Newspaper Page Text
BY E. M. BROWN.
"Frccdom of lnquiry and tlie Towcr oftlic People." $1,50 PERANNUM. Volumc 9-Nnmber 30. WOODSTOCK, VERMONT, TIIURSDAY, JUNE 1, 1848. Wliole Numbcr 420. BUSINESS CARDS BARRETT & CUMMINGS, COUKSELORSAVLA W, No. 20 Court Hlreel. IMES DXRUETT, CoinniUaloner lor nncTnv VI., lo luke Utponliivm, tzc, uuh, vjy Vbit. ituuiuni 4n4.tr MADD. ...... I,UTII10ll U. (;UKHX.S1'.V COUJVSELLOR AT L A W , No. a. Maaaacmxclia lilocn, iourl square, BOSTON. pammlaaloncr for Mnmncliiucttn, 10 ailmlnliler Onilu, mne iiepoaiuuuK, AiuuitviiMt iiic ACMiowiedgmeni or ueeun or oiner iiiHiriiineniH, 10 ue unra or re. corded I11 llie Siulr nf Vermont. 401 tim U. 1'. CIIAXDI.Klt, ttornoy and Counaolor n t L a v ueniraisirtti. . Jbi SAMUEI. II, IMUCE. A 2 TO RJV E Y A T LA H llUClTOR AND MASTERIN CHANCERY. EDWIN IIIJTCIUNSO.N, Atlorney and Countelor al latc, WOODSTOCK, VT. SBWAM. FUU.AM, A T T O R JY E Y AT L A H LUDLOW, VT. 287 II. E. 8TOUGIITON, ATTORAEYATLA W. Chester, Vt. 287 WARREN C. FRENCH. ATTOBNEY AT L A W, MIAROK, VT. 287 S. R.STREETER, Allorney and Connulor al Laio, BAHNAHD.VT. 287 I). r. WEVMOUTII, TORJYEY$ COUMSELOR AT LA W tll. I II VI. oui" J. ft. HAWKINS, AtTORNEY & CoUNSELI.OR AT Law, Felchville, Windsor Co., VI. 397-lt, II. II. WHITE, UYSICIA.Y $ SURGE 0 X. ROOH ATriLMER &.WIIITNEVS IIOTEL. 410-3m Tnlljn-MllllnTlKil! I'HAOTITIONr.n. ii inMiinvn luelween ihf.MelhodliiiiincinpUcopu Cliiirihfa. CITV IIOTEL, n y J . 11 . 1' U S II E E , EA STMF.RR WA CK S TREET, LOWELL, MASS. lRRIAGF.9 ALWAYS IN READINESS TO CON IV TRAVEU.EBS TO AND FIIOM T1IE RAII.' IIOAD DEPOTB, FltKE OF C 1 1 A R G E AI.ANSON IIVElt, Iloi:tvciin AMDi.ivniiYSTAiii.cKnnpcn, fCUERirfG HUSiyKSS, AND 77B M.4NUFJC A 1.11) CU1IUKB l)N TIIE TURBOF IIOOTS Afll) SIIOKS: OF HVnilV VAllir.TYANJtaTYI.I3. KaitRutlnni,Vt. 301 J. T. lUIKNIIAM, UNION IIOTEL. norwich, vt. 318(1 W II I T N E Y ' S II O T E 1. . ' 1' 72 e r n r n ... i n . i t o - - . ; V. I AI.MKR, f: K WwlTWtfV WINDSOR II O U S E , wiNDaon.vT. 287. SAMIIEI. I'(lltl), C II E3II I RE IIO USE. KEEXK.N.ll. 21VJ J. MORHILL.JR., V1LLA G E T A V ERX. 9HAKO.V, VT. 318 II. F. DICKINSON, 1VASIUJYUTOJV iiall, chelsea, vt. 326 JOIIN OASS, AM E R I C AJY II O USE, CONCORD, N. H. Wimazesin rtatlinriitoconift'viailtriiattkiilhuie m ana intm innlrpol, 318 GKORGE MEI.I.ISJJ. Ii.cu in n.ont. w.i.ntioDSiRiiocnnics I.SHCIlV'.r,iTI,V CIN IIANII, TS,(30,'IM:cn(N MtVH.MMIIIlDKINKKANI) iti:ntc.-'ii.Mi:N'is. lu-crini.iTiiKr.T ) ( i-oniT i wiiitnev'i iiutei.. ltl'SSKI.I..V. ( I, V It li , TCIIMAKBIIS Nll JEWEI.ERS, IppnslTE WIIIT.NEV'fi IHirEI..I.ENTIIl. BTnEET. II. II. IJAII.KY, fiiclureioI3IIVfrSiooiiiiiiinpeci,icien iiiiii ueuici I ii .1 ewelry.i.nurry nini i- hiic j hihhh' WliiilfHHlrallil Rctiill. 287 ppotiliWIMnnj, Ilotel, Centritl Slreet. HRYANT At SI.ADE, letk In 'InsKih.French iml Amrrlcan DrjOooai W. I. unntlA .h nil iirnrrrleH -Crockery Rlimr nml Ilnril Warc. ElmStrtet , IIiiyant, Oeo. H. ritinE. S. I). CIIURCIIILL, iage and Houh Puinler. orer Geo. S. Eay's V lll.l.l.W HM.ll i snur. odstock, Vt. -10G-ly. IIENRY IIATOII. IOnrdaofauthaf Union !, fim Streel ,corrEn,ND biieet iiiiin workkr. miciiaki. nn'Biis, t i 1. o n . Ir C olla me r ff R r re 1 1 ' t Offi.ce, i.nn aircrt. CGOIICK IMSIIKIl actuTtr o aml iltattr in cabinttfurniturtol ei'Tj tr.ir.nplion . t'leiiHant Hlrrtt 287 I.. P. MORTO.V .V 3()., WIIQI.ErUl.r: i ltRTAK, linlois in I'unrv and Slnnlo Drv Honds. nnii i.nniii, urnoKfry iimi Mnnl wnrr. Iron anu (I, I'hinia anu uiu, r inur, Salt, l'lanler, Uhaira, Fealhem. I'lnwn. Nall,(Jlii,C!ItAIN and uiiun rnv rnoDtiui;, NOS. 5, Ii. N 0 7, TONTINE nUILDINO, Ilniiovrr, N. II. nsiveTATI.OniNfJ CdTAIII.lSIIMCNT connec- IfJ nlih tlie ahove MOIITON, 412 J. II.BAXTON. EED, IIURD & CO. MMISSION MERCHANTS, calers in ZW)7L No. 103 Mnte St. IAN REED, JEREMIAIl IIURD, l.UCIUS REED. JEFERENCE: n Mtaara A. 4 a. I.u nrr A- Cn.t Wiiit. WEI.L 8Bvea 4 Cn.i x- T,,i.. Il'ori' MfriilluTciiiNos tc TirriNV. r.r(liu .iicnnrn I.AV1D B. IIROWN A. Co. nore Mnara Tloot, Joneb c Co.: V,4 8, Wvmn A; Co. nnnd' Mfr .1. II. '.'