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The Woodstock age. [volume] (Woodstock, Vt.) 1844-1845, October 17, 1844, Image 1

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JBUSINESSCAI1DS.
O. A. IUIYANT,
Uoilerl ii nallHliFreiich, nnd Ainerlcmi DryOooai,
V, I. nnoii,nntiarncerlea.
Crockcrjr, Glms nnij HarU Ware.
Elm Strtil,
MKLLISH & SliADI!,
ncALnnsiNFi.ouu, w.i. aooii3.tnitooEiiiC3,
AlSll CnSHTlNTI.Y II.N IIAN'I),
FniIlT3,COM'UOTl()N.MtV,Si;.MMi:itUniM!3AN'I)
HGnu:siiMi:NT.s.
rexTRALSTREi:T,libVOalTEWIIirNEY' IIOTEL,
(lCU. MkI.LISII, dKO. II, tfl.ADC,
ATlHtiltT KI.(i, AOKNT,
.11
his old SttiMl liilelu occupled bv
j. o, Ttnnou;
nini.nuiNfi.niiuw.i.noons Axnnnonr.nins,
COFt;UT10NAUY,8U.MMl:il PRINKri.ANi)
itnnu:siiMi:NTts,uoN3TA.vn.v on iiand
CENTKAI, STIIKET. 223
Kr.sKKi.t.Airr.AitK.
W A T C II M A K i: K 3 A N l) J E w n 1. 1. n 1! s,
nppnilTE WI1ITNKV'" HIHF.t.. n:TRAI. STI1EET,
11. II HAILNY.
Mtiur.irturcr nrSiH'Pr Sioun iuul ripei-lnrtn nnd Dcnlcr
liuewrlrVi tJnllerv ntnl I :uicj (ioU'N
Wlinlenle nml Itptnll, -09
Opppoult U'hilneijU Jlolel, Cenlrnl Slrcet.
IIKNItY IIATCII,
Onr ilnnr imith of Unian llall, Klm Slrttl,
T l n, n r r K R, a n n t n k k t i n n x w n n k k r.
IJOOT & SIIOK MAMII'ACTOIIY,
joni. KATO.V.
Onlml Strnot.
TUAI.ES II. WINN,
TAii.on,
Samc door ivilh A. Hnudiill.
MICIIAKL AIYKUS,
T A 1 L O R.
Over J. Collamfr's Office,
r,m irret,
II. W. .S.HITII, Tnilor,
WverT. (3. TloMiln! nilirc, oiin-illf Drlck Slnye Itmnp,
I.i'iiLim , Vt. 178
wiiri'Nr.vts iioiTi.,
C o r a e r of Kl m nnd Ctnlral slrcett,
It V i. v II I T V K V,
i: a c l, 12 ii o t i: i.,
itv i'. c. Ai.nr.N.
ii iticic STAfiH iiotrsi:,
b o u t ii iidi: n i. . c k n i v k n ,
J 0 II N ISMITII
LUDLOW, VI, IG1 tf
iii:nky t. mausii,
IIOl'SE AND SlON PUNTFII, At.ll IIEM.MtlV CARRIAOUS
asp Varmsii nr kvkrv nicnii'TiiN.
i; n t n a i. s r u i: n t .
wrrrjt sco rr,
I'llntcrj, nml clcalfrsiil'li:,lrs :uil ( jnrrlujea Tn 1 1 hl nda
crn rnu. NTRKKT.
jiirfiiiiA MnrnuuZ
CAimuni; a x n s i. r: i i n - m a k r. it,
niriti sTiiriT. 11(5
(jkohki: pisiir.it,
l inuncturrr of, uml ilinlrr nt wMntt furnlturr nl
ever) ilrcriplion.
rinn'iiil SintI, 218
IMl. II. It. IA I..M KU.
Olllcr in llic Ilrirk llliick iimtp Vhline)',
CKVTRM. HrilKKTt
s. j. ,vi,t,i:n, .11. 1).
PIIVSICJJ1. .1X1) SUI)CKOA
Oillco oi(iitc Vhlinc'H lldlcl.
A 1)1 II. II l JI.VOM),
tomsoman iidi'amo i'ii u ti nnM:i:,
A lcw nij.i Wi.t (if lliu Cunrl llcm.f.
C2l-.1m.
ii. II. K'l.iIllAljIi,
Illiicksniilli,
succKsfou To i.niir.Nzn i-iiatt.
"iimmu tiik ccmER," iiinn treet.
r. o'HAiix;
U I. A 0 K 1 M I T If.
Onlml Sirppl.
LIVI'.ltY STAIII.K,
n v a i. ii mtT i'auk r. n.
Courl ilreel,
COTiL.VMr.il &. lJAIMllITT,
Attorneys n n il Cnunullura n t l. n v,
FAm Slreet. 181!
Jacoii Coi.i.am kii. J a m k s II a n n k t t
o. i'. cii i.VDiii'.u a; i:. ii. iiii.i.i(;s.
tlornnys nnd (Jonnsollors at l.nv,
Crnlrn! Slrtfl,
T I i.vc v"a: "vt t's V V.tUiW,
A Itorney u nd Cau nstl lor t atLair
Oillrp iiver llir lliink, I'.lin Slrcel,
l7 ivTTi AusiT,
ATTOIINKV A.VD CnUNWKIiliOR AT LAW
Crnlrnl itrrrt.
stouoii ro.N a it.iwon,
ATTOIINEVB ANtl COUNsr.M.OIlS AT I.AW,
Chaler, 17. 8(1
II n.SrouniTDN. !. n. Feimon.
U-i'crcnccii neellency II. II iiMnnl , Clmrli-Hinwn.
N. II.
Ilnn, nilinnn.l Itilrkc, Newport, N. II.
t!h-. IMmmi.N,i:.. J'-""'"!
pu, VV, I.pwh, IIhi. 1
.Mcir llnlliri"k l.'iirlcr .t To, HoM(in,M
" I. Ilanlnrlh .VSon, )
Tii'H. ii it n.irrr, in. a- i:iiaui.i:s ii.fi,i;tciii;ii
.111 trnlHtVnunnrllmtnil Sitir.ltonln Chnntrry,
at i.vnimi.1, vr.
