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Spirit of the age. [volume] (Woodstock, Vt.) 1845-1913, May 27, 1847, Image 1

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"Frcctlom of lnquiry timl thc Powcr of tlic Pcoplc."
$lJ,00 PERANNUM.
Wliolo INimiber 3G7.
Voliinic 8-Numbor 28.
WOODSTOCK, VERMONT, TIIURSDAY, MAY 27, 1847.
BUSINESS CARDS.
COLLAMER
& 1JARRETT,
Counsolors a t L a w
ttornovsaild
Elm Strect. 287,
onCoi.LAMEn. JamesDarkett
O. 1'. CHANlUiKR,
tornoy anu uounsoior ai iiaw,
utniratsiTttii xoi
EOWIN IIUTCII1NSON,
Allorncy and Counsclor at law,
WOOU3T()UK,VT.
SAIUUEL II. 1'RICE.
A2T0RJV E Y AT LA W,
AND
L L' O t AN MAST l llN UIIANUl IY.
WIXDSOR.'VT. 267
SEWA1.I, FULLAM,
ATTO R JYE V A T L A IV,
LUDLOW, VT. 287
II. 13. STOUGHTON,
ATTOHj E V AT LA V.
Chester, Vt. 287
EllMUNI) WESTON,
TTnnvr.v a m ti nnitvsEt.nn at i.aw.
West Randolph, Vt. 269-lj
CAIiVIN FRENCH,
Allorncy and Counsclor at Law,
PROCTORSVILLE, VT.
287
WARREN C. FRENCH,
ATTOBSEY A T LA W,
MtAIlON, VT. 2S7
S. R.STREETER,
Allorncy and Counsclor al Law,
11AHNAHD.VT.
2S7
J. (I. HAWKINS,
Allorncy and Counsclor at Law,
FEI.CI1VILI.E, VT
287
J. P. KIDDER,
Attorncii and Counsclor at Law.
West Randolph, VI. 32G
FllEDEIlICK C. ROHUINS,
Atlorney and Counsclor at Law,
uidlow, vt. 287
1). F. WEYMOUTII,
lii.niLi,, vi. im
1IUNTON & JONES,
Chelsea, VI.
P. HuxTonr, 287 P. C. JoNEa.
AI,ANSONlYER.
tnnTivmix AMil.lVRnVSTAllI.EIvCCFCR.
ALSO CARRIES II .V THC
TUREOF IIOOTS Alil) .17Ut.Si
OF EVCItV VAIUETY AN1) STYI.E.
East llutlnnil, I't. 301
J. T.mJRNIIAJH,
U N l 0 N IIOTEL.
NORWICH, VT. 318 tl
W II I T N E Y ' S
.1 0 T E L .
ncr oj lui m anu. uemroiijii c c i c,
i n i f r. i .. . ( fM .. . . I .
I'almeh,
G. F. Whitney.
J. II. SIMONDS,
WINDSOR II 0 U S E ,
WINDSOK..VT.
2S7.
SAMUEL TOKI),
C II E S II I R E 11 0 U S E.
KEENE. K. U.
277
J. MORIIII.L, JR.,
VILLAGE TAVERJf,
SHAllON, VT. 318
Z. F.HYDI3,
u u i j iv a i t u ii ii u u o u,
n II r. l. n Fll I l H I 1 r !T C T1
Proctorsville; Vt. 287
IJ. F. DICICINSON,
WASUhXGTOX IlALL,
chelsea, vt. 32c
JOIIN GASS,
AMER ICAX II 0 US E ,
co.vconi), s. n.
rri(tcin readincxito convcixiuUrsal tltislhune
lo nna from ine lUpot. 31a
" O. A.inU'ANT,
r l II Ulllllll.l ICIll.tlllllU llllCt H ll" 3 uuo ,
w. I. (!(inili,'inil (jrncvries,
Crockery Olnt nml Jlard Wnre.
EtmStrt'et ,
iirrcr.T.isii si.ADE.
rniiv 17. fiinr v i 1:1111 iin .v ii KifijL.it iia
AI.K1COSSTANTI.Y ON I1AND, ...
rS.COXFCCTIONAKY.SUMMUUUKlWttSAnii
KCFRESIIMnNTS.
.NTRAI. STRECT ,0 PrOBlT t W IUTNEY'l' HOTCL ,
.MEM.mil, (Ii:o.1I.Bi,ade.
A. MATC'II, & CO
rnirjifi.niMi w l niiinn a vnnuor.nins
INri'.OTIONAHV .StlMMKR I)!llNKfi,ANI)
CENTH AI. 8TREET. i37
RUSSIiMifcC'IiAKK,
n n H ti i l' p ii ) . i: it i i' tv P I. W n fi
. j ci i t ii iv .j n .j ii u i. ,
PPO'ilTE WlllTNEV'li IIOTEL, CENTRAI. STI1EET,
R. II. RAILEY,
icturcrnWllver Spoonsnnil Spcctncles nml Dcnlet
iujuwcii y, uiiurry nml i niirj t.uoiia'
Wlinlesnlennd Kctall. 287
IIENRY HATC11,
Ontdnor south of Union IIall,Elm Slreet,
i GDFPERi AND n II rj Ii T 1 11 u n w u II K r; II .