.Jose. ssi 1v .HKDICAL NOTICE! O CT. S. J. A LL EN Inup his rrsldenco Ht Whltr nitfr, Vt., nml ijr totlielnlialiiiant,thathe wllllio nioathappy DICAL OR SURGICAL , rciiiirr y reijuirehla prnrfialnnal rrvlrc. Ilemay be A 1 II II) A 1,1. iuuiMi ai prearai ai mrs.i.YmAn'n. IfJllKSS UOOT.a new and apltndld artlcle, ea.ton'3 iiooT-8iioneTonE. II pald for V(piI aklna al t.A i uni'S DUOT 4- HIIOC BTORE. LIA'EjY GIJYGHAMS, ' atylea, Hain and ri!d, Jn.t rtcelted, kr 3 C. DANA. Ja. For llie Age. TIIE GITSEY MAID, IHSCRIBED TO Hcigli-liol I'm n mcrry Oipsoy girl; A roving lifo lo idb u pleajani: I lotik not foilh to futuro lmura For joy, liut glad imptovo llio prcsoiit. Tlirouglt valleya and dalei I rnam, Thrnugh cilicn and towns I pan, Not a pluco tiavo I my lionic, Yot I uni a happy lass. Yei, I ant a wandering ninid, Gay, joial, gladiome and tollinking, Thnugli my palh with dangeis licnet, Yct I nin capricious and frolicking. Oii give nie tho rracgcd liilla, And llio rugged Imiglita t'nacand, I.et me crois tlio flnwing rilla, And un ear to thuir music lcnd. Aye, T am a merry Gipsey girlj In tho nnino I asnuredly glury; Willi innny ndvcntures I tneet, Of wliich I could ttl a long atnry. Tlio winil, in ita gales of pride, Is noi moro dnring or frec, Nor the occan'a hillowy tidoj Oh, a Cipsey's liTe fur mo. I must travel lliu wide world o'cr, And view willi inine own cye iu bcaulies; I no'cr could lie cuged in n cot, dutici. "J'liougli its life , may be frnught with glad 1 must liavo llie Tresli air to brenth, Ab it ruania over lnll and tlirougli glado, Freali flowi'rs, I, too, love lo wrenthe O'cr my brow l'ma gny (lipaey maid. Auousta. Chester. Vt., May 21, 1848. SOME TIIINGS LOVE ME. 1IY T. n. READ. All witliin and nll willinut me Fcel n melanciioly ihrill: And tlie il;irknoi3 liangs about ir.o, Oli, hotv elill! To my feet llio rivcr gl'uletli Tlu'ougli tho slindow, aullen, dnrk: On tlio alrenm lliu wliile inoon lidclli, l.ike n b:irque And llio linden lc.ins aboveino, Till I Ihinlt fouie lliingi lliero bo In tliis drcary world llm't ae me, Even mel Gcnlle flowcrn are springing nenr me, Slicdding nweetesl brealh aronnd: Contless voicen riie, lo ceuur me, I'rom llioground; And llio louu bird conic I henr it In tlie tull and uindy piue, Pours tlie sadneii of iu npirit Into inine; Tliero il awings and sings abovc mo, "I'ill I iliink some lliings tliure be, In thU drcary woild llial lovo me, Even mo! Njrti 'linj -sii cniri".',fcv1"ft, A .Vwinging, boai-lilic, as'twould woo inn, Far uvvay And tho slarn bend froui tlio azure, I could rcacli iliem uliuro I lio, And lliey ulnaper ull llie pleasuro ortlu. nky, Tliere tliey li.ing and smilo abovo me, '11 1 1 I Iliink soine lliings tlicre bo In llie very lieavens llial lovo mo, Even uiu! Now whcn comea llie lide ofeven, l.ike a coluinn rivei, slow, Genlle eyea akin lo beavcn On mo glow Loving eyes llial tcll tlieir story, Spuuking lo my liuurl of liuarla; Uut I sigli, "a lliing of glory Soon dcparts!" Yet vvlien Maty fudea abovo me, I nai-l iliink llint lliero will be One miiic lliing in lieaven lo love me, Even me! iKtfJccUiiucottff. A Lovc Slory Tho Actress. FIIOM T1IK ritENCII. A sltort time nrro, a cltarming young girl ntnde licr dtliut in one of our viuuler ville tlieatres, and obtaincd, on her flrst niipcarancc, crent iiucccss for graco and lie.iuty, wliile wniiui" fur tlie succe.s ol lalcnt, ulncli is only givrn to inore e.xpo- rioucud personaces. I lio flTuct wliiclt sliC jtroduci'd purclinsed for her an cu tratreiitenl, wlncli wns quite moOerate us regards pccuniarv benelit.liut whicli