IT MlPinl llipHil'iprlcir CimrKln ItiPcninillP" nfOilp.
Innli, Mpx,()rlp iii nml Vililnaln. l'11-tl
IIUNTON Vc JONHS,
ATTOIISBV AVn llnU.VSHI.I.OIIS AT I.AW.
6Vi(r.j. VI.
A. I. Hu.VTn.v, 2(13 P. 0. Jo.vm.
S.
u. sritinvri'.it.
AUoniaj nnd Cimnrlltr nt Law,
nAiiNAiin.vT.
1K.
.1. (I. IIAWKIXS,
JHloruty nnd CountcUuf nt Lme.
VKI I IIVII L(., vt 'I
j. r. diSni
Jltlonicy nnd Uaiinatllor nt Lnw,
A VKSIHtll, VT. 10.)
SA.Mirr.l.ll. I'RH'K,
ITTIIISEV A N II t CM . E I. I. (I R A T
wixdsou, vr.
LA W,
99ly
IlICIIAUI)SON.V MCIIOLSON,
jll lo r it c v , nnd C nnn r. 1 1 nr s a t Luie
C!ippr, Wlmlf nr l.'niinl j , Vt.
N IticiiAiinwi.N. ."(5 A. A. Nicimt,irN.
Hi:u'Ai.i.rn.i.A.M,
jitto n .v i: v .1 r i. .1 tr.
l.uni.ow, vt. I8l'l)
rur.nnMCK c. uoiiiiins.
A TT O K N U Y AT L A AV :
I.0DLC1W, VT. l")7-b
V.VLKT-:it AcSLADK,
Jlllotnty nnd Counttllort nt Luic,
tiorAro."f,rr. 125-tr
R, WALKERi ' 'V. H.Atin.
ITTlH. PAICH VALMKK,
PIIYSICUjVS .1X1) SUIWKOAS,
rrirMay horuuml iit tliplr rpinprllte ptnces of rp'lilpncp.
in:riii:ivT. i;o.iy.
DAIITMOOTII II0TI:L,
UV I'ARKRR .MOItSC,
IIANOVF.U, M. II.
S6
JAMKS TATiLANT,
Iir.AI.F.Il IN
"vuiri.voHfjoniH .nii cvmii.v nnocuitins,
Ulmlrp Wlnpanml l.tqiinm,
O II A 1 X, 1' I.O U It, &(!.
n.vr. noon sourn oktiik pnrE.vix iioti:i.,
CD.VUOni). N. II. ;p.y
Xinntpr(r.iliipil Hper.m Oil nr llie tlnt Quntttu
tT.m 1111 liiilitl.nl Itr.TAII., nrliy llir lldinr.L.
AiJiJsrrs 11 a vn.v,
W!r)leilp inilrrUlMpilr In W.I. f!(niN,Tp,rrull
Wlue. A:c,iiln, Stnp. rnrnllure, Ac.
5d uour uimi umn nr tite treet,
Mnnlprllrr,rt, 162 ly
I). M. DKWHV,
Mnlifr nlihn Imprmnil llohnrt Wnmlpn rnmpi.
j3"The bnTp l'ump nre w.irrniitfil Inilrnw liarrel
mlmiic wlih raan, np m n humtrril frfl.
.TjTAII nnlfr Irom ndl.lnnfn promiilty ntlrnilril to.
Randolph Vt. 231 1(
LIXSKRO Olf, White l.n nnd mlicr l'elnt
l'nlnland VnrnUh Ilrii.lim Ac,
Al.Stl,
Tappr haniln?! foriiiile nt Irm prlctit STE.VnXS'
;iie.ip itore, Xo 6, Cdnn' llull.llii;.
TI1E COON IIUNTliili
runi.isiir.r) cvkry saturiay JioiiNiNn at
Tiin nPFirn or tiif.
WOODSTOCK AfJE,
klm iTnr.r.T. ofposite tiie ba.vk,
Woodstock, Vt.
VOLUME V.
P0L1TICAL.
REPLY 0 P
CIIAULES BROWN,
OFPIirLADEPIIIJl,
TO JOIIN J1. CI.AYTON, OF DEI.AWARI'..
Exptising thc misrcpnscntalioiis of Mr
Lluutim ol thewlnff narlti. on the sub
jicl oTIIE TARlFFbeingthrean-
cliulmg portton of a Spcech oj J)Ir
Jirown, to a Mass Meitingofthc jbtmo
crats tfDclaware, htld at Dover, Jlug.
0, 1814.
Concludul.
"I ciid nnt votu for llie tnrifT nf 1820, for
wliich liowcvrr, Mr Vnn Bnreii, Col
U'jiilnii, Col. Johnson. JIr Wriolit, :iti d
olhers of onr prcscnt opnoneiils did votp.
Jlnd U is remarkahlc thut frotn that pcriod
mii tiertiuns in Conaress httvc btin di-
rictid tu thc v.ducluni und modijicatimi of
lari s. I iiii.i, in bii 1 siinpcirted tlnit
liirill", whicli ireatiy inodificd and rcduced
thu tiirilt ol ItTJh iiisoiiHicli tnat it wns
snp)o.scd liy ronson nlilo nien tlint it uonld
oroiR'lit to s;iti.-.t'v thu Nitllifiers of South
C.irolinn. Tlic ncxtycnr, 1S32, 1 lirounht
I'urwfird ilio coniproiiii."C. In 1S1I 1 iup
portud tlic Inrifi'of that ycnr; wluuli was
litiiitcd to tho frce nrtirlcs."
