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VERMONT PARMBR. Inbics' gcpartntcnt. 1'IXKIl I'llI.NCIl'MCS. "Vlrtu conjt ln nctlcm." 'Ile Ili.it wmmlli U llkcn narenrthe wa, ilrlvm ninl tot." "Timch iint, tatt not, lianille imt." nM It, m tmt ly It, turu from It, unil pn imroy," " Susnn." said my brothor onsiliu'r tho other evening, nfter wo hml said good byo to Dick not two Iiours boforo, "I oan't tell you how oasy 1 fisol about Dick. I wish I wiisiis suro of all tlio ic.it of my lioys. It's not heeauso he's such u good boy tlioy nre all that. Hnt ycars ago, whon a moro lail, hc seemed to scttlu tho groat quos tionsof riglit and wrong, antl I do not bo-lit-ve tlio iiros of tho stakc would movo him to conimit u mcan, dishouest or pornieious act. Andyot I know that lio has many a liereo conlliet with tomptation; but ho will not dally with ovil. Ilowillavoid thetompt or whon lio can, nml has munhood cnoiigh to resist liim, whon lio cannot. IIo loarned vory young tho nrt of M'lf-govornment, and oflon put.s nio to shanio hy his striot adhor enoo to principle. I expoeted ho would cliuw and smoke, boeauso I did, but wlicn lio was lifteon yoars old, ho camo to mo ono day, telling mo that somo of his matcs wantcd him to try tobacco. 'Will it domcnnygood, father?' ho askcd. 'Xo, Dick,' said I, 'it's a vory nsoless habit.' 'Will it do mo any hann'i" 'Yes, it is bad for your hoaltli, soils your teoth and nioiith. and will bo vory un noying to your mothur and sisters.' 'Does it cost iniicli?' 'Xot miicli fora day, but in tho long run a groat doal. Why, I've smoked and chewod up nionoy onoiigli to buy you a farm.' 'Sliould I ho any nioro of a man for doing oithor, father?' 'Xo, indcod, my son. Truo manlincss is shown in thoso liabits which conduco to health, clcanlincss. self oontrol, tho right uso of monoy, tnul nppro priato rogard for tlio feelings of othors.' 'Why doyousmoko, fatlior?' saidhoaflernthought ful pauso. Suo, that was a posor. Why, in doed? If I woro to say, 'becauso I liko it,' that would be admitting to my boy that I was govorned by nioro animal iiistiuct or pa.ion, iustcad of principle. So I tliought, and ohokod, aud wipcd my cycs, and finally threw awny my pipo; and giving Dick my liand, cried, 'With God's hulp and yours, my son, 1 novor will ngain.' Dick look pleasud onough; and boing thoroiighly conviucod now, it was tho last of tobacco iu our houso. I coinnionced laying by ovury wook tlio amount hithcrto spont in tobacco, which to my nstonishtnent aniountod to S7.rnt tho ond of tho yoar. To this I added doublo, for what Dick might havc spont, if ho hml choson to go that road, aud tho day ho was twonty-ono I put 8900 in his hands as tho ' rcsult. It has bocn tho samo wny with all other serious questions, whcthcr of liabits, amusomonts, or holiof. Thoro has ovor bocn an oarncst, honost inquiry as to what was riglit and bost, both for liimsolf and others, and tlion a fixod dotorniination to do it at all hazurds, I,iqu- ors havo no tomptation to him, bccatiso ho lioliovos tlicm iiijurious, and ho thiuks it un- manly to iiidulgo iu that which will obscuro his intolloct nnd woakun his powors of self control. IIo vnluos his timo nud monoy too much to play at gamos of chancc, nnd siiys ho cannot afl'ord to soil his miud with tho impuritios of tho stago, althotigh ho onjoys a hno thoatncal play with raro apprcciation So whon ho camo to mo last wintcr, and saul, '(!od has beon so good to mo, fatlior, that I want