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"Frccdom of lnquiry hnd thc l'owcr of thc Pcoplc." $2,00 PEIt ANNUM. BY E. A. KIMBALL. WOODSTOCK, VERMONT;' THURSDAY, JANUARY 28, 1847. t Wholc Number 350, Volumc 8-Nnmbcr.ll. BUSINESS CARDS. rni.T.AJir.1! Ar U AltltETT. .ttornoya nnd Counsolors a t L a w Elin Street. 287, lCOJlCOLLAMER. JAMEbIURRETT O. V. CIIANDIiEU, Ittornoy a n tl Uounsoior aiLiaw, EOWIN IIUTCIIINSON, Atlorney and Counselor at law, WOODSTOCK, VT. SAMUEL II. PltlCE. A2 TO RJV E V A T LA W, AND )LlClTOIl AND MASTER !N CIIANCERY. WINDSOR. VT. 287 SEWALL FULIiAMi A TTORJVE Y AT LA TV, ' LUDLOW, VT. 287 II. B. 8TOUGHTON, A TTOR A E Y A T LA W. Chester, Vt. 287 JAMES M. (JIIiSON, TORNEY. AND COIINSEl.OR AT I,AW AND SO- I.ICITOU IN CHANCERY, Uausville.ll'indsor Counlu. I't. Allbmlucis entrualed tu lils care, promp tly nllenJ- to. 286 EDMUNO WESTON, lATTORNEV AND COUNSELOR AT LAW, Vet Randolph, Vt. 289-1)' CALVIN FltENGH, Atlorney and Counselor at Law, PROCTORSVILLE, VT. 287 tVARREW C. FRENCIf, ATTOK.VE Y AT LA W, SHARON, vt. 287 S. R.STREETER, Atlorney and Counselor at Law, BARNARD, VT. 287 J. a. IIAWKINS, Allomty and Counselor at Law, FELCItVILLE, VT 287 J. P. ICIDDEK, Atlorney and Counselor at Law. West Randolph, VI. 326 FREDEIUCK C. ROI5I1INS, Allorney and Counselor at Law, ludlow, vt. 287 1). I WEYMOUTH, ?TORjXEY!s COUjWSELOR AT LA IV 11ETIICI,, Vt. 3U7tt IIUNTON & JONES, TTORNEVS AND COUNSELORB AT LAW Chelsea, VI. P. Hunton, 287 P. C. Jones. AIjANSON DYER, ILAQE TAVERN AND l.l VERY STAULEKEErER, rciiERi.va iiusiness, and nrn manufac- AL80 CARRIES O.N THE tuiieof uoots Anusuovs; OF EVERY VARIETY AND STYLE. East Rutland, Vt. 301 J. T. IIURNIIA'M, U N I 0 N IIOTEL, NORWICH, VT. 31811 WHITNEY'S IIOTEL, I r n er of El m and Central streets, U Y S. Wr II I T A E V, J. II SIMONDS, WINDSOR IIOUSE, WINDSOR, VT. 87. 8AMUBI. FOItl), C II E S II I R E IIOUSE, KEENE.N.ll. ZjTlJ J.MORR1LL.JR., VILLA GE T A V E R A" , SHARON, VT. 318 Z. F.IIYDE, OUICK STA G E II O U S E, Proctorsville; Vt. 287 II. F. DICKINSON, WASHINGTON HALL, CHELSEA, VI. 326 JOIIN GAS3, AMERICAJV II O U S E , CONCORD, N. II. Iirriofe J in readincsi to canveijvlsiters at this lousc lo anajrom me aepoi. oio O. A. IUIYANT, br I n lsngllin,lTencn,anu AinerirRnurj W, I. Gonils,Hnd Urnceriex, Crockery (iln and Hard War. ElmStntt, mmt.i.isii &. SIiAOE, LeUSIN FI.OUU, W.l. GOOPS&UROCER1ES ItS.CONFECTIONARY,3UMMERDRINKSAND KNTRAL STREET .OPrOBITEW HITNEY'HIOTEL , A . HATC1I. & OO rERSlNFI.OUR W.I.nOODSANDCROCERIES Ivrnni'inUlllV tllTMMPn DIMN'Kri.AM) CENTRAL HTREET. iol RUSSKijL&CIiAllK, T C II M A K E R S A N II J E W E I, E R 8, LprosiTE whitney's hutel. central street, U. II. IIAIIiEY. Ifoclurer otSMvcr Bpoons nnd 3pectiicles.and Dealer in Jeweiry,uuurry ann rancy uoous- Wholeaalennd Rctall. 287 ppotile Whitney's Ilolel, Central Street. IIENRY IIATCII, Ontdaor south of Union Hatl,Elm Strtet, n, coprnn, an d bheet iiion workbh. Ii.RIGiniOND, & GO., 1DLE. HARAESS. TRUJVK MAK- ERSAJVV TH IMM EU 8. Rlish's building, Central Street. 320 j Richmond, N. L. Parkhurst. HUIili II. AVITT, iASJIlOJVADLE TAILOR CENTRAL STREET. 289 MlCIIAEIi JIVERS, TAILOR. r Collame q liarretl's uince lilm street, JOIIN KEI.I.Y Tailor, WEn s. noswouTii's store, Uarnard, Vt. D.M. DEWEY. Inkeroftlie Imnrovedllolmrt Wooden Pumpi. Iie abnve l'umpa are w.irranteil to drnw a barre! a in nute w th eaao.nnto a iu i rcn leci. nrtlem Irntn n il Nmncf. Drnmnil nttfnded lo UUSIUCK V(. 