would anaiirc licr presenl succcss iina prcpare her for tho fiiliirc. Accnrding to ciistom one cinusc ot tlie conirnct etipiilatcu lor a forfeiiuro, in caso llie ciigogemeiit was UroKen by either nariy. '1 lie mnn&scrs nevor fail to insert tliis article in tlieir agreemcni with sctors, nnd ofieiitnnes llie sinnllcRt snlanes nre iicconi' panied by ennrmous forfcilurcs.pariicular ly wlien llie individual is a preity womau; for pretty wmnen are.more ilian all others sulijccl lo caprice, and they casily find boiidsmen to pny tlie cxpcnses of tlieir in constancy. This forfeittiro was fixcd at lO.OOOf nnd the young actress atiachcd no impor tnnco to it.there was no probablo causp of rnpitire on her purt: slio was reeolvcd In fulfil all licr dutics, and occupy horself exclusively with her art. Il was in vnin that seductivo hnniage soiighl to dcstroy these good tcsolultona. The young act ress trod witha firmsicpin llio rightroari; all llie little cltaraclcrs which ivere givon to her, cxhiliiied groat progress, and slio might have becoinc talrnted nnd rennwn cd if she had continued iu dramatic ca reer. But discretinn nnd virtue nrc cxposod to change as well as tlie most lloeting fan cies of an inconstant hoart. A few days ago the young nctress went to tho maiiRger'g office and offico nnd in forincd lii in that slio ivishcd to leavo tho tliealro. "Wha! you!" excUimed lie, "you are the Inst from whom I e.xpoctod sucli a caprice. 'It is not caprice, air. 'Thon it is a matter of busineis. Per- haps you have been olTerod an ongage ment in Russia.' 'One was proposcd to me boiiic time ago, Dut 1 (ipcitueii.' 'Yes, I linow you Imve reluseu sevoral brillinnl offers.1 'There ia one which I have thought ii righl and best to accept; it is an lioncst one, nnd it plonscs me. A young mau lias ottercd me lns liand. 'TheDevil! A marringe! This is rath- er serious.' 'It will decide the happiness of my life, sir. 'Then do not hesilato a moment. Mar- 'But lnm whom 1 am to miirry.uoes not wish his wifo to reinaiu on tho siage.' 'Oh, ho! preiudice? And what i lil proft'saion ?' He is, in btisiness, a clerli; but ho is going toset up for himself, and he needs me to help him in the sioio.' 'And I need you, my dcar giri, to taise two new pieces which I received yesler day.' ' I hen you reluse, sir, to give me my disinissionl' 'I want you to reflect. But you can at any time throw up your cngageinent by paying vour forfeiuire.' 'Ten'tlioiisund francs! It is very high.' 'It was too high whcn you Bigned it,but now it is nnt enough.' 'Alas! this will prevent my marriage?' said the young actress, in a voice elifled by lears; nnd she left the apartment in dc spair.' Two days afier this scene, the mannger wns in his utTice, before the firo place.try ing to light fire. All tho servanis of tho theaire were away, nnd he was obiigcd to help himsi'lf. The trensurer came in with along face. The iheatre was in one of its crisises; the rcccipis were gctling small, and the end of the inoiiih Inoked threnleuing. 'Yes,1 said the inan;ier, it looks rather blnnk and ilus cursed fire wou'i light. I stand iu uccd ol puffs now more than evcr.' Astouiahed ihat the manager could jesi under sucli circomsinnces, the trcasurer left the room. As he was gotng out lln: young aclress went in. 'Ah! is it you?' afked the manager, 'you are jusl from tho rehearsal?' 'No, sir; l have come to give you up my parls.' 'I have lirought you ihe fnrfeituie.' 'The teu thuiisand franca.' 'llcre lliey are.' 'Andjiow djdy.fp'enileinloiir7' 'Then he is ricli.' 'This is preity niucli all he is worth. But he said, what do we carr: we will set up by and liy, or perhups I can borrow the inouev.' A'ebls! A preity perspeclivo to n young fainily! Then you give lo your husband, as a dowery, vcxntion nnd rnin; you lake from him tlie fruit of his economy; you ob ligelum to reiiouncc his projects of oslab lishiueiit, and his hopes of fortune?' 