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Vermont farmer. [volume] (Newport, Orleans County, Vt.) 1870-1877, December 08, 1876, Image 1

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-A-3ST .a-DR,xaxjXiTXJi?.AJEj .awEiXjsr asrB--AJpEfe, j?ofe "fcirB rx7balists oil? thb GKREEisr ivrloxjiTiisr STATE.
f , I ' u , . J r
'WHOLE HO. 313.
i-uui.isnF.i) r.vr.nr nuiUY iiy
Term, of Subscription.
One ropy one year, paid la advance Two tolLn.
One copy tlx month!,. ..... On. Dollar.
Un copy three months, on trial, Fifty Onts.
Free of 1'ostnfre to any Point III tlie United
Stntea or Cnttiuln.
Tiionovonimr.il rowi.8
As good ai the host, at low rates. I'ly
mourn stfiniN, lima iiiiii biiiu
0cliii.llrivii.W'lilfu nntl Hum"
P..jlnlllio l.i'irtinriiN. twoS. S. Hamburgh
uaall.ni. Bremen Uhm. China Uoaao. Bronte
Turkeys, anil roktn duck J, only a row pairs or each
variety to sparo. 1 ilmll giro entire satisfaction. My
fowls trill boar Inspection. Address
IV. 1.. SWITT, SI. Jolin.bitrr, VI.
Farms fhr salo- In
Teat Maryland
and Delawayo Peninsular. Comfortable climate, fin.
Fruit. Bond for catalogue to -
mil B. nilMJKLYjOreeiuborough, Md
also suited to Cattle, Hogs and Sheep. Bend stamp
for samples. Agents wanted. Manufactured exclu
sively by the patentoo, V. II. DA3A, Wott Lebanon,
N. 11.
in Delaware and Maryland, In the
renowned l'each District. Mo better
soil for cereals and rraasos. Excell
ing In "Frnitf." Good society, healthy climato, and
cheap communication. Can suit any one. Trices low.
C.EO. W. INGRAM, Real Estate Agent.
MUJUfwm, Ifiitcaittt Co, Dtt,
Having had a large Eipcrlcnco, and
possessing all the facilities for Uu Wing itiitl fllo.
vlllg llullilliiirai of all kinds In the host possl.
Me manner, the subscriber would solicit a share oi
such work. Work don by tho day or Job, at hard
times prices. JOHN BARROWS, Hartford, Vt.
New Catalogue
AND BREEDERS' MANUAL of Thoroughbred Cat
tle, Bheep, Hogs, Poultry, Pigeons, Dogs, FerreU,
and llabblta. Elegantly Illustrated with beautiful
cuts from life of our iinest Imported and prize stock.
Furnished at cost, OM post-paid. Every farmer should
bare it. Juit out.
Sood Warehouse, 233 Church Street, Philadelphia, Pa.
Farmers will find at my mill a supply of l'nrc
Croiiiiil Hone, for land, and the best of Hone
in cnl ror cattle. Having the best or arrangements
for procuring the raw material I can giro a remarka
bly low price ror tho prepared article. Also,
Ladder, of all Lengths,
Manufactured and sold by ,
C. F. TsHAN, - - St.Jolirmbnry, V.
sTi:vn.-Ms rr.Ai.vs, mi:.,
Brooder and dealer la
Pure Bred Brown Leghorns.
I NOW offer for salo 10 trios or choice birds, (white
car lobes and yellow legs) from 110 to $15. A few
good brocding cockcrols from $3 to to.
Notice to Farmers.
Birds'-JEye Maple Iioys,
delivered on cars.
W. XX. TSTJ3X-1 13 0 1ST,
Odd Fellows' Block, Railroad St., St. Johnsbury, Vt
The luUcriW will acU UU ttlaco at St. Jolmabury,
firljolnfoi; tho FulrOrouml. It contain two acres f
prounq, a poou iioujq ami ruirn, nicwu unnien wuu w
fruit treet running water at houio and burn ami In
tho ganlen that nover f.vllj, CTPnm ft dry time. Hie
buildings aro In perfect order and aro very plcuantly
and conveniently tOtuatod, byln half a mile from the
Kale Jhoin, and Rood i-cliools ami churches. The
ularo will ho sold on rerv oasv terms. Anolv to Illram
JftwWHl on the yremUw, or Joseph Oautliier at tho
aarness soon on eastern Avenuu.
i o. icicirAims.
8t. Johnsbury, Aur, 21. 187C.
Forest and Lowell Mills,
Manufacturers of, and Wholctalo Dealer! In,
Wa make a specialty of a high grade of Family and
Pastry Flour, and aro using tho bei-t Improved ma
chinery, well skillol helu. ami none but Extra White
Winter Wheat, and In fact all the necessary requisites
for making such a grado of Flour. Samples sent free
at all tlmos when requested and correspondence solid-
Cheap! Cheap!
A nuantltrof Lime which has become nartlally air
Blakod will be sold at tho vary low price of CO cenf
per cosk to close out. Airosuioioi
Just roeolvod and placed at the very low ilguro of $1.23
ii. i:. Fi.r.Tuii i:it .v :.
St. Johnsbury, Vt., Sept. 11, 1870.
TTE HAVE DECIDED to offer to our readers a
TT monthly 20-pago supplement to tho Vvrmoii
I'urnicr, for the slight additional sum of SO cents,
This supplement Is tho
Scientific rnrmer,
of Boston, from which wehave made frequent extracts
It is an excellent liubllcution of lilirh character. "Set'
tin'' ont with tho Lhoorv that agriculture Is a dhrnlned
scientllls pursuit, it has won a position as ono of tho
atanUrd authorities of the day.
In remitting ror tho Vermont FnrnuT It will
be a prodtablo Investment to encloso CO conta oxtru
ta.ou inailj aua get in. wnt'imiir. runner aiao(
St. Johnsbury, Vt.
Tho following publications will be sent with the
Virhoxt Fa km ib, one year, at the prlcot named af
ter each. The prices given Include the postage on
both tho Farmer and tho paper clubbed with It, which
will be paid by the publishers. The conditions are,
that all arrearages for the Farmer, If there aro an
shall bo naldt anil that both natters be uald i
at the same time, bnt It la not noouiaarv that both
Bheutd be sent to the samo person, nor to tho same
post omce.
If nanorsor macraslnos not In this list aro wanted
write us and wo will aaoorUln what we can furnish
them with the Farmer for, and answor you, VV'e claim
unsurpassed ractmios lor obtaining papors anu tuaga
lines ai tow rates, wuon lurnisiieu wuu mo rarmer.