11 innAIiT, & WYATT. IlLACKSMITHS. Iijtironlnp of ll klmli nud Ciixtom work ofevery ucscnpuon uone to oruer. CENrnAL STREET. GKOUO KFISIIK.lt. raeturtr o),and deater in cabintt furniture 0 ci'erj 'icvcriptton . Pleasant Htreet 287 AI)I II. II AMMONT). rOSISONIAN IIOTANIU PRACTITION nit. Itween the Methodlalnnd EplacopnlClnirrhts. LIVKRY dTAUl.h, BY AJ.RERT PACKER Courlstreet, Ij. M. niLIilXGS, Stable , Eagle Iloltl C. M. SMITII.Antnt. PRINTS BY T1IE CORD. ' on hand rnore Ihan 10.000 varda Prlntn. nll atviea Iml prlcca-bousht Kt the lowell elib anil I'or aale by le,plcce, ond dreaa natlern.at nbout nne Imlf for- Ficea . I,. v. MORTON over,N.II.,Nov. 12. '46 WJNTER OIL. lehed Wlnter Sperm Oll, vcry llsht eolor WAKKANTED I'ME. tky 'i DANA.Jr. SI$tfcttUttval AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY. Thc nnnual metting oftlie Windsor CoUNTY AgRICULTUUAI. SOCIETY W8S lielll nt the town hall in Woodstock, on Wedncsday tlio I3th inst., and was res poctahly nttcnded. Tlie Tteasuror, Mr Johnson, rcported tlio stato of the finnnces of thc socicty, an abstract of whicli is as follows: Cash rcceivcd of members $330,00 " " Stato Trcns urcr 275,45 $G0G,45 303,03 Paid for promiums 6257,25 " " acct'snllowod 40,38 Balanco m tho Trensury, 302,02 Tlio following gcntlemcn werc elccted offlccrs of tlio Socicty. JOIIN POIITER Esq, of Hartford, Presidcnt. JOSEPII W. COLBURN, Esa, of Springfield, and SOLON DANFORTJ1 Eso.., of Barnard,,Vice Presidents. Charlca Marsh Jun., of Woodstock, Sccrciary. Eliakim Johnson, of Woodstock, Trcas urer. Voled, That tho Constitution bo so n mcndcd thnt each town in which thcro arc fivc members, slmll be entitlcd to havc one mnnagcr, and cach town having tcn or moro members shall be entitlcd lo two managcrs. Thc following gcnlkmcn wcrc apoinled Managcrs for thc scvcral lowns. Barnard, Lorcnzo Richmond, Joseph Bowman. Bethel, John Moody. Bridgewater, Gilbert White, Charles S. Raymond. Cavendish, Ryland Fletcher, Samuel Ad ams. Chester, Haskcll Westen. Hartford, Samuel Nutt, John h. Lovcring. Hartland, Thomas T. Burnham, William Wnlker. Ludlow, Ryland Havcn, Augustus Ross. Norwich, John Wright, S. C. Simonds. Pomfret, Eben'r Bridge, Olis Chamberlin. Plymouth, Iliram D. iMoore. Sharon, John S. Shcpherd. Springjield, Ilenry Closson, Abijah Mil ler. Weathersfield, Charles Jarvis. Windsor, Cliipman Swain. Woodstock, John A. Pralt, Daniel Ran- som. Voled, That whcn fivo persons in any town in which thcro is no manager np- pointcd shall join tho socictv.thoy rnay ap point one of iheirnumber to act in that capacity. Voled, That nercalter tne 1 rea&nrer anti Secrctary Ehall not act ns managers. The following slanding commitkcs werc ap- jioinlca ON AGRICULTURE. Henry Clossen, Sprincfiold; Samuel Nult, Hartford; Ecbeuezer Atwood, Bar nard. Od manufacturcs and Ute Mechanic arts. Daniel Taft Jr., Woodstock; A. G Dewey, Hartford, James Whipple. ON DOMESTIC ANIMALS. Aaron Loveland, Norwich; Abijt.h Millcr Snrvtn htld: Uanicl Iiotven, irealhers- fcld. AUUOUNTS. Norman William?, Lyndon A. Marsh, Plnlo Ilatch Woodstock. Votcd. To amend ihe llili Article of thc constitution hy striking out tho words wiihout coinpelilion, so that it Fhall rcad 'No nreniiums shall bo awarded, unless the committce to uhom the claim is sub milted sliall adjudge thesame to bo highly meritonous. On tho repnrt of Committces, the fol owing preiniums wero uwardcd: Committce on Farms. To Nathan Cushing of Woodstock, for the bcst cultivated larin, 812,00 To Daniel Dcnison of Ilartland, sccond prcmium on larms, 0,00 lo Josenh W. Colburn, of ' Springfield, third premium on farms, 0,00 I'or tlie licst n intcr Wheat. To John Porter.llartfortd.tho ht prcmium 35 7-8 bushcl per Jlcrc, 5,00 To JL.Iins iiates, liartlanil.thcxu prcmium, busn. per ucrc, l,uu JJcst Acreof ispring n hcat. lst nremiun to Elias Bates, Hart- land, 32 hushels 5,00 2d " to Crosby Millcr, Pom fret, 31 1-4 bushels, 4,00 Besl Acre of Indian Com. lsl premiiim to J. L. Lovcring, Hartford. 