'Oh, sir, you are cruel!' cxclaimed llie young girl, sobliing. 'Have you thouchi how unhappy sucli n union must he? Now lislcii lo the voirc of roason: jake thene biiuk billf and car ry tliem b.ick lo him who gaie them to you. Aud ifyou are ahsoluiely heui on leaving the tliealro, ihere is a very nimple wny uliicli will cost you iiothiug: lake this paper, aud have the L'oodnesa to throw il into tho fiie-place. The innnaj'er handed the actress sheet of pnpnr, foldrd, wliich she look and llirew iijniii tlie cnals. 'Do you know whnt that picce of paper is, which is burning ihere?' coniinued; 'ii is vour eni'aneineni; aud now, l Imve no litle to your forfeiture (o dcmnnd. Go, my child, gei married, cslablisli yourself and be happy. Decply inovcd nt this generous action, the young aclress thanked llie manager ttilli tears in her eyes. 'What do you mean liy nratitude?' re plied he. 'Look here, nu hour ago I was puffiug aud blowing iliis fire for uothing; you threw your ciigagpment into it, nnd the flituic is now innuntinjj biiili. Thnnks to me you nre free, thfinks to you I am go ing to tnke a warm; we nrequitsyou seo.' I he mnnager s luiid action, wlncli cnt i co l circuir.stauces rciidereu rcaiiy oism- teresied, merited a reward, and deserved to brinc him success. Some days after, the clnud which tas hangiug over this theatrc, dtspelled; inoney came rnpidly into the troasury, nnd the cii cuinstanccs of the coinpany uevcr wcrc beiter. A Tough Cuslouicr, Tho toughest custotner I knoiv, is old Billy It. who lives on tho Tennessoe Itiv er, 'somcwhar' on tho rapids known as IWuscle Shoals. II o is thn 'hero of a hun- drpd fichls,' lioth with 'bar' and othpr 'vnrrninis,' and with 'liuman crittcr.' Al- tliough past fifly. yethc appears as hardy aud nctive as evor. Well, ono niglu at n "Possuin Sunner." (wo dou't get oyslers thero oflm) where most of us bnys were conjirprrnted, ihe coliversation hnppcncd lo turu upon this old follow, nnd one of ourparty, tlio 'best' man amnng us, offerpd to bet a "ten spot" he could knock Old Billy over wilh n blow from his fist. The bet was acccptpd "in course," nnd he wns lo try it tho first op portunity. Ono was not long wunting. An ilincrant Phrciiological lcciurer hap- pencd along, and everybody, including Old Billy, attcnded the lecturo, which was held iu n nuilding, used lor a nicolinir Iiouko, school housc aud town hnuso. Our "striker" stalioned himself nenr Billy, who was slanding near tho donr, nnd put one of his friends near tho 'chandelier,' which) consistcd of six tallow dips etuck in holcs' bored iu a piece of rail, and was suspcu ded (rom the rafiers. At the givcnsignal down came the clinudelier, lenviug us all ofcourse in dnrkness. Now wns the long lookcd for chanco; our "striker" braced himself doubled his fials set his teeth, and Ii it 15 i II v n "sockdollnger" under the oar. This mighly elTort was productive of a very smnll result. It mercly drew from 'Old Billy, n "Look oul, getilhtiEsl Be Iceerjtil lohcre you pnke your elboics!" JYcto York Spirit ofthe Times. An IIoNortABLE Examfle. The follow ing wo find in the Maysvil!; Engle. It is rclnled of Mr. Craddock, a membcr of the Koniucky SenntP! "Sir, said Mr. C, what I have said here to-dav has been said in a rousli wny, aud if il has wounded any Senator, I hope lie will altributo il lo no iinkind I'ecliugs, hut to my wnut nf the pnlisli of cducation. 