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SPIR ST OF THE AGE VOL. L. NO. 22 WHOLE NO. 443. THE SPIRIT OF THE AGE Woodstock, Vermont. Printed Saturday Morning ONE DOLLAR A YEAR WOODSTOCK NEWS OUR INADEQUATE SCHOOL BU1LDINGS Prof. E. H. Williams Revifcws Some Local History The Present Lack of Space a Dis credit of the Town -It Would Be More Economical to Add a Sirond Storv to the New Building Now. Iiditor Spirit of '1'lie Ago: gir: Your editoYinl in Iuat isaue, (Sopt 28. very inuclf to ilio point, and iw ono who wihIicb wlmtevor ik beat for tlie schoola I cry n loud " Amoit " to ovory wonl. Lot ino roviow anmti iineiuiit hie tory regnrding lcrtvn boIiohI build ingR, aiiil nppnrtinn wlmlever of prniao or Mnnio theie niny bi The preaent Nigh hcIiooI building ib noi' wlmt your buIiooI board rIui ted to biiild. Ah l"uiidiiHtftnd it, tlioro wni au iiituntiou to.bujld n four-ioojrt building, ituti u eertuiu. iKltquiile RUinof money wna votcd, Then there nroso n cry for inoro ronm ; lut there wus no equnl cry for n lnrger Hiim ol, moinsy iintil it was foiind tliut n largor tiuilding wus iinpnaaiblo witli out moro tnocoy, und au exlrn pit tnnco of ? 5000 wna voted. Tliis wut not in tuly way aufhVient for its pur poHo;but the commiitco did won dera with it and oiected the picaent lligh aohool builtliug. To ilo 1 1 1 i h they inado ovory t:ent "do almost doublo duty, und were folced to mib Btitute fcir (be vory best tnntot iuli nomeihiiig ivliiuh would conie within tliu appiirtioiuncjiit. Oiuhia nccouni thero ia a lealiy roof of inferior Hlnte wbich mimt be replured by betteH quality, na a glnnco at the nvif'Bhowfc broken alntca ovory where, and there aro leuka toduy wliiuh nro to be patclied. 'J'bo glnaa iu tho large aaahea is ao thin llint eHpccially cold weniher makea it Imttle, and it orncks when the riihIi is rniaed, and has to be replace'd with heavior wnfc buttor quality. Iu deaigniug fht) building now being oiecled your present bcIiooI board rccoguized tbat it would noi 1)0 loilg before two ndditional nmnif. would ho ncceasury, ntid ho the rool lias been. deaigued to form a truap which cnn be rendjly ruised froin the plato and a Bccond tttory buill be neath. Tho roiling joiflta hnvo bepn made suflieieutly Btroug to bui vc fo'i the floor of seooud Btory, und thf bulk-heud foundntloiiB vill"Bervo for u briclf woll nhicjb wjll furniMh . n tiro-proof entry and exit from ti scc ond, story. It Htuuds to rcason that it would be more ecouoinieal to buihl the 6t e oiul Btory now ; but. there l iio moiiey. Thero is, liowover, eucb tt Btiapicion tbat your uoiunuttec is do tunnincd to iiitro'Juco a meohanical tiuining coui'Be, or aotno suoli fud, that the good people of tho town view witli suspiciou evoiy attempt to enlarge tho areu of our rooitution rociins Evorybody who tliinks for a iiioment will remembor tbat tho writer opposed this a yeai; or bo ago, and it ia safe to suy that liotlilng'of the kiud has.bdon br..i)ght up tiim-c iiu toulc ninco iliiit matter i uenii and buried Xtutil ,tho (loinand.B of the peoplo again iiwnkon.tlie Bubjtlfl, if any Huch detnaudn ever cad como to ho. ' . . Rpgrtrding tho Htnnll houso inoveil lichiud the tligh suliooL One of our itizena Bixid ttlooked like,.the lliglt eohool privy, It iloes bo look, anl ii is not at nll fit. to placo bosido tlio other buildjngs. It'wns. mo'vpd to tho ircar-and will bo,put who'ro least coiiBpicuoua;but it will not bo vory liiucli ot iiii oxhlbit wiie'n we lake Btrangora nbout to bco utho public Bpirit rjf tho peoplo aa ahown by tho pubfio buiUluiga.. Tliey will ask why in tho muno of botnmon sonae Bticlia building ia nllowod to roronin, Tho Bchool board will any Bfnnotliiiig liko tius Wo aro aondingvour ;High schooli graduatoa to collogo. 