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Spirit of the age. [volume] (Woodstock, Vt.) 1845-1913, October 02, 1845, Image 1

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Hy CUAUTjKS G. HAST3IAN, l
Woodstock, Vt.
BUSINESS C AliDS.
O. A. 11KYANT,
Dalerin t3ngllsh,Freiich,,iind Ainerlcnn Dr) Onoua
W. I, (Jnoda,uii(l Oroccrlea,
Crockcry , Glnsa nnil Ilnril Ware.
KlmSlreet,
Mi.i.i.isu &. si.adi:.
iikaixrsin n.oun, w.i.ooonsA-oitocKRiES.
Al.nl ro.VMTANTt.Y ON IIAND,
ritUITS,CONFl30TI(NARY,SllM.ll3lURINKSAND
CSTHAfc1TRBKT,llfMIITBWIIITWRVV MOTnli
Ocn. .Mhli.hu, onu. II. Si.ape.
A.'UATCH,
jJt lrc oJ-Z i'ni ''! oce;uci iy
j, o. TRinno;
Vn'flpF :tio n a it v , siiM m i:r nn i N ks. a n d
ltfRBP!IMl:.NTS,UONSTANTI,Y ON IIAND.
RKNT11AL STItEET. 223
AUOIISrUS II. VKN,
VholenileniiilrctBilileiilM In V. I. GondnjTeaFrulls
Wines,Atc.,nlan,Stoves,Fiirnllurc, Ac.
3 linaRHOUTtl I1BAD OF STATESTREET,
Jlmiieir,'l, 182 ly
IUISSKM' ii OI.A U K,
IV A T C II M A K 11 U A ,lNI) .1 F, W 13 1. 1. E R S,
lll'l'oHTE wltlTNEV'B HHTF.I.. CESTRAI, HTREET,
"" ii. II IIAII.ICY.
Mniutoure nf'llvcr Snotns ind SnecUcle nnd Dculcr
In .lewclrv, Ciicler; nnil 1'itiicy t.oous
Whnicsnlc nml llelnll, 2("
OppimilcWliilncy' Ilotcl, Ceniral Slrcct.
IIFA'RY IIATCH,
Ont dncimoulh of Union llall,F.lm Strtel,
ti v, corrnn, anp (iiir.r.T innN worker.
'FuaT.KS II. WINN,
TAILOIt,
Snme. door with X. Rahtlall.
MICIIAKIi .MVERS,
T A 1 L 0 R
Ovtr J. Collamer's Ojjice,
r.lm slrcct,
I',. W. SMITII, Tnihr,
nf.xt dooii niu.nw nnicic stagf; iiouhe.
Ludlow, Vt. 216
""ahos w. waurun,
m:t.Eit in nooTs.snons and i.r.ATiinn,
ll kinda uf l.enihcr for ile chii Also, IJouts nn.(
S'loca ofcvcn (liMi-rpitlon.
jrPnicKs- riiirk llnnln. C,50-Cnlf, pegscd.iGcnt.
HewedbuolslnrUii'l iltotlicr w.irk i I'ropnrllnn
Ohvrmi. brRBBT. 11
i). m. dewf.y,
Mnkcrnfthc Improved lloharl Wnoden Piimps.
rrThcnbnvcPuinpsarcw.irrunlcil tnilrnw; n Imrrcl
n mlnutc wilh r.nc, npln n bundrcd lcct.
rr All nrilcr-i Irom a dlauucc pronipuy niiemieiiin.
Knndolph VI.
221 l(
WIIITNP.VS IIOTEI.,
Cornerof Elm und Ceniral slrcett,
II V S. AV II I T X E Y,
"HAGLB TMMPnUANCK IIOUSR,
u r .. m. woon,
south sun Tiir. park. 2
IlltlCK STAJ
3 IIOUSI3,
a c k n i v e n ,
i o utii s i n r.
D
JOHN R. SMITII
ludlow, vi .
1GI tf
',, V. HYDI'3,
It I C IC S T A f! E II 0 U S E.
I!
rrnrtnrtvilli'
I Vt.
233 Crn
lll3NMtY ''. MAKSll,
IIOUSC AND SlnN PAI.VTF.il, Al.0 DBUCIl IN CARRHnnS
and VvnNixii nr evrrv nBCRirTiox.
(! R N' T n A I. 8 T H B E T
WITT t SCOTT.
rjlntcra, rtnd iloalcr in riihlr nnd Onrriujci' ofnllklnds.
CF.STIUI. STRKET.
" .IOSII1IA MITClini.l.,
v a n n i (i 13 a N i) s i, r. l o n
mnii 8TREET.
M A K 13 n,
116
OBOIir.HPISHRR.
ninifar.tirer ol,nnl dmltr in caliinet furnilurt 0
tiery Irtcriplion.
l'leasdiilStrcft, 218
Iii7fi. K. I A I.M K
Ofllceln llie llrirlt lllnck oppnslle S liltney'n,
CBSTRAI. STREBT.
S. J. AliljF.N, 31. 1).
pnrsrcMJv Aj"d suhgkoj
Oillccoppnsilo Wlillncy,i lloli'l-
oiv 11. ir r -MfiNO.
TOMSOMAV nOTAMC PR VOTITION r.H,
Ilctwccu Ihe Mclhndist imd Ilplscopal UI,ugl!f"j
MVr.RY STAHI.n,
II Y A I. II H U T P A C K E K .
Conrt itrcct.
"c;OLLA3inil .V IJAUUHTT,
A I t 0 r n 0 y a 11 tl Oitinollor3 n t L a w,
Elm Slrcct. 1S3
jACnnCoi.i.AJinn. Jameh Ha rtif.tt
O. I.
I to r no y antl
CIIAXDI-I'.IU
Courtnellor at
I, R v,
20a
Central Strtrt,
TIIACV i cbNVKUSK,
H II or n ci n,! Counncl lor s al J.aw
oillce ovcr tlic llnnk. nim Strccl,
"liritTAHSH,
ATTORNKV AND COUNB F.I.LOR AT J.AW
C.rntrnl ilrrrt.
I3IMVIN 1HITCIUNSON,
ATTORNKY ANI) COIJNSni.I.OR AT I.AV.
WOODSTOCK, VT.
wTsmtmikv & M A u s 1 1 ,
ATTOnSI'.l'S 4 C O I' N 8 13 1. I. O II 8 AT I.AW ,
ll'nmUhrlc, ('
Sj-O.llccin theioom l itclv nccuplcd n tlic "Cla t lub
New Itnnni,"
P T. Whrit., Masler in Chancrrii.
C.P MRS11 23811
N'civ.21. iei4.
CALVIX FltKNClI,
Jltorncij and Councltor ut Ltiw,
pnoCTortsviLLE, vt.
231
I. W. HIOHA7U)SON.
AUorncy nnd Comncllor al I.aw,
weston, vt. 2
HtF.Or.RICK 0. ItOliHINS, " "
A TTOIINEY AT L A Wl
j.uni.ow, vt. 157-lj
".VARRB.'r (3. FRKNCIf.
ATTOItNEY A T h A W,
tHAftON , VT. 235-1
wAYKiTTfsLAlTnT
Jlttoi ncianil Counttllort ul Law,
"nfti.ii'nnv r n
ROYALTON JT.
r. wu.Kt.n.
a. w. at.tnK.
