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Vermont farmer. [volume] (Newport, Orleans County, Vt.) 1870-1877, July 15, 1871, Image 2

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lnrge, rangy, strolling stnllious, as fino and
vnluahlc horsos !is tlto best, adding strido :ml
sizo to tht'ir known good qualitics; nnd I
belioro the day is ncar tit hand, when this
o)luioii will bo genorally adoptcd. Tho nian
agers of oitr Stook Farm arc of this ojiinion,
it is ovident by tlio purchnso of six, twostal
lions sind fonr mnros, from tho old Mamhri
no Chiof, Ahdallah, nnd llashaw eroses, nnd
Wallkill Chiof of the Haniblotonian Stiir and
Hashaw for tlio improvcnicnt of horses 111
Vermont. This is iny oiinion nnd lias for
soinotinio bccn, and it was ilit!nctivly upon
this opinion that I purchascd Mamhrino
Chiof, ono of tlm best sons of tlm old renowed
trottor, Goo. M. I'atehen, (thu proircnitor
of I.uey, Goo. M. I'atehen, .fr Go"dfrev's
I'atehen, Mt-Donald's I'atehen. Grillin's
I'atchen, Vietor I'atehen. Xew Jersoy,
Danvor's Itoy, Ashland L'atchen, and niany
others,) coiiihiniug Hashaw and Mossengcr
blood by repoatod' strains of whom Ilirain
Woodrull says: " When ovory thing is con
sidered, I ani tindor the iiuprosiou that Goo.
.M. I'atehen was tho best horse that Flora
Teinploovercontonded with, nnd that, thoro
fore, their naines nnist go down linked to
gethor ns tlnxo of thu be.-t innre and tho
beststallion that havo yet appoarod."
These con-ddcrntious of iaets, gcntlenicii,
hastily anil imporfcctly mado though thoy bo,
aro faets, novortholess, and warrant ine in
proclainiing, and I do proolaini bohlhj to tho
farniers and breodors of Vermont, to go 011
fearless and hopefiilly, and brood tht'ir sinall
bnt trnly valnablo uiarcs to largcr sized,
ctrong boned, well brod, trotting stallions,
and roaeh a snre and j-atisfaetory roward.
Hnt in all coneionce, novor breed a little
horsc to a little mare. thoy have largo strains
in ooininon or ave satHied to brecd what wo
arc fast approxiinating, Miwtang Kanucks, or
Indian I'onios. E. S. .Stowixi..
Cornwall 't.
T. II. IIOSKTN.S, M. D., Killtnr.
i.'minimiall'tii4'hiiil Htrn rrl.itlii! tntlrt i-fitorlnl in.iu
ntcement of the ir tliouM iv aililrt'Meil to thc Wltnr. All
other houM Ix; atMreeil tnthc I'uMlaher, or Implyto llie
Farmfr. Ilolli, however, my Iw micluil In the nanie letur.
A corri'spondent of onc of our agricnltnral
exchanges pays:
" What f.inneni wMi to kiww l, nnt how to mIk Kttn thiit
xwt tlio amutcur nnd tliwiry farmer tlfty cit aplfce,
whcn tliey arc vrnrtli tit llfty ctnt n lniflirl, Imt Iio- to wiw
niul rfnn ik1 mmr wltli nrolit In thlr latnr. Tliere Ij nnv
iiumlHrr of tlunry farinvrs who imver jitrfonnwl it ilay'a Lilior
ii a Mrni, rmi are lumi 01 jrivinir ri'innnry nilvicc. They
crowil the wi.rl.l witli thtlr liiiowkilee and wlluni. If farm-
er followtil tlilr cllrtctlcinn It woul.l lw likelv to lcave thtni
aa jMMir um h church inoiiiiv. Any nne can rtin h farm on thv
ury witu liwniy or inoney at command. I hail ralher have
Kv comnion yeiiHe wltli an ahumlance of manuret wlth
mucle lald out In thc way of hihor, Ihan all thc thcory In
the world. If a man Mrlfhett to m.il.c moncv on a farni. the
le theory he ha the Ixitter, aiul the more uccen'ful he wlll
Xow overybody will agreo with tho bolicf
cxpressed abovo, in regard to " fanoy farm
ers." Thoro aro plenty of tlioin who do not
know iiow to make thcir opcration.s pay.