'Six wont iIub1 .,.,.... T.. . II . I .l4,ul. 2 uur cgo proparaiory uiiu ... r 7V;Trn,yU',ly,!0WrU,rtoK,iurdav, Oot. 12. ""-" "WT acholaraiuohom.Btry Tho laboratory in mu iiiu nutiuui wiu aooominoiiato half that numbor; bo wo bad two aec tioua, wh.ioh'mado no ond iif L-onfliut botwoon recitationa, aa woll as taking twioe tho neeosBary timo of tho toachor T'toro wna no proviBioti mndo m building tho luboratory for voutilatlon, for Ilio nso of fuming or bodiugaoidB, sulphurolted hydrogen and uthor poiBonoijB gaaeB, for blow- pipmg, ntid for other chomieal oper- utipiiB apart from tho phyBical ex periments, and tho ubo of a phyHical npiiaratua in tho atmoBphoro of a ohomioul laboratory moans their cor taiu donti uciion uiiIhsb that labora tory in bo arranged tliut all experi ments genemting defltruptivo ornox- ioub gasda cati bo inado undor IiooiIb Wu thuiiglit it woll toB:iverind movo baclc tbia building ntnl mako a labi ratory. Ifweehoulil dqao, wo would vacn e tho preBont rooiu 'and coulil ubo it for typowriting. At piesont wo Iiik tlio typowritnra upand down staira to B'une plat'o thon vacant. Wo run them ou wobbly tables whieb will Bend tnein nilo tliH junk heup beforo their tiinc. Wo uencrallv ubo tlin nrivnlp - i - room of the teacliPiB The removal of tho laliorotoiy will givo ua a per- manpni. room for thia wnrk. Thcn tho rconi of tho principal, whi'ro'lie ffiidnciB liis private btiBi- nPKR, ninst.' be uppd for 1;irb pur- poRRH. Whnii tlie town Riiperintpnd- ont or theFchool binid wifih to Bee hiin tllpy all tip lio'into tho lnil- nr.d whiRpor. Nfxt. it niay be intoiPRting to llip tovn peoplo to know thnt tho prpRent clprk huB Iippii uiiablo to find nnv Hiduiol rpcordR bpforo 1890. Juki thiuk of theahire town in tho largesi connty of tho BuppoRod intt'lligent Btale of Vermont, fniling to plovide room wheif itB pchcol ipcorda coulit bp piPRerved. I(. Bi hofil - board lum no ipgnlnr iilnce for iln mPotinuH ; m t-lerk- no jiliu c for hia rppordB. Thoro ia no placo to aloro BupplipR; but yoti will aee tho enlivoning spec lurln of n mcmbcr nf tho boaid boI e'mnly biiying u plnp pail and a niop nt lotnil and lugging it to ita deMi- uniion Wo pny tho liigheat pricefoi Hiippliea bpcaiiHo wo haveiio pln'ceto Rtore them. Wo ibouubt. iherofoie tbat wo could, in thia wpll-btiih hoiiRo whioh wo havo movpil baok ol the (ligh aohool, find n meeliiiK room for tho board aud a placo whoro roc orda could be presorved ; a atori room for auppliea whicb could bonght by wbolodalo ; n room for the town Buperiniendent, npaiMhatof tlu board, bo that oach could coiiBultthe reo(rdB of the blhpr. Iu fiiii;, tlio board aro " doin' tlioii lovel best"; but it ia a poor fiES'l and ono uterly unu-ortby of a Wood etookolivo to its dignily antl its opport'uuitipB. Edwakd H. Williams, jr. Fire Prevention Day, Oct. 9. Oovenior Jolin A. Mead lias dea ignnted " Wedneeday, 0;-tober '9, aa " Fire Prevention Dayi" und ho nske tbo'peoplo of Vermont to dovoto.tlie tlay to iiiBpeeling thcir buildingB and preinibea and un'ito in n gcneral movement tnwftrd leaaoning the dan gor from firea. Ue recommotida ,that