PIIOS. II.MtTI.I3TT. .In.,
Altorni!,CnunirllirnmlSalir.llorln Clianccrtj,
at l.VNnni, v r.
rr ttcudtlic.rfuperinr Cnurliln thecoiintlef nf Calc
tmlR, l3-cx,nrlenni' nnd Washington. 133-lf
IIUNTON & JONRS,
ATTOIINI.Y9 AND CnUNHEI.LortS AT I.AW.
ChcUcts VI.
A. P. IIunton, 203 P. C. Jones.
P. R. STRI'.F.TF.K,
Jlllnrntii nnd Coumtller at Law.
BAUNAnn.VT. 115
J. (I. IIAWKINS,
Altorncv nnd Counullor at Law.
t r.i.cnvti.i.r.. vt 34
J. F. DKANF.,
Jlllorncy and Uounscllor al Law,
CAVENDISH, VT. 105
JAMF.S.M.GILSON,
ATTORNKY AT LAW,
chelsea, vt. aifi.fim
UI(3UAHI)SON& NICIIOI.SON,
At 1 0 r n e t;", a n d Coume.llnrt at Law
UliralertWlnilinrCnnnty, vt.
N Hickaiii)on. 8G A. A. Nichoi-son
SnWAI.l, FIJIXAM.
ATTO n JVE Y AT LA 1
LUDLOW, vt. 184-ly
II. R. STOirr.IlTON,
ATfORAEYATLA II'.
Chester, Vt. 219
SAMUEI.lI.PRld
TT0R!IEV ANDCOUNSELLOr
1VlMSOR,VT.
LAW.
99.1)
nLODOKTT & WEY3IOUTII,
A T T 0 II , E V S A T L A II',
DF.TIIIJI., VT. 23fi
II I" CionnETf Jl I' Wkvmpi ril
1 A SSIiBi.
MAlItE.
.grlciiltiiralllank, Hrcwer (In liutida ol'rocfivcrs
llnngdr C'uiiiincnliil H ;ui h , Ilnngor
rliiiricrHiirrendc'ctl 3 a
llnlli llmik ch.irtcr ciplred worllilcx
(Jl I Ir.ctiN lliinh,,gulii,
iifwului! worlhlCBi
OalU llnnk 7a H
l'lly ll.iuk, Purtlnnil cliartersnrri ndcrcd.worihlciii
Diiinnrhrnllu llnnk do worililcnn
IVuiiklori llniiK, Frnnkl'orl do do
(lltilie llnnk, lluiijior do dn
flcnrj In I.timlicr U11, Pnrllniid do
lliilloiMll nnd Anguntu do
Kciiclifck II1111 do
Kriinibtinl, llnn dn
l.afiyclli' llnnk, llnnor
clmrlrrnurrriiidercd 3 a
MiTCiintllr llnnk. Ilnnaor 3 a
OMinvvn llnnk worlhlcm
0inrd ll.nik.Fryliiirg I'raud do
I'n.viunuciioihly llnnk dn
Pcnplc'x llnnk chiirlcr surrcndcrcd do
Sllllwnlur t'iiniil,nt Ornno do
In luiinls df it'ci'lvcr
A'ncn llnnk rcdccmcd liy Truiteet al Snco
it. frl, O'nlh clmrtcr HinrciHlcri'il 20 a
l'iihln;l(in ronnty, Cnlln rcdiemed ty Tnmtrca
onttrviiii' (Ciincii) rcucriiKu
HVatlirook llnnk, I'eiilbrook l 2
'Iscu-iict lln 11 ortlilcsi
new iiAMrmititi:.
ChirctiHinl D.iiilv, t-lotlnn rcdectiu'd Sa
Cnnroiil llnn 3 a 5
llilUinrniich llnn worlliltiH
New lliitnphlri;lPorti'moiitli,chnrter
cxplrcd rrdcfmcd
f'oollliorush U.m worlhlei
VERMONT,
.fgriciillurAl Ilank.l'rn) Frntid
110 fuc Ii llnnk nuiliorispd
Ilt'nnlnginn llnnk, Ilinnlnflon wortlikis
Cmncrclnl Ilunk t VtTiimnt frniul
110 sucli llnnk nutlinrlHt'cl
Hskcx, (lUildliull wnrlllkfl
(iroi'ii iMuiintiiln llnn fr.'iml dn
JeflVracm, r.'ounty llnnk I'ruud do
St. AlbaniUunk 1 a2
MA8SACHU8ETT3.
.Imlurst llnnk, clinrtcritirrcndcrid rcdcrmcd
llt'rknlilri' llnnk wcrtliln
CliclaiH llnnk, (:hrlcn do
CiiininoiKM'nllh llnnk, llnslon do
(,'hnrlcstonn llnnk, ctiartcr nurrendcrcd Lilla rrdcmm
litilc nl .Vnl'ullk.
I'ml llrldguntcr llnnk
clinrtcrsinrondoitd rcdccmed
H'iscx llnnk, Salem worlhlena
Fnnncrii'niiil Michnnlca', B. Adunu do
Fanneia' llnnk, llcli'licrtonti dn
Franklin llnnk, llnstnn 1I0
Fullon, or Wlinnl.lnimcl llank, Doiilon do
llnmpihlrc llank, Northninptpn do
Kllliy llank, llostnn do
I.hOij ot t e llnnk, Iloston dn
Mcnilnn llnnk olncd rcdcrmcd
Middlesex llnnk, Unmtirlilf c, 2 a
Mldillln: lnicrc-it llnnk, lloaton Ma 0
.Vnhnnt Ilunk. I.uin 9 a
Ncliiirypnrt llnnli flaCO
I'liitenix llnnk, ClirnlrMnwn -10 o
riiirnU llnnk, Nuntnrkct vonlilehi
Hnxlinrt llnnk clliirtul' nnnnllcd do
Sutton llnnk do
U Inllirop llnnli. ;onclnlrllqnldatlon rcdccmed
niinnE tHi.AND.
R.I Aerlcnllnrnl llnnk, rloscdbylnjunctlnn worlbleaa
llnrrlllvllli' llnnk uortlilcta
nnglc Ilunk, newport rnind do
Fnnncrs' Ilunk do
rurmcrs' nnd Mccnnnlcs' llnnk 7!i a 8
rmnklln llank. Prnvidcncc fniud wnrtlilcsa
Mount Hopu llnnk cluscd rcdccnlcd
Piiciins llnnk 5 a
Providcnceconnty Ilunk 5n
CONNECTICUT.
DrldjcpnrtMnnufucturlnf Co. Iinud worthlcai
liertiy llnnk, uo
Hnslcllnnk dci
Ilnua.itonlc Italtrond V.o. S a
NEW YOHK.
N'cw York Clty al.l
Old Safcty Fnnd,j:o(id-Ilnr,ki 3--ln 1
New uo do iccu Urick.iincerlR'n 25 a 30
UnltcdSUtci llank Dllls.nldnnd new 25a30 .
Novia Scntln Ilill
New Hrmnwick Illlla
Ilppcr Cnnada
I.owcr do
5a8
3 ali
In 5
4nS
r.XUIIANOH.
Drnfta on New Fork
pnr pcrcl.dia.