Nor wonld it lic nny vvay difflcnlt to
proe iMr uiay a irienn to -jrrc irane.
iml rcatly nnd wilhn; to placc "Aincrican
lahor" on the samc fooiini; s thu "panprr
lah.r ofEnropp," or thc "pntntoc gruw iiig
Irish, and the ?rmri crnwnig scrfs ot ihc
It.illic nnd tho Itl.ick sc;i," sn ninch drcad-
cil iiy Mr Claylon. In a spcrch dL'livcrctl
liy hini (itlr Clny) in thc bennlo Alnrcli
23, IS12, lie thn.s li.-cour.scs ol Ircc irndo:
"What is Irce trade? Doos it nioan n
iratlo hctwfon twn nniions wiih frpodnm
on oiu m lo iuul all snrls ol rcstrirliniib on
tho oihor? Is that frce trndoj Or dnp.s il
inenn n tratlo witli nlisolulc fri'pdotu? ihai
is, with nn dntios nt all or icry low dii
ties, nnd strictly t'tpialdntipson Imth sidp?
If lltat the Sonalor's inoanin, 1 uill nnt
Mop to discuss ilio qiipplion. I snriui.rt iu:
tii.AD to sr.i: cnivkusai. riiKcuoM or
tiuiw: r.STAiii.isimo over tho face of tlic
whole uorld "
Aain he snys in lus lcller to Mr Moii
weihoi: ''I ncvcr iras in favorof tchnt I rcgard
rd ns a hh tarifj'. Antl niy pretcnt opin
ion is in pprftr.i coincidpncc with llitit of
tho wholo Whig pnrty of tho United States
includin; Gporirin, ns I undcr.Mnnd it."
To hnmv uhat the ojiinions of iho whig
pnrty nf Georgia wpre, and with uhich Mr
Clay says ili.it hn is in "perlcct coinci
dencp," c necd only rcfor to tho opinions
ofall llio whig mcinhprsof Congrca fi'oin
Gcoria, to thc Inst Conaress, whose
spcpchps Mr Clny no tlouht had rcntl, nnd
which (uruifli tlic licst cvitlpiicc of the
opinions oftho whig pnrty of Georgia.
Mr llahcrsham mndo n long report froin
llie ininority of llio Conimitleo on Matiu
fai:tnrps, ngainM protpctivc InrifTs nnd thcir
"rninotis pH'octs," and inade a long speech
lo prnvo llicni,
Mr Warren cnllcd upon all "Imth whigs
nnd locofocos oftho South," to tinitc in
opposilion to "micIi a pnrtinl systcni of tnx
ation." Mr Gnnihlc sniil it was a "nionMrous
sysli'in, a sy.Mcm which innkcs tho rich
rieher and llie ioor poorer," and that "il
is hijili titnp for ns to aliandon ihia odions
(and ho inight wny cxplotlcd) dnclrinc in
Gront BritRin." Oftho Tarin Ilill in par
ticnlar, he adtla thnt is "highly protpclite."
Mr Mtriuether said lliat "the pouer to
prntpct (liiiMP.-iic. tnanufar.liirrs uho dcnipil
lo thp Federal Govcrnincnt hy the Convrn
linn uhich fornied thc Con.sitiition, nnd
iherefore, the oxercifc of this pouor hy
Conre.xi is too pnlpnhlv uiK'.or.ititiitioiinl
to lio jusiilicil for n tnonipnt."
1 chullengcMr Clnyton.or Mr Any-hody-el.se,
to fiml in all thnt Mr I'olk hns evcr
snid or urillon nnytliing hnlf sostrong in
f.ivnr of frce trndii ns is this .'pceeh nnd lct
lor of Mr Cl.ty's.
This, stronply ns it istincttirctl wiih frce
trndc, dops not to tny tnind east tho linn
dredlh pnrl oftho douhts of thc sincerity
of Mr Clay's fripiidship for the prolcctivo
pnlicy, ns tlu othcr spccchcs and votcs of
liis.
In ISII, whcn Mr Clny and his fricnth
cnmc into poucr, it is well linuwn that thc
dutics tindnr thc coinpromisc act had
tluimlled down too far hclowthe prolcctivc
or thc rcrcmic point. On the 21st of May,
IBII, a whig congrcss incl in cxtra fpss
ion. Did Mr Claythcn propo.se to raisc
thc dutics on thc proicctctl articlcs? IIc
ncvcr intiinatcd siicli au intention. On thc
contrary, inMeatl of tlins raising tlic pro
tectivc articlcs, lic antl his pnriy pnssctl nn
nct lovying tlutit's on the. "frpc nrticlp.s,"
the nrticles left free hy thc tnriffs of ISU2
nntl iSilll, for which Mr I'olk votctl nnd
advocntcd, ns cxprcssly lcfi frce to nitl
thc iiianiif.ictiiriiig, iiipchaniclc and ngri
cnltnrnl lahor of thc country. I look npon
this nct nf Mr Clay's, nnd so chargcd it
nt thc linic,its n tlendly thriisl nt thc protcc-
tivc pnlicy ol thc country. 1 hcii wns llic
tinie, if evcr, that thc Americnti systeni
neeilcd n fatiicr, that thclahnr n( the coun
try nrcdcd protectiou; antl thcn it was thc
lahnrers cnllcd Inudly on Congrcss for
"hread," but Mr Clay Mid his whig friends
gavp tliein n slmic, tlint lhco nrticles thus
taxctl by Mr Clny had hecn lelt frce to nitl
!hc proteclivc policy. I liavc thc cvidcncc
ofAlr Polk and Mr Clayton, nnd Mr Clay
himsclf. They werc, accnrding to Mr
Clayton's notinn, thc grcat productivc
priuciplc oftho coinpromisc r.ct. IIc thus
spcaks of tliein:
"lic conld notunderstand how any gen
tlemnn cnultl stand in tho facc of all tlic
cxemption which thc bill cnntaincd of ar
ticlcs uscd by llic manufacturer, and say
I'rcctlom of Imiuiry miil
1VO0II3TOCK, TH3JBSa AY
thni thcrn was any iiitciitinii to nbandon
the priiiciples of protectiou."