ho!mlB"df etlucalion ahonld- p6raon ally examiuo tho inatitutiona iu their uhnrRo. fio Baya : " " ' " Lot ua lemember that our pei i-apita losa Htinually by firo "in Vor monl ia 2.90, twonty-fn'e por cent. .higtier than tlio nvor.'igo ppr capita losa in llui UniteiJ StntoB, uino tiim" fta largo aa that of tho avorago por cnpifa hiaa of tho fivo leadiiig:iiatio)it. of Eunipo," " ' . ;Hqrse'Refuses Vacation. . .. ' .A- horse owned by the DcWitt Gtocery conipany of Brattleboro rqfused to tuke n vacation tho other day jn'n pastuic a fevv miles from town. Aftcr i6 yenra on a deliyery wagoii the owner,lhoiight'that.a 'feVy niouths in a good pnsturq would bcnefit the horse, wbich, howcvci', refu8ed to stay and rctiunctl to town on hls oyn.hook. The People's Rights- Ascutney Mountain Picnic Tho nnnnftl plonio o llQ Ascutnoy Mountain AsBOciation, on tho aiun mit ( Aacutnoy, will bo bold noxt lu ordor to orouto an intoreBt in tnnBlr'y nm, a ,ovo for m(mn,aill olimbing, n prizo of ten dolIarB will bo given for tho beat composition deacribing n trip np tho mountain Iu ordor to qualify eauli 'contcatant muet cliinb tho mountain ou tho duy of tho picnic, Sltito ForeBtor A. F. Hawca of Burlington will bo preBont and givo praoticftl talka ou foreatrv, and it 18 hopod thatothoi-flpoalu'ra vvillattond .and tallc On Itindred stibjoels Tho Boi'rt'tary of tho iiBsoi-iuUon is Q F. Davis of Windaor. Prize Winners at the Valley Fair. Ainong tho premiumB offored by tho Vonnont Farm Maohino cotu . t ii-ii i i . pimy oi iieuowR raiiB lor uuttor ahown nt tho Vallnvfair, HrnttlHboro, inado froin crearn separnteri from tho inproved U. S. flppnintor woio tho following: To tho pnlrips Bt-or- ing ovor 90 mid undor 98 pointa : L. fi bana, Pomfret; J y PulBifer, Plymouth;. W 1 1. Tyler, Woat hiat-tft-b iro; M. .1. Lowirt, Woodatock; 0. J N Slinckford, East Ryegate; F. A. HpIIowm. -North Foniaburg; V 0. flall, South Lpndnuderrv. The Hyde Park Savings Bank. ITS I'HENOMKNAL GROWTH Tlie Hyde Park Savings Itank offcrs- to depositors thnt fnit and most impoitnnt of all essentials, nbsohite safety. Tbat this lnct is fullv, uudorBtood bv an appreciutiye public is sbovvn by ita pbenomenal and, almost unprecedL'ntfil growth; Tlie followiu tablehowt exnctly the amnunt ol tbnl srrovvtb : Jnly i, 1889, DepoRits $ 5Si45t 40 Jiily 1, 1895, ' .175.074 00 juiy 1, 1901, 603.071.73 luly 1, 1907, u 844.i";8.4 Juh-i,..i9ie, " 2.325,57437 JNote thiit 111 the live vears from Julv 1, 1907, to Jiily. 1, 1912, the K"in ni depoMitS Wus $1,381,41603. TlnVmeans tbat tho nt-t deposits hnvo exceeded tlie withdrnwalR hv $900 per clay lor every thiy except &iUiJoys und lenal liolictava durintr the piist fivc. ) enrsi I he depoHiting public evidently have p;reat fnith in the intei;rity, consei vatisin and hiiHiueRR snp;iicity of the mannucis ol this tbrifty Ver mont institution. It pays 4 per cent. on all deposits, little or hig, and pavs nll taxes. Stntement ot rrsotuces nnd liabili- ties, or any otl er blcts relatin to me banlc, clieertullv' turniRhcd on appllcation. Address Carroll S. fnge, I'reside'nt, or F. M. Culvcr, Treasurer, Uytle Park, Vt. New England Supper in China. A New England supper was beld nt Mokanshan, China, Friday, Attg. i6, Vermontei a present being Robert E. Wilson of ethelj- U. y. M., 1898, and A E. Uffo'rd of Fairfax, U. V. M., 1901. Mr. VVilRon repre sents the Americau chiirch mission in Soochow, and Mr, Uffo'rd the. Americnn Unptist