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TWUNTY'KIG IITH CONGRESS
tn'.coNi) kussion Wcdncsday, Jnn. 15. In Scnato, Mr Archcr presentcd n pc tilion from citizeus of Fairfield couniy, Oliio, askiug lliat wilhin twclvo mmiths, Ihc fTovcrnmoiit will extcnd Uh laws ovor Oregon, cslablishing cuslnm-hoiises nnd Forls there, nud givu tho sottlors n scc tion oflund cacli, ns prnvidcd iu thc bill horctnfnro bcfore Cougrcss. A bill to jjivc rovcmio ofiicors o.xlra cnm ppnsalinu when dctnuhed for duty in llic Nnval scrvice, was nftcr homio debato rc inctrtl. nvcs 17. nays 25. Mousc'of Bppresnntativcs, Mr Bnrkc, lf New Ilampfhi'P, submiltcd n bill for the anne.uiiion ol' Texas. It r.ividcs tlial ihe pcnplo nf Toxas may agroc upon n n.P.iblinan form nfi'nvornmcut. nud shall Im ad'iiilled as a Str.le nf lliis Uuiou hc C.,rn llin ftr nf .TrllllMirV UCXl. Wllll tWO Sptviinrs nnel two Rcprc.sentaiivcs. Con irn shill iipprovc the Consiitutinn adopt- o, l.vilif. iiennlo nf Texas. As thc pnptiln- limi incrcn?cs. Texas shall be dividcd into niiier Siatrss, tiot cxceetlinn (ive in iium her. Tlnt part south of30 dcgrccs, 3( miuutes tiortli laltitudo to liavc Slavery oi unt astho pcoclc llioro may (leleriniiic. Thn ifh nnt to be asSUIlied 1V lllC U nitcd Statcs govrrnmont, but bc paid Toi3 ou t of thc procecds of its public lands Tlie propositioii bcing out of ordcr an! nbir'ClPl to. 'Mr Uiukn moved to susnond tlic rnles which wns asroed tovcas 12!), nays 3: Tlia bill wns then rcad aud rcfcrcd to tliL' Cnmmitlce of tlie Whnlp. ANNEXATION OF TEXAS. Thp IIonso Ibrn vc3olvcd ilsclf ir.tn Commillpc of llic Whulo and toolc up tlie Tcxas nupstiou Mr IJowlin was ontillcd to thc floor, and niK-np.,itf(! nnncxaliaii in a very able Fpcecli. Mr Ilardcn folloived in opposiiiou. Tliursday, Jan. 1G Thn Rnnrfte went into bxccuinc ses- sion. In tlic conrFc of thc scssion tho Chincse Treatv was ralified bv a unanimous vole Thc Scnato ndiourncd toMonday. Ilouse of Represcntaltvcs, Mr Preston Kiii'T. of N. Y.. called llic attention of thc Hou'sc to tlic I'act tbat two of its membcrs had bntMi engaged in adnpl.atul rosc to olT- cr a rcsolution on the snbject Tlic resolntion d'rcols thc appnintmenl of a select eommittce to asccrta:n wltctlier a dncl had bocn fnHit bv mcnibp.rs tbU Ilou-,0 for words snokeir in delnte and if so to repovt a rcsolution cxpcllm thcm. ftlr Rajner npposcd tho resolntion, as thcrc was tiothi'ia in llie Coustitittion, nor in thc rule3 of tlic Hou'sc in rcfercncc to diiclliii?. or disdnalilvin!! membcrs from holdinir tlieir seat3, who might thinl; prop er to ctiL'aLTe in a ducl in vindmation ol tlieir lionor. .Mr Paync callcd for thc reading of the dnellina law: frmn which !ie contented llie whole maltcr uelongeu to llic conrls. ue sides, tlicre was no evidcncc but ncwspa ner renorts that a hojlile mcctins; bad la ken placc betwccn membcrs of tlic lloiisc Sevcral other mcnibcrs participatcd in thc cnnvcrsatinn. nuu tho rejolution was liid on the table by a voto of 100" to 82. Friday, Jan. 17. Thc Senatc was not in scssion lo-d.iy. llonsn of Rpprcsentativcs, Mr Taylor askud tlie unanimous oonscnt of the Ifotisc to mnku a rcport. from thc Com niittcc of Accimnts, m rolation to tlic con diuvt ofonc of its oflicers. Tlic other businesd liavmg bacn post fioned, Mr Taylor obcrvpd that thc rcport was prcnarcd nnd rcady to bc presentcd vcs.ter d i; bnt on thc snggestinii thatevery thing woulil be properly cqilaineu, thc p.ommil teedelaved makius tho rcport unlil thi inornini;. Tlie eommittce. howevcr, rcceiv ed no infoniMtion. ciihcr Iroin thc Clcrk orfrom anv other pcrson, and thcreforc thev a?kcd to lay ilic facts bcfore the llonsp. Tlie reading of thc repnrt was earnestly callcd for. and n was rcad. from which It appcared thal tho attfintion of thc cnnimil ti-e having bccn drawn to thc condition of thc coiuingent fnnd, thoy gavc noticc to Wr McNu'lty.thc Clerkof thc Jlousctonc couiit for its disbursemcnt, and snmmoiicd him to show the ainount of mnney on hand. Allhough twice notified, he rfused to al lend bel'orc thocommittec Atthe timc Mr AIcMulty was clectcd Clcrk, there was in the couiingent fnnd Slo5,0U0; 875,000 more vasapproprated