Mr Clay says.
i lie lourlli mode, in which protectiou
conld bc nffordcd to doinestic iudtistrv.wns
to ntlmit frce of duty every nrticlc which
iiidcd thc oper.ition of thc inniiulncturcrs."
And yct in the facoof thpsc fncts, this
was the only tnrifT bill oh"ered or pnsfcd hy
tho whig Congrcss with Mr Clny at ils head
at ils first snssion or uutil innrc than six
months ofthcsecniiil hud cxpirptl.
Aninng ihu frce articlcs wpro two that
Mr Clay secmed pnrticulnrly nuxious to
ta., but failed, thouuh supportcd by a
larcc nunilicr ofhisuhigs friends; tliesp
werc t(a nnd cnffic, nrticles usetl as ncc.es
s.'iries of lifc, nnd coiuiug iuto compctitinn
wiih uone producpd iu llic country. On 'his
miIijpcI I will pt Ii i m spcak for ninclf.
ScplPinhcr 1S-11, he s.iid,
'lie i'hould volo for the tax on tca nnd
cod'ee. It wns uccessnry undcr his cnlcu
lations, and as he fouud hc uasto !c dc
perlpd hy a portion nf his Iriends, he Irusl
etl ihnt souicnf ihofo oppofcd to hiin wouhl
vote for this tax. Il lliey did not, the re
snlt wouhl iiipvitahlv bc thnt nt thc up.xt
spssinn llic tax woti'd ho cprtninly impoi-ril
nr a hihpr tluty than is nulhorized bv thc
coniproniise nct Ipvipd nn othcr articlcs.
"llr. lliought tea nntl coIIpc thc most
ilcsirahle things on which to raisc revc
nup."
On mntinn nf Mr Woodbury, to uifprt
in thc list ofiYc articlcs tca and cofTep, Mr
Clny and nthcr whigs, Scptpinber, 1811,
VOlPtl lll(,
Thouph Mr Clny and his friends (nilrd
iu 18-11 to iniposp thp tax on ten nntl rofTt'P
llie Inltprsucrpfilrd in Ai in insorlinrr it
in thp larilt nnd latnl tlislrihtitinn bill vr
, i t ki riv l it i yt
inpo oy itr Mier. now unps uinv, or
nnv tmr frieiid ol thc protpctivc pnlicy thus
impoees tnps nn nrliclps iifp- bvthe tnnn
ufaclurpr.s or Ihc iiidusirml cIhskcs nf )io
cnuniry, nuo nol producpd by tlipm; nnd
tn hritir? ibprebv into tho trpns-urv ci
Itrc uullinns ol tlnllnrs, nr mnre, nnnunllv,
iuni (iiiiiui in no coupcirti nrcnrthnir in
thcir nun slipwintj Irom the prntpripd nrti-
f lps nlniip? Lpt tlipm nnswpr it if thpv cnn.
Mr I'olk stands rhnrgrd wiih no ntich nn-ti-protoctivo
votes or sppccbcs.
JJut we nro Inld, nnt by Mr Claytnn, bnl
y nlliprs, Ihnt Mr I'olk is niipnpil in the
prcsptit tnrilr, nntl Mr Clny is in fnvnr nf
it. No donbt Mr Clnv is in fnvnr nfit. if
hc thuiks it will hpn his plpct inn: hut
that bc wns in favnrnf ils nnssnrrp nr pvpii
Cnvn il his npprobntinn nnlil vcrv rpccnilv.l
do nol pnfiiivcly tlpny, nntl rnll nnv nnd
ill lus Incndfi In the prnnf. It wnsnnpnlv
prnclnimcd nt Wnshinnlon. wIipii thp suh-
jpct wasuntlpr ronsitlpration, thnt ho wns
nppnsod to Ihc pnssngc of nnv bill tinlc
tho Inntl tlistrihiitinti was m il. nnd llie
sppcchca and tho vnlrsnfbis Koniunkv
and othcr pnrticular friends gnvc slrenrjih
to the rcpnrt. CVrtnin it is thpro is nnt
on rccord any thiurr snid or dnno bv tlipm
to givn cnlornl bphcf thnt hp was fricnd
ly to ils pnssae. NnrtWs thcrn npppar
any where nnv thina frnm him in ils fnvor
that I havn sppn, cnrlicr than Scplcmhpr
I8d!5, morc llmn n ycnr nfipr its onssnnp.
nnd ilipn smcIi nsnDprov.il! IIc snys, in his
lctlcr to Mr Bronson.
I hnd rcsitrnnl my scnt in tho Sonnto
whcn tho nct nf 18-12 pnssctl. Grnrrnlh.
thc dut ips which it nnpnscs nrp lowt-r thnn
Ihose in tho ncl nf 1832. And triltiout in
lcndiiigtn rxprcss anu opinion npon cvcri
itcm of this lasl tari(f. I would say tha'l
J think thc provisions, tu thc main, arc
uisc and propcr. If thorp bo any cxccsar.i
or deficls in it. (of rt'ci Imvc nol thc
miiiiis urc of juding) they ought lo hc
corrt'clctl."
Alns, nlns! for the opcn, dnrinj Ilcnry
Clny!w
"IVil'iout fiprtfsing ant opinion!"
"7 woidd say that 1 thhd" "I havc. nol
thc mrans if Judgiiig." "Hxppsscs or
"dofer.ts "ought to ho correrted!" Call
yoii this "standinj up to the rack, foddcr
nr no foddcr!" Antl ypt thi was tho first
intiuialinn wc havp of Mr Clny'.s approval
of thcprescnltnriir, nml thnt too, as I havc
said, not cxpre.sotl for uioro than a ycnr
aficr it hnd Iippii thc law of the hud. Very
rcccnlly, I tintlerhtaud, hn hns come nnt
nnqalifipdly nt thc north in ils fnvnr. but
wiih nll honnrable mcn stich qiiihhlinp
ought lo po for noihiiifr it is unwnrlhy a
stalpsinnn, antl pnrticulnrly ncnndidatc for
thc I'rcsidciicy of '.he Unitctl Stntcs.
n'ufirst lour, or rathcr his prescnt rtal
lovc is for tho comprninise act, I supposc,
becatise it is his own offspring. In his
spcech of Scilctnber 1841, hc urgcs the
friends of thc coniproiniso act to votc for
thc tnx on tea nnd coircc. or hc snys, if
thcj do not, it will incvitnhly be iinptifcd
nt thc next session. "Or, a higher duty
than is anihoiizcd by thc cnmpmuiisc nct
would bc lcvietl ou olher articlcs." And
ngnin iu thc same dcbnlc lie s.iys:
"Hc was tlesirous to innititaiii tho coin
promisc nct iuviolatc.and his bopc and hc
liefwns that they inighl by cconomy be
ablc in do so."
