pasturo was fornicrly un profitablo low land, but aftcr being undcr drained, plowcd, eultivated and seeded to grass, it bccanio uplaud. In niy own neigh borhood in Veriuont, therc aro insb iccs of vcry good pasturing on lands that tcnd to wetness. All through tho season tho grass is pushing up green, tcndcr and nbundant. It is qnito tho custoui to devoto tho rough, stcop, wasto placcs to pasturo becauso thoy cannot bo tilled, .md what fccd is securcd is clear gain, yet, in such pasturcs thoso lower portions, over which tho nielting snow and hcavy mins find thcir way, yield tho niost nbuiidantly. Land nenrly level with plenty of uioisturo, is preferablo to all others for pas turc as grass is nbundant and cnttlo ohtuin it easily. In all countrics cattlo kept in such situntions dcvelop into a lnrgcr brced, moro profitablo for hecf ordairyingthan those kept in thc highlands. Z. E. J. ANAIVSIS OF TIIE ASII OF TIIE POTATO. A careful aualysis has lately heon mado by Dr. Schoras, of tho ash resluting from tho burtiing of potatoes, this amounting to from three to four per cent. of tho dricd potato. According to this chcniist, tho proortion of potasli amounts to over fifty per ccnt., forty fivo per ccnt. bcing tho smallcst quantity ob served. Of soda, thoro is goncrally from two t$ threo pcr ccnt., n niost casos oYily ono per ccnt. being apprcciablo. Ncxt to tho potash, niagnesia onters as tho principal con stituent among tho bases; novcrtheless amounting to only tho tcnth part of tlio pro portion of potash. Lhno is a suhordinato olcment, in most cascs scarcolycqualing lialf tho amount of niagnesia. Tlio percentago of potash was found to incrcaso or dinunish. as tho yield of tho crop was greatcr or lcss; but of tho othcr bases, littlo differenco was found in this rcspcct. It was also obscrvod that tho poreuntago of phosphorioacid incrcnscd ns thatof potash diniinishod; so that in thoabundant harvcsts it is proportionally less than in tho seanty ones, varying from ten to ncarly uightccn pcr ccnt. Tho proportion of sulphuric ncicl is tolcrably constant, vnrying from livo to six per ccnt. Tlio percentngo of chlorino varied vcry niuch ; namoly, from two to ncarly cight per cent. The quantitntivo difl'oronco in tho percentngo of chlorino in tho nslieswas found throughoutto havo adircct rolatiouship to tho amount of tho crop itself. Should this iufer encc, which tho author now prescnts as pro visional only, bo substantiatcd by tho furthor oxpcrimonts ho proposes to mnko, it niay bo considcrcd that tho coiuhinntions of chlorino haVo tho sanio significanco in tho cultivation of tho potato, that gypsum has to various othcr eultivated plants. Monthly ltcport of the Dcpartmcnt of AyncuUurc. Jolm Johnston says tho way to kill docks is to cut thom ofT closo to tho ground whcn tho tops arofully out, but tho sccd not fully formed, and they aro dono for. Tho stalk dies in tho ground; but you niust cut so closo to tho ground that you lcavo no lcavcs on tho stalk, clso thoy will not dio. About tho end of Juno is generally tho best timo to cut thcin. g.jgriatltuml $tcnts. Chicngo doosn't liko tho milk it gets. It prcfers tho uddcr kind. Tlio sweet potato crop of Florida promises to lio unusually largo. A good farnier will nover be satisfied with his farming until ho is confidcnt his land grows bctter cvery year. Florida grown tobacco has this year bccn scut to Ilavana, therc mado up into eigars, nnd then exported ns tho genuino Ilavana. A Bteam fnctory for canning pincapplcs, which gives employinent to 100 pcrsons, has just bccn estjdilishcd at Koy West, Fla. Tho cultivation of tobacco in Missouri is falling ofl' overy year. Not moro than ono third ns niuch is raised thcro now as ten ycars ago. Thoro aro fino prospccts of largo erops in Oregon. The rains wero vcry hcavy, which is considered a ccrtain indication of success in that region. On ono farm near Cairo, 111., over 200 bushels of pluins havo fallcn ofl' nnd rottcd, becauso tho owner of tho farm couldn't find timo to harvest theui. It is said thnt tho shcep owners in sonio parts of California aro offering their stock at fifty ccnts a hcad, on account of tho drouth, prescnt and iirospcctivo. Tho Wilmington (111.) Imkpmdcnt says: " It is greatly to bo fcarcd tha'; tho growing crop of small grain will bc gicatly iiyured by tho chinch bug in this locality. Florida plantors complain of vcry vet wcnther, which has nlrcady unfavorably af fected thc ootton crop, and, if continued niuch longer, tlireatencs sorious injury. ylleal cstato salcs in West Virginia aro on a largo scalo. Tlio Charleston Jlcrnld chron iclcs salcs of sovcnty-four thousand, sixty-six thousand. and cight thousand acres. Tho diseaso which has bccn making tcrri blo ravages among tho horses in New York and Itrooklyn has ncarly disappcarcd from thoso citics, but has brokcn out in Suflblk