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The Woodstock age. [volume] (Woodstock, Vt.) 1844-1845, October 10, 1844, Image 1

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BUSINESS CAIIDS.
(). A. HHVANT,
lleiler.n niislWi.Frrnrli, miJ Amerloiin Drj (looui,
W. 1. fJn(ii!,iiiiil(lroi erit,
Crockcry, nml linrd Wnre.
Klm Street,
NV.hhixn & si.adi:,
nB.vLniisiN ri.oun, w.i. nnous&imocEimia,
At.S.ICOVsTlSN.V ON IIANI),
rittiirs.coxTiio iioNMtv.su.MMint ukinksand
ULTIIHSII.MIIXTS.
cKXTni.iTBnKT,m-r3iTi:mrNEv's nnTm.,
Oeo. MiXMi.il, (iwi. 1I.Si.adc.
ALIIKltT IUNG, aoknt,
Jll liis old Stttml lulcly occupicd by
3 o. 'ritinnu;
wiAi.niuxri.niMi w.i.nnons vNMinrtoiinnir.s,
CONI'lirTIONMlV, KU.MMr.lt 11H1NKS.AM)
URKlli:silMUXTtf,fONSTXTI.V ON IIANI).
CKMTUAL STItHKT.
223
Itl'KSKI.l.fcCI.AIU. , r.ns
W A T C II M A K II U H A N II J I'. W R 1. 1. 1. .
nrriHiTi' vvhitsbv's imrEi.. ccKTHAi,jnw:r.
It. 11. HAII.KY,
M laufdciurer or.-Mlvr-rSiii.nl,. un.l Spci l iclr " "'"
ln Jewi-lrv. lliillcr nml I'.ino
Wlii.l?iile i.u.l Ki'tiiil, ruJ
OpppwlelHilne fs lMcjjCcnr"' l,lre"-
iTnNuV matcii."
Onr ilnnr inulh of lnon ''" Strtrt,
riN, cnn-RR, a-vii hiibbt
ItOO l' & SIIOB MAWJFAOTOIIY,
joni. n.YTOX.
Cenlrnl tttroct.
TIIAU'.S It. WINN,
TAII.OH,
Simc door irilh -V. Handall,
MICMAl'.l. MVF.flS,
Till.li II.
Orer J. Colliimcr's O.fi cc,
rim strii't,
1' V. S.tHTlI. 7'.ir
ltcrl'. ' Koiibtn' iilllrp, oiipolle llrlck Sln?Ilomc,
..1'1'L'n. . I I
' UHITNKV'S IIOIT.I.,
Corner of Klm und Cenlrnl strects,
V V V. W II 1 r v HY,
v. a c i. K n o 'V n i,,
liY r. o. ai.di'.n.
i:.)'tnt iik nii iiiifbn nn:i:n.
muvM sTAr.t: uousi:,
s o ir r n i r i: n i. a c k n i v i: n ,
nv
JOIIN I!- SMITII
ludlow, 1.
lfil tf
IIKNItY 'I'. MAUSII.
HouscANnPinN I'Mnti ii, ai.-o hbvi.ui ix rtnnuocs
ash Vaiimhi hk i;m:iiv iiB-riurTiox.
c i; s t it a i. s t it r. i; t
wrrrTscoTT,
Punters, niulilf,ili'rln'hulr nml Oarrinseit nrull Kl iiiIh
CBSHIVI. STI1BBT.
.111111'. MII CIIIIl.l.. .
uAitni am) si,i;i(iii-.MAKnn.
II 1 n II RTiir.lT.
(sioniif::: risiiK.it,
Jtmufaeturtraf, nn 1 tlr'ilr r in niblntt fnrmlurt nl
firrs tlescni'tion,
l'liM:ml iMrci'l, 2IS
I) U. II. It. l'A 1..M V- t.
Olllrc ln llir llrirk lllook npiilt Vhllnt'j',
ri:NTUM. HtHEBT.
S. .1. AI.I.r.N, .11. 1).
piivsicMJ .ixi) smriEOA',
O.lloe o;iin-lto Wtitl iip llnlrl
M)I.V II. IIAMJOM).
TOMi0lN IIOI'AMC rr.ACTIi ION HK,
lcw retU UVsl nl' ihu Ccmrl IImihc.
92l-."m.
ii. ii. Kmr.Ai.i.,
Jlliirksmilh,
strccr.s'.iiii T i.niu.N.') rnATT,
ii(irn tiik rimhii." iiinu Tiu:i:r.
It. O'HAUA,
11 I. A I! K S M ll'll,
(Vlllrsil SlriM'l.
I.IVI'.ltY STAIIM'm
ii v a i. ii i:n t i' a i; k n n.
t''ir itrcel,
COI.I.AMRR .t ItAKUr.TT,
t t n v ii o y s a n il (?hiiihiI1uis u t I. a w,
Klm Slrcct. 1S!
.1a r n n f ' n 1. 1. A IIK n . J A M f. S 1U 11 II K T T
(). I'. CIIAXDI.KU .V II. II. Itll.lil.YtJS.
1 1 ii r n o v s nml ' u n s n I I o r a a t 1. u v,
Crntrnl Strtit,
TiivrV&'fTo.vvKijSKr " '
? to r v cii ii ii il Con n' el lor s n l ) '
o icoiivir i'h- llinik.lilni Slri'ct,
1,. A. JIA KSII,
ATTOR.VI'.Y AND Cdll s i: l.l.dH AT I.AW
, r.rnlr'il lrrrl.
roi;iH i on tt iT.ltrio.N,
Arrnnscvii AND ou Nsr.l.l.oltM AT I.AW
Hhctcr. n. S(i
II n.SMnmrns. ' n. I'bhson
liiftrcnrosi IIh I'.vfcllcnry II. !In!!iir J , Clmrlcatow n
iVin h.I-nmi'l nurkc New port, X. II.
n uii'i riiiifrioi., i:i. j Chccr vi.
Ch. t.il.niri.l", J
Ml'si llollirrmk CnrliT .t ro. llnUin,MH
" I. Ilanliirlh A-ibi, )
riirw. IIVIlTl.r.TT.Jn. .V CII.Mtl.lW II. ri.Il'IOIIRIl
litirnlci.CoilwrltnriiiflS'ilirihrsin tVmnctrj,
it i.v'ti(i.(. r.
i.,... i iIik liniiTlnr l!imnln lhecoimili' nf ll-ile
Innli, !:-. 'rl-m "iii'l V'ililnslon. l:n-"
Iin.N'TO.N & .ionp.s.
ATTOUNHi AVI1 CnUXKl.t.Oll1 AT I.AW.
Chche.t, VI.
A. P
tlONTOV, 203
1. C. ,Idm:s.
S. It. rfTKlXTr.l!,
Atlorncij nml Cuunttlcr ut Late,
iiAnNAim.vT.
llf.
J. (I. IIAU'KINS,
Attornty tni'l CouiKcllor nt J.nw.
rEl.l.lUII.I.I., VT
j. r. ur.ANr.,
.Illorncy and Couvscllor nl Luw,
l!AKSmHI, VT.
in:.
sa.um:i.ii. iMticn,
a t t n n .n n v --y;;--:v"
1. A W,
09 lj
HICIIAUl)SON& NICHOLSON,
Allor ntu s,"" - (!aiinrllnrs athme
Olii'ilf r, WliiiUnrCnuiilj . Vt.