dtiring tho last ses cion, and 2,000 reccired from thc latc CJerk, Mr M. St. Clair Clarkc, making, in all 232,000. Tho eommittce werc infurmed, on application at thc l'.ilriotic Bank, tlntthis amonnl had beeti drawn and learncd that the deficiency of thc Clerk h $1.1,50020,00 is sccnred by ofiioial bond, r.nd for thc rcmaining 521, 5U0 tltero is nosecnrity bnt the individual roponsibi!lity of the Clcrk. The com iniuct; have also lcarned, that sincc .hinc labt, B. J. Wondward has rcceivcd ol this hum 6aO,000;-Lew D. Slatntn, ofN. Y., 82,000, and a gcnllcnian of Colnmbns, Ohio, 2,730. If this disposal of tho publii: moneya should not bc cxplaineil, it would amntintto cmbczv'.lement, nccording. tothe Intv of ld'll. To (vindicate the cbarac'.er of thc Ilouse, and as a warning to others, tho report rcconimcnds tlie a- doption ofihese resolutions, 1. That Calcb! J. McNully bc dismissed from thc ofiicc of clerk of this Ilouse. 2. That tho Secro- tary ofthe Trcasurv institutc, forthwith Iegul procecdings to secure thc bnlancc of tho public inoncy duc by Caleb J. .McNul ly; 3. That tho l'resident of tho Unilcd istalcs bo requcsted to canse a criminal prosecutinn to bo commenced against Ca- lob J. McNully for cmbczzlemeut of pub lic monejs, and all personn conccrned a cordinirto tho act of August 13, IS41. Mr W.eller scnt a lotter to tho clerk's ta ble, which was rcnd, from which it appcar ed that thcrc was ncnrly 30,000 in thc hands ofa responsiblefirni in thc city of INcw York, to Ihc crodit ol Mr McNnlty, nnd that tho draft of this gcnllcman had becn hnnored, and Mr Wellcr slaled thnt thc money iu qucstion was not actu nlly dpposiicd with ihat 'firm. 'Iic iinde'r Btood thc balanceof'tlio nllegcd deficiency, ainoiinling to 40,500, will bo accounted for, and thal the money was on deposile iiv Tfu- Ynrlr. llp fiinrln llin Rlnfpir.nni t. kho.i tlrtt tlis Goverument, would stistnin ' no loss. tlicro was Eccurily for 20.000, althoiigli not thc amount of tho deficiency; bnt the snrctius wonlil bo abln to pay all. And whcnlhc fncta should bo fully prescn ted to thc IIoiisp, ho had no donht it would bo fouud thnt there was no actual dcficit. Mr Cavo Johnson Biibmiltcd ti csolu- lion that the Scarpcant at-arms arrestrCalnb . McNully, and bring lum bcfo ro thc lonsc, which was adopled. Thr vcrbal amendment of the Scnnto lo thc One Dav I'rcsidcntial Llcdtion lJill as ngrcpd to. Mr llamniPtt nindc a few rcmarks on iho Toxas Uesoliition, wlicn the procpcd ings wcrn iutci'niptcd by llie rctiirn of tho scrgoanl-at-arnis wilh Mr McNully. Thc Snoakcr itiformed him ibal bc lnul becn called to appear beforc ihc Ilouse, and answer thc chnrgcs prefercd ngainst liin iu tho rcport ol thn Coniiinttce ol Ae- counls, and that tho ilouse would now hear bis defcncc. Tho rcport havingbccn rcad, Mr McNully thcu cxplaincd in sub- stancc, thnt iic had not liimsclf uscd onc dollar of the'publir. fnuds, tliat ho had not loancd lo auy individual one dollnr ol il, nnd niado no disbtirfcnient but what was warrautcd by law. The rcasou why lii' could not acr.ount to thc conimiltcc wa3, his disbiirsing clerk was absenl, but as bc would sooii bc in thc city (probably to (lay)bccoiild sUtlc witli ihc GW.uiiltcc of Acconuts to morrow at tcn o'clock. fA letler was rcad from Mr McNully, writteu sevcral days ngn, and nddrrsscd to llic Commitlco nroiiiisinti to, cxhibit his rctiirns and voiiohprs ou tlic rcliirn of Mr Ivcrshaw, tho disburMiig clcrk. A partoftho imuual oflhe Commitlcd, stiminoniiig him to appear, was also "rcad, and Mr MoNully, cxplaincd llialhc did not rcccivc noticc uutil alter thc honr dcsigna tpd. Some futhcr cxphuiations woro niado exlcnualiug thc conduct ol Mr McNnlty, and all fnrlher procecdings wcro finally suspcnded unlil tomorrow. Mr h. D. Sltunni, in a noto lo thc cd- Uor of llic ftladisonian, says ol thc check alluded to in tlie rciinrt, drawn in bisnanic; "It was presentcd by tnc at thc Ilank of America, tnmelimn last July, wlnlc mr McNully was in New York ciiv; thc mou- cy drawn and immediately paid over lo iiim. It was at his rrquest, lor his con vcnirnro, (as I had business in the iinmc dinln viuiuity ofthe Dank at thc time)lhal l drcw thc