Ii. RICHMOND, & CO.,
EHS AA'JJ TU1MMEU8.
lllish's building, Ccnlral Strccl. 320
Richmond, N. I.. I'AiiKiiunsT.
111:1,11 U. AVITT.
ISHIOjXABLE TAILOR,
CF.NTIIAL BTnEET. 289
MlCIIAKh MYERS,
t a i i, o n.
rllinia.mf.rfr 11 ii r rr. 1 1 ' s u IIl r. c.
Elm slrcct,
JOIIN KEI.I.Y Tailor,
llAnNAni), Vt.
I). M. DEwr.v.
ikerof the linprovedllolmrlWonilcn riimis.
n nlnivn PniniiH are w.trrniitvd (o ilrnw n liarrol
i mliiutc wltli e:iHc,iiit(i n liundri'd icrt.
ii ori er iroiu tKimiuiici; iruiui'ii, itiiriuiL'u iu.
IIISUICK VI. i
IDATjTi & AVYATT, nLACKHMiTiis.
celronlnc nfnll klnd and Gimlnm work ofevcry
ucFcrititlon uonc lo ciruer.
O.EVtnAL STREET.
GKOIir.r. fisiirii .
acturer of.and dealer in c.nbintt furniturt of
cicrjiircrip(l(in.
i'lcnsant- Streel 287
mx u. HAjijifiMi.
OMSOMAN IIOTAN'IU PltA(iTlTirN P.n .
twccn t le.Melhou niuni liiilicoiiuiciiitrrin...
287
LIVERY STAIJLE,
DY AI. IIERT PACKCH
Courlitrcct,
r. M. lllTiMNGR.
ry S lubl c , E a g I. e 11 o l cl ,
C. M. SMITll.Astnt.
VJ1N TE D IMMEDTm TE L Y.
pprentlf e nt iho Ualilnet IIiiiIrcks, nno wlio con
, ..... ocouou nsiicit.
ilstock, Mnrch 1, 1817. ,Yi5.f
IIOMER & CO.
r. i nr I f.lTl v.
Ilnnltv'.rn n ,ua. TheVwlll RllllNrnrtnrllv
II who havcnced ofllardwnro oltoodqnallly
AT IiU v I'II1UIi
hotli by tlic inckajo or crwhe. 300
OI1I IFTIIERE WF.RE NO l'RINTERS.WIIAT
WOULD TI1E l'EOl'LE DO.'
Ain: "i''iHe Old Englith Gcnlhtmnl"
uv e. m. iii:it.
Tlio l'rintcrs! IIol I sing to tlictn. I dcilicato this
lav
To thoso who nly tho noblo nrl, rvliicli, likcs tlio
sun's brislit ray,
Givoa liaht ancl hannincjslo nll.nnJ ehino tlio
wido world througlij
Old if tlicro wcro do I'rinicrs, what would tlio pco
plodoT
Tho Politician.llicnjindccdvould boa coiry thing;
1 or tlicro u'ouhl iio no daily ulicet, clcctiort nows
to brinoi
And Iio would havo to wait (or it, pcrhaps a montli
or two;
Old if tlicro wcro no Printcrs, what would tlio
pcoplo dof
Tlio Scnator nnd Mcmbcr, too, might bid farcwoll
to famo,
Wcro notono Tound to print thcir thoughts thoir
miglity dccds proclaim
Tho Fpfoches mado for 'Bllncombo,, tlicy'd find
lo bo 'no go.'
Oh! if tlicro wcro no l'rintcrs, what would our
wiso mcn do!
Tho I'oct and thd Novclist might lay nsido thcir
nuill
Give np thcir toil and stndy, nnd bid thcir brains
bo still;
For who would rcad thcir manuscripts, or ovcn
look thcm llirou"li?
Oh! if tlicro wcto no l'rintcrs, what would our r,n-
tliors do.'
Tho Mcrchant cvciy day, might gct new Btyles,
und fieili supplics; 1
llut wcro no papers to bc found wlicrcin to advcr-
lise,
llo'd find his stock grow vcry largo his dollars
vcry fow ;
Oh! if tlicro wcro no I'lintcrs, what would the
tradcsmcn do?
Tho Ladics too, God phicld thcm wcll, nnd bless
oach gcntlo hcart!
Ilow ihcy would grieyo, if to tlio world was loat
tlio l'rintcr's art;
For tlicro would como no magazincs, cach montli
witli Fashions new;
Oh! if tlicro wcre no Fiinters, what would tho
dcar uncs do.'
Then honor tothc Prinlcrllo wlftm 1 gHo this
layl
To thoso who ply tho noblo art, which, likc tho
Biin s uriaiit rav.
