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T HE A G E .
TUUK9DAY EVENING, AUG 7, 1S5. Eleclion 2d day of Septcmbcr, rOR GOVBRNOR, DAfflELKELLOGG, OF ROCKINGHAM. KOIl I.IF.UT. GOVERNOR, W YLLYS LYMAN, OF BURLINGTON. FOR TREASURHR, DANIEL BALDWIN, of montpelier. For Stalc Scnators, Elijah Barber, J Uemington Co, John S. Pr.TTinoNE, ) " Chahi.es Chapin, ) Tiiomas White, Windham Co. Ebenezer Huntington. ) John Noni.n, Galf.n Pr.nso.ss, ( M indsor Co. John P. Skinnek, ) Hucn 11. Hn.vnv, Levi B, Vii.as, ' Reuben Pacje, HORACG FiriELD. Joii.v S. Webstek, AsAHF.L PecK, Orange Co. Chittenden Co. Roor.nicK Richakdson, j Washington Co. Oramel H. Smitii, S. S. HnowN, ) Cvrus IIotciikiss, franklin Co. Piiilip S. Gates, j JosF.rn Scott, Orleans Co. Geo. Mausiiall, Essex Co. "THE TAR1FF AS IT IS" PRO TECTION TO WOOL. Wo, last weck, made a few rcmarks up on the "new cry" ofthe fcderalitsts, 'the rcduction of tlio Tariff." It will not, we presumc, bc forgotten, that from the outact ve have contcnded thnt the cffoct ofthe prcscnt Tariff, would bo to fill the pockets ofthe manufacturcr at tlic cxpenso ofthe wool-grower. For assuming ihis position ve havc been prctty bountifully abused by the wliig papcrs iu the Statc, which are all under the conirol ol the inanufucturing iuterests. Last year, the bad effects'of tho Tarifl' which began partially, to be felt by the wool growing intorest, it was assertcd by the Manufacturcrs andthoso in their iuterests, vcre produced, not by the Tariff, but, by Ihe fears entcrtainod on their part.thnt the Tariff would' hc rcpcalcd! It was by rcn son of tliis fear, so thcy said, that they would pay a price no higher for wool! Well, tho Tariff was not diiturbed. Round, in duc course of timc, c.imes 1845 the grtal panacca for all cvils, the Tariff of '42, is in full blasl and wool 19 LOWKK T1IAN EVEa!! Now, tlns is prccisely the statc of things that Iho manufaclurers desiru. Under the Tariff of '42 thcy have bocn manufac turing, in thc heart of Vermont, FOR EIGN WOOL of a grado as fino as what we call "ou; course wool," which wool comcs into thc country duty frce under "the Tariff us it is,"und which costslhom at their factorics 23 per ponnd, at tho samc time that by "tho tariff as it is," woollen goods manufactured of wool of the samc quality is taxcd 40 pcr cent! Now, we rcpeat lliis is jiist such a stato ol things as the whigs desircd and calcu lated upon. Thcy havc stocked thcrn nelves ont of thc 13,000,000 pounds of their forcign wool that they havc been manufacturing, herc, in Vermont, the last year, purchascd for 23 tho pound, to sucli an cxtcnt iliat tliey do not nccd nnything like tho nutivo clip ofwou! for '45! conscquenlly, tho prico of nallvc wool being rcgulated by tho demand, and thc dcmand being limi tcd to just onough to supply tho wants of the manufacturcrs over and abovo their forelgn stock, is just what 'they liavo a niind to pay! They do not want n largo portion ofthe native clip, for its placo is alrcady Bupplied by foreign wool, and as thisforoign stock cnablcsthcm to kccp their machinery in opcralion nt nny ralo, thoy aro to a groal cxtent, lndopcndcnt of our wooi anu aro auio to nxjust such a pricc pon it as thoir cupidity may dictatc, and our wool-growor must takc it, or let it rot on his liands! But, although this is prccisely what the whigs want, yet, tho truc cause must not bo known, ths wool-growors must bc humbuggod still further and so thoy publish, by their papcrs, and by their run nor8, that the rtason why they can't pay a higher price for uool is that they fear that the Tariff will be reduced!" and with this wrttched falschood thcy hope to deccivethe peoplc oftln's state. anothor year. Wo altor;j:sd to ehow last wook, that it is the em -rms (juanlity of forcign woal, imported into the country duty frce, under Ihis Tariff and manufactured under the very noseaofthefarmtrt of this state, that CAUSES THE LOW riUCE OF OUR WOOL. VVho that claims tho