money, which was not in iny possession tcn miuutps. Tlic circumstnucc had passcd my mcniory cniircly, uutil im rittpntion was called to the allusiou made, and thc painful incidpiits of thc day." Snlurday, Jan. S. Thc bill to pay llic Caplniu and owncr. of tho ship Cadmus for pxpenscs in con veying Gen. Laf.iycllc to' iliis country in 1S24, was taken up, and j;nvo risc to a uood dcal of dcbatc. Messrs. Vancc, C.itlin, Atkinson aud Pollock, advocatcd thc prouobition. Mcssrs. Parmcnlrr, II.de and others opposcd it. Mr Cavo Johnson ipovcd that tho bill bo laid aside, to bc roportgd lo thc Ilotuc with a recommcndatioii iIihI donnl pa.n, which was agrecd to, yeas 79; nays 55. bcveral othpr pnvatc bills werc takcn upbut no definitc action tool: placc iu rcf ercncc to thcm. THE ALLEGKD DEFALCATION. Mr Taylor said that tlie Coniinillee ol Accounts was induced, from what thc Clerk said ycsterday, lo reinain in scssion lo-day unlil after twclvo o clock. :Mr Nulty did not prescnt liimsidf bcfore thr eommittce; but scnt his accounling clcrk. Thc eommittce iniuired ol him wherc the uiiexpendetl balauce ofthe puhlic money was whcllier it was fortbcoining, or was to lie paid to thc propcr aulliority to re- ceive it whcllipr it was iu bank or in thr hnnds ofindhiduals. &:. Tho ncoouut- ing clcrk rpplied that, Mr McNuffy him- fclt musl answer Ihul intcslwn. Since M Taylor had comc into llic Ilouse (beiween iwelvo and onc o clock) he had rcccivei letler from McNully, iulbrniing him that he had in thc Bank of America 2!),GO0 to his credit. It did nol sccm to him llial llns matcrially chauged thc naturc ofthe casp. Uy an act ol lftio, the clerl; was reouired to dcposilc tho inonpy iu onc of tho Uanks of tho District. Mr Davis, of Indiana, asked Mr Taylny whcthcr hc had Ihc vouchcrs that thc mount sia'.ed in thc lctter of Mr WcNulty was in tho Bank of America, on deposile Mr Taylor replieii thal all thc information which thcy had on tho suhject was con taiued iu thc lctter iuclf. Mr Wellcr rcpcatcdthe remark hcmnde yesterday, that Iic did not believe tlie Gov crnmcnt would sutrer thc losa of a dollar by tho conduct of Mr McNully. llowever, in what hc was yesterday led to auticipate he was grcally deceivcd, and was placed in a position wlucli he dceply rcgrclted Thc first rcsolution reported by the Uimmitleo ol accounts ycstcruav, vas rcad, viz: Resolvcd, That Calcb J. McNully hc, nud hc is hercby, dismissed from llie cfliee ol Clcrk ol tho Ilouse. The yca:i and nays wprc takcn, and thc rcsolution was agrccd to yeas iuu, nays nouc! Thc secotid rcsolution was adoptcd unanimouslv, viz w Resolvcd, That thc Sccrctary of thc Trcnsui'V' bc dircctcd to instituto forth- with thn ncccssary lccal procecdincs to ; asccrtain and sccurc the baiancc of thc public money duc from Cnleb J. McNul ty as clcrk of thc Ilouse of llcprescnta- livcs. Thc tliird rcsolution of tho Committcc is as follows: Resolvcd, That tho Prcsidcnt of thc Unitcd States ho required to cnuso ciinii- nnl nrncppilfinrt hlin pnmninni'nil nirnincf i ..u. lt1IUVWIII.U.I . J .IW .......... . .... U l.lltll. I Caleb J.MeNulrv.Ialc clcrk ofthe Ilouse. ! Cnt fiti nmltnfDlamfinl nTllirt nitltlin mnnmi and all persmis advising or knowingl'y and willingly participating iu such cmbc-?.!c-msnt, according to thc provisions of thc act of Congrcss approvcd Augutf 13, 181 1. A molion to inscrt thc word allcgccl bcfore cmbc:zla:ieiit was lost, nnd thn rcso lution was adopled yeas 170, nays 4. A resolntion was''ubniitlcd by Mr IIop kjus, and adopled.appointing B. B.Frcncli Fsn.. the Clerk ofthe Ilouse. Thc oatli ' w'hs' adininistcrcd to, Mf'j Frcncli. , Aud thc Ilouse ndjotirncd. Monday, Jniu20. In Senatc, Mr Slurgcon prcscntod a mcniorial fur thc rcductioti .of tlio.rnlca of poslagc. Tho Ilouse of Roprp.scntiilivofl, Mr Mc Kay from tho Commiticc of Ways nnd Monns, ippnrtcd n lnll inilnng appropna tion for fortific.iiions. Thc Ilouse resolvcd to n;cct hcrcallcr at 11 o'clock. ANNEXATION OF TEXAS. Ou molion of Mr McKay, thn Ilouse resolvcd ilsclf into a Cominilipo'of thc Wholc, aud rcsumcd the cnnsidcrnliou of ihc iiuut resolutions for lliu Anupxatiou of Texas. Mr llammctt addresscd the Comtnittce iu supporl nf