ForeTgn Mission- nry socictv in Sliaolising. Mok.mshan 1r a inbuntain resort in Ch'ekiang proyince, where miision aries from Chekiung nnd Kiangsu provinces- gather in the suinmer to escnpe the excessive hent of the plniu. . ' There wcre, prcient nt the gather ing 29-persons, of vvliom.n ,were nattve born NewEuglnndeis and the reinntnder connectcd by birth or marriage. The nuntial meeting of the Vermont Rnr njsociation will be held TJiursdny, Npv. 5f at the Pavi ion, Montpelier, t n'ccbrdirig i'to an annoimceinent mado by-' R. 12. IJrown of Burlington, the prcaident. fg Vrot, Qhorloa 8. Denison, who paaaod tho aumtner iiu Royalton, haa roturnod t Ann Arbhr, Micli., whoro Iio holda n poaition aa head of tho departmont of atcreotomy in the Univeraity of Miohigiui. Spmb forty yeora rio Prof Doniaon Haa'xvitli a party of aurvbyore who ran tho lino botwoon Idalio aud Waahington. A reccnt ro-aurvoy ahnwed'tho work .thcn dono to havo beon correct. Tlioro woro trcea whoro tho mnrks mndo, for locating tho inile posta woro founil ovorgrown witli tho ringa in tho wood wliero tho years might bo countod. WOODSTOCK, VERMONT -A Represeniaine Eerrccracy -The Union and M.ODES OF TRAVgL IN CYPRUS Mues Largely Uaed, but They Ar Frequentiy Too Independent for Solld Comfort. Famnguata. At tho tltno of the RrlttsU occupatlon thero waa only ono road ln Cyprua, but in tho present day ono may travol ln comparatlvo comfort ovor tho grcator part of tho island. Tho roads havo not reachod the standard wliero motorlng is a plcaa ure. nnd if ono occoslonally meeto x otrlng of caraels oltting in tho road, or tho way ls bloclcod by mulcs ladon witb enormous stocka of uwoot araell Ins thyrao, lt but adds to tho goneral : ptctureBquonesB ot tho sconory. Tlioro 1 Is ono llno of rallway trhlch etrqtchoa a distanoo of sixty-bwo mtloa, from the liarbor ot Faniaguata up to Nlcoela,'' tho capltal, and boyond to Marphou. Mulcs aro uaed throughout tho country, and tho Cyprian tnules aro vory llno spccimens. It ia tho hablt ln a Cyprus Courtyard. of tbe Cyprlot to load hls mulo with all thq .parapbernaia that can posal bly bajp'ducod to bold together, an thcn tqra&it hlmsolf on top and cu,m? tbe aqlrafil by hlttlng it, on tho lioad wlth isi.ilout walklhg stlck or a point ed prod '' Tho chlet dlsadvantage in rldlng mulea ls tbat tho stlrmpa aro not flxed and a. sudden prcssure on tho rigbt foot wll scnd tbo left knee up to the rldor's chin," dcposltlng him suddenly on tho ground. Somo Cyprus mules bave aleo a habit of plantlrig botb feot on tho oxtreme edge of a prcclplco nnd strotchlng out their necks to loolc nt the sceno below. All things being , considered, the nervoua tourlat would feol bappier upon the mountain pon- les, whlch aro stroog and surefootcd. And from thlB lt will bo seen that the meano of translt aro varled to ault all tastes. Camels, mules, ponles, car rlages, mptors, railways or coastlng ehip wha't moro could heart of vis ltors dcslro? LORD GOES TO NEW ZEALAND Half-Brothar, of Lady Conotanco Fo. Jambe, Who Jllted a Clergyman, Ia Appolnted Governor of Domlnlon. ' London. Tho Earl of Liverpool, whoso half-slster, Lady Constanco FoIJambe, Jllted a clergymah at tho altar etops a year ago, but ropented and marrlcd blm some montha later, bna beon appolnted governor of tho Domlnlon of New Zenland, in aucces slon to Lord Isltngton. The Earl'E fa ther, who dlcd ln 1907, servcd ln tbe Naval Brlgade in tbe Kew Zealdiid