N HicitAiinkos. hO A. A. .Niciioi.so.n.
Hr.U'Al.l.l'l'I.I.AM,
JITTO II X K V .1 T J' -1 .
LUDLOW, VT. I8t-lj
nu:i)i'.iticK c. itonmxp,
A T T o n N r. Y AT I A v' :
LUDLOW, VT. Iti7-lj1
WAMCHK AcSIiADH,
.aiinineut nml Coun'tllnrs tt Lmc,
Jnor.i;rox,rr.
a, wu.kbii,
12V
ft.AOB.
DUS. I'AHJI' t I'AT.MP.U.
Pirvsivi.ixs .ixn sunoKOAs.
DAKTJIOWTII IIOTUI.,
iiy i-Aitur.r. Monsn,
HANOVEH, H. 11.
80
JAMKS TATiIiANT,
wc-jt ixiii nnmVs 'i r'MU.Y finoccr.ins,
lilnilce V1 iind l.lqnors,
U A I X, 1' l' " ' t:"
o-ji:iionu souril o-tiib rilin.vix noTni.,
iKivjcoitn. N. II. JT3-I J"
1-virinlrriilr.ilnril 1it.ri On. nf tbc llnl qunlilu
w'n.on l.niM.nt ItF.TAM., nrliy llip mnnr.i..
. itr-i'crrs ii.iVK.v.
vij1.-.iIp iin.l'i-tnMi'iljr In W. I. Oi.i.N,Tr'1Vrnll.
ViiiP, .Vc.alio.Aln'i;".' iiriiiiure, ac.
Oddouuhoi'tii iiBtDritBinr.i:T,
Mnnlp'lirr,! I, '62 ly
TIIKCOON HUNTKIt,
runi.isnr.ii tiviiitv s.vrimiiAV Mouxixn a
TIIK OITHT. (If TIIK
AVOODSTOCK A(!R,
llm sTiir.r.T. oi'I'ohiti: tiih bank,
Wnnrhtnrl;. 17.
t:, nr.t number nf "TIIK IIOOX lllIXTnn" l-
i .1..CH1 nl Jnlv.anil will Iih iniMI.nl llll llie rrtilll!
Tuc'ilny ln Nnvemljcr, nt llie Idllnwlii- low Utiii', co'
alicayi in naiancc. TnnMR
5conl"enttooneaililftsi, 81,1)0
12 " " 2,00
21 11 " r.,G0
r,n " " 10,00)
nn " 20.t
NniiiiMcrlpllonrweWeilfor IfsMhin Htc rnplm.fv
fcpl wlirn tikcn l tlipolllce. Pnym-nt mW In neri
..... f.. a. t m n i..nM. nml frte nrvotlazc
ErPtnimntcrj, llemncralle ConiinUlCP, aml ench In
IItI'IiiiI iif mnf rm wiuotii m oy Jr"i
VQLUME V,
POLITICAK
I'nrm ilic Oliin siiiii-mmin.
TO TIICTlllNKINC MP.N 01' Tlir. Wlllf!
1'AltTY.
IlliNnv Ci.ay is nmv lliewliig candid.itc for
llic l'resiilcncy. Il'n iiamo liaa long Iil'cii nsoria-
tcJ uilli! tlmt liih ollicu as nn uiniirdwnil as-
ilraiit. Wlicticvcr placcil fairly liisfoin lliepeiiplo,
ilL'fiiat lias lictn li'n nnly rcivanl, nml iunrlificalinn
liis priiicipal r(inoliiliiin. Tlio principlos whicli
govrmhls lifu aro srlf-agzranilizcmcnl.. IIU
cliicf aiiii nt lliis limo i ln rnach llie long c.tpcct-
. . . i . . ... i
cil gn.tl oi iih niiiiiiiiiin. i roiii cariy uiuin iiis
oyo has restuil npim llm I'xcculivo cliair llio al-
lainmciit orwlmli iinylit perliaps Miliry hn car
llilyi'inls. A maii, wlio cnilcaMiis, ni llti lias
iloiii', lo nccoiiioil.no Iih prnciplcs lo ucry lali-
lnilo oflliu I.'nicn, nml coinciilo iu ppininn with
nll cl.iixc ofinen, mut p.pcnt to linil liinisclr,
nflLMi. in :m uiifiirluiBila ilili.Miuna. I ln nil
ocalcil liolli siilos ofnll llio lnailing qnolions nf
lliu ne. Aml liasslnoil up in llio lull ofCongr(",
ilii-n in llio nnlni of xoulli nml liurning wilh llio
iilliuni.ioliu 011101111111 nf n repulilian palrint, nml
lonouiiroil, w.lli nll llii! clniiuoiice of Dcm-
osllien" nni! llin i(loiu ofn inoilivn I.yourgus,
lin iiANn tnous nmi unco.nstitutionai. o-
rci'io of llio powcr in ConglPfi ln rroatn n Nn-
lional BnnU a uioncinl miiiion of rnrrnplion.
I'lio wlioln nation praiscil liis iiamo. lin wai a lal-
nlcil ninti, nu alilo orator, nml on.s whoso innlivi")
nonn nin iinpngn. lln fpet'di lo liiis nay nas
ncrcr Ucu rtfuM. It N ilcoply onravrn npon
llic licnrH ofllio pcoplc aml llio powrrful roann
iii" of lii'i giant niiml iiiut alwajs rpinnin nntiinv-
Ilnl nlas, lor lii fair nainc, llio pnNoiinus
f.uigi of llial snliKliwi n.oiKlcr of rnrrnptinii,
vlioo oMslanro lio h.nl fonnorly rinlrnvnrril In
ilcslrov, woro slililly la'ul upnn liiin llio syrcn
Fong of 'fllifli iiii'lret v:n sung inln lii oar, aml
litio llio foo.i.-ti inaitlon onao cn-min il oy llio mI
l.iin'iihaml, nll celf.ropor.t gnno, li'n lovo of
ronntry Imt. 'I'lio I'nileil Slalei ll.inl: linil paiil
hiu, $17,(1(!0 nt "liniil nllonioy '-nr.il lio a
fiom lli'il iiiiiinnit fmlli llic nihocalo of liankV:
Tlio ronMitutional olijor.tioiH of otlii'ts wero nol
woriliy f coiiiilcraiion llio will of llio li.mlt
lioutii liist lio rariicil oul! Ilyponfy 'Aai tlicn
f.istonnl npon Iih forolipail. nml from tli.it liour In
llio prt'cnl limo ils niarl; liai noprliccn i.'l!'ioeil.
rnim llio turifi'liow iloct Mr C!ay Haml? In
dillvri'iit poiliotHof llio Union lio ii ropreseiitoil
ns licin in f.nor ofilffi lnriffi nml low, nnd in
soiiic, of nono nl aM! Tnlio liis own ilorlatalinns
nml wlicro cnn vo p'nco liiin? t-oiiiclimci for,
nml foinolimi's ngiinl n rnenun tarifl'. To tlio
inatiuf.icturi'ii lio ?.ia "l am inf.Kor of a pro.
tccliv i: laiill'" lnit wlio" intirrogalcd liy lliu
frii'm'i of a rc-rnvc lariiV, li'n iiii'wit ii imulo In
iuit llioin pxaclly! Doulilo r.iccil aml iloiililo
he.nli'il, liiMMiuM lio n dangi'rom man lo wlultl
lliu iwcculhn poivnr ofllii ?roat nalinii.