What you sava by ordering your city paper or ma:
line with the Farmer,
A largo discount In price.
All risk of transmitting tho funds.
The cost of money order or registration.
Tho troublo uf writing ono letter, and Its poitago.
And you Insure correctness and dispatch.
St. Johnsbury, Vt,
American Union, Boston, and Vermont Farmer,
Boston Weekly Traveller and Vt. Fjinuer,
Country Uentieuian and Vermont farmer,
Boston Weekly Ulobo and Vermont Farmer,
Detroit Free Press and Vermont Farmer,
Springfield Republican and Vt. Fanner,
Harpers Weekly and Vermont Farmer,
Harper. Basar and Vermont Farmer,
American Rural Home and Vermont rarmer,
Christian Union and Vermont Farmer,
New Vork World and Vermont Farmer.
Youths Companion (new subs) and VI, Farmer,
New Vork Sun and Vermont Farmer,
New York Tribune and Vermont Farmer,
Boston Dally aioba and Vermont Farmer,
Boston Dally Traveller and Vermout Farmer,
(krlbsert Monthly and Vermont Farmer,
Saint Nicholas and Vermont Farmer,
Harper. Magaslne and Vermont Farmer,
Uodeys Ladyt Book with chro. and Vt. Farmer,
Petersons Magaslne and Vermont Fanner,
American Agriculturist and Vermont Farmer,
Boston Journal of Chemistry and Vt. Farmer,
Nursery and Vermont Farmer,
Sdcnufic Fanner and Vermont Farmer,
Kmbden Qef.sk. A ub.wibcr, haying
ccn favorable mention1 of them geoao in tho
Farmer, inquires whero ho can proco.ro them,
and tho price. Wo htivo consulted our val
uci correspondent, ilr. J. Q. McKccn, of
South Acworth, N. II., and ho replies as
follows: "Wo havo several brcodors of
Embdcn gcoso, but W. II. Todd of Vormll-
ion, Ohio, has tho best. I think hit prico
is 810 to $15 per pair. 0. E. L. Hayward
of Pctcrboro, N. II.. has ordered a very fine
pair of Mr. Todd, and will havo goslings
next fall lor 88 por pair probably. Mr. Todd
says Toulouso gecso aro much tho best for
general purposes."
Pasturing' Meadows.
Of that shortsighted and pernicious prac
tice) wo bavo been tho foo For many years ;
and wo certainly never knew pastures shorter
than fur tho last three months of this season.
Wo know wo cul several tons more of hay
last baying season, bcoauo tho meadow was
untouched a'y'ear ago ; and tho hay is worth
doublo all tho oxtra butter tho cows would
have made. Our meadow is now covered
with n fine, soft, but short aftermath, which
will' wonderfully protect tho roots during tho
winter, especially if it is an open one as it
now promises to be. Beside, tho ground is
not all poached up, and if any one will cx
amino a clay mcadsw in June, ho will find
littlo or no grass growing whero tho oattlo's
fect pressed into tho wet soil the fall or
spring previous. Kaiso fodder corn, or Hun
garian grass, or buy shorts, but keep tho
cattle oil tho meadows, unless you aro taking
farm on shares, and then you will skin the
farm all you can, or you aro an oxccption to
any ono wo ever knew. Head tho following
suggestions :
A neighbor of mino has a meadow on
which, thcro is now a most luxuriant growth
of aftermath. Last Saturday, a week ago,
o turned in on this field some twenty head
of cattlo, and purposes to keep them there
most ot tno rail. Will it injure tno mead
ow? 1 told him it would if he turned them
in now, for it has been very wet here, and
is meadow is naturally moist. The tramp
ing of that many cattlo for a month, as wet
as it. is now, will ruin the meadow. 15 ut he
thinks not. I bavo no serious objections to
pasturing down an aftormath when it grows
rank-, asiuo lrom too tramping in wet weath
er. But I do not bclicvo in eating it off
baro anu leaving tno roots exposed to tho
rigors ot our winters, with nothing whatever
to protect them. Our meadows and grass
lands would not run out so frequently, mo
thinks, if less fall pasturing. was doao. Tho
grass that springs up after harvest will
tall down and furnish a protecting carpet
through tho winter, and will enrich tho land
by its decay, so that it will produce, gener
ally, enough moro tho following season to
compensate lor tno loss ot tho pasture tn the
fall, while tho better condition of tho land
and of tho grass crop itself, is so much clear
i)l y plan it. to pasture aftermath according
to its growth. In dry seasons, when there
is but little growth, 1 do not turn in at all.
In wet seasons, when there is a rank growth,
I pasture whenever tbo ground is dry enough
to prevent sinking ot tho hoofs. I mowed a
field last year that had been pastured wet
tbo tall before, and it was as rough as a
plowed field, and did not turn off half as
well as fields that had not been so tramped
ir. u-., tn UAto rarmer.
An Editor'- Wife.
We know ono editor's wifo who will utter
a mental amen as sho reads this, and an cx-
editor informs us that his excellent wife ap
preciates it. Wo publish it for tbo special
benefit of thoso who contcmplato marrying
an editor, that they may sec "what thoy hrs
coming to."
Yes, I'm Mrs. Peter Snow, an editor's
wifo. I well remember tho day when Mr.
Snow asked mo to becomo his wife. 1 con
fess I liked Mr. Snow, and thinking it would
bo a boo thing to be tbo wilo ot uu oditor, 1
said "yes" as pretty as I knew how, and I
becamo Mrs. Snow. I have seen ten years
of married life, and find my husband to bo
an amiable, good-natured man. Ho always
spends his evenings at home, and is in that
respect a model man : but be always brings
a pilo of exchanges which is only limited by
the length of his arms, and reads while 1
patch tho knees and elbows of his pantaloons
and coat. After wo had a Quaker meeting
of an hour's length I broko tho st'illacm by
asking: "Mr. bnow, did you order that
coal 1 spoko to you about 7" "What did you
say, my dear I bo asks, after a minute a si
lenco. "Did you order that coal 1 spoko to
you about?'' "Indeed, my dear, 1 am sor
ry, but I forgot all about it. It shall come
to-morrow." Another hour's silonco which
is relieved by tho baby's crying, and rather
liking a noiso ot that sort, 1 mado no ellort
to quiet him. "iHy dear, says Air. snow,
after he had cried a minuto or so, "you had
better give tbo baby somo catnip tea to quiot
him: bo troubles me." ibo baby is still
Anotbor hour passes without a breath of
noise. Being tired, 1 take a lamp and retire
tor the night, leaving Dir. enow so engaged
with his papers that ho docs not see mo leave
the room. Towards midnight be comes to
bed, and just as bo has fallen asleep tbo ba
by takes a notion to cry again. I riso as
quietly as possible and try to still him
Then another baby begins to scream at tho
top or bis lungs. Thcro is no other courso
but to awako Mr. Snow, so I say : "Mr,
Snow !" Tho third time he starts up and
cries, "What, Tom, moro copy 7" Kochetter
TiiOROumiiiRKDS. A business gentleman
wroto in behalf of a farmer, to ono of our
leading breeders of thoroughbred stock, ask
ing him for terms of certain .animals adver
tiscd in our journal. Tbo request was at
tended to and be soon received a letter say'
ing the farmer thought the prices too high
and declinod to purcbaso, although ho want'
cd the stock. Whereupon our business man
delivers bimselt oi this sensible message
which we hope tho before mentioned breeder
found of somo slight comfort. "There seems
to bo an idea prevalent among many farmers
that the cheapest is the best, regardless of
quality but it is a peony wise and pound
foolish plan. 1 bare in mind some farmers
who havo bred their sheep in-and-in until
tbey are all run out, poor, tcraggy, tuuj.