Givcs liglit and liapnincfs to all, and bhincs llic
wiuc world IhrouL'li;
For, if tlicro wcro no I'lintcrs, what would tho
pcoplo do?
J'roin Iluwitl'x Jnnrnul.
THE LOVER.
FTtOM THE UEIIMAN Of' IIEINniCH VOS3,
Tho inaidcn whh brown oycs and ha'tr
Cainc o'cr tlic dcwy mcadows;
Tha nightingales wcio singing clear,
Ainong Iho cvcning sliadows.
I mw and 'heard lier stcpping frcc;
Sho passcd likc sunshino o'cr tlio lua;
1 6aw sho was the girj, for mc!
Ilcr eliirts wcro liftcd from tho dcw.'
Ilcr boddico fitlcd tightly ;
Ilcr plailcd liair, hcr apron bluc,
'J'ho night breezo wafted lightly.
Ilcr stockings white as white could bo;
Said I, that inaidcn fair to scc,
Is just iho vcry gitl for mo.
Tho brindlo cow hcr call obcycd,
Como all tlio mcadows ihrough;
And ns sho inilkcd, said 1, "Swcct maid,
God shicld thee irom all sorrow.'" '
Sho loolccd with cyci so bright and frco;
Said I, sho is tho girl for mo;
Shc shall ii))' hcait'd bclovcd bo!
Hcr oycs thoy scctncd lo answcr 'ycs,'
IIy hcart wi'.li love was gushingj
And I contrivcd my lips to prcsa
Upon hcr warm cbcek, blushing
That blushing clicck.so frush to sco!
Said I, this maidcn, fair nnd ficc,
Sho islho tcry girl formo!
I hclpcd hcr over licdgo and stilo,
Wilh frothy inill; pail tadcn;
Anu snng to scara thc goblin vilo
That might aH'right tlic inaidcn;
For now 'twas dark by buli and trcc;
And said 1, "IWaidcn dcar to mc,
Wilt Ihou my heart's bclovcd bo!"
"Whcrcforo so lato!" hcr mothor cried,
In wralli hcr daughter viewing.
'Soft, gentlo niothcr!" I scplicd,
"Thy daughter I'vo bccn wooing!
Givo thy conscnt thcn blossed aro wo!
Swcct mother, givo consont, for sho
Is willing my bclovcd to bo!"
MARY HOWlTT.
From Iho Plalndcalcr.
Tlic Man of Principlc, and llic Prin
' ciplc ol' Man,
1 wo gcntlemon met in oiir stceets thc
othcr day; Liotli mcn of libcml cdticatioii,
liotli politiciaiis, and atlaclicd to tlie fcd-
eral purly; liotli excniplary in thcir deport
ment, and Cliristinns by profnssion; but
one is nn offico holdcr, and thc othcr is
not. A coiivcrsatioii cnsucd.
Officc holdcr Well, Jolin, thc political
campaign is opcning with finc prospccts
for us. Wo shall thrash tho locos awful-
ly ncxt clcciion!
.o.n--lhat i3capital nows; but liow
aro wc to do it?
Officc holdcr Why, with Gen. Tnylor
for our candiunto, wc cnn ovcnvhelm
thcm. As Judgo Dayton said, wo can
sink thcir ship so dcep that not a bubblo
will rtse to tell the story of thcir wrcck.
JohnWcW, I likc thc wrecliinrf part
ofyour prophccy vcry woll; but I must
conrcss I havc somc npprehensions that
tho roclc will bc as diaastrous to us ns to
our opuonents. What aro the noliticnl
opinions of Gen. Tnylor?
0j7.ee holdcr Oh ho's an out-and.oul
whig; gocs all tho whig mcastires cntiro;
voled, or meant to voto for Clay at tho
last clcction; and is evcry inch with us.
John Who tclls you so. .
Officc holdcr 1 savv it in at lcast a doz
cn whig papcrs.
John Any au'thority givcn for it or
waa it tncroly thc opinion of the cditors?
umcc nolUcr tlie opinion ot onc or
inorcof tho editors, I bclievo; thoy had
coptcd lroni cach otlior protty mtich.
John That's no authoritv. Ilas nny
rcspcctablc man said, ot writton, that of
his own ktiowicdgc, Iio knowa Gen. 1 ay
lor to bc a whig?
Officc holdcr Nol that I knoiv of.
John Ilnvc nny of his family authoriz-
ed any onc to aay Iio is n whig?
Officc holdcr Nol that I hovc heard.
John To which party do his relations
ucloiiff, so fnr as you havc lcarncd?
Officc holdcr It is said that his son-in-
law, and his brothcr aro dcmocrats.
John Did tho Gciifiral suppori Jack-
son for thc Prcsidency?
UJjuc holilcr 1 undemand ho did.
John Which of thc whifj principles
hasGen. Taylor cxpresscd himself favorn-
blo to, in any lctter, spccch, or convcrsa
tion of his that you havccvor rcad?
Officc holdcr Well, I can t say 1 have
evcr sccn any cxprcssion of political prin
ciples from him.