" All.any 1-8 n I-l
" riill'idclphl 1-8 n 1-1
" llulllnioic I-l 11 1-2
" Norliilk 1 n I i-S
Itirlm, nnd 1 n I 1-0
" ClintlCHlnn 3-1 n 1
" givunnnh 3 it 1
" Austn, Ca 3-1 a 1
" Mnlnlp 2
" N Orlcnna nl I I-l
' St l.f.uia I 4-3 11 2
" (.'inclnnnti 1 3-4a 2
" Nu"hvllle 2 n 21.2
' l.ouKvillc 2 11 2 1-2
Excu'infoon I3uland 9 1-2 n 10 prem.
" " I'niia S2C.4n
SpnnKh Douliloona .! I f a Ifi 5C
Mnlcan do $1.', fO u 10 10
Mncrlnru Cii'n
Dollurs ApnQi
1-1 11 3-1 prtm.
4 n 5 "
l-lnl "
GKKAL 1-.AGMSI1
kou
COUGHS.COI.DS.ASTUMA.ANDCONSUMI'
TION. I 'lII 13 Orcnt and only rcmedj for C'olda. Congh!,Aslh-
1. iiH.ninl Uciiiiiiiniiniin. 11 llic llnugurinn Jialjain nl
I.lfc, diHCiivcicd liy llie celcliraicd Dr llvcli.in nfl.onrlon,
i;n;laml,nii Introilurcd intn Hie lliiilcd Htu'.ea unlcr tlic
linnicdlutcanpcrintciidcnce of ihe luventur.
Tlic cxtrnordlnnry nucceMia iif llilt mcdlclnc, in Ihe
cnre olTulinounry dlscuci, wnrrnnn thc Atnerlrnn A
gcnt in nnllclllng I'nr trciitnicnttlio WOIlriT l'OSSllll.E
uasls tuni cnn nc inunu 111 tne cnmmnnity cinrs tlial
scek rcllclln vuin Iroinunj oniiccninniontcincdi'ii nrthc
dny, nnd luvc liei 11 givtn tip by tlic inot dliiinjnHlu'd
I'lijsiciunn, na cuniiniicu onu incurnuic, 1110 tlugariiin
linljnin 11111 curt-u nnu wiii curc llic moit dcvpcrute ol
rnsci. It la 110 nnack nnalruin, lint a klnndiird 13nglili
mcdlcinc nf knowti nnd ChlnMMicd cflkar y.
Dvcr) tHinilv n tlie llnllcd Statca slionlil nc Knppllcd
willl llticlinn'a Ilnngurliin lluUum of I.H'e, not only to
roiinlcrncl tlic coimuinptlvo lendenclcn nl Ihe cllmnte,
tnit tn hc iwil in h pievrntlvc iilcilcint In nllCHscHnrrnlila,
rciuliK, apilllns nl' lllnoil, Pnln In theiilde nnd rlirst, Irrl
tullnn nnd MirtncfcH nflht- l.uncH, llroncliitli, Dillleuit)
nf llrculhiii!:. Ilectic IVver, Nlitht Swean, r.innclntlon
nnd lienrrul Debllily, AHthiim,lnfluenza, Unoplng cougli,
nnil Uronp.
TTfio il. n lartr holllea.nl Sl pc.r boltlc, willi lullili
rrrilniiH fnrilip rcrttorntlnn ol llenllh.
I'ninn'jlctK. contn n nc 11 ma 0 hiigiinli nml Aincriran
ccrtlllcnica, and ntlicr evldcnce, rhowlng thu tini iiinlcd
mcrrltn oflhh Orcut Iinallnli Ketneuy, inaj ue outaiurii
nl'llii. kppnift irriilltltniuiv.
UAV1I) r. IJIlAlil.riV,80lc Agennoruic uimiu biuicc
119 Cnnrl atrcet, llnstnn.
Jrfnt Wond.tnck.C.CIIAP.MAiS'tMonlpelicr.niark
A: CnlllnFilliirlinglnn, Peck Spcur, llclliiwa Fnlla, N.
Ilurrla; Hunncl, Unnlcla nnu licll; lirulllcnorn', uutton
,t iiiurKF) nrrn. n. 11. Jonn intny. ssm-iv
TO ALL T1IE WOULD WJIO U.Sli
I.EATIIKR IN A.NY FOR.Y1.
OIL OF TANNIN, OR, LEATIIEIt
HESTOIiEIl.
A A"ew Ckemkal Iiiscovciv.
Mot pcnplcknn v, thnt ifn und ni'dc, nre converled
Inlo Italhtr by Ihe usc of Tunnin cxtrucled fronicertain
onrha ,vc.
VVIicn thc forrc nnd atrcngth nflhc Tniinin l worn
ottt, leullipr bccoinca itad, hnrd, dty, britllr, eracktd,
eovrrtd Kimaerum, t. TJIIS, Al.h hliull . lu re
atore Ihen l lifr, mflnrnf, moMliim, strenclh,tmoolh
nejf. and rcninvu all cruat.lly. or blliter ic.itorrthe lan-
m'n. Thltul((anee thc lciilicr np.ver rnn rrrelve the
accund linic; bul lliowhnle vlrtuet ofil nre iu Ihla nrllrle
thu OII. OF TANNIN wliich penplnilea Ihe atiiriat
and hardest le.ilher, if it han lieen twenly jcnraln uei
nml irit tpntn enslly wlllt thc llnsera, it linpiirtn ut Mice
n ntreiiglli llinl la utlcrly Incredible iintll een. It he
coma hktnrw Iralher.in nll rw-perla, wltli iidclightliil
aiillncai und pnllali, nnd tnakea nll lealhrr compltlely und
prrftclly mprrvhutXa wuler pnrlicnlurly hoola, Hlioca,
rurrirpn.tiina.hnfness.lioac. trunka. nnd In lact all thinzt
mrt ofltalhrr, plving n aplcndld polUli, cvcn hlghcr
l Ii ii ti new lculher hna, and alltastdtiuliiine Ita wear and
diirubllily. In whnlpvtr iiiunncr llie lcuther ia iiacd.
TlinSF.'Attn FACTs.
i'i,n wlin wltl ninv wpnr nldalinca. croan wllh corn"
rhlo wllh old rnrringc-lopii liuvp old liarncaa, nnd
throw Ihcm woy lialf iiicd look (Iltliy tlieiiiKelven, nnd
nll aliont iliem cipeud doiihle wltat Is ncccaary lor artl
cles of leuther, In thelr ueurta contpnl, lor whal wc
ciire,lfllielrpreJiidlceanroai)atrnng, thul thcy wlll nol
try a new diacovery. We have nolavora lo aak oflhcm,
llieynrelhegrealealauirerera, nnd weopy for nohody'i
cuatom or pntronagc Now.gcntletnen, plenan youraelvea.
O-Nonesenuliipnnlca'i wllh the fc slmlle apjnaturo
of Clwri I ill n v i '
i.M5-fop lv Fnranlcb) C TIIAPMAN
!
iu:mi:dy
TIIURSDAY EVENING,
CONCORD RAIL ROAD
Fiire rcduccd to 52,00 from Concord to Boston
SII.MMl'.li nni'nrapNT
ON aml allcr Aprll Ul, Pusaenger Tr'nina wlll rmi
unily, , (Hiinduya cxccpted,) Inconnrcilon wllh thr
..,., uii.iiiu i,uwi-ii,iihu iMnaituuunu Lowe llallroad.ai
fnllntu.. '
I.cave Iloston al 7 A. M. 11 A.M., andi 1.
p Lciive Concord al 4 3-1 A. M,,lli20A. M
2 P. M.
., und 3
TralnalYom Intcrmcdlntc plncra wlll run nafollown.vli
LU' lllAli.