tcooled things; and it is impossiblo to raako
them believe that new blood would be a ben
efit, The loss is their own, although it is
shame and belittles tho profession of farm'
ing." Who wonders that breeders find it
unprofitable to raise) blood stock where such
ideas prevail 7 fortunately, however, thoy
obtain among a much smaller portion of the
farming community than formerly. Maine
For the Virxoxt Fannin.
Scarcity of Water.
Fmesd IIinnirtB : Tho surfaco of the
earth is frozen from four to eight inches in
depth, according to the cxposuro, and thd
frost is daily penetrating. Our trust that
winter would not close in without replenish
ing rains, seems in fair way to bo disappoint
ed. I havo no water yet at my barns, and
may havo thirty head of cattlo, fifty sheep,
and six horso kind put up in winter quartors
any day, though wo keep them out yet by
daily feeding; tho cattlo all coming up
nights, and tho sheep getting a ration of corn
in tho pasture Many other farmers aro as
badly off. Now if wo do not havo an unusual
thaw and soaking rain wo must driyo our
Btock away to tho brooks,, or carry water to
them, or haul it in barrels. Much labor and
caro aro necessary to avoid losses, by injuries
to each other, slipping on tho ice, exposure
to cold and storms, and an insufficient or
irregular supply of water. When tho weath
er is rough, or tho young and, small animals
aro driven away by tho largo and strong,
thoy will go without drinking, and tho next
day will tako so much water us to injure
them. If tho farmer tries to favor them by
hauling water on stormy days, they learn to
aspect it, and do not drink at tho brook next
day, unless the weather is mild and every
thing all right.
I think tho best way is to provido water
at tho barns for tho milch cows, tho calves
and other animals that may bo feeble or less
ablo to stand tho cxposuro and hardship of
going to tho brook, if not for all tho stock,
and am inclined to think it pays to haul it
for all, Thoso animals that -go to tho brook
should bo sent aleng in squads, the smallest
first, so that nil will bavo an opportunity to
rink. Thoso farmers who havo an unfailing
supply of running water for houso and barns,
do not know what a luxury they possccs.
Domestic animals need an abundant Bup-
ply of puro water freo from ica and easily
accessiblo. They should havo an opportuni
ty to drink twico a day with regularity.
Without, such abundant, frequent and rcgu-
ar supply, they fail in thrift, and aro liable
to suffer an impairment of health. Perhaps
an' exception should be nudo in favor of
sheep. They will do without water if they
have access to clean snow. Hut they should
havo ono or tho other regular. Ono of the
best flocks of my acquaintance, sixteen in
number, all breeding ewes, never have water
in winter, running at large in a ten acre
field. They aro always strong and thrifty in
spring. I do not say that thoy would not
do better if they had running water. It
seems to mo they would. c. ii. it.
SprinsJitill, )'(., Die. 4, 1370.
For tbo Vinxoxr FaaMia.
Facts About Fences.
few farmers rcalizo tho immcoso sum it
requires to prevent our cattlo from intruding
on our neighbor's property, and from injur
ing our own crops.
According to tho agricultural report of
1871, thero aro '250,505,014 acres fenced
requiring 1,0111,11)11,48 rods ol. tcncing ;
costing 81,747,519,931! In tho United
States thcro aro 5,922,470 pcoplo cngagod
in agriculture, and it averages each farmer
S295 to enclose his fields. Wo have 5,059,-
998 miles of feoco ; a little more than two
hundred times tho oircumforenco of tho
earth at tho equator, and twenty-ono times
tho distanco to tho moon, or nearly ono milo
to each farmer.
It requires an annual outlay of nearly
ninety-four millions of dollars for repairs
a sum equal to the amount of our govern
mcnt debt, on which interest is paid.
In our own Stafo wo bavo enclosed
4,1G9,817 acres, at a cost of forty-thrco
millions of dollars a sum one-sixth as large
as tho real and personal property in Ver
mont in 1870.
It is estimated to cost annually four dol
lars to keep 100 rods of fcuco in repair, or
about ono and a half million of dollars we
pay to resist tho attacks of livo stock on
farm production. Many of tho fences in
Vermont aro built of stono, occupying and
rendering impossiblo of cultivation at least
a strip of land twclvo feet in width ; making
an aero for every three-quarters of a milo,
Thcro aro ocoupiod in this Stato 75,000
acres by feoco ; making tbrco towns of ordi
nary sizo, and 375 farms of 200 acres caeh
Wo have (rockoning tho 75,000 aero occu
pied by fences at 815 per aero,) over ono
million dollars to bo added to tho first cost of
tho fences of this stato ; making over forty-
four millions of dollars as tho sum farmers
pay for enclosing land not worth the cost ot
tho fencing. ' v. k,
Utiuzinci uiiieii roMACK. At this sca
son of tho year, and especially when apples
aro so plenty as now, thcro is much fruit
manufactured into cider, tho pomaco after
pressing, being often troublcsomo to dispose
ol. Wo bavo tound it pay well to lecd po
mace to stock, which usually eat it greedily,
If placed in layers six inches thick, with
twclvo or bttccn inches ot bay or straw bo
tween tho layers, it will not ferment, but
will keep in good condition until led out
provided it is kept from freezing. Cattle,
sheep or horses will cat straw readily, if it
has been used to dry pomaco, and frequently
improvo in condition, even if fed nothing but
the straw anu pomaco, i nciguuor onco
stated to us that tho owner of a cider-mill
near his father's farm in Lyme, Conn,, ol
ways filled a !!0 or 40 foot barn full of straw
and pomaco, on which ho wintered a largo
flock or sheep, bought up in tho full for this
purpose, and sold them fat alter shearing in
tho Bpring. Ho allowed tho sheen to cat
all tho pomaco and straw thoy would, and
in so largo a mass it kept secure lrom lrcez
ing, except at tho outor edges, so that it was
always fresh and soft when fed. In making
cider with the now common hand-mills, we
havo usually pressed about ono bushel of an
pics at each time, and tho resulting cheese
will usually last a horso one day, with bay
or straw in addition. This feed makes tho
horse's coat silky, and makes bim lively
when driven. Lountry Uentlcmen.
