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Spirit of the age. [volume] (Woodstock, Vt.) 1845-1913, August 14, 1845, Image 2

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Election 2il day of Scptcmbcr.
For State Scnntor s.
Elijaii Barher, ) , . . , n
Tiiomas White,
Eiienezer Huntington.
Windham Co.
Joiin Nodle,
Galen Persons, J ,
T.. T) C n
indsor Co.
Huoh H. Henrv, f
Justus IIvatt, ) Rutland Co.
Caleb B. Harrington. )
Reuden Page, Orange Co.
John S. Wedsteu,
Chittenden Co.
RoDEnicicRicHAnnsoN, 1Tr ... n
Oramei. II. Sm.th, 'J"Wl.ff0HOl.
S. S. Brown,
foTCHKiss, Franklin Co.
. Gates, j
Cvuus Hotc
Josepii Scott, Orleans Co.
Geo. Maiisiiall, Essex Co.
Tlic last Watchman says:
"The Woodstock Age, in humble imita
sion ofthe Patriot, isout in a furions at
tack upon tlie charter of the Central Rail
road." Everybody knows lliat wn attacked thc
Central Railroad cliarter beforo it passctl
tho Legislature that ice thrcw the first
brick at the infamous thing, and that in
th'i3 mattcr, at (east, weumitate no onc.
But the inefTablcmeannessofthis parngrapb
isyet to be exposei. There is our friend
the editor of ths Patriot he was the
first inan on tho Central Route to
advocate it hc wrote in its favor long
beforc the Watchman he has done more
than any editor on the line of that road to
make it popular, and now, that it is likely
to go, the Watchman attetnpts to deprive
him of his hard-earned positionin the good
opinion of the friends of that road by
mnanly endeavoring to crcate thc impress
lon that he is now making "furious attacks
upon tho charter of that road!" There is
something very unmanly and suprcmely
contcmptible in tliis.
The young blue-light of thc Watchman
contmues as follows:
"What sensible man does not know that
the benefits accruing to thc State by the
construction of this road will tnore' than
ten times rccompense it for the amount
substracted frorr. its rcvenucs by exempt
ing from taxation the million taken by our
ovvn people? The addition to the Grand
List by the consequent risc ofrca! estatc
alone will far more than countcrhalance
any loss sustained by granting this immu
nity." Will the aagacious editorof tho Watch
man inform its readers how inuch he sup
poscs rcut cstate in the counties of Ben
nington, Rutland, Essex and Orleans will
rise in consequencc of tho building of the
Central Railroad? Does he dare asscrt
that the rise in real estate in onc ffth of
the towns in this State will "moro than
counterbalance any loss sustained by
granting (his immunity?" The advnntagcs
of this road will be local and far from be
ing cqually divided through the State. The
Road will be a positive injury to a largo por
tion of the people on its vcry track, and
pray how are these peoplo to be rcmuncr
atcd? Roal estate mny riso in Montpelier,
in Burlington and perhaps in a few other
towns immcdintely on ihe roadjbut will the
road causo n riso in real cstato in Ben
nington. Middlebury, Rutland, &c7, and
yet.tho people ofthesc towns aro to bo com
pelled to mako up, by an incrcased lax, lor
the abstraction of thc one million Irom the
Grand List invested in tho Central Rail
road and exempt from taxation! while the
towns of Burlington, Montpolier&c.reap all
thc beuefit causcd by the rise of real estate
in consequcnco of this road! Is ihisjus-
tice? Is it common dccency? Would it
be callcd honorablc among thicves and
The Watchman goes on:
"As for the othcr objection, has it in
deed comc to this? Is the "Green Moun
tain Democracy" rcduced to the necessity
of stooping so low as to pick up tho very
refuse of New Hampshire Locofocoism.and
endeavor to turn it to account? That an
ill-disposed man may thwnrt a public cn
tcrprise like this by unreasonably deny
ing the right of way through his lands.wns
the vcry doctrino that was chorishcd and
maintaincd in thc Granitc State, till the
people becomc so thoroughly disgustcd
with it thut thcy east it away with titter
contempt. Rely upon it Mr Eastman.that
so innnstroiis a dogrna, which cven its ve
ry originators havc scornfully ropudiated,
will nevor gain favor in cnlightencd Ver
mont. You aro moon-stiuck, if you be
lieve it!"