119 hushels sound com por acro 5,00 2d premium to Eben'r Bridge, Pomfret, 4,00 3d " to Gardner Winelow, Pomlrct, 100 bushels pcr acre, 3,00 BeU acre of Oats. lst premium to Alba Stimnson, Norwich. 93 3-4 busheU 4.00 2d prcmium to James Weston. Springfield, 80 bushels 2,00 Committce on Jiools, To 'Nathan CuBhing Woodstock prcmium on Ruta Bpga 3,00 To Olivcr II. McKenzic, Wood- stock.dpromium on Bects 3,00 To Gardner Winslowof Pomfret lst prcmium on potatocs 0,00 To Ora Paul ol Pomfret socond premium on potatoes 5,00 rofI that the secretary bo diroctcd to fuinish a copy ofthe procoedings of this meetinir for nublication, to cach of thc nowspapers printed in thc connty. JOHN PORTER, ' Prtsident. Charles Marsh, J., Stcrelary. AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY, . ,i Satemcnt of thc comuelilors for thc vr'i' miiiiii awardcd on the 13f7i. of Januari for wheat crops. WINTER WHEAT. lMlt PoRTEIt's StATEMENT. Hartford, Dcc. 25, 104G. To the committee on Field Crops, in thc Windsor Counbj Jlgricidturut Socicltj. Gcntlemcn: I did not c.xpect to bo a compctitor for a premium on wheat until thrashcd it, nnd lound the yield larger lan ranticipatcd, so that I cannot be so minutc in relatioti to tho crop as I oilier wisc could, noither am I ablc to stato the tull mnount ruiscd on one acre of thc bcst part of tlie field; but takothe wholc fiold, bcing nbout 4 acrcs. 1 now regret that 1 lad not mcasurcu ono acre anu harvcsteu sepaiulely from tho resl, as the whcnt on uboui ono half tlie field was inuch kill- ed by thc winter aud spring, nnd thc olher half was injurod but vcry little. Tho part, not injured ccrtninly yiclded one third morc than thc other, per acre. Aftor thrashing thc wheat about tho first ot Oc tober, 1 rncasurcd tho ground accuratcly, and found that thc whole field yiclded 35 7-8 bushels por acro. Tho wheat wn.3 very dry .vhen galhered into Ihe uarn, and was mcasurcd in the barn floor ( and not lightly) when thc thrashing machitie was in opcration, so that it would pro bably mcastire quito as much at this timc. Jn tho spring of lH'15 1 sprcad and iloughcd in about 40 conimon cart loads of coarse yard manuro to tho ncro, being the second year after the sward was turn- ed, aud planted the field to corn, which was very cood, as thc conditioii of tho oil wns nood before inanurinir. Whcn ic corn was sufiicicntly ripe, il was cut up at tho ground, and after drying in thc shock a 1'cw days the field wns clcnrcd, the ground ploughcd and harrowcd bcforo sowiug; tlicu about 1 1-2 hushels of Gcn ncscc jlint whtat, just brought from Troy, Y., was soHii to thc ncrc, being lnst waslud and limcd. As to tho expenso of culiivntion, harvesling, &c, I cau only say that il was utiusually small, ns thc whcal was cradlcd aifd thrashcd willi a machinc, cleaiiing wcll at the samc timc at the ratc ofovcr 100 bushels per day. Pho wheat was sowed abwit tho20tli Scpt. Therc will unqueBiionably be compclitors for largc.r qitantitics by ihe acre, but my objcct in making npplicaiiori that whilc 1 have on the wholc hcld a good yield, I havc a betler kind of wheat than is usually rniscd, bcing hcavy, cltan, nnd handsomc, and yicldinga large qunnti ty o(exccllcnt fiour to tho Jiushel; qtinli- lioc ooilainl; to l.o tanell 11)10 II1C aCCOlllll iu awarding prcmiums, as wcll as quanti- for