leuBtsharo of com mon sonso boliovcs that, whilo tho manu facturcrs cnn got so rnuch toreion wool, duty frec.as to enable them to buy our wool or not, jusl as thoy pleaso,and that too, at their own prices, whilo thc very goods they manufacturcout of this forcign wool aro protcctod 40 pcr cent, that thoy carc for our wool-growors? and who does nol sec, at a glanco, thc truth of tho mattrr is, that ihoirfeor is for TIIEMSELVES, and nol for tho wool-grower? for whilc tho prcscnt stato of things cxists thcy aro growii.g rich while thc wuol-growcr is growing pnor. Here is the truth. Tho pcoplo of this stato havc been madc to bcliovc that their entire prosperity is idcntified with the Tariff of '42, and that any modification of that, is a dircct and surc blow at their in lerpits. To such an extcnt do thc whigs know that this belicf prcvails, that thoy presumo to cover up anything thcy may wish to do for their own iuterests by cry- ing out "thc tariff is in danger!" Every revcrse that thc tarmcr meets with, is m consequencc ol thc fears ofthe whigs that tho Tariff will bc troubled, in somo way Does his stock prove fruitful or barrcn! his crops tum out good or bad; his lainbs dio in a cold rain, or his hogs fattcn on a bountiful supply of potatoes and putnp- kins, all is in some mystcrious way, con necleu with "the lanjf. uut, cspc cially, are all his polilical blessings and cvils "owing to thc Tariff," and thc whigs whcn they makc a blunder in Lcg- islation havo only to chnrge it upon thc "attompts oftho Locolocos to ropeal thc Tariff" and it all gocs wcll. Whcn thc prcscnt Tariff was ndjusfcd the democrats dcclarcd that it afforded no protcction to thc wool-grower; but tho manufaclurers mado the farmcrs in this state helievc that tho attcmpts of Mr Wright and Col, Benton, to increasc tho protcction on wool wcrc only atlempts "to destroy the Tariff!" And now that this Tariff has gone into opcratinn and the ef fect is prccisely what, upon tho wool grower, the democrats prophcsied, thesc whigs declarc that this cffcct is produced by their fears that "tho Tariff will bc rc(!crr." Wc ask attention to thc following arti cles which bear on the suhjcct. I'rom the Albiny Argun, WOOL ITS PROTECTION I T S PROTECTORS. "Woolought to be i'ree." Keepinc in view this aphoristn of Jamcs K. Polk, let us briclly inquire what the tariff has dono for tho wool tradc. Tho clip of 1840, according to the census, amounted to 36,802,112 pounds. Good judges es- timate the product for tho prcsent tcai' about 82,300,000 pounds, heiug an in creasc of over forty-five tnillions of pounds in five yoars. During the last thrcc years with the cNceptionol tlns siunmer, domes tic wool has stcadily advanced in price; partly owing to the progressive impiovc- tncnt in its quality, anu partly to thc pro tection which the increascd dutics on for cign wools havo afforded. Sinco 1842 thc nnnual imporlntions, which had been previously some clevcn millions of pounds have lallcn, we believo to thrcc nullions Under tho exUting law,wool costiiifj inorc than 7 conts, per pound at the placo whorc it is shippptl, issubjpct to a spccilic duty at 3c. per lb. and an ad valorem duty of 3U per cent. buch is tho prcsent pro tection. Wc have stated uith as much accuracy as is nccessury for tho basis of a genernl conclusion, what thc tariir has dono tor tho wool intercst. Are thnrar mers oftho north anu west villagcs to sacrificc that inlcrest in obediencc tothe free irado that of slavcholding Locofo ism? Do ihcy think wiih John C. Cal houn and Jaines K. Polk, that 'wool otight to be frec? If the vicws of thc latter are even mcasurably carried out on this hcad, wc shall look for the answer to our quesiion at tho fall election. Troy Whis. Thc attempt at concealment which characterizes tho ohovc tho falsification of facts which stand out from ils facc cxhibit tho dishonest motivo which dic inte it, and the oxigences to which thc friends of "that Tarilf as it is," are