Stalc stufl, this, very stale. The peo-
ple care very little aboul this bug-a-boo of
"New Hampshire Locofocoism" by which
tho Watchman cndeavors todraw thcir at
tcntion from thc horrid features of thc pel
of the Vermont arislocracy, thc central
Railroad charter. The dumocrats of Ver
mont have no objection to railroads, as a
party. Thc mcmbers of ihnt party, in thc
Legislature of 1843, would have voted for
thc charter, to a man, if it had been tiuder
the control of thc Legislature and other
wisc as it should have becn. Let thc edit
or of tho Watchman convcrse with intelli-
gcnt New Hainpshiro whigs on tlic-subjcct
of this central railroad charter with Prof.
Hadduck, and such men, if he dosires
to be satisfied, that even the whigs of that
State consider this charter a disgrace to
any State. Thc whigs of New Hampshire
nevcr advocatcd any such abominable doc
trino as lliis charter embruces. It is a
wondcr to any intelligent whig in any
State, how such a cliarter could have been
passed, and an openly expresscd opinion
that no such charter could havc been pass
ed at this day, by a Legislaturo iu any
State in the (Jnion except poor,down-trod-den
The "right of way" has nothing to do
with this malter and not a whig, rabid as
hc mighl have been, in New Hampshire,
cvcr dreamed of the infamous doclrinc of
excmpling railroad slock from taxation.
This is thc issue, in this case, and thc
Watchman must stand up to H. The peo
ple of New Hampshire novcr bccamo dis
gustcd with the advocacy by the democra
cy of that Stato of tho doctrine lliat rail'
road slock should not be exempt from laxa
tion! for this doctrino was never broach
ed by any body no whig tliought of such
a mnnstrosity as a railroad charter wilh
its stock exempt from taxation! The con
troversy, thon, in this case, does not
touch, in the smallest ilogree, upon tho
late contest in New Hampshire! It is sim
ply, and plainly onthe question of exanpt
ing railroad stock from taxation and plac
ing charlcrs beyond thc contril of futun
Lcgislatures. "The denying thc right of
way by which an cvil difposed man
could thwart an entcrprise like this," has
nothing to do with the question and is on
ly draggcd in, by the heels, to draw atten
tiou from thc real issue.
IVc dcclare that railroad stock shall not
bc cxcmptfrom taxation that ono portion
of tho stalc shall not bc taxcd for the bon
efit of tho othor thnt real estate shall not
pay laxcs while thc cash capitnl is invest
ed in central railroad stock freo from tax
ation. The "originators" of the convcrse
of this proposition, are the whigs of Ver
mont, and not the Locofocos of New
Hampshire. ''If this doctrine can gain fa
vor in cnlightencd Vermont" if railroad
stock is to be exempt from taxation and
ono portion ot the State is to bcar
burdenaofthc othcr, thcn we misundor
stand the charactcr of the'people, fcdcral
as they are; and if to advocate the doctrine
that "the blessings of Governmpnt liko the
dews of heaven, should fall equally, upon
the rich and thcpoor," if to advocate the
doctrine that it is unjust to exempt one mill
ion of thc cnsh propcrty of the State, ncar
ly one half of thc grand list, from taxation
at the samo time that that capital is protect
ed by and drawing intert.st in the state, be
an evidence of lunacy, then we rc "moon
slruck,'' and we venture the opinion that
if thc young gentlcman of thc Watchman
had nothing abotit his head more trouble
some to himself and more offcnsive to his
associates'than such ideas, hc would feel
altogethcr more comfortable this warrn
What whig can toll why it is that a
tax on the grand list oftho State of New
Hampshire raising $40,000 is sufficient
to defray the State Government while a
bout $90,000 is hardly sufliciont to keep
the hoad oftho whig state of Vermont out
of water?