Wlicn insirurinl ! voio for llio ropcal nf llio
liankrupt Inw an ndioti? moasuro f.i.li'ni'il upnn
lliorounliy liy unwlioloioiiio Ipj'nlalion, lio inisnl
hU nim alofi nml announcod liii unallcralilo ilc
ipiminalion ln inainlain lliat iniiiiiloui huv inilrfi
niico of llio inHruclioiH ofliU li'giilnlnro, nml llio
iinaiiiiiious oiro o( llio ppnplo nf Ky. Ilo wns liio
itiUocnlo nf llio orinpplp, lli.il llio n-rvnnl of llio
pcoplo wns liouml lo c.ury ool lliovlows of llww
wlio placod liiin in powor. l.ct liiin fpualt for
liinni'lf. .
ln 1S33 Mr Clay lliui ik'finod llm powcr ofin.
siruclion:
"To ronfoiin lo tlio wtll of onr roinliliu nis."
'Toap.l nol in our own, liut in n dologalcd
rlnruttnr "
"WhciiP.ver llicy hnow llio will nml llio Miri
of llio-o wlio niMil lln-ni li'-rn, llicy aro liouml lo
(onfiiiiiilo lliat will oiilirely."
"Wo aro nolliing mnro ili.ui llio iiiinnr lo ro
lloct thc will of llu'i wlu c.illod m to our digni
fiud Blaliom."
"It ii no in.ntpr in wliat wordi or languogo
tlio-c iinliuctioniiirog'ucn."
"Aml 2il," sij Mr Clay, "Arrun jiais
tai.mno Ihnl thc wonl nfQUr.sr i btlttr lc
C(iu iiiorc,ipin.'clfiil, llian llio wnid iNirnvcr,
I SIIOUI.D I'lllll. MVI1U' HOI'Xll 10 CO.MPI.V
WITH
TLD.'
TllllUl V.-ICllllS TIIUS CDHJID.MCA
TIib nliovc i' h'n profeision of piinciplo, liul lii
ncti wcio nmii'il oul innccoiilanrc wilh llio oifr
nml f.ir dilTurenl tonc of oico nfwhicli lio is pos-
SC-iCll.
Wlicn inslnicltl lo vote for Aniiiikw Jack
son for I'rwidcnt, li'n repty w.n lnii-f aml cli.nac-
tprinic. lltiFaid. "I WII.I. NOT.
i,..r..vrr toni!ilin''ailil londns, n. d ronlinuall
.I..!ivi.i ii" to i I'luilo nll ciancj oi iiicn, nu i
Kofinii! liy im fixdt piincipUn, nml ii rono
iiclitly uiiwnitliy llio fiippuri "-
L't'lll r.coiui!.
ii... r,.ll llm nnthicnl foinprscli ovcr llirown
l,v nnniincinloil iliMiiaaoane, Ihehletl cxprroion
ofoninion from Mr Clay ulion llio i.nnc.xnlam
L.' I t I 1. ,.f HnfU IMIHIV
..r cinm i nni i iiilii. uili i -
lliat ho woulil cxpri'n hii cnnsPiil lo llia. roal na
. .in.tanri.. Tiinrirra. ii iii'i'iu
Il. i'rpiiiloncv. I!ut who roulil suppnso lliat n
i:.i..i.. r.,r'ilir, Li.ilicst olfico in lh: wnrlil coulil
l illlHMIillij n -
f.ir Fiirri'inIiT nll elalin u scn rrpcci,
rcLMii! for llichinorof hii p.nly, uHn puriiio
.t i,.. Iin.ilonc? I u fiuUillioropul.il IKIC
f.nt fwoiling nsaiinl liiiu-lii! ?oci tliu i.nalleralilu
dclcrminnlion uf llio pi-opln tu dr'uo Inni hack in-
lo llio il.irk sliailn ol icliriMiicni, llicrc in roi :wv
ii.niildcr in llio cnrrupk'il yplicro oi nu own ior
rut.lulcxistoncc. A tlio dtowning maii rntr-liM
nt mraws o h lliu oxpiring pnlinri.in nlrupgling
forsurcor. Hut Ihn uumipoiciu ituici oi
nivi rP ha placnl hw M-al ofromlpiiiiiarinii upnn
llio ruint.il liopci nf tnrktcM ninliilion. Tlio dan
,,,,, hnurinwhicli llm ali.indi.nd ilcniagogue
air.nle .uprci.o ovcr tho f.lo nf ciglUpe.r mill
10111 Ol iri.'Pllll" liai - 1
nr.icrniin:iilnro not now 11r01.cn r 11 1 ...
..r , .r nnr f.ilhnn tiiulilulrd hv
unnnrii wn.. - . -
.. ... 1 I ..r.....l..ilt,..d itm.lnp.l. A'l incn
llio rnlliii!F iiarn " - ; - ,
ncrpo lliat llio liliciiy m n prnpiu 11 .... .".
ly tui.i ptd ihanu mrccmrul slrugglc for ficcdoin
whcn Iho ik-pot i firndy placr.il upnn Iih llirnne.
Now ii tho limo for llso.n who lovn thcir counlry
nhovo parl. lo rally. I.M 1I101P who rcgard llie
hnuoriii.irint.'rrsl oflho vulion u l M. fi-lil
foi Iho cauo nfcqual rifjhd and cqual prnilcgei,
iicaiint cli irlrri.il iiionopi'iics .m."
,.fncrnnipnl policy. 'Ihe pciiod 11 f.isl upprnarh
inrin wi.irli tho rc.pomihlc duly or sclccling
oPur CliicfMi'si'tf'110 wil1 ''cvolve upon )ou.
''1'hink viicly. und nct w.lli nn ).; mh- 0 lo jnur
countrv-8 pr.Hpcrity, nnd llm indmdual i.iterpsts
nrnll.nnd youtnu.llic nnpellml to icndcr your
iir. K. 1'olk nnd aroBor. M.
I)allai. F.QUAI. UIGHTS.
ColnmbBi.Auj. 2S.
Frecdom of Iwiitiry nml thc
R E I' L V 0 P
CITARLES 13ROWN.
OF PlUI.AimPlJJJl,
TO JOIIN M. CI.AYTON, OF DW.AWAKi:.
Eipnsing llii' mi.mprrscnluttans of Mr
Cluijlim of Ihewh'i"; parly, on Ihe sub
jid ofTUB TA II IFKbeiii" tlir rmi
rfinUng pm'lion of t Spccili tf JTr
Ilroirn, ln a Mctss Merting iflhc J)imo
crats nf Dihncavc, hihl tt JJavrr, Jlng.
0, lSi l.