war'.in 1863 and was present at tlie Btorrnlng ot Ranglrlrl. Lady Constanco ond tho present Earl of Liverpool had dlfforent moth crs, both of whom were relatlves ot the Duke of Dovonslilrc. The earl ls tbe busband ot the only daughtor of Vlscount Monck of Coun. ty Wlcklow, Ireland Tho couple nre chlldless ond tbe tltle probably will descend to tbo present bolder's half brother. Tho now governor of New. Zealand has catates ln Llncolnshlre and Not tlnghamshlro and Is a keen sports man. Hunttng, shooting and crlcket aro hls favorlto rocroatlons. Ho Is a descendant of tho half-brothor of the second Earl of Liverpool, who was Brltlsh Prlme Mlnlster from 1812 to 1827. Xfter tho deatb bf the third earl tho titlo lapsed and was not ro vived untll a few yenrs ago, when ICIng Edwnrd rcstorod It to, tho Fol Jambo family ln tho person of, tho present Earl's fat'hor, Lord Hawkcs bury, Lord Stoward of tho royal houso hold, Willlam E. .Gladstono, lt Is sald, wanted tho titlo of Earl of Liverpool conferred on hlm.nnd refused a pccr ago when ho could not get tbat partlo ular earldom. Tho' present Earl was aldo-de-cnmp t6 Earl Cadogan yben tho latter was UUIU'MVUIVUUUI. Ul IICIUUU. X1U (1 U i VLU ln tho Boor war and waa atato atow ard and Lord Chamborlaln to Lord Aberdeen when tho lattar waa Lord' Lleuteuant of Iroland. Telephonea for Convlctt. Plttsburg. A telepbone systom for tbo uso of convlots Ia bolng lnstnllod ,n tho Ulveraldo penltentlary by Wnr Jcn John Fra'ncla, who.la known aa' io'i'convicta, riQnd.'-, the Constitution Without Any "OJJE" IN AFilGA 1 Explorer Finds Lake of Dead and a Strango Poople. P. A. Talbot, Who Looated Sacred Dody of Watcr, Detcrlbea Welrd Sceno of Place Nevar Deforo 8een by Whlto Mpn. , Capo Town, Africo. Mr. nnd Mro. P.- Amnury Talbot hayo Just returned to London from Central Afrlca, whero tbey.had npeut two years ln an antbro pologlcal, botanical and zoologlcal Bur voy from tho Qulf of dulnoa eostward across tho continent. In o. statment issued to tho London prese, Mr. Talbot declaros that cortaln torrltory ho and bis wlfe traversod had novor bccn vla- lted by a whlto man before. Ho naid that in tho Southorn Nigorian bush bo found ovldonco of tho origln of tho wltchcraft panlo, whlch swept ovor England, 'New England and Boutheast ern Europo ln tho mlddlo of tho aov ontcenth contury. Gald Mr. Talbot: "Tho bush, wlth its eoft green twJ. Hght, dark ahadows, and qulvorlng llghts, ls peopled by many tcrrors, but nniong theso '0JJ0,' or wltchcraft, rclgns. nupremo. Should tho ausplclon of wltchcraft fall upon nny ono, only trlal by ordeal can froo tbcm. Tho most usual ono ls that of eatlng esere, a poisonous bcan whlch almost ln varlably lillls tbo suBpected person. The ordcaJa of bolllng oll pourcd upon the palma of tho bands and of poppcr corna lnsorted in tho eyoa aro far losa dreaded, not only because their ro ouKb aro practlcally nevcr fatal, but bocauso tbo physlcal angulah cntallod is acknowlcdged to bo loss lntenao than that caused by esoro." Ono of tho most interesting dlacov- erlos was that ot tbo Lako of the' Dead ln tho Oban country. "The namo of this lako," sald Mr. Talbot, "occura ln many of tbe trlbal songs, but for a long tlmo I could not dlscover the meaning of tho word, and all lnqulrles failod to ollclt informa tion, ond when I bolleved I was in tho neighborhood of this hauntod spot and. altered my course tny carrlera beggod to bo oilowed not to procoed, and