driv en, under tho exlremo low priccs, to pull the wool over thc cyes ofthe Farmor, and rcconcilo hiiu to thc prcscnt stato of things. "What the tariff has dono for thc wool intorest," exccnt to invite importation and doprcss the pricc to an oxtromo scarcclv over before roached would ncrhans bc as difficult as to show how the doings of tne next congrcss aro to bc pronounced upon norc iu iNovomuer. But what has the tariff dono for tho wooj intcrestf What is the pre3cnt rate of protcction? It may bu that "wool cost- ingmorc tlinn seven conts c pound" pays thc duty statcd by theWhig. Uut what is the duty on tho articlo which is invoic ed abroad ns costing not morc than sovcn cents? Wc alludo to the coarser South Amencan and bmyrna wools. Instead of tho thrcc cents a pound and tho 30 per cent. addod, as thc Whig says oftho moro cobtly articlo, it is thrcc mills on the pound orfive cents on the dollar! Why is this latter fact conccaled, and why is so much prominenco givcn to tho high duty on the nncr wooiar And what is this quality pf wool that comcs in under tlns duty of thrcc mills on tho pound? It is matorial that ontcrs inlo the fabric of most of onr coarser do moslic cloths, satinetts, &c. kc -fabrics, which nrc, in some cases, themselves pro' tected by a duty of 40 cents on tho dol lar. Our farmcra raiso n kind of wool tltat answors this very purposo, and is uscd to some oxtcnt, by thc manufaclur ers of gatinotts. And yet, tho domostic grower of tho malcrial that gnos to tnako these fabrics, is protcctcd under thc oros. ndt tariff hy n duty of 5 cents on thc dol lar only on his wool, whilst thc mnnufac turur U protoctcd by a duty of 40 conts on tho dollar on his cloth. This is a strihing illustnition ofhat tho tariff has dono for tho wool intorest, But look nt tho nnportnitons. Has tho tariff chcckcd tho importation of forcign wool of tho qualities which como dircctly into compctilion with wool raiscd by our farmors? Havo thu nnnual importations shrunk from cloven to thrco millions? fly no nienns. On tho contrary, under thc sort of bounty hcld out by the prcsent tariff, thc importatioiiB ofcourso wool in '44, according to tho report oftho Scc rctary ofthe Treasury, ran up to 13, 000,000 of pounds 'and upwards; bcing about ono-third as uiuch as was raiscd iu this country in '40 and tho btilk of this camo from South America and Sinyrna. This fact shows how oxtonsivcly this coarse forcign wool is used by our mnn- ufucturors, and why it is th.it thc pricc of wool ranges so low "tlns summnr. As to thc fincr kinds of wools, which aro so htghly protcctcd, it has notbcon imported for the last ten ycars fo extcnsively as to nffect prices matorially. During that pe riod the anniiul imnortation has been a- bout 400,000 lbs. scarccly onc third the quantity of coarse wool imported last year. Tho high duty upon tho coarser wool len fabrics, and tho low duty on coarse wools, operntes theroof ns a bounty upon ihe importation ofthe latter and tho re 8ult neccssarily is fmc times for the mau ufacturcr, and ruinously low prices for the wool grower. This is what "the ta riff as it is" husdonc for thc word inter cst. This may be n desiruhlo statc of things for tho latter but it result's in gross incqunlity and injuslico, which is felt and understood by the ognoultural iuterests, and uhich cannot and should uot bo continued. From the Bennington Gmettc. WOOL GROWING. It appcars by tho Census of 1840, that in Vermont wo had 1,081,810 shecp, which yicldcd 3,099,235 pounds of wool. No state in tho Uuion raiscd so grcat a quantity in proportion to its popiilution Wool is the staple commodiiy, and the advuuce or rcduction ofthe pricc is intcr csting to all thc pcoplo of Ihis siatc; but moro particularly tho wool grower. In former times the farmors receivod from 50 conts to onc dollar a pr.und for their wool. It is now quotcd in thc New York prices currcnt nt 38 to 40 cenls for thc best Americau saxon flecccs, and S7 