I nm of tho opiiuon, that an nppli- cant is not entitlcd to a prcmium for rais- iiiK cven Alurgc crop offoul, impurc grain,any inore ihan for n large ill-Bhnpcd o., or ainnmmolh, camcl-buill anu Dauiy formcd horso. Rcsncctfully yours, JOHN PORTER. Col. A. Stimson, and others. Mn. Bateh' Statement. To thc Commitlcc of ihe Windsor Counly JJ'iricultural bocictn on L,ravs. Gentlemen: I havo raised a crop of wintcr wheat on a piece ol old mowing land measuring ono acre and forty rods this past scason. rho condition ol thcsoil was ns lollows, to wit. The crouinl had ticcn previousiy, sceded to clovcr aud it had been inowed ono or two ycars. In the month ot Alay somo hcre ncar thc middlc ol thc month, thc dover being up about lour or six in- chcs liigh, I put twenty cart loads or a bout that number of loads ol inanurc Irom tho hogyard on the said piece of land. droppcd it in sinall pilcs over thc piece in lows, tho land bcing a little dcsceuding tnward thc south. 1 commcnccd tprcad ing thc lovvcr row on the south sido, and plowmg wilh a sidelnll plough, nnd con linucd ihus to do until finished thc piece; getting part of thc manurc under thc sod and part on thc lop. Imnicdialcly altcr plowing 1 harrowcd tho pieco thoroughly, thcn planted it with corn. 1 tnised fme crop of corn which I harvcstcd about tho second wcck m Scptcmber by cutting it up. 1 drcw tho corn ntt the piccc anu plojglicu anu liarrowcu it. l tnen prc parcd two bushels ot wintcr flint whcal by washing it m slrong brino, skimmg on tho shrunk wheat ly-ihat which rosc on thc top ol said bnne, altcr draming 1 sprcau it on the lloor of my cornhouse mixcd a bout two bushels of slncked limc with the whoat I thcn sowed it bcing about llic tniddlo of Scptcmber. 1 hnrvested thc said wheat about thu first of Augusl, by rcnping it nnd puiting into thc barn the samodny. I thrashcd it thc last wcck in AugUBt with one of ritls thrashing inach- ines, anu it yiciueu mc iniriv uvo uusncis, Tho cost ofraising tho wheat is as fol lows, as ncar as 1 cau calciilatc. Lxtra labor drawing off corn, Ploughing and harrowing, Sced whoat, Harvcsting, Thrashing, $2,00 3,00 3,00 3,00 2.75 $13,75 ELIAS BATES. 15th, 1840. Ilartland, Dcc, SPRING WHEAT. Mn. Bates' Statement. To thc Commitle of thc Windsor Vounlt Jjgricultural isocnty, on Crops. Gentlemen: I havo raised a crop of spring wheat this season past,on a piccoof land contnimng ono acro and twenty-niiie rods. Condition ol tho soil. It bcing ptecc of mowing and I had mowcd it number of ycars. 1 ploughod it late in thc fall of 1844." I i iu about twcntv loads of barn , yard and stable manuro on said pieco,'inVMay following, and harroued'ii in mi'xing ihe soil and manuro wcll togeth cr, and 1 also put about fivc loads of coal dust, from n coslpit bed, on nbout ouo half of said pieco and planted it with corn. After first timo hoeing, 1 put about tcn or twelvo bushels of houso ashcs on said piccc, putting a fcw ashcs arnund cach liill of corn, from which I raised a grand crop of corn. In tho spring follow ing which was last spring, somo timo by thc first ofMay, I ploughcd thc said piccc aud harrowcd it. 1 thcn prcparcd ono busliol aud rt hnlfof spring whoat, thc old faslii'oned kind, by washing it iu Mrong brin,skimiug off all tho shrunl: wheat and oats iyc. that nrosc on lop ofsaid briuc, and thcn mixcd about 2 bushels of slack cd liinc with the said wheat and sowed il nbout tlio first woek in May. In Augusl I cradlcd it and hound it into hundles and put it in thc barn. I thrnshed it ihe last wcck in August with Pilts' thrashing niachine which yicld ed mo thirty-six bushels. Tho cost of said crop is as follows: One day team and hand ploughing and harrowing Three days harvesling, Seud wheat one bushcl and a half. Thrashing, Ono day harrowing and rolling, $2,00 3,00 3,00 2,00 $12,25 ELIAS BATES. 