to livo to pleaso Him ; I am go ing to onlist undor His bannor,' I folt that tho groat probloms of lifo woro solvcd for my Dick, and that I nood havo noinoro foars for him, becauso hc was girt with invinciblo armor." I!rothcr Hans wipcd his cycs as ho finishcd epcakiug, and took up his nowspapcr, while his wifo droppcd tho stocking sho was niond ing, to slip hor arm about his neck aud wbis bcr, " 'A wiso son makcth a glad fatlior;' what a bh'ssing to havo such a good boyl" Cotuilry Ucnttcman. HlltU A SKAJISTltKSS. Kvcry woman in humlilo lifo, with a fami ly of childrai, linds licr sowing n scvcro lax upon hor health and strcngth. If sho is not blossod with a scwing.miichiiio, tho tax ho coini's an almost ins-upportablo burdcn. Af tcr hor day's work is dono, and tho little onos ill aslcop, sho must sit ui) for Iiours and stitch, stitch, on thcir garmonts to kccp tliom deeont and comfortablo. To tlio disgraco of mankintl, hcr linsbnntl and grown up sons will lonngo about at thoir caso all tho ovcn ing, and novcr say, "Horo is tho monoy, niothor, to pay a sowing woman to do that work for you. Lay it by aud tako your rcst is wo do." Worso still, fathcrs gruinblo ovcr paying a dollar or two to havo a drcss mado, aud tax an ovcr-burdcncd wifo with making up ovp-ry-day pants and coats for tliPmsclvcs. I would liko to know who ovor saw a man out hoeing com by moonlight. Xo. wlicn night coiucs, tlio day's work is ponsidercd ovcr. What reason or jutico is thoro in a fcoblo woman's prolonging hcr.s for half tho night? licn a man has oxtra work to bo lnno, ho pmploys oxtra help; ho novcr tbinksof roap- ing his liclds alono. Why sliould a woman bo pxpottcd to carry on all licr oxtra work sin'lo haudcd? "Oh, but my wifo will sow ovcuiiiKS. I havo ofton told hcr sho had bottcr put it up." Ycs, bnt diil you otl'cr to provido a substituto for hor? Did you lay out tho monoy to pay for tho wrk, and iimist iVn its boing .4-nt that way? I novcr know many wivcs uva ricious onough to dcolino such holp, whon it was hoartily ollbrod. Thoro aro nlways poor pcoplo cnough in n placo who aro glad to gct such work to do. Fivo dollars invostod in this way. brings in largo rpturns of comfort and ha)pincss, and it is a hlcssingto unothor who docs tho work. Don't bcgrudgo your suamstrcs3' bllls, woary housowifo. Don't say to yoursolf, "iifty conts is a groat doal to pay for making that child's tlnws," but "what a comfort it is to havo it dono and oflf mv hands." It is worth much nioro to you than tho monoy you paid out for it. Thoso scain- stro.-s' bills may savo yuii hcavy doctors' nnd nndiirtakors' bills, grasping father. It cost a groat doal to bury pcoplo now-a-day. Considcr this in your ostiiuatos oftlio "sav- ing" in having your wifo do all hor sowing. A new tuellioil f 1'iiHervliip. A curious nnd simplo manncr of kcoping ain-icoLs, pcachcs and plums frosh all tho yoar, is to bcat wcll togothorouual (inanlitics of honoy and spring wator; iiour it into an oarthon vessol; put in tho fruit froshly gath orcd and covor tliom (iiiitocloso. Whon any of tho fruit is takon out, wash in cold wator and it is fit for iiinnpdiato uso. Wo havo novor tricd it but shall do so this soason. Piltl Clilckcn. Cut up tho chickcns and lay thoni in -cold wator to oxtract tho blood. Wipo tlicm dry, soason with jipppor and salt and drcdgo tliom with llour. Try i n lard to a rich brown; tako tliom out aud kccp tlipni noar tho liro; skim tlio gravy carofully iu which tlio