I liavo llius f.ir st.itud lo ynii, citizoin of Pola
uaro, wliat I lnlifio ln lin llio true rharaclcr pf
llio nirn aml llio incaiurps nf llio W'ldp parly, n
dovplopod in llioir past liislnry, nml ln rp I inilil
leavo llicin lo your rnlm jmlgmriit. I liavo faid
tliat tiinc r.iUifli'il nll tlii'ir fmo pintnisps nf 1810,
aml all llioir rhargpi ngainsi llio iipinonnoy nfllio
counlry. Tlmy prmuiio nntliiug new miw for
llicy liiinw llioy wnuld not ho holicxpil. Thoy
Mtoiiipl lo oxcilo nn fnan ofa Plaiidiug army nr a
inh-lrnaury mnv TIipv liavo 1ml llioir poioiicy.
I'lioy no loogoi plaoo llio ifcsno of llio roiwM on
ntiy ol llio qui'stion lliat lnvo liorPtoforo ditinVd
llio pirlioi. Tlio onlv qiidtinn now wilh llicin
is tlio Tui IJT tlio H'hlg Ttiriff nml llipy wish
lo iniluco llio hcliof lliat llicy nro llio nnly Iruc
frioniN nf llie inti'reila of llio ronntry. Nothing is
now lio.ird Iroiu llioir oralori or thoir prpni'i ahoiil
prosrrihing proscriplion nolhing nbout rotri'nrli.
nicnl nml rcform nolhing nlinnt nno piitroncy
for llio ollii'O-liohli'ii aml nnolhor nsitrnry for llio
pnnplo r. cn llio golil ppnnni liavo loit llipir gil
iliog and tlio "roait hocf aml Iwn dnllari a day"
iniow rcdurcd lo a simplo quptinn of "lirc.id''
nt leat so says llio 1 1 011. J0I111 M, Claylon.nfynur
Kialo; nml ifjou will givp 1110 inur nttcntinn forn
shnrl tinie, I pleduo mysolfto show fioni rpcnrilpd
ficti, lh.it ofnll tlio iiiHippiospiitalioiK mcr at
loniplpil hy uny party nr nny pcrrnn, lliosn ofthc
whig parly in gpncral, nml lliat nf Mr Claylnn 111
p.irllou'ar, nn tliii samo larill' qucslion, nro llio
iuoit rrclili'si and f.ilso.
In a Hpenrli, sa'nl lo h.vc hccn dolivcrvd at n
iiiai w liii; coiiM'iition, hold al Wntiinsion, Juno
Ifllh, 1S I I, Mr Clajion lhui Ma'oi tlio qiiotion;
"'I ho gicnt qurlion lo he dcoi(li:d hy tlnt i h'c-
lion 'h a qupitiun of HIU'. AD, nqncnion wlicthcr
wo hhall ahandnn llio whole pnnciploi oT protoc
liou cxIoiiiIpiI lo tho lahoiing cla?oi of lliii cjuii
Iry hy llio TnriH'.Vt of 1812, and ndopt in liou nf
il, a lariirdiicriiniiuinKir rcvcnue nnd upntuisl
proL'Piinn."
Aml ag.iin:
"Prolcclion or no prolcclion for llio country
brcitil or noirrndfnr tlio lahuicr."
And yut ngiiu:
"ll ii nni n qucFtion holwren iiicn incroly, it
ii nol a qucnion nhout honori nml olIici.' aml llio
roward.i ofpirlisan scrsioi's; il ii not a qiicslion
nhout ihu p.-mnent nfllio tato dtditi, nr thu nrqui
kilion flfforeign li'iritori ; it ii ih I havn s.iid nl
rp.uly cmphalicully n qucilinn of liUI'.AD n
qurrtinn nlictlicr wo fchall sinli llio inas nfllio
lahoring frcoiiiPti of lliii rnunlry, who now gun
Ihuir hroad hy tho swoai oflhcir hrow, to Iho
lcvcl nflhn Ihiropran paupcnt, v.hn lahot for .ix
poncc n day and lliid ihL'inscliM."
Thrco liuiPi hii dcclarod, it ii n qiic.-tion of
IIkhaii, and nol onro lun ho FpoliPii of Ilnnr.
Afior ihui inahing tho 'hsuo lo Miit liiinfnlf, Iip
ihui prorecili lo fpoal: ofjainci K. l'ollt, tlio 11c-
mocinlio randidato for lli'.' I'rcsideiiry:
"I'n'ilifi.ini loiuotiiiioi. fpcak nno way, nml vntn
nnolhor. Hut Jainc.1 Iv. I'olii wni
iicvcr of lliat pchoot. Ilo wai, imli'rd 11s wcll ai
n wonl, 011 all orcasinii,,nn rnPiny lo prnlcclinn
for llio lahorei. I incan to Iry liiin liy hn nci aml
vntcf."
"Soari'li tho tccnrdi ofCongrcsi, nnd you will
Iind lliat, in overy iintanpo wheio llio Aincrican
iisipin wni nlt.ii'ki'd. whiluhowni iu (.'nngrct4.
lin w.n in au.iil.iiil, iu const.int and iincoiiiproini-
iug fop."
"Tlicn: w:n no moro lliorough.goipg, nn mnro
lipnunmtnry rneniy of llio protcct'no polwy, than
Iniiioi Iv. l'olk."
"Wilh thcio new doinncrntic docliiiiPi of Ftcc
Trmle, all llio londcrs niimng llicin nro rnmcioui
thal llicy caiinut go 10 Irial hcforu llio conmr)
without inciining icnutitahlo diTi'al."
A' it rcg iidi llio iniin tphileicd, hy Mr Clay-
lon of "prolcctioii, or no proloolioii, liroail or no
hrpad," I fhall Irouhlo )nu wilh Imt liltlc npcpch.
I knnw ofnn surh qucslion hctwecn llio pohlical
irtici lliat divido llm comi'rj I know nf no
sucli qiicslion cci liaving diiidcd ihi'in, and I
tmsi, 1 iicu'rfha'l know ofaiiy tnrli rver ilmil-
Ihcm hcicafler. So f.ir .11 1 Imo rcad tho
histoiy of llio pnt, or ur:di'rftatid llio poiiliou of
ihe prcicnl, llio grcat hoily ofiliu Aincricnn ppo-
p!c of hoth nud all p.irtici, ngrco npon llm nn
s'.racled nrinciides of llie laiill', or 11 laiilT. A I
unilcistaud, Iho mn ofnll pailics ngrco thal llm
rcvcnue nrcespnry lo cnrry 011 iho gcicrniiient
cconomicnlly, ought to ho raiscd fro.n dutici on
forcign tnerch.indi7.o, m lcvied ni hcit to piotcct
nnd prniuote thc gcnoral inlcrcst of tho country
or, lo uio tlioroiiiiuoii language of llio day, "a
tarilVfor rcciiuc with incidcntal protpclinn."
Truc, Ihrro nro somo iiicn who say lliat govcrn
inciit ousht lo ho supporlcd hy n dircct tax, nnd
tlnt Irado hall ho fioc. hut pucIi mcn aro few.
Thcro nro nlo somo inen who ndtnrnln jircn'ii-
lory it! on nll foioi2ii atlidci thal rome
iu compelilion wilh similar domcjtio nnc.1.
Tlioopinioniofholli llicjc rlanea nro rcfcrahtoln
local nrtoliish inlcictt nml fecling, nnd nol to
nnv political nfociation whatcvcr. Thcro ii still
lanoliicr clan ofinpn who aro inf.ivor of vcry h'gli
- 1 w m thcii
uiticular intcrcst", anduf hringing inln llio Irra
L n j..mni tcvcnuo lo hc dividcd ntnoii" llie
" "'j
I . . ... i.
gtalc, or lo uc exic.iiicn .11 ujc.csh wjiv.