The lato whig Socrctnry of State, by
orderofthc Legislature copind the revo
lutionary pay roll that was madc out by
Hcnry Stevensiuto a book ofthe sizc of
books ordinarily kcpt in town clerks1 of
ficcs. The matter copied madc about 500
pagcs, cnch page containing about the
samo niimber of wordsas would amount to
about twcnty-fivc cents tho page.onc hun
drcd and twcnty-fivc dollars, as such
things are charged by town clcrks and
what do you think, good farmer, Mr
Whig Socretary of Slato charged for this
work? (pTwF.i,vr. iiundhed dollarsl
that is what he charged and ho was al
lowed ciGiiT iiuNnitED by this economi
cal whig stato administration.
Jn IB4U tlio prescnt state trcasurcr
made out an apportionment oftho surplus
revcnue to which the soveral towns in tho
State aro cntilled, undertho now census.
It was about a wcck's work for which
fifty dollars would bo good pay, and what
do you think, friend mochanic, what do
you think ho charged? why, only Jivc hun
dred dollars! and thnt chargo for about
ono wcck'e work.moro than you can cloar
in ten ycars, was allowed by this bcauti
ful Stato administration!
Now, roadcr, these aro only two items
oftho onormous cxponscs of this Ad
ministration, for which extravagancc you
aro obligcd to pay do you liko it? Will
you contintic to do it? go nhead thcn for
SladeSc (X
" Upon thc consnmmation of thclhrcaten
ed incasnrc thc annexation o) 2V.ras i do
not hcsitalc to say that it would bc thc dutrj
of Vermont to declarc he.r unalte.rablc dc
terminalion to iiaveno connectio.n witii
Tiir. new Union, ihus formed withouther
conscnt, and againsl her will." Gov,
Sladcs Mcssagc to thc Legislature last
We wonder if tho people of this State
have an idca of re-clecting tho"Northern
man with Southcrn principles"who pen
ned tho preccding specimen ol rank Nulli
ficntion? Are tho peoplo of this Slato,
really Nullifyers? Do thcy 'go' that doc
We learn from thc Poston Post thnt
somo 500 or GOO balcs of foreign wool,
from Buonos Ayres, valued at from $75,
000 to $100,000 waslately seizcd atLow
oll vvhero it was in thc liands of the man-
ufacturcrs, by thc officers of the customs,
for having been falscly invoiced and fraud
ulently got through tho custom houso at
5 per cent. duly when it should havc
becn subject to the 3 cents per pound
and 30 per cent.
Howdo ynu like the looks of this, Ver
mont farmcr? Beautiful "TarifTas it is!"
Protecta you from foreign competition,
just asthe whigs told you it would, don't
it? Wc intcnd no oflcncc, but wc should
liko to call .ittcntion, in this place, to thc
following cxtract from tho whig state Ad
dress lately published:
As a matter of pridc, of intcrcst and of
pulriolism, it is obvious, that tho chicf
norn, thc chicf duty, thc I'norEu voca
tio. of theWhig purty, is tho dcfencc of
this child of thcir own. TIIE PROTEC
We had ihought not to say any thitigon
this subject during the present canvass; but
ns tho organ ofthe Pinkeycs in this coun
ty has sccn fit to attempt todraw off dem
ocratic votcs by re-ssserting that the demo
cratic party is ihe "Rum party," it mny
not bc improper to say that, so far as wc
know anything about it.the Rcsolutions of
the dcmocratic cciunty convcnlion cmbody
thc viows of thc Democracy on the sub
ject. These Resolutiona are as follows:
Uesolved, That wc licliove in tcmpcranco in
nll lliings, mid havo Tull confidonco in tho cnpacity
ofman to govern lioth his appetitcs nnd liia pas-
Jtewhed, "That nll men aro cndowcd by
tlieir Creator witli ccrtnin inalicnaLlo lighu; that
among lliL'sc nro lifu, liburty, and tho pursuit of
liiippincss;" that democracy teaches lliat inun
jhould ho lefl ns far as ponible in tlio possession
und enjuy inrtit of ihcsa riglils, wilhout tho inter.
ference of lcgislatures or ilincrnnt lectuiers, to
control their pursuila, dictalo thuir opiniona, oi
cstnblish for tliemcitlior a systcm of religlon'oi
codo of morals.