to38 for full blooded mcrino; and for South Amcrican unwaslud, from 5 lo 7 cents. By the tariff of 1828, the duty on wool was 4 cents per pound, cpecific, and an addition of 50 per cent ad valorem. By tho tariff of 1832 ihe duty was 3 conts ncr pound. spccific. and an addition of 30 per cent ad valorem; and wool cost ing 8 cents and under was frce of duty. By thc Compromise nct of 1833, tlterc was a gradual rcduction of dtitins until Junc 1842, when thcrc was an ad valo rem duty of 29 pcr cent on all kinds of imported wool. Iu August 1842, the prcsent tariff was adopted, seo page 761, Congressional Globe which cnacts, "First, for coarse wool unmanufactur ed, the valuc whercof, at thc la port or plucc from whcnce imported to tho Unit ed States, shall be seven conts or under pcr pound, thero shall be levied a duty of o per centuin ad valorem and on all other manufactured wool, therc shall bc levied a duty of thrco r.tnts per pound, nnd thir ty per cent ad valorem; P'ovuled' That when wool of dilTercnt qualities of the same kind orsort is imported in the snmo balo, bag or packagc, and tho aggrogate packagc and tho oggregatc valuo oftho coiitents of ihe bale.bag orpackago, shall bc apprizcd by thc appraisers nt a r:.te exceeiiing seven cents a pound, it shall bo charged with a duty in confnrmily to such npprNal: Prov'uled, further, That whou wool of diffcrcnt kinds- and diffor cnt quilities or sorts is imported in the samo bale, bag or package, the contents ofthe bale, bag or packagc shall bc ap prizcd at the valuc oftho lincst and most valuable kind or sort, and a duty charged thercon accordingly: Provided, further, That ifbales of difl'ercnt qualities are cni braccd in thc same invoice at i thc samc pricc, tho value of thc wholc shall be up prized according to tho valuc oftho bale oftho best quality: Provided, further, That if any wool bo imported hnving in it dirt, or any other uiaterial or irnpuritics other than thoso naturally bclonging to thc flccco, and thus bo reduced in value to sovcn cents pcr pound or under, the appraisers shall appriso such wool at such price as, in their opinion, it would havo cost had it nnt bccn so mixod with stichdirtor irnpuritics; and a duty shall bc charged thercon tin conformtiy to such appraisal." When thc prcsent tariff was under dis cussion in the Sonato, Mr Bcnton movcd to reducc tho rninimum from 7 cents to 5 cents. sco pago 833, Con. Globe, Hc said; "All thc wool Ihat is importcc', will bc so mnnagcd as to bring it under tho seven cents cost. This is provcd by oxporicncc. The same classification of iinported wool ht.s been iierctoforc rnade 8 cents being given in placo of 7 and what was tho consequcnce? Why, that nino millions of pounds woight of forcign wool was im portod at a valuo under 8 conis, to-wit: at 7 1-4 cents; and only a half a million pounds weight abovc thc valuc of 8 cents. Thus, therc was no rcvonuo from wool! nnd thus it will be agnin; for although 7 ctints is substituted for 3, yot tho univsr sal rcduction of prices is grcater than in thnt proportion; and thc result will bo the snmo undor tho rninimum of7 as of 8. No rovenuo will bo had from wool, nnd nn injury will bo dono to agriculturc Wool is an agrictiltural product. All parts of our country produco it, and pro ducc all qualities ofit, and in any quan tity that the manufacturcrs can constimc' Wc know that on the coast of Asia Mi nor and in South America, thc shecp is worth almost nothing: nnd tho wool is conscqucntly, purchnshcd for n moro tri- flc. If all was fair thero still would be a dangerous intcrfcrenco witbhomo grown wool: but all would not bo fuir! Good wool will bo mixed up with coarso. Low prices in foreien ports in Asia and South Amorica will be prorcd; Rnd nool worth much more than 7 cents tho pound will bo imported at 5 per contiim that is to aay, frco of duty will bc imported ns costing lesa, This hns bccn tho cnso un der the 8 cent limit, nnd will bo undor the 7; and