woro left behlnd. After a'strugglo tbrougli denso bush wo could sco tho edgo of a sh'eet of water, along tbo banks of whlch were tho holes of crocodlles, wboso tracks covored tho shore. The Typlcal Afrlcan Maglclan. uceno was' a welrd ono; thq aurfaco was ab'solutely atill, and rouhd about were ten-foot hlgb bushes, wlth what woro apparently great tufts of creamy flowcrs. Theso, however, proved to be nesta of tree frogs. "The placo ls a' sahctuary for all wlld thtngs, for no hunter would dare to ponotrate tho bush to this dreadod spot. As wo stood at tho edgo gazing out ovor the watcr its qulet was aud denly broken by.ti hroad rlpplo, and ll'ttlo flsh were seen to sprlng agltatod ly ahovo tbo aurfaco. A great python was crosslng, and tbls, wo learned, sbared wlth tho crocodlles the guardlunahlp. ot tho .Sacred Lako." Doscrlblng a vislt to a dlstrlct whoro all tho houses woro bullt of ebony, Mr. Talbot sald: "Tho side of our tent almoBt toucbod a llttlo ebony hut bullt gvor a large and gruesomo looklng pot, tho sldea bf whlch. woro prnamontod wlth iron hooks. Boforo tbls, about broast hlgh, and tho loDgth of a man, was a klnd of altar, mado of Btout ebony blocks. In front of our t'ont door was a tall carv cd plllar, ornanionted wltb strlngs of hunian skulls. Tho peoplo all had tho flled teoth and thln. sbrunken appcar ancO wbich aro always assoclated wlth cannlbal rltcs, nnd -altbough tboy ono and nll stoutly donled knowledgo of anything of tho klnd, ovory ono of our carrlers sald that not only was tbo pot in tho llttlo hut meant for the sac rlflcq of human vlctims. but the two bidcdus mud flguro3 of' a god and god dess ln nnotber shcd on the further Elde ot the carved plllar bad bad their beade worn away by tho constant llba tloua of human blqod pourcd ovor them' Speclal Car to Cost Fortune. Now York. A. part of '"Lucky" Iladwln's, many mllllons ls to bo doyoted to tho conatruc tlon of' u nbvol prlvato rallway car, wlth whlch hls, daughtor, Mrs. Clara Baldwln Stocker, will tour tho world, Tho principal novolty V1U bon alst of an apartment to house hor nor opldno. On tho roof of the car will bo a landlng stago tbat can be extond ed whon the car ls on a Bldlng. A 'fortune will bo oxpondoiT in tbo build ing of tbe car. ( Infractions. PEEDINP westward from Mls sourl or Idwa and hrough Kan jiaa or Nebraska on ono of tho fast contlnental tralns, the trnv eler soon leavea tho reglbn of amplo ralnfall and abundnnt vordure. And for a day moro and for all nlght tho traln rushes along through the great atato of Colorado and' then Utah desart, excopt as Irrlgatlon has transformed lt, untll Salt Lako Clty ls reached. ThlB, as lt Is today, I3ut what about the fortltudo of the early oottlors who penotratod this wilder ness wlth pratrle schoohers or ox teams, followlng unchartcd routos and unknown trallsT When the flrst Mormon caravan, BO years ago, after long nnd nlmost hopo Iobs wanderlng across a trackless waBt emergod from Emlgratlon can yon lnto the valley of the Great Salt lake, tho weary outcasts saw, "sontly sloplng away from tho dark ahadows of the mountain pnss, a fair reachjng to the sunllt shores of a wondrous Inland sen. Proceedlng a llttlo farther they caught slght of a large freah wator lake some mlles to tho south ompylng its Burplus wftlers lnto tho great lako through a slender river wbich Bhono llke a rlbbon of sllver. lnto the Promlsed Land. Tho strlking comparlson suggosted by thia