It would seem that these Resolutions are
explicit onough.Thc democracy ofthis Co.
arein favor of "temperanco in all things,''
but they nro opposed to this lcgislation
which iscontinually inlerfereing inthoso
inattcrsof conscienne with which, in thcir
opinion, no lcgislatioiilias a right to mcd-
dle. They believo that the people of this
State have a perfect right to eat their mut-
ton, smoke their pipes and chaw tobacco
wilhout thc interference of any one man
or any set of men.
"Columbia, Columbia to gloryarisc,
Ihe Quecn ofthe uorld and thc child of
tne smes.
In 1811 it was the remark of J. Q,. Ad
ams, that if the fcderalists were "not ulti
inately put downin Massachtisetts, ascom
pletely as they alrcady aro in New York
and Pennsylvania, and all thosouthern and
westem States, tho Union isgonc. Instead
ofanation co-cxtensive with tho North
American Continent, destined by God and
natuie to be the most populous and pow
orful people, cver combined under our so
cial compact, we shall have an endless
multitude of little insignificant claus and
tribes at eternal war with one another for a
rock or a fish-pond, the sport and fablc of
European mastcrsand opprcssors." Tex
as, Oregon, California, etc. Otir govern
ment will soon be co-cxtcnsivc with thc
North American Continent, and we shall
excced in power any other people. J. Q,.
Adams in 1S11 would bafile trcason and
cxlend thc sovereignty of the Itcpublic ovcr
tbe Continent of North Amcrica, being for
(ho constructivc allegiencc oftho ci'.izcns
ol thc Unitcd Stttlcs, though found out
oftho "old 13" when ot lorce sufiicientto
constitute a State and ncar cnough to join
the confederated sons of libcrty. The fcd
cral clan of J. Q,. Adams are for a rock or
afish pondor little insignificant clans, thc
sport and fablo ofold England, rather than
soc the banncr of frccdom wavo triumph
nnt in the Northem hemisphcrc.
Thc Union States that tho nutn bcr of
papcrs and packagcs which have pass
cd through thc Washington nost of-
fico, unconnectcd with the business of
thc Government, has incroascd 33 per
cent, comparcd with tho business of June.
Thc gross amount of procccds from post
ngc charged to tho Govornment for its
lettcrs, &c, rocoived and sent, is onor
mous. In the Post-offico Dopartment n
lono it is said to reach $40,000 for tho
month just past.
Maj. Eastman, Sir: 1 am a whig
and read tho whig papera. Tho Wood
stock Mercury, Tribune, kc. And somc
times I run the risk of reading thc Ago
when out of sight of "Tom Powors" &
Co, I havc hcard inuch said by the good
people of our Villago denouncing tho Gth
and 0th resolutions passed at thc Windsor
Co. Dcm. Convention, nnd published in
your papcr .luly 24th. I hcard them read
ovcr and dcnounccd to many persons as
containing vcry bad sentiments to publish
to the world that mankind havc a capaoi
ty to govorn themsolvos. At thc Scm't Ccn
tenial celcbration ol the fmindation of Un
Collcge, Schencctady, July 22d ns pub
lished in thc Tribune, I noticed Chancel
lor Walworth's toast, which was : "Our
venerable and vonerated President who
understands tho truc sccret of tcaching
othors to govern, by tcaching them to
govcm thcmselves." To case thc feel
ings of many ofmy whig brcthren I wish
you would publish in your paper such a
part of the celcbration as you can spare
room for in your paper, and put the resolu
tions and the toast sido by sido and the
scntiment tnay not look so bad nftcr all
and oblige
A wiiio voter fkoji 1824 to 1844.
Scy(What a change thoro is in the whig
loaders in Woodstock, Maj. do you sup
pose it's so all over the State, ha?)
The resolutions alluded to are as fol
lows: 5. llisohed, That we believo in tem
pcrance in all things, and havc full confi
dence in the capacity of man to govern
both his appetites and his passions.
G. Ilesolvcd, "That all men are en
dowed by tlieir Creator with ccrtain in
aienable rights; that among these arc lifc.
liberly, and the pursuit of liappiness;"
that democracv teaches lliat men should
be left ns far as possible in the posscssioti
and enjoyment of thcsc rights, wilhout the
interference of lcgislatures or itinerants
lcclurers, to control thcir pursuits, dtctalc
thcir opiniona, or ostablisli for them either
a systcm of rcligion or a codc of morals.