tnns, an injury will bo worked both to the revenue and to tho agricultur al iuterests of the country. Mr B showcd that tho hill contnincd provisiotis to coun tcract these frauds, which admitted thoir cxisicnco whilo the law was iuipotent to prcvcnt them. The truo rcmcdy was, to mako thc limits ko low, that it would only covcr the renlly coarso woolsjho propoccd 5 as thc limit, which would affcct that ohjcct. Mr B. said it was ovidently to favor manufacturcrs thnt this c!aRst(icaiun of wool was mado, und nino millions of pound admitted frce of duty. Now, (Mr B. said, tne mauufucturers which worked up a domestic rnatcrial stood on a very diffcrent footing from thoso which work ed up fhreign malermls. Tho former en- courugcd our ngricultiiie; the latter dis- couragcd it. And ol this characler was tho mniinfttcturor of this foreign wool." This nmendmeiit wns ncgatived, aves 15 detn. Nayes 26 whig, Mr Wriglu aftorwarils movcd to lay a' duty of 20 per cent. ad valorem, on coarse wool this was negativcd ayes 18,nays 21. The following table fdiowfl the amount of coarse wool imported: Years. Pounds. 1810 9,000,000 1811 14,409,764 1842 10,637,751 1843 3,7711,083 1844 13,808,645 It is ndmittcd by all, that under thc tar iff admitiing wool coslidgS cents and un der, freo of duty, thprc was gross frnuds coinuiitted, so that little or no protcction was givcn to thc wool-growors of Vermont and it is very cvident thut under tho prcs ent tariffthe same fraudsand will be com rnittcd, as prophesied by Mr Benton. The largo importation last )oar accounts (or thc deprcssion of prices last fall; and it is fcared tlut ihe samo cause will pro duco the same cffcct to keep down the priccs thc prcscnt seasttn. Thc wool growcro can makc no calculntion whcth or to hold on for higher prices or not. Had Mr Bcnlon's or Mr Wright's nmenil mcnt prevailcd tho wool-growers would havc had all thc protcction they cotild have reasonably asked. But as it is.they Invc bccn huinbugged by a parade of pro visions which are of no cffcct to protect their iuterests. Now, it is as phu'n that what the wool- growrrs havc to fear is that thc Tariff of '42 will not be anicnded as it ia that what the manufaclurers have to fear, is, that it will be. The crv of the manufaclurers is all for sclfhr whilo they nrc makmg ycarly dividends of 30 and 50 per cent. thcy must bo fonls if they do not wish the same statc of things to continuc, nnd whilc thc farmcrs sce their own wool thrown out ofmarket or cut down to 30 cents the pound by foreign wool imported under this Tariff, duiy frec, thcy must be bliud, indccd if they do wish this state of things to continuc. Let the wool-grower jndgo for himself if somcthing is not wrong. The manufac turcrs who purchasc his wool, divide yenr ly.on their capital from 30 ulongto40 pf-.r cent. and a largc portion is kept bnck, with which mills aro built &c, and yet they sny thcy cannot pay but from 25 to 30 cents per pound for wool? Why is it? They say they havc no confidenco that the Tariff will not be reduced! Thcy havo had tho samo no-confidcnco disorder for thc last thrcc or four years and thcy con- Irive to grow fat on it. A strange disor der! rnging fearfully among thc manufac turers, tho ovil effects of which are felt alonc among the wool-growors! Wc np- peal to tho wool-growers if this strange sickness has not beenavaging thc systcms oftho manufacturcrs for years, and if it is im an anomaly in the history ol disease es that those who aro siiffering grow fat and hcalihy? We told you last year that you would hcar the samo "cry" this ; and so it is. How is all this? Will you opon yourcyes? Will you rcad and under staud? MIDDLEBURY COLLEGL'. The Commenctnent at this Institution occurred on thc 23d inst. The day, says the Galaxy, was cxtreniely unpropilious, and thc numbcr in alteudauco smaller than usual. still the la'rge Congregalioual Church was ivcll filled with nn intelligcnt and attcntito audiencc. Thirteon yoting gcntlcmen rpceivedthc first honors of the Collcgc, andthree reccivcd the second de grec. The Mon. degrec of A. M. was conferred on thc Rev.