sceno might havo occurred to a lees comprehondlng mlnd than thnt of tho Moscs of this exodus, lendtng a new trlbe of Israel to n now Promlsed Land. Spread before tho eyos. of the llttlo band of omlgrants woro coilntor parts o.f tho threo promlnont fcaturesr of Palestlne tlin Sen of Tlberlus, the Dead sea nnd tho Rlver Jordan. So hero tbe prophet. nrlgham Youmr, and hla followors proceeded to bulld tholt New Jerusnlem, t(nd today dculptor Dallln's goldcn flgure of tho Angol Moronl looks down upon tho aceno from that Btately pllo of Utah granlte tho Mormon tomplo rcared at a cost of 40 years' labor and JC.000.000 Unconaciously theso desert ptoncors had sottled ln a reglon of most won derfuj natural phenomena. On tbe easpthe Wn'aatch 'mountalns reared th'elV brown and rifted peaks and If the wnndereTs notlced their' pecullar torracodfdrmatlon. terrace". after" tor race rlslng sharp and clear to n holght of 1,000 foet abovo tho val)oy floor, they faltedj.to rocogni20 the'nj ns the' most romarkablo of beach'ifne's tho nnclont shoros; 'in fact, of a vast lnland prolilstorlc sea; Tho Oroat Salt lake Is but the fe'eble .remnant of tho anclent Bonnevlllo, thp lowest romalnlng1 depth of a.ione-time majeot'lc aheet -of, water, od from thp. mlghty glaclers and snow flolda wlifch thon blotHcd the mouritalns to wlthln a short dlstanco of their hlghe;t peaks, Tbe extreme, length of thlB prohlstorlo lake was 34fi nilles nnd 'lts greatost wldtb '145' mllos, Wero lts watera today to rlse agaln to their old lovol( scores oftowna and vlllagos would be submerged and several thpu sand poople drlvenf froin their homo3. Tho Mormon tomple nt Salt Lako Clty wouldatnnd undor 850 feot of wator. A recent geologlc study of the gla clatlon of the Wasatch mountalns and the commandlng "Ulnta range lylng to tho east con(lrma formor concluslona. drawn. from tho study of Lake Bonne vlllo, thnt thoro "woro' two dlstlnct gla ,clnj porlods In theso mountalns. In- dellbly recorded In tho moralnoa nnd tho lnciiBtrino beds tho rock debrls ground and scourcd oiit or canyons and swept down by tho vaqt lce flow aro two dlstlnct epochs, aeparatod by a Jong lnterglnclal lntarva, Prof. Wal loco W Atwood of tho Unlted States geologlcal survey has made a roport on tho glaclal: history of thia reglon, from whlch lt appeors tbat whllo yet atnong the most plcturosque of tho mountalna of tho continent', tho Wa satch and tho Ulnta;1 Vangea" lost mucb of tholr formor ruggednoBB, havlng beon greally amoothed and aottened 1 outllno by. tho sconring nnd, carvlng of many largo glaolers. Tho portlons Of tho Ulnta rango tbat rlse abovo tbeso anclent lco mantles, near tbe crest llno, were lofty peaks, and. narrow, rugged dlvldoa Ex- ceptirig theae, tho rango appeared ns a long, white orch, rlslng about 7,000 NORMAN WILUAMS. PUBLIC URRARY, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 5, 1912. feot nbovo tho. surroundlng country, and auggestlng, ln form at least, a par tlal restoratlon of tho great Ulnta an tlcllno. Durlng tbo lco ago thoro woro 30 soparate glaclera, or rathor glaclal systems, tho longest of whlch waa ovor 27 mllcs, and oach systom con .slstod of from two to elght glaclers. Today thoro aro no glaclers and tho outllnes of tho mountalns havo been vastly modlflod by" tho actlon of theso poworful lco streams, for no agoncy, exceptlng that whlch caused tho orlgl nal con'tinontal upllft. oxerta auch vlgor and forco ln changlng