When thc wise men ofthesc days dis-
prove the principlcs ofthe Declaration of
Independence, thcn they will be able to
ovcrthrow thcsc Rcsolutions, and not till
then. We utiderstand by thc way that a
"Misthcr Uap'n O'Riley" made a werry
furious onsct upon them a few days sincc
in sundry placcs iu our village. Wc
are sorry that peoplo don't know enough
to lcave "fixed facts" alonc.
New Postmastcrs in Vermont. M. M.
Flint, West Randolph, Z. S. Spear.Brook
fiold, Jonas G. Chittenden, Williston.
sCPThe whig papers say that thc dem
ocratic party in tho Slate aro making
jreat exertion to succeed, this fall. We
really wish it wcrc so.
llemembcr it. Ho that condernns a
small insull, commits a grcat ono; the
grcatcst of all faults is to belicve we havc
A large mnjority of the best wines
drank in thiscountry arc manufactured in
New Jersey. The Clarct, particularly,
which is madc by men who kecp dying
eslabltshments and who do not want to
wastc their iudigo.
"What is the matter, John?" "Sam
hove a biblo nt mo and hit my hcad."
"Well, you are the only boy of the family
on which the bible cvcr made any impres
sion cry as long as you plcasc."
"Gcorge Washington Napoleon Jackson
Hannibal Harrison!" "Ves,
"Tcll Josephino Rosina Cleopatra Matil
o'a Victoria to bring up tho slop pail."
"Yes, ma'am."
Jl miractdous cscape. The following
purports to be from the Ithica Chronicle,
but whereas scveral hoaxes have emanaled
from that quartcr, wc receivc it with a
great deal of allowance.
As a party of young ladies and gentle
men were amusing themselves with a ru
ral walk on the 4th of July, onc of the
nuniber, Miss JVIofTatt, of Vann, ap
proachcd the bank of Fall creek, at a
point ncar the dam, about a mile up the
stream, to obtain a view ovcr tho preci
picc. Seizing hold of a bush for support,
and fascinalcd by thc beauty of the scenc,
shc iiicautiously leaned too far forward,
by which thc bush giving away, she was
precipitatatcd over thc bank, a pcrpendic
ular fall of cighiy two fect! One would
supposethat instant cxtinclion of life must
bc the neccssnry consequcnco of such a
descent, but fortunatcly she was rcceived
in water of ihrce and a halffoetdeep, from
which she scrambled on dry land, "consid
erably frightened.but notseriously injured,
not having evcn lost her presence of mind
for supposing after striking tne water that
she might he cnrried down by the forco of
thc currcr.t, she had drawn off a glove, to
cnable hertelf to scizc hold of anything
she might be able to reach, to arrest her
Indiana. A correspondont oftho Cin
cinnali Gnzoite, writing from Indinnapo
lis, says: "The census just taken ofthe
Stnto of Indiana shows a rcmarkablc in
crcasc of polls over last year, being now
nbout onc hundrcd andsixty thousand.tho
returns of last yoar only numbcring ono
hundrcd and eitghteen thousand. Tho
taxnblo propcrty will not bo less than one
hundrcd and twenty-fivo millioiiB of dol
lars. And yet wc arc told that our peo
plo aro unablo to pay any portion ofthe
intercst on our public dobt."
A young woman wns fincd thc othor
day, at tho Southwark polico offico, for
making a strango uso of her "bustlc."
She altomptcd to smugglo a bladdcr of
brandy into the Quccn's Bcnch prison.
concealcd in the bustlo."
For thc Ago,
To n cortain class of men in our Rc-
public, the tcrm " Vcsted Rights," is ex
trcmly plcasing, chcering, nnd oxhilcra-
ting, they socm to supposc it coincd, cx
clusivcly for themsoli'es. And notwith
standitig thcir grent prctentions to De
mocracy, and vcneration for Jofferson,
thcy cnn scarccly make a movc or uttcr
a scntiment, which is not begotlen by this
mastersptrit of Royalty.