John Wcll, is ihal being a whig?
Officc holdcr, (drolly.) It was, you
know, in 3840, "no priiiciplos for the nub-
lic cyc," was our mollo.
John Ycs, but I cot cnough 111 1840,
and I thought you had too! Is not thc
gcncral a large slaveholdcr, nnd a uouth
ern cotton plantcr; and do you expect ho
wiii go lor a rcpeal ol llic odious J5ritisli
InrifF of 184G, and for thc Wilmot proyiso,
to which wo aro plcdgcd?
Utce holilcr L liero's no uso of talkinir
tarifl', John, when lho farmcrs are gelting
tho prescnt priccs'fot- thcir grain; and as
to slavcry, I cnn't say a grcat dcal nboui
it, aucr an. xmi itnow Jlr Ulay was a
slaveholdcr, but hc ncver stuck at that.
John No! you didn't, but a creat
many did; nnd Mr Clay was bcalcn.
Ullicc holdcr iNol 011 that srouml, for
Mr l'olk, who succcedcd, wns as tnucli of
a pro-slavey man as Mr Clay.
John Just so, Mr Polk's parly did not
pretend to bo othcrwiso. Thcy cxpressly
refused thcir sympathy to the anti-slavcry
cnusc; wcro honcst, though blindcd, thcy
succcedcd; whilc too many of thc whig
party profcsscd onc thing and praclised
anothcr; mado )roiniscs to tho car, and
brokc thcm to the hope; prcachcd vir'.uc
and praclised vicc; in a word, wcro cvery
thing for officc, and ncthing lor principlc.
Docs Taylor hold this most villninous war
to bc tinjuit?
Officc holdcr I 'sposo so.
John Well, I 'sposo hc don't; for I bc
Ijevc tlic gencrnl to hc a man of trutli.
His corrcspondcncc wilh the war dcpart
mcnt, and his pror.lamjtion to thc Mcxi
cans, upon invading that country uhich
his military"prowess Ims crimsoned, madc
dcsolate, nnd ftllcd wilh wuiling, nll show
llnt he juslified the war in its fullest cx
tent. lndccd, if hc did not, I should
think him thc vcriest miirdcrcr in exis
lencc. For whilc I hold to the juslness
ol delensivo war, I dcny tliat 111 an tinjust
war, any man so liclieving, lroin the gen
cral down to thc lowcst privatc, can vol
uniariiy uecomc a human bulclicr anu
plcnd in dofoncc thc orders of his supcr
iors in command. If that doctrinc is true
Ihen for six thoiisand Mexicnns killed, but
onc man is'rcsponsiblc I tncaii the Pres
idcnt. I don't bclicvc in thnt, nnd therc
foro I am glad lo cxculpato Gen. Taylor
by supposing, as 1 ccrtainly do, that hc
iustifics tlio war 011 our imrt. Hutiflio
docs thir Iio is 110 wliip:.
Officc holdcr John, my denr fellow,
you are over nicc in thcse things, and you
surprisc me. You J'resbytcnans aro
fighting sect, at lcast you hnvc not cnter-
cd any special protest against war 111 thc
gencrnl, white lioro are our Q,uaker
fricnds, whose lcstimony against nll rcsort
to arms is as old as their sect, all going
for tho gencrnl with a perfect rush. Look
atJamcs, and Snmuel, and Stncy, nnd
Itnlph, and Willintn, nll of thc purcst
George Fdx blood, and sco how they
scramble lo bc foromojit inshouiing for tho
gcnarnl!
John Ayo, ayo! what you say of thcse
iudividuals is true; they have oflices to
hold 011 lo, likc yourself, and probably not
mucu principlc to let go from; but when
tlio West Jerscy Quakcrs voto for a slavc-
liolder, a general, nnd tho destroyer of
mcn in a war beliovcd to bc tinjust, I hope
thoy will ercct a monumcut at onch of
their mocting-houscs to thc mcmory of An
drew Jnckson, nnd inscribc upon tlic ncd
cstal aretraction of thc loud censurcsthey
rcpeatcuiy pronounced upon him. II his
ticc to the living rcquires tho course you
auvocntc, justico to the dead will cvcry
whcro commend my surwcslion.
OJJicc holdcr Wcll, for my part I think
it is n capital thing 10 punish tlic locos, by
clectiug Taylor, a tnan madc by tho vcry
war iney crentcu.
r..i... n 1 .1 ... .
.iuiiu uuoil llllllg Cll! 10 taUC poiSOIl
yourself, if ynu can only ihus gct your en-
cmics 10 uriiiK 11: uut arc you suro you
can clcct him? Whoso votes will he cet
t 1 .1 1 . n o
ucsiucs uic wnigt
uyicc iower-r-iio'11 gct all the nativc
votc, nll thc nnti-rcnt voto.iho Tvlcr voto.
nnu 1110 custom-liouso votc prclty much
all thc officc-holdcrs in tho country arc
going for him; nnd I saw only yosterday
a loco papor in this Stato, odiicd by n
custom-hnuso man, who is ont for him'
Besidcs, the hurra-boys of tho locos will
go for him.