14th, 1040. Hartland, Dcc, JIr. Milleh's Statement. Committee on Grain. Gentlesiun: 1 offer for your consid eration for a premium, one acre of spring wheat said acre wns carcfully rnd accu ratcly mcasurcd from one corncr of n field of sonie 3 1-2 ncrcs (bcing 12 by 13 1-3 rods) and was hnrvested and thrnsheJ by itself, and carcfully mcasurcd in thc presence ofwitnesses. The yield of the acre was 31 1-4 bush els. Weight G3 Ibs. to tho bushcl, or I9G9 Ibs. to llic acre. The ground liad bccn mowcd sevcrnl ypars previous to Inst year last year it was manured with barn manurc, at the rato of about 35 loads (of35 bushels) to thc acre sprcad on tho grass and plough cd in, nnd planted with corn lalc in the (all il was ploughcd again vcry decp. Last spring the ground was harrowcd, and thcu sowed and tho sccd covorcd wiih Alinnurr uuiiivaior, tnen sowed Wllll jrass sced, harrowcd a'jain aud rollcd. l'he whcal is the Blnck bca variely, quan- tilyofsecd from 1 1-4 to 1 1-2 bushels per vcrc. 1 he sced was soaueu a snort lime in brine in which was soir.esallpetrc, ftetpouriii" ofi'the brine, lime was stir- red in at tho ratc of 4 quarts lo thc bush cl. I roncd thc lOlliofApril nnd commenc- cd renping the last day of July. I have usod the cullivator lor covcrmg wlieat lor two )ears past, nnd am much pleased with I. ilniik tho harrowdoes not coveruccp enoiWli. Within tlio acro was a lcdgo of rocks whicli took up Hvdw thrcc square rods, and (or which no Vowanco was madc iu tho niasure. Also n very badly lodged spot of somo 8 or 10 tquaro rods which produ'ccd but little wheat. I could havo eleclid two hall acrcs which wotilu have iroduccd morc. CROSBY M1LLER. Mesdhs. James Weston-JCommi.c A L1I A OTIMI'SUN , Henry White, Porfifrct, Dcc. Gih, 1S1G. ' on Grain, REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON ROOTS. To tht Members of thc Windsor Counly Agricultural Socicty. Your Committce nu Roots rogret lo rc- port the vcry small number of Vegelablcs that wcre prestntcd for tho socicty s pre mium. 1 hey regret this thc more.because they rcgard this depnrtmenl as a very nr. lortant ono in this counly. Whin lliey lako iuto considcrntion that wo hac mofe than 300,000 sheep, and GO.OOtK.attle that range on our hillsand through our vales, and that nll thcse must be led as much as hvo motiths in a year on dry foddcr, it is to your committee a subiect of much regret, that our indus iriuus larmers do not npprccialc thc ini- portnncc ot Ihe ciillivnlion of roots, as u chancc of foddcr, when nalure has dcpriv od our flocks of nll crocn substnnr.o. To ns it scems indispensibly necessary, in or dcr lo insurc thcir health and strcugh dur insr wintcr to.sunply ihem wcll with roots, Nocood farmcr should ncGlcct the culti vation of roots, whcn a roasonahlo iiros pectofn fair return offors itsclftothe mind. Rools ns a chanco of fudder for stock, in winicr, cannot willingly bo dis pcnscd with by the farmer who hasexpcri enec in thc malter. Wo hope yct to seo Windsor Cotintv becomc famous for the cultivation of roots.its soil nnd climato are highly auapted for thcir growth. Tho commiltcc awardcd ihe socicty first premium on Ruta Bap-as to Nalhan Cushing ol Woodstock. In his commu nicalion he gives an e.xposooftho nian i ' . , nor of cullivation. soil. nroduct, &c. IIo say the land "cultivated contninod 123 square rods of