It is said that 100 pounds of beech ashes
will supply phosphates enough for 4000
pounds of wheat straw, and 2000 pounds of
Fattening Poultry.
Tho following advloo rom tho Journal
Chemistry is tho best wo havo over soop
though wo think; thoy need a little mora
room, but should b? shut up. Our practice
has been to uso.a pen some ton fect square
for a dozen or moro, but shut them up by all
It is hopeless to attempt to fatten chickens
while thoy aro at liberty. Thoy must bo
put up in a proper coop, and this, liko most
other appurtenances, noed, not bo oxpensivo,
To fatten twelve fowls, a coop may be three,
fect tong, cigtUoon fnobes high and eighteen
inches deep, made entirely of bars. No part
solid neither top, sides nor bottom. Dis
cretion must be nsed according to tbo size bf
tbo ohickens put up. inoy do not want any
room ; indeed, the closer tbey aro tho better,
provided thoy can all stand up at tho same
tlmo. Care must be taken to put up such as
have been aooustomdd' to bo together, Or
they will fight. If one Is quarrelsome, it-is
better to removo jt at pneo, as, liko other bad
oxamples, it soon finds imitators. Disoascd
chiokens should novcr bo put up.
Tbo tooa should be ground oats, aad may
either bo put up in a trough or on a flat
board running along tho front of the coop.
It may bo mixed with water and milk, the
latter is hotter. It should be well soakod,
torming a pulp as looso as can be, provided
it does not run off tho board. They must be
well fed throe or four times a day, tho first
timo as soon after daybreak as may bo possi
ble or convenient, and then at intervals of
four hours, bach meal should bo as much
thev can cat un olean. and no more :
when thoy havo done feeding, tho board
should bo wipod and some gravel spread, It
causes them to I cod and thrive.
After a fortnight of this treatment you
will havo good, fat fowls. If, however,
thcro are but fivo or six to bo fatted, they
must not iiavo as much room as though thoro
were a dozen. Nothing is easier than to al
low thorn tho proper spaco. as it is only nec
essary to havo two or three piecos of wood
to pass between the bars and form a parti
tion. This may also servo when fowls are
up at different degrees of fatness. This re
quires attention, or fowls will not keep fat
and healthy. As soon as tho fowl is suffi
ciently fatted, it must bo killed ! otherwise
it will not get fatter, but will lose flesh. If
fowls aro intended for tho market, of course
thoy aro, or may be, fatted at oooo ; but if
for homo consumption, it is better to put
them up at such intervals as will suit the
timo when tbey will bo required Tor the
When the timo arrives for killing, whothcr
thoy aro meant for market or otherwise, they
should bo fasted without food or water for
twclro'or fifteen hours. This enables them
to keep for somo timo after being killed,
oten in hot weather.
Fall Treatment of Calves.
Calves requiro special treatment at this
season of tho year. Grass begins to depro
ciato in nutritive value when tbo first frosts
occur, and as cold weather approaches, calves
not unfrcnucntly run down tbiu and weak
and aro not prepared to meet the rigors of
wiotor. Thoro is no season or the year when
extra caro and food are more needed than in
tho fall before tho animals go into winter
quarters. Ualvoti requiro to bo kept in a
thrifty, growing condition, and if checked in
their growth during fall for proper nourish
ment thoy will bo apt to fall sick in early
winter, and then can only with great dim-
culty bo kept alivo. Winter is a very favor
able timo to rosuscitato weak and sickly ani
mals, and it is always better to guard against
this troublo by care an 1 good feeding during
fall, for calves that aro not allowed to lose
flesh and becomo weak at this season wi
with fair treatment, go through tho wintor
without trouble. It is well then to com
mence feeding calves a littlo grain or ground
feed, pumpkins, tops ot turnips, beets and
carrots when grass first begins to fail. Oats,
cither ground into meal or in tho grain mako
a good food for calves, and it is ofadvautago
to tcaeh them to eat extra food of tho kind
named at the time suggested, booauso later
in the season they may bo moro dainty in
appetite, especially if sick and debilitated.
Ualves when brought to tno barn in mo
fall ought not to bo run indiscriminately
with larger and older animals, becauss they
often rccoivo harm by being hooked and
shoved about by tho vioious members of the
herd. They aro olten deprived also ot
their duo sbaro of food and in conscnucnco
full away rapidly.
11 wboy or skimmed milk oan bo had
from tho dairy they will mako a good luod,
and a little oil moal, say a pound to each
animal , cooked aud mado into a gruel t.nd
added to tho milk or whey, will greatly udd
to this kind of ration. In raising stock for
tho dairy it is desirable that tho animals bo
taught early to cat all kiuds ot slop and that
they got an abundanco of succulent food, as
by these means tho capacity of tho stomach
is enlarged anu tunic secretion is promoted.
It is important that calvos mako a oontinuod
growth during the first year, for if they aro
not stunted during that period they win bo
likely to "como in milk" when two years
old ; and our experience in crowing stock
for tbo dairy goes to show that tho best cows
for milk, other thingt being equal, aro thoso
wbich drop their calves as early as tho time
named. Hut in addition to tho greater milk
habit of animals coining in at two years of
ago tbcro is the increased pront to tbo larmer,
sinco tho milk yielded during the following
year will bo moro than sufficient to pay tho
cost of keeping, whilo tbo animal "coming
in milk" outs year later adds in her keeping
a very considerable extra expense.
In conclusion it may be proper to remark
that calves in tho fall should bo sheltered
from tho cold storms of rain and sloet inci
dent to that season ol tho yoar. This is an
important item in fall management and one
which is iiuito too often overlooked and neg
lected. Animals of tonder ago that aro ul
lowod to lio out at night exposed to drench
ing rains mingled with sleet and enow not
uufroquently contract colds which lead to
ills that impair the constitution, and in this
way the stook becomes weakly and possessed
of less endurauoa than thoy would bavo if
properly cared lor when young.