A most perfect illustration ofthis truih,
is found in thc doublc dealing and faith
Ics9courso oftho Central Rnil Road
company not perhaps tho slockholders of
thut company, but tho great spirits who
control and dir6cttho minds and conscicn
ccs of thosc stockholdcrs, as summcd up,
in tho person of Clmrlcs Painc.
It wns univcrsnlly understood that tho
dbject of crcating tho numcrous rail-road
corporations in 1043, was to complctc two
routs from Lake Champlain to Connecti
cut Kivcr and JJoston, onc lor thc ac
commodation ofthe east sidc oftho Moun
tain to conncct with the Concord 8t Lcb
anon rotito, and the olhcrforthc accom
modation oftho wcslcrn part ofthe stato,
to unitc with tho Fitchburgh roulo. Iu
fact it was the log-rolling botwcen these
two interosls, thnt prodticed the charters
in thcir present forms. This understand
ing was kcpt up, and thc most basc and
barefaced treachcry was practised upon
tho Concord & Lcbanon rousc undor the
cloak ofthe most ardcnt friendship. The
ngents and reprcsentatives oftho central
company attended tho mceling at Leba
non, with as high prctentions of friend
ship for tho route, as satan manifested
for the saviour on tho pinaclo ofthe Tcm
ple. Notwithstanding which, in less than
48 hours, tho contract, (which Paine had
becn for weeks negotiating) with the
Chesirc routo was formally ratified, with
the vain hopo of supplanting both thc Lcb
anon and tho Rutland routcs. But cor
porations havo no souls and therefore are
not stiscepliblo of rcmorso, or montal
Tho objcct ofthis company evidcntly is
to prcvent thc construclion of aroad from
Concord to White River, nnd also that
from Burlington via, Rutland to tho Con
necticut Rivcr, for in so doing thcy might
tnonopolize tho wholc business on their own
terms nnd if it bo nniteil with the thcsh
irc road Gov. Painc and a fcw coadjutors
mny gct the bonus.
But this mntter should be carritd tothe
polls, nnd such men clccted to the Legis
latiirc as arc pledged to so amend that
charter ns to rcnder thc stock nnd propcr
ty tnxnblc as is nll othcr property ofthe
fnrmer and mcchanic.and also be made a
menablc to all future lcgislatures, as the
public good mny from time to time requirc
It is indccd gratifying that tliesigns of
thc tnncs nro so nuspiciou3 m relatton to
tliii matter. Hundrcds, who nt the time
thosc corporntions wcrc creatcd, cxcrtcd
nll tlieir powcrs to rondcr them mdcpcnd
ant ofthe Legislature havc, by tho jtig'
lina of Charlcs Pnino, St Co. had thcir
cycs opened to tho truc dcsign of thosc
land sharks, who procurrd, and who ron
trol thc central company, and aro now
nnxions tosec the crealurc bridled, nnd
rondcrcd (if not honcst') ubcdicnt to thc
will of4he people ns expresscd through
tlieir representntivcs, when uninflticnccd
and unbiased by tho powcrs of wealth and
utilrnmmclled by tho mcshcs of intrigue.
Thc peoplo should fully undcrstnnd ihis
matter. In the first placo this charter
was lorced through thc Legislature by
being madc n strict party question,
ycs upon the whig pnrty nided by a few
nominal Dcmocrnts, who cstecm itcuniu
ry intcrests, more than honcst principlcs
rests the odium, nay, tho disgrace ofin
crensing thc burdcn of the laboring thou
sands, to fill the pockets ofthe proud and
haughty capitalists. Thc Montpelier
Wutchman acknowledges, that by this cx
emption in thc central charter, will bc
abstractcd from thc Grand List of the
State, $1,000,000. This then increases
the buroen of taxation opon thosc who
are dependant on thcir daily labor for the
support of thcir wivesand little oncs.