a loam soil, it had been mowcd 4 yoars in succcssinn, aud his lasl crop ol hay was less than ono ton pcr a cro, The first of May he sprcnd from 20 to 25 cart londs of manuro, and plowed th.eBamo under. Previous to sowing the scc3, tprcad 10 loads olconipojt, nnd wcll harrowcd with a secd hurrow. About tlio first of Juno sowed the sced, from which he obtaincd 590 bushels ofbagas, which is 7G7 bushels per acre. 590 bushels at 12 1-2 cts is $73,75 Exponse of cultivation and sced 20,02 Profits of crops 53,73 MrC.inhis commtinicntion says he knows of no crop, that can he raiied at thc samc cxpcnsc, that will givo bo much kccpitig for such stock as thoy ard good for, as the Bagas. He says, they arc first rate for oxen to work by in spring, that they are not so relaxing as potatoes, good for cowa bcforo and aftor calving, nnd will not injuro thc milk or flavor ofthe bultcr, if properly fed to cows. Excellonl for shcep at commencement of foddering, and iu thc spring. ToOliver H. McKenzic, of Woodstock was awardcd the socicly's prcmium on bects. In tho communication of Mr M. ho says lits bcets wcre raised on thc branch where thc soil was to the detph of 12 or 14 inches, one cntirc sand loam, made Irom thc overflowing of thc brook, and contains 42 square rods, on which bcets havc been raised for ten yoars. In tho spring, B loads of green manuro was spread aud swurd plowcd to llic depth of 8 inches secd sown about tho 12th of May, when wcd, plants thiitrd out to 4 iaclies apart. Crop rniscd 292 bushels which is 1112 bushels to the acro. He cslimatcs lliem worlh 25 ccnts per bushcl, whicli amounts to $73,00 Expense of cultivation, use of secd &c, he obtimalcs at 12,00 Estimatcd profits 01,00 JMr M. says hc fecds his becf aud fal ting hogs entirely on bects, and considers thcin worlh inore for milk cows than pota tocs, good for shecp and horses, does not cause bloat in auinials, considers thcsc morc profitablc than bagas. As one of yourcommittcc(G. Winslow) was a compctitor for the Society's premi um in the potato linc, he rcfused to sit on tlie subject.which vucancy was supplied.by thc appoinlig of II. Clossen, of Springfield, Your committce thus constituted, award ed thc Society's first premium on potalos lo G. Winslow, of Pomfret, Mr W. in his expose of tho situation of thc soil, ma nurc proccss of the cullivation, &c, says, the first ofSept. 1845, was spread ou to 172 square rods of mowing land o( loamy soil, said land pitching N. E. by E. 20 loads of inaniire, then evculy sprcad on. Thc surfucc plowcd u, tif '-.-' " i :..!. .i oi-U liarrowcd. In Iho niumt! ol April 1840, said laud was wcll iarrowed,with aseed harroiv,ubout theu- lli planted lopotalos,23 hushels of seed to llio ncro, secd of good sizc nnd cul into two or threc pieccs, 3 picccs lo thc hill, covcrcd about 2 inches in depth, rows 3 lect apart, lulls 18 inches; potaloes hoed out on thc 28th nnd 29th ofMay. Thc lst of July all the wecds in sight wcro cut up but thc carth not moved, and on thc first ofSoptember thc pctatos wcrc ripc. On tho 7th commcnccd diggmg potatoes which were put into ihecellar and polatoe holcs, where they were cxcluded from lighi and as far aspossiblo from air, 321 bushels ol goou sized mcaly polaios wcrc obtaincd from thc piece, which ia nfier ihe ratc of 298 bushels to thc acre. Not any rot or discaso wns sccn in digging, and are now, Doc 20, sotiud and iiicnlj. In tho communication of Mr W. to llic com miltcc, he says, from considerablc cxperi- cncc, ne is conviuceu, tuat il is nec essary lo plnnt tho potato cfop, (say by or Istof May) to give suitublc timc