Many of thuni aro iinaiile to brins tho ycar
ronnd withont a hcavy losti. Hnt is this ow
ing to thcir liaving or using moro of tliat ro
niarkablo artiolo known ns "Tiiuoitv?"
What is "theory," anywayi1 It it is roally
xomething linrtfiil to the furnier wo ought to
know it, and also know what class of farm
ors uso tho most of it, and reccivo tho inost
daniage from it.
"Theory," according to Wobstcr, lias a
numbcr of ineanings. liy some it is tiscd to
exprcss an idea in opposition to that of "prac
tico," "thoorotical boing nsod as the oppo-
sito of "praotioal." This is tho only sonso
in wliioli tho writer wo havo quoted soems
to understanil tho word. ISut men guidcd
by such " theory " nevor atteni)t tho praeti
cal; thoy dospiso it, and iiitentionally conflno
thomsolvos to thoir theorizing, saying witli
disdain when opposing faets aro bronght to
thcir notico "Ko niiieh tho worso for tho
facts." Snch theonsts are, in fact, visiona
rie.s. In agriculturo they eannot bo fanoy
farniers. They aro abovo deliling thcir hands
with any work at all.
Iiut tho ineanings aro assigned to tlio
word, viz. :
1. An exponition of tho gcncral principlcs
of any scieneo ; as tho thcory of music.
2. The tsoiuuuo, distingnished from the art;
as tho thcory and prtidkc of plow-inaking, or
stoani-engino building.
The philosophieal cxplanation of plicnoni
ena; as the tuory of plant growth, or of
It is ovidont, aoeording to thcsodetinitioiw,
that thcro inay bo false and trne theories.
Thoro inay bo a theory of plow making tliat
is erroneons, and plows mado according to
it will not do good work; whilo anolher
plow niakcr inay hit npon the trne theory,
(as Gov. Ilolbrook soeins to have dono.) and
mako plows of tho greatcst service to the
farmer. Xow nohody will say tliat that kind
of theory has dono any harm.
Kvery lnan who thinks at all, usnally has
sonio kind of a theory nboiit overytliing he
has to do. The writer wc have nnoted not
only has a theory that thcory is a bad thing
for the farnier, bnt it is casy to gather, evcn
from thc short extract givon, thiit lu; has
othcr thcorics, as that nianiiro and hard work
aro cssential to t.nccc.sfiil farming, and
that eominon sonso is a great heli),
botli of which tlieorics teem to us sonnd, and
valnablo whcu put in practico.
Thoro aro thcorics prcvalcnt to a conidcr
ablo cxtcnt wliich attrihnto great power to
the hcavcnly bodics, cspccially to tho niooii,
ovcr many of tho intercsts of tlio farnier.
Kven soinn pcojilo who profess contenipt for
thcory in gencral holil strongly to these, and
bclicve that if ou do not kill yonr becf or
yonr pork at tho right timo the nieat will
shrink in- the piit; also that ifrcrtain erof
aro not planted in tho right sign thoy will
fail. If these theories are trne, they aro very
valnablo, bnt if as otlicrs contend, they are
all moonshine, tliat a gdod breed, gond
fceding and good lnaiiagemeiit will glve
good meat, no matter undcr what sign itmay
bo killcd, whilo a bad brccd, bad fecding and
neglect will givo poor meat under all cir
cnnistances, then tho lattor theory is prcf
orable. Evcn faney farniers who fail to mako thcir
farming pay, do not always do so becanso
thcir theories aro bad. It is qnite oftcn tho
case that thcir failnrcs aro attribntable to
otherrcasons. Mi-. Grceley and Mr. Ueechor
wonld no donbt bo sneoessfiil farniers if they
gavo thcir wholo timo and attention to the
biisinoss. Tho sanio bilcnts and indnstry
that mado tho Tribunc a sncccss, or that
built np tlio Plymouth pulpit, and comniands
a salary of 920,000 a year, wonld, if given
nntirely to agricnltnre, havo bcon crowned
with n parallcl snecess. Othcr fancy farniers
fail bceanso they are la.y, and sco to nothing
theniselves, dclcgating all ovcrsight as well
as all labor, to hirod help. Usually if thoy
havo theories that are ovcr so falso, such
nicn do not usually apply thom so oxtensivo
ly, or run them so far, as to loso a great deal
of nioney by them in coniparison with what
they loso in other ways.