Already have hundrcds, in our state
transfered, thcir money at interesls from
thc Grand list of thcir towns to the books
ofthis central rail road company, where
it iscxcmpted from all taxation. Already
is the finger of derision pointcd at thc
Legislature of Vermont, cven by thc
Wliigs of New-IIampshire and Mnssachu
setts. And will thoso who aro intcrcsted
in thc Rutland routo, will thc people of
tlio state stibtnit '.o lliis juggling this base
perfidy of Pauic nnd his tools? Will the
tax-payers of Vermont conscnt to pay a
twofnld tax, for thc benefit of specuhitors
and sharks? If they do, thcy must havc
lost thc spirit of Allcn nnd Wnrncr,
which has hcrctofnrc sigiinlizcd them n
mong nll their sistcr states. Frcemon,
rally! Rally nnd assert your rights, nnd
asscrt them with a detcrmiuation to rccov
cr nnd maintnin them, comc out boldly
nnd rend in scnson the chaiii3 with which
a few ovcrloadcd and ovorbearing capit
alists aro endeavoring to bintl you. Let
them understand at onco that so long as
you arc called frecmcn,you will enjoy cqual
rights, nnd will nevcr consent to becomc
a corporation-ridden community. II.
Fire and loss of lifc at Newport, R. I.
On Sunday about noon thc Occan houso
took fire iu the kitcben, and three hun-
Idrcd mmatcs. fashionab c boardcrs.
trtined out to seck other qunrters. A lit
tle before six o'ciock in tho nfternoon,
the corpsc uf Samuel F. Gardner, Esq.,
of Newport, was taken from the ruins. Mr
White, connectcd with thc hotel, was miss
ing; and scveral persons were injured by
thc falling of the building. Thc stables
were saved, and a good portion of thc
baggagc and lurniture. The cstablish
rnent was owncd by a company of gentlo
men in Newport, and was insurcd at the
American office for 68000, Washington
$0000, Mutual 84000; (all Providencc
ofliccs) aud in Hartford at tho Hartford
oflice for $0000, Protection for 8000,
and Etna for SG00O.
P. S. Mr White was not injured.
A story is going the rounds of tho pa
pcrs that aring, lost elovcn ycara sinco.hns
lately been found within a turnip, produc
cd on thc ficld in which the ring was lost.
It is not ofton that rings nr;i up in that way.
Thcro wns a new impulso given to
woollcn manufactorics when tho present
tarifT wcnt into oporation tho dcmnnd
for cloth good, and tho hopcs of consu
mcrs as woll as tho producers sanguino
all will agroo. Under this impulse manu
factorieBB)rung up, oporationa wero cx
tcndodnnd tho prico of wool of courso
cnhanccd. Manufacturers were inspired
with renewcd hopcs undor tho lmprcs
sions that tho future policy oftho govcrn
mont would bo such as to enablc them to
compctc succcssivcly with the manufac
turero of Europc. Polk's olection has
east a .dampcr on thcso hopes thrown
gloom around thc branch of American
industry, nnd thoso cngagod in it are vcry
cautious what prcpnrntions thcy mako to
extend operations. Not a singlo now cs
tablislimcnt to our knowledgo has been
put in oporation these last six months
init little wool is hought and that at n prico
grently rcduced from last yoar. This in
our opinion, is a rational view ofthe sub
ject fully justificd by tho exisling state of
things. Claremont haglc.
1 hc aboyo are thc reasons civcn by thc
editor oftho Claremont Crow, for the fall
ofthe price of wool the present season.
Wc liope the editor knows beticr, and are
inclincd to think ho does; but common
honcsty should tcach him that thus to
cvadc a direct question is one of the
meanest resorts.not only of a political edi
tor, but of a common bar-room politician.
He says "Polk's election has put a dam
per upon manufactorics thrown a gloom
around this branch of American indus
try." He knows that in the above para-
graph he has uttered a lic too absurd to bc
believed. 11c as well ns any ono elso
knows that manufacturing is carried to a
much grcater extent tho prescnt season
than cver before, and that both cotton
and woollen mills are nlmost constnntly
going to opcration, and also that it is the
best business which is carrieu on m thc
country nt thc present time. Wo think
that no other fcdcral editor in thc State
would ofler such false nnd foolish reasons
for thc fall in thc price of wool. We
know that holding a controversy with thc
editor ol the Crow upon any subject, is
liko fishing for viimims, yet if there are
any of our readers who supposo thnt this
tariff raiscs the price of wool, wc wish to
set them right. Thc reason why it does
not is bocuuse the leadcrs of tho foderal
pirty nevcr intendcd it should. The pres
cnt tarifi'imposcs a duty of thrcc cents
specific nnd thirty percent. ad valorum
on the high grades of wool, and on cheap
wool only aboul three mills per pound.