to ripcn; for unless fullv ripc it is not nieuly or good for the tablc. Itis at times thc case, tliHt planted as lalc as the 20th ofMay or first of June, it may grow to a large sizc, but in that caso it is watcry, nnd not good lor thc table. Jt is a fact concedcd by nicn engagcd in the manufacturc of starch thnt from n bushel of ripe potaloes thero obtaincd from 7 to 8 pouuds of starch, but from potaloes of equal sizo, it not ripe, the yield is Irom 5 to G pounds to the bushcl, iiiid as llic stcrch contained is the onlr siandard of value; u must result in cstaulishiiig tho neccssily of carly planting. And again in my opinion to guurd againsl rot is to plani caily, and cover the seed at lcast 2 inches decp, in order to protcct tho young potato irom mc scorcning rnys oi inc juiv sun, nnd when ncar maturity from being sook cd by hcavy rains. Common seuse dic tnics that to cxpose tho potatoc to too much hcat, or woi, yoti injuro it for the ta blc, aud in the samc ratio for stock if not for secd. Ho says, thc value of his potatocs was 20 ccnts per bushel. 298 bushols at 20 cents is $59,00, Expenso of cullivation and sced, nftcr chnrgiug the crop wilh half thu cxpcnsc-of thc manuro and plowing, was 21,75 Amount of profits of cultivation 37,95 Your commitlcc, awardcd tho Society's 2nd prcmium lo Ora Paul of Pomfret. In his cxpose ol'his method of raising thc crop, it appcnrcd to corrcspnnd with thc method pursucd by Mr Winslow, cxccpt as to amount of secd uscd, which ou ono acro was 30 bushels. His soil was a dry loam, on n stecp eidc hill, nnd he put n spoonful of plnster in eacn hill. Uis secd was ot tlio coinumn whito nnd bluo polatoe, nnd he raiecd on the ncrc 237 bushels of good niealv pota toes, suilable for thc tnhle. Expense of crop not commtintcated to committee. Thero was not any npplication for the society's premium on carrots or onions, thougli thcro wcro sevcrai good crops raised in thc county, wliich camc fully up to the mark required by thc socicty. Much apaihy appears lo rest ou thc minds ofmnny fanncrs, or a fear of not bcing successful in competing for prcmiums, which wc tliink will bc donc avvay at tho ncxt fair. Your comniittee from tho requircments oftlie 4lh scc, of your By-Law?, havo been thus full in thcir corr.munication as to thc soil inanurc expense of cultiva liou, kc. in ordcr that the tiicinbcrs may avnil thcmsulves of any useful hints, in tho managemcnt of tho crop hy competi tors. Wo ask the farmors of Windsor county to wakc up to tho consideration of thcir inlercsls. In a fow montlis thc railroad car will whistlo ihrough our state, tho prico of freight will then bo much reduc ud, nnd thousands of bushels potatoes, bcets, cnrrots, ruta bagas, nnd onions will find a rcady inarket iu Nrw England's Eniporium, nt prices much cnhnuccd. The bosom of our common molher, carth, is ns warm and ferulc in Windsor county, as in smiling Itnly, or on the hauks oflho rolling Ohio. Improveinent is ihe order of llic day. Why not npply the march of scicncc to tho cultivation ofthe soil? By pcrscvernnce, wc can obiain two bladcs of grass, whcrc but one now grows. Come thcn farniers, rnechnnics, one nnd all, unitc with our society, and by prop cr exertion, Vermont can be elevatcd in her agricultural aud manufacturcd pro duclious, to a liigli staudard ia this Un ion. Then shall wc not only seo but feel ihe beauty of thc rcmarks of a son of our statc, who says: "Our temp'rato aii brcaihs hcaltti, our fcrtilo soil In copioua plenty pajs llic latorer'e toil; Ask not foi inountuins ofl'cruvian oro Nor couit.tho dust thnt shincs on Afric's