And again, in Jnnunry, 1042, he snys:
"C.irry oiil thcn, thc spirit of thc c'om
prottiisc act. Look to revenuc nlouc for
thc support of govcrnmcnt. Do not raise
thc tpicMinn ot protpctinu, which I hnd
bopcd hnd bccn put nt rc. Therc is uo
ncccssily of protectiou for protectiou."
And yet again to Mr Mcrriwcther, Oc
tobnr 1S1!), subsequcntly lo his lcller tn
Mr Hronsoii, in which is first foiinil his
qtialificd approbatioti of thc act of 1842,
lic thus writcs:
"I ghoultl bnve prcfcrrcd that the coin
promisc in all its pnrls incliiding ihc lioinc
vnlontiun, could havc bccii ndlicrcd to."
This "Comproniisc Act" npnears to be
an pjpccinl fnvoiitc of Mr Clayton as wcll
as of Mr Clay; hc pcrfcrs tt evcn now to
thc prescnt "irAig" Tariff, ns Mr Clay did
tho I'owcr of thc Pcoplo.
BVI3IBIV, OOTOBEHt 17, 1
uutil very rcceiithj, lic says in his speech
at Wilmington, alicr explnining nnd pmis
ing the coniproinise nct through lcn col
utnns of his speech:
"In tny hunihlo judgmont, hnd thc tnr
iff of 1842 hecn pnssetl sirictly iu the spirit
oftho coniproinise ilself.it would hnve
bccn n bclter tnriff for prolection tbnn the
law uow in force. It would havc better
cuardcd the reveuiio ngainst Irauds in the
foreign vnltiaiion; nnd it would moreelTcc
tually have chocked exccssive importniion,
which isone oflhe grenteit curscs of our
country."
Withniit cxpressiug any opinion ol tho
cotnp.irativc inerils oftho coinpromisc nct,
nnti iiic nct ol is-iy. 1 nsk vou i it is uot
vltt strnnge, or raiucr il it is not vcrv
niucii iikc pliiving coon iu Mr Clayton nnd
olher friends nf Mr.Clny, lo niteinpt to cnst
censurc upon lIr I'olk for preferring ns thc
hasis ofa tariff ihc priiiciples oftho coin
promisc nct of IS12. jlr Clay hns ex
prc.ie(l his decitlcd approvnl oflhe priiici
ples oftho coinpromisc nct, nnd both he
and Mr Clayton thcir dccidcd preferrnce
to theni over ihobc of thc nct of 1842
IipmiIps it is intire than a ycnr siuce
nir roiK expressed nuy opiuiun ol llie nct
of 1842, nt which litne its workings hnd
not bccn very well tried nor very favorahlc.
At that time evcn Mr Clay "had not the
tncniis of judging" at its mcrits or tlcmer
ib', nntl prefcrrcd llio cnmprnmisc nct.
I havc snid and attcmptcd toprovcthat
Mr Clay is rather a latc convcit to tho
orecnt tai ifi act, nor is thc zcnl of tho
whig pnity generally for it of long datc
only a Ibw inoaths 1 bclicve. It ccitain
ly is not stich a tarid'as the. Siinon Purc
whig fiicnds of thu proteclivc policy dc
sired. It was not the bill rcportud by the
Whig Coininittpu nf Maniifncttiics, to
thc Vhig IIoiisu of Rcprcscntntivcs.
Mr Fillinorc, tho Chairinnn of tho Com
niittco of Ways and Moan, who iutro
ducod it, htated itto bo "only a rovcnuo
ineasiiic." Mr Siintnons, ono of tho
strongcst friends of thc prolcctivo policy
iu tho Scnnte, nnd a Whig Scnator froin
Uhodu Island, said:
"It was wcll kmnvii that hc did not a
grcc with all tho fiicnds of thc bill, in
mtiin parlicittars. Hc ndniittcd it was
not ihc hcst bill that could hc ibrincd,
hut hc hclieved it would now bc nllowed
that it was thu only ineasiiic which at
this luic pciiod of tiio scssion would bc
likcly to nccomplish thc innin crbjcct of
providiug revenuc. In lus opinion there
was not timc within thu fcw days which
Congrcss had yct to rcmnin in scssion,
to udjust thc tuiiirin stich a inanncr ns
to givu thu greatP.st possihlc sutisfaction
to thc scvcral intcrcsts conccrncd."
Mr Evans of Maiuo, said tlic "bill wns
alteady sujl'icicnlli om.rvus on thc ship
ping inlcrcst of tho country. Alrcady
cvcry aiticlc that cnters iuto thc con
suinpiion of ship biiildcrs ia hcavily tnx
cd" "hc did not think for thc sakc of
somo four or livc mmwfocturtr.i, that thc
wnoic oi tnc siupping lutercst oiiilit to
hc sacriliccd."