thc posilitons assnmcd by him: I. llial iexasMas orrginally ours, acquir- cd by Irealy, and at lliis timc belonged to thc lcrritory ofthe Unilcd Statcs: 2. Thal c ncvcr had the pnuer, by ihc Consliiii lion, lo transfor onc loot ofsoil to any fur- cigu priucc or potentnic, or ooriiiiiciH, nnd cut it olt lorcvcr from tho Amencan Uninn tho sovprpicnitv iu onr couuirv bcing with the peoplc. The injury oughi !o bc repairpd, nud ho should, by re-an- ncxalioii of I exas, restorc back lo thcir gianee, lo thcir first lovc, ihc incii who had with thc soil bccn sold nwny lo Spain. In conelusion, hc dcmonslriitcd ihc iidvnu tngp.s which would result lo llic shipping, agricullnral and mauufacltiriug inierests, should tho incasurc hc r.onsumalcd, and pvpresscd the belcil lliat 1 e.xns would bc iinncxpd. Mr Ilnnimeit wnsfidlowpd by Mr Ilud- snu, who spokc strongly in oppositinn, aud Mi lunt'sh also on thc .'aino sido. Tucsday, Jan. 21. Thc Senatc wcnt into the consifleraiion of Exccnt'uc business, and afierwarda nd- jounifd. 1 he llnusc mcl al II o.clock. Mr Bod, of Keiituckv, snbmilted a rc solution tha't all debato -in Committcc ol tlic Whnlc, on thc Toxas qecsiinu shall ccasc at 2 o'clock on Saturday ncxt. ' A molion to lay lliis ou tho tablc, was losl, ycas ou, nays 101. Thc previous qiiostion was thcn tnovcd and sccoiuien, and mc resniutmn was p.itsed. So the Texas dcbatc will close at 2 o'clock nnSalnrday ncxt. ANNEXATION OF TEXAS. Tholloiifo ihcn.ou molion of MrCoIib, of Georgia, wenl into coininitteec of thc wholc aud rcsumcd thc coiisideraliou of ihc sevcral propoMtions for auncxing Tc.x as. When tho conmiitleo rose, Mr Royd of Iventucky siihinittrd a propoiilion, which was ncccptcd by Mr Douglnss as a suh'jli lutc for his afiicnduient, aud which gnesln admit Texas into iho Union as a Stale, shc payiug licr owu dnbts, nud rctaining herlands. Thc qucslionwill nov be on ilns prcposiliDii r,tnwnjiWMiwi THE AGE. WOODSTOCK, V E II .11 0 N T I I'HUIISIJAY BVENINO, JAX. 30, !SI: V, I). l'AI.MF.n, No. 1C Sliilrslrrrl. llnMcii! No. 1C .n.s.m nrcd, Ntw iiil.i No. l'tnr flic l, l'liil.ulil I'lihi S. i:. Ciiuior, liiilllinoic iimiI Cl.lvi I slrciik, IIMli iiiou1, will pinruiTiiiMl loiwitril Hitlt-crijttici s uiul aitv.T1 NUWSIWPHU J)IU'OT, In llio front room of llic l'ust Ofilrr, wlicro 11 U lnlcnjnl io Kccp for alo, .Mncrii'iin nud rud;:n Nt-wuiii'i?, itc, llliitlmldl I.innluii Ncn: I.oniioa I'ii'lot i.il Tiuifs I'uiicli, i't I.cmkIoii CIi iriv.nl.. l'uiu-ii Mmuii'ic. NrnlV Ouzcllc, ituulilc, contnhilRg llic Lot:dun rorgct-Mc- Nol, fnr I81j, nr.il ! t ngr.ivlngj. Droilicr .lon.illi:m doiihlc, cnntiilnli'g 50 cnsravinji. OUTLAWED! , Wc have a few accounts on our books that wiil Iic outlawcd, bcfore a thoiisand ycars. If ihey are not settlcd soon.by noic orotherwise, wc shall be oldiged to rcucw thcm by the aid of nn Altorncy. CCt'Dotoh lake? RAIL ROADS. No. I. Mn. Enrrou I do not proposc lo di cuss the propricty- of R'ailroads, nor the ood or evil eirecls of thuso corporalions up.on the communty ingeueral, upon theso points (hc peoplc will'bc conviuccd, onhj by cxpcrkncc. IJiil I ask tho privilego nf your colnmns, through which to prcsrnt lo tho frccmcn, thc policy pursued by llie Lcg- islature of Vermont, in relr.lion to rail roads. Iu 1843 thc ,Le''islature crcatcd thrcc of Ihcse corporatious, and rcsuscita' ted a dead onc. By iheso acts of incorpo ration, llic corporators are madc indcpcnil dit sovrr.ignlics so far as tho objccls ofthe corporalions arc conccrned. In thc first place, thc corporators are authorizcd, lo enler upon, aud possess in thcir own righl.thc lauds of any individu al, through which thc couipany may choosc to lay thpir road, whcthcr thc individual is willing todisposcof said Iand or not, aud that too, althuugh thc taking.such laud, by said company may provc tho ullcr ruin of such individual. Secondly, the charter of one of said companics, authuriscs'ihi corporators, by ihc iheir ngehts or worlundn to "cn- ter upon any lands cohtlguoits to said rail road, or tho works connected llierewilh, to dig, blast and carry away and usc, such stone, ground, carlh atidorft;- matiriuls,ns may bc neccssary for buildingsaid. road." And