John hxcollent companv! Nativcs. who
bumcd tho cluirches; nnti-renters, who
murdcrcd their landlords; Ryndcr's of thc
custotns, and llie otfal of llie loco party!
Wnii ifii.ni nii . '1.
Wcll, if thnt nin't ,t doso for a wcck stom-
ach, I Hhould likc to lcnrn what is! Ifl
thought thoro was a drop of thnt indiflcr
cnt complaccncy that toleratcs the idea of
nn association wilh such matcrials in mo.
I would step inlo Chuinar's, buy a doublo j
dosc of Lpsoni, and purgc it out! I don't
think 1 cvcr undorstood you bcforo, neiglr
bor! You "stoop to conqucr!" I suppose
Good morning.
Lcllor of Scnator Bcnloii.
TO THE 1'EOl't.E OP onEUOtV TERUITOnY.
Washington City, March, 1847.
Mv Fniu.ms for such I may call many
of you from personnl ncnuaintance, and
nll ofyou from my 30 ycars devotiou to
thc intcrcsts of your country l think it
right lo makc llus commnnication to you
at the prescnt moment, when iho adjourn
mcnt of congress, wilhout pnssing thc bill
for your govcrnment and protection, sccms
to havc lcfl you in n stato of abaiidontncnt
by your mothor country. But such is not
tho cnsc. You arc not nbandoned! nor
will you be deniod protcclion for not n
grecing to admit slavcry. I, a man of thc
south, nnd a slave-holder, tell you this.
1 he iiouso ol ropresentativcs, as oarlv
as the middle of January, had pnssed a
bill to givc you a tcrritorial govcrnment,
and in thnt bill had sanctioncd and Infja!-
izcd your provisionnl orcanic nct, one of
Iho clauscs of which forcver prohibits tho
cxistcnce of slavcry in Orcgon. An ain
cndment from thc Scnate's cotnmittec, to
which thc bill was rcfcrrcd, proposcd to
abrogalc tliat prohibition; and in tho dc-
Inys nnd vcxntions to which tho nmend
ment gnve rise, tho wholo bill was laid up
on thc tnble nnd lost for tho scssion.
This wil! bo n grcnt disnppoiiilmcnt to
you, and a rcal calnmity; alrcndy hvo
ycars witluut lv, or Iegnl institu!ion for
thc protection of lifc, libcrly nnd property!
nnd now doomed to wait n yenr longer.
llus is a slranco nnd nuomalouscoiidition!
almost iicrcdiblo to contcmnlato. and
most crit.cal to endurc! a colony of free
incn,4UUU miles Irom tho mctropolitnn
govcrnment, and without laws or govcrn-
mcnt to prcscrvc thcm! But do not be
alarmcd or dcsperate, you will not bc out
Inwcd for not admitting slavcry.
lour fundnmcutal uct ngnmst that insti-
lution, copicd from thc ordnnnco of 1797
(tho work ol the grcat mcn ol the south
111 thc grcnt day of thc south, prohibiting
slavcry 111 a territory Inr lcss norlh than
yours) will not be abrogatcd! nor is that
the inlcntion of the pnme niover of tho
amendmcnt. Upon the record, iho judi
ciary coimnittco of thc senatc is the au
thor of that nmendmcnt; hui not so the
facl! Thnt commitlcc is only inidwife to
Its aulhor is the sntne uiind that scnc-
rated thc 'fire brand rcsolutions,' of which
I scnd you a copy and of which the nmcnd-
ment is the legitimatcderivntion. Oregon
is not iho objcct. The most rabid pro-
laganilist of slavery cannot oxpcct to
plant it oii thc shores of tho Pncilic in thc
intitudc of Wisconsin nnd thc luke of the
of thc Woods. A home ncitminn for clcc
tion and disunion tnirnoses, is all that is
iutcnded by thrusting this firc brand
qucslion into your bill! and, nt thc ncxt
scssion, when it is thrust in again wc will
scotirgc it out, and pass jour bill ns it
ought to bc. I promisc you tlits in thc
nainc of the south as well ns of thc north;
and the evcnt will not deccivc mo.
In tho incaiitimc thc Prcsidcnt will givc
you nll the protection whichcxisting hws,
and detachments of thc army aiul nnvy,
cnn cnablo him to cxtcnd to you; nnd un
til congress has limc to nct, your fricnds
must rcly upon you to continuc to govcrn
yoursclvcs, ns you hnvc hcretoforc donc,
undcr the provisions of your own volun
tary compact, nnd with tho justicc harmo-
ny nnd oioderation which arc due to your
own charnctcr and to the honor of thc
Americnn nnmc.