I'h'n
cIiim ii composcd nllogcthcrof whigi, nnd ii not
so fmall in nppcarancci indicaln. Mr Clay wai
oncn nflhii class thii wns llm Amcriran nyslem,
(ifwhich ho wns llie Fathcr nnd juppnrlcr, unlil
ihe introtrtvilticttoi. of tho Coinpromiie Act. Thal
act, lio wini, as
"To nEDUCK Titr. iiatl or iiutit.b to
that KKVKNUK STANDAND ron which
Tlli: OPrOSE.NTS or THC BVSTEit SO long COM-
Itndtd." .
Mr Polk wn ono oflhoso "oppncnls," nnd tliii
wa tho "prolcctivo syitem" ho alwayi oppoiml
and ii itill oppoed to.
Power oftlio I'cople.
Itut iis I said, iho grcat in:ii of hoih pirlics
hold not ihei-o dpi lrilips, liul lliat n lariflTur rovo-
ciuio nirangcd witli rpforcnco tn nll iho inlcnsls nfj
llio nnuntry ii llm truu llicory, nnd llm nno llicy
nionly all nim lo hao carrii'd out in prartico,
'I'liuugh nll 1I111.1 ngrco in llio nhMrnct, nll ilo nol
ngrco in Ihndotaild. I hac ncvrr yot found uny
Iwo nipii nf nny p.irly or placo who could ngrco
cxactly nn iho dciaili ofn larilf, oilhcr for reu'iiuo
nr prolcclion, lliough hoih may liavo tho sniiin
gcncral ohjoct in imv. Tliii ii n fuhj.'ct nhout
which thc pooplo nfllio Uuilcd Sialo.i hivn ul
wajs difiiiri'd, nnd m.iy diircr, wiilinut rcfi'rpuro
lo llioir pnliiical opimnni or pntliei, nnd which ,
will ho sclllod hy pach man and oach ditrirt, ns
wiil hpi proiuoto tlii'ir indiinal nnd loral intcr
cili; nud 1I111 will ho found In ho tho key lo iunt
iiii'n's opii.ions aml inosl iiieuihcr's volcs iu Con
gip.11 on larilli Tliis qupslion I do not inlend to
diicun it no it hai hccii nor ran ho tliscuM'd
or dpniilod as u polilii-nl p.irty qiicslion, nor fhall
I Irnuhln ynu now wilh any s.uc!i unprofiluhlo do
hatc, If Iho larifi", nr prolcclivo policy, ns Mr Clnylon
calla it, wns imliTiI ideiitificd wilh nny political ;
pirly, i.ntp.iil nrihodenincrnlic parly heiug iti cn-1
omii's, it woulil nni ho diliicnlt to provu lliat thoy !
wpro iu oip.!oi il fiiiindi and snpportnra, I migli'
shcw that oery lariirhill llnl hn evcr hcen cn
ncti'd iutn 11 law sinre llio "incrnrncnt wna fnriiicd.
ha j hcen so cnaclcd hy thu doiiiorralic parly. It
wai n dooincratio Congrcis llir.t piicd ihu tarifl
ncl nf 1810. It wai a doniocratio f'nngion that
iaii'd tho Inriirnct oflS2l. It waia ilciiincrnt
ic Congresi lliat paned llio larifl'nct uflS2S. Il
wasu ilcinncratii: Congrcn lh.it p.ined llic tarifl'act
of 1S32. Il was a dciiiooralie CnngrosH lliat liasi-
pil llm tarifl' ncl iho comproiiiHO ncl of 18311 It
wns hy dcmocralic volci that tlio irrilTnct nf 1S 12
was jianpd hy n whig Cnugrcn and withnul
theiu it could not liavo passcd. Ilwaia duniocralic
Ilui.io nfUcprcicntalivi'j tlnt rofuspd in IS-II to
diiliiih thu prpii'iit tarifl' act. Not lliii nlouc.
Thnugh whig3 h.ive vnlcd for nll thrso acW, yct il
11 nnu-illmlcsi liuo, tlnt whigi h.ivo opp'iicd aud
votcd ag.iinii ihcm nll. Tlm.ni simplo f.icls fiom
llie rpcoidi aio pnnugh In stniiip with f.ilcliood
tho rhargo lliat llio dcmocralic parly are llio cnc
uiiei oflho Iruo prolcctivo pnlicy of llie counlry,
nr llm whigi ilj oxcliisivo fiicnds.
Hut niyiihjurt ii not ludiscii.11 llie tarilT qticstion
nor lo indieatu tlio dciiiucralic pirly il nccdi nn
vimlication hut In nicct nn i ili-provn Iho unfoiin
iled nncrliutii of Mr Clnylon ng.iint tho courso
nnd upinioin o( Jamci lv. I'olli on tliii sulijccl, I
iniglit conten' niyclfhy rcplying lo thcso chargcs
ngaint Jaiuui K. l'olk, hy llm simplo mscrlion
t'nat Mr l'olk noor at any thno in Congrcn, ex
prcnud hiiiHolfnr ihowed hiiuii'lf oppoied tn pro-
loptin.' Ainoiicaii I ilior nr Amcricaii intprts, nr
oiiposi'il lo 11 propor proicciui) pnury. un 1110
punlr.iry, nll that ho h.is i.wor siid nnd nll tho
vrtin ho hai incr givcn, hai hi;i'ii in suppnit nf
lliat policy nnd I iniglit giw jou in pinnf of lliii,
llio f.ict thal, npon iwcry tanll nct thal wai oinc
tod hy Congrosi, whdo Jainc.1 K. l'olk nnd John
,ll. Cl.iyton uoro llmto logellicr, llioir iiamci 11 to
alwajs hi.lli ii'cordcd iu ihcir f.nor. You will
hirdly crrdit lin n'nTliiin, al'icr li.iving icad llio
ahovp Pttracn fruiii Mr ('lajton's sppcch. that
laii.pi I. l'olk aml Juliti M. Claylnn, ihooiie in
tho lluiiio nml lli.' nthcr iu iho Bcnalo, nro hoih
fnund ot'ni2 fiom tho s.nno tarifl' ncli that of
IS30-tli.it nf Ui32, aml lh.it of lS33-nn Iho lail
two, m coinpany wilh llpury Clay; nml liow Mr
Clalin, ut. 11 man nf vcr.icily, cnulil liavo niado
such "Piinrul nnd swncpii." clnrgci againi!