Jlr Mcrrick, annlher whig senntor nnd
fricnd ofprotcction, said "it wns u bill
to tax thc intcrcsts of tlic agriculturali.sts,
for thc hencfit of tho nianufnctiircrs,"
thnt it wns "tinjtist nnd uncqiinl," nnd
inovctl that it last but lico ycars, and
said
"Hisohjcct was to givc to thc ncxt
Congrcss nn opportuuity to dclihcratc
ninu long months on tho sulijcct, and lo
rc-ndjust and arrangc it on propcr priii
ciples." Mr Prcston nlso advocatcd thc limita
tion nmcndincnt; nnd it wns defeatcd by
only onc nnjority ninc icltigs voting for
it, and ninong thcrn Mr Criltendai, Mr
Clay's paiticttlar frirnd and thc cxponcnt
of his vicws, nnd thrrc dcmocrats voting
ngninst it, thus saving it froin prcmattiro
dcath froin being stranglcd in its infnu
cy by its whig friends.
Uut good or had as tho prcnt tarifl'
bill may bo in thc cstiinalionofthcsn whig
gcntlcinen, nnd they scpiu nt difl'crent
times to hnvc hcld vcrv diH'crent opinions
ubout its ucrits, whnt right havo they to
call it a "Whig Tarill'," orto writo tliein
selvcs down its cxrlusivu fiicnds? Did
they pass it hy thcir vntcs? Lct tbnrcc
ords of Congrcss tcll. Thc tnrill' bill
they passcd was avcry difl'crent onc; hut
that wns vctocd.
Thc prescnt bill was not such a ono
ns they passed, nor was it passed by
thcir votcs it ncvcr would havc becomc
a law had it depcndcd upon thc whig
paity thnt is a fact that cannot bo dc
nicd. I was in Congrcss whcn it passed,
and I spcak vihnt I kuow, whcn I sny
thnt therc werc no morc bittcr cncmies to
its passngc thnn miiuo of Mr Clay's par
ticular fi icnds, and that but for tho votcs
of deinociiits it ncvcr could or would
havo beeu cnactcd. Thnt mnny of thu
dcmocrnts who voled for it, did not bc
licve it the be bill that could bc rnadeis
most truc; but tho miiiic may bc said of
inany whigs who votcd for it. That they
now hclievc it cnn be inade bcttcr thnn it
nnd better to promotc the intcrcst nnd
prospcnty ol tlic country, is ulso most
truc; but that Mr Polk orthc dcmocratic
pnriy havc evcr proposcd, or havo any
intention to ripcut it, and stibstitutc fnc
trade in its placo, ns is reprcscntcd by
Mr Clnyton nnd thc whigs gcncrally, is
most f'ulsc.
'I'hc tlcmocrnls who voled for it voled
for it with nll its f.iults, rnlher tbnn lcnve
thc govfrnuieiil witbout revenuc, nnd thc
industrinl pursiiits of the country witlintjt
any protcciion at nll, white Mr Clny'spar
ticulnr whig fncntls chnsc rathcr to lcavc
thc govcrntnent withotit levcnuc; and thc
country wiloul a tnriff, tluti that they
shonld not bc nllowed tn sqtinnder thc pro
cccds of llie snlcs ofihc public Inuds n
mong thcstatcs, to aid them in theirMock
SW.
NUMBERS31.
nnd olher speculations. Thrit the whi'
party did not pass it, I submit the follow
ing facis from the record, whicli 1 havc
fouud preparetl to my haud.
Ou tho pnssagc nfthe prescnt tnriff bill
tu tlic llonse of Reprcsentatives, Auus.t
22d. 1844, the vmottood,
For the bill, 101
Agninst the bill, 101
'Iho Spcnker nniiouticed the votc ns a
hovc antl votid himstl'in the. ntgalivc.
'So the bill was rejcrlctl by that votf.
Thirty niue irii"s voling the Bill: i
moug whoiu wrrc Mr Atlnms, Mr Bolls
anti tevcral ol'.Mr Clay'3 Keutucky hij
friends.
iiesities tncs wincs wlio voled a?aiiisi
tho Bill, theiu were abscnt whigs who did
not votc siitien innlung iu nll ffly-jlvt
wnigs who tini not votc lor the Jiill,
Alitrthe abtivc vote, n rccotisitleraiion
was cnrried, nnd n sccoud trinl Irid, wheu
it appeard the votc tlood,
Aycs Nays 1112.
"'hcrcupon Mr Clay's Kenliickv Wliiy
Spcnker, Mr While( votid mnk
ing a tio votc, nnd thus defeating thc Bill
a sccond tiine. At this iuncture, tuo
whig mcmbcrs who Ind dotlged thc votc
....... i .i i it P
now oteo mr inc mii, antl iiius it was
carried.
Dtiring all this tiine, twenly-nnc Dem
ocralic inauihers otctl steadily for tho bill,
lliough several of ils delails wcre not a-
ifreeable to theiu.
Ou thc Inst voie, anothcr o! Mr Clay's
Kpntuckey Whig friends, Mr Sprigg, vu
led agains the bill, umking oiil of cltvtu
whig niciubers froin that state, tight who
voled ag(tinl the Bill.
So inurh for ihc pas.P2c of tho 'whig
tnriff through the whig lliiuse ol'Ilepresu
latiics, :ud now wc intentl to .show from
tho some .sourct. how it gnt through a
Whig Sfvnle. Ourreadersshould benr il
iu iniml nlso, ihnt Mr Adnins nnd other
whigs hnd for niore llian two luoulhs i-
serlcd that thc couniry was wiihonl any
tnriff, nntl thnt ihorcexisied uo legal rtghi
l collect ono ccnt of duties ou any articlo
imporiru.
The Bill aficr it hnd escnpptl from the
Ilottsc by thc skin ofits teeth, cnmc up
in the Sennlp for .rfinal votc fon the 2?lh
AiiL'Nst, 1842, nntl ihc votc rtoot),
Yens 24, Nays 2!1 onc ninioritv,
lour dcmocrnts votinjr for il, and
ninc
whigs ngiiihn it Mr Claylon of Delewnre
nmotig them.
Btforc the vote was tnken, Mr White
tho whig Scnator from Indinna, said:
ubout the votes of thc opposition,
Congrrss would have lo udjaurn wilhout
givtng any rcvinuc lo the govtrnmcnt.'