natural outllnen ns dooa tho glacler. Llko tho tnllls of tho goda, lt grlnds slowly and excoedlng amall, but wlth vast power ahd lrroslstlblo forco. Busy Nature. Long boforo the ago of tho Ulnta glaclers, and In fact boforo tho moun- talhs themaelves woro pushed upward through tho oarth'e crust, Nature was land-LbuBHy ongagod storlng up vast sup- pllea of matorlal of economlo Valuo agalnst tbia comlng of "Industrlal" man. Flrst, In the dim. distant car bonlferoua ago, shocks lald down over an lmmense floldraUghtly-to the north west of tho Ulntas, mllllons of tona of phosphato rock, resultlng from countleas myrlads of amall marlno anl mals whlch lnhablted this groat nn clont basin. Then came tho porlod of hugo reptllla nnd other giant forms tbo pleslosaurs, tho mcgatherlu'ms and great wlnged creaturcs, half anlmal, half blrd. Later, ln tho crotaceous ago thoro nourlshed a mlgnlflcent ves- 'etatlon, comparable to tho oaka and other hard woods of today. Theso grow and matured and dled and gr.ew and dted agaln, ln an almost endless round, oacli goneratlon contrlbutlng Its mlto to tho vast coal deposits of tho reglon. Today nll about tho Uln taa, In many placoa a mlle bolow tha Burfaco, aro found the coal, hods, con talnlng bllllohs of tona' of fuel of cre taceoua age, far yonngor than the car boniferous deposits of tho Appalachlan mountalns, but yet excellont coal. Ono bed stands 84 feot thlck ot aolld coal, ono of the greatest coal .seams. ln tbe world. Toward tho cIobq of this coal perlod ocourred tho groat upllft whlch formed thei mountalns. Then, follbwlng tho upllft, tho reglon enjoyed for n tlmo nlmost tropical condltions. tho nntltho- ipls of the fco ago whicb was to fol- iow. Durlng this ago of Warmth many of tho hlghor ordors of anlmals (lour Uhod ln and.around the. .Ulntas;" at tho baso of tho mountalns havo been fcnirjdjllp -emalns of many monkeys, oamols," tho "torflblo aaber-tbothod tlgcrs and 1 other assoclated jungle Inhabltants, all now oxtfnct, but tholr retnnlns ovorlastlngly praBervcd ln tha volcanlc aohos derlved from anclent upheavals, Tbo huge dlnosaurs. ' or giailt slpth'a rqamod the lowlanda In gr.eat numbers, feedinff upon the lux- urldiis vogotatlon and constltutlng tho natural prey of the great tlgera.. Then Wllowed tbo lco ago and tbose ' Jflon- s.tera woro olther drlyen southward or extormlnated. Thoro. lsi'no rocord ln thd rocks' of tho prescnce of prp'hls (torlo man, tho earllpst flaf skulled cavo dwollo'r; but sbnioinclirio'to tho bollef that , ho. ,may havo, wlth hla crudo stonO Implemonts, dlsputed. and qvon more than bold hla own wlth tho groat beastB of. tho porlod. Chard. Chard ls the blcaeho.d leaves. Ienf- stlckB, or mldrlbs ot cortaln plants. ns of tho globe archlchpko nnd white beot; also a varle.ty pf whltp beet; Swlaa. chard beot, leaf-beet. In. cpok Ing SwIbs 6hard for groens tho wldo, whlto mldrlba are cut out, and" tho green leavea servOd alone, tho rlbs being cookedsoparately and Bej-ved llko nsparagns, for whlch they aro an appotizing substltute. Then, for a chango, a dlsh" of loaves-'olnd ribs to gether ls served as greons; but thia alwaya seema a wasto of good mhto rlai whon "elther is bctter alone. Tho hens greedlly at any that mny be left when tlio tablo is clcared, or tho cow.s and plgs will dlspose of lt, ao tbat not a' leaf need be wastod, All tlrlnEB considered. SwIbs chard "ls ono sf the most- satlBfactory plants a ear- denor can ratso- .