Mr l'olk wilh th'n iccord hcfoio liiin, cxccrdj tny
conprohciisioii,
llcrc, I iniglit lc.ivo tho chargpi madu agiiiHl
.Mr l'olk to tho pilcnco oflhiir f.iliiiy, hut I iu
icnd hiTc iinoii Mr Cl.nton's own soil, in tho
prcipiico ol liii 1111 fiiei.di. to nicct him 1111 ccry
pirtii'ul.ir ch.irgo he hai niado, nnd plcilge inysoll
In shoiv from llm icc. nrd that llio llon. John .vl
Cl.ijlon hai citlipr ignnranlly oi inlpiilionally put
(urih n linnu nf tlio greatcst iiiNreprcirn'nlioui
nml r.il.fipaiinni nffacls lliat cvcr canic from nn
honorahlc man,
Ynu will cxcino 1110, ritixcin ol Dclawaro, if I
delain you lungcr on Ihi) suhj'ict lh.ui ii ngreeablo
ln ou or lo 1110. I he cauieof liutli ai well ai llie
glnrious camo in wl ich we aio nll cngic''d llm
c.iiiinofdemncrary, rcqu'iPr.1 lliat full jutico he
doiio ln Mi l'olk, when nttackcd hy such mcn n
Mr Clayton
The H'ccilia cvidcncp nfllio frcc Irado or anli
prntcclivo duclrinei of.Mr l'olk, at chargcd by Mi
ClaMon, l shall lake up in tho oider of limo in
wliich thcso facti aro .iid lo havc Irampired.
Allhoush Mr l'olk had hccn in Congrcu fomo
ycars proviously, nnd Ind g'ucn scvcral otcs on
tho larill, Jlr uiayion nnui unimiig ngnini un.i u..
tii 1S32. I that ycai he chaigcs him with having
volcd.
"'irs. To rrdticn tho duty on cotton goods
coil'ui" not oxcct'ding -13 cenU nci squ.uc jnrd to
1 1-2 pcr ccnt ad lalnrem."
SrranJ. "To aholMi iho duly of30 Pollars
pcr lon on rolled imn."
Third. "To rcducc ihe duly on salt to 5 ccnts
pcr 0(1 lb."
lmrlh. "And vnlod ng.imit tho dulics nn hoolj
and hootecs, r.ihinot warw, haH and caps, whip
bridlcs, saddlci, cariiase,and parli of carri.igcs,
hlank honk.cailhcrti aml sU.ne warci, and nianu
f.tctnrci ofniarbtc, aml also agiint llio duly 011
wool."
ln rclalinn lo tho fitst Fprcififation, no such
inolion wn" inado or olcd nn. Tho molion wai
10 rcduco llic dutv nn collon goo.ls roling lcu
i. ... firitn rcnln ncr snuarc ard. A kind of
cnodi lh.it 11cpd1.1l no prolcclion nt all hcing n.ade
chcapcr tn lliii coantry tli.in nny olhcr.
Tho Sccnnd charge i: that he nlcd to abolhh
llio dnty of 30 iloll.iu n lon on rollcd iron. Tliis
11 ncilhcr moro nnr Ipss than nn vnlrvth. l.vcry
l.n.lv wnuld unilerstnud the charac ns impHing n
l0!'l abolilion of Ihe duly un that articlo: particu-
Hrlv m Mr Cl.iytoii had chargiil .Mrl'olk willi tic
in.. n ficotrndo inan.nnd yct tlio only votcMr Tolk
..'o Was lo rrducn llie duty frnir, thiily dolluria
lon to tighletn doiUirt n ton, to inalte it iho s.iino
dnlv m was nnd h.id hccn leinl on bar iron
And if th'n wai a criine in Mr l'olk llius lo nl
trmpt to rcduco inc duty on lolltd iron to cightcrn
tpmpi 10 rti.uiu 11... ..-v -
dollnrsnton in 1832, what mmt hav boen thal
NUMHER 230.
of Mr Clay and Mr Clnylon iu voting in 183S In
rcducc it lo ncarly htilf thut amount, ns llicy did
hy llieir coinproiniio ncl!
Tho third clrugo U, lliat Mr l'olk o!cd tn ro.
ducn Iho dnty 011 salt from 10 to 5 r.cnls pnr CC
liis. It ii dingular lliat .Mr Claylnn had nol madu
Iho dicovrry lh.it Mr l'olk nteil in I830 to ro
diioo iho duty on salt, not only 5 ccnli, hut lOcts.
a liiihel aml yct such wns iho fact! I'or ihis
saino Mr Claylnn, who chargc it as nn cvidcnro
of nnli-ptotcclion priuciplcs in Mr l'olk lo volo in
1SH2 lo rpiluco llio duty from 10 to 5 conti pcr
huihcl, aclually vnted himielf to rediico it from 20
tn 10 cen's a lm.li.l in 1S.10. Mr Cl.iMon should
lavo tstKon tho hciui oflho 10 ccnt.s salt reductlon
nut nf Ii'h iiwii oyc.i, hcforo ho nt'cinptcd lo find
iho inotii offi cents rcdiictinn in that of Mr l'olk.
Tho foiirlh clnrgo, liko tho scconil, is n fiNifi
cnlion ofllio rpcord; 01 nl least 11 haro-faccd ut
leinpt lo ih-ccivi.
Mr ClaWon chargcs Mr l'olk willivoting n
Rainst llic dulh nn lionti, hoo'cpi, &c. &c ihui
intnmliiig lo ronvey llio idoa tlnt ho volcd tn loi
all llio nrliclei llicro p-irticul.irlv cnuinerali'd.cninn
j(1 (la country frou nfnny and all dulici; nnd yct
what w.n llio fact? Mr l'olk nnly volnd ngaiint
incro.isin" iho dutv nn thoio articlci from 25 ncr
ccnt. In ihirtv, nnd nn wool and wooleni ho votcd
not tigtiimt Ihe dulics, hut ngainit incrcasing llicin
from 23 lo -10 nnd 50 pcr ccnt.
I leavo it lo you, Mr Claylon's fcllow-cilizcni,
In forni your owu npinion oflho man who could
firit mako 11 gcncr.il chargn againit Mr Polk of
frco trade dociiiimi, lliat he never hchl or p.xpren.
ed, nnd llicn tn prnvo llicin would rcsort lo such
miiiTahle iiiiirpprcsentatiom and filiificiitions of
llio Iruths nfhiilory.
Mr Clayton ought lo hn moro cauliotis, ton, liow
ho drnwi hii how nt Mr I'nlk, n homay putan ai
rnw in llm hi'arl of somo nf hii own fricndi; fnr
nncvpry vnto gicu hy Mr l'olk, nunihen'of whigi
ncd with him. If Mr I"s ntei aro so ccnmra
hlo, what wero llicirs? or is llio couunnn saying
nni applicahlo In llieni "what's sauco for tho
gooso ii sauco for tho gandcr?"