ohiok ons havo bcon fricd, mix with it half a pint of crcam, soason with maco, poppor, salt and parsloy." I.A1UJK TUltKEVS AM) HltKi:ilI(l. TUllICHY A ita-ision for oxtra sizo is onoof tho wcak nossps of tho Anicrlcan miud. Fat mcn's olubs show tho iisitioual drift. In what otli cr tmtioii would it bo possiblo to assoointo mcu siniply on thoir avoirdunois niorit? Whoro clsc would a man bo most highly cousidcrcd, bocaio be could show tho most adiposo mattor laid upon his boncs? Iu tho dccisioni givon at our Fnirs, woight is not only au importaut itom, but tho ono thing ncrdful. In a scalo of ono hundrod points, woight would bo tho cuuivnlont of filty, In tho miuds of most judgos. It is tho big swinc, tho big pumpkiu, and tho largost fat ox that takos tho prcniiimi. Ivconoiny of fattcniug, or tho proccss of production, is scldom in miircd aftcr. Tho samo bad tasto is likcly to allcct tho docisions in our poultry shows, unlcss tho inanagors insist upon a nioro wholcsonio standard. A largo, woll-dovcl-opod bird, of maximum sizo, is dosirahlc. A nion.stcr is not, for any concoivablo pur poso, oxccpt to oxcito wondcr nnd draw tho frowil. Wo ralso poultry chictly for tho ta blo. What tho liroducor wants iu his stock is good imality if llosh, oarly lnaturity, and capacity to niako tho most llosh out ol a giv on amount offood. A turkoy, wcighing lif- trcn )Olinds, is jlist as good for tho tahlo as ono wcighing thirty; and most housckcopors would profcr thcin tindcr twolvo pounds. In most markcts tho lightor woights would bringtho highor prico. It is only in the ro- gion of largo hotols andboarding-housos that tho vory largo birds bring an oxtra prico. For what ohjcct, thon, do wo want largo brecding hirds and how largo do wo want Ljjipntf . ii.uKcs auoui inroo yoars lor a turKoy to attaiu hislnrgcst woight. lfat twolvo nionths a obblor roacli thirty pouiaU livo woight, at two ycars ho would rcach thirty-livc, and at thnio ycars forty, or a little more. 15ut it is niro to got n malo bird abovo forty pounds, aud thon it is gonorally by somo procoss of .-tulling that dostroys his staniina and ofton tiinos his lifo. This woight isoxcollcd somc tiiups; but about tho timo ono thinks ho is aliuot suro of a forty-fivo poundor, tho prod igy sickcns and dics. It may bo assumod, tlion, that forty pounds is about tho limit to which a vigorous turkey-cock may bo safcly carricd, and from half to two-thirds of that woight is tho last safo limit for tho hcns. With broodcrs of this sizo, and a little undor, wo will got largo, strong chicks, that will ocoiKunizo food, and maturo earlier than tho oll'spring of coinmon-sizcd birds. No bird yiclds nioro quickly to troatinont than tho turkcy. Tho intluonco ol'a largo-sizcd gob blpr in a llock is immodiatoly visiblo in tho incrpasod sizo oftlio chicks. Tho introdiio tion of wild hlood incrcasos tho young. A largcr proportion of cggs will hatch, and a iiiupIi largor nuinbor of young will bo likcly to grow up. With a little painstaking it is imito oasy to brcod to any dosircd shado of pluinago. Anicncmi Ayriartlurirt. CAUSES OV WKAKXKSS. IJoos bcconio woak from sovoral causcs: 1. if it bo n bad boiicy soason, colonios dwiudlo from tho fact that wlicn no honcy is boing gathcrcd tho quoon coascs to lay cggs, and tho natural mortality among tho bccs ro diicos thcir numbor rapidly. Fooding will romcdy this. 2. A 4110011 bocomcs too old to lay onough cggs to koop up tho strongth of tho colony. Tho romcdy is to furnish a young quccn and dcstroy tho old ono. 3. Colonios from many causcs bcconio (liiccnlcss. Kcnioly givo tho bccs a quccn, or mcans to roar ono. 1. A quccn fails in boing fcrtilizcd, and jiroducos only dronos. .Substituto a fcrtilo quccn. 