5sir, your Superiiitendnnt of Common Bchools has said, that tliere aremnny men f familiesin this Commoiiwealth who can icithcr read nor write, nnd it is but too rue; my own marriage bnnd has my iahk to it, nnd my son, who now sits in he other IIouc, was a stout boy whcn I fearned to write." Mr. C, is now not only a respcctable Bnatnr but a a good lawyer. What more iced be said in his praise. LOVE-MAKING DESCRIBED. FROM FESTUS. ill ihings tnko study; what moro than the face Vhellier your own, or hers you look and long al! "Iirre uro many wny lo onu cnd; here U one: nu are eood-lnnking; but that mntlcis little: l nnlv Dleases tliem. To penie vousclf Tour 'fjco may be n ugly as llie . Well, well; lut you must cullivale yourscll : il wi:i pay you. Hudy a diniple; work hard at a smilo: 'Ihe tbingi umst delicale rcquiic mnit pains. laoiico tlie upward now tlio nidc-long glanco llie long pasionrul, unvvinking gaze, iicli bcats iiselfat last, and aces nir only. IV rellos?, and disires yousolf for licr. Tnke up her h.inrf prens it, pnie on it Let it drop fnaieli it itgain as lliough you liad Itl slip so tnucli of honor ot of lienven. Svear vow by nll means ncver mias an oath: Iflnoken, why il only ppoiU ilselF; Ilij n broktn oalli and nnl an wholo ono. Fiown tofs about let her lips be for a lime: liul alcel n ki3 at last, liko fiie from lieaven. Wecp ifyou can, and call llie tcara bcat dropj. Drnop vour hfal sigh dccp-play llie fnol, in short, One hour, nnd she will plny llie fool forever Mind! it U folly to tull wonien Irutli; 'rb"y wnuld ratlier lio on lien so they be swee!. Never be long in ono mind to one love. Ynu rliango )our practicc wilh vour sulijncl. All DilTer. Uut yet, wlio knowi ono womun well By benrt, Itnown nll. Il h my cxpctience; 0 Vnlini mo lormy leclurei ondelusion. DoUMcal. Uencral Scoll's Lctlcr, Mexico, February 24, 184S. Sm:On the 10th, 1 received your tivn letiera of the 13th ultimo, aud immediale ly issued the gcneral oider No. 59 (a copy eiiclosed), devolviug the coinmand of the army in Mexico, upon Maj. Genural But lcr. As ihe officcrs detailed for the court of inquiry, bcforc wliich 1 am ordered to ap puar as a criniinal, are not kuown to Imve arrived in llie country, I avail myself of n moiiieut's leisuro to rccall some of the nelucis, disnp)oiuiments, injnries, and relnikes wliich have been iuflicted upon me by tho War dcpartment , since my de pniture from W'libhingioii, Novoinlier, 23 18'IG. To me, the business of recriniinntion liowever provokcd, hnn ovur lieen pninfol In iliis summnry 1 sbull, thereforc indiilgc in no wnutonness of laugungc, but confinc mysell lo naked histoncal lncls leaving coiiclusiions to men of sensc and men ol candor. In the htirry of prcpnralion for Mexico, (only four days wero allowed me nt Wash- inlnn, when iwenty might have beeu most advauiageously emploved iu the grcat bu renu ihose of the chief ongineers, chief ordnance. chief nuartermaster, and chief coii'inisaary of subsisience) I handed to vou n wrillen renuest, ihat ono of three of our nccomplishcd captains, thcrein immed might be appointed assistaul adjutant gtn eral, with tho rank of mnjor, fur duty with me in llie field: and there was a va- cancy at llio time for one. lly reqticsl has never been ntlcnded in, aud thus I have had no ofiicer of tho Adjutant Gene rnl's Departmcnt wilh me iu the campaign. Can nuothcr instnuce be citcd of dcnying to a genernl-in-chief, in the held, at the head of a Inrge arinv or even a small one tho seleclinn of his chief of his staff that is. ihe chief in llie dcpartment of orders and corrospondcnce? Karly iu tho following Jnnuary, 1 askcd ihat a gciicrul court mnrtinl might be ap poinlcd on the pnrt ol tho President, for the trinl of two oflicors, (natned by me,) for conducl cach had comrnilteil that en- danocrpd. iu a hich detrrce. tho succcss of ihe impending cani)iiign; and I ipo ciallv roferrcd lo the auomalous anu lnta act of Conuress. (Mav 20.1SOO.) which prohiliiipd tne, ns tho "accuser or prose cuior," from ordeiing the court for llie irial of the casos. IWy applicntion has ncver been nnticed. This neglcct nlono ourrht to have admonislipd mo ihat I had no hnpo ofsuppon at Washington, in any nliempt I might mako (against rtrtain ofiicerf) to mainiain nccessary discipline in the army I was nboul to lead into the field. 