I.eavc Lowell nt PilO a.m., 12(5 r. M.,anil C:40 p. m.
" Niislitia at 8:'j0 a. m., I2:'irt r. M.,nnd 7:20
" Mnnrhcnter 9:31 a. m., Ii30 p. M., nnd 8:5 p.m
orlmmedlulely ou tlic nrrlvnl ol the cnralrom Iloston.
DOWN TltAINS.
I.cave Mnnchcatcr 5 1-2 a. m., I2..r, p. M.,nnd 4 p.m.
" Nnaliuant C 1-2 a.m., li5 p.M.and5p M.
" I.nwrllnt 7il5 a. h..2 . m.nnd .1 1.J n. ..
or linmedlutcly on llie nrrlvnl ol'tlio rnrn Irom Concord
iil- Hci-imu iniiinroii unncorilurrlvpi.il I nmni, i, uffi
nr raaacnge rmonmc tne 4 o'clncktrnin tn New Ynrk
riierond cnnnecta wltli Ihe Iloilon nnd Mnine Itall
road, o thnt Pnmcngera inny pim bctwlxt Concord, lla.
vprhill.l-.xetcr. Dnver und Pnrtluml .-lttir , ,!.illv.
4TAOI3Sliniiicdlntely nn Ihe nrrlvnl nft'iellrH trnin nl
oiicoru, icnveby vuriniiaroutca riirllopklntoii.Newport
Clnrcmont nnd Windsor: I'nr l.plmnnn inwl llunnviriiKm
onlh nnd Hiiverhilli Cunniin nnd Orlnrdi Meredilli Url'dge
Ccntre llnrbor nnd thn Whltf !tlnnninin n,, n..
nnd dnv Irom Iltiatiin. .?tiippn rpi.fii Hni-itnn it.i.ii..i.i,r.
Montpelier nml Uurliimtoii cniinccilnir tliprc wiil, ihp
i'tcninbnnt llnp tn Monlrcnl nml by i'tcnmbnatnnd .vtmen
iiiuSucufuurnni.iiiiiennn run Irom llnverhlll tn .vtnn
atcnd connpcting there wltliitngeH to Mnntrcnl. Nnnicr
oinnthcraliigciconnrctlngwlth ihe Concord Rnil Hiiad
run tn tne pnnripie towna In New llunipahlrc, Vermont
und Ihe Canndus.
Stagca run dully Trom Franklin nmlnn Sdhornlon to Ihe
11 I-l o'clnck Iraiu.retutnini! aftpr thr nrrlvnl iilthpmie.
nnu trainirom lloatun.
Mnncn.vMiisn tiuinb
Kiin dally na l'(illovi
l.eave lloalon ul 3 1-2.P. JL.and arrlve nt Conri.nl
tne Riiiic rtcuing.
I.cuvc Concord nl 3 1-2. P.M. .nnd nrrlve al Ilnjtnn n.
t iiip uexi mnrning;
Frelghl, FtrBlClnii',i?.3jSeconilClaaa,S2,50.
Frcli'huliould he dcllvcred nl Concord. Ilnalnn nnd
other depotann hour ut Iciimi belorelenving,lo lu-,ure de-
llvcry liy tlic llral Kiicceedlng Trnln.
AUl'Hsscngcra'lluggngcahouldhe mnrkci), nnd licn
vnlucd at morc lliau S.Oo, notlceahnuld lieghcn nnd ex
tra chnrsea pnld, or no clnliu for dninnce orlnss hevimil
Kuciiitiin wiii ue niinweu. urilA.il.Mip t.
Aprll 1, ie-15. 2GI-IT
Bolanic Mcdiciiies!
AGEXEKAL ASSORT.'II'3XT of Tlmmpnnnl
und olher Iloliinic Mpillrliiph lioili criulc nml nrp.
pnrcd, aimple nnd coinpounded' l coinlantly krpl for
snie ny iiic nuuscriurr, iil nia rcuuence, uclwceil llie
Mcthodlit nud I3iicopul Churchct.
The nlmve Mcdiclncn wlll he r.cnily pnt up nccompnnied
by nuitn'ile dlrrctlon, und warrniilcd genuliic.
Cautios. To thnse who nreileilrnuiofolilnlnlni'nurp
Tltoinioniin niedicini!, I would aa liewnre nlwlimn j on
purrnnae, nn uicy nrc Irequeully ndiillcrnlcil wllli worlb
ic pcrntclnua nnd Pdlsonnil Milistnncca for Ihe niirnnae
ol spccnlntlnn or ofbrlnging lliost Invnluublr rcmrdira In
tPdinrtputp. A. II. IIA.MMON1).
vooilstoc,iov. 28, IB1I 237-11
Cliccsonian's Arabian Bnlsnin
jlORTIIK CIJRBnrnll klndml woun.li, aprnlns
- hurni.cnuuhi. nnre luns. ihe most ilpanrrnir uii..
and rheuinnllsni nfall kinda, Il wlll prevcnt tlic toolli-
nche, r'storetor,.id nnd pcrlaliril llinba. stmjnlmn. iiuiiiIj.
c, hiuI cnn lie depeudcd upon to relici e aorcneM
ill llll CUXCS,
Tlili vuluuliln mcdlclnc hi hcen verv cxtpinlvplv n.rd
ror tlic I it tcn tcar, whlle Iti incrca-lng deiunnd, tl,e u
niverMilsniNlnctinn It ha j-lvcn, und tlic lentlinony ol' u
e inu t luile of indlvlilunla nl' ihn ilrn
Ing ill thu cn-nmunifY. whn hnvn teited nnd Inl'illiMy
proveilllHCincai, slmw thnt it iicciIh only In he uscd to
prove Itn Invulliiulilp cxccllcncp; indeed nll who have ev
cr lrlcd the biiUnin, prl7p It an hlghly thnt Uiey wlll nni
be indmeil under un conilderatlnn tn do willionl It. The
uiiaim nn ntirnricil the ntirntlnn of men of'clcncc nnd
l'liwiclun nnd urueoiM fifihp nri'nipttupli'iitirif .r.mim.
inpnla, guelt tlieir unqii'ihfied npproliutlnn whlle innny
ol'Ilicni In diH'crent aectinnsnf the fnllcd .Stalcs now
ue it in tlieir prnctice.nnd have aitt'ioriU'd the pulillca
l i it oflhplrcertillcntcs.
Al.oC'IIBICSI'.-MAX'S A R A Tt 1 A V I'lI.I.S. a
aluab'c mcdlclnc fnr ull lilllious co:iiplntnt, Ac.
rr Puichnseri sliould Innuiic for tlic trne nitirlc h
ulng iIip wlinlpniiuie L'lierormnn' Arnhinn llnlinm--and
i-ce tlial it Ims niy nnnip wiittrn in my own hnnd!
wrmng ncross tlic prinied dlrectlona on the wr.ipptr o
evcr IpoIIIp. 13. Ciieescma.n.