I scnd you by Mr. Shincly a copy
01 tnc uiii ol the Intc scssion, bolh ns
it passcd thc house of roprescntativo, and
as propscd to bo amcndcd in tho scnate,
with tlic senatc's vote upon laying upon
thc tablc, nnd a copy of Mr Calhoun's
rcsolutions (posterior in dato to thc
nmtndmcnt, but, ncvcrthcless, farthor to
it) also a copy ofyour own provisionnl
organic nct, as ptinled by order of tho
senatc; all which will 1:111 you in possess-
ion of proccdings of congress for tcrritori
al goYcruincnt, nud for llie protection and
security ofyour rights.
In conclusion I havc to assuro you llmt
thc samc spirit which hns madc mc (hc
friond of Orcgon for thirly years which
lcd mc to dououncc thc joint occupntion
trcaty thc ilay it was mado, and toopposc
its rcnowal in 1828, nnd to oppuso its re
rogotion until it was lcrminnicd tho spirit
which led mc to revoaljthc crnnd destiny
of Orcgon, in articles wriltcn in 18 18, and
lo support cvery mcnsurc for her benefit
sincc lliis samo spirit still animalcs mc,
and will continue to do so wlnlu I hvo;
ivhich I hopo, will bo long cuough to scc
an cmporium of Asiatic conimcrce nt thc
mouth of your rivcr nud a stream of Asi-
alic trado pouring into the vnllcy of llic
Mississippi ihrough thc channel of Orc
gon.
Your Iriend and fellow citi7.cn,
THOMAS II. BENTON.
From thc
Ycw Orleans Dclla.
n
in Mcxico.
Thoscrpcnt thnt has so long wrilhcd
benoath tho talonsoftho Iviglu nfAn
ahuac, hns nt last risen against its foe,
nnd coiling its numcrotis folds nround
his slurdy frnmc, hisscs in triiimph nbove
the head of tho prostrnte king of birds.
The Jcpublic for which Itidnlgo nnd lMo-
rclos foiight nnd diod, tottnrs ovcn now
likc old Lnocoou, undcr llic hcnvy weight
nnd ngonizing ombracc of tho hydrn Fnc-
tion, whoso many hcads cncirclc ila body
nnd brcathe n dcadly poison into ils in-
mst soul
Nevpr, in Uic history of mnnkind, did
thc fcll spirit of party displny its haleful
powcr, its uttcr aunihilntion of nll patrio
tism nnd uational fccling, morc conspi.
cuously than in thc slrifc and conienlion
that now disgracc tho capiial of iWcxico.
During tho sicgo of Jerusalcm, by Vcs
pasian nud Titus, thc erudito Joscphus
rccords that whilst thc Holy City was
bcsicgcd by thc Romans, tho populace
within wcrc divided inlo nuuicrous con
tcnding factions, who, whenovcr the ene
my without'suspendcd the nitack 011 the
city.turncd thcir arms against one nnoihcr,
nnd fought wilh oven moro ferocity than
charactcrizcd thcir delcnec ngainst n com
rnon and forcign encmv. But tho Mcxi-
cans do not ceaso thcir domcstic stiifn nl
tho npproach of thcir foc. Thc mnmcnt
their Gcncral commenccd his march nga-
insl thc invader's force, was hclccled as
n fit occnsion to light tip thc t.orch of civil
disscnsion, nnd unchain the gcnius of dis
cord upon llie nfTlictcd cnpilal: whilst thc
valinut soldicrs of the country wero going
forth to givo battle in defcnce of their homes
and firesidcs, the parlics at the Capital
worc throatoning' and murdcriug one an
othcr, lincnt only 011 their factions and
solfishonds, nnd leaving thc army of their
dcfcnders unprovided with cven thc means
of subsistencc. Onc of these parlics,
composing thc wcalth-and-propcrty-iolders
of the counlry. rcfuscs to morlcacc its
immcnsc popscssions to savo thc country
from tho ocqupalion ofa forcign nnd
"hereticnl" cuemy. Anoiher partv is
cqually dcsirous of shuflling the burden
of this war off the shouldcrs of trade and
commcrco on to those of the church.
Anothcr pnrty prays for thc long continu
ancc of thc war, -ns thc bcst means ol pre
serving its powcr and the profits of niilita
ry disburscmcnis nnd pillagc, and of blind-
mg llie peoplo to the nlroctlies which
mark its govcrnment. These are, the
ihrce grcnt pnrtics that nt prescnt afilict
nnd divide the pcoplo or the leaders of
tho pcople ofMexico. Though dcadly
opposcd to onc anothcr, thcy all uuilc nn
one common ground ofbittcr hnircd to
the Ainericans, and uncompromisiiig hos
tility to any ainicable nrrangoinent of llie
difficulties iietween the two nations. But
yct thcy aro unwilling to makc any sacri-
ficcs or concessions to onc atiother, for
the purpose of aiding in making cven a
deceut defenco against thc invnsion of
thcir hatcd foo. Tho war is only used
as onc of thcir parly cries as n sort of
tub thrown to thc popular whale, to with
draw ils altcntion from tho amhitious de
signs of tho factionisis. And now cach
ofthcsc parties is compcllcd to kecp up
thc cry, lcst thc othcrs should lake ad
vantagc of its npparenl want ofpalriotism,
nnd triumph over it. Tho church party
can only slave its property from confisca-
tion, by gcing as lar nsany othcr parly in
chcap nnd cnsy dcmonstrntions of hoslili
tyv Thc party ofGomcz Farias would
not exist a moment if it did not back its
nttack upon thc '.reasury of the holy chiich,
by l ho strong nrgumcnt ol thc neccssily
ofcarryins 011 the war wilh the Uniled
Statcs. ihen thero istho war parly,
composcd of thc . amhitious and miliiary
portion of llic pcople, who support llie
war as thc bcst held lor distinction, or
rnther for plundcr. Should thc church
pnrty display nny iiikcwarmncss 011 llie
subjcct of thc war, llic wnr pnrty proper
could combine with tho radicnls, andover
throw tho hiorarchy. So if the rndicals
wcrc to rclax their support of tho wnr,
thc church would effect a similar union,
with likc results, uith thc war party.