inc 17thscciion of this samc pct p'rn- vidcs, that, "Tlic sltich, iroji.rty and tf- fccls of such tmnpany shall hc txcmplfrom all laxes hviid by vv umler. thc aiilhonty ofthisSlalc." - The amount of capital thu'j cxcrtiplcd from taxalion by the laws of onc scssion, of llie logislaturcis 81,000,000 or ncarly rwicn thp amount p'fllie tnhVc grand list ofthe Statc, and thc corporators nre furth-' cr privilegcd- to incrcase, said .capital to a ny amount they tnny decm nccesaary. All thcsc act3 ol iiicorporation, conluin thn following provisifui, "aud it shall bo law ful lor said corporaiion to chtcr upon and lake possession ef all such lands and real cslatc as is neccssary for llic cnnstruction aud maintaiuncc,fi tlieir rail road aud Iho rcquisilo accmnmorfatiouB appcrlaining llurcto." Ilcrc thcn nre llirco corparatiotis, crca- lcd at onc brcatb, with a capitnl of 2,300, 000, nnd placed cntircly bcyond thc control of thc Lcgislaturc that creatcd ihom, or uiy other caribly powcr, aulhorizcd by tho fomiH of law, to convert nol only tho Imuh i)findk'idualK,ln thcir own usc, bnt also all such other rcal cstalc as thoy may sco lit to covct. Aud lliis not only for iho lo cation of thcir roads, but also, for thcir dcpnts, stnppiug honscs, wood-huuscs,Irish-mcns' cahins, and cvcii Hohls,sUiblcs and ganlcns, if thcy should decm thcm "requi sitc acconiniodations." Of lliis they arc thcir own judgcs, uud no aiithorit) is al lowcd.logaiusay thcm. Tnc ccittracom pany is nlso auihorized lo cntcr upon any other lands in thc viciniiy of tlieir cstab lisliiiipnl, and takc nnd carry away whntcv er may be plcasing iu thcir eyps, or sceni lo thcm desirablc, aiiduoiie arc allowcd lo "mtdcst or lo mal;c thcm afraid,"iw acl of thoirs may, by ihc law, bo deeincd cither llnj'l or Tnspass. Tho chief rcasou assigucd for theso c.x tranrdinary privileges, is, lliat capilalists of olhir Staics, may be induced to liivcst ibeir funds in this Slntc. For sevcral ycars past all acts of incorporation grauicd by our Lcgislaturc to our own ct7:zuis,liave coniaincdaprovision, making thcm amen- ablc lo thc Lcgisliilure. All observnlion, nud nll c.xpericucc, provc llic truth of thc old provcib, "inouey is powcr." Thc rc suli ofthe nrgument ilipu is, thal forcign capitalists are pr'nilieged bcjond our own cilizcns, in oidcr lliat ihey may cxcrcisc powcr over tis. And who is notconvinced that an amount of two nud a balf millions of dollars iu the hands of spcculalors and intriguing capitalists, is pnwerful to con trol wpuiph ofthe stalc.Jtheir volts aud their Lrghlulurc even? But ifthissumis nol sullicient lor thc purpose ihesc very liberal chariers authorizc thcm lo incrcase it uutil it ir, sufilcicut. Tho policy thcn ofthe Legis-lnlurc, is, to iuduce thc investmcnt of forcign capital, and if lliis cnnnot bc donc on fair, honora blc, aud cquitable tcrnis, lo do it on di's houorable oues, cvcu al ihc cxpcnsc of thc subslmicc, ihc righls and ihc Hbcrtics of ihc peoplc. But is this the policy of thc pcnphl Do thcy wish for comppuics of foreign cap italists, authorizcd by law to lake Irom ihcni xv'ilhoul thcir conicnt, iheir lauds, thcir grancrics, iheir timbcr,aud their tennments, nnd ihesc companics exempt cd, too, from thc laws by which thcn nre irovcrupd, uud from bearing thcirdiic pro portion of thc cxpcnsc nnd burdcn of thc statc govcrnmenl? Thc policy of thc hcgisturc is.to authnr izo the rich and thc pursc-proud lo eu croach upon thc pcor w itbout limit or rc slricticn, the claniorous dcmands of the corporators and thcir ageuts, arc mnre po tent aud important llian thp righls of thr pioplr, orthc conslitntionnl claiins of jus tice, and while tho Ipgislalivc iowpr refii sp3 lo say to thc corporalions "hcre shall thy proud waves bc staid," it says to thc toiling thousands, you shall bc thn bui den bearcrs, of tho rich and opulcul, you must ay thc taxis, that tbesc corporators may roll in woalth and luxury at your cx pcnsc. But lliis is not thc policy ofthe peoplc, thc great ii.ajority of thn laboring frecincn of Vermont, arc thc dccided advocaicsof cr;ii rigfits. "Why, thcn, it may bo ask ed arc thcysaddled with thcsq corporalions! Thc answer is.simnly becausp, not