Fnr Hnte bv
C. (JIIAP.MAN. Wondatnck; E. M. &. S. R Plockcr
IInrlunii.4 corneis; N. (. Hulc, (.lielseiiandtliroughout
inc rouniry gi ncrniiy. Mi-ty
LAYING, VISITING AND BLANK
CARDS.
"IICOnnK COOK nf the llnn or riy, Smlth A
Tf Conk, lor thc p.m alx wh tnaniifactiircr or thc
celi brnted llurihit CnriU wnnld inl'nrin the pi'idic nnd
the pnlrona of the idd l3taMiliinciit, Nn. 71 Fiillcni kI.,
whcrc he Iikh hlwajH hcen cinployril, thnt ho coniinuci
thc iniiniilnciirc oi'nll the Miricilci of l'lailn:, Vltltlni:
nnd lllank Cnrd, hcrctnrnre I'uniMicd by Ihn Ktnljli-li-niriit
and tlial nnlcrj lor the variuili kliuh ivlll hc lailh
rully Tiud prjmptlv execuled, on Hpplicntinii lo his fcolc
ngenti, Mcxra llllY I.ATI1AM, No- "I Fulimi rt- nl
thc following pricea, iimi.iI dlHCoiiut olf, tbr cubl: or Ihorc
who litiv to t- niuln, vu.:
I.'igloni inr uniun nnu uot; wuve, iiuinnn, .nninicu
nnd White ll icks fll pcrgrosi.
Ilnrry 8 do do 30 do
Dcrnltirs do 21 i!o
i:ihaler do 21
Merr Andrcta ilo 18
Ilighhiiulpr'i, .Nn. I )
St.ir und Muible b.ick. j dci I)
Ilo No. 2 do 12
do
dn
do
do
13uninclled, Ivnry nnd Piail aitrfjct' C'urdi, ns pir thc
rollonln: scnlc
l.nn
lo j l.numclleU
$2,CC0
2,00
2.75
1,511
No. 1! LnaiiH'lkd
S5 50
do
do
14 do
13 do
!2 dn
15 Ivorv nnd l'enrl
biiifuce,
14 do
13 do
12 do
Binnll
5,00"
4,50
4,00
do
do
1
I,:
11 Ivnry and l'cnrl
Sjrlncc,
1,37
1,67
1.7".
1,50
4.110
3,50
3,00
2.20
do
do
do
(to
do
do
do
dn
do
1.0"
l,ro
1,10
75
75
C2
C2
II I'lrunellcJ
10
9
8
do
dn
do
do
2,50
2,2 i
lln
do
50
I3mbo!t-rd rnnmi llcd Cards, tlulcil nnd plnin, Ilcuutifully
poiiKiicu wnn cicgnni ucaigna norucrs.
Printer's lilonlc Cards.
Siunll Dlnnka Ptn)lng ilie No. 1 61C per gross.
uo - n
I.arcedo 1 21
do 2 21
Duulilo aite ul Sinall 1 30
do 2 21
Douhle alie nt I.nrge 1 72
dn 2 r.3
ANn nll the nbovc slvcn of cvery eolor to order.
Other ilies cul to orde: ol ilthcr of llic forrgoing nual
ille.
MOIIUNINO CAnnSorvarionaalicsinndcto ordcr.
- Gold llordcred Cards, dn.
Ilold cilsrJ uo
EnamellidShccticapi7enud 20 by 21 Inrhci.
Ivorv urfui.e do' do
Pcnil do do
Dinnk Shrela do do
Also Hmlrond nnd itcambnnl Tickcta made to order. ol
uny eolor or nf dinVent c.nhira na dcMred.
Thc huhscnbcr nv tca ull t.illtora in tne linltcd Ktnlea
nnd (3iinndn, who nrc diapoand lo lake Iheir pn) in Cnrda,
wlin wlll aeud I'.in n copv ol thcir pnpcr contniiiing thla
dverllacmeut, to inacrt itfiirthrec nionlha. c
CEOnCE COOK .
New York, July 5. 273 3m
Tciiipcraacc Ilonse.
rnHE SUTJSCRIUER hna opcticd a Teinpcrnnce
H Ilotike (nnd hc wiil keep nn other,) nn llie tinnlh
aidc orthe Pnrk In Woodstock, whcre P. O. AI.IIDN', lias
tntely kcpi n puhllJ llousc. Hc aol.ciln llic pntronagc ol
lliosc who ul-li aurcess lo llic temperunrc cnuse, nnd he
wlll endenvor lonicrll thnt pntronnge tn tho extrnl ol
hls nbllitles. Thc buildinri nrp (ulllclcntly cnpncinua lo
nccominndnlc trnvcllern nnd tlieir tcnuia tn nlmot nny
cxtent. Thu aiibsrribcr imliilcca nlinpc. thnt It wlll unt
be auld. as In aotne cnc, that lcnipcrnnrc pcoplc cannot
nirnrd tn cnll upon hlm hy rpnsnn of the dcflcienl nccom
inndiitlun, nor thnt hecnnnol riirnlshaiilllclinlncconimo
dullona bccauae thcrc iano cuatom tn hiippnrt II,
1.0YAI.M. WOOD.
H'nodalock, Vt., June 9lh, 1345. 265lf
TO THE PUBLIC.
CAI.VINP. NEWTON.aucceasor lo .1. Newlon. In
fnrma hla numeroua Mpndnln Norwich nnd vlrlnlty,
thnt lie Ima returned tn Wnodatock, whcre hc wlll aonn
have on hand a conalant aupply ol'incdlcluca of his own
lnnuufurturc.
The complalnla hprctnfnre mnde of Adiiltrr.ttlon In
tlieac c.ucllcnt arllrlM, (orinerly prrpnred by hinicll,
nny now ceaac II thoe Intcrcateit wlll buy nl the righl
pliice.
The nbnve mcdiclnca arc anld at 0. CHAPMAN'S
216 tf.
LEAD PIPE.
rpilI3 HtlllSCIlinClt cnntlnuca tn inaniifnclure I.cad
X Aqucdiicl and Illock Tln l'unipa nl hla eaiabil.lt
ment In llnrnnrd, Vt., where he wlll aell whole.ale nml
retnlt na low na ran bo purchnaed al nny other catablt.h
ment In Windsor Cotmly.
The above artlclea rnn be had by.applylng to PIIILO
IIATCH. Woodatock.
"A ' WEfSO.V NI3WCO.MII.
llnrnnrd, Vt.. June 1", IBI5 2f5-lm
OCTOBER 2,
1845.
A NRAV filtA IN 3ini)H3INE
DR. SMITI-rS CELEBRA'rED SU
GAR COATED PILLS,
OR IMPnOVEI)
JNDMN VEGETJ1DLE PILLS.
OR. SMITII'S celebrntcd Sugar Coalcd l'lllaarcround
aupcrlor tonll other iiicdlrincn ever dlacovcred for
linpnrlty ol the hlnod, bcriiuictlii'y nol only clenar tlic
atomiich nnd honela Irnin nll IHIIoui lliimora, luit nlau
proniolo n propcrnnd niituriil dUchnrgc Irom llic lunjia,
tik.n nml KlilncjH. Tlma liy n slngle operntlon of ttilfc
woudcilUl pnrgiitlvc tnedlclnn, thc iinttirnl niillcta ol the
aatctn nrc opened,and nll inorbld nnd roirupt butnorK,
thceninc ofdlncnac nre cxpellcd,lii n mnnncrKO cn),thul
tho hndy U rcilorpd to hcnltli un Ifby niuiilc.