Uwler its opcration about 30,000,000 of
Ibs. of coarse wool havo comc into ths
country within thc last three ycars, hav
ing a duty of only three mills per pound,
while thc average importaiions of fino
wool has not exccedec' a half a million of
pounds per year. Thc cojrsc wool, tho
importations of which in somc ycars, havc
amounted to one llfth ns much ns tho
wholc producls of the Unitcd Stntes, is
brought into tho woo! growing regions of
the country and manufactured. It is mnn
ufaclured in nll the New England Stntcs.
It is this wool which causes a surplus in
the markct, nnn which lends hcavily to
dcpress wool of Ainericnn growth.
And let it bo reuiembered thnt it wns
the foderal party in Congrcss who voted
to let this wool come into the country, ai
most duty frec, lo benefit the rich manu
fncturer. That party have always ilelud-
ed the vool-growers,by prctended protec
tion. .s an evidence of this it can bc
clearly shown by documentary facts that
wool has becn thc highest when thc Tariff
was the lowest. By tho priccs current
of ihe Boston papcrs, wool brought from
55 to G0 cts. per Ib. in 1818, and in 1819
from 55 to 58, and in 1821 from CO to
85; yet the dutv on wool was only 15 per
cent. By the 'TarifT of 1824 a duty of
30 cts. per 1b. on all above 10 cts. was
imposed, from thnt year to 1828 thc aver
age price of wool raged from 25 to 02 cts.
By the Tariff of 1823, 40 per cts. and 4
cts specific on all wool over 8 cts per lb.
under 8 cts. duty free; yet wool in 1828
averaged from 30 to 50 cts. per lb. aud
in 1829 from 25 to 45. By the Tariff of
1842, 30 per ct. and 3 cts specific on all
costing ovor7 cte per lb. and under a
bout 3 mills per Ib, yet in 1 842 wool aver
aged from 18 to 38 cts, nnd in 1843 it
avcraged nbout 27 cts. and in 1844 from
25 to 40, and in 1845 it is full 10 cts less
than in 1844. By this it will be secn that
wool brought in 1818 9, and 21.ncarly
or quite doublc what it is ot thc prescnt
time, yet there was then only 15 per cent
duty on it now there is a duty cqual to
40 per cent. Common senso should tcach
tho editor ofthe Crow thnt dcmand and
supplv rcgulntes thc price of wool as
well as every thing else, and although it
has been the highest when tho tariff was
tho lowest, it was no doubt so in coiise
quencc of an artificial slimulation which
the tarifi'gave it in conncction wilh the
importation of conrso wool. Wc well
rccollect tha,t du,ring the last Presidential
contest, the Crow was constantly telling
the farmcr that "the higher thc duty thc
lowcr the price," when talking with them
nbout mnnufncturcd goods, sugnr, snlt
and iron; but when hc talks to them a
bout wool, hc says tho duty increases thc
price. Such ignoranco, hypocrasy nnd
fnlschood should not bc tolerated.
Newport Argus,
Grcat Fire in St John, N. Jl About
half-past 10 on thc night oftho 29th ult.,
a fire originated at Nisbrt's blacksmith
shop, on Peters wharf, St. John, N. B.,
and spread eastward with grent rapidity,
and destroycd forty houscs before its
progress could bc nrrestcd. All tho
buildings, except two of brick, were of
wood. The probable loss is cstimaled at
abont 00,000, a small portion only of
which is covcred by insurance. Scveral
ofthosuburnt out saved a part of their
goods, lurniture, &c.j but those ncar tho
place where thc firo originated saved but
little. Boston Post.
An EXTnAORDiNAnv MEjionv. At a
rcccnt election of a pnrish officor by a
board of guardians in tho south-west di
vision ofthis country, thc otcs wero prc
faccd with some rcmarks on the capacity
oftho respcctivecandidates. A worthy
mcmber ofthe board observed: "I havo.
known Mr a long imc; in fact, I
havc hiownhim forcvtr; therefore, ho
shall hare "my vote.

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