-A. II. Stowell, and that of D. D. on the Rcv. John Ilough of Ohio. On the day preceding thc Commence tnent the Literary Socicties celebratcd their anniversaries. Ralph Waldo ISincrson of Concord, Ms., discoursed before the Philomathesian Society. Addresscs wero also delivcrcd by Ilenry Hudson, Dr Par ker of Philadclphia, and on Coihmence ment day, after the degrees wcre confer red, the Rcv. Dr Conant of tho Hamillon Literary iy Thcological Instilute.delivercd an address before the Associated Alumni. The Annual Meeting of this Society was heldon tho morning of Commencenicnl, July, 23d. Tho appointinenls for thc ncxl annivcr sary wcre mado as follows: Hon. Solomon Foote, Rutland, Orator. Rov.Cyrus B. Drake.Itoyalton.Substituto. Jidin O. Saxe, lisq., Sl. Albans, Poct. Ilev. Byron Sundcrlin, Batavia N. Y.,Sub. Our friond "J. G. S.," it will bc scen has reccivcd a merrited coinpliment from his alma mater. Hc will not fail to do himself crcdit. THECENTRAL RAILROAD.AGAIN. Thc apologista and defendera of this wretched tliing say, that.as an offact to thc exomptinn from taxation with which thc stock of this Routo ishlcsscd, tho moncy that it will cost lo build it is lo bo expcnd cd in tho Statc! Herc is what thc Watcli man says about it: Of thothreo millions requirrd.ono mill ion only is roscrvcd to Vermont: this ia renlly thc sum which will bc taken from the grand list by the charter. But that sutn brings in doublc thc amount (i. c. two millions from abroad) to bc expended in the Slatc, to pnss into tho hands of our peoplc for stihsistence, land and labor, and be rcpresenlcd iu some form' upon tho grand list. - A beautiful udrnissinn ishere made, viz: that ONB MILLION OV MONEY 1(1(7 be taken from thc grand list of thc. Slatc bij the charter of this liailroad! This lact Iho fed- cral Watchman admits; hut attcmpts to palliate its bare-faccd enormity by assert- in g that the sum"double the amount,' thalit!tnc Bamo facilities granled to them all or cnsts to build it "will bc expended in tho Stato to pass into tho hands of our people forsubsistcnce." Glorious! very glorious! Admit for a momcnt all thii to bc truc. According to tho Registor published hy thceditors ofthe Watchman "the grand list ofthe State on lohich the Slale tax is madc out," wio ltult of the two folds bc ing doducted, is $2,217,405,85. Now, whcn this ceutral Railroad has swnllowed onc million of ihi., we should like to know how the deficit is to be madc up except by an addiiional taxon the rcmaining 1 ,217, 405,85? Will it not turn out that the 61,217,405 must do for the State, what 2,217,405,85 havc previously dnne? IIow much will thc rcinaiuiug 1,217,405,85 lack of having to pay doublc the amount of taxes in conscqucncfi ofthe million that this Railroad extracts from the grand list? And, now lot us ask if ihccitizcns of Ben nington, Rutland, Addison counties, cspe- ciallv, und a portion of tho cilizens of many of thc towns in a mnjority of the re maining counties to whoin t!iii road will beofno sort of bencfit,not to mcnliou thoso to whom it will be a positive injury, are williugto drag their sewet gkins and make up, in the State tax, the deficit catised by the iudulgencn given lo those who will be beuefnted by the ccntral Railroad? Ifthey are, why, very well; but wc should like to hcar them say so. But, the money is lo "be expended in tho State" that it will require to build this road and "is to pa?s iuto the hands of our people for subsistencc." Good! Please gentlcmen, Oliver "wants some tnorc!" We will pass n law exempting a million of thc stock iu thc Rutland Boute from laxa- tion. Wo should thcn havc of the "Grand List," on which tho Statc tax is made, 217,405,S5!! and according to thc Watch man, this state of aflairs would renlly be bneficial to the taxpayers of the itaie, be cause the money that it