Dr Hinllli'a Stignr Conlccl, or linirovpd Imllnn Vrgcla.
ble Pllli, nlil &. Improvo Olfcstliui, cure lli'iidachc und
Dlulitrai, Fcvera, goroluln, (:iinccr,Ornvcl.liillninatlon
HheuiiiutUiii, l'nln In thc hrud, aldc, Imck nnd atoninclij
1'iiiniiiieu iieiiery uiiii ivonc. inipiiunou 01 tne
Ilcnrli l.nsa fil'Appclltcand loniicm or riiilrlla: Worim:
Illllntia compliilnla Ohatructloiis nml olhrr complaieia
iiiciiiuuia iu noini'ii.in wuicii tne) nuve tne moat nappy
cirecta. 1 '
I'nrwormi llic nilla arc Infalllhlc tnnnv rhlhlrpn In
New York have hcen ipurcd tn thcir pnicnt'a by thellmc-
ty imc ot tneae nilltt aiui cnicnclniia rill.
Thla Is llie mnst tilcuaunt nnd efllencinna mf.llcine In
Ihe woild. nnd bciiiz Irecl'rom thc unualtuate nfmcdlcine
uoca not proiluce nuiiKea or dlsguat.
rricrsa ccnta pcr linx.
fl. ItCNJAMIN SMITII. M. I).
rnnldenlof the New York Cnllcge of llcallh. lauponcvj.
Foranleby C. CIIAP.MAN, Woodatock . Vt. 231
"5 OR 8", EDSON'S ROW.
IJ I'SSICM, Si CIjA R K R hnvcjuat rcccivcd n l.irge
1 0. ndditmn lo thcir lorincr ntock ol I'ullery whirh ia
pniiy we t knnwn" in uc tlic arscal ann ocst naaort
nienl lcpt "In dlvera pnrla nbnut herc cnnalderalilc."
PRICES REDUCED!
"S Pt onslfk I.na Phllndclpliln I3xtra White I.cnd for
B. 0 Ir " anlc by tlic keg nt 8 3-1 ccnta nnd In lcn
qtnntitlca nt 7 ccnta pcr pound hcat l.lnareil OII nt 93
cenlapfrOiillon. Aln, Concli nml Furnliurp Vnrnlnli,
SpirllaTiirpeiitlnc Pnrla (liccn, Cliromc (Ircin nml Ycl
luw, nnd nther pninla for aaie at priccs Ihui cnnnni hc
llliuerbliiu. A I311i.m.13.
.Inl II, IPir,.
I7"HOM New York nnd lloooi, ure on hnnd ul 5
' bul golng oll'rnpldly und nt the smullcal prollta,
or 8,
.lune .), tHin.
TYSON FURNACE.
Hl'xliniuhaeriberiigcnt ol the TYSON rilllNACr. at
M Plymouth Vt, would respeeirully luforni llie ronner
(ilcndKiiml pntruns olthe csliibliapinent und llie public
gpnerully llinl thcy have nowon hunuunucontluuc wcck
ly to inakc u lurge u.kortnicnl n.
llicmost approvcu puttcrn ooking btovcs
do lo do rarlur do do
aho rA Jl L OR Sr Ii OXS TO VES,
ingrcat varirty, togdhirwith cvcn varic-
CALDRON &, POTASII KETTLES,
PLOUGIIS & MILL CUTTINGS.
Thc nrnnrlctnrolllie estiihlishmenl liavint. iiiucli rcdiic
ed thc expeniea nt thc work nnd being ilealroua toltn
IIUC'I! tlic lurge atoek or maiiiifncturi's nnw on hnnd, la
deterinincd ao to rcduce llic prlco ol llie wnrca, for cnslt
iliorl rredit, or sood hurter pnv ns cnnnni liill to Indiire
ptirrlinatrn lo cnll and cxiiinlnc. Thcir CUPOI.O rUIl
NAC 13 wlll lie lu npcrntron on Wedneadn) nud Saturdny
of i-kIi week.runninia first rale (iinlil of Irnn.fomh cli
orderarorallklndaofcui'om work urerenprrllullysolici'.
1. JOSCl'lI .MAlli IiS AnENT.
Jnnp 7. If-lCO
8ETTLM SETTLEH
I. A M.K.V, wnuMJuM nay tntlioac Indchtcd to
s.,
hiui thnt thcy .M L'ST cnll nnd nellle immidialtlv.
a (Itnvlns dispncd of Ii Is Drug Slure,) hc wlll lcnvc thli
plnce llie ltrt ol Septemucr. s l-aiv
Aiig. 1 1. mr.
NE1VGOODS! NEW GOODSH
AND
GRB?,tT I3ARUi!si!
VOWnpenlng, direct ftom A'ctc I'.irA nnd Riston
L n rreli lot of New Goml. at arcatlu redutcd vrico
liulading
20 p. M I) I.ninCK.rrom 12 1-2 to 20 f Ii., snodttyhl
10 Il.iNorlrcH: aotne elegunl petlcrnHlrom 20 lo2.r)ct
Hlrh C'l Arubfnine l.uucltna, u luu'.imf lieaulifut
artirte.
SILK MUSUXS JXD C1IVAP LAlVtiS.
100 pi, Mcr'i, Fnll Kivcr, nnd other i-lvlea rich prlnta,
lioin t" to 12 1-2 ccntK, Ihe cheaprilhil tiernff'eitd.
Itlcli Thibet, iarugc, Hlrmlillu nnil Sii und Woul
S A IV L S .
2 doz. (3olton lloniery, cheaper than ficr.
fllovcn. I.nrcs, l,adlri Cravnti, Il'dt'l. and a vnrlctv
of other Gootla. nl very low pricca.
;n-u piirrnnscrca vtui nnu gooua lo tlieir minu, nnu at
priccs tint rannot fail to nuil. C, DANA, Jn.
Juiy n, IBlo. 171
COMI'OUND EXTRACT OF SARSA-
PARILLA.
rilI3 wnnderful eflcclnof Ihls medicinc unon Ihe blood
nre well knowii to thc world. In tliseusex itrising Irom
Ihe too Irce usc ol nicn nry It ia inld tn elfi'ct a apccdy
cure', to get tliin inedirliip aurc la Ihe onlyaafft), Tliis
iiu'di:liic hua efli'ctrd srent curen, und wliut It hna oncc
diiiio it ran do nguln, nml by Ita usc thc world wiil bc re
llcveJ nl a vit uinount ol sutterlng. i lie onttlea nre 0
llic same alie ol'lhc dollur botllo. Itrlnll Prlcc 50 rta
I'aniplilcla containliig a Tull uccouut of thc ubuve mcdl
clnc tn hc bnd giutls nl
215-enply. CIIAIU.ES CHAPMAN'S.
qlllNEIIAIKI Scythe atonc, A few hoxcslor tnle nt
Mnuiifirlnry pritea, Alo Turts' Scjihca. Lamp
nn' Palciit SnntlK, Mlllcr'a Ilakea, 1 1 ny Foika &c. wlll
hci'.ild ut the lowcat prlce by A. STEAltNiS,
.1 ily 2d IH5.