5. If honoy is vory abundant and tho bccs havo no room to storo it anywhcro olso, tlioy will fdl up tho hrood colls, ovcn dcstroying tho oggs and brood in thoin, aiul loavo tho quccn no placo to lay. lly fall wo havo a hive full of honoy and not onough bccs to guard it. Tho roinody licro is to uso tho moloxtractor. or givo nioro room in tlio prop cr placo. 0. If bccs ho pcrniittcd to swann more than onco, orswarniing is lato, n colony may fail to rccovi.T its strongth. This may bo rcmcdicd by roturning tho swann, or by tocding. An thing that will rcdiico tho numbcr of bccs hclow a working standard, produces disorganizatiou and iilacos tho colony at tho nicrcy of tho moth. In a niiy'ority of in staucos tho bccs would all dio out without tlio nssistnnco of tho moth iu hastoiiing it. D. L. Adaui, in So. Furmcr. Words that burn rojoctcd coiniuunica-tions. !ItKK. KOOI KOIt I'OUII'ItY. l.ottuco choppod lino is tho bost food wo know ofto givo green, nioro espocially for young turkoys. Cut up or slicod, tlio wune as cabbago is prcparcd for tho tablo, it will bo eatou with avidity by young turkoys and oluekens, and is vory dosirablo as a hoaltli giving focd. Do.not bo fcarful of ovor-fcod ing, but food rogularly onco a day, and bcn ilicial rcsults in tho brood will bo scou. Courting is bliss, but matriniony is blistcr. nu.'Miii.i: m:i;s. lloys thiuk it glorious fun to (ight bumblo bccs, but tlioy sliould not bo cncouraged in tlio warfaro. llnmble beos, liko all tho hy nionoptcra, play an importaut part iu tho grcat licld of uaturo. Tho voin wingod in- socts which lly from llowcr to llowcr do not injuro or dostroy tho llowors, but makc tlicm productivo by disturbing tho pollcn. Tlioy also rid ns of iuuumerablo noxious catorpil- lara and other insccts, which tlioy convcrt into wholcsonio food for thoir ofl'spring. Iho ordmary honoy boo iiorforms its work woll in tho fcrtilization of white dover, but its proboscis is not long onough to onablo it to rcach tho nectarics of rcd dover. For tho fortil.'zation of tho rcd clovor, wo niust roly to a grcat oxtont upon tho bumblo boo. Darwin has callcd nttcntion to tho inti- mato conncction bctwecn tho numbcr ot cats in a givcn district and tho yicld of red dover soed. Tho mico dcstroy bumblo bccs, aud tho cats dcstroy tho mico; thcroforo, tho moro eats tho nioro bumblo bccs, and tho nioro bumblo boes tho grcator is tho rcd do ver yicld. In ordcr to niako red dover grow moro abiiudantly in Now Zc.aland than it does, somo entorprising gcntlomon aro talk ing of importing colonics of bumblo bees from Kngland. Our young frionds will thus sco how earnestly tho bumblo boo is dosircd in countries whcro ho works not. Then .sliould wo not protnct what wo havo, and which pcrforms such important sorvicos in our fragrant mcadows? Wo think so, oven if it doos intcrfero witli tho wild pleasuros of oarelcss boyhood. Turf, Fiehl and Fnrm. A hivo of Italian becs woro scnt through tho licadiug (Pa.) jiost-ollicc, tho othor day. Thoy woro oonfincd in a contrivanco rcsem bliug a mousc-triip, consistiug of a squaro block of wood, witli an augcr holo borcd through it. A thin wiro siovo plaeed ovor oach aporturo constitutcd tho windows of this miniaturo prisou-liousc.