would cost to build these roads "would be expended in the Slatc to pass inlo the luuids ofthe peo ple for subsistencc," IIow would it work lo procure this kind of "suhsistence" for thc people of ihe state, by exempting the entire Grand Li:t from taxation lor the benefit of Railroads, and pn)ing thc laxes nccessury for thc support oftho tlalo and that havo hereiofore been levied on ihe Grand List, by thc kind of "subsislcncc" thaf'passes inlo ihe hands ofthe peoplc" from the coiislrticlion uf Railroads? Bul thc grand list is not to suffer, in fact, by thc cxemption of a million from taxation, because, the Watchman says "that sutn (one million oxempted) brings iu double the amount (i. c. two millions from abroad) to bc expended in the slate, lo pass into the hands of our people for suhsistence, land aud labor, and bo rcpresenlcd iu 3onie form on tho Grand List." Where the Road runs it culs up thc furmer's land an 1 pays what it pleatos; iu nine cases in tci nothing like what it is worth to the own er; bul this is a hcuefit to hitn, of course, bccauso whilt he ispnying ncarly doublc thc Statc tax in consequencc ofthe build ing of the road, and selling his land for half what it ia worth lo him, (hc signnl that this Road has crossed our bordcr will be the noise made by from otic to two ihousaud .spndes aud pick-axrs forr.ed iuto our soil by the hands of as many "foreign paupers" (sce whig papcrs) ns they are marshalled over our linc followed by their women and childrcn "lo pass inlo the hands of our peoplc for subsistonce, land and la bor, and be represented, in some form on Ihe grand list!" This is the kind of "la bor" of which the Stalc is to rcap the ben efit and that is to help makc up thc cxtra tax that will fall upon us by thc ahstrac- tion ofthe onc milton lor thc benefit ol' the CentraJ Railroad. Our people will not be etnployed to build this road, and all ol tho two millions that can get "repre sented on ihe grand list," will bo the con lomptiblc sum paid for carih and land, ta ken at half its value and a fcw buthels of "pralies" sold to tho "forcign paupers" employed in construcling it., And out of this thc whigs tcll the pcoplo ihcy are to mako up for their taken million from the grand list! When it is perlectly wcll-known that the money paid for thc labor and for n largc portion ot tho material, uon, cars, &.c, will not be paid to the people of this Stato whcn it is clear that, so far as thc i construction ofthe Road is conccrncd all ' ! tho benefit, that can, hy any poseihility nc- j cruo to the pcoplo of thc statc nnd those too, on thc very linc of thc Jioad, is 'what they will get for their land and lor their produco that thc "forcign paupers" will cousuinc, tho Watchman has thc impu dcncc to tcll thc peoplc that thc abstrac tion of a million of capital from thc Grand list ofthe Slatc will all bo madc np by cx pcnding the two millions in the Statc which it cosls to build the road! Iinpudcncc bc yond a parallel! What will this Watch man prcsume to force down the throats of the peoplc ncxt? It may bc aked, why we nttack this charlcr oftho Ccntral Railroad. Wc an swer, not because wc are opposed to Rail roads. The fcver is up and we could nol if wc would check it. Lct it run hut wc are wriling abonl this ccntral charter be cause it is too abominably wickcd to be nllowedto disgrace llic Inws of the State, and wc say that nll thc Railroad charicrs iu the Staic should be reconslructed and thc obnoxinus fealure of thc Central char ter should bc rcpcalcd. 