Thus, from the neccssity o( sustninino-
theinselves, all thcse parlics arc compell
ed to unile in thc warm ndvocacy of the
war with the "norlhern barbarians."
These arc the thrcc iirincipal parlies,
that havo Mirred up llic lalc revolution in
iho city of Mcxico.
Uut therc are olher particr, whi'ch,
though now wcak, are visibly iiicrcasing
in power and nutnhcr, and tnntt cvontual
ly triumph over thc old divisions and fac
tions. Theso parties arc govcinod by
pnlriotic motivcs and wise viow.?. Atiiong
them arc somc of tte most inlelligcnt and
virtuous citizcns in Mcxico. They are
thc advocnlcs ofpcnco, or if thoy havo
encouragcd tho war, it has only bccn to
getridofthc miliiary droncs tiiat nlllict
tho counlry. But rcally ihcy desirc peace
on any tcrms short of tho cxlinction of
thcir nntional existenco. Thcy nrc will
ing to uiilemnily thc Uuited Stntcs, to nc
ccptoflho terms of tlio trcaty nroposed
ihrough Atocha, and lo yield such por-
tions ol 111011" counlry ns they tiro unable
to dcfcnd, providcd thcy can onco morc
have peace and fricndly intercouiso with
their most profitnblc ncighhpr Therc
is nnother parly, who go still faiiher, and
ihiuk therc is 110 safety lor poor Mcxico,
but in hcr incorporation into our Union.
Thcy havo exprrienced our irrcsistible
powcr; thcy havo utnesscd our unparal-
lcled progress and prospcriiy; thcy how
to our immcnsQ suporiority in all tho arts
ol civilizatinn; they havo secn happtncss,
pencc anil prosierity ccrywhero r.ttcnd
ing the gignntic strides of our republic;
nnd they know thnt theso arc Iho "out
word nud visiblc sigus of tho iuwnrd and
saving grnco" oftruc, rational, and real
liberty. And ihen rocnrring to the nn
nuinborcd evils thc rapid nnd prcmnluro
dccny the tnoral, social, political and
pbysicnl dobnscmcnl, which 1invc afllict-
cd poor Mcxico ovor sinct, pursning thc
shadow rnther than the substauceof libt'r
ty, sho becnmc tho viclim of ccnsejess
fnclion nnd ctcrnal revolulion, (his afllict
cd pcoplc mny well shrink back in Irorror
Irom tho conlrast, nnd snck n safe asylum
undcr our bcuign instilutions Oftlrc
cxtonsivo existenco of this pnrty tlicro cnn
bo no doubt hvery nccount frtmi Mcxi
co rcprescnts it to ho on the incroase, not
only in numbers and influencc, but also
in tho holdncss nnd publicity of its ndvo
cacy of incorporation into tho United
Sletes. No 0110 can doubt but that tho
happiness of mnnkind would be grcatly
promoicd, if this parly could succecd in
its high nnd palriotiu purposcs.
Dealh by Umigcr,
Thc lollowing thrilling dcscription of
denth by hungcr, is cxtraclcd Irom the
spcech mado by S. S. Preniiss, ofNcw
Orlenns, nt tho public meeling ir. thnt
city, 011 thc 4lh inst., for the relicf of tho
starving poor of Iielond:
'Oh! it is t-erriblc, that in this bcautiful
uorld, which thc good God has given us,
nnd in which ihere is a plcnty lor nll,
tliat mcn should die of starvution! In
these dnis when improvcmcnts tn agricul
turo and thc mcchanical nrls havc nua-
druplcd thc productivcncss of labnr; when
it is munilesi that thc cnrth prodticcs cvc
ry vcur morc than siiflieient to fecd and
chithe all her thronging millions; it is a
shamc and a disgracc, that (hc wotd
starvntion hns not long sincc becomo ob
solcte, or only relnincd lo cxplain tho
dim legcnds of a bnrbarous nge. You
who have ncvnr bccn beyond the prccints
of our favored cnuntry, you morecspecinl
ly who havc ahinys lived in tlic creat val-
ley of the Mississippi the cornucopia of
thc woild who see cach day poured into
the lap ofyour city, food suiTicicnt lo as
sungc thc hungcr ofa nalioti, cnn form
but nn impcrfcct idenol'tlic horrors of
faminc; of llie terror which slrikcs nien'a
souls when they cry in vnin for bread.