ARTIFICIAL TEETH.
IWOIII.D rc.pictlull5 Inlnrin tho-o wlm h.ivn lost a
pnrl or the wliole ot tlieir nutiirnl tteth nnd wlab
them fcplnccd hy urtificlul nnca, thnt I liae mude new
nrriingciiii'iittt nnd lniprovcniciits In my cMnhliMlimcnt.
wliichwill cniihle me in munufacturc nrilllclul ;cta to
niuch greu'cr ndvnntngp lliall herctol'orp, nnd, na a rcsult
nrthls, have dcteiinlned to uflir thia kind nfwork on the
fullnwln: ndvnntngcoua trriua.
Fnr nny pieco ol'work lor wliich I chnrgcd S20, nr up
wardh, I alinll ren.nlrc onc hslf III prlcc In Cn.t nn frfi
try uiprclj lo covcr Ihe coat ot thc mnterinl Ihe
reunindcr to hc pnid nt Ihe cr,d or all (orlwelve)
monlha, Ifthe work glvca nnllernctinns nt llipcild or the
tlnic ngreed upon, il thc "ArlKicinl llcnlurc'' dnea nol
givc gnod nliafaction,it wlll bc received nnln, nml Ihe
innncy refiindid. or Ihp hnlnncp oflhe prirc forftilcdto
thr pnhtnt. II. 8. CIIASI3, M. I)., Denlal Su'rsro
Won..ock,.luly lu, 1845. 206-lf
ROYALTON AGADEMY.
rplli; Fnll lerin wlll rotnnicncc on Wcdusidn), Sep
JL teinbcr 10th. Thc achool wlll br under Ihe contln
uid nnd npprotcd lustriictlnn of Mr Syltnnua Hutea, The
aerviccsol MUs Marla E. It iitn ll , a Ind) of auperior nt
tuinmenta and cxccllcnce.nnd kcvcral ycura'cxperiiiicc in
tcnrhlng, have bccn aecurcd.
Young l.adipa wlll cnjov pccullar ndvantngcs for ncn,ulr
Ing n cnrrcrl knowledgcol Drnwing, Palntlng, Muslc aud
Ihe Freiich l.unaiiiise.
Ctntlenien designliig to bccnme tcachera, wiil rrrelve
npproprinlc attpiilion. 1'reu.uent nnd rumillar lccturcs
wlll hc glvcn nn the arlenriv.
loard, In pood iHinllies nnd on rcnannnlle lerma. inay
bcnhlaiiicd, or rooma lor thoae who prcfer tohoard Ihem
nclves.
Tultlnn In English from " 82,50 lo 3,00
I.alln nnd Grctk, " " 3,00
French, " "
Druwlngnnil Faintln; ,, 1,00 exlrit.
Muslc lucliiding Ihe usc ol Inatrunicnt ' lP.hOO
I3I.I3IIA ItlX, Snrctary.
Rojalton, July 2Ut, 1815. 271-li.
RICH JEWELRY!
t T5or8 Edmn'a Rnw, may bc louiid a aplendld na
a. lorlniclit of llie rlcheat aml mol hhinnnble Jewcl
ry. IIUSSI3I.L Sl CI.AKKI3.
Juno5, 1645.
DANIEL LJIWIIENCE,
ONLY MAN U F A C T U R E R OF
MEDF0RD OUM.
CIOI.l) nt whnlesiile by Utcd 4-Snuldlng, Nnslivllle, N
n II. nml F. C. frj. MKiinlns J- Co. No. 15. Ceniral
whnrf Iloston. Wlilth ate llic only alorca In Nn.liville
or III atnn wberc purc .Mcilford Kiini rnu bc liousht at
wholcii.ilei l.lkewie aold nt whnleaale hy CJiarlo Wood,
Co. Cainbrldge Port. Brackelt .t: (llidden, Clmrlea
iohii, oppnlle iho Fitchburg lt. n. Dcpotjulsoby Joaeph
WhihI, lii Kicniiurg.
Medfurd, Aug. Ul. 1845. 274-lf.
iCAbner Pierre nfWeat Cambridge and Oiear Stral
toni l Co. nre not ngcnti lor Ihe aalc of Mcdlord Itum
and luvc nono to aell.
P.UCKS FOR SALE.
Iwill aell Uty pMller Mrrino Diirka, rhrnp lor money
or good pnpcr, thcy ure of u auperior alzo and llncneaa.
Call nnd aee irihey aro not rheap, at thc farm formcrly
occpicdhy.WM.WA..K.:n. JAMEfi WAl.RER.
Ilnrtlinil, Aug. 21, 1815. 77( lw.
T II B AGE .
OUR RIGUT TO OKEGON-IS IT
AN INCONTESTAIJLE ONE?
Our superior claims to tho whole of Or
ii;on to tlie boundayy lino of 54 deg 40
min., na arranged with Russia, are nol
universnlly iiiidoistood in tliis country noi
even by nll llioao who unlicsitaiinply riB
scrt our riglit to tho wholo; nnd wc,
thereforo, by wny of nn imprimis placo
the mntlor, bricfly, in our columns, in or
der to giveto the public a clo; r viow of tl o
qtie.stion. All this, in tinwieltlly pnmpli
ictsand public documei.ls, lins bccn pub
lislicd, but netivo, encrgctic Americnns,
who arc scckig fortuncn, hnvc only timo
to read newspapcrs, alter thcy have oncc
stnrlcd upon aclivo business piirsuits.
This mattcr, in all its ramifications, is
thus arranged in our minds nnd according
to unimpnaclinblc tcstimony.
CLAIMS OF SPAIN.
1531, Curtcz discovers California.
1543. Ferrcllo discovers tho coast of
Capc Mcndocino and thc river
Aquilar. j
IoS2. Gali discovers the coait bcyond
Orcgon.
1599. Ce Fuca discovers llie straits of
Juan Do Fuca
1G03. Vizcina cxplorea tlie coast of Cal-
ilornia.
1G03. Aquilar discorers thc rivcr Aquil
ar and inlet of Coluinbia.
1G74. Pcrcz discovers Nootka Sound
and SanLorcn7.o.
1774. Martincz lands nt Nootka Sound
1775. Haccta, Ayola, Bodega and Q,ua-
dra discover the bay of thc river
Columbia, and call it Entroda de
Ilcctn.
1779. IMartinez intikes a scttlement nl
Nootka Sound nnd crects a Forl
1779. Fidalgo makca n settlcinnit on
Quadra's Island nt the cnterance
of Juan de Fuca.
CLAIMS OF GREAP BR1TA IN.
1578. Drake lands in Bodega hny, pre-
viously discovcred by thu Spauish
1573. Drake sniled up to lat. 43, but diti
not Iniid.
171!). Thc trcaly" of Utrccht bctwcen
Frnncc and Grcat Rritnin appoiut
cd commissioncrs, who fixcd upon
thc 48th deg. of lat. as thc line of
demnrcatjon betwcon thc possess
ions of the Alississippi rivcr.
I7G3,
Thc trcaty of Paris betivejn
Spain, Francc, and Grcat Biitain,
fixcs the boundary betwecn the
possessions of thc two lattcrna
tions by a line along tho middlu ol
thc Mississippi from its sourco t
thc Ibbcrvillo, in Louisiana, along
tlie middlo of that rivcr, and luket
Mouripus and Poncharlrain to
the sca'
Coolc lands at Nootka Jouiid, dis
covcred by Spain iu 1G74 nnd
1774.