a Iiiiud reth part of thcm are awarc of the unjiist and anti-rppiililican provisions of thesc charters. And how should thcy be, uhen cven the committcc who reported, and thc Reprcscnlalivcs who passcd llic bill incor porating thc "Ccnlral Rail Road," uore ignoraui that il contaiued any provision lo exempt the stock and property ol the com pany from taxation? Ecry prcss thcreforc. and every Editor, should bc cngagod, to open Ihcdnrk visla, in which theso acls of iucorporations arc enshrined, tliat their monSlrous doformity nny be exposed to ihc wholc peoplc. O.vr. or tiii: PuorLC 1MP OR TJlNT Flt OM 1 1 V2 SII1.YG- t 3'OAV Tho Annc.xalion qucstion passcd thc Commiltce of tho Housc of Reprcsenla tives on Saturday last, by a voto of 120 to 90. Thc plan is similar in principlo to thnt ofthe famous Missouii compromiso di- " - vidinir Texas into sevcral Staics -halfi to bc frco, and hafto bo slavc Statcs. ' It is bclicvcd that n similar plan will pass thc Senatc by asmall niiijority. All looks auspicious lor tho scttlcmcnt of thfs grcat qucstion by the prescnt Con grcss. Castleton Mldical Collrgc, Wc have rcceivcd thc catnloguo of llis histituiion for thc ycar 1044. It nppears thnt 115 sludenls have bccn in allcndance dliring thc year. Thc cnurses of instructimi arc com pnsed iu twci.sessions for lccturcs and two reading terms, annually. Run away, child, said tho pot to coircc. Don't hurry mc said ihc coffecr I'm too wcalt to nm, fastr Ruv I.D. WILLIAMSON'SADDIIESS, DdivLrcd bifor'c ihc. Cadcts of Norwich Univcrsily, al Com m i;n o umunt ,1814. The writcr isgralnlulto witncssthe pu'd licalion of this admirablo produclion. It has at lcngth crawled from tho prcss. It is rcceivcd at this lalo honr, gladly, though uot with tho samc pleasuro asifit had becn scasonably publishcd. But ovcn now, as it is rcad, thc dcep sonornus tones of tho Oralor's voice, ccho swpclly iu the cars that hcard him. Pleasing associa tions clustcr nround us, and joyous recol leclions arc awakcned. I must express my sincero rcgrcl, how ever, thnt my worthy brothcr's wishes could nol have bccn gratificd, and my dim cycsbcpn pcrmitted to cxainiuc thc proof. shut. IIo may bc assurrcd I would have donc it, as I promiscd, had an oppnrluniiy bccn givcn. 1 kucw uolhing of its bcing publishcd, ti it was priutcd. I am very sorry, for Br. Williamson's sako. But it cnnnot bc hplpod now. The lypngrapbi cal crrors arc uot very niiuierous, lmt ihey are very had. They dcl'acc ihc bcaiiiy aud spoil ihospuseofparagraphs in which ihey occur. Wcro thc Adilress an ordiuary produclion, ihe cnsc would be dillerent, aud the cluin-y misiakcs of tho press ho comparatively iiiiinnteriid. Bui in a chaste nnd fiiibhed discourse, prescnling a most bcautiful clustcr of spnrkling gcins, gross crrors arc iusuirerablp, or, al loast.ilisin&tc fully perccpliblc. Thcy aro likc spnts upon the nlbo worn by "llie bridc ndurncd for her husbriiid," An exnmplc ofthis kiml may he sccn on p 4, near the bottom, whero "ininiiiahle" is uscd instcad of immnlablc. Tlie vcrv naturc of tho caso shows tliat "fixed and iminutablc laws of huinan progrcss" wns tho languagc uscd by ihe aulhor. By sub stiluling the word! inir.utablc for iiuiniila blc, the wholc sentcnce is rcndered dull and smoky. On thc 5ih pagc, 20 lincs from tlic bot tom, or near tho middle, the uord irr, or snmc word ofthe samc mcaniug, is omit ted, allcr tiic word "tcachcr," which cn tircly ruins oncof thc niost biuiutiliil scn tcuces which was cver written. It may have Iipcii wanling in thc copy; but if so,it should have bcpn supplied by thc prool rcader. Any tbing likc close attciitiou woulil iustautly detcct such au omissimi. But, uottobc f.iult-finding, the Address, with all its lypngraphical blemishesis higli ly. intcresliiig and cloqiient. Should op porlunity offcr, I will hpicaftcr inakc some selectionsfor iho Ar.n, aud mako such cnr rections, as, iu niv poor judgcmcnt.circum htnnces may reqtiirc. Wilh spiitimpnts of undiminislied rc gards for tho Rcvercnd Aulhor, aud the iunst carncst and dcvout praycr for ihe prnspcrity of thc Norwich Univcrsily, I close this iinpprfect noticc of his e.xcclleni nnd clwquent Address. R, S. Jan. 23, 