1 lefi Washington highly fiatlcrcd wilh the confidence and kinducss the Pres ident had just shown mf, in many long persnnal intervics on military matters. For more ilian two montha my expreasions of gratitude wero daily and fervent, nor wero they les emphatic towards tho head ofthe War Departmcnt. Proccoding with zet.1 and confidence iu my most haz ardoiu dutics, 1 learncd, January 27, at tho Brazos San Jagn, thnt an attempi was on foot to cieate a lieutcnant general to lake commnnd in the field over me. Shocked nnd distressed, 1 allowed of no rclnxation iu my elToi ts to sorve my coun try, rosolved that for llie short time I was likely to rcmain in commission, to be "Truo ns the dial to tho turi, Altliough he ii not thined upon." A yct a greater outrnge soon followcd: failiug to obtain an nct from the cttizen lioutcnnnt general, a bill was pressed upon Uongrcss to autliorie theplacing ijuntor mnjnr gcneral just appionlcd the (same in dividual) iu coiumund over all the old mn J - ... .. . . te . .1 I will not liere trust mysen to auu a snldier's comment upon theso aitempts; but I may lliank God thnt He did not nl low them, or Btibsequent injuries, to brpnk dowu entirely the spirit and abilities (sucli as they are) with which he nau enuowed me. Forseeing, at Washington, that, from the grcit demands of commerco, at the moment, it would be uillicult, il not un- pnssible, to tnke up, perhaps at any price. a sufiicient numbcr of vessels nt New Or leans aud Mobile to transporl tho regi mcnis of my expediiion from the Rio Grande frontier to Vera Cruz, I cndeav- ored to impress upon the War Department tke nocessity of sending out, from ihe norlhern nnd eastcrn ports, n certnin niiin ber of largc ships in ballast, in order thai tho expediiion might not be delnyed, and in view of "tho fixeil fact" tho rciurn of the vomito at Vera Crnz in the spring of ihe ycar a delay ol a Tew wceks wns likely to irove a tolal defeat. In a nnner transrnitled to me, headed "Alemornndum from tho Q,unrtcrmaMer General," marked War Department, Do cember 1G, 1846, "and signed by the Sfc rctary, whicli I received Jan. 8, il is snid: "Indppcndenlly of this number of tran sporls for troops and nrdnancc stores, from the norih. there will be required, sny, five ships for llio trnnsportntion of ihe surl boats now hcing prppared, be sidcs which tcn vessels must bo tnken up nnd scnt out in ballnst for troops iinlcss siorea can be pnt on hoard, to niake up the numbcr (40) required by the com manding general." Tho dnte of this rnemorandum is Dcc. 10, more llinn thrce weeks afier myrequi Hiiion nnd departnre from Wnshington. Of not one ofthe 'ten vtssels' in usllnst, iu i, mii o'i.u, ...-... r . i ) have I hcard, uptnthisdny. Uelying up on them, confidenily, ihe embarkntion was dclaycd iu whole or in part, at ihe Brazo? nnd Tanipico, from the 15th of Jauunry lo iho 9th ofiMarch; leaving, il was fearcd, not half the time nucdcd for the reductinn of Vera Cruz nnd iis Casile before the rcttirn of ihe yellow fever. But half the 8url-boals came at ull; aud ofthe sicge traiu and ordnnnce stores, only about one hnlf had arrived when the Mexican flags were replaced by Ihose ofthe Uniled Sia tes on those formidahle plnces. We euc cced at last, in roaching the point of at tack, in the midst of friglnful northcrs, by means, iu great part, ol iradiug crafi, small aud haznrdous, pickcd up accidentally nt ihe Brazos and Tainpico; and when tlie army got nshore, its scicncc and valor hnd to supply nll deficicncics in hcavy gutis mortars nnd ordn.meo stnroi. The first lcttcr that I received from the dcparliiiant, after enteritig the cnptiired city, contuined nn clahnralc reliuke (unted