'Ihe raising of "deep milkers" as profitable
stock tor tbo dairy docs not depend alto
gcthcr upon breeds. The- animals must be
properly fed and cared for from tho start,
Tho raising of dairy stock should not bo
left to chaoco but should rccoivo careful at'
tontion, guided in all its branches by thought'
ful foresight and intelligence Rural Ncto
i or act,
The Scientifio Farmer says : "Tho New
Hampshiro Board of Agriculture aro discuss
ing means of resettling tho 2,000 deserted
farms of that Stato, It is hoped to mako
some provision .with the owners by which
settlers can bo induced to tako them up
again, possibly by tho owners giving a bond
lor a deed alter a low yean' improvement,
This is a step in tbo right direction, and de
serves success."
Weighing Firewood.
At th6 counoil meeting on Tuesday weok
Aid. Holland gave notioo of a motion, "To
consider the expediency of amending tho by
law regulating tho salo of firewood, so as to
permit dealers selling it by weight." The
irojwsod change in Boiling wood by woight
instead of by measure as. heretofore, hat
many things .that can bo advanocd in its fa
vor, as welt an some things which can be
said against it ; and as fuel is ono of tho
prime necessities of the general public, any
action of tho Counoil in this matter should
receive duo attention from the chitons. Tbo
following arc, tho chief benefits to be derived
from tho palo of firewood by weight. There
are about lOO.OOd cords of wood brought
'.annually to 'tho city ! if this wood was
.woighcd, and ten cents per cord chargod for
the weighing, it would amount to $10,000,
and as two, or ot most throe, additional soalcs
would bo all that would bo needed, tho gain
16 tho city would bb over 88,000 annually.
This would be no additional burden, as ii
costs at least that much to cord tho wood
that is oonsuinod in tha-!ty. W'Eu'Dg
would do away with the numerous and well
founded complaints of short measure in the
quantity dolivcrcd. If would also' be an in
ducement for tho persons cutting tho wood
in the forests to cut it longor, or, bettor still,
to saw it, thus causing a great saving in tbc
amount of ''chips" that aro annually left to
rot in the bush. At present, as a cord of
wood is a cord, whether it be cut long or
short, thero is a premium on short wood,
causing a wasto iu chips of about 15 per
cent., or 15,000 cords put of tho 100,000
cords consumed annually in tho city, and
Which would nearly all bo saved to the coun
try) if wood wero sawn instead of being
chopped in tho bush., People in tho oity
aro very frequently imposed on by wood-
sawyers, who somotimes chargo over two
dollars per cord Tor sawing two cuts in each
stick and splitting it. If wood Were sold by
weight, wood dealers could keep men engag
ed continually sawing and splitting tho wood
at the wood vards.or on tbo wharvcs.and as it is
an easy day's work for a man to saw two
cuts in each stick in a cord of wood, and al
so split them, it would not cost moro than a
dollar it dono at tho dealers yard; besides
when wood issawu and split fino, tho buyer
has a much better opportunity of knowing
the truo quality of tho wood ho is getting.
Wood grown on rocky land is much better
and much heavier, when dry, 'than wood
grown on swampy soil ; consequently tho
seller, of rock maplo would got the additional
sum over tho seller of swamp-grown wood
which tho quality of tho wood entitles him
The only "woighty" argument that can be
urged against tbo soiling of Growood by
weight is that it would be a premium to wet
wood, consequently pcoplo would havo to
pay higher prices for an inferior artielo ; a
cord ot hard wood grown on a swampy soil,
cut three and a half feet long would weigh
about 50,000 lbs. If tho samo wood was
properly dried, it might not weigh 40,000
lbs. This weighty objection might bo great
ly weakened if not entirely removed, by es
tablishing different grades of wood, such as
green, half dry and dry. Let sovoral
oords ol, say ninety cubio lcet caeh, be
woiched of all tho kinds of wood sold, and
at tha different states of drying, and tha re
suits used for ascertaining tho quantity of all
tho wood that is weighed. Montreal Wit
Sweet Corn Fodder.
Lot Qucrcm Alba plant somo sweet corn
one year and feod it to bis milch cows in tho
mouth ot August and September, as his
pastures begin fo fail, and I think ho will
not ask tho second time, if sweet corn fod
der is a profitable crop to cultivate, even if
if it is a pretty good season lor pastures.
And perhaps ho will not bo obliged to re
port that it takes twclvo quarts of milk to
make a pound of butter. If ho should bo,
I would suggest that it might be to his ad
vantago to make a chango in his cows.
i or many years l planted mo western
corn for fodder, and while tho cows would
fill themselves with it, and hold their flesh,
1 could see no improvement in tho milk
But after feeding sweet corn fodder awhilo
I nt onco noticed a chango both in quantity
and quality. Uuorcus Alba asks Air. 1'os
tcr for his figuros in relation to keeping eows
nnd making butter. As I have not noticed
any ugurcs of Mr. roster s 1 will venture
to present a few of my own ns the result of
my experience. 1 do not know how much
bran, or shorts it takes to produco a gallon
of milk, but I do know by experiment that
tho benefit that 1 dcrivo from leoding them
more than equals their cost to ascertain how
much milk it takes to mako a pound ot but
tel. 1 havo mado a numhor of trials. The
first one was eight years ago in September
with six cows running m tho pasture, and
having no provender, when it took seven
quarts to tho pound. Another trial two
yours ago, with eight cows iu tho month of
December, It took but six aud a ball quarts
to tho pound. At this time 1 was feeding
somo shorts. Wo mado last year from eight
and one-third cows (having the eighth cow
four months of tho year) seventeen hundred
and sixty pounds of butter, and fifteen hun
dred pounds of cheeso which wo sold for
eight hundrod and soventy-uvo dollars. Piow
wo don't rcckou tins as ncing very extra
but wo do know what wo aro doing. Farm
era should provo all things, "hold fast that
which is good." J. IK. vi Mam larmer
I.srouMATioN Wantkd. It will give much
satisfaction ll the committco who awarded
the premiums for Mr. Conrad Wilson's prizes
will givo tho publio tho special manner of
making up tho results ol feeding pork hogs
tho manner of preparing and using tho com
the age of tho hogs ; how often said hogs
wero weighed ; what drink or other food
was given, ami any otbor details, to get
certainty of tha report given by tbo commit
tco. Also, tho kind oi hogs fed ; waB any
thing given to increase tho appetito of said
hogs, and was tho natural growth taken into
consideration during tho term of tho trial
feeding 7 1 would also ask tho particular
manner of getting tho result of butter mado
by ono bushel of com; what kind of cows
were fed ; what ago of cow was used ; wero
they run at pasture or conUncd iu tho sta
bio ; what was tho special manner of feed
ing ; how was the com prepared, and how
often was it leu ; wero tbo cows given any
thing but water for drink ; tbo manner of
getting at tho precise rosults reported in
butter from the bushel of corn fed ; was the
milk all churned or was it set as usual
what month of tho Beason was tbo trial made.
and in what maimer wero tho cows prepared
and fed for the trial of the bushel of com
N. Y. Times.
Congressman Frank J ones, of Portsmouth
N. II., has been tbo most insured man in
New England, having 81-10,000 in lifo poll
cies; but tho well-known Boston lawyer.