When a man dics of diseaso hc alone en-
dures thc pain. Arouud his pillow cro
gathered svmpalhising fricnds, who, if
they cannot kcep back thc dcadly mes-
Fcngcr, cnn cover his faco nud conccal
thc horrors of his visnge as Iio delivered
his stern mandntc.
In battlc, in tho fulness of his pridoand
strength, little carcs thc soldicr whcthcr
llie hisiing bullet sings his last rcquiem,
or the cords oflifoarc sevprcd by tho
shnrp stccl. But hc who dics of hungcr,
urcstlcs alone, day nftcr day, with his
dim and unrelcntiiig cnemy. Ile has no
fricnds to cheer him in tho lcrrible con
flict; forifhehns fricnds how could ho
die of hunger? He has not tho hot blood
of the soldicr to niaintain him; for his foe,
vnmpire-likc, has exhnusted his vcins.
Fntninc conies not up likc a brnvc cnemy,
stormtng, by n sudden ouiot Iho fortress
that rcsists Faminc bcsicges. Ho drawa
his lino around the doomed g.u-rison; ho
ctils off all supplies; ho novcr summons
to surrcnder, for ho givcs no quartcr.
Alns! for poor human nature. how can it
sus'ain the fearful wa.rfnre? Day hy day
thc blood rccrdcF; the flesh dcserts, tho
muscles rclax, and thc sincwsgrow power
less. At last the tnind, which nt first
had bravely ncrved ilsclf for thc contesl,
gives way under llie inystcrious influpncea
which govern its union with the body.-
Thcn he begins to doubt thc cxislencc of
an overruling I'rovidence; he halcs his
fellow nien, and glarcs upon thcm with
the longings ofa cannibal, and it mny be,
dics blasphoming!1
llanh in thc ArmyOr, .1 Darlicii
V ig'iity Aftcr a portion of the troops
had landcd pn thc bcnoh ncar Vcra Cruz,
onihe night of Iho 0th of March, u body
oftheencmy commenccd a brisk fire nf
small arms into tho encampmpnt. Of
course, all hands were on ihe qui vire,e.
pccting thc Mcxic.'iiis would makc somc
deuioustrntion upon our lincs during Iho
night, and when the firing comnienced,
coucludcd thiMe wns about to bc n gcncr
al attack. Tho lines uero sooji formcd,
and not n word could ho hcard from tho
soldicry; but therc was a ncgro who kcpt
ruiining from onc little poit of hill 10 tui
olher, npparently 111 a siate of grcnt ex
cilcmcnt. Ile finally laid himself fint on
his face, al full lenglh, and cnmmcnccd
working himself inlo thc soft sar.d wiih a
good denl ofenerny. On being asked
whnt ho wns about, hc rcplicd
M is 'finid somc ob dcm 'ore conner
bnll will put a stop 10 me drawin' my
rashtms.'
'Why, in thc devil,' asked the party
speaking lo hiin, 'don t you gct up aml
fight tliemr'
'No, sir-ce!' he said, 'dat's my mnssn's
part ob dc bizncss; hn donc hrcn to Wcs
pinl, wherc dey nmkes fighlin' pcoplc to
larn dnt, nud you don't keteh dis nigger
nicddlin' he scf wid odder peoplo's biz
ncss. My tnnssn dncsdo fighlin' nn' I
waits on him, nn' uusscs him. lfhcgcls
wonndcd, we gcts promolcb.'
'You gct promoicd! -What good will
his promoiion doyotir' inquired tlie in
dividunl. 'Oh, Lor' hnb marcy! dat quciliou is
been setiled long tinio ago in dcse parts
down here; n colnred getnmcn what waits
011 n luirucl nlwnys outrnnks one dat
wails on n captcn, an' do way uc colored
gcnicn rog'lnrs makes dcse TOluniccr nig-
gcrs squnt is n cautipn to white lolks.
(.'V. U. Jhlla.
Anothcr. Lapt cvcirng, n stoul.bounc-
fng young womnn wns knockcd down and
run orer bv a horso nnd wncnn, nt the
crossing of Ilnnover nnd Wnrrcn streote.
Tlic cnrriagc pnpscd over hcr ncck nnd
shoulders, when ihe bystnnders, cxpecling
to sco hcr killed, were nstonishcd to seo
her jiimp up nnd spring upon iho nave-
mcnt, cxclaimiug nl ihc samc limc, "Dod
rot your pictur, you didn't hurt me, old
(cller, nnvhow" J hn drivcr of tho vclu-
clo wns vcrv much frighlencd nt tho ac-
cidrnt. 7Vrnfmi (.V. J.) .Vnr. 7Ai;rs-

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