Colnct nttempts to tako possess-
1778.
1789.-
ion of Noo'.ka Sound; hc is tnkcn
prisouer by Martincz, the Span
, iard.
1790. Spain nnd Grnat Britain cntcred
into a Convcntion, wliich reservcs
tho sovereignity of Nooika Sounil
to Spain, but grnnicd commercinl
privilcgcs to Grcat Britain. This
Convenliou gnve to Spain
the sovereignty and cxclusivc own
crship ovcr all tlic coast to thc
north of west Amcrica on the side
of tho South Sca, as far as heyond
Princo William's Sound.
1792. Vancouvor entcrs thc Coluinbia,
having prcviously reccived from
Capt. Gray an account of his di3
covery of tho river.
179:i.-
Mackcnzic explores to a rivcr
suppostd to enterlhe straits of
Jubii dc Fuca north of tho Col
umbia. Frnzcr erects a fort on thc licad
walcrs of Stewat t's river.
Trcaty betwecn tho U. States
1806.
IS18.
aud Grcat Britain leaves thc
country west of Sloney Motiu
tainsopcn to thc citizcns nud vcs
sels in boili nations.
1827. The provisions of thc treaty of
1818 cxtendid indcfinitely unlcss
cithcr party chosc to nnniil by
giving iwclvo montlis noticc.
THE INCONTESTABLE RIGIITOF
THE UN1TED STATES.
1783. The trcaty of Paris gave to ihe
Unilcd States nll thc tcrritorial
right of Great Britain to the coun
try boundcd by her treaty with
Frnnco in 1713 and 17G3.
1788. Capt. Gray, in Boston, of thc
gloop Washington, nnd Cnpt.
Kcndrick, of thc ship O lumbia,
cnteredthe port of Noolk.i Sound
1792. Capt. Groy ot tho flnp uoiuniuia Inunent equality in every branch of uidus
discovers thc mouthof rivcr Col-,rv ; tlC niltion. 2?-j-c Gazrttc.
umbia and sailcd fourtcoii milcs, : '
Miiy II. ' Mr Brynnt, cditoi of tho N. Y, Evcn-
180:5. Thc Unitcd States purchnscd thc ing Post, has gonc lo Italy.
f Voi. vr.-No. 2n.
J J'rico 81,. 10 in Atlvitncc
right of Frnncc to tho territory
west of tho Mississippi.
1804. Lewis nnd Clnrk, nuthoized by
Congress.to cxploro t lie Coluinbia
from its sourco toits outlct into
tho Pttcific.
181 1. Astor erects n fort at tho mouih
of tho Columbia callcd Astona.
1812. Asloria takcn by tho English.
1818, Astoria isrcstorod lo the Unilcd
States hy tho treaty of Ghcnt.
1819. Tho right of Spnin to territory on
thc pacific north of 42 dogrcos, is
ccded to tho Unitcd States.
1824. Treaty betwecn Russia and tho
Unitcd Slatc fixes tho northcrn
boundary of Orcgon at54 dcg. 40
min. north latitudc.
Theso facls thus chronologically, ar
ranged, asscrt our clcar nnd unqucstion
able right to the length nnd brcadth of
territory ns far north as 54 deg. 40 min.;
and it ishcrc perceivcd thnt, apart from
thc right of purchase derivcd from Spain,
we have a strongcr clnim than England
cnn produce in tho prioi iiy of our discov
ory andoccupancy; and anothcr right, a
nnturnl ono equally superior, is our ter-
rltorial connoction with tho land in dis
putc. It has bccn asscrtcd, and is now
mainatincd by cmincnt statcsmcn, that
even if our right by discovory and pur
chase werc infcrior to that of Great Brit
ain, wc can ncvcrpcrmit that of nny
other Europcnn nation to occupy a singh?
foot of soil on this continent that thcy do
not now own and cultivatc. It is truo
American policy thc declaration of M.
Guizot to the contrary noiwithstanding
to rcgulate tho affnirs of North Amcrica,
and in a few shoit years, thoso of South
Amcrica also. This was thc declared
policy of Prcaident Monroe, and so far as
Orcgon is concerned, it was wo belioe,
thc subjcct mattrr of despatch wriiten hy
Mr Ruih, whcn Ministcr in England; to
(ho Bi itish Govornment. It is not our in
lention, howevcr, to asscrt any abstract
claim to Orcgon; it is iinnccessary to do
so. Our right is dcrived from two sourccs
sufficienlly irresistible for our purposo.
First, tlio right by discovory; second, tho
right by purchase. Ind. SenUncl
WMAT IS A REVENUE TARIFFf
This question, we believe,lias ncver
bcen satisfactonly nnswcrcd, and ho
doubt wlicther it can be; or wliethcr,
strictly spccking, thcre can be such a
thing as an unmixed revent o tnrilT; btt
thcrc arc ccrtain principles which sl.ojld
characierize such n tariff, to thc standard
of uhich we should approximato as ncar
ly as thc iiaturc of the thing would permit.
A rcvcnuc tariff wiil proportion tho
btirdens of the govornment, as nearly na
possiblc, according to the wealth of ihe
government of each individual placing
bntslight duties on articels which arc in
tlispensablo for tho poor, nnd high dutics
ou articles of forcign luxury, thc con
iiiniption of which is confined to the rich.
In ihe present law this principle is cn
tirely dijrcgartkd
A revenue tariff imposns no bunlens
upon thc peoplo cxcept to pny tho ex
penses oflhe covernmcnt avo'ding, aa
possiblc, the opcrations of thc present sys
tcm, which imposes n doublc tax; the du
ties upon forcign imports alonc going into
the public treasnry, whilc there is anothcr
tax in thc highcr pricoiofour own muiii
facturcs. This is ns much atax upon llia
pcople as though it was lovicd dircctly
upon tlieir piopcrty, and then paid from
thc uational treasury in thc form of boun
ty, with this advantagc in tho Iast meth
od, that it would then fall upon each ac
cording to his mcans, whilc the burden is
now placeil disproportionally upon tho
poor.
A revenue larilflooks upon all classca
and intercsts of all scctions of the Union,
as equally cntitlotl to favor not makirg
onc thc paiticular pct and favoritc of tho
govcrnmcnt and building it up al thc
expcnsc of thc t thers; and in this manner
it avoids thc jealousics and disaffectiona
which have hcrctoforc threatcncd thc pcr
mnncnco of thc Union. It also approx
imates thc ineomo of tho govcrnment ns
ncarly as possiblc to thc amoutit of its cx
pcnscs, thus prcventing a large surplua
rcvcnuc aud its attcndant evils.
Such a tuiiff bcing at all tinies ncccs
cary, and rcgulated by a standard which
has but little variatiun, is surc nnd per
mancnt, not stinmlating by tcmporary
benefits ordccoiving by fulsc hopcs, pro
dccing a fcvcrish excitcment and cnnstai t
ascillation in busiucss, nnd making the
pohti:s ofihc nation a miscrablc scrnm
blc for pccuniary gain.
In tho "incidental protection" which it
may confcrit uvoids raijing the profiis of
onc occpation far abovo tlnt of olhcrs,
but rather niin at a wholcsomo nnd ner-

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