1?45 L.vTr.n rr.OMMr.xico. Santa Jlnnath clarcd a Traiti'ran'l Oitihnv. Thc Charl eston Courier is indcbtcd to Mr Triplcr, a passcngcr in tho schooner F. A. Brov. n arr'ued at that port from Ilavain, on thc 17th, inst., for tho following infoi mation. This ncws, it will hc secn, iaof lutcr dntc ihan that rcceivcd via New Orleans, and shows that tho Picayuno was right in its siirniiscs that Iho statenicnt with rcaid lo thc army of Santa Anna .having.been routcd by Gnn. Paicdcs: Mr T. Icft Vora Crtiz for Ilavana on thc2d iii:tant., in thc liiitisli mnil fc'tcam er Dee', which vcsscl reachcd Ilavana on '.hc 7tli int. At tlic Inst accounts Santa Anna was at S.in iMarlin de Scsmoluca, abnut four lcngucs l'roin Puebla, with a tbrcc of 0,000 mon, mostly inounted on horsc takun from tho inliabitaiit?. Gen. Parodos bcing iu close purs'uit with an army of 9,000 mcn, but innnccuvcring nud avoiding a conflictns a matter of pol icy, as Santa Anna's forccs werc daily dccrcas.iig on accotint of dcscrtions t'rom his ranks, while Gcu. Parcdes was rapid ly acquiring strcngth. Tho city of Mc.xico hnd bccn wcll for tificd, nnd every prccaution taken to prc vcnt or rcpcal an assault. The ncquc ducts bad bccn opcned, and thc molc which surrounds thc cityfillcd with water and there was a forco of somo 30,000 armcd cilizcns preparcd to dcfend it. At Vora Cruz, also,' fortfications werc in proccss, and thc citizcn3 werc ai niiug. Thc StoanicrMontczuma Icft Vera Cruz a shoit timc bcfore tho Dee, bound to Campcnchy for troops, nnd rninforco mciiits wcro also c.xpeclcd irom Alvarado and Tlacaialplan. A dccrco had bccn issucd by the Mc.x ican Congiess declariug Santa Anna a traitor aud an outlaw, and autborizing any who may ineet with him to lake his lip.. Measu. es had also heo.i adopled to pivvcnt hisescnpc, guardmg tho dillcrcnt r,,,ria n.l nll n,. n,.tl..U n,l it i. I.P- ilUVUU lllill IIU illllSl UVUIHlilUIJ UU L.ljHUI- cd. A pcrson naincd Ar6ll,ino, an indi- dividunl in iho lntcrcst ol Santa' Anna, with additional confidcntial corrcspond cncc.hnd been takcn, and it wnsstipposcd ho would bo executcd. LATER Thc Ndw Orleans Picav uno, sayrf l hat r. , i lii- i . Santa Anna inay hold his ground against tlin nrcscnt Govi.Nimnnt. Onllln Olltb tho Dictator was withiu fivo miloH' of (he citv. nnd thc roads in ti'.c ncii'bbo'ihood woro cut up nud bnrric.ndcd. In rclaiion'1 Hio cut up aud l.nrnr.ailc.1. in relnlion ll.cnumbor of troops on c.thc sido, 2i'c aro vanous reporls. Parcdes, was to thcrc aro vanous reiiorts said to have a forco of iiOOO incn. nnd had nonc lo mr.ct Santa Annn;. Santa Ana's force'is Variously cstimntod. Ono nccount placcs it nt 10,000 incJVOOOj1 ' of which aro said tn bc cavalry; bul httlo 01 " relianco can bc placed on thesc ruinors, Bravo hnd ayrivcd in thc city and tnkcn sidcs ngainst tho Dictator, and possibly gouo out to mcct him: Tho Mc.xican'pnpcrs of tho 25th Dcccm bcr slalo thnt for somo days prcvioun nothing was to bo hcard but dischnrgcs of artillcry and thc r'mging of bolls at tho joyful anuounccmciits of tho progrcss of tho rovolution. Tho surrcndor !o the Constitutipnal Govcrnmcnt of Hio castlo of Pcrotu, with twcnly thousond slnnds of arms; Iho dccluration of Tampico n gainst Santa Ann; Iho ndhcsion ol thc garrison of Gunnnjuato to tho Govcrn menl, under thc coinmnnd of Gcncral Licoaga iheso evcuts,n3 tho ncws mic ccssivcly ariivod, filled tho city withjoy. Tho city has bccn dcclarcd in a &tato of sicgo, aud thc inhrhitants arc obvious" is alllictcd nt the ucar prospcnt of blood shcd. Thcir shouts and rcjoicings must'j thcreforc, bc takcn with soinc grains of allownnco, nnd should Santa Amt succccif thcy may hiirrah as loudly for him. Gen. Bescdie, who it wns said at the north wns to succccd Santa Ana in his coinmnnd, ho has bccn nceutcd by tho unanimous votc of tho CongrUss, nnd will uiidergo u trial. IIo was Santa Ana's Sccrelnrv of War. Sonor Lcaca, a distinguishcd Deputy from Qiicrctara a lender of the opposition ngainst thc lato Govcrnmcnt, is dcad. IIis funcial wns attencd by Concress and an iinniensc thronj' of citizon.s. Tnc Coininnndant Gcneral oftho Dc partinent of Vora Ciuz, unilcr daic of Deccmbcr 31, addrcsscd tho inhabitants, indicaling to thcm llin probubility thnt Santa Ana might altcmpt to cstablislr in Vcia Cruz, with tlio vicw of sccuriii"- thc niPiins ol'cscnpe in casp ofemeigin uy. 11c calls upon (hc cilizcns to lake up arms nnd preveut his pnicring Ihc city. A small forco, hc says, will ufiico for this purposn; but wc lcarn verbally thnt tlic stoics ofthe city werc closed daily nt 4 V. M. nnd mai linl law had bccn pro clnimcd, and tho inhnbilnnts musiercd with auns in thcir hands daily to bo dril lcd. 