A correct theory inay bo so'oadly workcd
as to givo bad peeuniary results. llero it is
that tho praclical man has tho advantago of
tho mero theorist, and indced it is almost al
ways the practical man that makcs tho moii
ny out of a good thcory. Tlio theory of dcop
tillago is a good onc, but it is only tho practi
cal mnn who is likoly succcssfully to apjily it
to practico and niako it pay. Tlio saino niay
bo said of tho thcory of under-draining, of
spccial fcrtilization of tho soil, of scloctioii in
tho brccding of aninials, of iniproving sceds,
&c, &o. It is tho practical man who, if ho
docs not originato thcni, takcs these thcorics
and denionstartcs thom successfully in practico.
Wo submit, thcrefore, to tlio reador's con-
sideratiou, inasnuich as wo all havo some
thcorics in regard to what wo do, and aro
more or less giiidedby them, whcther it is a
sensiblo thing altogcther to condcnin thco
rics. Theories may bo correct or incorrcct,
md it is for onr intcrest to satisfy ourselves
in regard to them beforeapplying them, eon-
demning the bad and adopting tho good.
nd the nian who has iirqutrt'd mot knowl-
edg(! iu rclation to liis buiness i tho most
likoly to choose tho right theories and apply
them successfully. It is not at all likoly that
tho intelligcnt farmors will have moro theo
ries than his unin.-tructcd ncighbor indced,
as a rulc, the less a man kuowsthe moro lull
he is likoly to bo of absurd theories. lluttlio
nian who imdcrstauds, bccauo ho intolli
gently studies his buines, will bo by far tho
niot likoly, when he adopts a theory, to
adopt onc that has a solid foiiudation, and
that will work prolitably in praetiee.
It seems that tho stateniont iu regard to
tlio graduatiug class of tho Massaohusetts
Agricnltnral Collogo which has been rushiiig
roimd in tho political papei-s, and to which
wo ndverted lastwcck, is falso. Tho Ilostou
Timvs statesnuthoritatively that thc inteiidcd
occii)ations of tlio class aro ns follows: agri
ciiltural (gcncral,) 11; agricnltnral cheniis
try, 1 ; agricnltnral enginecring, 1 ; markot
gardening. 1 ; agriculturo and mediciiu1, 1 ;
horticiiltiirc and journalisni, 1 ; eivil engin
eering, 5; draiightlng, I ; businoss, 1; jiro
f(!isions, 8; lindecided, -t. The I unilecidcd
oues will probably engage in agricnltnre at
some timo, sooner or lator. It will bo scen
that tho niimber of graduates who propose
to follow agricnltnre is about SOpcrcont.,
which is a vory good exhibit.
Col. Stowell's very able papcr on Jlorsc
Hreeding is given in this mmibcr. From tho
discussion tliat followcd the reading' of this
papcr at Brandon, it is evidcnt that public
o)inion is in an unscttleil condition on many
pointx in conuection with this importaut top-
ic. Wo shall, thcrefore, welconie communi-
cations npon it from brcedcrs of expcrionco.
Wo are glad to lcarn that a now edition of
"The I'rinciples of llreeding," by Ilon. S.
L. Ooodale, Secretary of tho Maine Hoard of
Agriculture, is in proce.-s of iireparation for
tho press. It is a work greatly nci'ded by
uvcry intelligcnt farnior, and .Mr. (loodalo is
.eniinently iiualilied by ediujijtjini iip.d expen
onco, to givo us a book that can ho relled
Mr. II. F. lllack, whose barn was burned
by lightning in Coventry, informs us that
he had a new ouo crcctcd and all tinishcd,
rcady for use in jii'-t twcnty-one working
days from tho firo.