'Tho people of this State should send men to Montpelier who will ropeal thc clausc of that charter which exempts its stock from taxation m five minules nfier thc Lcgislattiro lsorgan ized. A thing so iufamously unnjui-t should not live a mnment afier thc pcoplo can got their hand on its throat. It is a "grievance," and an enormons onc, that should be redrcssed by whatever means,and it will ic.or the people of Vermont aro not what they have thc reputation of being. We are nn old bachelor, and what's more, like the little hero below whosc 'go cart has brokeu down,' we don't carc who Iniows it. llut old bachelor asvveare, ev en nerve in our body has thrilled with in dignalion, whcn we have scen these 'little birds of Paidisc,' with all their gushing feeliugs aud genial sensibiliiies, thc bright est.purest, loveliett olijecls that earih can bonst, treated as you would treal an un rully dog. Vt. Watchman. Reader, what do you imagino these dear little "birds of Paradiso" are, for which theO. B. ofthe Watchman cnterlains such "gushing feelingsr" b abics ! nothing moro, nothing less! We hnvc the hnnor to be a member of the renowned I. 0. of 0. B's and we like them things, that tho Watchman tilks about, 'some;' but, we would go much further to listen to Olc Bull's perforinnnce on one violin string, than to hear a narvy old woman 'conie' a concerto on three habies. , Col. Ciu'rchill. Tho Washington Union accounts as follows for thc dismissal of Col.Churchill from thc oflicc of Inspec tor Genernl of thc Anny, a circtinutanco cxhibiting a hard course towards a gal lant oflicer, who had so long, so faithfully and so honorably served his country. Wc hope the Presidcnt will not bo 'nn mindfjl of his claims to consideration.': No ono at all acquaintod with Col. Churchill, doubts his mcrits: and all who know tho circumstances of his case, nd mit that it is a hard one. But if any onc, from the abovo rcmarks, should infer that ihe administration is censurablo for dis charging him, they do it grcat injustice. The legislulion of Congrcss requircd tho dischnrge of onc of thc two Inspcctors Genernl. Cols. Croghan and Churchill both gallant officcrs both highly mcrit oroiis on account of Inving rcndcrcd thrir country signal scrvice. Col. Croghan was thc oldesi Inspcctor Gencral, and his re tention rcncU'icd ihis dischargo of Col. Churchill iudispeiiKnbly neccssary by tho nct of Congrcss. We aro qnite critain that thc cxeculivc highly appreciales his chnracter, and will not bc uninindful of his claims to consideration, Mr Clay in his specch at Taylorsville, Virginia, in 1840, discourses as follows: "The fact of his (Harrison) eleclion, wiihnut rcffrence to the measurcs of his administration, will powcrfully contribute to the secunty and happiuess ofthe people. It will bring assurance of tho cctsation of that long series of desoln'.ing experiments which have so grcatly afllictcd thc people. Confiilencc will iinmediatoly revive, credit be rcstored, active business will return, prices of products will ric." According to tho Louisvillc Journal.Mr Clay was a fool!! Prentice ought forth with to split for the Mamnioth Cave. Just road ihe following which thc Journal pub lished tho other day: "Thc truth is, that every man, nol a Loco foco knows that thc mere fact ofthe succcss of a particclar man in thc rnce for llic Pres idcncy cannot in the very nalure of things, iu itself sorioutly cH'ect the condition of any sort of busincss; and no whig suppos- ed that siuiply because asmall majority of vnies werc given in tl.e Unitcd btates for iIr Polk, thc busincss ofthe nalion was to bo immediately prostralcd. The whigs wcre not such fools as to ascribe such vast rc.itills to the accidenlal elevation of any man, though thc Locolocos are vcrdant cnounh lo helievc that the whigs lookcd upon the matterin that way." The "whigs" iu Vrrmout who are such fools as to ascribe to the accidcntal elec tion ofMr Polk tho "serioiis condition" of the wool "busincss" w ill please read and ponder. Prentico is nn oraclc, you know. The Concerts ofthe Bakerfamily in this villago last Wedncsday and Thursday cve ning, worc fine affairs, and our cilizens showed their appreciation of good singing by giving them full houscs both cvcnings. The xchhllc of tho cusrinecrs on tho Woodstock and Bethel railroad was henrd at tho distancu of nintlccn tnilcs as tho last tm ,''car3 cntcrcd limepond last woek.