county, Long Island. Rettcr pay n carpentor for making tlights of stairs in tho barn, wlicro needed, than a doctor for mcnding bones brokcn by using laddors. Rulc: tliings in daily uso should bo cxactly adapted to tho need. Skillful fattencrs aro far lcss conunon than good grain growers. Reccnt oxperinicnts havo proved that animals cannot tako on flesh rapidly unless tho tempcraturo is ncarly uniform, and betwccn 50 and 00. No bctter plan has over been devised to kccp buttcr sweet than to put it in clean jars and cover it with strong brino. No kind of vessel, cask or tub will nnswor so wcll as a jar. In this way it can bo kept frosh and sweet for twolvo months. Tho strongest vegctablo (iliro known is tho Now Zealand (lax. It lias long, sword liko leaves, ton or twelvo fcet in length. It is used by tho scttlersfor binding their slicaves, fastening their gatcs, tying up thcir horses, nnd in almost overy possiblo way. Hogs that aro nuicli conlincd, and cannot get to tho earth, will frcqucntly bo bcnefittcd by luiving n littlo charcoal, soft brick bats, or soft rotten wood tlirown in to thom ; and a trilling quantity of brimstono mixcd in thoir food, occasionnlly, is nn oxcollent thing. Tho pcach crop, this year, promises to bo an unusually largo ono. Tho fruit growers' association of tho Delnwaro peninsula csti niates tho shipmcnts by rail at 3,315,000 bushels, whilo ncarly, and pcrhaps as largo nn amount will bo transportcd by stcamhoat. Tlio Rrandon Checsc Manufacturini; Com pany was incorioratcd by tho last lcgisla turc, with C. P. Hatcli, ,1. P. Ives, II. A Suniner, N. T. Sprague, .Ir., nnd E. N. Ilriggs ns corporntors. Mr. E. I). Rarnes has inaugurated tlio but tcr buying cntcrpriso in Bristol villngo, so that largo quantities of this product which nscd to find its way to Vergennes nnd New Ilaven now stop in Bristol. It is said that ifall that tho dogs of this country cat was fed to hogs, it would make i?50,000,000worthofpork. Add to this tho valuo of sheep thcy destroy, and something of nn idca of the cursc of dogs can bc obtain ed. Horaco Greeley, in his essay on farniing, says that tho only way to efiectually destroy "widow's wocds," which sceni to tlirivo in somo kind of soil, is for a wooer to say "Wilt thon?" That ntakes thom immedi atcly wilt. In Connecticut, tho total valuation of livo stoek owncd by farmers has inereased 55 per ccnt. siuco 18G0; in Mainc, moro tliau 55 pcr cent. ; in Mas.saehusctts, about 35 pcr cent. ; in Now Ilainpshire, 40 per ccnt. ; in Rhodo Island, 53 pcr cent. and in Vermont, 40 per cent. Tlio Stato Entomologist of Missouri says that thc washing of fruit trees with soap, or tho application of auy alkalino solution, is an infallildo protcction against liorers; and this is conlirmed by tlio oxpcricncc of sonio of thc niost cxtonsivo fruit growers in thnt scction. Therc has been an itcm going nrouud nbout a lien in Boston laying eggs so small that twcnty-ono of thom wero put in a eollar box at onco. That looked liko pretty small bus iness for an able-bodicd lien, until tho author of tho story was discovorod. Iln said it was a horse-collar box ho meaut. A correspondcnt of tlio llural New Yorkcr had a lot of whcat get rusty in a pilo. Ho says: " I put it on niy hop kiln, dnmpencd it slightly with wntcr, put a firo under it, with brimstono on tho stovc. Wliou it eooled oll", I found tho mustiness had entirely lcfc. Wo tried it for bread, and itmado ns good ns nny Wll(!ilt." Youiig sows will sometimes cat their off spring, from costivcness, wliicli niay bo pro vented by feeding sonio laxativo food, and rubbing tho hacks of tlio pigs with nn infu sinnofalocs; or raw salt pork glven to tho mothcr will prcvcnt her from eating lier pigs. It has bccn givcn to tliem with success after they had caten ono or two of their pigs. It is ostiniated by Frof. Chandlcr that tho Now Yorkers get ono quart of wntcr with cvery threo tniarts of nnlk. As tho annual eonsumption of milk in tlio city and vicinity is 120,000,000 quarts, it follows that at tcn cents pcr quart tho snug littlo suni of 81,000, 000 is paid by consumers for watcr which is used to "oxtcnd " tlio laeteal Uuid. A letter addressed "To Eny Proininent Busisancss Man llaudeling Butelicrs Stoek Quincy 111s.," and eojitaining tho following marginal directions: " Post ninster will pleas hand this tosomo fat cattlo men," was rccciv ed at tho post ofileo in Quiney recently. In accordaueo with tlio requcst, tho lctter was liandcd to tho fattcst cnttlo man in tho town. Adisgusted aniateur fruit raiscr says: "1 havo no moro admiration to wasto on tho father of Georgo AVasliington for forgiving tho destruction of his ehcrry trco. A chcrry treo is only a curculio nurscry, and tho day my young Ccorgo Washington is six ycars old 1'U givo liim a hatehct, and tell liiin to down with overy cherrj- trco on the place."