He desires to oxpress his thauks to his
ncighbnrs and fricnds, who have gcnerously
coino forward and helped hini in tlio timo of
Hyreforonco to our columii of "Corres
pondcnco " it will bo scen tliat a Grango of
I'atrons of Ilusbaudry has bccn constitutcd
in Caledonia County. This inauguration of
a work ealoulatcd, as wo bcliove, to bo of
great bonofit to tho farmors tif Vermont, as
it has already been to thoso of other statcs, is
duc, in a great degrce, to tho elTorts of our
friond and corrospondent, Jonathan I.aw
rcnce, Esq., who has reeoivcd from tho Xa
tioual Urango at Washington, tho nppoint
niont of (Joncral Doputy of tlio ordor for
Thoso who know Mr. Lawronco aro fully
awaro that ho has not accepted this task from
any motivcs of pcrsonal ambitiou. Xo man
iu tho country coultl bo moro freo from that
importation than he. A true and earncst do
votion to tho causo of agrieullural progrcss
has always charactorizou his course, and no
lniin has givon moro timo to it, withont fce
or hopo of reward, than has Mr. I.awreneo.
And not only docs ho possess zeal his ro
ports of tho proecedings of tho I'assnnipsio
Fnrniers' Club, his oxoecdingly ablo papor
read at tho St. .fohnsbury nioeting of tho
Itoard of Agriculturo, with all of which our
rcadcrs aro familiar, tostify to his capacity
for tho work ho has consentcd to undcrtako.
Wo trust that tho year will not expiro with
ont soeing, at lcast, ono Grango of I'atrons
organizod in overy county of Vermont.
Thoso dosiring referonco to tho matter should
put theniselves in correspondonco witli Mr.
Lawrencc at onco.
Stovlc Siilv.
" Thonias ltaker, of Iiarton, has ru-
ccntly sold two very line Ilolsteiu calves and
a f iiio Chester White sow pig to Itidson Spof
ford. 11."
Jlrowiiiiirton, 17.
Iltttlrr InkhiK H"t AVi'iitlirr.
" When it is very warm and dry, we
cool our nnlk rooni by kceping wet shects,
wruug ont of cold well water, hiing up in
tlie warniest part of the rooni. I'tit a sinall
(inantity of niilk iu a pan. and if slielves aro
ued, set u)ioii slats an inch or two thick, .-o
to lct the air cool the bottom of the pan ; be
sure to skini bcforo tho niilk gets sour or
thick, in twenty-four or thirty-six hours, and
sometiiiies iu very warm weather iu twclve
hours. Throw a haiidful of salt iu the crcani
pail, put in the cellarnr other cool placo, and
stiralltho ercaii) well erry ti'iie- moro is
added. Tlm -greatesl care and ueatuess iu
nvery particular is necessary to mako a good
articlo ofbutter. Mns. W. T. S.
Tlic C'ltrriuit AYorm.
This lnischievoiis depredator oftcn niakes
sad havoc with our thrifty and prized eurrant
liushes. It hegins its deiircdatious to-day,
and in forty-eight hours is down to tlm utter
frustration of all onr well chcrished liojitss
for rich dihes of this ino'-t exetillont saucer
fruit. Hut tliere is death to tho eurrant
wornis, antl that in a preparatiou of tho eom
inon field poke root. ltnil tho rootand leaves
and sprinklo the buhes liberally with tho
dccoctiouon thofirst appcaranceof tho worni,
and tho young tlojn-etlator will very soon
eeaso its troiibling, and lie down to plcasant
drcanis. Lct sueh as aro thus alllictcd, try
it! I. W. S.
Tho Indian L'oko or Green Ilolloboro
(Vcratrum VivUlc) is so siinilar to tho White
Ilolloboro that botauists are not agreod as to
its bcing a distinct speeies. 1). W. llobin
son, Esq., of llarton, iufornis us that ho has
also usod it with sncccss to destroy tho eur
rant worni, but says a strong dccoction will
kill tho leaves also. Mr. U. has also killcd
tho wornis bysifting plaster ovcr tlioin, but
does not feol suro that this roniedv is infal-liblo.
Annie Hrown, tho notoriims snako wonian,
who has been puzzling tho doctors for years,
has at last turncd out to bo a fraud. Sho has
lately bccn at the Wayne county, X. Y., in
firmary, and tho physiciaii seeing tlio snako's.
hcatl protrude from her niouth, seizcd hcr
by tho thvoat to irevent swallowing, and
mado hcr disgorge tlm reptile, which proved
to ho nothing moro nor less than a picco of
hlack India rubber, that sho had been accus
tonicd to slip down hcr throataud thon, with
hor convulsivo movcmcuts, raiso uji aiul lct
down sigain.

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