b ebrunry 22.) lor hnving ordereu t-ol. linr uey, 2d dragoons, to remain in the com mand of the cavalry wilh Mnjor General Taylor, so as to leavc Mnjor Siimncr, ol ihe samo regunent, tho seinor of that arm in my expedition. Thero was no greni dilTerence in tho number of cavalry com- panies wilh tho two armics. This rebuke was writien wilh a coniplncency that ar gued the highest professional experience in sucli matiers anii could not havu hecn more confidcnl in its lonc, if diclatcd to the greenest General ofthe recent appoinl ments. Yet, withoui the powerol selecl ing commanders of parlicular corps, no General iu chief would vent'jre to lake upon himself the conduct of a cntical campaign. Sucli seleclions were always matle by tho fnthor of his country, and the principnl Gcncrals under him. So in the campaign of 1814, 1 myself sent away against tlieir wishes, thrce senior field ofli cors of as many regimenls, being infirin, uninstrucicd and iueflicient, in favor ol three juniors, aud with the subscquenl np probation ol Mnjor General Brown, on hi. joiiung me, nnd tlie licad ol llie var De- partmeut. liolli were well scquainUiI with the ciisloniB of war, in like cnsrs, nt liouio nud ahroad; nnd wilhont that oncr- gy on my part, it is luglily pronable liiat no Americnn citizen would pver linve citcd ihe balilcs of tho Ningnrn withoiit u sigh for his country. I nm happy, liowev er, thnt before a word had been received from the department, and, indecd, befoio il could have had any knonlcdge nf tlie queMion, 1 hnd dccidrd to tnko wilh mn llie frnnk and gallnnt Colnucl, and hnpo soon to lcnrn thnt he and very mnny other offiiers Invo been rewarded wilh brcicis for tlieir highly distinguislicd scrviccs in the campaign thnt followcd. It was in rcfcrcnce tntho same rebuke, thnt, in acknowlcdiing your commtinica- tions, I snid, I'rom Vera Cruz, April 5th: "I nnglit very well conlrovcrt Iho mili tary priuciples un confidenily laid down by iho department iu tho loller nf tho 22d of I' ohrunrv: I bui belicving that tho practico ofthe Uniied Slntes army in tho two wars wiih Groat Briinin would Imvo no weight in thc parlicular casn, I waive ftirlher rcply havmg, at tho moment, no loisure aud no inclination for controvcrsy." Alludiug to llie hcavy disappointmenta in respect to transports, siege trains, and ordnance stores, than alrcady experiencrd, I wroto to tho dcpartment, Iroir. Loboi, Fob. 28: "Perhaps no expedition wns ever so un nccountably delayed by no want of fore sight, nrrangoment, or energy on my part, as I dnre nfiirm and under circumstancea the most critical lo this ctitiro army; for everybody relied upon knew, from tho first, as well ns I knew, it would bc falal to us to nliempt military opcrations, on this coast, afier, probably, the first week ii. April; nud here we are at the cnd of i'lilibinrjr. . N-loqa t'liq nrmv is Ueart; and crippled as I ;n !ilp trlpf.i:a required and promited, I shall go forward, and expcct to lake Vera Cruz and its cas ile in time to escape, by pursuing the en emy, the pcstilence ofthe coast." The city nnd castlc were captured March 29th, and wilh nbout ono fourth of the nec- essary means for a road-train, (no lault of inine,) the relreat in pursuit of tho enemy, wns viuorously commenced April 8th. The battle of Cero Gordo soon followcd, nud we occupied Jalapa and Perote, where we were obliged to wait for supplies from Vera Cruz. In these positions, I waa made to writhe under anoiher disappoint ment. In my four memorials to the dcpartment, on the farther prosecution of tho war againsi Mexico, wntlen al Washington aqd da ted respcctively, October 27, November 12, 1G nnd 21 (it was only intimated to me in the night of November 18, that I mighi prcpare myself lor the field) papers in which I dcmonstrnicd that Vera Cruz was the true base of