Hut I am nol ilono wilh Mr Clayton or Mr Polk
in rolalinn lo thii Tarifl" Hill of 1S32. I Iind in
fJnlci nnd Seatnn's dchatci nf Congrcn, p. 09S.
lliat Mr Claylnn, spoaking of th'n samo Tnrifl Itill
of 1K32, on Ihu dchalo on Ihe Com jiromiso liill of
1S3", Ihui din'our.scj:
I votpd, sii.l Mr C naninit iho Hill nf 1832,
for tho vory rcason lliat Snulhcrn gonllcmen do
clarcd that it was nn concoision, nnd I may vote
ngiiint tlns for tlio samo rnaioni. 1 ihought it had
pnlicy In pass tho hill of 1S32. I thnught it n had
hargiin tlicn, nnd lliink so now," And vet, nflcr
lliii pnsitivo nncrtion of.Mr Clayton that ho votcd
ngaimt tho hill of 1S32, would vnu helieve it, that
llm name nf Jnhn M. Claylnn is found upnn tho
rernrd ni ii tlmt of Jamci K. l'olk, hoth in fivnr
oflho hill a hill which Mr Clay nlso votcd fnr,
nnd claimrd tn ho tlm uutlior of, and ono ycnr nf-
lcrwnnl.1 llim spp.iki nf:
Tho third niodn (of nflhrding prolcclion,) wni
nltcmptcil l.'isl sciiinn in n rcmlution wliichhclnd
tho lionnr In .nihinit lat year, aml which, in f.ict.
ultiinalply f.innrd thehasii nfllio nct which finally
piiird hoth IIoui:i. (Actofl832.) Tliii wni
tn raim m ini.cli rcvcnue ni was wanting for the
iho oflho governmcnt, and 110 mnro, hut lo rai.o
il from llic protecltd arlicle.1. Ilo rcgrcllcd inosl
locply lliat llio grrater parl oflho rountry would
not sufi'ci thii principlo lo picvnil. It ought to
prevail, nnd tho d.iy, in hii npinion, wnuld coino
whcn it would he ndnplcd .11 thopcrmancnt policy
oflho cnuntrv
I nccd nol say that in the hill llius oled for hy
Iiimei K. l'olk, Iho duty on rottnni wai 23 pcr
cpnt-on salt 10 ccnts pcr husliel hool.iand hoot
cps, $1,30 pcr piir- eahincl waic.liats, p.ipj.Scc,
0 ncr cciil rollcd iron S30 pcr lon, nml 011 wool
nnd woolcm llie highcft rnlei of duty.
Tn julgo of.Mr I'olk's volci on llie hill of 1S32
cnrrpcily, it should nol bo forgottcn tli.it tho intent
ind ohjcct of Iho hill wns lo rcduco tho dulies to
tho ruPiiuo standard, to prccnta surplm in llie
trcamry, nnd to allay thcstorm riiing in tho South
that nctually hruke out lliu following ycnr, and
nctually campil Mr Clay and Mr Clayton nnd nlh
cn. lo 11.IS1 tho ConiprnuiHO llill, lower dulici
. 1 .
llian in maiiy cascs was contcniplatcd hy tho hill
uf 1S32.
Vc noxt coino In Mi Claylon's charge? agiin
t Mr l'olk in 1833 nnd thii it will he icmcmhcr-
imI wai llio ear whcn tho l.imous Coii.promiic
Act pasird, and whcn ccry Aincrican felt anx
ioui for ihe pcaco aml safply of tho counlry
whcn Mr Clay und Mr Clay'.on nnd many olhcr
ptnffsscd Iricnds of prolcclion In tho dcath, votcd
ngiiintlho eouictioni of llmir juilgnipnt for sakn
nf conccnion, nnd gac lh.it f.ital stah !n nrotcc
tion that icducrd all dulics lo ono inilijcriminntc
levcl of20 pcr ccnt. It 11 upon lliii parlicular
p-riod lliat Mr Clayton has scizcd moro pirlicu
l.irltr ih:in nnv othcf. lo nrovo ihe hoilihlv of Mr
J J 1
.. .. . .. i- ... .!-.. v.. i:t.,i.l
I OIK 10 UIC pilIlCipiL'1 Ul .ruiULl.uu. .c, ..; .u
clnrgcs ngaini him in 1S32, do thcy nll vanish
hcloro llie li'dit of truth. .Mr Polk, in ono of tho
iuoit patriolie and ahlo spccchci upon tho recoidi
of Congrnsi, ihui speaks of tho situalion of the
counlrv and he it rcincmbircd that lliii spocrh
was dchvcrcd snrae limo hcforo Mr Cl.iy introduc
c.l or thnught of hii Compromiso ncl, for which
ho lin hcpn so much laudcd "It is no longcr, in
my j.nlgmcnt,'' sayi .Mr l'olk, "a qticstion of (
rent. pt'i ccnt., hut a qitc.ilion of pilrloliim and
of counlry. I.ct m, thcn, act liko statcnncn,
and l.y ndopling lliii ir.casurc of juslicr, cndcavor
to hc.il tho diicontint so prcvalcnt m so ir.ony
Stnlci, nnd llius prciorvo and pcrpetrato our
"lorious Union withnul forcc, civll war, or llio
cfluiion of b'ood. Ifwo iic without pnsting lliii
cr somo similar mrasuro not malcrially arying
frnni il, thii Congrcn will owc .1 rcponsihillly to
llm counlry, nnd pcrhapi lo poslcrity, in which l
liavo nn ninhilion to paiicipale."
At ihis ciiii in llm iilT.iirs of llie cout ry was it
Ihat tho Committco of Yas and Mcans oflho
lloum introducpil llio Hill of 183.1, lliat Mr Clay.
lon says would lnvo "passi'd liko n lornado oer
nlllheniaiiiif.icluring cstahlihnicnli, put n knifo
tn llm ihroat of uvcry shcep in in the counlry,"
and ffd u on polalncs fiom Ircland, and bread
from the lllack sca.
It is not ncccisaiy to go inlo thc dclnil of ihis
hill or givu its tharaclar, for lhavo facts and ar
B.-- -
jumenU for Mr Cltylon rnnr jennlnenn condg-i
slvo. All lliat has hecn said ngninst ihis hill nnd
moro, wiis snid by tho uhra friends of proleclion
ngaiust Iho compromiso nct, which Mr Clayton
sayn "Henry Clay wilh nll iho aflcction of u pa
rcnt for tho prnlcclive policy," interposed to pro
vjnt llio "pisingo nf the hill repuilcd hy iho com
miltco ofwnys nnd mcans in llio IIousc." Now
tnnrk how n fringlo fucl will tlissol td in uir nll Mr
Clayton's fiction.
On Iho 25th of rebrnary, lP33,the ahnvemcn
tioned hill nf tho commlltco of wnjs nnd mcans of
the Houie camo up fnr considprntion, and n mo
lion wns mad'i In striko it out, und inscrt in ili
placo Mr Clny's Compromijo hill, For thii mo
lion .Mr Polk and 93 olhcrs volcd, whilo ihose who
volcd ngiinst it wero Mr Adann, Mr Davii, of
Mass. Mr Kvcrctt, of Vl., Mr M'Kcnnan, of Pa ,
Mr Milligan. of Dcl., nnd fifly nlhcr ullr.i friends
nf prolcclion, Thui did Mr Polk volo fnr Mr
Clay's Compromiie hill in prcferenco lo lliat of
tho IIouio Comuiiltco of wnyaand mcans, whilo
iho ullra fricndi of prolcclion ntcd for the lallcr
in prefi rcnco 10 to tho forriicr. I.ct tl.is ho the nn.
swcr 10 nll tho clnrgcs madu hy Mr Clayton n
ngaiusl llm hill of llio commitlco of wnys nnd
niPani, nnd Mr P's cnnrso in 1S33.