1'or tlus nul hc Ihnnked ihem.
Mr Moorhcnd snid. 'he courrnlulnlrd
llic St'tiators from I'ptinsiUniiin nnd
New York in having cnmc forwartl to rc-
riif. ihc couniry und thc govcrnincnt m
theirnerc!.'
This bill thus oppnsscd by whis nutl
passed ngainst thcir votcs and whes, have
iMr Clay and his frientls now seizctl upon
ns thcir only hope thcir last plank on
whicli be is to float iuio tho i'residency.
The jinccrily ofihc prcsenl ciiihusiuslic
rcgard of Mr Clay nnd his pnriy for the
prescnt tariff, and thcir painful anxiety for
its snfely, mny well be queslioned, whcn
wc relleci upon thc riulc ircatmcnt it rc-
ceivcd from thcrn nl iisbirth, nnd ihucold-
ness willi which they looked upon il iu its
inlancy. To inect it is nppnient thnt llieir
rccentnnd prescnt fricndship is morc from
pnriy polilionl cnlcul.uion thnn from any
ihiug nntiounl or patriotic. Iu 1S40 lliey
i i i .i . . i ..
oeciarco inai uie couniry ncvcr could or
would prospcr uiiless it was tinder :i wlug
ndininistration llipy went for ehange
nnd promi.-cd n ihoiisnnd blcssings upon
every body nnd cvcry inicreM, illhe peoplf
would plncc ihcGoveniiiicnt iu their linnd.s.
The pcoplo in au evil hour did so, hut it
was ihc will of providcnec that they shotilt!
nol he nllowed to Imld thnt powcr long.
They failed, as they say thcimelies, lo
carry nut their plnns; antl yet liiuc wcnt
on, nntl tlie couniry ticcaiuo prospprpus
wilhout a Whig aduiinistration or Whig
tnpnsurcs.
This falsified all their assertinns in 1940.
Iflhc country cnuld irospor wilhout n
Whig ndmiiiisiraliou, or witlioul thc cnn-
sumntion of Whiu nicntnrp.s, whnt could
lliey say in 1844 lo indiicc the pcnplc a-
uain to piilrust them with powcr? Iu this
dileiiinia thpy looked over nll they hnd
tlone, or tried to do, dtiring thc hriei' pcri
od of their poliiicnl life, and amung it all
iherc was noihiug that thpy darptl lo scizc
upon but luc i iirifl act. I he couniry was
prospernus, antl (he ctirrcncy nnd thc cx
cbiuiges, souiid witlmuta B.ink theydarp
not, thercforc iilncc thc isstic upon the
IhiTfi. Thev hnd f.tlsified all thcir promis-
cs of rclrcuchmeiil nnd reforin, nnd pro
scribiug proscriplion, nnd every thing che;
they therclore dare not plncc ihc issuc
upon nnyjir nll of theni. Whnt could tbey
du but scre upon thc TnrilT! Aud little
ns is thcir hold upon it, or their right to
claitnit as thcir own, it i3 all the poliiicnl
cnpital they have all they darc turn to of
all thc mnny acts prnposctl or pcrformctl
tluriug thcir two ycnr's atlmiiiistration
in Congrcss. Wlio cnn bl.itne tliein, for
tnking micIi n tlenth grasp nl this 1 ist plank
left thtun to stand npon?
Whcthcr thc prescnt prospcrity of thc
country is solcly or niainly nttributnblc
to thc prescnt tariff act, is n qiicstion too
new to bc lully sctlled. It it is mcnnt uy
thc Whigs that thc prospcrity of the' whig congrcss would havc donc iu 1842.
. ..: r iv. 'iv i i li--.it i r... .1 1
countrv nrtscs from thc 1 unfl kceping
foreign mcrclinndizc from cnming into thc
country. and thus lcaving thc country to
bc supplicd by our own produciions, thcn
fncts arc ngninst them; for nt no tiine for
the last four ycars, not evcn in 1041-2,
whcn thc tariff was at its lowest, did
I thcro 60 m'uch foreign mrrchnndizo come
intd tho country ns is coming in now un
der tho prescnt tnrifr. Yet it is nsserted
thc grcat objcct of a protectivo tariff is
to increnscliomo productions and diminich
foreign importations. I have no means
of kuowing cxactly tho ainount of prcseiit
iinports, but they arc unqiiPbtionnbly fnr
hcyond what lliey werc in 1041-i.'.
It is not my intention, hownvcr, to dis
cuss iho merits of thu prescnt tarifl'qucs
tion, but I may bc nllowed lo say that it
may well be questioned whetlior tho np
parcnt prescnt prospeiity oftho country
is not lcss attributablo to thc Tarifl' nct
of 1042, than to tho small importutions
and largo exportations of pnst ycnis, und
paiticulurly to that of 1041-2, and to tho
fact that we havc had no National Bnnk
to inflnto and dornngu thc ctirrcncy nnd
c.xchnngcs. To this last wo arc mniiily
to Jook for tho truc protectivo policy. No
tarifl' of duties howcver hiiih they inny
bo Inid, can evcr bo of any avail white
we havo a Nntionnl Iinnk or a bcnkir.g
system of nny kind thnt cnn cxpand nr.d
contract thc currcncy nt will yct tuch
n hank and such a lmnkinir system, form
the most promincnt fcnturc of whig mcas
sures. That thcro are mcn associated with
tho demncrntic pnrty oppossed to this nr.d
all othcr protectivo tarill's is true ; and so
there are mcn nnd mnny of llicni too, ns
socintcd with the whig pnrty equnlly op
pnscd to it. Tho tnrill' ncer hns hecn
mnde n pnrty question, and if thc pcoplo
of this country are Iruu to ihemsclvcs
they will neier h;t umbitious politicians
thus usc it. The usc ihnt has alrcitdy
becn mndc of it by Mr Clny hns dono ii
reparahlo injury to tho coun'ry. Whilo
it suited his nmbitious vicws to tircn on
ii3 hi'h (in'' policy, inisuamed tho "A-
mcrican System," oven to tho vorgo of
civil war, bloodshed and disunioii ho urg
cd it inndly on. Whcn hu hnd thus
uiscd thu stnrin of innddening patsions
to their height, and by his policy hnd
created thc ncccssitv fur covernincnt-
al protcction for mnny intcrcsts oftho
country, hc, IJpury Clny, wns tl.c
mnn to striko down his own Amcrican
system and nt a singlu hlow, lcvcl all
irotection, nnd lcavc, as did lus crm
)romiso lnw, thc country iu 1042 without
nny tarifl', Ilis wholo couisc of policy'
ind action hns liccn to huild up aud dcs-
troy as bcst might suit his own sclfish
nds lo promotc thn ub bnnns at.d tnr-
ifl's high lictitituis prospeiity at onc tiino,
und paiiic and prcssuro at anothcr. All,
all his course hus hecn toraisctlto whirl
wind thnt hc might direct the &tonn; nnd
this it is thut enuscd hi3 contiual chang-
and vncilntiuu in iclntion tn thc
tarifl'.