'I his looks ns if Ihey thougbt it would bc no casy mnttcrto slny his approach. Gen. Ainpudia, of barbarous notoiiety dcclarcd against Santa Ana in an nddrcss to tho inhabitnnts of Toliasco.on thc lCth of Dccenibcr.. .Ono might think him, from its tcnor, a Iruc fucnd of huinan frecdom. Thc mail duc at Vera Cruz thc morn ing ofthe 1st instant. brouglit nothing from thc Capital. Lcltcrs from Pnbela, dated tho 20ih ulf. wcro rccciud, uliit b stntctheic was asmall forco ofcavaliv i.n llic routo under conimand of Sennr Tor rrjon, to interccpt comm'.inicntion from thc Capital. It would scem nn casy matter to form an opiuii'ii upon thc issuc of this revolu tioni in Me.ico,as thc cniiiitry has dcclar cd itself so tinanimcusly pgniust Santa Ana; but it should he rccollccted thnt thc prc.-s ofthe ei'ies is dcvolcd to tl c Ac ting Governrneiit, icpiesenis ilsstrengtb in thc strongcst light, and scouts al tho wrakuessof ils advcrsaries. Agam, tho Acting Govcrnnipnt, so wc arc mri t rnol verbally, hits avowcd ilsclf in lavor of dishanding thc army so soon as ordcr is rcstorcd, with n vicw (o rcduee tho ex pcnses oftho Administration. This must neccs-arily disgust the desi lnte, idlo sol dicry, and inoro cspicially the nspiring or profligatc among thc oflicers, ni.d pcr haps to an cxtcnt that will aid (fl'cctivcly Santa Ana, if he can hold out ngainst the firt shnck oftho disnfi'cctcd, gci a little brcalbiiig timc and tho oppoitunity iir li-in ir bis mnney to bcnr upon the le.dci!) of his foc.s, Thcn, too, hc is a tnnnofde tciinincd rpinlution and feitilr in rescur rcB, and it would also sccm that ho is de icnuincd to fiht it oi.t lo tho lai-t. A iscvcrc Ildorl. Mrs Brak wanfcd to insult a Mr Snaud, and thus sho did it. "Mr S." said shc, "you say that you're a tcmpcrnnce ruan, yet you chews torbn ker." "Hcm a ycs muin!"he icpliod, feeling as if hc had a pint of vinpgar bc twcen his teolh, "but I docs'nt squcczo iny gizanl out with stays, nor stick my back up-wilh bagx-nf nual I docs'nt." ICpThc Dcmocratic Statc Commitlco of New llampsbirc have called a Slato Convcntion, to asscmblo at Concord on tlie 12th day of'February ncxt, lo Inke into considcration what coursc shall bc adoptcd relativc to their Congrpssional nomination in conscqucncc of Mr Ilalc's lctter abnut Tp.xns. NriO'IIumpshirc. A bill was passcd bv thc Xow-IIampshiro Housc of Reprcscn tativcs nt its lalc scssion, abolii-liing mili tia trainings e.xccpt of voluntccr compa nics, and thesc are lo bc paid thrcc hun drcd dollars cnch pcr annum for thc.r serviccs. All ablc bodicd pcrsons, how evcr, arc to bc cnrolled every ycar, and rcturns madc to thc Adjiitnnt Gcneral. Amos Kindalt's Casc. Wc arc plcns cd to learn that thc Unilcd Statcs Su prctnc Couit on Friday, Chicf Justico Taiicy delivcrcd llic opmion of thc Cottrt in thc casc of Stockton &. Stokcs, vs. A mos ICcndall.rcvcrsing thc dccision oftho Circuit Court oftho District of Columbia nnd sllsni, Mp Kendtt wl0 is ow tt. I .T T. , ' , ., " lVCHUail rOCClVCU iuu ' ... .itw.fc ww,.. ..v. ...... w.w ..w fricnds on tho occasion. many Thi; Boston Aljia.vac Thrpugh tho kindncss oftho cntcrprising publiscr, S. N. I)ioliinson,'Esq.,fwc have bccn fayor cd wrtli a copy of this work a pcrfcct gem, in tho lino of Aluinnacs. Bcsidcs ' . ',- n ,., : tho Ca endar iiikcs Gcnpral iMcnts l . , T 1B44 a List ofNcw Ellgland cwspa in pa- ncrs. nnd many other uscful items, il con- taiii3 a largc and bcautiful map of tho ;H j full rjllsillcssDircctory,-botli - j, -t pcculiary i 01 v 111011 Iautr 1U-"1B 1 . . . J valtiablo.to-mcrchants nnu owiora visiuug thc city r rmd thc rcpenled solicitations to. part with dtir copy.sliow tnc .appvcciqucn'