Frauds A. Brooks baa insured hiinso'.f for
8150,000, and Mr. Jones proposes to put
gou.UUU moro cu bis own inc.
i , ,
Kor what nnmMn ttis mnitn?
Adam's Express Company.
In hauling dirt, remember that 23 ubi6
feot of sand) 18 cnhlo feet of Boil, or 17 ou-
bio feet ot clay, mako a ton. It is an easy
mattor to ovorload with material of tbil
Patcstino is to havo a railroad : a nro-
phctio itcmizcr remarks, tho cry will Boon bo,
All aboard tor Jerusalem. 1'aSsingcrS for
Moab and tho Dead Sea will pleaso remain
in tho forward oar."
A bright littlo fellow who had been told
that God made everybody, was standing at, a
window looking out upon tho strcot. and .Boo
ing a man passing with but ono leg, earnestly
called out, "Mamma, mamma, oomo and boo !
tlcro s a man God hasn t finished."
Doughnuts aro plenty in Boston, for dur
ing tho past thrco months 800, oar loads of
hogs havo passed over tho Central road,
making about ,ul!,UUU bogs that went -over
tbo road during thd months of' August, Sep
tember and October.
It is said that 00,000 peoplo havo been to
tho Contcnnial from Vermont. If it costs
them 835 each tho cntiro outlay would ho
83,150,000. Of courso theso figures are
not acourato but thoy givo somo idea of tho
vast sum expended by Ucntcnnial visitors.
A Canadian farmer missed n valuable
heifer, and, after several days' unavailing
search, found that sho had eaten her way
thirty lcet into a straw stack. Kho had tak
en a winding courso insido tho stack, which
accounts for her not having oaten her way
William," said his loving spouse, as Wil
liam Jones was going forth to excrciso a
sovereign privilege, "what ever you do to
your ticket I will do to your faco." And
that is tho reason why Jones did not scratch
bis ticket, as ho promised to do only tho
night botoro.
Tbo rumseller who formerly eluded the
vigilance ol tho Uutland polico so success
fully by selling liquor from a patent reser
voir which ho carried under his vest, has been
discounted by a femalo member of tho pro
fession in Lewiston, Me., who had her pan
nier divided up into nino compartments, each
compartment containing a bottle
At a farmers' instituto recently held at
Rochester, Mich., it was conceded that thistles
kept down ono year so that they cannot obtain
tho uso of their leaves in the open air will
causo no further trouble. To accomplish this
it was recommended to cut them off below the
surfaco aud cover them up onoo a week with
salt throughout the season, or put two or
thrco lcet ot straw over thorn.
An intelligent looking colored man walked
into a Jiullalo otneo tho other day with
slato in bis hand on which be wrote, "I am
deaf and dumb. Pleaso help mo." But
thero happened to bo a sharp pointed tack,
end up, in tho chair on which ho was invited
to sit, and, as he jumped about five feot into
tho air, his speech was suddenly restored,
and ho went out uttering language totally
unfit for publication.
Goon Aovice. Wo know that many
farmers havo an idea that thoy cannot writo
well enough lor publication, but this is all
nonsenso iu this connection. Wo bavo plen
ty of employees in our offieo who can write
and spell better than they can talk agricul
ture, and if our friends will givo us their
cxpcricnco and opinions in a plain way, thcro
are thoso hero who will put their communi
cations in proper shape. We want to get at
tho facts which our readers alono can furnish
us, and tho rest we can tako caro of hero.
If you havo found a uew variety of potatoes
which is better than tho old ones, write and
let us know it. If you havo found how to
raise pork at a profit, tell us about it. If
you have proved anything by experiments in
lecuing cattlo, or breaking colts, or keeping
hens, let us know that, and so on.
Again, if thcro is anything you want to
know beforo you docido upon next year's
operations, writo aud ask about it. If wc
know we shall bo glad to tell you, and if wc
ilo not wo will try nnd mako somo subscriber
inform us. A long winter is coming and it
would bo very foolish in all of us to let it
pass without learning very much which will
help us noxt year. Wo can learn much
lrom books but moro from each othor.
Mirror and Fanner.
In tho great majority of barns and stables
throughout iNcw hagland little or no attempt
is mado to savo tho liquid oxcrctien of tho
animals. Most of it goes through tho light
and insufficient bedding, or other absorbent,
and through tho cracks in the floor, into tho
ground beneath. Tbcro aro thousands of
such barns aud stables that havo been stand'
ing from livo to fifty years, and by all chem
ical calculations thcro ought to bo, in the
soil under these buildings, hundreds and
thousands of pounds of the most valuablo
fertilizing material, Is it there 7 Or, if it
is not thcro what has becomo of it, and bow
has it disappeared? The ammonia wo may
expect to havo in a great degrco evaporated,
but what has becomo of tho phosphoric acid
and potash ? Can any of our agricultural
chemists tell us whether tho grouod undor
an old barn may bo expected to bo "as rich
as a guano bed," and if not, whero thoso
valuable salts havo gono ? Dr. Jloskins.
Tub Fiust Farmer. Tho first farmer
was the first man, and all historio nobility
rests on possession and uso of land. Men do
not liko hard work, but every man has an
exceptional respect for tillsgo, and a feeling
that this is tho original calling ot his raco ;
that ho himself is only excused from It by
somo circumstances wbich mado him delegate
it tor a timo to other bauds, it bo bavo
not somo skill which recommends him to tho
farmer, somo product for which tho farmer
will give him corn, bo must himself return
into his duo place among tho planters. Aud
tho profession has, in all eyes, its ancient
charm as standing nearest to God, tbo first
causo of all that it is truo, good, noble and
honorable Dir. J'.mcrsou will admit, wo
doubt not, that the first man was also tho first
gardener, until bo was sent from Eden. It
wsb after this that ho devoted himself to
farming. Emerson.