This is llie hislory of Mr Clnv and his
tnriff policy. What hns beeu that of Mr
rolkf Lct lus wholc lifo answer. It Isns
beeu patriotic, calm, steady nnd cnnsisteut
frnm hpgiuniug to cud. His ilocltiuc nud
thnt of llie pnrty thnt support him is pro
lection to all classes of the cominuniiy
privilegcsto none. In Ins spcech iu Con
grcss iu Jnnunry, 18M, ho cxpre.ss.cd his
icws ihnt thc t.inll should lic uept to tlic
"slandurd of revenuc that thc govcrnmcnt
c(iuired,anU thut il bc tnucrf so a. thet
ford sufficicntjncidintal prolection" lo all
llic subatnutinl iiiicrcst ol the coumry.
From that dny to this all his fpceches,
votes nnd lcllers exprcss nud carry oul the
nmo sounil doctrinc. Iu his Inst letlor lo
iI r Kiiip, hc thus reitcrates ihc tenti-
incnts thai hc cxprcsscd clevcn ycars beforc
iu Cougros:
"I am iu favor of a Intiff for rcvenue,
sucn a ono ns will yicld a siillicicut n-
luoiiut to thc trcasury to tlcfrny thu expcn-
ses ot tlic governineiit economicalni nd-
miuisterctl. In atljusting the tlctails ofa
rcvenue tnrill', I hne bereloloie snnciinu-
etl such modernic disnriiiiinntiug dutirs, ns
priulucc tlie nmouut ofrevcntie needed.nnd
it thcsninc limc nllord renstiiinble iiickIcii-
tal prolection to our hoiuc iiidtiMr."
In my judgineni, it is the duty of tho
Governineiit, to cMcud, ns far ns it may
ic practicahlc to do so, by its rcvcnuo
aws and ull othcnuenns within its powcr,
fair aud jcsT I'KOTECTION lo ALL
icgrcal inlcrp.-lsol the WIIOLE L'ninn,
MlIIIACIXtl JIUKJULJjI Lllti, jtianu-
fucliircs.lht mechtmie arts, Ccmr.urcc, and
.ytivigalion."
Ilow noblydocs this coiifislency con
irast wiih thc evcr-chnnging coursn of
Ilcnry Clny triuiniing his sails lo cntch
cvcry popular breeze. Iltnl Mr I'nlk's
tloctrincf; which hc so cloqtienily urgptl
upon Cougrpss in 1S03, beeu carried out,
how dill'ertnt would havc becn thc tccncs
nl thc last lcn year.s. No hurplus rcientic
would havc nr.ciiinulntetl lo prnmpt ioo
largc cvpentlilures or hc ilislributed a
inniig ihc Slalcs to promotc speciil.ilions
thnt eittlcd in witle-spread slnic deht nnd
iudividiinl ruin. Nor would thc duties on
foreign mcrnhnndizc havc sunk ns they did
undcr Mr Clay's coinpromisc bill, uutill
they nlTordnl iipithpr proleciion nor rcie
n ii o, but nll would Inve gcnc on stcadily
nnd projperotisly. Mr I'olk's wholc cour'c
showslhnt hc is fnr leiving frec cvcrthing
that aids the iudiisirial claes iu ihcir pur
siiits, aud dots not cnmc in compctitinn
wiih llieir productioiis, nntl to rnisc hy
modcrnle, discriminnting protectic duties
nn nll that does coiuc iu cnnipptition with
their pindiictious.a siifiicicnt rcvcuuu fnr
thc cconoinical pxpensps of thc gnvcru
mnt. This is truc demncraiic grnund
thc true inlerest of thc country. This is
the sy.'teiu every Iriin tlcinocrat will mp
porl, iind lcavc to Mr Clay and his Iricuds
their svslcm oftaxing tca and cojfcr, nnd
nll the olher nccessaries of lifc,
mnv nct money to distribute
that they
nmotig thc
states again lo tiiakc high tarilfs nl onc
limc and tlcri'.roy theni al anothcr, antl to
kcep thc intcrcst oflhe couniry cnnliiiuril
ly in thn mnrkcl for tbpir pnliticl atlvan
lage. The ppnplc oflhe Unilctl Stnlcs arc
nottobe deceivptl byvhigisMics or whig
fnlscboods; thpy will look tothc fnct, nntl
inquirc what partvit was that pnsscd thc
mnny larilTacts of 181(1-24-28-32. under
which thp counlry prosprrcd lliey will pii
qtiirc who claimctl ihc merit nf striking
down that tarilT thcv will look tn whnt n
hnd il nol bcpn fnr dcmocratic votpj, inid
lliey will judgc truly who arc iho true
friends of ihe country who brst can bo
relied upon iu tha hour of danger.
IIp says:
"How stond thc fncts on that day?(Junc
$0, 1342.) Wc had nctuallv incurrcd n
national dcbt ofmnre tb?n "S20,UOfl.00O,

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