slioro, Tho plow ciplorca for llico, tlio richcst mine, Than Autumn's fruit no goodlicr orc can thino." All of which, is respectfully submitled by your committce. GARDNER WINSLOW, Chairman. Pomfret, January I8ih, 1847. CIRCULAR. We call the atlentinn of our rcadc'sto the following docunient which has been prepared to be hent to llic principal post ofliccs in llic Uuiied Siatcs. TO POSTMASTERS. I am dirccteu by thc PoBtmaster.Geufirr niimifii ed 'and incrcasining attenipls lo violato tno law, anu ociraud tno revcnnc, by writing on the wrapper.marijin, or oth er portiou of llic ncwspapers, Amphlcts, and magazincs scnt by mail. Thc cheap postage system has removed cvcry rcason n'ole excusc for violating or cvading tho law, and too much vigilence cannot bc ex crcised by postmastcrs to detect and pun- ish thc ollenuers; and public scnlinicnt, whcn well iuformcd, will not fail tosustain you iu thc faithful dischargc of iliis duty, which is as imperative upon you as any other. That frauds of this kind may ba dctccted and traced to thcir origiu, you arc parlicularly insiructcd to etamp, or maik in writing. cvcry irinsicH((by which is mcaut all not regularly scnt tosubscrib ers) ncwspaper, pamphlet cr ningnzinc, wilh tho namc of the oflicc und ihe a mount o( postage. Thc wrappeisof all such newEpniers, pniiiphlcls or mngazines when they have reachcd thcir dettination, should be carcfully removed; and if upon iuspcclion, found to coutain any munu script or rnemornndurn of i'iiy kind, eithcr wriilen or stanipcd, or by marks and signs madc in any way, cither upon any ncwspa per, printed circular, price current, pam phlet, or magnzine, on the wrnppcr in which it iscncloscd, by which iuformnticn shall bc askcd for or communicaled.exccpt thc naine and address of the person to whom it is direclcd, such iiewspnpcr,priul ed circular, prico current, pamphlet, or magnzine, with the wrapper in ' which it is cncloscd shall be charg cd wilh letter poslago by weight. If the pers'ou to whom the ncwspaper, printed circular, price current, pamphlet, " or magnzine is dircctcd, rtfuses to pay such lcltcr poslage thcrcon Ihe postinns- ter will immedinicly transmit the same to thc office from whence it wns forwnrded, nnd" requcst tho postmnsier thercofto prosecuto the scuder for thepenaltyof fivo dolLrs. as prescribed bv the 30lh scction oflho act of 1815. Suits may bo brought eithcr iu district couris, or bcfore statc magistrntes having civil jurisdiclion in nctious of dcht for this ntnount, undcr the respeciive statc laws. The nnme of the sendor writtcn or stanipcd eithcr upon thc newspapcr, printed circular, prico current, pamphlet, or magazine, or tho wrapper in which it is cnclosd, commiini cates such informntion as subjccts it to lettcr postage, and ihe coni-equcni pcnal ties, if such poslage is not paid at itsplaco of deslinaiion. Tho diminution of the rcvcnuo of ihe depariraent undor tho cheap postngo sys tem, and thc grcat and incrcasing demand for nddilional mail facilities thmtighnut our coinitry, whosc lcrntory now cxicnda to the Pncific, rcndor it absolutely neces sary, not only thnt cvciy cont oflawful rovenuo bc cnlloctcd and accounlnd (or, bul jlint the iitmost vigilance should bc exercised for tho prercntion of frand, and the sure and spccdy infliction of ihe pro per pcnalty upon tho ofTt nder. This can only bc nccomplished by tho strictcst at tention of postmastcrs, who arc thc sworn agenls ofthe department, nnd arc bound lo sco thc laws faithfully aduiinislered. W. J. BROWN 2d Assistant Postmaster General. Vosl Officc Dcnartmcnl. Doc. 3. 1846.