Aunicui.Tuiur, Experts Needed. A'o
need moro men among agriculturists and
fruit men who aro experts in their business
What a satisfaction it must bo to a stock
breeder to bo-ablo to detect a puro bred an
imal at a glance or a touch. What a do
mand there is for such men, and how fully
is tbeir judgment respected, lo bo ablo to
name a iruit at a glanco or by a taste is
wonderful acquirement very few have it
and tho judgment of such a man is Bought
after. Thcso aro but examples of what is
wartcd in agricultural practice It is only
by being studcuis that this expertness can
bo attained, and it a man desires to bo an
honor to his vocation, a benefit to his fellows,
he must seek to bo an expert in somo branch
ol it. And no man need to assume tho know
edge of an expert without hard study and
1. " -I I . i
a. ecu uuaervaiiuu, jimtTKan rurm journal,
Thoro is atlu)l in tha book publishing bus
inogsjust: pow; ' publishers nro oxpending
their energies jn getting their various holi
day d)tions ready. Qf this class there
will bo a great variety at prices to suit all,
especially thoso who care but littlo for the
cost. Wo liko tho idea of giving books for
holiday presents, but wo hopo our readers
will. Boot that, class of works which combine
literary merit with' their othor attractions,
Itis;ustas easy to get an excellent book,
prose or poetry, printed on toned paper and
finely bouqd,as it is tq purchasoagilt-cdgcd,
morocoo-bound volumo whoso contents ato of
no special value. Our personal fancy would
bo a volumeof tho Art Journal, published
in monthly parts by the Applctons of ,Now
York, or if wo;could afford from thirty to
forty dollars, Pioturcsquo, America, by tho
samo publishers'. The fathers nnd tnothors
in our rural homes do not think enough of
works of art as parts of their home comforts
or adornments.
That works of fiction of the highest order
havo readers is shown by tho fact that Messrs.
Harper aro to publish a fifty cent edition of
"Daniel Deronda," to meet tho demand for
that work among thoso of limited means.
Tho book of travels wbich the noble Em
peror of Brazil is writing will bo ready for
American readers in about two months.
Blanchurd Jerrold's life of Napoleon
Third has reached a third volume wbich
will boou ba ready. Thrco volumes aro
mors than that dobauching tyrant deserves,
uuless they aro volumes of such brilliancy,
penetration aud impartial justice as charac
terized Lanfrcy's biography of tho elder Na
poleon. Wo havo had enough of the Ab
bott class of biographies of tyrants !
That charming work, Henry Crabb Hob
insou's Diary, is to bo issued in a singlo
12mo volume by JIurd & Houghton. That's
tho book, young man, for a winter evening or
stormy day, if you enjoy tho quiet humor,
wit and genius of such a man as llobinsou,
and if you do not lovo such books, cultivate
an affection for them', as well as an affection
for tho farmer's auburn-haired daughter:
she will lovo you none the less, and you will
bo more worthy of her affection. If you
can't quite como up to tho charming "Diary,"
thero is still something in store for you, for
John Habbcrton, tho author of that inimita
bio book, "Helen's Babies," has another
nearly ready for an impatient publio entitled
"The Barton Experiment.'' You bavo not
read Helen's Babies 7 Well, then, you are
to be pitied ; get it at onco, and having read
tho first pages, wo will trust tho rest.
Lovers of the cream of good books will
purchaso Selections from Macaulay's Works,
iu press by tho Harpers.
M. D. Conway, that rare American gen
ius living iu London, is to publish a work on
Christianity. Wo should think it would bo
bo very much liko tho Prince of Denmark
with Hamlet's part omittod.
We can get somo idea of how many im
portant events sometimes gather around ono
great man, when we bear in mind that P ro-
fessor Masson's Lifo of Milton and His
Times" has reached tho fifth volume, heavy
octavo, and it is in press by Macmillan Si
Co., London and Now York.
lhat irrepressiblo Dr. William Smith,
who has i&sued mora dictionaries than all the
Johnsons, Wcbstcrs and Worcostcrs oonb
biucd, has just anuouncod auothcr, a Diction'
ary ot Christian liiography, Literature,
Sects and Doctrines from tho timo of tho
apostles to tho ago of Charlemagne It will
- i - n ...
oo a volume oi rare vaiuo to a minister, a
Sunday school or publio library of any cind,
as Dr. Smith has ono literary virtue relia
bility. Tho subscribers to Zoll'a popular cnoyclo
pedia may rest assured that tho remaining
parts are coming, and that t ery soon. Wo
may comfort ourselves with tho thought that
delay means enhanced value. That work
has laid at our elbows for four years, and
has been in constant uso ; and we bopo hun
drcds of Vermont homes will bo mado better
for its presence
E. Stcigcr, 24 Frankfort Street, Now
York, Bends us a "map of Turkey and
Greece," drawn by J, Schedler, 19x24 inch
cs in size. The author's namo is guarantoo
for reliable and excellent work, while by in
cluding tho wholo of European Turkey, Scr-
via, Herzegovina and Montenegro, as woll as
tho provinces of Asia Minor bordering on
tho al'gcan sea. Of courso enough of Bus-
uia and Hungary aro included to show their
relative positions. Being in several oolors
the oyo at once reoognizes each country, to
gcthcr with its comparative size and position.
All tho railroads, and towns of any size or
importanco aro indicated, making a map of
great utility, at aay timer, but especially so
now that tho world's attention is drawn
thither to noto tho progress of Turkey's fall,
Tho map is not only excellent, but sold for
25 cents, though another and superior edi
tion is issued at 75 eonts.
Keport of tho Connecticut Board of Ag
riculture for 1875-0, by T. S. Gold, Secret
ary, has been laid on our tablo. It is a
substantial volumo of 418 pages, very much
in the stylo of tho publio documcuts issued
by the government office in Washington.
Tho conteuts havo attraotcd us most, as they
show that Mr, Gold and his follow laborers
are doing a work of great utility for tho
Nutmeg state Tho volumo is mado up of a
scries of papers read at tbo various meetings,
and tho substance of the valuablo hints
gleaned from tho publio discussions aro hero
published, followed by valuablo fables of
varies kinds. The papers aro on such topics
as thcso : "Fences and Fence Materials,"
"Common Roads," by a civil engineer, finely
illustrated, "Rural Architecture," "Law of
Roads aud Boundaries," "Water supply and
Drainage," "Fences aud Divisions of Farm
Lands," "Parmer's Homes and how to uso
them," and reports'on tho experiment farm,
pomology, committco on farms, diseases of
animals, fairs, clo. lho statistical tables
which pleased us most were thoso which
shiwd how many' cattlo of all kinds, and
eycry yariety of farm product that wag oxhibj
lied at each county fair in tho stato, also
how-much money went to each town In pro
Warns and gratuities. Thoso features all
should be glad to sco incorporated in our
future" reports. Altogether it is a valuablo
work, and its yearly issuo and distribution
among the farmers of Connecticut must havo
a wonderful influence on' tho agricultural
prosperity of that state.