opcrations, and that ihe enemy's cnpitnl could not probably be reached from the Itio Grande; I rstimated that, after takiug that great senporl, "ubout 20,000 men," or "an army or more than 20,000 men may bo needed: 1. To beat, m tho field and in passes, any nccumula tt'd force in the way ; 2. To garrison many importnnt points in tho rear, lo securo a free communication niih Vera Cruz; 3. To make dislant detachments, in order to gathcr in, without long halts, neccssary subsistciice." And that force, I supposed, including volunieers, and nided by Imid nnd money hounties, might be rnised in time, by add ing tcn or twelve new regiments of regu lars, nnd filling up the ranks ol the old. A bill was introduced (orraising ten nd- diiionnl regular regimenis; and I cert.iinly did not mean to cliargo ihe dppnrtninnt with tho whnle delny, in passing llie bill tlirougli Cnngrcss. Bui it icas passed ?elirunry 1 1, 1847; and under il, by early iu April, some few ihou-nnil men had been alrendy raiscd aud organized. My dislress may be conceiveil, by any soldier, on lenrn iug, at Jalapa, April 27, that ihe wliole of ilul forco had been seul, under Brit;ndier Gcneral Cadwalader, to the Rio Grande frontier! In my leltcr to the department, writton the day after, I said I had expecled that "Delnchnienls of the new regiinents would, as you had promiscd me, begin to arrivc iu this month, and continue to fol low perhaps in Juuc." "How many volunieers will re-cngnge, under the nct npprovcd March 3, (only received two days ago,) I know not; probably but few. Hi'iice llie greater my disnppoitnment caus ed by sending the new iroops to the Rio Grande; for, bcsidcs tlieir keeping tho road in our prcsent rear, open for many weeks hy marches in auccessiio detach ments, I had intended, as I odvancod, to leae strong garrihona in this place, (Ja lapa,) in Perote, nnd Puebln, and to keep at llie head of ihe movemcnt a force equal to auy probablo opposition. It muy now depend on the number of the old volun ieers who may re-engngo, nnd ihe number of new troops that may arrnc from the Brazos in time, ns also in some drcrue upon tho aihancc of Major General Tay lor, whether I shall find this nrmy in strenglh to leave. the garrisons, and to oc cupy ihe cnpital." I mny add, that only about fifly individu- als of tho old volunieers, rc-engnged un der the provisions of tho nct of March 3; that the remniuder wore dischnrged May 4; thnt Maj Gen. Taylor made no move- iiicni in advaucc ol balullo; nnd thnt tho new regulnrs, including tndivnlndpr s brigade, only begnn to come up with mo nt Puchln iu July, but not in sufiicient numbers' till August 6. The next dny thc armr commenced its ndvance upon tho capital, wilh a little more than 10,000 efi'eutivo men. It is not exiravnganl to ny thnt, ifBrig- adier Genenil Cad ivalader s forces had not been divertcd from mc lo llie llio Grnne, ivhcre he was made to loso, with out nny beiicfit to Mnjnr Genctfsl Tajlor, much procioiis lime, I might casily have tnken this city iu the monih of June, and at one.fiftli ofthe loss sustniticil in August and Seniomber. The cnemy availed him self of my forced delay al Puebln, lo col lect, lo treble, to orgnnize nnd ducipline his forces, ns also to erect ntimcroiis nnd pmvorful dcfences wiih bntlpries. Nearly all those e.xtraordinnry propnraiions for our leceptinn wero made afier tho middle of Jiinn. And il is known that the nows of Iho victory of Buena Vista rcnchcd Wnshington iu time to countermand Cnd wnlader's ordcrs for llie Rio Grnnde, be foro his dennrture from New Orleans. Two rifle compnnies, wilh him, received the countermand thore, andjoinedtno oarly. I know thnt I had tho mlsfortuno togivo offeiica to tho department, by expressing myself to tho same cftect from Jalapa, May 6. In a report of that dale I said ConclvdtA (in thc rrsr Pagc.