Ilnt Mr Claylnn says, in spe.tki.ig oftho delntcs
on tho Ilouso hill of 1333, lliat "thcro wns not .1
mnre dcnunciilory rnemy oflho prntcctive pnlicy
th.in Jaiue.i K. l'olk," I lnvo nlready said lliat
llicro i not ono word recorded in nll Iho lcigln-
livo hiilory of.Mr Polk ngiinsl iho protcctivc poli
cy, nor in fivor nf fri irado, and l agam repcat
thal iu nll llm di;halei of 1833, i.o did not only dc
nnunco tho proteclive pnlicy, hct slood furth holdly
and slronglv ai iti avovrcd advocato. ln sncaking
in thii dctiato, he llius cxplains Iho hill, nnd do
fines lits coune:
"Tho Coiiimiltco liavo hronght forward llie hill
ns n mcasuro of compromiie, likcly to unite in its
support a sutlicicnt nuinher nf Ihoso rcprpscntir.g
iho con(liciiii(( inti'H'iti nl difl'urpnt portions oftho
Jnion, lo cnrry il ihrnngh Iho IIousc,
"In ptcparing iho hill hich llicy had oflercd,
the Coiiimiltco had two ohjccls in iew.i. I'irst lo
rcduco tho laiei lo Ihe standrd ofrevcnue which
tlio Governmcnt rcquirrd, tticrthy rclieving tho
pcoplo nf so much of ihe puhlic hurdcns ps wero
no longcr necded foi thc puhlic nerice; hut in do
ing ihis thoy kcpt n pje wcondly ln llm prohahlo
elfecti oflhe lAcasare upnn ihe riisting manufac
turing oital.lithmcnts hich h id grnwn up undcr
iho cxiting pnlicy. No nieinher oftho Commit
tco who had yield hii a'scnt lo thii hill, I may
safoly nflirin, Jtsirilto proxlrale Iht maiwfiic
iiifi'i, nor U't'7 tuch in ihtir jutlqtmtnt be Ihe
cjfecl oflhi 4i. The Chairman nf iho comniillco
I i.id confincd himielf lo a hrief hut dalnfaclory cx-
pniitinn of iu provi.ioni asanicasure oflinanco.
I'lio duly has heen dofolvcd upon mc tn ihnw Hs
fl'ecls upon llio manufictiirinj intcrcsls oflho
country. 1 h;s I shill not ilo hj decMinatinn hut
hy tlm teitimony nfthH n.anuftclureri lliemselvcs
ind I unluro lo afrirni lliat tht bill to far from
proslraling Ihtir ttlMUhmtnlt, nffordt sufflcknt
inci lcnlul prolcclion to einhle all siirh ns aro
hascd on real, and nol horrnwcd capilal, nnd ron-
luclcd wilh crnnnmy nnd skill, nol nnly to laud
undcr tlns hill, hut to rcalizo grpalei ralcs uf prof
it upon Iho capital and labor emplnycd, than n
donn from any olhcr rcgular liusinesiin tho coun
try."
Spcaking oflhe rcduction ofduties in tho bill on
varioui niticlcs named and uscd by manfacturers,
ho says:
"The amount llius savrd in tho shapo nf dutica
bclowtho ratP3tifthcactnf 1829 riihoutincluding
llio rcduclion upon wool n cqual lo six pcr ccnt.
upon tlio wholo capilol inicsicd in iho woolcn fac-
toiici; nnd iucluding tlio rcduction 011 wool cquaj
to clcvcn pcr ccnt."
Iu dcfending ditcriminalins dniics, ho says:
"Ohjcclions h.ivo hi'on slarled to ihis bill hc-
cauo oflho difl'orcnt ratcs nf duly which nro im
poscd on diflcicnt kind 3 of manuhicturcs. It it
said thal it nfl'ordi mnre protcclion lo iron than to
some olhcr uianufjcluri'1, nnd that it is ihcrrforo
unjuit. Tho omo oljcclion might bo mndo to n
ny recnue ur tarilTl.iw that has cvcr picd,in all
nfwhicli ditcriminaling dutict liavo bccn impos
ed." Thcro ii a singlo fact in thc Ipgii'alivc hislory of
1833, lliat in Mr Claylon's iew, ot lcait nught lo
lnvo madu him pjms hef.irs ha anallicrtiatir.ed
Mr Polk m nn ummllujitrd enemy of the prolcct
ivo policy; und ihit wai hi olf to re'.ain iu llic
Cuiiiprom'no hill the homt ralnulion. Whcn ihis
was insurlcd in tho hill and it was not inwl.cn
Mr Clay rcportcd it Mr Clayton siid it would bo
sccn by iT,"it wai nni the iutrnlion tnsurrendcr
ihe frinciple of prolcclion" ngain, iflhis clauio
was not incrtcd, "ho would bo compcllcd to vola
ngaiust tho bill;" and in his rccent Wilmington
specch he says;
"Tho principlo oflhe Homo Yaluation was a
si'ic 71m i.'oa, at the time oflho passage oflhe act
lo bo aiscsscd on ihis principlo, wns csicnlinlly to
nll intonts nnd purposcs n ote for Prolcclion."
Mr Polk votcd directly fl?j's( stiiking oul ihis
highly protcctivo clauic th'11 Ji'iif 51m non which
acrording to Mi Claylon's own tcst dccidcd who
wero and who wcre not fricndi of tho protcclivo
policy, and llicrcforo dncs ho como up cvcn lo
.Mr Claylon's own stannard hii own "lcsl" of
a fricnd to a prnlcclive policy.
I nccd only say f.ithcrjhat on Ihe piJ.igo oftho
Cnmpromiio bill tho oto of.Mr l'olk ii found ns
in tho act of '812, 011 tho samo side as lliosa of
Hcnry Clay and John M. Clayton.
So if Jamcs K. I'nlk was an rdvocato nf rnr.n
TiiADE, what werc llcnry Clay nnd Jolm M.
Clayton:
llcrc I might leavc Mr Clayton aml his chargca
againit .Mr Polk, hut l chooio to follow him
ihr.iugh thoin all. Ilo says ho "intcndi lo do f.ill
justicc lo Mr l'olk," so do I inloid lo do full jns
licc lo Mr Clayton. Though in doing justico lo
him I shall neilhcr miircprcsciil nor falsify tho
rccord, as ho has dono lo Mr l'olk. "That thc
people shall not miiundcr.itand tho r.xtent of his
hoslility to tho domrslic induitry ofhii country,"
.Mr Clayton makcs thii last chnrgc ngainst Mr
Polk that
"On llie 23lh day of rehruary, 1S3 l.within nno
year nflci llie pasago of ihn Conipronii't. Mr
all, of North C.uolina, in llio IIousc of Hcprc
scnlal'ncs oflhe United Sia!c, introduccd a res
olulion, llie ohject of which was lo procuro from
tho Commitli'o of Wns nnd Means, n rcpnrt ofa
plan nrcnmpanlcd hyn bill,io ropcal thcprotccti n
nuarantccd by tho Coiiiproniiie, undcr Iho pictcxt
of iiiimPilialely rc.liiring Ihe rcvcnue tn llm ncccs
sary cxpcmcs oflha Governmcnt; nnd Jarnoj K.
Polk, ofTennrnpc, who was nt that time, tho
ohairman of ihat xcry Committce of Wnys and
Mean. vntrd for th.it rcsolulion."
Now, uliat, cilizcns of Dclawaro, do you think
was tho charactci nflhii mighty gunpowdcr plot
ihis iciolulion that wai to "ropcal tho piotcct cn
gaarantccd by tho compromijo," and is to over
whctm Jamcs K. Polk with political dcftruction!
llcro it ii:
"Rcsolvcd. Tht thc commiltee of U'kh and

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