$,tttct'f!$tinrj ftfrtiouu.'
There's an old loghonse on my father's farm,
All silent, and lonely, and still i
Mot a sound of mirth It ever heard now
In tho old leg houso on the hill.
But fondly I think or tho bygone dayt,
Whero, with brothers and sisters dear,
Not a happier home in the ceuntry around
Could ho found, oiUier Tar or near.
But in' father bullded another houso,
And my brothors aro gone afar i
And tho old log house Is doserted now,
And defaced with many a scar.
The rabbit and squirrel play hlde-and-seok
With mice o'or tho oaken floor i
Hut they quickly beat a hasty relroat
When Die owl flies In at the door.
The "twittering swallow" now builds Its nest
On tho raftors, going to decay i
And the robin and sparrow havo mado tholr houso
On the logs for many a day.
The little room, whero my brother and t
Oft listened to the weird whip-poor-will,
Is open now to tho birds and tho bats,
And they oomo thero without foar of ill.
But the poor-will is mlssod from his nightly soat
On tho apple treo noar the door
For tlicro's no ono thoro to answer him back,
As we're dono a thousand times o'er.
Tho primroses bloom uncarod for now,
And the "blue eyed violet." blew i
And the cottage rose, that my slstor loved
Climbs In at the casement low
As If It would ask, "Whore aro thoy all gono
That used once to caress and to lovo
Us poor flowers, neglocted now
In tho rank weeds that o'or us rovo 1"
But the friendly vine, on the old black logs,
Still clings thore, loving and truo,
As If It would hide tbo marks of decay
From the passlog traveler's view.
Oh, my heart still clings to tho dear old home,
And tho times of my childhood thero !
And I'd rather livo o'r thoso blessed days
Than to dwell In a pahvee fair.
Reform Movement. Tho temperance re
form movement in this state, originated less
than a year ago, is developing into an agency
lor well-doing ot almost incredible extent
and of unspeakable value. A partial list of
towns where Reformed Men's cjubs havo
beon organized aud aro now in active opera
tion (gleaned from our exchanges) embraces
this city, llinesuurgn, Jericho, iirattieboro,
Wiuooski, Montpclier, St. Albans, Newport,
Bellows Falls, Vergcnncs, Middlebury,
Worcester, Brandon, Lyndon, Cabot, Wood
bury, Johnson, Cambridge, North Ferris
burgh, Lyndon, Bradford, Charleston, Hol
land, Coventry, Barton and undoubtedly
many others of which wo have no record.
But few of these clubs number less than a
hundred members each, and many largely
exceed that number. Thus tho Brattlcboro
club tho largest in tho state numbers
over fifteen hundred members ; that in this
city some b'ix hundred, odd ; and a number
of others from ono to fivo hundred. Tho
number of our people, then, who havo taken
a stand for tempcranco forms a very largo
percentage of tbo population of tho Btato.
And of the names oo tho rolls many wero
almost irrcclaimablo drunkards, and tho vast
majority wero moro or less addicted to strong
drink. Nearly all tho clubs, too, have neatly
fitted up rooms, open at all times, whero
newspapers and materials for innocent re
creation are provided, and whero weekly
meetings are regularly held. All friends of
temperance roust rejoice at tho success of
these organizations and wish them God-speed.
Thoy aro doing their work modestly and
well, and their good infiuenco can hardly bo
overestimated. Free Press.
Sunday Dinners. A kind sister, help
fully inclined, writes mo as follows: "I'vo
had it on my mind for several wocks to
writo you something about Sunday dinners.
You know when thero is a family of fivo
or six persons, moro or less, and all want
to go to tho morning service, and stay to
Sunday-school, their appetites aro pretty
well sharpened by tho timo they get home,
especially if thcro is a ride of two or threo
miles. 1 havo experimented in various ways
that wo may have our dinner as soon as pos
siblo after getting home, or caeh ono begins
to help himself, which causes much confusion
and spoils tho meal. 1 find that by leaving
the tea-kettle on tho stovo and filled, with
a little fire, tho water is in a condition to
boil quickly, and mush is soon prepared.
In cold weather nothing is hotter than oyster-soup,
which requires but a few minutes
cooking. A good meal is quickly prepared
by having a chicken mado ready over night
by dressing and stuffing, and then it is ready
to put into tho oven when tho family sit
down to breakfast. It requires but littlo
care, and is nicely browned by church timo,
and keeps warm in tho oven until wanted
for dinner. I find it a great help to havo
potatoes to warm over. Often meat is boiled
or roasted ou Saturday, which relishes well
cold. A rice pudding, mado without eggs,
and left iu tho oven, is nice with sugar and
cream." American Agriculturist.
Winieiiino Flowers. All tho ordiaary
budding flowers can bo wintered successfully
in a tight, tolerably dry and light collar.
Wo have, says a correspondent, a cellar
provided with Bash to tho windows, and
about the 15th of November, boforo 6evero
frost, wo raako a bed of light, rich soil under
ono of tho windows, and tako up all our
geraniums, heliotropes aud verbenas, with
all their roots, and a email ball of earth,
put them iu tho cellar, and pack them as
closely as they will stand iu an upright po
sition. Silt plenty of loosd earth between
them, aud givo them a good soiking of water.
Thoy will require no other attention, except
a moderate watering onco in two weeks. In
very fino weather, open tho sash for uu hour
or two during tho middle of the day. Thoy
will grow but littlo, but in tho spring mako
nice plants. Before taking them up in tho fall,
they (.hould bo severally cut down. ylweri
can Ctiltivator, .
Wo aro not sent ioto this world to do
anything into which wo can not put our
hearts. We have certain work to do for
our bread, and that is to be done strenuously ;
other work to do for our delight, aud that is
to bo dono heartily. Neither is to bo douo
by halves and shirts, but with a will ; and
what is not worth tho elfort is not to bo dono
at all. Perhaps all that wo bavo to do is
meant for nothing moro than an effort of tho
heart and tho will, aud is useless in itself;
but at all events, tho liltlo use it has may
well be spared, if it is not worth putting
our hands and our strength to. llushii,

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